Protection of Layout-Designs (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits Act


Published: 2000

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CAP. 256, PROTECTION OF LAYOUT-DESIGNS (TOPOGRAPHIES) OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS ACT BELIZE

PROTECTION OF LAYOUT-DESIGNS (TOPOGRAPHIES)

OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS ACT

CHAPTER 256

REVISED EDITION 2000

SHOWING THE LAW AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2000

This is a revised edition of the law, prepared by the Law Revision Commissioner

under the authority of the Law Revision Act, Chapter 3 of the Laws of Belize,

Revised Edition 1980 - 1990.

This edition contains a consolidation of the following laws- Page

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS 3

PROTECTION OF LAYOUT-DESIGNS

(TOPOGRAPHIES) OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS ACT 5

Amendments in force as at 31st December, 2000.

BELIZE

PROTECTION OF LAYOUT-DESIGNS (TOPOGRAPHIES)

OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS ACT

CHAPTER 256

REVISED EDITION 2000

SHOWING THE LAW AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2000

This is a revised edition of the law, prepared by the Law Revision Commissioner

under the authority of the Law Revision Act, Chapter 3 of the Laws of Belize,

Revised Edition 1980 - 1990.

This edition contains a consolidation of the following laws- Page

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS 3

PROTECTION OF LAYOUT-DESIGNS

(TOPOGRAPHIES) OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS ACT 5

Amendments in force as at 31st December, 2000.

THE SUBSTANTIVE LAWS OF BELIZE REVISED EDITION 2000

Printed by the Government Printer,

No. 1 Power Lane,

Belmopan, by the authority of

the Government of Belize.

Protection of Layout-Designs [CAP. 256

[ ]

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CHAPTER 256

PROTECTION OF LAYOUT-DESIGNS (TOPOGRAPHIES)

OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

1. Short title.

2. Interpretation.

3. Application of Act.

4. Originality.

5. Right to protection.

6. Effect of protection

7. Commencement and duration of protection.

8. Applications.

9. Correction of application.

10. Application fee.

11. Where application is not in English.

12. Register.

13. Registration and publication of layout-design.

14. Right to transfer; rectification of Register.

15. Changes in ownership.

16. Licence contracts.

17. Exploitation by Government agency or third person.

18. Invalidation.

19. Agents.

20. Registrar.

21. Exercise of discretionary power.

22. Extension of time for applications.

23. Jurisdiction of Court.

24. Infringement.

25. Offences.

26. Registrar’s annual report.

27. Application of international treaties.

28. Regulations.

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No. 1 Power Lane,

Belmopan, by the authority of

the Government of Belize.

Protection of Layout-Designs [CAP. 256

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CHAPTER 256

PROTECTION OF LAYOUT - DESIGNS (TOPOGRAPHIES)

OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

[21st June, 2000]

1. This Act may be cited as the Protection of Layout-Designs (Topogra-

phies) of Integrated Circuits Act.

2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:-

“Court” means the Supreme Court of Judicature established under the Su-

preme Court of Judicature Act;

“integrated circuit” means a product, in its final form or an intermediate form, in

which the elements, at least one of which is an active element, and some or all of

the interconnections, are integrally formed in or on any material, and which is

intended to perform an electronic function;

“Office” means the Office of Companies, Corporate Affairs and Intellectual

Property;

“Journal” means the Journal of Intellectual Property created under section 5 (d)

of the Patents Act;

“layout-designs” means the three dimensional disposition, however expressed,

of the elements of an integrated circuit, at least one of which element is active,

and some or all the interconnections of an integrated circuit, or such a three

1. This Act had not yet come into force by 31st December, 2000.

Short title.

Interpretation.

CAP. 91.

CAP. 253.

15 of 20001.

dimensional disposition prepared for an integrated circuit intended for manu-

facture;

“Minister” means the Attorney General;

“right holder” means the person who is regarded as the beneficiary of the

protection referred to in section 5;

“Register” means the Register of Layout-Designs referred to in section 12;

and

“Registrar” means the Registrar of Companies, Corporate Affairs and Intel-

lectual Property.

3. A layout-design which has been commercially exploited anywhere in

the world for more than two years before the coming into force of this Act

shall not be protected under this Act.

4.(1) No layout-design of an integrated circuit shall be protected under this

Act unless it is original within the meaning of subsection (2).

(2) A layout-design shall be considered to be original if it is the result of

the creator’s own intellectual effort and is not commonplace among creators

of layout-designs and manufacturers of integrated circuits at the time of its

creation.

(3) A layout-design consisting of a combination of elements and

interconnections which are commonplace shall be protected only if the

combination, taken as a whole, is original within the meaning of subsection (2).

5.-(1) The right to protection of a layout-design shall belong to the creator of

the layout-design and may be assigned or transferred by succession.

(2) Where several persons have jointly created a layout-design, the right

Application of

Act.

Originality.

Right to

protection.

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Belmopan, by the authority of

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Protection of Layout-Designs [CAP. 256

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shall belong to them jointly.

(3) Where the layout-design has been created in execution of a commis-

sion or a contract of employment, the right to protection of the layout-design

shall belong, in the absence of an agreement to the contrary, to the person who

commissioned the work or to the employer, as the case may be.

6.-(1) Protection under this Act shall not depend upon whether or not the

integrated circuit which incorporates the protected layout-design is itself incor-

porated in an article.

(2) Subject to subsection (3) and to section 17, the effect of the protection

of a layout-design under this Act shall be to make the following acts unlawful if

performed without the authorisation of the right holder-

(a) the reproduction, whether by incorporation in an integrated

circuit or otherwise, of the protected layout-design in its entirety

or any part thereof; except the reproduction of any part that

does not comply with the requirement of originality defined in

section 4;

(b) the importation, sale or other distribution, for commercial

purposes, of the protected layout-design, an integrated circuit

in which the protected layout-design is incorporated, or an

article incorporating such an integrated circuit in so far as it

continues to contain an unlawfully reproduced layout-design.

(3) The effect of the protection of a layout-design under this Act shall not

extend to-

(a) the reproduction of the protected layout-design for private

purposes or for the sole purpose of evaluation, analysis,

research or teaching;

Effect of

protection.

(b) the incorporation, in an integrated circuit, of a layout-design

created on the basis of such analysis or evaluation, and which

is itself original within the meaning of section 4, or the per-

formance of any act referred to in subsections (1) and (2)

in respect of that layout-design;

(c) the performance of any act referred to in subsection (2) (b)

where the act is performed in respect of a protected layout-

design, or in respect of an integrated circuit in which such a

layout-design is incorporated, that has been put on the mar-

ket by, or with the consent of, the right holder;

(d) the performance of any act referred to in subsection (2) (b) in

respect of an integrated circuit incorporating an unlawfully

reproduced layout-design or any article incorporating such an

integrated circuit where the person performing or ordering the

performance of such an act did not know, and had no

reasonable ground for knowing, when acquiring the integrated

circuit, or the article incorporating such integrated circuit, that

it incorporated an unlawfully reproduced layout-design; or

(e) the performance of any act referred to in subsection (2) (b)

where the act is performed in respect of an identical layout-

design which is original and has been created independently

by a third party.

(4) Where the person referred to in subsections (3) (d) has received suf-

ficient notice that the layout-design was unlawfully reproduced, that person

may perform any of the acts referred to in that subsection only with respect to

the stock on hand or ordered before he received the notice, and shall be liable

to pay, to the right holder, a sum equivalent to such reasonable royalty as

would be payable under a freely negotiated licence in respect of such layout-

design.

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No. 1 Power Lane,

Belmopan, by the authority of

the Government of Belize.

Protection of Layout-Designs [CAP. 256

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7.-(1) The protection of a layout-design under this Act shall commence:-

(a) on the date of the first commercial exploitation, anywhere in

the world, of the layout-design by, or with the consent of, the

right holder, provided that an application for protection is filed

by the right holder with the Registrar within the time limit

referred to in section 8(3); or

(b) on the filing date accorded the application for the registration

of the layout-design filed by the right holder if the layout-design

has not been previously exploited commercially anywhere in

the world.

(2) The protection of a layout-design under this Act shall terminate ten

calendar years after the date of commencement thereof.

8.-(1) Any person who wishes to register a layout-design shall file, with the

Registrar, an application on the prescribed form.

(2) The applicant shall file a separate application for each layout-design.

(3) A person may apply for the registration of layout-design only if the

layout-design has not yet been commercially exploited, or has been commer-

cially exploited for not more than two years anywhere in the world.

(4) An application shall-

(a) contain a request that the layout-design be registered, which

request shall be accompanied by a brief and precise designation

of the layout-design;

(b) indicate the name, address, nationality and, if different from the

address, the habitual residence of the applicant;

Applications.

Commencement

and duration of

protection.

(c) be accompanied by the power of attorney appointing the

representative of the applicant, if any, and by a copy or draw-

ing of the layout-design, along with information defining the

electronic function which the integrated circuit is intended to

perform;

(d) specify the date of first commercial exploitation of the layout-

design anywhere in the world, or indicate that such exploitation

has not commenced; and

(e) provide particulars establishing the right to protection under

section 5.

(5) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (4) (c), the application

may omit such parts of the copy or drawing as relate to the manner of

manufacture of the integrated circuit, provided that the parts submitted are

sufficient to enable the layout-design to be identified.

9.-(1) Where an application does not comply with the requirements of section

8 (4), the Registrar shall notify the applicant in writing of the defects in the

application and invite him to correct them within two months of such notification.

(2) Where the applicant corrects the application within the time specified

by the Registrar, the Registrar shall accord, as the filing date of the application,

the date of receipt of the application, provided that at the time of such receipt,

the application-

(i) contains an express or implied indication that the re-

gistration of a layout-design is requested;

(ii) contains information enabling the identity of the

applicant to be established; and

Correction of

application.

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No. 1 Power Lane,

Belmopan, by the authority of

the Government of Belize.

Protection of Layout-Designs [CAP. 256

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(iii) is accompanied by a copy or drawing of the layout-

design.

(3) Where the requirements of subsection (2) are not complied with at the

date of the receipt of the application but are fulfilled within the time specified by

the Registrar, the date of the receipt of the required correction shall be deemed

to be the filing date of the application, and the Registrar shall confirm the filing

date and communicate it to the applicant in writing.

(4) The application shall be deemed not to have been filed if the applicant

does not correct any defects in his application within the time specified by the

Registrar.

10.-(1) Every application for the protection of a layout-design shall be ac-

companied by the prescribed application fee.

(2) Where the application fee is not paid, the Registrar shall, in writing,

notify the applicant that the application shall be deemed not to have been filed

unless payment is made within two months of the date of the notification.

(3) Where the applicant does not pay the application fee within the time

notified, the application shall be deemed not to have been filed.

11. Any application filed under this Act shall, if not in English, be

accompanied by a translation thereof in English, verified by the translator that

the translation is to the best of his knowledge complete and faithful.

12.-(1) The Registrar shall maintain a register to be known as “the Register of

Layout-Designs” in which he shall record all matters which must under this Act

be recorded.

(2) The Registrar shall contain the number, title, filing date and, where

indicated in the application under section 8 (4) (d), the date of the first commer-

cial exploitation anywhere in the world, of the layout-design, the name and

Application fee.

Where

application is

not in English.

Register.

address of the right holder, and such other particulars as may be prescribed.

(3) Any person may, upon payment of the prescribed fee, and in accor-

dance with any prescribed conditions, consult, inspect or make a copy of, or

obtain an extract from, the Register.

(4) The Register shall be prima facie evidence of anything required or

authorised by this Act to be registered, and shall be admissible and sufficient

evidence of any such thing.

(5) A certificate signed by the Registrar and certifying that any entry which

he is authorised by this Act to make or has not made, or that any other thing

which he is so authorised to do has or has not been done, shall be prima facie

evidence, and shall be admissable and sufficient evidence, of the matters so

certified.

(6) Each of the following, that is to say a copy of-

(a) an entry in the Register or an extract from the Register which

is supplied under subsection (3); and

(b) any document kept in the Office, or an extract from any such

document, or any matter which has been published under this

Act,

which is a certified copy or a certified extract shall be admitted in evidence

without further proof and without production of the original, and such evidence

shall be sufficient evidence of the matters stated therein.

(7) In this section, “certified copy” and “certified extract” means a copy

or extract certified by the Registrar and sealed with his seal.

13. Where an application complies with the requirements of section 8,

the Registrar shall-

Registration and

publication of

layout-design.

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No. 1 Power Lane,

Belmopan, by the authority of

the Government of Belize.

Protection of Layout-Designs [CAP. 256

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(a) register the layout-design in the Register without examining

the originality of the layout-design, the applicant’s entitlement

to protection, or the correctness of the facts stated in the

application; and

(b) publish the registration of the layout-design in the Journal.

14.-(1) Where the substantive content of the application has been taken from

the layout-design of another person without his consent, that other person may,

in writing, request the Registrar to transfer the application to him.

(2) Where the application has already resulted in a registration, the person

may, within three years of the publication of the registration, request the Reg-

istrar, in writing, to transfer the registration to him and to rectify the entry in the

Register accordingly.

(3) The Registrar shall forthwith send a copy of the request to the right

holder, and, within the prescribed period and in the prescribed manner, the

right holder may file with the Registrar a counter-statement of the grounds on

which he relies.

(4) Where the right holder files a counter-statement, the Registrar shall

furnish a copy thereof to the person requesting the transfer and after hearing the

parties if they wish to be heard, and considering the merits of the case, shall

decide whether the application or registration should be transferred and where

applicable whether the Register should be rectified.

15.-(1) Any change in the ownership of a protected layout-design shall be-

(a) in writing and addressed to the Registrar;

(b) recorded in the Register by the Registrar; and

(c) published by the Registrar in the Journal.

Right to

transfer;

rectification of

Register.

Changes in

ownership.

(2) A change referred to in subsection (1) shall have no effect against

third parties unless it has been recorded.

16.-(1) The owner of a registered layout-design may grant licences in re-

spect of that layout-design.

(2) A licence contract in respect of a layout-design shall upon the regis-

tration of the layout-design, be filed with the Registrar who shall keep its con-

tents confidential but shall record it and publish a reference thereto in the Jour-

nal.

(3) The licence contract shall have no effect against third parties unless it

has been recorded.

17.-(1) Where-

(a) the public interest, in particular, national security, nutrition,

health, or the development of any other vital sector of the

national economy requires the exploitation of a protected

layout-design for public non-commercial use; or

(b) the Minister has determined that the manner of exploitation by

the owner of the protected layout-design or his licensee is

anti-competitive, and he is satisfied that the exploitation of the

layout-design in accordance with this subsection would remedy

such practice,

the Minister may decide that even without the authorisation of the owner of the

right, a Government agency or a third person designated by the Minister may

exploit the layout-design.

(2) The exploitation of the layout-design shall be limited in scope and

duration to the purpose for which it was authorised and shall be predominantly

for the supply of the domestic market.

Exploitation by

Government

agency of third

person.

Licence contracts.

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Belmopan, by the authority of

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Protection of Layout-Designs [CAP. 256

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(3) The exploitation shall be non-exclusive and shall be subject to the

payment, to the right holder, of an adequate remuneration therefor, taking into

account the economic value of the Minister’s authorisation as determined in his

decision and where applicable the need to correct anti-competitive practices.

(4) Upon the request of the right holder or of the beneficiary of the

authorisation the Minister may, after hearing the parties if they wish to be heard,

vary the terms of the decision authorising the exploitation of the layout-design

to the extent that changed circumstances justify such variation.

(5) Upon the request of the right holder the Minister shall terminate the

non-voluntary licence if he is satisfied, after hearing the parties if they wish to be

heard, that the circumstances which led to his decision have ceased to exist and

are unlikely to recur or that the beneficiary of the authorisation has failed to

comply with the terms of the authorisation.

(6) Notwithstanding subsection (5), the Minister shall not terminate an

authorisation if he is satisfied that the adequate protection of the legitimate interests

of the beneficiary of the authorisation justifies the maintenance of the authorisation.

(7) Where a third person has been designated by the Minister, the

authorisation may only be transferred with the enterprise or business of the

beneficiary of the authorisation, or with the part of the enterprise or business

within which the layout-design is being exploited.

(8) A request for the Minister’s authorisation shall be accompanied by

evidence that the right holder has received from the person seeking the

authorisation a request for a licence, but that that person has been unable to

obtain such licence on reasonable commercial terms and conditions and within

a reasonable time.

18.-(1) The Court may, on the application of any interested person, invalidate

the registration of a layout-design on the grounds that-

Invalidation.

(a) the layout-design is not a layout-design as defined in this Act;

(b) the layout-design is not original within the meaning of this Act;

(c) the right holder is not entitled to protection under section 5; or

(d) where the layout-design has been commercially exploited

anywhere in the world before the filing of the application for

registration of the layout-design, the said application was not

filed within the time limit referred to in sections 7 (1) and 8

(3).

(2) Where the grounds for invalidation are established with respect only

to part of the layout-design, the Court shall invalidate only the corresponding

part of the registration.

(3) Any invalidation under this section shall be regarded as null and void

from the date of the commencement of the protection of the layout-design.

(4) The Registrar of the Court shall, in writing, notify the Registrar of any

final decision of the Court relating to invalidation under this section and the

Registrar shall record the decision and publish it in the Journal as soon as

possible.

19. Where an applicant’s ordinary residence or principal place of busi-

ness is outside Belize, he shall be represented by an attorney-at-law resident

and practicing in Belize in accordance with the relevant law.

20. The Registrar shall perform the functions and exercise the powers

conferred on him by this Act and any other enactment.

21. The Registrar shall give any party to a proceeding before him the

opportunity of being heard before exercising any discretionary power vested

in him under this Act if the exercise thereof might adversely affect that party.

Agents.

Registrar.

Exercise of

discretionary

power.

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Protection of Layout-Designs [CAP. 256

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22.-(1) Where the Registrar is satisfied that the circumstances justify it, he

may, upon the written request of any interested person, upon such terms as he

may direct and upon written notice to the parties concerned, extend the time

for doing any act or taking any proceeding under this Act or the Regulations.

(2) The extension may be granted even though the time for doing the act

or taking the proceeding has expired, but the time for filing an application referred

to in section 8 (3) may not be extended.

23.-(1) The Court shall have jurisdiction in cases of dispute relating to the

application of this Act or the Regulations and in matters which, under this Act,

may be brought before it.

(2) Any person who is aggrieved by a decision of the Minister or the

Registrar under this Act may, within two months of that decision, appeal to the

Court.

24.-(1) An infringement shall consist of the performance of any act which is

unlawful under section 6.

(2) On the application of the right holder or of a licensee if he has requested

the owner to institute court proceedings for a specific relief and the right holder

has refused or failed to do so, the Court may, as soon as possible-

(a) grant an injunction to prevent infringement or an imminent

infringement;

(b) award damages;

(c) order the seizure, forfeiture or destruction of-

(i) any infringing layout-design, integrated circuit or any

product or article of which the infringing layout-design

or integrated design forms an integral part; or

Jurisdiction of

Court.

Infringement.

Extension of

time for applica-

tions.

(ii) any article, instrument or thing by means of which any

such infringing layout-design, integrated circuit or ar-

ticle was produced; or

(d) grant any other remedy provided for in the general law.

(3) An action under this section may be instituted only after an application

for the registration of the layout-design has been filed with the Registrar.

25.-(1) Any person who performs an act which is unlawful under section 6

commits an offence and is liable to a fine of not less than fifteen thousand

dollars, but not more than forty thousand dollars, or to imprisonment for a

term of not less than five years, but not more than ten years, or to both such

fine and term of imprisonment.

(2) Any person who, knowing the same to be false-

(a) makes or causes to be made a false entry in the Register;

(b) makes or causes to be made any document falsely purporting

to be a copy of an entry in the Register; or

(c) produces, tenders or causes to be produced in evidence any

such entry or copy thereof,

commits an offence and is liable to a fine of not less than ten thousand dollars,

but not more than thirty thousand dollars, or to imprisonment for a term of not

less than three years, but not more than ten years, or to both such fine and

term of imprisonment.

26. The Registrar shall, before 1st June every year, make an annual re-

port to the Minister regarding the operation of this Act and the discharge of his

functions thereunder.

Offences.

Registrar’s annual

report.

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27. The provisions of any international treaty in respect of industrial prop-

erty to which Belize is a party shall apply to matters dealt with by this Act, and

in case of conflict with the provisions of this Act, shall prevail over the latter.

28. The Minister may make regulations providing for any matter which is

to be prescribed under this Act, and for giving effect to the purposes of this Act. Regulations.

Application of

international

treaties.

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