The Christian Marriage Act, 1872

Link to law: http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/bangla_all_sections.php?id=27

 

 



The Christian Marriage Act, 1872



( 1872 সনের XV নং আইন )



 

[18th July, 1872]

 

 

 

     



An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the solemnization of the marriages of Christians.



 

WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law relating to the solemnization of the marriages of persons professing the Christian religion; It is hereby enacted as follows:-



 

 





PRELIMINARY

 



1. Short title

Extent

 





1. This Act may be called the Christian Marriage Act, 1872.

It extends to the whole of Bangladesh and, so far only as regards Christian citizens of Bangladesh,

১[



* * *].

 

 



 

 







 





2. [Repealed]

 





2.

২[



Repealed by the Repealing Act, 1938 (Act No. I of 1938), section 2 and Schedule.]

 

 



 

 







 





3. Interpretation-clause

 





3. In this Act, unless there is something repugnant in the subject or context,-

"Church of England" and "Anglican" mean and apply to the Church of England as by law established;

"Church of Scotland" means the Church of Scotland as by law established;

"Church of Rome" and "Roman Catholic" mean and apply to the Church which regards the Pope of Rome as its spiritual head;

"Church" includes any chapel or other building generally used for public Christian worship;

"minor" means a person who has not completed the age of twenty-one years and who is not a widower or a widow;

the expression "Christians" means persons professing the Christian religion;

and the expression "Native Christians" includes the Christian descendants of

৩[



inhabitants of Indo-Bangla Pakistan] sub-continent converted to Christianity, as well as such converts;

"Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages" means a Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages appointed under the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1886.

 

 



 

 





I
THE PERSONS BY WHOM MARRIAGES MAY BE SOLEMNIZED

 



4. Marriages to be solemnized according to Act

 





4. Every marriage between persons, one or both of whom is or are a Christian or Christians, shall be solemnized in accordance with the provisions of the next following section; and any such marriage solemnized otherwise than in accordance with such provisions shall be void.

 

 



 

 







 



5. Persons by whom marriages may be solemnized

 





5. Marriages may be solemnized in Bangladesh-

(1) by any person who has received episcopal ordination, provided that the marriage be solemnized according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of the Church of which he is a Minister;

(2) by any clergyman of the Church of Scotland, provided that such marriage be solemnized according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of the Church of Scotland;

(3) by any Minister of Religion licensed under this Act to solemnized marriages;

(4) by, or in the presence of, a Marriage Registrar appointed under this Act;

(5) by any person licensed under this Act to grant certificates of marriage between Native Christians.

 

 



 

 







 





6. Grant and revocation of licenses to solemnize marriage

 





6. The Government,

৪[



* * *] may, by notification in the official Gazette, grant licenses to Ministers of Religion to solemnize marriages within such territories and State, respectively, and may, by a like notification, revoke such licenses.

 

 



 

 







 





7. Marriage Registrars

 





7. The Government may appoint one or more Christians, either by name or as holding any office for the time being, to be the Marriage Registrar or Marriage Registrars for any district subject to its administration.

 

 



 

 







 





Senior Marriage Registrar

 





Where there are more marriage Registrars than one in any district, the Government shall appoint one of them to be the senior marriage Registrar.

 

 



 

 







 





Magistrate when to be Marriage Registrar

 





When there is only one Marriage Registrar in a district, and such Registrar is absent from such district, or ill, or when his office is temporarily vacant, the Magistrate of the district shall act as, and be, Marriage Registrar thereof during such absence, illness or temporary vacancy.

 

 



 

 







 





8. [Omitted]

 





8.

৫[



Omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]

 

 



 

 







 





9. Licensing of persons to grant certificates of marriage between Native Christians

 





9. The Government

৬[



* * *] may grant a license to any Christian, either by name or as holding any office for the time being, authorizing him to grant certificate of marriage between Native Christians.

(4) by, or in the presence of, a Marriage Registrar appointed under this Act;

(5) by any person licensed under this Act to grant certificates of marriage between Native Christians.

 

 



 

 





II
TIME AND PLACE AT WHICH MARRIAGES MAY BE SOLEMNIZED

 



10. Time for solemnizing marriage

 





10. Every marriage under this Act shall be solemnized between the hours of six in the morning and seven in the evening:

 

 



 

 







 



Exceptions

 





Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to-

(1) a Clergyman of the Church of England solemnizing a marriage under a special license permitting him to do so at any hour other than between six in the morning and seven in the evening, under the hand and seal of the Anglican Bishop of the Diocese or his Commissary, or

(2) a Clergyman of the Church of Rome solemnizing a marriage between the hours of seven in the evening and six in the morning, when he has received a general or special license in that behalf from the Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese or Vicariate in which such marriage is so solemnized, or from such person as the same Bishop has authorized to grant such license, or

(3) a Clergyman of the Church of Scotland solemnizing a marriage according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of the Church of Scotland.

 

 



 

 







 





11. Place for solemnizing marriage

 





11. No Clergyman of the Church of England shall solemnize a marriage in any place other than a church where worship is generally held according to the forms of the Church of England,

unless there is no such church within five miles distance by the shortest road from such place, or

unless he has received a special license authorizing him to do so under the hand and seal of the Anglican Bishop of the Diocese or his Commissary.

 

 



 

 







 





Fee for special license

 





For such special license, the Registrar of the Diocese may charge such additional fee as the said Bishop from time to time authorizes.

 

 



 

 





III
MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED BY MINISTERS OF RELIGION LICENSED UNDER THIS ACT

 



12. Notice of intended marriage

 





12. Whenever a marriage is intended to be solemnized by a Minister of Religion licensed to solemnize marriages under this Act-

one of the persons intending marriage shall give notice in writing, according to the form contained in the first schedule hereto annexed, or to the like effect, to the Minister of Religion whom he or she desires to solemnize the marriage, and shall state therein-

(a) the name and surname, and the profession or condition, of each of the persons intending marriage,

(b) the dwelling- place of each of them,

(c) the time during which each has dwelt there, and

(d) the church or private dwelling in which the marriage is to be solemnized:

Provided that, if either of such persons has dwelt in the place mentioned in the notice during more than one month, it may be stated therein that he or she has dwelt there one month and upwards.

 

 



 

 







 





13. Publication of such notice

 





13. If the persons intending marriage desire it to be solemnized in a particular church, and if the Minister of Religion to whom such notice has been delivered be entitled to officiate therein, he shall cause the notice to be affixed in some conspicuous part of such church.

 

 



 

 







 





Return or transfer of notice

 





But if he is not entitled to officiate as a Minister in such church, he shall, at his option, either return the notice to the person who delivered it to him, or deliver it to some other Minister entitled to officiate therein, who shall thereupon cause the notice to be affixed as aforesaid.

 

 



 

 







 





14. Notice of intended marriage in private dwelling

 





14. If it be intended that the marriage shall be solemnized in a private dwelling, the Minister of Religion, on receiving the notice prescribed in section 12, shall forward it to the Marriage Registrar of the District, who shall affix the same to some conspicuous place in his own office.

 

 



 

 







 





15. Sending copy of notice to Marriage Registrar when one party is a minor

 





15. When one of the persons intending marriage is a minor, every Minister receiving such notice shall, unless within twenty-four hours after its receipt he returns the same under the provisions of section 13, send by the post or otherwise a copy of such notice to the Marriage Registrar of the district, or, if there be more than one Registrar of such district, to the Senior Marriage Registrar.

 

 



 

 







 





16. Procedure on receipt of notice

 





16. The Marriage Registrar or Senior Marriage Registrar, as the case may be, on receiving any such notice, shall affix it to some conspicuous place in his own office, and the latter shall further cause a copy of the said notice to be sent to each of the other Marriage Registrars in the same district, who shall likewise publish the same in the manner above directed.

 

 



 

 







 





17. Issue of certificate of notice given and declaration made

 





17. Any Minister of Religion consenting or intending to solemnize any such marriage as aforesaid, shall, on being required so to do by or on behalf of the person by whom the notice was given, and upon one of the persons intending marriage making the declaration hereinafter required, issue under his hand a certificate of such notice having been given and of such declaration having been made:

Provided–

(1) that no such certificate shall be issued until the expiration of four days after the date of the receipt of the notice by such Minister;

(2) that no lawful impediment be shown to his satisfaction why such certificate should not issue; and

(3) that the issue of such certificate has not been forbidden, in manner hereinafter mentioned, by any person authorized in that behalf.

 

 



 

 







 







18. Declaration before issue of certificate

 





18. The certificate mentioned in section 17 shall not be issued until one of the persons intending marriage has appeared personally before the Minister and made a solemn declaration–

(a) that he or she believes that there is not any impediment of kindred or affinity or other lawful hindrance to the said marriage,

and, when either or both of the parties is or are a minor or minors,

(b) that the consent or consents required by law has or have been obtained thereto, or that there is no person resident in Bangladesh having authority to give such consent, as the case may be.

 

 



 

 







 





19. Consent of father, or guardian, or mother

 





19. The father, if living, of any minor, or, if the father be dead, the guardian of the person of such minor, and, in case there be no such guardian, then the mother of such minor, may give consent to the minor's marriage,

and such consent is hereby required for the same marriage, unless no person authorized to give such consent be resident in Bangladesh.

 

 



 

 







 





20. Power to prohibit by notice issue of certificate

 





20. Every person whose consent to a marriage is required under section 19 is hereby authorized to prohibit the issue of the certificate by any Minister, at any time before the issue of the same, by notice in writing to such Minister, subscribed by the person so authorized with his or her name and place of abode and position with respect to either of the persons intending marriage, by reason of which he or she is so authorized as aforesaid.

 

 



 

 







 





21. Procedure on receipt of notice

 





21. If any such notice be received by such Minister, he shall not issue his certificate and shall not solemnize the said marriage until he has examined into the matter of the said prohibition, and is satisfied that the person prohibiting the marriage has no lawful authority for such prohibition,

or until the said notice withdrawn by the person who gave it.

 

 



 

 







 





22. Issue of certificate in case of minority

 





22. When either of the persons intending marriage is a minor, and the Minister is not satisfied that the consent of the person whose consent to such marriage is required by section 19 has been obtained, such Minister shall not issue such certificate until the expiration of fourteen days after the receipt by him of the notice of marriage.

 

 



 

 







 





23. Issue of certificates to Native Christians

 





23. When any Native Christian about to be married takes a notice of Marriage to a Minister of Religion, or applies for a certificate from such Minister under section 17, such Minister shall, before issuing the certificate, ascertain whether such Native Christian is cognizant of the purport and effect of the said notice or certificate, as the case may be, and, if not, shall translate or caused to be translated the notice or certificate to such Native Christian into some language which he understands.

 

 



 

 







 





24. Form of certificate

 





24. The certificate to be issued by such Minister shall be in the form contained in the second schedule hereto annexed, or to the like effect.

 

 



 

 







 





25. Solemnization of Marriage

 





25. After the issue of the certificate by the Minister, marriage may be solemnized between the persons therein described according to such form or ceremony as the Minister thinks fit to adopt:

Provided that the marriage be solemnized in the presence of at least two witnesses besides the Minister.

 

 



 

 







 





26. Certificate void if marriage not solemnized within two months

 





26. Whenever a marriage is not solemnize within two months after the date of the certificate issued by such Minister as aforesaid, such certificate and all proceedings (if any) thereon shall be void,

and no person shall proceed to solemnize the said marriage until new notice has been given and a certificate thereof issued in manner aforesaid.

 

 



 

 





IV
REGISTRATION OF MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED BY MINISTERS OF RELIGION

 



27. Marriages when to be registered

 





27. All marriages hereafter solemnized in Bangladesh between persons one or both of whom professes or profess the Christian religion, except marriages solemnized under Part V or Part VI of this Act, shall be registered in manner hereinafter prescribed.

 

 



 

 







 





28. Registration of marriages solemnized by Clergymen of Church of England

 





28. Every Clergyman of the Church of England shall keep a register of marriages and shall register therein, according to the tabular form set forth in the third schedule hereto annexed, every marriage which he solemnizes under this Act.

 

 



 

 







 





29. Quarterly returns to Archdeaconry

 





29. Every Clergyman of the Church of England shall send four times in every year returns in duplicate, authenticated by his signature, of the entries in the register of marriages solemnized at any place where he has any spiritual charge, to the Registrar of the Archdeaconry to which he is subject, or within the limits of which such place is situate.

 

 



 

 







 





Contents of returns

 





Such quarterly returns shall contain all the entries of marriages contained in the said register from the first day of January to the thirty-first day of March, from the first day of April to the thirtieth day of June, from the first day of July to the thirtieth day of September, and from the first day of October to the thirty-first day of December, of each year respectively, and shall be sent by such Clergyman within two weeks from the expiration of each of the quarters above specified.

The said Registrar upon receiving the said returns shall send one copy thereof to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages.

 

 



 

 







 





30. Registration and returns of marriages solemnized by Clergymen of Church of Rome

 





30. Every marriage solemnized by a Clergyman of the Church of Rome shall be registered by the person and according to the form directed in that behalf by the Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese or Vicariate in which such marriage is solemnized,

and such person shall forward quarterly to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages returns of the entries of all marriages registered by him during the three months next preceding.

 

 



 

 







 





31. Registration and returns of marriages solemnized by Clergymen of Church of Scotland

 





31. Every Clergyman of the Church of Scotland shall keep a register of marriages,

and shall register therein, according to the tabular form set forth in the third schedule hereto annexed, every marriage which he solemnizes under this Act,

and shall forward quarterly to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, through the Senior Chaplain of the Church of Scotland, returns, similar to those prescribed in section 29, of all such marriages.

 

 



 

 







 





32. Certain marriages to be registered in duplicate

 





32. Every marriage solemnized by any person who has received episcopal ordination, but who is not a Clergyman of the Church of England, or of the Church of Rome, or by any Minister of Religion licensed under this Act to solemnize marriages, shall, immediately after the solemnization thereof, be registered in duplicate by the person solemnizing the same; (that is to say) in a marriage-registrar-book to be kept by him for that purpose, according to the form contained in the fourth schedule hereto annexed, and also in a certificate attached to the marriage-register-book as a counterfoil.

 

 



 

 







 



33. Entries of such marriages to be signed and attested

 





33. The entry of such marriage in both the certificate and marriage-register-book shall be signed by the person solemnizing the marriage, and also by the persons married, and shall be attested by two credible witnesses, other than the person solemnizing the marriage, present at its solemnization.

Every such entry shall be made in order from the beginning to the end of the book, and the number of the certificate shall correspond with that of the entry in the marriage-register-book.

 

 



 

 







 





34. Certificate to be forwarded to Marriage Registrar, copied and sent to Registrar General

 





34. The person solemnizing the marriage shall forthwith separate the certificate from the marriage-register-book and send it, within one month from the time of the solemnization, to the Marriage Register of the district in which the marriage was solemnized, or, if there be more Marriage Registrars than one, to the Senior Marriage Registrar,

who shall cause such certificate to be copied into a book to be kept by him for that purpose,

and shall send all the certificates which he has received during the month, with such number and signature or initials added thereto as are hereinafter required, to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages.

 

 



 

 







 





35. Copies of certificates to be entered and numbered

 





35. Such copies shall be entered in order from the beginning to the end of the said book, and shall bear both the number of the certificate as copied, and also a number to be entered by the Marriage Registrar, indicating the number of the entry of the said copy in the said book, according to the order in which he receives each certificate.

 

 



 

 







 





36. Registrar to add number of entry to certificate, and send to Registrar General

 





36. The Marriage Registrar shall also add such last-mentioned number of the entry of the copy in the book to the certificate, with his signature or initials, and shall, at the end of every month, send the same to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages.

 

 



 

 







 





37. Registration of marriages between Native Christians by persons referred to in clauses (1), (2) and (3) of section 5

 





37. When any marriage between Native Christians is solemnized by any such person, Clergyman or Minister of Religion as is referred to in clause (1), clause (2) or clause (3) of section 5, the person solemnizing the same shall, instead of proceeding in the manner provided by sections 28 to 36, both inclusive, register the marriage in a separate register-book, and shall keep it safely until it is filled, or, if he leave the district in which he solemnized the marriage before the said book is filled, shall make over the same to the person succeeding to his duties in the said district.

 

 



 

 







 





Custody and disposal of register-book

 





Whoever has the control of the book at the time when it is filled, shall send it to the Marriage Registrar of the district, or, if there be more Marriage Registrars than one, to the Senior Marriage Registrar, who shall send it to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, to be kept by him with the records of his office.

 

 



 

 





V
MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED BY, OR IN THE PRESENCE OF, A MARRIAGE REGISTRAR

 



38. Notice of intended marriage before Marriage Registrar

 





38. When a marriage is intended to be solemnized by, or in the presence of, a Marriage Registrar, one of the parties to such marriage shall give notice in writing, in the form contained in the first schedule hereto annexed, or to the like effect, to any Marriage Registrar of the District within which the parties have dwelt;

or, if the parties dwell in different districts, shall give the like notice to a Marriage Registrar of each district,

and shall state therein the name and surname, and the profession or condition, of each of the parties intending marriage, the dwelling-place of each of them, the time during which each has dwelt therein, and the place at which the marriage is to be solemnized:

Provided that, if either party has dwelt in the place stated in the notice for more than one month, it may be stated therein that he or she has dwelt there one month and upwards.

 

 



 

 







 





39. Publication of notice

 





39. Every Marriage Registrar shall, on receiving any such notice, cause a copy thereof to be affixed in some conspicuous place in his office.

When one of the parties intending marriage is a minor, every Marriage Registrar shall, within twenty-four hours after the receipt by him of the notice of such marriage, send, by post or otherwise, a copy of such notice to each of the other Marriage Registrars (if any) in the same district, who shall likewise affix the copy in some conspicuous place in his own office.

 

 



 

 







 





40. Notice to be filed and copy entered in Marriage Notice Book

 





40. The Marriage Registrar shall file all such notices and keep them with the records of his office,

and shall also forthwith enter a true copy of all such notices in a book to be furnished to him for that purpose by the Government and to be called the "Marriage Notice Book";

and the Marriage Notice Book shall be open at all reasonable times, without fee, to all persons desirous of inspecting the same.

 

 



 

 







 





41. Certificate of notice given and oath made

 





41. If the party by whom the notice was given requests the Marriage Registrar to issue the certificate next hereinafter mentioned, and if one of the parties intending marriage has made oath as hereinafter required, the Marriage Registrar shall issue under his hand a certificate of such notice having been given and of such oath having been made:

Provided–

that no lawful impediment be shown to his satisfaction why such certificate should not issue;

that the issue of such certificate has not been forbidden, in manner hereinafter mentioned, by any person authorized in that behalf by this Act;

that four days after the receipt of the notice have expired; and further,

that where, by such oath, it appears that one of the parties intending marriage is a minor, fourteen days after the entry of such notice have expired.

 

 



 

 







 







42. Oath before issue of certificate

 





42. The certificate mentioned in section 41 shall not be issued by any Marriage Registrar, until one of the parties intending marriage appears personally before such Marriage Registrar, and makes oath-

(a) that he or she believes that there is not any impediment of kindred or affinity, or other lawful hindrance, to the said marriage, and

(b) that both the parties have, or (where they have dwelt in the districts of different Marriage Registrars) that the party making such oath has, had their, his or her usual place of abode within the district of such Marriage Registrar,

and, where either or each of the parties is a minor, –

(c) that the consent or consents to such marriage required by law has or have been obtained thereto, or that there is no person resident in Bangladesh authorized to give such consent, as the case may be.

 

 



 

 







 





43. [Omitted]

 





43.

৭[



Omitted by the Schedule of the Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances Order, 1949.]

 

 



 

 







 





44. Consent of father or guardian

 





44. The provisions of section 19 apply to every marriage under this Part, either of the parties to which is a minor;

 

 



 

 







 





Protest against issue of certificate

 





and any person whose consent to such marriage would be required thereunder may enter a protest against the issue of the Marriage Registrar's certificate, by writing, at any time before the issue of such certificate, the word "forbidden" opposite to the entry of the notice of such intended marriage in the Marriage Notice Book, and by subscribing thereto his or her name and place of abode, and his or her position with respect to either of the parties, by reason of which he or she is so authorized.

 

 



 

 







 





Effect of protest

 





When such protest has been entered, no certificate shall issue until the Marriage Registrar has examined into the matter of the protest, and is satisfied that it ought not to obstruct the issue of the certificate for the said marriage, or until the protest be withdrawn by the person who entered it.

 

 



 

 







 





45. Petition where person whose consent is necessary is insane, or unjustly withholds consent

 





45. If any person whose consent is necessary to any marriage under this Part is of unsound mind,

or if any such person (other than the father) without just cause withholds his consent to the marriage,

the parties intending marriage may apply by petition, to the District Judge:

 

 



 

 







 





Procedure on petition

 





And the said District Judge may examine the allegations of the petition in a summary way:

And, if upon examination such marriage appears proper, such District Judge shall declare the marriage to be a proper marriage.

Such declaration shall be as effectual as if the person whose consent was needed had consented to the marriage;

and, if he has forbidden the issue of the Marriage Registrar's certificate, such certificate shall be issued and the like proceedings may be had under this Part in relation to the marriage as if the issue of such certificate had not been forbidden.

 

 



 

 







 





46. Petition where Marriage Registrar refuses certificate. Procedure on petition

 





46. Whenever a Marriage Registrar refuses to issue a certificate under this Part, either of the parties intending marriage may apply by petition to the District Judge.

The said District Judge may examine the allegations of the petition in a summary way, and shall decide thereon.

The decision of such District Judge shall be final, and the Marriage Registrar to whom the application for the issue of a certificate was originally made shall proceed in accordance therewith.

 

 



 

 







 





47. [Omitted]

 





47.

৮[



Omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]

 

 



 

 







 





48. Petition when Registrar doubts authority of person forbidding

 





48. Whenever a Marriage Registrar, acting under the provisions of section 44, is not satisfied that the person for- bidding the issue of the certificate is authorized by law so to do, the said Marriage Registrar shall apply by petition, to the District Judge.

 

 



 

 







 





Procedure on petition

 





The said petition shall state all the circumstances of the case, and pray for the order and direction of the Court concerning the same,

and the said District Judge shall examine into the allegations of the petition and the circumstances of the case;

and if, upon such examination, it appears, that the person forbidding the issue of such certificate is not authorized by law so to do, such District Judge shall declare that the person forbidding the issue of such certificate is not authorized as aforesaid,

and thereupon such certificate shall be issued, and the like proceedings may be had in relation to such marriage as if the issue had not been forbidden.



৯[



* * *]

 

 



 

 







 





49. Liability for frivolous protest against issue of certificate

 





49. Every person entering a protest with the Marriage Registrar, under this Part, against the issue of any certificate, on grounds which such Marriage Registrar, under section 44 or the District Judge, under section 45 or 46, declares to be frivolous and such as ought not to obstruct the issue of the certificate, shall be liable for the costs of all proceedings in relation thereto and for damages, to be recovered by suit by the person against whose marriage such protest was entered.

 

 



 

 







 





50. Form of certificate

 





50. The certificate to be issued by the Marriage Registrar under the provisions of section 41 shall be in the form contained in the second schedule to this Act annexed or to the like effect,

and the Government shall furnish to every Marriage Registrar a sufficient number of forms of certificate.

 

 



 

 







 





51. Solemnization of marriage after issue of certificate

 





51. After the issue of the certificate of the Marriage Registrar,

or, where notice is required to be given under this Act to the Marriage Registrars for different districts, after the issue of the certificates of the Marriage Registrars for such districts,

marriage may, if there be no lawful impediment to the marriage of the parties described in such certificate or certificates, be solemnized between them, according to such form and ceremony as they think fit to adopt.

But every such marriage shall be solemnized in the presence of some Marriage Registrar (to whom shall be delivered such certificate or certificates as aforesaid), and of two or more credible witnesses besides the Marriage Registrar.

And in some part of the ceremony each of the parties shall declare as follows, or to the like effect:-

"I do solemnly declare that I know not of any lawful impediment why I, A. B., may not be joined in matrimony to C. D."

And each of the parties shall say to the other as follows or to the like effect:– "I call upon these persons here present to witness that I, A. B., do take thee, C. D., to be my lawful wedded wife

১০[



or husband]."

 

 



 

 







 





52. When marriage not had within two months after notice, new notice required

 





52. Whenever a marriage is not solemnized within two months after the copy of the notice has been entered by the Marriage Registrar, as required by section 40, the notice and the certificate, if any, issued thereupon, and all other proceedings thereupon, shall be void;

and no person shall proceed to solemnize the marriage, nor shall any Marriage Registrar enter the same, until new notice has been given, and entry made, and certificate thereof given, at the time and in the manner aforesaid.

 

 



 

 







 





53. Marriage Registrar may ask for particulars to be registered

 





53. A Marriage Registrar before whom any marriage is solemnized under this Part may ask of the person to be married the several particulars required to be registered touching such marriage.

 

 



 

 







 





54. Registration of marriage solemnized under Part V

 





54. After the solemnization of any marriage under this Part, the Marriage Registrar present at such solemnization shall forthwith register the marriage in duplicate; that is to say, in a marriage-register-book, according to the form of the fourth schedule hereto annexed, and also in a certificate attached to the marriage-register-book as a counterfoil.

The entry of such marriage in both the certificate and the marriage-register-book shall be signed by the person by or before whom the marriage has been solemnized, if there be any such person, and by the Marriage Registrar present at such marriage, whether or not it is solemnized by him, and also by the parties married, and attested by two credible witnesses other than the Marriage Registrar and person solemnizing the marriage.

Every such entry shall be made in order from the beginning to the end of the book, and the number of the certificate shall correspond with that of the entry in the marriage register-book.

 

 



 

 







 



55. Certificates to be sent monthly to Registrar General.

 





55. The Marriage Registrar shall forthwith separate the certificate from the marriage-register-book and send it, at the end of every month, to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages.

 

 



 

 







 



Custody of register-book

 





The Marriage Registrar shall keep safely the said register-book until it is filled, and shall then send it to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, to be kept by him with the records of his office.

 

 



 

 







 





56. [Omitted]

 





56.

১১[



Omitted by the Bangladesh Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973), section 3 and 2nd Schedule.]

 

 



 

 







 





57. Registrars to ascertain that notice and certificate are understood by Native Christians

 





57. When any Native Christian about to be married gives a notice of marriage, or applies for a certificate from a Marriage Registrar, such Marriage Registrar shall ascertain whether the said Native Christian understands the English language, and, if he does not, the Marriage Registrar shall translate, or cause to be translated, such notice or certificate, or both of them, as the case may be, to such Native Christian into a language which he understands;

or the Marriage Registrar shall otherwise ascertain whether the Native Christian is cognizant of the purport and effect of the said notice and certificate.

 

 



 

 







 





58. Native Christians to be made to understand declarations

 





58. When any Native Christian is married under the provisions of this Part, the person solemnizing the marriage shall ascertain whether such Native Christian understands the English language, and, if he does not, the person solemnizing the marriage shall, at the time of the solemnization, translate, or cause to be translated, to such Native Christian, into a language which he understands, the declarations made at such marriage in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

 

 



 

 







 



59. Registration of marriages between Native Christians

 





59. The registration of marriages between Native Christians under this Part shall be made in conformity with the rules laid down in section 37 (so far as they are applicable), and not otherwise.

 

 



 

 





VI
MARRIAGE OF NATIVE CHRISTIANS

 



60. On what conditions marriages of Native Christians may be certified

 





60. Every marriage between Native Christians applying for a certificate shall, without the preliminary notice required under Part III, be certified under this Part, if the following conditions be fulfilled, and not otherwise:–

(1) the age of the man intending to be married shall exceed sixteen years, and the age of the woman intending to be married shall exceed thirteen years;

(2) neither of the persons intending to be married shall have a wife or husband still living;

(3) in the presence of a person licensed under section 9, and of at least two credible witnesses other than such person, each of the parties shall say to the other –

"I call upon these persons here present to witness that I, A. B., in the presence of Almighty God, and in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, do take thee, C. D., to be my lawful wedded wife

১২[



or husband]" or words to the like effect:

Provided that no marriage shall be certified under this Part when either of the parties intending to be married has not completed his or her eighteenth year, unless such consent as is mentioned in section 19 has been given to the intended marriage, or unless it appears that there is no person living authorized to give such consent.

 

 



 

 







 





61. Grant of certificate

 





61. When, in respect to any marriage solemnized under this Part, the conditions prescribed in section 60 have been fulfiled, the person licensed as aforesaid, in whose presence the said declaration has been made, shall, on the application of either of the parties to such marriage, and on the payment of a fee of four annas, grant a certificate of the marriage.

The certificate shall be signed by such licensed person, and shall be received in any suit touching the validity of such marriage as conclusive proof of its having been performed.

 

 



 

 







 





62. Keeping of register-book and deposit of extracts therefrom with Registrar General

 





62. (1) Every person licensed under section 9 shall keep in English, or in the

১৩[



Bangla language], and in such form as the Government, by which he was licensed may from time to time prescribe, a register-book of all marriages solemnized under this Part in his presence, and shall deposit in the office of the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages for the territories under the administration of the said Government in such form and at such intervals as that Government may prescribe, true and duly authenticated extracts form his register-book of all entries made therein since the last of those intervals.



১৪[



* * *]

 

 



 

 







 





63. Searches in register-book and copies of entries

 





63. Every person licensed under this Act to grant certificates of marriage, and keeping a marriage-register-book under section 62, shall, at all reasonable times, allow search to be made in such book, and shall, on payment of the proper fee, give a copy, certified under his hand, of an entry therein.

 

 



 

 







 





64. Books in which marriages of Native Christians under Part I or Part III are registered

 





64. The provisions of sections 62 and 63, as to form of the register-book, depositing extracts therefrom, allowing searches thereof, and giving copies of the entries therein, shall, mutatis mutandis, apply to the books kept under section 37.

 

 



 

 







 





65. Part VI not to apply to Roman Catholics

Saving of certain marriages

 





65. This Part of this Act, except so much of sections 62 and 63 as are referred to in section 64, shall not apply to marriages between Roman Catholics. But nothing herein contained shall invalidate any marriage celebrated between Roman Catholics under the provisions of Part V of Act No. XXV of 1864, previous to the twenty-third day of February, 1865.

 

 



 

 





VII
PENALTIES

 



66. False oath, declaration, notice or certificate for procuring marriage

 





66. Whoever, for the purpose of procuring a marriage or license of marriage, intentionally,-

(a) where an oath or declaration is required by this Act, or by any rule or custom of a Church according to the rites and ceremonies of which a marriage is intended to be solemnized, such Church being the Church of England or of Scotland or of Rome, makes a false oath or declaration, or,

(b) where a notice or certificate is required by this Act, signs a false notice or certificate,

shall be deemed to have committed the offence punishable under section 193 of the

১৫[



Penal Code] with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years and, at the discretion of the Court, with fine.

 

 



 

 







 





67. Forbidding, by false personation, issue of certificate by Marriage Registrar

 





67. Whoever forbids the issue, by a Marriage Registrar, of a certificate, by falsely representing himself to be a person whose consent to the marriage is required by law, knowing or believing such representation to be false, or not having reason to believe it to be true, shall be deemed guilty of the offence described in section 205 of the

১৬[



Penal Code].

 

 



 

 







 





68. Solemnizing marriage without due authority

 





68. Whoever, not being authorized by section 5 of this Act to solemnize marriages, solemnizes or professes to solemnize in the absence of a Marriage Registrar of the district in which the ceremony takes place, a marriage between persons one or both of whom is or are a Christian or Christians, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to ten years, or (in lieu of a sentence of imprisonment for seven years or upwards) with transportation for a term of not less than seven years, and not exceeding ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.

 

 



 

 







 





69. Solemnizing marriage out of proper time, or without witnesses

 





69. Whoever knowingly and wilfuly solemnizes a marriage between persons one or both of whom is or are a Christian or Christians, at any time other than between the hours of six in the morning and seven in the evening, or in the absence of at least

two credible witnesses other than the person solemnizing the marriage, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.

 

 



 

 







 





Saving of marriages solemnized under special license

 





This section does not apply to marriages solemnized under special licenses granted by the Anglican Bishop of Diocese or by his Commissary, not to marriages performed between the hours of seven in the evening and six in the morning by a Clergyman of the Church of Rome, when he has received the general or special license in that behalf mentioned in section 10.

Nor does this section apply to marriages solemnized by a Clergyman of the Church of Scotland according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of the Church of Scotland.

 

 



 

 







 





70. Solemnizing without notice or within fourteen days after notice, marriage with minor

 





70. Any Minister of Religion licensed to solemnize marriages under this Act, who, without a notice in writing, or, when one of the parties to the marriage is a minor, and the required consent of the parents or guardians to such marriage has not been obtained, within fourteen days after the receipt by him of notice of such marriage, knowingly and wilfully solemnizes a marriage under Part III, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.

 

 



 

 







 





71. Issuing certificate, or marrying without publication of notice; marrying after expiry of notice;



solemnizing marriage with minor within fourteen days without authority of Court, or without sending copy of notice;



issuing cert

 





71. A Marriage Registrar under this Act, who commits any of the following offences:–

(1) knowingly and wilfuly issues any certificate for marriage, or solemnizes any marriage, without publishing the notice of such marriage as directed by this Act;

(2) after the expiration of two months after the copy of the notice has been entered as required by section 40 in respect of any marriage, solemnizes such marriage;

(3) solemnizes, without any order of a competent Court authorizing him to do so, any marriage, when one of the parties is a minor, before the expiration of fourteen days after the receipt of the notice of such marriage, or without sending, by the post or otherwise, a copy of such notice to the Senior Marriage Registrar of the district if there be more Marriage Registrars of the district than one, and if he himself be not the Senior Marriage Registrar;

(4) issues any certificate the issue of which has been prohibited, as in this Act provided, by any person authorized to prohibit the issue thereof,

shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years, and shall also be liable to fine.

 

 



 

 







 





72. Issuing certificate after expiry of notice, or, in case of minor, within fourteen days after notice, or against authorized prohibition

 





72. Any Marriage Registrar knowingly and wilfuly issuing any certificate for marriage after the expiration of two months after the notice has been entered by him as aforesaid,

or knowingly and wilfuly issuing, without the order of a competent Court authorizing him so to do, any certificate for marriage, where one of the parties intending marriage is a minor, before the expiration of fourteen days after the entry of such notice, or any certificate the issue of which has been forbidden as aforesaid by any person authorized in this behalf,

shall be deemed to have committed an offence under section 166 of the

১৭[



Penal Code].

 

 



 

 







 





73. Persons authorized to solemnize marriage (other than Clergy of Churches of England, Scotland or Rome);

 





73. Whoever, being authorized under this Act to solemnize a marriage,

and not being a Clergyman of the Church of England, solemnizing a marriage after due publication of banns, or under a license from the Anglican Bishop of the Diocese or a Surrogate duly authorized in that behalf,

or, not being a Clergyman of the Church of Scotland, solemnizing a marriage according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of that church,

or, not being a Clergyman of the Church of Rome, solemnizing a marriage according to the rites, rules, ceremonies and customs of that church,

 

 



 

 







 





issuing certificate or marrying, without publishing notice, or after expiry of certificate;

 





knowingly and wilfully issues any certificate for marriage under this Act, or solemnizes any marriage between such persons as aforesaid, without publishing, or causing to be affixed, the notice of such marriage as directed in Part III of this Act, or after the expiration of two months after the certificate has been issued by him;

 

 



 

 







 





issuing certificate for, or solemnizing, marriage with minor, within fourteen days after notice;

 





or knowingly and wilfully issues any certificate for marriage, or solemnizes a marriage between such persons when one of the persons intending marriage is a minor, before the expiration of fourteen days after the receipt of notice of such marriage, or without sending, by the post or otherwise, a copy of such notice to the Marriage Registrar, or, if there be more Marriage Registrars than one, to the Senior Marriage Registrar of the district;

 

 



 

 







 





issuing certificate authorizedly forbidden;

 





or knowingly and wilfully issues any certificate the issue of which has been forbidden, under this Act, by any person authorized to forbid the issue;

 

 



 

 







 





solemnizing marriage authorizedly forbidden

 





or knowingly and wilfully solemnizes any marriage forbidden by any person authorized to forbid the same;

shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to four years, and shall also be liable to fine.

 

 



 

 







 





74. Unlicensed person granting certificate pretending to be licensed

 





74. Whoever, not being licensed to grant a certificate of marriage under Part VI of this Act, grants such certificate intending thereby to make it appear that he is so licensed, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Whoever, being licensed to grant certificates of marriage under Part VI of this Act, without just cause refuses, or wilfully neglects or omits, to perform any of the duties imposed upon him by that Part shall be punished with fine which may extend to one hundred taka.

 

 



 

 







 





75. Destroying or falsifying register-books

 





75. Whoever, by himself or another, wilfully destroys or injures any register-book or the counterfoil certificates thereof, or any part thereof, or any authenticated extract therefrom,

or falsely makes or counterfeits any part of such register-book or counterfoil certificates,

or wilfully inserts any false entry in any such register-book or counterfoil certificate or authenticated extract,

shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

 

 



 

 







 





76. Limitation of prosecutions under Act



 





76. The prosecution for every offence punishable under this Act shall be commenced within two years after the offence is committed.

 

 



 

 





VIII
MISCELLANEOUS

 



77. What matters need not be proved in respect of marriage in accordance with Act

 





77. Whenever any marriage has been solemnized in accordance with the provisions of sections 4 and 5, it shall not be void merely on account of any irregularity in respect of any of the following matters, namely:–

(1) any statement made in regard to the dwelling of the persons married, or to the consent of any person whose consent to such marriage is required by law:

(2) the notice of the marriage:

(3) the certificate or translation thereof:

(4) the time and place at which the marriage has been solemnized:

(5) the registration of the marriage.

 

 



 

 







 





78. Correction of errors

 





78. Every person charged with the duty of registering any marriage, who discovers any error in the form or substance of any such entry, may, within one month next after the discovery of such error, in the presence of the persons married, or, in case of their death or absence, in the presence of two other credible witnesses, correct the error, by entry in the margin, without any alteration of the original entry, and shall sign the marginal entry, and add thereto the date of such correction, and such person shall make the like marginal entry in the certificate thereof.

And every entry made under this section shall be attested by the witnesses in whose presence it was made.

And in case such certificate has been already sent to the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, such person shall make and send in like manner a separate certificate of the original erroneous entry, and of the marginal correction therein made.

 

 



 

 







 



79. Searches and copies of entries

 





79. Every person solemnizing a marriage under this Act, and hereby required to register the same,

and every Marriage Registrar or Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages having the custody for the time being of any register of marriages, or of any certificate, or duplicate or copies of certificate, under this Act,

shall, on payment of proper fees, at all reasonable times allow searches to be made in such register, or for such certificate, or duplicate, or copies, and give a copy under his hand of any entry in the same.

 

 



 

 







 





80. Certified copy of entry in marriage-register, etc., to be evidence

 





80. Every certified copy, purporting to be signed by the person entrusted under this Act with the custody of any marriage register or certificate, or duplicate, required to be kept or delivered under this Act, of an entry of a marriage in such register, or of any such certificate or duplicate, shall be received as evidence of the marriage purporting to be so entered, or of the facts purporting to be so certified therein, without further proof of such register or certificate, or duplicate, or of any entry therein, respectively, or of such copy.

 

 



 

 







 



81. Certificates of certain marriages for Government

 





81. The Registrar General of Births, Deaths, and Marriages

১৮[



* * *] shall, at the end of every quarter in each year, select, from the certificates of marriages forwarded to

১৯[



Him], during such quarter, the certificates of the marriages of which the Government

২০[



* * *] may desire that evidence shall be transmitted to England, and shall send the same certificates, signed by

২১[



Him] to the Government.

 

 



 

 







 





82. Government to prescribe fees

 





82. Fees shall be chargeable under this Act for-

receiving and publishing notices of marriages;

issuing certificates for marriage by Marriage Registrars, and registering marriages by the same;

entering protests against, or prohibitions of, the issue of certificates for marriage by the said Registrars;

searching register-books or certificates, or duplicates of copies thereof;

giving copies of entries in the same under section 63 and 79.

The Government shall fix the amount of such fees respectively,

and may from time to time vary or remit them either generally or in special cases, as to it may seem fit.

 

 



 

 







 





83. Power to make rules

 





83. The Government may make rules in regard to the disposal of the fees mentioned in section 82, the supply of register-books, and the preparation and submission of returns of marriages solemnized under this Act.

 

 



 

 







 





84. [Omitted]

 





84.

২২[



Omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]

 

 



 

 







 





85. Power to declare who shall be District Judge

 





85. The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, declare who shall, in any place to which this Act applies, be deemed to be the District Judge.

 

 



 

 







 





86. [Omitted]

 





86.

২৩[



Omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]

 

 



 

 







 





87. Saving of Consular marriages

 





87. Nothing in this Act applies to any marriage performed by any Minister, Consul or Consular Agent between subjects of the State which he represents and according to the laws of such State.

 

 



 

 







 





88. Non-validation of marriages within prohibited degrees

 





88. Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to validate any marriage which the personal law applicable to either of the parties forbids him or her to enter into.
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