Instrument number CASA EX43/11
I, JOHN FRANCIS McCORMICK, Director of Aviation Safety, a delegate of CASA, make this instrument under regulation 308 of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR 1988).
[Signed John F. McCormick]
John F. McCormick
Director of Aviation Safety
31 March 2011
Exemption — single-pilot operations in Cessna 550/560 aeroplanes
(a) commences on 1 April 2011; and
(b) stops having effect at the end of 31 March 2013.
In this instrument:
FAA means the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States of America.
FAA authorised, for a single-pilot operation in a type of aeroplane included in the Cessna 550/560 class, means authorised to conduct that operation under Exemption 4050.
FAA designated pilot examiner means a pilot examiner designated by the FAA to conduct training and flight tests for Exemption 4050.
approved training program means a single-pilot training program approved by the FAA for Exemption 4050.
Cessna 550/560 class means the class of aeroplane including Cessna 550, Cessna S550 and Cessna 560.
Exemption 4050 means Exemption 4050 as issued by the FAA and revised and reissued from time to time.
This instrument applies to:
(a) the pilot in command of an Australian aircraft included in the Cessna 550/560 class aeroplanes; and
(b) the operator of an Australian aircraft included in the Cessna 550/560 class of aeroplanes.
1 The pilot is exempt from complying with any instruction, procedure or limitation under subregulation 138 (1) of CAR 1988 under which the aeroplane must be operated with a minimum flight crew of a pilot and co-pilot.
2 The operator is exempt from compliance with regulation 208 of CAR 1988 in relation to any requirement in the certificate of airworthiness, or flight manual, for the aeroplane that the minimum operating crew is 2.
The exemption is subject to the conditions mentioned in Schedules 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.
Schedule 1 General conditions
1 The pilot and the operator of the aeroplane must ensure that the aeroplane commences a single-pilot operation only if:
(a) the pilot is qualified to operate the aeroplane under this exemption; and
(b) the aeroplane is equipped to operate in accordance with clause 2 of Schedule 3.
2 A pilot is qualified to operate an aeroplane under this exemption if he or she:
(a) is FAA authorised; or
(b) complies with each Schedule to this instrument.
3 The pilot must carry a copy of this exemption, and a copy of his or her authorisation, if FAA authorised, on board the aeroplane when conducting a single-pilot operation under this exemption.
4 For a single-pilot operation, if there is any inconsistency between this exemption and a previously issued flight manual supplement dealing with the operation of aeroplanes included in the Cessna 550/560 class, this exemption takes priority.
Schedule 2 Preconditions for single-pilot flight
1 For a single-pilot flight, the pilot must:
(a) hold a current Class 1 or Class 2 medical certificate; and
(b) hold any of the following pilot licences with a command (multi-engine aeroplane) instrument rating:
(i) a private pilot (aeroplane) licence;
(ii) a commercial pilot (aeroplane) licence;
(iii) an air transport pilot (aeroplane) licence; and
(c) have logged at least:
(i) 1 000 hours total pilot flight time, including at least 50 hours flight time at night; and
(ii) 75 hours instrument flight time; and
(iii) 40 hours instrument flight time in actual instrument meteorological conditions; and
(iv) 500 hours flight time as pilot in command or co-pilot, in turbojet or turbine powered aeroplanes; and
(d) have satisfactorily completed an approved training program and flight test for the Cessna aeroplane type to which the aeroplane belongs.
2 A pilot who has satisfactorily completed an initial training program and flight test in accordance with paragraph 1 (d) must, before flying an aeroplane belonging to another Cessna aeroplane type mentioned in this exemption:
(a) undergo differences training for that type in accordance with an approved training program; and
(b) after satisfactory completion of the differences training, satisfactorily complete a flight test for that type.
3 The pilot must satisfactorily complete an approved training program and flight test for a Cessna aeroplane type before carrying out a single-pilot operation for that type of aeroplane.
4 A flight test mentioned in this Schedule must be conducted by:
(a) a flying operations inspector approved by CASA for that purpose; or
(b) a person authorised to conduct flight tests under Exemption 4050, being an FAA designated pilot examiner or an FAA inspector.
5 The pilot may carry out a single-pilot operation only if the person conducting the flight test makes an entry in the pilot’s log book stating that:
(a) the pilot is competent to conduct single-pilot operations in an aeroplane of the Cessna aeroplane type for which the test was conducted; and
(b) the test was conducted in accordance with Schedule 5 by:
(i) an approved flying operations inspector; or
(ii) a person authorised to conduct flight tests under Exemption 4050, being an FAA designated pilot examiner or an FAA inspector.
6 The pilot must have satisfactorily undertaken an approved training program and flight test within the previous 25 months.
Schedule 3 Flight restrictions
1 A pilot may fly an aeroplane under this exemption only if the aeroplane:
(a) is employed in private operations; and
(b) is equipped with the following fully functioning equipment:
(i) a boom microphone;
(ii) an autopilot, controllable about 3 axes and capable of approach coupling;
(iii) a flight director system;
(iv) a transponder identification switch on the pilot’s control wheel.
2 A pilot who has not completed at least 100 hours of single-pilot flight experience in aeroplanes included in the Cessna 550/560 class must not perform:
(a) any circling instrument approaches except to minima that are at least 200 feet, and 1.6 kilometres, above the minima published in AIP or NOTAMS; or
(b) any straight-in instrument approaches except to minima that are at least 100 feet, and 0.8 kilometres, above the minima published in AIP or NOTAMS.
3 Except in V.M.C., a pilot may perform circling approaches only after training and testing in the circling approach manoeuvre both to the left and to the right:
(a) in an aeroplane included in the Cessna 550/560 class; or
(b) in an approved simulator equipped with a visual system that permits accomplishment of the circling approach task using the same pilot skills as are required in that aeroplane type.
4 If the pilot does not satisfactorily complete training and testing in circling approaches in accordance with Schedule 5:
(a) the person conducting the flight test must annotate the applicant’s log book with the comment “Demonstration of circling approach was not accomplished”; and
(b) the applicant must not perform circling approaches in I.M.C.
Schedule 4 Recency requirements
The pilot must have flown an aeroplane in the class to which this instrument applies:
(a) on at least 2 sectors during the previous 90 days as pilot in command or pilot acting in command under supervision; and
(b) on at least 1 sector during the previous 120 days as single pilot in accordance with clause 2 of Schedule 1.
Schedule 5 Particulars of flight testing
1 The pilot must undergo a flight test not more than 10 days after completing an approved training program.
2 The person conducting the single-pilot flight test must take into consideration all the matters covered in the approved training program.
3 The pilot must satisfactorily:
(a) complete the entire flight test in an aeroplane of that type; and
(b) perform all manoeuvres and procedures throughout the test as a single pilot.
4 A pilot undergoing a flight test after completing differences training must satisfactorily complete the entire flight test in 1 or more of the following ways:
(a) as a single pilot in an aeroplane of that type;
(b) as a single pilot in an approved flight simulator, qualified as a Level A, Level B, Level C or Level D flight simulator in the FAA National Simulator Program, as well as performing 3 take-offs and landings to a full stop as a single pilot in an aeroplane of that type within the preceding 90 days;
(c) as a single pilot in an approved flight simulator, qualified as a Level A flight simulator in the FAA National Simulator Program, as well as performing the following manoeuvres and procedures as a single pilot in an aeroplane of that type 1:
(i) pre-flight inspection;
(iii) normal take-off;
(iv) crosswind take-off;
(v) instrument landing system (ILS) approach;
(vi) missed approach;
(vii) simulated power plant failure;
(viii) normal landing;
(ix) crosswind landing;
(x) landing with simulated power plant failure.
5 For clause 4, the applicant must satisfactorily perform all manoeuvres and procedures throughout the test as a single pilot.
6 A pilot being tested in the circling approach manoeuvre in accordance with this exemption must satisfactorily perform all manoeuvres and procedures throughout the test as a single pilot.