Instrument number CASA EX140/12
I, terence LINDSAY farquharson, Deputy Director of Aviation Safety, a delegate of CASA, make this instrument under regulation 11.160 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998.
[Signed T. Farquharson]
Deputy Director of Aviation Safety
30 August 2012
Exemption – from standard take-off minima – Jetstar
(a) commences on 1 September 2012; and
(b) stops having effect at the end of 31 August 2015.
In this instrument:
ATC means air traffic control.
CAT means category, and refers to Category I, Category II or Category III minima.
DH means decision height.
ICUS refers to a pilot and means in command under supervision.
low visibility operation or LVO means a take-off with less than 550 m RV or RVR.
runway zone means the touch-down zone (TDZ), the mid-zone (MID) or the end zone (END) of a runway.
RV means runway visibility and is assessed by an approved observer and reported by ATC. RV only applies where the visibility is 350 m or more.
RVR means runway visual range and is measured by instrument and reported by ATC.
This instrument applies only to aircraft mentioned in Schedule 1 operated by Jetstar Airways Pty Limited, Aviation Reference Number 510654 (the operator), in LVO at an aerodrome when both of the following apply:
(a) ATC is in operation;
(b) ATC has informed the pilot of the aircraft that low visibility procedures are in force.
Each aircraft operated by the operator is exempt from compliance with regulation 257 of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR 1988) in relation to the standard take-off minima determined by CASA under subregulation 257 (1) of CAR 1988.
Note Details of the determination are set out in AIP En Route 1.5, section 4.3.
The exemption is subject to the following conditions:
(a) each aircraft must use not less than the aerodrome minima mentioned for it in Schedule 1, in accordance with Schedule 1;
(b) the requirements mentioned in Schedule 2 must be complied with.
Schedule 1 Aerodrome minima for LVO
1 At aerodromes that have the facilities required to support low visibility take-offs installed and in operation, the following are the minima that may be used by the aircraft mentioned.
2 Within Australia, an aerodrome’s runways capable of supporting LVO will be shown in the AIP or by NOTAM.
3 Take-off minima with TDZ, MID and END measurements available for A320 and A321 aircraft are:
125 m RVR TDZ and 125 m RVR MID and 125 m RVR END.
4 Take-off minima with TDZ and either MID or END measurements available for A320 and A321 aircraft are:
(a) 200 m RVR TDZ and 200 m RVR MID or, if MID is not available, then 200 m RVR END; and
(b) 350 m RV TDZ and 350 m RV MID or, if MID RV is not available, then 350 m RV END. For 350 m or greater RV TDZ, the pilot in command must act as the approved observer for the TDZ.
Note Also see Schedule 2, clause 10, for specific runway lighting and marking requirements.
Schedule 2 Requirements for LVO
1 The LVO training course syllabus covering ground training and flight simulator training must be approved in writing by CASA and incorporated into the operator’s training and checking manual.
2 The operator, or an approved training organisation, must certify that each pilot of the aircraft has successfully completed the LVO training course.
3 A pilot is authorised for LVO on the aircraft only if he or she has successfully completed the aircraft type LVO training in accordance with the approved training syllabus.
4 Subject to clause 5, unless CASA approves otherwise in writing for an aircraft type with an approved cross-crew qualification transition course, the following pilot experience is required to operate to the minima shown in Schedule 1:
(a) for a captain — at least 100 hours as pilot in command or ICUS or dual in the left-hand seat on the aircraft type with the operator;
(b) for a co-pilot — at least 50 hours on the aircraft type with the operator.
5 However, if a pilot occupying a control seat does not have the experience mentioned in clause 4, he or she is restricted, for take-off, to a cross-wind not exceeding 10 knots and a minima of not less than 200 m RVR.
6 For competency, each pilot of the aircraft occupying a control seat must have successfully completed, to the operator’s approved operational and meteorological limits, a flight simulator competency check that includes a take‑off with a near V1 engine failure (reject) and a V1 engine failure (continue).
7 Unless otherwise approved in writing by CASA, a pilot mentioned in clause 6 must complete 2 checks every 12 months as follows:
(a) each check must demonstrate competency in each activity mentioned in paragraph 6;
(b) for 1 of the 2 checks, competency must be demonstrated to an operational check captain of the relevant aircraft type;
(c) not less than 4 months and not more than 8 months may elapse between each check.
Note CASA will only approve otherwise in exceptional circumstances where prior testing, experience or other demonstration of competency is compelling evidence of equivalent safety.
8 A captain may not participate in an LVO from the right-hand seat unless, at least once in the preceding 12 months, he or she has demonstrated to an operational check captain competency in the LVO from the right-hand seat.
9 For take-off, the following restrictions apply:
(a) for minima — the pilot in command of the aircraft must use the most restrictive of the following:
(i) the minima mentioned in Schedule 1 that apply to the type of operation or procedure in which the aircraft is engaged;
(ii) the minima the aerodrome facilities will support at the time of the LVO;
(iii) the minima approved by the aircraft operator;
(iv) the minima approved by the relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority;
(v) the minima approved in the aircraft flight manual (as amended);
(b) the maximum cross-wind component for an aircraft conducting an LVO is:
(i) if any RVR is less than 200 m — 10 knots; or
(ii) otherwise — 15 knots;
(c) the pilot flying must:
(i) be a captain with the operator; and
(ii) not be undergoing initial command training with the operator; and
(iii) occupy the left-hand seat.
10 For take-offs, the following runway lighting and markings are required:
(a) with RVR or RV at 350 m or more — runway edge lights spaced at not more than 60 m and either runway centreline lighting (RCLL) or runway centreline markings (RCLM) are required;
(b) with less than 350 m RVR — high-intensity runway edge lights spaced at not more than 60 m, RCLL spaced at not more than 15 m and RCLM are required.
11 The aircraft equipment required to conduct a LVO take-off must be operating and must be maintained in accordance with the aircraft maintenance planning document.
12 An LVO may be conducted at an aerodrome outside Australia only if each of the following has been complied with:
(a) the operator has:
(i) received approval to conduct the operation from the relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority; and
(ii) given CASA a copy of the approval;
(b) the LVO is conducted in accordance with the operator’s relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority approval.
Document and procedure requirements
13 The operator must ensure that there is an operations manual on board each aircraft containing the following:
(a) all necessary crew procedures required for a safe LVO, including a standard call for the pilot monitoring to advise the pilot flying of deviations from the runway centreline during take-off;
(b) a list of aerodromes and runways approved for LVO (the list);
(c) the minima for the approved aerodromes and runways in the list;
(d) a copy of this instrument;
(e) an abbreviated check list which must include all relevant information for:
(i) briefing on low visibility take-offs; and
(ii) identifying the aircraft equipment necessary for carrying out the LVO.
14 The operator’s procedures for LVO must be in accordance with this instrument.