Instrument number CASA EX93/12
I, PETER CROMARTY, Executive Manager, Operations Division, a delegate of CASA, make this instrument under regulation 11.160 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR 1998).
[Signed P. B. Cromarty]
17 July 2012
Exemption — from standard take-off and landing minima – Jetstar
(a) commences on the day after it is registered; and
(b) stops having effect at the end of 31 May 2015.
Instruments CASA EX69/10 and EX105/10 are revoked.
In this instrument:
ATC means air traffic control.
CAT means category, and refers to Category I, Category II or Category III minima.
Controlling RVR means the reported value of an RVR reporting location (touchdown, mid-point and stop-end) used to determine whether operating minima are met or not.
DH means decision height.
ICUS refers to a pilot and means in command under supervision.
low visibility operation or LVO means:
(a) a landing with less than CAT I minima; or
(b) a take-off with less than 550 m RV or RVR.
runway zone means the touch-down zone (TDZ), the mid-zone (MID) or the end zone (END) of a runway.
RV means runway visibility and is assessed by an approved observer and reported by ATC. RV only applies where the visibility is 350 m or more.
RVR means runway visual range and is measured by instrument and reported by ATC.
This instrument applies only to aircraft mentioned in Schedule 1 operated by Jetstar Airways Pty Limited, Aviation Reference Number 510654 (the operator), in LVO at an aerodrome when both of the following apply:
(a) ATC is in operation;
(b) ATC has informed the pilot of the aircraft that low visibility procedures are in force.
Each aircraft operated by the operator is exempt from compliance with regulation 257 of CAR 1988 in relation to the standard take-off minima determined by CASA under subregulation 257 (1) of CAR 1988.
Note Details of the determination are set out in AIP En Route 1.5, sections 4.3 and 4.4.
The exemption is subject to the following conditions:
(a) each aircraft must use not less than the aerodrome minima mentioned for it in Schedule 1, in accordance with Schedule 1;
(b) the requirements mentioned in Schedule 2 must be complied with.
Schedule 1 Aerodrome minima for LVO
1 At aerodromes that have the facilities required to support LVO take-offs and CAT II and CAT III landings installed and in operation, the following are the minima that may be used by the aircraft mentioned.
2 Within Australia, an aerodrome’s runways capable of supporting LVO will be shown in the AIP or by NOTAM.
3 Take-off minima, with TDZ, MID and END RVR measurements available, for A320, A321 and A330 aircraft are:
125 m RVR TDZ and 125 m RVR MID and 125 m RVR END.
4 Take-off minima with TDZ and either MID or END measurements available, for A320, A321 and A330 aircraft are:
(a) 200 m RVR TDZ and 200 m RVR MID or, if MID is not available, then 200 m RVR END; and
(b) 350 m RV TDZ and 350 m RV MID or, if MID RV is not available, then 350 m RV END. For 350 m or greater RV TDZ, the pilot in command must act as the approved observer for the TDZ.
Note Also see Schedule 2, clause 13, for specific runway lighting and marking requirements.
5 CAT II minima for A320, A321 and A330 aircraft are:
(a) visibility: 300 m RVR TDZ and 125 m RVR MID or, if RVR MID is not available, then 125m RVR END (TDZ and other controlling); and
(b) DH: 100 feet.
6 CAT III A minima for A320, A321 and A330 aircraft are:
(a) visibility: 175 m RVR TDZ and 125 m RVR MID or, if RVR MID is not available, then 125 m RVR END; (TDZ and other controlling); and
(b) DH: 50 feet.
7 CAT III B minima for A320, A321 and A330 aircraft are:
(a) visibility: 75 m RVR TDZ and 75 m RVR MID and 75 m RVR END; (All controlling); and
(b) DH: no DH.
Schedule 2 Requirements for LVO
1 The LVO training course syllabus covering ground training and flight simulator training must be approved in writing by CASA and incorporated into the operator’s training and checking manual
2 The operator, or an approved training organisation, must certify that each pilot of the aircraft has successfully completed the LVO training course.
3 A pilot is authorised for LVO on the aircraft only if he or she has successfully:
(a) completed the aircraft type LVO training in accordance with the approved training syllabus; and
(b) performed 2 autolands in the aircraft in not less than CAT I conditions, 1 of which must be performed during line training.
4 Subject to clause 5, unless CASA approves otherwise in writing for an aircraft type with an approved cross-crew qualification transition course, the following pilot experience is required to operate to the minima shown in Schedule 1:
(a) for a captain:
(i) at least 300 hours on any aircraft type as a pilot in command while authorised for CAT II or CAT III operations; and
(ii) at least 100 hours as pilot in command or ICUS or dual in the left-hand seat on the aircraft type with the operator;
(b) for a co-pilot:
(i) at least 100 hours on any aircraft type as a co-pilot while authorised for CAT II or CAT III operations; and
(ii) at least 50 hours on the aircraft type with the operator.
5 However, if a pilot occupying a control seat does not have the experience mentioned in clause 4, he or she is restricted to:
(a) for take-off — a cross-wind not exceeding 10 knots and a minima of not less than 200 m RVR; and
(b) for landing — CAT II with a minima of 100 feet DH and 400 m RVR in the TDZ.
6 For recency, a captain must have completed an autoland using LVO procedures in a flight simulator or in the aircraft type within the 90 days before conducting a CAT II or CAT III landing.
7 A captain must not conduct a CAT II or CAT III landing if he or she has lost recency and not regained it in accordance with clause 8.
8 A captain regains recency by performing an autoland:
(a) in a flight simulator; or
(b) in an aircraft in not less than CAT I conditions.
9 For competency, each pilot of the aircraft occupying a control seat must have successfully completed, to the operator’s approved operational and meteorological limits, a flight simulator competency check that includes:
(a) a take-off with a near V1 engine failure (reject) and a V1 engine failure (continue); and
(b) a CAT II or CAT III go-around; and
(c) a CAT II or CAT III landing.
10 Unless otherwise approved in writing by CASA, a pilot mentioned in clause 9 must complete 2 checks every 12 months as follows:
(a) each check must demonstrate competency in each activity mentioned in paragraphs 9 (a), 9 (b) and 9 (c);
(b) for 1 of the 2 checks, competency must be demonstrated to an operational check captain of the relevant aircraft type;
(c) not less than 4 months and not more than 8 months may elapse between each check.
Note CASA will only approve otherwise in exceptional circumstances where prior testing, experience or other demonstration of competency is compelling evidence of equivalent safety.
11 A captain may not participate in an LVO from the right-hand seat unless, at least once in the preceding 12 months, he or she has demonstrated to an operational check captain competency in the LVO from the right-hand seat.
Take-offs and landings
12 For take-off and landing, the following restrictions apply:
(a) for minima — the pilot in command of the aircraft must use the most restrictive of the following:
(i) the minima mentioned in Schedule 1 that apply to the type of operation or procedure in which the aircraft is engaged;
(ii) the minima the aerodrome facilities will support at the time of the LVO;
(iii) the minima approved by the aircraft operator;
(iv) the minima approved by the relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority;
(v) the minima approved in the aircraft flight manual (as amended);
(b) the maximum cross-wind component for an aircraft conducting an LVO is:
(i) if any RVR is less than 200 m — 10 knots; or
(ii) otherwise — 15 knots;
(c) the pilot flying must:
(i) be a captain with the operator; and
(ii) not be undergoing initial command training with the operator; and
(iii) occupy the left-hand seat.
Take-offs — runway lighting and markings
13 For take-offs, the following runway lighting and markings are required:
(a) with RVR or RV at 350 m or more — high-intensity runway edge lights (HIRL) spaced at not more than 60 m and either runway centreline lighting (RCLL) or runway centreline markings (RCLM) are required;
(b) with less than 350 m RVR — HIRL spaced at not more than 60 m, RCLL spaced at not more than 15 m and RCLM are required.
14 For landings, the following approach ban rules apply:
(a) when making an approach, the pilot in command of the aircraft must not continue beyond 1 000 feet above aerodrome elevation if a controlling zone RVR is reported by ATC as continually less than the specified minimum for the approach;
(b) if, after passing 1 000 feet above aerodrome elevation, a controlling zone RVR is reported by ATC as falling below the specified minimum, the approach may be continued to the minima.
15 For landings, the pilot in command of the aircraft must not continue an approach below the applicable minima unless visual reference is established and maintained in accordance with at least the following:
(a) for CAT II — at least:
(i) 3 consecutive longitudinally aligned lights, being the centreline of the approach lights, or the touchdown zone lights, or the runway lights, or runway centreline lights, or runway edge lights or a combination of any of these; and
(ii) a lateral element of lighting, being an approach lighting crossbar, landing threshold or a barrette of touchdown lighting;
(b) for CAT IIIA — at least 3 consecutive longitudinally aligned lights being the centreline of the approach lights, the touchdown zone lights, or the runway lights or runway edge lights or a combination of any of these has been attained and can be maintained
(c) for CAT IIIB:
(i) with a DH — at least 1 centreline light; and
(ii) with no DH — no visual contact is required.
16 For landings, the braking action on the runway must not be reported by ATC as worse than “medium”.
17 The landing distance available for the aircraft must be the greater of:
(a) 2 200 m; or
(b) 1.15 times the landing distance required under subsection 11 of Civil Aviation Order 20.7.1B.
18 For a CAT II landing, until visual conditions are established, the aircraft must have and use at least a fail-passive automatic landing system.
19 For a CAT IIIA landing, the aircraft must have and use at least a fail-passive automatic landing system and an automatic go-around capability.
20 For a CAT IIIB landing, the aircraft must have and use at least a fail-operational automatic landing system with roll-out control guidance and an automatic go‑around capability.
21 The aircraft equipment required to conduct a LVO take-off or a CAT II or CAT III landing must be operating and must be maintained in accordance with the aircraft maintenance planning document.
22 An LVO may be conducted at an aerodrome outside Australia only if each of the following has been complied with:
(a) the operator has:
(i) informed CASA that for landing operations, the aerodrome and runway terrain details and charts, including the data used to determine the applicable minima, have been checked; and
(ii) received approval to conduct the operation from the relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority; and
(iii) given CASA a copy of the approval;
(b) the LVO is conducted in accordance with the operator’s relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority approval.
Document and procedure requirements
23 The operator must ensure that there is an operations manual on board each aircraft containing the following:
(a) all necessary crew procedures required for a safe LVO, including a standard call for the pilot monitoring to advise the pilot flying of deviations from the runway centreline during take-off;
(b) a list of aerodromes and runways approved for LVO take-offs and CAT II and CAT III landings (the list);
(c) the minima for the approved aerodromes and runways in the list;
(d) a copy of this instrument;
(e) an abbreviated check list which must include all relevant information for:
(i) briefing on low visibility take-offs and landings; and
(ii) identifying the aircraft equipment necessary for carrying out the LVO;
(f) the CAT II radio altimeter height that equates to the approved CAT II DH for each runway in the list approved for CAT II landings.
Note In Australia, the operator may determine the CAT II radio altimeter height (RA) from a study of the Precision Approach Terrain Charts available from the relevant aerodrome operator.
24 The operator’s procedures for LVO must be in accordance with the following:
(a) this instrument;
(b) if applicable, the operator’s Safety Operational Specification – Approval to Conduct Autolands instrument issued by CASA.