Statement of Principles concerning porphyria cutanea tarda No. 44 of 2012

Link to law: https://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2012L01358

 
Statement of Principles
concerning
 
PORPHYRIA CUTANEA TARDA
No. 44 of 2012
 
for the purposes of the
 
Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986
and
Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004
Title
1.         This Instrument may be cited as Statement of Principles concerning porphyria cutanea tarda No. 44 of 2012.
Determination
2.         The Repatriation Medical Authority under subsection 196B(3) and (8) of the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986 (the VEA):
(a)        revokes Instrument No. 20 of 2001 concerning porphyria cutanea tarda; and
(b)        determines in its place this Statement of Principles.
Kind of injury, disease or death
3.         (a)        This Statement of Principles is about porphyria cutanea tarda and death from porphyria cutanea tarda.
(b)        For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, "porphyria cutanea tarda" means a chronic disorder of porphyrin metabolism due to uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase deficiency, characterised by uroporphyria, cutaneous photosensitivity, hyperpigmentation and facial hypertrichosis.
(c)        Porphyria cutanea tarda attracts ICD-10-AM code E80.1.
(d)       In the application of this Statement of Principles, the definition of "porphyria cutanea tarda" is that given at paragraph 3(b) above.
Basis for determining the factors
4.         On the sound medical-scientific evidence available, the Repatriation Medical Authority is of the view that it is more probable than not that porphyria cutanea tarda and death from porphyria cutanea tarda can be related to relevant service rendered by veterans or members of the Forces under the VEA, or members under the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (the MRCA).
Factors that must be related to service
5.         Subject to clause 7, at least one of the factors set out in clause 6 must be related to the relevant service rendered by the person.
Factors
6.         The factor that must exist before it can be said that, on the balance of probabilities, porphyria cutanea tarda or death from porphyria cutanea tarda is connected with the circumstances of a person’s relevant service is:
(a)               having exposure to a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon as specified within the one year before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(b)               having exposure as specified to a chemical agent contaminated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD) within the one year before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(c)               for males, consuming a total of 110 kilograms of alcohol within the five years before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(d)              for females, consuming a total of 75 kilograms of alcohol within the five years before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(e)               having a liver disease from the specified list at the time of the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(f)                being infected with human immunodeficiency virus before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(g)               taking a course of oral oestrogen therapy for the 30 days before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(h)               having hepatic iron overload at the time of the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(i)                 undergoing haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for one year before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(j)                 having a porphyrin-generating hepatocellular tumour at the time of the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(k)               having the affected area of skin exposed to sunlight or ultraviolet light within the five days before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(l)                 being treated with a drug or a drug from a class of drugs from the specified list, at the time of the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(m)             being treated with a drug which is associated in the individual with:
(i)                 the development of porphyria cutanea tarda during drug therapy; and either
(ii)               the improvement of porphyria cutanea tarda within two months of discontinuing or tapering drug therapy; or
(iii)             the redevelopment of porphyria cutanea tarda on rechallenge with the same drug;
where treatment with the drug continued for at least the seven days before the clinical onset of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(n)               having exposure to a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon as specified within the one year before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(o)               having exposure as specified to a chemical agent contaminated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD) within the one year before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(p)               for males, consuming a total of 110 kilograms of alcohol within the five years before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(q)               for females, consuming a total of 75 kilograms of alcohol within the five years before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(r)                having a liver disease from the specified list at the time of the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(s)                being infected with human immunodeficiency virus before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(t)                taking a course of oral oestrogen therapy for the 30 days before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(u)               having hepatic iron overload at the time of the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(v)               undergoing haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for the one year before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(w)             having a porphyrin-generating hepatocellular tumour at the time of the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(x)               having the affected area of skin exposed to sunlight or ultraviolet light within the five days before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(y)               being treated with a drug or a drug from a class of drugs from the specified list, at the time of the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(z)               being treated with a drug which is associated in the individual with:
(i)                 the worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda during drug therapy; and either
(ii)               the improvement of porphyria cutanea tarda within two months of discontinuing or tapering drug therapy; or
(iii)             the worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda on rechallenge with the same drug;
where treatment with the drug continued for at least the seven days before the clinical worsening of porphyria cutanea tarda; or
(aa)            inability to obtain appropriate clinical management for porphyria cutanea tarda.
Factors that apply only to material contribution or aggravation
7.         Paragraphs 6(n) to 6(aa) apply only to material contribution to, or aggravation of, porphyria cutanea tarda where the person’s porphyria cutanea tarda was suffered or contracted before or during (but not arising out of) the person’s relevant service.
Inclusion of Statements of Principles
8.                  In this Statement of Principles if a relevant factor applies and that factor includes an injury or disease in respect of which there is a Statement of Principles then the factors in that last mentioned Statement of Principles apply in accordance with the terms of that Statement of Principles as in force from time to time.
Other definitions
9.                  For the purposes of this Statement of Principles:
"a drug or a drug from a class of drugs from the specified list" means:
(a)             barbiturates;
(b)            busulfan;
(c)             chloroquine;
(d)            cyclophosphamide;
(e)             dapsone;
(f)              fluconazole;
(g)             griseofulvin;
(h)            hydroxychloroquine;
(i)              imatinib mesylate;
(j)                 interferon alpha;
(k)               iron supplements;
(l)                 phenytoin;
(m)             ribavirin;
(n)               rifampicin;
(o)               sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine;
(p)               sulphonamides; or
(q)               tamoxifen;
"a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon from the specified list" means:
(a)                cacodylic acid;
(b)               hexachlorobenzene; or
(c)                picloram;
"a liver disease from the specified list" means:
(a)                alcoholic steatohepatitis;
(b)                cirrhosis of the liver; or
(c)                viral hepatitis;
"a specified chemical agent" means one of the following chemicals:
(a)                2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid;
(b)               2,4,5-trichlorophenoxypropionic acid;
(c)                2,4,5-trichlorophenol;
(d)               2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)-ethyl 2,2-dichloropropionate;
(e)                o,o-dimethyl-o-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-phosphorothioate;
(f)                2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol;
(g)               2,4,6-trichlorophenol;
(h)               1,3,4-trichloro-2-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene;
(i)                 2,4-dichloro-1-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene; or
(j)                 2,4-dichloro-1-(3-methoxy-4-nitrophenoxy)-benzene;
"alcohol" is measured by the alcohol consumption calculations utilising the Australian Standard of 10 grams of alcohol per standard alcoholic drink;
"death from porphyria cutanea tarda" in relation to a person includes death from a terminal event or condition that was contributed to by the person’s porphyria cutanea tarda;
"having exposure as specified to a chemical agent contaminated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD)" means:
(a)                being in an environment shrouded in dust from timber treated with a specified chemical agent;
(b)               being sprayed with a specified chemical agent;
(c)                cleaning or maintaining equipment used to apply a specified chemical agent;
(d)               decanting or spraying a specified chemical agent;
(e)                handling or sawing timber treated with a specified chemical agent; or
(f)                using cutting oils contaminated with a specified chemical agent;
"having exposure to a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon as specified" means:
(a)                being sprayed with a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon from the specified list;
(b)               cleaning or maintaining equipment used to apply a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon from the specified list;
(c)                decanting or spraying a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon from the specified list; or
(d)               ingesting food contaminated with a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon from the specified list;
"ICD-10-AM code" means a number assigned to a particular kind of injury or disease in The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM), Seventh Edition, effective date of 1 July 2010, copyrighted by the National Centre for Classification in Health, Sydney, NSW, and having ISBN 978 1 74210 154 5;
"iron overload" means an accumulation of excess iron in tissues and organs which has been confirmed by elevated ferritin or transferrin saturation levels. Causes include haemochromatosis or blood transfusions;
"porphyrin-generating hepatocellular tumour" means a tumour arising from hepatocellular tissue, with evidence of increased porphyrin production at the tumour site;
"relevant service" means:
(a)        eligible war service (other than operational service) under the VEA;
(b)        defence service (other than hazardous service and British nuclear test defence service) under the VEA; or
(c)        peacetime service under the MRCA;
"terminal event" means the proximate or ultimate cause of death and includes:
(a)                pneumonia;
(b)               respiratory failure;
(c)                cardiac arrest;
(d)               circulatory failure; or
(e)                cessation of brain function.
Application
10.       This Instrument applies to all matters to which section 120B of the VEA or section 339 of the MRCA applies.
Date of effect
11.       This Instrument takes effect from 11 July 2012.
Dated this   twenty-first   day of   June   2012
The Common Seal of the                    )
Repatriation Medical Authority          )
was affixed to this instrument                        )
in the presence of:                               )
KEN DONALD
CHAIRPERSON
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