Instrument number CASA EX117/13
I, GERARD JOHN CAMPBELL, Executive Manager, Operations Division, a delegate of CASA, make this instrument under regulation 11.160 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 and subsection 33 (3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.
[Signed G.J. Campbell]
Gerard J. Campbell
12 November 2013
Exemption – from standard take-off minima – Jetstar Airways Pty Limited
(a) commences on the day of registration; and
(b) expires at the end of September 2015, as if it had been repealed by another instrument.
Instrument CASA EX140/12 is revoked.
In this instrument:
AIP means aeronautical information publication.
ATC means air traffic control.
CAT means category, and refers to Category I, Category II or Category III minima.
low visibility operation or LVO means:
(a) a landing with less than CAT I minima; or
(b) a take-off with less than 550 m RV or RVR.
NOTAM means notice to airmen.
runway zone means the touchdown zone (TDZ), the mid-zone (MID) or the end zone (END) of a runway.
RV means runway visibility and is assessed by an approved observer and reported by ATC. RV only applies where the visibility is 350 m or more.
RVR means runway visual range and is measured by instrument and reported by ATC.
This instrument applies only to aircraft mentioned in Schedule 1 operated by Jetstar Airways Pty Limited, Aviation Reference Number 510654
(the operator), in LVO at an aerodrome when both of the following apply:
(a) ATC is in operation;
(b) ATC has informed the pilot of the aircraft that low visibility procedures are in force.
Each aircraft operated by the operator is exempt from compliance with regulation 257 of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR 1988) in relation to the standard take-off minima determined by CASA under subregulation 257 (1) of CAR 1988.
Note Details of the determination are set out in AIP En Route 1.5, section 4.
The exemption is subject to the following conditions:
(a) each aircraft must use not less than the aerodrome minima mentioned for it in Schedule 1, in accordance with Schedule 1;
(b) the requirements mentioned in Schedule 2 must be complied with.
Schedule 1 Aerodrome minima for LVO
1 At aerodromes that have the facilities required to support LVO take‑offs, the following are the minima that may be used by the aircraft.
2 Within Australia, an aerodrome’s runways capable of supporting LVO will be shown in the AIP or by NOTAM.
3 Take-off minima with TDZ, MID and END RVR measurements available for B787-8 aircraft are:
350 m RVR TDZ and 350 m RVR MID and 350 m RVR END.
4 Take-off minima with TDZ and either MID or END RVR measurements available for B787-8 aircraft are:
(a) 350 m RVR TDZ and 350 m RVR MID or, if RVR MID is not available, then 350 m RVR END; or
(b) 350 m RV TDZ and 350 m RV MID or, if RV MID is not available, then 350 m RV END. For 350 m or greater RV TDZ, the pilot in command must act as the approved observer for TDZ.
Note Also see Schedule 2, clause 9, for specific runway lighting and marking requirements.
Schedule 2 Requirements for LVO
1 The LVO training course syllabus covering ground training and flight simulator training must be approved in writing by CASA.
Note A sample training course syllabus is in Annex A.
2 The operator, or an approved training organisation, must certify that each pilot of the aircraft has successfully completed the LVO training course.
3 A pilot is authorised for LVO on the aircraft only if he or she has successfully completed the aircraft type LVO training in accordance with the approved training syllabus.
4 The pilot experience required to operate to the minima shown in Schedule 1 is:
(a) for a captain, at least 100 hours as pilot in command or in command under supervision or dual in the left-hand seat on the aircraft type with the operator; and
(b) for a co-pilot, at least 50 hours on the aircraft type with the operator.
5 For competency, each pilot of the aircraft must have successfully completed, to the operator’s operational and meteorological limits, a flight simulator competency check that includes a take-off with a near V1 engine failure (reject) and a V1 engine failure (continue).
6 Unless otherwise approved in writing by a Team Leader Certificate Management Team of CASA, a pilot mentioned in clause 5 must complete 2 checks every 12 months as follows:
(a) each check must demonstrate competency in each activity mentioned in clause 5;
(b) for 1 of the 2 checks, competency must be demonstrated to an operational check captain of the relevant aircraft type;
(c) not less than 4 months and not more than 8 months may elapse between each check.
Note CASA will only approve otherwise in exceptional circumstances where prior testing, experience or other demonstration of competency is compelling evidence of equivalent safety.
7 A captain may not operate an LVO take-off from the right-hand seat unless, at least once in the preceding 12 months, he or she has demonstrated to an operational check captain competency in an LVO take-off from the right-hand seat.
8 For LVO take-offs, the following restrictions apply:
(a) for minima — the pilot in command of the aircraft must use the most restrictive of the following:
(i) the minima mentioned in Schedule 1 that apply to the type of operation or procedure in which the aircraft is engaged;
(ii) the minima the aerodrome facilities will support at the time of the LVO;
(iii) the minima approved by the aircraft operator;
(iv) the minima approved by the relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority;
(v) the minima approved in the aircraft flight manual (as amended);
(b) the maximum cross-wind component for an aircraft conducting an LVO is 15 knots;
(c) the pilot flying must:
(i) be a captain with the operator; and
(ii) not be undergoing initial command training with the operator; and
(iii) occupy the left-hand seat.
9 High-intensity runway edge lights spaced at not more than 60 m and either runway centreline lighting or runway centreline markings are required.
10 The required RVR value must be achieved at all of the required RVR reporting points.
11 The pilot in command must not commence take-off unless:
(a) the weather conditions at the departure aerodrome are equal to or better than applicable minima for landing at that aerodrome; or
(b) the aircraft’s performance and fuel availability is adequate to enable the aircraft to proceed to a suitable aerodrome, having regard to terrain, obstacles and route distance limitations.
12 The aircraft equipment required to conduct an LVO take-off must be operating and must be maintained in accordance with the aircraft maintenance planning document.
13 An LVO may be conducted at an aerodrome outside Australia only if:
(a) the operator has:
(i) received approval to conduct the operation from the relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority; and
(ii) given CASA a copy of the approval; and
(b) the LVO is conducted in accordance with the operator’s relevant foreign aviation regulatory authority approval.
Document and procedure requirements
14 The operator must ensure that there is an operations manual on board each aircraft containing the following:
(a) all necessary crew procedures required for a safe LVO, including a standard call for the pilot monitoring to advise the pilot flying of deviations from the runway centreline during take-off;
(b) a list of aerodromes and runways approved for LVO take-offs (the list);
(c) the minima for the approved aerodromes and runways in the list;
(d) a copy of this instrument;
(e) an abbreviated checklist which must include all relevant information for:
(i) briefing on LVO take-offs; and
(ii) identifying the aircraft equipment necessary for carrying out the LVO take-off.
15 The operator’s procedures for LVO take-offs must be in accordance with this instrument.
Annex A — LVO training requirements
This is a sample training course syllabus as mentioned in clause 1 of Schedule 2.
Ground training must cover at least the following subjects:
· general concepts and appropriate definitions (see ICAO Manual of All Weather Operations, Doc 9365-AN/910)
· aerodrome visual aids, markings and lighting systems
· the meaning of the phrase “clear of runway”, with respect to runway exit light colours
· use and limitations of different types of RVR systems
· characteristics of fog — homogenous and non-homogenous
· effects of precipitation, ice accretion, low level windshear and turbulence
· actions to be taken in the event of airborne or ground equipment failures
· an understanding of any special aircraft maintenance requirements for LVO equipment
· correct seating and eye position.
Use of the aerodrome chart in following cleared taxi route to and from the runway and the terminal, and using all options to check line-up on the correct runway.
There must be a minimum of 8 take-offs resulting in becoming airborne or in an RTO, covering the exercises below. Additional exercises should be conducted to cover operator requirements and the above training requirements.
Instructors should demonstrate in visual conditions the effectiveness of the localizer display or other lateral guidance equipment, as the aircraft deviates from the runway centreline.
Some suggested exercises are:
· normal take-offs (2) (cross-wind 15 knots – RVR in accordance with the take-off minima for the aircraft type)
· engine failure near V1 (RTO) and engine failure at V1 (continue)
· loss of visibility at low speed (RTO) and after 100 knots (continue)
· pilot (PF) incapacitation
· deliberate runway centreline deviation.