Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014

Link to law: https://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2014L01102

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I, terence LINDSAY farquharson, Acting Director of Aviation Safety, on behalf of CASA, make this instrument under regulations 11.068 and 61.035 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 and section 4 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.
[Signed T. Farquharson]
Terry Farquharson
Acting Director of Aviation Safety
13 August 2014
Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014
1          Name of instrument
       1.1     This instrument is the Part 61 Manual of Standards for Part 61 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR 1998).
       1.2     This instrument is called the Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014.
       1.3     In this instrument, unless the contrary intention appears, a reference to “this MOS” or “the MOS” means the Part 61 Manual of Standards Instrument 2014.
2          Commencement
                 This instrument commences on 1 September 2014.
3          Scope
                 Under regulation 61.035 of CASR 1998, and for Part 61 of CASR 1998, this MOS sets out matters relating to:
(a)   flight crew licences, ratings and endorsements; and
(b)   the use of an ACAS; and
(c)   aeronautical radio operations; and
(d)   aeroplane taxiing; and
(e)   conditions on flight examiner ratings.
4          Condition on flight examiner ratings
                 For paragraph 98 (5A) (1) (a) and subsection 98 (5D) of the Civil Aviation Act 1988, and regulation 11.068 of CASR 1998, it is a condition on a flight examiner rating, issued before or after this MOS, that when conducting a flight test or a proficiency check the holder of the rating must comply with the requirements of, and take into account the recommendations in, the Flight Examiners’ Handbook as in force and published on the CASA website at the time of the flight test or proficiency check.
5          Definitions
       5.1     In this MOS, unless the contrary intention appears:
                 cell, for a column of a table in a Schedule of this instrument, means each individual, undivided unit into which the column is subdivided.
                 in accordance with published procedures, for carrying out an activity in relation to an aircraft, means carrying out the activity in accordance with the applicable requirements (if any) set out in each of the following:
(a)   the aircraft flight manual;
(b)   the aircraft operator’s operations manual;
(c)   the Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP);
(d)   another operational document applicable to the activity that is approved in writing by CASA or the operator.
       5.2     In this MOS, unless the contrary intention appears, an abbreviation has the meaning given to it by the Dictionary of abbreviations in Schedule 1A.
       5.3     Unless the contrary intention appears, if an abbreviation used in this MOS is not given a meaning under Schedule 1A, the abbreviation has the meaning that is given to it by the prevalent usage, custom and practice of the aviation industry.
       5.4     To avoid doubt, in this MOS neither a unit code nor an examination code is an abbreviation within the meaning of subsection 5.2 or 5.3.
6          Recreational pilot licences — general English language proficiency standard
       6.1     The general English language proficiency standard is as set out in Section 1 of Schedule 2.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 to find the general English language proficiency standards.
       6.2     The assessment mentioned in subclause 5.1.1 of Section 1 of Schedule 2, and the requirement specified in subclause 5.1.2, are each part of the standard.
       6.3     The general English language proficiency tests are as set out in paragraph 5.1.2 (f) of Section 1 of Schedule 2.
       6.4     For subsection 6.3, achieving the minimum grade specified for each test is part of each test.
7          Aviation English language proficiency standards and maintenance of English language proficiency
       7.1     The aviation English language proficiency standard is as set out in Section 1 of Schedule 2.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 to find the aviation English language proficiency standards.
       7.2     The ICAO level 4, level 5 and level 6 aviation English language proficiency standards (rating scales) are as set out in Section 2 of Schedule 8.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 8 to find the ICAO level 4, level 5 and level 6 aviation English language proficiency standards (rating scales).
8          Units of competency for flight training, use of ACAS, aeronautical radio operations, and taxiing
       8.1     The units of competency for each of the following matters are as set out in the Appendix of a Section in Schedule 1 that is for the particular matter:
(a)   a flight crew licence with an aircraft category rating, a flight crew rating on a licence, or an endorsement on a rating;
(b)   a design feature endorsement or a flight activity endorsement;
(c)   use of an ACAS;
(d)   an aeronautical radio operator certificate;
(e)   a certificate of competency for taxiing aeroplanes of a particular class or type rating.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 1 to find the reference to any particular matter listed in paragraphs (a) to (e) above.
       8.2     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 8.1, each unit of competency mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the practical flight standards table in the Appendix (the unit of competency) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code).
       8.3     For subsection 8.2, the requirements of the unit of competency are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of competency.
       8.4     For subsection 8.3, the unit coded document containing the requirements of the unit of competency is the document in Schedule 2 which has the same unit code.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 for an alphabetical list of unit codes.
       8.5     The competency required of a person by each unit of competency mentioned in Schedule 2 (the unit) is the ability to do the following:
(a)   perform each of the elements mentioned in clause 2 of the unit:
             (i)  according to the performance criteria mentioned for the element; and
            (ii)  within the range of variables mentioned in clause 3 for the unit; and
           (iii)  for practical flight — within the flight tolerances mentioned in the table in Section 1 of Schedule 8 that is for the category of aircraft (where applicable) and for the licence or rating; and
(b)   demonstrate the underpinning knowledge for each unit, as mentioned in clause 4 of the unit.
Note   A unit of competency in Schedule 2 usually comprises: (1) the unit description, (2) its elements and performance criteria, (3) the range of variables across which these criteria are to be applied, and (4) the minimum underpinning knowledge for (2) and (3).
9          Other approved courses
                 RESERVED (CASR 61.040 and 61.210)
10        Aeronautical knowledge standards
     10.1     The aeronautical knowledge standards for a flight crew licence with an aircraft category rating, a flight crew rating on a licence or an endorsement on a rating are as set out in the Appendix of a Section in Schedule 1 that is for the licence, rating or endorsement.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 1 to find any particular licence, rating or endorsement.
     10.2     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 10.1, each unit of knowledge mentioned in a cell in column 2 of an aeronautical knowledge standards table in the Appendix (the unit of knowledge) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code).
     10.3     For subsection 10.2, the requirements of the unit of knowledge are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of knowledge.
     10.4     For subsection 10.3, the unit coded document containing the requirements of a unit of knowledge is the document in Schedule 3 which has the same unit code.
     10.5     The standard of knowledge required of a person by each unit of knowledge mentioned in Schedule 3 is the ability to demonstrate, to the appropriate level, knowledge of the elements, topics and specific content described in each clause of the unit.
     10.6     For subsection 10.5:
(a)   an element, generally identifying a knowledge area within the unit of knowledge, is indicated in bold, underlined print, and numbered as a clause; and
(b)   a topic (if any), further defining a knowledge area within an element, is indicated in bold print and numbered as a subclause; and
(c)   specific content, describing in detail the relevant content of the topic (if any), or the element, is indicated in plain print and numbered as subclauses, paragraphs, subparagraphs and sub-subparagraphs as the case may be.
11        Aeronautical knowledge examinations, pass standards and time
     11.1     The aeronautical knowledge examinations for a flight crew licence with an aircraft category rating, a flight crew rating on a licence, or an endorsement on a rating are as set out in the table in the Section of Schedule 4 that is for the licence, rating or endorsement (the table).
     11.2     For subsection 11.1, the examination for each examination subject mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the table (the subject) has the examination code, the pass standard and the time limit mentioned in the cell in column 1, column 3 and column 4 (respectively) of the table that corresponds to the subject.
Note   The examination codes mentioned in the cells in column 1 of the table are for examination administration purposes only.
12        Flight tests — competency standards
     12.1     The competency standards for a flight test for a flight crew licence with an aircraft category rating, a flight crew rating on a licence, or an endorsement on a rating are as set out in the Appendix in Schedule 5 that is for the licence, rating or endorsement flight test.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 5 to find the reference to any particular flight test.
     12.2     For subsection 12.1, the competency standards for a flight test mentioned in an Appendix in Schedule 5 comprise the following:
(a)   the flight test requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the test;
(b)   the knowledge requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the test;
(c)   the practical flight standards mentioned in the Appendix for the test, but within the flight tolerances mentioned in the table in Section 1 of Schedule 8 that is for the category of aircraft (where applicable) and for the licence, rating or endorsement.
Note   For paragraph (c), the aircraft category is identified in the title of the relevant table in Schedule 8, and the licence, rating or endorsement is identified in the “Applicability” clause of the relevant table.
     12.3     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 12.1, each unit of competency mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the practical flight standards table in the Appendix (the unit of competency) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code), subject to the modification (if any) specified in column 3.
     12.4     For subsection 12.3, the requirements of the unit of competency are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of competency.
     12.5     For subsection 12.4, the unit coded document containing the requirements of the unit of competency is the document in Schedule 2 which has the same unit code.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 for an alphabetical list of unit codes.
     12.6     For a flight test, the competency required of a person by each relevant unit of competency mentioned in Schedule 2 (the unit) is the ability to perform each of the elements mentioned in clause 2 of the unit:
(a)   according to the performance criteria mentioned for the element; and
(b)   within the range of variables mentioned in clause 3 for the unit; and
(c)   subject to the modifications (if any) specified in column 3 of the practical flight standards table in Schedule 5.
Note   For a flight test, the competency required of a person by a unit of competency does not require specific testing of the underpinning knowledge in Schedule 2.
13        Proficiency checks — competency standards
     13.1     The competency standards for a proficiency check for a flight crew rating on a licence, or an endorsement on a rating are as set out in the Appendix in Schedule 6 that is for the rating proficiency check.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 6 to find the reference to any particular proficiency check.
     13.2     For subsection 13.1, the competency standards for a proficiency check mentioned in an Appendix in Schedule 6 comprise the following:
(a)   the proficiency check requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the check;
(b)   the knowledge requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the check;
(c)   the practical flight standards mentioned in the Appendix for the check, but within the flight tolerances mentioned in the table in Section 1 of Schedule 8 that is for the category of aircraft (where applicable) and for the flight crew rating.
Note   For paragraph (c), the aircraft category is identified in the title of the relevant table in Schedule 8, and the rating is identified in the “Applicability” clause of the relevant table.
     13.3     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 13.1, each unit of competency mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the practical flight standards table in the Appendix (the unit of competency) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code), subject to the modification (if any) specified in column 3.
     13.4     For subsection 13.3, the requirements of the unit of competency are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of competency.
     13.5     For subsection 13.4, the unit coded document containing the requirements of the unit of competency is the document in Schedule 2 which has the same unit code.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 for an alphabetical list of unit codes.
     13.6     For a proficiency check, the competency required of a person by each relevant unit of competency mentioned in Schedule 2 (the unit) is the ability to perform each of the elements mentioned in clause 2 of the unit, according to the performance criteria mentioned for the element, within the range of variables mentioned in clause 3 for the unit, but subject to the modifications (if any) specified in column 3 of the practical flight standards table in Schedule 6.
Note   For a proficiency check, the competency required of a person by a unit of competency does not require specific testing of the underpinning knowledge in Schedule 2.
14        Flight reviews — competency standards
     14.1     The competency standards for a flight review for a flight crew rating on a licence are as set out in the Appendix in Schedule 7 that is for the rating flight review.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 7 to find the reference to any particular flight review.
     14.2     For subsection 14.1, the competency standards for a flight review mentioned in an Appendix in Schedule 7 comprise the following:
(a)   the flight review requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the flight review;
(b)   the knowledge requirements mentioned in the Appendix for the flight review;
(c)   the practical flight standards mentioned in the Appendix for the flight review, but within the flight tolerances mentioned in the table in Section 1 of Schedule 8 that is for the category of aircraft (where applicable) and for the rating.
Note   For paragraph (c), the aircraft category is identified in the title of the relevant table in Schedule 8, and the rating is identified in the “Applicability” clause of the relevant table.
     14.3     For an Appendix mentioned in subsection 14.1, each unit of competency mentioned in a cell in column 2 of the practical flight standards table in the Appendix (the unit of competency) has the unit code mentioned in the corresponding cell in column 1 (the unit code), subject to the modification (if any) specified in column 3.
     14.4     For subsection 14.3, the requirements of the unit of competency are set out in the document whose unit code is mentioned in the cell in column 1 that corresponds to the unit of competency.
     14.5     For subsection 14.4, the unit coded document containing the requirements of the unit of competency is the document in Schedule 2 which has the same unit code.
Note   See the Table of Contents at the front of Schedule 2 for an alphabetical list of unit codes.
     14.6     For a flight review, the competency required of a person by each relevant unit of competency mentioned in Schedule 2 (the unit) is the ability to perform each of the elements mentioned in clause 2 of the unit, according to the performance criteria mentioned for the element, within the range of variables mentioned in clause 3 for the unit, but subject to the modifications (if any) specified in column 3 of the practical flight standards table in Schedule 7.
Note   For a flight review, the competency required of a person by a unit of competency does not require specific testing of the underpinning knowledge in Schedule 2.
Schedule 1A       Dictionary of abbreviations
Abbreviation
Meaning

ACAS
Airborne collision avoidance system

ACN
Aircraft classification number

AD
Aerodrome

ADC
Air data computer

ADF
Automatic direction finder

ADIZ
Air defence identification zones.

AEL
Aviation English language

AFCS
Automatic flight control system

AFM
Aircraft flight manual

AFOR
Area forecast

AGL
Above ground level

AIC
Aeronautical information circular

AIP
Aeronautical information package

AIREP
Air report

AK
General aeronautical knowledge

ALA
Aerodromes and aeroplane landing areas

ALC
Approved load controlled

ALT
Altitude

AMP
Aerial application management plan

ANP
Actual navigation performance

AOA
Angle of attack

AOC
Air operator’s certificate

AOM
Aerodrome operating manual

AP
Auto pilot

APU
Auxiliary power unit

ARS
Attitude retention system

ASI
Air speed indicator

AT
Auto throttle

ATC
Air traffic control

ATIS
Aerodrome terminal information service

ATPL
Air transport pilot licence

ATS
Air traffic service

AUW
All up weight

AVADS
Auto voice activated decision system

BAK
Basic aeronautical knowledge

BHP
Brake horsepower

CAAP
Civil Aviation Advisory Publication

CAO
Civil Aviation Order

CAS
Calibrated air speed

CASA
Civil Aviation Safety Authority

CASR 1998
Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998

CAT
Clear air turbulence

CBT
Computer-based test

CDFA
Continuous descent flight angle

CDI
Course deviation indicator

CDP
Climb descent procedure

CG
Centre of gravity

CHT
Cylinder head temperature

CP
Critical point

CPL
Commercial pilot licence

CRM
Crew resource management

CSU
Constant speed unit

CTA
Controlled airspace

CTAF
Common traffic advisory frequency

CTR
Control zone

CVR
Cockpit voice recorder

DA
Density altitude

DALR
Dry adiabatic lapse rate

DAME
Designated aviation medical examiner

DAP
Departure and approach

DFDR
Digital flight data recorder

DFE
Design feature endorsement

DME
Distance measuring equipment

EAS
Equivalent air speed

EET
Estimated elapsed time

EFIS
Electronic flight instrument system

EGT
Exhaust gas temperature

EICAS
Engine indication and crew alerting system

ELR
Environmental lapse rate

EPR
Engine pressure ratio

EPT
Effective performance time

ERC
En route chart

ERSA
En route supplement Australia

ETA
Estimated time of arrival

ETD
Estimated time of departure

ETI
Estimated time interval

ETOPS
Extended range twin operations

ETP
Equi-time point

FAE
Flight activity endorsement

FAF
Final approach fix

FD
Flight director

FIA
Flight information area

FIR
Flight information region

FMS
Flight management systems

FSTD
Flight simulation training device

g
Gravitational force

GAL
Gallon

G-LOC
G-induced loss of consciousness

GNSS
Global navigation satellite system

GPU
Ground power unit

GPWS
Ground proximity warning systems

GS
Ground speed

HDG
Heading

HF
High frequency

HLS
Helicopter landing site

HPAV
Horse power available

HPREQ
Horse power required

HUMS
Health usage monitoring system

H-V
Height-velocity

IAF
Initial approach fix

IAL
Instrument approach and landing

IAP
Instrument approach procedure

IAS
Indicated air speed

ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organization

ICTZ
Inter-tropical convergence zone

IELTS
International English language testing system

IFR
Instrument flight rules

ILS
Instrument landing system

IMC
Instrument metrological conditions

INS
Inertial navigation system

ISA
International standard atmosphere

IVSI
Instantaneous vertical speed indicator

JPT
Jet pipe temperature

KDR
Knowledge deficiency report

KG
Kilogram

KIAS
Knots indicated air speed

LA
Landing area

LB
Pound

LDA
Landing distance available

LDP
Landing decision point

LDR
Landing distance required

LG
Landing gear

LLZ
Localizer

LMT
Local mean time

LNAV
Lateral navigation

LPV
Localiser precision with vertical guidance

LRC
Long range cruise

LSALT
Lowest safe altitude

LSB
Lower side band

LTE
Loss of tail rotor effectiveness

LTR
Litre

LVC
Live, virtual and constructive (simulators)

MAC
Mean aerodynamic chord

MAPt
Missed approach point

MDA
Minimum descent altitude

MEL
Minimum equipment list

Met
Meteorology

MF
Medium frequency

MLS
Microwave landing system

MLW
Maximum landing weight

MOS
Manual of Standards

MP
Manifold pressure

MPL
Multi-crew pilot licence

MSA
Minimum sector altitude

MSL
Mean sea level

MTOW
Maximum take-off weight

MZW
Mid-zone weight

NDB
Non-directional beacon

NGT
Night

NM
Nautical mile

NOTAM
Notice to Airmen

NPA
Non precision approach

NVFR
Night visual flight rules

NVG
Night vision goggles

NVIS
Night vision imaging system

OAT
Outside air temperature

OCTA
Outside controlled airspace

OEI
One engine inoperative

OGE
Out of ground effect

OH&S
Occupational health and safety

PAL
Pilot-activated lighting

PAPI
Precision approach path indicator

PBN
Performance based navigation

PCN
Pavement classification number

PEC
Pressure error correction

PF
Pilot flying

PIF
Private instrument flight

PIFR
Private IFR rating

PIO
Pilot induced oscillation

PM
Pilot monitoring

PNR
Point of no return

POH
Pilot operating handbook

PPL
Private pilot licence

PRD
Prohibited/restricted/danger areas

PUS
Permissible unserviceability

RA
Resolution advisory

RAF
Relative air flow

RAIM
Receiver autonomous integrity monitoring

RFM
Rotorcraft flight manual

RMI
Remote magnetic indicator

RNAV
Route navigation

RNP
Required navigation performance

ROC
Rate of climb

ROD
Rate of descent

RPL
Recreational pilot licence

RPM
Revolutions per minute

RRPM
Rotor rpm

RT
Radio transmission

RVR
Runway visual range

RVSM
Reduced vertical separation minima

SALR
Saturated adiabatic lapse rate

SAR
Search and rescue

SARTIME
Search and rescue time

SARWATCH
Search and rescue watch

SAS
Stability augmentation system

SID
Standard instrument departure

SIGWX
Significant weather

SOP
Standard operating procedures

SSB
Single side band

SSR
Secondary surveillance radar

STAR
Standard arrival route

TA
Traffic advisory

TAF
Terminal area forecast

TAS
True air speed

TAT
Total air temperature

TCAS
Traffic collision avoidance system

TEM
Threat error management

TGT
Turbine gas temperature

THP
Thrust horsepower

TIT
Turbine inlet temperature

TMG
Track made good

TODA
Take-off distance available

TODR
Take-off distance required

TOEFL CBT
Test of English as a foreign language computer-based test

TOEFL IBT
Test of English as a foreign language internet-based test

TOEFL PB
Test of English as a foreign language paper-based test

TOEIC
Test of English for international communication

TR
Track

TTF
Trend type forecast

TWS
Take-off warning system

UAS
Undesired aircraft states

UHF
Ultra high frequency

USB
Upper side band

UTC
Universal time coordinate

VASI
Visual approach slope indicator

VFR
Visual flight rules

VHF
Very high frequency

VIS
Visibility

VMC
Visual metrological conditions

VMO
Velocity maximum operating

VNAV
Vertical navigation

VNE
Velocity never exceed

VNO
Velocity normal operating

VOLMET
Metrological information for aircraft in flight

VOR
Very high-frequency omni-directional range

VS
Vertical speed

VSI
Vertical speed indicator

VTC
Visual terminal chart

W/V
Wind velocity

WAAS
Wide area augmentation system

WAC
World aeronautical chart

WX
Weather

ZFW
Zero fuel weight

Schedule 1          Directory of units of competency and units of knowledge
The following Table of Contents and Index of Competency Unit codes are for guidance only and are not part of the Schedule.
Table of Contents
Index to Competency Unit Codes. 18
Section B        General 20
Appendix B.1            General English language proficiency. 20
Appendix B.2            Aviation English language proficiency. 20
Appendix B.3            Multi-crew cooperation (MCC) 20
Appendix B.4            Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS) 20
Appendix B.5            Aeronautical radio operator (CASR Part 64) 20
Section G        Recreational pilot licence (RPL) 22
Appendix G.1           Aeroplane category rating (RPL) 22
Appendix G.2           Helicopter category rating (RPL) 22
Appendix G.3           Gyroplane category rating (RPL) – Reserved. 23
Appendix G.4           Airship category rating (RPL) – Reserved. 23
Appendix G.5           Controlled aerodrome endorsement 23
Appendix G.6           Controlled airspace endorsement 23
Appendix G.7           Flight radio endorsement 23
Appendix G.8           Recreational navigation endorsement 24
Section H        Private pilot licence (PPL) 25
Appendix H.1            Aeroplane category rating (PPL) 25
Appendix H.2            Helicopter category rating (PPL) 26
Appendix H.3            Powered-lift category rating (PPL) – Reserved. 27
Appendix H.4            Gyroplane category rating (PPL) – Reserved. 27
Appendix H.5            Airship category rating (PPL) – Reserved. 27
Section I          Commercial pilot licence (CPL) 28
Appendix I.1              Aeroplane category rating (CPL) 28
Appendix I.1              Helicopter category rating (CPL) 29
Appendix I.3              Powered-lift category rating (CPL) – Reserved. 31
Appendix I.4              Gyroplane category rating (CPL) – Reserved. 31
Appendix I.5              Airship category rating (CPL) – Reserved. 31
Section J         Multi crew Pilot Licence (MPL) 32
Appendix J.1            Aeroplane category rating (MPL) 32
Section K        Air transport pilot licence (ATPL) 34
Appendix K.1            Aeroplane category rating (ATPL) 34
Appendix K.2            Helicopter category rating (ATPL) 35
Appendix K.3            Powered-lift category rating (ATPL) – Reserved. 35
Section L         Aircraft ratings and endorsements. 36
Appendix L.1            Single-engine aeroplane class rating. 36
Appendix L.2            Single-engine helicopter class rating. 36
Appendix L.3            Single-engine gyroplane class rating. 36
Appendix L.4            Multi-engine aeroplane class rating. 37
Appendix L.5            Tailwheel undercarriage endorsement 37
Appendix L.6            Retractable undercarriage endorsement 37
Appendix L.7            Manual propeller pitch control endorsement 37
Appendix L.8            Gas turbine engine endorsement 37
Appendix L.9            Multi-engine Centreline thrust endorsement 38
Appendix L.10          Pressurisation system endorsement 38
Appendix L.11          Floating hull endorsement 38
Appendix L.12          Floatplane endorsement 38
Appendix L.13          Float alighting gear endorsement 38
Appendix L.14          Single-engine aeroplane type rating. 38
Appendix L.15          Single-engine helicopter type rating. 39
Appendix L.16          Multi-engine aeroplane type rating. 39
Appendix L.17          Multi-engine helicopter type rating. 39
Appendix L.18          Cruise relief aeroplane type rating. 40
Section M        Instrument rating and endorsements. 41
Appendix M.1           Instrument rating. 41
Appendix M.2           Single-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement 41
Appendix M.3           Multi-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement 41
Appendix M.4           Single-engine helicopter instrument endorsement 42
Appendix M.5           Multi-engine helicopter instrument endorsement 42
Appendix M.6           Powered-lift aircraft instrument endorsement – Reserved. 42
Appendix M.7           Gyroplane instrument endorsement – Reserved. 42
Appendix M.8           Airship instrument endorsement – Reserved. 42
Appendix M.9           IAP 2D instrument endorsement 43
Appendix M.10         IAP 3D instrument endorsement 43
Section N        Private instrument ratings and endorsements. 44
Appendix N.1            Private instrument ratings (PIFR) 44
Appendix N.2            Single-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement 44
Appendix N.3            Multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement 44
Appendix N.4            Single-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement 44
Appendix N.5            Multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement 45
Appendix N.6            Navigation – NDB private instrument endorsement 45
Appendix N.7            Navigation – VOR/LLZ private instrument endorsement 45
Appendix N.8            Navigation – GNSS private instrument endorsement 45
Appendix N.9            Departure – Single-engine aircraft private instrument endorsement 45
Appendix N.10          Departure – Multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement 45
Appendix N.11          Departure – Multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement 46
Appendix N.12          Standard instrument departure private instrument endorsement 46
Appendix N.13          STAR private instrument endorsement 46
Appendix N.14          Approach – NDB private instrument endorsement 46
Appendix N.15          Approach – VOR/LLZ private instrument endorsement 46
Appendix N.16          Approach – DME or GNSS Arrival private instrument endorsement 46
Appendix N.17          Approach – RNP APCH 2D private instrument endorsement 46
Appendix N.18          Approach – RNP APCH 3D private instrument endorsement 47
Appendix N.19          Approach – ILS private instrument endorsement 47
Appendix N.20          Approach and landing – multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement 47
Appendix N.21          Approach and landing – multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement 47
Appendix N.22          Night private instrument endorsement 47
Section O        Night VFR (NVFR) rating and endorsements. 48
Appendix O.1           NVFR rating. 48
Appendix O.2           Single-engine aeroplane NVFR endorsement 48
Appendix O.3           Multi-engine aeroplane NVFR endorsement 48
Appendix O.4           Helicopter NVFR endorsement 48
Appendix O.5           Powered-lift aircraft NVFR endorsement – Reserved. 48
Appendix O.6           Gyroplane NVFR endorsement 49
Appendix O.7           Airship NVFR endorsement – Reserved. 49
Section P        Night vision imaging system (NVIS) rating and endorsements. 50
Appendix P.1            NVIS rating. 50
Appendix P.2            Grade 1 NVIS endorsement 50
Appendix P.3            Grade 2 NVIS endorsement 50
Section Q        Low-level rating and endorsements. 51
Appendix Q.0           Low-level rating. 51
Appendix Q.1           Aeroplane low-level endorsement 51
Appendix Q.2           Helicopter low-level endorsement 51
Appendix Q.3           Powered-lift aircraft low-level endorsement – Reserved. 51
Appendix Q.4           Gyroplane low-level endorsement 51
Appendix Q.5           Aerial mustering – aeroplane endorsement 51
Appendix Q.6           Aerial mustering – helicopter endorsement 52
Appendix Q.7           Aerial mustering – gyroplane endorsement – Reserved. 52
Appendix Q.8           Sling operations endorsement 52
Appendix Q.9           Winch and rappelling operations endorsement 52
Section R        Aerial application rating and endorsements. 53
Appendix R.0            Aerial application rating. 53
Appendix R.1            Aeroplane aerial application endorsement 53
Appendix R.2            Helicopter aerial application endorsement 53
Appendix R.3            Gyroplane aerial application endorsement 53
Appendix R.4            Aeroplane firefighting endorsement 54
Appendix R.5            Helicopter firefighting endorsement 54
Appendix R.6            Night aeroplane aerial application endorsement 54
Appendix R.7            Night helicopter aerial application endorsement 54
Appendix R.8            Night gyroplane aerial application endorsement 55
Section S        Flight activity endorsements. 56
Appendix S.1            Aerobatics flight activity endorsement 56
Appendix S.2            Aerobatics (1,500) flight activity endorsement 56
Appendix S.3            Aerobatics (1,000) flight activity endorsement 56
Appendix S.4            Aerobatics (500) flight activity endorsement 56
Appendix S.5            Aerobatics (unlimited) flight activity endorsement 56
Appendix S.6            Formation flying (aeroplane) flight activity endorsement 57
Appendix S.7            Formation aerobatics flight activity endorsement 57
Appendix S.8            Spinning flight activity endorsement 57
Appendix S.9            Formation flying (helicopter) flight activity endorsement 57
Section T         Pilot instructor rating and endorsements. 58
Appendix T.01          Flight instructor ratings. 58
Appendix T.02          Simulator instructor rating. 58
Appendix T.1            Grade 1 training endorsement 58
Appendix T.2            Grade 2 training endorsement 59
Appendix T.3            Grade 3 training endorsement 59
Appendix T.3A          Grade 3 training endorsement (aeroplane) 59
Appendix T.4            Multi-crew pilot training endorsement 59
Appendix T.5            Type rating training endorsement (type specific) 60
Appendix T.6            Multi-engine aeroplane training endorsement 60
Appendix T.7            Design feature endorsement training endorsement 60
Appendix T.8            Instrument rating training endorsement 60
Appendix T.9            Night VFR rating training endorsement 61
Appendix T.10          NVIS rating training endorsement 61
Appendix T.11          Low-level rating training endorsement 61
Appendix T.12          Aerial application rating (day) training endorsement 61
Appendix T.13          Aerial application rating (night) training endorsement 62
Appendix T.14          Instructor rating training endorsement 62
Appendix T.15          Multi-engine aeroplane class rating instructor training endorsement 62
Appendix T.16          Sling operations training endorsement 63
Appendix T.17          Winch and rappelling operations training endorsement 63
Appendix T.18          Spinning training endorsement 63
Appendix T.19          Aerobatics training endorsement 64
Appendix T.20          Formation (aeroplane) training endorsement 64
Appendix T.21          Formation (helicopter) training endorsement 64
Appendix T.22          Formation aerobatics training endorsement 64
Appendix T.23          Glider towing training endorsement 65
Section U        Flight examiner rating and endorsements. 66
Appendix U.0            Flight Examiner Rating. 66
Appendix U.1            Private pilot licence flight test endorsement (category-specific) 66
Appendix U.2            Commercial pilot licence flight test endorsement (category- specific) 66
Appendix U.3            Air transport pilot flight test endorsement (category-specific) 66
Appendix U.4            Multi-engine aeroplane class rating flight test endorsement 66
Appendix U.5            Type rating flight test endorsement (type-specific) 67
Appendix U.6            Instrument rating flight test endorsement (category-specific) 67
Appendix U.7            Night VFR rating flight test endorsement (category-specific) 67
Appendix U.8            NVIS flight test endorsement 67
Appendix U.9            Low-level rating flight test endorsement (category-specific) 67
Appendix U.10          Aerial application rating flight test endorsement (category‑specific) 68
Appendix U.11          Flight instructor rating flight test endorsement (category-specific) 68
Appendix U.12          English language assessment endorsement – reserved. 68
Section V        Flight engineer licence, ratings and endorsements. 69
Appendix V.1            Flight engineer licence. 69
Section W       Flight engineer type rating. 70
Appendix V.2            Flight engineer type rating. 70
Section X        Flight engineer instructor rating. 71
Appendix X.0            Flight engineer instructor rating. 71
Appendix X.1            Flight engineer type rating training endorsement 71
Appendix X.2            Flight engineer instructor rating training endorsement 71
Section Y        Flight engineer examiner rating and endorsements. 72
Appendix Y.0            Flight engineer examiner rating. 72
Appendix Y.1            Flight engineer type rating flight test endorsement 72
Appendix Y.2            Flight engineer instructor rating flight test endorsement 72
Appendix Y.3            Flight engineer examiner rating flight test endorsement 72
Appendix Y.4            English language assessment endorsement – Reserved. 73
Section Z         Glider pilot licence. 74
Appendix Z.1            Glider pilot licence. 74
 
Index to Competency Unit Codes
A1               22, 25, 29, 36, 37
A2               22, 25, 29, 36, 37
A3               22, 25, 29, 36, 37
A4               22, 25, 29, 36, 37
A5               22, 25, 29, 36, 37
A6               22, 25, 29, 36
AA1            53
AA2            53
AA3            53
AA4            54
AA5            54
AA6            54, 55
AAGA         32, 34, 53
AAGC        32, 34, 35
AAGH        35, 53
AAGR        53
ACAS         20
AEL            20, 69
AFPA         33, 34
AFPC         33, 34, 35
AFPH         35
AFRA         32, 34
AFRC         32, 34, 35
AFRH         35
AHFC         20, 32, 34, 35, 69
AME           37, 39
AMTA         33
AMTC        33, 34, 35
ANVA         32
ANVC         32, 34, 35
APLA          33, 34
APLC         33, 34, 35
APLH         35
BAKC         22, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32
C1              22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33
C2              22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33, 36, 37, 69
C3              21, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33, 34, 35, 69
C4              22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 36
C5              22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 33
CADA         28, 32
CADC        28, 29, 32
CADH        30
CAKA         28, 32, 69
CAKC         28, 29, 32
CAKH         30
CAS           20
CFRA         28, 32
CFRC         28, 29, 32
CFRH         30
CHFC         28, 30, 32
CIR             33, 34, 41, 42
CMTC        28, 30, 32, 69
CNVC        28, 30, 32
COPA        28, 32
COPC        28, 30, 32
COPH        30
CRT           40
CTA            23, 26, 27, 29, 30
CTR           23
DFE1          37
DFE2          37
DFE3          37
DFE4          37
DFE5          38
DFE6          38
DFE7          38
DFE8          38
DFE9          38
FAE-2         56, 57
FAE-3         56
FAE-4         56
FAE-5         56
FAE-6         57
FAE-7         57
FAE-8         56, 57
FAE-9         57
FAGC         69
FER            66, 67, 68, 72, 73
FERC         66, 72
FFRC         69
FIR1           58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 71, 72
FIR2           58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 71, 72
FIR3           58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 71, 72
FIR7           58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63
FIR9           59, 60
FIRC          58, 71
FTM           70
G1              74
G2              74
G3              74
G4              74
G5              74
G6              74
G7              74
GEL            20
GNSS        41, 44
GSE           36
H1              23, 26, 30, 36
H2              23, 26, 30, 36
H3              23, 26, 30, 36
H4              23, 26, 30, 36
H5              23, 27, 30, 36
H6              23, 27, 30, 36
H7              23, 27, 30, 36
HME           35
HSE           35
IAP2           33, 34, 41, 42, 43, 46
IAP3           33, 34, 43, 47
IFF              22, 25, 27, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 37, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49
IFL              29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49
IREX          33, 34, 41
LL-A           51, 53
LL-G           51
LL-H           51, 52, 53, 54
LLLR          51
LLM            52
LL-M           51
LL-SO        52
LL-WR        52
MCO          20, 33, 34, 35
NAV           24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33, 35
NTS1          22, 23, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74
NTS2          22, 23, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74
NVI             50
NVIS          50
NVR1         41, 42, 47, 48, 49
NVR2         41, 42, 47, 48, 49, 54, 55
NVR3         41, 42, 47, 48
OCA           26, 27, 29, 30
OGA           24, 26, 27, 29, 30
ONTA         24, 26, 27, 29, 30
PAC           34, 35
PAKA         25, 28, 32
PAKC         25, 26, 28, 29, 32
PAKH         26, 29
PFRA         25, 28, 32
PFRC         25, 26, 28, 29, 32
PFRH         26, 29
PHFC         22, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32
PIF             44, 45, 46, 47
PIFR           44
PMTC        25, 26, 28, 29, 32
PNVC         25, 26, 28, 29, 32
POPA         25, 28, 32
POPC        25, 26, 28, 29, 32
POPH        26, 29
PPF            34, 35
PPF-G        74
RARO        20, 23, 69
RBKA         22, 25, 28, 32
RBKH         22, 26, 29
RFRC         22, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32
RMTC        22, 25, 28, 32
RNE           25, 27, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35
SIR             58, 71, 72, 73
TR-MEA     33, 34, 39
TR-MEH    39
TR-SEA     38
TR-SEH     39
TYPA         38, 39, 40
TYPH         39
 
Section B          General
Language proficiency
Appendix B.1   General English language proficiency
Standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

GEL
General English language proficiency

Appendix B.2   Aviation English language proficiency
Standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

AEL
Aviation English language proficiency

Multi-crew cooperation
Appendix B.3   Multi-crew cooperation (MCC)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

AHFC
ATPL Human factors

See relevant underpinning knowledge in the Unit of competency
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

MCO
Manage flight during multi-crew operations

Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS)
Appendix B.4   Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS)
Aeronautical knowledge standards – reserved
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

CAS
Operate Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS)

Aeronautical radio operator (CASR Part 64)
Appendix B.5   Aeronautical radio operator (CASR Part 64)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

RARO
Aeronautical radio operation

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

Section G          Recreational pilot licence (RPL)
Appendix G.1   Aeroplane category rating (RPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

BAKC
Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC
RPL Flight rules and air law

RMTC
RPL Meteorology

PHFC
PPL Human factors

RBKA
Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

Practical flight standards – aeroplane category rating

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in the aviation environment

C2 
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C4
Manage fuel

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

A1
Control aeroplane on the ground

A2
Take-off aeroplane

A3
Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4
Land an aeroplane

A5
Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

A6
Manage abnormal situations – single-engine aeroplanes

IFF
Instrument flight full panel

Appendix G.2   Helicopter category rating (RPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

BAKC
Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC
RPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC
PPL Human factors

RBKH
Basic aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

Practical flight standards – helicopter category

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in the aviation environment

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C4
Manage fuel

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

H1
Control helicopter on the ground – stationary

H2
Control helicopter in lift-off, hover and landing

H3
Taxi helicopter

H4
Take-off helicopter and approach to hover

H5
Control helicopter in normal flight

H6
Control helicopter during advanced manoeuvres

H7
Manage abnormal situations and emergencies – helicopter

Appendix G.3   Gyroplane category rating (RPL) – Reserved
 
Appendix G.4   Airship category rating (RPL) – Reserved
 
Appendix G.5   Controlled aerodrome endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

CTR
Operate at a controlled aerodrome

Appendix G.6   Controlled airspace endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

CTA
Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix G.7   Flight radio endorsement
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

RARO
Aeronautical radio operation

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in the aviation environment

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

Appendix G.8   Recreational navigation endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in the aviation environment

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

NAV
Navigate aircraft

ONTA
Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA
Operate in Class G airspace

 
Section H          Private pilot licence (PPL)
Appendix H.1   Aeroplane category rating (PPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

BAKC
Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC
RPL Flight rules and air law

RMTC
RPL Meteorology

PHFC
PPL Human factors

RBKA
Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PAKC
PPL Aeronautical knowledge

PFRC
PPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC
PPL Human factors

PNVC
PPL Navigation

PMTC
PPL Meteorology

POPC
PPL Ops, performance and planning

PAKA
PPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PFRA
PPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane 

POPA
PPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in the aviation environment

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

C4
Manage fuel

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NAV
Navigate aircraft

A1
Control aeroplane on the ground

A2
Take off

A3
Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4
Land an aeroplane

A5
Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

A6
Manage abnormal situations – single-engine aeroplanes

IFF
Instrument flight full panel

RNE
Radio navigation – en route

ONTA
Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA
Operate in Class G airspace

OCA
Operate at a controlled aerodrome

CTA
Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix H.2   Helicopter category rating (PPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge
 
BAKC
Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC
RPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC
PPL Human factors

RBKH
Basic aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

PAKC
PPL Aeronautical knowledge
 
PFRC
PPL Flight rules and air law
 
PHFC
PPL Human factors
 
PNVC
PPL Navigation
 
PMTC
PPL Meteorology
 
POPC
PPL Ops performance and planning
 
PAKH
PPL Aeronautical knowledge – helicopter
 
PFRH
PPL Flight rules and air law – helicopter
 
POPH
PPL Ops, performance and planning – helicopter
 
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in aviation environment

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

C4
Manage fuel

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NAV
Navigate aircraft

H1
Control helicopter on the ground – stationary

H2
Control helicopter in lift-off, hover and landing

H3
Taxi helicopter

H4
Take-off helicopter and approach to hover

H5
Control helicopter in normal flight

H6
Control helicopter during advanced manoeuvres

H7
Manage abnormal situations and emergencies – helicopter

IFF
Instrument flight full panel

RNE
Radio navigation – en route

ONTA
Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA
Operate in Class G airspace

OCA
Operate at a controlled aerodrome

CTA
Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix H.3   Powered-lift category rating (PPL) – Reserved
 
Appendix H.4   Gyroplane category rating (PPL) – Reserved
 
Appendix H.5   Airship category rating (PPL) – Reserved
 
Section I            Commercial pilot licence (CPL)
Appendix I.1     Aeroplane category rating (CPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge
 
BAKC
Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC
RPL Flight rules and air law

RMTC
RPL Meteorology

PHFC
PPL Human factors

RBKA
Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PAKC
PPL Aeronautical knowledge

PFRC
PPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC
PPL Human factors

PNVC
PPL Navigation

PMTC
PPL Meteorology

POPC
PPL Ops, performance and planning

PAKA
PPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PFRA
PPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane 

POPA
PPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane

CAKC
CPL Aeronautical knowledge
 
CADC
CPL Aerodynamics
 
CFRC
CPL Flight rules and air law
 
CHFC
CPL Human factors
 
CNVC
CPL Navigation
 
CMTC
CPL Meteorology
 
COPC
CPL Ops, performance and planning
 
CAKA
CPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane
 
CADA
CPL Aerodynamics – aeroplane
 
CFRA
CPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane
 
COPA
CPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane
 
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in the aviation environment

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

C4
Manage fuel

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NAV
Navigate aircraft

A1
Control aeroplane on the ground

A2
Take-off aeroplane

A3
Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4
Land aeroplane

A5
Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

A6
Manage abnormal situations – single-engine aeroplanes

IFF
Instrument flight full panel

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

RNE
Radio navigation – en route

ONTA
Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA
Operate in Class G airspace

OCA
Operate at a controlled aerodrome

CTA
Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix I.1     Helicopter category rating (CPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge
 
BAKC
Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC
RPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC
PPL Human factors

RBKH
Basic aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

PAKC
PPL Aeronautical knowledge
 
PFRC
PPL Flight rules and air law
 
PHFC
PPL Human factors
 
PNVC
PPL Navigation
 
PMTC
PPL Meteorology
 
POPC
PPL Ops performance and planning
 
PAKH
PPL Aeronautical knowledge – helicopter
 
PFRH
PPL Flight rules and air law – helicopter
 
POPH
PPL Ops, performance and planning – helicopter
 
CAKC
CPL Aeronautical knowledge
 
CADC
CPL Aerodynamics
 
CFRC
CPL Flight rules and air law
 
CHFC
CPL Human factors
 
CNVC
CPL Navigation
 
CMTC
CPL Meteorology
 
COPC
CPL Ops, performance and planning
 
CAKH
CPL Aeronautical knowledge – helicopter
 
CADH
CPL Aerodynamics – helicopter
 
CFRH
CPL Flight rules and air law – helicopter
 
COPH
CPL Ops, performance and planning – helicopter
 
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in the aviation environment

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

C4
Manage fuel

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NAV
Navigate aircraft

H1
Control helicopter on the ground – stationary

H2
Control helicopter in lift-off, hover and landing

H3
Taxi helicopter

H4
Take-off helicopter and approach to hover

H5
Control helicopter in normal flight

H6
Control helicopter during advanced manoeuvres

H7
Manage abnormal situations and emergencies – helicopter

IFF
Instrument flight full panel

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

RNE
Radio navigation – en route

ONTA
Operate at non-towered aerodrome

OGA
Operate in Class G airspace

OCA
Operate at a controlled aerodrome

CTA
Operate in controlled airspace

Appendix I.3     Powered-lift category rating (CPL) – Reserved
 
Appendix I.4     Gyroplane category rating (CPL) – Reserved
 
Appendix I.5     Airship category rating (CPL) – Reserved
 
Section J           Multi crew Pilot Licence (MPL)
Appendix J.1    Aeroplane category rating (MPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge
 
BAKC
Basic aeronautical knowledge

RFRC
RPL Flight rules and air law

RMTC
RPL Meteorology

PHFC
PPL Human factors

RBKA
Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PAKC
PPL Aeronautical knowledge

PFRC
PPL Flight rules and air law

PHFC
PPL Human factors

PNVC
PPL Navigation

PMTC
PPL Meteorology

POPC
PPL Ops, performance and planning

PAKA
PPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

PFRA
PPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane 

POPA
PPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane

CAKC
CPL Aeronautical knowledge
 
CADC
CPL Aerodynamics
 
CFRC
CPL Flight rules and air law
 
CHFC
CPL Human factors
 
CNVC
CPL Navigation
 
CMTC
CPL Meteorology
 
COPC
CPL Ops, performance and planning
 
CAKA
CPL Aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane
 
CADA
CPL Aerodynamics – aeroplane
 
CFRA
CPL Flight rules and air law – aeroplane
 
COPA
CPL Ops, performance and planning – aeroplane
 
AAGC
ATP Aircraft general knowledge – common
 
AAGA
ATP Aircraft general knowledge – aeroplane
 
AFRC
ATP Flight rules and air law – common
 
AFRA
ATP Flight rules and air law – aeroplane
 
AHFC
ATP Human factors
 
ANVC
ATP Navigation – common
 
ANVA
ATP Navigation – aeroplane
 
AMTC
ATP Meteorology – common
 
AMTA
ATP Meteorology – aeroplane
 
AFPC
ATP Flight planning – common
 
AFPA
ATP Flight planning – aeroplane
 
APLC
ATP Performance and loading – common
 
APLA
ATP Performance and loading – aeroplane
 
IREX
Instrument rating
 
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C1
Communicating in the aviation environment

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NAV
Navigate aircraft

RNE
Radio navigation – en route

MCO
Manage flight during multi-crew operations

CIR
Conduct an IFR flight

TR-MEA
Type rating multi-engine aeroplane

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

IAP3
Conduct an instrument approach 3D

Section K          Air transport pilot licence (ATPL)
Appendix K.1   Aeroplane category rating (ATPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

AAGC
ATP Aircraft general knowledge – common

AAGA
ATP Aircraft general knowledge – aeroplane

AFRC
ATP Flight rules and air law – common

AFRA
ATP Flight rules and air law – aeroplane

AHFC
ATP Human factors

ANVC
ATP Navigation – common

AMTC
ATP Meteorology – common

AFPC
ATP Flight planning – common

AFPA
ATP Flight planning – aeroplane

APLC
ATP Performance and loading – common

APLA
ATP Performance and loading – aeroplane

IREX
Instrument rating

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

RNE
Radio navigation – en route

MCO
Manage flight during multi-crew operations

CIR
Conduct an IFR flight

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

IAP3
Conduct an instrument approach 3D

TR-MEA
Type rating multi-engine aeroplane

Appendix K.2   Helicopter category rating (ATPL)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

AAGC
ATP Aircraft general knowledge – common

AAGH
ATP Aircraft general knowledge – helicopter

AFRC
ATP Flight rules and air law – common

AFRH
ATP Flight rules and air law – helicopter

AHFC
ATP Human factors

ANVC
ATP Navigation – common

AMTC
ATP Meteorology – common

AFPC
ATP Flight planning – common

AFPH
ATP Flight planning – helicopter

APLC
ATP Performance and loading – common

APLH
ATP Performance and loading – helicopter

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

C5
Manage passengers and cargo

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NAV
Navigate aircraft

RNE
Radio navigation – en route

MCO
Manage flight during multi-crew operations

HSE
Helicopter single-engine class/type rating

HME
Helicopter multi-engine type rating

Appendix K.3   Powered-lift category rating (ATPL) – Reserved
 
Section L          Aircraft ratings and endorsements
Pilot class ratings and design feature endorsements
Appendix L.1   Single-engine aeroplane class rating
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C4
Manage fuel

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

A1
Control aeroplane on the ground

A2
Take-off aeroplane

A3
Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4
Land aeroplane

A5
Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

A6
Manage abnormal situations – single-engine aeroplanes

Appendix L.2   Single-engine helicopter class rating
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C4
Manage fuel

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

H1
Control helicopter on the ground – stationary

H2
Control helicopter in lift-off, hover and landing

H3
Taxi helicopter

H4
Take-off helicopter and approach to hover

H5
Control helicopter in normal flight

H6
Control helicopter during advanced manoeuvres

H7
Manage abnormal situations and emergencies – helicopter

Appendix L.3   Single-engine gyroplane class rating
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

GSE
Gyroplane single engine

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.4   Multi-engine aeroplane class rating
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

A1
Control aeroplane on the ground

A2
Take off

A3
Control aeroplane in normal flight

A4
Land aeroplane

A5
Aeroplane advanced manoeuvres

IFF
Instrument flight full panel

AME
Operate multi-engine aeroplane

Design feature endorsements
Appendix L.5   Tailwheel undercarriage endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE1
Tailwheel aeroplane

Appendix L.6   Retractable undercarriage endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE2
Retractable undercarriage

Appendix L.7   Manual propeller pitch control endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE3
Manual propeller pitch control

Appendix L.8   Gas turbine engine endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE4
Gas turbine engine

Appendix L.9   Multi-engine Centreline thrust endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE5
Multi-engine centreline thrust aeroplane

Appendix L.10 Pressurisation system endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE6
Pressurisation system

Appendix L.11 Floating hull endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE7
Floating hull

Appendix L.12 Floatplane endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE8
Floatplane and amphibious aircraft

Appendix L.13 Float alighting gear endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

DFE9
Helicopter float alighting gear

Pilot type ratings
Appendix L.14 Single-engine aeroplane type rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

TYPA
Type rating – single-engine aeroplane

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

TR-SEA
Type rating – single-engine aeroplane

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.15 Single-engine helicopter type rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

TYPH
Type rating – helicopter

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

TR-SEH
Type rating single-engine helicopter

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.16 Multi-engine aeroplane type rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

TYPA
Type rating – aeroplane

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

AME
Operate multi-engine aeroplane

TR-MEA
Type rating – multi-engine aeroplane

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.17 Multi-engine helicopter type rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

TYPH
Type rating – helicopter

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

TR-MEH
Type rating multi-engine helicopter

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

Appendix L.18 Cruise relief aeroplane type rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

TYPA
Type rating – aircraft

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

CRT
Cruise relief type rating

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

Section M          Instrument rating and endorsements
Appendix M.1   Instrument rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

IREX
Instrument rating

GNSS
Basic GNSS and en route GNSS navigation principles

Appendix M.2   Single-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

CIR
Conduct an IFR flight

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2
Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.3   Multi-engine aeroplane instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

CIR
Conduct an IFR flight

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR3
Night VFR – multi-engine aircraft

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.4   Single-engine helicopter instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

CIR
Conduct an IFR flight

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2
Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.5   Multi-engine helicopter instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

CIR
Conduct an IFR flight

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR3
Night VFR – multi-engine aircraft

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.6   Powered-lift aircraft instrument endorsement – Reserved
 
Appendix M.7   Gyroplane instrument endorsement – Reserved
 
Appendix M.8   Airship instrument endorsement – Reserved
 
Appendix M.9   IAP 2D instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix M.10        IAP 3D instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

IAP3
Conduct an instrument approach 3D

 
Section N          Private instrument ratings and endorsements
Appendix N.1   Private instrument ratings (PIFR)
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

PIFR
Private IFR rating

GNSS
Basic GNSS and en route GNSS navigation principles

Appendix N.2   Single-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.3   Multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.4   Single-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.5   Multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.6   Navigation – NDB private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.7   Navigation – VOR/LLZ private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.8   Navigation – GNSS private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.9   Departure – Single-engine aircraft private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.10 Departure – Multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.11 Departure – Multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.12 Standard instrument departure private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.13 STAR private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.14 Approach – NDB private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix N.15 Approach – VOR/LLZ private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix N.16 Approach – DME or GNSS Arrival private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix N.17 Approach – RNP APCH 2D private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

IAP2
Conduct an instrument approach 2D

Appendix N.18 Approach – RNP APCH 3D private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

IAP3
Conduct an instrument approach 3D

Appendix N.19 Approach – ILS private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

IAP3
Conduct an instrument approach 3D

Appendix N.20 Approach and landing – multi-engine aeroplane private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR Flight

Appendix N.21 Approach and landing – multi-engine helicopter private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

Appendix N.22 Night private instrument endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

PIF
Conduct a private IFR flight

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2
Night VFR — single-engine aircraft

NVR3
Night VFR — multi-engine aircraft

 
Section O          Night VFR (NVFR) rating and endorsements
Appendix O.1   NVFR rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards – Reserved
Appendix O.2   Single-engine aeroplane NVFR endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2
Night VFR — single-engine aircraft

Appendix O.3   Multi-engine aeroplane NVFR endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR3
Night VFR — multi-engine aircraft

Appendix O.4   Helicopter NVFR endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2
Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

Appendix O.5   Powered-lift aircraft NVFR endorsement – Reserved
 
Appendix O.6   Gyroplane NVFR endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

IFF
Full instrument panel manoeuvres

IFL
Limited instrument panel manoeuvres

NVR1
Conduct a traffic pattern at night

NVR2
Night VFR — single-engine aircraft

Appendix O.7   Airship NVFR endorsement – Reserved
Section P          Night vision imaging system (NVIS) rating and endorsements
Appendix P.1   NVIS rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

NVIS
NVIS rating

Appendix P.2   Grade 1 NVIS endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NVI
NVIS operation

Appendix P.3   Grade 2 NVIS endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NVI
NVIS operation

 
Section Q          Low-level rating and endorsements
Appendix Q.0   Low-level rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

LLLR
Low-level rating

Appendix Q.1   Aeroplane low-level endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-A
Aeroplane low-level operations

Appendix Q.2   Helicopter low-level endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-H
Helicopter low-level operations

Appendix Q.3   Powered-lift aircraft low-level endorsement – Reserved
 
Appendix Q.4   Gyroplane low-level endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-G
Gyroplane low-level operations

Appendix Q.5   Aerial mustering – aeroplane endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-A
Aeroplane low-level operations

LL-M
Aerial mustering operations

Appendix Q.6   Aerial mustering – helicopter endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-H
Helicopter low-level operations

LL-M
Aerial mustering operations

Appendix Q.7   Aerial mustering – gyroplane endorsement – Reserved
 
Appendix Q.8   Sling operations endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-H
Helicopter low-level operations

LL-SO
Sling operations

Appendix Q.9   Winch and rappelling operations endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-H
Helicopter low-level operations

LL-WR
Winch and rappelling operations

Section R          Aerial application rating and endorsements
Appendix R.0   Aerial application rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

AAGR
Aerial application rating

Appendix R.1   Aeroplane aerial application endorsement
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

AAGA
Aerial application rating — aeroplane

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-A
Aeroplane low-level operations

AA1
Aeroplane aerial application operation

Appendix R.2   Helicopter aerial application endorsement
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

AAGH
Aerial application rating — helicopter

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-H
Helicopter low-level operations

AA2
Helicopter aerial application operation

Appendix R.3   Gyroplane aerial application endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

AA3
Gyroplane aerial application operation

Appendix R.4   Aeroplane firefighting endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-A
Aeroplane low-level operations

AA4
Aeroplane firefighting operation

Appendix R.5   Helicopter firefighting endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

LL-H
Helicopter low-level operations

AA5
Helicopter firefighting operation

Appendix R.6   Night aeroplane aerial application endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NVR2
Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

AA6
Night aerial application operation

Appendix R.7   Night helicopter aerial application endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NVR2
Night VFR – single-engine aircraft

AA6
Night aerial application operation

Appendix R.8   Night gyroplane aerial application endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

NVR2
Night VFR — single-engine aircraft

AA6
Night aerial application operation

Section S          Flight activity endorsements
Appendix S.1   Aerobatics flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FAE-2
Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-8
Spinning

Appendix S.2   Aerobatics (1,500) flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FAE-2
Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-3
Aerobatics — 1,500 ft AGL

FAE-8
Spinning

Appendix S.3   Aerobatics (1,000) flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FAE-2
Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-3
Aerobatics — 1,500 ft AGL

FAE-4
Aerobatics — 500 ft AGL

FAE-8
Spinning

Appendix S.4   Aerobatics (500) flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FAE-2
Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-3
Aerobatics — 1,500 ft AGL

FAE-4
Aerobatics — 500 ft AGL

FAE-8
Spinning

Appendix S.5   Aerobatics (unlimited) flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

FAE-2
Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL
 
FAE-3
Aerobatics — 1,500 ft AGL
 
FAE-4
Aerobatics — 500 ft AGL
 
FAE-5
Aerobatics – Unlimited

FAE-8
Spinning

Appendix S.6   Formation flying (aeroplane) flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FAE-6
Formation flying aeroplane

Appendix S.7   Formation aerobatics flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FAE-2
Aerobatics — 3,000 ft AGL

FAE-6
Formation flying aeroplane

FAE-7
Aerobatics (formation)

FAE-8
Spinning

Appendix S.8   Spinning flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FAE-8
Spinning

Appendix S.9   Formation flying (helicopter) flight activity endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FAE-9
Formation flying helicopter

Section T          Pilot instructor rating and endorsements
Flight instructor rating
Appendix T.01 Flight instructor ratings
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

FIRC
Instructor rating — common

Simulator instructor rating
Appendix T.02 Simulator instructor rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

FIRC
Instructor rating — common

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

SIR
Conduct training in a synthetic training device

FIR7
Conduct flight review

Training endorsements
Appendix T.1   Grade 1 training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR7
Conduct flight review

Appendix T.2   Grade 2 training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR7
Conduct a flight review

Appendix T.3   Grade 3 training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.3A        Grade 3 training endorsement (aeroplane)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.4   Multi-crew pilot training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR9
Multi-crew training endorsement

Appendix T.5   Type rating training endorsement (type specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR9
Multi-crew training endorsement

Appendix T.6   Multi-engine aeroplane training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR7
Conduct flight review

Appendix T.7   Design feature endorsement training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.8   Instrument rating training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.9   Night VFR rating training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR7
Conduct flight review

Appendix T.10 NVIS rating training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.11 Low-level rating training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR7
Conduct  flight review

Appendix T.12 Aerial application rating (day) training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.13 Aerial application rating (night) training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.14 Instructor rating training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.15 Multi-engine aeroplane class rating instructor training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR7
Conduct flight review

Appendix T.16 Sling operations training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR7
Conduct flight review

Appendix T.17 Winch and rappelling operations training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FIR7
Conduct  flight review

Appendix T.18 Spinning training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.19 Aerobatics training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.20 Formation (aeroplane) training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.21 Formation (helicopter) training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.22 Formation aerobatics training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Appendix T.23 Glider towing training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

Section U          Flight examiner rating and endorsements
Appendix U.0   Flight Examiner Rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

FERC
Flight examiner rating – common

Appendix U.1   Private pilot licence flight test endorsement (category-specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.2   Commercial pilot licence flight test endorsement (category- specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.3   Air transport pilot flight test endorsement (category-specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.4   Multi-engine aeroplane class rating flight test endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.5   Type rating flight test endorsement (type-specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.6   Instrument rating flight test endorsement (category-specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.7   Night VFR rating flight test endorsement (category-specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.8   NVIS flight test endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.9   Low-level rating flight test endorsement (category-specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.10 Aerial application rating flight test endorsement (category‑specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.11 Flight instructor rating flight test endorsement (category-specific)
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FER
Conduct a flight test

Appendix U.12 English language assessment endorsement — Reserved
Section V          Flight engineer licence, ratings and endorsements
Appendix V.1   Flight engineer licence
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

FFRC
FE Flight rules and air law — all aircraft categories

FAGC
FE Aircraft general knowledge — all aircraft categories

AHFC
ATPL Human factors

RARO
RPL Aeronautical radio operator

CAKA
CPL Aeronautical knowledge — aeroplane

CMTC
CPL Meteorology — all aircraft categories

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

AEL
Aviation English language proficiency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

C2
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures

C3
Operate aeronautical radio

Section W         Flight engineer type rating
Appendix V.2   Flight engineer type rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

TYPA
Type rating

Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FTM
Flight engineer type rating — all categories

Section X          Flight engineer instructor rating
Appendix X.0   Flight engineer instructor rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

FIRC
Instructor rating — common

Appendix X.1   Flight engineer type rating training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

SIR
Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Appendix X.2   Flight engineer instructor rating training endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

SIR
Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Section Y          Flight engineer examiner rating and endorsements
Appendix Y.0   Flight engineer examiner rating
Aeronautical knowledge standards

Unit code
Unit of knowledge

FERC
Flight examiner rating — common

Appendix Y.1   Flight engineer type rating flight test endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FER
Conduct a flight test

SIR
Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Appendix Y.2   Flight engineer instructor rating flight test endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FER
Conduct a flight test

SIR
Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Appendix Y.3   Flight engineer examiner rating flight test endorsement
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

FIR1
Conduct aeronautical knowledge training

FIR2
Assess competence

FIR3
Conduct flight training

FER
Conduct a flight test

SIR
Conduct training in a synthetic training device

Appendix Y.4   English language assessment endorsement — Reserved
Section Z          Glider pilot licence
Appendix Z.1   Glider pilot licence
Practical flight standards

Unit code
Unit of competency

G1
Control glider on the ground

G2
Take-off glider

G3
Control glider in normal flight

G4
Land glider

G5
Glider advanced manoeuvres

G6
Manage abnormal situations and emergencies — gliders

G7
Navigation — gliders

NTS1
Non-technical skills 1

NTS2
Non-technical skills 2

PPF-G
Perform pre- and post-flight actions and procedures — gliders