Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (2014 Measures No. 2) Regulation 2014

Link to law: https://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2014L00549

 
Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (2014 Measures No. 2) Regulation 2014
 
Select Legislative Instrument No. 52, 2014
I, General the Honourable Sir Peter Cosgrove AK MC (Ret’d), Governor‑General of the Commonwealth of Australia, acting with the advice of the Federal Executive Council, make the following regulation.
Dated 15 May 2014
Peter Cosgrove
Governor‑General
By His Excellency’s Command
Mathias Cormann
Minister for Finance
for the Treasurer
 
  
  
Contents
1............ Name of regulation.............................................................................. 1
2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1
3............ Authority............................................................................................. 1
4............ Schedule(s)......................................................................................... 1
Schedule 1—Prescribed schemes                                                                                  2
Superannuation (Unclaimed Money and Lost Members) Regulations 1999   2
Schedule 2—CPI and Treasury bond rate                                                             4
Superannuation (Unclaimed Money and Lost Members) Regulations 1999   4
Schedule 3—Calculating defined benefit contributions                                 5
Income Tax Assessment Regulations 1997                                                              5
 
1  Name of regulation
                   This regulation is the Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (2014 Measures No. 2) Regulation 2014.
2  Commencement
                   This regulation commences on the day after it is registered.
3  Authority
                   This regulation is made under the Superannuation (Unclaimed Money and Lost Members) Act 1999 and the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997.
4  Schedule(s)
                   Each instrument that is specified in a Schedule to this instrument is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this instrument has effect according to its terms.
Schedule 1—Prescribed schemes
  
Superannuation (Unclaimed Money and Lost Members) Regulations 1999
1  Regulation 11
Repeal the regulation, substitute:
11  Unclaimed money—prescribed schemes
                   For section 18AA of the Act, each public sector superannuation scheme mentioned in the table is prescribed.
 
Prescribed public sector superannuation schemes

Item
Scheme
Act or governing rules under which scheme is established

1
Emergency Services Superannuation Scheme
Emergency Services Superannuation Act 1986 (Vic.)

2
New Scheme
State Superannuation Act 1988 (Vic.)

3
Revised Scheme
State Superannuation Act 1988 (Vic.)

4
State Employees Retirement Benefits Fund
State Employees Retirement Benefits Act 1979 (Vic.)

5
Transport Superannuation Fund
Transport Superannuation Act 1988 (Vic.)

6
GESB Super (Retirement Access) Scheme
State Superannuation Act 2000 (WA)

7
GESB Super Scheme
State Superannuation Act 2000 (WA)

8
West State Super Scheme
State Superannuation Act 2000 (WA)

9
Police Superannuation Scheme
Police Superannuation Act 1990 (SA)

10
SA Ambulance Service Superannuation Scheme
Superannuation Act 1988 (SA)

11
SA Metropolitan Fire Service Superannuation Scheme
Superannuation Act 1988 (SA)

12
Southern State Superannuation Scheme
Southern State Superannuation Act 2009 (SA)

13
Lump Sum Scheme
Superannuation Act 1988 (SA)

14
Pension Scheme
Superannuation Act 1988 (SA)

15
Super SA Select
Trust Deed and Rules dated 18 December 2012

11A  Lost member accounts—prescribed schemes
                   For section 24HA of the Act, each public sector superannuation scheme mentioned in the table is prescribed.
 
Prescribed public sector superannuation schemes

Item
Scheme
Act under which scheme is established

1
Emergency Services Superannuation Scheme
Emergency Services Superannuation Act 1986 (Vic.)

2
New Scheme
State Superannuation Act 1988 (Vic.)

3
Revised Scheme
State Superannuation Act 1988 (Vic.)

4
State Employees Retirement Benefits Fund
State Employees Retirement Benefits Act 1979 (Vic.)

5
Transport Superannuation Fund
Transport Superannuation Act 1988 (Vic.)

6
GESB Super (Retirement Access) Scheme
State Superannuation Act 2000 (WA)

7
GESB Super Scheme
State Superannuation Act 2000 (WA)

8
West State Super Scheme
State Superannuation Act 2000 (WA)

 
Schedule 2—CPI and Treasury bond rate
  
Superannuation (Unclaimed Money and Lost Members) Regulations 1999
1  Regulation 3 (heading)
Repeal the heading, substitute:
3  Definitions
2  Regulation 3
Insert:
CPI means the Consumer Price Index number (being the weighted average of the 8 capital cities) published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Treasury bond rate, for a particular day, means:
                     (a)  if any Treasury bonds with a 10 year term were issued on that day—the annual yield on those bonds; or
                     (b)  otherwise—the annual yield on Treasury bonds with a 10 year term, as published by the Reserve Bank of Australia for that day.
Schedule 3—Calculating defined benefit contributions
  
Income Tax Assessment Regulations 1997
1  Subregulations 292‑170.04(3) to (5)
Repeal the subregulations, substitute:
             (3)  A circumstance is that, for the whole of the financial year:
                     (a)  subregulation 292‑170.02(2) applied, or was taken to have applied, in relation to the superannuation fund; and
                     (b)  the member was a non‑accruing member of the fund for the financial year (see subregulations (4) to (6)).
             (4)  The member was a non‑accruing member of the fund for the financial year if the member had no membership of the fund during the financial year other than membership as:
                     (a)  an on‑hold member; or
                     (b)  a pensioned member.
Note:          A person could be an on‑hold member of a fund for part of a financial year, and a pensioned member of the fund for another part of the financial year.
             (5)  The member was an on‑hold member of the fund if:
                     (a)  the member had a benefit entitlement in the fund, but no employer‑provided benefits accrued to the member; and
                     (b)  the rules of the fund provided that the benefit:
                              (i)  was not to increase in nominal terms; or
                             (ii)  was to increase at a rate reflecting general price increases (for example, in accordance with the Consumer Price Index); or
                            (iii)  was to increase at a rate reflecting the general level of salary growth or salary growth for relevant fund membership (for example, in accordance with average weekly earnings, or average weekly ordinary time earnings, published by the Australian Statistician); or
                            (iv)  was to increase at the rate (if any) at which the salary on which the member’s benefit was based increased; or
                             (v)  was to increase at a rate reflecting the earning rate of the assets of the fund or the part of the fund to which the member belonged; or
                            (vi)  in the case of a deferred benefit—was to increase at a rate reflecting any reduction in the expected period in which pension payments were to be made and any deferral of the date when payments would start; or
                           (vii)  was to increase at a regular rate, or a rate worked out using a formula, that an actuary considered would not result in an increase that was more than the greatest of the increases mentioned in subparagraphs (i) to (vi).
          (5A)  The member was a pensioned member of the fund if:
                     (a)  the member’s membership of the fund consisted only of the member receiving pension payments from the superannuation fund; and
                     (b)  any of the following applied:
                              (i)  the pension payments were always the same amount;
                             (ii)  the pension payments were paid from an account that related only to the member, and no employer contributions were paid to the account for the benefit of the member;
                            (iii)  the pension payments increased at rates that were consistent with the rates prescribed under the rules of the fund that applied when the pension commenced to be paid.
2  After Subdivision 293‑D
Insert:
Subdivision 293‑DA—Further modifications for defined benefit interests
293‑115.05  Preliminary
             (1)  This Subdivision:
                     (a)  is made for subsection 293‑115(1) of the Act; and
                     (b)  applies in relation to the 2013‑14 financial year and later financial years.
             (2)  In this Subdivision:
accruing member, of a superannuation fund for a financial year, means a defined benefit member of the fund who is not a non‑accruing member of the fund for the financial year.
non‑accruing member, of a superannuation fund for a financial year, means a defined benefit member who is a non‑accruing member of the fund for the financial year within the meaning of subregulations 292‑170.04(4) to (5A) as if a reference in those subregulations to a member included a reference to a member of a constitutionally protected fund.
293‑115.10  Defined benefit contributions—non‑accruing members
             (1)  This regulation applies if you are a non‑accruing member of a superannuation fund for a financial year.
             (2)  Your defined benefit contributions for the financial year in respect of your defined benefit interest in the fund is nil.
293‑115.15  Defined benefit contributions—accruing members with funded benefit interests
             (1)  This regulation applies if:
                     (a)  you are an accruing member of a superannuation fund for the financial year; and
                     (b)  your defined benefit interest in the fund for the financial year is a funded benefit interest.
             (2)  The interest is a funded benefit interest if:
                     (a)  the interest is in a complying superannuation fund that is not a constitutionally protected fund; and
                     (b)  if the interest is in a public sector superannuation scheme:
                              (i)  the fund trustee has certified, for the financial year, that the fund trustee considers that the scheme will only ever pay superannuation benefits from contributions made to the scheme or earnings from the contributions; and
                             (ii)  the fund trustee has not chosen, under section 295‑180 of the Act, to have contributions made by you, or on your behalf, excluded from the assessable income of the scheme for the financial year.
             (3)  Your defined benefit contributions for the financial year in respect of the interest is your notional taxed contributions for the year in respect of the interest.
Note:          For notional taxed contributions, see section 291‑170 of the Act and Subdivision 292‑D of these regulations.
             (4)  In working out your notional taxed contributions for the purposes of subregulation (3), disregard Subdivision 291‑C of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997.
293‑115.20  Defined benefit contributions—accruing members with other interests
             (1)  This regulation applies if:
                     (a)  you are an accruing member of a superannuation fund for the financial year; and
                     (b)  your defined benefit interest in the fund for the financial year is an interest other than a funded benefit interest.
             (2)  Your defined benefit contributions for the financial year in respect of the interest is the amount worked out using the method in Schedule 1AA.
3  At the end of Part 5
Add:
910‑1.05  Transitional arrangements arising out of the Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (2014 Measures No. 2) Regulation 2014
                   The amendment of these Regulations made by item 1 of Schedule 3 to the Tax and Superannuation Laws Amendment (2014 Measures No. 2) Regulation 2014 applies in relation to the 2013‑14 financial year and later financial years.
4  Subregulation 995‑1.01(1)
Insert:
accruing member has:
                     (a)  for the purposes of Schedule 1A—the meaning given by clause 1.1 of that Schedule; and
                     (b)  for the purposes of Subdivision 293‑DA and Schedule 1AA—the meaning given by subregulation 293‑115.05(2).
funded benefit interest has the meaning given by subregulation 293‑115.15(2).
5  Subregulation 995‑1.01(1) (definition of new entrant rate)
Repeal the definition.
6  Subregulation 995‑1.01(1)
Insert:
non‑accruing member has, for the purposes of Subdivision 293‑DA, the meaning given by subregulation 293‑115.05(2).
on‑hold member, in relation to a defined benefit member of a superannuation fund, has the meaning given by subregulation 292‑170.04(5A).
pensioned member, in relation to a defined benefit member of a superannuation fund, has the meaning given by subregulation 292‑170.04(5).
7  Clause 1.1 of Schedule 1A
Omit “at least some part of”.
8  Clause 2.3 of Schedule 1A (example)
Omit “0.6%”, substitute “10.6%”.
9  After Schedule 1A
Insert:
Schedule 1AA—Working out defined benefit contributions
Note:       See subregulation 293‑115.20(2).
Part 1—Preliminary
  
1  Meaning of accruing member
                   An accruing member of a superannuation fund for a financial year, is an accruing member within the meaning given by subregulation 293‑115.05(2).
2  Meaning of benefit category
             (1)  A benefit category is a category of membership of a defined benefit fund as certified by an actuary.
             (2)  An actuary must not certify a category of membership to be a benefit category unless the actuary is satisfied that:
                     (a)  each hypothetical new entrant to the benefit category with the same entry age would accrue retirement benefits on substantially the same basis; or
                     (b)  if any 2 hypothetical new entrants to the benefit category accrued retirement benefits on a different basis, the new entrant rates for each member calculated under Parts 2 and 3 would be equal.
3  Accruing member must not belong to more than one benefit category at the same time unless certified by an actuary
             (1)  An accruing member must not belong to more than one benefit category of the same defined benefit fund on the same day unless certified by an actuary.
             (2)  An actuary must not certify that a member belongs to more than one benefit category on the same day unless the actuary is satisfied that the amount of defined benefit contributions to be reported will not be materially different from the amount of defined benefit contributions that would have been reported had the member belonged to only one benefit category on each relevant day.
Note:          An accruing member would be ordinarily expected to belong to only one benefit category at a time. However, there might be circumstances in certain funds where it is materially more practical for the purpose of calculating the total amount of defined benefit contributions to deem that some members belong to more than one benefit category from time to time.
4  Method for determining amount of defined benefit contributions
             (1)  The defined benefit contributions for an accruing member for a financial year is the amount worked out as follows:
where, for the financial year:
BC is the notional employer contribution calculated for the member under subclause (2).
NTC is the notional taxed contributions calculated for the member for the financial year under Schedule 1A to these Regulations, disregarding Subdivision 291‑C of the Income Tax (Transitional Provisions) Act 1997. If NTC has not been calculated for the member for the financial year because the member is a member of a constitutionally protected fund, NTC is zero.
Note 1:       Section 291‑160 of the Act excludes superannuation interests in constitutionally protected funds from the provisions which explain how notional taxed contributions are to be calculated for defined benefit interests.
Note 2:       Salary packaged contributions which do not contribute towards funding the defined benefit interest are included in the amount calculated under step 1 of the method statement set out in section 293‑105 of the Act and do not form any part of the method of determining defined benefit contributions.
             (2)  The notional employer contribution for an accruing member for a financial year is the amount worked out as follows:
where, for the financial year:
T is the sum of the amounts of notional employer financed contributions for each benefit category that the member belongs to during the financial year calculated under subclause (3).
W is an amount worked out on advice from an actuary under Part 4.
X is an amount worked out on advice from an actuary under Part 5.
Y is an amount worked out on advice from an actuary under Part 6.
Z is an amount worked out on advice from an actuary under Part 7.
             (3)  The notional employer financed contributions for an accruing member for a benefit category of a defined benefit fund for a financial year is the amount worked out as follows:
where, for the financial year:
D is the number of days during the financial year that the member was an accruing member of the benefit category.
M is the amount of member contributions:
                     (a)  paid by or on behalf of the member in respect of the member’s defined benefit interest in the fund during that part of the financial year that the member was an accruing member of the benefit category; and
                     (b)  which are not assessable income of the fund;
but excluding any amounts which are not assessable income of the fund because of:
                     (c)  item 5.3 of the table in section 50‑25 of the Act; or
                     (d)  a choice made under section 295‑180 of the Act.
new entrant rate is the new entrant rate for the benefit category worked out by an actuary under Parts 2 and 3.
S is the member’s annual superannuation salary relevant to the benefit category on the first day of the financial year on which the member had a defined benefit interest in the scheme.
Part 2—New entrant rate
  
5  Method of working out new entrant rate for a benefit category
             (1)  The new entrant rate for a benefit category is the rate calculated under this Part and using the assumptions set out in Part 3.
             (2)  The new entrant rate for a benefit category is the rate that represents the long‑term cost, expressed as a percentage of superannuation salary, of providing the benefits payable on a voluntary exit to a hypothetical new entrant to the benefit category.
             (3)  The new entrant rate is calculated as the present value of the benefits payable on voluntary exit (resignation, early retirement, or retirement) under the rules of the defined benefit fund which are applicable to a new entrant to the benefit category divided by the present value of future superannuation salaries payable to the new entrant.
             (4)  The present value of the benefits payable is to be calculated having regard to the rules and practice of the defined benefit fund including benefit structure, caps, member options, reasonably expected discretions and member contributions, and using the economic, decrement and other assumptions set out in Part 3.
6  New entrant rate to be based on period of membership needed to reach maximum benefit accrual
             (1)  If the rules of the defined benefit fund applicable to the benefit category provide for a maximum benefit accrual, the new entrant rate is to be calculated on the basis that the benefit is funded over the period to when maximum accrual is attained.
             (2)  For practical purposes this means that, for the purpose of calculating the present value of future salaries payable to the new entrant, the superannuation salary is to be assumed to be zero at those ages after reaching maximum benefit accrual.
Example:    If maximum accrual is attained after 20 years of membership, the superannuation salary for a 30‑year‑old new entrant will be assumed to be zero at age 50 and above for the purpose of calculating the present value of future salaries payable to the new entrant.
7  New entrant rate to be rounded down
                   The new entrant rate is to be rounded down to the lower 1 percentage point.
Example:    10.6% would be rounded down to 10%.
8  No allowance for administration expenses or income tax on assessable contributions
                   The new entrant rate is to be calculated ignoring:
                     (a)  administration expenses; and
                     (b)  income tax on assessable contributions.
Note:          These items are allowed for in the formula in subclause 4(3) by multiplying by 1.2.
9  Certain discretions to be allowed for
             (1)  The new entrant rate is to be calculated assuming that certain discretions are always exercised.
             (2)  Subject to subclause (3), if the fund rules provide a discretion to pay, on voluntary exit, a benefit that is higher than the standard benefit, the actuary must assume that a higher benefit is always paid on voluntary exit on or after age 55.
             (3)  If the higher benefit mentioned in subclause (2) exceeds the accrued retirement benefit, the actuary may assume that the benefit is an amount:
                     (a)  greater than or equal to the accrued retirement benefit; and
                     (b)  less than or equal to the higher benefit.
             (4)  If the actuary believes that there is a reasonable expectation that a higher benefit than either the standard benefit or the accrued retirement benefit will be paid, then the actuary should assume that the benefit paid on voluntary exit on or after age 55 is always equal to the benefit reasonably expected to be paid.
Note:          In considering whether there is a reasonable expectation that a higher benefit will be paid, it would generally not be appropriate to assume payment unless such an assumption was adopted in the most recent actuarial review.
Part 3—Valuation parameters
  
10  Application of economic, decrement and other parameters
                   For the purpose of working out the new entrant rate for a benefit category mentioned in Part 1 or 2, the actuary is to apply the economic, decrement and other parameters set out in this Part.
11  Discount rate
             (1)  The discount rate to be used to discount projected future benefits and salaries is 8% per year.
             (2)  The discount rate is not to be adjusted for investment expenses or investment‑related taxation or for any other reason.
12  Fund earning rate and crediting rate
             (1)  If necessary, the fund earning rate to be assumed is 8% per year.
             (2)  If necessary, the assumed crediting rate is to be based on the assumed fund earning rate.
13  Rate of future salary or wages growth
             (1)  The rate of salary or wages growth to be applied is 4.5% per year.
             (2)  This rate is to be used:
                     (a)  to project the value of future salary or wages; and
                     (b)  to project benefits that increase in accordance with a general wage index (for example, average weekly earnings).
14  Rate of increase in price indices
                   If a benefit is linked to an increase in a price index (for example, the Consumer Price Index), the rate of increase in the price index to be applied is 2.5% per year.
15  New entrant age
             (1)  The age of new entrants to be assumed is based on the average age of entry to the fund of the persons who were defined benefit members of the fund at 1 July 2007.
             (2)  The following table sets out the age of new entrants that is to be assumed.
 
New entrant ages

Item
Average age last birthday at commencement in fund of defined benefit members of the fund at 1 July 2007
New entrant age to be assumed

1
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