CASA EX20/14 - Exemption — single-pilot operations in Cessna 500 series aeroplanes

Link to law: https://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2014L00338

Instrument number CASA EX20/14
I, GERARD JOHN CAMPBELL, Executive Manager, Operations Division, a delegate of CASA, make this instrument under regulation 11.160 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998.
[Signed G.J. Campbell]
Gerard J. Campbell
Executive Manager
Operations Division
12 March 2014
Exemption — single-pilot operations in Cessna 500 series aeroplanes
1          Duration
                 This instrument:
(a)   commences on the day of registration; and
(b)   expires at the end of February 2017, as if it had been repealed by another instrument.
2          Revocation
                 Instrument CASA EX43/11 is revoked.
3          Definitions
In this instrument:
approved training program means a single-pilot training program approved by the FAA for Exemption 10527.
CE-500 series aeroplane means an aeroplane that is a Cessna 500, Cessna 550, Cessna S550, Cessna 552 or Cessna 560.
Exemption 10527 means Exemption 10527 as issued by the FAA and revised and reissued from time to time.
FAA means the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States of America.
FAA authorised, for a single-pilot operation in a CE–500 series aeroplane, means authorised to conduct that operation under Exemption 10527.
FAA designated pilot examiner means a pilot examiner designated by the FAA to conduct training and flight tests for Exemption 10527.
4          Application
                 This instrument applies to:
(a)   the operator of an Australian aircraft that is a CE–500 series aeroplane; and
(b)   the pilot in command of an aircraft mentioned in paragraph (a) if the pilot has successfully completed Cessna’s approved single-pilot authorisation course.
5          Exemption
        (1)     The pilot is exempt from complying with any requirement, instruction, procedure or limitation under subregulation 138 (1) of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR 1988) under which the aeroplane must be operated with a minimum flight crew of a pilot and co-pilot.
        (2)     The operator is exempt from compliance with regulation 208 of CAR 1988 in relation to any requirement in the certificate of airworthiness, or flight manual, for the aeroplane that the minimum operating crew is 2.
6          Conditions
                 The exemption is subject to the conditions mentioned in Schedules 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.
Schedule 1          General conditions
       1     The pilot and the operator of the aeroplane must ensure that the aeroplane commences a single-pilot operation only if:
(a)   the pilot is qualified to operate the aeroplane under this exemption; and
(b)   the aeroplane is equipped to operate in accordance with paragraph 1 (b) of Schedule 3.
        2     A pilot is qualified to operate an aeroplane under this exemption if he or she:
(a)   is FAA authorised; or
(b)   complies with each Schedule to this instrument.
        3     The pilot must carry a copy of this exemption, and a copy of his or her authorisation, if FAA authorised, on board the aeroplane when conducting a single-pilot operation under this exemption.
        4     For a single-pilot operation, if there is any inconsistency between this exemption and a previously issued flight manual supplement dealing with the operation of CE–500 series aeroplanes, this exemption takes priority.
Schedule 2          Preconditions for single-pilot flight
        1     For a single-pilot flight, the pilot must:
(a)   hold a current Class 1 or Class 2 medical certificate; and
(b)   hold any of the following pilot licences with a command (multi-engine aeroplane) instrument rating:
             (i)  a private pilot (aeroplane) licence;
            (ii)  a commercial pilot (aeroplane) licence;
           (iii)  an air transport pilot (aeroplane) licence; and
(c)   have logged at least:
             (i)  1 000 hours total pilot flight time, including at least 50 hours flight time at night; and
            (ii)  75 hours instrument flight time; and
           (iii)  40 hours instrument flight time in actual instrument meteorological conditions; and
           (iv)  500 hours flight time as pilot in command or co-pilot, in turbojet or turbine-powered aeroplanes; and
(d)   have satisfactorily completed:
             (i)  Cessna’s FAA approved Part 142 CE–500 single-pilot curriculum; and
            (ii)  an approved training program and flight test for the Cessna aeroplane type to which the aeroplane belongs.
        2     A pilot who has satisfactorily completed an initial training program and flight test in accordance with paragraph 1 (d) must, before flying an aeroplane belonging to another Cessna aeroplane type mentioned in this exemption:
(a)   undergo differences training for that type in accordance with an approved training program; and
(b)   after satisfactory completion of the differences training, satisfactorily complete a flight test for that type.
        3     The pilot must satisfactorily complete an approved training program and flight test for a Cessna aeroplane type before carrying out a single-pilot operation for that type of aeroplane.
        4     A flight test mentioned in this Schedule must be conducted by:
(a)   a person approved by CASA for that purpose; or
(b)   a person authorised to conduct flight tests under Exemption 10527, being an FAA designated pilot examiner or an FAA inspector.
5      The pilot may carry out a single-pilot operation only if the person conducting the flight test makes an entry in the pilot’s log book stating that:
(a)   the pilot is competent to conduct single-pilot operations in an aeroplane of the Cessna aeroplane type for which the test was conducted; and
(b)   the test was conducted in accordance with Schedule 5 by:
             (i)  an approved person; or
            (ii)  a person authorised to conduct flight tests under Exemption 10527, being an FAA designated pilot examiner or an FAA inspector.
        6     Subject to clause 7, the pilot must have satisfactorily undertaken an approved training program and flight test:
(a)   for an operation commencing before the end of 30 September 2014 — within the previous 25 months; and
(b)   for an operation commencing on or after 1 October 2014 — within the previous 12 months.
        7     A pilot who has:
(a)   satisfactorily undertaken an approved training program and flight test (the first test); and
(b)   in the period between 11 months and 13 months after the first test, satisfactorily undertaken an approved training program and flight test (the second test);
is taken to have satisfactorily undertaken the second test on the day that is 12 months after the first test.
Schedule 3          Flight restrictions
        1     A pilot may fly an aeroplane under this exemption only if the aeroplane:
(a)   is engaged in private operations; and
(b)   is equipped with the following fully functioning equipment:
             (i)  a boom microphone;
            (ii)  an autopilot, controllable about 3 axes and capable of approach coupling;
           (iii)  a flight director system.
        2     A pilot who has not completed at least 100 hours of single-pilot flight experience in CE–500 series aeroplanes must not perform:
(a)   any circling instrument approaches except to minima that are at least 200 feet, and 1.6 kilometres, above the minima published in AIP or NOTAMS; or
(b)   any straight-in instrument approaches except to minima that are at least 100 feet, and 0.8 kilometres, above the minima published in AIP or NOTAMS.
        3     Except in V.M.C., a pilot may perform circling approaches only after training and testing in the circling approach manoeuvre both to the left and to the right:
(a)   in a CE–500 series aeroplane; or
(b)   in an approved simulator equipped with a visual system that permits accomplishment of the circling approach task using the same pilot skills as are required in that aeroplane type.
        4     If the pilot does not satisfactorily complete training and testing in circling approaches in accordance with Schedule 5:
(a)   the person conducting the flight test must annotate the applicant’s log book with the comment “Demonstration of circling approach was not accomplished”; and
(b)   the applicant must not perform circling approaches in I.M.C.
Schedule 4          Recency requirements
              The pilot must have flown a CE–500 series aeroplane:
(a)   on at least 2 sectors during the previous 90 days as pilot in command or pilot acting in command under supervision; and
(b)   on at least 1 sector during the previous 120 days as single pilot in accordance with clause 2 of Schedule 1.
Schedule 5          Particulars of flight testing
1The CE–500 single-pilot initial authorisation and authorisation renewal curriculum must include ground instruction appropriate to the CE–500 aeroplane given by a Cessna Part 142 instructor (designated in accordance with Cessna’s approved procedures) that covers at least the following aeronautical knowledge areas:
(a)   safe and efficient operation of aeroplanes;
(b)   weight and balance computations;
(c)   use of performance charts;
(d)   significance and effects of exceeding aeroplane performance limitations;
(e)   principles and functions of aeroplane systems;
(f)    manoeuvres, procedures and emergency operations;
(g)   night and high altitude operations, including high altitude stalling.
        2     The pilot must undergo a flight test not more than 10 days after completing an approved training program.
        3     The person conducting the single-pilot flight test must take into consideration all the matters covered in the approved training program.
        4     The pilot must satisfactorily:
(a)   complete the entire flight test in an aeroplane of that type; and
(b)   perform all manoeuvres and procedures throughout the test as a single pilot.
        5     A pilot undergoing a flight test after completing differences training must satisfactorily complete the entire flight test in 1 or more of the following ways:
(a)   as a single pilot in an aeroplane of that type;
(b)   as a single pilot in an approved flight simulator, qualified as a Level A, Level B, Level C or Level D flight simulator in the FAA National Simulator Program, as well as performing 3 take-offs and landings to a full stop as a single pilot in an aeroplane of that type within the preceding 90 days;
(c)   as a single pilot in an approved flight simulator, qualified as a Level A flight simulator in the FAA National Simulator Program, and performing the following manoeuvres and procedures as a single pilot in an aeroplane of that type:
             (i)  pre-flight preparation;
            (ii)  pre-flight inspection and procedures;
           (iii)  taxiing;
           (iv)  normal and cross-wind take-offs and departures;
            (v)  the following in-flight manoeuvres:
(A)  configuration changes;
(B)   stalling, including high altitude stalling;
(C)   approaches to stalls;
(D)  steep turns;
           (vi)  simulated power plant failure;
          (vii)  if performed in a flight simulator, actual power plant failure;
         (viii)  instrument procedures;
           (ix)  precision and non-precision approaches;
            (x)  missed approaches;
           (xi)  landings and approaches to landings;
          (xii)  normal and cross-wind landings;
         (xiii)  landing with a simulated power plant failure;
         (xiv)  if performed in a flight simulator, landing with an actual power plant failure;
          (xv)  normal and abnormal procedures;
         (xvi)  emergency procedures;
        (xvii)  post-flight procedures.
        6     For clause 5, the applicant must satisfactorily perform all manoeuvres and procedures throughout the test as a single pilot. Training to proficiency during the test is not permitted. Failure of any manoeuvre will result in the failure of the proficiency test.
        7     A pilot being tested in the circling approach manoeuvre in accordance with this exemption must satisfactorily perform all manoeuvres and procedures throughout the test as a single pilot.
        8     If the pilot has satisfactorily performed, as part of the training program, the following in-flight manoeuvres and procedures as the sole manipulator of the controls in a CE–500 series aeroplane:
(a)   exterior pre-flight inspection;
(b)   taxiing;
(c)   at least 3 normal take-offs and 3 cross-wind take-offs;
(d)   at least 3 normal approaches and landings and 3 cross-wind approaches and landings;
(e)   landing from a precision approach;
(f)    missed approach;
(g)   approach and landing with an actual power plant failure;
(h)   landing from a circling approach;
(i)    landing from a no flap or non-standard flap approach;
              the instruction required in paragraph 5 (c) may be completed in an approved flight simulator that is qualified as a Level A or B simulator in the FAA National Simulator Program.
        9     If the pilot has performed at least 3 take-offs and 3 landings to a full stop as the sole manipulator of the flight controls in the CE–500 series aeroplane within the preceding 90 days, the instruction required in paragraph 5 (c) may be completed in an approved flight simulator that is qualified as a Level C or D flight simulator in the FAA National Simulator Program.
      10     The flight test must be conducted:
(a)     if the pilot’s previous flight test was conducted in an aeroplane — in an approved simulator that is qualified as a level C or D flight simulator in the FAA National Simulator Program;
(b)     if the pilot’s previous flight test was conducted in a simulator — in an aeroplane.
 
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