Instrument number CASA 09/15
I, JONATHAN ALECK, Associate Director of Aviation Safety, a delegate of CASA, make this instrument under regulation 209 of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR 1988) and subsection 33 (3) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.
[Signed Jonathan Aleck]
Associate Director of Aviation Safety
30 January 2015
Direction under regulation 209 — conduct of parachute training operations
(a) commences on the day after registration; and
(b) expires at the end of January 2017, as if it had been repealed by another instrument.
Instrument CASA 239/13 is repealed.
(1) In this instrument:
APF means the Australian Parachute Federation Incorporated.
APF Jump Pilot authorisation means an authorisation issued by the APF to certify that a pilot is qualified to carry out parachute training operations.
APF Jump Pilot Manual means a manual issued by the APF, acceptable to CASA, setting out rules and procedures for a pilot carrying out parachute training operations.
ATC means Air Traffic Control.
ATC frequency means a radio frequency used by ATC.
Chief Instructor means an instructor “A” approved by the APF in accordance with the APF Operational Regulations to supervise parachute training operations for a training organisation.
controlled airspace (CTA) means airspace that is Class A, C, D or E airspace or a GAAP Control Zone.
CTAF means a common traffic advisory frequency.
drop zone means the area within which parachutists taking part in a parachute training operation are required to land.
jump aircraft means any aircraft engaged in the dropping of parachutists in parachute training operations.
jump pilot means the pilot in command of a jump aircraft.
member organisation means an organisation that is a member of the APF.
parachute training operation means an aircraft operation involving a descent by a student parachutist or a novice parachutist from the aircraft, and includes any aircraft operation involving a tandem descent by parachutists from the aircraft.
training organisation means a member organisation authorised by the APF to conduct parachute training operations.
(2) The terms novice parachutist and student parachutist have the same respective meanings as in the APF Operational Regulations as in force when this direction is issued.
This instrument applies to aircraft engaged in parachute training operations by member organisations.
Aircraft engaged in parachute training operations must comply with the conditions set out in this instrument.
6 General Conditions
(1) A jump aircraft when dropping parachutists must be operated in accordance with the APF Jump Pilot Manual.
(2) A jump pilot must hold an APF Jump Pilot authorisation.
(3) A jump aircraft must have a current maintenance release.
(4) A jump aircraft that is not a Class A aircraft must either:
(a) be maintained in accordance with an approved system of maintenance; or
(b) undergo a maintenance release inspection at the earlier of 100 flight hours and 12 months, and have all engines maintained in accordance with:
(i) for piston engines — requirement 2 of AD/ENG/4; and
(ii) for turbine engines — requirement 1 of AD/ENG/5.
(5) Any alteration of the APF Jump Pilot Manual must be notified to CASA for acceptance.
7 Supervision of parachute training operations
(1) Parachute training operations must be conducted under the supervision of a Chief Instructor.
(2) Parachute training operations must be conducted in accordance with the APF Operational Regulations as approved by CASA from time to time.
8 Conduct of parachute operations
(1) The jump pilot must take all reasonable measures to ensure that:
(a) parachutists exit the aircraft only if there is no risk of any part of the aircraft being fouled by parachutists or their equipment when they exit; and
(b) the operation does not impose any adverse stress on any part of the aircraft structure; and
(c) loose objects, that if dropped could create a hazard to persons or property on ground or water, are not carried by parachutists exiting the aircraft.
(2) Except in accordance with the APF’s Regulatory Schedule 60 as approved by CASA to permit cloud jumping — the person in charge of the parachuting operation, the parachutist and the jump pilot must ensure that:
(a) a parachute descent is made in meteorological conditions in which the target is clearly visible; and
(b) the parachutist does not enter cloud.
(1) A jump aircraft must be equipped with:
(a) 2 VHF radio transceivers; or
(b) if operating in Class G airspace — 1 VHF radio transceiver.
(2) The radio transceivers or transceiver must be used to make broadcasts in accordance with this approval.
10 Radio procedures
(1) Subject to subsection 10 (5), a broadcast advising the intention to drop parachutists must be made from the jump aircraft not less than 2 minutes before the parachutists exit the aircraft.
(2) A broadcast under subsection 10 (1) must be made on all relevant frequencies for the airspace through which the parachutists descend and in which the jump aircraft operates.
(3) A broadcast made under subsection 10 (1) must give notice of:
(a) the location of the drop zone; and
(b) the altitude at which the parachutists will exit the aircraft.
(4) The relevant frequencies include:
(a) any ATC frequency for airspace used by the jump aircraft; and
(b) any other frequency used in airspace through which the parachutists may descend after exiting the aircraft; and
(c) where the landing area for the parachutists is located in the vicinity of an aerodrome where an ATC service is not provided — the CTAF for the surrounding airspace.
(5) A broadcast made by ATC on an ATC frequency advising that parachutists will be dropped at a time stated in the broadcast is taken to be a broadcast on that frequency under subsection 10 (1), subject to meeting the requirements of subsections 10 (3) and 10 (4).
11 Additional requirements in controlled airspace
(1) The jump pilot must not allow parachutists to exit a jump aircraft in controlled airspace until he or she has received from ATC:
(a) the clearance “[Aircraft call-sign] clear to drop”; or
(b) clearance in some other form allowing parachutists to exit the aircraft.
(2) A jump aircraft must use its VHF radio transceivers to communicate with ATC and to monitor and advise air traffic outside the controlled airspace.
(3) A jump aircraft must use its VHF radio transceivers to communicate with ATC and to monitor and advise air traffic outside the controlled airspace.
(4) Up to and including FL150, ATC may assign to the pilot of a jump aircraft responsibility for not entering an active restricted area that has been designated for non-flying military activities or military flying in which ATC services are not provided.
(5) The jump pilot is able to discharge his or her responsibility under subsection 11 (4) by not entering the restricted area and is not required to maintain a minimum distance from it.
(6) Unless otherwise agreed with ATC, the jump pilot must keep the aircraft within 3 nautical miles of the centre of the designated drop zone.
(7) Unless otherwise agreed with ATC, the jump pilot must drop the parachutists with the reasonable expectation that they will remain within 1 nautical mile of the centre of the drop zone.
12 Additional requirements at aerodromes requiring radio carriage
(1) A jump aircraft must not engage in an operation involving parachute descents at, or in the vicinity of, an aerodrome where radio carriage is required, unless the jump pilot uses its VHF radio transceivers to monitor and advise air traffic in the vicinity of the aerodrome and the surrounding areas, using the relevant CTAF and any other relevant frequencies.
(2) In addition to the broadcast required under subsection 10 (1), a broadcast advising the intention to drop parachutists at the location specified in the broadcast must be made from the jump aircraft on the relevant frequencies not less than 4 minutes before the parachutists exit the aircraft.
(3) A broadcast under subsection 12 (2) must be made on the relevant frequencies specified in subsection 10 (4).
(4) The jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit a jump aircraft at, or in the vicinity of, an aerodrome where radio carriage is required, if the descent would take place 15 minutes or less before the estimated time of arrival of an aircraft engaged in regular public transport operations (an RPT aircraft).
(5) Subsection 12 (4) does not apply if:
(a) the 2 aircraft are in direct radiocommunication with each other; and
(b) all parachutists are able to exit the aircraft and land before the RPT aircraft arrives within the circuit area of the aerodrome.
(6) After an RPT aircraft arrives at an aerodrome where radio carriage is required, the jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit the aircraft at, or in the vicinity of, the aerodrome until the RPT aircraft has landed and taxied clear of the runway.
(7) After an RPT aircraft has broadcast that it is taxiing for departure from an aerodrome where radio carriage and use is required, the jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit the aircraft at, or in the vicinity of, the aerodrome until the RPT aircraft is clear of the circuit area of the aerodrome.
13 Additional requirements at certified or registered aerodromes
(1) The jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit a jump aircraft at a certified or registered aerodrome, unless:
(a) the operation is carried out in accordance with a written agreement between a parachute training organisation and the aerodrome operator; and
(b) the APF has approved the written agreement as being in accordance with its Operational Regulations and its Training Operations Manual.
(2) Subsection 13 (1) does not apply to an operation at a certified or registered aerodrome if written specifications issued under regulation 152 of CAR 1988 require or allow those descents to be conducted differently.
(3) The jump pilot must ensure that parachutists do not exit a jump aircraft at a certified or registered aerodrome if the pilot in command of another aircraft is carrying out an instrument approach procedure at the aerodrome.
14 Additional requirements for operations more than 10 000 feet above mean sea level (AMSL)
A flight crew member who is on duty in an unpressurised jump aircraft must be provided with, and continuously use, supplemental oxygen:
(a) if the aircraft is above flight level 120; or
(b) if the aircraft operates above 10 000 feet AMSL:
(i) for more than 15 minutes during an operation involving parachute descents; or
(ii) at night; or
(iii) in I.M.C.
Note As a direction, this instrument will take priority over AIP ENR provisions in relation to jump aircraft.