Animals (International Movement and Disease) Act

Link to law: http://laws.gov.ag/acts/chapters/cap-19.pdf
Published: 1987

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1

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Animals (International Movement (CAP. 19
and Disease)

CHAPTER 19

THE ANIMALS (INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT
AND DISEASE) ACT

Arrangement of Sections
Section

1. Short title.

Preliminary

2. Interpretation.

Administration

3. Appointment and functions of Veterinary Authority.
4. Appointment and functions of inspectors.

Regulation of importation of animals, animal and other things

5. Restrictions on importation of animals, animal
and other things.

6. Penalties for importation of animals, animal
and other things without a permit.

7. Regulation of importation of animals, animal
and other things.

8. Power of Minister by order to prohibit importation of
animals, animal and other things in cer-
tain cases.

9. Regulation of importation of cooked meats, canned
meats and meat by-products.

10. Regulation of importation of equipment used in con-
nection with animals, animal and other
things.

Regulation of movement of animals

11. Regulation of animal movement in interests of their
safety.

2

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

CAP. 19) Animals (International Movement
and Disease)

Animal Quarantine

12. Quarantine stations.
13. Requirements of quarantine and exemptions therefrom.
14. Quarantine of animals.

Powers of arrest and search

15. Powers of arrest.
16. Powers of search.
17. Powers to detain vessels and aircraft.

Miscellaneous

18. Penalties.
19. Regulations.
20. Review of the Schedule.
21. Regulations subject to negative resolutions.

SCHEDULE.

19

3411986.

1.

Act-

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carcase" carcase

3

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Animals (International Movement (CAP.
and Disease)

ANIMAL (INTERNATIONAL MOVEMENT AND
DISEASE)

An Act to control the importation into Antigua and Bar-
buda and to regulate the movement from Antigua and Bar-
buda of animals, birds, fish, insects and reptiles and of animal
carcases, parts and meats, veterinary biological products,
litter and fodder for the purposes of preventing the introduc-
tion of disease into Antigua and Barbuda and into other
Member States of the Caribbean Community and of pro-
viding for the safe and humane movement of animals from
Antigua and Barbuda and for other matters related thereto
or connected therewith.

(1st January, 1987.)

rt This Act may be cited as the Animals (Interna- Sho
tional Movement and Disease) Act

Preliminary

Interpretation.2. In this

"animal" means any bovine, canine, equine, feline,
goat, guinea pig, monkey, rabbit, sheep and swine
and any bird (including poultry), fish, insect (ex-
cluding bees but including any member of the class

and of the class reptile and any
other animal whatsoever, whether similar to the
foregoing or not;

"animal means the of any animal and
includes the meat of the animal and such of its of-
fal as is intended for consumption by humans or
animals.

"animal parts" means the bones and bonemeal, un-
tanned hides and skins, flashings, hooves, horns,
claws, hair, bristles, wool, feathers, offal, blood,
whether fresh or dehydrated, meat scraps of an
animal or any others parts of an animal other than

carcase;

' 6

'6.

L '

' means-

4

Schedule.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

CAP. 19) Animals (International Movement
and Disease)

the meat or offal for consumption by humans or
animals, which have been separated from the

country" includes territory;

"fish" includes crustacea and turtle;

"fodder" means grass, hay or any other like substance
commonly used as animal feed;

inspector" means an inspector appointed by the

Minister under section 4.

litter'' means straw or any other substance common-
ly used as bedding for, or otherwise used for or
about, animals and includes any such substance
when used as packing materials;

"Member State" means a Member State for the time
being of the Caribbean Common Market as
established by the Annex to the Treaty establishing
the Caribbean Community, done at Chaguaramas,
4 July 1973;

"port of entry" means a prescribed port of entry and
includes an airport of entry;

"poultry" means domestic fowl, turkey, goose, duck,
guinea fowl, pheasant, pigeon or quail;

"prescribed disease'

(a) any of the diseases specified in the Schedule;

(b) any other disease prescribed for the purposes
of this Act;

(c) any other disease which the Minister or the
Veterinary Authority with the approval of the Minister,
directs in writing to be a prescribed disease and notice
of which is published in the Gazette and in a newspaper
as soon as practicable after the direction has been given;

~ i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

means-

~ ~ ,and
Act.

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carcase,

(3),
carcase,

5

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Animals (International Movement (CAP. 19
and Disease)

"prescribed port area" means the area of any port of
entry, the limits of which are prescribed;

"Veterinary Authority"

(a) the Authority appointed under section 3 to
administer this Act including the Regulations;

(b) in relation to any other Member State, the
Authority appointed to administer the legislation of that
State enacted for purposes corresponding to the pur-
poses of this Act;

"veterinary biological product7' means any substance
commonly known as hormones, vaccines, sera,
toxins, anti-toxins, antigens and micro-organisms
living or killed, or any other biological substance
which is intended solely for use in the practice of
veterinary medicine, and includes semen of animals
for use in artificial insemination.

Administration

3. (1) The Minister may, by order, appoint such
public authority as he thinks fit to be the Veterinary Authority Veterinary

Authority.for the purposes of this

(2) It shall be the duty of the Veterinary Authority to
administer this Act and the Regulations.

(3) The Veterinary Authority shall on application in
writing by an exporter of any animal, animal animal
parts, veterinary biological product, fodder or litter, which
is to be exported from Antigua and Barbuda and on the
payment of the prescribed fee (if any), provide the
exporter with such certificate relating to the health, or to
any period of quarantine in Antigua and Barbuda, of any
animal or relating to the animal parts, veterinary
biological product, fodder of litter, as is required by the law
of the country of importation thereof, to be provided by
the Veterinary Authority.

(4) For the purpose of providing any certificate men-
tioned in subsection the Veterinary Authority may direct
that any animal, animal animal parts, veterinary

(International Movement

permit

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7.
animals, animal

carcases carcases3 and

(I),
provision-

(c)

7

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Animals (CAP. 19
and Disease)

(a) who has not obtained, in respect thereof, an
import issued under section 5, or

(b) who contravenes or fails to comply with any
term or condition contained in the import permit issued
in respect thereof under section 5 ,

shall be guilty of an offence.

(2) Any animal, animal animal parts,
veterinary biological product, fodder or litter in respect of
which an offence under subsection (1) is alleged to have been
committed may be seized by an inspector and, on convic-
tion of any person who may be charged with the offence,
shall be forfeited to the Crown and may be detained,
destroyed or otherwise disposed of as the Minister shall direct
without liability in the Crown for any such detention,
destruction or disposal.

(1) The Minister may, for the purposes of this Act,
prescribe the conditions under which, and the countries or
parts of countries from which, animals, animal
animal parts, veterinary biological products, fodder, litter,
dung and other similar things may be imported into Antigua.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection
the regulations may, in particular, make

(a) prescribing the ports of entry where animals
and the things mentioned in that subsection which are
to be imported into Antigua and Barbuda may be
landed;

(b) prescribing in respect of such ports of entry the
limits of the areas which may be used in connection
with animals and the things mentioned in subsection (1)
which are to be imported into Antigua and Barbuda;

prohibiting, restricting or regulating the move-
ment into, within or out of a prescribed port area, of
animals which are to be imported into Antigua and
Barbuda;

(d) providing for the cleansing and disinfecting, and
the subjecting to quarantine of vessels and aircraft used
for the transportation of animals to Antigua and
Barbuda;

other things.

carcase,

pur-

Regulations.

carcases

aniyal carcase,
animals,

carcases and

(21,

car-
animals, animal
carcases, Barbuda-

6

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

CAP. 19) Animals (International Movement
and Disease)

Appointment and
functions of
inspectors.

Restrictions on
importation of

animal

other things.

Penalties for
importation of

and
other things
without a permit.

biological products, fodder or litter shall be examined or
inspected by an inspector.

(5) Subject to this Act and the Regulations, the
Veterinary Authority shall provide any documentation or
information, as may reasonably be requested by the
Veterinary Authority of another Member State and which
appears to be necessary in preventing the introduction of
any prescribed disease into that Member State, or the spread
therein of any such disease, as consequence of the move-
ment of any animal, animal animal parts, veterinary
biological product, fodder or litter, dung or other similar
thing from Antigua and Barbuda to that Member State or
which relates to the provision of the safe and humane move-
ment of animals between Antigua and Barbuda and that
Member State.

4. The Minister may appoint inspectors for the
poses of this Act; and it is the duty of the inspectors to carry
out the provisions of this Act and the

Regulation o f importation o f animals, animal and other things

5 . (1) No animal, animal parts,
veterinary biological products, fodder or litter shall be im-
ported into Antigua and Barbuda, unless imported from a
prescribed country or any part thereof and in accordance
with an import permit issued by the Veterinary Authority.

(2) Any person who wishes to import into Antigua and
Barbuda any animal or any of the things mentioned in subsec-
tion (1) shall apply to the Veterinary Authority in the
prescribed manner.

(3) On receipt of an application made in accordance
with subsection the Veterinary Authority may, subject
to such terms and conditions as it thinks fit to impose, issue
to the applicant an import permit which shall be in the
prescribed form.

6. (1) Any person importing any animal, animal
case, animal parts, veterinary biological product, fodder or
litter into Antigua and

03

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(14)

G)

(k)

( I )

8

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

CAP. 19) Animals (International Movement
and Disease)

(e) prescribing and regulating the examination, in-
spection, seizure and detention of any animal or thing
mentioned in subsection (1) prior or subsequent to its
being landed in Antigua and Barbuda;

prescribing the documents, and their contents,
which are to be provided in connection with the impor-
tation into or landing in Antigua and Barbuda of any
animal or thing mentioned in subsection including
the certificate which is to be issued by the Veterinary
Authority of the country from which such animal or
thing is to be exported;

prescribing and regulating the testing of any
veterinary biological product which is to be, or may be,
imported into Antigua and Barbuda;

prescribing the times at which, and prescrib-
ing and regulating the mode and conditions under which
animals may be slaughtered in a prescribed port area;

(i) prohibiting or regulating the movement of any
of the things, other than animals, mentioned in subsec-
tion (1) and any utensil used in connection therewith
into, within or out of a prescribed port area and
regulating the disposal of any such thing or utensil;

requiring and regulating the mode of cleaning
and disinfecting in a prescribed port area of any items
whatsoever, including the hands or feet, the wearing
apparel or articles in the possession of any person
arriving in Antigua and Barbuda on any vessel or air-
craft being used for the transportation of animals or from
any country in which there is an outbreak of a prescribed
or any other infectious or contagious disease affecting
animals;

prescribing the marking of any animals
imported into Antigua and Barbuda by tagging or in
any other manner, whether as a condition of landing
or otherwise;

providing for the application to animals
imported into Antigua and Barbuda of any test for any
prescribed or other infectious or contagious disease or
of any treatment or vaccination or inoculation for any
such disease.

~ ~ ~ ;

~ ~ e n t

Regula- Power of Minister
prohibit

importationof

,,,,,,d

other in

(I) ,

pegulation of

cooked meats,

canned meats
by-

10. ~ ; ~ ~ ; ~ ~ f
of equipment used

~ i ~

carcase, carcase,,
and other things-

1 . ~ ~ f ~ ~ ~
in

their safety-

provision-

9

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Animals (International Movement (CAP. 19
and Disease)

8. (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of any
tions, the Minister, whenever he deems it necessary in order
to prevent the introduction of any prescribed disease into
Antigua and Barbuda or the spread of any such disease
therein may, by Order, prohibit the landing in Antigua and
Barbuda of such animals, animal carcases, animal parts,
veterinary biological product, fodder, litter, dung or other
similar things as he shall specify in the order, which have
been or may be brought to Antigua and Barbuda from such
country or from such part of any country, as he shall specify
in the order.

(2) The Minister shall, as soon as practicable after
making an order under subsection send notice of the
prohibition and, as soon as practicable after the removal of
the prohibition, notice thereof, to the Veterinary Authority
in every other Member State.

9. The Minister may prescribe the conditions under
which, and countries from which cooked meats, cooked
canned meats and by-products of cooked meat may be
imported into Antigua and Barbuda.

The Minister may make regulations, prohibiting
or regulating the importation into Antigua and Barbuda
any equipment, container or utensil which has been used
in connection with any animal, animal animal parts,
fodder or litter, dung or similar thing and which is capable
of transmitting any prescribed or other infectious or con-
tagious disease affecting animals.

Regulation of movement of animals

(1) The Minister may for purpose of the safe and
humane movement of animals between Antigua and Barbuda
and another country, prescribe the conditions under which
such animals may be moved by vessel or by aircraft, into
Antigua and Barbuda from another country, and from
Antigua and Barbuda to another country, and in particular,
the Regulations may make

(a) for ensuring for such animals a proper supply
of water and feed and proper ventilation during their
transportation from Antigua and Barbuda or upon their
landing in Antigua and Barbuda, as the case may be;

by order to

animals, animal

certain cases.

importation of

and meat
products.

interest

of-

12.

exemptions Regula-

10

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

CAP. 19) Animals (International Movement
and Disease)

Quarantine
stations.

Requirement of
quarantine and

therefrom.

(b) for protecting such animals from unnecessary
suffering on being loaded or unloaded in Antigua and
Barbuda and during their transportation from Antigua
and Barbuda.

(2) The Minister whenever he deems it necessary for
the safe and humane treatment of animals which are to be
moved from Antigua and Barbuda to another country, may
by order, prohibit, or require the postponement for such
period as he shall specify in the order

(a) the movement from Antigua and Barbuda of
such animals as he shall specify in the order; or

(b) the transportation from Antigua and Barbuda
of any animals on such vessel or aircraft as he shall
specify in the order.

Animal Quarantine

(1) The Minister may prescribe the stations which
may be used for the quarantining of animals for the pur-
poses of this Act and different stations may be prescribed
for the quarantining of different categories of animals.

(2) The Minister may not prescribe a station unless he
is satisfied that the station meets international standards for
the reception and quarantining of the animals to be received
there and, in particular, that an inspector or a duly qualified
veterinarian authorised for the purpose by the Minister is
available to provide veterinary attention at the station daily.

13. (1) Every animal which is imported into Antigua
and Barbuda shall, unless exempted by virtue of
tions, upon being landed be placed in quarantine for such
period and subject to such other conditions as may be
prescribed.

(2) The Minister may make regulations in respect of
the quarantining of animals that are subject to the require-
ment of being placed in quarantine under subsection (1) and
without prejudice to the generality of such power, may by
such Regulations prescribe, in relation to such categories of
animals as are specified therein, the period of time during
which, and the conditions under which, such animals shall

that-

Quarantine of

( I ) ,

11

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Animals (International Movement (CAP. 19
and Disease)

be kept in quarantine and he may prescribe different
periods and different conditions for different categories of
animals.

(3) The Minister may prescribe the categories of animals
which shall be exempted, and the conditions under which
such animals shall be exempted, from the requirement of
being placed in quarantine under subsection (1) .

(4) Notwithstanding that any animal to be imported into
Antigua and Barbuda is exempted from the requirement of
being placed in quarantine under subsection (1) an inspec-
tor who has cause to suspect

(a) the animal may be suffering from a prescribed
or other infectious or contagious disease; or

(b) the animal may have been in contact during
its transportation to Antigua and Barbuda with any other
animal which is or may be suffering from such a disease
or with any other animal which is not so exempted from
the requirement of being placed in quarantine; or

(c) the animal has otherwise been exposed to the
risk of contracting such a disease;

may in his discretion direct that the animal shall, on being
landed, be subject to the requirement of being placed in
quarantine.

(5) Nothing in this section shall be construed as restric-
ting the power of the Veterinary Authority to impose as a
condition in an import permit issued under section 5 in
respect of any animal to be imported into Antigua and
Barbuda the requirement that the animal be placed in
quarantine and to give directions therein with respect to the
period and conditions of quarantine of that animal.

14. (1) An animal which is, by virtue of this Act,
animals.

subject to the requirement of being placed in quarantine
shall, on being landed, be placed in such prescribed
quarantine station as the inspector who inspects the animal
prior to its being landed in Antigua and Barbuda shall
direct.

(2) Any animal which, whilst in a quarantine station
by virtue of subsection develops any prescribed or other
infectious or contagious disease or, in the opinion of the

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

12 CAP. 19) Animals (International Movement
and Disease)

inspector, shows symptoms of any such disease, the spread
of which would endanger animal health in Antigua and
Barbuda may with the approval of the Minister, be destroyed
without payment of any compensation.

Powers of arrest and search

Powers of arrest. 15. (1) Where any person-

(a) imports or lands in contravention of this Act
or the Regulations any animal, animal carcase, animal
parts, veterinary biological product, fodder, litter, dung,
or similar thing or any equipment, container or uten-
sil which has been used in connection with any animal
or with any of the things mentioned in the paragraph;

(6) fails to comply with any requirement of this
Act or the Regulations to place any animal in quaran-
tine or with any conditions imposed pursuant thereto;

(c) fails to comply with any requirement of this Act
or the Regulations, relating to the keeping or retention
of any animal in quarantine, or to its removal therefrom,
or any condition imposed pursuant thereto;

(d) fails to comply with any requirement of this
Act or the Regulations or any condition imposed pur-
suant thereto, relating to the disinfection of any animal
carcase, animal parts, fodder, litter, dung, or similar
thing or of any equipment, container or utensil or of
any part of the person or his wearing apparel or any
article in his possession;

any police officer or any inspector may, without a warrant
stop and detain him, and if his name and address are not
known to the police officer or inspector or cannot reasonably
be ascertained, the police officer or inspector may arrest him
without a warrant.

(2) Where any person obstructs or impedes any police
officer or inspector in the execution of his duties under this
Act or the Regulations, the police officer or inspector may
arrest that person without a warrant.

(3) A person arrested under this section shall be taken
with all practicable speed before a magistrate and shall not

(1)

believing-

carcase,

(6)

17. '?,";";S 2 7
aircraft.

13

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Animals (International Movement (CAP. 19
and Disease)

be detained without a warrant longer than is necessary for
that purpose.

An inspector may, without a warrant, at any powers of search.
time enter and search any land, building or place or may
stop, detain and examine any vessel, aircraft or vehicle,
wherein he has reasonable grounds for

16.

(a) that there is any animal, animal animal
parts, veterinary biological product, fodder, litter, dung
or similar thing, or any equipment, container or uten-
sil which has been used in connection with any animal
or thing mentioned in this paragraph, which has been
imported or landed in contravention of this Act or the
Regulations or in respect of which there has been a
failure to comply with any requirement imposed pur-
suant thereto;

that there is any animal in respect of which there
has been a failure to comply with any requirement of
this Act or the Regulations, or any condition imposed
pursuant thereto, to place it in quarantine or relating
to the keeping or retention of it in quarantine or its
removal therefrom.

(2) An inspector exercising any of the powers mentioned
in subsection (1) shall, if required by the owner, occupier
or other person in charge or control of the premises, vessel,
aircraft or vehicle, state in writing his reasons for the exer-
cise of such power.

(1) Where the Veterinary Authority is satisfied
that there has been a failure on the part of the master or
captain or other person in charge or control of any vessel
or aircraft in a prescribed port to comply with a require-
ment of this Act or the Regulations, or with a condition im-
posed pursuant thereto, the vessel or aircraft may be detain-
ed until the Minister otherwise directs.

(2) The Veterinary Authority shall forthwith deliver,
in writing, to the master or captain or other person in charge
or control of the vessel or aircraft particulars of the
non-compliance.

Mouement

Penalties. com-

carcase,

master

ta

19. regulations-

( 6 )

of

14

Regulations.

Review the
Schedule.

LAWS OF ANTIGUAAND BARBUDA

CAP. 19) Animals (International
and Disease)

Miscellaneous

18. ( 1 ) Any person who contravenes or fails to
ply with any requirements of this Act or any Regulation or
order made thereunder or any condition imposed pursuant
thereto shall be guilty of an offence under this Act.

( 2 ) Where any animal, animal animal parts,
veterinary biological product, fodder, litter, dung or similar
thing or any equipment, container or utensil which has been
used in connection with any animal or with any of the things
mentioned in this subsection is landed from any vessel or
aircraft in contravention of this Act or the Regulations, the

or the captain or other person in charge or control
of the vessel or aircraft and the owner thereof shall be guilty
of an offence under this Act.

(3) A person who is guilty of an offence under this Act
shall, where no other penalty is providing by this Act or by
the Regulations, be liable on summary conviction a fine
of ten thousand dollars and to imprisonment for one year.

The Minister may make

( a ) prescribing anything which is required or
authorised by this Act to be prescribed;

prescribing the fees which may be charged for
any purpose under this Act and the regulations; the per-
sons by whom and to whom they are to be paid and
the manner in which they may be recovered;

(c) generally for the better carrying out of the pro-
visions of this Act.

20. ( 1 ) The Minister shall cause an annual review
of the schedule to be made by the Veterinary Authority and
he may pursuant to any such review, by regulations made
under section 19 alter, vary or amend the schedule or
substitute a new Schedule therefor.

( 2 ) In carrying out the review under this section, the
Veterinary Authority shall have regard to such recommen-
dations as may be made in relation thereto by the Annual
Meeting of Animal Quarantine Officials of Member States
of the Caribbean Common Market.

BARBUD.4

Regulations

negative

Enzootic

Newcast!e
(Johne's

Dourine
M a l Coit), Ma1 Caderas

L~mphangitis

15

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND

Animals (International Mouement (CAP. 19
and Disease)

21. Regulations made under the provisions of this
subject to

Act shall be subject to negative resolutions of the Legislature.
resolutions.

SCHEDULE

Prescribed Diseases

African Horse Sickness
African Swine Fever
Anthrax
Atrophic Rhinitis
Bovine Leukosis
Bovine Viral Diarrhoea
Blue Tongue
Brucellosis
Bubonic Plague
Campylobacteriosis (Vibriosis)
Chronic Respiratory Disease
Contagious Bovine Pleuro-

pneumonia
Contagious Equine Metritis

Bovine Leukosis
Epicoetic Abortion

(Chlamydial)
Epizootic Lymphanangitis
Equine Encephalomyelitis
Equine Infectious Anaemia
Equine Influenza
Foot and Mouth Disease
Fowl Cholera
Fowl Typhoid
Glanders (or Farcy)
Haemorrhagic Septicaemia
Herpes Virus Group
Infectious Bovine

Rhinotrachoitis
Infectious Laryngotrachoitis
Leptospirosis
Leukosis (Marek's Disease)

Malignant Catarrhal Fever
Mango, ovine (or Sheep Scab)

Disease
Para-tuberculosis Disease)
Pox
Pseudo rabies (Anjesky's Disease)
Psittacosis Ornithosis
Pullorum Disease
Rabies
Rinderpest
Salmonellosis
Sarcoptic Mange in horses

Scabies
Scrapie
Shigellosis

Swine Erysipelas
Swine Fever (or Hog Cholera)
Swine Vesicular Disease
Theileriasis
Trichomoniasis
Trypanosomiases (including

or de de
Surra and Trypanesom Vivax Infection)
Tuberculosis
Ulcerative
Vesicular Exanthema

Vesicular Stomatitis
Virus Pneumonia
Yellow Fever
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