The CONSTITUTION of the DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC of VIETNAM _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ PREFACE Water is a unified Vietnam from lang son to the Mau.
Peoples of Vietnam through thousands of years of history is an ethnic industriousness is always heroically struggles to build the country and preserving the independence of the country.
For more than eighty years our country a protectorate of France and five years of fascist the Japanese occupation, the people of Vietnam did not stop United struggle against domination of alien invasion to liberate the country.
From the 1930s, under the leadership of the Communist Party, today's workers party of Vietnam, Vietnam's revolution has advanced to a new phase. Enduring struggle full of hardships and sacrifices of brave people against the domination of imperialism and feudalism has won great victory: the successful August revolution, the State Democratic Republic of Vietnam established, on 2 September 1945, President Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam independent of water before the nation and the world. For the first time in history, the people of Vietnam have built an independent and democratic Vietnam.
On 6 January 1946, the entire population of Vietnam from North to South were warmly engaged first general election elected Parliament. Congress passed the first Constitution clearly the tremendous victory of the people, promote the will of the whole nation firmly preserving the independence and unity of the motherland, protect freedom and democratic rights of the people.
But the French Empire was the American Empire help war invasion way Rob our country and getting people into slavery again. Under the leadership of the party of the working class and the Vietnam Government of Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the entire people we unite a stand up fight the aggressors. At the same time people have carried out land reform and reduction to pour, landlord class provides land for plowing. The long, arduous and extremely brave people of Vietnam, are socialist countries, oppressed peoples and people prefer the peace of the world agree and support, the glorious victory already. With the victory of Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam people defeated the French Empire and the American intervention. Treaty of Jam-ne-Venice in 1954 was signed, peace be independent again in Indochina on the basis of recognizing the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of our country.
The tremendous victory of the people of Vietnam is also the victory of the liberation movement of oppressed peoples, of the peace of the world and of the Socialist faction.
From when peace restored, in the North is totally liberated, the people have completed the democratic revolution. But the South also was feudal and imperialist domination, the country was temporarily divided into two domains.
Vietnam revolutionary move to a new situation. The people we need to consolidate the power out of the North, bringing the Northern advance to socialism and continue to fight for peaceful reunification, complete the task of revolutionary democratic nationalism in both countries.
A few years ago, people in the North have gained tremendous achievements in the economic recovery, cultural development. Currently, the Socialist renovation and Socialist construction in progress the victory.
In the Meanwhile, in the South, the American Empire and the thugs brutally suppressed the people's patriotic movement. They enhance infantry equipment, plot turn our country into the southern colonies and military bases to the war preparations of the American Empire. Them out the destructive power Jam agreement-ne-Venice, undermining peace, undermining the country's unity Vietnam career. But fellow Southern always heroically struggles, not. The people of the whole country to unite a pleasing, high Ocean flag of peace, unity, independence, democracy, resolutely forward to win the final victory. The career of peace, national unity will succeed.
In the new phase of the revolution, the National Assembly, we need to modify the Constitution in 1946 for the appropriate to the situation and the new tasks.
The new Constitution clearly tremendous revolutionary victories won in recent years and stating the goal striving of people in the new period.
My State is democratic State, based on the agricultural Union, led by the working class leadership. The new Constitution specified the political regime, the economy and society of our country, helping each other equality relations between peoples in the country, ensuring the inclusion of Northern us advancing socialism, continuously improve the material and cultural life of the people, build strong northern as the basis for the struggle for peaceful reunification.
The new Constitution stipulates the responsibilities and powers of the State authorities, the rights and obligations of the citizens, in order to promote the creation of people in construction of water, and protect the homeland.
The new Constitution is a constitutional democracy. The new Constitution is the power of encouragement the people all over the country we're excited up to win new victories. People determined to further promote patriotism, traditional solidarity, releases the gas fight and enthusiastic employees. People determine to further strengthen their solidarity with the brotherly countries of the Socialist faction headed by the great Soviet Union, strengthening the solidarity with the people of the Asian-African countries and people prefer peace in the world.
Under the leadership of the workers party of Vietnam throughout the morning, the Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the President, all people unite in front of ethnic unity, will win a glorious victory in the career of building socialism in the North and make reunification. Certain people successfully built a country Vietnam peace, unity, independence, democracy and wealth, contributing to deserve to protect peace in Southeast Asia and the world.
Chapter I the COUNTRY the DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC of Vietnam is a country article 1 block North-South reunification cannot be divided.
Article 2 the country Democratic Republic of Vietnam, established and strengthened by the victory that the people of Vietnam have won in August and glorious revolution resistance heroes, is a democratic country.
Article 3 the country Democratic Republic of Vietnam is a unified country composed of many nationalities.
The peoples living in the country of Vietnam are equal in terms of rights and obligations. The State has the task of preserving and developing the solidarity between peoples. All acts of contempt, oppression, ethnic split is strictly prohibited.
The peoples have the right to maintain or modify the customs, use voice writing, cultural development his nation.
The local ethnic minorities live, the focus might formed the autonomous area. The autonomous region is the integral parts of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
The State strove to help minorities advance lick up the economic and cultural level.
Article 4 all power in the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam belong to the people. People use his power through the National Assembly and people's Councils of all levels elected by the people and responsible to the people.
Parliament, the people's Council levels and other State agencies were practicing the principle of democratic concentration.
Article 5 The National Assembly deputies and the election of deputies to the people's Assembly are conducted under the principle of universal, equal, direct and secret ballot.
Deputies and delegates to the people's Council levels may be voters dismissed before his term if proved to be unworthy of the trust of the people.
Article 6 all State organs must rely on the people, close contact with people, listen and under the control of the people.
All State Agency employees must be loyal to the people's democratic regime, comply with the Constitution and the law, very whole-heartedly serving the people.
Article 7 prohibits the State and punish any act of treason, against the people's democratic regime, against the unified country career.
Article 8 of the armed forces of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam is the country of the people, have the task of protecting the achievements of the revolution, protect the independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of the nation, defend freedom, happiness and peaceful of labor career people.
Chapter II ECONOMIC and SOCIAL REGIME of article 9 the country Democratic Republic of Vietnam gradually progressed from the democratic regime up socialism by developing and improving national economy under socialism, turning backward economy into a socialist economy with industry and modern agriculture , science and advanced technology.
The basic purpose of the economic policy of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam is constantly developing the jewelry manufacturer aimed at improving the material and cultural life of the people.
Article 10 the State of economic activity according to a unified plan.
The State relies on State agencies, unions, cooperatives and other institutions of the labor to build and implement economic plans.
Article 11 in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the interim, the Forms property is mainly about current production data is: form of State ownership of the entire population, i.e. the form of the property of the cooperative form of ownership i.e. people's collective labor , the form of ownership of individual workers, and form of bourgeois nationalism.
Article 12 State economy in the form of the property of the whole people, hold a leadership role in the national economy and the State guaranteed development priority.
The mines, rivers, and forests, wasteland, other resources that law is that of the State, are owned by the whole people.
Article 13 cooperative economy in the form of collective ownership of the people labor.
Special State encourage, guide and assist the development of the cooperative economy.
Article 14 the State under the law for protection of ownership of land and other production materials of farmers.
State Jewelry Guide, helping farmers improve farming techniques, production development, and encourages the farmers cooperative organizations in manufacturing, purchasing cooperatives and cooperative borrowing under the voluntary principles.
Article 15 the State under the law for protection of ownership documents produced by people who do craft and individual workers.
State Jewelry Guide, help those who make crafts and other individual workers improve working and encouraging them to organize the cooperative production and purchasing cooperatives voluntary principles.
Article 16 the State under the law for protection of ownership of production and wealth of bourgeois nationalism.
The State strove to lead capitalist nation works to benefit the national population plan, contribute to national economic development consistent with the State's economic plan. The State encourages and guides the bourgeois nationalism follow the Socialist renovation by the investment business forms and the forms of other improvements.
Article 17 the State prohibiting the use proprietary property to make the economic activities of the disorder society, undermining the State economic plan.
Article 18 the State protection of property rights of citizens about the wealth of legal income, wealth to spend, housing and other private items.
Article 19 the State under the law of protection of private property right of succession of the citizens.
Article 20 only when necessary for the common good, the new State features the purchase, or requisition, levied have proper compensation of the material produced in urban and rural areas, the extent and conditions set by law.
Article 21 labor is the basis for national economic development and improving the material and cultural life of the people.
Labor is the duty and honor of the citizens.
The State encourages creativity and positive spirit in the labor of those who labour and labour's mind.
Chapter III FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS and OBLIGATIONS of the CITIZENS What citizens 22 Democratic Republic of Vietnam are equal before the law.
Article 23 citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, irrespective of ethnicity, race, gender, social composition, religion, property status, beliefs, cultural level, occupation, residence, time limit from eight mưới years of age have the right to vote, from twenty-one years of age have the right to candidacy except for those lost and those courts or law disenfranchised and candidacy.
The citizens are in the military have the right to vote and the nomination.
Article 24 women Vietnam Republic democracy countries have equal rights with men on the face of the political activity, the economy, culture, society and family.
Along the same jobs, women are paid on par with men. The State guarantees for women workers and women employees are on holiday before and after laying which still enjoy salary resources.
State protection of the rights of the mother and of the child, ensure the development of midwifery, daycare and kindergarten.
State protection of marriage and the family.
Article 25 citizens Democratic Republic of Vietnam has the right to freedom of speech, press, Assembly, Association and demonstration. The State guarantees the necessary physical conditions to the citizens enjoy the same rights.
Article 26 citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam has the right to freedom of religion, or follow a religion.
Article 27 the right to physical inviolability of citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was secured. No one can be arrested without the decision of the courts or the approval of the people's Procuracy.
Article 28 the law guaranteed citizens ' houses in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam cannot be compromised, correspondence is kept confidential.
Citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam has the right to freedom of residence and travel.
Article 29 citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam have the right to complain and accuse any government agency regarding the illegal behavior of employees in State organs. The complaints and denunciations must be reviewed and resolved quickly. The victims because the offense of State agency personnel have the right to compensation.
Article 30 citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam has the the right to work. The State based on the development plan of the national economy, gradually expanded the work, improve labor conditions and wages, to ensure citizens enjoy the same rights.
Article 31 workers have the right to rest. State regulation of working time and the rest of the workers and employees, the gradual expansion of the material conditions of rest and health resorts, to secure for workers enjoy the same rights.
Article 32 workers have the right to material assistance when ill, illness, or loss of labour power. The gradual expansion of State social insurance institutions, rescue and medical workers to secure that right.
Citizens ' Democratic Republic of Vietnam have the right to study. The State made every step of the educational mode of compulsion, the gradual development of schools and cultural agencies, the development of supplementary educational, technical, cultural, in the agencies, enterprises and other organizations in urban and rural areas, to ensure citizens enjoy the same rights.
Article 34 citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam has the right to freedom of scientific research, literary and artistic creation, and the conduct of other cultural activities. The State shall encourage and assist creativity of the citizens to pursue a career in science, literature, art and other cultural career.
Article 35 the State places special emphasis on the youth education in Germany, fitness, mind.
Article 36 State protection of legitimate rights of the Vietnamese.
Article 37 the alien because of the struggle for freedom, for that, for peace and for the scientific career that being persecuted were the State of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam allow reside.
Article 38 no one was taking advantage of democratic freedoms to violate the interests of the State and of the people.
Article 39 citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam is obliged to abide by the Constitution, law, labor law, public order, and the rules of social activities.
Article 40 public property of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam is the inalienable sanctity. Citizens have the obligation to respect and protect public property.
Article 41 citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam is obliged to pay taxes according to law.
Article 42 protects the homeland is sacred and noble obligation for citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
Citizens have the obligation to do military service to defend the country.
Chapter IV CONGRESS of the 43 Things Congress is the highest State power of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam water.
Article 44 the National Assembly is the only body to have legislative power of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
Article 45 term of each of the key Parliament is four years.
Two months before the Congress term, they must elect a new National Assembly is completed.
Election rules and the number of deputies by law.
In the event of war or other extraordinary circumstances, Congress could decide to prolong his tenure and the measures necessary to ensure the operation of the Congress and of the deputies.
Article 46 the meeting twice each year by Congress, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly by the Committee of the National Assembly may convene an extraordinary meeting of Parliament by its decision or at the request of the Council or Government of at least one third of the total number of Deputies.
The Committee of the National Assembly must convene the new Parliament at the latest two months after the election.
Article 47 when Congress meeting shall elect the Chairman of the delegation to the meeting.
Article 48 of the Statute and the resolutions of the Congress must be half the total number of Deputies voted approval, except in cases specified in Article 112 of the Constitution.
Article 49 Of the Act must be published at the latest within fifteen days after Congress had passed.
Article 50 of the National Assembly has the following powers: 1 to Make the Constitution and the Constitution.
2-Do the law.
3-supervising the enforcement of the Constitution.
4-election of the President and Vice President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
5-at the suggestion of the President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam decided to sent the Prime Minister; According to the recommendation of the Prime Minister sent Deputy Prime Minister and the other members of the Government Council.
6-at the suggestion of the President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam sent Deputy Chairman and other members of the National Defense Council.
7-Elected Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court.
8-Elected Rector the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
9-dismissed President, Vice Presidents of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and the other members of the Government Council, the Vice President and the other members of the Defence Council, the Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court, the head of the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
10-decide State economic planning.
11-review and approval of estimation and settlement budget of the State.
12-assign the tax stuff.
13-approve the establishment and abolition of the ministries and ministerial bodies.
14-approved the demarcation boundaries provinces, autonomous regions and directly governed city.
15-decision college dormitories.
16-solve issues of war and peace.
17-The other necessary powers by the National Assembly.
Article 51 National Assembly Committee is the permanent organ of the Congress elected by the National Assembly.
The Committee of the National Assembly include:-President,-The Vice President, Secretary,-The Commissioner.
Article 52 National Assembly Committee responsible for the report and the work of Parliament.
The National Assembly has the right to dismiss the members of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly.
Article 53 the Commission of the National Assembly has the following powers: 1-Declaration and presided over the election of delegates to Congress.
2-convened National Assembly.
3-explain the law.
5-decide the referendum the people.
6-monitoring the work of the Government Council, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
7-modified or abrogated the decrees, resolutions, directives of the Government Council opposed the Constitution, laws and ordinances; amendment or repeal of the resolutions of the Council of the inadequacy of the people of the province, autonomous region, central cities, and dissolution of the aforementioned councils in case the people's Councils which do damage to the interests of the people in a serious way.
8-during the Parliament meeting, the decision not to appoint or dismiss the Deputy Prime Minister and the other members of the Government Council.
9-appointed or dismissed the Deputy Chief Justice, judges of the Supreme People's Court.
10-appointed or dismissed Deputy Prosecutor, the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
11-decides the appointment or dismissed the diplomatic Plenipotentiary of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam country abroad.
12 to decide whether to ratify or annul the Treaty signed with a foreign country, except in cases where the Committee of the National Assembly must review the decision to Congress.
13-function and regulation, diplomacy and military level these functions and other levels.
14-the decision to parole.
15-rules and decide the medals and State honors.
16-during the Parliament meeting, decide whether or not to declare a State of war in case the country is invaded.
17 to decide the general mobilization or partial mobilization.
18-decided the curfew in the country or locality.
In addition to the above powers, Congress could give the Committee the National Assembly the other powers when it deems necessary.
Article 54 of the resolution of the Committee of the National Assembly must be half the total number of voting members.
Article 55 of the National Assembly Committee on duty until the new Parliament voted a new Standing Committee.
Article 56 National Assembly elects the Committee verifies the status of Deputies deputies. The National Assembly based on the report of the Committee verifies that the decision to confirm the status of Deputies deputies.
Article 57 Parliament established the Committee of law project, the budget and Planning Committee, and the other Committee that Parliament deems necessary to help Congress and the Committee of the National Assembly.
If Congress found it necessary, and in time the Congress not meeting, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly if found necessary, you can organize the committees investigation on certain issues. While the Committee investigating work, State agencies, unions and citizens have the duty to provide the documentation necessary for the Committee to investigate.
Article 59 The deputies have the right questions in the Government Council and the bodies in the Council of Government.
Agency to be questioned must reply within five days; need to investigate the case, the time limit for replies is a month.
Article 60 without the consent of the Congress, and in time the Congress not meeting, without the consent of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, was not arrested and prosecuted deputies.
Chapter V the PRESIDENT of the DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC of Vietnam President 61 Thing democracy is people on behalf of the countries of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in terms of domestic and foreign.
Article 62 the President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam led by the Congress of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam country elects. Citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from thirty-five years of age have the right candidate for President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The term of the President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam under the term of the National Assembly.
Article 63 the President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam based on the decision of the National Assembly or of the Committee of the National Assembly that declared the laws and ordinances; appoint, dismiss the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and the other members of the Government Council; appointed, dismissed the Vice President and the other members of the National Defense Council; the command property and the University announced a special amnesty order; medals and honors of the State; declaring a State of war; announced orders general mobilization or partial mobilization, announced the curfew.
Article 64 the President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam receiving diplomatic Plenipotentiary of foreign elections; based on the decision of the National Assembly or of the Committee of the National Assembly that approved the Treaty signed with foreign countries, and recalled the diplomatic Plenipotentiary of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam country abroad.
Article 65 State President of Vietnam democracy that dominates the competition forces nationwide, serving President of the Defense Council.
Article 66 the President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam, when it deems it necessary, have the right to attend and preside the sessions of the Government Council.
Article 67 President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam when it deems necessary it shall convene and preside the political Conference Special.
A special political meeting included Presidents and Vice Presidents of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the Prime Minister and other relevant people.
Special Political Conference consider the major problems of the country. The comments of special political conference due to the President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam moved to Parliament, the Committee of the National Assembly, the Government or other authorities for discussion and decision-making.
Article 68 Vice President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam to help the President do the task, can be President of the new President of credentials in each functional division.
The election and tenure of the Vice President as the election rules and the President's term.
Article 69 the President and Vice President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam duty until the new President and new Vice President position.
Article 70 when the Presidents of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam as the health situation that didn't work was in a long time, the Vice President acting President.
When the President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam physically then Vice President acting President until a new President voted.
Chapter VI Article 71 GOVERNMENT COUNCIL Government Council is the executive body of the highest State power, and is the administrative agency of the State of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
The Council is responsible for the Government and report the work of Parliament, during which time the Congress meeting shall not be responsible and report the work Committee of the National Assembly.
Article 72 of Council include: Government-Prime Minister,-The Deputy Prime-Ministers,-The Chairman of the State Committee,-the General Director of the State Bank.
The Organization of the Council of the Government by law.
Article 73 of Council of Government based on the Constitution, the law and the Ordinance which regulates the administrative measures, issued the decrees, resolutions, instructions and check the enforcement of the decrees, resolutions and directives.
Article 74 Government Council has the following powers: 1-The project of law, Ordinance project and other projects before the Congress and the Committee of the National Assembly.
2-unified leadership the work of the departments and agencies of the Government Council.
3-unity leadership the work of the Administrative Committee.
4-modify or annul the decision inappropriately of the Ministry, the bodies in the Council of Government; to modify or repeal the decision inappropriately Administrative Committee levels.
5-suspension of the enforcement of the resolutions of the Council of the inadequacy of the people of the province, autonomous region, central cities and suggest the Commission of the National Assembly to amend or repeal the resolution.
6-economic plan Executive and State budget.
7-internal trade and foreign trade management.
8-management of cultural, social work.
September 9-protecting the interests of the State, maintaining public order, the protection of the rights of citizens.
10-leader of the building of the armed forces of the State.
13-approved the demarcation of boundaries of administrative units below the provincial level.
14-enforcement mobilization, curfew and all necessary measures to protect the country.
15-appointed and dismissed the staff of State agencies as prescribed by law.
In addition to the above powers, the National Assembly or the Standing Committee of the National Assembly can be given to the Council of the Government of the other powers when it deems necessary.
Article 75 the Prime presiding the Council of the Government and leader of the Council of Government. The Deputy Prime Minister to help the Prime Minister, the credentials can be replaced Prime Minister when the Prime Minister is absent.
Article 76 the Ministers and heads of agencies in the Government Council, the leader of his profession under the unified leadership of the Assembly Government.
Within the scope of their powers, on the basis and to enforce the law and decrees, resolutions, directives of the Council of the Government, Ministers and heads of Government Council bodies out the circulars, directives and examine the implementation of the circular, directive.
Article 77 In conducting their duty, the members of the Council of the Government must be responsible before the law for the violation of the Constitution and the law causing damage to the State or to the people.
Chapter VII COUNCIL and LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEES Article 78 LEVELS of administrative units in the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam assign as follows: divided into provinces, autonomous regions, and cities under central;
The province divided into the district, city or town;
District divided into communes.
The administrative unit in the autonomous areas by the law.
Article 79 administrative units are established in the people's Council and the Administrative Committee.
The city can be divided into neighborhood Council and the Administrative Committee according to the decision of the Government Council.
Article 80 of the people's Council is the organ of State power in local.
The people's Council level local elected by the people and responsible to the local people.
Article 81 the term of each people's Council key, autonomous regions, and cities under central is three years.
The term of each of the key District Councils, cities, towns, villages, townships, neighborhoods is two years.
The term of each people's Council key levels in the autonomous region by law.
Terms of election and of the deputies of the people's Council granted by law.
Article 82 the Council guaranteed the people's respect and obey the laws of the State in the locality; construction planning, economy, culture and the public interest career locally; review and approval of estimation and settlement of local budgets; maintain order and local security, protect public property, the protection of the rights of citizens, guaranteed the equal rights of peoples.
Article 83 base on the law of the State and the resolution of the upper level, the people's Council resolution enforced locally.
Article 84 the Council elected Administrative Committee and has the right to dismiss the members of the Administrative Committee.
The people's Council, elected and dismissed Chief Justice courts to grant themselves.
Article 85 councils have the power to amend or repeal the decision inappropriately Administrative Committee; the right to amend or repeal the resolution inappropriately of lower level councils directly and the inadequacy of the decision of the Administrative Committee of direct subordinates.
Article 86 the people's Council levels has the right to dissolve the Councils direct subordinate when this Council do damage to the interests of the people in a serious way. Resolution dissolution must be upper level councils directly ratify before implementation. Resolution dissolution must be upper level councils directly ratify before implementation. The resolution of dissolution of the people's Council of the province, autonomous region, central cities must be the Committee of the National Assembly to ratify before implementation.
Article 87 of the Administrative Committee of the Executive Agency is the level of local councils, is the administrative body of the local State.
Article 88 the Administrative Committee consists of the Chairman, one or more Vice Presidents, a Secretary and fellow members.
The term of the Administrative Committee according to the term of the people's Council was elected.
When the people's Council term or dissolution, the Administrative Committee continued on duty until the new people's Assembly elects new Executive Committee.
The Organization of the Administrative Committee of the level due to the law.
Article 89 the Administrative Committee of the management of local administrative work; resolutions of the Executive Council and the level of resolution, the order of the State administrative bodies.
Administrative Committee for the grant of statutory authority pursuant to which the decision, directive and check the enforcement of the decision, the directive.
Article 91 Administrative Committee the leadership the work of the branches in their rights and of the Administrative Committee.
The Administrative Committee granted the right to modify or repeal the decision inappropriately of their rights in the work of the Administrative Committee and lower levels.
The Administrative Committee the authority to suspend the enforcement of the resolution inappropriately of lower level councils directly and suggest his level councils to modify or repeal the resolution.
Article 91 Administrative Committee levels are responsible and report the work before his level councils and State agencies before the upper level directly.
The Administrative Committee granted subject to the leadership of the Administrative Committee and the leadership of the Council of Government.
The people's Council and Executive Committee in the Article 92 held autonomous region people's Council and administrative committees in the autonomous regions must be based on the basic principles of organization of the people's Council and the Administrative Committee of the level specified above.
Article 93 of the autonomous area there are many peoples lived lẵn, the people's Council will have appropriate representation of the peoples.
Article 94 the Council and the Administrative Committee of the autonomous regions under autonomous jurisdiction prescribed by law to which the planning of economic development and culture appropriate to the local situation, financial management, organization of the self-defense militia force and local police.
Article 95 In autonomous jurisdiction, the people's Council in the autonomous areas can be screened according to the characteristics of politics, economy and culture of the local peoples that set off the autonomous Charter and the Charter of the separate issues to local enforcement after the Commission was approved by the National Assembly.
Article 96 superior State organs must ensure for the people's Council and the Administrative Committee of the autonomous region used the autonomy and help the minorities progress the construction of politics, economy and culture.
Chapter VIII CIVIL COURTS and PROCURATOR of the PEOPLE'S COURTS Article 97 the Supreme People's Court of Vietnam Republic of democratic countries, the local people's courts, the military courts are the judicial organs of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
In case of need to trial the case, Congress may decide to establish the Special Court.
Article 98 The practice courts judges elected regime in accordance with the law.
The term of Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court is five years.
The Organization of people's courts by law.
Article 99 The trial in the people's courts of the people's assessors have participated under the provisions of the law. When judging people's assessors, on par with the judge.
Article 100 When judging, people's courts have the right to independence and only obey the law.
Article 101 The trial in the people's courts are public, except in special cases by law.
The rights of the accused are guaranteed.
Article 102 courts guaranteed for citizens of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the minority can use voice and his writing before the courts.
Article 103 of the Supreme People's Court is the highest judicial body of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
The Supreme People's Court of Directors of the trial of the local people's courts, military courts and special courts.
Article 104 of the Supreme People's Court is responsible and report the work of Parliament, during which time the Congress meeting shall not be responsible and report the work Committee of the National Assembly. The local people's Court is responsible and report the work before local councils.
105 Article PEOPLE'S PROCURACY Procurator of the Supreme People's Democratic Republic of Vietnam country Prosecutor obeys the laws of agencies in the Government Council, the local State agencies, State Agency employees and citizens.
The local people's Procuratorate and the military procurator has the right within the Prosecutor by law.
Article 106 of the Minister the Supreme People's Procuracy is five years.
The Organization of the people's Procuratorate due to law.
Article 107 people's Procuratorate granted only under the leadership of the people's Procuracy and the leadership of the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
Article 108 the Supreme People's Procuracy is responsible and report the work of Parliament, during which time the Congress meeting shall not be responsible and report the work Committee of the National Assembly.
Chapter IX FLAG-EMBLEM-capital Article 109
Flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam country red background, in between have gold stars in the wings.
Article 110 of the country the Democratic Republic of Vietnam circular, red, in between have gold stars in the wings, there are rice, cotton around the bottom half serrated wheel and the words "Democratic Republic of Vietnam".
Article 111 the water capital of Democratic Republic of Vietnam is Hanoi.
Chapter X AMENDMENT 112 Article CONSTITUTION only Congress has the right to amend the Constitution. The amendment must be at least two-thirds of the total number of Deputies voted approval.
This Constitution was the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam country tags first, eleventh session, unanimously passed in the session on December 31, 1959, 15 hours 50./.
Ton Duc Thang (signed)