Circular 13/tt-Btnmt-2011: Rules Of Process Engineering Environmental Monitoring Surface Water The Continent

Original Language Title: Thông tư 29/2011/TT-BTNMT: Quy định quy trình kỹ thuật quan trắc môi trường nước mặt lục địa

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 The CIRCULAR regulates the technical process of surface water environmental monitoring the continent _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ the MINISTER of NATURAL RESOURCES and the ENVIRONMENT pursuant to Decree No. 25/2008/ND-CP DATED April 3, 2008 of the Government functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of the Ministry of natural resources and the environment , has been modified and supplemented in the Decree No. 19/2010/ND-CP of March 2010 and Decree No. 89/2010/ND-CP on August 16, 2010;
Pursuant to Decree 102/2008/ND-CP dated 15 September 2008 by the Government on the collection, management, exploitation and use of the data on resources and the environment;
Pursuant to decision No. 16/2007/QD-TTg dated October 1, 2007 by the Prime Minister approving the overall planning of observation networks and national environment by 2020;
Proposal of the General Director of the Environmental Bureau, Director of science and technology and Director of the legislation, the PROVISIONS: chapter I GENERAL PROVISIONS article 1. Scope this circular regulates the technical process of surface water environmental monitoring, including: determining the objective observation, monitoring program design and implement monitoring program.
Article 2. Application object 1. This circular applies to the following objects: a) The governing body of the State of the environment in the Central and local levels; the station, the Centre for environmental monitoring environmental monitoring network in the country and the network of local environmental monitoring;
b) the organization can function, the tasks of environmental monitoring activities, activity services environmental monitoring to deliver the report, figures for State administration of the environment in the Central and local levels;
2. This circular does not apply to environmental monitoring activities in the continental surface water by automatic equipment, constantly.
Article 3. The principle of applying the criteria, the method cited 1. The application of the standard, the method invoked must abide by the standards, monitoring and analysis methods are stipulated in chapter II of this circular;
2. in case of the standard methods of observation and analysis of the provisions of chapter II of this circular to modify, supplement or replace the standard applies, the new method.
Chapter II the TECHNICAL PROCESS of SURFACE WATER ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING the CONTINENT article 4. The objective observation of The basic objectives in environmental monitoring of surface water was: 1. Assess current state of surface water quality in the area, local;
2. Reviews the relevance of the standard allows for water environment;
3. Reviews of water quality performance over time and space;
4. the phenomenon of early warning of pollution of water resources;
5. According to the other requirements of the national environmental management, regional, local.
Article 5. Monitoring program design program design must be after the authority or governing body monitoring program approved or approved in writing. The design of monitoring program water environment present particular continent as follows: 1. The type of observation based on objective observation, when designing the monitoring program should determine the type of observation is environmental monitoring environmental monitoring or background effects.
2. Location and the location of the observation of a) the determination of the location of surface water environmental monitoring the continent depends on the General objectives of the monitoring program and the specific conditions of each monitoring location;
b) based on the requirements of the monitoring required objects (rivers, streams, lakes, ponds ...) that build grid monitoring points accordingly. The number of sampling points must be competent to decide every year;
c) monitoring locations need a stable, representative selection was for the water environment in need of observation, identified the exact coordinates and marked on the map.
3. monitoring parameters according to the objectives of the monitoring program, types of water sources, the purpose of use, source of pollution or source of receiving that observation of the following parameters: a) the measured parameters, field analysis: pH, temperature (to), dissolved oxygen concentration (DO), electrical conductivity (EC), turbidity , the total dissolved solids (TDS);
b) other parameters: temperature, oxidation/reduction (Eh or ORP), total suspended solids (TSS), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrite (NO2-), nitrate (NO3-), ammonium (NH4 +), sunphat (SO42-), phosphate (PO43-), total nitrogen (T-N), phosphorus (P-T), silicate (SiO32-), iron (Fe), chloride (Cl-), fluoride (F-), alkalinity, coliform, e. coli, coli phecal cyanides, (CN-), silicon dioxide (SiO2), oil, grease, arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), manganese (Mn), sodium ions (Na +), potassium (K +), magnesium (Mg2 +), calcium (Ca2 +), phenols, surface active substances. chemical residues and plant protection, plankton and benthos;
c) based on the condition of the equipment, staff observations that can quickly measure several parameters specified in point b of paragraph 3 of this article.
4. Time and frequency of observation of a) frequency of surface water environmental monitoring were defined as follows:-the frequency of observation platform: minimum 1 times per month;
-The frequency of observation impact: a minimum of 12 times per quarter.
Based on the requirements of the environmental management, monitoring goals, characteristics of water resources as well as economic conditions and technique that determine appropriate monitoring frequency.
b) At the location of the affected tidal regime or major change in properties, flow velocity, the number of times the surface water sampling a minimum of 2 times per day, ensuring broad evaluation was the influence of tidal regime.
5. Plan the monitoring plan monitoring based on the monitoring program, include the following: a) the list of monitoring implementation and human resources assigned to the tasks for each officer involved;
b) list of institutions, individual participants, coordinate implementation of environmental monitoring (if available);
c) the category of the equipment, tools, chemicals field monitoring and laboratory analysis;
d) vehicles, protective equipment, safety assurance for environmental monitoring activities;
sample types) need to get the sample volume, and time-saving templates;
e) methods of analysis in the laboratory;
g) funds perform environmental monitoring;
h implementation plan) quality assurance and quality control in environmental monitoring.
Article 7. Implement monitoring program the Organization perform monitoring program include the following: 1. Preparation before conducting field monitoring need perform preparation work as follows: a) the preparation of documents, maps, diagrams, General information about the defined area sampling;
b) track to the climate, the weather happenings;
c) prepare the necessary equipment and instruments; checking, cleaning and calibration of equipment and instruments for sampling, measuring, try before out in the field;
d) prepared reagents, supplies, tools and sample preservation service model: dd) prepare the label templates, forms, logs and monitoring regulatory analysis;
e) prepared the vehicles operated sampling and transport of samples;
g) preparing the equipment for protection, labor safety assurance;
h) prepare funding and monitoring human resources;
I) prepares foundations stay for long work days;
k) preparing the document, the relevant form.
2. Sampling, measuring and analyzing the scene a) surface water sampling the continent must follow one of the methods specified in table 1 below: table 1. Surface water sampling methods in the continental model standard number Types STT, 1 method of water Sample streams • TCVN 6236-6:2008 (ISO 6621-6:2005);
• APHA 1060 B 2 water ponds • TCVN 5994:1995 (ISO 6621-4:1987) 3 Samples for microbiological analysis • ISO 19458 4 samples of the sediment • TCVN 6208-15:2004 (ISO 6621-15:1999) b) with respect to the parameters measured, field analysis: according to the manual monitoring devices of the manufacturer;
c) when no national standards on methods of surface water sampling the continent in table 1 of this circular shall apply international standards already specified in table 1 or the application of other international standards have an accuracy of equivalent or higher;
d) the work of quality assurance and quality control at the scene made according to the text, the regulations of the Ministry of natural resources and environment on quality assurance guidelines and quality control in environmental monitoring.
3. Storage and transport of samples of water Samples taken are preserved and stored according to national standards ISO 6621-3:2008 (equivalent to ISO quality standard 6621-3:2003).
4. The analysis in the laboratory a) based on the data quality objectives and conditions in the lab, analyzing the parameters must comply with one of the methods set forth in table 2 below: table 2. Analytical methods in laboratory parameters STT standard number parameters, method 1 TSS • TCVN 6625:2000 (ISO 11923:1997);
• APHA-2540. D




2


COD


• TCVN 6491:1999 (ISO 6060:1989);
• APHA-5220 C/D




3


BOD5



• ISO 6001-1:2008 (ISO 5815-1:2003);
• ISO 6001-2:2008 (ISO 5815-2:2003);
• APHA-5210. B




4


NH4+


• TCVN 6179-1:1996 (ISO 7150-1:1984);
• 6660 ISO: 2000 (ISO 14911:1988);
• TCVN 5988-1995 (ISO 5664:1984);
• APHA-4500-NH3. F




5


NO2-


• TCVN 6178:1996 (ISO 6777:1984);
• TCVN 6494-1:2011 (ISO 10304-1:2007);
• APHA 4500-NO2. B.




6


NO3-


• TCVN 6180:1996 (ISO 7890:1988);
• TCVN 7323-1:2004 (ISO 7890-1:1986) • TCVN 7323-2:2004 (ISO 7890-2:1986);
• TCVN 6494-1:2011 (ISO 10304-1:2007);
• APHA 4500-NO3-. E;
• EPA 352.1




7


PO43-


• TCVN 6202:2008 (ISO 6878:2004);
• TCVN 6494-1:2011 (ISO 10304-1:2007);
• APHA-4500. P. E




8


T-P


• TCVN 6202:1996;
• APHA 4500. P.B. E 9 SO42-• ISO 6200:1996 (ISO 6878:2004);
• TCVN 6494-1:2011 (ISO 10304-1:2007);
• APHA 4500-SO4-2. E;
• EPA 375.4




10


SiO2


• APHA 4500-Si.E




11


CN-


• TCVN 6181:1996 (ISO 6703:1984);
• TCVN 7723:2007 (ISO 14403:2002);
• APHA 4500.C và E




12


Cl-


• TCVN 6194-1:1996;
• TCVN 6494-1:2011 (ISO 10304-1:2007);
• 4500.Cl-APHA. B F-13 • ISO 6195-1996 (ISO 10359-1:1992);
• TCVN 6494-1:2011 (ISO 10304-1:2007);




14 Na + and K + • TCVN 6196-1:1996 (ISO 9964-1:1993 E) and ISO 6196-2:1996 (ISO 9964-2:1993 E) • 6660 ISO: 2000 (ISO 14911:1988);
• APHA 3500.Na/K 15 Ca2 + and Mg2 + • ISO 6224:1996 (ISO 6059:1984 (E));
• TCVN 6201:1995;
• 6660 ISO: 2000 (ISO 14911:1988);
• APHA-3500. CA/Mg of Fecal Coliform 16 • ISO 6472-1:1996 (ISO 9308-1:1990);
• ISO 6472-2:1996 (ISO 9308-1:1990);
• APHA 9221;
• APHA 9222




17


Cu


• TCVN 6193:1996 (ISO 8288:1986);
• EPA 6010. B;
• APHA 3500-Cu




18


Ni


• TCVN 6193:1996 (ISO 8288 :1986);
• EPA 6010. B;
• APHA 3500-Ni.




Pb-19 • TCVN 6193:1996 (ISO 8288:1986);
• EPA 6010B;
• APHA 3500-Pb




20


Zn


• TCVN 6193:1996 (ISO 8288 :1986);
• EPA 6010. B;
• APHA 3500-Zn




21


Cd


• TCVN 6197:2008 (ISO 5961:1994);
• EPA 6010B;
• APHA 3500-Cd




22


Hg


• TCVN 7877:2008 (ISO 5666:1999);
• ISO 7724:2007 (ISO 17852:2006);
• EPA7470. A;
• EPA 6010. B;
• 3500-Hg 23 As APHA • ISO 6549:2000 (ISO 11969:1996);
• EPA 6010. B;
• APHA 3500-As




24


Mn


• TCVN 6002:1995 (ISO 6333:1986);
• APHA 3500-Mn




25


Fe


• TCVN 6177:1996 (ISO 6332:1988);
• APHA 3500-Fe




26


Cr tổng


• TCVN 6222:2008 (ISO 9174:1998)
• APHA 3500-Cr




27


Cr (VI)


• TCVN 6658:2000 (ISO 11083:1994)




28


Dầu, mỡ


• TCVN 5070:1995;
• APHA 5520. B 29 Phenol • TCVN 6216:1996 (ISO 6439:1990);
• APHA 5530;
• ISO 8178:2008 30 chemical residues and plant protection • ISO 7876:2008;
• EPA 8141;
• EPA 8270D: 2007;
• EPA 8081/8141 31 plankton • APHA 10200 b) when no national standards to determine the value of the parameters defined in table 2 of this circular shall apply the international standards provided for in table 2 or other international standards have accuracy equal or higher;
c) the work of quality assurance and quality control in the laboratory follow the text, the regulations of the Ministry of natural resources and environment on quality assurance guidelines and quality control in environmental monitoring.
5. data processing and report a) data processing-check: check for data about the reasonableness of the monitoring and data analysis environment. The examination based on the profile of the sample (the minutes, the log field sampling, sample delivery documents, report on the results of the measurement, the analysis performed, record the results of laboratory analysis, ...) sample data QC (white form, repeated pattern, the standard model, ...);
-Statistical processing: according to the model number and the content of the report, the processing of statistics can use the methods and the different software but must have the statistics describing the minimum (minimum value, maximum value, average value, the value goes beyond the norm, ...);
-Comments on data: the comment the metric must be made on the basis of monitoring results, analysis, testing and standards, related technical regulation.
b) reported the results after the end of the program, monitoring results reporting must be established and sent to State Agency has the authority under the rules.
Chapter III IMPLEMENTATION article 8. Implementation 1. General Directorate of the environment is responsible for guiding, inspecting, monitoring the implementation of this circular;
2. Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies, heads of government agencies, the Chairman of the people's Committee and the Organization, the individual concerned is responsible for implementation of this circular.
Article 9. Effect 1. This circular is effective from September 15, 2011.
2. During the implementation of this circular, if there are difficulties, obstacles and suggest that the agencies, organizations, personal reflections about the Ministry of natural resources and the environment (through the General Department of environment) to promptly consider and resolve.