Resolution 19/2011/qh13: On The Results Of Monitoring And Promoting The Implementation Of Policies And Legislation On The Environment In The Economic Zone, Village

Original Language Title: Nghị quyết 19/2011/QH13: Về kết quả giám sát và đẩy mạnh việc thực hiện chính sách, pháp luật về môi trường tại các khu kinh tế, làng nghề

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Resolution on the results of monitoring and promoting the implementation of policies and legislation on the environment in the economic area, villages _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY of the SOCIALIST REPUBLIC of VIETNAM, pursuant to the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1992 was revised, some additional articles by resolution No. 51/2001/QH10;
Pursuant to the law the monitoring activity of the Parliament no. 05/2003/QH11;
Pursuant resolution No. 54/2010/QH12 on active surveillance program of the Congress in 2011;
On the basis of consideration of the report of monitoring results 39/BC-UBTVQH13 Oct. 20, 2011 of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the report of 170/BC-CP on May 22, 2012 of the Government on the implementation of the policy, environmental legislation in the economic area, the villages and the opinions of the deputies;
RESOLUTION: 1. The National Assembly endorsed the content of reporting the results of monitoring of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly on the implementation of the policy, environmental legislation in the economic area, the village with the evaluation of the results achieved, constraints and weak, cause of the limitations, shortcomings and recommendations aimed at promoting the implementation of the policy environmental legislation in the economic areas and villages; at the same time, emphasize some of the following issues: 1. The shape and construction of the coastal economic zone in association with environmental protection at the local postulate is the correctness of the party and State in the process of socio-economic development and integration in the international economy of the country. Currently, most of the new economic zone began operations, the process in many economic areas is still in the planning stage or leveling or are building environmental quality not to alarming. In the future, when the economic zone was completed and went into operation in which environmental protection was not interested, then the risk of environmental pollution will be very high, the handling of environmental pollution at that very expensive and difficult;
2. Village and village and the profession in our country appears from a longstanding, there where there is a history to the hundreds, thousands of years. Currently, there are over 1,300 villages are recognized and 3,200 villages there. Manufacturing activity in the village have been contributed to the settlement of people and social-economic development, creating jobs for the more than 11 million workers in the country. The majority of the villages do not yet have reasonable planning, small production scale, dispersion, interwoven with residential, technology and lack of stability should the environmental pollution control, remediation and disposal, where became increasingly severe, adverse effect on the health of people in the area most are direct employees;
3. The system of legal texts on the protection of the environment for the economic area and the village has gradually been building but often issued slow, missing, not yet synchronized, there are overlapping regulations, difficult to implement. Many standards, national technical regulation on the environment was issued but slow is applied, the feasibility is low, especially for the village;
4. State management of environmental protection from the central to local, has gradually been sued. However, the coordination between the State administration of environmental protection with economic zones not yet closely; assigning responsibility for governance village in little local no longer overlap, inadequacies;
5. Inspection, testing, process violates the law on the protection of the environment has made progress, but not yet regularly; the processing violates the law on the protection of the environment is not yet strictly, the majority have yet to apply remedial measures. The work of information, advocacy, education, policy, common law and socialization of environmental protection has been made, but concerns the content not yet match the reality of low effective.
Article 2.
To promote a policy of environmental legislation in the economic areas and villages, Congress handed the Government performed some task and following solutions: 1. Mission and shared solutions: a) scrutinize, amend, supplement or issued new guidance documents the implementation of the law on the protection of the environment for economic areas and villages; complete guide to assess the damage, compensation for damage caused by environmental pollution caused to the environment, human health. The National Assembly passed the law on environmental protection (Amendment) the plan according to the resolution on the programme of building laws and ordinances of the key term Congress XIII, including modifying and supplementing a number of articles on specific provisions on the protection of the environment in the economic areas and villages;
b) issue, the policy to promote and encourage scientific research, application of advanced technology, modern; tight management of the transfer of technology, machinery, equipment and production in the economic areas and villages; the production of environmentally friendly products;
c) popular organizations, education, awareness, conscious observance of the law on the protection of the environment of the Organization, individuals, households, businesses, manufacturing facilities, business services, in the economic area, villages often and most effectively. Training of human resources, improve management, technical expertise for staff on the protection of the environment in the economic areas and villages;
d) make good social work in environmental chemistry; mechanisms, the policy encourages the Organization, individuals, households, businesses, manufacturing facilities, business services, investments in environmental protection activities in the economic areas and villages;
DD) enhance inspection, test, handle breaking the law on the protection of the environment, the implementation of environmental impact assessment, environmental commitment, the work climate appraisal reviews the environmental impact of the production facilities, business services, in the economic area and villages; tight control the allocation, management and use of the State budget spent on career and investment environment for the work of environmental protection.
2. for coastal economic zone: a) construction, improve the overall planning strategy, development of the coastal economic zone in line with the strategy for socio-economic development of the country, the region, associated with protecting the environment, ensuring the defence and security, in accordance with the conditions, the actual situation about investment possibilities , capacity management, the infrastructure of the country and of the locality;
b) urgently reviewing, adjusting and supplementing the provisions on the management function of the management of the coastal economic zone in line with the decentralization of State management and the characteristics of the economic zone; construction of the mechanism of coordination between the bodies concerned in the management of the environment; specific provisions regarding the Authority made the inspection, checking, handling administrative violations in the field of protection of the environment in the coastal economic zone;
c) direction made strictly with the provisions of the law on the protection of the environment in the economic zone, which focuses on the construction and putting into operation of the wastewater treatment system, waste concentration.
3. for village: a) the construction of village development strategy aligns with the environmental protection requirements and programs on building new countryside. Clarify the concept of craft villages, traditional villages in a scientific way, in accordance with the practices and meet the requirements of environmental protection in the period to promote industrialization, modernization of the country. Regulations environmental protection criteria in the criteria for recognition of villages. Innovation village management ensuring effectiveness and efficiency; strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights and branding for the village, village products;
b) urgently village planning scientifically based on the elements of traditional villages, the level of environmental pollution, require the preservation and promotion of cultural values. Issued specific policies regarding production technology, training, production, consumption and market developing craft villages. The State invest a portion of the funding to upgrade the infrastructure of the village is recognized, particularly with respect to the traditional villages. Replication models of socialization of environmental protection for villages to be effective; build the flavors associated with the Convention, the Convention is committed to protecting the environment villages;
c) handle violations of the law on the protection of the environment in the village causing serious environmental pollution. Until 2015, reaching 85% rate of processing the production facilities, recycling facility or hiding the ball village, producing the products cause serious environmental pollution;
d) organized the implementation of national target programme on overcoming pollution and improve the environment in which the focus is environmental pollution disposal village.
Article 3.
The Commission of the National Assembly, the National Council of the Congress's Committee, delegation of the National Congress, deputies to the people's Council, granted by the functions, duties, their powers to supervise the implementation of this resolution.
This resolution was the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam locked XIII, session 2 through June 26, 2011.