Constitution: The Constitution Of No 2013

Original Language Title: Hiến pháp Không số: Hiến pháp năm 2013

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The CONSTITUTION of the SOCIALIST REPUBLIC of VIETNAM PREFACE spent thousands of years of history, the people of Vietnam industriousness, creativity, struggling heroically to build water and water retention, has cast the traditional patriotism should fumigate, of solidarity, of human meaning, resilience, indomitability and building the Vietnam Constitution.
From the 1930s, under the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam led by Ho Chi Minh President Founder and work out, people conduct long-term struggle, full of hardship, sacrifice for independence, the freedom of peoples, because the happiness of the people. August revolution succeeded, on 2 September 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of independence, was born in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. By the will and strength of the entire nation are with the help of friends in the world, people have a great victory in the struggle of national liberation, reunification of the country, protect the homeland and make international obligations, achieved tremendous achievements, has historical significance in the , put the country went up socialism.  
Institutionalised platform construction of the country in the interim up socialism, successor to the Constitution of 1946, the Constitution of 1959, the 1980 Constitution and the Constitution of 1992, the people of Vietnam build, enforce and defend this Constitution because the target population of rich, powerful countries, democracy , fair, civilized.
Chapter I the POLITICAL REGIME article 1 Socialist Republic Vietnam as an independent, unified, sovereign and territorial integrity, including the Mainland, Islands, the sea and the Sun.
Article 2 1. The State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is home to France's Socialist rights of the people, by the people, for the people.
2. the Socialist Republic of Vietnam by the people master; all State power belongs to the people of that background is the Alliance between the working class and peasantry with a team of intellectuals. 
3. State power is reunification, have the assignment, coordination, control between the State agencies in the implementation of the legislative, Executive, judicial.
Article 3 the State guarantee and promoted the mastery of the people; recognize, respect, protect and guarantee human rights, the rights of citizens; make the target population of rich, powerful, democratic, civilized, equitable, prosperous life people, freedom, happiness, have comprehensive development conditions.
Article 4 1. The Communist Party of Vietnam-the vanguard of the working class, and was the pioneer of the workers and people of Vietnam, deputies loyal to the interests of the working class, the workers and people of all nationalities, taking Marxism-Le nin and Ho Chi Minh thought as the basis of thought , was the leader of the State and society.
2. Communist Party of Vietnam attached to the people, serving the people, subject to the supervision of the people, responsible to the people about his decision.
3. The organizations of the party and the Communist Party of Vietnam operations within the framework of the Constitution and the law.
Article 5 1. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the United States of the same ethnicity living on country Vietnam.
2. The racial equality, solidarity, respect and help each other along in development; prohibits any acts of discrimination, ethnic divisions.
 3. The national language is Vietnamese. The peoples have the right to use the voice, the written word, to preserve ethnic identity, promote etiquette, customs, traditions and culture of his goodness.
4. State of implementation of the policy of comprehensive development and create conditions for the minorities to promote internal forces, along with the development of the country.
Article 6 the people done State power by direct democracy, representative democracy adopted by the National Assembly, the people's Council and through other organs of the State.
Article 7 1. The election of Deputies and delegates to the people's Council was conducted under the principle of universal, equal, direct and secret ballot.
2. Deputies, deputies to the people's Assembly were the voters or the Parliament, the people's Council mission when no longer worthy of the trust of the people. 
Article 8 1. The State is organized and operating under the Constitution and the law, the social management by the Constitution and the law, implement the principle of democratic concentration.
2. The State bodies, officials, civil servants, public employees must respect people, dedicated to serving the people, close contact with people, listen and be subject to the supervision of the people; resolutely struggle against corruption, waste and bureaucracy, the expression of bossy, right door.
Article 9 1. Vietnam Fatherland Front is a coalition of political organizations, voluntary coalition of political organizations, the social-political organizations, social organizations and individuals in the caste, social class, ethnicity, religion, Vietnam people settled abroad. 
Vietnam Fatherland Front is the political base of people administration; represent, protect the legitimate rights and interests, people's legitimate; gather, promote the great power the entire nation, make democracy, enhance social consensus; monitoring, social critics; participate in building the party, the State, foreign operations contributing people build and protect the nation. 
2. The Union, Vietnam Vietnam farmers ' Union, the Communist Youth Union Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam Women's Union, the Vietnam Veterans Association is the socio-political organizations are established on a voluntary basis, represent and defend the rights, legitimate interests, legitimate members his organization, membership; along with other member organizations of the coordination and unity of action in Vietnam Fatherland Front.
3. the Vietnam Fatherland Front, the front's member organizations and other social organizations operating within the framework of the Constitution and the law. The State creates conditions to Vietnam Fatherland Front, the front's member organizations and other social organizations activities.
Article 10 the Union Vietnam's social-political organization of the working class and of workers was established on a voluntary basis, representing the workers, care and protection of the rights, legitimate interests, the worker's justifiable; to participate in State management, socio-economic governance; join the testing, inspection, monitoring the activity of State bodies, organizations, business units, about the problems related to rights, duties of workers; advocacy, mobilization of workers, improve their learning, career skills, executive law, construction and defense.
Article 11 1. Vietnam country is sacred, inviolable.
2. All acts against the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, against a career in building and protecting the country is strictly. 
Article 12 of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam make consistent foreign policy of independence, self-reliance, peace, friendship, cooperation and development; diversification, multilateral relations, proactive and positive integration, international cooperation on the basis of respect for independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality, mutual benefit; compliance with the Charter of the United Nations and the international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a Member; is that you, a reliable partner and responsible member of the international community for the benefit of countries, peoples, contribute to the cause of peace, national independence, democracy and social progress in the world.
Article 13 1. Flag of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, rectangle width equal to two-thirds the length, red background, in between have gold stars in the wings.
2. The coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam circular, red, in between have gold stars in the wings, there are rice, cotton around the bottom half tooth wheel and the text of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
3. The anthem of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the music and lyrics of the song. National Socialist Republic of Vietnam's Declaration of independence on September 2, 1945.  
5. The capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is Hanoi.
Chapter II human rights, BASIC RIGHTS and DUTIES of CITIZENS, Article 14 1. In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, human rights, civil rights, civil and political, economic, cultural, social recognition, respect, protection, guaranteed by the Constitution and the law.
2. the Human Rights, citizenship can only be restricted as provided by law in case of necessity for reasons of national security, defense, social security, order, health, morals of the community.
Article 15 1. Integral citizenship obligations to citizens.
2. Every person has the duty to respect the rights of others.
3. Citizens have the responsibility to implement the obligation towards the State and society.
4. The implementation of human rights, civil rights were not violated national interests, the nation, the rights and lawful interests of other people.
Article 16 1. Everyone is equal before the law.
2. No one suffers discrimination in the political, civil, economic, social, cultural.
Article 17 1. Citizens of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the Vietnam nationals.
2. Vietnam citizens cannot be deported, reports to the State.
3. Vietnam citizens abroad is the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Article 18 1. Vietnam people settled abroad are integral parts of Vietnam ethnic communities.
 2. State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam encourages and facilitates to the Vietnam overseas residents to preserve and promote the cultural identity of peoples, Vietnam kept ties with the family and the home, contribute to building the motherland, nation.
Article 19 everyone has the right to life. Human life is protected by law. No one will be deprived of their lives contrary to the law. 
Article 20 1. Everyone has the right to inviolability of the body, are the law for protection of the health, honour and dignity; not torture, violence, humiliation, or any other form of treatment violated the body, health, offend the honor, dignity.

2. No one is caught without a decision of the courts, the decision or the approval of the people's Procuracy, except sin. The arrest, detention, holding people by the law.
3. Every person has the right to donate tissue, body parts and correct in accordance with the constitutional law. The experimental medicine, pharmacology, science or any form of other tests on the human body must have the consent of the person being tested.
Article 21 1. Everyone has the right to inviolability of private life, personal and confidential family secrets; have the right to protection of honour, his credibility.
Information about private life secret, personal, family secrets are secure.  
2. Everyone has the right to confidential correspondence, telephone, telegram and the form of the exchange of private information.
No one was peeling open, control, seizing illegal mail, telephone, telegram and the form of the exchange of private information of another person.
Article 22 1. Citizens have the right to have legal residence.
2. Everyone has the right to inviolability of accommodation. Nobody is arbitrarily on accommodation of others if not the person agree. 3. The examined by the statutory accommodation.
Article 23 the citizens have the right to freedom of movement and residence in the country, has the right to go abroad and from abroad. The implementation of this right by law.
Article 24 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of belief, of religion, or follow a religion. The religion of equality before the law.
2. State the respect and protection of the right to freedom of belief and religion.  
3. No one is infringing freedom of belief, religion or religious belief, advantage to violate the law.
Article 25 the citizens have the right to freedom of speech, freedom of the press, access to information, Association, Assembly, demonstrations. The implementation of this right by law.
Article 26 1. Male and female citizens equal in all aspects. The State has a policy of ensuring the rights and equal opportunities.
2. The State, society and families to create conditions for the comprehensive development of women, promoting their role in society.
3. Prohibition of discrimination on gender.
Article 27 enough citizens eighteen years of age have the right to vote and enough twenty-one years of age have the right candidate to the National Assembly, the people's Council. The implementation of this right by law.
Article 28 1. Citizens have the right to participate in governance and society, join the discussion and recommendations to State agencies on issues of local, grassroots and country.
2. the State creates conditions for citizens ' participation in the management of State and society; publicity and transparency in receiving feedback, opinions and recommendations of citizens.
Article 29 enough citizens eighteen years of age have the right to vote when the State organized the referendum.
Article 30 1. Everyone has the right to complain, to report to the Agency, organization, personal authority on the unlawful employment of agencies, organizations and individuals.
2. The Agency, organization or individual has the authority to receive and resolve complaints, accusations. The victims have the right to be compensated materially, mentally and rehabilitated pursuant to the law. 
3. Prohibit retaliation complaints, denunciations or complaints, rights abuse accusations for slander, slander to harm other people.
Article 31 1. The accused are presumed not guilty until proven according to the statutory order and have the verdict guilty of Court has legal effect.
2. The accused must be timely court hearing within the statutory, equitable, publicly. Case closed hearing under the provisions of the law, the verdict must be public. 
3. No one convicted twice because of a crime.
4. The arrest, custody, detention, prosecution, investigation, prosecution, trial have the right to counsel, lawyer or other excuses. 
5. The arrest, custody, detention, prosecution, investigation, prosecution, trial, execution of judgments against the law have the right to compensation for damage of material, spiritual and rehabilitated. People who violate the law in the arrest, detention, hold, prosecution, investigation, prosecution, trial, execution of damage to others must be dealt with according to law.
Article 32 1. Everyone has the right to ownership of lawful income, wealth to spend, House, living, material production, shares in enterprises or other economic organizations.  
2. The right to private property and inheritance rights are protected by law.
3. in case of real necessity for reasons of Defense, security or national interests, the State of emergency, disaster prevention, the State features the purchase or requisition of property claims are held by individuals, the market price.
33 things people have the freedom to do business in those industries that are not prohibited by law.
Article 34 the citizens have the right to social security is guaranteed.
Article 35 1. Citizens have the right to work, career options, job and place of work.
2. Working People are guaranteed fair work conditions, safety; enjoy a break mode, salary.   
3. Prohibition of discrimination, forced labor, using workers below the minimum working age. 
Article 36 1. Male, women have the right to marry, divorce. Marriage as the voluntary principles, progress, monogamy, the spouses equal, respect each other.
 2. State protection of marriage and the family, the protection of the rights of the mother and child.
 
Article 37 1. Children are the State, the family and social protection, health care and education; to be involved in children's issues. Prohibit harassment, abuse, mistreatment, neglect, abuse, exploitative labor and other acts violating the rights of the child.
2. Youth are the State, the family and society facilitates learning, labor, entertainment, physical, intellectual development, fostering ethnic traditions, ethics, citizenship; at the forefront of the creative labor and defense.
3. The elderly were the State, families and society to respect, care for and promote the role of building and protecting the nation.
Article 38 1. Everyone has the right to protection, health care, equality in the use of medical services and is obliged to implement the provisions on prevention, care and treatment.
2. Prohibited acts that threaten the lives and health of others and the community.
Article 39 citizens have the right and the duty to study.
Article 40 every person has the right to scientific research and technology, creative arts, literature and beneficiary benefits from that activity.
Article 41 every person has the right to enjoyment and access to cultural values, participation in cultural life, to use cultural establishments.  
Article 42 the citizens have the right to determine his nation, using native language, choose the language of communication.
Article 43 people have the right to live in a clean environment and have the obligation to protect the environment. 
Article 44 citizens have the obligation of loyalty to the fatherland.
Betrayed the fatherland is the most severe crimes.
Article 45 1. Protection of the fatherland is a sacred obligation and rights of citizens.
2. Citizens must perform military service and join the civil defense building.  
Article 46 citizens have the obligation to abide by the Constitution and the law; protection of national security, order, social safety and observance of the rules of public activities.
Article 47 people are obliged to pay tax according to law.
Article 48 foreigners residing in Vietnam are subject to the Constitution and law of Vietnam; protected life, property and the rights, legitimate interests according to the law of Vietnam.
Article 49 foreigners struggling for freedom and national independence, because of socialism, democracy and peace, or for the cause of science that were persecuted, the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam look for residences.
Chapter III-ECONOMIC, social, culture, education, science, technology and ENVIRONMENT, article 50 of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam to build an independent economy, autonomy, promote internal forces, integration, international cooperation, closely associated with cultural development, make progress and social justice , protecting the environment, implementing industrialization, modernization of the country.
Article 51 1. The economy of Vietnam's market economy of Socialist orientation with various forms of ownership, many economic sectors; State economic mainstream role.
2. The economic sectors are an important component of the national economy. In the economic component of equality, cooperation and competition law.
3. the State encourages, creates conditions for entrepreneurs, businesses and other organizations, personal investment, production, business; sustainable development of the economic sector, contributes to building the country. The legal property of the individual, organization, productivity, investment and business are protected by law and not be nationalized.
Article 52 and State building economic institutions, regulate the economy on the basis of respect for the rules of the market; make the assignment, hierarchy, decentralization in governance; promote regional economic links, ensure the consistency of the national economy.
Article 53 of the land, water resources, mineral resources, resources in the sea, the Sun and other natural resources, the investment by the State assets, the management of the property is owned by the State the entire population represented the owner and management.  
Article 54 1. The land is the country's special resources, significant resources developing country, is managed according to law.  
2. organizations and individuals by the State land, land rental, recognition of land use. The land use land use rights are transferred, the implementation of the rights and obligations prescribed by law. Land use rights are protected by law.
3. State land due to the Organization, individuals are using in case of real need by law for purposes of national defence, security; social-economic development for the benefit of the public, nation. The recovery of the land is public, transparent and are compensated according to the provisions of the law.
4. State land requisitioning in case of real need by law to perform the task of defence, security or in a State of war, State of emergency, natural disaster prevention.  
Article 55  

1. The State budget, national reserve, State financial Fund and other sources of public finance due to the unified state management and must be used efficiently, fairly, openly, transparent, lawful.
2. The State budget consists of the central budget and local budget, in which the central budget to keep dominant role, ensuring the nation's task. The revenues, the State budget must be estimated and because of the law.
3. the monetary unit is the National Council of Vietnam. The State guaranteed the stability of national currency values.
Article 56 bodies, organizations, individuals must practice thrift and fight waste, prevention of corruption in socio-economic activities and governance.
Article 57 1. The State encourages, facilitates to the organisation and individuals to create jobs for workers.
2. the State protects the rights, legitimate interests of the workers, the employers and the labour relations of construction progress, harmony and stability.
Article 58 1. State, social investment in career development, the protection of people's health care, make health insurance policies, the entire population of priority health for minorities, the fellow in the mountains, Islands and regions with socio-economic conditions extremely difficult.
2. the State, society and the family are responsible for health care, protection of the mother, the child, implementation of family planning.
Article 59 1. State, social honor, reward, implement preferential policies for people with water.
2. State of creating equality of opportunity to the citizen enjoy social welfare, developing the social security system, have the policy help the elderly, the disabled, the poor and other disadvantaged people have.
3. State housing development policies, create conditions for people to have a place to stay. Article 60 1. The State of social care, construction and developing advanced Vietnam culture, strong ethnic identity, absorb the essence of human culture.
2. State social development, literature, the arts aims to meet the needs of a diverse and healthy spirit of people; the development of mass media in order to meet the information needs of the people, serving the construction industry and protect the nation.
3. The State, the society created the environment to build Vietnam family no warmth, progress, happiness; construction of human health, Vietnam culture, rich in patriotism, the spirit of solidarity, the sense of mastery, responsible citizens.
Article 61 1. Development of education is the national leading books aiming to enhance recreation, human resources development, fostering of talents.
2. State investment priorities and attracting other investment sources for education; take care of preschool education; ensure primary education is compulsory, the State does not collect fees; gradually universal secondary education; development of university education, vocational education; Scholarship policy, reasonable fees.
3. State educational development priorities in the region of mountains, Islands, regions, ethnic minorities and socio-economic conditions particularly difficult; preferrably, talent development; create conditions for disabled people and poor people are learning of culture and education.
Article 62 1. Science and technology development is the national leading books, holds a key role in the economic development of the country's society.
2. State investment priorities and to encourage individual organizations to invest in research, development, transfer, effective application of achievements in science and technology; guarantee the right to study science and technology; protection of intellectual property rights.
3. the State creates conditions for people to participate and enjoy the benefits from the scientific and technological activities.
Article 63 1. State environmental protection policy; management, efficient, sustainable use of natural resources; nature conservation, biodiversity; proactive disaster prevention, coping with climate change.
2. the State encourages all activities of environmental protection, development, use of new energy, renewable energy.  
3. organizations and individuals who pollute the environment, do depletion of natural resources and depletion of biodiversity must be dealt strictly and responsibly remedy, compensation for damage.
Chapter IV DEFENCE Article 64 defence of Socialist Vietnam is the career of the entire population.
The State consolidate and strengthen the defence the whole population and that people's security is the core of people's armed forces; promoting the general power of the country to protect the motherland, firmly contribute to protect peace in the region and the world.
Agencies, organizations, citizens must fulfill the task of Defense and security. 
Article 65 the people's armed forces absolutely loyal to the motherland, the people, with the party and the State, have a duty to protect the independence, sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity of the country, the national security and order, social security; protect the people, the party, the State and the Socialist regime; along the entire population of the country construction and implementation of international obligations.
Article 66 of the State building, the people's Revolutionary Army, astute, every step of the modern, have permanent forces, reserve mobilization, self-defense militia force, strong and widespread, the core of the defence mission.  
Article 67 of the State public safety building, people's revolutionary elite, modern, step by step, the core mission of protecting national security and ensuring the safety, social order, fight, against crime.
Article 68 of the State to promote patriotism and revolutionary heroism of the people, national defense and security education for the entire population; construction, defense industry and security; ensure the equipment for the armed forces, national defense security, combined with economy, economy to defense, security; a policy of military rearguard; ensuring physical, spiritual life of officials, soldiers, workers, public employees consistent with the nature and activities of the people's army, the people's public security; construction of the people's armed forces powerful, constantly strengthen the ability to protect the homeland.
Chapter V the CONGRESS Article 69 the National Assembly is the highest representative body of the people, bodies of State power of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Congress made constitutional rights, legislative power, to decide the important issues of the country and the Supreme monitoring with respect to the operation of the State.
Article 70 the National Assembly has the following powers and duties: 1. Make the Constitution and the Constitution; legislation and law amendment;
2. Make the right the Supreme monitoring the compliance with the Constitution, laws and resolutions of the National Assembly; the report reviews the work of the Committee, the President of the National Assembly, the Government, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, the national election Council, the State Audit and other agencies established by the National Assembly;
3. Decide on objectives, targets, policies and basic tasks of socio-economic development of the country;
4. the basic policy decisions about finance, national currency; Regulation, amend or repeal the tax stuff; the decision divided the revenues and expenditure between the central budget and local budgets; decide the safety limit of the national debt, public debt, government debt; the decision of the State budget estimation and allocation of the central budget, approves the State budget settlement;
5. ethnic policy decisions, religious policy of the State;
6. Rules of organization and operation of the National Assembly, the President, the Government, the people's Court, people's Procuratorate, the national election Council, auditor of State, local authorities and other bodies established by the National Assembly; 
7. Election, resignation and recall the President, Vice President, Chairman, Vice Chairman, Member of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the President of the Council of nation, the Chairman of the Commission of the National Assembly, the Prime Minister, the Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court, the head of the Supreme People's Procuratorate , Chairman of the national election Board, the Auditor General of State, the head of the other organs established by the National Assembly; approve the proposed appointment, dismissal, resignation of the Government, Deputy Prime Minister and other members of the Government, judges of the Supreme People's Court; approved the list of members of the Council of Defense and security, the National Electoral Council.
After being elected, State President, na Chairman, Prime Minister, Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court pledged loyalty to the motherland, the people and the Constitution;
8. Vote of confidence for people held by the National Assembly elected or approved;
9. Decides to establish, abolish the ministries, ministerial agencies of Government; the establishment, dissolution, type, Division, adjusted the boundaries of the administrative province, central cities, administrative-economic units; the establishment, abolition of agencies under the provisions of the Constitution and the law;
10. Abolition of the President's text, the Committee of the National Assembly, the Government, the Prime Minister, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate are contrary to the Constitution, laws, resolutions of the National Assembly;
11. Decide college dormitories;
12. Regulation function, levels of the people's armed forces, diplomatic level and function of the jaw, the State level; the order of rules, medals and State honors;
13. Solve issues of war and peace; provisions on State of emergency, other special measures ensuring defense and national security;  
14. the basic policy decisions about Foreign Affairs; approval, the decision to join or the termination of the validity of international treaties related to war, peace, national sovereignty, the membership of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in the international and regional organizations is important, international treaties on human rights, basic rights and duties of citizens and other international treaties contrary to the law resolutions of the National Assembly;
15. decision on referendum. 
Article 71 1. The term of each of the key National Assembly is five years.
2. Sixty-day term before Congress, a new National Assembly to be elected.

3. in special cases, if at least two thirds of the total number of Deputies voted approved the Congress decided to shorten or lengthen his term according to the recommendations of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly. The prolonging of a key Congress not so twelve months, except in case of war.
Article 72 Chairman to preside the sessions of the Congress; certificate signing the Constitution, laws, resolutions of the National Assembly; leadership the work of the Committee of the National Assembly; implementation of foreign relations of the National Assembly; relationship with the Congressman.
The Deputy Chairman of National Assembly Chairman help doing tasks as assigned by the President of the National Assembly.
Article 73 1. The Commission of the National Assembly is the permanent organ of the Congress.
2. The Commission of the National Assembly including the Chairman, the Deputy Chairman of Parliament and the Commissioner.
3. Number of Committee members of the National Assembly by the Parliament of the decision. Committee members of the National Assembly may not simultaneously be members of the Government.
4. the Standing Committee of the National Assembly of each Congress of the key tasks of his powers until the new National Assembly elected Standing Committee of the National Assembly.  
Article 74 the Commission of the National Assembly has the following powers and duties: 1. Organize the preparation, convening and presiding over the session of the National Assembly;
2. Place the Ordinance on matters assigned by Congress; explain the Constitution, laws and ordinances;
3. Monitoring of the enforcement of the Constitution, laws, resolutions of the National Assembly, ordinances, and resolutions of the Committee of the National Assembly; monitoring the operation of the Government, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, the State Auditor and the other organs established by the National Assembly;
4. Suspension of the enforcement of the Government's text, the Prime Minister, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate are contrary to the Constitution, laws, resolutions of the National Assembly and the National Assembly decided the abolition of that text at the most recent session; repealed text of Government, the Prime Minister, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuracy contrary to Ordinances, resolutions of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly;
5. Steering, automatic, coordinating activities of the ethnic Council and committees of Parliament; instructions and warranty conditions the activity of Deputies;
6. Suggest Congress vote, dismissing the recall, State President, na Chairman, Vice Chairman, Member of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the President of the Council of nation, the Chairman of a Congressional Committee, Chairman of the national election Board, the Auditor General of State; 
7. Monitor and guide the activities of the Council; repeal the resolution of the Assembly of the people of the city, directly contrary to the Constitution, laws and the documents of the Superior State organs; the dissolution of the people's Council, the central cities in the case of the people's Council which do serious damage to the interests of the people;
8. decision on the establishment, dissolution, type, Division, adjusted the boundaries of administrative divisions under the directly governed city;
9. the decision to declare a State of war in case Congress can't be meeting and Congress decided to report at the nearest session;
10. Decide the general mobilization or partial mobilization; issued, lifted a State of emergency throughout the country or in the locality;
11. Implementation of foreign relations of the National Assembly;
12. Approves the proposal of appointing, dismissing the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam;
13. the Organization of the referendum according to the decision of the National Assembly.
Article 75 1. Ethnic Council consists of the President, the Vice President and Commissioners. Ethnic Council President elected by the National Assembly; the Vice President and the Commissioner of the Council of the nation by the Commission of the National Assembly approval.
2. The Council of ethnic studies and recommendations to Congress about the work; implementation of the right to monitor the implementation of ethnic policies, programs, plans of social-economic development in mountainous and ethnic minority areas.
3. The President of the Council of the nation are invited to attend the sessions of the Government on the implementation of ethnic policies. When issued regulations implementing the policy of the nation, the Government must obtain the opinion of the Council of the nation.
4. the ethnic Council has the task to other powers, such as the Commission of the National Assembly stipulates in paragraph 2 to article 76.
Article 76 1. Congress's Committee consists of the Chairman, the Deputy Chairman and the Commissioner. The Chairman of the Committee elected by the National Assembly; the Deputy Chairman and the Commissioner of the Committee by the Commission of the National Assembly approval. 
2. The Commission of the National Assembly Law project assessment, recommendations on the law, other projects and report to Congress or the Standing Committee of the National Assembly; implementation of the monitoring authority in the scope of the duty, statutory authority; recommendations the issue in the scope of the Commission's activities.
3. The establishment, dissolution of the National Assembly Committee decided by the National Assembly. 
Article 77 1. Ethnic Council, committees of the National Assembly have the right to ask the Government members, the Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court, the head of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, the State Auditor General and PMS report, explain or provide documents about these issues is needed. People are asked to have a responsibility to meet that requirement. 
2. The State bodies have the responsibility to study and respond to the recommendations of the Council of the nation and the Parliament's committees. 
Article 78 When necessary, Congress established the Provisional Committee to research, verify a project or inquire about a certain issue.
Article 79 1. Deputies who represent the will, aspirations of the people in his constituency and the people all over the country.
2. Deputies close contact with voters, subject to the supervision of voters; collect and reflect the honest opinions, aspirations of the electorate with Congress, agencies, relevant organizations; exposure mode implementation and report to the electorate about the activity of delegates and of the Congress; answer the requests and recommendations of the voter; the track, urging the resolution of complaints, accusations and instructions, help the realization of the right to complain, report.
3. Popular Congress and lobbying the people make the Constitution and the law. 
Article 80 1. Deputies have the right questions in the State President, na Chairman, Prime Minister and other members of the Government, the Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court, the head of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, the State Auditor General.
2. The person being questioned must answer before Parliament at the session or in Committee sessions of the National Assembly during the period between the two sessions of Parliament; in case of need, the Congress, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly for the answer in writing.
3. Deputies have the right to request the Agency individual organizations to provide information and documents related to the Agency's mission, organization, individual. The head of the Agency, organization or individual has a responsibility to answer the problems that require deputies within the law.
Article 81 Cannot be arrested, detained, prosecuted, holding deputies without the consent of the National Assembly or Parliament meeting not in time, without the consent of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly; in the case of Deputies guilty handed that detained the detention authority must immediately report to the National Assembly or the Standing Committee of the National Assembly to review the decision.
Article 82 1. Congress has the responsibility to fulfill the mission, delegates have the right to participate as a member of the Council of the nation or the Committee of the National Assembly.
2. The Commission of the National Assembly, the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and other organs of the State are responsible for facilitating the deputies on duty deputies.
3. the State ensures funding activities of Deputies.
Article 83 1. The Congress of the public meeting. In case of need, as proposed by the Commission, the President of the National Assembly, the Prime Minister or of at least one third of the total number of deputies of Parliament, the National Assembly decided to closed meeting.
2. National meetings every two years. The case of the President, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the Prime Minister or at least a third of the total number of Deputies asked the Congress to extraordinary session. Committee on the National Assembly to convene the session of Parliament.
3. the first session of the new National Assembly convened at the latest within sixty days from the day of election of Deputies, by the President of the National Assembly before the opening and preside until new Parliament elects the President of the National Assembly.
Article 84 1. President, Committee on the National Assembly, the Council of the nation, the Committee of the National Assembly, the Government, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, the State Auditor, the Central Committee of the Vietnam Fatherland Front and the central organ of the Organization of the members has the right to process bills before Congress the Ordinance before the project, the Commission of the National Assembly.
2. Deputies have the right to submit recommendations on laws and ordinances and the law project, project Ordinance before the National Assembly, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly.
Article 85 1. Law, resolutions of the National Assembly must be half the total number of Deputies approval voting; the case made the Constitution, constitutional amendments, decide to shorten or lengthen the term of the National Assembly, recall deputies must be at least two-thirds of the total number of Deputies voted approval.
 Ordinances, resolutions of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly must be half the total number of Committee members of the National Assembly voting.
2. Laws and ordinances must be published at the latest within fifteen days from the date of adoption, unless the President propose to review the Ordinance.
Chapter VI Article 86 The PRESIDENT the President is the head of State, on behalf of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam about domestic and Foreign Affairs.
Article 87 the President elected by the National Assembly of Deputies.
The President is responsible for the reporting and the work of Parliament.
The term of the President by the National Assembly's term. When the National Assembly term, the President continued on duty until the new National Assembly elects President. 
Article 88 the President has the following powers and duties:

1. Publicize the Constitution, laws and ordinances; the Commission proposed the National Assembly reconsider the Ordinance within ten days from the date the Ordinance is passed, if that Ordinance is still in the Committee of the National Assembly vote endorsed that the President still not unanimously, then President of the National Assembly decided at the most recent session;
2. Suggest Congress vote, dismissed, as Deputy State President, the Prime Minister; based on the resolutions of the Congress, appointed, dismissed Deputy Prime Minister, Government, Ministers and other members of the Government; 
3. Parliamentary Assembly proposal, resignation and recall the Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court, the head of the Supreme People's Procuracy; based on the resolutions of the Congress, appointed, dismissed, judge of the Supreme People's Court; appointment, dismissal, Deputy Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court, the judges of the other courts, the Deputy Prosecutor, the Supreme People's Procuracy; the decision to parole; based on the resolutions of the National Assembly, announced the decision on college dormitories;  
4. decision awarded the Medal, the State Awards, Honorary State; the decision for naturalization, citizenship, nationality or stripped back Vietnam nationality; 
5. Supreme People's armed forces, holding the Presidency of the Council of Defense and security; decide the style, sharp, flat, strip the Lieutenant General, Rear Admiral, Vice Admiral, Admiral of the Navy; appointment, dismissal, resignation, Chief of the general political Department Vietnam people's army; based on the resolutions of the National Assembly or of the Committee of the National Assembly, announced, to annul the decision to declare a State of war; based on the resolution of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, ordered general mobilization or partial mobilization, announced, abolish the State of emergency; in the case of the Commission of the National Assembly may not be meeting, announced, abolish the State of emergency throughout the country or in the locality;  
6. Receiving the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of foreign countries; based on the resolution of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, appointed, dismissed; decide the election, summoning the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam; promoted to ambassadorial level,; the decision to negotiate, sign international treaties on behalf of the State; the National Assembly approved the decision to join or the termination of the validity of international treaties prescribed in clause 14 of 70 Things; the decision to ratify, joined or terminate the effect of other treaties in the name of the State. 
Article 89 1. The defense and Security Council, including the President, the Vice President and Commissioners. List of members of the Council of Defense and security due to the President of the National Assembly approval.  
The Council of Defense and security work under the collective mode and the decision by majority.
2. National Defense and Security Council, the Congress of the State of war decision, case Congress can't be meeting the Standing Committee of the National Assembly of the decision; mobilization of all forces and the country's ability to defend the nation; perform the task, special powers by Congress for delivery in the event of war; decide the people's armed forces to participate in operations contributing to protect peace in the region and the world.
Article 90 the President has the right to attend the sessions of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the session of the Government.
The President has the right to ask the Government in a meeting about the issue that the President deems necessary to carry out the duties and powers of the President.
Article 91 the President issued the order, the decision to carry out the task, their powers.
Article 92 Vice President elected by the National Assembly of Deputies.
Vice President help the President carry out the task and can be President instead of credentials the President perform a number of tasks.
Article 93 When the President doesn't work in the long run, the Vice President retains the right to the President.
In case of defects the President, the Vice President kept Acting President until Parliament elects a new President.
Chapter VII GOVERNMENT Article 94 the Government's administrative agencies of the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, made the Executive power, is the executive body of the National Assembly.
The Government responsible to Parliament and report the work of Parliament, the Commission of the National Assembly, the President of the country.
Article 95 1. The Government consists of the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, the Ministers and heads of ministerial agencies. 
The structure, the number of members of Congress by the Government decision.
The Government worked under collective mode, the decision by majority. 
2. The Prime Minister is head of Government, responsible to the National Assembly on the Government's activities and tasks; the Government's work report, the Prime Minister before Parliament, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the President of the country.
3. Deputy Prime help prime duty as assigned by the Prime Minister and responsible to the Prime Minister on the task assigned. When the Prime Minister is absent, a Deputy Prime Minister is the Prime mandate on behalf of the Prime leader of the work of the Government.
4. Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies bear personal responsibility before the Prime Minister, Government and Parliament about the industry, the field was assigned in charge, along with other members of the Government in the collective responsibility of the Government.
Article 96 Governments have the following powers and duties: 1. Organize the implementation of the Constitution, laws, resolutions of the National Assembly, ordinances, resolutions of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the orders, the decision of the President;
2. The proposal, policy formulation process of the National Assembly, the National Assembly Standing Committee decision or decision by the authority to perform the duties and powers provided for in this Article; the law project, the project of the State budget and other projects before Congress; the project of the Ordinance before the Standing Committee of the National Assembly;    
3. Unification of economic management, culture, society, education, health, science, technology, environment, communications, information, Foreign Affairs, defense, national security, order, social security; enforcement of orders general mobilization or partial mobilization command, declared a State of emergency and other necessary measures to protect the country, ensure the computer network, the assets of the people;
4. The Assembly decided to establish, abolish the ministries, ministerial agencies; the establishment, dissolution, type, Division, adjusted the boundaries of the administrative province, central cities, administrative-economic units; the Standing Committee of the National Assembly decided to set up, dissolved, type, Division, adjusted the boundaries of administrative divisions under the directly governed city;  
 5. Uniform national administration management; implementation of management of public service and public servants in State agencies; Organization of inspection, inspection, complaints, accusations, bureaucracy, the prevention of corruption in the State apparatus; leaders of ministries, ministerial agencies, government agencies, the people's Committee; the Guide, check out the people's Council in the implementation of the text of the Superior State organs; create conditions for the people's Council duties, powers by law; 
6. Protection of the rights and interests of the State and society, human rights, the rights of citizens; ensuring social safety order;
7. The organization of negotiations, to sign treaties on behalf of the State under the authorization of the President; the decision of the signing, joining, approval or the termination of the validity of international treaties on behalf of the Government, except the international treaties ratified by Parliament prescribed in clause 14 Article 70; protect the interests of the State, the legitimate interests of the Organization and Vietnam citizens abroad;
8. In collaboration with the Central Committee of the Vietnam Fatherland Front and the Central Agency of social-political organization in the performance of duty, their powers. 
Article 97 of the Government according to the term of the National Assembly. When the National Assembly term, the Government continued on duty until the new National Assembly to form a Government. 
Article 98 the Prime Minister elected by the National Assembly of Deputies. 
The Prime Minister has the following powers and duties: 1. The leadership of the Government; leaders of the construction of the policy and law enforcement organizations;
2. Leadership and responsibility for the operation of the State administrative system from the central to the local, ensure uniformity of administrative background and informed throughout the country;
3. The Assembly approved the proposal of appointment, dismissal, resignation of the Government, Deputy Prime Minister and other members of the Government; appointment, dismissal, Deputy Minister, a position equivalent to the Ministry, ministerial bodies; the approval vote, dismissal and decided to maneuver, a Chairman, Vice Chairman of the provincial people's Committee, the central cities;
4. Suspend the enforcement or annulment of the ministerial text, ministerial bodies, heads the people's Committee, Chairman of the provincial people's Committee, the city directly contrary to the Constitution, laws and the documents of the Superior State organs; the suspension of the enforcement of the resolution of the Assembly of the people of the city, directly contrary to the Constitution, laws and the documents of the Superior State organs, and suggested the Standing Committee of the Congress;
5. Decisions and steer the direction of negotiations, signing, joining international treaties in the tasks and powers of the Government; implementation of international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a Member;
6. Prepare the report before the people through the mass media about the important issues in the jurisdiction of the Government and the Prime Minister.
Article 99 1. Ministers, heads of ministerial-level agencies are members of the Government and is head of the Ministry, ministerial-level agencies, leaders of ministries, ministerial agencies; responsible management of the sector, the field is assigned; the organisation enforce and monitor the enforcement of laws related to the industry, areas in the country.

2. Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies report the work before the Government, the Prime Minister; make the people reporting on these important issues are the responsibility of management.
Article 100 of the Government, the Prime Minister, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies enact laws to carry out the task, their powers, examine the enforcement of that text and text processing is unlawful under the provisions of the law.
Article 101 Chairman the Central Committee of Vietnam Fatherland Front and the head of the Central Agency of social-political organizations are invited to attend the sessions of the Government when the table of relevant issues.
Chapter VIII the PEOPLE'S COURT, PEOPLE'S PROCURATORATE Article 102 1. The people's Court is the judicial organ of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, made the right to justice.
2. People's courts include the Supreme People's Court and the other courts by law.
3. People's courts have a duty to defend justice, protection of human rights, civil rights, the protection of the Socialist regime, protect the interests of the State, the legitimate rights and interests of organizations and individuals. 
Article 103 1. The trial of the first instance court of the people's assessors are involved, except in cases of trial under the shortened procedure.
2. Judges and assessors of the independent trial and only obey the law; prohibits the Agency, organization, individual intervention in the trial of the judge, the jurors.
3. the people's Court of jurors. In special cases need to keep state secrets, Maple plain, United States of America, the nation's protection of minors or keep secret private life righteous demand of the litigants, the people's courts can adjudicate.
4. the people's court hearing and decided by majority, except in the case of review under the shortened procedure.
5. principles of litigation in trial is guaranteed.
6. Mode of trial at first instance, the appeal was guaranteed.
7. the right of the accused, the accused, the right to protection of the legitimate interests of litigants are guaranteed.  
Article 104 1. The Supreme People's Court is the highest trial organ of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
2. the Supreme People's Court of Directors of the trial of the other court, except by law. 
3. the Supreme People's Court made the summary trial practices, ensure the uniform application of law in trial.
Article 105 1. The term of Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court according to the term of the National Assembly. The appointment, dismissal, and the term of Chief Justice of the Court by law.
2. The Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court is responsible and report the work before Congress; during the meeting, no Congressional responsibility and report the work before the Committee of the National Assembly, the President of the country. Reporting the work of the Chief Justice of the Court by law.
3. approved the appointment, dismissal, resignation, judge's term and the election, the term of jurors by the law.
Article 106 the verdict, the decision of the people's courts have the rule of law must be the Agency, organization, respect for the individual; the Agency, organization, individual departments must strictly observance.
Article 107 1. The people's Procuratorate to practice civil rights prosecutor, Prosecutor of the judicial activity.
2. people's Procuratorate include the Supreme People's Procuratorate and the other by the Procuracy law.
3. the people's Procuracy has the duty to defend the law, protecting human rights, civil rights, the protection of the Socialist regime, protect the interests of the State, the legitimate rights and interests of organizations and individuals, contributing to ensure the law is accepted and consistently.
Article 108 1. Rector's term Supreme People's Procuracy according to the term of the National Assembly. The appointment, dismissal, resignation, Director of the Institute of prosecution and of by law.
2. Director Supreme People's Procuracy is responsible and report the work before Congress; during the meeting, no Congressional responsibility and report the work before the Committee of the National Assembly, the President of the country. Reporting the work of the head of the procurator by the law.  
Article 109 1. The people's Procuratorate led by the Minister. Director-level people's Procuratorate under the leadership of Director-level people's Procuratorate on. Director-level Procuratorate under the unified leadership of the head of the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
2. When the practice of civil rights prosecutor and Prosecutor of the judicial activity, Prosecutor obey the law and subject to the direction of the Chief of the people's Procuracy Institute.
Chapter IX the LOCAL GOVERNMENT Article 110 1. The administrative units of the Republic of Vietnam Socialist is designated as follows: divided into provinces, the central cities;
The province divided into districts, towns and cities in the province; central cities divided into districts, towns and equivalent administrative unit; 
District divided into communes; towns and cities of the province subdivided into wards and communes; the County divided into wards.
Administrative unit-special economy established by the National Assembly. 
2. The establishment, dissolution, type, Division, adjusted the boundaries of administrative units are the local people's opinions and in order, by the statutory procedures.
Article 111 1. Local Government is organized in the administrative units of the Republic of Vietnam Socialist.
2. the local authorities include the people's councils and people's committees are organized consistent with characteristics of the rural, urban, Islands, administrative units-especially as the economic law.
Article 112 1. Local government institutions and ensure the enforcement of the Constitution and the law locally; the decision of local issues by the law; subject to the checking, monitoring of State agencies.
2. duties and powers of the local authorities is determined on the basis of delineation of authority between the State bodies at Central and local level each of the local authorities. 
3. where necessary, the local government allocated perform some tasks of the upper level State agencies with the conditions ensure that mission. 
Article 113 1. The people's Council is the organ of State power in the local, which represents the will, aspirations and the mastery of the people, by the people elected local, responsible to local and State agencies.
2. The people's Council to decide the matter of local law; monitoring the compliance with the Constitution and the law in the locality and the implementation of the resolutions of the Council.
Article 114 1. The people's committees at the level of local government by the people's Councils at the same level as the executive organ of the people's Council, the State administrative organs at local, responsible to the people's councils and State agencies.
2. the people's Committee of the Organization of the enforcement of the Constitution and the law in the locality; implementation of the resolution of the Council and perform the tasks due to the Superior State organs.
Article 115 1. The people's Council of delegates who represent the will, aspirations of local people; close contact with voters, subject to the supervision of voters, make exposure mode, report to the voters of their activities and of the people's Council, respond to the requirements and recommendations of the voter; review, urging the resolution of complaints and accusations. Deputies to the people's Council has the task of mobilizing the people make the Constitution and the law, the policy of the State, the resolution of the Council of the people, motivate people to participate in State management.
2. the people's Council has the right to questions people's Committee Chairman, the other members of the people's Committee, the Chief Justice's courts, the people's Procuratorate chiefs and heads in the people's committees. The person being questioned must answer before the people's Assembly. Deputies to the people's Council has the right to petition with the State authorities, institutions, the local unit. The head of the Agency, organization, this unit has the responsibility to continue the delegates, review, addressed recommendations of participants.
Article 116 1. The people's Council, the people's Committee to implement the notification mode the local situation for the Vietnam Fatherland Front and the mass of the people, listen to the comments and recommendations of these organizations on building government and social-economic development locally; in coordination with the Vietnam Fatherland Front and mass people motivate people along the State made the task of socio-economic, defence, local security.
2. The Chairman of the Vietnam Fatherland Front Committee and head of the social-political organizations locally are invited to attend the session of the people's Council and was invited to attend the meeting of the people's Committee at the same level as the relevant issue desk.
Chapter X the NATIONAL ELECTORAL COUNCIL, STATE AUDITORS Article 117 1. The National Electoral Council is the body established by Congress, has the task of organizing elections of Deputies; directs and guides the work of election of deputies to the people's Council levels. 
2. the national election Council composed of the President, the Vice President and Commissioners.
3. The organization, tasks, powers of the National Electoral Council and the number of members elected by the National Assembly law.
Article 118 1. The State Auditor is the body established by Congress, operates independently and only obey the law, to audit the implementation of the management, financial, property use.
2. The Auditor General as head of State by State Auditors, elected by the National Assembly. The Auditor General's term by State law.
The auditor of State responsibility and the audit results reports, reports the work of Parliament; during the meeting, no Congressional responsibility and the report before the Committee of the National Assembly.
3. The organization, duties and powers of the audit's specific State law.
Chapter XI of the CONSTITUTION and the CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT Article 119 1. The basic law is the Constitution of the Socialist Republic Vietnam, the highest legal force.
All other laws must conform to the Constitution.
Any constitutional violations are dealt with. 

2. The National Assembly, the body of the Congress, the President, the Government, the people's Court, people's Procuratorate, the other organs of the State and the entire people are responsible for protecting the Constitution.
The mechanism of the constitutional protection by the law.
Article 120 1. President, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the Government or at least one third of the total number of deputies have the right to make proposals to the Constitution, amendments to the Constitution. Congress decided the job the Constitution, constitutional amendments when there are at least two-thirds of the total number of Deputies voted approval.
2. The National Assembly established a Committee to draft the Constitution. The composition, number of members, mandate and powers of the Committee to draft the Constitution by the National Assembly decided to follow the recommendation of the Committee of the National Assembly. 
3. The Committee of the draft constitution drafting, organizing people's opinions and the National Assembly to draft the Constitution. 
4. The Constitution adopted when at least two thirds of the total number of Deputies voted approval. The referendum on the Constitution by the National Assembly to decide.
5. The time limit for disclosure, the time of validity of the Constitution by the National Assembly to decide.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ this Constitution was the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the 6th session of the XIII course through November 2013. 

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