The Law 55/2041/qh13: Environmental Protection

Original Language Title: Luật 55/2014/QH13: Bảo vệ môi trường

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The environmental protection law of _ _ _ _ _ _ _ pursuant to the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam;
Congress enacted the law on the protection of the environment.
Chapter I GENERAL PROVISIONS article 1. Scope this law and regulations on environmental protection activities; policies, measures and resources to protect the environment; rights, obligations and responsibilities of agencies, institutions, households and individuals in environmental protection.
Article 2. The object to apply this law applicable to bodies, institutions, households and individuals on the territory of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, including the Mainland, Islands, the sea and the Sun.
Article 3. Explanation of terms In this law, the terms below are interpreted as follows: 1. The environment is the physical elements of natural and artificial has implications for the existence and development of human beings and creatures.
2. Components of environment are the physical form factor of the environment includes soils, water, air, light, sound, and other material forms.
3. environmental protection activity is the activity preserve, prevent, limit the adverse impact on the environment; environmental incident response; pollution, degradation, improve, restore the environment; fair use, exploitation of natural resources in order to keep a clean environment.
4. Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability to meet the needs of the future generations on the basis of closely match, harmony between economic growth, ensuring social progress and environmental protection.
5. technical environmental standards is the limit of the parameters on the quality of the environment around the content of the pollutants contained in the waste, the technical requirements and manage the State Agency has the authority to enact mandatory text applied to protect the environment.
6. Environmental standards is the limit of the parameters on the quality of the environment around the content of the pollutants contained in the waste, the technical and management requirements are State agencies and organizations publish voluntary text applied to protect the environment.
7. Environmental health is the State of the physical elements that make up the environment that impact on the health and disease of humans.
8. environmental pollution is the variation of the environmental components do not match environmental technical regulation and standardization environment bad influence to people and creatures.
9. Environmental degradation is the decline in the quality and quantity of environmental components, bad influence to people and creatures.
10. The problem of the environment is an issue in the process of human activity or natural variability, pollution, degradation or environmental change seriously.
11. Contaminants is the chemical, physical and biological factors when appearing in a higher threshold allows the environment to make the contaminated environment.
12. Waste material is to be discharged from the production, trading, services, activities or other activities.
13. Hazardous waste is waste containing toxic elements, radioactive, infectious, flammable, explosive, corrosive, poisonous or have other harmful characteristics.
14. the environmental industry is an economic sector provided the technologies, equipment, services and products serving environmental protection requirements.
15. Waste management is the process of prevention, mitigation, monitoring, classification, collection, transportation, recycling, re-use and disposal of waste.
16. is the scrap materials are recovered, sort, choose from the materials, the products have been removed from the process of production or consumption for use as raw materials for a different manufacturing process.
17. environmental load is restricted by environmental factors impact to the environment can recover.
18. Pollution control is the process of prevention, detection, prevention and treatment of pollution.
19. environmental profile is a collection of material about the environment, the Organization and operation of the environment protection agency, organization, production, business and services in accordance with the law.
20. Environmental monitoring is the process of systematic monitoring of the environmental components, the factors acting on the environment aims at providing information reviews the current state of environmental quality performance, and the adverse impact on the environment.
21. environmental protection planning is zoning to preserve environment, development and the establishment of the system of technical environmental protection associated with the system solution of environment protection in the closely related with the overall planning of the economic and social development to ensure sustainable development.
22. strategic environmental assessment is the analysis, prediction of environmental impacts of the strategy, planning, development plans to give solutions to minimize the adverse impact on the environment, as the basis and be integrated in the strategy, planning, development plans in order to ensure sustainable development goals.
23. environmental impact assessment is the analysis, forecasting the impact to the environment of specific investment projects to give environmental protection measures when implementing the project.
24. the technical infrastructure of environmental protection include the system of gathering, storing, transporting, recycling, reuse, waste management and environmental monitoring.
25. Greenhouse gases are gases in the atmosphere is causing global warming and climate change.
26. Responding to climate change is human activity in order to adapt and mitigate climate change.
27. the carbon credit is the certification or license may trade transactions related to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
28. environmental security is ensuring no major impact of the environment to the political stability, social and economic development of the country.
29. environmental information is data, environmental data in the form of symbols, letters, numbers, images, sound or similar format.
Article 4. The principle of environmental protection 1. Protecting the environment is the responsibility and obligation of all bodies, institutions, households and individuals.
2. the mounting environmental protection in harmony with economic development, social security, guarantee the rights of the child, promoting gender and development, the conservation of biological diversity, responding to climate change in order to guarantee the right of everyone to live in a clean environment.
3. Protection of the environment must be based on rational use of resources, minimize waste.
4. national environmental protection attached to protect regional and global environment; environmental protection ensure not detrimental to national security, sovereignty.
5. Protection of the environment are in accordance with the law, natural characteristics, culture, history, level of social-economic development of the country.
6. environmental protection activities must be conducted regularly and prioritize prevention, pollution problems, environmental degradation.
7. organizations, households, individuals use the components of the environment, benefit from the environment is obliged to contribute financing for environmental protection.
8. organizations, households, individuals, and to redress environmental degradation, damages and other liability in accordance with the law.
Article 5. The State's policy on the protection of the environment 1. Creating favorable conditions for organizations, households, individuals involved in environmental protection activities; check, supervise the implementation of environmental protection activities in accordance with the law.
2. Advocacy, education combined with administrative measures, economic and other measures to build discipline and culture of environmental protection.
3. The conservation of biological diversity; exploitation, use and save natural resources; development of clean energy and renewable energy; to promote recycling, reuse, and reduce waste.
4. Priority handling of pressing environmental issues, serious environmental pollution, pollution of water resources; attach importance to the protection of residential environment; developing the technical infrastructure to protect the environment.
5. Diversify the investment capital for the protection of the environment; arrange a private expenditures for environmental protection in the budget with increasing rate under general growth; the sources of funding for environmental protection are unified management and priority use for key areas of environmental protection.
6. Incentives, financial support, land for environmental protection activities, production facilities, business-friendly environment.
7. Strengthening human resources training on the protection of the environment.
8. development of science, environmental technology; priority research, transfer and application of advanced technology, high technology, environment-friendly technologies; applying environmental standards to better meet the requirements of environmental protection.
9. Mount the activities to protect the environment, protect the resources to deal with climate change, ensuring environmental security.
10. State record, honoring agencies, organizations, households and individuals have contributed actively in environmental protection activities.
11. Expand, strengthen international cooperation on the protection of the environment; the full implementation of international commitments on the protection of the environment.
Article 6. The environmental protection activity is recommended 1. Communication, education and campaigning for people to participate in protecting the environment, preserving the environment, protect the natural landscape and biodiversity.
2. The protection, rational use and saving natural resources.
3. Reduce, collecting, reuse and recycling of waste.
4. Operation to respond to climate change; development, use of clean energy, renewable energy; reducing emissions that cause the greenhouse effect, destroying the cell floor-WAT Luang 25.4.
5. registration of establishments, environmental-friendly products; manufacturing, consumer products, business-friendly environment.
6. scientific research, transfer of technology, application processing, waste recycling, environment-friendly technology.
7. Investing in the construction of equipment manufacturing base of environmental protection instruments; provides environmental protection services; implementation of environmental audits; Green credit; Green investment.
8. The preservation and development of indigenous genetic resources; breeder, enter the gene resources of economic value and benefit to the environment.
9. Build villages, hamlets, a wholesale, phum, care, residential friendly to the environment.

10. development of the form and operation of the service organization to preserve environmental hygiene of the community.
11. formation of fine living, the habit of keeping environmental hygiene, remove jar procedure cause harm to the environment.
12. knowledge contribution, effort, finance for environmental protection activities; make the investment cooperation on the protection of the environment.
Article 7. The prohibited acts 1. Sabotage, illegal exploitation of natural resources.
2. Tap the resources of creatures by means, tools, methods of destruction, not just service and output in accordance with the law.
3. Mining, business, consume the plants, wildlife and endangered species list, precious, rare are the priority protection by the competent State Agency regulations.
4. Transportation, buried toxins, radioactive substances, waste and other harmful substances incorrectly processes environment-protection techniques.
5. Waste not yet processed reaches environmental technical regulation; the toxins, radioactive substances and other harmful substances into the soil, water and air.
6. Put into water sources toxic chemicals, waste, microorganisms has not been calibrated and other harmful agents for humans and creatures.
7. smoke Exhaust, dust, gas or smell into the air; scattered radiation, radioactivity, ionizing substances exceed the environmental technical regulation.
8. Cause noise, vibration exceeds the environmental technical regulation.
9. Import, transit of waste from foreign countries in any form.
10. Import, transit of animals, plant has not passed quarantine; microorganisms also lets.
11. production, business products harm people, creatures and ecosystems; production, use of raw materials, building materials contain toxic elements that exceed the environmental technical regulation.
12. Sabotage, unauthorized invasion of natural heritage, nature conservation area.
13. Invasive devices structures, facilities environment protection activities.
14. unauthorized activities, living in the area are the competent State agencies identified as zone due to the level of special environmental hazard for humans.
15. Disguise destructive behavior, hinder environmental protection activities, falsify information leading to bad consequences for the environment.
16. Taking advantage of the prerogatives, powers, beyond the powers or lack of responsibility of the person who has the authority to make the rules on the management of the environment.
Chapter II ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PLANNING, STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT and ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PLAN section 1 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PLANNING of article 8. Guidelines, levels, States environmental planning 1. The environmental protection plan must ensure the following principles: a) fit the natural conditions, the economy and society; strategy, overall planning of social-economic development, defense and security; the strategy of the national environment protection ensuring sustainable development;
b) ensure consistency with land-use planning; between the basic content of environmental planning;
c) ensuring environmental protection principles stipulated in article 4 of this law.
2. environmental planning consists of 2 levels is planning a national environmental protection and environmental protection planning.
3. environmental protection planning Period is 10 years, the vision to 20 years.
Article 9. The basic content of environmental planning 1. The planning of national environmental protection includes the following basic content: a) reviews the current state of the environment, environmental management, environmental performance trends and climate change;
b) environmental partitioning;
c) biodiversity conservation and forest habitat;
d) for environmental management of the sea, Islands and river basins;
DD) waste management;
e) technical infrastructure for environmental protection; environmental monitoring system;
g) The planning map can show the contents of the provisions in points b, c, d, e and e account;
h) resources make planning;
I) implementation planning.
2. content protection planning provincial environment be made consistent with the specific conditions of the locality by a private plan or mainstreamed into the overall planning of social-economic development.
3. Government detailing this.
Article 10. Planning responsibilities for environmental protection 1. Ministry of natural resources and environment planning organizations to environmental protection nationally.
2. the people's committees of provinces and cities under central Government (hereinafter referred to as the provincial people's Committee) held the construction planning for the content or protection of local environment.
Article 11. Consultation, evaluation, planning environmental protection 1. Consultation in the planning process of environmental protection shall be as follows: a) the Ministry of environmental resources and opinions the ministries, provincial people's Committee in writing and organization consulting agency, the relevant organizations in the process of planning a national environment protection;
b) provincial peoples Committee comments to the departments, the people's Committee of the district, County, city, town in the province (hereinafter referred to as the people's committees at district level) with the writing and organization of the Agency, in consultation with the relevant organizations in the process of building environmental protection planning.
2. Evaluation and approval of the environmental protection plan shall be as follows: a) the Ministry of natural resources and the environment organized interdisciplinary assessment Council and the Prime Minister approved the planning of national environmental protection;
b) provincial peoples Committee held, approving evaluation reports planned provincial environmental protection after obtaining The opinion of the resource and environment in writing.
3. Government detailing this.
Article 12. Review, adjust the planning of environmental protection 1. The environmental protection plan must be periodically reviewed, scrutinize, reviews the process made timely adjustments to suit the situation of socio-economic development in each stage. The time limit for the periodic review and planning of environmental protection is 10 years from the date the environmental protection plan is approved.
2. The adjustment of the planning of environmental protection are made when there are adjustments to the strategy for socio-economic development, national defense, national security, in the central cities, and are made according to the provisions of articles 8, 9, 10 and 11 of this law and the relevant legislation.
Section 2 REVIEWS the STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENT in article 13. The object must implement strategic environmental assessment 1. The object must implement strategic environmental assessment include: a) strategy, overall planning of social-economic development of the region, socio-economic key economic region, the Economic Corridor, the economic belt;
b) master plan for socio-economic development of the province, central cities and administrative units-particularly economic;
c) strategy, development of economic zones, export processing zones, high-tech zones, industrial parks;
d) strategy, planning the extraction, use of natural resources, the scale from 10 provinces;
DD) strategy, planning, industry development plan, national-scale sector, regional level, provincial level have a major impact on the environment;
e) tuning strategy, planning, planning of the object in the points a, b, c, d and DD this clause.
2. Government regulations listing objects must implement strategic environmental assessment.
Article 14. Implement strategic environmental assessment 1. The Agency was tasked to build strategic, planning, the plan stipulated in clause 1 of article 13 of this Law are responsible for establishing or consulting organizations hire established environmental assessment report strategy.
2. Environmental assessment: the strategy must be implemented simultaneously with the process of construction, planning, strategic plan.
3. The results of the strategic environmental assessment should be reviewed, integrated into content strategy, planning, planning.
4. on the basis of the implementation of strategic environmental assessment, the Agency was tasked to build strategic, planning, planning is responsible for reporting the strategic environmental assessment the Agency has the authority to send in evaluators.
Article 15. The main content of the report strategic environmental assessment 1. The need, the legal basis of the task of building, planning, strategic plan.
2. Methods of implementation of the strategic environmental assessment.
3. Summary of content strategy, planning, planning.
4. The natural environment and the socio-economic impact on the region by the strategy, planning, planning.
5. Evaluate the fit of the strategy, planning, plan with perspective, the objective of environmental protection.
6. Reviews, positive and negative trends of environmental issues in the case made the strategy, planning, planning.
7. Reviews, trend forecasting the impacts of climate change in the implementation of the strategy, planning, planning.
8. Consultations in the process of implementation of the strategic environmental assessment.
9. The solution to maintain positive trends, prevent, mitigate the negative trends of environmental issues in the process of implementing the strategy, planning, planning.
10. The issues that need further study in the process of implementing the strategy, planning, plan, and recommended treatment.
Article 16. Evaluation of the environmental assessment report strategy 1. The responsibility to organize the evaluation report strategic environmental assessment are defined as follows: a) The resources and organizational environment evaluation report reviews strategies for environment, planning, strategic plan by the National Assembly, the Government, the Prime Minister decided;
b) The Ministerial organs, the Organization assessed the environmental assessment report for the strategy, planning, strategic plan approved by the authority;
c) provincial peoples Committee organized the appraisal report reviews the strategic environment for the strategy, planning, plan approval authority and of the people's Councils at the same level.
2. The evaluation report strategic environmental assessment was conducted through authority by the head or the head of agency evaluation reports strategic environmental assessment.

3. Key environmental assessment report strategy organizations, reviews the information in the report strategic environmental assessment; comments review of agencies, institutions, relevant experts.
Article 17. Acquire comments and evaluation report evaluation results reported strategic environmental assessment 1. The Agency was tasked to build strategic, planning, responsible plan complete environmental assessment report strategy and draft writing strategies, planning, plan on the basis of research, receiving the opinion of the authority.
2. Key environmental assessment report writing report strategic outcome evaluation for the approval authority, planning, strategic plan.
3. report evaluation results reported strategic environmental assessment is pursuant to authority approval, planning, strategic plan.
Section 3 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Article 18. The object must implement the environmental impact assessment 1. The object must implement the environmental impact assessment include: a) projects in the jurisdiction to decide the investment policy of the National Assembly, the Government, the Prime Minister;
b) project that uses the land of natural protected areas, national parks, historic areas-culture, World Heritage sites, biosphere reserves, scenic area has been rated;
c) project at risk of adverse impact on the environment.
2. Government regulation project list specified in point b and point c of paragraph 1 of this article.
Article 19. Implementation of the environmental impact assessment 1. Project subject to the provisions in clause 1 Article 18 of this law themselves or hired consultant organizations implement environmental impact assessment and is responsible before the law about the results of the environmental impact assessment.
2. The environmental impact assessment must be done in the preparatory phase of the project.
3. The results of the environmental impact assessment can be in the form of the report reviews the environmental impact.
4. Costs, appraisal report of environmental impact evaluation in capital investment project by project owners are responsible.
Article 20. Repeated reports of environmental impact assessment 1. Project owners must establish the report on environmental impact assessment in the following cases: a) Non project time in 24 months from the time of the decision approving the report on environmental impact assessment;
b) change the location of the project in comparison with the option of reporting environmental impact assessment approved;
c) increases the scale, capacity, technology changes increase the adverse impact on the environment compared with the option of reporting the environmental impact assessment was approved.
2. Government detailing the point c paragraph 1 of this article.
Article 21. Consultation in the process of environmental impact assessment 1. Consultation in the process of environmental impact assessment in order to improve the assessment report on the environmental impact, the lowest limit of the adverse impact on the environment and human beings, ensure sustainable development of the project.
2. Project to organize consultation bodies, organizations, community impact directly by the project.
3. The project is not done in consultation, including: a) consistent with the planning of the production, trading, service has been approved centralized reporting of environmental impact evaluation for the first stage construction of infrastructure;
b) list of State secrets.
Article 22. The main content of the report on environmental impact assessment 1. Origin of the project, the owner of the project, the Agency has the authority to approve projects; the method of environmental impact assessment.
2. Reviews the selection of technology, projects and activities of the project, the risk of adverse impact on the environment.
3. Reviews the current state of the natural environment, where the social-economic projects, the neighborhood and the suitability of location selection of project implementation.
4. assessment, forecasting the effluent source and impact of the project on the environment and public health.
5. Reviews, predictions, determining risk management measures of the project on the environment and public health.
6. waste disposal measures.
7. measures to minimize the impact on the environment and public health.
8. The results of consultations.
9. The program management and environmental monitoring.
10. the estimated cost of construction of environmental protection and the implementation of measures to minimize the impact on the environment.
11. organizational approach made environmental protection measures.
Article 23. Authority to appraise the report of environmental impact assessment 1. Ministry of natural resources and environment evaluation report of environmental impact assessment for the following projects: a) projects in the jurisdiction to decide the investment policy of the National Assembly, the Government, the Prime Minister;
b) interdisciplinary project, the objects specified in point b and point c of paragraph 1 Article 18 of this law, except for projects in the defence secrets, security;
c) project by Government evaluators.
2. Ministries, ministerial agencies organized the appraisal report of environmental impact assessment for projects in the authority, approval of its investment but not subject to the provisions of point b and point c of paragraph 1 of this article.
3. The Ministry of defence, the Ministry of public security organized evaluation report of environmental impact assessment for projects in the authority, approval of their investments and projects in the defence secrets, security.
4. the people's committees of provincial level appraisal organization report environmental impact assessment for the project on the area not subject to the provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of this article.
Article 24. The evaluation report of environmental impact assessment 1. Heads or head of the Agency assigned organizational evaluation the evaluation report reviews the environmental impact through the authority or through the opinions of the bodies, related institutions and responsible before the law on evaluation results.
2. the members of the Council bodies and assessment, the Organization was responsible opinions before the law about his comments.
3. where necessary, the Agency assessed the actual survey organizations, opinions criticizing the Agency, organizations and experts to appraise the report of environmental impact assessment.
4. During the evaluation, the case has asked to modify, Supplement, assigned responsibility to notify in writing to the project owner to perform.
Article 25. Approval of the report on environmental impact assessment 1. Within 20 days from the date of the report reviews the environmental impact has been modified at the request of the agency evaluation, heads or head of the agency responsible for approving evaluation reports of environmental impact assessment; case of non-approval must answer for project owners in writing and stating the reason.
2. Decides to approve the report of environmental impact assessment is pursuant to authority performs the following operations: a) the decision advocates the investment project for the objects specified in article 18 of this law in case law project must decide the investment policy;
b) level, adjust the license for exploration, mining permits for projects of exploration, mineral extraction;
c) approval of the plan for exploration, mine development planning project for the exploration and exploitation of oil and gas;
d) level, adjust the building permit for the project, the category of construction subject to building permits;
DD) investment certificates for projects not subject to the provisions of points a, b, c and d of this paragraph.
Article 26. The responsibility of the owner of the project after reports of environmental impact assessment approved 1. Implement the requirements of the decision approving the report on environmental impact assessment.
2. in case of changing the scale, capacity, technology increases the adverse impact on the environment compared with the option of reporting the environmental impact assessment has been approved but not yet to the point of having to repeat the report environmental impact assessment specified in point c paragraph 1 of article 20 of this Law the project owner, to interpretation with the Agency for approval and can only be done after the approval in writing of the Agency approved the report on environmental impact assessment.
Article 27. The responsibility of the owner of the project before putting into operation 1. Implementation of environmental protection measures according to the decision approving the report on environmental impact assessment.
2. the approval authority must report the report environmental impact assessment the results of the environmental protection work serves the operation of projects for large projects, there is the risk of adverse impact on the environment due to government regulations. The projects to be operated only after the Agency approved the report on environmental impact assessment test, to confirm completion of works to protect the environment.
Article 28. The responsibility of the Agency to approve the report on environmental impact assessment 1. Responsible to the law on evaluation results and decided to approve the report on environmental impact assessment.
2. Within 15 days of receiving the report completed the environmental protection work of the project owner specified in paragraph 2 of article 27 of this Law, the Agency approved the report on environmental impact assessments must inspect and issue certification complete construction of environmental protection projects. Case analysis of environmental complexity, the time of granting the confirmation of completed works to protect the environment of the project may be extended but not more than 30 days.
Section 4 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PLAN Article 29. The object is to plan for environmental protection 1. Projects not subject to make environmental impact assessment.
2. production projects, business, service not subject to establish investment projects in accordance with the law on investment.
3. Government detailing this.
Article 30. The content of the plan for environmental protection 1. Venue.
2. The type, scale and technology of production, sales, service.
3. materials, fuel use.
4. Prediction of waste types arise, other impacts on the environment.
5. waste management and measures to minimize the adverse impact on the environment.
6. Implementation of environmental protection measures.
Article 31. The time of registration, confirm the environmental protection plan

Home projects, production projects, business, the services specified in article 29 of this law to the environmental protection plan submitted the competent authority specified in article 32 of this law review, confirm before you deploy the project, the methods of production, sales, service.
Article 32. The responsibility to implement the validation plan for environmental protection 1. Specialized agencies about the Environment Protection Department of the provincial people's Committee confirmed the environmental protection plan of the following projects: a) the project is located in the 2nd District;
b) project on the sea have waste brought into the province;
c) large-scale projects and risk adverse impact to the environment in the province as specified by the Minister of natural resources and the environment.
2. district-level people's Committees endorsed the environmental protection plan of the project, production projects, business, local services, except the project prescribed in clause 1 of this article; The people's Committee at district level can authorize the people's committees of communes, wards and towns (hereinafter referred to as the people's Social Committee) confirmed the environmental protection plan for the project, production projects, business, household-scale service located in a commune.
3. within 10 days of receiving the environmental protection plan, the competent authority specified in clause 1 and clause 2 of this must confirm the registration of the plan to protect the environment; the case does not confirm the registration of the plan to protect the environment, the competent authority must reply in writing and stating the reason.
Article 33. The responsibility of the project, home base business, production, service after environmental protection plan is confirmed 1. Implementation of environmental protection measures according to the environmental protection plan has been confirmed.
2. in case of a malfunction of the environment must stop activities, implementation of the remedy and the right to the social people's Committee or the people's committees at district level where the project or specialized agencies about the Environment Protection Department of the provincial people's Committee, the relevant agency.
3. Cooperate and provide all relevant information for the State administration of environment protection inspection, Inspector.
4. Establishment and registration of environmental protection plans for investment projects, productive projects, business, service in the following cases: a) change location;
b) Not implemented within 24 months from the date the environmental protection plan is confirmed.
5. in case of production projects, project, business, services or properties change the scale to the extent subject to reporting environmental impact assessment, the project owner, the home base of production, business, services are reporting the environmental impact assessment and submit to competent authorities appraise , for approval.
Article 34. The Agency's responsibility to confirm plans for environmental protection 1. Check the implementation of environmental protection measures according to the environmental protection plan has been confirmed.
2. Receiving and processing of recommendations on the protection of the environment of the project owner, the home base of production, sales, and service organizations, individuals related to the project, production projects, business, service.
3. In coordination with the project owner, the home base of production, sales, services and agencies, organizations and individuals concerned environmental incident processing that occurs in the course of the project, production projects, business, service.
Chapter III PROTECTION of the ENVIRONMENT in the mining, USE of NATURAL RESOURCES, Article 35. Environmental protection during the investigation, evaluation planning, use of natural resources and biodiversity 1. Natural resources and biodiversity must be investigated, the assessment of the situation, the possibility of regeneration, economic value to do planning for base use; define allow mining, tax resources, cost of environmental protection, environmental restoration Fund, reimbursement of biodiversity, environmental damages, other measures to protect resources and the environment.
2. Inquiry planning and evaluation, use of natural resources, must be made according to the provisions of the law.
Article 36. Protection and sustainable development of forest resources in all activities of production, trade, services and other activities that impact the environment of Earth, water, air and biodiversity related to forests should follow the provisions of this law and the law on biological diversity, on the protection and development of forests and the provisions of relevant laws.
Article 37. Environmental protection in the basic survey, exploration, exploitation, use of natural resources 1. The basic survey, exploration, exploitation, use of natural resources must follow the planning has been the competent State agencies for approval.
2. license for exploration, exploitation and use of natural resources must have content about environmental protection in accordance with the law.
3. In the course of the investigation, exploration, exploitation, use of natural resources, organizations, individuals are responsible for implementing the environmental protection requirements; to recover the environment according to the provisions of this law and the provisions of relevant laws.
Article 38. Environmental protection in the exploration, mining and mineral processing 1. Individual organization when conducting the exploration, extraction and processing of minerals to have preventative measures, environmental incident response and made the request on the protection, improvement and restoration of the environment is as follows: a) collectors and sewage treatment as prescribed by law;
b) collectors, solid waste disposal according to the regulations regarding solid waste management;
c) take measures to prevent and limit the spread of toxic emissions, dust and other bad effects to the surrounding environment;
d) Is planning to renovate, restore the environment for the whole process of exploration, mining, mineral processing and renovate, restore the environment in the process of exploration, extraction and processing of minerals;
DD) environmental restoration fund under the provisions of the law.
2. Minerals toxic nature are stored, transported by specialized equipment, are screened to avoid dispersal into the environment.
3. The use of machinery, equipment and have adverse impact on the environment, toxic chemicals in the exploration, mining, mineral processing subjected to inspection, the Inspector of the State administration of environmental protection.
4. The exploration, extraction, transport and processing of oil and gas, other mineral that contains radioactive elements, toxic substances, explosives have to implement the provisions of this law and legislation on chemical safety, radiation safety, nuclear safety.
5. Ministry of environmental resources and hosted, in cooperation with the Ministry of industry and trade and the Ministry, ministerial-level agencies, government agencies and people's committees of the relevant provincial statistics directing waste sources, evaluate the level of polluting the environment of mining facilities, mineral processing; inspect, inspect the implementation of the law on the protection of the environment of the facility.
Chapter IV to RESPOND to CLIMATE CHANGE Article 39. General provisions on responding to climate change 1. All activities to protect the environment are associated with responding to climate change.
2. organizations and individuals have the responsibility to implement the requirements on the protection of the environment, respond to climate change in manufacturing operations, business services, according to the provisions of this law and the relevant legislation.
3. Ministries, ministerial agencies, people's Committee building levels, implementation of environmental protection activities, respond to climate change in the scope of his management.
4. Ministry of environmental resources and help the Government build, implementation, operations guidelines to deal with climate change.
Article 40. Integrating content to deal with climate change in strategy, planning, planning of socio-economic development 1. Content to deal with climate change must be made in strategy, planning, planning of socio-economic development and the development of the industry, in areas subject to reporting strategic environmental assessment provisions in article 13 of this law.
2. Integrating the content to deal with climate change in strategy, planning, economic development, social development, the field is based on the reviews of the interaction between the activities of the strategy, planning, environmental planning, climate change and building system of environmental protection solutions , responding to climate change.
Article 41. Greenhouse gas emissions management 1. Content management of greenhouse gas emissions include: a) build national system on greenhouse gas inventory;
b) implementation of greenhouse gas mitigation activities consistent with the economic and social conditions;
c) sustainable forest resource management, conservation and enhancement of forest carbon reserves, protection and development of the ecosystem;
d) testing, inspection of compliance with the provisions on inventory and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions;
DD) formation and development of the carbon credits market in the country and participate in the carbon credit market in the world;
e) international cooperation on greenhouse gas mitigation.
2. Ministry of environmental resources and hosted, in cooperation with the ministries concerned organized greenhouse gas inventory, build national report on managing greenhouse gas emissions consistent with international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member.
Article 42. The management of these substances degrade WAT Luang 25.4-box floor 1. Construction priorities, policy, management planning, reduce, eliminate these substances degrade the cell floor-WAT Luang 25.4.
2. Prohibition of the manufacture, import, re-export and import temporarily consume substances that degrade the cell floor-WAT Luang 25.4 under the provisions of the international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member.
43 things. Renewable energy development 1. Renewable energy is energy from water, wind, Sun, geothermal, ocean waves, biomass and energy resources capable of reproducing.
2. Encourage the production, import, use of machinery, equipment, vehicles use renewable energy.
Article 44. Production and environment-friendly consumption 1. Agencies, institutions, households, individuals have the responsibility to participate in the production and consumption of products, friendly service to the environment.

2. The head of the Agency, the unit used the State budget are responsible for priority use of products, friendly service with certified environmental eco-label as prescribed by law.
3. Ministry of environmental resources and hosted, in cooperation with the media information agency referrals, product promotion, environment-friendly services.
Article 45. Energy recovery from waste 1. Home base business, production, services have a responsibility to reduce, reuse, recycle waste and recovery of energy from waste.
2. State policies encourage reducing, reusing, recycling of waste and recovery of energy from waste.
Article 46. The rights and responsibilities of the community in responding to climate change 1. The community has the right to be provided and required to provide information about climate change, unless the information in the category of State secrets.
2. The community has the responsibility to participate in the operation to deal with climate change.
3. The governing body on climate change is responsible for providing information, organize activities to raise awareness of communities and create favorable conditions for the community to participate in activities to deal with climate change.
Article 47. Development and application of science, technology to deal with climate change 1. Operations research, transfer and application of technology to deal with climate change are priorities include: a) and sector development of interdisciplinary science of management, assessment, monitoring and forecasting the impacts of climate change for social-economic development, the environment, community health;
b) active investigation, basic science research and development, application and transfer of modern technology in the mitigation of greenhouse gases, adaptation to climate change; strengthen the competitiveness of the industry, key manufacturing, develop low-carbon economy and green growth.
2. The Agency, organization, production facilities, business services, is responsible for implementing or participating in research, transfer and application of science and technology in order to deal with climate change.
Article 48. International cooperation to deal with climate change 1. The State has a policy of international cooperation in attracting investment, financial support, technology transfer and development, strengthening the capacity to respond to climate change towards a green economy.
2. Government Regulation roadmap, the method of active participants in the global greenhouse gas mitigation consistent with socio-economic conditions and commitments in international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member.
Chapter V PROTECTION of the MARINE ENVIRONMENT and ISLAND Article 49. General provisions on the protection of the marine environment and island 1. Strategy, planning, planning of socio-economic development, defense and security related to the sea and Islands must have content about protecting the environment, respond to climate change.
2. emissions from land Sources, Islands and sea-based activities to control, prevent, reduce and treat as prescribed by law.
3. Preventing environmental incident response, across the sea and Islands must have tight coordination of State management bodies, rescue organizations, rescue organizations, and other relevant individuals.
4. organizations and individuals active in the sea and Islands are actively responding to environmental issues and is responsible for coordinating with state management bodies and organizations, other relevant individuals in response to incidents at sea and island environment.
5. The strategy, planning, planning to exploit resources from the sea, Islands, nature reserve, mangroves, natural heritage area and Islands are consistent with strategies, environmental protection planning.
Article 50. Control, handling of pollution of the sea and Islands 1. Waste from land to sea, arises on the sea and Islands to be classified, statistics, reviews and have solutions to prevent, mitigate, handle environmental technical standards achieved.
2. Oil, grease, ship ballast water, drilling fluids, chemicals and other hazardous substances used in operations on sea and island after use must be collected, stored, transported and disposed of according to the regulations on waste management.
3. The receipt of the waste dump in sink, sea and Islands are based on characteristics, the nature of the waste type and must be permitted by the State administration authorities.
4. control, handling of pollution of the sea and Islands to comply with the international treaties of the sea and Islands to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member.
Article 51. Prevention and response to incidents at sea and island environment 1. The Organization, the individual activities on the sea and Islands are at risk of causing environmental problems must have plans, resources for prevention, environmental incident response and notification to the competent State authorities.
2. Ministries, ministerial agencies, government agencies and the provincial people's Committee in the scope of the task, their powers are responsible for warning, timely notice of the environmental issue and the response organization, remedial.
Chapter VI protection of WATER, land and AIR PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL category 1 WATER Article 52. General provisions on the protection of the water environment in the river 1. Environmental protection of river water is one of the basic content of the planning, the planned exploitation, using the water of the river.
2. Sources of waste into the river basin must be managed in accordance with the load of the river.
3. The quality of river water, the sediment must be watched, reviews.
4. River basin environmental protection are tied with biodiversity conservation, exploitation and utilization of water resources of the river.
5. Home base business, production, services, institutions, households and individuals have a responsibility to minimize and handle waste before discharge waste into the river basin under the provisions of the law.
Article 53. Content control and treat pollution of water environment in river basin 1. Statistics, reviews, minimize waste and dumped in the river basin.
2. monitoring and periodic reviews of the quality of river water and sediment.
3. Investigate, reviews of the load; published sections of the River, the river is no longer capable of receiving the waste; define discharge wastewater into the quota.
4. Handle the pollution and improve the environment of the River, the river is polluted.
5. Monitoring and assessment of environmental water quality, sediment cross-border river and the sharing of information on the basis of the law and international practices.
6. The construction and implementation of environmental protection project river basins.
7. Public information on the environment of water and sediment of river basin management organizations, exploiting and using river water.
Article 54. The responsibility of the provincial people's Committee for protecting the inner River basin water environment province of 1. Public information sources of waste into the river.
2. Directing, organizing the activities for prevention and control of effluents into the river.
3. Organization of the load rating; quota issued discharge into the river; disclosure of information about the river is no longer capable of receiving the waste.
4. The organization to assess the damage caused by pollution and environmental pollution disposal basins.
5. Direction of building and implementing environmental protection project river basins.
Article 55. The responsibility of the Ministry of natural resources and the environment for the protection of the water environment in river basin 1. Water environment quality evaluation, the joint River basin sediment and cross-border province.
2. Investigate the, rated load, determine appropriate sewage discharge quotas with the goal of water use and disclosure of information.
3. Enactment, implementation guides water environment technical regulation and sediment basins.
4. Enact, guide the reviews of the river basin load, discharge of waste water into the quota federal, pollution and improve the environment of the River, polluted river segments.
5. Organizing and directing the environmental protection activities in the province.
6. The Organization reviews the sources of polluting emissions, the extent of damage and the organization handles Intercity river pollution.
7. General information on the environmental quality of water, the sediment of the river basin, the annual report of the Prime Minister.
8. Building and the Prime Minister approved the project of environmental protection related River basin in the province.
Section 2 of the ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION of OTHER WATER RESOURCES Article 56. Environmental protection of water resources of Lake, pond, Canal, ditch, slashing 1. Water resource pools, ponds, canals, ditches, canals must be investigated, evaluated, quality reserves and protection to regulate water supplies.
2. Pools, ponds, canals, ditches, canals in the town, the settlement must be planning to renovate, protection.
3. The organization, individuals are not stupid, unauthorized building works, houses on the water or on the banks of the adjacent water pools, ponds, canals, ditches, canals; limit the maximum leveled pools, ponds in urban, residential areas.
4. provincial people's Committee is responsible for organizing the investigation, evaluation, quality and capacity planning of protection, automatic water regime of lakes, ponds, canals, ditches, canals; prepare and implement a plan to renovate or relocate the zone, housing clusters, works on lakes, ponds, canals and ditches, slit causing environmental pollution, flow blockages, ecosystem degradation and loss of wetland landscape of the town.
Article 57. Environmental protection water reservoirs serving hydroelectric, irrigation purposes 1. The construction, management and operation of the reservoir serves the purpose of irrigation, hydropower is tied to environmental protection.
2. Don't be stupid, solid waste dump area, soil, rocks on the Lake; waste water discharge has not been processed reaches environmental technical regulation on the Lake.
3. reservoir management agency serves the purpose of irrigation, hydropower is responsible for environmental monitoring lake water periodically to a minimum 3 months.
Article 58. Underground water environmental protection 1. Only use the chemicals allowed in the category of competent State agencies in exploration and exploitation of underground water.
2. Take measures to prevent the pollution of underground water resources through exploration drilling wells, tapping underground water. Underground water extraction facility is responsible for environmental recovery area for exploration and exploitation. The holes drilled for exploration, mining drilling hole is no longer in use must be fill in the proper filling of the engineering process.

3. Production facilities, business services, that use hazardous chemicals, radioactive material must take measures to ensure not to leak, spreading toxic chemicals and radioactive waste into underground water sources.
4. chemicals, container handling facility, the burying hazardous waste must be guaranteed safe construction techniques, take measures to stop toxic chemicals will leach into the ground water sources under the provisions of the law.
5. organizations and individuals who pollute underground water must be responsible for the pollution of underground water.
Item 3 Article 59 EARTH ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION. General provisions on soil environment protection 1. Environmental protection is one of the basic content of land resources management.
2. Planning, planning, projects and land use activities must consider the impact on environment and land environmental protection solutions.
3. organizations, households, individuals are assigned the right to use the land are responsible for protecting the environment of the Earth.
4. organizations, households and individuals, environmental polluters responsible for land reclamation, processing and recovery of land environment.
Article 60. Soil environment quality management 1. Environmental quality, land should be investigated, reviews, Classifieds, management, and public information for the individual organization concerned.
2. The waste into the environment emissions land does not exceed the capabilities of the soil environment.
3. risk of land degradation must be zoned, tracking and monitoring.
4. degraded lands must be improving, recovery.
5. State administration of environmental protection is responsible for organizing the investigation, evaluation and public information on the quality of the environment of the Earth.
Article 61. Soil environment pollution control 1. The risk factors that cause environmental pollution of land must be specified, statistics, evaluation and control.
2. State administration on the protection of the environment is responsible for the Organization of land pollution control.
3. Production facilities, business services, is responsible for implementing control measures of soil environmental pollution at the base.
4. The land contaminated sludge, dioxins derived from herbicides used during the war, plant protection drugs exist and other toxic substances have to be investigated, evaluated, zoned and handle ensure environmental protection requirements.
5. Government detailing this.
Section 4 of the AIR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION Article 62. General provisions on the protection of the environment the air 1. The sources of emissions into the environment must be evaluated and controlled.
2. organizations and individuals have manufacturing operations, business services, emissions of adverse impact on the environment has the responsibility to minimize and handle quality assurance of air environment in accordance with the law.
Article 63. Environmental quality management the air around the State administration of environmental protection have the responsibility to monitor, assess the quality of ambient air environment and public disclosure of information; the case of the environment contaminated air around to warning, timely processing.
Article 64. Control of air pollution 1. Gas emissions sources must be identified on the traffic, the nature and characteristics of the emission.
2. Consideration and approval of projects and activities that are based on the emissions load of air environment, ensuring no adverse impact on humans and the environment.
3. Production facilities, business services, has large industrial emissions sources to register the source of pollution, measurements, statistics, inventory and build databases about, nature, traffic emissions characteristics.
4. Production facilities, business services, has its industrial emissions to the traffic monitoring equipment installation auto emissions, and the State Administration has issued permits to discharge waste.
5. Government detailing this.
Chapter VII PROTECTION of the ENVIRONMENT in MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS, Business Services, 65. Economic area environmental protection 1. Economic zone must have the infrastructure works to protect the environment in accordance with the law.
2. economic zone management must have the departments of environmental protection.
3. economic management in cooperation with the State administration of environmental protection in the implementation of environmental protection activities; report on the work of environmental protection in economic zones in accordance with the law.
4. The Minister of natural resources and the environment detailing this.
Article 66. Environmental protection industrial parks, export processing zones, high-tech zones 1. Management of industrial zones, export processing zones, high-tech zones in cooperation with the State administration of environmental protection on the active test organization on the protection of the environment; report on environmental protection activities in the industrial zones, export processing zones, high-tech zones in accordance with the law.
2. Management of industrial zones, export processing zones, hi-tech zones must have the departments of environmental protection.
3. The investor and business infrastructure, the construction of industrial zones, export processing zones, hi-tech zones must ensure the following requirements: a) planning the functional areas, the type of activities to be consistent with environmental protection activities;
b) investment and collection system waste water treatment achieved the technical regulation environment and wastewater monitoring system automatically, continuously; have wastewater flow meters;
c) expert layout suitable to perform the duty to protect the environment.
4. The Minister of natural resources and the environment detailing this.
Article 67. Environmental protection industrial cluster, business areas, service focus 1. Home construction and sales of industrial cluster infrastructure to implement environmental protection activities: a) to build environmental protection projects;
b) investment collection system, waste water reaches the environmental technical regulation;
c) organize environmental monitoring under the provisions of the law;
d) deployed personnel in charge of environmental protection.
2. business management, focused service must implement the following environmental protection activities: a) to build environmental protection projects;
b) investment in wastewater collection systems, solid wastes reaching environmental technical regulation;
c) deployed personnel in charge of environmental protection.
3. the people's committees at district level accountable: a) check, inspection of the construction and development of environmental protection projects in the industrial, service, business focus;
b) State agency reporting authority on environmental protection in industrial, business areas, service focus.
4. The Minister of natural resources and the environment detailing this.
Article 68. Environmental protection production facilities, business services, 1. Production facilities, business, the services must meet the requirements of environmental protection: a) wastewater collection, ensure environmental technical regulation;
b) collecting, sorting, processing, storing, disposing solid waste in accordance with the law;
c) reduce, collectors, exhaust dust processing in accordance with the law; guaranteed not to leak, releasing toxic gases into the environment; limit noise, vibration, light, heat bad influence to the surrounding environment and workers;
d) ensure resources, equipment meet the ability to prevent and respond to environmental issues;
DD) build and implement environmental protection projects.
2. Production facilities or warehouses in the following cases must be about ensuring no adverse impact for the settlement: a) Are flammable, explosive;
b) Contains radioactive or strong radiation;
c) Are toxic to people and creatures;
d) disperse dust, odor, noise negatively affect human health;
polluting the water sources).
3. Production facilities, business services, has generated a large amount of waste, the risk of serious impacts to the environment must have the expertise or personnel departments in charge of environmental protection; must be validated environmental management system according to the regulation of the Government.
4. Home base business, production, services is responsible for implementation of the environmental protection requirements provided for in the paragraph 1, 2 and 3 of this article and the provisions of relevant laws.
Article 69. Environmental protection in agricultural production 1. The Organization, the individual production, import, sales and use of plant protection drugs, veterinary drugs must perform environmental protection regulations in clause 1 and clause 2 Article 78 of this law.
2. Fertilizer, processed products of breeding environment has expired; Tools, packing for fertilizers, plant protection drugs, veterinary after use must be disposed of according to the regulations on waste management.
3. centralized breeding Zone to have environmental protection projects and meet the following requirements: a) ensure environmental hygiene for the settlement;
b) collectors, sewage, solid waste according to the regulations on the management of waste;
c) Cages, the camp must be periodic sanitation; ensure prevention, epidemic preparedness;
d) Identify pets die due to disease should be managed according to the regulations on hazardous waste management and hygiene and prevention.
Article 70. Village environmental protection 1. Village must meet the conditions of environmental protection: a) Have the environmental protection approach villages;
b) Have secured infrastructure to collect, classify, store, handle, disposing of waste reached the environmental technical regulation;
c) Have organizations on the protection of the environment.
2. Manufacturing facilities in the industry are encouraged to develop in villages by government regulation must meet the following requirements: a) to build and implement environmental protection measures in accordance with the law;
b) implement measures to reduce noise, vibration, light, heat, dust, waste gas, waste water and the treatment of pollution in place; collecting, sorting, storing, solid waste disposal in accordance with the law.
3. Production facilities not subject to the provisions in paragraph 2 of this Article must meet the following requirements: a) in compliance with the provisions of Article 68 of this law, paragraph 1;
b) in compliance with the plan of conversion, relocation of industries producing according to the rules of the competent State bodies.
4. The responsibility of the people's Committee of social villages are defined as follows: a) Established, implemented environmental protection schemes for the villages;
b) guide the activity of organizations on the protection of the environment villages;

c) annually reports the district-level people's committees on environmental protection craft villages.
5. The responsibility of the people's Committee of the district level villages are specified as follows: a) the direction, instruction, inspection, inspection of the work to protect the environment of local villages;
b) annually reports the provincial people's Committee on environmental protection craft villages.
6. The responsibility of the provincial people's Committee has the village shall be as follows: a) the planning, building, renovation and development of villages attached to environmental protection;
b) arranged the budget for environmental protection activities in villages;
c) direction, the Organization reviews the level of contamination and environmental pollution disposal of local villages;
d) directed the construction of wastewater, sewage treatment; the exercise area, conventional solid waste, hazardous waste to the villages;
DD) industrial planning, industrial villages; There are plans to relocate the facility causing serious environmental pollution out of residential areas.
7. Government detailing this.
Article 71. Protect the environment in aquaculture 1. The Organization, individual manufacturing, importing and trading of aquatic veterinary medicines, chemicals in aquaculture must implement the provisions of the law on the protection of the environment and the rule of law are concerned.
2. do not use aquatic veterinary medicines, expired chemicals used or allowed list in aquaculture.
3. aquatic veterinary medicines, chemicals used in aquaculture has expired; packaging for aquatic veterinary medicines, chemicals used in aquaculture after use; mud and food deposited when cleaning in pond aquaculture must be picked, processed according to the rules on waste management.
4. concentrated aquaculture Areas are consistent with the master plan and meet the requirements of environmental protection: a) waste must be collected, processed according to the provisions of the law;
b) environmental recovery after decommissioning aquaculture;
c) ensure environmental sanitation, prevention of aquatic disease; do not use harmful chemicals or toxic buildup.
5. Does the construction of aquaculture focuses on the beach are formed the coastal estuary.
6. Do not destroy mangrove forests to aquaculture.
Article 72. Environmental protection for hospitals and health establishments 1. Hospitals and health facilities to implement environmental protection requirements: a) gathering, medical waste water treatment achieved the environmental technical regulation;
b) medical solid waste sorting at the source; done collecting, transporting, storing and disposal of medical solid waste guaranteed of reaching the environmental technical regulation;
c) plans, equipment, environmental incident response due to medical causes waste;
d) medical waste must be disposed of preliminary eliminating pathogen infects risk before moving to hold, handle, destruction;
DD) exhaust gas treatment technical environmental standards achieved.
2. irradiation facility, medical equipment and instruments that use radioactive substances must meet the requirements of the law on radiation safety, nuclear safety.
3. The owner of the hospital, the medical facility is responsible for the layout enough funding to build sanitation systems in collecting, storing, waste disposal and meet environmental protection requirements.
4. The head of the hospital, the medical facility is responsible for implementing the environmental protection requirements provided for in the paragraph 1, 2 and 3 of this article and the related legislation.
Article 73. Environmental protection in construction activities 1. Planning the building must comply with the rules on the protection of the environment.
2. in the building design and the estimation of the production facilities, business services, have incurred the bad impacts of waste on the environment must have the category of waste treatment facilities in accordance with the law.
3. The execution of construction works to ensure that the requirements of environmental protection: a) construction works in the settlement must take measures to ensure no spread of dust, heat, noise, vibration, light beyond the environmental technical regulation;
b) the transportation of construction materials must be done by means of ensuring technical requirements, do not leak, scattered, pollute the environment;
c) solid waste, sewage and other waste types must be picked, sure handling of environmental technical regulation.
Article 74. Environmental protection in transport operations 1. The planning of transport must comply with provisions on the protection of the environment.
2. motor transport must be register Agency confirmed reaching new environmental technical regulation to be put into use.
3. Transport of raw materials, materials, waste must be covered, not to cause environmental pollution scattered while in traffic.
4. organizations and individuals, the activity of transport of dangerous goods must ensure that meet eligibility, the capacity of environmental protection under the provisions of the law.
5. The transport of goods, there is danger of causing material environmental issues must ensure the following requirements: a) use equipment, specialized media, guaranteed not to leak, disperse into the environment;
b) which permits transport of the State Management Agency of competent jurisdiction;
c) When shipped to the correct route and the time specified in the licence.
Article 75. Protect the environment in the importing, transit goods 1. Machinery, equipment, vehicles, fuel, raw materials, chemicals, commodity import, transit must meet the requirements of environmental protection.
2. Ban the import of machinery, equipment, vehicles, fuel, raw materials, chemicals, commodities: a) machinery, equipment, vehicles do not meet the requirements of environmental protection;
b) machinery, equipment, means of transport used, except for the cases prescribed in paragraph 3 of this article;
c) raw materials, fuels, chemicals, materials, goods import prohibition list;
d) machinery, equipment, means of radioactive infection, disease, other toxins not yet cleansed or not capable of cleaning;
DD) foods, food ingredients, food additives, substances that support processing, packaging materials, utensils containing food has expired or does not guarantee food safety regulations;
e) drugs, raw materials for making drugs for human use, veterinary medicine, plant protection drugs expired or does not meet the quality standards.
3. The import of second-hand ships must meet the technical standards of the environment. The Government specified objects, conditions are allowed to import, dismantling the ship used.
Article 76. Protect the environment in scrap imports 1. Scrap imported from abroad to Vietnam must meet the technical standards for the environment and in directory scrap imported by the Prime Minister.
2. organizations and individuals importing wastes must meet the following requirements: a) Has reserved for storing the wastes, ensure the conditions of protection of the environment;
b) technology, recycling, reuse of scrap materials, handling impurities come scrap reaching environmental technical regulation.
3. organizations and individuals importing scrap has the following responsibilities: a) gets the scraps as raw materials production;
b) Must handle scrap accompanying impurities reach environmental technical regulation; not for sale, scrap the accompanying impurities;
c) To re-export wastes do not meet the environmental technical regulation; no case appeared to be processed under the provisions of the legislation on waste management;
d) escrow made sure scrap imports under regulations of the Government.
4. provincial people's Committee has the following responsibilities: a) check, detect, prevent and treat violations of laws relating to import scrap;
b) annually, reported the Ministry of natural resources and environment, the situation of importing, using scrap and environmental issues related to import scrap in the area.
Article 77. Environmental protection activities in the Festival, tourism 1. The Organization, personal management, mining sector, point monuments, tourist attractions, accommodation facilities must implement measures for environmental protection: a) the listing rules on the protection of the environment in the ruins, relics, tourist resorts, and tourist guides;
b) installation, sufficient and reasonable layout of sanitation, waste collection equipment;
c) deployed personnel doing environmental hygiene.
2. Individuals to the ruins, the ruins, tourism, attractions, accommodation facilities and the implementation of the following provisions: a) in compliance with rules and instructions on the protection of the environment of relic, relic, resorts, tourist accommodation facilities;
b) Remove waste right where the regulations;
c) preserving the public hygiene;
d) non-invasive landscape monuments, the organisms in the ruins, monuments, tourist attractions, tourist destinations, accommodation facilities.
Article 78. Environmental protection against chemicals, plant protection drugs, veterinary drugs 1. The Organization, the individual production, import, sales, use, transport, store, transfer and handle chemicals, plant protection drugs, veterinary drugs must be made to the provisions of the law on the protection of the environment and the rule of law are concerned.
2. chemical, plant protection drugs, veterinary medicine is highly toxic, sustainable, spread, accumulate in the environment, adverse impact to the environment and human health have to be registrations, inventory, control, information management, evaluation, risk management and process according to the provisions of the law.
3. The Minister of natural resources and the environment, in collaboration with the Minister of industry and trade, Minister of agriculture and rural development, detailing this.
Article 79. Environmental protection research establishments, testing 1. Research establishments, laboratories must perform the requirements of environmental protection: a) collectors, sewage reached the environmental technical regulation;
b) solid waste sorting at the source; collected and processed according to the provisions of the law on solid waste management;
c) processing, destruction of samples, laboratory analysis of items, chemicals ensure environmental technical regulation;
d) plans, equipment, environmental incident response.
2. research establishments, laboratories that use radioactive substances must meet the requirements for radiation safety, nuclear safety in accordance with the law.

3. The Heads of the research facility, the test room is responsible for implementing the environmental protection requirements stipulated in clause 1 and clause 2 of this Article and the provisions of relevant laws.
Chapter VIII PROTECTION of the URBAN ENVIRONMENT, the SETTLEMENT Article 80. The requirements for environmental protection, urban residential area 1. Protect the environment of the town follow the principle of sustainable development associated with the maintenance of the natural elements, culture, history and ensure the green space rate according to the master plan.
2. Have the infrastructures on the protection of the environment, consistent with urban planning, residential area of focus has been the competent State agencies for approval.
3. Have the equipment, vehicles, places to sort at the source, collectors, concentrating the waste line with solid volume, types of waste and afford the waste reception has been classified at the source from the household in the neighborhood.
4. Ensure the requirement for urban landscaping, environmental sanitation; installation layout and public sanitation.
5. The owner of residential projects focused, apartment must perform the requirements of the environmental protection provisions in paragraph 2 and paragraph 3 of this article.
6. for the scattered residential areas must have the location, collection system, waste disposal; have systems to provide clean water and environmental development activities green, clean, nice and safe.
Article 81. Public environmental protection 1. Agencies, institutions, households, individuals are responsible for implementing the regulations on protecting the environment and preserving the public hygiene; Taxonomy, trash on public trash container or the right place regulations focus waste; not to pet the cause of unhygienic public places.
2. organizations and individuals manage parks, amusement, recreation, tourism, market, train station, bus station, dock, Harbour, ferries and other public areas are responsible for the following: a) deployed personnel collecting waste, environmental hygiene management in scope;
b) arranged public sanitation; vehicles, equipment for waste collectors meet the needs to preserve environmental hygiene;
c) listing rules on preserving public hygiene.
Article 82. Environmental protection requirements for household 1. Reduce, sorting at source, collection and transfer of garbage to the right place.
2. Reduce, treat and discharge of waste water in the right place.
3. do not distribute emissions, noise, vibration and other effects that exceed the environmental technical regulation, bad influence to the surrounding community.
4. Sufficient and timely environmental protection charges; to pay for services, waste disposal in accordance with the law;
5. active participation in environmental protection and in residential areas.
6. sanitary farm, livestock, poultry and ensure sanitation, safe.
Article 83. Organizations on the protection of the environment 1. The State encourages the establishment of community organizations on the protection of the environment where we live.
2. Organizations on the protection of the environment is established and operating according to the principle of voluntary, community, responsibility, comply with the provisions of the law and perform the following tasks: a) check, urging households and individuals, make regulations on preserving and protecting the environment;
b) organized the gathering, gathering and treatment of waste;
c) preserving the environment in residential areas and public places;
d) elaborate and implement incense Convention on the protection of the environment; advocacy, lobbying the people deleting Xu, unhygienic habits harmful to health and the environment;
DD) participate in monitoring the implementation of the law on the protection of the environment of the production facilities, business, local services.
3. the people's Committee of social rules of the organisation, operation and create conditions to organizations about environmental protection works effectively.
Article 84. Environmental protection in buried, cremated 1. Cremation, burial areas must ensure the following requirements: a) consistent with the master plan;
b) is located, about how to meet sanitation requirements, residential landscape;
c) do not pollute water sources and the environment around them.
2. The operations, marinated, move, buried bodies, remains to ensure environmental hygiene requirements.
3. The buried people died due to disease dangerous to done according to the regulations of the Ministry of health.
4. organizations, personal funeral service activities must obey the provisions of the law on the protection of the environment, hygiene in the room room.
5. the State encourages the cremated, buried in the cemetery area under planning, remove jar procedure cause environmental pollution.
Chapter IX WASTE MANAGEMENT section 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS on WASTE MANAGEMENT Article 85. Waste management requirements 1. Waste should be managed in the entire process, minimize, classification, collection, transportation, recycling, recycling and destruction.
2. the usual waste and hazardous waste exceeding the threshold rules that can not be classified must be managed according to the provisions of the law on hazardous waste.
3. Government Regulation details about waste management.
Article 86. Reduce, reuse, recycle waste 1. Waste capable of re-use, recycling and energy recovery should be classified.
2. Home base business, production, services arising waste responsibly reduce, reuse, recycle and recover energy from waste or transferred to the basis function suitable for reuse, recycling and energy recovery.
Article 87. Recovery of waste products processing, removing 1. Home base business, production, services are recovered, the handling of waste products.
2. Consumers have a responsibility to move waste products removed to place regulatory.
3. the people's committees of all levels, the State administration of environmental protection have the responsibility to create favorable conditions for production facilities, business services, organize the collected waste products.
4. The recovery, processing of waste product removal follow the decision of the Prime Minister.
Article 88. The responsibility of the people's Committee of the level in the waste management Committee granted within the scope of the task, their powers are responsible for the following: 1. Establish, approve, implement planning organization technical infrastructure on waste disposal.
2. Investing in the construction, operational organization serving public works on waste management.
3. Enactment, implementation of incentive policies, support for active management of the waste in accordance with the law.
Article 89. The responsibility of the owner of industrial zones, export processing zones, high-tech zones in waste management 1. Layout the waste in the scope of management.
2. construction and operation of the organization system of waste water processing.
Section 2 HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT Article 90. Establishment, registration, licensing of hazardous waste 1. Hazardous waste waste source owner must establish records of hazardous waste and registered with the State administration of environmental protection.
2. organizations and individuals who are qualified and have the new licenses be handled hazardous waste.
3. Ministry of environmental resources and regulated hazardous waste categories and licensed hazardous waste disposal.
Article 91. Gathering, sorting, stored before processing of hazardous waste 1. Home sources of hazardous waste waste is classified organization, gathering, storing and handling achieving environmental technical regulation; where the hazardous waste effluents are not capable of handling hazardous waste environmental technical standards reached are transferred to licensed establishments handling hazardous waste.
2. Hazardous waste must be stored in specialized equipment, means of ensuring no adverse impact on humans and the environment.
Article 92. Transport of hazardous waste 1. Hazardous waste must be transported by vehicles, specialized equipment and recorded in a license for hazardous waste disposal.
2. hazardous wastes are transported to other countries must comply with the international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member.
Article 93. The condition of the base handle hazardous waste 1. Location in the planning by the approval authority.
2. There are about ensuring not to adversely affect the environment and people.
3. Has the technology, vehicles, appliances for the retention and disposal of hazardous wastes reach the environmental technical regulation.
4. works, environmental protection measures.
5. HR management certificate and technical personnel have appropriate qualifications.
6. safe operation of process technology, vehicles, appliances.
7. There are schemes to protect the environment.
8. environmental recovery plan after termination of activities.
9. the report of environmental impact assessment by the Ministry of natural resources and environment evaluation and approval.
Article 94. The content of hazardous waste management in the planning of environmental protection 1. Reviews, predictions of emission sources and hazardous emissions.
2. The possibility of gathering, sorting at the source.
3. The ability to re-use, recycling and energy recovery.
4. position the scale points, collecting, recycling and disposal.
5. The technology of handling hazardous waste.
6. Resources to implement.
7. The progress made.
8. Assignment of responsibilities.
Section 3 COMMON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Article 95. Responsible solid waste classification usually home base business, production, services, agencies, institutions, households and individuals arising waste typically has responsibility for solid waste sorting at source to facilitate reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal.
Article 96. Collecting, transporting conventional solid waste 1. Regular solid waste must be collected, stored and transported to the prescribed place by means of specialized equipment.
2. State administration on the protection of the environment is responsible for the organisation of gathering, storing and transport of conventional solid waste management areas.
Article 97. Reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal of solid waste is usually

Home base business, production, services, institutions, households and individuals arising waste typically has responsibility for the reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal of solid waste. The case does not have the ability to reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal of solid waste are usually transferred to the basis function suitable for reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal.
Article 98. The content of solid waste management in the planning of environmental protection 1. Reviews, predictions of solid emissions sources and emissions.
2. The possibility of gathering, sorting at the source.
3. The ability to re-use, recycling and energy recovery.
4. position the scale points, collecting, recycling and disposal.
5. solid waste disposal technologies.
6. Resources to implement.
7. The progress made.
8. Assignment of responsibilities.
WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT section 4 Article 99. General provisions on waste water management 1. Waste water must be collected, processed, ensure environmental technical regulation.
2. Waste water containing hazardous factors exceed the prescribed thresholds must be managed according to the regulations on hazardous waste.
Article 100. Collectors, sewage treatment 1. Urban, residential concentration must have separate collection system for rain water and waste water.
2. Waste water of production facilities, business services, service must be collected, processed, reach the environmental technical regulation.
3. Sewage sludge from wastewater treatment systems are managed in accordance with the law on solid waste management; sewage sludge there hazardous factors exceed the prescribed thresholds must be managed according to the provisions of the law on hazardous waste.
Article 101. Wastewater treatment systems 1. The following objects must have waste water treatment system: a) production zone, business, service focus;
b) zones, industrial villages;
c) production facilities, business services, service not connected to wastewater treatment systems focus.
2. wastewater treatment system must ensure the following requirements: a) Has technological processes consistent with the type of waste water need to handle;
b) Enough waste water treatment capacity consistent with the volume of sewage generated;
c) wastewater reaches the environmental technical regulation;
d) waste water outlet to the drain system must be put in place for the inspection, monitoring;
DD) Must be operated regularly.
3. Home management of wastewater treatment systems have to perform periodic monitoring of waste water before and after handling. Monitoring data is stored as a base to test the operation of the wastewater treatment system.
4. Production facilities, business services, wastewater scale is large and there is risk of harm to the environment to organized waste water environment monitoring automatic and data transfer for State management agencies have the authority under the regulations of the Ministry of natural resources and the environment.
Section 5 MANAGEMENT and CONTROL DUST, emissions, noise, vibration, LIGHT, radiation Article 102. Manage and control dust, exhaust 1. The Organization, the individual production operations, business, the services have spread dust, emissions must control and handling dust emissions, ensure environmental technical regulation.
2. Means of transport, machinery and equipment, construction work distribute dust, emissions must have filter parts, minimizing the exhaust shielding devices, or other measures to reduce dust, ensuring environmental technical regulation.
3. Dust, emissions have hazardous factors exceed the prescribed thresholds must be managed according to the provisions of the law on the management of hazardous waste.
Article 103. Management and control of noise, vibration, radiation, light 1. The organization or individual that cause noise, vibration, light, radiation to control and handle ensure environmental technical regulation.
2. Production facilities, business services in residential areas causing noise, vibration, radiation, light must implement measures to reduce, not affect residential community.
3. organizations and individuals manage media density routes involved high traffic causing noise, vibration, light, radiation must take measures to mitigate, respond to technical environmental standards.
4. Prohibition of the manufacture, import, transport, trading and use of firecrackers. The manufacture, import, transport, trading and use of fireworks by decision of the Prime Minister.
Chapter X PROCESSING pollution, RESTORE and IMPROVE the ENVIRONMENT category 1 PROCESSED CAUSING SERIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL pollution Article 104. Handle causing serious environmental pollution 1. Causing serious environmental pollution is the behavioral basis of sewage, waste gas, solid waste, dust, noise, vibration and other contaminants beyond the environmental technical regulation in severity.
2. Causing serious environmental pollution must be sanctioned administrative violations as stipulated by the law and put on the list of establishments which cause serious environmental pollution accompanied by measures for the handling of environmental pollution.
3. Reviewing, causing serious environmental pollution are conducted annually and the following sequence: a) the provincial people's Committee chaired, in cooperation with ministries, ministerial agencies, government agencies establish lists environment pollution causing establishments in the area except in cases specified in point b of this clause and handling measures submitted to Ministry of natural resources and Synthetic environment, the Prime Minister decided;
b) Ministry of defence, the Ministry of public security, in coordination with the provincial people's Committee established the list causing serious environmental pollution in the fields of Defense, security and handling measures submitted to Ministry of natural resources and the environment, the Prime Minister decided;
c) Ministry of natural resources and the environment, in collaboration with ministries, ministerial agencies, government agencies, provincial people's Committee, the Prime Minister decided to list the base processing measure and cause serious environmental pollution;
d) processing decisions for causing serious environmental pollution must be reported to the people's Committee at district level, where the social basis have active serious environmental polluters and publicly for the community know to check, monitor.
4. organizational responsibility of handling causing serious environmental pollution regulations are as follows: a) the provincial people's Committee chaired, in cooperation with ministries, ministerial agencies, government agencies organize processed causing serious environmental pollution;
b) Ministry of defence, the Ministry of public security, in coordination with the provincial people's Committee held the base processing causing serious environmental pollution in the fields of Defense and security;
c), ministerial-level agencies, government agencies are responsible for coordinating with the provincial people's Committee held the base processing causing serious environmental pollution in the management authority;
d) ministries, ministerial agencies, government agencies and the provincial people's Committee annually reviews the results implementation handles the basis of serious environmental polluters send sets of resources and the General environment, the Prime Minister's report.
5. Government detailing this.
Category 2 processing, ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION of contaminated AREAS Article 105. General provisions on environmental pollution and contamination of area classification 1. Environmental pollution is minimizing the impact of pollution on the environment, people and enhance environmental quality in the area of contaminated environments.
2. contaminated environmental area are classified as level 3 include environmental pollution, environmental pollution and serious environmental pollution is particularly serious.
Article 106. Fix pollution and restore the environment 1. The identification of polluted environment area include: a) determines the scope, the limit of the area contaminated environment;
b) determine the level of pollution, risk assessment;
c) identified the cause, liability of the parties concerned;
d) solutions to handle pollution, restore and improve the quality of the environment;
DD) determine the damage to the environment as a basis to request the parties to pollute to compensate.
2. the mining project, the minerals must have environmental recovery and improving the State Management Agency has the authority to approve before the operation and recovery and improving margin environment. Method for improving, restoring the environment includes the following principal contents: a) to determine the range and extent of polluting the environment;
b) risk assessment;
c) options viable projects to renovate, restore the environment;
d) plan and funding to renovate, restore the environment after the end of the project.
Article 107. Responsibility in the pollution and restore the environment 1. The Organization, individuals are responsible for the following: a) Has plans to renovate, restore the environment when conducting the project risk polluting the environment;
b) proceed to remedy the pollution and improve the environment as polluting the environment;
c) case of many organizations and individuals together to pollute the environment without the agreement itself was the responsibility of the State administration of environmental protection in cooperation with the Organization, the individual concerned to clarify the responsibilities of each object in the pollution and improve the environment.
2. provincial people's Committee organizing the investigation, identify contaminated environmental area on the annual report, Ministry of natural resources and the environment.
3. Ministry of natural resources and environment is responsible for the following: a) the classification criteria specified areas environmental pollution;
b) guide the improvement activities implementation, environmental recovery; check to confirm the complete fix pollution and improve the environment;
c) investigation, assessment and implementation of activities to remedy the pollution and improve the environment for federal contaminated areas.
4. where the environment is contaminated by the disaster caused or unknown causes, the ministries and people's committees of all levels within the mission, his powers are responsible for mobilizing resources to organize pollution, improve the environment.
Category 3 PREVENTION, RESPONSE, recovery and TROUBLESHOOTING Article 108 ENVIRONMENT. Prevent environmental incidents 1. Home base business, manufacturing, services, transportation risk causing environmental problems must take the following precautions: a) planning prevention and environmental incident response;
b) installation of equipment, tools, means of responding to environmental problems;
c) training, coaching, construct in place environmental incident response;

d) make regular inspection regime, apply safety measures prescribed by law;
DD) take measures to eliminate the causes of environmental problems when it detects signs of environmental issues.
2. Ministries, ministerial-level agencies and the provincial people's Committee in the scope of its powers, the mission made the following: a) investigation, statistics, risk assessment environmental types can occur within the country, region, locality;
b) build capacity for prevention, warnings, risk and environmental incident response;
c) building plan to prevent and respond to environmental incidents every year and periodically for 5 years.
Article 109. Environmental incident response 1. Responsibility for responding to environmental incidents are defined as follows: a) individual organizations caused environmental problems to implement emergency measures to ensure the safety of people and property; Organization of rescue people, property and promptly notify local authorities or professional bodies on the protection of the environment where the incidents occurred;
b) environmental incidents that occur at the base, the local head of the facility, which is responsible for local emergency mobilization of manpower, material resources and means for timely response to incidents;
c) environmental incidents that occur within the many facilities, the local head of the base, where local issues are responsible for coordinating response;
d) cases exceeds the ability of incident response basis, local head of the emergency agency reports to supervisor to promptly mobilize the base, other local environmental response; the facility, local mobilization is required to implement measures for responding to environmental problems within the scope of his ability.
2. The response of special environmental issues seriously is done according to the provisions of the law on State of emergency.
3. Manpower, materials, vehicles used to respond to environmental incidents are reimbursement and payment of costs according to the provisions of the law.
4. The obligation to compensate for damage due to environmental causes is made according to the provisions of this law and the provisions of relevant laws.
Article 110. Build the force response to environmental incidents 1. Production facilities, business services, is responsible for building the capacity to prevent and respond to environmental issues.
2. State building incident response forces and environmental equipment environmental warning.
3. Encourage the Organization, personal service establishments respond to environmental incidents.
Article 111. Determine the damage caused by environmental issues 1. The content of the investigation, determine the damage caused by environmental problems include: a) the scope, limit contaminated areas due to environmental issues;
b) pollution levels;
c) causes, responsibilities of the parties involved;
d) remedy the pollution and restore the environment;
DD) damage to the environment as a basis to request Parties, the issue is compensation.
2. Responsible for the investigation, determine the extent of pollution, damage due to environmental causes are defined as follows: a) the provincial people's Committee organizing the investigation, determine the extent of pollution, damage due to environmental causes;
b) Ministry of natural resources and Environment Committee Director provincial organizations, investigate, determine the extent of pollution, damage caused by environmental problems in the province.
3. The results of the investigation of the cause, scope, level of pollution and environmental damage must be public.
Article 112. Responsible for troubleshooting environment 1. The organization or individual that cause environmental issues has the following responsibilities: a) made the request of the State Agency on environment protection in the process of investigation, determine the scope, limits, levels, causes, remedy the pollution and restore the environment;
b) proceed immediately to preventive measures, limited sources of polluting the environment and limit the spread, affecting the health and life of the people in the region;
c) implementing remedies pollution and restore the environment as required by the State administration of environmental protection;
d) compensation under the provisions of this law and the provisions of relevant laws;
DD) reported to the State administration of environmental protection dealing and troubleshoot environment.
2. where there are many organizations and individuals together to cause environmental problems that no agreement on the responsibility of the State administration of environmental protection has responsibility for coordinating with the Organization, the individual concerned to clarify the responsibilities of each object in the pollution and restore the environment.
3. in case of environmental problems caused by natural disasters or unknown causes, the ministries and people's committees of all levels within the mission, his powers are responsible for the mobilization of resources to organize the handling, environmental pollution.
4. in case of environmental incidents that occur in the province the pollution and restore the environment to follow the direction of the Prime Minister.
Chapter XI TECHNICAL ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS, ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS in Article 113. The system of technical regulation of the environment 1. Technical standards for the quality of the environment around them, including: a) environmental engineering standards Group for land;
b) Group environmental engineering standards for surface water and ground water;
c) environmental engineering standards Group for sea water;
d) environmental engineering standards Group for air;
DD) Group environmental engineering standards for the audio, light, radiation;
e) Group environmental engineering standards for noise, vibration.
2. Technical Regulation on waste include: a) Group on technical regulation of industrial waste water, waste water, services from livestock, aquaculture, waste water, transportation, and other activities;
b) technical standards Group about exhaust of fixed and mobile sources;
c) technical standards Group about hazardous waste.
3. technical standards Group environments.
Article 114. Principles of construction of environmental technical regulation 1. To meet the goal of environmental protection; prevention, pollution, degradation and environmental issues.
2. Feasible, consistent with the level of socio-economic development, the country's technology level and meet the requirements of international economic integration.
3. Fit the characteristics of the area, manufacturing industry.
4. the technical standards of local environment must be more strict than the environmental technical regulation the country or meet the requirements of environmental management has a peculiarity.
Article 115. The symbol of environmental technical regulation 1. National technical regulation on the environment, as QCVN order number: MT/BTNMT issued.
2. local technical standards on the environment, as QCĐP order number MT: year released/abbreviation of the province, the central cities.
Article 116. Requirements for technical standards on the quality of the environment around the 1. Technical standards for the quality of the environment around the prescribed limit values of the parameters of the environment consistent with the purpose of using environmental components including: a) the minimum value of the life support environment and normal development of humans, living things;
b) maximum value of the parameter to not cause environmental harm to life and normal development of humans, living things.
2. the technical standards for the quality of the surrounding environment to the standard method of instruction about measurement, sampling, analysis to identify environmental parameters.
Article 117. Requirements for the technical standards of waste 1. Technical regulation of waste must Specifies maximum concentrations of the pollutants contained in the waste ensure not to pollute the environment.
2. Concentrations of contaminants in the waste have been determined based on the hazardous properties, the volume of waste generated and the load of waste reception environment.
3. the technical standards of the waste must have a standard method of instruction about sampling, measurement and analysis to determine the concentrations of the pollutants.
Article 118. Construction, issued the environmental technical regulation 1. Authority, order, build procedure, promulgated and conformity certificates environmental technical regulation, local countries must follow the provisions of the law on technical regulation and standards.
2. Ministry of natural resources and the environment released national technical regulation on the environment.
3. provincial people's Committee issued technical standards of local environment.
Article 119. Environmental standards 1. Environmental standards include environmental quality standards, standards of waste and other environmental standards.
2. The whole or a part of environmental standards become compulsory to apply when it is cited in the legal texts, technical environmental standards.
3. the base standards applied within the Organization's management announced standard.
Article 120. Construction, evaluation and publication of environmental standards 1. Authority, order, construction procedures, evaluation of environmental standards should follow the provisions of the law on technical regulation and standards.
2. The Minister of natural resources and environment construction of the draft proposal, the evaluation of the national environmental standards.
3. Minister of science and technology evaluation organizations and announced the draft national environmental standards.
4. construction organization, agency and published on the basis of environmental standards under the provisions of the law on technical regulation and standards.
Chapter XII ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Article 121. Environmental monitoring activities 1. The Agency, the Organization of environmental protection organizations make observation of the surroundings.
2. Ministry of natural resources and the environment issued the catalogue and guide implementation of substance emissions monitoring for production facilities, business risk services, affect the environment.
3. Production facilities, business services, service not in the catalog is responsible for quality monitoring of emissions to ensure compliance with technical standards and environmental regulations of the relevant law.
Article 122. The environmental components and emission monitoring should be substances 1. Water environment consists of the continental surface water, ground water, sea water.
2. atmospheric environment including indoor air, outdoor air.
3. Noise, vibration, radiation, light.

4. The environment soil, sediment.
5. Radioactivity.
6. Waste water, waste gas, solid waste.
7. hazardous chemical emissions and accumulate in the environment.
8. Biological diversity.
Article 123. Environmental monitoring program 1. The program included the national environmental monitoring program environmental monitoring and river basin province, key economic areas, cross-border environment and the environment in the region has a peculiarity.
2. Monitoring program consists of the provincial environment monitoring program on environmental components.
3. environmental monitoring program of industrial zones, export processing zones, hi-tech zone, industrial park, village and manufacturing facilities, business services include quality monitoring, emissions monitoring and environmental components in accordance with the law.
Article 124. Environmental monitoring system 1. Environmental monitoring system include: a) national environmental monitoring;
b) environmental monitoring;
c) environmental monitoring in production facilities, business services.
2. The institutions involved in environmental monitoring system include: a) held sampling, measurements of environmental samples;
b) laboratory, environmental sample analysis;
c) auditing organization, equipment environmental monitoring;
d) management organization, data processing and reporting environmental monitoring results.
3. environmental monitoring system must be planned, have computer links, forming the unified and comprehensive network.
Article 125. Responsible for environmental monitoring 1. Ministry of natural resources and the environment, guidance and direction to check environmental monitoring activities on nationwide; implementation monitoring program national environment.
2. provincial people's Committee organized a program on environmental monitoring, reporting the same level people's councils and the Ministry of natural resources and the environment on the environmental monitoring results.
3. Industrial Zones, export processing zones, hi-tech zone, industrial park, village, production facilities, business services, service must implement monitoring program emissions and environmental components; the report of the State administration of environmental protection under the provisions of the law.
Article 126. Operation conditions environmental monitoring 1. The Organization has enough technicians specialized on environmental monitoring and the necessary technical equipment are taking environmental monitoring activities.
2. Government detailing this.
Article 127. Data management environmental monitoring 1. Ministry of natural resources and environment management of environmental monitoring data; build a national database of environmental monitoring; published results of the national environmental monitoring; guidance and technical support to manage environmental monitoring data.
2. provincial people's committees to manage environmental monitoring data and published results of local environmental monitoring.
3. Industrial Zones, export processing zones, hi-tech zone, industrial, manufacturing, business services, manage environmental monitoring data and published results of environmental monitoring under the provisions of the law.
Chapter XIII ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION, ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS, ENVIRONMENTAL STATISTICS and ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT section 1 ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION Article 128. Environmental information 1. Environmental information includes data, data on the environmental components, the impact on the environment, policies, and legislation on environmental protection, environmental protection activities.
2. environmental database is a collection of information about the built environment, update and maintain the access request, use the information for the work of protecting the environment and serving the public interest.
Article 129. Collect and manage environmental information 1. Ministry of natural resources and the environment, in cooperation with ministries and local collection and information management environment, build a database of national environment.
2. Ministries, the people's Committee in the scope of its powers, duties collected, information management environment, build a database of the Ministry of environment, local branches and integration with the database of the national environment.
3. Economic zones, industrial zones, export processing zones, hi-tech zone, industrial park, village, production facilities, business establishment services, the environment, information management about the impact on the environment from production, sales, service.
Article 130. Announced, to provide environmental information 1. The Organization, the individual management of industrial zones, export processing zones, hi-tech zone, industrial, manufacturing, business services, subject to reporting environmental impact assessment is responsible for reporting environmental information within its management with environmental management agencies in the provincial people's Committee.
2. Production facilities, business services, service not subject to the provisions in clause 1 of this article are responsible for providing environmental information related to his activities for the people's Committee at district level, the social level.
3. The Ministry, the annual industry is responsible for providing environmental information related to the industry, the field Manager for the Ministry of natural resources and the environment.
4. The Minister of natural resources and the environment detailing this.
Article 131. Environmental information 1. Environmental information should be publicly available, including: a) assessment report on the environment strategy, environmental impact assessment and environmental protection plan;
b) information on sources of waste, waste, waste management;
c) contaminated environmental area, recession in severity and particularly severe risk areas, the problem of the environment;
d) reports on the environment;
DD) inspection results, check on the protection of the environment.
The information prescribed in this paragraph that in the category of State secrets shall not be public.
2. Publicity to ensure convenience for the related object information.
3. the public authorities responsible for environmental information before the law about the accuracy of the information.
Section 2 STATISTICS and ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS of the ENVIRONMENT Article 132. Environmental indicator 1. Environmental indicators are the basic parameters that reflect the elements characteristic of the environment serves the purpose of reviews, follow the quality of the environment, the current state of the environment reporting.
2. Ministry of environmental resources and construction, issued, instructions for implementing national environmental indicator.
3. provincial people's Committee building, promulgation, implementation of the directive the local environment on the basis of national environmental indicator.
Article 133. Environmental statistics 1. Environmental statistics is active investigation, reporting, analysis and synthesis of announced the fundamental norms reflect the nature and performance of environmental issues according to space and time.
2. Ministry of natural resources and the environment issued statistical norms system environment, organizations make the work of national environment statistics; guide the work of environment statistics; build a database of national environment statistics.
3. Ministries oversee the Organization of environmental statistics in the management scope; construction of the database of environmental statistics of the industry, the field; the annual report of the Ministry of natural resources and the environment on the environmental statistical indicators.
4. provincial people's Committee organized to perform local environment statistics; build a database about local environment statistics; the annual report of the Ministry of natural resources and the environment on the environmental statistical indicators.
Item 3 report of the ENVIRONMENT Article 134. The responsibility to report the annual environmental protection 1. The township-level people's committees report the same level people's councils and people's committees at district level on the work on environmental protection.
2. the people's committees at district level councils reporting the same level and the provincial people's Committee on environmental protection.
3. the people's Committee of the provincial people's Council report the same level and the Ministry of natural resources and the environment on the work on environmental protection.
4. Management of economic zones, industrial zones, export processing zones, hi-tech industrial clusters, reported the people's Provincial Committee on protecting the environment.
5. The industry report, Ministry of natural resources and the environment on the work of environmental protection in the field of management.
6. The Minister of natural resources and environment, Government report to Congress on the work on environmental protection nationwide.
7. Minister of environment and resource guide building reported the work on environmental protection.
Article 135. The content report environmental protection 1. The status quo, turning environmental components.
2. The scale, nature and impact of the emission source.
3. The implementation of the law on the protection of the environment; inspection results, check.
4. List of serious environmental polluters and handle the situation.
5. Resources on the protection of the environment.
6. assessment and management of environmental protection activities.
7. Directions and solutions to protect the environment.
Article 136. The content of environmental protection in the social-economic reports the annual socio-economic report annually by the Government and the people's Committee to evaluate the implementation of the norms on the protection of the environment and environmental protection.
Article 137. Responsible for establishing the environmental status report 1. Ministry of natural resources and environment, the current state of the environment reporting countries 5 years; the annual reporting on the national environment.
2. provincial people's Committee established to report the current state of local environment 10 years; the base pressing issues about the local environment, decided to establish the environmental thematic reports.
3. The Minister of natural resources and the environment guide the work of the current state of the environment reporting.
Article 138. The content of reports the current state of the environment 1. Overview of natural, social, economic.
2. The environmental impact.
3. The status and performance of the components of the environment.
4. The pressing issues on the environment and the cause.
5. The impact of the economic environment, social.
6. Implementation of the policy, law and environmental protection activities.
7. Prediction of the environmental challenge.
8. Directions and solutions to protect the environment.
Chapter XIV the RESPONSIBILITIES of the STATE ADMINISTRATION of ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Article 139. The content of State management of environmental protection

1. Construction, issued under the authority of and implementation of the legal texts on the protection of the environment, standard system, environmental technical regulation.
2. building, steering strategy, policy, program, project, planning, environmental protection plans.
3. Organize, build, manage the monitoring system; periodically reviews the current state of the environment, predicting environmental happenings.
4. building, evaluation and approval of the environmental protection plan; evaluation of the environmental assessment report strategy; evaluation, approved the report on environmental impact assessment and testing, to confirm the work of environmental protection; the organization endorsed the environmental protection plan.
5. Directs, guides and implementation activities for biodiversity conservation; waste management; pollution control; the improvement and restoration of the environment.
6. Granted, renewed, revoked the license, certificate about the environment.
7. Inspect, examine the observance of the law on the protection of the environment; the inspector responsible for State management of environmental protection; complaint resolution, to report on the protection of the environment; handle violation of environmental protection legislation.
8. training of scientific personnel and environmental management; education, advocacy, dissemination of knowledge, the law on the protection of the environment.
9. Research, applied science, technology advances in the field of environmental protection.
10. Directs, guides, test and evaluate the implementation of the State budget for environmental protection activities.
11. International cooperation in the field of environmental protection.
Article 140. Responsible for managing the State of protection of the environment of the Government of unity Government to manage state on the protection of the environment within the country.
Article 141. Responsible for managing the State's environment protection Minister of natural resources and Environment Minister of natural resources and the environment responsible Government in the unity state management of environmental protection and has the following responsibilities: 1. Host building, the Government, the Prime legal text , policy, strategy, planning, plan, program, national projects on the protection of the environment.
2. Presiding over construction, issued legal documents by the authority, the national technical regulation on the environment; issued technical guidelines text according to the authority.
3. Host solve or propose the Government, the Prime Minister addressed the environmental issues, contact the province.
4. Steer, guide and build the system of national environmental monitoring, environmental information and environmental statements; direction, organization reviews the current state of national and local environment.
5. Directs, guides and implementation according to competence building activities, evaluation, approval of the environmental protection plan; evaluation of the environmental assessment report strategy; evaluation, approved the report on environmental impact assessment; confirm environmental protection plan; check, confirm completion of works to protect the environment.
6. Direction, guidance and implementation under the jurisdiction of the granting, renewal, revocation of the license, certificate of environmental protection.
7. Directs, guides and implementation of activities to conserve biodiversity, biosafety; waste management; pollution control; the improvement and restoration of the environment.
8. Build and organize the implementation of the policy, program, experimental models of production and consumption of sustainable, environment-friendly; Guide to product certification, environmentally friendly base; steer, guide and works to improve the health of the environment.
9. test, inspection and process violates the law on the protection of the environment; complaints, accusations, proposals related to environmental protection according to the provisions of the law.
10. Directs and guides the mainstreaming of environmental protection in the planning, the national land use plan, the national strategy on water resources and general planning of the province; the overall strategy of national basic investigation, exploration, exploitation and processing of mineral resources.
11. The construction and implementation of the target system reviews, monitoring enforcement of the laws on the protection of the environment on the scope of the whole country; media, popular education, the law on the protection of the environment.
12. The Government of taking part in international organizations, signed or joined the international treaties on the environment; chaired the international cooperation on the protection of the environment.
Article 142. Responsible for managing the State's environment protection Minister, heads of ministerial agencies 1. Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and environment construction, issued circulars, circular on the protection of the environment in the sector, the industry management.
2. Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies perform the tasks specified in this law and in coordination with the Minister of natural resources and environment of the organization implementing the law on the protection of the environment in its management scope; the annual Government report to the State management of environmental protection in the field of the Ministry, the sector management.
3. The responsibility of the Ministers, heads of ministerial-level agencies are defined as follows: a) to the Minister of planning and investment, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and environment, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and the Chairman of the provincial people's Committee to ensure environmental protection requirements in strategy master plan, and the plan for socio-economic development of the country, the region and the project, works under the authority of the decision of Parliament, the Government, the Prime Minister, investment attraction activities and launch the implementation of the law on the protection of the environment in the field of management;
b) Minister of agriculture and rural development, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and environment, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and the Chairman of the provincial people's Committee, the organization implementing the law on the protection of the environment in the production operation, importing , use of chemicals, plant protection drugs, veterinary medicines, fertilizers, agricultural waste and other activities in the field of management;
c) Minister of Industry, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and environment, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and the Chairman of the provincial people's Committee handling industrial facilities pollute the environment seriously in the competent management, development of the environmental industry and the Organization to implement the environmental protection law in the field of management;
d) Construction Minister chaired, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and environment, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and the Chairman of the provincial people's Committee in implementing the organization law of environmental protection in the operation of infrastructure construction on water supply , drainage, solid waste and waste water in the municipality, the production service focus, production of building materials, craft villages and rural settlements and other activities in the field of management;
DD) the Minister of transport, in coordination with the Minister of natural resources and environment, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and the Chairman of the provincial people's Committee in implementing the organization law of environmental protection in construction of infrastructure management, transportation means transportation and other activities in the field of management;
e) the Minister of health, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and environment, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and the Chairman of the provincial people's Committee in implementing the organization law on environmental protection in medical activities, food safety, funeral operations , cremated; to organize the waste source statistics, reviews the level of pollution, waste of hospitals, medical facilities and other activities in the field of management;
g) Minister of culture, sports and tourism, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and environment, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and the Chairman of the provincial people's Committee, the organization implementing the law on the protection of the environment in the cultural activities and festivals , sports, travel and other activities in the field of management;
h) Defence Minister chaired, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and environment, Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies and the Chairman of the provincial people's Committee, the organization implementing the law on the protection of the environment in the field of defence in accordance with the law; participating forces mobilization preparedness, troubleshoot the environment according to the rule of law; steer, guide, inspect, inspect the environmental protection work in the armed forces under the control of management;
I) Minister of public safety is responsible for organizing, directing operations against environmental crimes and ensuring security and order in the field of the environment; mobilization of forces to join the operation to deal with environmental issues under the provisions of the law; direction instructions, inspection, inspection of environmental protection work in the armed forces under the control of management;
k) Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies perform the tasks specified in this law and in coordination with the Minister of natural resources and environment of the organization implementing the law on the protection of the environment within the scope of management.
Article 143. Responsible for managing the State of environmental protection of the people's Committee of the level 1. The provincial people's Committee has the following responsibilities: a) construction, issued under the authority the legal documents, policies, programs, planning, environmental protection plan;
b) implementation legislation, strategies, programs, plans and mission on the protection of the environment;
c) building, the management system of local environment fits with the overall planning of national environmental monitoring;
d) organize reviews and reporting environment. Media, popular, education policies and the law on the protection of the environment;
DD) Organization assessment, planning, environmental impact assessment report on the environment, confirming completion of works to protect the environment, guidance and testing organization confirmed the environmental protection plan by the authority;

e) granted, renewed, revoked the license, certificate of environmental protection according to the authority;
g) examine, inspect, handle breaking the law on the protection of the environment; complaints, accusations, proposals on the environment in accordance with the law on complaints and denunciation and the provisions of relevant laws; in collaboration with the provincial people's Committee in relation to resolve the environmental problems the Union;
h) responsible to the Government about to occur serious environmental pollution in the area.
2. the people's committees at district level are responsible for the following: a) issued under authority rules, program, plan on protection of the environment;
b) implementation strategies, programs, plans and mission on the protection of the environment;
c) confirm, check the implementation of the environmental protection plan by the authority;
d) annually, the Organization reviews and reporting environmental protection;
DD) media, popular, education policies and the law on the protection of the environment;
e) examine, inspect, handle breaking the law on the protection of the environment; complaints, accusations, proposals on the protection of the environment in accordance with the law on complaints and denunciation and the provisions of relevant laws;
g) in collaboration with the people's Committee in the relevant district level to solve the environmental problems related to the district;
h) directs the work of the State administration of environmental protection of the people's Committee of social level;
I) responsible to the provincial people's Committee if to happen serious environmental pollution in the area.
3. The people's Committee has the following responsibilities: township-level a) building plans, make the task of protecting the environment, preserving local sanitation; people's stadium build environmental content in incense Convention; instructions of putting environmental protection criteria to evaluate villages, hamlets, a wholesale, phum, care, residential and family culture;
b) confirm, check the implementation of the plan of environmental protection according to the authorizations; examine the observance of the law on the protection of the environment of individual household;
c) detected and processed under the authority of violating the law on the protection of the environment or the report of the State administration of environmental protection supervisor;
d) reconciliation of environmental disputes arising under the provisions of the law on mediation;
DD) manage the operation of Hamlet, village, Hamlet, a wholesale, phum, care, population groups and organizations about preserving the environment, protection of the environment;
e) annually, the Organization reviews and reporting environmental protection;
g) presiding, in collaboration with production facilities, business, local service held public information on the protection of the environment of the production facilities, business services, service to the community;
h) responsible to the people's Committee of the district level if to happen in serious environmental pollution in the area.
Chapter XV the RESPONSIBILITY of VIETNAM NATIONAL SECURITY, SOCIAL-political ORGANIZATIONS, SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS-BUSINESS and RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY in the PROTECTION of the ENVIRONMENT Article 144. The responsibility and authority of the Vietnam Fatherland Front 1. Vietnam Fatherland Front in the scope of its powers, duties of responsible advocacy, mobilization of member organizations and people involved in environmental protection activities.
2. Vietnam Fatherland Front made advice, review, monitoring the implementation of policies and legislation on environmental protection under the provisions of the law. The State administration level have a responsibility to create the conditions to join the Vietnam Fatherland Front to protect the environment.
Article 145. The responsibilities and rights of the political-social organizations, social-professional organization 1. Social-political organizations, social organizations-professional responsibility: a) in compliance with the law on the protection of the environment;
b) participate in environmental protection activities.
2. socio-political organizations, social organizations-professional has the right to: a) is provided and requested to provide information on the protection of the environment in accordance with the law;
b) consultation for projects related to the functions, duties and powers;
c) consultation, review of environmental protection with the State administration and the home base of production, business related services, in accordance with the law;
d) active participants to check on the protection of the environment in production facilities, business services, service related to the functions, duties and powers;
DD) petition the competent State agencies handle violations of the law on the protection of the environment.
3. environmental management agency levels are responsible for creating conditions for the social-political organization, social-professional organization made the right specified in paragraph 2 of this Article.
Article 146. Rights and obligations of the community 1. Representatives of local communities bear the environmental impact of the production facilities, business services, have the right to request the home base business, production, services providing information on the protection of the environment through direct dialogue or in writing; the organization learn the reality about the environmental protection work of the production base, sales, service; collect, provide information to the competent authority and take responsibility for the information provided.
2. Representatives of local communities bear the environmental impact of the production facilities, business services, have the right to request the authorities of the State concerned to provide inspection results, test, handle for the base.
3. residential community representatives have the right to participate in reviews of environmental results of manufacturing facilities, sales, service; implementation of measures to protect the rights and interests of citizens in accordance with the law.
4. Home base business, manufacturing, the service must implement the requirements of the residential community representative as prescribed in this article.
Chapter XVI RESOURCES on the PROTECTION of the ENVIRONMENT Article 147. State budget expenditure for environmental protection 1. Genus active environmental career including: a) the construction, planning, strategic planning, process engineering, technical guides, technical-economic norms, environmental technical regulation, program, project on the protection of the environment;
b) appraise the environmental protection plan, the report reviews the strategic environment;
c) environmental monitoring activities; construction of environmental information system and environmental reporting;
d) support inspection, check; environmental pollution control, handling of pollution, prevention, response and troubleshooting environments; waste management and the conservation of biological diversity; training, communication on the protection of the environment; common and reviews the implementation of the law on the protection of the environment; international cooperation on the protection of the environment;
DD) management activities to protect the environment.
2. Chi development investment to environmental protection includes the genus for the construction projects, improving the process of waste treatment, construction and equipped with observation and analysis of environmental management by the State; investment vehicles, equipment for prevention, preparedness, pollution, degradation, environmental problems; responding to climate change; the conservation of biological diversity; restoration of contaminated water sources, planting and care of trees in public places, public utility.
3. The construction of estimation and management using the State budget for environmental protection are made according to the provisions of the law on the State budget.
Article 148. Environmental protection charges 1. The Organization, the individual discharge emissions or give rise to adverse impact for the environment must pay a fee to protect the environment.
2. environmental protection fees specified on the basis of the following: a) the volume of the waste into the environment, the scale of influence of the bad impact on the environment;
b) toxic levels of waste, the extent of damage to the environment;
c) load of waste reception environment.
3. environmental protection fee is adjusted accordingly with the requirements of environmental protection and socio-economic conditions of the country in each stage.
4. Revenues from environmental fees are used for environmental protection activities.
Article 149. The environmental protection fund 1. The environmental protection Fund's financial organization was set up in Central, the industry sectors, provinces, and cities under central support to environmental protection activities.
The State encourages enterprises, institutions, individuals founded the environmental protection fund.
2. Which operation of the national environmental protection fund and the provincial level is formed from the following sources: a) State budget support;
b environmental protection charges);
c) The compensation to the State for environmental damage;
d) grants, contributions, investment mandate of the Organization, individuals in and outside the country.
3. The authority established the environmental protection funds is provided as follows: a) the Prime Minister decides the establishment, organization and operation of the national environmental protection fund, Ministry of environment protection fund, ministerial-level agencies, corporations, State Corporation;
b) provincial people's Committee decision on the establishment, organization and operation of the environment protection fund;
c) Organization, individuals founded the environmental protection fund and operate by the rules of the Fund.
Article 150. Service development environment 1. The State encourages organizations and individuals to establish environmental service enterprises through tenders, public private partnership mechanisms in the following areas: a) the collection, transport, recycling, waste management;
b) observation, environmental analysis, environmental impact assessment;
c) technology transfer, development of production-friendly environment, environmental technology;
d) consulting, training, providing information on the environment;
environmental assessment) for goods, machinery, equipment and technology;
e) environmental damage assessment; environmental health assessment;
g) of other services on the protection of the environment.
2. The Minister of natural resources and the environment, in collaboration with the Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies guide the implementation of the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article.
Article 151. Incentives, support environmental protection activities 1. The State incentives, support environmental protection activities: a) build system to handle waste water;
b) recycling facility construction, solid waste disposal generally, hazardous waste, the landfill of waste;
c) build environment monitoring stations;

d) industrial base construction environment, environmental protection work to serve the public interest;
DD) manufacture, business environment-friendly products;
e) switch operation of industrial clusters, causing serious environmental pollution.
2. Government detailing this.
Article 152. Development and application of science, technology of environmental protection 1. The Organization, individuals invest in research, development, transfer and application of science and technology on the protection of the environment are entitled to incentives and support.
2. research, development, transfer and application of technology on the protection of the environment are priorities include: a) research, development, transfer and application of technology of recycling, the reuse of the waste;
b) research, development, transfer and application of environmentally friendly technology and mining technologies, efficient use of natural resources, saving energy, conserving nature and biodiversity;
c) research, development, transfer and application of technology of waste, prevention, reduce pollution; renovate, restore and improve the quality of the environment;
d) research, development, transfer and application of pollution control technologies, monitoring of environmental quality assessment, and technology forecasting, early warning of environmental change;
DD) research to build the solutions to deal with climate change;
e) research and application of solutions to improve the health of the environment, minimize the harmful effects of the environment for humans.
Article 153. Environmental industry development of State policy and investment support institutions, individual industrial development environment; construction investment, upgrading of technical infrastructure of processing and recycling of waste; formation and the development of processing, recycling of waste; manufacturing, equipment supply, products serve the requirements of environmental protection.
Article 154. Media, the common law on the protection of the environment 1. Popular education, the law on the protection of the environment must be done regularly and extensively.
2. Agencies, organizations, individuals with outstanding achievements in environmental protection be rewarded according to the provisions of the law on competition rewarded.
3. Ministry of environmental resources and hosted, in cooperation with the Agency of information, communication, the press is responsible for communication about the law on environmental protection.
4. The Ministerial organs, chaired, in collaboration with the Ministry of natural resources and environment, information agencies, communication, the press is responsible for the communication on the protection of the environment in the field of management.
Article 155. Environmental education, the training of human resources for environmental protection 1. Courses of the school level must have content about environmental education.
2. the State human resource training priorities for environmental protection; encourage every organization, individuals involved in environmental education and training of human resources to protect the environment.
3. The Minister of education and training, in collaboration with the Minister of natural resources and the environment detailing environmental education programs and the training of human resources to protect the environment.
Chapter XVII INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION on the PROTECTION of the ENVIRONMENT Article 156. Signing, joining international treaties on international treaties on the environment conducive to the protection of the global environment, the regional environment, the domestic environment and appropriate with the benefit, the ability of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the priority consideration to signing, joined.
Article 157. Environmental protection in the process of international economic integration 1. Encourage State agencies, organizations and individuals to actively respond to requests about the environment to enhance the competitiveness of goods and services on the regional and international markets.
2. Agencies, organizations, individuals involved in international economic integration have the responsibility to prevent and limit the adverse impact on the environment in the country.
Article 158. Expand international cooperation on the protection of the environment 1. The State encourages organizations and individuals to cooperate with organizations, foreign individuals, Vietnam people settled abroad in order to enhance the capacity and effectiveness of environmental protection in the country; advanced placement, the role of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on the protection of the environment in the region and internationally.
2. the State creates favourable conditions for foreign individuals, institutions, Vietnam who settled in foreign investment, support human resources training activities, scientific research, technology transfer, nature conservation and other activities in the field of environmental protection; the development and effective use of resources, effective international cooperation on the protection of the environment.
3. the State promotes cooperation with neighboring countries and regions to address the management issues, natural resource exploitation and environmental protection are concerned.
Chapter XII INSPECTION, test, process, RESOLVE DISPUTES, complaints, accusations ABOUT the ENVIRONMENT Article 159. Responsible for organizing and directing the implementation of inspection, the inspection on the protection of the environment 1. The Minister of natural resources and environment of the Organization, direction to check, the Inspector of environmental protection under the provisions of the law on the nationwide.
2. The Minister of defence, Minister of public security organization, directing the inspection, the inspection on the protection of the environment for the facility, the project, works in the scope of the State secrets defense, security.
3. The Chairman of the provincial people's Committee in organizing, directing the inspection, the inspection on the protection of the environment in accordance with local law.
Article 160. Handle violation 1. Organizations and individuals violating the law on the protection of the environment, pollution, degradation, environmental incidents, causing damage to the other individuals and organizations, are responsible for pollution, environmental restoration, compensation for damage and processed according to the provisions of this law and the relevant legislation.
2. The head of the Agency, organization, officer, servant taking advantage of position and powers, troubling interference for organizations, individuals, covering for people breaking the law on the protection of the environment or the lack of responsibility to occur, environmental pollution depends on the nature, the extent to which violations were disciplined or suffer prejudice criminal liability; the case of damage are compensated according to the provisions of the law.
Article 161. Environmental disputes 1. The content dispute about the environment are: a) dispute about rights, responsibilities for environmental protection in the exploitation and use of components of the environment;
b) disputes on determining causes of pollution, degradation, environmental problems;
c) responsible for processing disputes, remedial, compensation for damage caused by pollution, degradation, environmental issues.
2. The parties to the dispute about the environment are: a) individual organizations use environmental component of dispute together;
b) Organization, personal exploitation, using the components of the environment and the Organization, individuals are responsible for renovating, restoring contaminated environmental area, degradation, environmental damages.
3. The environmental dispute resolution is made under the provisions of the law of civil dispute resolution outside of the contract and the provisions of relevant laws.
4. environmental disputes in the territory of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam that one side is held, foreign individuals are resolved according to the laws of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, except where otherwise specified in international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member.
Article 162. Complaints, accusations, claims about the environment 1. The Organization, individuals have the right to appeal, claims about violations of the law on environmental protection under the provisions of the law.
2. The individual has the right to denounce the violation of environmental protection legislation with the Agency who has the authority under the provisions of the law on the accusations.
3. environmental time is calculated from the time the Organization, individuals suffering damage detect damage caused by violations of the legislation on the environment of the Organization, the other individual.
Chapter XIX of the ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES Article 163. Damage caused by environmental degradation, pollution damage caused by pollution, environmental degradation, including: 1. the functional impairment, the usefulness of the environment;
2. Loss of life, human health, property and legal interests of the Organization, the individual as a result of the decline in function, the usefulness of environmental causes.
Article 164. The principle of handling the responsibility for the Organization, the individual cause environment pollution 1. Environmental pollution and the consequences of environmental pollution must be State administration competent for research, investigation and timely conclusion.
2. polluting behaviour, degradation of the environment of the Organization, the individual must be detected and processed promptly under the provisions of the law.
3. Principles for determining personal liability are specified as follows: a) the head of the organization directly responsible for violations of the law on the protection of the environment are related to the activities of the Organization;
b) Organization, personal pollution, degradation of the environment is responsible for remedial and compensation for damage caused by his behavior;
c) individual cases which cause pollution, environmental degradation due to the implementation of the tasks assigned, the Organization was held responsible in damages under the provisions of the law.
Article 165. Determine the damage caused by pollution, environmental degradation 1. The decline in function, the usefulness of the environment include the following: a) levels Have declined;
b) serious decline;
c) decline is especially serious.
2. Determining the scope, limit the impaired environment functions, usefulness include: a) to determine the limit, the area of the region, the core being serious decline and particularly severe;
b) define, direct buffer area declined;
c) define an area of other affected regions from the core zone and buffer zone.
3. The determination of the environmental components declined, including: a) determines the number of impaired environment component, type of ecosystem, species loss;
b) extent of the damage of each of the components of the environment, the ecosystem, the same species.
4. The calculation of the cost of environmental damage is defined as follows: a) the cost of immediate and long-term damage caused by the decline of function, the usefulness of environmental components;

b) processing costs, renovating, restoring the environment;
c) costs minimize or counteract damaging sources;
d) poll related objects;
DD) Depending on the specific conditions may apply one of the measures provided for in points a, b, c and d of this paragraph in order to calculate the cost of damage to the environment, as a base to claim and settle the environmental damages.
5. Determining the damage caused by the deterioration of the function, the usefulness of the environment are conducted independently or in coordination between the party causing damage and the damaged party.
Each side of the case or the parties have requested the specialized agencies on the protection of the environment is responsible for joining instructions computer determine damage or witnessed the determination of damages.
6. The determination of damage to health, of human life, property and legal interests of the Organization, by personal causing pollution, degradation of the environment is done in accordance with the law.
7. Government detailing this.
Article 166. The assessment of damage caused by deterioration of function, the usefulness of the environment 1. The assessment of damage caused by deterioration of function, the usefulness of the environment made at the request of the Organization, the individual suffers damage or resolve the compensation of environmental damage.
2. damage assessment base includes compensation for damage records, data, information, evidence and other bases related to compensation for damage and damage objects.
3. The selection of authorities of damage must be approval by the party and the right to compensation; the case the parties do not unify the selected assessment of damage by the Agency was given the responsibility to resolve the compensation decision.
Article 167. Liability insurance for environmental damage compensation 1. The State encourages the business insurance business insurance responsible for environmental damages.
2. the State encourages the Organization, the individual production operations, business, insurance services responsible for environmental damages.
3. organizations, individual manufacturing operations, business risk services, causing major damage to the environment must purchase liability insurance for environmental damage compensation as prescribed by the Government.
Chapter XX TERMS ENFORCED Article 168. Transitional provisions 1. Records were competent State agencies receiving to resolve according to administrative procedures before the environmental effect of this Law shall be processed in accordance with the law at the time of receipt.
2. organizations and individuals who are licensed, environmental certificate pursuant to the environmental protection law number 52/2005/QH11 shall be continued until the end of the time limit stated in the licence, the certificate.
Article 169. Effect of this Law has effect from January 1, 2015.
The environmental protection law No. 52/2005/QH11 expired from date of enforcement of this Law is in effect.
Article 170. Detailing the Government detailing the article, account was given in the law.
This law was the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam locked XIII, session 7 through June 23, 2014.
 

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