Decision 44/2014/qd-Ttg Dated: Detailed Rules About The Level Of Disaster Risk

Original Language Title: Quyết định 44/2014/QĐ-TTg: Quy định chi tiết về cấp độ rủi ro thiên tai

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DECIDE detailed rules about the level of risk of disasters _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ based on Government Organization Law of 25 December 2001;
Pursuant to the law on disaster prevention 19 June 2013;
Pursuant to Decree No. 66/2014/ND-CP of July 2014 detailing, guiding the implementation of some articles of the law on the prevention of natural disasters;
According to the recommendation of the Minister of natural resources and the environment, the Prime Minister issued detailed rules about the level of disaster risk.
Chapter I GENERAL PROVISIONS article 1. Disaster risk level 1. The level of risk of disaster is the delineation of the extent of damage caused by natural disasters, storms, tropical cyclones, lightning, rain, floods, flash floods, flooding, landslides by rain flooding or subsidence, land runoff by rain or flood water flow surges, saline intrusion, heat, drought, frosts, hail , salt fog, earthquakes, tsunami and other disaster types can cause on people, property, the environment, living conditions and socio-economic activities.
2. disaster risk level is determined for each type of disaster and announced the forecast bulletin content the same, warned of disaster, as the basis for assigning decentralized responsibilities and coordination in responding to the disaster.
Article 2. The principle of decentralized disaster risk level 1. Disaster risk is allocated for each type of disaster, based on the intensity, scope of influence, the area of direct impact-resistant and capable of causing damage of disasters.
2. The level of risk of each kind of disaster was assigned a maximum of 5 levels and are attached with a distinctive color, according to ascending level of disaster risk: a pale blue, 1 Level) is a small risk;
b) level 2 pale yellow is average risk;
c) level 3 orange is big risk;
d) level 4 red is a very large risk;
DD) level 5 disaster is purple.
Chapter II DETAILED RULES ABOUT the LEVEL of RISK of DISASTERS article 3. The level of risk of disasters caused by tropical depression, hurricane disaster risk level due to the tropical depression, the storm has three levels, the lowest level is the highest is level 5:1. Disaster risk level 3 includes the following cases: a) storm, tropical depression level 8, level 9 operated on the East Coast (including both Paracels Islands area, Changsha), coastal region (including the Gulf of Tonkin, Gulf of Tonkin, the South seas from Quang Tri to Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh from sea to Ninh Thuan waters, from Binh Thuan Province to CA Mau, Mau from waters to the Kien Giang Province), on the Mainland the northern region, Central System;
b) storm level 10, level 11 operated on the East Coast (including both Paracels Islands area, Changsha), coastal regions, on land for the northern region, Central;
c) very strong Storms from the 12 to 15-level operations on the East Coast (including both Paracels Islands area, Changsha).
2. disaster risk level 4 consists of the following cases: a) storm-level 10, level 11 works on the Mainland South area;
b) very strong Storms from the 12 to 15-level activity on coastal areas, inland North, Central;
c) Super Typhoon from level 16 back-up operations on the East Coast (including both Paracels Islands area, Changsha).
3. disaster risk level 5 includes the following cases: a very strong Storm from level 12) to level 15 works on the Mainland South area;
b) Super Typhoon from level 16 or over activity on coastal areas, inland North, Central.
4. The level of risk of disasters caused by tropical depressions, storms are considered determining further increase a level, to the top level is level 5, when occurs a in the following cases: a tropical storm) operated on the East Coast (including area the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Islands) coastal waters, combined with the operations of the northeast monsoon, strong southwest monsoon;
b) tropical depression, storm activity on land where is going rain, flood, flooding or coincided with the period of the tide, sea-level rise in coastal areas.
Article 4. The level of risk of disasters caused by tornados, lightning, sleet disaster risk level by gust, lightning, sleet has two levels: 1. disaster risk level 1: Tornado, lightning, hail, on average a small range.
2. disaster risk level 2: Gust, lightning, hail, powerful level on the broad scope.
Article 5. The level of risk of disasters caused by heavy rains disaster risk level due to heavy rain has 3 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) precipitation in 24 hours from 100 mm to 200 mm, which lasts from 1 day to 2 days in the region, the mountainous;
b) precipitation in 24 hours from 200 mm to 500 mm above, lasts from 1 day to 2 days in the Delta region.
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a) precipitation in 24 hours from 100 mm to 200 mm, extending from over 2 days to 4 days in the Delta region, middle, mountainous;
b) precipitation in 24 hours from 200 mm to 500 mm above, lasts from 1 day to 2 days in the Middle, mountains;
c) precipitation in 24 hours on the 500 mm, lasts from 1 day to 2 days in the Delta region.
3. disaster risk level 3 includes the following cases: a) precipitation in 24 hours from 200 mm to 500 mm above, stretching from over 2 days to 4 days in the Delta region, middle, mountainous;
b) rainfall in 24 hours on the 500 mm, lasts from 1 day to 2 days in the Middle, mountains.
Article 6. The level of risk of disasters caused by the hot sun disaster risk level because of the hot sun has 3 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) heatwave with the highest temperature during the day up to 39° C, 40° C, extending from on 5 June to 10 October;
b) heatwave with temperatures in the day surpassed 40° C, extending from 3 November to 5 November.
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a) heatwave with the highest temperature during the day up to 39° C, 40° C, extending over 10 days;
b) heatwave with temperatures in the day surpassed 40° C, extending from on 5 June to 10 September.
3. disaster risk level 3 when happen heatwave with temperatures in the day surpassed 40° C, extending over 10 days.
Article 7. The level of risk of disasters due to drought-disaster risk levels due to drought has 4 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) the shortage of rainfall, over 50%, lasts from 2 months to 3 months and water supplies in drought areas of deficiency from over 50% to 70% compared with an average multiple of five;
b) shortage of rainfall, over 50%, ranging from 3 months to 6 months on and the water source in the area of drought shortage from 20% to 50% higher than the average for many years.
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a) the rainfall shortage next month on 50%, lasts from 2 months to 3 months and water supplies in drought areas of deficiency to over 70% in comparison with the average for many years;
b) rainfall shortage next month on 50%, ranging from 3 months to 6 months on and the water source in the area of drought shortage from over 50% to 70% compared with an average multiple of five;
c) rainfall shortage next month on 50%, lasts over 6 months and water supplies in drought areas lack of from 20% to 50% higher than the average for many years.
3. disaster risk level 3 includes the following cases: a) the rainfall shortage next month on 50%, ranging from 3 months to 6 months and over water supplies in drought areas of deficiency to over 70% in comparison with the average for many years;
b) rainfall shortage next month on 50%, lasts over 6 months and water supplies in drought areas of deficiency from over 50% to 70% compared to the average for many years.
4. disaster risk level 4 when happens the rainfall shortage next month on 50%, lasts over 6 months and water supplies in drought areas of deficiency to over 70% in comparison with the average for many years.
Article 8. The level of risk of disasters caused by wet weather, salt fog disaster risk level due to wet weather, salt fog has 3 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) the harmful spells with on average air temperature from 8° C to above 13° C, extending from on 5 June to 10 July in the plain; or stretched over 10 days in the mountains;
b) spells hurt with on average air temperature from 4° C to above 8° C, extending from 3 November to 5 November in the plain; or stretching from on 5 June to 10 days in the mountains, which have appeared on salt fog;
c) damage spells with on average air temperature from 0° C to 4° C, extending from 3 days to 5 days in the mountains, which have appeared on rime, ice.
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a) the harmful spells with on average air temperature from 8° C to above 13° C, extending over 10 days in the Delta;
b) spells hurt with the average air temperature on from on 4° C to 8° C, extending from on 5 June to 10 July in plain; or stretched over 10 days in the mountains, which have appeared on salt fog;
c) damage spells with on average air temperature from 0° C to 4° C, extending from 3 November to 5 November in the plain; or stretching from on 5 June to 10 days in the mountains, which have appeared on rime, ice;
d) spells hurt with on average air temperature falls below 0° C, extending from 3 days to 5 days in the mountains, which have appeared on rime, ice.
3. disaster risk level 3 includes the following cases: a) the harmful spells with on average air temperature from 4° C to above 8° C, extending over 10 days in the Delta;
b) spells hurt with on average air temperature from 0° C to 4° C, extending from on 5 June to 10 July in the plain; or stretched over 10 days in the mountains, which have appeared on rime, ice;
c) damage spells with on average air temperature falls below 0° C, extending from on 5 June to 10 days in the mountains, which have appeared on rime, ice.
Article 9. The level of risk of disasters caused by the fog disaster risk level due to the fog has 3 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) thick fog, visibility over 50 m, endangering the sea transport;
b) fog cover, visibility fell below 50 m, endangering the land-based transportation.
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a thick fog), offering over 50 m, endangering the aviation sector means the airport;

b) smog, visibility fell below 50 m, endangering the sea transportation.
3. disaster risk level 3 when thick fog, visibility fell below 50 m, endangering regional aviation facilities at the airport.
Article 10. The level of risk of disasters caused by flooding, flood disaster risk level due to the flood, flooding has 5 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) high flood water level alarm from 2 up to 3 alarm more moderate River downstream; the upper Ma River, River, the Dong Nai River, River Vu Gia-Thu Bon River, Three; the major tributaries of the Red River-Pacific; the Mekong Delta;
b) high flood water levels from up to 3 alarm on alarm 3 about 1 m, in many small rivers; much of the River upstream from the medium.
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a) high flood water level alarm from 2 up to 3 alarm Code River, the River, the Dong Nai River, River Vu Gia-Thu Bon River, Three; lower Hips-Pacific;
b) high flood water levels from up to 3 alarm on alarm 3 about 01m, in the lower lot medium River; the upper Ma River, River, the Dong Nai River, River Vu Gia-Thu Bon River, Three; the major tributaries of the Red River-Pacific;
c) high flood level from 3-alarm on about 1 m to the extent of the flood history in many small rivers; much of the River upstream from the medium.
3. disaster risk level 3 includes the following cases: a) high flood water levels from up to 3 alarm on alarm 3 about 1 m, downstream of the River, the River, the Dong Nai River, River Vu Gia-Thu Bon River, Three; the lower Red River-Pacific;
b) high flood water levels from up to 3 alarm on alarm 3 approximately 0.5 m in the Cuu Long River Delta;
c) high flood level from 3-alarm on about 1 m to historic flood in downstream rivers medium; Ma River, River, the Dong Nai River, River Vu Gia-Thu Bon River, Three; the major tributaries of the Red River-Pacific;
d high flood level on the level) the flood history in many small rivers; much of the River upstream from the medium.
4. disaster risk level 4 consists of the following cases: a) high flood level from 3-alarm on about 1 m to the extent of the flood of the Red River history-the Pacific;
b) high flood level from about 0.5 m 3 alarm on to historic flood levels in the Mekong River Delta;
c) water level high level of historical flood on flood in downstream rivers medium; Ma River, River, the Dong Nai River, River Vu Gia-Thu Bon River, Three; the major tributaries of the Red River-the Pacific.
5. disaster risk level 5 when the flood occurred with high water levels on the historic flood levels in the lower Red River-the Pacific.
6. The level of risk of disasters caused by flooding, flooding impacts combined with the other natural disasters a) disaster risk level due to the flood, flooding was considering increased identified one level, to the top level is level 5, when there is a combination of the effects of tropical depression, hurricane disaster risk level is lower than the level of flood risk in, flood;
b) levels of risk of disasters caused by flooding, flooding was considering increased identified two levels, to the highest level is level 5, when there is a combination of the effects of tropical depression, storm and shatter the dam upstream reservoir;
c) levels of risk of disasters caused by flooding, flooding when there is a combination of the effects of tropical depression, hurricane disaster risk levels equal to or greater than the level of flood risk, flood, be considered defined by the level of risk of disasters storms, tropical depressions.
7. In areas where flood prevention works, the historical flood levels prescribed in clause 2, Clause 3, clause 4, Clause 5 this was replaced by a design flood level.
Article 11. The level of risk of disasters caused by flash floods disaster risk level due to flash floods has 3 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) flash floods caused by heavy rain with precipitation amounts from 100 mm to 200 mm in 24 hours, on the scope of many provinces in the northern mountain region , Central Highlands;
b) flash floods caused by heavy rain with precipitation from 200 mm to 500 mm in over 24 hours, on the scope of a province in the northern mountains, in the Central Highlands.
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a) flash floods due to heavy rain with precipitation is from 500 mm to 200 mm over 24 hours on the range, in many provinces in the northern mountain region, the Central Highlands;
b) flash floods due to heavy rain with precipitation amounts over 500 mm in 24 hours, on the scope of a province in the northern mountains, in the Central Highlands.
3. disaster risk level 3 when flash floods caused by heavy rains on the 500 mm in 24 hours, on the scope of many provinces in the northern mountain region, the Central Highlands.
4. disaster risk due to flash floods are considering defining in a higher level of risk level, to the top level is level 4, in the case of the complex impact of many dangerous precipitation as disaster are very to perpetuate, widespread landslides in the area happen to flash floods.
Article 12. The level of risk of disasters caused by landslides, land subsidence due to floods or the flow of disaster risk level due to landslides, land subsidence due to floods or the flow has two levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) heavy rains with precipitation from 200 mm to 300 mm in 24 hours , rain has happened before on 2 November, on the slopes have the slope higher than 25 degrees, with the weak ground, by land; or the land slopes of ruins;
b Precipitation precipitation amounts with very large) on the 300 mm in 24 hours, rains occurred before that from 1 day to 2 days, on steep slopes has a slope less than 25 degrees, with love, by land should land;
c Precipitation precipitation amounts with very large) on the 300 mm in 24 hours, the rain had occurred earlier on 2 November, on the slopes have the slope higher than 25 degrees, with the shale and Siltstone clay background mounted.
2. disaster risk level 2 when there is the possibility of rain with precipitation on 300 mm in 24 hours, the rain had occurred earlier on 2 November, on the slopes have the slope higher than 25 degrees, with the weak ground, by land; or the land slopes of ruins.
Article 13. The level of risk of disasters caused by saline intrusion disaster risk level due to infiltration of saline has two levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 when many cases occurred the estuary coastal salty salinity with 4 voice penetrate the depths from 25 km to 50 km from the mouth of the river in the long period, and the source of fresh water in the river no more than 40% of the deficit than average years.
2. disaster risk level 2 when the case occurred many coastal estuary salty salinity with 4 voice penetrate the depths more than 50 km from the mouth of the River, in long periods of dry, heat and lack of water that lasted several months, the source of fresh water in the River on the deficit by 40% than average years.
Article 14. The level of risk of disasters caused by rising water levels, the risk of disasters caused by water surges have 5 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 includes the following cases: a) water level surges from 1 m to 2 m at the Southern coastal strip;
b the water level rise from top) 2 m to 4 m in the northern coastal strip.
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a) water level surges from over 2 m to 4 m in the coastal strip in Central, Southern;
b the water level rise from top) 4 m to 6 m in the northern coastal strip.
3. disaster risk level 3 when the water level rises from over 4 m to 6 m in the Central coastal strip, southern Vietnam.
4. disaster risk level 4 when the water level rises from over 6 m to 8 m in the northern coastal strip, Central.
5. disaster risk level 5 when the water level rises to over 8 m in Central coastal strip.
Article 15. Disaster risk level due to strong wind on the Sea disaster risk level because of strong wind on the sea has 3 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 when there are strong winds from grade 6 to grade 9, going on off (including the Islands, the archipelago).
2. disaster risk level 2 includes the following cases: a) strong wind from grade 6 to grade 9, occurs on the coastal region;
b) strong wind from level 9 or above, occurs on the waters (including the Islands, the archipelago).
3. disaster risk level 3 when there are strong winds from level 9 or above, occurs on the coastal region.
4. disaster risk level because of strong wind on the sea was considering increased identified one level, to the top level is level 4, when occurs a in the following cases: a) strong wind on the sea occurred simultaneously with the operation of the tropical depressions, storms on the East Coast or coastal region;
b) strong wind on the sea occurred at the beginning of the season or the end of hurricane season and maintain for many days continuously.
Article 16. The level of risk of disasters caused by earthquake disaster risk level due to the earthquake has 5 levels: 1. disaster risk level 1 when the intensity of tremors on the Earth surface observations are from level V to VI, occur in any region of the territory of Vietnam.
2. disaster risk level 2 when the intensity of tremors on the Earth surface observations are from level to level VII, occur in rural areas, urban areas.
3. disaster risk level 3 when the intensity of tremors on the Earth observation, from level to level VII, occur in areas with irrigation reservoirs, hydroelectric reservoirs; or the intensity of tremors on the Earth surface observations are from level to level VII VIII occurred in rural areas.
4. disaster risk level 4 when the intensity of tremors on the Earth surface observations are from level VII to VIII, occurs in rural areas; or areas with irrigation reservoirs, hydroelectric reservoirs.
5. disaster risk level 5 when intensity of tremors on the Earth surface monitoring is greater than level VIII, occurs in any area in the territory of Vietnam.
Article 17. The level of risk of disasters caused by tsunami disaster risk level due to the tsunami have 2 level is level 4 and level 5:1. Disaster risk level 3 when the tsunami detection without destruction, but can cause large waves, unexpected in the coastal strip.
2. disaster risk level 5 when the tsunami has destroyed, affecting directly to Vietnam.
Chapter III IMPLEMENTATION Article 18. Enforceable decision has effect from 1 October 2014.
Article 19. Responsibility 1. The Ministers, heads of ministerial agencies, heads of government agencies, head of the Central Steering Committee on prevention of natural disasters, the Chairman of the National Committee for search and rescue, President of the people's Committee of the central cities, and heads of agencies, relevant units responsible for the implementation of this decision.
2. Ministry of environmental resources and hosted, in cooperation with the Ministry of agriculture and rural development announced the Organization, guiding the implementation of the decision; track, General, report difficulties and obstacles in the process of implementation of the decision, the prime consideration, decided to./.