On The Protection Of Land

Original Language Title: Про охорону земель

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now

Read the untranslated law here: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/962-15

                                                          
With a k o n u r as th Mr. s for the protection of Lands (Supreme Council of Ukraine (BD), 2003, N 39, 349) {amended in accordance with the laws of 1443 N-VI (1422-17) from 04.06.2009, VVR, 2009, N 47-48, c. 719-3530 N VI (3530-17) from 16.06.2011, VVR, 2012, N 2-3, art. 3 N 4444-VI (4444-17) d.d.23.02.2012, VVR, 2012, N 49 , 555 N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012, VVR, 2014, N 6-7, 80 N 191-VIII (191-19) from 12.02.2015, VVR, 2015, N 21, 133 N 497-VIII (497-19) from 02.06.2015, VVR, 2015, N 31, art. 293} establishes the legal, economic and social foundations of public lands for the purpose of ensuring their sustainable use, and enhancement of soil fertility and other useful properties of the Earth, maintaining the ecological functions of soil cover and protection of the environment.
Chapter I General provisions article 1. Protection of lands and other basic concepts and terms of land Protection system, legal, organizational, economic, technological and other measures aimed at the rational use of land, prevent unfounded seizure of agricultural land for nonagricultural purposes, protection from harmful anthropogenic impact, and improving soil fertility, increasing the productivity of lands of forest fund, providing a special mode of land use of environmental, health, recreational, historical and cultural purposes.
Applied in this Act other concepts and terms used in the following meaning: agrolandšaft landscape, which make up the farmland and forest plantations, including lìsosmugi and other protective plantations;
agrohìmìčne survey of soils-the mandatory continuous inspection of agricultural land for the purpose of State control over the change in indicators of fertility and soil pollution;
the maximum allowable concentration of pollutants-the maximum permissible number of contaminants in soils, which not causes negative environmental consequences for their fertility, the General State of the environment, quality of agricultural products and human health;
humus-organic part of soil, which is formed in the process of biochemical decomposition of plant and animal residues and forms its fertility;
soil-natural-historical organo-mineral body, formed on the surface of the Earth's crust and is the center of the largest concentration of nutrients, the basis of life and of human development due to najcìnnìšìj their properties-fertility;
layer mass-removed the fertile layer of soil;
soil survey-determination of genetic structure and properties of soil structure soil cover;
ǵruntovtoma-breaking bio-regime of soils and the sharp reduction of productivity of agricultural crops as a result of their growing bezzmìnnogo or frequent return to previous field crop rotation, which leads to the deterioration of the quality of the State of the soils, the accumulation in soils of specific pathogens and weed seeds; {Part of the second paragraph of article 1 of the law N 1443-VI (1422-17) from 04.06.2009} degradation — deterioration of useful properties and fertility of soil as a result of exposure to natural or anthropogenic factors;
land degradation-natural or anthropogenic simplification of the landscape, the deterioration of the status of useful properties and functions of land and other organically connected with the ground of natural components;
soil pollution – the accumulation in soil of substances that negatively affect their fertility and other useful properties;
land resources-comprehensive natural resource of the surface of the land as a spatial basis of settlement and economic activity, the basic means of production in agriculture and forestry;
land-surface land with soils, minerals, and other natural elements that organically combined and along with it;
conservation land-cessation of commercial use of the specified term and grassing or afforestation of degraded and not productive lands, commercial use which is environmentally and economically inefficient, as well as urban contaminated land on which it is impossible to get clean, and people on these land plots is dangerous for their health;
soil protection-a system of legal, organizational, technological, and other measures aimed at the preservation and reproduction of soil fertility and soil integrity, their protection from degradation, agricultural production in compliance with ǵruntozahisnih technology and environmental security;
affected by land-land that has lost its economic and ecological value due to violation of the soil cover as a result of human activity or natural phenomena;
natural-agricultural, environmental, economic, protierozìjne and other types of zoning (zoning) land is a division of the territory, taking into account natural and agrobìologìčnih requirements for growing crops, as well as territories that have relevant similarities by their signs;
fertility of soil-soil's ability to meet the needs of
plants in the elements of power, water, air and warm in sufficient quantities for their normal development, which together are the main indicator of the quality of the soil.
Article 2. The Earth as an object of protection object of special protection of the State is all land within the territory of Ukraine.
Article 3. The principles of the State policy in the sphere of protection of the lands of the basic principles of the State policy in the field of land are: protection of the land as the main wealth of the Ukrainian people;
priority requirements of ecological safety in the use of land as a spatial basis, natural resource, and the primary means of production;
damages caused by the violation of the legislation on the protection of the land;
rationing and systematic limiting of the impact of economic activity on land resources;
the combination of measures of economic incentives and legal liability in the field of land;
publicity in dealing with issues of land, using the funds of the State budget and local budgets on security.
Article 4. Legal regulation in the field of land rights in the field of land is carried out in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine (254 k/96-VR), land code of Ukraine (0-14), this law, other legal acts which are taken in accordance with them.
Chapter II POWERS of the ORGANS of STATE POWER and bodies of local self-government in the AREAS of LAND Article 5. The bodies that carry out the regulation in the field of land Regulation in the field of land engaged in Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, local authorities, local State administrations, as well as specially empowered central executive bodies within the authority established by the law.
The specially authorized central bodies of the Executive power in the field of land is the central body of the Executive power, which ensures the formation of State policy in the sphere of land relations;
the central executive body that implements the State policy in the sphere of land relations;
the central executive body that implements the State policy in the sphere of supervision (control) in the agricultural sector;
the central body of the Executive power, which ensures the formation of State policy in the field of environmental protection;
the central executive body that implements the State policy in the field of environmental protection;
the central executive body that implements the State policy of ensuring supervision (control) in the field of environmental protection.
{Part two of article 5 as amended by law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012} article 6. The powers of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the sphere of protection of the land to the authority of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the field of land include: definition of the principles of the State policy in the sphere of use and protection of lands;
the approval of the national programs on the use and protection of lands;
solution of other matters in the field of the protection of lands in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine (254 k/96-VR).
Article 7. The powers of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in the area of public land to the authority of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on the territory of the Republic in the field of land include: ensuring implementation of State policy in the sphere of use and protection of lands;
participation in the implementation of national programs on the use and protection of lands;
approval of and participation in the implementation of regional (Republican) programs use and protection of land, increasing soil fertility;
coordination of activities of district and urban (cities of Republican significance) councils in the area of public lands;
coordination of the implementation of the control over the use and protection of lands;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
Article 8. The powers of the regional councils in the area of public land to the authority of regional councils in the area of public lands include: ensuring implementation of State policy on the use and protection of lands;
participation in the implementation of national programs on the use and protection of lands on the corresponding territory;
approval of and participation in the implementation of regional programmes for the use and protection of land, increasing soil fertility;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
Article 9. Powers of Kyiv and Sebastopol city councils in the area of public land to the authority of the Kyiv and Sebastopol city councils in the area of public land in their territory are: approval and participation in the implementation of targeted programs, and documentation of land management on public lands;
participation in the implementation of national programs on the use and protection of lands in their territory;
Organization and control over the use and protection of lands of communal property;
setting restrictions (encumbrances) to use a temporary ban (suspension) or cessation of use of the land plot
citizens and legal persons in case of violations of the requirements of the legislation in the field of land;
monitoring the use of funds received in compensation for losses of agricultural and forestry production, related to the deletion (ransom) of land;
economic stimulation of rational use and protection of lands in accordance with the law;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
Article 10. The powers of the District Councils in the area of public lands To the powers of the District Councils in the area of public land on the territory of the District include: ensuring implementation of State policy on the use and protection of lands;
participation in the implementation of regional programmes for the use and protection of land, increasing soil fertility;
coordination of the activities of the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of land relations, at territorial level; {Paragraph four of article 10 as amended by law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012} Organization Organization and approval documentation of land management on public lands in accordance with the law;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
Article 11. The powers of the District Councils in the area of public lands Authority of District Councils in the areas of land defining the Urban Council.
Article 12. Powers of village, Township, city councils in the area of public lands to the powers of village, Township, city councils in the area of public land on the territory of villages, towns, cities include: the development, approval and implementation of targeted programs and documentation of land management on public lands in accordance with the law;
setting restrictions (encumbrances) to use a temporary ban (suspension) or cessation of use of the land by citizens and legal persons in case of violations of the requirements of the legislation in the field of land;
control over the use and protection of lands of communal property;
economic stimulation of rational use and protection of lands in accordance with the law;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
Article 13. The powers of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine in the field of protection of the lands of the authority of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine in the field of land include: the implementation of the State policy in the sphere of use and protection of lands;
developing and enforcing national programs use and protection of lands;
development and approval within its powers of regulatory legal acts in the field of public lands;
installation procedure for the monitoring of land;
coordination of the activities of the executive bodies in the field of land;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
Article 14. The powers of the Council of Ministers of Autonomous Republic of Crimea in the area of public land to the authority of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on the territory of the Republic in the field of land include: ensuring implementation of State policy in the sphere of use and protection of lands;
participation in development and ensuring implementation of State and national programmes in the field of land;
monitoring the use of funds received in compensation for losses of agricultural and forestry production, related to the deletion (ransom) of land;
coordination of implementation of land management and State control over the use and protection of lands;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
The Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea carries out her powers independently and through the executive authorities of Autonomous Republic of Crimea.
{Article 14 amended part of second according to law N 3530-VI (3530-17) from 16.06.2011} Article 15. Powers of local State administrations in the area of public lands to the powers of local State administrations in the area of public lands include: ensuring implementation of State policy on the use and protection of lands;
participation in development and ensuring the execution of the national and regional (Republican) programs in the sphere of use and protection of lands;
monitoring the use of funds received in compensation for losses of agricultural and forestry production, related to the deletion (ransom) of land;
coordination of the exercise of State control over the use and protection of lands;
economic stimulation of rational use and protection of lands in accordance with the law;
setting restrictions (encumbrances) to use a temporary ban (suspension) or cessation of use of the land by citizens and legal persons in case of violations of the requirements of the legislation in the field of land;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
Article 16. The powers of the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of land relations in the sphere of protection of the land to the authority of the central body of the Executive power that
implements the State policy in the sphere of land relations in the field of land include: participation in the implementation of national and regional programmes of public lands;
monitoring and protection of lands;
ensure monitoring of soils and agrochemical certification of agricultural lands;
ensure the implementation of the natural agricultural, ecological, economic, protierozìjnogo and other types of zoning (zoning) of land;
implementation of the recommendations and measures to ensure the fertility of soils and the use of agrochemicals;
preparation and implementation of organizational, economic, ecological and other measures aimed at the rational use and protection of lands, their protection from harmful anthropogenic impact, compliance regime of land environmental, health, recreational, historical and cultural purposes, other territories and objects of ecological network;
implementation of measures for the improvement of the procedure of accounting and reporting for regulation of land use and protection of lands, forming ecological network;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
{Article 16, as amended by law N 4444-VI (4444-17) d.d.23.02.2012; as amended by law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012} article 17. The powers of the central body of the Executive power, which ensures the formation of State policy in the sphere of environmental protection, and the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of environmental protection, land of the authority of the central body of the Executive power, which ensures the formation of State policy in the sphere of environmental protection in the field of land include: participation in development of national and regional programs of the use and protection of lands;
to participate in preparation of normative-legal acts in the sphere of protection of the land;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
The authority of the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of environmental protection in the field of land include: participation in the implementation of national and regional programs of the use and protection of lands;
approval of land management projects on drainage of land;
the definition of the list of lands on which applies restrictions on the growing of genetically modified varieties of plants;
participation in the implementation of the natural agricultural, ecological, economic, protierozìjnogo and other types of zoning (zoning) of land;
participate in the development and implementation of measures for economic stimulation and protection of lands;
the implementation of the international cooperation on public lands;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
{Article 17, as amended by law N 4444-VI (4444-17) d.d.23.02.2012; as amended by law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012} Article 17-1. The powers of the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy of exercising State supervision (control) in the field of environmental protection To the powers of the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy of exercising State supervision (control) in the field of environmental protection in the field of land include: exercising State supervision (control) the observance of the legislation on the use and protection of lands on: preservation of degraded and not productive lands;
conservation of wetlands;
implementation of environmental requirements when providing ownership and use, including the rent of land;
the implementation of measures to prevent pollution of land, chemical and radioactive substances, waste management, waste water;
adherence to use of land natural reserve and other conservation areas, as well as territories that are subject to special protection;
the observance of environmental standards on the use and protection of lands;
installation and use of water protection zones and coastal protective strips, as well as adherence to use their territories;
doing construction, dredging, extraction of sand and gravel, the laying of cables, pipelines and other communications on the lands of water fund;
appeal to the Administrative Court for the application of measures of response in the form of limiting or stopping (temporarily) or cessation of activity of enterprises and objects regardless of their subordination and forms of ownership, in accordance with the law if their operation is carried out in violation of the legislation on the protection of the land;
submission of claims for damages and losses incurred as a result of violation of the legislation on the protection of the land;
solution of other matters in the field of land according to the law.
{The Act amended article 17-1 of the law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012} Article 18. The powers of the central body of the Executive power
that ensures the formation of State policy in the sphere of land relations in the sphere of protection of the land to the authority of the central body of the Executive power, which ensures the formation of State policy in the sphere of land relations in the field of land include: the development of national and regional programs of the reproduction of soil fertility;
maintenance of formation of the State policy on the use and protection of lands;
Organization development in accordance with the law, rules and regulations for the protection and enhancement of soil fertility;
development of recommendations and measures to ensure the fertility of soils and the use of agrochemicals;
the economic mechanisms to stimulate implementation of measures regarding the use and protection of land and increasing soil fertility;
approval of the procedure for State supervision and control over observance of the legislation on pesticides and agrochemicals in crop production;
approval of the procedure of obtaining the documents, materials and other information necessary for the exercise of State control over the use and protection of lands;
approving the guidelines for agricultural enterprises of any form of ownership on the use and protection of agricultural lands, the introduction of new resource-energy-saving technologies and modern technical means and equipment;
solution of other matters in the field of fertility in accordance with law.
{Article 18 as amended by law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012} article 18-1. The powers of the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of supervision (control) in the agricultural sector, in the field of the protection of the lands of the authority of the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of supervision (control) in the agricultural sector, in the areas of land are: 1) the exercise of State control over the use and protection of lands by State accounting and registration of land, the integrity of information on the availability and use of land;
fulfilment of the conditions of the removal, storage and use of the fertile soil layer during the mining, exploration, construction and other works associated with the violation of the soil cover, the timely conducting for disturbed lands in the volume stipulated by the land management project work; {Paragraph three of clause 1 of article 18-1, as amended by law N 497-VIII (497-19) from 02.06.2015} the observance of rules, set the mode of operation of the protierozìjnih, hydrotechnical buildings, preserving the protective plantings and landmarks;
location, design, construction and the introduction of the action of objects which adversely affect or may adversely affect the status of the land;
implementation of the measures envisaged by the work projects of the land development, land protection from water and wind erosion, selìv, flooding, soil salinization, zaboločennâ, soloncûvannâ, drying, compaction, and other processes that lead to the deterioration of land, as well as to prevent the owners and users of land damage to land by pollution of chemical and radioactive substances and waste water, clogging the industrial, household and other waste, overgrowing shrubs, drìbnolìssâm and weeds; {The sixth paragraph of point 1 of article 18-1, as amended by law N 497-VIII (497-19) from 02.06.2015} 2) solution of other matters in the field of fertility in accordance with law.
{Section II Update: article 18-1 according to law N 4444-VI (4444-17) d.d.23.02.2012; as amended by law N 5462-VI (5462-17) from the 26.10.2012} Partition III CONTROL of LAND Article 19. State control over the use and protection of lands of State control over the use and protection of land is carried out by the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of supervision (control) in the agricultural sector, and for compliance with the requirements of the legislation on the protection of land-the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy of exercising State supervision (control) in the field of environmental protection.
{Part one of article 19 as amended by law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012} State control over compliance with the requirements of the legislation on the protection of land carries a central body of the Executive power, which provides for the implementation of the State policy of exercising State supervision (control) in the field of environmental protection, rational use and protection of natural resources.
The procedure for the exercise of State control over the use and protection of Lands shall be established by law.
The central executive body that implements the State policy in the sphere of land relations, conducts monitoring of soil fertility and agricultural certification of agricultural lands.
{Part four article 19 amended by law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012}
{Article 19 as amended by Law N 4444-VI (4444-17) d.d.23.02.2012} Article 20. Self-governing control the use and
protection of the lands of Self-governing control over the use and protection of land engaged in village, Township, city, district and regional councils.
Article 21. Public control over the use and protection of lands of public control over the use and protection of lands carrying out public inspectors who are assigned to the relevant local authorities, the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of implementation of State supervision (control) in the agricultural sector, the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy of exercising State supervision (control) in the field of environmental protection, and act on the basis of the provisions of approved by the central bodies of executive power to ensure the formation of the State policy in the field of land relations, the protection of the environment.
{Article 21 amended by law N 5462-VI (5462-17) from the 26.10.2012} Partition IV SYSTEM activities in the FIELD of LAND Article 22. The system measures in the field of land System in the field of land include: State complex system of supervision;
the development of national and regional (Republican) programs use and protection of lands, documentation of the Organization in the field of land;
the creation of ecological networks;
implementation of the natural agricultural, ecological, economic, protierozìjnogo and other types of zoning (zoning) of land;
stimulus implementation measures on the protection and use of land and increasing soil fertility;
standardization and regulation.
Article 23. The State integrated system of observation the State integrated system of observation includes topographic-geodetic, cartographic, soil, agricultural chemical, radiological and other examination and hardened Milspec electronics and State land and soil monitoring.
On the basis of the data of the State integrated system of observation formed the national, regional and local data banks on the State lands and soils.
Article 24. National and regional programs to use and protection of lands and protection of National land use program developed in accordance with the programs of economic, scientific and technical and social development and environmental protection.
National AIDS programme use and protection of lands determines the composition and amount of priority and promising interventions for the protection of lands, as well as the amount and source of the resourcing of their implementation.
Regional programs of use and protection of lands are being developed in accordance with the national programme taking into account local characteristics.
Implementation of national and regional programs of the use and protection of lands provided by the Executive power and bodies of local self-government in accordance with powers determined by law.
Article 25. Documentation of land management in the field of land Documentation of land management in the field of land are the scheme of land development and feasibility studies of the use and protection of lands of administrative-territorial units and land management projects.
The composition of the documentation of the Organization in the field of land and the procedure for its approval and approval are set by the land code of Ukraine (0-14) and the law of Ukraine "on land management" (858-15).
The owners of the land and zemlekoristuvačì to ensure the implementation of measures for the protection of land and restrictions in the use of land provided by the documentation of the Organization in the field of land.
{Article 25 as amended by law N 497-VIII (497-19) from 02.06.2015} Article 26. Natural-agricultural, environmental, economic, protierozìjne and other types of zoning (zoning) lands of natural, agricultural, environmental, economic, protierozìjne and other types of zoning (zoning) lands include: Division of land for target designation given the natural conditions, the agrobìologìčnih requirements of the crops, the development of economic activity and the priority requirements of ecological safety;
installation requirements for the rational use of land according to the area (zone);
determine the areas that need special protection from anthropogenic influence;
set within the individual areas of needed types of environmental restrictions in the use of land or soil taking into account their geomorfologìčnih, climatic, soil, protierozìjnih and other features according to the ecological area (zone).
The procedure for the exercise of the natural agricultural, ecological, economic, protierozìjnogo and other types of zoning (zoning) lands (681-2004-p) the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
Article 27. Stimulus implementation of measures regarding the use and protection of lands and improve soil fertility State carries out economic stimulus measures on the protection and use of land and increasing soil fertility and land zemlekoristuvačami by: providing tax and credit privileges to individuals and legal
individuals who carry out the own funds measures to protect the land from erosion, enhance soil fertility and other measures provided for national and regional programs of the use and protection of lands;
release of landowners and land users from payment for the land, for the land on which the executable work on land reclamation, for land conservation, and other work on public lands for the duration of the temporary preservation, construction and development of agricultural land according to the approved documentation of land management;
compensation for agricultural commodity producers nedooderžanoï share of income as a result of conservation, degraded, not productive, as well as urban contaminated land;
the application of accelerated depreciation of fixed assets zemleohoronnogo and conservation.
Reimbursements paid landowners and zemlekoristuvačami for improving the ecological condition of the lands and improve soil fertility, produced at the expense of the State budget of Ukraine and local budgets according to national and regional programmes of public lands.
The basis for the consideration of the question of economic stimulus measures on the use and protection of lands and improve soil fertility is the application or the petition of landowners and land users to the bodies of executive power or bodies of local self-government, which carry regulation in the sphere of protection of the land, at the location of a land plot.
The application or petition is added to the conclusion of the central body of the Executive power, which implements the State policy in the sphere of implementation of State supervision (control) in the agricultural sector, improving the environmental condition of land and increasing soil fertility agrochemical according to the passport of the land plot.
{Part four article 27 amended by law N 5462-VI (5462) from 26.10.2012} Order economic incentive measures for the use and protection of lands and improve soil fertility establishes Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
Section V STATE STANDARDS and NORMS in the field of LAND article 28. Standardisation and norms in the field of protection of the land standardization and regulation in the field of land lie in ensuring the ecological and sanitary-hygienic safety of citizens by determining the requirements for the quality of the land, soil fertility and allowable anthropogenic load and commercial development of the land.
Article 29. Standardization in the field of land to normative documents for standardization in the field of land include: timing, the concept of classification;
methods, techniques and means of determining the composition and properties of the land;
requirements for the collection, keeping, processing, storage, and analysis of information on the quality of land, forecasting the changes of soil fertility;
requirements for the rational use and protection of lands;
technical conditions concerning the processes and services in the field of land;
metrological standards, rules, requirements for the Organization of work;
other regulations of standardization in the field of protection of the land.
Normative documents in the field of land are developed, approved, tested and reviewed in accordance with the law of Ukraine "on Standardization" (2408-14).
Article 30. Standards in the field of land and soil fertility of land and soil fertility are established by the following regulations: maximum allowable pollution of soils;
quality status of the soil;
the optimal ratio of the land;

{The fifth Paragraph of article 30 is possible on the basis of Law N 191-VIII (191-19) from 12.02.2015} indicators of degradation and soil.
Standards in the field of land and soil fertility establishes Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
Article 31. Standards of maximum acceptable contamination of soils, soil pollution Standards are determined by the allowable maximum for the purpose of establishing the criteria for the suitability of land for use by end-use.
The standards of maximum acceptable soil contamination include: maximum permissible concentration in soils of chemicals, residual amounts of pesticides and agrochemicals, heavy metals, etc.;
maximum permissible levels of contamination of soil radioactive substances.
Article 32. Standards of quality status of soils soil quality Standards established by the State to prevent their visnažennû and are used to control the quality condition of the soils.
Standards of quality condition of the soil determine the level of pollution, optimal nutrient content, physico-chemical properties, etc.
Article 33. Standards of optimal ratio of land land the optimum ratio Standards established to prevent excessive antropogennomu impact on them, including excessive raspahannosti of agricultural land.
To the standards of the optimal ratio of land include: optimum ratio of agricultural land, natural reserve, and other environmental, health,
historical-cultural, recreational destination, as well as the lands of the forest and water funds;
the optimal ratio of arable land and perennial plantings, sìnožatej, pastures, and lands under the polezahisnimi across the agrolandšaftah.

{Article 33-1 excluded by law N 191-VIII (191-19) from 12.02.2015} Article 34. Normative indicators of degradation and soil degradation indicators Standards are set for each category of land in order to prevent worsening of their condition and are used to exercise control over the use and protection of lands.
The standards of indicators of degradation include indicators of the maximum acceptable degradation and land properties as a result of anthropogenic influence and adverse natural phenomena, as well as regulations on the intensity of use of agricultural land.
Use in agricultural production of agricultural machinery, specific pressure running on the ground which exceeds the standards, is prohibited.
Indicators of the intensity of agricultural land use are established taking into account agrochemical data certification.
When setting indicators of the intensity of agricultural land use are determined by the crops, the cultivation of which is limited or prohibited, as well as technologies and agro technical operations for their cultivation.
Indicators of the intensity of agricultural land use in the process of drafting and design-technological documentation on the growing of agricultural crops.
Chapter VI PROTECTION of LAND when CARRYING OUT ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES of Article 35. Requirements for owners and land users, including tenants of land when carrying out economic activities of the owners and zemlekoristuvačì, including tenants, of land when carrying out economic activity must: comply with the requirements of the land and environmental legislation;
the land areas of economic activity in ways that do not cause harmful effects on State lands and fertility;
increase the fertility of soils and other useful properties of the Earth based on the application of ekologobezpečnih technology processing and technology, the implementation of other measures that reduce the negative impact on soils, prevent the decisive loss of humus, nutrients, etc.;
adhere to standards, norms in the implementation protierozìjnih, farming, agrochemical, melioration and other measures related to the protection, preservation and increasing soil fertility;
provide the relevant bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government, the information about the use of pesticides and agrochemicals;
to promote the systematic carrying out of survey, obstežuval′nih, exploration work as land dynamics of soil fertility;
promptly inform the relevant bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government on the State, degradation and contamination of land;
ensure compliance with established legislation mode of use of lands that are subject to special protection;
ensure the use of the land for the end-use and adhere to the established limitations (encumbrances) on the land;
protect the land from erosion, depletion, pollution, littering, salinization, acidification, osoloncûvannâ, over watering, flooding, overgrowing weeds, shrubs and drìbnolìssâm;
taking measures to prevent the negative and ekologonebezpečnomu influence on land and the Elimination of the consequences of this exposure.
Article 36. Protection of lands in the exercise of economic activities on the lands of agricultural purpose Protection of agricultural lands is provided on the basis of the implementation of measures to sustain the productivity of agricultural lands, increasing their environmental sustainability and soil fertility, as well as limiting their withdrawal (redemption) for non-agricultural purposes.
Rezoning of agricultural land is permitted only under the condition of substantiating such a change in the manner prescribed by law.
In the case of withdrawal (redemption) of agricultural land for non-agricultural needs is provided by the priority of conservation of productive lands.
Čerezsmužžâ and the configuration of the land, which create obstacles to the effective use and implementation of nature protection measures, as well as violating the integrity of the landscaped territory, subject to uporâdkuvannû according to the approved documentation with land management.
{Part four article 36 amended by law N 497-VIII (497-19) from 02.06.2015} Protection of agricultural lands from erosion, selìv, flooding and other types of degradation is carried out on the basis of the implementation of the measures envisaged by the State and regional
programs, according to the schemes of land management and feasibility study of the use and protection of lands of administrative-territorial units, land management projects.
{Part five article 36 amended by law N 497-VIII (497-19) from 02.06.2015} Article 37. Basic requirements for the protection of soil fertility of the owners and zemlekoristuvačì, including tenants, of land are required to implement measures for the protection of soil fertility, stipulated by this law and other legislative acts of Ukraine.