About The National Program Of Chernobyl Npp Decommissioning And Shelter Object Transformation Into Ecologically Safe System

Original Language Title: Про Загальнодержавну програму зняття з експлуатації Чорнобильської АЕС та перетворення об'єкта "Укриття" на екологічно безпечну систему

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Read the untranslated law here: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/886-17

The LAW of UKRAINE on national program of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system (Supreme Council of Ukraine (BD), 2009, no. 24, art. 300) {amended by law No. 3960-VI from 21.10.2011, VVR, 2012, no. 23, item 231} Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decides: I confirm the statewide program of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system (attached).

II. Final provisions 1. This law shall come into force on January 1, 2010.

2. Contribute to the law of Ukraine "on the General principles of the further exploitation and decommissioning of the Chernobyl NPP and the 4th power unit of this NPP into ecologically safe system" (Supreme Council of Ukraine, 1999, no. 4, article 33, no. 32, 264; 2001, no. 27, 133; 2004, Nr 5, art. 28, no. 51, art. 546) are as follows: 1) articles 5 and 6 to this edition "Article 5. State support of works on preparation for the removal and decommissioning reactors at Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system should be enforced in accordance with the approved in the prescribed manner national programme of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system.

Article 6. Work on the shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system are performed according to the approved in the prescribed manner national programme of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system.

One of the goals on the shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system is the deletion of it materials, containing nuclear fuel and radioactive waste. The removal of materials containing nuclear fuel and radioactive waste from the shelter provided by putting them in a controllable State ";

2) part of the first and second article 7, put in the following wording: article 7. Funding to prepare for the removal and decommissioning reactors at Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system, ensuring the radiation safety of medical and biophysical monitoring of personnel of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and contractors that perform the work of preparation for the removal and decommissioning reactors at Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system, social protection of personnel of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the inhabitants of Slavutich is carried out at the expense of the State budget of Ukraine , international technical assistance and voluntary contributions of legal or physical persons and other sources not prohibited by the law.

The law on State budget of Ukraine for the relevant year is supposed to separate line selection of funds to finance the work on the preparation for the removal and decommissioning of Chernobyl NPP units and ensure the social protection of the staff of the Chernobyl NPP and Slavutych residents, as well as the allocation of funds to finance the work on the shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system ";

3) article 8 is deleted.

3. the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine: after signing the contracts stipulated measures for Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system, defined in the annex to the national program of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system in a month to inform the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on the terms of the contract, the amount of funding and the graphics performance of works (provision of services), which provided for contracts;

quarterly inform the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on volumes and schedules of works (provision of services) provided by contracts that defined the international plan of action on the implementation of object "shelter";

at the end of the current section and in the beginning of the next stage of the work of the Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system served in order of legislative initiative to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine the draft amendments and refinements to the national program of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system.

President of Ukraine v.Yushchenko Kyiv, January 15, 2009 # 886-VI APPROVED the law of Ukraine of January 15, 2009 # 886-VI NATIONAL PROGRAM of CHERNOBYL NPP decommissioning and shelter Object TRANSFORMATION into ECOLOGICALLY SAFE SYSTEM General provisions This National program of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system (hereinafter the program) determines the main directions of work of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system approximately the volume of funding, organizational and technical task.

To located at the industrial site of the Chernobyl nuclear installations and objects intended for the treatment of radioactive waste, which will be subject to removal from the operation include: first, second and third units (main buildings);

the first repository of spent nuclear fuel on the basis of technology "wet" storage;

temporary storage of liquid and solid radioactive waste.


The withdrawal operation shall be also other objects zagal′nostancìjnogo: auxiliary, electrical, hydraulic structures, pond.

On the industrial site of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is the fourth destroyed unit ("shelter"), which is nuclear dangerous object and the temporary repository of spontaneous radioactive waste. The activities are carried out on the object "shelter", qualify as transforming it into an environmentally safe system.

The completion of the activities of the Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system requires about 100 years, so the program contains priority measures that need to be during 2009-2012 years during the termination of the operation of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system.

The objective of the program the purpose of the program is to ensure the implementation of the State policy: preparing for the removal and decommissioning of Chornobyl NPP and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system;

ensuring the protection of the personnel, population and environment from the effects of ionizing radiation.

The programme provides the following main directions: retired, preparing for the removal and decommissioning of Chornobyl NPP;

the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system;

of radioactive waste of the Chernobyl NPP that accumulated during the period of operation and utvorûvatimut′sâ during the execution of works on decommissioning reactors at Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system;

scientific-technical and information support of works on preparation for the removal and decommissioning reactors at Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system, guaranteeing transparency for the Community decisions on security activity, foreseen by the program;

social protection of the workers of Chernobyl NPP and Slavutych residents in connection with the early removal of the Chernobyl NPP.

To achieve the goal of the program in the absence of experience of operation of power reactors of the type RVPK-1000: improving the regulatory framework on decommissioning of nuclear installations and facilities for radioactive waste;

to ensure the construction of facilities for the treatment of radioactive waste, which utvorûvatimut′sâ in the process of decommissioning the Chernobyl NPP and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system;

create on the industrial site of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant complex engineering systems and structures, including the integrated system for radioactive waste management, to ensure the implementation of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system.

In accordance with the legislation of Ukraine to introduce activities of decommissioning Chernobyl is assumed in the following stages: 1) the termination of the operation (the preparatory stage prior to decommissioning) phase, during which will be removing nuclear fuel and move it into the store spent nuclear fuel intended for long-term storage. The current phase, during which runs the main task that determines the duration of the stage-removing nuclear fuel from power. The term end-no earlier than 2013;

2) final closure and preservation of reactor installations. At this stage will be the preservation of reactors and the most radioactively contaminated equipment (approximately up to 2022);

3) aging reactors over the period during which should happen naturally radioactive reduction to an acceptable level (approximately up to 2045);

4) dismantling of reactors. At this stage will be the dismantling of equipment and cleaning up the site with the goal of maximum withdrawal limits and regulatory control (tentatively till 2065).

Feasibility of major events from the decommissioning of the Chernobyl NPP units must prepare project decommissioning reactors at Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

The conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system includes: reducing the risks of exposure to ionizing radiation;

the creation of additional protective barriers, including those that will ensure the proper conditions for the performance of the work at the next stage;

extraction of object "shelter"-containing materials, dovgoìsnuûčih and high-level radioactive waste, putting them in a safe state, intermediate controlled storage and disposal in deep Caverns (stable geological formations) if prior to beginning their withdrawal (approximately 30-50 years) has not proposed an alternative way of securing the storage of materials in the facility "shelter".

Engineering and technological criteria for design and construction of the confinement must be determined in the prescribed manner at the stage of elaboration and approval of pre-designing and project documentation.


The task of turning the shelter on the ecologically safe system rozv'âzuvatimet′sâ through consistent development and fulfillment of the individual plans, projects or programmes aimed at the implementation of these measures. Activities of each phase must be planned in detail at the end of the previous one and based on its results, taking into account the achieved level of technique and technology of radioactive waste and fuel-containing materials.

The sequence of implementation activities and the volume of work should be adjusted taking into account the results of the implementation of the project of international technical assistance plan implementation on the object "shelter".

The challenge and measures of the main tasks of the stage of the termination of the operation of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant are: support for the safe condition of the first, second, third power units and existing store spent nuclear fuel;

the industrial site of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant infrastructure for disposal of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management;

exemption from nuclear fuel units;

completion of the construction and commissioning of the second store spent nuclear fuel;

plant for processing liquid radioactive waste;

industrial complex of solid radioactive waste;

development and approval of the projects: the definitive closure and preservation of first, second and third units;

the reconstruction of transportation and technological parts the existing spent fuel storage;

treatment of damaged nuclear fuel;

decommissioning of the pond-cooler;

modernization of infrastructure (electricity, water, heating, fire, telecommunications, etc.);

decommissioning and the partial dismantling of individual systems and components units;

the implementation of organizational and technical measures for the management, operation, maintenance, repair systems that will work in the future, and ensuring control over security.

At the stage of final closure of Chernobyl NPP units and conservation are the following main measures: disassembly external regarding nuclear reactor systems and installations, which do not affect security and don't need to work on further stages;

strengthening barriers that prevent the spread of radioactive substances into the environment;

reliable conservation parts plants that do not are demounted easily;

creation of conditions for the provision of temporary controlled storage of radioactive substances at the installations;

cleaning and conditioning of radioactive waste generated during the conduct of these operations, the transfer of these wastes to specialized businesses.

At the stage of aging reactors are the following major activities: exploitation systems and elements that provide safe storage of radioactive substances, contained in zakonservovanih plants;

the periodic survey of the State of zakonservovanoï installation.

At the stage of dismantling the reactor plants the main tasks are the disassemblage and extraction systems and elements, level of pollution which exceeds the level of removal, for placing them in temporary storage in repositories of radioactive waste.

Measures for the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system will be carried out in accordance with the requirements of legal acts regulating the size of permissible emissions and discharges of radioactive materials and substances in the environment.

The task of turning the shelter on the ecologically safe system must rozv'âzuvatisâ by sequential development and implementation of the following measures: support for the facility in a safe condition;

the development and approval of normative and design documentation for converting object to ecologically safe system;

the creation of the necessary infrastructure for conducting activities of the stabilization of this object and construction, commissioning and operation of a new confinement;

image stabilization, increase operational reliability and durability of structures and systems that provide monitoring indicators;

the creation of additional protective barriers, first confinement to ensure the conditions necessary for the implementation of technical works on the stage of the transformation object to ecologically safe system, as well as the safety of the personnel, population and environment;

dismantling of unstable structures;

development of technologies for removing-containing materials;

the creation of infrastructure for the management of radioactive waste;

creating repositories for the disposal of (particularly in the geological formations)-containing materials and dovgoìsnuûčih radioactive waste;

deletion of an object (or transfer to controllable State)-containing materials and dovgoìsnuûčih radioactive waste, their conditioning and storage and zahoronennâm in the respective repositories;

dismantling of the structures and elements of confinement.

The basic steps for creating a system of radioactive waste at the Chornobyl NPP are: construction and operation of facilities for radioactive waste;

release of radioactive waste and decommissioning facilities for radioactive waste management, after completion of their resource;

the development and approval of normative and design documentation on radioactive waste management;


create an integrated system of radioactive waste, which utvorûvatimut′sâ during the execution of the power units decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system.

The main measures for organization of scientific-technical and information support of works on decommissioning reactors at Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system, guaranteeing transparency for the public, the decision on safety of this activity is the development and implementation of the following programs: scientific and technical support to the work of the Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system;

informational support of Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system;

information for the purpose of highlighting to the public the issues associated with the removal of the Chernobyl NPP and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system.

The challenge for social protection of the workers of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the inhabitants of Slavutich in connection with early removal from operation of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant are being solved by: creating the conditions for preservation of the qualified personnel of Chornobyl NPP;

the creation of compensating jobs in Slavutich for employment of the personnel of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which released;

provision of social benefits and guarantees the personnel of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which is freed, and the inhabitants of Slavutich;

the preservation and development of the social infrastructure of Slavutich.

To ensure the execution of the program necessary to implement priority measures in accordance with Appendix.

The expected results of the program and its effectiveness as a result of the execution of the programme in the period up to 2013 is supposed to stop the operation of the first, second and third reactors at Chernobyl nuclear power plant and to start work on their final closure and preservation;

to create an effective system of radioactive waste at the Chornobyl NPP;

complete construction and commissioning of new store spent nuclear fuel;

complete construction and commissioning of confinement over the object "shelter";

improve the system of social guarantees to employees of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant;

ensure transparency of coverage of issues related to the safety of the preparation for the removal and decommissioning of Chornobyl NPP and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system.

Indicators of the effectiveness of the program is to: ensure the safety of the personnel, population and environment;

the timely commissioning of new spent nuclear fuel storage facilities for radioactive waste;

the timely commissioning of confinement over the object "shelter";

a timely beginning of decommissioning reactors at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

View the program at the end of the period of validity, and (if necessary) for her performance in the event of a significant lag in terms of holding or insufficient funding indicated in the programme of work.

Amounts and sources of financing Programs Financing measures of the program is carried out at the expense of the State budget of Ukraine, international technical assistance and voluntary contributions of legal or physical persons and other sources not prohibited by the law.

The amount of budget expenditures on the envisaged programme of activities defined within the available financial resources according to the law on State budget of Ukraine for the appropriate year.

The total amount of funding under the program at the expense of the State budget amounts to 3535.90 million. (excluding expenses in 2009). The implementation of the projects of international technical assistance is made in the amount and according to the plans of financing provided by contracts.

The amount of expenditure to be clarified in the course of implementation of the program depending on the specific situation on the industrial site of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and go perform basic tasks.

Addition to the national programme of PRIORITY measures for the Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system name of task indexes metric Name event Chief steward of the budget funding sources (State, local budget, other), the projected volume of financial resources for the implementation of tasks, mln. UAH including the years 2009 2010 2011 2012 1. Decommissioning Chernobyl nuclear power plant safety personnel, population and environment, timely beginning of decommissioning reactors at Chernobyl the cessation of operation of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant DAZV of Ukraine the State budget 256.10 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 94.10 95.00 67.00 support in a safe condition, the first, second, and third reactors at Chernobyl NPP, shelter and storage of existing spent nuclear fuel "-"-2083.80-"-643.90 693.70 746.20 the construction of the second store spent nuclear fuel DAZV Ukraine international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services), which are provided for under the development and approval of documents, "State budget including:


project phase the final closure of Chernobyl nuclear power plant and conservation, including a security analysis reports on compliance with the sanitary legislation, the impact on the environment-"-" – 10.00 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 6.50 3.50 project modification of transport-technological part of the existing store spent nuclear fuel "--"--"project decommissioning pond-cooler of the DAZV of Ukraine the State budget in the amount provided by the State for the year 2009 levels limited release materials Chernobyl from regulatory control-" "-" technological regulations for the first , the second and third units at the stage of closing and conservation "-"-1.00 0.50 0.50-documentation-based project decommissioning-"-"-3.00-"1.50 1.50 capital construction on the industrial site of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant-"-"-including: automated complex technical means of physical protection DAZV of Ukraine State budget 91.00 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 26.00 35.00 30.00 transfer chains control the open switchgear 110/330/750 kV power-"-"-25.20-11.50-6.00 7.70 device physical barriers on a number of" b "machine Hall of the main building"-"-

4.30-"2.00 2.30 modernization of hìmvodoočiŝennâ industrial heating boiler and chemical plant"--"-14.30-"-3.20 4.60 6.50 reconstruction of heat supply systems, technical water supply and fire-fighting on the DAZV of Ukraine State budget 11.70 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 7.00 2.20 2.50 reconstruction of sewage treatment plants in the city of Pripyat-""-"other objects of capital construction-"-"-16.10-" 2.00 14.10-physical protection of nuclear installations and nuclear materials and coal industry of Ukraine "-50.20-16.20-16.50 17.50 together for challenge 1 , 2566.70-821.20-863.30 882.20 including the State budget of 2566.70-"821.20 863.30 882.20 international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services), which are provided under 2. The conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system ensure the safety of the personnel, population and environment, timely commissioning over the object "shelter", monitoring of the condition of the fuel-containing materials and strategy development in extraction and handling of fuel-containing materials development and approval of normative and design documentation for the conversion of the shelter on the ecologically safe system DAZV of Ukraine, the Ministry of HEALTH of Ukraine's regulatory authority of international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services) provided under the international plan of action on the implementation of object "shelter" to create the necessary infrastructure for conducting activities of the shelter object stabilization DAZV of Ukraine, the Ministry of HEALTH of Ukraine's regulatory authority of international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services), which are provided under the International Plan relevant measures at the facility "shelter" reinforcement of the structures of the object "shelter"-"-" in the volume of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services) provided under the international plan of action on the implementation of object "shelter" confinement "--" in the volume of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services), which are provided under the international plan of action on the implementation of object "shelter" implementation of Ukraine's contribution to the Chernobyl Shelter Fund "to carry out the program plan for implementation at the facility" shelter "DAZV of Ukraine the State budget in the volume according to the decisions of the Government of Ukraine for task 2 , including "in the volume according to the decisions of the Government of Ukraine in international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services), which are provided under the international plan of action on the implementation of object" shelter "3. Radioactive waste management ensuring the safety of the personnel, population and environment creation completed infrastructure of radioactive waste release from radioactive waste DAZV of Ukraine State budget 229.80 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 73.00 76.80 80.00 design, DAZV Ukraine State budget 372.30-"-149.30 125.60 97.40 construction and commissioning of the facilities and installations intended for the treatment of radioactive waste"-international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services) provided by contracts operation of installations for the treatment of radioactive waste and nuclear fuel "-the State budget 126.30 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 54.00 35.30 37.00 supply container and specavtomobìlìv for the transport of radioactive waste"-"-" 2.00 2.00-implementation of Ukraine's contribution to the EBRD nuclear safety Account-"-" in the volume according to the decisions of the Government of Ukraine for task 3, 730.40-239.70-214.40 276.30 including 730.40-239.70 276.30-214.40 international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services) provided by contracts 4. Scientific-technical and information support to the work of ensuring security during the execution of the Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system


irradiation of personnel and the population within the existing norms of the development program of scientific and technical support to the work of the Chernobyl NPP decommissioning and shelter object transformation into ecologically safe system DAZV of Ukraine, the National Academy of Sciences of the State budget of 0.6 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 0.6 program of scientific and technical support to the work of object "shelter"-""-"35.60-13.20 11.20 11.20 development documentation DAZV Ukraine"-4.50-"1.50 1.50 1.50 development , commissioning and operation of the system of informational support of decommissioning the Chernobyl NUCLEAR POWER PLANT "--"-4.40 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 3.00 1.20 0.20 together for Task 4, 45.10 "-18.30 13.90 12.90 including State budget 45.10"-18.30 13.90 12.90 5. Social security providing social guarantees to employees of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant to create the proper conditions of the execution of existing social programmes completion of works on objects of construction of social infrastructure of Slavutich (hotel-office complex) DAZV of Ukraine State budget 40.0 *-"-15.00 10.00 15.00 phased construction of residential buildings in the city of Slavutich (200 flats)-"-"-29.40-" 9.80 9.80 9.80 guaranteed medical care DAZV of Ukraine, branch Trade Union, state specialized enterprise "Chernobyl NPP"-"-8.90 in volumes provided by the State budget for 2009 3.00 3.00 2.90 providing the employees of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant of social benefits and guarantees at the level established for employees of the existing NUCLEAR POWER PLANT DAZV of Ukraine "-19.20-6.20-6.40 6.60 subvention allocation from the State budget to the budget of the city Slavutych on implementation of measures for the prevention of road accidents and anthropogenic ones in the housing and communal sector of Slavutich (in accordance with the list of objects provided by Slavutych City Council) Ministry of Ukraine State budget 46,40 ** in the volume provided by the State budget for 2009 21,30 ** 16,50 ** 8.60 * preservation and development of the social infrastructure of Slavutich performance of existing social programs grant additional budget of Slavutich to ensure the maintenance of social infrastructure of the city in full (in accordance with paragraph 4 of article 13 of the law of Ukraine "on the General principles of the further exploitation and decommissioning of the Chernobyl NPP and the 4th power unit of this NPP into ecologically safe system" the Slavutych municipality State budget 49,80 ** in the volume provided by the State budget for 2009 13.50 * 17,40 ** 18,90 ** together for goal 5, 193.4 "– 63.8 68.1 61.5 including State budget 193.4" – 63.8 68.1 61.5 total program 3535.90 in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 State budget 1171.30 1185.0 1179.60 3535.90 1185.0 1179.60-1171.30-international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services), provided the contracts including DAZV of Ukraine the State budget 3389.5 in volumes provided by the State budget for 2009 1128.6 1134.6 1126.3 international technical assistance in the amount of funding and schedules the execution of works (provision of services), which are provided under Ministry of Ukraine State budget 46,40 ** in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 21,30 ** 16,50 ** 8.60 ** the Slavutych municipality State budget 49,80 ** in the volume stipulated by State for 2009 13.50 * 17,40 ** 18,90 ** coal industry of Ukraine State budget 50.20 in volumes provided by the State budget for 2009 16.20 16.50 17.50