On Pastures

Original Language Title: О пастбищах

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On pastures (statements of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan, 2015 d, no. 3, p. 101) (with amendments of Act No. 419 18.06.2016-V) the present law defines legal, economic and organizational foundations of sustainable rangeland management and regulates relations related to the rational use and protection of pastures, increasing their ecological, economic and resource potential.
 
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. The basic concepts used in this law are used in this law the following concepts: 1) grassland or pasture-lands forming part of the agricultural lands that are owned by the State and used for grazing and other purposes;
2) pasture resources stocks grassy, wood-shrubby vegetation or other defined lot pasture, defining its productivity;
3) objects of infrastructure construction obvodnitel′nye-pasture (wells, boreholes, pumping stations, aqueducts and other structures), roads, bridges, trails, skotoprogonnye and places for separated koshary watering and resting cattle, places of temporary residence of the shepherds, as well as other immovable property required for grazing;
4) the potential capacity of the pasture-number of livestock per unit area of land that can vypasat′sâ without damaging grazing resources and ecological condition of pastures;
5) route skotoprogonnye-pasture plots intended for livestock to other areas of pasture or livestock movements between pastures;
6) users of pasture-legal entities of Turkmenistan have the right to use the pastures;
7) tenants pastures-natural and legal persons of Turkmenistan have the right to rent pastures;
8) bringing together users of pasture-public association for the joint management and use of pastures livestock owners, who live in a certain territory and jointly raising cattle and (or) use grasslands for other purposes;
9) čekene is an Association of owners of livestock without formation of legal entity for the collective grazing;
10) pasture use Regulatory Commission-Commission established local government body or a user of pastures in order to regulate the relations related to the rational use and protection of grassland situated on its territory;
11) rangeland management plan-a document containing the information necessary to ensure the sustainable use of rangelands;
12) the protection of grasslands is a complex of measures aimed at the rational use, improvement and conservation of the resource potential of grassland, pastures, destruction, degradation or other negative impact on them;
13) improved pastures is a complex of measures aimed at increasing resource potential and productivity of pastures, increasing soil fertility and watering pastures;
14) use of pastures for other purposes-use of pastures for purposes other than livestock grazing, which include, but are not limited to, hunting, beekeeping, a collection of medicinal plants, fruits and berries, haying, tourism and recreation of citizens;
15) State monitoring of grassland-observing system developments, arising from the use of pastures, assessment and forecast the condition of pastures for sustainable pasture management;
16) State registration of information − pasture area, location and boundaries pastureland and developments with them changes for the relevant period;
17) inventory grassland − set of works by description, mapping and definition of indicators, both quantitative and qualitative condition of pastures;
18) Botanic surveys of pastures-surveys conducted in order to determine the productivity of pastures, the structure and composition of vegetation, where it is growing, and the possibility of using pastures for grazing of livestock of various kinds, quality, grassy and arboreal-shrubby vegetation of pastures and its reserves, as well as use pastures on the availability of water sources, the skotoprogonnyh slopes and the possibility of periodic grazing.
 
Article 2. The legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures 1. The legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures is based on the Constitution and consists of this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan governing relations in the field of the rational use and protection of grassland.
2. Attitudes related to grazing on lands of the forest fund of Turkmenistan and on specially protected natural territories, shall be governed by the relevant legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. the provisions of this Act apply in respect of the categories of land referred to in paragraph 2 of this article, insofar as they do not conflict with the legal regime of these land categories.
4. If an international treaty to which Turkmenistan stipulates other rules than those stipulated by this law, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
 
Article 3. Law of Turkmenistan on pastures Tasks legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures are regulation of relations connected with the management, improvement and protection of pastures, as well as the protection of the rights of pastoral lessees and users.
 
Article 4. The basic principles of the legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures
 

The legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures is based on the following basic principles: 1) ensuring rational use and improvement of pastures;
2) ensuring protection of rangelands;
3) availability of pastures for legal and physical entities of Turkmenistan;
4) economic incentives for rational use, improvement and protection of pastures;
5) control over use and protection of pastures;
6) Regulation in the sphere of use and protection of pastures;
7) publicity for events associated with the use of pastures, the right of citizens to obtain information on the use and protection of pastures;
8) participation of citizens and NGOs in the implementation of measures to protect the pastures and the preparation of decisions which can have a positive impact on the State of the pasture, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan;
9) damages caused to pastures due to the negative impact on them;
10) liability for violation of the legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures;
11) international cooperation in the field of the rational use and protection of grassland.
 
Article 5. Ownership of the pastures 1. Pastures are State-owned, are under his protection and may not be transferred to private ownership.
2. Pasture may be transferred only in use and lease on the terms and in the manner determined by this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 6. Grazing land 1. Grazing lands are part of agricultural land.
2. the composition of the pasture land includes land used for grazing, and land held by skotoprogonnymi routes, communications, closed reservoirs, wells, water pipes, buildings and other facilities necessary for the conduct of grazing.
 
Article 7. Other categories of land provided under pastures 1. Pasture for grazing lands of the forest fund could be Turkmenistan, some parts of the protected areas and other land categories.
2. Land suitable for grazing cattle on territory of the forest fund of Turkmenistan, are allocated according to forest management and can be used in the manner prescribed by the forest legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 8. Translation of pasture land in other categories of the lands and the removal of grazing land 1. Translation of grazing land in other categories of land for non-agricultural purposes shall be permitted in exceptional cases and in the manner determined by the land legislation of Turkmenistan and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
2. Removal of grazing land for State or public needs shall be in accordance with the land legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. translation of the pastoral lands in other categories of land and confiscation of grazing land, granted to legal entities and individuals on the grounds stipulated by provisions 1 and 2 of this article may be subject to notification referred to legal and natural persons, as well as full reimbursement of all losses, including loss of profit, in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 9. Classification of rangeland Pastures are divided into the following categories: 1. Location: 1) desert;
2) Foothill;
3) mountain.
2. at the time of use: 1) year-round;
2) seasonal.
3. According to the degree of availability: 1) watered;
2) neobvodnënnye.
4. By type of use: 1), otgonnye (remote);
2) located near settlements.
 
CHAPTER II. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION in the sphere of use and protection of GRASSLAND Article 10. Authorities exercising State control in the sphere of use and protection of grassland 1. Public administration in the sphere of use and protection of grassland, the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan exercised by the public authorities in the sphere of use and protection of grassland, local executive bodies and local governments.
2. the public authorities in the sphere of use and protection of pastures are: 1) the authorized State body in the sphere of use and protection of pastures (hereinafter − authorized body);
2) authorized State body on land administration;
3) authorized government authority in the field of nature protection.
 
Article 11. Competence of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan in the sphere of use and protection of grassland: 1) defines State policy;
2) approve state programs;
3) approves the granting of pastures in use and lease;
4) provides overall rangeland management, coordinates the activity of State bodies, enterprises, institutions and organizations;
5) makes a decision on the removal of grazing land for State and public needs in the manner and under the conditions prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan;
6) performs the reallocation of rangelands between areas of Turkmenistan;
7) solves other questions falling within its competence, in accordance with this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 12. Competence of the authorized body 1. Authorized agency: 1) implements the State policy in the field of sustainable rangeland management, rational use and protection of pastures;

2) develops and ensures implementation of State programs for the rational use and protection of pastures;
3) is developing a procedure for pasture use in conjunction with an authorized State body on land administration;
4) within its competence develops and adopts the normative legal acts on the rational use and protection of pastures;
5) undertakes activities to improve grazing, pasture infrastructure facilities development, takes measures to prevent congestion and degradation of pastures;
6) exercises control over the use and protection of objects of grazing infrastructure, compliance with the rules regarding the use of pastures all legal and natural persons;
7) carries out State registration of livestock on its pastures;
8) carries out jointly with the relevant bodies of fire prevention activities on pastures, provides a timely elimination of fires on them, as well as measures to combat pests and diseases of pasture vegetation;
9) carries out the construction, repair and maintenance work on water objects of transhumance;
10) provides technical and other assistance to private associations and other users of pastures in the area of rangeland management, rational use and protection of pastures;
11) monitors the pastures;
12) solves other questions falling within its competence, in accordance with this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
2. the designated authority shall oversee the implementation of the legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures.
 
Article 13. Competence of the authorized State body on land administration, the State authorized body on land administration in the sphere of use and protection of grassland: 1) exercises State control over rational use and protection of grazing land;
2) legalizes papers to provide grazing land to businesses and individuals to use and lease;
3) carries out State registration of pastures;
4) implements the State registration of the right of use of grazing lands, as well as issuing documents attesting to this right, in accordance with the land legislation of Turkmenistan;
5) conducts inventory of pastures, including description, mapping and definition of quantitative and qualitative indicators of rangeland;
6) develops together with the authorized body of proposals on forecasting and advance planning for pasture use for transhumance;
7) solves other questions falling within its competence, in accordance with this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 14. Competence of the authorized body of State administration in the field of nature protection Authorized Government authority in the field of nature protection in the sphere of use and protection of grassland: 1) carries out the State control over protection of the surrounding pastures and grazing territory Wednesday resources and their use;
2) monitors the condition of pastures and grazing resources for protection and rational use of pastures;
3) participates in the inventory of pastures in part determine environmental quality indicators Wednesday, pastures and grazing resources;
4) solves other questions falling within its competence, in accordance with this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 15. The competence of the local authorities and local self-government 1. Local bodies of executive power in the sphere of use and protection of grassland: 1) participate in the implementation of government programs of rational use and protection of pastures;
2) take measures on rational use and protection of rangelands on their territory;
3) exercise control over rational use and protection of pastures in the order established by the legislation of Turkmenistan;
4) protect the rights and legitimate interests of users and tenants of pastures;
5) on the proposal of the district (City) land commissions provide grazing land for use by legal and physical persons of Turkmenistan;
6) make proposals to redistribute the grazing lands between ètrapami, dajhanskimi associations and other legal entities on the basis of claims commissions on land issues;
7) develop and implement annual plans of action for the prevention of fires in pastures and dealing with them on their territory;
8) decide any other matters falling within their competence, in accordance with this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
2. Local self-government bodies in the sphere of use and protection of grassland: 1) participate in the implementation of government programs of rational use and protection of pastures;
2) promote activities to improve pastures;
3) conduct annual accounting of livestock on their territory;
4) protect the rights and legitimate interests of users and tenants of pastures;

5) carry out activities of rangelands from fire and fire prevention, and fire propaganda on their territory;
6) contribute to the creation of associations of users of pastures;
7) shall establish a Commission to regulate the use of pasture for sustainable pasture management on their territory;
8) decide any other matters falling within their competence, in accordance with this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
 
CHAPTER III. The USE of GRAZING LANDS and THEIR RENT Article 16. Pastoral lessees and users 1. Rangeland users are legal entities of Turkmenistan have the right to use pastures.
2. Pastoral lessees are legal entities and individuals, have the right to lease pastures.
 
Article 17. The right to use the pastures 1. Pastures on the enjoyment may be provided to private associations, ranchers, State associations of users of pasture and other legal persons of Turkmenistan in the manner and under the conditions prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
2. The right to use the pastures is satisfied an act for the right to use grazing lands issued by the authorized State body on land administration.
 
Article 18. Terms of pastures in use 1. Pastures can be long-term and temporary use.
2. Pasture for transhumance may be provided in long-term use private associations, ranchers, State associations of users of pasture and other legal persons of Turkmenistan in the manner and under the conditions established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 19. The rights and obligations of users of pasture 1. Pasture users have the right to: 1) for using pastures, rangeland self-administration;
2) to monitor the conduct of all kinds of works on rangelands;
3) enter into leases of pastures;
4) produce in accordance with the established procedure of work on construction of roads, water points, košar, residential and farm buildings and other objects necessary for the conduct of grazing.
2. Users are obliged to: 1 pastures) use pastures on their purpose;
2) undertake activities to improve the rangelands, against wind and water erosion, desertification, implement construction and renovation of water sources, respect to pasture rotation, as well as to prevent degradation of pastures;
3) to participate in the conduct of the account and the inventory of rangeland;
4) to protect the pastures and to take measures to prevent fires on them, provide a timely elimination of fires on the pastures, to carry out activities to combat pests and diseases of pasture vegetation;
5) take measures to improve environmental and sanitary condition of pastures and water sources;
6) prevent violations of rules and regulations of renting pastures;
7) not to violate the rights of other users of the pastures, as well as tenants.
3. users of grazing may have other rights and incur other obligations in accordance with this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 20. Termination of the right to use pastures 1. The right to use the pastures is ceased in case of: 1) the termination of the activities of peasant associations, State livestock farms or other legal persons of Turkmenistan, the enjoyment of which are pastures;
2) expiration of use of pastures;
3) pasture use not for the intended purpose;
4) irrational conduct of rangeland, caused the deterioration and the productivity of pastures for a long period and over a large area;
5) seizure of grazing land for State and public needs;
6) voluntary renunciation of the use of pastures;
7) in other cases stipulated by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
2. termination of right to use the pastures produced in the manner determined by the land legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. The decision to terminate the right to use the pastures may be appealed before the courts.
 
Article 21. Functions of peasant associations in the sphere of use and protection of pastures the peasant Association in the sphere of use and protection of grassland: 1) manages objects pasture infrastructure, as well as their maintenance and upkeep;
2) in accordance with the management plan of the pastures leases pasture land for grazing to the members of the peasant associations, citizens residing in their respective territories;
3) in accordance with the plan of rangeland management finds leases grazing pastures with others, including those located in other administrative-territorial entities (provinces, districts and gengešlikah);
4 čekene) registers on its territory;
5) holds registration number of herds and livestock produced in the territory of the molecule for the private association, irrespective of whose property is cattle;
6) collects rent pastures;
7) resolves disputes between tenants of pastures;
8) solves other questions related to the use and protection of grassland.
 

Article 22. The functions of the State livestock farms in the sphere of use and protection of grassland 1. State animal farm is administered by authorized body or other State bodies and organizations.
2. State livestock farms in the sphere of use and protection of pastures have the same functions that are installed for Daihan associations under article 21 of this law.
3. use Pastures on the decision of the State livestock farms in accordance with the management plan of the pastures.
 
Article 23. Association of users of pasture 1. Individuals having livestock on private property, the right to form associations of users of pasture and contact the relevant land Commission to obtain grazing lands.
Members of the Association of users of grazing may also be čekene and other livestock owners.
2. The members of the Association of users of pastures are combined on a territorial basis within gengešlika.
3. the registration of associations of users of grazing is carried out in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
4. Association of users of pastures have the same functions that are installed for Daihan associations under article 21 of this law.
5. the model articles of Association shall be approved by the authorized body of the pasture users.
 
Article 24. Čekene 1. Čekene is formed by the owners of cattle for collective grazing.
2. Čekene is a voluntary association of users of pastures without formation(education) of the legal person.
3. the Čekene shall be subject to mandatory registration in the corresponding Law Association, State livestock farm or another legal entity.  
4. Čekene is eligible for pasture use under the conditions and in the manner determined by the present law and land legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
5. the members of the čekene shall elect from among its members a head čekene. The head of the čekene carries out general management of the čekene (recruitment of shepherds, pastures, lease contracts decision other organizational matters), as well as control over grazing, exploitation and maintenance of objects of infrastructure pasture.
 
Article 25. Pasture use Regulatory Commission 1. For the rational use and protection of grassland established pasture use Regulatory Commission (hereinafter the Commission).
2. The Commission may be headed by a representative of a peasant Association, State livestock farms or arčiny.
The Commission can include users and tenants of pastures, including representatives from peasant associations, State livestock farms, representatives of associations of users of pastures, čekene, other livestock owners, representatives of the local community that use pastures, as well as representatives of the authorized entity, authorized State body on land administration, the local authorities at the level of the etrap and bodies of local self-government.
3. The powers of the Commission are: 1) the preparation of the current and long-term plans of rangeland management;
2) expertise to design and implement plans for rangeland management;
3) settlement of disputes related to the use of pastures on the territory of the respective user.
4. Decisions adopted by the Commission are carried out the decisions of the respective user pastures or local authority.
5. model provision on the Commission is approved by the notified body.
The position of each Commission shall be approved by a decision of the respective user pastures or local authority.
 
Article 26. Rangeland management plans 1. Grazing is carried out on the basis of current and long-term plans of pasture management.
2. pasture management plans developed by the Commission and accepted by the decisions of the respective user pastures or local authority.
3. pasture management plan provides for: 1) maps and charts, which determined the location of pastures, information about the relevant users of pastures, rangelands of the forest fund of Turkmenistan, other categories of land provided under pastures, skotoprogonnye road, seldom visit drinking places and other objects pasture infrastructure, condition and quality of the rangeland sites;
2) pasture use seasonal, pasture rotation, movement of herds of animals, as well as actions planned to improve pastures and preventing the degradation of vegetation and damage water sources;
3) recovery plans and development of related infrastructure;
4) activities on the use of pastures for other purposes.
4. Rangeland Management Plans are developed on the basis of socio-economic development plans of Turkmenistan and in the development of cattle herding traditions are taken into account in the relevant territories.
5. Rangeland Management Plans provide for equal access of all tenants of pastures to grazing in the pastures of the respective user.
6. Implementation of the plan of management of pastures is compulsory.
7. rangeland management master plan is approved by the notified body.
 
Article 27. Pastoral leases 1. Rangelands are available to rent:

1) local bodies of executive power on the basis of the Commission's decision on land issues;
2) users of rangelands-dajhanskimi associations, State livestock farms and other legal entities of Turkmenistan.
2. Tenants pastures are legal entities and individuals, have the right to rent pastures, including čekene and other livestock owners.
3. The right to lease grazing occurs when there is a grazing lease.
 
Article 28. Pastoral lease 1. Pastoral lease contract shall be in writing.
2. the pastoral leases: 1) arrangement of pasture for grazing;
2) type and number of livestock;
3) terms of pastures;
4) amount of rent and procedure for its amendment;
5) obligations of the parties related to the use and protection of pastures;
6) liability of the parties for breach of contract;
7) other conditions by agreement of the parties.
3. pastoral lease is based on the plan of pasture management.
4. pasture lease agreement is the basis for issuing permits for livestock grazing.
5. Model Treaty pastoral leases shall be approved by the authorized body.
 
Article 29. Pastoral leases 1. Pastoral leases shall be determined in accordance with the plans of pasture management.
2. pastoral lease is for a term not exceeding ten years.
 
Article 30. The rights and responsibilities of tenants 1 pastures. Tenants have a right to pasture: 1) grazing individually as well as collectively by Association in čekene and other associations of users of pastures;
2) grazing on the pastures of other users of the pastures, including grasslands, located on the territory of other administrative-territorial units (regions, districts and genešlikov), in accordance with the plan of pasture management and pastoral leases, contracts concluded between users of pastures;
3) networking among users of pasture in the manner and under the conditions prescribed by this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
2. Use of pastures for purposes other than those listed in part 1 of this article, shall be permitted on the basis of a permit issued by the relevant user. In this case the relations associated with the use of pastures, are also regulated by other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan.
3. Tenants pastures are obliged to: 1) not to violate the rules and regulations for grazing;
2) rational use of them retired pastures, protecting against unauthorized use and other violations of the established order use of pastures;
3) to carry out activities for the conservation and improvement of pastures, against wind and water erosion, desertification, construction and reconstruction of water sources, grazing, as well as compliance to prevent deteriorating pastures;
4) promptly pay rent for the use of pastures;
5) to compensate the damage caused by their users and other tenants of the pastures, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
4. Renters pastures may possess other rights and incur other obligations in accordance with the lease pastures.
 
Article 31. Fee for using pastures 1. Pastures in Turkmenistan are used on a paid basis.
2. The fee for the use of pastures is charged with legal and natural persons in accordance with this law.
3. The fee for the use of pastures will be charged depending on the variety of livestock, the number of livestock with taking into account categories of pasture according to the classification of the pastures, under article 9 of this law.
4. When setting the charges for the use of pastures are taken into account the Commission's proposals to regulate the use of pastures. Fees for use of the pastures and the order of its charging are established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
5. The fee for the use of pastures is subject to the State budget of Turkmenistan.
6. Funds in the State budget of Turkmenistan from charges for the use of pastures, are forwarded to the respective local budgets by location of rangelands and used only for the intended purpose-to improve pastures, as well as the development of related infrastructure.
 
Article 32. Standards in the area of pasture use 1. Grazing is carried out in compliance with the standards for pasture use based on potential capacity of pastures, installed depending on their category, as well as the variety and number of livestock, livestock densities on a certain stretch of grassland.
2. Standards for livestock grazing on the pastures of the relevant categories will be determined on the basis of materials and inventory of geobotanic surveys of pastures and installed by an authorized body in agreement with the authorized body of State administration in the field of nature conservation.
3. For exceeding established norms of maximum permissible adverse effect on rangeland legal entities and individuals, depending on the damage they caused, shall bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
CHAPTER IV. Protecting and improving PASTURES Article 33. The protection of pastures
 

1. the protection of pastures includes a system of legal, organizational, economic and other measures aimed at the rational use and pasture improvement, conservation of resources and the productivity of pastures.
2. the protection of pastures is carried out by the notified body and its field presences, local executive bodies and local self-government authorities, users and tenants.
3. the protection of pastures is ensured by: 1) establishing rules and regulations in the use of pastures;
2) imposing restrictions and prohibitions on use of pasture;
3) prevention and suppression of the unauthorized use of pasture and other violations of the established procedure for the use of pastures;
4) holding public rangeland monitoring, implementation of State control over the use and protection of pastures;
5) establishment of juridical and physical persons responsible for the violation of the legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures;
6) enactment of other measures for the protection of pastures in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 34. Pasture improvement activities 1. In order to improve pasture restoration activities are resource potential and productivity of pastures, including improvement of soil fertility and productivity of pasture vegetation, flooding, and other events.
2. implementation of activities to improve pastures provide the authorized body, local executive bodies and local self-government, as well as users and pastoral lessees.
3. Financing of the activities to improve the grazing is carried out at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan and other sources not prohibited by Turkmen law.
 
Article 35. Environmental and veterinary-sanitary requirements when using pasture and water sources 1. When you use the pastures of legal and physical persons of Turkmenistan are obliged to comply with the following requirements: 1) in the field of nature protection, established by normative legal acts of Turkmenistan;
2) in ensuring the safety of pastures and water sources;
3) to the content sources for animals under veterinary-sanitary requirements.
2. environmental monitoring is carried out by the authorized body of State administration in the field of nature conservation.
Veterinary-sanitary supervision of compliance with the requirements referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3 of part 1 of this article, the State veterinary service under the Ministry of agriculture and water economy of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 36. Order production work not related to the use of pastures and grazing pastures on site carrying out construction works, extraction of widespread minerals, communications and other works that are not associated with the use of pastures and rangeland management, are carried out on the basis of the decisions of the relevant bodies, with the positive conclusion of the State environmental appraisal.
 
Article 37. The participation of citizens and public associations to protect rangelands 1. Citizens and public associations involved in protecting grasslands in accordance with this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
2. citizens and public associations have the right to receive objective information on the State of the pasture, either directly or through his representative, in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. Every citizen has the right, either directly or through his representative, through associations or otherwise participate in the preparation, implementation of decisions taken by State bodies and officials on the use and protection of grasslands, as well as in monitoring their implementation.
4. public authorities and officials must provide an implementation of the rights of citizens provided for in parts 1 and 3 of this article.
5. citizens and public associations have the right to apply to the State bodies and organizations with complaints, applications and proposals on matters relating to environmental protection Wednesday, as well as in the judiciary to ensure protection of violated rights in the sphere of use and protection of grassland.
 
Chapter v. STATE CONTROL and monitoring in the sphere of use and protection of GRASSLAND Article 38. State control over the use and protection of pastures and grazing resources 1. The task of the State control over the use and protection of pastures and grazing resources is to ensure compliance with all users and tenants pastures established order use pasture in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures.
2. State control over use and protection of pastures and grazing resources is carried out by the authorized State body on land administration, notified body of State administration in the field of nature conservation and other public authorities.
3. State control over use and protection of grassland and pasture resources in the manner prescribed by the land legislation of Turkmenistan and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 39. State monitoring of grassland
 

State monitoring is carried out by the authorized body and pasture by the authorized body of State administration in the field of nature protection in the order determined by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
CHAPTER VI. RESOLUTION OF DISPUTES IN THE SPHERE OF USE AND PROTECTION OF PASTURES. LIABILITY for VIOLATION of the LEGISLATION of TURKMENISTAN on pastures Article 40. Resolution of disputes in the sphere of use and protection of grassland dispute arising in the sphere of use and protection of pastures, are resolved in the order established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 41. Liability for violation of the legislation of Turkmenistan on the pastures of natural and legal persons found guilty of violating the legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures, bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 42. Compensation for damage caused to pastures 1. Legal and natural persons, causing damage to pastures as a result of pollution, waste, degradation of pastures and other violations of the legislation of Turkmenistan on pastures, must pay for it in full in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
2. Damages caused to pastures by legal and natural persons as a result of violation of the legislation of Turkmenistan, voluntarily or by a court decision.
 
CHAPTER VII. Final clauses article 43. International cooperation in the sphere of use and protection of international cooperation in the area of grassland use and conservation grazing is carried out in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan and the international treaties to which Turkmenistan is a party.
 
Article 44. The entry into force of this Act, this Act shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
 
 
           Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov mountains. Ashgabat August 18, 2015 year no. 267-V.
 

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