On State Protection Of Victims, Witnesses And Other Participants In Criminal Proceedings

Original Language Title: О государственной защите потерпевших, свидетелей и иных участников уголовного судопроизводства

Read the untranslated law here: http://minjust.gov.tm/ru/mmerkezi/doc_view.php?doc_id=15074

 
On State protection of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings * (with amendments the law of Turkmenistan dated 18.06.2016 № 414-V) * translated from the official language of Turkmenistan.
 
This Act establishes a system of measures of State protection of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings, including security measures and social protection of these persons, as well as defines the grounds and procedure for their application.
 
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. State protection of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings the State protection of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings (hereinafter referred to as the State protection)-implementation of the security measures provided for by this law, to protect their lives, health or property (hereinafter referred to as the security measures), and measures for the social protection of these persons (hereinafter referred to as the social protection measures) in connection with their participation in criminal proceedings by authorized State bodies.
 
Article 2. The legal framework of State protection 1. The legislation of Turkmenistan on State protection is based on the Constitution and consists of this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
2. Bodies implementing security measures, within its competence, in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan, normative legal acts regulating the Organization and tactics of implementing security measures.
 
Article 3. Responsibility for ensuring State protection of persons participating in criminal proceedings in connection with criminal proceedings body conducting an initial inquiry, the investigator, the Prosecutor, the Court shall take all measures in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan for the protection of life, health, honour, dignity and property protection of persons involved in the case, and others, to ensure their security.
 
Article 4. Persons subject to State protection 1. State protection in accordance with this law shall be subject to the following participants in the criminal justice process: 1) the victim;
2) witness;
3) a suspect, accused person, defendant or their legal representatives, convicted, acquitted, as well as a person in respect of whom criminal proceedings or criminal prosecution was discontinued;
4) expert, specialist, interpreter, understood, as well as participating in criminal proceedings, pedagogue and psychologist;
5) the civil plaintiff, the civil defendant;
6) legal representatives, representatives of the victim, civil plaintiff, civil respondent.
2. Measures of State protection can also be applied to the institution of criminal proceedings against the applicant, eyewitness or victim or other persons, for the prevention or disclosure of crimes.
3. State protection are also subject to provisions of the code of criminal procedure of Turkmenistan are close relatives, as well as relatives and close persons, illegal encroachment which turns to the impact on the persons referred to in the second and third parts of this article.
4. In connection with the consideration of criminal cases in the court proceeding of inquiry or preliminary investigation, the interrogator, investigator, Prosecutor, judge, lawyer and their close relatives are subject to State protection and security measures shall be as provided for in this Act. 5. These parts two-fifth of this article persons in respect of whom the decision in the prescribed manner on the implementation of State protection, hereinafter referred to as "protected persons".

6. Measures of State protection against protected persons may be applied after the verdict, ruling that the person be released from criminal liability or punishment and to coercive measures of a medical nature.
 
Article 5. Bodies providing State protection 1. Bodies providing State protection are: 1) the decision makers on the implementation of State protection;
2) the bodies of security measures;
3) authorities exercising social protection measures.
2. the decision on the implementation of State protection shall take the Court (judge), the Prosecutor, as well as the head of a body of inquiry or the investigator with the consent of the Prosecutor in charge of the statement (the message) about the crime or the criminal case, unless otherwise stipulated by the criminal procedure legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. implementation of safety measures lies with the bodies of Internal Affairs, national security, criminal cases pending in their production or otnesënnym to their jurisdiction, as well as other public bodies, which may be assigned in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan conduct certain safety measures.
4. security measures taken in respect of protected persons in criminal cases pending in court (judges) or the Procuracy investigators, is subject to a decision of the Court (judge) or with the consent of the Prosecutor Prosecutor's Office investigator internal affairs agencies, national security, located in the location of the protected person.
5. Security measures concerning protected persons from the armed forces are also in command of the relevant military units and the parent command.

6. Security measures concerning protected persons detained in remand centres or in places of imprisonment, there are also criminal-executive bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Turkmenistan, as well as other public authorities responsible for detention facilities.
7. Social protection is exercised by bodies authorized by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 6. The principles of State protection 1. State protection is carried out in accordance with the principles of the rule of law, respect for human and civil rights and freedoms, the priority of the rights and legitimate interests of individuals, mutual responsibility of providing State protection, and protected persons.
2. State protection is carried out under the supervision and departmental control. In the exercise of State protection used vowels and undercover techniques in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. the application of security measures should not impair the housing, labor, pension and other rights of protected persons.
 
CHAPTER II. TYPES of MEASURES of STATE PROTECTION Article 7. Safety precautions 1. In respect of the protected persons may be applied at the same time one or more of the following security measures: 1) personal protection, residence and property;
2) issuance of special personal protection equipment, communications and warning;
3) maintaining the confidentiality of the information about a protected person;
4) relocation to another place of residence;
5) replacement of documents;
6) change in appearance;
7) changing the place of work (services) or study;
8) temporary placement in a safe place;
9) remove from the courtroom party in criminal proceedings; 10) to have closed hearing of the Court;
11) examination of a witness by the Court: a) without disclosing the identity of a witness, using the alias;
b) under conditions excluding its recognition;
ç) without Visual observation by other parties to the proceedings;
d) prohibition of the production of video, audio and other ways of recording the interrogation;
12) apply additional security measures for the protected person in custody or in place of serving punishment, including transfer from one place of detention or serving their sentence in another.
2. If the grounds set forth in article 20 of this Act in respect of the protected persons may also apply other security measures provided for by the legislation of Turkmenistan.

3. security measures envisaged in paragraphs 4-7 of the first paragraph of this article shall be exercised only in criminal cases of serious and particularly serious crimes.
 
Article 8. Personal protection, residence and property of the protected person 1. Personal protection, residence and property of the protected person provided by bodies carrying out security measures in accordance with the procedure established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.

2. A dwelling occupied by the protected person, and the property belonging to him, can be equipped with technical means of observation, as well as fire and burglar alarm.
 
Article 9. Issuance of the protected person special personal protective equipment, communications and warning 1. Bodies implementing the security measures, the protected person may grant special personal protective equipment, communications and warning.
2. Types of special means of individual protection, communications and warning issued to the protected person, as well as the way in which they are issued are established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan. 
Article 10. Maintaining the confidentiality of the information about a protected person 1. According to the decision of the body conducting the security measures may be imposed a ban on releasing information about a protected person of the State and other information, and can also be changed his phone numbers and State registration plates used by them or their vehicles.

2. In exceptional cases, involving production by another criminal, civil or administrative offence, information about a protected person may be presented in the preliminary investigation bodies, Prosecutor's Office or court upon written request of the Prosecutor or the Court (judge) with the permission of the authority, made the decision on the implementation of State protection.
3. the procedures for implementing security measures in the form of ensuring the confidentiality of information about a protected person is established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 11. Relocation to a new place, replacement documents, changing the appearance of the protected person 1. The protected person may be relocated to another temporary or permanent residence in the procedure established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
2. When relocating the protected person to a more permanent residence to him at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan provided housing, shall be reimbursed the costs associated with relocation, financial assistance is provided, guaranteed employment and assists in the selection of the place of work (services) or similar learning continues.

3. When the protected person to another temporary residence to him at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan shall be reimbursed the costs associated with relocation, financial assistance is provided, previously occupied by housing and guarantees them back or similar devices continue to place of work (services) or study saved him during the entire period of his absence for the specified reason.
4. in exceptional cases, it may be the replacement of identity documents and other documents of the protected person with changing his surname, name, patronymic, and other information about him, and can also be changed by the appearance of the protected person in the procedure established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
5. resettlement to a new place, replacement documents and changing the appearance of the protected person are made only in cases where the safety of the person in question cannot be ensured by use of other security measures.
 
Article 12. Changing the place of work (services) or study of the protected person the protected person to ensure his safety can be assisted in finding more appropriate temporary or permanent place of work (services) or in the order established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
 

Article 13. Temporary placement of the protected person to a safe place protected person may be temporarily placed in a place where it will be kept secure.
 
Article 14. Remove from the courtroom party to criminal proceedings in the cases provided for in the code of criminal procedure of Turkmenistan, the participants in the criminal justice process can be removed from the courtroom.
 
Article 15. Hearing in closed session of the Court 1. In order to ensure the safety of trial participants and their close relatives can be a closed meeting of the Court.
2. A closed trial is permitted by a reasoned ruling of the Court.
 
Article 16. Examination of a witness by the Court 1. Examination of a witness by the Court in the manner prescribed by this clause, shall be made on the request of the witness, the prosecution, as well as on the initiative of the Court in order to ensure the safety of witnesses and his close relatives.
2. the examination of a witness by the Court without disclosing its identity can be done using an alias, as well as the questioning of the witness for the prosecution in court can be done after removing the accused from the courtroom, representatives of the defence.
Where necessary, the examination of a witness may be effected under conditions excluding its recognition. For these purposes can be used: mask, makeup, voice changing device for the protected person does not contravene the law and other protection methods.
Examination of a witness without Visual observation by other parties to the proceedings can be produced through the use of video and other technical means, a protective screen, with the participation of a limited number of participants in criminal proceedings, vaccine-preventable diseases of confidentiality.
In case of need, could be banned from use at trial video, sound recordings and other means of recording the questioning of witnesses.
3. On the safety measures imposed a reasoned decision (definition).
 Article 17. Security soldier 1. Security soldier, a protected person, is ensured by application of the security measures provided for in article 7 of this law, with the peculiarities of the passage of the military service.

2. In order to ensure the safety of the soldier could also be applied: 1) the secondment of the protected person to another military unit or facility;
2) transfer of the protected person to a new place of military service, including in the military unit or military establishment of another public body in which the law provides for military service (as agreed between the relevant officials);
3) secondment or transfer a soldier passing military service conscripts from which could be a threat to the protected person, another military unit or facility.
3. The secondment and redeployment of the armed forces which is a protected person shall be exercised with the consent expressed in writing. When translating a soldier assigned to the same military post.
 
Article 18. Ensuring the safety of the protected person, detained or in place of serving punishment 1. Safety of the protected person, detained or in place of serving punishment of imprisonment or detention in a military correctional part is ensured by applying security measures in relation to him as provided in paragraphs 3, 5, 6, 8 and 9 of the first paragraph of article 7 of this law, or other measures stipulated by the Criminal Code of Turkmenistan.
2. In order to ensure the safety of the person referred to in paragraph 1 of this article may also apply: 1) direction of the protected person, and the person from whom the threat of violence, during their detention, remand in custody and the appointment of criminal sentences in places of detention or serving sentence;

2) transfer of a protected person or a person from whom comes the threat of violence from one place of detention and the sentence in another;

3) separation of the protected person, and the person from whom the threat of violence;
4) change the protected person preventive measures or penalties in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 19. Social protection measures 1. In case of loss (death) of the protected person in connection with his participation in criminal proceedings, the victim's family members (deceased) and persons who were dependent on him, by order of the decision-making body on the implementation of State protection shall be paid at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan one-time cash assistance in an amount to be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, and survivor's pension shall be appointed in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
2. In the case of the protected person bodily injury or other harm to their health in connection with participation in the criminal justice process, involving offensive disability, he ordered by the authority taking the decision on the implementation of State protection shall be paid at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan one-time cash assistance in an amount to be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, and assigned a disability pension in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. In the case of the protected person bodily injury or other harm to their health in connection with participation in the criminal justice process, not involving the onset of disability, he was ordered by the authority taking the decision on the implementation of State protection shall be paid at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan one-time cash assistance in an amount to be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
4. In case of death (death) of the protected person in connection with his participation in criminal proceedings, the family members of the deceased (deceased) and individuals and dependents if they are in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan have the right to several kinds of pensions or Government benefits, is assigned to one kind of pensions or benefits from the State of their choice.
5. In the event of injury or other harm to the protected person, if it is in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan at the same time has the right to several kinds of pensions or Government benefits, is assigned to one kind of pension or benefits from the State of his or her choice.
6. The procedure for the payment of a lump-sum cash assistance specified in paragraphs one-third of this article, is established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
7. Damage caused by protected person in connection with his participation in criminal proceedings shall be compensated at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan and other financial sources prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan, with the subsequent recovering these funds from the person guilty of causing damage to the protected person, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
CHAPTER III. The grounds and procedure for IMPLEMENTATION of the STATE PROTECTION of Article 20. Grounds for the application of safety measures 1. The grounds of the application of the security measures are evidence of real danger against the protected person, death threats, use of force, violence, brutality, destruction of or damage to property or commit other acts prohibited by law, in connection with his participation in criminal proceedings established by the decision-making body on the implementation of State protection.
2. security measures are applied on the basis of an oral or written declaration of the protected person, or with his consent in writing and, in the case of minors, on the basis of written application of parents or alternates, as well as authorized representatives of tutorship and guardianship agencies (in the absence of parents or alternates) or with their consent in writing.
In the case of the application of the security measures at the initiative of the decision-making body on the implementation of Government protection, they shall be subject to negotiation with the protected person.
3. If the application of the security measures affect the interests of the adult family members of the protected person and other living together with them, their consent must be expressed in writing, on the application of security measures.
 
Article 21. Grounds for the application of measures of social protection Grounds of the application of measures of social protection is the loss (death) of the protected person, causing him physical injury or other harm to their health in connection with his participation in criminal proceedings.
 
Article 22. The procedure for the application of safety measures 1. The procedure for the application of security measures is determined by this law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.

2. decision makers on the implementation of State protection, having received the application (notice) of the protected person, are required to check this statement (message) and within twenty-four hours to decide on the application of security measures against him or refuse their application of what is reported to the public prosecutor.
The decision is made a reasoned decision (definition), which is sent to the authority responsible for security measures for the execution, as well as to any person in respect of whom issued the Regulation (definition).

3. Regulation (definition) for the application of security measures or denial of their application may be appealed to a higher authority, a prosecutor or a court. The complaint is subject to review within twenty-four hours from the time of its filing.
4. Authority responsible for the security measures, shall elect necessary security measures provided for in this Act, and determines how they should be applied.
5. the elected safety measures, their modification, addition and results of these measures, the authority responsible for the security measures, inform the Court (judge), the Prosecutor, the head of the body conducting an initial inquiry or the investigator in charge of the application (notice) about the crime or the criminal case and in the case of the removal of threats to the security of the protected person seeks to abolish security measures.
6. in accordance with this law and the civil law of Turkmenistan body carrying out security measures for the election security measures stipulated in points 1-8 of the first paragraph of article 7 of this law, concludes with the protected person a written contract, which defines the conditions for the application of the security measures that are chosen as well as the rights and obligations of the body implementing the security measures, and the protected person in its application.
The contract may reflect information about the marital status of the protected person, occupied it in property, civil and other legal obligations existing at the commencement of a protected person, against a protected person of the criminal case or the case of an administrative offence, attracting the protected person as an accused, civil defendant in a criminal case or a civil defendant, other information relevant to the application of security measures.
7. Authority responsible for the security measures, provides psychological support of the protected person.
 
Article 23. The procedure for the application of measures of social protection 1. The procedure for the application of measures of social protection is determined by the present law and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.

2. the authority that decides on the implementation of State protection, after receiving the statement (message) about the loss (death) of the protected person and finding that the loss (death) occurred in connection with his participation in the criminal proceedings shall be obliged within three days to decide on the application of social protection measures against family members of the deceased (deceased) and persons who were dependent on him, or denial of their application.
3. the authority that decides on the implementation of State protection, having received the application (notice) of causing the protected person in connection with participation in the criminal justice process injury or other harm to their health, must check this statement (message) and within three days to decide on the application of social protection or denial of their application.
4. A decision shall be handed down by a reasoned decision (definition), which is sent to the authority responsible for the social protection measures for the execution, as well as to any person in respect of whom issued the Regulation (definition).
5. Regulation (definition) on the application of social protection or denial of their application may be appealed to a higher authority, a prosecutor or a court. The complaint shall be considered within one month from the date of its filing.
6. Authority responsible for the social protection, having received the order (definition) on the application of social protection measures, is obliged to execute it within 10 days.
 
Article 24. Cancellation of safety measures 1. Security measures are revoked if removed the grounds for their application, referred to in article 20 of this law, if the protected person refuses the conclusion of the contract provided for part of the sixth article 22 of this law, or if further security measures as a result of the violation of the protected person of the terms of this agreement.
2. security measures can also be cancelled upon written request of the protected person, directed to the body which took the decision on the implementation of State protection.
3. Cancellation of safety measures is permitted only by a ruling body, which adopted the decision on the implementation of State protection or a ruling body in charge of the criminal case with neotmenënnym Regulation (definition) on the implementation of State protection.
4. Regulation (definition) on the abolition of the security measures may be appealed to a higher authority, a prosecutor or a court. The complaint is subject to review within twenty-four hours from the time of its filing.
5. In Regulation (definition) on the abolition of the security measures should be regulated by the recovery of property and associated personal non-property rights of the protected person.
6. Regulation (definition) for the application of security measures shall be in effect until the body specified in the second part of article 4 of this law, decisions on their repeal.

7. Upon termination of criminal proceedings in connection with a proceeding at which security measures are applied, the Court or judge, the Prosecutor, as well as the head of a body of inquiry or the investigator with the consent of the Prosecutor shall rule (definition) for the annulment of measures of security or further their application. If security measures were carried out after the adoption of the decision on termination of the criminal case, security measures on the grounds provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article, shall be canceled by the judge on the location of the body implementing data security measures.
8. the Court (judge) in sentencing in a criminal case when deciding on the application of compulsory re-education measures or coercive measures of a medical nature shall rule (definition) for the annulment of measures of security or further their application.
If the application of the security measures were carried out after the verdict in the criminal case, a decision on the application of compulsory re-education measures or coercive measures of a medical nature, security measures on the grounds provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article, shall be canceled by the judge on the location of the body implementing data security measures.
 
Article 25. The implementation of the Government's information security protection 1. State protection shall be subject to the confidentiality of information about a protected person, if the legislation of Turkmenistan, they are not related to the information constituting State secrets.
2. the procedure for the protection of information on the implementation of State protection and the provision of information is established by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan. 
Article 26. Obligatoriness of execution of decisions on the implementation of State protection decision makers, providing State protection under their authority, are subject to mandatory enforcement officials of enterprises, institutions and organizations to which they are addressed. 
CHAPTER IV. The rights and duties of the protected persons and bodies responsible for PUBLIC PROTECTION, article 27. The rights and duties of persons protected 1. Protected persons shall have the right: 1) know their rights and responsibilities;

2) require providing personal and property safety, personal and property safety of persons referred to in paragraph 3 of article 4 of this law;
3) require social protection measures in cases stipulated by this law;
4) know about applying in respect of themselves and their close relatives, relatives and close persons of the security measures and the nature of those measures; 5) to apply additional security measures provided for by this law, or their lifting;

6) appeal to a higher authority, a procurator or a Court of law the decisions and actions of bodies providing State protection, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan;
7) apply to the authority responsible for security measures for obtaining psychological assistance.
2. Protected persons are obliged to: 1) comply with the terms of use in respect of security measures and legal requirements of providing State protection;
2) immediately inform the authorities to ensure public protection, each case of threats or unlawful actions against them;
3) when handling the property referred to in paragraph 2 of the first paragraph of article 7 of this law and granted them the bodies carrying out security measures in use to ensure their safety, comply with the requirements of laws and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan;
4) maintain the confidentiality of information about applied in respect of measures of State protection.
 

Article 28. The rights and duties of providing State protection 1. Decision makers on the implementation of State protection, within its competence, shall have the right to: 1) ask all State authorities, local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons and to receive from these bodies, legal entities and natural persons required information on applications and reports on threats to the security of persons in respect of whom the decision on implementation of public protection; 2) to produce the proceedings and give the necessary instructions to the bodies applying security measures and authorities involved in social protection measures for the implementation of the State protection of persons referred to in article 4 of this law;

3) require if necessary from the authorities responsible for security measures and authorities responsible for social protection measures, additional measures of State protection; 4) totally or partially cancel the security measures and social protection measures in consultation with the authorities involved in these measures.

2. Bodies implementing security measures, have the right to: 1) elect the necessary security measures provided for in this Act, to determine how they should be applied, if necessary, modify and complement the security measures applied;
2) require from protected persons to comply with the terms of use of security measures, the fulfilment of the legitimate orders relating to the application of these measures;


3) go to court (the judge), the Prosecutor, the head of the body conducting an initial inquiry or the investigator in charge of the criminal case for the application of safety measures in proceedings or their cancellation; 4) to carry out investigations in the manner prescribed by the Turkmenistan law "on operational investigative activities".
3. the bodies implementing the social protection measures, have the right to: 1) ask the decision makers on the implementation of State protection, and protected persons for information necessary for the implementation of social protection measures;
2) appeal to the authorities taking the decision on the implementation of State protection, a petition for rescission of the social protection measures in the event of circumstances precluding the possibility of applying these measures.
4. bodies providing State protection must: 1) take measures immediately on each occasion known to them who requires the use of security measures or measures of social protection;
2) exercise all necessary security measures and social protection measures;

3) notify protected persons on the application, modify, supplement or repeal the use of security measures and social protection measures provided for in this law, as well as on the adoption of the envisaged by the legislation of Turkmenistan decisions related to State Defence; 4) explain the protected person's rights and responsibilities when you declare it Regulation (definitions) on the implementation of State protection against him;

5) adopt measures for the Organization and implementation of psychological accompaniment of the protected person.
 

Chapter v. RESPONSIBILITY for VIOLATION of the REQUIREMENTS of THIS LAW, Article 29. Responsibility for violation of official requirements for public protection officer of the authority, which provides public protection, guilty of no-action motion on the implementation of State protection or incorrect implementation it bears the responsibility established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 30. Responsible for disclosing information about a protected person and security measures disclosure of information about a protected person and applied security measures against him the person to whom it was entrusted to or become known in connection with his official activities, implies the responsibility established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 31. Responsibility of the protected person, sale, pledge or transfer to others property, specified in paragraph 2 of the first paragraph of article 7 of this law and in the use of the protected person to ensure his safety, as well as loss of or damage to such property shall be liable to punishment, established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
CHAPTER VI. FINANCIAL and logistical support for STATE PROTECTION of Article 32. Financial and logistical support to measures of State protection 1. To ensure public protection Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan shall be approved the State programme to ensure the safety of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings.

2. the financial and logistical support to the State programme to ensure the safety of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings are carried out at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan and other financial sources prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. financial and logistics security measures is carried out at the expense of the State program to ensure the safety of victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings in accordance with the procedure established for the financial security of operatively-search activity. Control over expenditure of funds allocated for these purposes, is made the heads of bodies implementing security measures.

4. Costs associated with providing State protection, cannot be assigned to the protected person.
 

CHAPTER VII. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 33. Supervision over compliance with this Act, supervision over compliance with this Act is exercised by the Prosecutor General of Turkmenistan and subordinates to him by prosecutors.
 
Article 34. The entry into force of this Act, this Act shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
 
 
      Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov mountains. Ashgabat January 12, 2016 year no. 317-V.