Sanitary Code Of Turkmenistan

Original Language Title: Санитарный кодекс Туркменистана

Read the untranslated law here: http://minjust.gov.tm/ru/mmerkezi/doc_view.php?doc_id=8341

TABLE Of CONTENTS Section I. General Provisions SECTION II. STATE REGULATION In The Field Of SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL WELFARE Of The POPULATION (SECT. III). The Rights And Responsibilities Of Government Bodies, LOCAL AUTHORITIES And Local Self-government Bodies, Legal Entities And Individuals To ENSURE The Sanitary And Epidemiological Welfare Of The Population (Section IV.) State Sanitary-And-Epidemiologic SERVICE Of TURKMENISTAN Section V. ACCOUNTING And Statistics SECTION VI. PREDICTION Of SECTION VII. Sanitary And Hygienic REGULATION SECTION VIII. Sanitary-HYGIENIC EXAMINATION SECTION IX. Social And HYGIENIC MONITORING Section X. SANITARY Supervision And Control SECTION XI. ECONOMIC MECHANISM Of SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL WELFARE Of The POPULATION SECTION XII. HYGIENIC upbringing, education, research, SECTION XIII. RESPONSIBILITY for VIOLATION of SANITARY LEGISLATION of TURKMENISTAN SANITARY CODE of TURKMENISTAN * this code defines legal, economic and social conditions of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, realization and protection of the rights of citizens to a favourable surrounding Wednesday, other related rights and lawful interests of citizens.
 
Section i. General provisions article 1. The basic concepts used in this code this code uses the following concepts: 1) sanitation-hygiene measures, aimed at protecting health, improving working and living conditions of the population;
2) epidemiology is the science that studies the causes, patterns, the spread of epidemics, as well as measures to prevent and combat them;
3) epidemic-significant spread of any contagious disease in nasëlennom paragraph, region;
4) hygiene-medical science that studies the effect of environmental factors Wednesday and production activities on human health, its efficiency, life span, develops standards, requirements and health activities aimed at the improvement of settlements, living conditions and human activities;
5) sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population health, human habitat Wednesday with no harmful effects on the human body factors of human habitation and Wednesday provided favorable conditions for its vital functions;
6) Wednesday of human habitation is a combination of factors, environmental objects and phenomena (natural and artificial) Wednesday, defining the conditions of human life;
7) Wednesday of human habitation factors-biological (viral, bacterial, parasitic or other), chemical, physical (noise, vibration, ultrasound, infrasound, thermal, ionizing radiation, nonionizing and other), social (nutrition, water supply, conditions of life, work and leisure) and other factors Wednesday of human habitation which have or may have an impact on human beings and (or) on the health of future generations;
8) harmful effects on the human impact factors Wednesday, endangering human life and health or endanger the life and health of future generations;
9) favourable conditions of human life-the State Wednesday, at which no adverse effects of its factors on humans (harmless) and there are opportunities to restore disturbed functions of the human organism;
10) secure conditions for people-State Wednesday, where there is no danger of harmful effects of its factors on humans;
11) sanitary-epidemiological situation is health and human habitation Wednesday on a certain territory within a specified time;
12)-placed standard hygiene research the maximum or minimum quantitative and/or qualitative indicator, which characterizes a factor Wednesday habitats with positions of his security and (or) harmlessness to humans;
13) state sanitary-epidemiological rules and regulations-regulations prescribing the sanitary-epidemiological requirements (including the security criteria and (or) the safety factors of human habitation Wednesday, sanitary and other regulations), the failure of which creates a threat to human life and health, as well as the threat of the emergence and spread of diseases;
14) social and hygienic monitoring-State system of health monitoring and Habitat Wednesday, their analysis, evaluation and forecasting, as well as to identify causal relationships between health and influence factors of human habitation Wednesday;
15) state sanitary-epidemiological supervision activities to prevent, detect, suppress violations of the legislation of Turkmenistan in the area of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population in order to protect health and human habitation Wednesday;
16) departmental sanitary surveillance-activities at existing and new objects of the relevant ministries and departments of their sanitary-epidemiological services on the basis of State and departmental sanitary rules, regulations and hygiene standards;

17) sanitary-hygienic examination activities to establish conformity (inconsistency) objects of sanitary-hygienic examination of State sanitary-epidemiological rules and regulations;
18) sanitary-epidemiological certificate is a document certifying that (inconsistency) state sanitary-epidemiological rules and regulations factors Wednesday of human habitation, economic and other activities, products, works and services, as well as normative acts projects, projects for the construction of facilities, operational documentation;
19) public health and disease control (prevention) activities-organizational, administrative, engineering, medical, veterinary, and other measures aimed at eliminating and/or reducing harmful human exposure factors Wednesday its Habitat, preventing the outbreak and spread of infectious diseases and diseases (poisoning) and their elimination;
20) restrictive measures (quarantine)-administrative, health, veterinary and other measures aimed at preventing the spread of infectious diseases, and providing for special treatment of economic and other activities, restricting the movement of persons, vehicles, cargoes, goods and animals;
21) infectious diseases-infectious diseases of man, the emergence and spread of which due to the influence of biological factors on Human Habitat Wednesday (infectious diseases) and the possibility of transmission of the disease from a sick person, animal to a healthy person;
22) mass noncommunicable diseases (poisoning)-human disease, which is caused by the influence of physical and (or) chemical and (or) social factors Wednesday habitats;
23) production control activities carried out in accordance with the requirements of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan and includes activities to develop and agree on a programme of production control, implementation of laboratory and instrumental research on the project, overall monitoring of sanitary well-being throughout your enterprise.


Article 2. Sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan

 
1. health legislation of Turkmenistan is based on the Constitution and consists of the present code and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan in the area of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population.
2. Property law related to sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, are not covered by this code, the provisions of civil legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. Regulatory legal acts governing health, are taken on the basis of this code and can not contradict its provisions. In the case of such contradictions, the provisions of this code.
4. If an international treaty to which Turkmenistan stipulates other rules than those stipulated by the present Code, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
 
 
Article 3. Objectives and main tasks of the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan 1. The objectives of the health legislation of Turkmenistan are sanitary and epidemiological well-being and radiation safety (hereinafter referred to as the sanitary-epidemiological well-being of the population), the maintenance and strengthening of health of citizens as one of the fundamental constitutional rights of citizens of Turkmenistan.
2. the main tasks of the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan are creating the necessary social and legal conditions and safeguards to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, legal regulation of relations connected with the provision of an enabling environment for human life, prevention of diseases and protection of health of the population.
 


Article 4. Basis of rights and duties

 
The rights and obligations stipulated in the present Code, based on the legislation of Turkmenistan, as well as the actions of government bodies, local authorities and local self-government bodies, enterprises, organizations and establishments, regardless of their form of ownership (further-legal persons), as well as natural persons (citizens), including carrying out business activity without establishment of legal entity not provided for by law, but by virtue of the General principles and sense of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan give rise to rights and obligations to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population.
In accordance with this law and the responsibility to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population occur: 1) of administrative acts of sanitation oversight;
2) as a result of injury to the health of citizens;
3) as a consequence of the events with which the law binds the offensive changes or termination of relations regulated by this code;
4) as a result of other actions of legal entities and natural persons.
 


Article 5. The exercise of rights and duties

 
The rights stipulated by this code, shall be protected by the legislation of Turkmenistan.

In the exercise of rights and performance of duties of public authorities and management, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons must comply with the legislation of Turkmenistan, without prejudice to the rights and lawful interests of other legal and natural persons.
 


Article 6. Protection of the rights of

 
Protection of the rights provided by the present Code, implemented by agreement of the parties, Court, arbitral tribunal or the arbitral tribunal by: 1) recognition of rights;
2) restoring the situation that existed before the violation of the law and punish acts that violate or threaten the right of its violation;
3) award to the performance of duties in kind;
4) recover a penalty;
5) damages;
6) termination or alteration of legal relations;
7) invalidation of an act not in conformity with the legislation of Turkmenistan regulation authorities, local authorities and local self-government;
8) other means provided for by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
Protection of citizens ' rights under articles 12-15 of this code, shall be carried out by authorized State bodies, bodies of local executive bodies and local governments or courts in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
Protection of rights in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population is carried out in accordance with the present code and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.


 



Article 7. Sanitary-epidemiological well-being of the population and it basics

 
Sanitary-epidemiological well-being of the population is ensured by: 1) development and implementation of national, regional and targeted programs of health promotion and disease prevention, population health improvement Wednesday of human habitation and his conditions of life;


2) implementation of a set of measures of organizational, legal and legislative measures, aimed at the realization of the right of citizens to health, as well as guaranteeing this right;

3) conducting socio-hygienic monitoring;
4) research in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
5) implementing measures to inform the public about the occurrence of infectious diseases, diseases (poisoning), status and Habitat Wednesday sanitary and anti-epidemic (preventive) measures;
6) establishment of Antiepidemic Fund for the prevention and elimination of outbreaks of infectious diseases;
7) provision of sanitary protection of the territory of Turkmenistan;
8) identification of measures of responsibility for violation of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards;
9) education and training of the population high sanitary culture, promotion of healthy lifestyles;
10) state sanitary-epidemiological requirements;
11) establishing the rights and obligations of natural and legal persons in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
12) State and departmental health surveillance, occupational and public health and hygiene monitoring, as well as the sanitary-hygienic, sanitary and anti-epidemic and anti-radiation activities in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan;


13) observance of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan;

14) holding corporations and individuals as part of their activities for hygienic and anti-epidemic measures, as well as compliance with sanitary rules, norms and hygienic standards.
 
SECTION II. STATE REGULATION In The Field Of SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL WELFARE Of The POPULATION Article 8. Authorities exercising State regulation in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population of State regulation in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population is carried out by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, as well as local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government within their competence.
 
Article 9. The powers of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan in the area of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population to the powers of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan in the area of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population include: 1) determination of the main directions of State policy;
2) establishment and maintenance of a unified system of public administration;
3) ensuring respect for and monitoring of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan; 
4) approval of national and targeted programmes and monitoring their implementation;
5) harmonization of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
6) enactment and abolition of restrictive interventions on the territory of the State;
7) monitoring the sanitary-epidemiological situation in the whole territory of Turkmenistan;
8) establishing the modalities for operating the public registry of chemical, biological and radioactive substances; 

9) establishing the order of population, agriculture and other economic activities in the territory, dangerous to life and health of people;
10) informing the population on sanitary-epidemiological situation and measures to ensure sanitary-epidemiological safety;
11) carrying out international cooperation with other States in the area of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
12) realization of other powers in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population.
 
Article 10. The powers of the state sanitary-pidemiologičeskoj service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and its organs and agencies 1. The powers of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan in the area of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population are: 1) the State health supervision of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan;
2) participated in the elaboration of normative legal acts of Turkmenistan in the area of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
3) introduction of bodies of State power and management issues of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
4) development of public and targeted programmes related to sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, and ensuring their implementation;
5) record keeping and statistics in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
6) harmonization of design, State standards, including normative and technical documents on food products, materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs;
7) adoption of hygienic standards and methods of testing;
8) provide harmonization and issuing permissions for the use of new chemicals, equipment, processes, polymer and plastics and other chemicals;
9) harmonization of normative and technical documentation and issuing permits for use of new chemicals, equipment, processes, polymer and plastics and other chemicals;
10) exercise of State supervision over the quality and safety of food products, materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs, as well as their State registration and certification;
11) harmonization and the issuance of permits for the use of certain tools and methods in the production and processing of food products, growth stimulants of agricultural plants and animals, chemical plant protection products;
12) harmonization of curricula, teaching and workload, indicative mode classes children living in pre-school institutions, enrolled in secondary schools, and institutions of primary and secondary professional education;
13) organizing socio-hygienic monitoring;
14) coordination of departmental sanitary-epidemiological services;
15) interaction with other State bodies control in part of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
16) coordination of scientific provision of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population and activities of the organs and institutions of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan;
17) organizational and methodological guidance to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
18) organizing and conducting sanitary-hygienic and sanitary and anti-epidemic measures for the prevention and elimination of infectious, parasitic diseases and food poisoning;
19) sanitary protection of the territory of Turkmenistan from skidding and the spread of quarantinable importation of hazardous to health foods and commodities;
20) supervise the production and use of potable water, complying with the requirements of State standards;
21) promotion of hygienic knowledge on healthy lifestyles;
22) Organization of sanitary-hygienic expertise;
23) solution of other matters within the competence of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan.
2. the authorities and institutions of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan in the territory: 1) carry out sanitary supervision and monitoring of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, hygienic, sanitary and anti-epidemic and anti-radiation activities;
2) contribute to the consideration by the local authorities and local self-government issues of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
3) participate in the formulation of projects of normative legal acts, decisions of local bodies of the Executive power and bodies of local self-government in parts of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
4) participate in the formulation of the draft regional and targeted programmes to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population and conduct their implementation;

5) coordinate departmental sanitary-epidemiological services;
6) interact with other State bodies control in part of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
7) undertake socio-hygienic monitoring;
8) organize activities for the prevention and eradication of infectious and parasitic diseases;
9) exercise State supervision over the quality and safety of food products, materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs;
10) carry out certification of separate kinds of products, foodstuffs, materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs;
11) take measures to halt the implementation of the relevant sanitary rules or do not have sanitary-epidemiological conclusion products including food commodities and food products;
12) conduct laboratory examination of citizens exposed to sick infectious diseases;
13) carry out work on disinfection, disinsection and deratization in infectious diseases, as well as in the territories and in areas where there are conditions persist to the emergence or spread of infectious diseases;
14) exercise any other powers referred to their jurisdiction.
 
Article 11. Powers of local executive bodies and local self-government bodies in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population to the powers of local executive bodies and local self-government bodies in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population include: 1) control within their authority over the activities of legal entities and individuals working in their comprehensive hygienic and sanitary and anti-epidemic measures, compliance with the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, as well as the coordination of their activities;
2) implementation monitoring, oversight and monitoring of the sanitary-epidemiological situation in the territory concerned;
3) development and adoption of regional programmes;
4) implementation and monitoring of national, regional and targeted programmes;
5) organization operational activities for the prevention and elimination of infectious disease epidemics, mass disease and poisoning people in the territory concerned;
6) a set of legal, institutional, technical, sanitary, medical and preventive, educational, educational nature on the territory concerned;
7) decisions on the imposition and lifting of the respective territory of restraining measures or quarantine in case of epidemics of infectious diseases, mass disease and poisoning of people;
8) providing conditions for the realization and protection of the rights of citizens and the interests of society;
9) within the limits of their competence incentive policy for legal entities and individuals, aimed at preventing and eliminating the harmful effects of environmental factors on the human organism Wednesday, disease prevention, improvement of hygiene conditions of work and life;
10) creation of material and other reserves for the Elimination of epidemics and other emergencies, hazardous to human life and health;
11) realization of other powers are allocated to their jurisdiction.
 
SECTION III. The rights and responsibilities of government bodies, LOCAL AUTHORITIES and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals to ENSURE the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population chapter i. Law authorities, local authorities and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population, article 12. The right of citizens to a favourable surrounding Wednesday every Turkmen citizen has the right to a favourable environment Wednesday, with no harmful effects on the health of present and future generations and their sanitary-epidemiological well-being.
 
Article 13. The right of citizens to participate in the drafting of decisions, which is associated with exposure to environmental health and Wednesday every Turkmen citizen has the right, directly or through their representative associations or otherwise participate in the preparation, implementation and monitoring of the implementation of the decisions made by the authorities and officials of both collectively and individually, which is associated with the impact on public health and the environment Wednesday.


 



Article 14. The right of citizens to reparation for the injury caused to life or health

 
1. Every Turkmen citizen has the right to reparation for the injury caused to his/her life and health factors surrounding Wednesday (chemical, physical, biological and other types), purchased (used, consumed) products for industrial and domestic purposes, food, drinking water.
2. compensation for the injury caused to life and health of the citizens environmental factors Wednesday, purchased products for industrial and domestic purposes, food, drinking water, shall be established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 


Article 15. The right of citizens to receive information

 



Every Turkmen citizen has the right to receive free impartial information directly or through his representative, voluntary associations, and the media in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan: 1) on morbidity, epidemiological situation and radiation environment and its state of the environment report Wednesday the impact on public health;
2) on the results of the performed ablution and other special examinations, sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, except when such information is related to the legislation of Turkmenistan, State, official or commercial secret.
 
Article 16. Law authorities, local authorities and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population of Bodies of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons have the right to: 1) to receive, including on a contractual basis by the relevant public authorities for information on the sanitary-epidemiological situation Wednesday State-of-the-environment , morbidity, sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, except when such information is related to the legislation of Turkmenistan, State, official or business secret;
2) participate in developing solutions, programmes to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population.
 
Chapter II. Responsibilities of government bodies, local authorities and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals, to ensure the sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, article 17. Duties of citizens to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, citizens of Turkmenistan to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population are obliged to: 1) comply with the requirements of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, as well as the decisions, orders and judgements of the officials exercising State sanitary supervision;
2) care about the health, hygienic upbringing and education of their children;
3) do not perform actions entailing a violation of the rights of other citizens to health and positive Wednesday.
 
Article 18. Responsibilities of government bodies, local authorities and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population, the State authorities and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to: 1) to comply with approved sanitary standards, regulations and hygienic standards;
2) conducting hygienic, sanitary and anti-epidemic and anti x-ray activities aimed at provision of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, prevention and reduction of morbidity, conservation, improvement and restoration of the environment Wednesday;
3) to enforce the decisions, orders and judgements of the officials exercising State sanitary supervision;
4) provide organs and agencies engaged in sanitary supervision, accurate, complete information on the sanitary-epidemiological situation;
5) provide justification for human security of new products and technologies of its production, the security criteria and (or) the safety factors Wednesday, and develop methods to control these factors;
6) have officially issued sanitary rules, methods and techniques of control factors Wednesday habitats;
7) to create the necessary conditions for the formation of the healthy way of life through the construction, reconstruction, and development of modern logistic base, sports institutions, health centers, cultural and educational institutions, health centres, tourist and sporting bases, sanatoriums-preventive clinics and other institutions for leisure and health;
8) provide hygienic training of workers.
 
Article 19. Responsibilities of government bodies, local authorities and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons to ensure citizens ' rights to health, environmental and information Wednesday enabling public authorities and management, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons to ensure citizens ' rights to health, a favorable surrounding Wednesday and information must: 1) enforce the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan and the established sanitary standards the rules and standards of hygiene, to monitor their implementation;
2) carry out their activities with all measures in order to maintain or improve the health of their workers and the public and prevent adverse environmental impact Wednesday;

3) to production control, including by conducting laboratory research and testing for compliance with sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards at performance of works and provision of services, as well as in the production, transportation, storage and sales of products;
4) established by the legislation of Turkmenistan in due time, in order to inform the authorities and institutions of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan about emergency situations, production stops, violations of the technological processes posing a threat of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
5) enforce the decisions, orders, opinions of the officials exercising State sanitary supervision;
6) apply incentive measures aimed at increasing labour collectives and individuals in complying with the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan and sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards;
7) to propaganda hygienic knowledge, hygiene education and education of the population, aimed at improving sanitary culture people and keeping them healthy lifestyle;
8) provide conditions for citizens to participate in the preparation, implementation and monitoring of the implementation of the decisions of the relevant organs of State power and administration, the local authorities and local self-government bodies and officials, which is linked to the health of the population and providing an enabling environment Wednesday;
9) to ensure the realization of the rights of citizens under articles 12-15 of this code.
 
Article 20. Responsibilities in the area of licensing of separate types of activity, certification of products (works, services) and State registration of legal entities and physical persons products are required to carry out activities subject to licensing, certification of products (works, services) and State registration of products in compliance with the requirements of sanitary norms, regulations and hygiene regulations in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 21. Responsibilities of developers, regulatory and technical documentation technical documentation Developers are obliged to: 1) submit for approval to the Chief State sanitary doctor of Turkmenistan normative and technical documentation for new types of raw materials, materials, substances, products and other products and technologies of their manufacture;
2) submit for the approval of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and the Chief State sanitary doctor of Turkmenistan normative and technical documentation on medical immunobiological preparations;
3) provide prior to the introduction of new types of raw materials, materials, substances, products and other products, technologies of their manufacturing, drafting regulations aimed at provision of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, as well as methods of their control and submit them for approval to the Chief State sanitary doctor of Turkmenistan; 
4) include the requirements of sanitary norms, regulations and hygiene regulations in the revised and newly developed standards, specifications, building codes and other normative and technical documentation;
5) represent agencies and institutions engaged in sanitary supervision, the information necessary to ensure the full conformity assessment of properties of substances, materials and products, security technology for their production to the requirements of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards and justify conducting sanitary-hygienic and sanitary and anti-epidemic measures.
 


Article 22. Responsibilities in the design and construction

 
1. The organs of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to observe the norms, rules and regulations aimed at provision of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population when designing schemes for territorial development, urban planning master plans for urban and rural settlements, planning projects, community centres, residential areas, roads (streets) cities, addressing issues of civil, industrial and agricultural purposes and their sanitary protective zones , selection of land plots for construction (including the individual), as well as the construction, reconstruction, technical re-equipment, modernization, conservation and liquidation of industrial, transport, buildings and premises of cultural and community purpose, residential buildings, engineering infrastructure facilities and improvement and deployment locations, resorts, agricultural objects and other objects. 
2. Procedure of approval with the bodies and institutions of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan projects for the construction, reconstruction, technical re-equipment, modernization is established by legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 23. Duties when entering into operation
 

Organization-customers (developers), operating agencies, General contractors, other organizations and citizens must comply with sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population during commissioning built or reconstructed objects.
 


Article 24. Duties of officials when acceptance commissioning

 
Chairpersons and members of the public and workers ' acceptance of commissions, including representatives of the bodies and institutions of the state sanitary supervision, are obliged to take into operation built or reconstructed objects only subject to the requirements of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, and in their absence, in accordance with the agreed project documentation.
 
Article 25. Responsibility for the content and maintenance of premises, buildings, constructions, equipment, territory of vehicles 1. Legal and natural persons are obliged to ensure the maintenance and operation of industrial and sanitary facilities, workplaces, public buildings, complexes and facilities, residential buildings, technological and other equipment, territories, vehicles in compliance with sanitary norms, rules, hygienic regulations and other documents that contain requirements for sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population.
2. Natural and legal persons are obliged to suspend or cease their activities or work of individual shops, sites, buildings, structures, equipment, transport, performing certain types of work and services, if these activities are carried out in violation of sanitary norms, rules, hygienic norms, or lead to their violation.
 


Article 26. Responsibilities to settle and live in residential areas

 
1. The organs of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals providing accommodation for their stay are obliged upon arrival of these premises to comply with sanitary requirements.
2. accommodation by area, planning, lighting, insolation, microclimate, air, levels of noise, vibration, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation must comply with the sanitary rules in order to ensure safe and harmless conditions of residence, regardless of its duration.
3. it is not allowed to check in people and accommodation in premises that do not meet hygienic standards.
4. Operation and maintenance of dwellings shall conform to the requirements of sanitary norms and rules.
 
Article 27. The duty to provide maintenance to the territories of urban, rural and other settlements in accordance with the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan 1. The territory of urban, rural and other settlements, industrial areas must meet the requirements of sanitary norms, rules and other regulations.
2. the procedure and conditions of territories of urban, rural and other settlements are established local executive bodies and bodies of local self-government in accordance with the requirements of sanitary norms and rules.
 3. In the soils of urban, rural and other settlements, industrial zones and agricultural land content potentially dangerous chemical and biological substances, biological and microbiological organisms, as well as the level of background radiation must not exceed maximum permissible concentrations (levels), established by the sanitary norms and rules.
4. The procedure and conditions for the collection, use, neutralization, transportation, storage and disposal of industrial and domestic waste shall be established by local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government, in agreement with the relevant authorities of supervision and control in accordance with the requirements of sanitary norms and rules.
 
Article 28. Duty to comply with sanitary requirements for household drinking water and recreational water use places the population 1. Bodies of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to ensure that water quality using centralized systems of drinking water supply, hygiene requirements and State standards, and when necentralizovannom water, as well as in ponds, rivers, canals and coastal sea areas used by people for welfare purposes, requirements of the relevant sanitary rules and norms.
2. the population of urban and rural settlements should be provided by the economic-drinking water, as a matter of priority, in sufficient quantity to meet the physiological and household needs.
3. in order to eliminate and prevent contamination of water sources local executive bodies and local self-government establishes sanitary protection zone with special regime.
4. Water bodies (ponds, rivers, canals, the coastal strip of the sea), used for recreational purposes (for swimming, sports, recreation, etc.) should not cause harmful effects on humans.
 

Article 29. Duty to comply with sanitary requirements for atmospheric air settlements, the air of the working area and places of permanent and temporary stay of persons 1. Bodies of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to implement the comprehensive measures aimed at preventing, reducing and eliminating air pollution Wednesday in towns, territories of industrial enterprises, as well as the working area of industrial premises, residential and other buildings (hereinafter referred to as "the permanent and temporary stay) with harmful substances, the effects on physical factors with adverse effects on human health. 
2. Air settlements, territories of industrial enterprises, in places of permanent and temporary stay of persons must comply with sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene.
3. Norms of maximum permissible emissions of chemical and biological substances and microorganisms in the air, projects of sanitary-protective zones approved in the presence of the sanitary-epidemiological conclusion on the compliance of these regulations with the sanitary regulations and projects.
 
Article 30. Responsibilities of authorities, legal entities and individuals in the supply, sale and use of products, raw materials and products purchased abroad 1. Bodies of State power and administration, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to observe sanitary standards, regulations and hygiene regulations established in Turkmenistan, in the supply, sale and use of food, raw materials, substances, products and other products, technologies of their manufacturing purchased abroad.
2. Certain types of foodstuffs, materials and products, imported for the first time on the territory of Turkmenistan are subject to state registration in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 31. Obligations of legal entities and physical persons in the production, transport, storage and realization of food raw materials and food products legal and physical persons in the production, transport, storage and realization of food raw materials and food products must: 1) comply with medico-biological requirements of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards;
2) use of new food additives, specifically imposed by biologically active substances, new production technology of food raw materials and food products, as well as polymer and other materials in contact with food raw materials and food products, just after passing the toxicological-hygienic assessment and with the permission of the Chief State sanitary doctor of Turkmenistan or his Deputy;
3) produce, apply and implement new food additives, specifically imposed by biologically active substances, food raw materials and food products only after passing the State registration in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 32. Obligations of the authorities, businesses and individuals to comply with sanitary requirements to organization of nutrition 1. Bodies of State power and administration, legal and physical persons in the Organization of nutrition of the population in specially equipped places (canteens, restaurants, cafes, bars, etc.), including in the preparation of food and beverages, their storage and realization of population for preventing the outbreak and spread of infectious diseases and diseases (poisoning) are required to comply with the requirements of the regulations.
2. When setting minimum social standards of the population's standard of living guaranteed by the State, should take into account the physiological norms for human nutrition.
3. When feeding in pre-school institutions and other educational establishments, hospitals, health institutions and social protection, setting standards for military rations, as well as in establishing nutritional standards for persons in pre-trial detention or serving sentences at penitentiaries must be scientifically based physiological norms for human nutrition.
4. persons who provide services in the field of catering and are responsible for compliance with regulations and other requirements of the regulations.
 
Article 33. Obligations of the authorities, businesses and individuals to comply with sanitary requirements for engineering products, goods for personal and domestic needs and technologies for their production 1. Bodies of State power and administration, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to: 1) to ensure the compliance of the product with the requirements of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene;
2) to manufacture, use (use) and implementation of the population of new products (for the first time developed or introduced), introduction of new technological processes of manufacture of the product in the presence of sanitary-epidemiological conclusions on the compliance of their sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene; 

3) to suspend work on the development, production, transport, delivery (import), storage and sales of products in the event of its non-compliance with sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, to seize products from circulation and to take measures for its disposal or destruction.
2. Products of technological purpose in the manufacture, transportation, storage, application (use) and recycling which to direct human involvement, as well as goods for personal and household use (hereinafter referred to as products) should not have harmful effects on humans and Habitat Wednesday.
 
Article 34. Responsibilities of government bodies, local authorities and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons to comply with the conditions of upbringing, education and manufacturing practices and management of public authorities, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to: 1) ensure compliance with the norms, rules and regulations governing the conditions of education and training, including programmes, plans and modes of education , production practices, sanitary-hygienic and protivoèpidemičeskij mode requirements of radiation safety and sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan on nutrition and labor conditions, sanitary and domestic welfare and recreation of children and adolescents in pre-school and recreational institutions, secondary schools, institutions of primary and secondary professional education in other institutions and in enterprises;
2) to education and upbringing of children and adolescents in pre-school and recreational institutions, secondary schools, institutions of primary and secondary professional education, other establishments and use technical, audio-visual and other means of learning and education, training and pre-school furniture, as well as tutorials and other publishing products in the presence of sanitary-epidemiological conclusions.
 
Article 35. Obligations of legal entities and natural persons for the production, storage, sale, use, recycling, disposal and dumping of chemicals, biological agents and materials 1. Legal and natural persons are obliged to observe health regulations, standards and other normative documents requirements to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population during the production, storage, sale, use, recycling, disposal and dumping of chemicals, biological agents and materials.
2. Potentially dangerous for human chemical, biological substances and certain types of products allowed to be imported to the territory of Turkmenistan, production, transportation, storage, sale and use of after their State registration in the order established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 36. Obligations of legal entities and natural persons to comply with sanitary requirements for working conditions with sources of physical factors for human exposure 1. Legal and natural persons are obliged to: 1) ensure working conditions with machines, instruments, installations, devices, machines, which are sources of human exposure to physical factors (noise, vibration, ultrasonic, infrasonic, thermal effects, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation,), not having a harmful effect on humans, according to the rules, regulations and sanitary hygienic standards;
2) use machines, mechanisms, installations, devices and apparatuses, as well as to the manufacture, use (use), transportation, storage and disposal of radioactive substances, materials and wastes that are sources of physical factors of influence on man, in the presence of sanitary-epidemiological conclusions.
2. Criteria of safety conditions of work with physical factors sources of human exposure, including maximum permissible levels of exposure are set sanitary rules.
 


Article 37. Responsibility for ensuring radiation safety

 
1. Government and Administration Bodies, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to observe the rules of radiation safety and sanitary regulations work with radioactive materials and other sources of ionizing radiation, as well as the requirements for radiation safety in production, receipt, manufacture, use, processing, transportation, storage, recycling and disposal of radioactive substances and other sources of ionizing radiation, established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
2. Criteria of safety conditions of work with sources of ionizing radiation, including the maximum permissible safe exposure levels are set sanitary rules.
3. legal and natural persons must carry out work with radioactive substances, equipment (systems, devices, machines), non-ionizing radiation in the presence of the relevant documents issued by the relevant authorities of supervision and control in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.

4. All cases of violations of radiation safety and sanitary regulations work with radioactive materials and other sources of ionising radiation is subject to special consideration with obligatory participation of officials exercising State sanitary supervision.
 
Article 38. The obligation to undergo medical examinations 1. In order to protect public health, prevent the spread of infectious, parasitic diseases, prevention of occupational diseases and poisoning, accidents, safety workers in enterprises, institutions and organizations in accordance with the labor laws of Turkmenistan shall undergo preliminary (at entry) and periodic (work in process) medical examinations.
2. List of jobs with unfavourable working conditions and other works, for which preliminary and periodic medical examinations, and the manner in which they conduct are established by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 39. Responsibilities for the prevention of the occurrence and distribution of disease 1. Bodies of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons are obliged to ensure the timely implementation of measures to prevent the outbreak and spread of infectious diseases, including diseases caused by the radiation factor, as well as to eliminate them if you are.
2. in order to prevent infectious diseases held citizens free compulsory prophylactic vaccination against tuberculosis, polio, diphtheria, whooping cough, measles, rubella, hepatitis b and tetanus and other infections. The order dates and populations subject to vaccination, shall be determined by the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan.
In order to improve the implementation of activities on prevention of infectious diseases are subject to periodic examination and introduction of new vaccines.  
3. all received in Turkmenistan vaccine and immunobiological drugs are unloaded from the aircraft and after customs control are transported to the place of their continued storage with subsequent registration of necessary customs and other documents.
4. In the case of a threat to the emergence and spread of infectious, parasitic, group of noncommunicable diseases and poisoning of people by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, State authorities, local authorities and bodies of local self-government, the main state sanitary doctors velayats, towns and etraps, within their competence, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan on the Territories concerned or imposed restrictive activities: specific conditions and regimes of Labour Studies movement and transportation, and optionally organized the holding of disinfection, decontamination and other activities aimed at preventing the outbreak, the spread of and eradicate these diseases.
5. For operational management and coordination of the activities of legal entities and individuals for the prevention and elimination of mass diseases and poisoning of people by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, State authorities, local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government are formed emergency anti-epidemic Commission.
6. patients with infectious diseases, citizens suspected of such diseases and contact with infectious patients, as well as individuals who are carriers of pathogens of infectious diseases are subject to laboratory testing and medical monitoring and treatment if necessary, compulsory hospitalization and isolation (quarantine).
Nationals who are carriers of pathogens of infectious diseases are subject to treatment free of charge. These same citizens, if they can be sources of the spread of infectious diseases due to the nature of the production, in which they are employed, or work with their consent, be temporarily transferred to another job, and in case of impossibility of translation is temporarily suspended from work until he recovers in the payment of benefits in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
7. all cases of infectious diseases and diseases (poisoning) are subject to registration of your local health agencies to identify such diseases (poisoning), public accounting and management reporting thereon to the bodies and institutions of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 40. Rights and obligations of foreign citizens and stateless persons, foreign citizens and stateless persons on the territory of Turkmenistan shall enjoy the same rights and bear the same responsibilities in the area of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, citizens of Turkmenistan.
 
SECTION IV. State sanitary-and-epidemiologic SERVICE of TURKMENISTAN Article 41. State sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan
 

State sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and its organs and institutions form the unified system of State sanitary-epidemiological service of Turkmenistan, specifically responsible for the implementation of organization, coordination, supervision and monitoring of the governmental authorities, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons measures to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, with podčinënnost′û of subordinate bodies and parent institutions.
Organization of work of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan is determined by the regulation approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 42. Tasks of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan tasks of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan are identifying, preventing and suppressing the influence of harmful factors of environment Wednesday on the health of the population in order to preserve and strengthen, healthy living and disease prevention.
 
Article 43. Officials of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan Leadership bodies and institutions of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan is entrusted respectively to the Deputy Minister of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, the Chief of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic Service-Chief State sanitary doctor of Turkmenistan, his Deputy and the heads of subordinate bodies and institutions.
 
Article 44. Funding bodies and agencies of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan Funding bodies and agencies of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan is carried out at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan, as well as at the expense of funds: 1) received from rendering paid services to legal and physical persons;
3) donations from legal entities and individuals;
4) other funds received by, not prohibited by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
(As amended by the Act of March 1, 2014-Statements of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan, 2014 g #, art.)
 
Section v. ACCOUNTING and statistics Article 45. Objectives and content of accounting and accounting Tasks and statistics are statistics collection, processing, analysis of statistical data on the health status of the population and the environment Wednesday.
Content of accounting and statistics are: 1) the establishment of accounting system as a basis for building reports;
2) formation of Bank statistics;
3) analysis of statistical data on the number and composition of the population, the State of his health;
4) analysis of statistical data on the State of the environment report Wednesday;
5) analysis of statistical data about the network, States, staffing and activities of the organs and institutions of the sanitary-epidemiological service and health.
 


Article 46. Provision of accounting and statistics

 
Record keeping and statistics is provided by forms of State statistics, as approved by the State Committee of Turkmenistan, as well as statistics on industry financial-otčëtnym forms, as approved by the relevant ministries and departments.
The list of authorities responsible for accounting and statistics data on the health status of the population and the environment Wednesday, the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan on the submission of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and Turkmen State Committee on statistics.
 
SECTION VI. PREDICTION of Article 47. Forecasting system of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population forecasting system of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population involves the identification of trends and changes in patterns of health and epidemic situation, State of health of the population through social and hygienic monitoring.
 
Article 48. Agenda for the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population and their contents, the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, State authorities and administration, local executive bodies and local governments in order to maintain and enhance the health of the population and future generations based on forecasting are obliged to develop, Fund and implement State, regional and targeted programmes for providing sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population.
Program to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population include the definition: 1) the main directions, goals, objectives, and expected results;
2) specific activities;
3) their sources of financing and logistics;
4) scientific methods and laboratory analytical support;
5) deadlines, responsible persons and monitoring systems.
 



Article 49. Implementation of programmes to ensure the sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population programmes to ensure sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population are implemented: 1) governmental authorities, local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government;
2) by the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and the bodies and institutions of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan;
3) other legal entities and natural persons.
 
SECTION VII. Sanitary and hygienic REGULATION Article 50. The tasks of the sanitary-hygienic normalization of sanitary-and-hygienic regulation Tasks are: 1) the development of criteria for evaluating Wednesday's environmental health;
2) determination of optimum or maximum acceptable levels of impact of the complex, as well as individual factors of chemical, physical or biological effects of the environment on the human body Wednesday to prevent their adverse impact on human health;
3) establishing requirements for secure or harmless to human health activities economic installations and means of transport.
 


Article 51. The basic requirements for health rationing

 
Sanitary and hygienic regulation is carried out taking into account the progress of science, the scientific and technological progress and, on the basis of comprehensive experimental, laboratory and clinical research.
 


Article 52. The system of sanitary-and-hygienic regulation

 
Sanitary-and-hygienic system regulation includes: 1) the State Sanitary rules, regulations and hygienic standards;
2) temporary sanitary norms and rules;
3) departmental normative-technical documents.
 


Article 53. Sanitary rules, norms and hygienic standards

 
 Sanitary rules, norms and hygienic standards required for compliance with legal and physical persons.
 
Article 54. Procedure for development of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene 1. State hygienic standards are developed by public authorities carrying out sanitary supervision, research and other institutions, highly qualified specialists.
2. State and temporary sanitary norms and rules are developed on the basis of strict hygienic standards (international and State) taking into account the specific sanitary and epidemic situation on the territory.
 
Article 55. The procedure for the adoption and revision of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene 1. State and temporary sanitary norms and regulations shall be approved by the Chief Medical Officer of Turkmenistan.
State sanitary norms and rules shall be reviewed as the introduction of new sanitary regulations, changes in hygiene and epidemic situation.
2. Hygiene regulations are approved by the Chief Medical Officer of Turkmenistan on the submission Protocol developers of experimental research, the Act and the conclusions of the Commission of experts, as well as other necessary documents in each case.
Hygiene standards are revised when new data science and practice.
 
Article 56. The ratio of international and state sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene International sanitary norms, regulations and hygiene regulations shall enter into force on the territory of Turkmenistan, as well as suspended in cases of controversy the state sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, the relevant decree of the Chief State sanitary doctor of Turkmenistan.
 


Article 57. Departmental sanitary rules and regulations

 
1. Departmental sanitary rules and regulations, other normative and technical documentation departments and agencies are being introduced to prevent harmful impact factors and environmental objects on Wednesday workers ' health and population.
Departmental sanitary rules and regulations, other normative and technical documentation must not conflict with the state sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene.
2. Departmental normative acts establishing sanitary norms and rules will be void in the event of public health norms, rules and standards of hygiene, izdavšimi their officials on the nomination of the Chief State sanitary doctor of the relevant administrative territory either by the protest of the Prosecutor, or by the courts.
 


Article 58. Publication of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene

 
Sanitary rules, regulations and hygiene regulations must be published in the three-month period since their approval at the expense of the relevant ministries, departments and organizations.
Officials approved sanitary standards, regulations and hygiene regulations, are required to submit, within one month, the media information about the entered into force regulations.
 


Article 59. Assurance of compliance with sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene

 

1. Acts issued by State authorities, local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government and public associations shall not contravene sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, impede or restrict the use of sanitary norms, regulations and hygiene regulations or reverse them.
Acts issued by State authorities, local authorities and bodies of local self-government and public associations which are contrary to the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, obstacles, as well as limiting the use of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene regulations must be rescinded izdavšimi their bodies or by the parent bodies upon the nomination of the Chief State sanitary doctor of the relevant administrative territory either by the protest of the Prosecutor, or by the courts.
2. Non-compliance with governmental authorities, local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government, public associations, sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards entail liability in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
SECTION VIII. SANITARY-GIGIENIČESKAÂÈKSPERT IZA Article 60. The tasks of the sanitary-hygienic examination of the tasks of the sanitary-hygienic expertise are: 1) a comprehensive assessment of the possible impact of environmental objects Wednesday on health and epidemic situation and the health of the population;
2) improving quality and safeguarding of the security of the facilities of the examination;
3) confirm the causes and conditions of occurrence of mass or group of diseases and poisoning of people;
4) confirm the causes harmful effects of environmental objects Wednesday on health and epidemic situation and the health of the population;
5) regulatory conformity assessment project documentation requirements of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards;
6) conformity assessment decisions taken in the course of economic or other activities to the requirements of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards taking into account the current level of science and practice.
 


Article 61. Objects of sanitary-hygienic examination

 
Objects of sanitary-hygienic expertise are: 1) the draft programmes and concepts of scientific and technological progress, social and economic development;
2) projects schemes of development and distribution of productive forces;
3) projects master plans of cities and towns;
4) feasibility studies and technical-economic calculations of construction (reconstruction, technical re-equipment) of business objects;
5) draft rules of construction and technological design;
6) construction projects (reconstruction, modernization and technical re-equipment) of objects of industrial and civil purposes and their launchers, ètrapskoj-plan projects;
7) materials on choice land plots for construction of objects of industrial and civil purposes;
8) projects of maximum permissible emissions and discharges of harmful substances in the air and water;
9) new products and technology of its manufacturing in the development, manufacture and application of registration, including bought on import;
10) materials for special water use;
11) projects documentation, regulating educational-labor load and mode of learning, education, employment, nutrition, recreation, children and adolescents;
12) food raw material and foodstuff, materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs and drinking water;
13) opinion from organs and agencies of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and departmental sanitary-epidemiological services on the causes and circumstances of the occurrence of mass or group of diseases and poisoning of people;
14) other objects.
 
Article 62. Mandatory sanitary-hygienic examination of sanitary-hygienic examination is mandatory: 1) when placing objects in a resort zone, objects of discharges and emissions into the environment Wednesday chemical and biological substances in cases where no maximum allowable concentrations, about safe levels of substances and methods for identifying them; When placing, reconstruction and expansion of objects in a recognized environmental disaster areas and objects with new technological processes, having no analogues in other cases stipulated by the legislation of Turkmenistan;
2) on behalf of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 63. Sanitary-hygienic examination according to sanitary-hygienic examination is carried out according to legal and physical persons, except for the cases provided for by article 62 of this code.
 
Article 64. Organization and carrying out of sanitary-hygienic examination 1. Sanitary-hygienic examination conducted by expert commissions (expert), formed by the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and its organs and institutions from among competent specialists.
Expert commissions not included: 1) participating in the preparation of documentation, subject to the examination;
2) without their consent;

3) previously published in the media on the object of the examination.
2. the composition of the Expert Commission shall be determined in agreement with the local authorities and bodies of local self-government.
3. sanitary-hygienic examination conducted at the expense of the customer.
Financing arrangements for the services of the Commission of experts, including experts, pay is determined on a contractual basis in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 65. Obligations of the parties during the examination 1. For examination the customer is obliged: 1) provide documentation, a list of which will be determined by the Expert Commission (expert), conducting the examination;
2) provide additional information on request of the Commission of experts (the expert), conducting the examination;
3) to fund research that revealed during the examination.
2. the Expert Commission (expert) is obliged to: 1) timely and properly conduct the examination;
2) prepare an expert opinion;
3) ensure publicity expertise.
Dates of examination shall be established in accordance with the Treaty.
 
Article 66. Expert conclusions the results of the activities of the expert commissions (expert) shall be formalised by an act of the sanitary-hygienic examination and are recommendatory body appointed for examination.
Conclusion in cases of mandatory examination must take account of the customer. If you do not agree with the conclusion of the customer's expertise, the dispute shall be settled in the manner prescribed by article 67 of this code.
 
Article 67. Resolution of disputes on examination results 1. Disputes over the results of the sanitary-hygienic examination are dealt with by the courts.
2. Disputes over results of the sanitary-hygienic expertise with other States considered commissions formed on a parity basis from representatives of interested States in the order determined by the legislation of Turkmenistan and the States concerned.
 
Article 68. Liability of members of the Expert Committee, members of the Commission of experts (the expert) are responsible for the proper conduct and objectivity of the conclusions of the examination, in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 69. Public examination 1. Public associations have the right to send its representatives to participate in the conduct of sanitary and other special examinations. Authority which has designated examination, must include the representatives upon request obŝestvennyh associations in the composition of the Expert Commission as experts with the duties and responsibilities provided for by articles 65.68 this code. The remuneration of those representatives as experts by their association.
2. public associations can appoint and hold their funds at the expense of the health and other special expertise. Her conduct subject to articles 63-66, 68 of the present code.
3. public examination Results should be reviewed by the organs of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local authorities in decision-making on issues of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population. The results of the review are communicated to the public association, complained to the examination, no later than one week before a decision is taken on an examination.
 
SECTION IX. Socio-GIGIENIČESKIJMONITORING Article 70. Objectives and principles of social-hygienic monitoring 1. Socio-hygienic monitoring (monitoring, assessment and prediction), identifying, tracing, analysis of adverse factors surrounding Wednesday, forecasting and developing a set of preventive measures aimed at the prevention and elimination of the harmful effects of these factors on the health of the population.
2. the basic principles of social-hygienic monitoring are continuity, credibility, multi-level, informative, standardization of the environmental monitoring and health Wednesday.
 
Article 71. The content of social-hygienic monitoring socio-hygienic monitoring is conducted at the State level, velayat, etrap, the city, the State of the object: 1) the level and structure of infectious and non-infectious diseases;
2) demographic processes;
3) physical development;
4) air, water and soil;
5) quality food raw materials, foodstuffs, materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs and drinking water;
6) working conditions, welfare, education and training of the population.
 
Article 72. Authorities conducting socio-hygienic monitoring list of authorities responsible for social and hygienic monitoring, approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan on the submission of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan.
Data obtained as a result of social and hygienic monitoring shall be submitted to the authorities and institutions of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan.
 
Section x. SANITARY supervision and control Article 73. Authorities conducting sanitary supervision and control  
 

1. State supervision and monitoring of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan by the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, State authorities, local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government.
2. Departmental sanitary supervision in existing and new objects is carried out by sanitary and epidemiological services of the relevant ministries and agencies on the basis of State and departmental sanitary rules, regulations and hygienic standards, developed and approved in accordance with articles 54-57 of this code.
The activities of specified services is monitored by the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and should not run counter to the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. Production sanitary monitoring compliance with sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene in workshops and on other job sites, State of atmospheric air, soil, water, hygiene compliance regime in health institutions, conformity to sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, manufactured and sold products is carried out by legal entities and physical persons.
4. public associations, citizens supervise the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, sanitary-hygienic, sanitary and anti-epidemic and anti-radiation events.
5. Supervision over exact and uniform execution of State authorities, local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government, legal and physical entities of Turkmenistan in the area of zakonodatel′stva sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, are monitored by the Procurator's Office in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 74. State sanitary surveillance State (nadvedomstvennyj) sanitary supervision of compliance with sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene State authorities, organs of local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons is carried out by the organs and agencies of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan in accordance with the present code and other normative legal acts of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 75. Departmental sanitary supervision and implementation 1. Departmental sanitary supervision of sanitary-epidemiological services of ministries and departments is carried out on the basis of this code in accordance with the regulations of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and adopted on the basis thereof, the departmental regulations.
2. Departmental sanitary-epidemiological services in implementing sanitary supervision are obliged to negotiate with the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan: 1) elbow of land designated for the construction of departmental facilities;
2) conditions of water consumption and water removal, including methods for wastewater treatment;
3) activities on the protection of atmospheric air from pollution;
4) withdrawal of land for landfills for the disposal and dumping of toxic industrial and household waste, as well as the methods of recycling and disposal methods;
5) placing children's summer recreational facilities and the arrival of children.
 
Article 76. State control of local executive authorities and local self-government for the observance of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, local executive bodies and local self-government implement state monitoring of compliance with sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan on the territory concerned legal entities and natural persons and conduct their activities on provision of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population.
 
Article 77. Industrial sanitary control and its implementation 1. Industrial sanitary control over the quality and safety of food raw materials and food products, industrial products, including products for children, construction materials, packaging, polymeric materials and products, perfumery and cosmetic products, pharmaceuticals, medical immunobiological products, water for drinking water supply, reservoirs and coastal sea lanes in places of cultural and community water management population, State industrial and household sewage treatment is carried out by legal entities and natural persons in accordance with sanitary norms rules and hygiene regulations.
2. Production sanitary control over observance of sanitary-and-hygienic and Antiepidemic regime effectiveness of disinfection and sterilization in health care facilities is carried out by the laboratories of these institutions.
3. Production sanitary monitoring compliance with sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene is ensured by juridical persons or laboratories on a contractual basis.

4. Nomenclature and multiplicity studies, sampling locations and conducting other studies are determined by the normative-technical documents and in consultation with the organs and institutions of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan or with relevant departmental sanitary-epidemiological services.
5. the results of the production sanitary controls appear institutions and agencies engaged in sanitary supervision on approved forms for these authorities and institutions.
6. persons engaged in manufacturing sanitary control, are responsible for its timeliness, completeness and reliability.
7. the authorities and institutions of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and departmental sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of organizational-methodical management and selective control over the activities of the laboratories carrying out industrial sanitation.
8. laboratories engaged in manufacturing sanitary control shall be evaluated in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan and apply research methods.
 
Article 78. Public sanitary control and its implementation 1. Public associations, labour collectives shall carry out public health inspections, in accordance with their statutes and other regulations governing their activities.
2. public sanitary control is exercised by: 1) participation in State assessments;
2) public examinations;
3) participate in environmental impact assessment Wednesday the results of measures taken by public authorities and management bodies of local executive authorities and local government decisions and programmes, as well as activities carried out by legal entities in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
3. the participation of representatives of public associations in public sanitation and other special examinations shall be determined in accordance with article 69 of this code.
 
Article 79. Interaction of authorities, institutions and officials of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan when carrying out sanitary supervision and control 1. The bodies, agencies and officials of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan provides: 1) methodological guidance and coordination of departmental sanitary-epidemiological services, as well as public unions to monitor compliance with sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards;
2) assisting departmental sanitary-epidemiological services in training and improving the skills of health personnel in the scientific, educational and practical institutions of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan and of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan;
3) reporting on request departmental sanitary-epidemiological services on the status of the morbidity, sanitation and epidemic situation on the administrative territories.
2. Departmental sanitary-epidemiological services are obliged to submit to the organs and institutions of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan set statistics.
 
Article 80. Officials engaged in the State Sanitary Supervision Organization and carrying out of State health supervision is entrusted to the following officials: 1) Chief State sanitary doctor of Turkmenistan and his Deputy;
2) main state sanitary doctors velayats, towns and etraps alternates.
3) other officers of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, implementing the state sanitary supervision.
 
Article 81. The legal status of officials of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan 1. The main state sanitary doctors and other officials of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, implementing the state sanitary supervision, are members of the bodies of State power and administration and are protected by the State.
2. Officials engaged in the state sanitary supervision, during official travel shall have the right to the extraordinary purchase of travel documents for all types of passenger transport (except taxis) and accommodation in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 82. Appointment and dismissal of the persons exercising State sanitary supervision appointment and dismissal of the persons exercising State sanitary supervision in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 

Article 83. Acts of officials exercising State sanitary supervision to officials exercising State sanitary supervision include opinions issued by the main state sanitary doctors and their alternates when considering design, pre-design and normative and technical documentation, decisions to suspend construction, certain types of work, operation of plant and equipment, regulations on the fine and the precepts. These acts are binding legal and physical persons.
 
Article 84. The basic guarantees of the activities of officials exercising State sanitary supervision 1. The main state sanitary doctors and other officials engaged in the state sanitary supervision, are independent and subject only to the legislation of Turkmenistan.
2. it is prohibited to attract officials and employees of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan work unrelated to their core business.
 
Article 85. Inadmissibility of interference in the implementation of the State Sanitary Inspectorate 1. The intervention of the State Sanitary Inspectorate is prohibited.
2. Impact in whatever form on the main state sanitary doctors, their deputies and other officials exercising State sanitary supervision on the part of businesses and individuals with the aim of preventing their legitimate activities entail liability in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 86. Duties of the officers of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan 1. Chief State sanitary doctor of Turkmenistan and its Deputy shall: 1), to the bodies and institutions of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan;
2) define the main tasks, priorities and principles among the organs and institutions of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, implementing sanitary supervision;
3) assert and codify the State Sanitary rules, regulations and hygiene regulations taking into account the current hygiene and epidemic situation;
4) to issue opinions on draft legislation and normative and technical documentation developed by governmental authorities on matters falling within their competence;
5) issue acts on the basis of and pursuant to the laws of Turkmenistan, decrees, decisions, decrees of the President of Turkmenistan, decrees and orders of Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan on sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
6) define territory dangerous to life and health of people prohibited residence population, agriculture and other economic activities;
7) elaborate proposals for the formation of the Government and targeted programmes for the prevention of diseases and promotion of healthy lifestyles;
8) develop activities on the territory sanitary protection of Turkmenistan from skidding and the spread of quarantinable and organize them;
9) develop temporary sanitary norms and rules in case of extreme situations, natural disasters and catastrophes resulting from anthropogenic impacts;
10) to organize and conduct a special examination on sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population;
11) coordinate the implementation of the departmental health surveillance at the sites of the relevant ministries and departments;
12) coordinate international cooperation in the field of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population.
2. the main state sanitary doctors velayats, towns and etraps alternates on territory under their jurisdiction to implement sanitary supervision of compliance with governmental authorities, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals of the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan and sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards when: 1) developing regional and targeted programmes for the prevention of diseases and promotion of healthy lifestyles;
2) advance planning of placing economic objects and the productive forces;
3) designing layout, planning and building resorts locations;
4) allotment of land plots for construction, reconstruction and expansion of business objects, public and residential buildings, constructions and buildings, individual buildings;
5) design, construction, reconstruction and commissioning of industrial enterprises, change their profile and technology;
6) development of standard-technical documentation;
7) operation.

3. The Chief State sanitary doctors and other officials engaged in the state sanitary supervision, in accordance with their competence based on material obtained as a result of the implementation of the State Sanitary Inspectorate shall: 1) participate in the development of activities to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population;
2) contribute to bodies of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government conclusions and proposals on matters of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population and conduct recreational activities;
3) make findings and proposals to bodies of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local governments to ban people, farming and other economic activities in the territories, dangerous to life and health of people;
4) inform the public authorities and management, local executive bodies and local governments concerning violations of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan on the controlled objects;
5) participate in the development of activities on the territory sanitary protection of Turkmenistan from skidding and spread of quarantine and other infectious diseases, binding governmental authorities, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals;
6) coordinate the activities of health care institutions on issues of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population of sanitary protection of the territory of Turkmenistan of skidding and spread of quarantine and other infectious diseases;
7) determine the contingents to be preliminary and periodic medical examinations and clinical examination of the impact of environmental factors on the human organism Wednesday, working conditions, the life of the population, to participate in the analysis of the results of periodic medical examinations and regular medical check-up and the development of sanitary and health measures;
8) identify and analyse the causes and conditions of occurrence of occupational poisoning and diseases, food poisoning;
9) to organize, within its competence, disease control measures in areas of infectious and parasitic diseases;
10) to inform the public about environmental health Wednesday and its impact on human health, sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, as well as on the actions and decisions that may have an impact on the environment and public health Wednesday;
11) on a contractual basis, hygienic education of specific groups with the subsequent certification;
12) to participate in the promotion of medical and hygienic knowledge, creating a healthy lifestyle;
13) keep state, official and commercial secret.
The main state sanitary doctors, their deputies and other officials engaged in the state sanitary supervision, also bear the responsibilities referred to in paragraphs 2, 7 and 10 of the first paragraph of this article.
 
Article 87. The right of the main state sanitary doctors, their deputies and other officials exercising State sanitary supervision 1. The main state sanitary doctors, their deputies and other officials engaged in the state sanitary supervision, have the right to: 1) refuse to be harmonization of pre-project and project documentation on the selection of land, construction, reconstruction and expansion of residential, public and industrial buildings and other facilities that do not meet the requirements of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards;
2) prohibit or suspend pending the Elimination of violations of sanitary norms, regulations and hygiene regulations operation of existing production facilities, industry, transport, agriculture, communication, certain types of work, technological processes, equipment, tools, hydraulic structures, public and residential buildings, complexes, buildings and other objects;
3) suspend construction, reconstruction and designing or carrying out certain types of work on the building of settlements and the construction of industrial, public and residential buildings, complexes and structures, and other objects in cases of violation of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards;
4) prohibit the manufacture, use and implementation of new types of raw materials, materials, substances, products, other products, technologies of their manufacturing, food raw materials, foods where they are dangerous to life and health of people;
5) prohibit the manufacture, use and application of chemicals and medical immunobiological products not registered in the order established by the legislation of Turkmenistan;

6) prohibit the use of chemicals, tools and methods in the practice of drinking water, in the production and processing of food products, as well as in the use of stimulants and regulators of growth of agricultural plants and animals, other chemicals, perfumery and cosmetic products in case of risk of harmful effects on human health, as well as in the case of their possible harmful effects on human health prior to the submission by the developer of scientifically sound data on the safety of these substances and materials;
7) prohibit the use of water for drinking and household water supply in case of recognition of her unfit for consumption;
8) implement measures under the laws of Turkmenistan to persons that violate health standards, regulations and hygienic standards;
9) present state authorities, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and natural persons requirement to rectify violations of sanitary norms, regulations and hygiene regulations and the application of administrative measures;
10) exercise supervision over compliance with the requirements of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards in the projects on construction and reconstruction of objects;
11) given in the order established by the legislation of Turkmenistan State authorities, local executive bodies and local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals based on sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards binding opinions on draft plan of building settlements, promising hosting plans economic objects, projects, construction, reconstruction of enterprises, buildings, structures, and on the provision of land plots for construction, definitions for population places water use , conditions, reclamation wastewater downhill and dumping of toxic waste, chemical, radioactive and other substances;
12) to consider draft standards and technical specifications for new types of raw materials, materials, substances, products, other products, technologies of their manufacturing, food, raw materials and food products;
13) give opinions on the conformity of industrial, public and residential buildings, complexes, agricultural and other enterprises and facilities the sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene;
14) give opinions on proposals to be submitted to the educational and work load and the estimated mode of occupation on the upbringing of children in pre-school institutions and students in educational institutions;
15) charging where necessary, research institutions, laboratories, universities and other businesses, organizations, institutions, regardless of their form of ownership, a special examination;
16) approve the State Sanitary rules, regulations and hygienic standards;
17) visit (on presentation of i.d.) and carry out a survey of household objects, regardless of their form of ownership, at any time in order to verify compliance with sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards;
18) require managers to legal entities and individuals: (a)) persons suspension of danger in the spread of infectious and parasitic diseases due to the nature of work or production in which they are employed, as well as implement measures to persons not systematically fulfilling sanitary standards, regulations and hygiene regulations and protivoèpidemičeskij mode;
b) hospitalization patients with infectious and parasitic hazards for others;
in) for preventive and anti-epidemic measures;
g) reparation for injury caused to life and health of citizens;
d) fines;
e) reimbursement of medical and sanitary institutions to conduct their hygienic, anti-epidemic and medical interventions upon the occurrence of mass diseases and poisoning of people;
19) demand from officials and others documents, information and submitted personally or in writing explanations necessary for ascertaining health facilities and epidemiological analysis of the health status of the people working at these sites;
20) to freeze foods, products, items and materials for laboratory analysis and hygienic examination, and conduct necessary laboratory and instrumental examinations directly on objects;
21) draw on a contractual basis to implement sanitation specialists in other departments, as well as members of the public;
22) call to the organs and institutions of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of Turkmenistan officials and others to review materials on violations of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan;
23) deal with sanitation violation, impose administrative penalties, transfer material to investigative bodies to deal with the question of instituting criminal proceedings, to submit to the superior officials or authorities proposals on the application of disciplinary measures;

24) contribute to bodies of State power and administration, local executive bodies and local self-government proposals to ban or impose special conditions on separate territories and modes of living and the enjoyment of their economic activities aimed at the elimination and prevention of the spread of mass diseases and poisoning of the population;
25) make suggestions in the financial and credit bodies to suspend financing (crediting) works on designing, construction, as well as the economic activity of legal entities and natural persons in the case of failure to fulfil the sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, regulations of officials of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan on the suspension or termination of the activity;
26) define contingents persons subject to prophylactic vaccination on epidemic indications;
27) to withdraw from circulation and destroy in order established by the legislation of Turkmenistan, foodstuff, materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs, recognized the potentially dangerous to human life and health.
2. the rights under paragraphs 9, 17, 18, 20 and 27 of part one of this article shall also apply to professional bodies and institutions of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 88. Appeal of actions of the main state sanitary doctors, their deputies and other officials exercising State sanitary supervision Action of the main state sanitary doctors, their deputies and other officials exercising State sanitary supervision, stipulated by items 1-7 of article 87 of the present code may be appealed by the person concerned within a month upstream the Chief State sanitary doctor or in court.
The appeal of these action does not suspend their execution.
 
SECTION XI. ECONOMIC MECHANISM of SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL WELFARE of the POPULATION, article 89. Reimbursement of costs related to the Elimination of adverse effects on working conditions, welfare and recreation 1. Legal and natural persons who have committed violations of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, which have led or could lead to increased incidence of population, deterioration of demographic indicators, reimburse expenses incurred for the Elimination of these consequences, at its own expense.
Recover those funds from legal entities and individuals shall be made on presentation of the organs and agencies of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, implementing the state sanitary supervision. In case of refusal of reimbursement dispute settled in court.
2. The procedure for establishing the size of the recovery and use of payments is determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan.
 
SECTION XII. HYGIENIC upbringing, education, research, article 90. Universality, comprehensiveness and continuity of hygienic education Gigi eničeskoe education and training aimed at improving sanitary culture among the population and disease prevention, should be universal, comprehensive and continuous.
Hygienic upbringing and education are being implemented: 1) in early childhood education, teaching in schools, institutions of primary and secondary vocational education, and higher education; training and retraining and upgrading their skills through the inclusion of issues related to health and hygiene knowledge in training and education;
2) in the process of professional and hygienic training of managers and specialists;
3) by propaganda of medical and hygienic knowledge in the media, at the expense of the State and other sources of funding.
 
Article 91. Professional hygienic training of managers, specialists and workers legal and natural persons must exercise professional hygienic training for managers, specialists and workers related to: 1) production, storage, transportation and marketing of foodstuffs and drinking water;
2) raising children in pre-school establishments and schools;
3) communal and domestic services;
4) harmful substances and adverse production factors.
Occupational hygienic preparation is carried out on a contractual basis at the expense of own funds of legal entities and individuals.
 
Article 92. Scientific hygienic and epidemiological studies 1. Scientific hygienic and epidemiological studies are an integral part of the system of sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population and perform scientific and clinical centres, medical institutions, research institutions, universities, and other entities.

2. scientific hygienic and epidemiological studies are organized and coordinated by the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan, the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, as well as governmental authorities, local executive authorities and bodies of local self-government within their competence and in accordance with the sanitary and epidemiological situation in the administrative territories.
3. scientific and epidemiological studies are carried out at the expense of the State budget of Turkmenistan, as well as contract or other basis.
 
SECTION XIII. RESPONSIBILITY for VIOLATION of SANITARY LEGISLATION of TURKMENISTAN Article 93. Care and responsibility for its Commission 1. Sanitary offence recognized infringing on citizens ' rights and the public interest unlawful, is guilty of (intentional or careless) Act (action or inaction), statutory and associated with non-compliance with the sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan, including sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, failure to comply with hygiene and anti-epidemic measures, opinions, statutes and regulations of officials of the state sanitary-and-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan.
2. Sanitary offence is: 1) chemical, biological, physical and other food contamination, surface and underground water sources, reservoirs and coastal sea lanes used for welfare purposes, soils, atmospheric air, the air of the working area;
2) development of the normative and technical documentation without compliance with sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene, as well as the use of normative documents in its activities, contrary to the sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene;
3) development of projects of normative and technical documentation for new types of raw materials, production equipment, processes, tools, foodstuffs and food raw materials, industrial products, building materials, ionizing radiation, chemicals and biological products, packaging, packing, polymer and other materials in contact with food raw materials, food and medicines, products, perfumery and cosmetic products and other consumer goods without approval from the Chief Medical Officer of Turkmenistan as well as the development of public health surveillance projects without the normative and technical documentation for new types of medical biological immunity preparations;
4) design, construction, reconstruction, technical re-equipment, modernization (preservation and elimination) of industrial enterprises, transport facilities, buildings and premises of cultural and community purpose, residential buildings, engineering infrastructure facilities and improvement of water supply systems, sewerage and wastewater treatment systems, hydraulic structures and other objects, a promising building and accommodation settlements, resorts, industrial and agricultural purposes, development of technological processes, products, equipment and tools without compliance with sanitary norms rules and hygiene regulations and without coordination with the bodies and agencies implementing the state sanitary supervision;
5) the use of land for new building, reconstruction or expansion of objects without coordination with the bodies and agencies implementing the state sanitary supervision;
6) acceptance and commissioning of objects without the permission of the authorities and institutions exercising State sanitary supervision;
7) production and use of new types of raw materials, production equipment, processes and tools, foodstuffs and food raw materials, industrial products, building materials, ionizing radiation, chemicals and biological products, packaging, packing, polymer and other materials in contact with food raw materials, food and medicines, products, perfumery and cosmetic products and other consumer goods, medical immunobiological products without complying with sanitary norms rules and hygiene standards, passing the toxicological-hygienic evaluation of establishing hygienic standards;
8) non-compliance with the quality requirements of food raw materials and food products, as well as in them beyond the established sanitary standards levels of radionuclides, toxic, biological, chemical and other substances and compounds that are dangerous to life and health of people;

9) violation of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene in production, storage, transportation and realization of food raw materials and food products, the use of growth factors of agricultural plants and animals, chemical and biological means for plant protection, packaging, polymer and other materials in contact with food raw materials, food and medicines, feed additives for animals without the permission of the authorities and institutions exercising State sanitary supervision;
10) violation of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene in the supply, implementation and utilization of imported technologies, materials, raw materials, and products;
11), failure to ensure conformity of the quality of water supplied to a CVCs drinking water, hygiene requirements and State standard on water;
12) failure in necentralizovannom water reservoirs and water quality of the coastal strip of the sea in the field of cultural and community water management population corresponding to the sanitary norms and requirements;
13) violation of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards on the content of the territory of settlements, accumulation, storage, transportation and disposal of industrial, including radioactive and toxic, agricultural and household waste;
14) violation of sanitary norms, rules and hygiene standards for the protection of the atmospheric air;
15) failure of sanitary norms, rules and regulations governing the hygienic conditions of education and training, manufacturing practices, sanitary-hygienic and protivoèpidemičeskij mode requirements of radiation safety and sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan on nutrition and labor conditions, sanitary and domestic welfare and recreation of children and adolescents in pre-school and recreational institutions, secondary schools, institutions of primary and secondary professional education, other establishments and in enterprises;
16) failure to observe sanitary-hygienic and Antiepidemic regimes in health care facilities and other institutions;
17) violation of sanitary norms, rules and standards of hygiene when working with radioactive materials and other sources of ionizing radiation, as well as in the disposal of radioactive waste;
18) failure of measures to prevent the spread of infectious, parasitic diseases and their elimination in case of;
19) unjustified refusal to conduct sanitary, medical, biological, technical, sociological and other special examinations on areas of organs and agencies of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Ministry of health and medical industry of Turkmenistan;
20) deterioration of the health of citizens as a result of imperfect sanitary norms, rules, hygienic standards and expert opinions on materials;
21) admission to persons who have not completed medical examinations or recognized unfit on health grounds, for which such suitability is required;
22) failure to carry out mandatory medical examinations or violation of the terms of individual categories of workers;
23) failure to comply with mandatory regulations, orders and opinions of authorities and institutions exercising State sanitary supervision;
24) evasion of submitting materials and data necessary for the identification of the sanitary-hygienic condition of epidemic situation and radiation conditions at the site;
25) disruption of the seals on the facilities, private bodies and institutions involved in sanitary supervision, or resume work on them;
26) failure of hygienic education categories of workers and employees, for whom it is obligatory in accordance with their activities;
27) deliberate concealment or distortion of information on accidents, sanitary-epidemiological situation and radiation situation, health status of the population;
28) the sale of foods that do not have documents proving their quality and safety in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan;
29) refusal to receive inoculation in infectious diseases;
30) unjustified refusal from carrying out preventive vaccination, as well as non-infectious disease and hospitalization of patients with suspected for infectious diseases.
3. officials, employees of enterprises, organizations and establishments, regardless of the form of ownership, individuals who care for an offence may be subject to disciplinary, administrative and criminal liability in accordance with the legislation of Turkmenistan.
4. foreign nationals and stateless persons on the territory of Turkmenistan, carry the responsibility for violation of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan on the same basis as citizens of Turkmenistan.
 
Article 94. The direction of materials on sanitary infractions for action on the responsibility of Chief State sanitary doctors and their deputies have the right to transfer in the manner prescribed by the legislation of Turkmenistan, materials obtained as a result of the implementation of the State Sanitary Inspectorate, to address the issue of bringing perpetrators of the violation of sanitary legislation of Turkmenistan: 1) criminal proceedings in the pre-trial investigation authorities;

2) to disciplinary responsibility-to a higher government authority or a superior officer;
3) for measures of public influence-in bodies of public associations.
 
 
 
# 74 November 21, 2009-IV.