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Law 24 for 2012 security law for genetically modified organisms and products, the President of the Republic on the provisions of the Constitution, approved by Parliament at its 27-11-1433 date approved believer 14-10-2012.
Issued: chapter I definitions article 1 the following expressions mean in application of the provisions of this law, meaning each side: law: law of biosecurity of genetically modified organisms and their products.
Minister: Minister of agriculture and agrarian reform.
Competent authority: any Ministry or institution or a public body or on the application of the provisions of the Act, as the case may be.
Commission: National Committee for Biosecurity and Minister.
Person: the natural or legal person, including dealers and representatives.
Chief Inspector: an expert in the field of genetic engineering and bio-safety Commission.
Inspector: technician performs tasks that cost her the Ministry or competent authority.
Genetic engineering: modern biotechnology (non-traditional) used to modify the genetic material.
Genetically modified organisms: living techniques that have been modified genetic material using genetic engineering.
The modified genetic material: the genetic material is altered using genetic engineering.
The Biosafety Clearinghouse: international system of exchange of information on living modified organisms and their products in accordance with the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.
Cartagena Protocol: Protocol within the framework of the International Convention on biodiversity aims to ensure an adequate level of protection for the environment and human health from the transfer and circulation and the use of genetically modified organisms.
Risk analysis system: the system calendar and manage and inform about the risks posed by the introduction of genetically modified organisms and their products and their use and release into the environment.
Containment place: place CSS and open environment orphaned by it procedures to prevent the movement of genetically modified organisms or their products to the open environment.
Open environment: soil, water, air and living organisms.
Detective or more expensive laboratory: adopted by the Committee to carry out analyses and tests and measurements for genetically modified organisms in accordance with the provisions of this law.
Biosecurity: policies, directives and procedures used and the use of genetically modified organisms or their products safely.
Consignment: a quantity of plants or their parts or animals or genetically modified organisms or their products from one country to another is attached when required by veterinary and plant health certificate, as the case may consist of one or more missionary.
Trans-mission: dispatch is not imported into Syria but across its territory and be subject to official control procedures to ensure that preserved closed without fragmentation or added to other shhanan.
Prior approval: approval issued by the competent authority or Ministry authorized to import and transfer and study plants, animals or microorganisms or genetically boost according to plant and animal health requirements adopted in the Ministry from the Ministry of economy and trade to import leave.
Import: leave a book issued by the Ministry of economy and trade allows import of plants or animals or genetically modified microorganisms or boost based on informed consent.
Card statement: genetically modified product identification card contains clear and explicit information written on the packaging and the container is removable and amendment prepared by the product according to the requirements of article and determined by a decision of the Minister or the competent authority.
Chapter II aims article 2 the purpose of this Act is to: ensure a safe level for human health and animal and plant and environmental controls for input and output, transfer, production and circulation and the use of genetically modified organisms and their products.
B contributing to the development of a regulatory framework for research and development in genetic engineering.
Chapter III application areas article 3 1. This law applies to: genetically modified organisms, including plants and animals and organisms intended for research and experiments or for industrial or agricultural production in place of containment.
. GMOs intended for all environmental and agricultural systems.
C non-living products of GMOs are produced locally or imported and prepared for industrial production or for human consumption or animal (raw or manufactured).
2. excluded from the application of the provisions of this law: genetically modified organisms and their products intended for medicinal and therapeutic purposes or for the production of pharmaceutical and medical materials in place fit for human use or veterinary and subject to the ministries of health and Agriculture and agrarian reform.
B the materials or products containing genetically modified ingredients less than specified by the regulations.
Chapter IV the powers of Minister article 4 the Minister shall issue decisions and operational instructions for the application of the provisions of this law in accordance with the international conventions relating to the production, use, transfer and dissemination of genetically modified organisms and their products, and to it: a. prohibit or restrict the import, export, sell or grow or multiply or post or transmit any organism genetically or products based on the Commission's proposal.
B surveillance and inspection procedures regulating and destruction and seizure, determining the necessary analyses approved laboratories and intercept system on results based on the Commission's proposal.
C determining the conditions of entry and output, transfer and production, circulation and use of genetically modified organisms and their products in coordination with the competent authority granting approval based on the Commission's proposal.
D remuneration for services and procedures provided for in this article by agreement with the Minister of finance.
Chapter v the National Committee for vital security article 5a. Commission decision of Minister of experts designated by the competent authority and is composed of:-Minister of agriculture and agrarian reform head-Assistant Minister for agriculture and agrarian reform and Vice President-Ministry of higher education (representative from Syrian universities) Member-representative of the Ministry of health Member
-Representative of the Ministry of economy and trade members – representative of the Ministry of industry members-representative of the Ministry of State for the environment-member AEA members-GCAA representative biotechnology members – representative of the scientific studies and Research Centre-member of the General Customs Directorate members – representative of the General Federation of farmers-Member veterinarians Association members – representative of the public authority for agricultural scientific research member and Rapporteur functions. : 1. dynamic security policies in the Syrian Arabic Republic.
2. develop and update vital security rules for input and output, transfer and production, handling and use of genetically modified organisms and their products in scientific research and development stages and test in place of containment and open environment.
3. put the principles of risk analysis and determine the levels of security.
4. the granting of approval to conduct research and experiments in genetic engineering where containment and supervision of field trials and release into the environment.
5. nomination of members of the Committee and outside experts as inspectors.
6. the principal inspectors assigned to verify whether establishments operating in the field of genetic engineering is committed to the rules and regulations established by the Commission granting or refusal or extension of approval work and inform the Committee of the outcome.
7. proposal of issuing a prior registration and accreditation in accordance with the provisions of the regulations issued by the Minister.
8. specialized committees to review and study of genetically modified organisms and their products as needed.
9. produce an annual report on the activities relating to genetically modified organisms and their products are distributed to competent authorities.
10. scientific and technical advice to the Ministry and competent authorities.
11. ensure biosafety committees and institutional commitment to implement bio-security rules.
C. working mechanism for the Committee: 1. determine the working method of the Commission and meetings under the regulations to the Act.
2. the Commission shall meet at the invitation of its President periodically once every three months or whenever needed.
3. be a legal Committee meeting in the presence of President or Vice President and a majority of members and take its decisions by a majority of the members of the Committee and if this vote is likely next President.
4. the Chairman may invite the appropriate technical experts to attend meetings and be an advisory opinion.
Dr compensations Committee of the decision of the Minister with the Minister of finance, from the Ministry's budget, allocations.
Chapter vi Committee on biosecurity and almo'ssanet article 6. biosafety committees institutional Ministry and competent as needed by the Minister or the competent authority.
B study to screen input and output and the circulation of genetically modified organisms and their products intended for agricultural use or human or animal consumption or for industry in accordance with the approved models in Ministry and raise proposals to the Commission.
Chapter VII responsibility article 7 implementation cost the Ministry and relevant authorities from the tasks set out by each of them: the Ministry of agriculture and agrarian reform: to follow up the implementation of all genetically modified organisms and their products intended for human consumption and agricultural use (plant and animal) vet and feed.
B Ministry of economy and trade of the preparation and implementation of legislation relating to the provisions of the foreign trade and suppression of fraud, fraud, consumer protection and food safety and property protection for genetically modified organisms and their products in accordance with its terms.
C. Ministry of health: performs all control and use of genetically modified organisms and their products intended for human use and medical or therapeutic uses of food or pharmaceutical manufacturing in place of containment and potential impacts on human health calendar.
D Ministry of State for the environment: implementation of all genetically modified organisms and their products intended for environmental treatment and examine the impact of GMOs on the environment in cooperation with the competent authority, the Biosafety Clearing-House management, ministries and law enforcement authorities to provide the Ministry of State for the environment of the information concerning the circulation of genetically modified organisms and their products and their effects, actions and decisions.
. Ministry of industry: follow the specification version of genetically modified organisms and their products intended for human consumption and animal feed use, control and issue certificates of conformity relating to the approval of the Commission.
And the Ministry of higher education (biotechnology): organizational foundations for research and development, future plans for bio-security in coordination with research institutions in accordance with the provisions of law No 33 of 2002.
G General Customs: implement this law in coordination with the Ministry and the competent authority.
Article 8 competent authority issued the necessary decisions with respect to their responsibilities for implementing the provisions of this law.
Article 9 judicial police Commissioners: be Chief Inspector and inspectors designated by the Minister or competent authority as the case in the judicial police and availing of Eden: the power to organize the necessary offenders after they were sworn in before the President of the civil court assets in their area as follows: (I swear by Allah the Almighty to do my work faithfully and devotedly).
B determine the functions to the judicial police and the way they work by the Minister or the competent authority, as the case may be.
Chapter VIII safety requirements article 10 prohibits any person to exercise any activity related to genetically modified organisms and their products without prior approval from the Ministry or competent authority in accordance with the provisions of this law.
Article 11 the Ministry committed and competent risk circumvention system activities relating to genetically modified organisms and their products, and stop any activity contrary at the suggestion of the Committee.
Assume the person exercising any activity relating to genetically modified organisms and products liability risks and damage, including that the expenses of collection and re-export or destruction or extermination or control in accordance with what you see as Committee informed the Ministry or competent authority for damage caused by products or found.
Article 13A. prohibited advertising or promoting genetically modified organisms or their products before obtaining prior approval from the Ministry or competent authority, as the case may be.
B declaration or prohibited. promote products as free of genetically modified material only after obtaining a document proving that the Ministry or competent authority, as the case may be.
C bear advertising mistake responsibility because of the advertisement or promotion of a genetically modified product if false or misleading information in accordance with the laws and regulations in force.
Chapter IX inspections on genetically modified organisms and their products at border ports article 14 the General Customs Directorate shall take necessary measures to ensure the application of the provisions of this law during the entry of genetically modified organisms or their products into Syrian Arabic Republic or transit.
Article 15 subject of GMOs and their products to the control system and inspection and sampling by plant quarantine and veterinary inspectors qualified for this purpose at the entry except samples contained to scientific research in the public sector exclusively after prior approval.
Article 16 in case a ticket dispatch contained provisions of this law and instructed the importer requested Executive re-exported or destroyed within two weeks from the date of the communication of the decision in accordance with the laws and regulations in force and learning Directorate General of customs to take action.
B importing right. objection to the decision and request retesting in accordance with regulations issued under the provisions of this law.
Article 17 the importer bears responsibility and costs resulting from actions taken to implement the provisions of this law, including the costs of testing and loading and unloading and transportation and retesting and destruction and annihilation.
Chapter ten monitoring and inspection within the Syrian Arabic Republic article 18 specifies the oversight measures scientific research institutions in accordance with the instructions issued by the Commission.
Article 19 are sampling of materials and objects and products and analysed according to the instructions specified by the Committee.
Article 20 regulates suspect sampling settings minutes of key inspectors or withdrawn and remaining quantity derived from the sample is reserved until the result, in the event of proven violation violation quantities delivered to a warehouse approved assets identified by the Committee pending resolution by the Minister upon a proposal of the Commission.
Article 21, the competent Ministry in cooperation with the Department of State for the environment to study and monitor the impact of genetically modified organisms and their products on the environment.
Chapter XI the infringement of article 22 is contrary to the provisions of this law: Prof had imported or produced or released or fired or storage or transfer or any activity related to the production of genetically modified organisms and their products without prior approval from the Ministry or competent authority, as the case may be.
B never log on product package or card statement information to be specified for genetically modified organisms and their products, or whether the information declared in a different card or documents contrary to laboratory analysis.
J Rogge or higher or contributed to the publication of information or describe a liar to camouflage that article was not genetically modified.
Dr hampered Police Commissioners work while the tasks set them according to the instructions window.
. Modified or falsified or distorted or destroyed any document issued under the provisions of this law.
And did not abide by decisions and instructions issued pursuant to the provisions of this law.
Chapter XII penalties Article 23 taking into account without prejudice to penalties provided for in other laws punishing those who break this law, the following penalties: imprisonment from three months to one year and a fine of LS 100 thousand to five hundred thousand SP or a fine for anyone who contravenes the provisions of paragraphs (a-b-c) of article 22 of this law.
B is punishable by imprisonment of one month to two months in prison and a fine of five thousand pounds to five and twenty thousand SP or a fine for anyone who contravenes the provisions set out in paragraphs (d) and (f) of article 22 of this law.
C is punishable by imprisonment of two months to one year and a fine of ten thousand to fifty thousand SP SP or a fine for anyone who contravenes the provisions set forth in paragraph (e) of article 22 of this law.
The sentence shall be doubled if Dr repeat offence. To'ool these fines to the State Treasury.
Chapter XIII General provisions and final article 24. determine compensation allowances services and charged by the Ministry to implement the provisions of this law, a decision of the Minister baltvak with the Minister of finance.
B remuneration of genetically modified organisms on the statements and products by a decision of the Minister with the concurrence of the Minister of finance and charged to the importer.
C out payroll wages distributed hours on genetically modified organisms and their products and by committees formed for this purpose as follows: 1.90% of revenue to the State Treasury.
2.10% for employees and shareholders in the relevant laboratories.
And select distribution bases and rules of censorship and grants by the Minister after agreement with the Minister of finance.
Article 25 gives the Ministry workers and competent people who work relates to the application of the provisions of this law rewards by the Minister or competent authority both balanced.
Article 26 the Ministry's focal point on the implementation of the provisions of this law.
Article 27 of this law shall be published in the Official Gazette and is valid one year from date of issuance.
2 -12 -1434 Damascus Hijri to Gregorian 18 -10 -2012.
President Bashar Al-Assad
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