Law 6 Of The 2004 Civil Aviation Act

Original Language Title: القانون 6 لعام 2004 قانون الطيران المدني

Read the untranslated law here: http://parliament.gov.sy/arabic/index.php?node=201&nid=16477&RID=-1&Last=10058&First=0&CurrentPage=11&Vld=-1&Mode=&Service=-1&Loc1=&Key1=&SDate=&EDate=&Year=&Country=&Num=&Dep=-1&

Law 6 of 2004

Civil Aviation Act



First door
Preliminary Provisions


First chapter

Definitions

Article 1. This Act may be cited / Civil Aviation Act /.

Article 2 - means the following terms, used in the application of this law, meaning next to each of them:

Location: Syrian Arab Republic.

Territory of the State: floor space and territorial waters adjacent and airspace, which topped.

State Date: State of which the aircraft are included in the record.

Ministry: The Ministry of Transport.

Minister: The Minister of Transport.

Institution or the Civil Aviation Authority: Public Institution of Civil Aviation.

General Manager: is the Director General of Civil Aviation, which is responsible for the management of civil aviation matters and has necessary orders and instructions to apply the provisions of this Act and the regulations issued thereunder, and monitor their implementation version expires.

Chicago Convention: ICAO: International Civil Aviation Agreement signed in Chicago on 7 December 1944, and ratified a law by Legislative Decree No. 142 for the year 1949.

Supplements Chicago Convention: are supplements to the Chicago Convention established and published by the International Civil Aviation Organization Council, which includes the standard rules and recommended methods of work.

Air vehicle (plane): any machine able to derive survival in the atmosphere from reactions of the air, is reflected from the surface of the earth, including all aerial vehicles such as fixed wing and helicopters, gliders and airships and balloons planes and so on.

Investor / operator: person or entity public corporate body or private works or displays work in the operation of aircraft directly or leased to others.

Air carrier: any person or entity public corporate body or private is running the line or lines for air transport of passengers, mail and cargo, or any of them.

Air Investor Certificate: a certificate entitles an investor to carry out specific operations in commercial air transport.

Civil aircraft: any civil aircraft registered in the civil aircraft register in the state or in any other country in this capacity.

Air traffic: all aircraft flying in the air or working in the maneuvering area at the airport.

Airport: a specific area on the surface of land or water, including the buildings, facilities and equipment dedicated in whole or in part, for the use of aircraft when they arrive or leave, or they move on the surface.

Airport traffic: aircraft and ground vehicles movement in the maneuvering area of ​​the airport and all aircraft flying in the vicinity of the airport area.

International Airport: the institution designated in the territory of the State of entry and exit of international air traffic the airport and take the actions related to customs, immigration, public health and quarantine (including stone animals and plants) and other similar procedures.

Maneuvering area at the airport: that part of the airport used for the takeoff and landing of aircraft and other movements on the lanes, and does not include the parking of aircraft.


Crew member: a person assigned by the investor to work on the plane during the flight duration of the task. The pilot: the pilot who is appointed by the investor or owner in the case of general aviation operations, as in the driving seat and costly to governance for safe flight.

Member crew: a crew member holds a degree and it costs to run a basic duties of the plane during the flight duration of the task.

Flight time-aircraft: total time from the moment the plane moved the purpose of takeoff until the moment of final stop at the end of the trip.

Duration of the trip mission: total time from the moment the member of the crew starts where his duties immediately after a rest period and prior to the air or a series of flights flight, until the moment of his removal from all his duties after the completion of that flight or series of flights.

Go area: an airspace with specific dimensions is located within the territory of the State declares him competent authorities and be flying a taboo.

Restricted area: an airspace with specific dimensions is located within the territory of the State Aviation restricts it to certain conditions. Dangerous area: an airspace with specific dimensions is located within the territory of the State, within which there are hazardous processes on the fly at certain times, declares the Civil Aviation Authority.

Restricted area (at the airport): a specific area in the airport, not allowed to enter and roam where only those authorized to do so by the Civil Aviation Authority.

Airline: an air line used the public transport of passengers, mail and cargo planes, or any of them, for a fee or reward and be open to the public.

Regular international line: no line Joey be the beginning point you are applying in the territory of a State other than the province recorded the state where the plane or the State of the operator and his trips going according regularly and publicly available timetable for the program.

National Register: the register of civil aircraft belonging to the state or owned or leased by the persons or institutions or companies or organizations or national bodies, public or private agents of the state.

Aviation license: General approval issued by the institution, terms and conditions detailed regulatory, allows whereby the investor aircraft or air carrier to include air operations, in the context of the specific activity of that, during a certain period of time, and specify in which cases halted or canceled.

Aviation permit: the specific approval issued by the organization to carry out or specific air operations.

Carrier Corporation common: Carrier Corporation pose among a group of states or legal persons affiliated with in accordance with the internal laws of the State of registration.

Authority certificate: A document issued by the civil aviation authority under which the power to see the plane to fly over a specific period of time.

Run commercial air transport: operating aircraft to transport passengers or cargo or mail-peer reward or remuneration.

Aerial work: air operation carried out by aircraft used for specialized services such as agriculture, construction, photography, space, reconnaissance and patrol, search and rescue and aerial advertising, and the like.

Airline in the process: Run a plane for a purpose other than commercial or business air air transport. Acrobatic flying: maneuvers carried out by the plane intentionally include a sudden change in position or take an unusual position or a change in the speed of unusually.


Goods or hazardous materials: goods or materials that could pose a threat to health or safety, property or the environment, set out in the list of dangerous goods in the Technical Instructions issued by ICAO or classified under those instructions.

Substances that affect the mental ability: are substances that have an impact on intellectual activity, including alcohol, cosmetics, opium and cannabis, sedatives and hypnotics, cocaine and other mental stimulants and hallucinogens and volatile solvents, and does not include coffee and tobacco.

Article 3 - considered the amendments issued by the International Civil Aviation Organization on definitions and terminology listed above, which are published in the Annexes to the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation, unless opposed by the state, a modified judgment in this law, without the need to amend the law.

Article 4 - considered the definitions and terminology contained in the annexes of the Chicago Convention and its amendments, which were not mentioned in the article (2) is the authoritative source of applying this law, except Maaaatardt the state.
Chapter II


Airspace and State authorities.

Article 5 - This law is the basic provisions governing civil aviation and related services in the state, including airports and civil aircraft does not apply to state aircraft except in accordance with an agreement between the competent minister in the state and the party. The provisions of this law on foreign aircraft when operated within the territory of the State, unless they require an international agreement approved by the state otherwise.

Article 6 applied in the state provisions of the Chicago Convention, ratified a law, as applied supplements the Convention and its amendments and additions to them, except the state objected to it.

Article 7 of the state total and absolute on the airspace above the territory's sovereignty.

Article 8. Enterprise organization and conduct of all civil aviation matters in the state and ensure the safety oversight, and the preparation of regulations and instructions necessary to implement the provisions of this law and submit it to the Minister for issuance assume, and it has the right to inspect registered aircraft has on foreign aircraft used to UAE airports, and is entitled It prevented her from flying or seizure of any documents related to them by monitoring adherence to the provisions of this Act and the regulations, orders and instructions issued thereunder.

Article 9. delegates customs, public security and quarantine (human, animal and agricultural) right to the aircraft or any person or payload inspection on board, according to the laws, rules and regulations of the state, and being an inspection under the supervision of the Civil Aviation Authority, without interfering with the the competence of the delegates mentioned.

Article 10 - should be on the passengers and members of the crew and senders of goods either by themselves or by agents acting on their behalf or self-employed compliance with laws and regulations in force, for the entry of the territory of the residence, and get out of it, especially those relating to immigration, passports, customs, quarantine and agriculture .. etc.
Chapter III


General Provisions.


Article 11 - No aircraft may operate in the territory of the state, except under license or official statement, issued and sets conditions Civil Aviation Authority, or on the basis of:

A - an international agreement to which the State is a party.

B - Joey bilateral agreement takes effect knotted between the state and another state in the International Civil Aviation Organization member.

Article 12. No aircraft may be operating in the territory of the State unless the following conditions are fulfilled:

A - to be registered in their respective state.

B - to be the plane airworthy and prove it airworthiness certificate valid issued by the State in which the plane registered or approved of them or of the State of the operator in the case of renting a plane.

C - bear the way the phenomenon of nationality and registration marks in accordance with the internationally recognized rules.

D - it is equipped with equipment prescribed by the standard rules internationally recognized.

E - to be members of the crew in possession of a valid permits issued by the Civil Aviation Authority of the State of the investor or registered State of the aircraft, or approved of them, and be scheduled number of that authority.

And - to carry her and is on the surface of the ground to secure a certificate of insurance that includes crew and passengers or cargo, according to the rules set forth in this regard.

Article 13 of the institution exemption aircraft that fly the purpose of technical experience, education or small aircraft or other condition or more of the conditions mentioned in the article may be (12).

Article 14 -

A - must wireless communication devices are located on board the aircraft operating in the territory of the State and the people who use them licensed disciplined in accordance with the state registration of the aircraft or the State of Investor systems, and may not use these devices except aeronautical purposes in accordance with the requirements prescribed them and to know the members of the crew.

B - is guilty of an offense punishable by law all of the causes intentionally or unintentionally interfere with communications that take place in and out of the plane, or that take place with the air traffic services, or jamming of navigational devices, or radar systems.

Article 15 may not be transferred the following materials in commercial air transport aircraft operating in the territory of the State without prior permission of the institution and in accordance with the requirements prescribed in this regard: a - hazardous materials. (B) everything else is prohibited transferred by decision of the competent authorities.

Article 16 - may not fly over the territory of the State aircraft equipped with cameras or sensors intended for the purpose of aerial reconnaissance of any kind without prior permission of the institution and in accordance with the requirements prescribed in this regard. With the exception of state aircraft registered for such acts.

Article 17. The pilot is responsible for the safety of all crew, passengers and cargo members on board when the plane doors are closed. And also be responsible for the operation and safety of the aircraft from the moment the plane is ready to move for the purpose of take-off until the moment stopped at the end of the trip and stopped the engines used as the basic unit of payment. To pilot the authority to take action to maintain order on the plane measures, in accordance with the applicable rules in this regard.


Article 18 - prohibits any person who is not officially authorized to intervene in the work of any member of the crew or hampered his work, also prohibited for any person to tamper with any part of the aircraft parts or equipment or their equipment, or commit any act that would endangering the safety of the aircraft or its passengers or crew leadership at risk.

Article 19. The functions of the permanent monitoring and inspection of all kinds, both on the air operator registered in the state or aircraft Oomkateb foreign airlines and their agents, as provided for by this law, in line with the supplements and documents of the International Civil Aviation Organization inspectors accredited institution designated by the Director year.

Article 20 authorizes inspectors Enterprise Login at any time to any place followed by the investor for the inspection and monitoring adherence to specifications and operating rules, regulations and instructions of national and international force in the state. To achieve this objective is the inspection of the facilities, equipment, records and documents related to the operation of aircraft and take notes about and get a copy or copies of the documents that require follow-up investigation and verification of qualifications, training and performance of employees and the inspection of the aircraft and the offices and facilities invested in the stations of national and foreign airports. And the investor must all necessary facilities for this purpose insurance, including giving clear and explicit guidelines for all employees has no reluctance or impede the inspection and control procedures or withhold any document, record or information from the inspector upon request. And the right to an inspector aviation safety stop any aircraft for aviation and prevent them from quitting if he found out that the operating safety is at risk or there is a clear violation of the articles of this law, and has the right to prevent any member of the flight crew on the flight, as well as shut off any of the maintenance elements of Certified If it was contrary to the provisions of this Act or issued thereunder, or the conditions under which granted him leave systems.

Article 21 -

A - Foundation puts aerial inspection system carried out by the aviation safety inspectors on board the aircraft and inspection of domestic and foreign airports used by aircraft registered in the state.

B -taatm all aerial inspections of the investor's expense.

Article 22. institution determines the fees to be levied values ​​to meet the granting Joey investor certificates and aircraft registration and airworthiness, refurbishment and leave workers and maintenance and other certifications and certificates awarded by institutions of the institution, according to the regulations and laws in force.

Part II

Aeronautics

First chapter

Plane

Article 23. institution determine the nationality and registration marks registered aircraft has a way to put them on planes, according to the rules and regulations stipulated in the annexes of the Chicago Convention ..


Article 24. Foundation is a national registry where special civil aircraft register, and required to register any aircraft that record provides the following conditions: (a) the aircraft should not be registered in another state record. (B) to be owned or leased ordinary people enjoying the nationality or legal state. (C) must possess a certificate of airworthiness valid according to the established rules. The institution and the certificate of registration issued after the completion of the necessary procedures.

Article 25 (a) includes the log referred to in Article 24 the following data: 1. number and date of registration. 2. nationality and registration marks. 3. The basic data about the aircraft and its engines and a certificate of airworthiness. 4. Name and home to the residence of the owner or tenant. 5. a statement for all the documents and contracts function on the ownership of the aircraft and investment. If there were any indebtedness of the aircraft registered name and address of the creditor. 6. all the facts and legal actions that happen to a plane and the date of occurrence. 7. Any other data that the organization decided to be contained in the record. B - logging in the register any change to the data contained in the preceding paragraphs. C - the institution determines the contents of the plane's certificate of registration, through the data in question. D - contrary to the provisions of this chapter shall be the institution with the agreement of the competent authority in another country, and not inconsistent with the ratified international agreements legally accept the tasks and duties assigned to the State of registration, with respect to aircraft registered in that State, which will be operated by Joey investor be a place of work primary in the state.

Article 26 - the plane removed from the national register in the following cases: - If you were the owner or charterer of Syrian nationality. B - if ownership has moved to a foreign entity, it was not concerned by the state longer. C - If crashed in whole or lost or withdrawn permanently from use, and is considered lost when the plane by virtue of a decision of this institution. And the aircraft owner or charterer that the institution shall be notified of any changes to the cases provided for in this article as soon as it happens, with the re-registration of the aircraft certification.

Article 27. exception of Article 24, paragraph (b) and Article 26, paragraph (a) the institution sets the conditions and manner of registration of aircraft owned by persons residing in the country and is enjoying her nationality.
Chapter II


Aircraft ownership and lease, seizure and mortgage

Article 28 -

A - money plane movable with respect to the application of laws and regulations in force in the state, and the plane is the transfer of ownership under the official support, it does not have any impact to third parties only after entry in the Register provided for in Article (24). B - If the property transferred by inheritance or as a result of the death of the rule of transfer of ownership or right to move the investment shall be recorded in the said record at the request of the new owner or investor.

Article 29 - may not be any sale or process a mortgage or any legal act on any aircraft registered in the National Registry to a foreign person, except with the approval of the Civil Aviation Authority.

Article 30 -

A - The aircraft lease contract under which the lessor is committed to enable the lessee to benefit from his plane with or without a crew, for a trip or more to the work of air or for a certain period, and that for a fee, and become the aircraft lease in effect after the approval of the institution.


(B) must deliver a copy of the technical contract for rent to the foundation to save it has.

Article 31 - on a rented plane must be delivered to the tenant good and seaworthy condition, so do the maintenance of the aircraft and make the necessary technical disclosures unless otherwise agreed

Article 32 - a rented plane is responsible for damages to compensate positive caused by defects in the plane and located upon himself compensated, without prejudice to the right to object to the amount of compensation imposed on him.

Article 33 - on a rented plane to be used in accordance with the technical characteristics and returned to the lessor when the lease ends in good condition, in a time and place agreed to, and must, unless expressly agreed otherwise, the aircraft put at the disposal of the lessor or the competent authorities to conduct maintenance and technical disclosures required.

Article 34 - is rented plane investor in case of renting the plane without the leadership of the crew or staff leadership is subject to his orders, and in this case be liable for errors or damages arising from the act of any member of the crew.

Article 35 A. - is not entitled to a rented plane to give up the lease to someone else or to lease the aircraft without the written consent by the original lessor, becomes the lease in effect after the approval of the institution. B - must deliver a copy of the technical contract for rent to the foundation to save it has.
Article
36 - the aircraft leased owner remains jointly liable with the lessee for incumbent legal obligations rests with the investor with respect to the plane and crew leadership pursuant to the provisions of this Act, except that if the tenant is an investor in accordance with the provisions of this Act shall be is solely responsible for the obligations referred to as as of the date of the declaration of the lease.

Article 37 - The Rent plane capacity to hold commit whereby the lessor management Mlaanha and securing technical services, monitor, and is committed to the empowerment of the tenant of the full capacity or part of the trip or more to the work of air or for a certain period of use, as agreed upon, and so for a fee or Reward.

Article 38 - on a rented plane capacity must be put under the disposal of the tenant at the airport designated capacity of the aircraft, or part of it in accordance with the terms of the lease contract signed between them on that plane to be in good condition and check all airworthiness requirements.

Article 39 - taking into account the provisions of article / 136 // of this law for leased aircraft capacity may in the case of transfer of persons or cargo plane leased to retain the right to issuance of transport documents in his name.

Article 40 - leased the plane to the official capacity of the tenant for damages cation for compensation resulting from defects in the aircraft or error crew members.

Article 41 - in relation to the seizure of the aircraft the provisions contained in this chapter apply subject to the provisions of international conventions acceded to by the State.

Article 42 -


Shall not be the rhythm of custody on the following: 1. State aircraft. 2. aircraft actually used and absolutely on a regular air route, as well as a backup aircraft. 3. Any other aircraft designed to transport persons or property for a fee or reward when she was about to leave for such a trip, but in a situation where it comes to a debt contracted on the journey that the aircraft is about to do or the grounds which have arisen.

(B) The provisions of this article on the reserve booking signed by the owner, who lost possession of his plane by the wrongful act.

Article 43 - Executive may not be booking a plane for a debt deserved procedure performed on the owner or Msttmrha only in the territory of its own state, and after exhausting all executive booking on other debtor in state funds and procedures proved inadequate to meet the debts of creditor or creditors

Article 44 - The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to the special bankruptcy claims and proceedings relating to government debt precautionary measures nor on the precautionary measures to take when violation of rules and customs regulations or the Penal Code or the rules and regulations of public security
Article 45 -
exception to the general rules applicable on booking movable, booking on the aircraft register of records, at the request of a creditor Article 46 - separates the judiciary urgently in disputes relating to the seizure of the aircraft
Chapter III


Airworthiness and aircraft industry in the state
Article 47. The


A - No aircraft may be operating in the territory of the State that did not have the authority certificate to fly in effect issued by or supported by the civil aviation authority of the state of registration in accordance with the laws, rules and regulations applicable to it, and require that the investor plane abide with all its certification aircraft airworthiness of the conditions and restrictions, with the exception of aircraft registered in the state and that fly in the territory of the State only purpose of the experiment or examination or any other process related to the mechanism of the plane according to the conditions and restrictions prescribed by the institution.

B - The Corporation may rely validity of the aircraft to fly certificate, issued by another state, as it may be attached to the adoption of this certificate until the completion of any conditions required.

C - the institution is entitled if showing her lack of safety of any aircraft registered in the State or non-validity of the model for the airline to suspend or withdraw the airworthiness certificate, and her that the plane is subject to uncover the art and, flying only permit after take measures to ensure the safety of flight.

D - an offense punishable by law the installation of any cutting or non-approved parts from the factory on aircraft registered in the state, as well as the sale or purchase of such items or parts.
Article 48.


A - the investor any aircraft registered in the State does not run in the trade or business of air transport air unless they are maintained, including their engines and equipment out of the wireless devices in accordance with the evidence and authorized service by certified technicians from the institution.

(B) the institution to adopt national and foreign institutions which carry out the maintenance and overhaul of aircraft registered in the state and their engines and other components, and at the expense of student accreditation.


C - the commander of any aircraft registered in the State must be engaged in the trade or business of air transport air be recorded in the technical log of the aircraft data required by the institution.

D - retains the technical record on the plane, also it keeps photos, which were codified in the investor's headquarters, and in the outstations if maintenance work took place in those stations.

E - the investor any aircraft registered in the state to retain documentation of maintenance in accordance with the regulations of the institution.

And - The Corporation may halt or terminate the adoption of any national or foreign institution are the maintenance and overhaul of aircraft registered in the state if they show her the low level of technical competence where or organization declined to enable the flight safety of the periodic inspection performance or sudden determined by the Aviation Authority inspectors civil.

Article 49 -

A must equip all aircraft registered in the State with equipment set out in the annexes of the Chicago Convention and amendments thereto in force in the state.

(B) The Corporation may request the installation of any hardware or additional equipment or special on any aircraft registered in the State to ensure the safety of the aircraft or from them or to facilitate search and rescue operations, and the investor must comply with the request of the institution installed.

C should show places stomach emergency equipment for the use of passengers and routes to survive in all aircraft registered in the state and work in commercial air transport, using clear signs, and, in particular, must be declared in a manner the phenomenon of all places buoys (T-shirts) to survive, when its existence a prerequisite, and oxygen masks for the system and method of hard use, and in all passenger cabins.

D - must be taken into account when installing or carrying any hardware or equipment on the plane should not be a source of danger to the validity of the aircraft, and not affect the performance of any of the hardware or other equipment necessary for their safety.

Article 50 - must be the weight and balance of each plane are issued or adopt its airworthiness certificate of the institution, and that the center determines the weight of each period of time in accordance with the regulations of the institution.

Article 51 -

A - may not be making any civilian aircraft or a part of the country without the prior authorization of the institution, in accordance with the regulations established for this purpose.

(B) the manufacturer to provide the plans and designs and testing and comply with all kinds of censorship imposed by the institution.

C is considered an offense punishable by law to use any cutting or non-accredited institution parts in the aircraft industry.

D - plane manufacturers are subject or any part thereof tests periodically, under the supervision of the institution, to make sure airworthiness permanent basis, and subject to examination exceptionally when necessary.

E bears plane maker expenses resulting from observation and tests. (F) the institution assume any liability that may result from damage that catch their plane or third parties as a result of carrying out observation and tests.

Article 52 -

A - the institution has the right to do or ask to inspect or conduct tests or to fly for the purpose of the experiment, whenever it deems it necessary, to verify the validity of the aircraft registered with the state or any of its organs or of its equipment or its components, according to what is shown in the validity certificate.


B are the procedures set forth in item (a) of the investor's expense and to be representative of the organization access at any time to any place to direct any of these acts.

C - if you breach any of the procedures referred to in clauses (a) and (b) the institution must stop into force plane validity of a certificate to the effect while achieving the required conditions
Chapter IV


Documents and records

Article 53 -

A. No aircraft may be operating in the territory of the State only if they carry documents and records to be carried under the laws and regulations of the State of the registered aircraft, and any other documents or records specified by the institution.

(B) No aircraft registered may be in the country to start a flight, unless carrying documents and records listed below, with the exception of flights that begin and end at the same airport within a state, without the plane passing through the territory of any other country and not airport have any alternative was specified in the flight plan is located in the territory of any other country, and in this case may retain documents and records established at the airport rather than carry them on the plane:

First - for international flights: (1) the aircraft registration certificate. 2. aircraft for airworthiness certificate. 3. leave the members of the crew. 4. The technical record of the aircraft. 5. General statement on the trip. 6. own plane radios license. 7. operating manuals, and documents of maintenance operations for commercial or business air air transport. 8. List shipment of cargo and mail with all the details and the statement of its own, if the plane was carrying cargo or mail. 9. revealed load, distribution and documentation relating to the weight and balance of the aircraft. 10. A certified copy of the insurance policies. 11. Certificate of aircraft noise. 12. any other documentation specified by the institution.

Second for domestic flights: the Foundation identifies documents and records that must be carried by the aircraft in domestic flights, and The Corporation may exempt aircraft that fly the purpose of technical experience, training or education or testing download any of these documents or records. In all cases, you must leave certificates and documents referred to in this Article shall be valid.

Article 54 -

A must keep the following records for each aircraft registered in the State and working in the trade or business of air transport air: 1. Log plane 2. Engine 3. Record variable propeller log step.

B - the data must be recorded in the technical records of the aircraft according to the instructions set out in the regulations and publications issued by the institution.

C - when recording the data in any of the technical records of the aircraft may be an indication of any documents and other documents, and in this case is considered such documents or documents part of this record.

D - investor plane would be responsible for keeping records of technical aircraft for a period of not less than two years from the date a final stop using this plane or the engine or propeller, as the case may be.

Article 55 - the investor or the pilot must be submitted to the Corporation upon request and within a specified period any documents, data or records established under this Act or those determined by the institution, and for the purposes of inspection or surveillance or investigation.


Article 56 - on each owner or investor registered in the State of the plane stops for use or investment to continue to keep the documents and records their own records as well as members of the crew, according to the instructions of the organization, with the following in mind:

A - if the plane invest go to someone else, and the plane has been registered in the State, to be the first investor to deliver the second investor and aircraft maintenance documents, records, software downloaded and may be retained by the records recorded by the registration of these aircraft devices.

B - if raising the engine or propeller of an airplane and rode any of them on other aircraft registered in the state and invested another person, be on the investor to deliver the first plane investor second plane the special register so that the engine or propeller.

C - if he moved a crew member in the leadership of an aircraft registered in the State of work with an investor to work with another investor, be the first investor to deliver the second investor records so Lists.

D - in all the above-mentioned circumstances, it is on the second investor to take the contents of these documents and records as if he is the first investor.

Article 57 - If you decide to cancel or discontinue any certificate or adoption leave or statement or any other document issued by the institution, must be released from his or kept, that delivers them to the institution upon request.

Article 58 -

I. prohibited for any person to do the following:

A - the use of any certificate or adoption leave or statement or any other document issued by the institution and have been canceled or suspended, modified or non-eligibility of carrying.

B loan of any certificate or adoption leave or statement or any other document issued by the institution, or allow others to use.

C impersonate other personal purposes as obtaining a certificate or renew or modify any certificate or license or permit or any other document, whether to himself or others.

D -alkiem or participate in damage or distortion of any record or document decides to use under the provisions of this law, modify or delete any of the data they contain, or make any false statements on it during the term of its entry into force and during the period which should to maintain such records and documents, referred to in Article 54.

E - delete any data from detecting the payload, or incorrect data upon entry.

Second - No person shall be a certificate or permit or license issued were not what he has control over it, and in accordance with the requirements prescribed in this regard.

Third - must be recorded all of the data in any document or record in ink or other material is difficult erased ..
Chapter V


Air operations and air bases

Article 59 -


A - may not be operating any aircraft registered in the State or used by an investor plane in the state wants to run based on the leases or in a casual trips or according to any similar arrangements under the investor only regular aircraft certificate issued by the institution for the benefit of the owner or investor plane and the institution, before granting the investor aircraft certificate, verify that the applicant's own efficiency, equipment, supplies and administrative management and employees and the possibilities of training, maintenance and financial coverage to insure against risks, as well as the appropriate airline security program that will ensure the safe and efficient operation on scheduled flights by a student certificate.

B - the investor is responsible for the monitoring of private aviation operations Btairath, and ensuring undertaken in accordance with the required levels of safety and compliance with the provisions of the laws, rules and regulations issued thereon.

Article 60 - the investor should not be allowed to perform any carrier business trip only after the appointed commander of one of the pilots of the plane, is responsible for the safety of the aircraft and those on it. And all the people on the plane obey and carry out any instructions issued, to ensure the safety of the persons on board and funds and insurance for the safety and regularity of flight.

Article 61 -

A - institution may decide for all or some of the trips add a member or more to the crew as well as the formation due to the aircraft operation manual.

B - not any member of the crew, the leadership may be based on the same flight duties of two or more members of the crew.

C - the organization put the necessary instructions for deciding the number of hospitality weather elements (Crew Cab) on the plane to carry out acts related to the safety and service of passengers and crew.

Article 62 - for each member of the flight deck that stays in place specified in the following cases:

A - during take-off and landing operations.

B - during the flight, except in cases of necessity. And on each member of the crew to keep the seat and shoulder belts strapped around him for the duration of his stay in place.

Article 63 -

A - Each member leadership of the crew should not begin work on the plane if his health or mental can be hindered by the performance of his duties.

B is considered an offense punishable by law, each member of the crew of an aircraft exercises done during the trip while intoxicated or under the influence of any other material affect mental abilities, and defined in Article (2) of this Act.

Article 64 - No person may be using the plane leadership devices in flight, if only metaphorically and costly by the investor so.

Article 65 -

A - No person may enter the cockpit unless summoned by the captain or was a member of the crew members, or an inspector or an observer appointed by the institution or person in charge by the investor or institution to do a specific action during the flight, and required in the latter cases inform the pilot, it does not limit in any way the authority of the pilot in an emergency to prevent anyone from entering the cockpit or to get it out of them if it considers the safety of the aircraft require it.


B - a must for every authorized person has to be to enter the cockpit seat of the passenger seats, but if he has a seat Chamber of leadership, and that the number of people who are not to exceed in the cockpit during takeoff and landing specified number of seats in the aircraft airworthiness certificate.

Article 66 - If you noticed the pilot during the flight poor performance or a malfunction in the navigational devices, or any other things that may pose a threat to aviation safety, he should reach the unity of air traffic services concerned about it immediately.

Article 67 - The captain must be recorded in the technical log of the aircraft of any malfunction or extraordinary performance of any of the aircraft equipment may occur or notes during the trip, as well as to clearly write down references to the contrary when you do not receive malfunction or anything unusual , as it has before the start of the trip to make sure what was on any crashes or observations already recorded in the technical log of the aircraft in the previous journey.

Article 68 -

A- investor take measures to instruct passengers on the locations and methods of use of the seats and outlets of emergency and shirts Deliverance and organs of oxygen and other emergency equipment for personal use, or collective belts.

(B) in the case of emergency during the flight, you must instruct the passengers to the emergency procedures required by the situation.

Article 69 - may not be the investor that allows anyone to board the plane if they look like sugar symptoms.

Article 70 -

A - No person on board the plane that carries no weapon or dangerous or flammable materials permit, or any other material that can be used in any acts of vandalism or violence or the threat during the flight.

B - if it transferred free of weapons or ammunition of any hazardous materials or flammable materials, or can be used in any of the acts mentioned above requests are on the possession of illegal possession must be handed over to the representative of the investor before entering the plane, where he put in a safe place on the plane can not be the arrival of passengers to and respond to those who handed them out after the trip ends.

Article 71 - the institution put air systems and rules relating to the flight of aircraft and air navigation and the protection of persons and property on the surface of the earth and the use of airspace of the State, in coordination with the competent authorities.

Article 72 - the aircraft commander directly responsible for the leadership of his plane in accordance with the applicable rules of the air, he may be forced neutralizes it in cases where it becomes inevitable interest of safety. Therefore, in such cases, the competent authorities shall be notified as soon as the situation allows it.

Article 73 - Enterprise roads and air corridors that must be Tzlkha aircraft upon entry to the territory of the state or out of it, or fly in the air Vdhaih sets.

Article 74 - The captain must comply with the approved flight plan and comply with all permits and instructions of air traffic control, and he may opposers except in emergencies that require immediate disposition, and in such cases must notify the unit of air traffic and coordinate with relevant control as soon as the situation allows it, and that gets if necessary clearance rate.


Article 75 - must be working on the aircraft commander within the airport traffic in the vicinity or to comply with regulations regarding the use of the airport and air traffic regulations.

Article 76 -

A. No aircraft may be flying in the territory of the State at altitudes lower than those determined by the institution without prior permission from the institution or when deemed absolutely necessary, and should be on the pilot in this case, notification and monitoring unit in question as soon as possible.

(B) With the exception of the cases of takeoff and landing or prior authorization from the organization's requirements, no aircraft may be flying over the city or uninhabited place or public meeting place, only to be able to rise with him in the cases of the forced landing without damaging the persons and property on the surface of the earth .

Article 77 -

A - the institution may deny or restrict, without distinction of nationality overflights: 1. In certain areas of the state military or training reasons or for security requirements. 2. In the territory of the State or any part thereof, immediately and temporarily in exceptional circumstances or for reasons of public security.

B - the institution has the right to identify hazardous areas, publish and disseminate.

C - If it appears to the commander of the plane that flies above the no-go zone, it shall so inform immediately unit competent air traffic control, and he must follow the instructions strictly, and if not, he must rush to land at the nearest airport in the country outside of the exclusion zone and to submit civil Aviation authority a detailed report about the incident and their justification.

D - if the competent authority has warned aircraft due centered over no-go zone, it should immediately implement the instructions of her this power that otherwise Vtghebr to land by force after notification.

Article 78 - should the commander of any aircraft before the start of a specific trip to do the following:

A - Ensure the possibility of completing the flight safely, according to the rules and regulations set forth in this regard, including alternative procedures if they could not complete the journey as scheduled them.

B careful study of what is available from weather reports and forecasts in force and navigation information for the trip.

(C) make sure to provide the necessary quantity of the aircraft for the flight procedures and alternative fuels.

D - ensure the validity of the aircraft and the presence of the necessary documentation on board.

E - make sure to get the necessary permits and approvals for the trip, according to the instructions of the organization.

Article 79 -

A - may not be throwing or spraying anything from the aircraft in flight except in cases of necessity or prior permission from the institution.

(B) No aircraft may be withdrawn for any other aircraft, or anything without prior permission from the institution.

(C) shall not be parachuting without the prior permission of the institution, except in emergencies.

(D) may not be doing acrobatic Btiran or the review or the formation of air over the territory of the country without prior permission of the Foundation.

E prohibited from flying negligently or recklessly in putting the lives of others or their property at risk.

F forbidden to fly in close proximity to another plane on the face is a risk of collision with or endanger their safety at risk.

G may not be for aircraft that fly unmanned flying or operating in the territory of the State without prior permission from the institution.
Chapter VI


Airports and air easements


Article 80 - shall not create or equipped airports in the state, use or investment without prior authorization of the institution, the institution issued a license and rehabilitation of the airports used for certification according to the International Civil Aviation Organization requirements.

Article 81 - the right of the state appropriation for the establishment of public airports and expand or linked in ways necessary for the transportation stations aeronautical devices real estate in accordance with applicable laws.

Article 82 - considered all airports in the country, including and followed her from the plants and buildings, wires and equipment and stations, wired and wireless public facilities and holds the enterprise management, operation and supervision and the development of business systems have, and do inspections league upon to ensure the continuity of the validity of qualification and licensing certificate issued to them.

Article 83 - The Foundation oversees all personnel at airports whomever they follow her, in all the things that ensure that no breach of the regulations or instructions to those airports and progress of work, and assume for the sake of investigation of irregularities directly to take action .

Article 84 - The Foundation in conjunction with other competent authorities to develop and apply the regulations, instructions and take it deems necessary to maintain security at airports in the state and ensure the safety of aircraft and passengers and navigational aids, and in order to do so the following:

A - restrict or prevent the entry of individuals to certain areas at airports without a permit.

B - Verification of personal individuals and vehicles entering the airport and keep tabs on the questioning of the suspect and ordered him to be searched if required so.

C - any passengers suspected of carrying weapons or dangerous materials or any other materials that could be used in any acts of vandalism or violence or the threat of inspection.

D - airports processing units, rescue and ambulance and fire services.

Article 85 -

A - licensed aircraft and advertised airports used by the institution and must planes leaders abide by the laws, rules and regulations for this, and may not be landing at these airports is only with the permission of the institution or in emergency situations, which dictated the safety of the aircraft and them.

B - if you had included the territory of the State or outside of it or transient air Vdhaih to fall outside the international airports in the country to pilot a plane, it should immediately notify the nearest local authority and that the record plane flights or public statement or any other document submitted at the request, and it prohibits the plane took off or transfer its cargo or passengers leave from the place where it landed before obtaining a permit from the institution and take appropriate action.
Article 86-
building enterprise application is created private easement rights, under a decree, called the aerial easement rights, to ensure the safety of air navigation and good work of the organs, and with the aim of:

A - to prevent the establishment and the removal of any buildings or facilities or Grass or any obstructions of any kind and in the neighboring areas of the airports facilities and navigational devices.

B D or install wire and checkpoints in the vicinity of airports and facilities navigational devices areas.

C - electrical wiring and cables of all kinds.

D - D fresh and salt water pipes.


E - Marking for guidance about the obstacles that pose a threat to the safety of air navigation.

And - any other developments Artvaqah.

Article 87 - the enterprise scale and the level of easements and air areas that impose them as determined in the light of the provisions of international conventions, and shall be published in the Official Gazette and one of the daily newspapers that the institution regardless fair compensation in exchange for the imposition of the easement air to the affected people's rights.

Article 88 - may not be the construction of any building or establishment of any obstacles in the areas covered by the easement rights of air, or make any change in the nature or the point of use subject to the easement land only with the prior consent of the institution and in the prescribed conditions.

Article 89 -

A - shall not create any beacon of light or radio only after the approval of the institution.

Institution shall have the right to remove or modify any optical device confusion with optical aid to air navigation devices may occur, and to impose the necessary facilities billowing smoke them, or any material restrictions that will affect the visibility in the vicinity of airports or affect safety of air navigation.

C - must both have or using electrical equipment or metal fixed or mobile facilities that will occur interference impedes wireless devices or assistive devices Aeronautics to comply with the measures specified by the organization to remove the interference.

Article 90 -

Institution shall determine the allowances payable for the use of airports for public use, occupancy or part of it as well as against the air navigation facilities and any other services provided by the institution, under the regulations issued under the provisions of this law.

B - define systems referred to in paragraph (a) of this article cases of exemption allowances or reduced.

Chapter VII

Vacations and training

Article 91 requires the work of a crew member in the leadership of any aircraft registered in the State to be in possession of a valid license enables him to perform his duties, issued by the institution or approved them.

Article 92 - required in the work of the leadership of a crew member of any aircraft operating in the territory of the State to be in possession of a valid license in accordance with the laws, rules and regulations of the State of registry or operating in the state.

Article 93 -

A - the institution issuing other technical and vacations for all acts of civil aviation services and aviation licenses have to put the terms of issuance and renewal of accreditation and that at least these conditions in any way for the planned level internationally.

B - the institution right before granting any license to be sure that the student ineligible leave in terms of experience and skill, age, health and fitness for the performance of the business, which enables him leave the right to do, and they are to you order it to conduct theoretical and practical and medical tests prescribed by the that matter .

C - the institution the right to non-issuance or renewal or extension of the effect of any holiday, as it has the right to withdraw or stop it after it is released, and that if they found that demanded such leave or winning it is below the required level, or provided incorrect data, or if it violates any of the conditions under which the leave was granted, or any of the provisions of this law.


D - it may not be the holder of any license to continue in the business, which enables him to do right by the performance if required to have a reason that his health condition does not enable him to do such work, whether temporarily or permanently.

E - considered Aviation leave a suspended sentence if it is proved that the bearer in healthy condition hampered the performance of his duties for more than the period specified in the regulations.

Article 94 - Non may be winning the required license to work as a pilot in an aircraft registered in the state to receive training, or complete the test in order to obtain flight clearance or renewal or extension of the effect, it provided that the captain winning the required license, and that there is no in the plane while only:

A - the flight crew.

B observer or inspector or examiner or any other person approved by the institution.

Article 95 -

A - Foundation issued aircraft maintenance and engine structures and units of electrical capacity and all its organs vacations.

B - Applicants for any of the licenses mentioned in paragraph (a) to prove to the institution receiving educational qualifications and scientific assessments and the availability of knowledge and expertise, as they successfully pass the examinations and tests that determined by the institution in this regard.

C - define the institution of rights conferred by each bearer leave and vacations included referred to the powers-winning leave for the issuance of various maintenance, with the appointment of the aircraft, hardware and related equipment such powers models.

D - the institution determines the terms of the issuance and renewal and extension of validity of licenses referred to in this article effect.

E - the institution has the right to adopt any maintenance of aircraft and their engines and its outgoing leave other countries members of the International Civil Aviation Organization may be that this provision be restricted by the conditions determined by the institution.

Article 96 - in the case of non-availability of individuals holding licenses to do some quality work, the institution may be granted temporary permits for engineers aircraft and engine maintenance must have the necessary expertise in the field of aircraft maintenance for these tasks.

Article 97 - on each crew member of an airplane registered in the state, and each person exercising airline in any capacity that keeps a record of personal flight, which codifies all the data, in accordance with the truth, and is responsible for the correctness of this data culpable.

Article 98 -

A - the investor sets out basic and periodic training programs for members of the crews of aircraft and deportees air traffic controllers and those in charge of business aircraft maintenance and cadres of ground operations, ensuring that each of them his or her duties to the fullest and should these programs depends of the institution as prescribed in that conditions.

B - the organization lay down the rules and conditions of the training of the members of the crew and efficiency tests.

C - the institution put ground inspections and aerial action on the training described in this article.
Article
99 -

A - the investor must all types of training referred to in Article procedure (98) in accredited by the organization of training centers, and to inform the organization of its intention to make any training session ahead of the scheduled date for the start, so they can be to adopt a training center by the institution, and it should not proceed in the training business before the adoption center assets.


B Foundation lay down the rules and conditions of adoption and renewal of adoption centers and training institutes referred to in paragraph (a).

C - evaluation and adoption and renewal of adoption centers and institutes external and internal training by the institution at the expense of the student count is being conducted.

Article 100 - regulations and directives institution which determines aviation, work and rest periods for flight crew members put.
Article
101 - the investor to keep every member of the crew a full and accurate record, indicating the flight times and periods of work according to the rules and regulations laid down by the institution, that is to keep these records for a period of not less than twelve months after the end of flight time each member of the flight crew.
Article
102 - No person shall be trained someone else to fly for the purpose of preparing for the flight or one of his qualifications leave, unless based training holder of a valid license issued by the accredited institution enables him to work as the leader of an aircraft for training purposes and the conditions in which the training where, and you must leave this includes stability eligibility as a coach airline is allowed to conduct training.
Article 103
-

A - not for any institute or club or any other entity practicing aviation education or training in the arts or the exercise of any air activity last only under the prior authorization of the institution may, the right of the institution to withdraw the license in case of violation of conditions or violation of laws and regulations in force .

B - Foundation issued regulations, instructions and rules on how to conduct institutes and clubs aviation activities.
Article 104
-

A - the institution determines the terms of the issuance and renewal and the duration of the special leave observers air traffic controllers and the theoretical and practical tests and rotating them.

B - issued vacations institution mentioned in item (a) of this Article.

C - it may not be air observers to work in any unit of air traffic control as "aerial observer" What did not get a license and accreditation to work in this unit.
Article 105
-

Investor on any aircraft registered in the state and work in commercial air transport operation that takes into account the following:

A- for operation in the territory, apply national laws and regulations in force, especially the Civil Aviation Act in addition to the provisions of the Chicago Convention and its Annexes and amendments thereto in force in the state.

B for running over international waters, apply the provisions of the Chicago Convention and its Annexes and amendments thereto, but if any of the material contained in this law is more detailed and judgments shall be the first application.

C for operation in the territory of a foreign state applicable laws and regulations of air navigation in force in that State, but if any of the material contained in this law is more detailed and judgments shall be the first application provided only inconsistent with the laws and regulations in force in that State.
Article 106
-

The provisions of this chapter:

A- internal commercial air transport, regular and non-regular international operations, carried out by the investor registered in the state plane, based on a license from Almasssh conferred the right to carry out such operations.

(B) any user with the investor does any of the commercial air transport operations referred to in the first paragraph of this article.


(C) any person on board the aircraft operated in any of the operations contained in the first paragraph of this article.
Article 107
-

Institution the right to stop any flight or airline or any aircraft from flying if Marat that safety levels are lower than it should be or operations and associated may be vulnerable.
Article 108
-

It is not permitted for the investor to begin operating its aircraft only after the adoption of the operation of the institution and specifications that are part of the license granted to the investor and be applicable, and contain these specifications at least the following items:

A- airlines authorized and aircraft used in each of them.

B original alternative airports and authorized.

C - the road to be followed for each authorized airline.

(D) the minimum amount of fuel required for each trip.

E - the maximum allowed for the aircraft weight at take-off and landing at all airports used.

F Minimum wireless and navigational devices to be equipped with the plane.

G minimums weather all airports used.

H formation of the leadership of each model crew of the aircraft operator on each line of Airlines authorized.

I plane deportation system and follow-up during the flight.

J any specifications or instructions institution decides to add them to ensure secure operating safety and regularity.
Article 109
-

A- the investor to prepare operating specifications for its operations and submit it to the institution for the adoption of assets.

(B) the Corporation reviewed the specifications to make sure they achieve their levels of safety, regularity and efficiency of assessments, and adopted accordingly.

(C) may be modified operating specifications upon request of the investor or if the institution Marat need a guarantee to achieve the desired operating safety and regularity level.
Article 110
-

Investor to provide sufficient copies of the approved operating specifications to its operations, according to the latest amendments, each of the main operations offices, surrounded by his staff and specialists note of them, and enters these specifications in the approved operations manual.
Article 111
-

May not be contrary to the approved operating specifications except in emergencies. In such cases, it is the investor the plane and the pilot to report to the institution at the time.
Article 112
-

A. It is not permitted for the investor run a new air route before the trip or introductory flights, confirms through which the institution operating efficiency and safety in accordance with the provisions of this law and the regulations issued thereunder, and for the institution not on the conditions required to issue necessary license to operate the line.

(B) may not be the investor that holds people on board the plane during his primary flight other than the people needed to run it, and accredited institution, he may carry mail or goods during these trips.

(C) of the institution that exempt the investor from doing any introductory trip, if you have the information and the reason that it has no need for it, and in this case, the flight or the first flight under any conditions the institution may be laid down for these trips.
Article 113
-


A- investor to issue a guide to operations used and guiding crews and evacuees air traffic controllers and Employees of air operations and ground, as well as a guide to the maintenance procedures for the works which the organizers of the aircraft maintenance, and defines this evidence, and the duties and responsibilities of workers to help them implement the business including begrudge safety worker, must be issued such evidence has easy reference and adjusted, and chronicling every page of the pages on issuance. It is not permitted to include evidence of any information or instructions inconsistent with the provisions of this law and the regulations issued under which the institution or the other, or with the international regulations of the State or included in the operating specifications Baalimat investor.

(B) may issue an Operations Manual referred to in paragraph (a) in separate parts, as it deems appropriate investor, the division of labor and the distribution of competence among employees.
Article 114
-

Must include evidence of operations and maintenance at least all the items listed in the annexes of the Chicago Convention and relevant annexes and amendments thereto, as well as determined by the institution in this regard.
Article 115
-

Investor that sends copies of evidence operating (operations manual and a guide postponements maintenance) to the institution three months ago, at least from the presumed date to be used, to allow the institution for review and comment. In the absence of objection institution to any of the evidence it contained operating within three months from the date of receipt it is considered acceptable and are effective in the very limit.
Article 116
-

Investor to provide the institution with all issued subsequent amendments and additions to the evidence of operating which have been accepted, and that at least a month of the date set for the entry into force in the absence of objection institution on the content of these amendments or additions within the specified period starting from the date of receipt it is considered acceptable and valid and divulge an integral part of the directory you follow him.
Article 117
-

Institution a veto over the contents of the evidence operating or any of the amendments and additions, and not reject in whole or in part what it sees as contrary to the regulations or affect the operational safety (including safety of the aircraft, people and materials and mobile property and the environment) or prejudicing in any form of formats efficiency or regularity of air navigation.

Institution show their objections with a statement of reasons justifying within the periods mentioned in the articles (115 and 116) as the case.

The investor should address what was to challenge it before being sent back to the institution to consider is accepted or adopted, unless the rejection and prohibited entirely.
Article 118
-

Investor to distribute sufficient copies of its operations with all amendments and additions issued thereon to guide the following parties:

A- main operations offices.

B sections deportation and maintenance, loading and aviation refueling.

C members of the operating crew of the investor.

D aircraft operators have invested.

E - Public Institution of Civil Aviation.

(F) any other party calls its possession of this guide.

Article 119 - the investor to distribute sufficient copies of the maintenance procedures with all amendments and additions issued thereon to guide the following parties:


A- personnel in aircraft maintenance.

B offices involved in the technical department.

(C) General Organization for Civil Aviation.

(D) any other destination calls its possession of this guide.

Article 120 - must have Investor's Guide for each necessary information for pilots, engineers, air traffic controllers to carry out their duties on this model and maintain the required level of safety, both in normal circumstances or emergency and must This guide contains information on the aircraft and its engines and its equipment and methods operated and performance limits prescribed in this regard.

Article 121 - the investor must be sent to the Foundation copies of the guide plane for each model of aircraft that is Bchglleha addition to the amendments and additions issued thereon.

Article 123 - the institution to take action to minimize any harmful effects to the environment caused by air pollution or any inconvenience or actions harm to the public because of the aircraft used in civil aviation purposes, noise, or any other contamination harmful to the environment, including soil and water pollution.
Article 124
-

A- institution determines the noise limit for planes out of airports in the state level, and determine the altitude and speed of the aircraft and its engines capabilities and conditions to ensure after passing the noise level referred to.

B measured noise level of international units in circulation, according to the procedures set forth in the documents and annexes of the Chicago Convention.

Article 125 - does not allow for any jet aircraft to fly in the territory unless the award from the state registry on vacation noise level certification according to the international standards prescribed in the annexes of the Chicago Convention.

Article 126 - The Foundation drawing commercial air transport policy in the state and supervision in accordance with the requirements of the national economy with the consent of the minister and the institution for the sake of it, including the following:

A- negotiate with the relevant authorities in foreign countries to hold regular air transport agreements and regular non-Wi-related international air transport business and other air agreements in coordination with national air carriers.

(B) the representation of the State towards the international organizations concerned with the affairs of civil aviation and air transport.

C participation and supervision of the discussions that take place between companies and institutions of the national air transport and foreign institutions to enter into agreements or make arrangements for joint investment or any business operations or technical related to commercial air transport in accordance with the rules and conditions determined by the institution and to take account of the national carrier's interest and serve the national economy.

(D) supervising the air transport activity carried out by national companies and institutions, and the issuance of operating licenses necessary and agree to create or modify or cancel any line of air lines or modify the number of flights.

E - supervising the activity of commercial air transport carried out by companies and foreign institutions in the country and the issuance of operating licenses for the necessary permits and monitor the exercise of these authorities granted to them air transport and in order that the inspection of the offices of these partnerships, institutions, access to documents and supporting documents.


F statement of organization and national companies and foreign air transportation is regularly flies to and from the state, including Aqilm does not contradict the interests of the national carrier.

G check that national and foreign airlines comply with the decisions, regulations and instructions and government orders concerning the following:
1- wages and the prices of air transport, whether upwards or downwards.
2- Other conditions associated with wages and prices and quality of operation.
3- to stop the activity of air transport any of the national and international companies and institutions if it violated the terms of the operating licenses or permits granted to them by the institution or the provisions of bilateral or international agreements to which the State is a party or the provisions of this law.

Article 127 - the institutions and national carriers Air coordination with the Foundation to implement the policy that emerges for the revitalization and development of commercial air transport in the country.

Article 128 - It is not permitted for any destination in the state contract agreements or make arrangements or take action regarding the exchange or the granting of commercial air transport rights with any foreign entity, but by company and in coordination with the national carrier.
Article 129
-

A- Subject to the provisions of international and bilateral agreements to which the State is a party, any commercial air transport within the state or to the state and can not be done only by institutions and companies licensed or authorized to do so from the institution.

(B) shall not be doing any aerial acts or ground service to fly only after obtaining a permit from the institution.

(C) shall not open any Office for institutions foreign air transportation in the territory of the State but on the basis of a bilateral agreement for air transport or a license from the institution to the extent that license.

(D) shall not represent any carrier in the territory of a foreign institution, whether through the public agency or other, but on the basis of a bilateral agreement or the authorization of the institution and within that license.

E - the institution determines the conditions for granting and withdrawing licenses referred to in the preceding items and instructions necessary to implement it.

F sets the rules relating to the organization of air transport operations and facilities and conditions related thereto.

Article 130 - It is not permitted for any aircraft is registered in the State transport of passengers, mail or cargo between Nguettin two incidents in the territory except under a license granted by the institution or the airline in cases required by the public interest permit.

Article 131 - for companies and institutions of the national air transportation in advance coordination with the Foundation before the opening of any airline you want to turn it on.

Article 132 - all the companies and institutions of national air transport and foreign institution to provide all Mattalbh of stats and information regarding the investment of their airlines within the state and to the state and region.
Article 133
-

A- oversees competent Postal Corporation on airmail transport, according to the provisions of international conventions on this.

Shall apply the applicable laws in the mail transport by road to transport by air mail unless otherwise stated.

(C) take into account the provisions of international conventions on airmail acceding state.
Article 134 -
on the air carrier that transports allotted by the Postal Corporation of Post and according to the rules of e-prescribed in this regard and transport, taking into account the infiltration of preferences follows:


A- travelers and their luggage.

B e.

C is accompanying baggage.

D goods.

Article 135 - are entitled to the concerned authorities airmail inspection or packages on the plane if there was a doubt in any of them contain substances that threaten the safety of the aircraft or suffered with them during the flight risk. Not be transferred to any mail or parcels by air unless he has been received in accordance with procedures prescribed postage.
Article 136
-

A. The provisions of the Unification of Certain rules of the International Air Transport signed at Warsaw Agreement dated October 1929 12 amendments and other agreements, which it joined the state, and with regard to the transfer of people and baggage and cargo by air.

(B) The provisions of paragraph (a) of this Article, the domestic air transport, unless stated otherwise applicable provisions.

Article 137 - not be a responsible carrier if the pilot was forced to download a passenger of the plane where the prejudice to the system or could pose a threat to the safety of the aircraft or from them.

Article 138 - must at all institutions of national and foreign airlines operating to and from the State to submit documents adequately secured to the organization to cover their responsibilities arising from the passengers, baggage, freight delay, in addition to the damage to Btoaqmanm and their planes and passengers, or anyone else on earth . In case of failure to submit such documents to the Corporation may suspend any airline granted them a license.

Article 139 - not be a carrier liable to the shippers or consignees when dropping goods during flight for reasons related to the safety of the aircraft provided that the carrier and his followers have taken all necessary measures to avoid the damage or it was impossible to take them.
Article 140
-

A- at the national and foreign air carrier must verify the documents and documentation required to meet the passengers to their entry to or exit from the state to the airport meant, otherwise it will bear the consequences of Maandjem for his shortcomings.

(B) The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall apply to domestic air transport if necessary.

Article 141 - the investor not be allowed to download the plane only under the supervision of a trained person the investor by providing information and instructions written enough about the distribution of the load and install, so as to ensure the following:

A- be moved safely load throughout the duration of the trip.

(B) implementation of the regulations and instructions issued in this regard.

Article 142 - for each of the wounded bodily harm or material caused by an aircraft in flight or falling objects or parts thereof the right to compensation, without having to prove it is fault or negligence investor plane.

Either in the case of parking the aircraft shall be applied the provisions of the applicable laws.

Article 143 - the plane is an investor responsible for the compensation provided for in Article 142 as soon as the fact that damage was caused by the aircraft in flight. In the case of investor confusion about the owner of the aircraft is an investor to them.

Article 144 - With respect to the provisions of this chapter, the aircraft is considered in flight from the moment the use of the driving force starts for the purpose of actual take-off until the end of rolling over on the runway after landing, either for vehicles lighter than air, the flight status starting from the moment of separation from the ground until the moment of installed them again.
Article 145
-


A- Aithml investor any legal liability if the damage resulted from crossing the plane of the atmosphere of the State in accordance with the rules and operating systems and air traffic services.

(B) does not require the party that is considered Msolh according to the provisions of this chapter for compensation for damage:
1- if the damage resulted directly from armed conflict or internal unrest.
2- If it is proved that the damage resulting from the act or omission committed by the aggrieved.

Article 146 - if the resulting damage to the earth's surface is the cause of the collision of two or more are considered each plane, causing the occurrence of the damage, and the onus is on the aircraft level of solidarity.
Article 147
-

A- state determines the amount of compensation payable for damage caused by aircraft is on the ground surface in the territory in the light of international conventions on this matter and that it is a party started.

Shall be invested liability for compensation in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter is limited if aggrieved that proved the damage was caused by an act or omission by the investor or his subordinates or agents after the events of the damage, or was it awkwardly, coupled with the knowledge of the possibility of damage, and required in if the occurrence of the act or omission by or affiliated agents to prove that they were exercise their functions within the limits of their competence.

C if someone took over the plane illegally and used it without the consent of the right to use, the responsibility for compensation is limited.

Article 148 - if the multiplicity of those responsible for the damage in accordance with the provisions of this chapter is not for those affected by the right to compensation more than compensation that may be sentenced by a single administrator.

Article 149 - are held to compensate for the damage caused to the aircraft is on the ground surface in the state before the competent authority in the place of the accident claims tribunal or venue of the defendant or the main center of his works.

Article 150 - out of date, compensation for damage caused by aircraft is on the surface of the ground end of two years from the date of the incident that suits. In cases where the statute of limitations interruption does not accept this case after the expiration of three years from the date of the incident.
Article 151
-

A- Subject to the provisions established in the previous chapter in this chapter should be on every investor to aircraft operating in the territory of the State that provides for the coverage of the liability for damage caused to the crew and passengers, baggage and cargo that are on board, as well as persons and property on the surface of the earth, as every investor should his plane in the insurance state is working on its users at risk of flight to cover the damages that may arise for them.

B being the insurance provided for in this Article the believer is licensed to practice insurance business registered under the laws of the State in which the aircraft.

Article 152 - may be substituted for insurance provided for in Article (151) in one of the following guarantees:

A- deposit cash deposit in the state treasury registered or in which the aircraft is licensed to do so by the State Bank.

B bail from a licensed bank thus recorded the state where the aircraft provided that this state realized solvency and its ability to meet its obligations.

(C) ensure provision of the state where registered aircraft provided that where the state undertakes not to pay in any judicial immunity when the dispute over the sponsorship.


In all the cases provided for in this article must be previous assurances to the extent that the institution determined by Dou in international conventions.
Article 153 -
all aircraft operating in the territory, carry a certificate issued by the insurer to prove an insurance in accordance with the provisions set forth in this chapter, as well as proving the solvency of the insurer issued by the competent authorities in the registered aircraft State authority or in the state where the residence of the insured or the main center of his works, and can be replaced by carrying certificates referred to on the plane images of a dish originally certified by the institution, the institution that maintains a similar manner.

Article 154 - the local authorities in the event of an accident to an aircraft in the area where responsibility lies that institution shall notify him immediately, and prevent the takeoff and maintain it and all its parts and all of its assets or the wreckage until the arrival of the delegates as an institution and the issuance of instructions in this regard.

Article 155 - The Organization for Technical and operational investigation of accidents and incidents, which lies civilian aircraft in the territory and in the incidents of civil aircraft registered in the country over international waters and so forth in order to:

A- controls the investigation and the formation of committees and rules to be followed for an investigation of such accidents and incidents, in accordance with the provisions of this law and standards of the Organization of International Civil Aviation Organization, and issue instructions in respect thereof and the method notified immediately upon receiving and how to remove the effects and the development of rules and regulations that the competent authorities must be followed when the occurrence of such incidents.

Shall prepare a report on the incident and the circumstances surrounding it and the reasons that made the statement to the incident (if reached) and dissemination of results of the investigation and the image format, which they agree and the public interest.

(C) make recommendations necessary to prevent the recurrence of incidents in the future in order to ensure flight safety.

D. As for accidents to aircraft registered in the State in the territory of another State Vichark representatives of the commission of inquiry as observers, according to the provisions of the Chicago Convention supplements relevant.

Article 156 - the institution shall set up committees to investigate aircraft accidents, but at least the number of members of the Commission of Inquiry for three and may at the request of the Commission, may enlist own experience, whether they are inside or outside the country to participate in the investigation in an advisory capacity, the institution and bear instead Antqalathm and reward.

Article 157 - enjoying committees aircraft accident investigation independent of the investigation, and have the right to enter the scene and other places that restrict the investigation and inspected and conduct inspections, and access to documents and records, references and graphics, leaves and reservation on the Mayhem investigation of them, and call the people involved and their link about it and call witnesses and listening to their stories and assigning them out of parents to provide information and papers or objects which the Committee considers necessary to show the truth and take the necessary measures to maintain the aircraft and its cargo procedures and their parts and transfer of all or some of them to conduct the necessary tests. The President of the Commission of Inquiry coordination with other stakeholders when appropriate.


Article 158 - allows for representatives from each of the manufacturers and the State of the operator and the state where the state recorded the plane crash in the presence of the subject of the investigation as observers and have the right to be who they want professional advisors.

Article 159 - the security authorities and administrative bodies, each according to its competence, facilitate the work of the commissions of inquiry and provided with all the official papers relating to the incident and implement Maisdr for commissions of inquiry Help facilitate its business performance.

Article 160 - the plane investor to provide all possible facilities to speed up the investigation process and provide the inquiry with all the documents and information that would be useful to investigators. The obscure or hide or change any document or information, or tampering with any part of the aircraft or switch placed in order to blur certain facts or mislead the investigation by the path of an offense punishable by law.
Article 161
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A- raise the commission of inquiry report on the incident and the reasons, if possible, to reach for it and the circumstances surrounding it to the Director General, the report of the result to the plane of the registered state. And the right of both the owner and Msttmrha and Dhamneha and affected plane makers from the accident to obtain a copy of the report.

B is considered the final report developed by the Commission of Inquiry into the facts of aircraft accidents Entries hand the right unless a decision reversed.

Article 162 - the institution the right to re-aircraft accident investigation if new evidence emerged affect the outcome reached by the investigation.
Article 163
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A. If an accident to a military plane with a civilian in the territory of the other, form an investigation committee comprising an equal number of representatives of the institution and representatives of the military aviation authorities.

(B) The provisions of paragraph (a) of this article on civil aircraft accidents in the areas of military and airports.
Article 164
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Intended to search and rescue for the purposes of this law, all efforts made in the search for the plane and all aid offered her even once the media in the event of an accident or a threat or danger of any difficulties or fear for their safety, including aid offered to those on board.
Article 165
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A- enterprise centers appointed to coordinate the search and rescue work where commensurate with the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Shall regulate the institution in conjunction with the competent authorities and rescue units in the state teams are always ready to work on the implementation of the search and rescue plan in place.

(C) The State shall take the necessary coordination and cooperation with other neighboring countries, including, in particular arrangements in connection with the search and rescue.

Article 166 - Each person must provide aid available to him to search and rescue him when the competent bodies requested by the nature of his work and was able to provide such.
Article 167 - prohibits anyone
was moving any part or piece of parts of the doomed plane or distortion of any vestiges of the incident only if it is necessary for the rescue work, or with the permission of the institution and the units of search and rescue and guard monitoring the implementation until the completion of the necessary investigation information in the incident.
168
material - all aid search and rescue offers from anyone under the provisions of this chapter gives the right to recover expenses resulting from aid operations in compensation for the damage that occurred to him during those operations or was a direct result of them.


Article 169 - within the money within the meaning of this chapter, the things that are being transported in accordance with the regulations and agreements mail.

Article 170 - the plane investor committed to pay a subsidized aid search and rescue expenses and compensation payable under the provisions of this law.

Article 171 - the competent authorities of the planes and allow people who are carrying out search and rescue to enter a prohibited area if it is probable that the plane be searched for in the region that such operations take place under the supervision of the competent authorities.

Article 172 - specializes in the place of the accident the court to consider the claims arising from the search and rescue.

Specializes in Syrian courts when the event occurs over international waters in the following cases:

A- if the plane was searched registered in the state and save it.

(B) if the plaintiff is a national of the state.

Article 173 - become obsolete lawsuits arising from the search and rescue end of two years from the completion of the search and rescue work history.

Material 174 - Without prejudice to the penalties set forth in the most effective laws punishable by hard labor for temporary from five to fifteen years:

A- Each of the oldest force or threatening to seize an aircraft or control.

B. Each of the oldest on the act of violence against a person on board an aircraft in flight status, if this would work exposing the safety of the aircraft at risk.

(C) all of the oldest material in any way or is not material to destroy the aircraft in service or newer the damage made it unable to fly.

(D) all of the oldest on the development of substance or device on an aircraft in service would destroy the possibility of, or endanger their safety or the safety of the risk.

E - all from the oldest to destroy or sabotage of air navigation facilities, has lead to endangering air safety risk.

(F) all of the oldest on the theft of equipment or an equipment Aeronautics or any devices or machines are needed to secure the aviation safety.

G everyone involved with anyone who commits or attempts to commit any of the preceding acts.
Article 175
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A- sentenced to death if the actor one of the acts set forth in the preceding article has caused the death of one or more persons.

B is attempting to commit the crimes set forth in the preceding article such as crime fully, whether the act was the author has full or less.

Material 176 - Without prejudice to the penalties set forth in the worst laws in force, shall be punished by imprisonment of one month to one year and a fine of Finance of ten thousand to fifty thousand Syrian pounds each:

A- oldest to fly a plane or has operated a sexual lacks signs or registration, or carrying incorrect signs except in cases provided for in Article 13

B oldest to fly a plane over the no-go zone, or found accidentally click one of these areas did not comply with the orders issued to him.

(C) did not comply with the summons to alight during a flight over the territory of the State.

D landing or take off outside the airports or places allocated, or fly outside the areas specified routes, unless there is special permission to do so or because of force majeure or an error of others.

E - shaved jet over the territory of the State without a permit on board:
1- weapons or munitions of war or other material to the laws in force Atjaz her.

2- people intent to carry out acts of smuggling or commit a criminal offense.

F invested or led or filled plane before getting a registration certificate or airworthiness certificate, and that in cases not covered by the exceptions granted under Articles (13) and (47, paragraph a) and (b paragraph 53)

(G) took command of the aircraft, which is the holder of certificates or licenses established in accordance with the provisions of this law, and subject to the provisions of Articles (13) and (53, paragraph b) and (94)

H led the aircraft while intoxicated or under the influence of another substance Al affect mental ability.

I neglected notation prescribed in the documents of the aircraft data or records or data he took offense to the reality in those records or in the record referred to in Article 97.

J entered the movement of aircraft banned area accessed or leave things animals inside lead to endanger flight safety risk.

K- he informed false information that an exhibition of the aircraft in danger or damage.

L cause jamming communications set out in paragraph (b) of Article 14.

M- oldest or embarked on an aircraft manufacturing or parts thereof without obtaining a license from the institution, or the sale, purchase or installation of Qatt switch is not approved institution.

Material 177 - Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 182 of this Act, shall be punished by financial fine of fifty thousand to two hundred thousand Syrian pounds every investor or air carrier:

A- filled his plane without obtaining permission in advance or violates the provisions of air transport licenses conferred to him.

B committed a prohibited act under the provisions of this Act, or refrained from doing Augpth ordinances did not specify a penalty under the laws in force.

Material 178 - Without prejudice to Article 177 Avaqub a fine of three thousand to twenty-five thousand Syrian pounds Whoever violates the provisions of this law did not specify a penalty.

Article 179 - the offender may be in accordance with the provisions of the two preceding articles to pay the minimum fine under the official receipt within seven days from the date of setting organization, in this case stopped judicial prosecutions against him.
Article 180
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Shall have for workers in the organization who shall be nominated by the Minister's decision recipe judicial police after doing their oath before Court of First Instance, which is located in her work as the center of the following: (I swear by Almighty God to do my job with my work honestly and honor, honesty)

Shall assume the workers mentioned in paragraph (a) survey and adjust the violations of the provisions of this Act, and shall in it without the competent authorities in the exercise of its powers and in accordance with the provisions of the applicable laws.
Article 181
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Regard to the provisions of this section:

A- is considered in the case of the plane fly at any time from the moment they shut down all external doors are where the aim is to take off embarkation until the moment you open any of these doors for passengers to leave her, and in the case of an emergency landing the plane continues to be considered in flight until the competent authorities assume their responsibility toward the aircraft and persons and property on board.


B is the plane in service since the start of the preparation of the plane to fly by the elements of the ground services or by the flight crew and up to 24 hours after a fall, extending the period of service in any case to the entire period that the plane during the flight, as defined in paragraph (a) of this Article.
Article 182
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In case of violation of the provisions of this Act or the rules or the regulations implementing decisions to her, the Civil Aviation Authority to take the following measures:

A- stop the license issued to the investor or the aircraft for a specified period or canceled.

B suspension of the aircraft airworthiness certificate issued by the effect of or approved them for a specified period or permanently withdrawn.

(C) suspension of the air force of vacation or any other vacation issued or certified by them for a specified period or permanently withdrawn.

D prevent the plane from flying for a specified period, or force it to land after the warning.

E - payment of fines and the amounts set forth in this law.
Article 183
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Addition to the penalties prescribed, the Civil Aviation Authority to take the necessary measures to prevent or stop or remove irregularities in accordance with the provisions of Articles 87, 88.89 bind with offending all the expenses resulting from the offense.

Article 184 - without prejudice to the powers of the broader set forth in the applicable laws the courts of the state authority to consider all violations of this law, rules or regulations and instructions issued for its implementation, if committed in the territory of the State or registered with the aircraft during its existence over the water international, or places not subject to the sovereignty of any state.

Article 185 - State courts governed in accordance with the laws and regulations in force to detain or confiscate the aircraft in the event of committing any of the following crimes:

A- an owner or investor plane transfer of weapons or munitions of war intention of smuggling or committing an offense involving the security of the state.

(B) holding the nationality of signs or recording incorrect or not to carry any of these signs stipulated in the laws in force.
Article 186
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A- punished by imprisonment of six months to three years, everyone who works on the block or hide or change any document or piece of information that will benefit the committees aircraft accident investigation or tampering with iPods plane or Aadadadtha or switch position or the distorting any trace of the effects of the accident in order to blur certain facts or mislead the course of the investigation.

(B) Without prejudice to the penalties hardest stipulated in the laws in force, shall be punished with imprisonment of three months to three years and a fine of Finance of one hundred thousand to three hundred thousand Syrian pounds each of tampering with an aircraft involved in an accident or parts of the wreckage or victims, or shall move the pieces them or distortion of any vestiges of the incident in order to sabotage or the acquisition of money or private property, equipment or equipment belonging to the aircraft.
Article 187
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For stakeholders to appeal or object to the penal provisions or decisions and other issued based on the material (contained in Chapter I, II and III of Part V), in accordance with applicable laws.


Article 188 - may be to the commander of the aircraft, if I think of reasons appreciate that someone has committed a crime or attempts to commit any of the crimes or any other act of displays safety of the aircraft in flight risk to take toward this person and the necessary preventive measures, including the restriction of freedom, he may order the rest of the crew members or to authorize them in that by helping him as he may ask the adjutant of the passengers, or to authorize them out, but he is not permitted to force them to do so.
Article 189
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A- aircraft commander to ask the competent authorities in the State of landing the plane landing in its territory and the person mentioned in the previous article, with a statement of reasons justifying the measure.

Ray B. If the captain should be the delivery person because of the seriousness of the crime he has notified the state that landing the plane in its territory as soon as possible with a statement of the reasons authorities and that it offers when landing elements of proof available to him and information.

Regulation 190 - with regard to the measures taken in accordance with Article 187 are no longer the responsibility of the captain or any member of the crew or any passengers on board or the owner of the plane or Msttmrha or the person who is running the trip for its own account in any proceeding arising out of maltreatment of the person who has taken these actions against him.
Article 191
to the competent authorities, in the case of commission of an offense stipulated in Article 174, or initiation, to take all necessary measures to restore control of the plane Forensic pilot procedures or to maintain the control it allows in such cases to the passengers and crew of the plane that landed in the territory State to continue their journey ASAP, and the competent authorities to restore the plane and cargo on board, to the people who have the right to legitimately acquired.

Article 192 - initiated state jurisdiction with respect to offenses provided for in Article 174 of this law in the following:
cases
A- when the offense is committed in the territory.

(B) when the offense is committed against an aircraft registered in the State or on board.

(C) when the aircraft, which the crime was committed on board in the territory and is still landing the actor on board.

(D) When the offender in the territory.

E - in any other case where the state proceed with its jurisdiction under the penal laws.

Article 193 - the competent authorities of the State to allow the commander of the aircraft dropping off anyone and according to the provisions of Article (189).

Article 194 competent authorities of the state to take over anyone the captain handed over in accordance with the provisions of Article (189), and also conduct an immediate investigation into the incident. And if it turns out to these authorities that the crime within the scope of its jurisdiction, it should continued arrest of the perpetrator and referred to the judicial authorities to take all legal proceedings against him.

And if it finds that the crime does not fall within its jurisdiction, to be decided upon in accordance with national laws and international agreements and conventions on extradition.

Article 195 - to the Civil Aviation Authority to take all necessary precautionary measures to prevent the commission of acts and crimes against the security and safety of civil aviation state and those committed on board national aircraft, and in the light of international rules prescribed by the law relating to it.


Article 196 - for all military aircraft to follow the Rules of the Air referred to in this Law and the regulations issued thereunder, during the flight or transit observer airspace or use civilian airports.

Article 197 - prohibits foreign military aircraft to fly over the territory of the State or landing in it only under a treaty or bilateral agreement or international is a party, or under a special permit from the competent authorities, must bear these aircraft distinctive mark clearly.

Article 198 - apply the provisions stipulated in this Law and the regulations issued thereunder relating to particular aircraft currently used on all kinds of other aerial vehicles, but if this is not possible because of the nature of these compounds or installed.

Article 199 - Transport Minister shall issue the regulations necessary to implement this law and regulations based on the proposal of the Director General of the General Establishment of Civil Aviation.

Article 200 - Work continues in the decisions, regulations and instructions and orders in force as long as they do not conflict with the provisions of this law.

Article 201 - finished work by Legislative Decree No. 101 of 1949.

Article 202 - published this law in the Official Gazette

Damascus on 02/01/1425 AH 22/03/2004 M.

President

Bashar al-Assad