Rs 131.232 Constitution Of The Canton Of Valais, On March 8, 1907

Original Language Title: RS 131.232 Constitution du canton du Valais, du 8 mars 1907

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131.232 constitution of the Canton of Valais on 8 March 1907 (State on June 12, 2008) in the name of Almighty God!

Title I principles General art. 1. the Valais is a democratic, sovereign Republic within the limits of the Constitution federal and incorporated as Canton in the Swiss Confederation.
Sovereignty resides in the people. It is exercised directly by the voters, and indirectly by the authorities.

RS 101 art. 2. freedom of conscience, of belief and the free exercise of worship are guaranteed.
Religious communities define their doctrine and build their worship independently. They organize themselves and to administer autonomously, within the limits of the law.
The status of legal person in public law is recognized to the Roman Catholic Church and the Evangelical Reformed Church. Other denominations are subject to the rules of private law; the law may give them a status of public law to take account of their importance at the cantonal level.
As far as the parishes of the Roman Catholic Church and those of the Evangelical Reformed Church are unable, under their own power, at the expense of worship of the local churches, these are subject to the freedom of conscience and belief, borne of the municipal Commons. The canton may allocate grants to the churches recognized in public law.
The law regulates the application of these provisions.

Accepted in a vote on March 17, 1974, entered into force at the same time as the al. 4 (1 August 1993). Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 12. 1974 (FF 1974 II 1508 art. 1 c. 5 973).
Accepted by referendum of June 10, 1990, in force since 1 August 1993. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. from 3 oct. 1991 (FF, 1991 IV 194 art. 1 ch. 7 II 1541).

Art. 3. all citizens are equal before the law.
There is, in the Valais, any privileges of place, birth, people or families.
1 adopted by popular vote of 24 October. 1993, in effect since June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 4. individual freedom and the inviolability of the home are guaranteed.
No one can be prosecuted or arrested and no home visits can only be made if in the cases provided for by law and with the forms prescribed by it.
The State is obliged to fairly compensate any person victim of a miscarriage of Justice or of an unlawful arrest. The law regulates the application of this principle.

Art. 5. no one may be distracted from his natural judge.

Art. 6. the property is inviolable.
It cannot be deviated from this principle for public utility cause, with just compensation, and in the forms provided for by law.
The law may, however, for public utility, determine cases of expropriation, without compensation, bourgeoisiaux and communal land.

Art. 7. no land may be encumbered by a perpetual royalty irredeemable.

Art. 8. freedom to express his opinion verbally or in writing, as well as the freedom of the press are guaranteed. Law to repress abuses.

Art. 9. the right of petition is guaranteed. The law regulates in the exercise.

Art. 10. the right to freedom of establishment, association and meeting, the free exercise of the professions, freedom of trade and industry are guaranteed.
The exercise of these rights is regulated by the law.

Art. 11. every citizen is required for military service.
The application of this principle is regulated by federal and cantonal legislation.

Art. 12. the French language and the German language are declared national.
Equality of treatment between the two languages should be observed in legislation and administration.

Art. 13. public education and private primary education are placed under the direction and supervision of the State.
Primary education is compulsory; It is free in public schools.
Academic freedom is guaranteed, subject to the legal provisions concerning primary school.

Art. 13. the State must bring to the family, Community Foundation of society, the protection, support she needs so that each of its members can flourish.
It examines legislation in terms of its impact on the living conditions of the family and adapt it accordingly.

Adopted by popular vote on June 13, 1999, in force since Jan. 1. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 7, 1048).

Art. 14. the State enacts regulations on labour protection and ensuring the freedom to work.

Art. 15. the State encourages and subsidizes the extent of his financial resources: 1. agriculture, industry, commerce and in general all branches of the public economy interesting Canton; 2. teaching professional on trade, industry, agriculture and the arts and metiers.3. the breeding of livestock, the dairy industry, viticulture, arboriculture, the Alpine economy, improving the soil, forestry and agricultural and professional unions.

Art. 16. the State organizes and subsidizes the livestock insurance.
It can create insurance and especially chattel and real estate insurance against fire.

Art. 17. the State promotes the development of the network of roads and other means of communication.
It contributes through subsidies to the systems of the Rhone, as well as to the systems and the correction of the rivers and torrents.

Art. 18. the State founded or supported by subsidies for unhappy childhood education institutions and other charitable institutions.

Art. 19. the State must encourage and subsidize the establishment of hospitals, clinics and infirmaries district or borough.
It can also create a cantonal institution.

Art. 20. the financial participation of the State in the cases provided for in art. 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19 is regulated by special laws.

Art. 21. the State, municipalities and associations of municipalities with legal personality under public law respond to third parties for the actions of their agents.
The agent responds to the public community service which is the direct or indirect damage that it causes him in the exercise of his duties, due to an intentional fault or serious negligence.
The law regulates the application of these principles.

Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 1976, in force since Jan. 1. 1977. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 23, 1977 (FF 1977 II 1004 art. 1 c. 5 234).

Art. 22. the official or public employee cannot be removed or revoked only after having been heard or called and on reasoned decision of the authority who appointed him.

Art. 23. the expenses of the State are covered: a. by income of public fortune; b. by products of the enjoy; c. by tax rights and miscellaneous income; d. by allowances, grants and federal allocations; e. by taxes.

Art. 24. taxes and the State of the Commons are set by law. It will devote the principle of progression and the exemption of a certain minimum of existence.

Accepted by popular vote on Dec. 26. 1920, in force since Jan 7. 1921 (T. XXVII 119; The canton of Valais, BO, 1921 10 official Gazette). Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Feb 17. 1921 (RO 37 142; FF 1921 I 143).

Art. 25. the budget of the State must present a revenue surplus and a surplus of funding ensuring investments and participations to investments of third party necessary for the harmonious development of the canton and to ensure the amortization of any found on the balance sheet, as well as amortization of debt.
If account deviates from the budget shows a surplus of charges or a lack of funding, the amortization of these overdrafts must be provided for in the budget of the second following year.
The Council of State offers the Grand Council before the publication of the draft budget changes in legal provisions not covered by its own jurisdiction and which are necessary for the respect of this principle.
These amendments shall be adopted by the Grand Council, through the Decree, in the same session as that which he approves the budget.
The legislation regulates the application of the principles established in this article. It may provide for exceptions based on economic conditions or in the event of natural disasters or other extraordinary events.

Accepted by popular vote on Sept. 22. 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 SSA warranty. fed. Sept. 24. 2003 (FF 2003 6299 art. 1 ch. 4-2999).

Title II Division of the Canton art. 26. the Canton is divided into districts.
The districts are composed of Commons.
The Grand Council may, heard concerned, change by legislation the number and the constituency district and by a decree of the Commons.
He also appoints the chief towns.

Art. 27 Zion is the capital of the Canton and the seat of the Grand Council, the Council of State and the cantonal court.
However, these bodies may sit elsewhere if serious circumstances.
Benefits of the capital is determined in the order of 1 December 1882.
During the creation of cantonal, it must take into account the various parts of the Canton.
The commune which became the seat of a cantonal institution can be held to receive benefits.

Title III political state of the citizens art. There are 28 Valais: 1 nationals, by right of birth, to a town in the canton; 2. those whose naturalization under cantonal legislation has been granted.

4...


Adopted by popular vote on March 11, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. March 6, 2008 (FF 2008 2273 art. 1 ch. 10, 2007 7197).
Repealed by referendum of March 11, 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. March 6, 2008 (FF 2008 2273 art. 1 ch. 10, 2007 7197).

Art. 29. every citizen of the canton may acquire citizenship of other municipal towns, to the conditions laid down by law.

Adopted by popular vote on March 11, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. March 6, 2008 (FF 2008 2273 art. 1 ch. 10, 2007 7197).

Title IV exercise of people's rights art. 30. in addition to the skills for elections, elections and constitutional referendum, citizens enjoy the rights of initiative and referendum optional.
The law regulates the exercise of these rights as well as the procedures of consultation and information of the citizens.

Accepted by popular vote of 24 October. 1993, in effect since June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Chapter IDroit of referendum art. 31 three thousand active citizens can request within ninety days following the official publication that are submitted to the vote of the people: 1. the laws and decrees; 2. The concordats, treaties and conventions containing rules of law; 3. the Grand Council decisions leading to a one-time extraordinary expense greater than 0.75 percent or periodical greater than 0.25 per cent of the total expenditure of the account of operation and on behalf of the investments of the last fiscal year.

The referendum may also be requested by the majority of the Grand Council.
Are not subject to the vote of the people: 1. the laws of application (art. 42, para. 2); 2. ordinary expenses and other decisions.

The Grand Council notes the invalidity of the referendum requests that don't meet the conditions laid down by the Constitution and by law.

Art. 32. the laws, treaties, compacts, conventions or decisions submitted to the referendum cannot be put into effect before the expiry of the period of referendum or, if necessary, before the vote of the people.
The decrees are implemented immediately. They are submitted to the vote of the people in the following year, so three thousand active citizens or the majority of the Grand Council so request. If they have not been ratified, they lose their validity and cannot be renewed.

Chapter IIDroit of art initiative. 33. four thousand active citizens can ask the development, adoption, amendment or repeal of a law, a decree or any likely decision by referendum, with the exception of the laws, decrees and decisions voted on by the people for less than four years, already implemented decisions and orders whose validity is less than one year.
Except in the cases provided for in art. 34, al. 2, and 35, al. 1, any popular initiative must be submitted to the vote of the people in the three years after filing. This period may be extended for a year by a decision of the great Council.
The Grand Council is the invalidity of the initiative which: 1 violates the federal law or the Constitution, cantonal; 2. is more than one subject; 3. does not respect the unity of form; 4. is impracticable; 5. does not enter the field of an act may be the subject of an initiative.

When an application for initiative must lead to new spending or the removal of existing recipes endangering the financial balance, the Grand Council should complement the initiative by offering new resources, the reduction of duties to the State or other measures of the economy.

Art. 34. the initiative can be written from scratch, unless it is about a decision.
If the Grand Council adheres, the vote was taken at the request of three thousand active citizens or of the majority of the Grand Council.
If the Grand Council does not adhere to it, it must submit the initiative to the vote of the people, but it can recommend rejection or also oppose a counter-proposal.
When the Grand Council adopts a counter-proposal, citizens are asked to respond on the same ballot, on the three following questions: a. do you agree the popular initiative?. b do you accept the counter-proposal? c. in case the two texts get an absolute majority of voters who have voted validly, is the initiative and the counter-proposal, which must enter into force?

Art. 35. the initiative in general terms is made by the Grand Council, which decides if the provisions it adopts or amends will be included in the Constitution or an act or administrative; When the initiative is carried out in a legislative act or administrative, it is subject to the vote that requested so three thousand active citizens or the majority of the Grand Council.
When the Council does not approve the initiative, he submits it such what to the vote of the people, with his notice.
If the people reject it, it is classified.
If the people accept it, the Grand Council shall proceed without delay.
In drafting the rules requested by not worded initiative, the Grand Council respects the intentions of its authors.

Title V powers public art. 36. the public authorities are: the legislative power;
Executive and administrative;
the judiciary.

Chapter IPouvoir legislative A. powers art. 37. the Grand Council exercises legislative power, subject to the rights of the people.
He enjoys any other skill that is attributed to him by the Constitution or the law.

Art. 38. the Grand Council develops the constitutional provisions, laws and decrees, the art. 31 to 35 and 100-106 are reserved.
It approves treaties, the concordats and agreements, subject to the powers of the people and the Council of State.
He exercises the rights reserved to the cantons by the art. 86, 89, 89 and 93 of the federal constitution and responds to consultations from the Confederation of atomic facilities.

[1 3 RS; RO 1949 II 1614, 1977 807 2228]. In the disp. mentioned are currently the art. 45, 136, 140, 141, 151, 159, 160 and 165 of the Cst. on 18 April 1999 (RS 101).

Art. 39. the Grand Board shall decide on the validity of the election of its members.
It elects the cantonal court, its president and his Vice President, as well as the public prosecutor.

Art. 40. the Grand Board exercises supervision on the management of the Council of State, corporations and independent institutions under public law, the judicial authorities, as well as representatives of the State in societies where the canton has a predominant participation. It examines the management and deliberates on its approval.
He may at any time request account to the Executive of an act of his administration.
The law may entrust certain tasks of the State corporations or independent institutions under public law.

Art. 41. the Grand Council has the following powers: 1. it adopts the budget and approves the accounts, which are made public; 2. He participated in planning the extent fixed by the Act; 3. He decides the expenses and allow concessions, real estate dealings, loans and the granting of guarantees and other guarantees similar, except as provided by law; 4. It shall fix the salary of judges, officials and employees of the State, except as provided by law; 5. he exercises the right of pardon.

Art. 42. the Grand Board shall make the rules of law in the form of law, that is, in principle, put forward for an unlimited period. However, it may provide that the law is implemented for a limited time.
It regulations, in the form of law enforcement, the absolutely necessary for enforcement of law of a higher rank.
However, it can make urgent arrangements through the Decree, for a limited time, when circumstances so require (art. 32, al. 2).
The Grand Council treats all affairs in the form of decision.

B. Organization art. 43. the law sets the broad outlines of the Organization of the Grand Council as well as its relationship with the Council of State and judicial authorities. For the rest, the Grand Council organizes itself.
It regulates the participation of the members of the Council of State, in the sessions of the Assembly and the parliamentary committees.

Art. 44. the Grand Council assembles in its own right: 1. constitutive session the fourth Monday following its renewal full; 2. in regular sessions, to deadlines set by the law.

The Grand Council meets in extraordinary sessions: 1 deciding the specially; 2. at the invitation of the State Council; 3. When twenty members so request indicating the objects to process.

Accepted by popular vote on Sept. 24. 2000, in force since May 1, 2002. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 7, 4659).

Art. 45. the Grand Board elects for a year a president and two vice-presidents.
The Grand Council has an independent Parliamentary service.

Accepted by popular vote on Sept. 24. 2000, in force since May 1, 2002. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 7, 4659).

Art. 46. the Grand Board shall designate commissions, permanent or not, which prepare its deliberations. This skill can be delegated to the office.
Members may form political groups, who must have at least five members.
In principle, the political groups must be equitably represented in the committees.

Art. 47


The Grand Council can deliberate only if an absolute majority of its members are present.
It takes its decisions by an absolute majority.

Art. 48. the Grand Council meetings are public.
However, he may decide the camera when circumstances require.

Art. 49. the projects of law and order are two readings.
Decisions are the subject of a single reading.
In all cases, the Grand Council may decide one reading or a further reading.

Accepted by popular vote on Sept. 24. 2000, in force since May 1, 2002. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 7, 4659).

C. right of members art. 50. members freely serve their term.
They cannot be criminally prosecuted without authorization of the Assembly for what they say in front of her or in Committee.
Except in cases of flagrante delicto, they cannot be arrested during sessions without permission of the Assembly.

Art. 51. the rights of initiative, motion, postulate, inquiry, resolution and written question belong to each Member of the Grand Council.
The Act defines these rights and generally exercise.

Chapter II power Executive A. Election art. 52. the Executive and administrative power is entrusted to a Council of State, composed of 5 members.
One of them is chosen among the voters of the present districts of Goms, Brig, Visp, Raron and Leuk. one among voters in the districts of Sierre, Sion, Eringer and Conthey and one among the voters in the District of Martigny, Monthey, St. Maurice and D'Entremont.
The other two are selected across all voters of the Canton. However, there may be more than one Councillor of State named among voters in a district.
The members of the Council of State are elected directly by the people, the same day as members of the Grand Council, to take office on 1 May. Their election takes place with the majority system. The Council of State constitutes itself each year; the outgoing president of load is not immediately eligible for re-election.
It has any vacancy on the Council of State within 60 days, unless the full renewal intervenes within four months.
The appointment of the members of the Council of State takes place via a same list vote. If the appointments are not completed on the day fixed for the elections, they will be taken on the second Sunday following. In this case, the result of the first operation and the notice of the resumption of the operation will be published immediately.
If all the members to be elected together not the majority on the first ballot, a second round was taken. Are elected in the second round, those who brought together the largest number of votes, even though they would not have obtained an absolute majority. However, if, in the second round, the number of seats to fill the number of proposed candidates, they are declared elected without a vote. The tacit election also applies to the first round of the elections of replacement when there is only one candidate and one position to fill.
If the number of citizens who have obtained the absolute majority than citizens to elect, those who got the largest number of votes are appointed.
In case two or more citizens of the same district would have obtained an absolute majority, that which has obtained the largest number of votes will be only appointed.
In case of equality of votes, the fate decided.

Accepted by popular vote on Dec. 26. 1920, in force since Jan 7. 1921 (T. XXVII 119; 1921 10 BO). Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Feb 17. 1921 (RO 37 142; FF 1921 I 143).
Accepted by popular vote of Jan. 21. 1996, in force since Feb. 1. 1997. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 5, 1997 (FF III 874 article 1 point 5, I 1327 1997).
Accepted by popular vote of Jan. 21. 1996, in force since Feb. 1. 1997. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 5, 1997 (FF III 874 article 1 point 5, I 1327 1997).

B.Organisation and responsibilities art. 53. the State Council exercises the Executive and administrative power and has any jurisdiction which is attributed to him by the Constitution or by law.
He is in college.
Important Affairs remain within its jurisdiction.
He allocates cases among the departments including the number and assignments are set by an order approved by the Grand Council.
For the surplus, the State Council is organized itself.

Art. 54. in its relations with the Grand Council, the Council of State including has the following powers: 1. it presents the draft constitutional provisions, laws, decrees or decisions; 2. He reported on popular initiatives, initiatives, motions, postulates and resolutions of the members, and responds to their inquiries and issues; 3. It submits to the Council the draft budget, the accounts of the State and the report management; 4. It can make proposals to the Council; 5. He submits to the Grand Council the draft treaties, conventions and concordats which contain rules of law or create spending within its jurisdiction.

Art. 55. the State Council exercises including the following administrative skills: 1. He appoints personnel of the State, unless otherwise provided by law; 2. It monitors the lower authorities, corporations and institutions of law public; 3. He represents the State, concludes treaties, concordats and agreements under public law, and responds to consultations required the County; 4. He heads the administration, plans and coordinates its activities.

Art. 56. the Council of State offers public order and to this end of the police and military forces of the canton.
He has extraordinary powers in the event of serious and imminent danger, by immediately advising the Grand Council of the measures it takes.

Art. 57. the State Council enacts the provisions necessary for the application of laws and decrees cantonal as a regulation.
The law may delegate to the Council of State the competence to enact orders by setting their goal and the principles that govern their content. The delegation must reach a specific area. Orders may be subject to the approval of the Grand Council.
The State Council addresses other affairs in order or decision.

Art. 58. the Council of State promulgates the rules of law, put them into force, unless the General Council decides him himself, and provides for their application.
It brings into force directly applicable constitutional provisions immediately after their approval by the Federal Assembly.

Art. 59. the Government has, in each district, a representative known as prefect and a sub-prefect.
The powers of the prefect are defined by law.

Chapter III power judiciary art. 60. the judiciary is independent.
and...

Repealed by referendum of 24 October. 1993, with effect from June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 61. the District Court must report annually to the Grand Council, through the Council of State, on all parts of the administration of Justice.

Art. 62 there by common or circle a judge and a substitute judge.
by borough, civil, to the correctional and Criminal Court;
and for the Canton, a cantonal court.
Members of the cantonal court must know both national languages.

Art. 63. the number of districts, the composition and the jurisdiction of the courts, the appointment and the mode of remuneration of judges, as well as the incompatibility between the judicial functions and other functions are determined by the law.
There may be more than four district courts.
Circle or town judges and their deputies are appointed by the voters of the circle or the town.
For the formation of the circles, is considered the population of municipalities and their topographic situation.
The vote will take place in each municipality.

Art. 64. may be established, through legislation, a commercial court and one or several courts of arbitration.

Art. 65 there is a Court of administration litigation and a Tribunal to rule on conflict of jurisdiction between administrative power and judicial power.
This Court and this Court are organized by special laws.

Title VI plan district and commune Council chapter I art district. 66 in each district there is a Council of district appointed for four years.
The common Council appoint its delegates to the district board, at the rate of a delegate over 300 souls of population.
The fraction of 151 counts for the whole.
Each municipality has a delegate, regardless of its population.
The district Council is chaired by the prefect of the district or its substitute.

Art. 67. the Council settles in the district and divides between the Commons, subject to appeal to the Council of State, charges that the district is called to bear.
It annually takes knowledge record of financial administration of the State.
He represents the district and ensures especially its economic development and the flow of its agricultural products.

Art. 68. the law determines the Organization and other functions of this Council.

Chapter Iiregime provisions A. municipal general art. 69. municipalities are autonomous under the Constitution and laws. They are competent to perform local tasks and those they can assume only or by partnering with other municipalities.

Art. 70


Commons enjoy autonomy within the common good and the interest of the other public authorities.
They carry out their own tasks and those attributed to them by the law.
They use wisely and carefully administer the communal heritage.

Art. 71. municipalities can partner to achieve common tasks of public utility and form to this effect of public law associations with legal personality or work in any other way. The Act sets out the principles of collaboration, the creation and the functioning of associations of municipalities.
Under certain conditions specified by law, the Council of State can compel communities to collaborate or partner.

Art. 72 there are in each municipality: 1. an Assembly of citizens entitled to vote in the town; 2. a Municipal Council elected by the Assembly of the citizens.

The citizens Assembly chooses a president and a vice-president from among the Councillors.
For the rest, the principles of the Organization of the Commons is set by law.

Art. 73. in the municipalities of more than 700 inhabitants, the citizens Assembly may elect a general Council. The law shall determine the Organization and skills.
Citizens have a right to optional referendum against decisions taken by the general Council in place of the Municipal Assembly. The law regulates the exercise of this right.
These provisions shall not apply to the municipal commune.

Art. 74. the communes have the faculty to introduce the right of initiative. In Commons knowing that right, citizens can turn to the Municipal Council of initiatives designed in general terms, on the adoption or amendment of regulations that are the competence of the Municipal Assembly.
The law regulates the terms of introduction and exercise of this right.

Art. 75. municipalities are subject to the supervision of the Council of State within the limits of art. 69. the law determines the nature of this supervision, including management. Insofar as the Constitution and the laws do not expressly provide otherwise, the power of review of the Council of State is restricted to the legality.
Regulations developed by the Commons must be approved by the State Council.
The law may provide that important projects of Commons are subject to approval or the approval of the State Council.
The law sets the terms of approval.

Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since Feb. 1. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 6 2715 c.).

Art. 76 are considered Commons: 1. Commons municipal; 2. Commons Borough; 3. …

Repealed by referendum of June 10, 1990, with effect from 1 August 1993. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. from 3 oct. 1991 (FF, 1991 IV 194 art. 1 ch. 7 II 1541).

B. Commons municipal art. 77. the municipal commune is made up of the people living in the communal territory.
Subject to art. 26, the territory of the municipal Commons is guaranteed.

Art. 78. the primary Assembly is composed of citizens entitled to vote in the town.
It elects a Council of three to fifteen members, the president and the Vice President and, if necessary, the general Council.
In communes without general Council, including primary Assembly decides: 1. municipal regulations, with exceptions laid down in the law; 2. important projects sales, licensing restricted real rights, Exchange, lease, alienation of capital, lending, borrowing, bond, licensing and transfer concessions hydraulic; 3. expenditures new binding the amount is fixed by the Act; 4. the budget and the accounts.

In other municipalities, the general Council replaces the primary Assembly which he has at least the same skills, except in electoral matters.
In both cases, the law fixed the other skills and regulates the exercise of these rights.

Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since Feb. 1. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 6 2715 c.).

Art. 79. the Council has the following powers: 1. It provides for administration communal; 2. It develops and implements regulations municipal; 3. He's run the legislation cantonal; 4. He called employees; 5. It develops the project of budget.6. He established accounts.

In the Commons without bourgeoisial Council, the municipal Council perform the duties.

Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since Feb. 1. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 6 2715 c.).

C. Commons civic art. 80. the town burghers is a community of public law responsible for carrying out tasks in the public interest established by law.

Art. 81. the Municipal Assembly is composed of the bourgeois domiciled on the territory of bourgeoisial. The Act can extend the exercise of certain rights to the bourgeois domiciled in the canton.
On the bourgeoisial plan, the Municipal Assembly has the same skills as the primary Assembly. She decided also the reception of the new bourgeoisie.

Art. 82. the Municipal Assembly has the right to request the formation of a separate bourgeoisial Council. This request must be made at the end of an administrative period, according to the requirements of the Act.
The bourgeoisial Board consists of at least three members and nine at most.

D. ...

Art. 83 repealed by referendum of June 10, 1990, with effect from 1 August 1993. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. from 3 oct. 1991 (FF, 1991 IV 194 art. 1 ch. 7 II 1541).

Title VII election Mode, conditions of eligibility, length of the public functions art. 84. the Grand Council consists of 130 members and as many alternates split between the districts and directly elected by the people.
Raron district, made up of two demi-districts, each with its own bodies and skills, form two electoral districts.
The mode of allocation of seats between the districts and demi-districts is the following: the total figure of the Swiss population of residence is divided by 130. The resulting quotient is high to the next higher whole number and this is the electoral quotient. Each district or demi-district, gets as much of members and alternates that the figure of his Swiss residence population contains many times the electoral quotient. If after this distribution all seats are not yet allocated, the remaining seats are devolved to the districts and the demi-districts who accuse the strongest remains.
The State Council sets after each census of population the number of seats allocated to each district and demi-district.
The vote of the people held in the Commons.
Are elected by district and demi-district, according to the system of proportional representation. The mode of application of this principle is determined by law.

Accepted by referendum of June 9, 1985, in force since Jan. 1. 1987. guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 21 March 1986 (FF 1986 I 866 art. 1 c. 5 113).

Art. 85. the Grand Council, the State Council, officials of the judiciary, bourgeoisiaux and the municipal councils are appointed for a period of four years.
The president and the vice-president of the Council of State are subject to re-election every year. The president is not immediately eligible for re-election.

Art. 85. the members of the Council of States are appointed directly by the people in the elections for the regular renewal of the national Council. These elections are with the majority system in the whole Canton forming a single electoral district.
The appointment of members to the Council of States held by a same list vote. If the appointments are not completed on the day fixed for the elections, they will be taken on the second Sunday following. In this case, the result of the first operation and the notice of the resumption of the operation will be published immediately.
If all the members do not together the absolute majority on the first ballot, a second round was taken. Are elected in the second round, those who brought together the largest number of votes, even though they would not have obtained an absolute majority. However, if, in the second round, the number of MEPs to be elected is the number of proposed candidates, they are declared elected without a vote. The tacit election also applies to the first round of the elections of replacement when there is only one candidate and one position to fill.
If the number of citizens who have obtained the absolute majority than citizens to elect, those who got the largest number of votes are appointed.
In case of equality of votes, the fate decided.

Accepted by popular vote on Dec. 26. 1920, in force since Jan 7. 1921 (T. XXVII 119; 1921 10 BO). The fed SSA warranty. Feb 17. 1921 (RO 37 142; FF 1921 I 143).
Adopted by popular vote on March 11, 1934, in force since July 6. 1934 (T. XXXIV 76). Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 22, 1934 (RO 50 508; FF 1934 I 977).
Accepted by popular vote of Jan. 21. 1996, in force since Feb. 1. 1997. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 5, 1997 (FF III 874 article 1 point 5, I 1327 1997).
Accepted by popular vote of Jan. 21. 1996, in force since Feb. 1. 1997. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 5, 1997 (FF III 874 article 1 point 5, I 1327 1997).

Art. 86. the appointment of the members and alternates of the Grand Council shall be held on the first Sunday of March, for every renewal of Parliament.

The newly elected Grand Council takes office at the opening of the constitutive session.

Art. 87. the members of the general Council are elected by the electoral body according to the proportional system.
Members of the City Council and bourgeoisial are elected by the electoral body according to the proportional system. In civic Commons and in municipal towns whose population is less than the number set in the legislation, the electoral body may, by a majority of its members, decide a change of the election system to the conditions laid down by law. The majority system is maintained in the borough Commons and municipal Commons who know this system at the entry into force of the reform.
The president, the vice-president, the judge and the Vice-judge are elected by the electoral body according to the majority system.
The law sets the procedure for the election and the election date.

Accepted by referendum of 21 October. 2007, in force since April 1, 2008. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2008 (FF 2008 5263 art. 1 ch. 3-1265).

Art. 88. the citizens and citizens exercise their political rights at the age of 18 years of age.
Any elector and any voter is eligible for public office.

Accepted by referendum of 2 June 1991, in effect since August 16, 1991. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. from 3 oct. 1991 (FF, 1991 IV 196 art. 1 ch. 5, III 1113).

Functions art. 89...
The citizen can vote in one municipality municipal and burghers.

Accepted by referendum of June 10, 1990, in force since 1 August 1993. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. from 3 oct. 1991 (FF, 1991 IV 194 art. 1 ch. 7 II 1541).
Repealed by referendum of 24 October. 1993, with effect from June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 90. the law regulates the incompatibilities.
She particularly care to avoid that: 1. the same citizen is simultaneously the functions that fall under several powers public; 2. the same person can be in two bodies which one is subordinate to the other; 3. members of the same family sit in the same authority; 4. the invested public citizen exercises other activities that would bring prejudice to the performance of its function.

Except as provided by law, incompatibilities are applicable to alternates and substitutes.
The law may provide other exceptions, including for the communal regime.
One member of the Council of State may sit in the Federal Parliament.

Accepted by popular vote of 24 October. 1993, in effect since June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 91 repealed by referendum of 24 October. 1993, with effect from June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 92. the case of exclusion of the right to vote and stand for election are determined by federal and cantonal legislation.

Art. 93 to 99 repealed by referendum of 24 October. 1993, with effect from June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Title VIII. Revision of the Constitution art. 100 six thousand active citizens can ask the total revision of the Constitution.
Any popular initiative must be submitted to the vote of the people in the three years after filing. This period may be extended for a year by a decision of the great Council.
The Grand Council is the invalidity of the initiative which: 1. is contrary to law federal; 2. is more than one subject; 3. does not respect the unity of form; 4. is not in the domain of the Constitution; 5. is unworkable.

Accepted by popular vote of 24 October. 1993, in effect since June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 101. the initiative in general terms is subject to the vote of the people, with a notice of the Grand Council.
If the people reject it, it is classified.
If the people accept it, the Grand Council shall proceed without delay.
In drafting the rules requested by not worded initiative, the Grand Council respects the intentions of its authors.
The people decide at the same time if, in the case of affirmative vote, the total revision must be made by the Council or by a constituent Assembly.

Accepted by popular vote of 24 October. 1993, in effect since June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 102. the partial revision of the Constitution may be requested in the form of a project written from scratch.
The Grand Council may recommend acceptance or rejection or also oppose a counter-proposal.
When developing a counter-proposal, it deliberates in two regular sessions. The Grand Council may decide a further reading.
When the Grand Council adopts a counter-proposal, citizens are asked to respond on the same ballot, on the three following questions: a. do you agree the popular initiative?. b do you accept the counter-proposal? c. In case the two texts are getting an absolute majority of the voters, is that the initiative or the counter-proposal, which must enter into force?

Accepted by popular vote of 24 October. 1993, in effect since June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 103. If, as a result of the popular vote, the review must be done by the Grand Council, it is discussed in two regular sessions.
If it is done by a constituent Assembly, it is discussed in two debates.
Elections to the constituent Assembly were on the same basis as the Grand Council elections. None of the incompatibilities for the latter is applicable to them.

Art. 104. the Grand Board may also, on its own initiative, review the constitution.
Revisions are first two debates on the text, then a debate on whether, in ordinary sessions.
In all cases, the Grand Council may decide a further reading. It can also ask the people to decide on variations.

Accepted by popular vote of 24 October. 1993, in effect since June 1, 1994. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 article 1 point 5, I 957).

Art. 105. the constitution revised by the Council or by a constituent Assembly is subject to the vote of the people.

Art. 106. the absolute majority of citizens who took part in the vote decided in voting ordered in performance of the art. 102 and 105.

Art. 107. an application for review from the popular initiative should be addressed to the Grand Council.
Signatures supporting the application are given by municipality and electoral capacity of the signatory must be certified by the president of the municipality. It must also ensure the authenticity of the signatures that he would look suspicious.

Title transitional IXDispositions (popular rights and public authorities, incompatibilities) art. 108. the acts adopted by the Council before the date of entry into force of the new constitutional provisions are subject to the compulsory referendum, in accordance with the ancient art. 30 of the cantonal Constitution.
Popular initiatives filed to the Chancellery before that date are subject to the ancient art. 31 to 35 or the ancient art. 101 to 107 of the cantonal Constitution.
The Grand Council is empowered to alter the order and numbering of the ancient art. 49, 50, 55, 56 and 57 of the Constitution if the new art. 90 governing incompatibilities is not approved by the people.

Art. 109. the former art. 49, 50, 55, 56 and 57, 60, al. 2 and 3, 89, al. 1, 91, 93 and 99 remain in effect until the adoption of the law provided for in the new art. 90, al. 1. However, until that date, the Grand Council is empowered to alter the order and numbering of these items insofar as useful.

Index of contents numbers refer to the articles and divisions of articles of the Constitution Administration - equal treatment between both languages 12-management review 40-award of the Council of State 55, 56-administrative tribunal-65 of justice - right to natural justice - 5 home invasion, arrest 4-expropriation 6-conflict of competence between the administrative power and judicial power 65 Age- as a condition of eligibility-88 as a condition for the electorate 88 officers - responsibility 21 arrest - General - 4 members of the Grand Council 50 insurance - real estate, security, fire, cattle 16 land-compensation 6-royalties-7 acquisition, etc. 41-sale, Exchange, etc. 78 Bourgeois-reception of new bourgeois 81-advice of bourgeoisie 82, 85, 87 - assembled burghers 81, 82 - civic Commons 80 Budget-brake to the spending and debt-25 State 41, 54-municipality - approval 78-79 Canton - division into districts - 26 development citizens see citizen-cantonal court cf. tribunal-cantonal constitution cf. constitution capital of the Canton 27 citizen - exercise of the sovereignty of the State 1 - citizens of the canton - General 28, 29 - right to vote, eligibility 88-freedom of establishment 10 Commons-General 69 to 82 - elections division of district 26-Justice of the municipality 62, 63-appointment of the Board of district municipal authorities 72-66, 73 - 87-87 municipal Commons 29-local taxes 24-responsibility - 21 rights political - optional referendum 73-74 initiative accounts reports - the - establishment 54-review the 67 State Concessions 41 41 - the cantonal court-61 administration financial


-hydraulic - concessions, etc. 78 Concordats - acceptance of the people 31-powers of the Grand Council 38 - competence of the Council of State 55 Confederation - request for a referendum for a federal law 38-requisition of the Federal Chambers - 38 right to formulate an initiative limiting the number of Councillors of State sitting in the Council of States 90 Federal Chambers-38-appointment of advisers, term of legislature 85 Constitution-acceptance of the 30 people , 105 revision of the cantonal constitution 101 to 107 - constituent Assembly 101, 103, 105 departments - of the Council of State 53 expenses - costs of the State 23 - brake to the - 25-financial referendum 31-consequent to a popular initiative 33-competence of the Grand Council 41 Districts sharing of township 26-district 66 to 68 - district - 19 hospitals councils judges of district-62 as constituencies 84 - 6 rights violation - home city 29 - political - voting 88 , 89 deprivation 92-eligibility 88-acceptance of the people 30-elections see elections - constitutional - freedom of conscience and belief 2-equality before the law - 3 liberty - 4 right to natural justice - 5 guaranteed property 6-freedom of opinion, press 8 - right of petition 9-freedom of establishment, the trade and industry, association and equality before the law 3 Church 2 Elections 10 meeting , appointments-by the people-Grand Council 84 - Council of State 52 - Council of States - 85 district Council 66-Municipal Council, 72, 73, 78, 87 - general Council assembled constituent 103 - tacit 52, -85 by the Grand Council elections - president of the Grand Council - 45 Tribunal cantonal 39 - by the State Council - staff of State 55 eligibility - General 88-90 loans ineligibility - competence of the Grand Council 41 - jurisdiction of the Commons, 78 debt - brake to - 25 property - 18 schools , 19, 27-benefits of the commune of 27 State - State Council - General 52 to 59 - seat 27-convening of the Grand Council 44 ch. 2-his management 40-38 legislative review, 42, 54, 58-incompatibilities 90-appointment of the president 85-accounts of State - established 54-41 review - spending of the State cf. expenditure Execution-Executive - 52 of laws, decrees, arrested 58 family cf. Protection of the - officials (employees) - responsibility 21-removal , revocation-22 appointment 55, 85-41 public service - eligibility - 88 treatment duration - Grand Council, Council of State, judiciary, municipal and bourgeoisiaux advice 85 - duration - Council of States 85 - legislature, beginning - 86 kinship within the Council of State 90 - incompatibilities 90, 63 - boroughs, 63 brake circles to the spending and debt 25 Grace 41 Grand Council - General 37 to 51 - seat 27-obligations of the legislative initiative 33 to 35 - meeting 44-election 84 , 86 legislature, length - 85 office-86 the constitutional review 100 to 107 immunity - members of the Grand Council 50 taxes - coverage of expenditures of the State 23 - taxes the State and municipalities 24 incompatibilities - General 90-kinship between members of the same power 90 ch. 3 compensation - miscarriage of Justice, illegal arrest - 4 with 6 Initiative property - of the people - 100 to 102 constitutional review , 107. legislative 33 to 35 - to the Council - review of the constitution - 104 legislative 51 - of the Council of State - legislative 54-convening of the Grand Council 44 No. 2 Public Instruction - General 13-vocational 15 judge - General cf. courts-right to natural justice 5 languages - equality between the french and German 12-knowledge of both languages, Tribunal cantonal Legislature 85 freedoms 62 cf. constitutional rights laws (decrees) - 30 legislative initiative , 33 to 35, 51-acceptance of the people 31, 32-deliberation 47 to 49 - development 38-proclamation 58-run 57-equality between the two national languages, 12 military-provision of force army 56-obligations military 11 parent - within the Council of State and other powers 90 parishes 2 people - set 1-acceptance of the people-General popular initiative 33 to 35 - constitution 30-31 , 100-102, 105, 106 - Assembly primary 78-elections by the people see elections authorities, authorities-powers constitutional - Grand Council 37 to 51 - Council of State 52 to 59-judiciary 60 to 65 - district councils 66 to 68 - 70 to 83 municipal councils - 21, 50, 53-40 monitoring, responsibility 55 prefect - General 59-incompatibilities 90 guaranteed property and expropriation 6 Protection of the 13 labor tribunal 64 Publication family - budget , accounts 41 - laws 57, 58 ad Referendum, referendum (= acceptance of the people)-mandatory 30 - optional 30-32 - request for a referendum - against federal law and federal decrees-38 against cantonal laws 31 ch. 1-financial referendum 31 No. 3 Religion 2 proportional Representation - the Grand Council 84 liability - public authorities and their agents-21 members of the Grand Council 50 - members of the Council of State 53 Restriction - of the members of the Council of State, sitting in the Federal Chambers 90
Review - the cantonal constitution 100 to 107 parliamentary Service 45 Surveillance - by the Council of State - on the lower authorities-55 on Commons 75 - by - on public education system 13 majority - State to the Council of State 52 - to the Council of States 85 - in some communes borough and municipal 87 proportional system - to the general Council-87 to the City Council and bourgeoisial 87 work protection 14 courts - General 60 to 65 - District Court - seat 27-nominated 39-63 incompatibilities 90 report on the administration of Justice 61-knowledge of the 2 official languages 62 - courts of districts, town 62, 63-commercial court of prud'hommes 64-tribunal-65 officials of the judiciary, appointed 8 State on June 12, 2008

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