Rs 131.221 Constitution Of The Canton Of Solothurn, 8 June 1986

Original Language Title: RS 131.221 Constitution du canton de Soleure, du 8 juin 1986

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131.221 translation Constitution of the canton of Solothurn on 8 June 1986 (State March 11, 2015) the people of the canton of Solothurn, aware of being responsible in front of God, of the human being, the community and the natural environment, in order to preserve the cultural and regional diversity of the canton and reinforce as sovereign State in Confederation, to protect the freedom and the law within a democratic order to safeguard peace inside and the unity of the people, to encourage the well-being of all, to develop a social order that promotes the development and the welfare of human beings, is given the following Constitution: Section 1 principles General I. General art. 1. the canton as a Member State of the Confederation, the canton of Solothurn is a sovereign State, Member of the Swiss Confederation.
He is actively involved in the Organization of the Confederation and performs the tasks attributed to it by the Constitution and the law.

Art. 2 relationship with the other cantons Solothurn collaborates with the other cantons and engages actively in the search for common solutions.
He considers himself as a mediator between the cultural communities in the Switzerland.

Art. 3 relations with Commons the canton acknowledges the autonomy of municipalities.
The legislation grants them a wide latitude in their organization.

Art. 4 democratic fundamental order power lies in all the people. It is exercised by active citizens and the authorities.

Art. 5 respect for the Constitution and the Act who assumes public tasks is bound by the Constitution and by law. It is only in the public interest and respects the principles of equal treatment and proportionality in all areas.
The organs of the State and individuals behave to each other according to the rules of good faith.

II. rights fundamental art. 6 protection of human dignity human dignity is inviolable.

Art. 7 equality men and women are equal before the law.

Art. 8 personal freedom and protection of the private sphere personal liberty is inviolable. Everyone has a right to life, the integrity of the body and mind and freedom of movement.
The sphere private and secret, including protection against the misuse of personal data, the inviolability of the home, as well as the secrecy of correspondence and telecommunications are guaranteed.
One who suffers a serious restriction on personal freedom is entitled, if this restriction is illegal or unjustified, for damages and compensation for moral wrong.

Art. 9 right to marriage and the family the right to marriage and the family is guaranteed.

Art. 10 freedom of belief, conscience and worship freedom of belief and conscience, and freedom of worship are intangible.

Art. 11 freedom of opinion and information everyone can freely to form its opinion and to express it and spread it by the word, the written word, image or any other way receive freely the opinions expressed by others.
Everyone has the right to use the sources of information available to all.
Everyone has the right to access official documents. The law defines this right.

Accepted by referendum on Dec. 2. 2001, in force since Oct. 24. 2002 SSA warranty. fed. Sept. 23. 2002 (FF 2002 6133 art. 1 ch. 4, 3304).

Art. 12 freedom of media freedom of the media is guaranteed.
Censorship is forbidden.

Art. 13 freedom of meeting and association, everyone has the right to hold meetings and to join associations; No one may be compelled to participate.
Meetings and events on the public domain can be prohibited or subject to restrictions only if public order and safety are exposed to a serious and imminent danger.

Art. 14 freedom of science and art freedom of teaching and scientific research, as well as artistic activities are guaranteed.

Art. 15 freedom of establishment freedom of establishment is guaranteed.

Art. 16 right to property ownership and other property rights are protected.
In the case of expropriations or ownership restrictions similar to expropriation, full compensation is due.

Art. 17 economic freedom freedom of economic activity is guaranteed.
Everyone can freely choose her profession and her job.
The canton remains neutral when the social partners adopt legitimate measures in the conflicts between them.

Art. 18 procedural guarantees everyone has the right to legal protection.
The parties have the right to be heard in proceedings before a court, an authority or an administrative body, and obtain a reasoned within a reasonable time.
To the extent provided by law, proceedings before a court or other authorities is free for indigent parties.

Art. 19 guarantees in case of deprivation of liberty a person may be deprived of liberty only in the cases and according to the procedures provided for by law.
Who is deprived of his freedom of movement must be informed without delay and in a language he understands reasons for this measure.
Those arrested must be immediately brought to a designated by law and independent court which decides to detention as a preventive measure or security purposes.

Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since March 8, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 20 respect for fundamental rights, respect for fundamental rights must be ensured in the whole of the legal order.
Those who exercise their fundamental rights must respect the fundamental rights of others.
Insofar as appropriate to their nature, fundamental rights require individuals between them.

Art. 21 limit fundamental rights fundamental rights can be limited only if and to the extent where an overriding public interest warrant. They may not be achieved in their essence.
Any limitation of fundamental rights requires a legal basis. Reserved cases of serious, clear and imminent danger.
The fundamental rights of people who are related to the canton by a special relationship of dependence cannot be limited, in addition, that to the extent where the public interest requires that justified the preparation of this report.

III. goals social art. 22 within the limits of its powers and resources available, and to complement the efforts under the responsibility and the private initiative, the Township, in its legislation, made sure that: a. persons who need help because of their age, their health status, as well as their economic situation, receive the resources necessary for their existence; (b) the role of the family is supported and encouraged; c. everyone can get , at any age, training which matches their skills and tastes, and participate in the cultural life; d. each may, on reasonable terms, provide for its maintenance by his work and to be protected against the consequences of unemployment; e. everyone can, on reasonable terms, decent housing.

IV. duties personal art. 23 each must fulfil the duties imposed by the legal order.

Section 2 rights popular I. right of city art. 24. the law regulates the acquisition and loss of the cantonal and communal city.
Naturalization should not be made more difficult by conditions or disproportionate charges.

II. right to vote article 25. the right to vote belongs to any Swiss citizen of 18 years of age and resident in the canton.
The right to vote is exercised at home.
The law regulates the exclusion of the right to vote.

Accepted by referendum of 2 June 1991, in effect since Oct. 3. 1991. guarantee of the SSA. fed. from 3 oct. 1991 (FF, 1991 IV 196 art. 1 ch. 2, III 1113).

III. right of petition art. 26 everyone has the right to address petitions and petitions to the authorities. The competent authority is required to provide a reasoned response within a reasonable time, but at the latest within a period of one year.

IV. popular election and revocation art. 27 skill the people elect: a. in the organs of the Federal Government: 1. members of the national Council, 2. the members of the Council of States;

b. in the canton bodies: 1. members of the Grand Council, 2. the members of the Council of State;

(c) in district or district bodies: 1. the presidents of the district courts, 2... 3. the district judges and their alternates, 4. … 5... d. in Commons bodies: 1. the members of the communal Council, 2. the Mayor.

Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 SSA warranty. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Repealed by referendum of March 4, 2001, with effect from 1 August 2001. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 4, 4659).
Repealed by referendum of March 4, 2001, with effect from 1 August 2001. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 4, 4659).
Repealed by referendum of March 4, 2001, with effect from 1 August 2001. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 4, 4659).
Approved by referendum on Sept. 25. 2005, in force since Nov. 1. 2005 SSA warranty. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 2, 2725).

Art. 28 right of revocation


The people may at any time revoke the Grand Council or the Council of State.
The referendum on the dismissal of the Grand Council or the Council of State takes place when, within a period of six months, such a proposal has collected 6000 signatures. The referendum must be organized no later than within two months after the filing of the signatures.
When revocation proposal is accepted by the people, new elections are held within a period of four months.

V. popular action (initiative and popular mandate) art. 29 content and form of the initiative the people has the right to request, through an initiative: a. that the Constitution be revised totally or partially; b. that a law be enacted, repealed or amended; c. that the Grand Council adopts an order; the initiative, however, cannot focus on the orders referred to in art. 37, with the exception of the budget initiatives referred to in art. 33A.d. that a cantonal initiative be filed.

Total revision of the Constitution demand may contain instructions or written project.
Other initiatives can be designed in general terms or presented in the form of a written project, with the exception of the initiative on budget allocation which cannot be designed only in general terms. They should focus on an area of a unit and contain a withdrawal clause.

Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since March 8, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 30 deposit a written project must expressly be designated as constitutional initiative or legislative initiative.
Before the start of the harvest of signatures, any initiative must be subject to the review of the State Chancellery; his opinion is not binding on the authors of the initiative.
An initiative is successful when it is supported in the 18 months following the official publication of his text, 3000 active citizens or ten common policies. The budget initiative is governed by art. 33. sentence approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since March 8, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 31 admissibility General Council says no popular initiative that does not meet the requirements for the form, which is manifestly contrary to the law or which is impossible.

Art. 32 treatment initiative presented in the written form is submitted that what to the vote of the people. The Grand Council offers to the people to approve or reject the initiative. He can oppose a counter-proposal to the latter. The popular vote takes place at the latest two years after the filing of the initiative.
When the Council does not approve, the initiative in general terms is submitted within the period of a year to the vote of the people. When the Grand Council or the people approves the initiative, this Grand Council, within two years following the acceptance of the initiative, a text which makes the latter. This text is submitted, along with a possible counter-proposal to the decision of the people. The budget initiative is governed by art. 33. sentence approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since March 8, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 33 voting on several objects when the vote concerns several objects, active citizens must have the ability to approve both the initiative and the counter-proposal or refuse them both.
When the people approves the two objects that are submitted, shall be deemed agreed that during simultaneous subsidiary election, collects the most votes.

Art. 33aInitiative on budget 3000 active citizens have the right to request a content determined for a future multi-year budget envelope. The application must be filed no later than two years before the expiry of the previous multi-year budget envelope. The period of the harvest of signatures shall end 90 days after the date of the official publication of the text of the initiative.
In the twelve months preceding the maturity of the budget package, the Grand Council adopts a project responding to the purpose of the request. This draft is submitted to the popular vote to no later than 6 months before the expiration of the period of the budget, at the same time that a possible counter-proposal. To ensure financing for the purpose of the initiative, it can be linked to a change in the proportion of tax.

Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. Popular 34Mandat 100 active citizens have the right to submit a proposal in writing to the Grand Council on questions of policy planning, legislation or other issues that may be a mandate from the Council to the Council of State.
The law regulates the details.

Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

VI. popular votes (referendum) art. 35 mandatory popular votes are obligatorily subject to the vote of the people: a. changes to the Constitution; (b) orders of the Grand Council and the popular initiative requesting a complete revision of the Constitution; c. international treaties and concordats whose content changes the constitution, as well as those that cost similar to those referred to in the let. e; d. the laws as well as international treaties and concordats with the content takes the place of law, when they were adopted by less than two thirds of the members of the Grand Council; e. orders of the Grand Council, dealing with new and unique spending exceeding 5 million francs or annually renewable expenses which exceed 500,000 francs; f. the constitutional and legislative initiatives introduced in a drafted and the contreprojets who opposed them; g. initiatives designed in general terms that the Council does not proceed; h. cantonal initiatives provided for in art. 29, al. 1, let. d, and the initiatives requesting that an order be made by the Grand Council, when the latter do not; approve i. initiatives requesting the revocation of the Grand Council or the Council of State; k. decisions that the Grand Council wishes to submit himself to the vote of the people; l. other decisions prescribed by the law to submit to the vote of the people.

When the people is called to rule on a law or a decree, the Council may issue to submit to the vote of the special provisions, fitted or not a Variant, parallel to the vote on the whole text.

Approved by referendum Nov. 29. 1998, in force since Dec. 11. 1998. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 21. 1999 (FF 2000 127 article 1 point 3, 1999 4957).
Approved by referendum Nov. 29. 1998, in force since Dec. 11. 1998. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 21. 1999 (FF 2000 127 article 1 point 3, 1999 4957).
Approved by referendum Nov. 29. 1998, in force since Dec. 11. 1998. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 21. 1999 (FF 2000 127 article 1 point 3, 1999 4957).

Art. 36 optional popular votes are submitted to the vote of the people, at the request of 1500 active citizens or five common policies: a. the orders of the Grand Council which relate to new unique spending more of a million francs or spending more than 100,000 francs that recur annually; b. all other laws, international treaties concordats and orders of the Grand Council which are not subject to a compulsory referendum; art. 37 is reserved.

The referendum takes place when the request is made within 90 days following the official publication of the order or decision of the Grand Council.

Approved by referendum Nov. 29. 1998, in force since Dec. 11. 1998. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 21. 1999 (FF 2000 127 article 1 point 3, 1999 4957).

Art. 37 exclusion of the optional referendum are excluded of the optional referendum the following orders of the Grand Council: a. the orders concerning the admissibility of referendums according to art. 31; b. the orders on the popular mandates referred to in art. 34; b. planning orders referred to in art. 73; c. the orders referred to in art. 74; d. orders on elections and appointments according to art. 75; e. orders according to art. 76, al. 1. the law on the exercise of people's rights may provide other exceptions concerning orders of the Grand Council which are of lesser importance.

Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).


VII. Participation in the formation of opinion art. 38 the canton and the communes political parties recognise the role of political parties.
They can support their business.

Art. 39 consultations before issue constitutional and legislative provisions or other projects of general importance, the authorities can conduct a consultation.
Consultations should be announced officially. Everyone has the right to give its opinion.
The results of the consultation are public and accessible to everyone.

VIII. protection of popular rights art. 40. the legislature cannot delegate to other organs jurisdiction to enact Basic or important provisions.
The Grand Council or, exceptionally, the Council of State may be empowered by law to give final judgment on expenses. The law has set the maximum amount of new and unique spending covered by financial delegation.

Section 3 Structure of the canton i. territory of the canton and capital art. 41 territory of the canton Township includes the territory that have defined the historical borders and which is guaranteed to him by the Swiss Confederation.
Changes to the cantonal territory should be subject to a popular vote.
Border rectifications must be approved by the State Council.

Art. 42 capital the capital of the canton is Solothurn.
The Grand Council, the Council of State and the superior courts of the canton are based in Solothurn.

II. Districts, boroughs, electoral circles art. 43 districts, boroughs, electoral circles the territory of the canton consists following five districts, each district being divided itself into two districts: Solothurn-Lebern. b. Wasseramt-Bucheggberg; c. Thal-Gau; d. Olten-Gösgen; e. dorneck ruin-Thierstein.

The subdivision into districts is the basis of the decentralization of administration and justice. Art. 44, al. 1, is reserved.
The districts form the constituencies for elections to the Grand Council.

Accepted Feb 8 in referendum. 2004, in force since Feb. 20. 2004. guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Adopted by popular vote on March 3, 2002, in force since March 4, 2003. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 4, 2002 6213).

Art. 44 bodies of districts and boroughs district bodies are the "Oberamter", the secretariats of district and the district courts. The law may provide that the districts of Solothurn-Lebern and Wasseramt-Bucheggberg have an "Oberamt" and a common district secretariat.
The law regulates the Organization and competence of these bodies.

Accepted Feb 8 in referendum. 2004, in force since Feb. 20. 2004. guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

III. municipalities and unions of art. 45 role and autonomy of the common policies, the common bourgeois and parishes municipalities are autonomous corporations under public law.
The right of the Commons to settle their affairs in an autonomous way is guaranteed within the limits of the Constitution and the law. They determine their organization, choose their authorities, their officials and employees and freely perform their tasks.
Any transfer of new tasks to the Commons requires a legal basis.

Art. 46 municipal taxes on the basis of the taxation on the State tax, common policies collect taxes on income and fortune of individuals, as well as on the income and capital of corporations.
Insofar as the law permits, common policies can perceive other contributions.
The common bourgeois and parishes can collect taxes on the income and wealth of individuals, as well as personal taxes.

Art. 47 membership, territory or the boundaries of the Commons the constitution changes, merging or dissolution of Commons policies, common bourgeois and parishes as well as changing their numbers or their territory must be approved by the communes or parishes concerned and by the Grand Council.
The communes or parishes concerned may decide limits adjustments causing no significant changes to their territory; such corrections may be undertaken by the Council of State when there are compelling reasons, and one of these communes or parishes at the request. An appeal against the decision of the Council of State may be brought before the Grand Council by the communes or parishes concerned.

Art. 48 cooperation, Association of communes to accomplish defined tasks Commons can form trade unions of municipalities or create common institutions, enter into agreements with other municipalities of the canton or external to the canton and participate in public law, private law or mixed economy companies.
Active citizens of the municipalities concerned have a right to participation; the law regulates the details.
When tasks of regional interest cannot reasonably be performed together, the law may require municipalities to form unions of municipalities or join.

IV. Commons policy art. 49 belonging, territorial sovereignty common policy includes the municipal territory and the people who live in this territory.
Anyone staying in the communal territory is subject to the territorial sovereignty of the municipality.

Art. 50 common policy tasks perform tasks of local or regional scope that are not other organizations and that the Township has delegated to them.

V. Commons bourgeois art. 51 the civic membership consists of all the people who have the right of citizenship in the municipality, regardless of their place of residence.

Art. 52 tasks the civic has in particular the following tasks: a. the granting of the municipal city; b... .c. administration of his estate; d. respectful exploitation of the nature of its forests and its "Allmenden", as well as their maintenance for relaxation purposes; (e) the development of socio-cultural well-being to the extent of its means.

Repealed by referendum of Jan. 29. 1995, with effect from Jan 1. 1996. guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 14, 1996 (FF 1996 I 1307 art. 1 ch. 5, 1995 III 1349).

Section 4 State and church art. 53 the Roman Catholic Church, the reformed church Evangelical principle and the Christian Catholic Church are recognized as corporations under public law.
The Grand Council can recognize other religious communities sustainable as being of public law.

Art. 54 organization recognized religious communities as being of public law are organized in parishes.
Parishes may meet in synods.

Art. 55 parishes parish includes all members of a religious community who live on its territory. The parishes meet the temporal needs of their confession and perform other tasks within the limits set by the ecclesiastical regulations.
The exit of a recognized religious community may at any time be declared in writing to the Parish Council.
The parish may grant established foreigners the right to vote.

Art. 56 synods synods ensure the general interests of their religious community and regulate the common Affairs of the parishes.
Their statutes must be approved by the State Council.

Art. 57 reports with the canton Township exercises oversight on the parishes and high vigilance on the synods. The internal autonomy of churches is guaranteed.
Legislation as well as international treaties and the concordats are reserved.

Section 5 authorities cantonal provisions general art. 58 separation of powers the Grand Council, the Council of State and the courts carry out their duties according to the principle of the separation of powers. None of these authorities may impinge on powers that the Constitution or the law book to others.
Cannot be at the same time member of the Grand Council and the State Council or member of one of these authorities and the cantonal court.
The officers and employees of the cantonal administration, the courts and cantonal institutions responsible of administrative tasks, and officials engaged in leadership positions in other cantonal institutions may be members of the Grand Council.
May not be members of the Grand Council secondary members and alternate members of the cantonal courts, which are under the direct supervision of the Grand Council.

Accepted by popular vote Sept. 23. 2012, in effect since August 1, 2013. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 23. 2013 (FF 2013 7047 art. 1 ch. 2-3447).

Art. 59 eligibility all persons entitled to vote in the canton are eligible for the Grand Council, the Council of State and the courts, insofar as the law imposes no additional conditions.
The law regulates the conditions of eligibility of other members of the authorities and officials.

Art. 60 award of public functions should be conferred on the persons best qualified. Insofar as possible, will be fairly considered in the allocation of the functions of the different groups of the population, including different regions and political trends.


Art. 61 period of office the term of office is four years for all officials and authorities of the canton and the communes.
All elections are about a term of office or the rest of an administrative period.

Art. 62Assermentation that time of their entry into service, the members of the authorities and officials elected by the people or by the Grand Council solemnly promise to respect the Constitution and the law.

Adopted by popular vote on March 4, 2001, in force since 1 August 2001. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 4-4659).

Art. 63 advertising the Grand Council and the State Council deliberations are public insofar that legitimate public or private interests do oppose.
The law regulates the right of access to official records.

Art. 64 responsibility the canton, the communes and other holders of public tasks are responsible for damage caused to third parties in the exercise of their official activities without the right.
The law defines responsibility in other cases. It regulates the responsibility of the authorities, officials and employees.

Art. 65 immunity members of the Grand Council and the Council of State is legally no liability because of their statements before the Council or its committees. The Grand Council may however with the approval of two-thirds of the members present, Sunrise this immunity when it is actually a clearly improper use.

II. General Council art. 66 the Grand Council is the legislative and the highest authority of the canton supervisory authority. It consists of 100 members.

The sentence is approved by referendum of March 3, 2002, in force since May 1, 2004. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 4, 2002 6213).

Art. 67 Election and allocation of seats the Grand Council is elected according to the proportional system.
The distribution of seats in the constituencies is done according to a decree of the Grand Council, developed on the basis of the figures of the cantonal population statistics the most recent. The relationship between the population of residence of the constituencies and that of the canton is decisive.

Adopted by popular vote on March 3, 2002, in force since March 4, 2003. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 4, 2002 6213).

Art. 68 independence members of the Grand Council freely exercise their mandate.
They must make public their relationships with companies and advocacy groups.

Art. 69 organisation and procedure the law regulates the broad outlines of the Organization of the Grand Council as well as its relations with the Council of State and the superior courts of the canton.

Art. 70 reports with the State Council General Council can give mandates to the Council of State. In its own area of expertise, the Council of State may deviate from the mandate in justified cases.
The Council of State members in the meetings of the Grand Council; they have consultative vote and can present proposals for business in deliberation.

Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since March 8, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 70Participation of the president of the supreme court, the president of the supreme court attends the sessions of the Council of State budget, accounts and the activity report of the courts; It has an advisory role and can make proposals.

Accepted by referendum Nov. 28. 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 s. 1 No. 2, 2715).

Art. 71 legislation General Council enacts all basic and important provisions into law. It may participate in the preparation of laws.
Subject to para. 1, it issues as the enforcement provisions relating to federal laws and federal decrees. In certain cases, it may delegate this power to the Council of State.
The Grand Council may file a parliamentary initiative on the subject of a warrant or order of planning that have not been executed. The law regulates the details.

Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 72 international treaties and concordats subject to popular rights, the Grand Council approves international treaties and concordats, unless the State Council is authorized by law to conclude them permanently.
The Grand Council may participate in the preparation of treaties and concordats important to be submitted for its approval.

Art. Political 73Planification the Grand Council Treaty program of the legislature, the integrated plan tasks and finance as well as other basic plans in areas of specific tasks and he learns.
By adopting the Decree of planning, the Grand Council charge the Council of State a State task in a specific direction.

Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 74 management benefits and finance the Grand Council: a. Decides new expenditures, subject to the rights of the people according to the art. 35 and 36; (b) fixed periodically the structure and the degree of accuracy of the budget, makes decisions on important issues related to the budget and adopts the budget; c. Approves the management report.

The Grand Council coordinates the financial decrees with the services to be provided. It ensures the efficiency of all cantonal measures.
The law may delegate the provisional authorization to incur an expense that admits of no delay to the Finance Committee. The authorization is subject to the approval of the Grand Council.

Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 75 Elections General Council refers to: a. the State Chancellor or his acting; b. judges and alternates of the courts, to the extent where the constitution or the law says no election to the people; c. the Chief Prosecutor and his Deputy d. prosecutors e. Chief juvenile counsel and other lawyers in the minors; f. the Chief control of finance.

The law may entrust other appointments to the Grand Council. It determines the positions that need to be put in the contest.

Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 76. other skills the Grand Council: a. exercises supervision on all authorities and all bodies assuming cantonal tasks; b. can add permanently to the departments commissions of experts advisory; c... .d. exercise the right of Amnesty and, insofar as the law assigns to the Council of State, the right of grace; e. Decides on appeals and petitions within its powers; f. slice the conflicts of competencies to the extent where this is not a court; g. exercising participation rights that the Federal Constitution grants the cantons (art. 86, 89, 93 and 89 CSE.); h. can pronounce on notice that the Council of State draws up to federal authorities.

The law can confer other roles in the Grand Council.
Legislation assigns to the Grand Council jurisdiction to grant significant concessions.

Repealed by referendum of June 6, 1993, with effect from June 18, 1993. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 9, 1994 (FF 1994 III 334 article 1 point 1, 1993 IV 473).
[1 3 RS; RO 1949 614, 1977 807 2228]. In the disp. mentioned are currently the art. 45, 136, 140, 141, 151, 159, 160 and 165 of the Cst from 18 Apr. 1999 (RS 101).

III. State Council and directors art. 77 role the State Council is the Authority Executive and the highest executive authority in the canton.
The State Council is composed of five members and fulfills its tasks collegially he chooses in his breast "Landammann" and his Deputy for the duration of a year.

Art. 78 government tasks


The Council of State determines, subject to popular rights and skills of the Grand Council, the aims and the main means of action by the State. It plans and coordinates the activities of the State.
It is developing at the beginning of each legislative period a programme of the legislature and an integrated plan of tasks and finance. At the end of the legislature, he reported to the Grand Council on their achievement.

Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 79 legislation the State Council directs the preparatory process of constitutional and legislative texts. The Grand Council may provide for exceptions in some cases.
The State Council enacts Ordinances on the basis and within the limits of laws, international treaties and the concordats.
17 members of the Grand Council may, within a period of 60 days, make opposition to an order or a change order decided by the Council of State. When such opposition is confirmed by the majority of the members present at the Grand Council, the project is referred to the Council of State. The Grand Council Regulation sets the details of the procedure.
The Council of State may also enact ordinances to prevent or put an end to current or impending enforcement or security public disturbances or to deal with situations of need. Such orders must be submitted immediately to the approval of the Grand Council. They cease to have effect at the latest one year after have come into force.

Accepted by referendum of June 29, 2003, in force since March 3, 2004. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 10 March 2004 (FF 2004 1273 art. 1 ch. 3, 2003 7377).

Art. 80 financial skills the State Council is authorized to decide on new and unique up to an amount of 250 000 francs and some expenses repeating annually up to an amount of 50,000 francs.
He can contract and renew loans.
II has financial assets. The requirements on spending skills apply to financial participation in companies under private law, insofar as these interests are not only investments.

Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2008, in force since Dec. 5. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 1 193).

Art. 81 Department of administration the Council of State determines, in accordance with the Constitution and the law, the sound organization of the administration. It shall ensure a consistent public service law and focused on efficiency.
It shall act to the extent provided by the law on administrative appeals. Art. 88, al. 3, shall apply by analogy.

Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

Art. 82. other assignments the State Council: a. maintains order and security public; b. represents the canton inside and outside; c. makes administrative agreements and, within its competence, of the international treaties and concordats; d. to pronounce on the projects of the federal authorities; e. proceeds to the elections or appointments, insofar as these are not competence of other bodies; f. grants the right to Canton city.

The law may confer other powers to the Council of State.

Approved by referendum of June 6, 1993, in effect since June 18, 1993. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 9, 1994 (FF 1994 III 334 article 1 point 1, 1993 IV 473).

Art. 83 State Chancellery the State Chancellery is the general coordination of the Council of State and the Grand Council.

Art. 84 cantonal cantonal administration is subdivided into departments governing administrative issues independently within the limits of their skills.
Each Member of the Council of State is the head of one or several departments.
Any decision of a Department can be appealed before the Administrative Tribunal, as long as the law does not recognize the competence of another authority or that it does not empower the Department to give final judgment on the appeal.

Art. 85. other institutions performing public tasks to the extent fixed by the law, the canton can: a. establish corporations, institutions and autonomous Foundation under public law; b. participate, to carry out its tasks, to semi-public companies; c. to delegate administrative tasks to autonomous administrative units, mixed economy enterprises intercantonal or intermunicipal companies, organizations or , exceptionally, to private individuals or organizations of law private.

The legal protection of citizens and the monitoring by the Council of State must be guaranteed. The Act provides appropriate participation of the Grand Council.

Art. 86 organization and procedure law rule: a. the foundations of the Organization of the State Council and departments; (b) outline of the law governing the relationship of the personnel of the State Department; (c) the procedure and administrative justice.

Approved by referendum of March 4, 2001, in force since 1 August 2001. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 4-4659).

IV. the courts art. 87 bodies in civil, criminal and administrative jurisdiction is exercised by State courts and arbitral tribunals.
The law regulates the Organization, skills and procedure.

Art. 88 principle the courts are independent in their judgments; they are subordinate to the law.
Debates are generally public.
The judge is not bound by the normative acts issued by the canton or by the municipalities that are contrary to federal law or cantonal law of higher rank.

Art. 89 civil court civil jurisdiction is exercised by: a. Justices of the peace; b. the presidents of district courts; c. district courts; d... .e. the cantonal court; f. other courts and conciliation authorities, within the limits provided by law.

Disputes may be judged by arbitral tribunals within the limits set by the legislation.

Repealed by referendum Sept. 26. 2010, with effect from Jan 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 5 4149).
Approved by referendum on Sept. 26. 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 5 4149).

Art. 90 criminal court criminal jurisdiction is exercised by a. and b.... c. the presidents of the courts of the miners; d. the juvenile court e. presidents of district courts; f. district courts; g. the cantonal court; h. the arrestation.i judge....

The criminal prosecution authorities are the Crown, the Crown of the miners, police and judges of peace.
The law regulates criminal decisions, the skills of the Chief Prosecutor, prosecutors, lawyers of minors, of education and officials of justices of the peace as well as the competence of the administrative authorities to impose penalties.

Repealed by referendum Sept. 26. 2010, with effect from Jan 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 5 4149).
Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Approved by referendum on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Repealed by referendum on May 16, 2004, with effect from 1 August 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).
Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2010, in force since the Jan. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 5 4149).
Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 5 4149).

Art. 91 administrative jurisdiction the administrative court is exercised by: a. the Tribunal; (b) the Insurance Court; c. the Tribunal of taxes; (d) the Board of estimate; e... .f. of other special courts insofar as they are provided for by law.

Repealed by referendum Nov. 28. 2004, with effect from August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 2 2715 c.).

Art. Judicial 91Administration the administration of Justice is a matter for the courts.
The president of the supreme Court represents the courts in dealing with other authorities.
The law regulates the principles of the Organization and the procedure of judicial administration.

Accepted by referendum Nov. 28. 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 2 2715 c.).

Section 6 the State I. security tasks public art. 92 order and security the canton and common policies ensure order and public safety.

Art. 93 precautions for disasters or war the canton and common policies are taking measures to protect population in case of disasters or events related to the war.

For this purpose, the law may grant to the Grand Council and the Council of State of powers derogating, for a limited period, to the constitutional requirements for the distribution of competences.

II. Security social art. 94 achievement of social objectives to complete the initiative and private responsibility, the canton realizes social goals within the limits of its powers and its means.

Art. 95 welfare the canton and the communes, in collaboration with public and private organizations, take care of people who need help.
They can create or support of provident and assistance institutions. They encourage measures that take themselves out of business.

Art. 96 the canton and communes foreigners promote, in collaboration with private organizations, welfare and the integration of foreigners.

Art. 97 execution of sentences and measures by a law, the canton rule, in their broad outlines, the rights and duties: a. persons in pre-trial detention; b. people undergoing a sentence or a measure; c. people interned for reasons of assistance.

Art. 98 legal information the canton can support the provision of free legal information.

Art. 99 insurance the canton and the communes may: a. contribute to the payment of social insurance premiums; b. complete benefits paid by insurance; c. manage their social insurance.

Medicare and accidents is compulsory.
The buildings must be insured against damage caused by fire and the components from Solothurn real estate insurance. The canton may, by law, declare mandatory insurance of things.

III. health art. 100 the canton public health regulates the sector of public health. It creates the conditions of medical care sufficient and economically bearable.
It encourages, in collaboration with the Commons, prevention and medical assistance, as well as home care.
The canton oversight over the health professions.

Art. 101 hospitals and home Township manages alone or with other agencies, hospitals and homes.
Private institutions are subject to authorisation. The law sets the conditions for the grant of the authorization.
The canton oversight over all hospitals and homes, public and private.

IV. Culture, teaching and training art. 102 culture the canton and the communes encourage individual development and the creation and facilitate the participation in cultural life.
They protect and maintain the cultural heritage.

Art. 103 media Township may enact a press law which must promote the cultural particularities of the canton and the diversity of information.

Art. 104 principles regarding the school system education and training are tasks that parents and school have jointly and severally. The law regulates the rights and duties of each of the two partners.
Each student is entitled to training corresponding to his intellectual, moral and physical skills. The subjects taught are the same for girls and boys.
School attendance is compulsory during the period fixed by law.

Art. 105 public schools common policies create and manage elementary schools, with the exception of curative pedagogy schools; children's schools are part of the primary schools. The Township participates in costs.
The canton creates and manages curative pedagogy schools and other public schools.
The canton oversight over all public schools.

Accepted by referendum 14 Apr. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 24. 2014 (FF 2014 7615 art. 1 ch. 4-3573).
Accepted by referendum 14 Apr. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 24. 2014 (FF 2014 7615 art. 1 ch. 4-3573).

Art. 106 professional training and development the Township supports training and professional development, as well as recycling.
For this purpose, it can create and manage the necessary training centres or participate in such centres.
The canton and the communes encourage the acquisition of a general culture by adolescents, as well as the training of adults.

Art. 107 collaboration with other cantons or corporations the Township supports cooperation and coordination in education.
With other cantons or corporations, it can create and manage training institutions.

Art. 108 private schools private schools in primary and secondary schools, degrees the private vocational schools and private university level institutions are subject to authorization and subject to the supervision of the canton.
The same principle applies to private education instead of attendance of a school and during the period of compulsory schooling.
The canton can support private schools.

Art. 109 facilitation of attendance at the canton school removes or reduces economic, geographical or other barriers that interfere with school attendance.

Art. 110 training subsidies the canton provides training subsidies.

Art. 111 repealed by referendum Sept. 26. 2010, with effect from August 1, 2012. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 5 4149).

Art. 112 civics Township encourages civic education.

Art. 113 development of free time the canton and Commons support wise development of free time, animation for youth and sport activities.

V. environment and energy art. 114 environmental protection and maintenance of the environment is everyone's business. The canton and the communes protect man and his environment against harmful and unpleasant attacks.
One who causes environmental protection measures bears the cost.
The canton and common policies ensure a waste disposal which saves the environment. Those who produce the waste has the same responsibility.
The Township encourages the use of environmentally friendly technology for the environment as well as the recycling of used materials and waste.

Art. 115 protection of nature and landscape the canton and the communes protect and maintain the vital space of wildlife and native flora as well as characteristic sites.

Art. 116 supply water the canton and the communes ensure a water supply that meets regional needs.

Art. 117Approvisionnement in energy the canton and the communes may take measures to ensure energy supply to promote economy, environment-friendly, safe and managed according to economic principles.
They encourage the thrifty and efficient use of energy, the use of renewable energy and decentralised energy supply.

Adopted by popular vote on May 18, 2014, in force since July 1. 2015. guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 11, 2015 (FF 2015 2811 art. 1 ch. 3, 2014 8899).

VI. land-use planning and transport art. 118 planning the canton and the communes ensure the judicious and measured from the ground use and rational occupation of the cantonal territory.

Art. 119 construction the canton regulates construction to protect man and the environment.

Art. 120 transport the canton and common policies regulate the field of transport and roads.
Together, they encourage the use of public transport.
They ensure that the transport system cleaning the environment and is economically the most favourable possible.

VII. economy art. 121 cantonal economic policy goals the canton creates conditions favourable to a productive economy and maintaining employment at the highest possible level.
It encourages a balanced point of view structural and regional economic development.
The imperatives of the protection of the environment and the land interests of agriculture as well as social peace must be taken into account.
The canton aligns those of its activities which are of economic importance on the goals of economic and social policy cantonal.
The canton takes measures to limit as much as possible the density of the regulatory and administrative burden that undergo businesses, especially the small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in place since March 11, 2012. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 1 193).

Art. 122 agriculture the canton takes measures to ensure agriculture productive and respectful of nature.
It encourages the retention and development of independent family farms.

Art. 123 the canton forestry oversight over all forests.
It ensures the conservation of forests in their functions of protection, operating and relaxation.
It encourages a close operation of the natural process of forest.

Art. 124 pension funds in terms of crisis within the limits of its possibilities, the canton adopts measures to limit economic crises and to mitigate its effects.

Art. 125 public things


The canton has the sovereignty over the public things. It establishes in particular requirements for their operation and their use.

Art. 126 enjoy the enjoy of salt, hunting, fishing and mining are owned by the canton. Private rights are reserved.
The enjoy provide the exclusive right to the activity and economic exploitation in the canton. He can exercise these rights itself or transfer to third parties.

Art. 127 repealed by referendum on Dec. 4. 1994, with effect from Dec. 16. 1994. guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 14, 1996 (FF 1996 I 1307 art. 1 ch. 5, 1995 III 1349).

Art. 128 requirements of economic police canton and common policies may enact regulations to ensure a rational exercise of economic activities.

Section 7 scheme financial art. 129 use of the heritage of the canton State uses and manages the administrative heritage of economic and intended way.
The financial assets should be managed in accordance with the laws of the market and in respect of the public interest.

Art. 130 principles of the financial management of cantonal finance policy must be measured, economic and adapted to the situation. As a general rule, the accounts must be balanced.
The canton adapts its financial planning public tasks.
Should be considered in advance and periodically each task, each recipe and every expenditure and determine if they are wise and necessary and what are the financial consequences.

Art. 131 provenance of the canton and Commons resources can get their resources by: a. the perception of taxes and contributions; b. the income of their fortune c. grants and the revenue of the Confederation as well as other corporations, companies and public institutions; d. the use of loans and loans; e. any other revenue.

The Association of communes cover their expenses by benefits to their members as well as fees and grants. They receive no tax.

Art. 132 cantonal taxes the canton may collect the following taxes: a. personal and tax tax on the income and on the fortunes of individuals; (b) taxes on income and on capital of corporations c. tax on real estate gains and on non-periodic income; d. corporations for the fiscal equalization tax; e. the hospital tax; f. transfer; (g) tax and the tax on estates; h. the tax on motor vehicles; i. tax on boats k. gift tax; l. tax on dogs.

Taxes assigned to specified expenses can be collected only as long as they are needed.
The introduction of the new cantonal taxes requires a constitutional basis.

Art. 133 principles governing the collection of taxes all taxpayers are required to participate in expenditures of the canton in proportion to their means. Extraordinary and non-periodic income can be taxed separately. To maintain the will to undertake in the individual and the dynamism of the economy.
Taxes of physical persons must be calculated in a way that no significant additional burden is driven by the marriage; the tax under art. 134 are reserved.
The principle of progressivity should be fairly applied during the taxation of income and wealth. This principle can also be applied to other forms of tax. Cold progression must be periodically offset.

New content of the sentence approved by referendum of June 12, 1994, in force since May 12, 1995. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 1995 (FF 1995 III 560 s. 1 No. 2 I 957).
Accepted by popular vote on Sept. 25. 1988, in force since June 21, 1989. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 21, 1989 (FF 1989 II 882 art. 1 ch. 4 I 545).

Art. 134 reliefs of tax relief must be awarded particularly in favour: a. family b. of persons with a maintenance obligation or which are dedicated volunteer to assistance tasks; (c) the creation and maintenance of housing intended for the personal use of their owners; d. individual savings, including building a fair fortune; e. professional development and retraining.

Art. 135 times of crisis in times of crisis, the canton may derogate from the ordinary principles of the tax collection in order to accomplish extraordinary tasks entrusted; These facilities whereas should however be limited in time and based on a legal basis.

Art. 136 financial adjustment financial equalization must achieve a balance with regard to the tax burden borne by taxpayers and benefits of Commons.

Section 8 provisions concerning the revision of the Constitution and transitional provisions I. provisions on the revision art. 137 principle the Constitution can be revised at any time, in whole or in part.
Any partial revision must focus on an area that forms a unit.

Art. 138 partial revision the partial revision of the Constitution sought by a popular initiative shall be in accordance with the provisions on popular interventions.
The Grand Council decides to conduct the partial revision after two discussions held at least a month apart.
The Grand Council may ask the people to decide on questions of principle by proposing or variations. It can simultaneously submit to popular vote the project in whole or in parts, with or without variants.

Art. 139 total revision the people decide, on the basis of a decree of the Grand Council or of a popular initiative presented by 3 000 active citizens or by 10 common policies, if: a. the total revision of the Constitution should be undertaken; (b) the review should be undertaken by the Council or by a constituent Assembly.

The referendum will be held within six months following the submission of the popular initiative or the Decree of the Grand Council.
When the people decide to entrust the complete revision of the cantonal Constitution to a constituent Assembly, it is elected immediately according to the regulations governing the election of the Grand Council, to the exclusion, however rules on incompatibility of functions.
The review authority may submit to the vote of the people of principle, with questions or no variants; It is then bound by the outcome of those votes during the drafting of the Constitution.
The review authority shall submit, after deliberating in twice in a month unless the interval, the draft completely revised Constitution to the people. It can ask the people to decide on the Constitution in whole or in parts, with or without variants.
When the people rejected the Constitution or a part of it, the review authority is developing a second project. If the latter is also denied by the people, the total revision is deemed failing.

II. provisions transitional art. 140 entry into force the present Constitution comes into force on January 1, 1988.

Art. 141 repeal of provisions into force. the Constitution of the canton of Solothurn, October 23, 1887, is repealed. His art. 24, 26, 27 and 28 remain in effect until the complete renewal of the Grand Council, until at least 1993.
The provisions of the law whose content is contrary to this Constitution are repealed.

Official collection of the laws and ordinances of the canton of Solothurn [GS 60 47] art. 142 maintenance limited existing provisions the provisions that were enacted by an authority that is more competent or according to a procedure that is more accepted by the present Constitution remain in force; Amendment of such provisions is done according to the procedure provided for by this Constitution.
Authorizations which have been granted to the Grand Council and the Council of State spending and which are contrary to this Constitution, lose their validity after five years at the most.

Art. 143 development of new provisions if, under the present Constitution, new legislation must be enacted or if existing provisions should be modified, this task must be performed without delay. Consider whether current legal provisions are consistent with fundamental rights, in particular to the principle of equal treatment.

Art. 144 exercise of people's rights until the entry into force of the legal provisions on people's rights, the exercise of the latter is governed by an order of the Grand Council.
Forms of popular interventions allowed by the Constitution of October 23, 1887 may still be used until June 30, 1989.

Art. 145 administrative periods administrative periods concerning the authorities and officials of the canton and the communes are governed by the current law until 1997 at the latest.

Art. 146 applications for citizenship applications granted freedom of the city presented by Swiss and citizens who are pending upon entry into force of the present Constitution are dealt with by the Council of State.

Art. 147 Criminal Court


The Grand Council called to January 1, 1988, composed of two cantonal judges and three lay judges permanent criminal court. The first term of office ends in 1993.
The Organization and the procedure are resolved by the cantonal court until the legal provisions have been adapted.
Pending criminal proceedings before the Court of Assizes in January 1, 1988, are governed by the earlier right.

Art. 148 incompatibility for judges until the adaptation of the Judicial Organization Act, cannot belong to a tribunal: a. persons related by blood or allied, direct or collateral line up to the third degree including; (b) the spouse, as well as spouses of siblings.

Art. Solothurn cantonal bank cantonal bank 149Privatisation is transformed into a limited company of private law, with the canton can only be a minority shareholder. The Council of State takes all necessary decisions; These are final.
The Council of State may delegate some decisions to the Bank Council extraordinary of the Solothurn cantonal bank subject to its approval right.
Index of contents numbers refer to the articles and articles of the constitution the State 5 Action divisions, 18 directors, cantonal 84 - efficiency 34, 37, 70, 71, 73, 74, 78, 81-management 81-organization-86 86 Agriculture 122 welfare procedure 95 food, medical 100 planning 118 Amnesty 76 116 117 boroughs 43 energy supply water supply , 44 oaths 62 Medical Assistance 100 real estate insurance Solothurn 99 health and injury 99 cantonal insurance 99 autonomy of Commons 3, 45 57 churches autonomy authorities 58 ss.
Authorities of conciliation 89 Kantonalbank 149 buildings - real estate insurance Solothurn 99 good faith 5 Budget 29, 30, 32, 33A, 74 social goals 22, 94 Canton - authorities 58. ss-collaboration with other 2, 107 - as a Member State of the Confederation 1 - territory of the canton 41 disasters 93 censorship 12 circles electoral 43 Chancery of State 83 administrative burden, limit density 121 seat 42 Board of estimate 91 cultural communities - canton as mediator 2 religious - right public - 53 Organization of parishes 54 Commons-autonomy of Commons 3, 45- as autonomous law corporations public 45-tax jurisdiction - 46 right of the Commons to settle their affairs in a way independent 3, 45-election bodies of Commons 27-transfer of tasks, requires legal bases-45 local taxes-46 changes of membership-47 modification of the territory 47-collaboration-48 48 Commons unions bourgeois - membership - 51 tasks 52 - v. Commons Commons policy - membership-49 sovereignty territorial 49-50 - v. tasks Commons

Jurisdiction - the administrative authorities to impose sentences 90 - financial 80 Concordats and treaties 72 Conciliation 89 State Council - role tasks 78-legislation-79 financial skills-80 management reports with the Grand Council 70 - eligibility - 59-81-77 other responsibilities-safety public representation of the canton - 82-82 treaties, agreements 82-pronunciation on the projects of the federal authorities 82-elections - 82 right of cantonal city 82-approval of corrections of border 41-approval of the statutes of the synods 56 surveillance on other institutions performing public tasks 85 Constitution - partial 137, 138-total revision 137, 139 - revision entered into force 140-repeal of provisions in force-141 maintenance limited existing provisions 142 Construction 119 Consultations 39 - right to give his opinion 39-39 accessibility counter-proposal 33 Contributions 131 Corporations, autonomous 85 Court supreme 89, 90 - Participation of the president in meetings of the Council of State 70 crisis , time - taxes in order to accomplish extraordinary tasks 135 Culture 102, reasoned Decision - right at 18 Delegation - financial delegation 40, 74 - limits in the legislation 40 Grand Council Deliberations - advertising 63 departments 84, 86 dependency, special report - annually recurrent costs 35 - 21 new and unique 35, 40 dignity, protection 6 district 43, 44 Division of the canton 41 ss.
Damages 8 personal data protection 8 right, new right to life 143 8 right of access to official documents 11 city 24, 82, 146 right of access to official records 63 right to be heard 18 right to vote 25 - to foreigners based in the parishes of 55 law governing the personnel of the State 86 human rights service reports - human dignity-6 equality 5 , 7 freedom personal right to life 8-private 8 - marriage and family 9-freedom of belief, conscience and worship 10-freedom of opinion freedom of information 11-freedom of the media 12 - 11-freedom of meeting and association 13-freedom of science and art 14-freedom of establishment - 15 guarantee of ownership 16-freedom economic 17-legal protection 18 - right to be heard - 18 guarantees granted in the event of deprivation of liberty-19 rights fundamental 20 - limits 21effet side of the third 20 - 21 limit - based legal 21-public interest-21 people who are related to the canton by a special report of dependence-21 proportionality 5-right of petition - 27 training 104 political rights 24 ss.
-Save 40-year 144 23 water personal duties, supply schools - facilitation of attendance at school 109 - 116 private 108 - 105 public-school system 104 schools childish 105 of curative pedagogy 105 - forestry - 123 political 121-128 equal 5, 7 Church and State 53 ss economic police.
Churches - independent internal-57 as corporations under public law 53 - recognition - 53 out of a community of 55 Elections popular 27-by the Grand Council 75 - right of foreigners to the parishes 55 59 employment eligibility, freedom to free choice of profession and employment 17 131 borrowings, 80 energy, supply teaching training, schools companies - mixed economy 85 v. 117 - small and medium-sized (SME) 121 environment protection 114 - polluter-pays principle 114-114 institutions 85 State and Church 53 ss waste recycling.
-Home of the 57 churches, government surveillance on the synods 57-monitoring on the parishes - 57 international treaties and concordats reserved 57 foreigners 96 Execution - sentences and measures 97 Expropriation 16 - 16 family, right to the 9 finance compensation - well / heritage of the 129 State, 80-financial skills - of the Council of State 80 - of the Grand Council 74 - 29 budget initiative , 30, 32, 33 a - plan finance 78, 130 - financial policy, principles 130-129 financial system ss.

Financial/s - skills financial v. finance-delegation financial 40 officials of education 90 functions, assignment of duties public law foundations 60 autonomous 85 forest 123 training - right to training-104 schools v. schools-training and development-106 civics 112-supply 110 homes 101 border rectifications 41 warranty of ownership 16 Grace 76 Grand Council - eligibility-59 proceedings , sessions 63-role-66 election 67-distribution seats 67-independence - 68 relationships of interest 68-organization and procedure 69-reports with the Council of State 70 - skills-law 71 - treated international and concordats policy planning finance elections - 75-74-73-72 high surveillance-76 right of Amnesty and grace appeal conflicts of competencies - 76-76-76 participation rights than the Federal Constitution 76 - right to pronounce 76-concessions-76 statement of admissibility of initiatives 31-voting recommendation 32. popular mandate 34-approvals of changes to membership of Commons 47-recognition of religious communities 53 strike, measures 17 hospitals 101 immunity 65 taxes 131-of Commons - 46 cantonal 132-types - 132 need for a constitutional basis - 132 tax collection, 133 - progressiveness 133 - 134 incompatibilities 58 tax abatements, 148 compensation 8 Information, sources 11 Initiative-content and form 29-deposit 30-admissibility-31 treatment-32 counter-proposal-33 on envelope budget 33 a - parliamentary Institutions 71 assuming public task 85 civics 112 public interest 5 inviolability v. 90 89 judges justice Protection judge-election 27 ch. 3-incompatibility 148 91 administrative court-Administrative Tribunal 91-Tribunal of insurance - 91 Tribunal of taxes-91 Board of estimate 91-91 civil court 17 90 legal criminal jurisdiction tribunals, base 19, 21, 45, 46, 48 legality , principle 5, 21 law 71, 72, 35, 79 Parliament, program 78 freedom-Association-13 awareness-10 of belief-10 worship-10 art-14 science 14-to property-15 meeting-13 12-information 11-opinion media 11 - economic - 17 personal 8-deprivation of liberty, guarantees 19 Limitation of fundamental rights 8, 21 law v. Legislation Mayor election 27, free - great Council mandate 68 popular mandate 34 events on the public domain 13 marriage, right to the media 103 9

Nature, protection 115 Oberamt (district office) 44 Opinion, participation in training of the 38 ss.
Orders - competence of the Council of State 79 - right opposition of the Grand Council 79 - 79 emergency law order, public security legal - personal obligations 23-respect for the human rights bodies 20 - cantonal bodies 27 ch. 2-bodies of the Confederation 27 ch. 1-bodies of Commons 27 ch. 4, 45-organs of the districts and boroughs 27 ch. 3, 44 the work peace 17 parishes - as autonomous law corporations public 45-a body of a recognized religious community 55-tasks 55 right to vote to foreigners 55-54, 56 - v. Commons parties synods, political - recognition of the role - 38 support 38 State property use 129 landscape, protection 115 criminal, criminal justice 19, 27, 75, 90 - authorities responsible for criminal prosecution-90 performance penalties and measures 97 financial equalization 136 development 106 period administrative 61, 145 Petition, Law 26-76 plan Grand Council Finance 78 130 73 121 SMEs policy planning Police 90, 158 economic policy 121 financial policy, principles 130 power of the Presidents of the courts of district 27 State 4 ch. 3, 89, 90 loans 131 foresight in crisis 124 rule of law 5, 21 detention, guarantees 19 private/e/s - sphere 8 Attorney 90 Profession, freedom to free choice of profession and employment 17 proportionality 5 proportionate distribution of the seats in the Grand Council 67 property , warranty Protection 16-disasters-92 human dignity-6 environmental, nature and the landscape and 114-115 personal data 8-inviolability of the home - 8 legal 18, 19, 85 Public / - as - public things 125-deliberations of the Grand Council - right of access to official documents 11-public school 105-public interest-5 order and security v. security management 74 appeal report the right to a decision subject to appeal 84 41 Referendum border Rectifications-mandatory 35 - optional 36 - case excluded 37 enjoy 126 financial system v. finance regulation, limit the density of 121 Relations of the members of the Grand Council with companies and groups of interest 68 98 64 responsibility, resources, source Revocation 131 legal information, right of revocation 28 public health 100 Science , liberty 14 Secretariats of district 44 secrecy of correspondence and telecommunications 8 security, public - jurisdiction 82-restrictions during the meetings and events emergency 79 - 13 - law guaranteed 92 Separation of powers - functional 58 - 58 personal information Sources 11 private Sphere 8 supply of training 110 Surveillance 76 unions - Commons 48-obligation to form y join 48 synods - articles 56 - tasks tasks 56 public - good faith - 5 public things - 125 extraordinary 135-public interest-5 bound by the Constitution and by law 5 Telecommunications, secret territory of the canton 41 8 - limits-41 amendments 41-corrections 41 treaties 72 transport 120 Administrative Tribunal 91 Court of conciliation 89 Tribunal of insurance 91 91 90, 90 courts juvenile court Tax Court - Court v. supreme court supreme-election of judges-75 bodies 87-principle - 88 control of normative acts 88-civil court - 89 Criminal Court 90-administrative court 91-special courts 91-91 89 27 district courts tribunals judiciary ch. 3, 44, 89, 90 popular votes (referendum) 35, 36, 37, 41, 138, 139 - put to the vote of the special provisions 35-variant-35 vote on several objects 33 Vote, 25 accepted by referendum of dec 4. 1994, in force since March 14, 1996. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 14, 1996 (FF 1996 I 1307 art. 1 ch. 5, 1995 III 1349).

Approved by referendum of June 8, 1986, in effect since Jan. 1. 1988. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 21. 1987 (FF 1987 III 261 article 1, II 626).

German original text.
This publication is based on the Federal guarantees published in the FT. It can thereby delay temporarily the cantonal publication. The date of the State is the last AF published in the FT.
Adopted by popular vote on May 16, 2004, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 14 March 2005 (FF 2005 2209 art. 1 ch. 2, 2004 5287).

State March 11, 2015

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