Rs 131.215 Constitution Of The Canton Of Schwyz, November 24, 2010

Original Language Title: RS 131.215 Constitution du canton de Schwyz, du 24 novembre 2010

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131.215 translation Constitution of the canton of Schwyz from November 24, 2010 (State 1 January 2013) we, Schwyzoises and Schwyz, aware of our responsibility towards God, humanity and nature, proud of our tradition and open in the future, we give the Constitution here: I. General provisions § 1 Canton of Schwyz canton Schwyz is a sovereign State, Member of the Swiss Confederation.
It is a rule of law, liberal, democratic and social.
The power of the State emanates from the people and the principle of the separation of powers to govern the exercise.

§ 2 central role of the human being, the activity of the State is in the common interest.
The State respects the dignity, personality and everyone's responsibility.
In the exercise of its activity, the State remains close to the people and shall ensure simple procedures.

§ 3 principles of the rule of law, the law is the basis of the activity of the State.
The activity of the State must serve a public interest and be proportionate to the intended purpose.
The State and individuals must act in accordance with the rules of good faith.

§ 4 liability and responsibility to society every person is responsible for itself and bears its share of responsibility to society and the State.
The State supports initiatives that individuals or organizations take in the common interest, as well as the associative life and volunteerism.

§ 5 State subsidiarity assumes the tasks of public interest which individuals can perform adequately.
The canton assumes that exceed the capacity of districts or communes or tasks that require uniform regulation.

§ 6 democratic commitment the State encourages political activity of individuals and parties and democratic debate.

§ 7 tolerance and respect different age and population groups, the religious, philosophical or cultural communities, authorities and individuals coexist in tolerance and mutual respect.

§ 8 innovation and sustainable development opened in the future, the State and society to promote constant innovation.
In all areas, they are committed to sustainable solutions and renounce those that harm to future generations.

§ 9 collaboration and cohesion the canton works with Confederation, the other cantons, districts, municipalities and individuals.
The canton, districts and communes ensure the cohesion of all parts of the Township.

II. rights fundamental § 10 canton guarantees fundamental rights that spend the Federal Constitution and the rules of international law that bind the Switzerland.

III. Orientation of the tasks of the State A. principles § 11 planning and management the State checks, plans and manages its tasks on an ongoing basis.
In doing so, it takes account of the principles defined below for each of its tasks. These principles based no subjective right to a provision of the State.

§ 12 delegation of State tasks the State may, by law, entrust a State task for public or private-law bodies.
Delegated domains and third-party charges a State task fall under oversight of the community who decided the State task delegation and benefit from its legal protection.

B. tasks of the State § 13 security and public order the State guarantees the safety of the population and public order.
It encourages the peaceful resolution of conflicts.

§ 14 coexistence State encourages the coexistence of different age and population groups.
It supports the efforts of integration of newly established people.

§ 15 family. the State promotes the family as a community of adults and children.
It creates favorable conditions for a good care of children within the family and outside.

§ 16 training. the State provides a varied and quality that allows anyone to follow school and professional training and to develop skills.

§ 17 culture the State preserves and promotes culture in its various aspects.

§ 18 economy and work the State creates a favourable environment for the economy in which companies and individuals exercising a gainful activity to remain in a competitive market.
It encourages measures to reconcile family life with the exercise of a gainful activity.

§ 19 Security social State provides, in addition to individual responsibility and private initiative, to the social security of the population.
It seeks to integrate socially and economically the people who need specific help.

§ 20 housing the State creates a favourable environment for a sufficient supply of living areas.

§ 21 health state is committed to achieve a sufficient and economically sustainable health care system for all.
It takes the necessary measures to ensure a diverse prevention.

§ 22 environment the State protects the environment against harmful and unpleasant.
It is committed to an efficient use of natural resources.
He takes care of the arable land and landscapes.

§ 23 water and energy the State provides for supply of water and energy that is safe, economically optimal and environmentally friendly.
He is committed to their rational use.

§ 24 State transport built a network of infrastructure adapted to the needs of private and public traffic on its territory.
In so doing, it takes into account the needs of the most vulnerable users.

IV. rights popular A. Conditions § 25 city rights the law rule acquisition and loss of the right to Canton city and of the City municipality.

§ 26 voting all Swiss citizens domiciled in the canton who are 18 years old and who have political rights in federal matter have the right to vote.
Who has the right to vote may, at the County, district and commune levels, take part in the elections and voting and signing initiatives and referendum requests.
The Swiss abroad who have federal political rights have the right to vote in cantonal matters.

B. Elections popular § 27 citizens eligible to vote elect: a. members of the Grand Council; (b) the members of the Council of State; c. members of the canton in the national Council and the Council of States; d. members of parliaments of district and town; e. the district and commune councils; f. the members of district courts; g. members of the other authorities elected by the people.

C. Initiative in matters cantonal § 28 object 2000 citizens having the right to vote may, at any time, request in an initiative: a. Review total or partial of the cantonal Constitution; b. adoption, amendment or repeal of a law; c. the opening of negotiations for the conclusion or revision of a convention international and intercantonal rank constitutional or statutory, or denunciation of such an instrument.

§ 29 form the initiative can take the form of a general proposal or written project.
The initiative to the complete revision of the cantonal Constitution can only take the form of a proposal in general terms.
If an initiative designed in general terms does not allow to determine, the Grand Council decide what legal form it must be performed.

§ 30 conclusion and validity the Council of State notes that the initiative was successful.
The Grand Council checks the validity of the initiative.
An initiative is valid, if it: a. respects the principle of unity of form and the unit of matter; (b) does not violate the upper right; c. is not clearly unenforceable.

§ 31 treatment General Council decides to approve or reject the initiative.
If the Council approves an initiative, he submits to the mandatory or optional referendum drafted initiative or project that it will be developed in response to a proposal in general terms.
If he rejects the initiative, the people vote on the initiative.

§ 32 counter-proposal. the Grand Council can oppose a counter-proposal to an initiative in the form of a written project or project has developed in response to a proposal in general terms.
The citizens entitled to vote are pronounced simultaneously on both projects.
They can approve the two projects at a time and indicate the project whereby they give preference in case the two projects would be accepted.

§ 33 times General Council decides within 18 months if it approves or rejects the initiative.
Other deadlines are set by law.

D. Referendum regarding cantonal § 34 mandatory Referendum are obligatorily subject to the vote of the people: a. revisions total or partial of the cantonal Constitution; b. the international and intercantonal of constitutional conventions; c. the initiatives that the Council has rejected; d. initiatives and projects in response to an initiative that is opposed a counter-proposal; e. changes to the cantonal territory , with the exception of rectifications of borders.

The following acts are subject to the vote of the people, in a final vote, they were adopted by a majority of less than three-quarters of the members of the Grand Council who took part in the vote:

a. adoption, amendment and repeal of laws; b. the conventions international and intercantonal of legal rank; c. the new unique spending over five million francs and those periodic more than 500,000 francs a year.

§ 35 optional referendum if 1000 citizens entitled to vote so request, the following acts which are not the mandatory referendum are submitted to the vote of the people: a. laws and conventions international and intercantonal; b. new unique more than five million francs expenditure decided by the Grand Council and those periodic more than 500,000 francs a year.

The deadline for the filing of the application is 60 days from the official publication of the Act.

E. rights popular communal § 36 exercise political rights at the level of districts and communes are instead of home.

§ 37 right of initiative citizens entitled to vote may, individually or together, drop an initiative with the common Council or district Council.
The initiative may include the adoption, amendment or repeal of a legislative or administrative act that is the responsibility of the district or municipality Assembly Assembly.
The initiative is made in writing and may take the form of a general proposal or written project.

§ 38 popular rights in districts and municipalities have a Parliament law regulates the exercise of the right of initiative and referendum law in districts and municipalities that have a Parliament.

F. popular rights in common § 39 unions unions of municipalities are organized in accordance with the democratic principle and acquire the right of initiative and referendum law.
The decision to be part of a syndicate of Commons rests with citizens having the right to vote.

G. Consultations § 40 each person has the right to take a position, under the consultation procedure, on a draft Constitution or law of the canton.
Districts, municipalities, political parties and stakeholders are invited to comment on their position.

V. authorities A. principles § 41 eligibility any person having the right to vote in cantonal matters is eligible in cantonal and communal authorities and the Council of States.
The law may prescribe other eligibility conditions and exceptions.

§ 42 incompatibility and disqualification as member of the Grand Council, the Council of State and the District Court are incompatible.
The law regulates other cases of incompatibility and cases of recusal.

§ 43 term of office members of the Grand Council, the Council of State and the cantonal courts and the members of the canton in the Council of States are elected for four years.
The election of the members of the Grand Council and the members of the Council of State are held at the same time.

§ 44 official language the official language is German.

§ 45 advertising and information the deliberations of the Grand Council and the courts are public. The law regulates the exceptions.
The authorities inform the public about their activity, insofar as no public or private interest leadership opposes.
The canton, districts and communes ensure accessibility of administration and observe the principle of transparency.

§ 46 State responsibility the canton, the districts, the Commons and the other communities and institutions under public law are responsible for damage without the right their bodies and their employees in the exercise of their functions.
The law regulates the responsibility of the individuals responsible for tasks of the State and conditions of liability for the damage caused in a manner lawful.

B. Grand Council § 47 Role and composition the Grand Council is the legislative and supervision of the canton authority.
It consists of 100 members.

§ 48 Elections members of the Grand Council are elected by secret ballot in the Commons.
Each municipality forms an electoral district. The seats are distributed among Commons proportionally to their population; each municipality is entitled to a seat at least.
The Grand Council is elected in each electoral district according to the proportional system.

This disp. did not the federal guarantee (art. 1 of the AF of 14 March 2013 - 2013 2339 FF).

§ 49 legislation General Council decides, subject to the rights of the people: a. the total and partial of the cantonal Constitution revisions; b. adoption, amendment and repeal of laws; c. the approval and the denunciation of conventions international and intercantonal of legal or constitutional rank.

It enacts Ordinances, insofar as the Constitution or the law permitted to do so.

§ 50 law are enacted in the form of a law all important law rules, including: a. the rights and obligations of natural persons or morales, forgotten the source. the principles of organization of the canton, the districts or municipalities.

§ 51 delegation Act may delegate the power to make rules of law of lesser importance.
It must determine the object, purpose and the extent of delegated jurisdiction.

§ 52 planning the Grand Council participates in the State planning and finance as well as the establishment of the legislative programme.

§ 53 finance General Council decides on the budget and the amount of tax and approved on behalf of State.
It decides new expenses subject to the rights of the people.
He decides alone new unique spending less than or equal to 5 million francs and those periodic lower or equal to 500,000 francs a year.

§ 54 Grand Council Elections elects: a. for a year, its president, his Vice President and its tellers; b. for two years, the Canton and the vice-Canton, he chooses the members of the Council of State; c. the president of the cantonal courts and the other members of these courts, whose election is incumbent; (d) the Attorney general; e. the State Chancellor.

He proceeds to the other elections which under the law.

§ 55 surveillance and other powers the Grand Council supervises high on the Council of State, the administration and management of the cantonal courts.
The Grand Council: a. exercises, on behalf of the canton, the optional referendum right and the right of initiative at the federal level; b. exercises the right of pardon; c. knows conflicts of jurisdiction between the higher authorities; d. fulfils other tasks entrusted under the law.

C. State Council and administration § 56 Role and election the State Council's managerial and executive authority supreme in the canton.
It consists of seven members.
He was elected according to the majority system.

§ 57 principle of collegiality the Council of State decisions and defend them as a collegial authority.

§ 58 tasks of the Council of State, the Council of State: a. fixed the main goals and the means of the State activity; b. establishes the State planning and finance as well as a legislative agenda; c. coordinates State tasks; d. prepares, as a general rule, the business of the Grand Council; e. directs and monitors the cantonal administration; f. represents the canton in Switzerland and abroad; g. performs other tasks assigned.

§ 59 orders and agreements the State Council enacts Ordinances insofar as is permitted by law.
He concludes and denounces international and intercantonal, conventions insofar as the Grand Council is not competent.
It enacts the enforcement orders.

§ 60 Court the Council of State has remedies in voting and elections and challenges to administrative law within the limits of the law.

§ 61 surveillance Council of State oversight on the districts and communes and other communities in public law.

§ 62 right of emergency the Council of State can, without legal basis, issue orders of need or take measures to address existing or imminent problems seriously threatening public order and security or social distress.
Need orders should be submitted without delay to the approval of the Grand Council. They shall lapse after one year if they have not been repeated in the forms of the ordinary law.

§ 63 cantonal cantonal administration: a. law; b. prepares the Affairs of the Council of State; c. fulfils other tasks delegated to it by the Council of State.

She observes in his work recognized principles of good administration.

D. Justice § 64 principles the courts apply the law of an independent, impartial and reliable.
They shall proceed expeditiously and at a lower cost.
They are working to resolve conflicts amicably.

§ 65 courts in civil and criminal matters the District Court is the supreme judicial authority of the canton for civil and criminal cases.
The district courts have jurisdiction of first instance.

§ 66 administrative law jurisdiction the Administrative Court is the supreme judicial authority of the canton for administrative affairs.

In the case of decisions in administrative proceedings, the law provides at least a control by an independent authority of appeal.

§ 67 monitoring the cantonal court and the administrative court exercise supervision over the judicial authorities who are subordinate to them.
The monitoring covers the management of the courts and the administration of justice.

§ 68 exceptions the law may, for specific cases, establish other judicial authorities or provide other skills.

VI. communities A. Districts and common § 69 General the canton is divided into districts and municipalities.
The districts and communes are independent public law communities, which are independent within the limits of the top right.
The Act determines their territory and their name.

§ 70 districts districts include the territory of one or several municipalities.
They perform the tasks of State delegates to them by cantonal law.
They can be subdivided or when combined with the purpose to train judicial districts for the courts of first instance.

§ 71 Commons Commons perform State tasks delegated to them by cantonal law.
They are competent for all local affairs that are not in another community.

§ 72 organization districts and municipalities are organized democratically.
They may set up parliaments.

§ 73 collaboration districts and municipalities carry out State tasks cooperatively among themselves, with the canton and with the municipalities of neighbouring townships.
To accomplish defined tasks, they can associate in unions of municipalities, operate a common facility or agree to charge one of them to pay in the interest of all.
The law may require the districts and communes to collaborate if important public interests require it, or that the proper performance of a task requires.

§ 74 number and territory changes the number and the territory of the districts and municipalities under the Act.
Each municipality can request a review of the law on the existence of the commune or a change in its territory.
The revision of the law is successful only if each of the municipalities affected by the project also approves it.

B. Corporations § 75 corporations are independent communities of cantonal public law.
Their number and their autonomy are guaranteed within the limits of the legal order.
Corporations make sure to retain the value of their property, which they administer and use independently.

VII. Finances § 76 Constitution of the canton, the districts and communes resources are resources including: a. by the imposition of taxes and other contributions; b. by the income of their fortune c. by funds allocated by the Federal Government and by third parties; d. by loans and loans.

§ 77 principles governing the imposition of the canton, districts and municipalities levy taxes necessary for the performance of their tasks.
In so doing, they respect the principles of legality, universality, equal treatment and economic capacity.
The tax should be calculated so as not to discourage taxpayers, do not impair their competitiveness and promote individual retirement.

§ 78 financial management Township, districts and municipalities manage their finances in accordance with the principles of legality, economy, efficiency and the long-term balance.
The budget and the accounts are based on the principles of transparency, comparability, and advertising.

§ 79 planning tasks and financial planning the canton, districts and municipalities to establish a financial plan they put in relation to the planning of their tasks.
They check all the time if the expenses are necessary, timely and manageable.

§ 80 financial control of the canton, districts and municipalities finance are controlled by independent bodies.

§ 81 Township financial equalization ensures financial equalization.
He strives to achieve a balance between the tax burden and the benefits of districts and communes.

VIII. State and churches § 82 churches and convents the State respects the right of the Roman Catholic Church, the reformed evangelical church and other religious communities to govern themselves.
Religious communities are governed by private law, insofar as they do not have a status of religious community recognized in public law.
The role and the existence of the convents and the existing religious orders are guaranteed.

§ 83 religious communities recognized public cantonal churches and existing parishes of the Roman Catholic Church and the reformed evangelical church are independent communities of public law.
In each of the cantonal churches, members who have the right to vote adopt the Organization's bylaws. The statutes are approved by the great and General Council, if they violate federal law or cantonal law.
The canton high supervises on the cantonal churches.

§ 84 membership every person domiciled in the canton that has a religious affiliation and who meet the conditions set out in the articles of organization of the religious community recognized in public law in question is part of it.
It may at any time in writing signify his exit.

§ 85 tasks and duties recognized public religious communities support the churches in the performance of their duties. Within the limits of their legal order, they can perform other tasks.
They are organized in accordance with democratic principles and regulate the exercise of the right to vote.
They manage their fortunes and their income the State principles of sound financial management.

§ 86 churches cantonal cantonal churches can collect from their parishes of balanced contributions to fulfil their tasks.
They provide for a financial adjustment between parishes.

§ 87 parishes the parishioners with the right to vote are pronounced in any case on the choice of the members of their organs, the adoption of the important rules of law, establishing the budget, the amount of the tax and approval accounts.
To carry out the duties of the Church, parishes can levy taxes.
The quality of taxpayer and the collection of the tax follow the rules of the cantonal tax legislation.

§ 88 legal protection cantonal Churches appeal to legal protection of their members and parishes.
The decisions of the authorities of last instance of the cantonal churches may be referred to the administrative court within the limits of the law.
The administrative court controls the compliance with the law.

IX. constitutional amendment cantonal § 89 the cantonal Constitution can be revised at any time, wholly or partially.
The partial review may focus on a provision or several provisions relating to the same object.

X. final provisions § 90 validity and adaptation of existing law normative acts that were enacted and decisions that have been taken under the old Constitution remain in force. Changing them is governed by this Constitution.
If this Constitution requires the adoption of new legal provisions or the adaptation of existing law, the authorities proceed without delay.
Insofar as they are not exception to this Constitution, the provisions of the Constitution of the districts and municipalities remain in effect until the adoption of new legal provisions.

§ 91 political rights if, before the entry into force of this Constitution, the General Council adopted the acts subject or subjects in the referendum, it is governed by the old Constitution.

§ 92 entry into the Grand Council fixed the date of the entry into force.
The present Constitution is published in the official journal and it is integrated in the collection of laws after its entry into force.
The Constitution of the Canton of Schwyz from October 23, 1898 is repealed on the entry into force of this Constitution.

Index of contents numbers refer to the articles and parts of articles of the constitution Administration - accessibility 45 - administrative act 37 - cantonal administration 63 - 7 - mutual tolerance 7 - mutual respect collegiality at the Council of State 57 - jurisdictional disputes between higher authorities 55 - State Council and administration 56 - decisions of last instance of cantonal churches 88 - popular elections of members 27 - eligibility 41 - surveillance 47 - high surveillance by the Grand Council 55 - incompatibility 42 - information to the public on the activity of 45 - legislative 47 - challenge 42 - role of the Council of State 56 - tasks of the cantonal administration 63 - tasks of the Council of State 58 - 14 coexistence - courts - administrative 66, 67 - cantonal 67 Age - condition of the right to vote 26 Budget - decision - Grand Council 53 - 87 parishes - 78 - principles managing school 78 Cantons - financial management administration 45 - religious affiliation 84 - accessibility authority - legislative 47 - 47 - authority of the 66 canton - canton high monitoring cohesion of all parts of the canton 9

-collaboration - other 9 cantons - Confederation 9 - Commons 9 - District 9 - private 9 - with the districts and communes 73 - 76 resources constitution - right of initiative at the federal level 55 - right to vote 26 - sovereign State 1 - Finance 78 - guarantee of the fundamental rights enshrined in - Federal Constitution 10 - rules of international law 10 - high monitoring on the cantonal churches 83 - laws 50 - 81 - 79 financial planning financial equalization - relationship between planning tasks and financial planning 79 - representation - abroad 58 -. in Switzerland 58 - responsibility of the 46 State - role of the Council of State 56 - subsidiarity 5 - Schwyz 1 citizenship. v. right of city citizen - status of the right to vote 26 Commune (s) 69 ss, 71 - acquisition of the municipal city 25 - constituency for the election of the Grand Council 48 - cohesion of all parts of the cantons 9 - collaboration - with the canton 9 - with the districts 73 - Commons between them 73 - district 70 - division of the canton in 69 - rights - to 37 - 26 - popular rights vote initiative - in communes with of ' a 38 - regarding Parliament communal 36ss - popular in rights districts and communes with a 38 - right of initiative 37 - Parliament elections - district and commune 27 parliaments - the ballot to the Grand Council, 48 - 41 eligibility - financial management 78 - information 45 - change - the territory of the districts and communes 74 - in the number of districts and communes 74 - organization 72 - fiscal equalization 81 - loss of the communal city 25 - 79 job - scheduling - financial 79 - principles of the Organization 50 - principles governing the imposition of 77 - principle of the 45 - 40 consultation procedure - transparent advertising 45 - 46 responsibility - resources 76 - subsidiarity of the canton 5 - monitoring by the Council of State 61 - State tasks delegated by cantonal law 71 religious community - right to govern itself 82 - tolerance and respect 7 Confederation - collaboration of the canton with the 9 - sovereign State, Member of the 1 - funding allocated to the canton 76 Council of States - term of office 43 - 27 - eligibility 41 Council of State 56 ss elections - State activity 58 - other tasks who delegated 58 - tasks of public interest 5 - supervision of the administration cantoales 58 - 58 cantonal administration management - scheduling State 58 - 58 financial planning - preparation of the Affairs of the Grand Council 58 - setting the legislative agenda 58 - representation of the canton in Switzerland and abroad 58 - collegial authority 57 - supreme authority - directionale Township 56 - executive 56 - statement of the outcome of the 30 initiatives Canton - duration function 43 - elections - of the 27 members - of the Grand Council 43. of the 54 - 41 eligibility - Canton incompatibility 41 - 60 court - challenges to administrative law 58 - essays - conventions - orders 59 - 59 surveillance - on other public bodies 61 - on Commons - on District 61 - 61 majority system Council of States - duration function 43 - 27 - eligibility 41 national Council election - election of members 27 Constitution - constitution - cantonal 28, 29, 34 89 Federal 10 - guarantee of constitutional basic rights 10 - initiative - in cantonal matters 28 - for the complete revision of the constitution 29 - legislation by the Grand Council 49 - order 49 - consultation procedure 40 - mandatory referendum 34 - total - partial of the constitution cantonal 28, 29, 49, 89 - revision of the constitution, cantonal 28, 29, 49, 89 Culture / cultural 7, 17 dignity 2 final provisions 90 ss district 45 , 69, 70, 72, 74 - district authorities 26, 27-collaboration and cohesion 9, 73 - popular rights 36 - 38 - finance, taxes 76 - 79 - Court of first instance 65-Organization 50-principles of the Organization 50-advertising and information-45 liability 46-subsidiarity-5 monitoring 61-monitoring by the Council of State 61 right (s) - application of law 63 - 82 - in other religious communities 82 - reformed evangelical religious law communities public 83 - membership 84 - homework 85 - rights 83 - monitoring by the Council of State 61- tasks 85 - common 69, 71 - consultations 40 - counter-proposal 32 - 75 corporations - to govern themselves - in the Church - Roman Catholic 82 - 69, 70 district - popular rights in the Association of communes 39 - of emergency 62 - election to the Grand Council 48 - popular elections 27 - local eligibility - to the Council of States 41 - in a cantonal authority - 41 - 41 - exercise of the right of pardon 55 - 53 finance - guarantee of constitutional basic rights 10 - initiative in cantonal matters 28 - international 10 - jurisdiction of the Council of State 60 - law 50 popular 25 ss - right of city 25 - right to vote 26 - in the area - cantonal 26 - Federal 26 - popular in local area 36 popular - right of initiative 37 - year 36 - ss - Commons with a Parliament 38 - district 38 - optional referendum 35 - Schwyz rule of law 1, freedom of the city 3 - acquisition of the City - District 25 - District 25 - loss of the City - District 25 - municipal 25 right of pardon 55 time - function of the du/members - Board members State 43 - Council of States 43 - Grand Council 43 - 43 - great Council cantonal courts - President 54 - 54 - 54 water 23 Church (s) 82 vice-president Scrutineers ss - religious affiliation 84 - cantonal 83, 86 - Roman Catholic 82, 83 - 82 - right religious communities religious communities 83 - 82 - 85 homework - convents public right to govern 82 - reformed evangelical 82, 83 - high monitoring on 83 - 88 - exit 84 religious community - legal protection tasks 85 Elections - by the Grand Council 54 - other members of the cantonal courts 54 - Chancellor of State 54 - 54 landamman - president of the great council54 - chairpersons of the cantonal courts 54 - attorney general 54 - tellers 54 - vice-landamman 54 - Vice President of the Grand Council 54 - right to vote in elections - cantonal 26 - communal 26 - district 26 - popular - members of the national Council and Council of States 27 - members - Township of other authorities elected by the people 27 - district boards 27 - advice of commune 27 - Council of States 27 - Grand Council 27. - parliaments of district 27 - parliaments of commune 27 - district courts 27 eligibility - cantonal authority - 41 - local 41 - Council of States 41 energy 23 rule of law 3 family 15 training - school, work 16 Grand Council - activity legislative led 49 - 47 - conventions - intercantonal 59 conclusions composition - international 59 - jurisdictional disputes between higher authorities 55 - proceedings 45 - denunciations of conventions - intercantonal 59 - international 59 - right of initiative at the federal level 55 - right of grace 55 - right of emergency 62 - duration features 43 - elections - other members of the cantonal courts 54 - Chancellor of State 54 - 54 - president of the cantonal courts 54 - Canton President 54 - attorney general 54 - tellers 54 - 54 - 54-vice-president - vice-Canton elections - of the members of the Grand Council 27 - the secret ballot 48 - apportionment between 48 - finance 53 - surveillance - on the management of the cantonal courts 55 - on the Council of State 55 - on administration 55 - 42 - initiative - 28 - approval 31 object incompatibilities , 34 counter-proposal 32 - form 29 - treatment 31 - rejected 31, 34 - time 33 - validity 30 - outcome 30 - 52 planning - preparation of the Affairs of the Grand Council 58 - publicity of proceedings 45 - 42 - 42 members disqualification - disqualification referendum - optional 35 - mandatory 35 - 55 Federal-cantonal referendum - organization's bylaws 83 tax (s) - calculation 77 - charged parishes 87 - principles governing the imposition - economic capacity 77 - universality 77 - legality 77 - equal treatment 77 - financial resources - cantons 76 - Commons 76 - district 76 incompatibility Initiative - cantonal 55 - 42 in communal area 36 ss - right of initiative 37, 38 - in cantonal matters 28 ss - outcome 30 - 33 - counter-proposal 32 - approval form 29 - proposal in general terms 29 - drafted draft 29-object 28 - release 33 - 31 - validity 30 - treatment private 19 - Association of communes 39 public interest - activity of the State 3 - subsidiarity 5 Landamman - election 54 language - official 44 Bill (s) - repeal 28 - adoption 28 - collaboration - Commons 73 - 73 - 59 - 33 - 51 delegation time conventions districts - freedom of the city 25 - rights popular in - district 38 - Commons with a 38 - 41 eligibility - Parliament - in 78 communes - financial management 78 - 78 townships - districts incompatibility 42 - initiative in cantonal matters 28 - court - administrative 66 - of the Council of State 60 - legislation by the Grand Council 49, 50 - 28 - name - Commons 69 - 69 districts change - order 59 - 40 - 42 - optional referendum - 35 challenge consultation - procedure required 34


-responsibility of the individuals responsible for tasks of the State 46 - territory - Commons 69 - districts 69 order (s) - the Council of State 59 - of the Grand Council 49 public order 13 Organization (s) - volunteer 4 - district - common 50, 72 - 50, 72 - 50 County - common interest 4 - life 4 political parties - 40 consultations - encouragement of political activity and democratic debate 6 financial equalization - by the 81 cantons - in the parishes 86 people - other authorities elected by the people 27 - initiative 31 -. legistation of Grand Council 49 - power of the State 1 - referendum - 35 optional - compulsory 34 principles of the rule of law 3 projects - counter-proposal 32 - 34 proposal in general terms - mandatory referendum initiative in matter - cantonal 29 - local advertising - of the deliberations at the Grand Council 45 - 37 of the deliberations of the courts 45 - principle of 78 Referendum - voting 26 - in the Association of communes 39 - in the area - cantonal 34 ss , 55-optional - compulsory 34 - 35 municipal responsibility - Group 5 - 38 of the 46 state - of individuals responsible to perform State tasks - to society 4 - 46 individual 5, 19 - 46 damage - liability of each 2 - social security 19 Revision of the cantonal constitution 89 Separation of powers - principle 1 security 13 Swiss abroad 26 Surveillance - delegation of a State task 12 - high surveillance by the Grand Council - on administration 55 - on the Council of State 55 - on the management of the cantonal courts 55 - surveillance - State Council - on Commons 61 - 61 districts - on the entities of public law 61 - Grand Council as high supervisory authority 47 - on administration of justice 67 - 67 - on cantonal churches 83 judicial authorities - on the 83 Union parishes - cooperation 73 - decision to join 39 - popular rights 39 - organization the democratic principle 39 health system 21 plurality - election of the Council of State 56 tasks. under du/de/des - Council of State 58 - Grand Council 55 - cantonal administration 63 - religious communities 85 - exceeding the capacity of districts or municipalities 5 - responsibilities of individuals 46 - subsidiarity territory - Commons 69 - 5 changes 74 - 69, 70 district - 74 changes - change of the cantonal territory 34 - transport 24 Court (to the) - District 70 - trial 70 - duration function 43 - election - of the members of the 54 - the president of the 54 - elections of members of the 27 - high monitoring on the management of 55 courts - incompatibility of functions 42 - justice 64 ss-jurisdiction - administrative 66 - civil - criminal 65 - 65 principles 64 - legal protection of members of the cantonal churches and parishes 88 - advertising of the deliberations of the 45 - disqualification of members of the Court 42 - monitoring by the Administrative Tribunal 67 - oversight by the cantonal court 67 vote (s) - right to vote 26 - mandatory referendum 34 - resort on 60 Vote - religious collectivies 83 - law - vote 26 - of initiative 37 - rights popular in the Association of communes 39 - election - members - to the Council of States 27 - 27 national Council - members of Councils - town 27 - district 27 - of the members of Parliament - municipality - district 27 - 27 members of the courts of district 27 - of the members of the Council of State 27 - of the members of the Grand Council 27 - of members of other authorities elected by the people 27 - eligibility 41 - initiative in cantonal matters 28 - 32 - treatment 31 counter-proposal - parishes 87 - referendum - optional 35 - 34 compulsory State on January 1, 2013

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