Rs 0.108 Convention Of 18 December 1979 On The Elimination Of All Forms Of Discrimination Against Women

Original Language Title: RS 0.108 Convention du 18 décembre 1979 sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes

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0.108 original text on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women agreement on 18 December 1979, approved by the Federal Assembly on 4 October 1996 Instrument of ratification deposited by the Switzerland on 27 March 1997 entry into force for the Switzerland 26 April 1997 (State October 30, 2013). States parties to this Convention Noting that the UN Charter reaffirms faith in fundamental rights of man, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of man and of the woman, noting that the Universal Declaration of human rights affirms the principle of non-discrimination and proclaims that all human beings humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights and that everyone is entitled to all rights and all freedoms enunciated without distinction none, especially of sex, noting that States parties to the International Covenants on human rights have the obligation to ensure the equal rights of man and of the woman in the exercise of all economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights whereas the international conventions concluded under the auspices of the United Nations and the specialized agencies promoting equality of rights of the man and the woman , noting also the resolutions, declarations and recommendations adopted by the Organization of the United Nations and the specialized agencies promoting equality of rights of the man and the woman, concerned however to note that in spite of these various instruments, women continue to be the subject of significant discrimination, recalling that discrimination against women violates the principles of equality of rights and respect for human dignity that it hampers the participation of women, in the same conditions as men, in the political, social, economic and cultural life of their country, she made obstacle to improving the well-being of society and the family and that it prevents women to serve their country and humanity to the extent of their possibilities, concerned by the fact that , in situations of poverty, women have a minimum of access to food, medical services, education, training, as well as the employment opportunities and to the satisfaction of other needs, convinced that the establishment of the new international economic order based on equity and justice will contribute significantly to promoting equality between the man and the woman, pointing out that the elimination of apartheid , of all forms of racism, racial discrimination, colonialism, neocolonialism, aggression, occupation and domination and foreign interference in the internal affairs of States is essential to the full enjoyment by the men and women of their rights, claiming that the strengthening of peace and international security, the relaxation of international tension, cooperation between all States regardless of their social and economic systems , general and complete disarmament and, in particular, nuclear disarmament under strict and effective international control the affirmation of the principles of justice, equality and mutual in relations between countries benefit and the realization of the right of peoples under colonial and foreign domination and foreign occupation to self-determination and independence, as well as respect for national sovereignty and territorial integrity will promote social progress and development and contribute by thus to the achievement of full equality between the man and the woman, convinced the complete development of a country, the welfare of the world and the cause of peace require the maximum participation of women on equal terms with men, in all areas, bearing in mind the importance of the contribution of women to the welfare of the family and the progress of society who so far has not been fully recognized, the social significance of maternity and the role of parents in the family and in the education of children and aware that the role of women in procreation should not be a cause of discrimination, and the upbringing of children requires the sharing of responsibilities between men , women and society as a whole, aware that the traditional role of the man in the family and in society must evolve as much as the woman needed to achieve full equality of man and woman, committed to implement the principles set out in the Declaration on the elimination of discrimination against women and in so doing, to adopt the necessary measures to remove this discrimination in all its forms and manifestations, have agreed on the following: first part art. 1 for the purposes of this Convention, the term 'discrimination against women' is any distinction, exclusion or restriction based on sex which has the effect or for purpose of compromise or destroy the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, regardless of their marital status, on the basis of the equality of man and woman human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural and civil areas or in any other field.

Art. 2 States parties condemn discrimination against women in all its forms, agree to pursue by all appropriate means and without delay a policy to eliminate discrimination against women and, to this end, undertake to: has) include the principle of equality of men and women in their national constitutions or other appropriate legislation ((if it isn't already, and enforcement by legislation or by other appropriate means effective of the said principle; b) adopt legislative measures and other assorted measures, including sanctions if necessary, prohibiting all discrimination against women; c) establish legal protection of the rights of women on an equal footing with men and to ensure ((, through the competent national tribunals and other public institutions the effective protection of women against any act of discrimination; d) refrain from any act or practice discriminates against women and make sure that public authorities and public institutions to comply with this obligation; e) take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women by a person ((, an organization or a company; f) take all appropriate measures, including legislation, to modify or repeal any law, regulation, custom or practice that discriminates against women; g) repeal all penal provisions which constitute discrimination against women.

Art. 3. States parties shall take in all areas, including political, social, economic and cultural, all appropriate measures, including legislation, to ensure the full development and advancement of women, guaranteeing them the exercise and enjoyment of the rights of man and fundamental freedoms on the basis of equality with men.

Art. 4-1. Adoption by States parties of temporary special measures to accelerate the establishment of de facto equality between men and women is not considered an act of discrimination as it is defined in the present Convention, but shall in no way have the consequence the maintenance of unequal or separate standards; These measures must be repealed as soon as equality of opportunity and treatment have been achieved.
2. adoption by States parties of special measures, including measures provided for in the present Convention, aimed at protecting motherhood is not considered to be a discriminatory practice.

Art. ((5 States parties shall take all appropriate measures for: a) change the patterns and models of behavior sociocultural of man and woman to achieve elimination of prejudices and customary practices, or any other type, which are based on the idea of the inferiority or the superiority of one or the other sex or a stereotype of men and women role; b) to ensure that family education contributes to do well understand that motherhood is a social function and recognition of responsibility common man and the woman in the care to raise their children and to ensure their development, it being understood that the interest of the children is the essential condition in all cases.

Art. 6. States parties take all appropriate measures, including legislative measures, to remove, in all their forms, the trafficking in women and exploitation of prostitution of women.

Second part art. 7. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the political and public life of the country and, in particular, provide, under conditions of equality with men, the right:

((a) to vote in all elections and public referendums and be eligible for all the organizations publicly elected; b) to take part in the development of the policy of the State and its execution, public jobs and perform all public functions at all levels of Government; c) to participate in non-governmental associations and organizations dealing with the public and political life of the country.

Art. 8. States parties take all appropriate measures to ensure women in conditions of equality with men and without any discrimination, the opportunity to represent their Government at the international level and to participate in the work of international organizations.

Art. 9-1. States parties grant women equal rights with men with respect to the acquisition, change and retention of nationality. They ensure in particular that neither marriage to an alien, change nationality of the husband during the marriage does not automatically change the nationality of the wife, does not make it stateless, or doesn't have to take the nationality of her husband.
2. States parties grant women equal rights with men with respect to the nationality of their children.

Third party article (10 States parties take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in order to ensure equal rights to those of men with regard to education and, in particular, to ensure, on the basis of the equality of man and woman: a) the same conditions for career guidance, access to studies and graduation in schools of all categories ((, in rural areas as in urban areas, this equality must be ensured in pre-school, general, technical, professional, and technical education superior, as well as any other form of vocational training; b) access to the same curricula, the same examinations, teaching staff with the same qualifications, school premises and equipment of the same quality; c) the elimination of any stereotyped conception of the roles of man and women at all levels and in all forms of education by encouraging joint education and other types of education which will help to achieve this objective and, in particular, reviewing books and curricula and adapting teaching methods; d) the same opportunities with regard to the granting of scholarships and other grants for studies; e) the same opportunities for access to programmes of continuing education (((, including literacy programs for adults and functional literacy, especially to reduce as soon as possible any gap of education between men and women; f) the reduction of female school dropout rates and the Organization of programs for girls and women who have left school prematurely; g) the same opportunities to participate actively in sports and physical education; h) access to specific educational information to help to ensure the health and the well-being of families, including information and advice on family planning.

Art. 11-1. States parties undertake to take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of employment in order to ensure, on the basis of the equality of man and woman, equal rights, and in particular: a) the right to work as an inalienable right of all human beings human; b) the right to the same employment opportunities ((, including the application of the same criteria for selection in employment; c) the right to free choice of profession and employment, the right to promotion, to stability of employment and all benefits and conditions of work, the right to vocational training and retraining, including learning, professional development and training; d) the right to equal remuneration ((, including benefits, and to equal treatment for work of equal value as well as equality of treatment in regard to the assessment of the quality of the work; e) the right to social security, including pension benefits, of unemployment, of disease, of invalidity and old age or for any other loss of ability to work, as well as the right to leave paid; f) the right to the protection of the health and safety of working conditions, including the safeguarding of the function of reproduction.

2. in order to prevent discrimination against women because of their marriage or maternity and to ensure their effective right to work, States parties undertake to take appropriate measures for the purpose: a) to prohibit, under penalty of sanctions, dismissal for cause of pregnancy or of maternity leave and discrimination in dismissals based on marital status; b) to introduce maternity leave paid or opening to the (comparable social benefits, with the guarantee of the maintenance of previous employment, seniority rights and benefits social; c) to encourage the provision of social support services needed to enable parents to combine family obligations with work responsibilities and participation in public life, in particular by promoting the establishment and development of a network of childcare; d) to provide special protection to pregnant women proved that the work is harmful.

3. the laws designed to protect women in the areas covered by this section will be reviewed regularly according to scientific and technical knowledge and will be revised, repealed or extended as necessary.

Art. 12-1. States parties take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the field of health care to ensure, on the basis of the equality of man and woman, access to medical services, including those related to family planning.
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of the by. 1 above, States parties must provide women during pregnancy, childbirth and after childbirth, appropriate services and, if necessary, free, as well as adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation.

Art. 13 States parties undertake to take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in other areas of economic and social life, in order to ensure, on the basis of the equality of man and woman, equal rights, and in particular: a) the right to family benefits; b) the right to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial credit; c) the right to participate in recreational activities sports and all aspects of cultural life.

Art. 14-1. States parties take into account the particular problems that faced by rural women and the important role that women play in the economic survival of their families, including by their work in the non-monetary economy sectors, and take all appropriate measures to ensure the application of the provisions of the present Convention to women in rural areas.
((2. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in rural areas in order to ensure, on the basis of the equality of man and woman, their participation to rural development and its benefits and, in particular, they provide the right: a) to fully participate in the development and execution of plans for development at all levels; b) to have access to adequate services in the field of health (((, including information, counseling and services in family planning; c) to benefit directly from social security programs; d) to receive all types of training and education, school or not, including functional literacy, and to benefit all community services and outreach, particularly to increase their skills technical; e) to organize self-help and cooperative groups to allow equal opportunities economically (((, whether it's paid work or self-employment; f) to participate in all community activities; g) to have access to credit and to agricultural loans, marketing facilities and appropriate technologies, and to receive equal treatment in land and agrarian reform and rural development; h) to enjoy adequate living conditions particularly with respect to housing, sanitation, electricity and water supply, transport and communications.

Fourth part art. 15-1. States parties recognize women equality with men before the law.
2. States parties recognize to women, in civil matters, a legal capacity identical to that of men and the same opportunities to exercise that capacity. They especially recognize equal rights with respect to the conclusion of contracts and the administration of the property and grant them the same treatment at all stages of the judicial process.

3. States parties agree that any contract and any other instrument private, of any type whatsoever, having a legal effect to restrict the legal capacity of women must be regarded as null.
4. States parties recognize the man and the woman the same rights with regard to the legislation on the right of individuals to move freely and to choose their residence and their home.

Art. 16-1. States parties take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in all matters arising out of marriage and in family relations and, in particular, to ensure, on the basis of the equality of man and woman: a) the same right to enter into marriage; b) the same right freely to choose a spouse and to enter into marriage only with their free and full consent; c) the same rights and the same responsibilities at the course of the marriage and at its dissolution; d) the same rights and responsibilities as parents, regardless of their marital status, to issues relating to their children; equivalency, the interest of children is considered paramount; e) the same rights to decide freely and in full knowledge of the number and spacing of births and to have access to information, education and means to enable them to exercise these rights; f) the same rights and responsibilities with respect to guardianship, curatorship, custody and adoption of children , or similar institutions, where these concepts exist in national legislation; equivalency, the interest of the children is the prime consideration; g) the same personal rights to the husband and the wife, including what concerns the choice of the name of family, a profession and an occupation; h) the same rights to each of the spouses in the ownership, acquisition, management, administration, enjoyment and disposition of property both free of charge only for consideration.

2. the betrothal and marriage of children have no legal effect, and all necessary measures, including legislative measures, are taken to fix a minimum age for marriage and to make compulsory registration of marriage on an official register.

Fifth part art. 17-1. In order to review the progress made in the application of this Convention, it is made up of a Committee on the elimination of discrimination against women (hereinafter referred to as the Committee), which consist, at the time of the entry into force of the Convention, of eighteen, and after ratification or accession of the thirty-fifth State party, of twenty-three experts of high moral and eminently competent authority in the field which applies this Convention. These experts are elected by States parties from among their nationals and sit on personal title, taking into account the principle of equitable geographical distribution and the representation of the different forms of civilization and of the principal legal systems.
2. the members of the Committee are elected by secret ballot from a list of candidates nominated by States parties. Each State party may nominate a candidate chosen from among its nationals.
3. the first election shall be held six months after the date of entry into force of this Convention. Three months at least before the date of each election, the Secretary-General of the United Nations sent a letter to the States parties inviting them to submit their nominations within two months. The general Secretary shall prepare an alphabetical list of all the candidates, indicating what state they have been designated, list it shall communicate to States parties.
4. the members of the Committee are elected during a meeting of States parties convened by the Secretary-General at the headquarters of the United Nations. At this meeting, where the quorum is two thirds of the States parties, members of the Committee are elected the candidates who obtained the greatest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States parties present and voting.
5. the members of the Committee are elected for four years. However, the terms of nine of the members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; the Chairman of the Committee will draw lots the names of these nine members immediately after the first election.
6. the election of the five additional members of the Committee will be in accordance with the provisions of by. 2, 3 and 4 of this article as a result of the thirty-fifth ratification or accession. The terms of two of the additional members elected on this occasion shall expire at the end of two years; the names of these two members will be drawn by the Chairman of the Committee.
7. to fill casual vacancies, the State party whose expert has ceased to exercise his duties as member of the Committee shall appoint another expert from among its nationals, subject to the approval of the Committee.
8. members of the Committee, with the approval of the General Assembly, receive emoluments from the United Nations resources under conditions established by the Assembly in view of the importance of the functions of the Committee.
9. the Secretary-General of the United Nations puts at the disposal of the Committee staff and material resources that are necessary to perform effectively the functions entrusted to it under this Convention.

Art. 18-1. States parties undertake to submit to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, for consideration by the Committee, a report on the legislative, judicial, administrative or other measures that they have adopted to give effect to the provisions of this Convention and on the progress made in this regard: a) within one year after the entry into force of the Convention in the State concerned; b) then all four years , as well as at the request of the Committee.

2. reports may indicate factors and difficulties affecting the extent in which the obligations under the Convention are met.

Art. 19-1. The Committee shall adopt its own rules of procedure.
2. the Committee elects its Bureau for a period of two years.

Art. 20-1. The Committee shall normally meet for a period of two weeks at the most each year to examine the reports submitted pursuant to art. 18 of this agreement.
2. the meetings of the Committee shall normally be held at the headquarters of the Organization of the United Nations or in any other appropriate place determined by the Committee.

Art. 21-1. The Committee shall report annually to the General Assembly of the Organization of the United Nations, through the economic and social Council, its activities and may make suggestions and general recommendations based on the examination of reports and information received from States parties. These suggestions and recommendations are included in the report of the Committee, accompanied, as appropriate, comments from States parties.
2. the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations shall transmit the reports of the Committee to the Commission on the status of women for its information.

Art. 22. the specialized agencies shall be entitled to be represented during the consideration of the implementation of any provision of this agreement which is part of their activities. The Committee may invite the specialized agencies to submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in the areas that are part of their activities.

Sixth part art. 23 of any of the provisions of this agreement will infringe the provisions most conducive to the realization of equality of man and woman that can be contained: a) the law of a State party; or (b) in any other convention, any other treaty or international agreement in force in that State.

Art. 24. States parties undertake to adopt all necessary national measures to ensure the full exercise of the rights recognized in the present Convention.

Art. 25 1. This Convention is open for signature by all States.
2. the Secretary-General of the United Nations is designated depositary of this Convention.
3. the present Convention is subject to ratification and the instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
4. the present Convention will be open for accession by all States. The membership will be made by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Art. 26-1. Any State party may request the revision of this Convention at any time by sending a written communication to this effect to the Secretary general of the United Nations.
2. the General Assembly of the United Nations decides on the measures to take, as appropriate, on an application of this nature.

Art. 27 1. This agreement will take effect on the thirtieth day following the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.
2. for each of the States that ratify this Convention or acceding are after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention will take effect thirty days after the date of deposit by that State of its instrument of ratification or accession.

Art. 28

1. the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations will receive and communicate to all States the text of reservations which have been made at the time of ratification or accession.
2. no reservations incompatible with the object and purpose of the present Convention will be allowed.
3. reservations may be withdrawn at any time by notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which shall inform all States parties to the Convention. The notification will take effect on the date of receipt.

Art. 29 1. Any dispute between two or more States parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which is not settled by negotiation is subject to arbitration at the request of one of them. If, within six months following the date of the request for arbitration, the parties are unable to agree on the Organization of the arbitration, one any of them can submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice, by filing a request in accordance with the Statute of the Court.
2. any State party may, at the time where he will sign this Convention, will ratify or adhere is, declare that it does not consider itself bound by the provisions of the by. 1 of the present article. Other States parties will not be bound by those provisions to a State party which has made such a reservation.
3. any State party which has made a reservation in accordance with the provisions of the by. 2 of the present article may, at any time, lift this reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Art. 30 scope 6 March 2012 reservations this Convention, whose texts in English, Arabic, Chinese, English, french and Russian are equally authentic, will be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
In faith whereof, the undersigned, to this authorized, have signed this Convention.
Done at New York on 18 December 1979.
(Follow signatures)

Field of application 6 March 2012 States parties Ratification, accession (A) Declaration of estate (S) entry into force Afghanistan March 5, 2003 April 4, 2003 South Africa 15 December 1995 14 January 1996 Albania 11 May 1994 has 10 June 1994 Algeria * 22 May 1996 has 21 June 1996 Germany * * 10 July 1985 9 August 1985 Andorra 15 January 1997 A February 14, 1997 Angola 17 September 1986 17 October 1986 Antigua - and - Barbuda 1 August 1989 August 31

1989 Saudi Arabia * September 7, 2000 7 October 2000 Argentina * 15 July 1985 14 August 1985 Armenia 13 September 1993 A 13 October 1993 Australia * July 28, 1983 Austria 27 August 1983 * * 31 March 1982 April 30, 1982 Azerbaijan 10 July 1995 has 9 August 1995 Bahamas * 6 October 1993 A November 5, 1993 Bahrain * June 18, 2002 July 18, 2002 Bangladesh * November 6, 1984 6 December 1984 Barbados 16 October 1980 3 September 1981 Belarus 4 February

1981 3 September 1981 Belgium * 10 July 1985 9 August 1985 Belize 16 May 1990 15 June 1990 Benin 12 March 1992 11 April 1992 Bhutan 31 August 1981 30 September 1981 Bolivia 8 June 1990 8 July 1990 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 September 1993 S March 6, 1992 Botswana 13 August 1996 has 12 September 1996 Brazil * February 1, 1984 March 2, 1984 Brunei * 24 May 2006 June 23, 2006 Bulgaria 8 February 1982 March 10, 1982 Burkina Faso 14 October 1987 A November 13, 1987 Burundi 8 January 1992 7 February 1992 Cambodia 15 October 1992 A 14 November 1992 Cameroon 23 August 1994 September 22, 1994 Canada * 10 December 1981 Cape - Verde 5 December 1980 9 January 1982 has 3 September 1981 Chile * 7 December 1989 6 January 1990 China * 4 November 1980 3 September 1981 Hong Kong 14 October 1996 13 November 1996 Macao October 19, 1999 December 20, 1999 Cyprus 23 July 1985 A 22 August 1985 Colombia 19 January 1982 18 February 1982 Comoros 31 October 1994 was November 30, 1994 Congo (Brazzaville) July 26, 1982 25 August 1982 Congo (Kinshasa) October 17, 1986 November 16, 1986 (North) Korea * February 27, 2001 29 March 2001 Korea (South) * 27 December 1984 26 January 1985 Costa Rica April 4, 1986 4 May 1986 Côte d'Ivoire 18 December 1995 January 17, 1996 Croatia 9 September 1992 S 8 October 1991 Cuba * 17 July 1980 3 September

1981 Denmark * * 21 April 1983 21 May 1983 Djibouti 2 December 1998 at 1 January 1999 Dominic 15 September 1980 3 September 1981 Egypt * September 18, 1981 October 18, 1981 El Salvador El * 19 August 1981 18 September 1981 UAE United * 6 October 2004 November 5, 2004 Ecuador 9 November 1981 9 December 1981 Eritrea 5 September 1995 was 5 October 1995 Spain * * 5 January 1984 4 February 1984 Estonia * October 21, 1991 has 20 November 1991 Ethiopia * 10 September 1981 October 10, 1981 Fiji 28 August 1995 has 27 September 1995 Finland * 4 September 1986 4 October 1986 France * * December 14, 1983 January 13, 1984 Gabon 21 January 1983 20 February 1983 Gambia 16 April 1993 16 May 1993 Georgia 26 October 1994 A November 25, 1994 Ghana 2 January 1986 1 February 1986 Greece * 7 June 1983 7 July 1983 Grenada 30 August 1990 29 September 1990 Guatemala 12 August 1982 11 September 1982 Guinea 9 August

1982 8 September 1982 Guinea Equatorial 23 October 1984 A 22 November 1984 Guinea - Bissau August 23, 1985 22 September 1985 Guyana 17 July 1980 3 September 1981 Haiti 20 July 1981 3 September 1981 Honduras 3 March 1983 2 April 1983 Hungary * 22 December 1980 3 September 1981 Cook Islands 11 August 2006 has September 10, 2006 March 2, 2006 Marshall Islands was April 1, 2006 India * July 9, 1993 8 August 1993 Indonesia * September 13, 1984 October 13, 1984

Iraq * 13 August 1986 12 September 1986 Ireland * * December 23, 1985 January 22, 1986 Iceland 18 June 1985 18 July 1985 Israel * * October 3, 1991 2 November 1991 Italy * June 10, 1985 10 July 1985 Jamaica * October 19, 1984 November 18, 1984 Japan June 25, 1985 25 July 1985 Jordan * July 1, 1992 July 31, 1992 Kazakhstan 26 August 1998 was September 25, 1998 Kenya 9 March 1984 8 April 1984 Kyrgyzstan 10 February 1997 has 12 March 1997 March 17, 2004 Kiribati has 16 April 2004 Kuwait * 2 September 1994 has 2 October 1994 Laos August 14, 1981 13 September 1981 Lesotho * 22 August 1995 21 September 1995 Latvia * 14 April 1992 has 14 May 1992 Lebanon * April 16, 1997 21 May 1997 Liberia 17 July 1984 has 16 August 1984 Libya * may 16, 1989 June 15, 1989 Liechtenstein * 22 December 1995 21 January 1996 Lithuania 18 January 1994 has 17 February 1994

Luxembourg 2 February 1989 4 March 1989 Macedonia 18 January 1994 S November 17, 1991 Madagascar 17 March 1989 16 April 1989 Malaysia * 5 July 1995 has 4 August 1995 Malawi * March 12, 1987 11 April 1987 Maldives * July 1, 1993 has 31 July 1993 Mali 10 September 1985 10 October 1985 Malta * March 8, 1991 has 7 April 1991 Morocco * 21 June 1993 has 21 July 1993 Maurice * July 9, 1984 8 August 1984 Mauritania * may 10

2001a June 9, 2001 Mexico * * 23 March 1981 3 September 1981 Micronesia * September 1, 2004 October 1, 2004 Moldova 1 July 1994 has 31 July 1994 Monaco * 18 March 2005 April 17, 2005 Mongolia 20 July 1981 3 September 1981 Montenegro 23 October 2006 S 3 June 2006 Mozambique 21 April 1997 has 16 May 1997 Myanmar * 22 July 1997 August 21, 1997 Namibia 23 November 1992 has 23 December 1992 Nauru 23 June 2011 A

July 23, 2011 Nepal 22 April 1991 22 May 1991 Nicaragua 27 October 1981 Niger 26 November 1981 * 8 October 1999 has 7 November 1999 Nigeria 13 June 1985 13 July 1985 Norway * 21 May 1981 3 September 1981 New Zealand * January 10, 1985 9 February 1985 Niue * January 10, 1985 9 February 1985 Oman * February 7, 2006 March 9, 2006 Uganda 22 July 1985 21 August 1985 Uzbekistan 19 July 1995 has 18 August 1995 Pakistan * March 12, 1996 At April 11, 1996 Panama 29 October 1981 28 November 1981 Papua New Guinea 12 January 1995 at 11 February 1995 Paraguay 6 April 1987 has 6 May 1987 Netherlands * * July 23, 1991 22 August 1991 Aruba July 23, 1991 August 22, 1991 Curaçao, on July 23, 1991 August 22, 1991 part Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba) July 23, 1991 22 August 1991 Sint Maarten July 23, 1991 22 August 1991 Peru 13 September 1982 13 October 1982 Philippines 5 August 1981

4 September 1981 Poland * July 30, 1980 3 September 1981 Portugal * July 30, 1980 3 September 1981 Qatar * April 29, 2009 may 29, 2009 Central African Republic 21 June 1991 has 21 July 1991 Dominican Republic 2 September 1982 2 October 1982 Czech Republic * 22 February 1993 S January 1, 1993 Romania * January 7, 1982 6 February 1982 United Kingdom * * April 7, 1986 may 7, 1986 the South Georgia and the South * 7 April Sandwich Islands 1986 may 7, 1986 island Man * 7 April 1986 may 7, 1986 Falkland Islands April 7, 1986 may 7, 1986 Turks and Caicos * April 7, 1986 may 7, 1986 British Virgin Islands * April 7, 1986 may 7, 1986 Russia January 23, 1981 3 September 1981 Rwanda 2 March 1981 3 September 1981 St. - Lucia 8 October 1982 A November 7, 1982

Saint-Kitts and Nevis 25 April 1985 has 25 May 1985 Saint - Vincent - and - the Grenadines 4 August 1981 3 September 1981 Solomon, Islands may 6, 2002 June 5, 2002 Samoa 25 September 1992 has 25 October 1992 Sao Tome - and - principle 3 June 2003 July 3, 2003 South Africa February 5, 1985 March 7, 1985 Serbia March 12, 2001 S 27 April 1992 Seychelles 5 May 1992 4 June 1992 Sierra Leone 11 November 1988 11 December 1988 Singapore * 5 October 1995 A November 4, 1995

Slovakia * 28 May 1993 S January 1, 1993 Slovenia 6 July 1992 S 25 June 1991 Sri Lanka 5 October 1981 4 November 1981 Sweden * 2 July 1980 3 September 1981 Switzerland * March 27, 1997 26 April 1997 Suriname 1 March 1993 has 31 March 1993 Swaziland 26 March 2004 was 25 April 2004 Syria * March 28, 2003 April 27, 2003 Tajikistan 26 October 1993 has 25 November 1993 Tanzania 20 August 1985 19 September 1985 Chad 9 June

1995 to 9 July 1995 Thailand * 9 August 1985 8 September 1985 Timor - Leste 16 April 2003 has 16 May 2003 Togo 26 September 1983 A October 26, 1983 Trinidad and Tobago * 12 January 1990 11 February 1990 Tunisia * September 20, 1985 October 20, 1985 Turkmenistan 1 May 1997 A May 31, 1997 Turkey * December 20, 1985 January 19, 1986 Tuvalu 6 October 1999 has 5 November 1999 Ukraine 12 March 1981 3 September 1981 Uruguay 9 October 1981 8 November

1981 Vanuatu 8 September 1995 was 8 October 1995 Venezuela * may 2, 1983 1 June 1983 Viet Nam * 17 February 1982 19 March 1982 Yemen * 30 May 1984 29 June 1984 Zambia 21 June 1985 21 July 1985 Zimbabwe 13 May 1991 A 12 June 1991 * reservations and declarations.

* Objections.

Reservations, declarations and objections, with the exception of the Switzerland reserves, are not published to the RO. Texts in french and English will be available at the address of the Internet site of the United Nations: or obtained in the Direction of public international law (FDFA), the international treaties Section, 3003 Bern.

Until June 30, 1997, the convention was applicable to Hong Kong on the basis of a declaration of territorial expansion of the United Kingdom. Starting from July 1, 1997, Hong Kong became a special administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China. Under the Chinese statement on Dec. 19. 1984, the agreements that were applicable to Hong Kong before its handover to the People's Republic of China continue to apply to the SAR.

April 27, 1999 to Dec. 19. 1999, the convention was applicable in Macao on the basis of a declaration of territorial extension of the Portugal. From Dec. 20. 1999, Macao became a special administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China. Under the declaration Chinese from 19 oct. 1999, the convention is also applicable to the Macao SAR from 20 dec. 1999. for the Kingdom in Europe.

Reserves Switzerland Reserve on art. 7, let. b...
Reserve on art. 16, by. 1, let. g...
Reserve on art. 15, by. 2, and art. 16, by. 1, let. h these provisions are applied subject to various transitional provisions of the matrimonial regime (art. 9 and 10, P'tit. end, CC).

1999 1579 RO; FF 1995 IV 869 RO 1999 1577 RS 0.120 RS 0.103.1/.2 RO 1999 1592, 2004 2739 3651, 2006 1145, 2007 1169, 2008 649 and 2012 1489. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (
Art. 1 al. 1 AF of 4 October. 1996 (RO 1999 1577).
RO 2004 3651 RO 2013 4341 State on October 30, 2013

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