0.814.01 original text United Nations Climate Framework Convention concluded in New York on 9 May 1992, approved by the Federal Assembly on 23 September 1993, Instrument of ratification deposited by the Switzerland on 10 December 1993 entry into force for the Switzerland on 21 March 1994 (State October 3, 2013) the Parties to this Convention, conscious that the planet's climate changes and their negative effects are a concern for humanity all whole, concerned by the fact that human activity has increased substantially the concentrations of greenhouse gases, this increase strengthens the natural greenhouse effect and to result in an average warming of the Earth's surface and atmosphere, which are likely to suffer natural ecosystems and humanity, noting that the major part of the emitted greenhouse gases in the world by the past and at present have their origin in developed countries, emissions per capita in developing countries are still relatively low and that the share of total emissions attributable to developing countries will increase to allow them to meet their social needs and their development needs, conscious of the role and importance of wells and reservoirs of gas greenhouse in terrestrial and marine ecosystems Noting that climate forecast contains a large number of uncertainties, especially concerning their conduct in time, their magnitude and their features regional, aware that the global nature of climate change requires all countries to cooperate the most possible and participate in international, effective and appropriate action according to their common but differentiated responsibilities , their respective capabilities and their social and economic situation, recalling the relevant provisions of the Declaration of the Conference of the United Nations on the environment adopted at Stockholm on 16 June 1972, recalling that, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, States have the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own policies of environment and development , and have a duty to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or under their control cause no damage to the environment in other States or in areas beyond national jurisdiction, reaffirming that the principle of the sovereignty of States should govern international cooperation intended to do in the face of climate change Considering that it is up to States to adopt effective environmental legislation, standards, management objectives and environmental priorities should reflect the environment and development conditions in which they register and that the standards applied by some countries may be inappropriate and too costly in economic and social terms for other countries, in particular developing countries Recalling the provisions of resolution 44/228 of the General Assembly, dated December 22, 1989, the United Nations Conference on environment and development, and its resolutions 43/53 of 6 December 1988, 44/207 of 22 December 1989, 45/212 of 21 December 1990 and 46/169 of 19 December 1991 on the protection of global climate for present and future generations Also recalling the provisions of resolution 44/206 of the General Assembly, dated December 22, 1989, on the potential adverse effects of an increase in the sea level on the Islands and coastal areas, especially coastal areas of low elevation, as well as the relevant provisions of its resolution 44/172 of 19 December 1989 on the implementation of the Plan of action to combat desertification Also recalling the Vienna Convention of 1985 to the protection of the ozone layer and the 1987 Montreal Protocol on substances that Deplete the ozone layer, adjusted and amended June 29, 1990, taking note of Declaration Ministerial of the second World Climate Conference, adopted on 7 November 1990, aware of useful analytical work carried out by many States on climate change and the important contributions made by the World Meteorological Organization , the United Nations Programme for the environment and other organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations, as well as by other international and intergovernmental, organizations for the exchange of the results of scientific research and the coordination of research, aware that measures to understand climate change and to deal with will be effective for the environment and social and economic efficiency maximum if they are based on scientific considerations Economic and technical appropriate and if they are constantly re-evaluated in the light of the new progress made in these areas, knowing that various measures taken to make climate change may find their economic justification in themselves and can also contribute to other problems of environment, knowing also that developed countries must act immediately and flexibly on the basis of clearly defined priorities which will be a first step towards comprehensive strategies at global, national and possibly regional levels, these response strategies to take into account all greenhouse gases and take into account the share of each of them in the strengthening of the greenhouse effect, knowing that the country of low-lying and other small island countries countries with coastal areas of low-lying, arid or semi-arid areas or areas prone to floods, drought and desertification, and developing countries with fragile mountainous ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the harmful effects of the changes climate, aware of the unique challenges that will face the countries, especially developing countries, whose economies are particularly dependent on the production the use and export of fossil fuels, of the fact of the measures taken to limit greenhouse gas emissions, claiming that the measures taken to deal with climate change should be closely coordinated with social and economic development in order to avoid any negative impact on the latter, in full view of the priority needs of developing countries namely sustainable economic growth and the eradication of poverty, aware that all countries, and especially developing countries, need access to resources for social and economic development sustainable and to move towards this goal, developing countries will increase their consumption of energy by losing sight that it is possible to achieve better energy efficiency and controlling emissions of a greenhouse gas in General and particularly by applying new technologies in terms of the economic point of view and from a social point of view, resolved to preserve the climate system for present and future generations, have agreed to the following: art. 1 definitions for the purposes of this Convention:
1 means by "adverse effects of climate change" of the physical environment or biota changes due to climate changes and who exercise significant harmful effects on the composition, resistance or productivity of natural and managed ecosystems, on the operation of socio-economic systems or on the health and well-being of the man.2. "Climate change" means changes of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity altering the composition of the global atmosphere and which are in addition to natural climate variability observed over periods comparables.3. "Climate system" means an all encompassing the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and geosphere, as well as their interactions.4. Means "emissions" release of gases greenhouse greenhouse or precursors of such gases in the atmosphere over an area and during a period donnees.5. "Greenhouse gases" means components gas of the atmosphere, both natural and that anthropogenic, that absorb and réémettent infrarouge.6 radiation. 'Regional economic integration organization' means an organization constituted by sovereign States of a given region which has competence in areas covered by this Convention or its protocols and has been duly authorized, according to its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept or approve such instruments or to y adherer.7. "Tank" means one or more components of the climate system that hold a greenhouse gas or a precursor to gas serre.8 effect. Means "well" any process, activity or mechanism, natural or artificial, which removes a greenhouse gas, an aerosol or a precursor of serre.9 gas atmosphere. 'Source' means any process or activity which releases a greenhouse gas, an aerosol or a precursor of a greenhouse gas into the atmosphere.
Art. 2 objective the ultimate objective of the Convention and all related legal instruments that the Conference of the Parties may adopt is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that prevents dangerous anthropogenic disturbance of the climate system in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention. Should reach that level within a period sufficient to enable ecosystems to if adapt naturally to climate change, food production is not threatened and that economic development can proceed in a sustainable manner.
Art. 3 principles in the measures they will take to achieve the objective of the Convention and implement its provisions, the Parties will be guided, among others, by the following: 1. it is for the Parties to preserve the climate system in the interest of present and future generations, on the basis of equity and based on their common but differentiated responsibilities and their respective capabilities. Accordingly, it is up to the developed country Parties to be at the forefront of the fight against climate change and their nefastes.2 effects. You have to take full account of the specific needs and the special situation of the developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, as well as parts, including the developing country Parties, to which the Convention would impose a disproportionate burden or anormale.3. Onus is on the Parties to take precautionary measures to anticipate, prevent or minimize the causes of climate change and limit its harmful effects. When there is a risk of serious disturbances or irreversible, the lack of full scientific certainty must not serve as a pretext to delay the adoption of such measures, understanding that policies and measures call climate change require a good cost-effectiveness ratio, so as to ensure global benefits at the cost as low as possible. To achieve this goal, it should be that these policies and measures take into account the diversity of the socio-economic contexts, be comprehensive, extend to all sources and all the wells and gas tanks of greenhouse should be, include adaptation measures and apply to all economic sectors. Efforts to deal with climate change may be concerted action of the interessees.4 Parties. The Parties have the right to work for a sustainable development and must be done. It should be that policies and measures to protect the climate system against human-induced changes are adapted to the situation of each party and integrated into national development programmes, economic development is essential for adopting measures to deal with the climatiques.5 changes. It is up to the Parties to work together on an economic system international who is carrier and open, and that leads to economic growth and sustainable development of all Parties, in particular of the developing country Parties, to enable them to better address the problems posed by climate change. It should be avoided that the measures taken to combat climate change, including unilateral measures, constitute a way to impose arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination in terms of international trade, or disguised barriers to trade.
Art. 4 commitments 1. All Parties, taking into account their common but differentiated responsibilities and the specificity of their national and regional priorities of development, their objectives and their situation:
(a) establish, periodically update, publish and make available to the Conference of the Parties, in accordance with art. 12, national inventories of emissions by sources and absorption by their wells of all greenhouse gases not regulated by the Montreal Protocol, using comparable methodologies to be approved by the Conference of the Parties; b) establish, implement, publish and regularly update national programmes and, where appropriate (, regional containing measures to mitigate climate change taking into account of anthropogenic emissions by sources and absorption by their wells of all gases to greenhouse effect not regulated by the Montreal Protocol, and measures to facilitate adaptation to climate change; c) encourage and support the development by their cooperation (, application and dissemination such as transfer-technologies, practices and processes that control, reduce or prevent anthropogenic emissions of gases greenhouse not regulated by the Montreal Protocol in all relevant areas, including energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forest and waste management; d) encourage sound management and encourage and support conservation by cooperation and (, if any, the strengthening of sinks and reservoirs of all gases to greenhouse effect not regulated by the Montreal Protocol, including biomass, forests and oceans even than other ecosystems terrestrial, coastal and marine, e) prepare, in cooperation, adaptation to the impact of climate change and design and are developing plans appropriate and integrated management of coastal areas (, water resources and agriculture, and for the protection and the rehabilitation of areas affected by drought and desertification, particularly in Africa, and by the floods; f) take into account, to the extent possible, climate change considerations in their policies and social, economic and environmental actions and use methods, such as impact studies formulated and defined at the national level, to reduce to a minimum the - harmful effects to the economy, public health and the quality of the environment - projects or measures they undertake to mitigate climate change or adapt; g) encourage and support by their cooperation the work of scientific, technological, technical, socio-economic and other research, systematic observation and the formation of archives of data on the climate system to better understand the causes (, the effects, the extent and the timing of climate change, as well as the economic and social consequences of various response strategies, and to reduce and dispel the uncertainties that still exist in this regard; h) encourage and support the exchange of scientific, technological, technical, socio-economic and legal data on the climate system and climate change, as well as on the economic and social consequences of various response strategies by their cooperation ((, these data to be exchanged in their entirety, freely and promptly; i) encourage and support education, training and public awareness by their cooperation in the field of climate change and encourage the widest participation in this process, including that of non-governmental organizations; j) shall communicate to the Conference of the Parties of the application, in accordance with the article 12 information.
2. developed country Parties and other Parties included in annex 1 are planned following specific commitments: has) each of these Parties shall adopt national policies and accordingly takes steps to mitigate climate change, by limiting its anthropogenic emissions of gases greenhouse and in protecting and strengthening its wells and reservoirs of greenhouse gases. These policies and measures will demonstrate that developed countries take the initiative to change the long term trends of human emissions according to the purpose of the Convention, recognizing that the return, by the end of this decade, to levels of emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases to greenhouse not regulated by the Montreal Protocol would contribute to such a modification and taking into account differences between these Parties as to their point of departure and their approach, their economic structure and their base of resources, the need to maintain strong and sustainable economic growth, available technologies and other circumstances of each case, as well as the need for each of these Parties to contribute an appropriate and fair to the effort worldwide to achieve this goal. These Parties may implement such policies and measures in association with other parts and help other Parties to contribute to the objective of the Convention, in particular to those of this paragraph; b) in order to encourage progress in this direction, each of these Parties will submit, in accordance with art. 12, within six months following the entry into force of the Convention in respect, then at regular intervals, detailed information on its policies and measures referred to in para. (a) as well as on projections resulting in human emissions by its sources and absorption by its wells of greenhouse gases not regulated by the Montreal Protocol, for the period referred to in para. (a) in order to take individually or jointly to their 1990 levels anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases greenhouse not regulated by the Montreal Protocol. The Conference of the Parties will pass this information reviewed, at its first session and then at regular intervals, in accordance with art. 7; c) should be that the calculation, for the purposes of the al. (b) quantities of greenhouse gases emitted by sources and absorbed by Wells is carried out on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge, including with respect to the effective capacity of the wells and the contribution of each of these gases to climate change. The Conference of the Parties will consider and adopt methods to use for this calculation at its first session, and them will review at regular intervals thereafter; d) the Conference of the Parties, at its first session, will consider the al. ((a) and (b) to see whether they are adequate. It will do so in the light of the scientific data and the safest assessments on climate change and its impacts, as well as the technical, social and economic data relevant. Based on this review, the Conference of the Parties will take necessary measures, which may include the adoption of amendments to the commitments referred to in paras. (a) and (b). At its first session, it will also take decisions about the criteria for a JI, as indicated in para. (a) it will conduct a second review of the al. (a) and (b) no later than December 31, 1998, and then at regular intervals which will decide it, until the objective of the Convention has been reached; e) each of these parts: i) coordinate as required with other appropriate Parties concerned economic and administrative instruments developed for the purposes of the objective of the Convention; ii) identifies and regularly reviews its policies and practices which encourage activities raising the level of anthropogenic emissions of gas greenhouse not regulated by the Montreal Protocol at a higher level than where it would be otherwise;
((f) the Conference of the Parties will review, on 31 December 1998 at the latest, the information available in order to decide on the changes he would have to be made to the lists in annexes I and II, with the agreement of the party concerned; g) any party not listed in annex I may, in its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession , or at any time thereafter, notify the depositary its intention to be bound by the provisions of paras. (a) and (b). The depositary shall inform the other signatories and Parties of any notification in this sense.
3. the developed country Parties and other developed Parties in annex II provide new and additional financial resources to cover the full agreed costs incurred by the developing country Parties of the fact of the execution of their obligations under art. 12, by. 1. they also provide the developing country Parties, particularly for the purposes of technology transfer, financial resources in question, they need to cover all of the agreed additional costs incurred by the application of the measures referred to in the by. 1 of this article and upon which a developing country Party will be heard with the entity or international entities referred to in art. 11, in accordance with that article. The implementation of these commitments takes into account the fact that funding must be adequate and predictable, as well as the importance of appropriate sharing of the burden between developed country Parties.
4. the developed country Parties and other Parties developed in annex II also help the developing country Parties particularly vulnerable to the harmful effects of climate change to meet the cost of adaptation such effects.
5. the developed country Parties and other developed Parties in annex II are taking all possible steps to promote, facilitate and finance, according to the needs, the transfer or access technologies and environmentally sound know-how to other Parties, and especially to those of them who are from developing countries, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties support the development and strengthening of the capacities and technologies to the developing country Parties. Other Parties and organizations in a position to do so can also help facilitate the transfer of these technologies.
6. the Conference of the Parties gives parties listed in annex I that are in transition to a market economy, to put better able to deal with climate change, flexibility in the implementation of their commitments under the of by. 2, particularly with regard to the historical level, who will be chosen as a reference, the anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases not regulated by the Montreal Protocol.
7. the measure in which the developing country Parties will fulfil effectively their commitments under the Convention will depend on effective enforcement for developed country Parties of their commitments regarding financial resources and transfer of technology and will fully take into account that economic and social development and poverty eradication are priorities first and essential to developing countries Parties.
8. for the purposes of the execution of the commitments set out in this article, the Parties are studying the measures - including funding, insurance and transfer of technology - to be taken under the Convention to meet the specific needs and concerns of the developing countries Parties in the face of the adverse effects of climate change and the impact of response measures (((((((, notably in the following countries: a) small island countries; b) countries with low-lying coastal areas; c) countries with arid and semi-arid, areas of forests and areas prone to the decline of forests areas; d) countries with areas prone to natural disasters; e) countries with areas prone to drought and desertification; f) countries with areas of high pollution of the urban atmosphere; g) the (countries with fragile ecosystems, including mountainous ecosystems; h) countries whose economy is highly dependent on either the income from production, processing and export of fossil fuels and products related energy intensive or consumption of such fuels and products; i) Landlocked and transit countries.
The Conference of the Parties may also take measures, where appropriate, related to this paragraph.
9. the Parties take full account, in their work on financing and technology transfer, special needs and the special situation of the least developed countries.
10. in the execution of the commitments under the Convention, the Parties shall consider, in accordance with art. 10, the situation of those, especially developing countries, whose economy is vulnerable to the harmful effects of climate response measures. Such is the case of the Parties whose economy is highly dependent on either the revenue production, processing and export of fossil fuels and products related to energy-intensive, or consumption of such fuels and products, or the use of fossil fuels, it is very difficult in these parts to replace them with substitute products.
RS 0.814.021 this term includes policies and measures adopted by regional economic integration organizations.
Art. 5 research and systematic observation when they fulfill their commitments under art. 4, by. ((1 g), Parties: a) support and, where appropriate, develop more organizations or programs and international and intergovernmental networks whose purpose is to define, realize, evaluate and fund research, data collection and systematic observation, taking into account the need to limit as much as possible duplication; b) support efforts at the international and intergovernmental levels to strengthen observation systematics and the capabilities and national means of scientific research and technique, especially in the developing countries, and to encourage access to data from areas outside national jurisdiction and analysis, as well as for promoting the Exchange; c) take into account the concerns and special needs of developing countries and cooperate to improve and their endogenous capacity to participate in the efforts referred to in paras. (a) and (b).
Art. 6 Education, training and public awareness when they fulfill their commitments under art. 4, by. 1 i), Parties: has) strive to encourage and facilitate at the national and, if appropriate, subregional and regional, in accordance with their laws and regulations and according to their respective capacities: i) the development and implementation of programmes of education and public awareness on climate change and their effects, ii) public access to information on climate change and their effects ((, iii) public participation examination of climate change and their effects and the development of appropriate measures to face it, Joe) training of scientific, technical staff and management;
((b) support through their cooperation and encourage at the international level, through if there is place in existing organizations: i) the focus and the exchange of educational material and material intended to raise awareness of climate change and their effects, II) the development and execution of programs of education and training, including through the strengthening of national bodies and by the Exchange or secondment of personnel to train experts in the material, particularly for developing countries.
Art. 7 conference of the Parties 1. It is created for a Conference of the Parties.
2. as the supreme body of this Convention, the Conference of the Parties is regularly point to the application of the Convention and all other related legal instruments it may adopt and take, within its mandate, the decisions necessary to promote the effective implementation of the Convention. For this purpose:
((a) periodically review the obligations of the Parties and the institutional arrangements under the Convention, based on the objective of the Convention, the experience gained during its application, and the development of scientific and technical knowledge; b) it encourages and facilitates the exchange of information on measures adopted by the Parties to address climate change and their effects (, taking into account the diversity of situations, responsibilities and means of the Parties and their respective commitments under the Convention; c) it facilitates, at the request of both Parties or more, the coordination of measures adopted by them to address climate change and their effects, taking into account the diversity of situations (responsibilities and means of the Parties and their respective commitments under the Convention; d) it encourages and directs, in accordance with the objective and the provisions of the Convention, the development and periodic development of comparable methods, which will suit the Conference Parties, particularly to identify gas emissions of greenhouse by the sources and their removals by sinks (, as well as to assess the effectiveness of the measures taken to limit these emissions and enhance the absorption of these gases; e) it evaluates, on the basis of all the information communicated in accordance with the provisions of the Convention, the application of the Convention by the Parties, the overall effects of the measures taken in application of the Convention, including the environmental, economic and social effects and cumulative impacts (((, and the progress made towards the objective of the Convention; f) it examines and adopts periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention and shall have them published; g) she made recommendations on all issues necessary for the application of the Convention; h) strives to mobilize financial resources in accordance with art. 4, by. 3, 4 and 5, and art. 11; i) it creates subsidiary bodies considered necessary to the implementation of the Convention; j) it examines the reports of these bodies, to whom she gives directions; k) she stops and adopt, by consensus, rules of procedure and financial rules for itself and for any subsidiary bodies; l) case, it seeks and uses services and the competition of international organizations and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations competent (, as well as the information they provide; m) it exercises other functions required to achieve the objective of the Convention, as well as all the other functions conferred on it by the Convention.
3. the Conference of the Parties adopt, at its first session, its rules of procedure and those of the subsidiary bodies established under the Convention; those regulations include the decision-making procedure for the questions for which the Convention does not already provide procedure in this respect. This procedure may specify the majority required for the adoption of such decision.
4. the first session of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the interim secretariat referred to in art. 21, and held no later than one year after the entry into force of the Convention. Subsequently, the Conference of the Parties, unless it decides otherwise, holds regular sessions once a year.
5. the Conference of the Parties takes extraordinary sessions at any time it deems necessary, or if in fact writing requested by a party, provided that this is supported by a third party at least parts, in the six months following its communication to the Parties by the secretariat.
6. the United Nations, the specialized agencies of the United Nations and the Agency International Atomic Energy, as well as all States members of one of these organizations or observers from one of these organizations that are not Parties to the Convention may be represented at sessions of the Conference of the Parties as observers. Any body or agency, national or international, governmental or non governmental competent in the areas covered by the Convention, which has advised the secretariat that it wishes to be represented at a session of the Conference of the Parties as an observer, may be admitted as such unless a third party unless the Parties make objection. The admission and participation of observers is governed by the rules of procedure adopted by the Conference of the Parties.
Art. 8 secretariat 1. It is created a secretariat.
2. the functions of the secretariat are the following: a) to organize the sessions of the Conference of the Parties and of the subsidiary bodies of the Conference created under the Convention and provide them with services as required; b) compile it and disseminate the reports it receives; c) on request, help the Parties, and in particular, among them, the developing countries, to compile and disseminate the information required by the Convention; d) to prepare reports on its activities and submit them to (the Conference of the Parties; e) ensure the necessary coordination with the secretariats of other international bodies competent; e) take, under the supervision of the Conference of the Parties, the administrative and contractual provisions that may be required for the effective performance of its functions; ETG) perform the other secretariat functions that are assigned by the Convention or by one any of its protocols, and any other functions that the Conference of the Parties may assign.
3. at its first session, the Conference of the Parties shall designate a permanent secretariat and will make arrangements for its functioning.
Art. 9 subsidiary body for scientific and technological advice 1. It is created a subsidiary body for scientific and technological advice, to provide timely to the Conference of the Parties and, as appropriate, its other subsidiary bodies, information and advice on the scientific and technological aspects of the Convention. This body, open to the participation of all Parties, is multidisciplinary. It is composed of representatives of Governments that are authoritative in their field of competence. He reports regularly on all aspects of its work to the Conference of the Parties.
2. the body, acting under the authority of the Conference of the Parties, and based on the work of the competent international bodies, has functions: a) to the point of scientific knowledge on climate change and its effects; b) to make the point, scientifically, of the effects of measures taken in application of the Convention; c) to identify the technologies and cutting-edge know-how ((, innovative and powerful and indicate ways to encourage the development and ensure the transfer; d) to provide advice on scientific programmes, on international cooperation and research and development on climate change and on ways to help developing countries to develop own; e capacity) to answer the scientific questions, technological and methodological that the Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies will be able to ask him.
3. the functions and mandate of the body may be specified by the Conference of the Parties.
Art. 10 subsidiary body of implementation 1. It is created a subsidiary body for implementation, to assist the Conference of the Parties to monitor and evaluate the effective implementation of the Convention. This body, open to the participation of all Parties, is composed of representatives of Governments, experts in the field of climate change. He reports regularly on all aspects of its work to the Conference of the Parties.
2. under the authority of the Conference of the Parties, the body has for functions: has) to consider the information provided in accordance with art. 12, by. 1, to assess the overall combined effect of measures taken by the Parties in the light of scientific assessments the latest climate change; b) to consider the information provided in accordance with art. 12, by. 2, to assist the Conference of the Parties to conduct the reviews provided for in art. 4, by. (2 d); c) to assist the Conference of the Parties, as appropriate, prepare and implement its decisions.
Art. 11 financial mechanism 1. A mechanism to provide financial resources in the form of donations or on favourable terms, including for the transfer of technology, is hereby defined. This mechanism is the responsibility of the Conference of the Parties to which he is responsible and which defines its policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria related to the Convention. Its operation is entrusted to one or more existing international entities.
2. the financial and established mechanism on the basis of a fair and balanced representation of all Parties within a transparent system of management.
3. the Conference of the Parties and the entity - or - law enforcement agencies to ensure the operation of the financial mechanism agreed to appropriate arrangements to give effect to the foregoing, among which should be included:
((a) of the procedures intended to ensure that the projects financed in the field of climate change are consistent with the policies, programme priorities and criteria defined by the Conference of the Parties; b) the modalities according to which any particular funding decision may be reviewed in the light of these policies, program priorities and criteria; c) the regular submission by the entity - or entities - to the Conference of the Parties , reports on its financing operations, in accordance with the principle of liability established in the by. 1; d) determination form a predictable and identifiable of the amount of financial resources required and available to apply this Convention and how this amount will be periodically reviewed.
4. at its first session, the Conference of the Parties will take steps to give effect to the above provisions, by reviewing and taking into account the interim provisions referred to in art. 21, by. 3, and she will decide on the possible continuation of these provisions. Then, within four years, she will review the functioning of the mechanism and take appropriate measures.
5. the developed country Parties may also provide, and developing Parties can obtain financial resources through bilateral, regional or multilateral for the purposes of the application of the Convention.
Art. 12 provision of information on the application 1. In accordance with art. 4, by. 1, each Party shall communicate to the Conference of the Parties, through the secretariat, information below items: has) a national inventory of human emissions by its sources and absorption by Wells, of all greenhouse gases not regulated by the Montreal Protocol, insofar as its resources permit, using comparable methods on which the Conference of the Parties will be heard and that it will encourage the use; b) a general description of measures it takes or intends to take to implement the Convention; c) any other information that the party considers useful to achieve the objective of the Convention and to be included in its communication, including, to the extent possible, useful data to the determination of the trends in emissions worldwide.
2. each of the developed country Parties and other Parties included in annex I shall include in its communication the following information items: has) the detailed description of the policies and measures they have adopted to comply with the commitment to art. 4, by. 2 (a) and 2 (b); b) accurate the estimate effects that policies and measures referred to in para. (a) above will have on anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases of greenhouse by their sources and absorption by their wells during the period referred to in art. 4, by. 2 (a).
3. in addition, each developed country Parties and other developed Parties in annex II provide details of measures taken in accordance with art. 4, by. 3-5.
4. the developing country Parties may, on a voluntary basis, propose projects to be funded, including technology, materials, equipment, techniques or specific practices it would take to run them and giving if possible an estimate of all the additional costs of these projects, progress in the reduction of emissions and the increase of absorption of gases greenhouse as well as an estimate of the benefits that can be expected.
5. each developed country Parties and other Parties included in annex 1 will present its initial communication within six months following the entry into force of the Convention in her respect. Each of the parts that are not on this list will present its initial communication within three years of the entry into force of the Convention towards her or the provision of financial resources in accordance with art. 4, by. 3. the Parties which are among the least developed countries will be free to the choice of the date of their initial communication. Later, the frequency of communication of all Parties will be set by the Conference of the Parties, taking into account differences in deadline indicated in this paragraph.
6. the information provided by the Parties in accordance with this section will be sent promptly by the secretariat to the Conference of Parties and relevant subsidiary bodies. The Conference of the Parties may need to review the procedures for transmission of information.
7. from its first session, the Conference of the Parties will arrange for the provision to the developing country Parties, on request, of technical and financial support that helps to gather and communicate the information requested in this article and identify the technical and financial resources necessary for the execution of projects and of response measures taken in respect of art. 4. this contest may be provided by other Parties, by competent international organizations and by the secretariat, as appropriate.
8. any group of Parties may, subject to comply with the guidelines of the Conference of the Parties and to notify this beforehand, fulfil the obligations laid down in this article by presenting a joint communication, provided they include information about how each of these parts has met the obligations that the Convention imposes its own.
9. the information received by the secretariat and the party that provides will be indicated that they are confidential, according to criteria to be established by the Conference of the Parties, will be compiled by the secretariat in order to preserve this character before it is sent to one of the bodies to receive and examine them.
10. subject of the by. 9 and without prejudice to the possibility for any party to make its public communication at any time, the submissions made by the Parties in accordance with this article are put by the secretariat available to the public as they are submitted to the Conference of the Parties.
SR 0.814.021 art. 13 resolution of issues concerning the application of the Conference of the Parties may consider, at its first session, the implementation of a multilateral consultative process, available to Parties on their request, for the resolution of issues related to the implementation of the Convention.
Art. 14 settlement of disputes 1. Any dispute between two or more Parties about the interpretation or application of the Convention, the Parties strive to resolve through negotiation or any other peaceful means of their choice.
2 when it ratifies, accepts or approves the Convention or adhere to, or at any time thereafter, a party which is not a regional economic integration organization may declare in a written instrument submitted to the depositary for what is of any dispute related to the interpretation or application of the Convention, it recognizes as compulsory as of right and without special agreement ((, with respect to any Party accepting the same obligation: a) submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice; b) arbitration in accordance with the procedure adopted, as soon as possible, the Conference of the Parties in an annex on arbitration.
A party which is a regional economic integration organization may make, arbitration, a statement along the same lines, in accordance with the procedure referred to in para. (b). 3. The declaration made in application of the by. 2 remains in force until what it expires according to its own terms or until the expiry of a period of three months from the date on which written notice of the revocation of this statement will be filed with the custodian.
4. the filing of a new declaration, a notice of revocation of a declaration or the expiry of a declaration does not affect any proceedings before the International Court of Justice or the arbitral tribunal, unless otherwise agreed by the parties to the dispute.
5. subject of the by. 2, if, on the expiry of a period of 12 months from the date on which part has notified another part the existence of a dispute between them, the Parties concerned have failed to settle their dispute using the means described on the by. 1, the dispute at the request of any party to the dispute, is subject to conciliation.
6. a conciliation commission is created at the request of one of the parties to the dispute. The Commission is composed of appointed members, in equal numbers, by each party concerned and a President chosen jointly by the members appointed by the parties. The Commission will issue a recommendation, that the parties consider in good faith.
7. the Conference of the Parties will adopt, as soon as possible, a further process of conciliation in an annex devoted to conciliation.
8. the provisions of this section apply to any related legal instrument which the Conference of the Parties may adopt, unless the instrument provides otherwise.
Art. 15 amendments to the Convention 1. Any party may propose amendments to the Convention.
2. the amendments to the Convention at a regular session of the Conference of the Parties. The text of any proposed amendment to the Convention is communicated to the Parties by the secretariat six months at least before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. The secretariat also communicate proposed amendments to the signatories of the Convention and, for information, to the depositary.
3. the Parties make every effort to reach agreement by consensus on any amendment to the Convention. If all efforts in this sense remain fruitless and no agreement reached, the amendment is adopted as a last resort by a vote by the majority of three fourths of the Parties present and voting. The adopted amendment shall be communicated by the secretariat to the depositary, which forwards it to all Parties for acceptance.
4. the instruments of acceptance of the amendments are deposited with the depositary. Any amendment adopted in accordance with the by. 3 enter into force for the Parties the agreed the ninetieth day following the date of receipt by the depositary of instruments of acceptance of three-quarters of the Parties to the Convention.
5. the amendment comes into force with respect to any other party the ninetieth day following the date of deposit by that party with the depositary of its instrument of acceptance of the said amendment.
6. for the purposes of this article, "Parties present and voting" means Parties who are present and voting for or against.
Art. 16. adoption and amendment of annexes to the Convention 1. The annexes of the Convention are an integral part thereof and, unless otherwise expressly provided, any reference to the Convention is also a reference to its annexes. Without prejudice to the provisions of art. 14, by. 2 (b) and 7, the annexes are restricted to lists, forms and other documents of scientific, technical, procedural or administrative character.
2. the annexes of the Convention are proposed and adopted according to the procedure described in art. 15, by. 2, 3 and 4.
3. any annex adopted in application of the by. 2 comes into force with respect to all Parties to the Convention six months after the date on which the depositary reported them the adoption, with the exception of the Parties who, within the same period, shall notify in writing to the depositary that they will accept not the annex in question. For the Parties that withdraw such notification of non-acceptance, annex comes into force the ninetieth day following the date of receipt by the depositary of the notification of the withdrawal.
4. for the proposal, adoption and entry into force of amendments to annexes to the Convention, the procedure is the same as for the proposal, adoption and entry into force of the annexes themselves, according to the by. 2 and 3.
5. If the adoption of an annex or an amendment to an annex requires an amendment to the Convention, that annex or amendment is effective only when the amendment to the Convention itself comes into force.
Art. 17 Protocols 1. The Conference of the Parties may, at one any ordinary session, adopt protocols to the Convention.
2. the text of any proposed protocol is communicated to the Parties by the secretariat six months at least before the session.
3. the rules governing the entry into force of any protocol are defined by the Protocol itself.
4. only Parties to the Convention may be Parties to a protocol.
5. only Parties to a protocol decisions under the said Protocol.
Art. 18 right to vote 1. Each party to the Convention shall have one vote, subject to the provisions of the by. 2 below.
2. in the areas of their competence, the regional economic integration organizations have to exercise their right to vote, to a number of votes equal to the number of their Member States that are Parties to the Convention. These organizations do not exercise their right to vote if any of their Member States exercised his, and vice versa.
Art. 19 depositary the Secretary-General of the United Nations is the depositary of the Convention and the protocols adopted pursuant to art. 17 art. 20 signature this Convention is open for signature by the Member States of the United Nations or members of a specialized agency of the United Nations or parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice, as well as regional economic integration organizations, in Rio de Janeiro, during the United Nations Conference on environment and development, then at the headquarters of the United Nations , in New York, from 20 June 1992 to 19 June 1993.
SR 0.193.501 art. 21 transitional provisions 1. Until the end of the first session of the Conference of the Parties, the secretariat functions referred to in art. 8 will be temporarily carried out by the secretariat established by the General Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution 45/212 of 21 December 1990.
2. the head of the interim secretariat referred to the by. 1 above will work closely with the Intergovernmental Group of experts for the study of climate change, so that it can meet the needs of scientific and technical objectives. Other relevant scientific bodies will also be available.
3. the Fund for global environment of the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Environment Programme and the International Bank for reconstruction and development will be the international entity entrusted with the operation of the financial mechanism referred to in art on an interim basis. 11 appropriate, in this regard, that the Fund be redeveloped as intended and the composition of its members to become universal, so that it can meet the requirements of art. 11 art. 22 ratification, acceptance, approval or accession 1. The Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance, approval or accession of the States and regional economic integration organizations. It will be open for accession from the day following the day when it ceases to be open for signature. The instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession are deposited with the depositary.
2. any organization of regional economic integration which becomes party to the Convention without that none of its Member States being a party is bound by all the obligations under the Convention. When one or more members of such an organization are Parties to the Convention, that organization and its Member States agree to their respective responsibilities in the performance of the obligations under the Convention. In such cases, the Organization and its Member States are not entitled to exercise rights under the Convention concurrently.
3. in their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, regional economic integration organizations indicate the extent of their competence with respect to the matters governed by the Convention. In addition, these organizations shall inform the depositary, who shall inform in turn the Parties, of any significant changes to the scope of their jurisdiction.
Art. 23 entry into force 1. The Convention will take effect on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
2 with respect to each State or organization for regional economic integration which ratifies, accepts or approves the Convention or joins, after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Convention will enter into force the ninetieth day following the date of deposit by that State or organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
3. for the purposes of by. 1 and 2, the instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted in addition to those deposited by its Member States.
Art. 24 reservations no reservations may be made to this Convention.
Art. 25 denunciation 1. At the expiration of a period of three years from the date of entry into force of the Convention with respect to a party, that party may denounce it by written notice given to the depositary.
2. the denunciation shall take effect on the expiry of a period of one year from the date on which the depositary receives notification, or at any later date specified in the notification.
3. any party which has denounced the Convention will be deemed denouncing also any protocol to which it is a party.
Art. 26 texts being authentic the original of this Convention, of which the English, Arabic, Chinese, English, french and Russian texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations.
Enfoide what, the undersigned, duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Convention.
Made in New York on may nine thousand nine hundred and ninety-two.
Annex I Germany Japan Latvia Australia * Austria Liechtenstein Belarus * Lithuania * Luxembourg Belgium Bulgaria * Canada Norway New Zealand community Cyprus Monaco Netherlands Croatia European economic * Poland * Denmark Portugal Spain Czech Republic * Estonia * Romania * United States United Kingdom of Great Britain
Russia Federation * and Northern Finland Slovakia Ireland * France Slovenia * Greece Sweden Hungary * Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Iceland Ireland * Italy * countries in transition to a market economy was updated according to the amendments of 11 Dec. 1997 (RO 2005-1581) and Dec 11. 2011, in force for Switzerland since Jan. 9. 2013 (2013 2037 RO).
State on 3 October 2013 annex II Germany Australia Austria Belgium Canada Economic Community European Denmark Spain United States Finland France Greece Ireland Iceland Italy Japan Luxembourg Norway New Zealand Netherlands Portugal United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from northern Sweden Switzerland Turkey scope on 3 October 2013 States parties Ratification, accession (A) Declaration of estate (S) entry into force Afghanistan 19 September 2002 18 December 2002 South Africa 29 August 1997 to 27 November 1997 Albania 3 October 1994 A 1 January 1995 Algeria 9 June 1993 21 March 1994 Germany December 9, 1993 March 21, 1994 Andorra 2 March 2011 is May 31, 2011 Angola May 17, 2000 15 August 2000 Antigua and Barbuda 2 February 1993 21 March 1994 Saudi Arabia 28 December 1994 has 28 March 1995 Argentina 11 March 1994 June 9, 1994 Armenia 14 May 1993 21 March 1994 Australia December 30, 1992 March 21, 1994 Austria 28 February 1994 29 May 1994 Azerbaijan 16 May 1995 14 August 1995 Bahamas 29 March 1994 27 June 1994 Bahrain December 28, 1994 March 28, 1995 Bangladesh 15 April 1994 14 July 1994 Barbados March 23, 1994 21 June 1994 Belarus may 11, 2000 August 9, 2000 Belgium January 16, 1996 April 15, 1996 Belize 31 October 1994 January 29, 1995 Benin 30 June 1994 28 September 1994 Bhutan 25 August 1995 November 23, 1995 Bolivia 3 October 1994 1 January 1995 Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 September 2000 has 6 December 2000 Botswana 27 January 1994 27 April 1994 Brazil 28 February 1994 29 May 1994 Brunei August 7, 2007-A November 5, 2007 Bulgaria 12 May 1995 10 August 1995 Burkina Faso 2 September 1993 21 March 1994 Burundi January 6, 1997 6 April 1997 Cambodia 18 December 1995 has 17 March 1996 Cameroon October 19, 1994 January 17, 1995 Canada December 4, 1992 March 21, 1994 Cape - Verde 29 March 1995 27 June 1995 Chile 22 December 1994 22 March 1995 China January 5, 1993 March 21, 1994 Hong Kong April 8, 2003 April 8, 2003 Macao December 15, 1999 December 20, 1999 Cyprus October 15, 1997 13 January 1998 Colombia 22 March 1995 June 20, 1995 Comoros 31 October 1994 January 29, 1995 (Brazzaville) Congo 14 October 1996 January 12, 1997 Congo (Kinshasa) January 9, 1995 April 9, 1995 (North) Korea 5 December 1994 March 5, 1995 (South) Korea December 14, 1993 21 March 1994 Costa Rica 26 August 1994 November 24, 1994 Ivory Coast 29 November 1994 27 February 1995 Croatia 8 April 1996 7 July 1996 Cuba 5 January 1994 5 April 1994 Denmark 21 December 1993 21 March 1994 Djibouti 27 August 1995 November 25, 1995 Dominique 21 June 1993 has 21 March 1994 Egypt 5 December 1994 5 March 1995 El El Salvador December 4, 1995 March 3, 1996 UAE United 29 December 1995 has 28 March 1996 Ecuador 23 February 1993 March 21
Eritrea 24 April 1995 A 23 July 1995 Spain 21 December 1993 1994 21 March 1994 Estonia 27 July 1994 October 25, 1994 United States October 15, 1992 21 March 1994 Ethiopia 5 April 1994 July 4, 1994 Fiji 25 February 1993 March 21, 1994 Finland 3 May 1994 August 1, 1994 France 25 March 1994 June 23, 1994 Gabon 21 January 1998 April 21, 1998 Gambia 10 June 1994 8 September 1994 Georgia 29 July 1994 has 27 October 1994
Ghana 6 September 1995 5 December 1995 Greece 4 August 1994 2 November 1994 Grenade August 11, 1994 9 November 1994 Guatemala December 15, 1995 March 14, 1996 Guinea 7 May 1993 21 March 1994 Equatorial Guinea 16 August 2000 has 14 November 2000 Guinea - Bissau October 27, 1995 January 25, 1996 Guyana 29 August 1994 November 27, 1994 Haiti September 25, 1996 December 24, 1996 Honduras October 19, 1995 January 17, 1996 Hungary 24 February 1994 25 May 1994 Islands Cook 20 April 1993 21 March 1994 Marshall Islands 8 October 1992 March 21, 1994 Solomon Islands December 28, 1994 March 28, 1995 India 1 November 1993 21 March 1994 Indonesia 23 August 1994 21 November 1994 Iran July 18, 1996 October 16, 1996 Iraq 28 July 2009 was October 26, 2009 Ireland April 20, 1994 19 July 1994 Iceland 16 June 1993 21 March 1994 Israel June 4, 1996 September 2, 1996 Italy April 15, 1994 July 14, 1994
Jamaica January 6, 1995 6 April 1995 Japan 28 May 1993 21 March 1994 Jordan November 12, 1993 March 21, 1994 Kazakhstan may 17, 1995 August 15, 1995 Kenya August 30, 1994 November 28, 1994 Kyrgyzstan may 25, 2000 A 23 August 2000 Kiribati 7 February 1995 May 8, 1995 Kuwait 28 December 1994 28 March 1995 Laos 4 January 1995 has 4 April 1995 Lesotho 7 February 1995 May 8, 1995 Latvia March 23, 1995 June 21, 1995
Lebanon 15 December 1994 15 March 1995 Liberia 5 November 2002 February 3, 2003 Libya June 14, 1999 September 12, 1999 Liechtenstein 22 June 1994 20 September 1994 Lithuania 24 March 1995 June 22, 1995 Luxembourg 9 May 1994 7 August 1994 Macedonia 28 January 1998 has April 28, 1998 Madagascar 2 June 1999 August 31, 1999 Malaysia 13 July 1994 11 October 1994 Malawi 21 April 1994 20 July 1994 Maldives 9 November 1992 21 March 1994 Mali 28 December 1994 March 28, 1995 Malta 17 March 1994 June 15, 1994 Morocco December 28, 1995 March 27, 1996 Maurice 4 September 1992 21 March 1994 Mauritania January 20, 1994 20 April 1994 Mexico March 11, 1993 21 March 1994 Micronesia 18 November 1993 21 March 1994 Moldova 9 June 1995 7 September 1995 Monaco 20 November 1992 21 March 1994 Mongolia 30 September 1993 21 March 1994 Montenegro 23 October 2006 S 3 June 2006 Mozambique 25 August 1995
23 November 1995 Myanmar 25 November 1994 February 23, 1995 Namibia may 16, 1995 14 August 1995 Nauru 11 November 1993 21 March 1994 Nepal 2 May 1994 31 July 1994 Nicaragua 31 October 1995 January 29, 1996 25 July 1995 Niger 23 October 1995 Nigeria August 29, 1994 November 27, 1994 Niue 28 February 1996 has 28 May 1996 Norway July 9, 1993 March 21, 1994 New Zealand 16 September 1993 21 March 1994 Oman 8 February 1995 May 9
1995 Uganda 8 September 1993 21 March 1994 Uzbekistan 20 June 1993 has 21 March 1994 Pakistan 1 June 1994 30 August 1994 Palau 10 December 1999 A March 9, 2000 Panama may 23, 1995 August 21, 1995 Papua New Guinea 16 March 1993 21 March 1994 Paraguay 24 February 1994 may 25, 1994 Netherlands * 20 December 1993 21 March 1994 Peru June 7, 1993 21 March 1994 Philippines August 2, 1994 31 October 1994 Poland 28 July 1994 October 26, 1994
Portugal 21 December 1993 March 21, 1994 Qatar 18 April 1996 has 17 July 1996 Republic Central African March 10, 1995 June 8, 1995 Dominican Republic October 7, 1998 January 5, 1999 Czech Republic October 7, 1993 March 21, 1994 Romania 8 June 1994 September 6, 1994 United Kingdom 8 December 1993 21 March 1994 Bermuda March 7, 2007 March 7, 2007 Gibraltar 2 January 2007 January 2, 2007 Guernsey 4 April 2006 April 4, 2006 Isle of Man December 8, 1993
21 March 1994 Cayman Islands 7 March 2007 7 March 2007 Falkland Islands March 7, 2007 7 March 2007 Jersey 8 December 1993 March 21, 1994 Russia December 28, 1994 28 March 1995 Rwanda 18 August 1998 16 November 1998 St. - Lucia June 14, 1993 March 21, 1994 Saint - Kitts - and - Nevis, on January 7, 1993 March 21, 1994 Saint - Marin October 28, 1994 January 26, 1995 Saint - Vincent and the Grenadines December 2, 1996 was March 2, 1997 Samoa 29 November 1994 27 February 1995 Sao Tome - and - principle 29 September 1999 December 28, 1999 Senegal October 17, 1994 January 15, 1995 Serbia 12 March 2001 A March 12, 2001 Seychelles September 22, 1992 March 21, 1994 Sierra Leone June 22, 1995 September 20, 1995 Singapore may 29, 1997 August 27, 1997 Slovakia 25 August 1994 November 23, 1994 Slovenia December 1, 1995 February 29, 1996 Somalia 11 September 2009 has 10 December 2009 Sudan November 19, 1993 March 21, 1994 Sri Lanka 23 November 1993 21 March 1994 Sweden
23 June 1993 21 March 1994 Switzerland 10 December 1993 21 March 1994 Suriname 14 October 1997 12 January 1998 Swaziland 7 October 1996 January 5, 1997 Syria 4 January 1996 A April 3, 1996 Tajikistan 7 January 1998 has April 7, 1998 Tanzania 17 April 1996 16 July 1996 Chad June 7, 1994 5 September 1994 Thailand 28 December 1994 28 March 1995 Timor - Leste 10 October 2006 has 8 January 2007 Togo March 8, 1995 June 6, 1995 Tonga
20 July 1998 was October 18, 1998 Trinidad and Tobago June 24, 1994 September 22, 1994 Tunisia July 15, 1993 March 21, 1994 Turkmenistan June 5, 1995 September 3, 1995 Turkey 24 February 2004 has 24 May 2004 Tuvalu October 26, 1993 March 21, 1994 Ukraine 13 May 1997 August 11, 1997 European Union 21 December 1993 21 March 1994 Uruguay 18 August 1994 16 November 1994 Vanuatu 25 March 1993 21 March 1994 Venezuela 28 December 1994 March 28, 1995
Viet Nam 16 November 1994 14 February 1995 Yemen February 21, 1996 May 21, 1996 Zambia 28 May 1993 21 March 1994
Zimbabwe 3 November 1992 March 21, 1994 * reservations and declarations.
Reservations and declarations are not published to the RO. Texts in french and English can be found at the address of the Internet site of the United Nations: http://untreaty.un.org/ or obtained in the Direction of public international law (FDFA), the international treaties Section, 3003 Bern.
June 28, 1999 to Dec. 19. 1999, the conv. was applicable in Macao on the basis of a declaration of territorial extension of the Portugal. From Dec. 20. 1999, Macao became a special administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China. Chinese on Dec. 15 under the declaration. 1999, the conv. is also applicable to the Macao SAR from 20 dec. 1999. for the Kingdom in Europe RO 1994 1052, 2005-1581, 2007 4469, 2010 583, 2013 3533. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).
State on 3 October 2013