0.974.12 text original Convention of Tampere on the provision of resources of telecommunication for the mitigation of disasters and relief disaster concluded in Tampere (Finland) on 18 June 1998 Instrument of ratification deposited by the Switzerland on 24 April 2002 entry into force for Switzerland on 8 January 2005 (State July 10, 2013) the States Parties to this Convention Recognizing that disasters are a growing scale gravity, their complexity, their frequency and their impact and were particularly serious in developing countries, recalling that relief and humanitarian assistance agencies need resources of telecommunications reliable and flexible to carry out their vital work, recalling also that telecommunication resources play a vital role ensuring easier security personnel loaded relief and assistance humanitarian, recalling that broadcasting plays a crucial role in the dissemination of specific information for people affected, convinced that the judicious implementation and in short time of telecommunication resources and the effective and fast accurate and reliable information flow are essential to reduce the loss of human life, the suffering and damage caused by disasters to property and the environment concerned about the consequences of the disasters on the telecommunications facilities and the flow of information, aware of the special needs of the least developed countries prone to natural disasters for technical assistance to implement the resources of telecommunication for the mitigation of disasters and relief operations in case of disaster, reaffirming the absolute priority given to emergency telecommunications intended to save human lives in more than fifty international regulatory instruments including the Constitution of the International Telecommunication Union, noting the history of cooperation and coordination for the mitigation of disasters and disaster relief operations, and in particular the fact that implementation and fast telecommunication resource usage can help save human lives, also noting the work of the International Conference on disaster (Geneva communications 1990) relating to the role played by telecommunications to address systems to the disasters and deal with their consequences, noting that the authors of the Tampere Declaration on disaster (Tampere, 1991) communications urged to reliable telecommunications systems are used to mitigate the effects of disasters and disaster relief operations, and that drafting an International Convention on communications in case of disaster to facilitate the use of these systems, noting the resolution 44/236, the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaiming the period 1990-2000 International Decade for natural disaster reduction, and resolution 46/182 requesting the strengthening of the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance, also noting the leading role played by the communication resources in the Yokohama Strategy for a safer world and the Plan of action adopted by the World Conference on prevention natural disasters (Yokohama, 1994), noting in addition resolution 7 of the Conference of the global development of telecommunications (Buenos Aires, 1994), endorsed by resolution 36 of the Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Union of telecommunications (Kyoto, 1994), in which the Conference urged Governments to take all possible measures in practice to facilitate the rapid provision and efficient use of telecommunications to mitigate the effects of disasters and operations emergency disaster, by reducing and, where possible, by removing regulatory barriers and strengthening cross-border cooperation between the States, noting the resolution 644 of the World Conference (Geneva, 1997) radiocommunications in which the Conference urged Governments to give their full support to the adoption of the Convention and its implementation at the national level , also noting the resolution 19 of the World Telecommunication Development Conference (Valletta, 1998) in which the Conference urged Governments to continue their examination of this Convention in order to consider to support full and wide adoption, noting further resolution 51/94 of the General Assembly of the United Nations encouraging the development of a transparent and rapid procedure for the establishment of modalities for effective aid coordination in disaster and the network development ReliefWeb as information system at the global level for the dissemination of information reliable and current on emergency and disaster situations, referring to the conclusions of the Working Group on emergency telecommunications regarding the essential role played by telecommunications in mitigating the effects of disasters and relief operations with the support of the work of many States, organizations of the United Nations, governmental, intergovernmental or non-governmental organizations, humanitarian aid agencies, suppliers of equipment and telecommunication services, representatives of the press, universities and organizations working in the field of communications or the disaster relief, in order to improve and facilitate communications related to disaster relief operations eager to make sure to quickly provide reliable telecommunication resources to mitigate the effects of disasters and enable the conduct of relief operations, and eager also to facilitate international cooperation to mitigate the effects of disasters, decide the following: art. 1 definitions unless otherwise specified depending on the context in which they are used, the terms below have the following meaning for the purposes of this Convention:
1. a "State party" is a State that has agreed to be bound by the present Convention.2. Means "Assisting State party" a State party to this Convention assisting this title in telecommunication.3. Means "State party applicant" a State party to the Convention requesting such assistance in telecommunication.4. Means "this Convention" the Tampere Convention on the provision of resources of telecommunication for mitigation of the effects of disasters and relief efforts in the event of catastrophe.5. "Custodian" the depositary of this Convention means that it is referred to in art. 16.6. "disaster" means a serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing a real and widespread threat to the life or human health, property or the environment, that the cause in an accident, a natural phenomenon or human activity, and whether an event suddenly or the result of complex processes taking place on a long periode.7. "The effects of disaster mitigation" means measures designed to prevent, predict or monitor disasters, prepare, cope and reduce the consequences.8. Means "health risk" the sudden outbreak of infectious diseases, such as epidemics or pandemics or any other event causing a real threat to the life or human health and likely to spark a catastrophe.9. "Natural risk" means an event or a process, such as earthquake, fire, flood, wind, landslide field, avalanche, cyclone, tsunami, invasion of insects, drought or volcanic eruption which are likely to trigger a catastrophe.10. "Non-governmental organization" means any organization, including private entities and businesses, other than a State, a governmental organization or an intergovernmental organization, working in the field of mitigation of the effects of disasters and relief operations disaster and/or provision of resources of telecommunication for the disaster mitigation and relief in the case of catastrophe.11. "Other than a State entity" means any entity, other than a State, including non-governmental organizations and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement working in the area of mitigation of the effects of disasters and relief operations disaster and/or provision of resources of telecommunication for the mitigation of the effects of disasters and for relief in the case of catastrophe.12. "Rescue operations" means activities intended to reduce the loss of life, suffering and damage to property and/or the environment caused by a catastrophe.13. "Telecommunication assistance" means provision of resources of telecommunication or other resources or materials to facilitate the use of the resources of telecommunication.14. "Telecommunications resources" means personnel, equipment, materials, information, training, radio frequency spectrum, the ability to network or transmission or any other resource for the telecommunications.15. Means 'telecommunications' any transmission, emission or reception of signs, signals, writings, images, sounds or information of any nature, by wire, mediums, optical fiber, or other electromagnetic systems.
Art. 2 coordination 1. The United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator is the Coordinator of operations for this Convention and fulfils the responsibilities of the Coordinator of the operations defined in the art. 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 and 9.
2. the Coordinator of operations ask the cooperation of the competent institutions of the United Nations, including the International Telecommunication Union, to help achieve the objectives of this Convention and, in particular, to fulfill the responsibilities referred to in art. 8 and 9, and to provide all necessary technical support, in accordance with their purpose.
3. the responsibilities of the Coordinator of operations are limited to the title of this Convention, to the coordination of international activities.
Art. 3 General provisions 1. States parties work together as well as with entities other than States and intergovernmental organizations, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, in order to facilitate the use of the resources of telecommunication for the mitigation of the effects of disasters and disaster relief operations.
((2. this use may include, but not exclusively: a) the implementation of telecommunications equipment of land and satellite to predict and monitor natural hazards, health hazards and disasters, and to provide information is relative; b) the sharing of information about natural hazards, health hazards and disasters among the States parties and with other States and entities other than States (, and the dissemination of such information to the public and particularly exposed communities; c) setting quick provision of telecommunication assistance to mitigate the effects of a disaster; ETD) installation and implementation of reliable and flexible telecommunication resources to be used by humanitarian relief and assistance organizations.
3. to facilitate this use, States parties may conclude agreements or arrangements international or bilateral additional.
(4 States parties ask the Coordinator of operations, in consultation with the international telecommunications Union, the depositary, other United Nations institutions and intergovernmental and non-governmental, to do everything in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, to: has) develop, agreement with States parties, model agreements on which can rely international or bilateral agreements facilitating update resources of telecommunication for the mitigation of disasters and for disaster relief operations; b) make available to States parties, other States, entities other than States and IGOs agree models, best practices and other relevant information on the availability of resources of telecommunication for the mitigation of disasters and disaster relief operations (by electronic means or other mechanisms; c) develop, operate and maintain the procedures and systems of collection and dissemination of information necessary for the implementation of this Convention; ETD) inform States of the conditions laid down by the Convention and facilitate and support cooperation between States parties under the Convention.
5. States parties to cooperate to strengthen the capacity of governmental organizations, entities other than States and intergovernmental organizations to enable them to establish mechanisms for training in the use and exploitation of the equipment as well as apprenticeships of the techniques of development, design and construction of emergency telecommunications to facilitate the prevention and monitoring of disasters as well as reducing their impact.
Art. 4 provision of assistance in telecommunication 1 update. A State party requesting assistance in telecommunication for the mitigation of the effects of disasters and for disaster relief operations may apply to any other State party, either directly or through the Coordinator of operations. In the second case, the Coordinator of operations shall immediately communicate the said application to all States parties concerned. in the first case, the State party applicant at the earliest informs the Coordinator of operations.
2. a State party telecommunication assistance applicant specifies the scope and type of assistance required and the measures taken in application of art. 5 and 9 of this Convention, and, where practicable, provide to the State party to which it is addressed and/or operations coordinator any other information necessary to determine to what extent the State party may respond to his request.
3. each State party to which a request for assistance in telecommunication, whether directly or through the Coordinator of operations, is addressed determines and immediately informed the State party applicant is ready to provide the assistance required, either directly, or otherwise, and indicates the scope, terms, conditions and restrictions applicable to such assistance as well as, as appropriate , costs are related.
4. each State party, deciding to provide assistance in telecommunication inform at the earliest operations coordinator.
5. no telecommunication assistance will be provided by a State party to the title of this agreement without the consent of the State party plaintiff. The latter has the right to refuse the whole or a part of assistance in telecommunications that he offers another State party in accordance with its law and its general policy.
6. States parties recognize the right to request telecommunication assistance directly to entities other than States or intergovernmental organizations under this article to States parties requesting and recognize the right, in accordance with the legal provisions to which they are subject to provide telecommunication assistance to States parties requesting to entities other than States and intergovernmental organizations.
7. one entity other than a State or an intergovernmental organization may not be a "State party" and not be allowed to request telecommunication assistance under the present Convention.
8. no provision of this agreement does not alter the right of a State party, pursuant to its national law, to direct, manage, coordinate and supervise assistance telecommunications provided on its territory in respect of this Convention.
Art. 5 privileges, immunities and facilities 1. The State party applicant grants, within the limits permitted by its domestic law, to persons other than nationals and organizations other than those that have their head office or are domiciled on its territory, acting under the terms of this agreement and which have been duly notified to the State party applicant and accepted by him, the privileges, immunities and facilities necessary for the performance of their duties including ((, but not exclusively: a) immunity for arrest, detention and Court, including with regard to the jurisdiction in civil, criminal and administrative matters 1 ' State party applicant with respect to the acts or omissions related specifically and directly to the provision of telecommunication assistance; b) exemption of taxes, taxes or other duties, except those who are usually included in the price of goods and services in the exercise of their duties of assistance or for equipment, material and other goods brought or purchased on the territory of the State party applicant to provide telecommunication assistance to the title of the present Convention; etc) immunity against the seizure, garnishment or requisition of such equipment, material and property.
2. the State party applicant to provide, to the extent of its capabilities, facilities and on-site services for the proper and effective management of telecommunication assistance; must ensure that telecommunication equipment brought into its territory in respect of this agreement be approved as soon as possible or exempt from certification in accordance with its legal and regulatory provisions.
3. the requesting State party guarantees the protection of personnel, equipment and materials brought in its territory in respect of this Convention.
4. ownership of equipment and material provided under this agreement should not suffer of use it will be done in respect of this Convention. The State party plaintiff made sure these facilities, this material and these goods to be made promptly to the assisting State party.
5. the State party applicant cannot guide the implementation or the use of any resources of telecommunications that it be provided in respect of this Convention for purposes that are not directly related to forecasting or monitoring disasters, or measures to prepare for, cope, mitigate or providing relief during disasters or as a result of these.
6. no provision of this article requires a State party applicant it grants to its nationals or permanent residents, or organizations headquartered or domiciled on its territory of privileges and immunities.
7. without prejudice to their privileges and immunities in accordance with the provisions of the present article, all persons entering the territory of a State party to provide assistance in telecommunication or facilitate the use of resources of telecommunication in respect of this agreement in any other way, and all organizations providing telecommunication assistance or otherwise facilitating the use of means of telecommunication to the title of this Convention are outfits to respect the laws and regulations of that State party. These individuals and organizations also have a duty of non-interference in the internal affairs of the State party on whose territory they have entered.
8. no provision of this article shall prejudice the rights and obligations relating to privileges and immunities granted to individuals and organizations who participate directly or indirectly to provide assistance in telecommunication, in accordance with other international agreements (including the Convention on the privileges and immunities of the United Nations adopted by the General Assembly on 13 February 1946 and the Convention on the privileges and immunities of the specialized agencies, adopted by the General Assembly on 21 November 1947) or to the international law.
Art. 6 termination of assistance 1. The State party applicant or the assisting State party may, at any time, terminate assistance in matters of telecommunications magazine or provided under art. 4 by written notification. Upon receipt of this notification, the States parties concerned conduct consultations to end in a way appropriate and swift assistance, taking into account the risks to human life that entails the cessation of assistance and its impact on the ongoing disaster relief operations.
2. States parties providing or receiving assistance in telecommunications under this Convention remain bound by the provisions of this agreement after termination of the assistance in question.
3. any State party requesting termination of the telecommunication assistance shall notify the Coordinator of operations of this request. The Coordinator provides assistance requested and necessary to facilitate the cessation of the telecommunication assistance.
Art. 7 payment or refund of fees or rights 1. States parties can submit the provision of assistance in telecommunication for the mitigation of the effects of disasters and for operations of disaster relief to an agreement relating to the payment or reimbursement of costs or of the specified rights, always keeping in mind the provisions of the by. 9 of this article.
2. in case such a condition applies, States parties established in writing, prior to the provision of telecommunication assistance: a) the obligation of payment or refund; b) the amount of that payment or reimbursement or still the modalities according to which it is calculated; etc) the other terms, conditions or restrictions applicable to that payment or refund, including, but not exclusively, the currency in which the payment or refund is made.
3. the conditions set out in the by. let 2. b and c of this article can be satisfied by reference to prices, rates or published prices.
4. so that the negotiation of agreements relating to the payment and reimbursement delays not improperly providing assistance in telecommunications, the Coordinator of operations develops, in agreement with the States parties, a model agreement of payment and refund which may form the basis for the negotiation of obligations of payment and reimbursement under the terms of this section.
5. no State party is required to proceed to the payment or reimbursement of costs or rights under the terms of this agreement without prior expressed consent to the conditions established by a State party in assisting in the by. 2 of the present article.
6. when the provision of telecommunication assistance is duly submitted for payment or reimbursement of costs or rights under the terms of this article, this payment or refund is performed immediately after submission of the request for payment or reimbursement by the State party lending assistance.
7. funds paid or reimbursed by a State party applicant in providing assistance in telecommunications are freely transferable out of the jurisdiction of the requesting State party and must not be or the delays or selected object.
8. to determine whether to submit the provision of assistance in telecommunications to an agreement providing for the payment or refund of fees or specified rights, the amount of such costs or of such rights and the terms, conditions and restrictions associated with their payment or refund, the States parties include account:
((a) of the principles of the United Nations humanitarian assistance; b) from the nature of the disaster, the natural risk or health risk; c) consequences or potential consequences of the catastrophe; d) the place of origin of the disaster; e) in the area affected or potentially affected by the disaster; f) of any previous disasters and the likelihood of future disasters in the affected area; g) of the capacity of each State affected by the disaster the natural or health risk to prepare or to cope with such an event; ETH) the needs of developing countries.
((9 this section applies also to cases where a telecommunication assistance is provided by one entity other than a State or by an intergovernmental organization, to condition: a) that the State party applicant has consented that this assistance in telecommunication for the mitigation of the effects of disasters and for disaster relief operations to be put at its disposal and has not been there end; b) that the entity other than a State or intergovernmental organization providing such assistance in the field of telecommunications has informed the State party applicant of its acceptance of this article and the art. 4 and 5; etc) that the application of this article is not inconsistent with any other agreement concerning the relationship between the State party and the entity other than a State or intergovernmental organization providing such telecommunication assistance.
Art. 8 inventory of 1 telecommunication assistance information. . Each State party shall notify the Coordinator of operations the name of its authority or its authorities: has) responsible (s) issues under the present Convention and authorized (s) to request, offer, accept assistance and terminate; ETB) power (s) to determine what governmental, intergovernmental or non-governmental resources can be made available to facilitate the use of telecommunication resources to mitigate the effects of disasters and for disaster relief operations, as well as to provide assistance in telecommunication.
2. each State party must strive to promptly inform the Coordinator of operations of any changes to the information provided in accordance with the provisions of this article.
3. the Coordinator of operations can accept that one entity other than a State or an intergovernmental organization will notify the procedures that it applies to allow to offer assistance in telecommunication and terminate in accordance with this section.
4. a State party, one entity other than a State or an intergovernmental organization may, at its discretion, include in the record that he or it files with the Coordinator of operations of information about specific telecommunication resources or plans related to the use of these resources to respond to a request for assistance submitted by a State party applicant telecommunications.
5. the operations Coordinator maintains copies of all lists of authorities and rapidly disseminates this information to States parties, other States, to entities other than States and relevant intergovernmental organizations, unless a State party, one entity other than a State or an intergovernmental organization has previously specified in writing that the dissemination of information that he or she has provided should be limited.
6. the Coordinator of operations covers the documentation filed by entities other than States or by intergovernmental organizations on the same terms that are applicable to the material filed by States parties.
Art. 9 regulatory barriers 1. States parties to reduce or eliminate, if possible and in accordance with their national legislation, regulatory obstacles to the use of the resources of telecommunication for the disaster mitigation and relief operations in case of disaster, including the provision of telecommunication assistance.
2. regulatory barriers can include the following obstacles, but this list is not exhaustive: a) regulations limiting the import or export of telecommunications equipment; b) regulations limiting the use of equipment for telecommunication or the spectrum of radio frequencies; c) regulations limiting the movement of personnel who operate the telecommunications equipment or that are vital to their effective use; d) regulations limiting the transit of resources of telecommunication direction to or from the territory of a State party or through the territory; e) delays due to the administration of regulations of this type.
3. the reduction of regulatory barriers may take the form of the following measures, but this list is not exhaustive: a) revision of regulation; b) exemption of telecommunications resources specified for the application of these regulations during the use of these resources in order to mitigate the effects of disasters and disaster relief operations; c) permission to use resources of telecommunication for the disaster mitigation and relief operations in case of disaster, in accordance with these regulations; d) recognition of the approval abroad of equipment telecommunication and/or operating licenses; e) quick review of resources in telecommunications with a view to their use for the disaster mitigation and relief operations in times of disaster, in accordance with these regulations; ETF) lifted temporary of these regulatory provisions for the use of resources of telecommunication for the mitigation of the effects of disasters and disaster relief operations.
4. each State party shall facilitate, at the request of any State party and within the limits permitted by its domestic law, transit to destination or from its territory, or through its territory of personnel, equipment, materials and information associated with the use of the resources of telecommunication for the mitigation of disasters and disaster relief operations.
5. each Member State shall notify the Coordinator of operations and to the other States parties, directly or through it: a) the measures taken in respect of this agreement, to reduce or eliminate such regulatory obstacles; b) procedures available, in respect of this agreement, States parties, other States, to entities other than States and intergovernmental organizations (in order to exempt telecommunication resources specified and used for the mitigation of disasters and relief operations in case of disaster, the application of these regulations, for prior approval or the expedited review of these resources in accordance with the applicable regulations, the recognition of approval of these resources, or the lifting of the temporary regulations normally applicable to these resources foreign; c) terms conditions and restrictions, if any, associated with the use of these procedures.
6. the Coordinator of operations provides quickly and regularly to States parties, other States, to entities other than States and to intergovernmental organizations an up-to-date list of these measures, their scope, and the terms, conditions and restrictions, if any, associated with their use.
7. nothing in this section authorizes the violation or abrogation of obligations and responsibilities imposed by the legislation of a country, by international law or bilateral, or multilateral agreements such as customs and export controls.
Art. 10 relations with other international agreements this agreement does not alter the rights and obligations of States parties under other international agreements or international law.
Art. 11 settlement of disputes 1. Any dispute between States parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention, States parties to the dispute conduct consultations to resolve the dispute. These consultations begin immediately after the written statement, delivered by a State party to another State party regarding the existence of a dispute in respect of this Convention. The State party making a written statement about the existence of a dispute shall immediately deliver a copy of this statement to the depositary.
2. If a dispute between States parties cannot be settled within six (6) months from the date of delivery of the written statement to a State party to the dispute, the States parties to the dispute may request any other State party, to one entity other than a State or an intergovernmental organization to use its good offices to facilitate the settlement of the dispute.
3. If none of the parties wants to make sure the good offices of another State party, of a State, one entity other than a State or of an intergovernmental organization or even if the good offices allow not to facilitate the settlement of the dispute within six (6) months from the request for good offices, one or the other State party to the dispute may then (: a) request that the dispute be submitted to binding arbitration. forgotten the source) submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice for decision, provided that one and the other States parties to the dispute have, at the time where they have signed or ratified this Convention either at the point where they joined, or even at any time later, accepted the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice for disputes of this type.
4 in case the States parties to the dispute request that the dispute be submitted to binding arbitration and submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice for decision, referral to the International Court of Justice has priority.
5. in the case of a dispute between a State party claimant assistance in telecommunications and one entity other than a State or intergovernmental organization, whose headquarters or domicile is located outside the territory of that State party, on provision of assistance in telecommunication in accordance with art. 4, 1' State party in the territory of which 1' entity other than a State or intergovernmental organization has its headquarters or domicile can directly take the claim made by the entity as a claim from State to State under the terms of this article, provided that this substitution is not inconsistent with any agreement reached between the State party and 1' entity other than a State or intergovernmental organization concerned with the dispute.
6. in the signature, ratification, acceptance, approval, of this Convention or accession to this Convention, a State may declare that he doesn't consider himself as bound by either of the procedures of settlement of disputes referred to the by. 3 above. Other States parties are not bound by a procedure of settlement of disputes referred to the by. 3 against a State party that applies a statement of this type.
Art. 12 entry into force 1. This Convention is open for signature to all States which are members of the Organization of the United Nations or of the International Union of telecommunications at the Intergovernmental Conference on telecommunications of emergency in Tampere, 18 June 1998 and then at the headquarters of the United Nations, New York, from 22 June 1998 until June 21, 2003.
(((2) a State may express its consent to be bound by this Convention: a) by (final) signature; b) by signature subject to ratification, acceptance or approval followed by the deposit of an instrument of ratification, of acceptance or approval; OUC) by deposit of an instrument of accession.
3. the Convention comes into force thirty (30) days after thirty (30) States will have deposited their instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession or affixed their final signing.
4. for each State having signed it definitively or deposited an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, once satisfied the condition to the by. 3 of this article, this Convention comes into force thirty (30) days after the date of the definitive signature or of the expression of consent to be bound.
Art. 13 amendments 1. A State party may propose amendments to this Convention by submitting these amendments to the depositary, which shall communicate them to the other States parties for approval.
2. States parties shall inform the depositary if they approve or not the amendments proposed in the one hundred eighty (180) days of receipt.
3. any amendment approved by two thirds of all States parties is presented in a protocol which is open for signature, with the depositary, by all States parties.
4. the Protocol comes into force on the same terms as this agreement. For each State having signed the Protocol definitively or deposited an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, once satisfied the conditions for the entry into force of the Protocol, the Protocol comes into force for that State party thirty (30) days after the date of the definitive signature or of the expression of consent to be bound.
Art. 14 reservations 1. The final signing, ratification of this Convention or of any amendment is relative, or accession to the Convention, a State party may make reservations.
2. a State party may at any time withdraw his previous reservation by written notification to the depositary. The withdrawal of a reservation takes effect immediately after notification to the depositary.
Art. 15 denunciation 1. A State party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the depositary.
2. the denunciation shall take effect ninety (90) days after the date of filing of the written notification.
3. at the request of the State party denouncing the present Convention, all copies of the lists of authorities and of the measures adopted and procedures available to reduce regulatory barriers, it will be previously communicated, withdrew to the effective date on which such denunciation.
Art. 16 depositary the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations is the depositary of this Convention.
Art. 17 texts being authentic the original of this Convention, of which the English, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, French and Russian versions are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the depositary. Only authentic in English, french and Spanish texts will be available for signature at Tampere, 18 June 1998. The depositary is developing the authentic texts in Arabic, Chinese and Russian as soon as possible after this date.
In faith whereof the undersigned, duly authorized for that purpose, have signed this Convention.
Made in Tampere (Finland), June 18, 1998.
Scope of application on July 10, 2013, States parties Ratification, accession (A) Signature without reservation of ratification (if any) coming into force Argentina July 5, 2007 August 4, 2007 Armenia March 25, 2008 has 24 April 2008 Barbados July 25, 2003 has 8 January 2005 Belgium July 2, 2010 August 1, 2010 Bulgaria June 20, 2000 8 January 2005 Burundi January 23, 2013 February 22, 2013 Canada may 18, 2001 January 8, 2005 Cyprus July 14, 2000 January 8, 2005 Colombia *.
June 12, 2008 July 12, 2008 Denmark * June 2, 2003 8 January 2005 Greenland 2 June 2003 8 January 2005 Faroese June 2, 2003 8 January 2005 Dominique 26 December 2000 has 8 January 2005 El El Salvador 18 April 2002 January 8, 2005 Spain * February 27, 2006 March 29, 2006 Finland April 1, 1999 January 8, 2005 France 6 August 2009 September 5, 2009 Guinea 8 October 2002 has 8 January 2005 Hungary April 7, 2004
January 8, 2005 India 29 November 1999 January 8, 2005 Ireland * August 16, 2007 September 15, 2007 Iceland 13 May 2011 June 12, 2011 Kenya February 12, 2003 January 8, 2005 Kuwait 13 June 2002 January 8, 2005 Lebanon January 27, 2006 February 26, 2006 Liberia September 16, 2005 A October 16, 2005 Liechtenstein 8 June 2004 has 8 January 2005 Lithuania 9 December 2004 to 8 January 2005 Luxembourg * 8 June 2012 July 8, 2012 Morocco 11 March 2003 8 January 2005 Montenegro * July 21, 2010 August 20, 2010 Nicaragua 18 November 1999 January 8, 2005 Oman April 16, 2003 January 8, 2005 Uganda 5 September 2002 January 8, 2005 Pakistan 30 January 2009 A March 1, 2009 Panama March 5, 2003 January 8, 2005 Netherlands July 6, 2001 January 8, 2005 Aruba, on July 17, 2001 January 8, 2005 Curaçao, on July 6, 2001 8 January 2005 part Caribbean (Bonaire (, Sint Eustatius and Saba) July 6, 2001 January 8, 2005 Sint Maarten July 6, 2001 January 8, 2005 Peru October 27, 2003 January 8, 2005 Romania November 17, 2005 December 17, 2005 United Kingdom * June 18, 2003 if January 8, 2005 Czech Republic June 17, 2003 January 8, 2005 Saint - Vincent and the Grenadines 14 August 2003, January 8, 2005 Slovakia 6 February 2001 January 8, 2005 Sri Lanka 13 October 1999 January 8, 2005 Switzerland 24 April 2002 January 8, 2005 Sweden *.
September 13, 2004 8 January 2005 Tonga 8 May 2003 has January 8, 2005 Uruguay 19 April 2012 May 19, 2012 Venezuela * may 13, 2005 June 12, 2005 * reservations and declarations.
Reservations and declarations are not published to the RO. Texts in french and English can be found at the United Nations Internet site address: http://treaties.un.org/ or obtained in the Direction of public international law (FDFA), the international treaties Section, 3003 Bern.
RO 2011 3839 2011 3839 RO, 2013 2451. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).
State on July 10, 2013