Rs 131.222.1 Constitution Of The Canton Of Basel-City, March 23, 2005

Original Language Title: RS 131.222.1 Constitution du canton de Bâle-Ville, du 23 mars 2005

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131.222.1 translation Constitution of the canton of Basel-City of 23 March 2005 (State March 11, 2015) aware of its responsibility towards the Creation and the limits of the power of human being, the people of the canton of Basel-City gives the Constitution here: I. General provisions § 1 the canton of Basel-Stadt Basel-city canton Basel-city canton is a liberal constitutional State social and democratic.
The power of the State belongs to the people. It is exercised by the citizens and the authorities.

§ 2 status within the Confederation status within Confederation, the canton of Basel-City is a Member State of the Swiss Confederation.
He: a. takes part in the design of the future of Confederation in preserving its interests; b. supports Confederation in the accomplishment of its tasks; c. assumes the tasks entrusted to the Confederation.

The authorities are trying to get the support of the Confederation to projects of regional, supra-cantonal or supranational interest developed in the Basel agglomeration.

§ 3 intercantonal collaboration and cross-border Collaboration intercantonal and cross-border authorities of the canton of Basel-City work with the intensification of the cooperation in the region. To accomplish common tasks or regional tasks, they collaborate with the authorities of other cantons, including those of the canton of Basel-country, as well as with the authorities of the municipalities of the agglomeration and the region of the upper Rhine.
The authorities of the canton of Basel-City are trying to conclude agreements with other authorities, Swiss or foreign, in the ag-Ma and in the region, to create common institutions and to set the compensation of expenses.
In collaborating with local authorities in the region, they are seeking a harmonization of legislation.
Democratic participation rights must be guaranteed.

§ 4 interparliamentary collaboration inter-parliamentary Collaboration the canton of Basel-City work in collaboration between the parliaments in the intercantonal and international levels and encourages the creation of institutions common to this effect.

§ 5 principles of activity of the State principles of the activity of the State law is the basis and limit of the activity of the State.
The activity of the State must serve a public interest and be proportionate to the intended purpose.
The organs of the State and individuals must act in accordance with the rules of good faith.

§ 6 basic obligations and responsibility basic Obligations and responsibility anyone is required to respect the legal order.
Every person is responsible for itself and act responsibly towards others as well as to the environment.
Anyone contributes according to its forces in the accomplishment of the tasks of the State and society.

II. human rights and human rights goals § 7 dignity human dignity human dignity is inviolable and premium all fundamental rights. Anyone is required to respect.

§ 8 equality and prohibition of discrimination equality and prohibition of discrimination all human beings humans are equal before the law.
No person shall be discriminated against because of his race, his sex, his age, his language, genetic characteristics, of its ethnic and social origin, of his social status, his lifestyle, his sexual orientation, religious, philosophical and political convictions, or because of a disability.
Access for the disabled to buildings, sites, facilities and services intended for the public is guaranteed insofar as it is reasonably exigible from the economic point of view. Parliament embodies this criterion.

§ 9 equality between men and women equality between men and women the man and woman are equal before the law.
They have access to education and public service on the same terms and are entitled to the same training as well as equal pay for work of equal value.
State and municipalities provide for equality between men and women in all areas. They ensure that public tasks are performed by both men and women.

§ 10 prohibition of arbitrariness and protection of good faith prohibition of arbitrariness and protection of good faith every person has the right to be treated by the organs of the State without arbitrary and in accordance with the rules of good faith.

§ 11 guarantee of fundamental rights fundamental rights the Federal Constitution and the international instruments to which the Switzerland is obliged to guarantee the human rights, including: a. the right to life; (b) the right to physical and psychological integrity; c. the prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; d. the prohibition of forced labour and trafficking in human beings humans; (e) the right to liberty and security; f. the right of children and young people to a special protection of their integrity and the encouragement of their development; (g) the right to the protection of the private and family life, home and communications; h. the right to marriage and family i. the right to adopt a form of common life similar to marriage and the family; j. the right to protection of personal data and the right to consult and correct them if they are false; k. freedom of belief, conscience and religion; l. freedom of information and opinion and freedom of the media; Mr. freedom of Assembly and association and the freedom to demonstrate n. the right to training; o. the right to found, to lead or to attend schools that are private; p. freedom of art; q. freedom of science r. warranty of ownership; s. the right to choose and to freely exercise a profession and the right to conduct freely a lucrative; t. the right to assistance in case of distress; u. freedom of establishment; v. the right to elections and to of free votes.

Furthermore, the present Constitution guarantees: a. the right of parents to obtain within a reasonable and bearable conditions financially able to entrust their children to a public place or private, according to a formula that meets the needs of the children of day; (b) the right of petition, including the right to obtain a response in a reasonable time.

RS 101 § 12 due process guarantees of the Federal Constitution procedure and the international instruments to which the Switzerland shall provide the general procedural guarantees and guarantees of judicial procedure and guarantee the rights in the event of deprivation of liberty and rights in criminal proceedings, including: a. the right of everyone to ensure that its cause is treated fairly and judged within a reasonable by the judicial or administrative authorities; (b) the right to be heard and the right of access to the file; c. the right to free legal aid (d) the right of any person that his cause is brought before the tribunal established by law, competent, independent and impartial; e. the right of recourse intended to preserve the rights fundamental; f. the rights in case of deprivation of liberty and protection against arbitrary arrest; g. the presumption of innocence in criminal proceedings; h. the prohibition to pursue criminally two times the same person for the same offence.

RS 101 § 13 Restrictions of fundamental rights Restrictions of rights fundamental any restriction of a fundamental right must be based on a legal basis. Serious restrictions must be prescribed by a law. Cases of serious, direct and imminent danger are reserved.
Any restriction of a fundamental right must be justified by a public interest or the protection of a fundamental right of others and must be proportionate to the intended purpose.
The essence of fundamental rights and the human rights guaranteed by the binding provisions of international law is inviolable.

§ 14 goals goals in addition to justiciable fundamental rights which are fundamental rights fundamental rights guaranteed by this Constitution, the State and municipalities set as objectives: a. to take into account requests of children, young people and the elderly or disabled; b. ensure that persons who, because of their age their State of health or of their economic or social situation need help get the necessary means for their subsistence, medical care and housing, and assistance they need to find a certain autonomy; c. to ensure that any person can ensure its maintenance by a work under fair conditions and is protected against the consequences of unemployment provided that it is not itself responsible.

III. objectives and tasks of the State § 15 major lines of activity of the State great lines of activity of the State fulfills its tasks according to the needs of the population and with the goal prosperity. It is in respect of dignity, personality and everyone's responsibility.

It strives to preserve natural resources and to work towards a sustainable development that meets the needs of present generations without however jeopardizing the ecological, economic and social legacy of future generations and without risking to deprive them of their own lifestyle choice.
It works to ensure equality of opportunity and promotes cultural diversity, integration and equality within the population and economic prosperity.

§ 16 control of him accomplish - ment control tasks of done it - lying tasks the competent authorities of the State periodically ensure that the tasks assumed by the public authorities are necessary, effective and fulfilled economically optimally, they are bearable, and that their financial consequences are controlled.

§ 17 principles of training and education principles of training and education. the State ensures that training is complete. Education must be designed to develop the skills, intellectual and physical, creative, emotional, and social of the individual, strengthen its sense of responsibility toward human beings humans and the environment and to prepare and to help him to integrate into society.

§ 18 schools, kindergartens, childcare day and homes, schools, kindergartens, childcare for the day and homes the State makes available to the kindergartens and of schools. It provides or supports home day, specialized institutions and homes structures.
Kindergartens, schools, childcare for the day, the specialized agencies and the public homes are denominational and politically neutral.
Kindergartens, schools and childcare for the day, the specialized agencies and the homes encourage children and young people and require their share of effort depending on their skills and their tastes. They promote integration of all children and young people in society and throw bridges between cultures.

§ 19 tuition required compulsory education within the limits set by the legal provisions, the school is required.
Schools and public kindergartens are free. Throughout compulsory schooling, the school material is released for free to students.

§ 20 monitoring of private schools, supervision of private schools schools and private kindergartens are subject to authorisation and the supervision of the State.

§ 21 University and University technical colleges and universities the State operates a University and high specialized schools. He strives for the external financial contributions to the canton.

§ 22 vocational training vocational training State guarantees and encourages professional training in areas the more various. It monitors the professional training.
The State encourages professional development and retraining.

§ 23 the State adult education adult education encourages the training of adults in general, and encourages training and development through financial aid or by other measures to ensure equality of opportunity.

§ 24 Security public public safety the State ensures public safety and including the protection against violence, exploitation and abuse.
He takes measures of disaster reduction and preserves the public order by measures of prevention of violence and conflict management.

§ 25 families and family-type communities families and family-type communities the State shall protect the family as well as family-type communities and their children.

§ 26 health state preserves and promotes the health of the population.
It guarantees everyone access to medical care.
It encourages measures to maintain the autonomy of patients, assistance and home care, and supports the families and loved ones in this task.
He takes measures in the field of prevention.
It ensures respect for the rights of patients.

§ 27 hospitals hospitals the State manages clinics and public hospitals; He strives for the external financial contributions to the canton.
It ensures the availability of the other clinics, institutions, and public hospitals needed in conjunction with municipalities and donors of private funds and in agreement with the authorities of the region.

§ 28 the State Public Health Surveillance public health surveillance monitors on the health sector and on the exercise of the medical professions.

§ 29 economy and economy and work the State shall to the development of a successful economy and balanced structures by creating favourable general conditions.
It takes measures to prevent unemployment in addition to federal legislation. It has an active employment policy.
It promotes the compatibility of family duties with paid work.

§ 30 transport transport the State ensures and coordinates a safe and economically optimal mobility that is respectful of the environment and economic in terms of energy consumption. Public transport is a priority.
The State strives to increase the attractiveness of urban traffic and get fast connections with major centres Swiss and the connection to the major international transport routes by rail and road as well as to international networks of air and river transport.

§ 31 energy energy the State ensures a supply of safe energy that promotes economic development and environmentally friendly.
It encourages the use of renewable energy, the application of new technologies, the decentralisation of energy supply and consumption ' economical and rational use of energy.
He opposes the use of nuclear energy and does not investments in nuclear plants.

§ 32 water water the State guarantees the supply of quality drinking water and ensure that non-potable water is used sparingly.
Water supply cannot be delegated to companies whose profits are coming back in all or in part to individuals.

§ 33 of the State Environmental Protection environmental protection is taking steps to prevent pollution of land, air and water.
It ensures biodiversity.
It encourages the recycling of waste and used materials and ensures the elimination of non-reusable waste and purification of wastewater in the environment-friendly conditions.
It protects people and the environment against noise and other unpleasant or harmful immissions and takes elimination or risk reduction measures.

§ 34 planning and habitat planning and habitat. the State ensures that the ground is used as judicious and respectful of the environment in the context of urban development adapted to the needs of the settlement of share and across the border. It preserves and promotes the quality of habitat and urban quality.
It encourages the construction of housing in the interests of the balance of the housing market. It ensures that there is no shortage of housing, including housing suitable for families.

§ 35 culture Culture. the State encourages the creation, mediation and cultural exchanges.
It ensures the conservation of monuments, sites and cultural heritage which belongs to him or entrusted to him.

§ 36 sport Sport State encourages sports activities.

§ 37 media media the State supports the independence and plurality of information.
It promotes public access to media as well as information sources.

§ 38 public and sportive property public goods and enjoy the State exercises its sovereignty on public land, on public waterways and airspace.
It has the exclusive right to exploit the basement and geothermal and sell salt.
It can exercise this right or transfer it to Commons or to third parties.
Hunting and fishing are the sovereign rights of the Commons. Acquired rights of persons of private law are reserved.
Insofar as the free economy allows it, the State may, through legislation, create new monopolies.

IV. citizenship and popular rights 1. Citizenship § 39 naturalization naturalization status and Commons encouraging the granting of citizenship to new citizens. The State and the common bourgeois address details in their legislation.

2. right to vote § 40 Terms Conditions all the Swiss and all Swiss women who are 18 years of age, who have their political home in the canton of Basel-City and are not under curatorship of general scope due to an inability of sustainable discernment or represented by an attorney of Attorney have the right to vote.
Municipal Commons can extend the right to vote in municipal matters to other categories of people.

Accepted by popular vote of the 9 Feb. 2014, in force since June 22, 2014. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 11, 2015 (FF 2015 2811 art. 1 ch. 4, 2014 8899).

§ 41 object object can the citizens having the right to vote:

a. take part in votes; b. present names of candidates in the elections, take part in the elections and to be elected in public; c. launch and signing initiatives and referendums.

§ 42 exercise of voting rights exercise of the right to vote the citizens exercise their right to vote in their home town. The exceptions are provided by law.
The Swiss people get the right to vote in cantonal and communal area in the municipal town in which they are established.

§ 43 protection Protection citizens entitled to what the expressed that the apparent electoral body at an election or a referendum either overall of reliable, accurate and secure way.
They can use the Court of appeal if they feel that there is a violation of their right to vote.
The secrecy of the vote is guaranteed during elections and voting. The special provisions applying to the communal assemblies are reserved.

3. § 44 Elections Elections popular popular Elections citizens eligible to vote elect: a. members of the Grand Council; (b) the members of the Council of State; c. the Member of the Council of State which will exercise the function of president of the Government; d. the presidents of the courts; e. the Deputy Court Chairmen; f. the judges to the Court of appeal, the court civil the Criminal Court and the Court of social insurance exercising their function as a secondary activity; g. the representatives of the canton of Basel-City in the national Council and the Council of States.

The term of office of members of the national Council and the members of the Council of States is the same.
The Swiss and the Swiss residing abroad and who have the right to vote in federal matters in the canton of Basel-City can participate in the election of the members of the Council of States.

Accepted by popular vote of the 9 Feb. 2014, in force since 15 March 2015. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 11, 2015 (FF 2015 2811 art. 1 ch. 4, 2014 8899).

§ 45 constituencies, constituencies for elections to the great and General Council, the city of Basel is divided into three constituencies; each of the municipalities of Bettingen and Riehen form a constituency.
The law regulates the development of constituencies.

§ 46 procedure electoral voting Procedure General Council is elected by proportional representation. The municipalities of Bettingen and Riehen is entitled to at least one seat each.
The quorum necessary for obtaining a seat is fixed by the law.
The members of the Council of State, the president of the Government, the presidents of the courts and their deputies and ordinary judges exercising their function as a secondary activity are elected by majority voting.

4. initiative popular § 47 Initiative popular popular Initiative an initiative, in the form of a written project or a project conceived in general terms, may be filed at any time by 3000 citizens entitled to vote seeking to adopt, repeal or amendment of provisions constitutional or legislative or orders of the Grand Council subject to the referendum.
Initiatives requesting a total revision of the Constitution may be filed only in the form of projects designed in general terms.
Written initiatives contain a draft of constitutional or legislative provisions or order. Initiatives designed in general terms must contain a description of their purpose and their purpose.
An initiative must be filed within 18 months following its publication.

§ 48 validity validity the State Chancellery notes if the initiative was successful or not.
The initiative is void in whole or in part if it: a. is contrary to the upper right; b. is unenforceable; c. does not respect the principle of unity of the matter.

§ 49 procedure Procedure initiatives must be processed within the time limits set by law.
Written initiatives are subject to such people what.
If the Council refuses to draft in response to an initiative designed in general terms, it is submitted to the people. If the initiative is accepted or the Grand Council decides to follow him, he prepared a project responding to the request of the authors of the initiative.
The Grand Council decides last spring of the level - Constitution, law or decree of the Grand Council - fits the project that he must write.

§ 50 counter-proposal counter-proposal. the Grand Council can oppose any initiative as well as the projects develop in response to initiatives designed in general terms a counter-proposal.
The initiative and the counter-proposal are put to the people at the same time.
Citizens entitled to vote can ' accept both projects and indicate whether they prefer in case both are accepted.

5 referendum § 51 Referendum mandatory Referendum are subject to the vote of the people: a. revisions of the Constitution; b. the initiatives presented in the form of a written project; c. initiatives designed in general terms than the Grand Council rejects or that he opposes a counter-proposal; d. projects that the Grand Council has written in response to an initiative designed in general terms; e. international treaties which the content changes the Constitution; f. changes of the territory Canton, with the exception of the border adjustments.

The Grand Council may decide to submit to the people of other objects.

§ 52 optional referendum optional Referendum if 2000 citizens having the right to vote so request within 42 days from their publication, the following acts of the Council are subject to the people: a. laws; b. orders on expenses in an amount specified by the Act; c. international treaties which are not necessarily subject to the vote of the people; d. others arrested unless the Constitution or a law expressly provides that they cannot be the subject of a referendum.

Following the great Council orders are not subject to the referendum: a. orders relating to individuals, such as elections, amnesty or pardon decisions and naturalizations; b. the orders in relation to the exercise by the canton of its rights of participation within the Confederation; c. the orders on the budget and on behalf of State d. orders determining the envelope of a loan; e. orders in relation to the exercise of the high monitoring; f. orders relating to the recognition by the State of churches or religious communities; g. the border rectifications; h. procedural decisions, the orders on enforcement of its organization or its internal regulation provisions and orders governing its relationship with other authorities; i. resolutions.

6. participation § 53 Procedures for consultation consultation Procedures when an authority is organizing a consultation on a draft general procedure, it shall inform the public and all interested persons an opportunity to give their opinion.

§ 54 parties policies, political parties and political organizations helps shape popular opinion and the will.

§ 55 districts districts the State associated with the population of the districts training his opinion and his will when he is called upon to make decisions that affect particularly.

V. Canton and common 1. Commons in general § 56 personality legal legal personality municipalities (municipal Commons and common bourgeois) are public law communities with legal personality.

§ 57 structure Structure the canton of Basel-City consists of the municipal town of Basel and Bettingen and Riehen municipal Commons.
The State takes over the Affairs of the municipal town of Basel.
Each municipal commune includes a civic.

§ 58 existence Existence the existence and the heritage of Commons and territorial integrity are guaranteed.
The merger, division, and the reorganization of municipalities are subject to the approval of the citizens having the right to vote of the affected municipalities and the State.
Any rectification of border between municipal municipalities of Bettingen and Riehen is subject to the approval of the State Council.

2 the common § 59 warranty guarantee the autonomy of the communes is guaranteed. Municipalities manage their affairs independently within the limits of the Constitution and the law.
Cantonal law guarantees maximum freedom in the Commons.
The guarantees provided for in the provisions of this section are part of the autonomy of the communes.

§ 60 tasks tasks municipal Commons assume tasks at local level which are not the responsibility of the State.
The distribution of tasks between the State and the municipal authorities is governed by the principles of transparency, efficiency and proximity to the citizen.

§ 61 income tax, municipal property taxes, taxes, taxes municipal property municipal Commons taking: a. the tax on income of individuals; (b) taxes on property gains.

The law may authorize the municipal Commons to levy other taxes.
Municipalities can levy taxes and fees and loans.
They manage their own heritage.

§ 62 financing the financing of tasks tasks

The State and the municipal authorities cover expenses related to the performance of their tasks through their own tax revenues and other income.
The State regulates the distribution of financial responsibilities between the State and the municipal authorities in view of the principle that each task should be funded by the local authority who is responsible and who benefits.
He built the funding to encourage personal initiative and economically optimal behaviors and takes into account the importance of attractive Commons on the tax plan may have for the canton.
Commons gives a fair compensation for the tasks that it delegates to them.

§ 63 fiscal equalization fiscal equalization to compensate for the differences between the municipal Commons caused by the special structural loads and the gaps between their financial capacity, the State provides legislated a system of financial equalization.

3. common bourgeois § 64 tasks tasks the common bourgeois confer citizenship of the commune. They run their operations, manage their fortunes and their supervision on the institutions, foundations and corporations placed under their responsibility. They may be given other tasks of public interest.

4 Organization and status within the canton § 65 Organization Organization municipalities define their organization in their municipal regulation, within the limits of the Constitution and the law.
The optional referendum against the decisions of the Municipal Council and the right of initiative are guaranteed in the municipal communes.

§ 66 participation in cantonal Affairs Participation at cantonal Affairs municipal Commons can ask the adoption, amendment or repeal of constitutional or legislative provisions by decision of the Municipal Council or Municipal Assembly. The provisions governing the popular votes shall apply by analogy.
Commons must be heard in good time when the Grand Council or the Council of State is preparing a normative act or an order that affect particularly.

§ 67 collaboration Collaboration the State encourages collaboration between municipalities.
To accomplish tasks of public interest, municipalities can create unions or common institutions, signing agreements with municipalities of the canton or of other cantons or nearby territorial communities across the national border or take stakes in public, mixed and private companies.

§ 68 surveillance monitoring Commons are subject to the supervision of the State. It is exercised by the Council of State.
Monitoring is limited to legal control, unless the law provides for an audit of the opportunity.

VI. authorities cantonal 1. Principles § 69 Separation of powers Separation of powers authorities are organized in accordance with the principle of the separation of powers. No authority is allowed to exercise the power of the State without oversight or limits.
No authority is allowed to intervene in an area that the Constitution or the law shall submit to the jurisdiction of another authority unless the Constitution provides.

§ 70 eligibility eligibility all citizens having the right to vote in the canton are eligible for the Grand Council, the Council of State as well as the courts.
The law may limit the eligibility of members of the judiciary to additional conditions or extend it to categories of persons not having the right to vote in the canton.
She sets the eligibility of members of the other authorities.

§ 71 incompatibilities incompatibilities the functions of Member of the Grand Council and the State Council, State Chancellor, mediator, judge of all judicial authorities, Clerk to the Court of appeal, Prosecutor and the judicial police Commissioner assigned to the public prosecutor are incompatible.
Senior administration and personal staff of counsellors of State or the Council of State in its together who participate regularly and crucial to the preparation and the decision-making process of the Council of State may not be members of the Grand Council.
The law regulates the details. It may provide other incompatibilities.

§ 72 incompatibilities between parents and allies incompatibilities between parents and allies the law regulates the incompatibilities of Government and judicial functions between parents and allies.

§ 73 tenure term of office the members of the Grand Council and the State Council are elected for four years.
The members of the courts and the Ombudsman are elected for six years.
The law regulates the term of office of the members of the other authorities.

§ 74 recusal recusal members of the authorities will reject when the case concerns them directly and personally.
The recusal is mandatory during the decision-making process of the preparation of the case and deliberation.

§ 75 information and access to Information documents and access to documents the authorities inform the public about their activities.
The public has the right to consult the official documents, unless public or private interests overriding don't oppose.
The law regulates the details and guarantees the confidentiality of tax information.

§ 76 language official language the official language is German.
Authorities and administration services are allowed to work also in other languages.

§ 77 responsibility liability the liability of the authorities and staff of cantonal administration is regulated by the law.

§ 78 responsibility for damage responsibility for damage the State and other persons invested with public tasks are responsible for the damage their bodies cause without rights in the exercise of their public mandate.
They are also responsible for the damage that their bodies were acting in accordance with the law if some people are affected particularly badly and could not reasonably require of them that they bear the damage themselves.
In case of serious breach of privacy, the injured person is also entitled to compensation for the moral damage.

§ 79 immunity immunity people exercising their right to speak before the Council or its committees incur no legal responsibility for what they say.
A majority of two thirds of the voters, the Grand Council can nevertheless waive this immunity if there is clear abuse.

2 grand Council § 80 status and membership status and composition the Grand Council is the legislative authority and the supreme authority of the canton.
It consists of 100 members.

§ 81 independence independence members of the Grand Council to deliberate and vote without instructions.
Subject to professional secrecy, they make public the links they have with interest groups.

§ 82, limiting the number of mandates limiting the number of mandates people who served on the Grand Council during four legislatures in a row are not eligible for re-election for the next Parliament.
Begun legislatures are considered whole legislatures.

§ 83 activity legislative lawmaking General Council enacts all basic and important provisions in the form of laws.
Are considered fundamental and important provisions for which the Constitution expressly the form of the Act, as, in particular, the provisions dealing with: a. the foundations of the legal status of each; b. the purpose of taxes, the quality of taxpayer and the calculation of the amount of taxes, other than taxes in the amount of little importance; c. purpose , the nature and limits of the State benefits; d. outline of the Organization and the tasks of the authorities.

§ 84 emergency emergency laws and decrees whose entry into force suffers no delay can be enacted without delay if the Council so decides by a majority of two thirds of the voters.
Laws and urgent orders are also subject to the referendum. If the referendum is requested, they lapse if: a. the vote on the request for a referendum not took place in the year following the entry into force of the Act or the disputed order; (b) the Act is rejected by the people.

§ 85 conventions Conventions the Grand Council approved the agreements on objects within its jurisdiction.
During the preparation of conventions and intercantonal important subject to its approval, it may advise the Council of State and follow the work of the latter through its commissions.

§ 86 planning planning the Grand Council takes part in the overall planning of the Council of State in the manner provided by law.
It enacts, approves and reviews plans when the law so provides.

§ 87 administrative acts important administrative acts important the Grand Council decides to important administrative acts when the law so provides.

§ 88 financial orders stopped financial the Grand Council decide: a. expenditures falling outside of the exclusive jurisdiction of the State Council; b. budget; (c) the approval of the State accounts; d. envelope of loans.


When the Grand Council authorized an expenditure of comprehensive way or in the form of a budget, it links its decision to a performance mandate.

§ 89 Elections Elections on his commission proposal, the General Council elects deputy judges at the Court of appeal, the civil court, the Criminal Court and the Court of social insurance and the head of the sector of the appeal.
The law may confer on the Grand Council of other electoral jurisdictions.

§ 90 surveillance monitoring the Grand Council supervises high on the Council of State, the administration, judicial authorities and other persons invested with public tasks, insofar as their tasks are the responsibility of the State.
It approves the annual reports of the Council of State, the courts, the Ombudsman and independent administrative services.

§ § 91 91. Other tasks other tasks. the Grand Council a. has the participation rights granted to the cantons by the Federal Constitution; are excepted the responses to the consultation procedures organised by federal authorities; b. slice in cases of conflict of jurisdiction between the Supreme State authorities; c. Notes the outcome of the cantonal elections; d. Decides requests for amnesty and clemency; e. decided adjustments of cantonal or municipal boundaries; f. grants freedom of the city canton subject to the powers of the Council of State; g. Decides on the admissibility of referendums or refer the matter directly the Court of appeal asking him to decide; h. Decides to recognition by the State of the churches and religious communities of private law and the withdrawal of recognition.

The law may confer on the Grand Council of additional skills.

RS 101 § 92 screening screening General Council decided proposals and projects of laws and by-laws on the basis: a. a recommendation or report of the Council of State; (b) a report of a Committee of the Grand Council.

He may waive the screening when it makes decisions about its procedure or its organization or that he launched a cantonal referendum in federal matters.

§ 93 mandates to the Council of State mandates in the Council of State the Grand Council can give mandates to the Council of State. If the object of the mandate falls within the exclusive jurisdiction of the State Council, shall review the mandate and report on its work to the Grand Council.

§ 94 Presidency Presidency members elect one of their members the president of the Grand Council and his Deputy for a year.

§ 95 commissions Commissions. the Grand Council is commissions to prepare its deliberations.
To accomplish their tasks, the commissions have the right to obtain information, access to documents and to conduct investigations within the limits defined by law.

§ 96 advertising of the Grand Council debates open debates are public.

§ 97 Council meeting convening of the Council the Grand Council is convened by its Chairman.
He is also often required by the business.
It meets on extraordinary a. where a quarter of its members, the Council of State or the two municipal communes of Bettingen and Riehen met request indicating the object to be processed by the Grand Council, this object faced jurisdiction; (b) on its own initiative, in order to deliberate on issues concerning the public authority or to gather information on such issues.

§ 98 quorum Quorum the plenum of the Grand Council and its committees deliberate validly when half of the members are present.

§ 99 organization and regulations organization and rules of the Organization and the regulation of the Grand Council, its relationship with the Council of State, the Court of appeal and the Ombudsman are governed by law.
The Grand Council can enact the implementing provisions concerning its organization and its rules by order.

§ 100 reports between the Council of State and the Grand Council reports between the Council of State and the Grand Council. the Council of State can submit objects to the decision of the great Council and submit proposals.
The members of the Council participate in sessions of the Grand Council in an advisory capacity. They have the right to submit proposals on any point of the order of the day.

3 Council of State and administration § 101 status and membership status and composition the Council of State is the managerial and executive authority supreme in the canton.
It consists of seven members.

§ 102 Presidency Presidency the president of the Government chairs the Council of State for the duration of a Parliament.
It directs, plans and coordinates the activities of the Council of State as a collegial authority and represents the inside and out.

§ 103 collegiality collegiality the State Council takes its decisions as a collegial authority.
The law may entrust certain tasks to members of the State Council and departments whose jurisdiction they fall.

§ 104 bonds Government Government bonds the State Council fulfils its obligation to govern, including: a. following the evolution of the State and society and based on his assessment of the situation to define the objectives of the cantonal and communal action and how to carry out this action in order to achieve the objectives set; b. by planning and coordinating cantonal and communal activities; c. regularly defining future activities of the Government and making regularly account of achievement the objectives referred; d. representing the State and the city of Basel on the inside and the outside.

Sustainability, he asks Council to independent experts.

§ 105 legislation Legislation the Council of State takes part in the preparation of draft legislation and to the decision-making process by the Grand Council.
The State Council shall issue normative in the form of orders provisions insofar as the Constitution or the law authorizes.
The law may provide that the State Council enacts other provisions if the legislative procedure does not lend. She restricted the delegation to a specific area and sets the limits.
In an emergency, it may issue by way of order provisions which are necessary for the adoption of higher law, provided that the Council is not able to do it himself in the legislative procedure ordinary or urgent. These provisions are replaced without delay according to the ordinary procedure.

§ 106 conventions Conventions the Council of State has the competence to conclude agreements subject to the approval of the Grand Council right.

§ 107 financial orders stopped financial the State Council is developing the financial plan. It adopts the budget and State to the Grand Council.
He has the authority to decide independently spending within the limits set by law.
It has the competence to take out loans within the limits set by the Grand Council.
It manages the financial assets of the canton and has where his skills are not restricted by law.

§ 108 administration Directorate of the Council of State administration management heads the cantonal administration. It monitors other people invested public tasks and on the accomplishment of these.
It ensures that the administration is working in compliance with the law in an effective way and being close to the citizens. It defines the organization which should be within the limits of the Constitution and the law.
It ensures the simplicity and speed of administrative procedures.
He cut administrative remedies in accordance with the law.
It does not apply otherwise the federal law or the provisions constitutional or legislative of the canton.

§ 109 State of emergency State of emergency the Council of State may, without legal basis, measures current or impending disturbances threatening the security or public order.
These measures are immediately subject to the approval of the Grand Council. They are deciduous at the latest one year after their entry into force.

§ § 110 110 Other tasks the Council of State has the responsibility for other tasks: a. the maintenance of order and security public; b. the participation at the federal level, unless competence back to the Grand Council; c. the elections, unless other bodies not in are loaded; (d) the granting of the city canton to people entitled to be naturalized; (e) the presentation to the Grand Council of an annual report on all units of the cantonal administration; (f) the statement of the results of the cantonal votes.

The law may entrust other tasks to the Council of State.

§ 111 administration cantonal cantonal cantonal administration consists of the Presidential Department and six other departments.
The president of the Government heads Presidential Department. The latter must also fulfil administrative tasks.
The other Councillors of State run each Department.
The Council of State settles issues of substitution of the president of the Government and heads of departments.
The law may create independent administrative entities.
It regulates the commitment of the staff of the cantonal administration.

4 authorities judicial § 112 General information General information

The courts are independent and are subject only to the law.
The administration of justice is of the courts.

§ 113 civil court civil court civil jurisdiction is the civil court and the Court of appeal.

§ 114 Criminal Court Criminal Court the Criminal Court is the Criminal Court and the Court of appeal.
The law may include the institution of other authorities responsible for the Criminal Court of criminal jurisdiction of minors.
The law may assign cantonal or communal skills administrative criminal law to the administrative authorities. The judicial review is reserved.

§ 115 administrative court administrative jurisdiction the administrative court is the Court of social insurance, the statutory appeals boards and the Court of appeal.

§ 116 Constitutional Court constitutional jurisdiction appellate court knows, as a Constitutional Court: a. Appeals for violation of constitutional rights guaranteed by the Federal Constitution or the Constitution of the Canton, when there is no other legal remedies to enforce; b. appeals or intervention of the Grand Council of producing the admissibility of a popular initiative; c. Appeals due to failure to take into account by the Grand Council of the content and purpose an initiative designed in general terms; d. disputes on protection of the autonomy of the communes.

Cannot be appealed to the Constitutional Court: the provisions of the Constitution; b. the laws, with the exception of their application or in case of disputes within the meaning of para. 1, let. d; c. orders the Grand Council and the Council of State for which the legislature has ruled out such an action; d. emergency law; e. the orders by means of which the Grand Council grants or withdraws recognition of State churches or religious communities under private law.

RS 101 § 117 organization, procedure and monitoring organization, procedure, and monitoring the Court of appeal is the supreme cantonal authority empowered to hear civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional litigation.
The Organization, competence and procedure of the courts are regulated by law. Reliability, speed of procedures and the independence of the courts in terms of their organization must be guaranteed.
As part of regional conventions, the law may entrust certain jurisdictional to regional courts.
The Court of appeal exercises its oversight on all courts.
The courts submit an annual report to the General Council.

5. § 118 Ombudsman Ombudsman Act Ombudsman establishes an independent cantonal Ombudsman. It establishes the facts and intervenes in case of conflicts between citizens and administrative services.

VII. § 119 Budget and Budget financial planning and financial planning the State financial system and municipalities manage their budget of thrifty and economical way taking into account of the situation, the needs of the economy and of the principle of causality. The budget must be balanced in the medium term.
The State and municipalities provide a complete financial plan.
The budget and the State accounts are established taking into account the principles of transparency and publicity.
Before you take on new tasks, the State and municipalities assess the economic and financial consequences.

§ 120 brake brake debt into State debt to ensure that the ratio between its debt and its financial capacity does not exceed, in the medium term, the limit set by the law. It ensures the long-term stability of its budget.
Annual expenditures are fixed given the financial situation and the principle of continuity in the evolution of spending.

§ 121 financial resources financial resources the financial resources of the State are: a. taxes and other contributions he collected; b. performance of his fortune c. benefits of Confederation and third; d. loans he contracts and loans it provides.

§ 122 taxes and other taxes and other contributions State takes direct taxes on the income of natural persons and legal entities.
Taxes that the State will be charged and the contributions that the State, corporations or institutions of public law can take is set by law.

§ 123 principles of taxation principles of taxation the tax system is designed taking into account the principles of universality, equality and economic capacity.
Direct taxes are calculated so that they spare the economically weak people, they promote personal retirement and that they infringe or the will to exercise a gainful activity or the competitiveness of taxpayers.

§ 124 use of financial means use of financial means any use of public funds must be based on a legal basis and be authorized by the competent authority.

§ 125 financial control financial control on the finances of the State is monitored by independent monitoring bodies.
The law regulates the monitoring of the use of the benefits the State provides to third parties.

VIII. churches and religious communities 1. Churches and religious communities recognized public law § 126 churches and religious communities recognized public churches and religious communities recognized by law the reformed evangelical church, the Roman Catholic Church, the Christian Catholic Church and the Jewish community are recognized by State law.
They have the status of public law communities with legal personality.
Other churches and religious communities can be recognized under public law by way of a constitutional amendment.

§ 127 autonomy autonomy of churches and religious communities recognized by law are organized independently.
They give themselves a constitution, which should, as amended, be adopted by a majority of their members having the right to vote and be approved by the State Council.
The State Council gives its approval unless the federal or cantonal law are opposed.
Within the limits of the foregoing provisions, the law regulates the procedure of approval of the constitution and the tax system as well as supervision on the management of the heritage.

§ 128 membership, voting membership, voting any person domiciled in the canton is a member of the Church or religious community recognized public law corresponding to his confession or religion if it meets the conditions stipulated by the constitution of his church or religious community.
The exit of the Church or religious community is possible at any time by written declaration.
The conditions to which the right to vote and eligibility is granted are defined in the constitutions of churches and religious communities recognized by law.

§ 129 communities and agencies subordinate communities and subordinate agencies, churches and religious communities recognized under public law may, in their constitution, provide a subdivision in parishes, communities of neighborhoods or other subordinate communities.
These are communities in public law, with legal personality.
The status and the broad outlines of the Organization of the subordinate communities are defined in the constitutions of churches and religious communities recognized by law.
The churches and religious communities recognized under public law may, for their needs, create public-law bodies with legal personality.

§ 130 rights and obligations rights and obligations. churches and religious communities recognized public manage their heritage of independently under the supervision of the State Council.
They require their members to pay taxes. Tax regulations are subject to the approval of the State Council.
The law regulates their other rights and obligations, including with regard to religious education in schools or the chaplaincy in hospitals and prisons as well as projects and institutions that the State and the churches or religious communities direct transit.

§ 131 court jurisdiction the churches and religious communities recognized by law determine the procedure for settlement of disputes.
Decisions that the churches and religious communities recognized in public law have taken in the last instance may be challenged by their members and by their own communities and organizations in the Court of appeal.
The Court ensures the compliance of the decision with the Federal and cantonal law. In addition, it checks compliance of the decision with the right of the Church or community concerned for as long as their rules so provide.

2 other churches and religious communities § 132 legal status legal status of churches and religious communities that are not recognized in public law matters of private law.

§ 133 recognition by the State of other churches and other religious communities recognition by the State of other churches and other religious communities

Churches and religious communities of private law can be recognized by the State and thus get special rights if: a. they are important social; b. abide denominational peace and the legal order; c. they manage their finances in a transparent manner; and sid. They recognize the output of their members at all times.

No one can claim to recognition by the State.
The recognition by the State is decided by Decree of the Grand Council, which must be approved by at least 51 deputies. It is not subject to the referendum.
The rights and obligations of the Church or religious community recognized are fixed in the Decree of recognition.

§ 134 withdraw withdrawal of recognition the great Council cantonal cantonal recognition can withdraw his recognition to the Church or religious community according to the procedure provided for in § 133, al. 3, if the conditions for recognition are no longer fulfilled or if the Church or the community does not meet its obligations.

3. common provisions § 135 worship the cult charges fees. churches and religious communities assume themselves the cult charges.

§ 136 State benefits for the churches and religious communities State benefits for the churches and religious communities the State can support the work the clergymen provided in hospitals, in prisons and in other public institutions.
It can contribute to the conservation of buildings or of historical monuments and other public interest tasks assumed by the churches and religious communities.

IX. Revision of the Constitution § 137 principle principle a partial or total of the cantonal Constitution revision is possible at any time.

§ 138 total overhaul total overhaul the electoral body decides if the total revision of the Constitution should be undertaken.
If the total revision is decided, the legislator has two years to define the procedure.

§ 139 review partial partial partial revision Revision can be independent arrangements or intrinsically related provisions.
The partial revision following the legislative procedure.
If the Council takes the decision to a partial revision, or if it supports an initiative formulated in general terms, calling for a partial review, he may submit his order to the people.

§ 140 protection of autonomy of Commons Protection of the autonomy of the common changes to a provision of the section devoted to the autonomy of the communes must be accepted by the majority of voters and three-tenths of the people entitled to vote.

X. transitional provisions § 141 coming into force coming into force the present Constitution comes into force on the day of the Saint-Henri, July 13, 2006.
On that date, the Constitution of the canton of Basel-City from December 2, 1889 is repealed.
Are also repealed all the provisions of the cantonal law in force at that date which are not compatible with the directly applicable provisions of this Constitution.

§ 142 adaptation of Adaptation of legislation legislation if new provisions must be adopted or existing provisions modified under the terms of this Constitution, these adaptations should be undertaken without delay.

§ 143 initiatives popular popular Initiatives the initiatives which have been submitted for review to the Chancery cantonal according to § 4 of the law on the initiative and referendum (WRI) before the entry into force of this Constitution, but which, in the sense of § 6 WRI, have been filed after that date, shall be valid to be admissible 3000 signatures. The time for the harvest of the signatures within the meaning of § 47, al. 4, of the present Constitution begins on the entry into force of the new Constitution.
In the case of initiatives that have been filed in the sense § 6 IRG prior to the entry into force of the new Constitution, the provisions of the IRG apply in accordance with the Constitution of December 2, 1889.

§ 144 authorities authorities members of authorities remain in place until the expiry of the term of office under the old law.

§ 145 grand Council Grand Council new provisions of the present Constitution the number of MEPs in the Grand Council and the quorum are deploying their effects as soon as the new Parliament.

§ 146 incompatibilities incompatibilities between parents and allies, Presidential Department inconsistencies, incompatibilities between parents and allies, Department of Presidential Affairs new provisions governing incompatibilities (§ 71, para. 2), incompatibilities between parents and allies (§ 72), the president of the Government and the creation of a Department of Presidential Affairs (§ 111) should be adopted in time to be applied to the new legislature.
The State Council enacts the provisions required by order if they could not be adopted in due course in the context of the legislative procedure ordinary or urgent in order to enter into force before the beginning of the election procedure. These provisions will be replaced without delay according to the ordinary procedure.

§ 147 single judges Bettingen and Riehen single judges Bettingen and Riehen as a single judge in the municipalities of Bettingen and Riehen ends at the entry into force of this Constitution. The current procedures at that date are transmitted to the civil court.

§ 148 urgent orders of the Grand Council urgent orders of the Grand Council orders that the Grand Council has declared emergency under the previous law remain in effect and are not subject to the provisions of § 84 of this Constitution.

§ 149 financial orders (§ 88, para. 2) financial orders (§ 88, para. 2) financial orders that were decided according to the old law without performance mandate remain in force even if these expenses must be accompanied by a warrant of benefits under the new law.

Index of contents numbers refer to the articles and divisions of articles of the constitution activity (s) - lucrative 11 - Sports Administration 36 - cantonal 101 - 111 - frames of the responsibilities of the important administrative acts 87 - 77-71-high monitoring on the 90-annual reports 90-direction by the Council of State 108 - departments - 111 staff of 111-administrative court 115-conflicts between citizens and administrative services 118 Age - equality and prohibition of discrimination 8 - fundamental rights - 14 vote 40 help - right to 11-social - 14 financial assistance for the training of adults - 23 and homecare 26 amnesty (grace) 52, 91 - competence of the Grand Council 91 arbitrary - ban of 10-12 free legal aid authorities 12 protection cf. powers good faith 5, 10 Bourgeoisie 39, 56, 57 - 64 Budget City law - not subject to the referendum 52 , - competence of the Grand Council 88 - competence of the Council of State 107 - General rules for all budgets 119, 120 Canton-principle 1-status within the Confederation 2 - 3 regional and intercantonal collaboration, external financial participation 21-4, 23-representation in the national Council and in the Council of States 44 - changes of the territory 51-collaboration of Commons 66, 67 - right to Canton city 91 110 Chancery of State 48 , 143 unemployment 14, 29 constituencies 45 citizens-power to the people - 1 right of citizenship, naturalization 39, 91, 101 - voting 41-44, 58-eligibility of the 70-administration of local 108 - intercantonal and cross-border Collaboration 3, 4 local authorities - 3, 67-56, 126, 129, 131 - public law public 62, 97 Commons - law community public - 56 common bourgeois 39, 56 57, 64 - borders of municipalities municipal 57, 58-autonomy, liberty 59 - tasks in their jurisdiction 60-taxes and taxes 61-Organization - 65 rights during legislative 66-intercommunal cooperation 67-68 - monitoring right of hunting and fishing 38 accounts 119-125 - skills of the Grand Council 88 - monitoring by the Grand Council 90 - skills of the Council of State 107 Confederation - canton member of the 2-collaboration with the 2-benefits of the 121 Conscience - freedom of 11 State Council 101-111 - members; elections of the 44, 73, 111-election, voting majority 44, 46-Presidency 44, 102, 110, 111-skills-58 surveillance on Commons - 68 tenure 73-planning-86 monitoring by the Grand Council 90 - reports annual 90, 110-mandates of the Grand Council 93 – presence at meetings extraordinary-97 as collegial authority 102, 103- as managerial authority 101 - obligation Government 104-legislative procedure , laws, decrees, agreements 105, 106-finances (budget, limits, skills) 107-Directorate of administration, 108, 111-emergency 109-maintaining security and public order - 110 right of city 110 cantonal Council of States - election of members 44 cantonal Constitution - revision 137, 138, 139 - entered into force 141-protection of autonomy of Commons 140 Conventions - international 51, 85, 106-intercantonal 85-of regional order 117 belief - 11 curatorship 40 Department (s) freedom - of the Council of State 103 - administration - 111 Presidential 111, 146 expenses

-subject to the referendum 52-competence of the Grand Council 88 - competence of the Council of State 107 - the debt brake-120 according to the old law 149 sustainable development 15, 104 Discrimination - Prohibition of all 8 home - freedom of establishment 11 right (s) 11-democratic 3, 4, 11. - participation rights guarantee rights fundamental 7, 11, 14-restrictions of fundamental rights - 13 law international 13-equality before the law 8 , 15. in the case of a judicial procedure-12 patients - 26 exclusive of the State 38 - popular - citizenship, naturalization 39, 64, 91, 110-vote 40-43, 44 - Swiss abroad 44 - right to initiative 47-referendum 51, 52-70 eligibility, 128 schools (education) 17-19 - structure home to day 18-private-20 specialized and universities 21 equality - men and women-9 chances and right-15 tax on 123 Church (s) 127-136 - recognition by the State 52 91, 116, 126, 134-Evangelical Reformed Church-126 Roman Catholic Church-126 Christian Catholic Church 126-israelite community 126-autonomy of the 127 - members - 128 rights rights, obligations and Finance of the churches-130 Court - 131 and religious communities that are not recognized by the State 132-134 - 135, 136 Elections - right to elections finance free 111v, 41 - popular election - protection and remedies-43 Grand Council 44 45, 89 - State Council and Presidency 44-president (e) s of the courts and their substitute s - 44 judges - 44 judges substitute (s) 89-representative (s) to the national Council and in the Council of States 44-not subject to the referendum 52-constituencies. 45cf also voting eligibility - General 70-limiting the number of mandates-82 in 128 borrowing churches - subject to optional referendum 52-the common 61-decision/responsibility of the Grand Council 88 , 107 of State 121 energy (s) - safe supply renewable 31-31-opposition to nuclear energy 31 teaching-goals - 17 religious 130-adult education 49 companies 67 establishment (s) - private school 11-freedom of establishment-11 of public law (taxes) 122 - prison 130, 136 State-sovereignty 1. principles 5-10, 14 - objectives and tasks 15 - 38 - responsible for the city of Basel 57 - 77 responsibility commune 78 accounts 52, 88, 107, 119-taxes and taxes 121 - 123 - territory 34, 51, 58 public service 9, 41, 44 - 44 duration, 73cf. also eligibility, incompatibilities training - right to the 11-complete offer of State 17 - Professional guaranteed-22 adults 23 border (s) 34, 51, 52, 58, 67, 91 Grand Council 80-100 - election of the members of the 44, 45, 46, 73-election proportional 46-85 skills , 88, 89, 91, 93, 97-monitoring on the Council of State 90 - arrested of the Grand Council, not subject to the referendum 52-obligation to hear Commons 66-eligibility-70 incompatibilities and term limits 71, 82 - time function: 73, 82-80 legislative authority, 83-number of MP (e) s 80-independence of the MP (e) s-81 Presidency 94 - commissions - 95 organization, regulation 97 - 99 - reports with the Council of State 93 , 100 supervision of 90-supervision on finance 125 technical colleges 21 immunity - members of the Grand Council 79 taxes 62, 121-123 - principles-123 churches - 130 municipal 61 incompatibilities - 71, 72, 146 Information functions - free 11-plurality of the 37 - facilitate access to sources of-37 for the public 75 Initiative (s) - popular 47 - 50 - Law 47-complete revision of the constitution 47-48 validity , 91 procedure 49-50 counter-plans, 51-transitional provisions 143 Integration 15, 18 inviolability - 13 judge international law - cf. courts languages 76 Legislature 92, 102, 145 freedom - rights 11 - rights in the event of deprivation of - 12 economic 38-of action given to the Commons 59 law (s) 83, 84, 92, 112 - equality before the law 8, 9 - or urgent orders 84-141-149 majority - vote 46 transitional provisions , - to the Grand Council 79, 84-communal autonomy subject to the referendum 52 Opinion 11 140 media - freedom 11, 20, 37 Mediation 35, 106, 71, 73, 90, 99, 118 Crown 71 naturalization (s) - 39 - no encouragement, 54, 55 - 47 legal areas participation - respect for the 6, 133 parishes cf. churches heritage 35, 127 - amnesty of Commons-61 of the Council of State 107 - 130 criminal - rights in criminal procedure 12 - churches , grace 52, 91 - Criminal Court, cf. courts financial equalization 63 people - elderly or disabled 8, 14, 40-61 Petition 11 people integration - sovereignty-1 subject to the 49, 50, 51, 52, 139 - rejected by the 84 power (s), authorities 16 - exercised by citizens and authorities - 1 public-16 separation of powers 69 press see media attorney general 71 - 46 property proportional - share guarantee 11 , - public goods and enjoy 38 Protection-of the good faith-10 special of children and youth - 11 of the private and family life and data 11 - against the arbitrary arrests - 12 against the consequences of unemployment - 14 against the violence, the exploitation and abuse-24 family-25 population-33 environment 33-Habitat-34 the right to vote-43 of the autonomy of the 116 communes 140 ad 119 - sessions of the Grand Council 96 Referendum vote 41 - mandatory and 51 - 51 - optional 52, 65,--laws and orders urgent 84-92 - 58 local bills or proposals - no subject to the 52, 133cf. also Initiative Religion - freedom-11 teaching religious 130cf. also Church (s) responsibility (s) - personal 6-15, 17 - population State financial 62 ,-common bourgeois-the authorities and the administration staff-77 for damage 78 51, 137 - total resources 47 - constitutional review natural 15 - financial 121 public health 28 voting see Elections, majority, people, Proportion, voting sessions - the Grand Council 96, 100-conditions of validity 95 secrecy of vote 43 security and public order - usually 24, 110-109 Separation of powers - principle 89 Sites emergency protected 35 Swiss/Swiss from abroad 44 monitoring - schools private-20 training-professional sector of public health 28 - arrested 52 - tasks of the common bourgeois-64 of Commons 68-Grand Council, Supreme 80, 90-Council of State 108, 130-by the Court of appeal 117-finance 125-127 unions 67 tasks wealth management-29 family,-local 60-63, 67, - of the bourgeoisie - 64 and responsibilities of the State 78 - 95 territory commissions - development of the 34 - cantonal 51 - communal 58 international treaties 51 , 52 courts 112-117 - elections 44, 46, 71, 89 - eligibility - 70 duration function-73 deputy judges 89-annual reports-90 single judge Bettingen and Riehen - 147 civil court criminal court 114-administrative court 115-appeal 43, 91, 113-115, 116-113, 117, 131cf. also incompatibilities University 21 Vote, law 40-43-principle - 32 contained 75, 142 votes 41, 47-52, 66 84 - right to voting free 11 - protection of the 43 see also Elections accepted by referendum October 30. 2005, in force since July 13. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. Sept. 28. 2006 (FF 2006 4875 8227).

The text in the original language is published under the same number, in the German edition of this compendium.
This publication is based on the Federal guarantees published in the FT. It can thereby delay temporarily the cantonal publication. The date of the State is the last AF published in the FT.

State March 11, 2015

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