Rs 0.515.07 Convention Of 10 April 1972 On The Prohibition Of The Development, Production And Storage Of Bacteriological (Biological) Or Toxin Weapons And On Their Destruction

Original Language Title: RS 0.515.07 Convention du 10 avril 1972 sur l’interdiction de la mise au point, de la fabrication et du stockage des armes bactériologiques (biologiques) ou à toxines et sur leur destruction

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0.515.07 text original Convention on the prohibition of the development, production and storage of Bacteriological (biological weapons) or to toxins, and on their destruction concluded in London, Moscow and Washington on 10 April 1972, approved by the Federal Assembly on 26 June 1973 ratification Instrument deposited by the Switzerland on May 4, 1976, entered into force for the Switzerland on May 4, 1976 (report 10 June 2015). States parties to this Convention resolved to work to achieve effective progress on the way of the general and complete disarmament, including the prohibition and elimination of all types of weapons of mass destruction, and being convinced that the prohibition of the development, production and storage of chemical and bacteriological (biological weapons), as well as their destruction, by effective measures contribute to the achievement of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control, recognizing the great importance of the Protocol for the prohibition of the use in war of Asphyxiating, poisonous or similar gases and bacteriological, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925, and the role that the Protocol has played and continues to play in mitigating the horrors of war Reaffirming their loyalty to the principles and objectives of this Protocol and inviting all States to comply strictly, recalling that the General Assembly of the Organization of the United Nations has repeatedly condemned all acts contrary to the principles and the objectives of the Geneva Protocol of 17 June 1925, willing to contribute to increase confidence between peoples and to reorganize the international atmosphere in general willing also to contribute to the realization of the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, convinced of the importance and the urgency to exclude arsenals of States, by effective measures, weapons of mass destruction as dangerous as those involving the use of chemical or bacteriological (Biological) agents, recognizing that an agreement on the prohibition of Bacteriological (Biological) weapons or toxins represents a first step possible towards the realization of an agreement on effective measures tending to also prohibit the development, manufacture and storage of chemical weapons, and being resolved to continue negotiations to this effect, determined, in the interests of all mankind, to exclude completely the possibility of Bacteriological (Biological) or toxins agents be used as weapons, convinced that the conscience of humanity impermissible the use of such methods and that no effort should be spared to reduce that risk , have agreed to the following: art. I each State party to this Convention undertakes to never and under no circumstances to develop, produce, store, acquire in a way or another or keep: 1. microbiological agents or other biological agents and toxins regardless of origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that are not intended for prophylaxis protective or other peaceful; 2. Weapons, equipment or vectors for the use of such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.

Art. II. each State party to this Convention undertakes to destroy or convert for peaceful purposes, as quickly as possible and in any case not later than nine months after the entry into force of the Convention, all agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and vehicles referred to in article 1 of the Convention which are in its possession or under its jurisdiction or its controls. During the execution of the provisions of this article, there will be instead of taking all precautionary measures to protect populations and the environment.

Art. III. each State party to this Convention undertakes to transfer to anyone, directly or indirectly, one any of the agents, toxins, weapons, equipment or vectors in question in the article 1 of the Convention and does not help, encourage or induce in any way, be it a State, a group of States or an international organization to manufacture or acquire in any other way one of any such agents toxins, weapons, equipment or vectors.

Art. IV. each State party to this Convention undertakes to take, according to the procedures laid down by its constitution, the measures necessary to prohibit and prevent the development, production, storage, acquisition or conservation of the agents, toxins, weapons, equipment and vectors in question in the article 1 of the Convention, in the territory of a State under its jurisdiction or under its control anywhere either.

Art. V States parties to this Convention undertake to consult and cooperate among themselves to solve all problems that may eventually arise as to the purpose of the Convention, or the application of its provisions. Consultations and cooperation provided for in this article may also be undertaken through international procedures in the United Nations and in accordance with its Charter.

Art. VI 1. Each State party to this Convention which finds that any other party is in breach of the obligations arising from the provisions of the Convention may lodge a complaint with the UN Security Council. This complaint must provide all the possible evidence of its validity and include the request of its consideration by the Security Council.
2. each State party to this Convention undertakes to cooperate in any investigation that may undertake the Security Council in accordance with the provisions of the United Nations Charter as a result of a complaint received by him. The Security Council made known to States parties to the Convention the results of the investigation.

Art. VII. each State party to this Convention undertakes to provide assistance, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, to any party to the Convention which requests, if the Security Council decides that this part has been exposed to danger as a result of a violation of the Convention, or to facilitate the assistance provided to the party.

Art. VIII. no provision of this agreement will be construed as restricting or diminishing in any way whether the commitments assumed by any State under the Protocol for the prohibition of the use in war of Asphyxiating, toxic or similar gases and bacteriological means, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925.

Art. IX. each State party to this Convention affirms the recognized effective chemical weapons ban goal and, to that effect, is committed to continue, in a spirit of goodwill, the negotiations in order to achieve, at an early date, an agreement on effective measures to a prohibition of their development, their manufacture and their storage and for destruction , and on appropriate measures concerning equipment and vectors specially designed to manufacture or use of chemical agents for weapons purposes.

Art. X 1. States parties to this Convention undertake to a broadest possible of equipment, materials and scientific and technical information exchange related to the use of biological, bacteriological agents) and toxins for peaceful purposes and have the right to participate in this Exchange. The parties to the Convention that are able to do will also cooperate in providing, either individually or together with other States or international organizations, assistance to future expansion and to the application of the scientific discoveries in the field of bacteriology (Biology) for the prevention of disease or for other peaceful purposes.
2. the present Convention will be applied in order to avoid any obstacle to developing economic or technical of the States parties to the Convention or international cooperation in the field of peaceful bacteriological (Biological) activities, including the international exchange of Bacteriological (Biological) agents and toxins, as well as equipment to the development, employment or production of Bacteriological (Biological) agents and toxins for peaceful under the provisions of the Convention.

Art. XI State party may propose amendments to this Convention. These amendments will enter into force, with respect to any State party that will have accepted them, upon their acceptance by a majority of the States parties to the Convention, and thereafter, with respect to each other States parties, on the date on which that State them will be accepted.

Art. XII


Five years after the entry into force of this Convention, or earlier if a majority of the parties to the Convention requested by submitting a proposal to this effect to the depository Governments, a conference of States parties to the Convention will take place in Geneva (Switzerland), in order to review the operation of the Convention, to ensure that the objectives set out in the preamble and the provisions of the Convention including those related to the negotiations on chemical weapons, are underway. On the occasion of this review, account will be taken of all the new scientific and technological achievements that have a bearing on the Convention.

Art. XIII 1. This Convention is concluded for an unlimited period.
2. each State party to this Convention, in exercising its national sovereignty, has the right to withdraw from the agreement if it considers that extraordinary events, related to the subject of the Convention, have jeopardized the interests of the country. It shall notify such withdrawal to all other States parties to the Convention and to the Security Council of the United Nations with three months notice. It will show in this notification the extraordinary events which he sees as having jeopardized its interests.

Art. XIV 1. This Convention is open for signature by all States. Any State which has not signed the Convention before its entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article may accede at any time.
2. the present Convention will be submitted to ratification by the signatory States. The instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which are hereby designated as the depository Governments.
3. the present Convention will enter into force when twenty-two Governments, including the Governments designated as the depository of the Convention Governments, have deposited their instruments of ratification.
4. for States whose instruments of ratification or accession deposited after the entry into force of this Convention, it will enter into force on the date of the deposit of their instruments of ratification or accession.
5. the depository Governments inform without delay all States which have signed this Convention or there will have acceded of the date of each signature, the date of the deposit of each instrument of ratification or accession, from the date of entry into force of this Convention, as well as of the receipt of any other communication.
6. the present Convention will be registered by the depository Governments pursuant to Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

Art. XV. this Convention, of which the English, Russian, french, Spanish and Chinese texts are equally authentic, will be deposited in the archives of the depository Governments. Copies duly certified of the Convention will be sent by the depository Governments to the Governments of the States which have signed the Convention or which will have acceded.
In time, the undersigned, duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Convention.
Done in triplicate, at London, Moscow and Washington, April ten thousand nine hundred seventy.
(Follow signatures)

Scope June 10, 2015 States parties Ratification, accession (A) Declaration of estate (S) entry into force Afghanistan 26 March 1975 26 March 1975 South Africa November 3, 1975 November 3, 1975 Albania 3 June 1992 has 3 June 1992 Algeria 28 September 2001 was 28 September 2001 Germany 7 April 1983 7 April 1983 Antigua - and - Barbuda January 29, 2003 January 29, 2003 Saudi Arabia may 24, 1972 March 26, 1975 Argentina November 27, 1979 November 27, 1979 Armenia

June 7, 1994 was June 7, 1994 Australia 5 October 1977 October 5, 1977 Austria 10 August 1973 26 March 1975 Azerbaijan February 26, 2004 February 26, 2004 Bahamas November 26, 1986 has 26 November 1986 Bahrain October 28, 1988 has 28 October 1988 Bangladesh March 12, 1985 13 March 1985 Barbados February 16, 1973 26 March 1975 Belarus 26 March 1975 26 March 1975 Belgium 15 March 1979 15 March 1979 Belize October 20, 1986 S 21 September 1981 Benin 25 April 1975 April 25, 1975 Bhutan 8 June 1978 was June 8, 1978 Bolivia 30 October 1975 30 October 1975 Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 August 1994 S March 6, 1992 Botswana 5 February 1992 5 February 1992 Brazil February 27, 1973 March 26, 1975 Brunei January 31, 1991 A 31 January 1991 Bulgaria August 2, 1972 March 26, 1975 Burkina Faso 17 April 1991 A 17 April 1991 Burundi October 18, 2011 October 18, 2011 Cambodia

March 9, 1983 March 9, 1983 Cameroon 18 January 2013 has 18 January 2013 Canada September 18, 1972 March 26 1975 Cape Verde 20 October 1977 has 20 October 1977 Chile April 22, 1980 22 April 1980 China November 15, 1984 A November 15, 1984 Hong Kong June 20, 1997 26 March 1975 Cyprus 6 November 1973 26 March 1975 Colombia 19 December 1983 December 19, 1983 Congo (Brazzaville), on October 23, 1978 has 23 October 1978 Congo (Kinshasa) 16 September 1975

16 September 1975 (North) Korea, March 13, 1987 was March 13, 1987 (South) Korea 25 June 1987 25 June 1987 Costa Rica December 17, 1973 26 March 1975 Croatia 28 April 1993 S 8 October 1991 Cuba 21 April 1976 21 April 1976 Denmark 1 March 1973 26 March 1975 El El Salvador 31 December 1991 31 December 1991 UAE United 19 June 2008 June 19, 2008 Ecuador 12 March 1975 March 12, 1975 Spain June 20, 1979 June 20

1979 June 7, 1993 Estonia has 7 June 1993 United States March 26, 1975 March 26, 1975 Ethiopia 26 May 1975 26 May 1975 Fiji 4 September 1973 March 26, 1975 Finland 4 February 1974 26 March 1975 France 27 September 1984 has 27 September 1984 Gabon 16 August 2007 August 16, 2007 Gambia 7 May 1997 7 May 1997 Georgia 22 May 1996 has 22 May 1996 Ghana June 6, 1975 6 June 1975 Greece 10 December 1975 10 December

Granada 22 October 1975 1986a 22 October 1986 Guatemala 19 September 1973 March 26, 1975 Equatorial Guinea 16 January 1989 January 16, 1989 Guinea - Bissau August 20, 1976 has 20 August 1976 Guyana March 26, 2013 March 26, 2013 Honduras March 14, 1979 14 March 1979 Hungary 27 December 1972 26 March 1975 Cook Islands 4 December 2008 A December 4, 2008 November 15, 2012 Marshall Islands has 15 November 2012 India 15 July 1974 26 March 1975 Indonesia

February 19, 1992 February 19, 1992 Iran 22 August 1973 26 March 1975 Ireland 27 October 1972 26 March 1975 Iceland 15 February 1973 26 March 1975 Italy 30 May 1975 30 May 1975 Jamaica 13 August 1975 has 13 August 1975 Japan 8 June 1982 June 8, 1982 Jordan 30 May 1975 30 May 1975 Kazakhstan June 15, 2007 15 June 2007 Kenya 7 January 1976 has 7 January 1976 Kuwait 18 July 1972 26 March 1975 Laos

20 March 1973 26 March 1975 Lesotho 6 September 1977 September 6, 1977 Latvia 6 February 1997 was February 6, 1997 Lebanon 26 March 1975 26 March 1975 Libya January 19 1982 January 19, 1982 Liechtenstein may 30, 1991 to May 30, 1991 Lithuania 10 February 1998 has 10 February 1998 Luxembourg 23 March 1976 23 March 1976 Macedonia December 26, 1996 S September 17, 1991 Madagascar 7 March 2008 March 7, 2008 Malaysia 6 September 1991 September 6

1991 2 April 2013 Malawi 2 April 2013 Maldives 1 July 1993 was 1 July 1993 Mali 25 November 2002 November 25, 2002 Malta 7 April 1975 April 7, 1975 Morocco 21 March 2002 March 21, 2002 Maurice August 7, 1972 March 26, 1975 January 28, 2015 Mauritania has 28 January 2015 Mexico April 8, 1974 26 March 1975 Moldova January 28, 2005 January 28, 2005 Monaco 30 April 1999 was April 30, 1999 Mongolia 5 September 1972 26 March 1975 Montenegro 9 January 2007 S 3 June 2006 Mozambique March 29, 2011 was March 29, 2011 Myanmar December 1, 2014 1 December 2014 Nauru 5 March 2013 was March 5, 2013 Nicaragua August 7, 1975 7 August 1975 Niger 23 June 1972 March 26, 1975 Nigeria 3 July 1973 26 March 1975 Norway 1 August 1973 March 26, 1975 New Zealand 13 December 1972 March 26, 1975 Oman 31 March 1992 has 31 March 1992 Uganda 12 May 1992 At May 12, 1992 Uzbekistan 2 January 1996 A January 2, 1996 Pakistan 25 September 1974 26 March 1975 Palau 20 February 2003 A February 20, 2003 Panama March 20, 1974 26 March 1975 Papua New Guinea 27 October 1980 at 27 October 1980 Paraguay June 9, 1976 was June 9, 1976 Netherlands 22 June 1981 22 June 1981 Aruba 1 January 1986 22 June 1981 Curaçao 22 June 1981 22 June 1981 part Caribbean (Bonaire (, Sint Eustatius and Saba) 22 June 1981 22 June 1981 Sint Maarten 22 June 1981 22 June 1981 Peru June 5, 1985 5 June 1985 Philippines 21 May 1973 26 March 1975 Poland January 25, 1973 26 March 1975 Portugal 15 May 1975 15 May 1975 Qatar April 17, 1975 April 17, 1975 Dominican Republic February 23, 1973 26 March 1975 Czech Republic 24 March 1993 S January 1, 1993 Romania July 25, 1979 July 26, 1979 United Kingdom 26 March

1975 26 March 1975 New Hebrides (Anglo-French condominium) 26 March 1975 A 26 March 1975 territories under the territorial sovereignty of the United Kingdom 26 March


1975 26 March 1975 Russia 26 March 1975 26 March 1975 Rwanda may 20, 1975 may 20, 1975 Saint Kitts and Nevis April 2, 1991 was April 2, 1991 St. - Lucia November 26, 1986 S February 22, 1979 San - Marino 11 March 1975 26 March 1975 Holy See 7 January 2002 has January 7, 2002 Saint - Vincent and the Grenadines may 13, 1999 27 October 1979 S Salomon , Islands 17 June 1981 S 7 July 1978 Sao Tome - and - principle 24 August 1979 was August 24, 1979 South Africa 26 March 1975 26 March 1975 Serbia June 13, 2001 of 27 April 1992 Seychelles October 11, 1979 to October 11, 1979 Sierra Leone 29 June 1976 29 June 1976 Singapore December 2, 1975 2 December 1975 Slovakia 17 May 1993 S January 1, 1993 Slovenia 7 April 1992 of 25 June 1991 Sudan October 17, 2003 to October 17, 2003 Sri Lanka November 18 1986 18 November 1986 Sweden February 5, 1976 February 5, 1976 Switzerland 4 May 1976 4 May 1976 Suriname January 6, 1993 was 6 January 1993 Swaziland June 18, 1991 was June 18, 1991 Tajikistan 27 June 2005 June 27, 2005 Taiwan (Chinese Taipei) February 9, 1973 26 March 1975 Thailand 28 May 1975 28 May 1975 Timor - Leste may 5, 2003 was may 5, 2003 Togo November 10, 1976 10 November 1976 Tonga 28 September 1976 A

September 28, 1976 Trinidad and Tobago 19 July 2007 has July 19, 2007 Tunisia 18 May 1973 26 March 1975 Turkmenistan 11 January 1996 11 January 1996 Turkey 25 October 1974 26 March 1975 Ukraine 26 March 1975 March 26, 1975 Uruguay 6 April 1981 has 6 April 1981 Venezuela October 18, 1978 October 18, 1978 Viet Nam 20 June 1980 was June 20, 1980 Yemen 1 June 1979 1 June 1979 Zambia 15 January 2008 A January 15, 2008 Zimbabwe 5 November 1990-5 November 1990 reservations and declarations Austria in reason of the obligations resulting from its status as a permanently neutral State, the Republic of Austria made the reserve its collaboration under this convention cannot go beyond the limits determined by the status of permanent neutrality and by a member of the United Nations.
This reserve is especially article VII of the convention as well as any similar clause which could replace or supplement this provision.

Switzerland 1. The fact that the convention also applies to weapons, equipment or vectors for use biological agents or toxins, the delimitation of its scope of application can give rise to difficulties, because there is hardly any weapons, equipment or typical vectors to this job. The Switzerland therefore reserves itself to decide what AIDS fall under this definition.
2. due to the obligations resulting from its status as a permanently neutral State, the Switzerland is required to make the reserve of general scope its collaboration under this convention cannot go beyond this statute imposes. This reserve is especially article VII of the convention as well as any similar clause which could replace or supplement this provision in the convention (or other arrangement).

1976 1439 RO; FF 1973 I 290 RO 1976 1429 RS 0.515.105 RS 0.120 RO 1976 1444, 1979 956, 1981-80, 1982-1316, 1983 1196, 1985 747, 1987 872, 1991 1031, 2004 1381, 2007-4771 2008 3755, 2011 3549, 2015 2129. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).

State on June 10, 2015

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