Rs 131.227 Constitution Of The Canton Of Aargau, 25 June 1980

Original Language Title: RS 131.227 Constitution du canton d’Argovie, du 25 juin 1980

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131.227 translation Constitution of the Canton of Aargau from June 25, 1980 (status September 23, 2013) people of Aargau, in the design of its responsibility before God for man, the community and the environment, to organize the canton in its unity and diversity, to protect the freedom and the right within the boundaries of a democratic order, to promote prosperity for all to facilitate the development of the person, as an individual and member of the community to compel the canton to collaborate actively in the consolidation and development of the Swiss Confederation, is given the following constitution: Chapter 1 principles General § 1 people and State power the power of the State comes from the people. It is exercised by the voters and the authorities.

§ 2 orientation of public activity the people and the authorities act in accordance with the law and in good faith. Any public activity must be adapted to its purposes.

§ 3 relations with the Confederation, the canton is actively involved, to the extent fixed by the federal law on the Organization of the Swiss Confederation.
He accomplishes the tasks entrusted to him by the Confederation with caution and loyalty.

§ 4 reports with other cantons Aargau collaborates with other cantons for all tasks that it is sensible to carry out at the intercantonal level. It fosters solidarity activity of the cantons.

§ 5 Commons the canton is divided into communes.
Municipalities regulate and administer their affairs independently, under the supervision of the canton.

§ 6 right to city cantonal and communal citizenship is regulated by the law.

Chapter 2 rights fundamental § 7 7 1 1. Application fundamental rights are binding on all public authorities.
Insofar as this is consistent with their nature, they force individuals between them.

§ 8 8 2 2. Limits the fundamental rights must be restricted only to the extent where permitted by federal law or this constitution.
For people in a particular relationship of dependence with respect to the State, it is possible to further restrict the exercise of fundamental rights, but only to the extent where it requires the special public interest on which the report is based.

§ 9 3 9 3. Backup the dignity of man the people and authorities to respect and protect the dignity of humans.

§ 10 10 4 4. Various fundamental rights a. equality before the law everyone is equal before the law.
Shall not be disadvantaged or advantaged because of her sex, ancestry, its origin, his language, his race, his social position, denominational affiliation or political or religious ideas.

§ 11 (b) freedom of conscience and belief, freedom of conscience and belief is inviolable.
Or philosophical opinions or the religious prescriptions provide the fulfilment of civil obligations, § 12 c. freedom of religious communities the freedom of religious communities is guaranteed with respect to their education, their organization and their worship.
Religious communities should not jeopardize the public peace between their respective members or the rights of citizens.

§ 13 d. freedom of opinion and information everyone has the right to freely form an opinion, to express it and spread it without constraint by the word, the written word, image or any other way and to receive freely the opinions expressed by others.
Everyone has the right to receive the information directed to the community and to disseminate the facts known to him.
Remain reserved the provisions on the protection of youth and personal interests as well as the laws on the media collective.
Censorship is forbidden.
The incitement to commit criminal acts does not fall under the protection of freedom of opinion.

§ 14 e 14 e. freedom of science and the arts teaching and scientific research as well as artistic activity are free. Teaching and research must respect the dignity of the creature.

§ 15 f. right to personal liberty and the protection of the private sphere personal freedom is inviolable. Everyone has a right to life, physical and spiritual integrity and freedom of movement.
The sphere secret and intimate of private and family life, protection against the abuse of the data, the inviolability of the home and secrecy of correspondence and telecommunications are guaranteed.
Remain reserved the measures provided for in the law to protect youth and health, to provide assistance, the proceedings of the judiciary, prosecution and the enforcement of sentences. Are also allowed interim interventions to safeguard public order and safety.
Violations of freedom of will, torture and other inhuman treatment are allowed in any case.

§ 16 g. freedom of movement all the Swiss have the right to free movement throughout the cantonal territory. They can establish where they want and leave at any time.

§ 17 h. freedom of Assembly freedom of Assembly is guaranteed.
Meetings on the public domain may be restricted if they represent a serious and imminent danger to public order and safety.

§ 18 i. freedom of association freedom of association is guaranteed, as long as the goals and the means used have nothing illegal.
No one may be compelled to join an association under private law.

§ 19 k. freedom of petition each may address requests and petitions to the authorities, which are required to respond.

§ 20 1 20 1. Economic freedom every person has the right to choose and to freely exercise a profession and an economic activity.
Are reserved the provisions taken by the police, cantonal sovereign rights and economic policy measures allowed under federal law.

Adopted by popular vote on June 1, 2008, in force since March 1, 2011. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. May 28, 2009 (FF 2009 4309 art. 1 c. 3 981).

§ 21 Mr. right to property ownership and rights to matrimonial property are guaranteed. The legislation defines their content.
Restrictions may be made to the property in the public interest on the basis of a law.
Expropriations may be ordered by the Grand Council or the Council of State, but only within the limits set by law.
In similar to expropriation expropriation or restrictions of ownership case, full compensation is due.

§ 22 n. General procedural guarantees in administrative proceedings, interested parties have the right to be heard and treated fairly.
Borrowed people should not be disadvantaged in the procedures. People of modest condition are entitled to a free justice.

§ 23 o. special procedure that guarantees that is deprived of his freedom of movement must be filled without delay and in a comprehensible way about the reasons which justify the measure. He has the right to be heard before a judge or an official having a special legal mandate, within 24 hours following his arrest and request that his deprivation of liberty is reviewed by a judge.
If a deprivation of liberty or any other serious restriction of personal freedom is unlawful or unfounded, the community is required to fully repair the damage, and, if necessary, pay compensation for moral wrong.

§ 24 p. prohibited retroactive normative acts the retroactivity of the normative acts is not allowed when she imposed a disproportionate burden.

Chapter 3 tasks public A. General § 25 goals of the State encourages the general prosperity and social security.
In view of the responsibility of the individual, within the limits of its legislative powers and federal law, the State takes measures allowing everyone: a. to form and develop according to his abilities and his tastes; b. to meet its needs by a suitable work and to be protected against unjustified job loss and the consequences of unemployment; c. to find housing at reasonable terms; d. to possess the necessary means its existence.

§ 26 legal bases the canton should have a constitutional basis in order to accomplish the tasks that are not assigned by the federal law.
This reservation does not apply to Commons.
When, in this chapter of the constitution, municipalities are named specifically, they have the right and the obligation to assume the tasks mentioned.

§ 27 order and public security the canton and the communes ensure order and public safety. They protect in particular the life, freedom, health and morality. They warn the social distress.

B. tasks § 28 28 1 1. Education and training a. Base each child is entitled to a training corresponding to their skills.
The canton helps parents in the education and training of children.
The school system is regulated by the law.

§ 29 b. Primary schools, special schools, homes Commons or Commons unions are responsible for compulsory primary education.

The canton helps municipalities and unions of municipalities in carrying out these tasks, including assuming the salary of teachers and members of management of primary schools.
Commons and the Commons unions participate in fees in primary schools. The law determines the framework for this participation.
The canton helps or manages special schools and homes.
He supervises primary schools, special schools and homes.

Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since Jan. 1. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in effect since August 1, 2013. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in effect since August 1, 2013. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in effect since August 1, 2013. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in effect since August 1, 2013. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in effect since August 1, 2013. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

§ 30 c. schools secondary, professional training and development the canton manages secondary schools and colleges.
It helps the training and professional development and supervises the vocational training. It can handle vocational schools and courses of preparation for professional schools.
It deals with General training of all adolescents, even those who do not have a regulatory fees.
It encourages the formation of adults.

§ 31 d. school authorities the Act determines: a. the powers of decision of the Board of education and skills as an advisory body of the Council of State; (b) the powers of school boards district and school boards.

§ 32 e 32 e. universities the canton pays a fair contribution to universities and specialized schools Swiss as well as scientific research.
It can manage a University, research institutions or technical colleges.

§ 33 f. Township private schools can help recognized private schools.
Private primary level schools are subject to the supervision of the canton.

§ 34 g. support for education costs provided in public schools and other public training institutions is free for residents of the Township. The law regulates the exceptions.

Responsible bodies of the schools take compensatory measures for children who are disadvantaged by the situation of their home or for social reasons or who are disabled.
The canton may make grants to training.

Accepted by referendum of June 25, 1995, in force since April 14, 1997. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 16. 1996 (FF 1996 IV 882 article 1 point 6, I 1249).
Repealed by referendum of March 11, 2012, with effect from August 1, 2013. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

§ 35 h. principles governing intelligence in public schools teaching in the public schools should take into account the right of parents to education and training of their children and respect the personality of the students.
In their teaching, teachers of public schools are bound by basic constitutional order and the goals of public education.

§ 36 36 2 2. Cultural policy the Township encourages the cultural creation and life in common.
It ensures the maintenance of cultural property. It protects especially the typical localities as well as the historical sites and monuments.
It maintains facilities for the culture of science, arts and folklore.

§ 37 37 3 3. Diversity of information the canton enacts a law on information of mass media, in particular to promote diversity of information.

§ 38 38 4 4. Social system a. Protection of the family the canton takes measures to maintain and strengthen the family.

§ 38 a. Interests of the youth the canton and the communes take into account, in all their activities, the concerns and the needs of young people.
The canton and the communes can support the creation of infrastructure for young people.

Adopted by popular vote on June 13, 1999, in effect since Oct. 1. 2002 SSA warranty. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 6 4659).

§ 39 b. welfare canton, with the collaboration of municipalities and private organizations, watches over the people in need. They encourage mutual assistance measures.
The canton can create or support institutions pension and assistance as well as complementary institutions of social insurance of the Confederation.
It helps or manages homes as part of social assistance.
He strives to alleviate unemployment and takes measures for the retraining and professional development.

§ 40 c. enforcement of sentences and measures the canton rule by a law which characterizes the rights and duties of prisoners during the execution of sentences and measures, persons in pre-trial detention and persons detained for reasons of assistance.

§ 41 41 5 5. Health policy the canton takes measures to maintain and restore health, with the collaboration of municipalities and individuals.
It creates the conditions for a reasonable supply of all the people in the medical field. It encourages home care.
It encourages and controls the medical facilities. It can create its own facilities.
It helps research and training and the development of the medical staff.
It monitors and coordinates the medical system.
It encourages the gymnastics and the sport.

§ 6 42 42 6. Protection of the environment a. General information the canton and the communes strive, through their legislation and assuming all their skills, to better protect man and his environment against pollution.
They ensure including the purity of the air and water, save the beauty and originality of the landscape and the fertility of the soil and fight the noise.
The canton and the communes enact the necessary provisions for the maintenance and protection of wildlife and flora, the sights of relief, rocks and streams. They will have special consideration for the beauty of the landscape during the exploitation of raw materials.
They create and maintain protected areas in the period of twenty years from the entry into force of this constitutional provision, the canton of Aargau created an alluvial protected reserve, for the purpose to save vital space threatened alluvial areas and maintain what remains of former floodplains of national importance and of landscape and biological interest areas unique. This reserve includes, from the confluence of the rivers ('Wassertor der Schweiz'., areas adjacent to the banks of the Aare, the Reuss and their tributaries.) It extends on a surface from a single source representing at least one percent of the surface of the canton.

Accepted by referendum of June 6, 1993, in effect since Oct. 4. 1994. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 9, 1994 (FF 1994 III 334 article 1 point 5; 1993 IV 473).

§ 43 b. mineral waters, the canton and the communes to protect the mineral water springs and spas as well as spaces of rest and convalescence that surround them.

§ 44 c. waste disposal Commons ensure, in accordance with cantonal law, the evacuation of waste water and waste disposal, taking into account the environment. The canton can take on special tasks in relation to the disposal of waste. Recovery of old materials should be encouraged.

§ 45 45 7 7. Organization of the territory and buildings a. planning the canton, municipalities and unions of municipalities ensure a rational occupation and use of the ground. They take into account, in all their activities, goals and requirements of the development of the territory.

§ 46 b. public things Township sets public affairs requirements as well as to their use.

§ 47 c. Constructions the canton and the communes enact requirements construction as well as provisions for land equipment. The canton rule the land consolidations and corrections of boundaries.
The canton regulates the system of cadastral measurements.
It can encourage housing housing, sanitation of housing construction and dissemination of housing property.

§ 48 8 48 8. Ethnic minorities the canton may, with the collaboration of the Commons, put at the disposal of non-sedentary ethnic minorities of the suitable places for a limited stay.

§ 49 9 49 9. Transport the canton and the communes organize transport and road traffic.
They strive to arrange the transport of the most favorable way possible from the point of view the most respectful of the environment and economic.
The canton, in agreement with the Commons, encourages public transport.

§ 10 50 50 10. Plan economic goals of economic policy. cantonal


The canton, with the collaboration of the social partners, strives to safeguard social peace and balanced development of the economy.
The economy must be productive, maintain employment at the highest possible level, establish regional compensation, grow in diversity and respect for the environment and allow for wide dissemination of the property.
The canton takes steps to limit as much as possible the regulatory density and the administrative burden of the economic sector. It takes into account, in doing so, the interests of small and medium-sized enterprises.
The canton sets its own economically important activities on the cantonal economic policy goals.

Accepted by referendum of June 1, 2008, in force since 1 sept. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. May 28, 2009 (FF 2009 4309 art. 1 c. 3 981).

§ 51 (b) Agriculture and forestry the canton regulates through legal channels: a. the encouragement of agriculture productive, sustainable and compatible with the security of supply as well as the measures to be taken to preserve natural resources and save the rural landscape, b. the guarantee that each forest is exploited in a way adapted to its functions, c... .d... .e....

Accepted by referendum of June 17, 2012, in effect since August 1, 2012. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Accepted by referendum of June 17, 2012, in effect since August 1, 2012. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Repealed by referendum on 17 June 2012, with effect from August 1, 2012. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Repealed by referendum on 17 June 2012, with effect from August 1, 2012. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Repealed by referendum on 17 June 2012, with effect from August 1, 2012. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

limited reserves and permissions of federal law, § 52 c. Prescriptions in economic matters the canton enacts regulations guaranteeing a rational exercise of economic activities.

§ 53 d. supply water the Township encourages and coordinates measures taken by municipalities to ensure water supply.

§ 54 e 54 e. energy the Township encourages energy ecologically and economically favourable supply and measured energy use. It can create and maintain production and energy distribution companies or participate in such companies.
The Grand Council may, in the absence of provisions in the Act, determine the legal form, the tasks and the Organization of the energy supply companies. He decides to any contributions by the canton.

Accepted by popular vote Sept. 27. 1998, in force since 1 sept. 1999. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 10, 1999 (FF 1999 4784 art. 1 ch. 8 2299).

§ 55 f. sovereign rights is reserved for the canton, to the title of exclusive economic activity: a. hunting; b. fishing; c. the acquisition of natural resources of the subsoil; d. the sale of salt; e. capture and the use of watercourses and of sources of mineral waters and Spa public; f. fire insurance of buildings; g. exploitation of the basement in depth.

The canton may exercise these powers himself or pass them on to third parties by a law or a concession. The existing private sovereign property rights remain reserved.

Accepted by popular vote Sept. 23. 2012, in effect since Sept. 23. 2012 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 23. 2013 (FF 2013 7047 art. 1 ch. 5-3447).

§ 55f. Lotteries the canton legislates on the Organization and operation of lotteries non-profit and charitable purposes. He can admit independent state lotteries when they are used for non-profit or charitable purposes.

Accepted by popular vote on Sept. 24. 2000, in force since July 1. 2002 SSA warranty. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 6 4659).

§ 56 g. compulsory insurance the canton may, by law, declare some insurance, mandatory as it can create or support insurance institutions.

§ 57 h. canton Cantonal Bank maintains a cantonal bank to encourage economic and social development.

§ 58 i. participation in order to carry out its tasks, the canton may, based on laws, participate in mixed economy companies or private.

Chapter 4 rights and political duties of the people § 59 right to vote the right to vote belongs to all the citizens Swiss aged 18 years of age, who live in the canton of Aargau and are not under curatorship of general scope or represented by an attorney of Attorney due to disability of discernment.
The right to vote allows and forces to take part in the elections and voting as well as the communal assemblies.

Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

§ 60, exercise of the right to vote, the right to vote is exercised in the town where the voter has his domicile and his papers. The exceptions are set by law.
There is no time-out or adaptation to Swiss citizens.

§ 61 popular Elections citizens eligible to vote elect: a. the Grand Council; b. the constituent Assembly; c. the Council of State; (d) the members of the Council of States; e. the presidents of the district courts and the judges of district, with the exception of specialised judges of district courts; f. the justices of the peace; g... h. municipal authorities in accordance with the provisions of this constitution and the law; i. to other authorities and officials designated by law.

The great and General Council, the constituent Assembly and the tips of the inhabitants are appointed according to the same proportional system. A quorum may be fixed by law for the election of the Grand Council and the constituent Assembly.
All other authorities are designated according to the majority system.

Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Repealed by referendum of June 13, 2010, with effect from Jan 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 7 4149).
Accepted by popular vote of the 24 Feb. 2008, in force since July 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. Dec 18. 2008 (FF 2009 465 article 1 ch. 4, 2008 5497).
Accepted by popular vote of the 24 Feb. 2008, in force since July 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. Dec 18. 2008 (FF 2009 465 article 1 ch. 4, 2008 5497).

§ 62 mandatory popular vote will be submitted to popular vote anyway: a. changes to the constitution; b. the laws, when they have not been accepted by the absolute majority of all the members of the Grand Council. If this quorum is reached, a quarter of all members of the Grand Council can nevertheless submit to popular vote law; c. orders of the Grand Council and the popular initiative requesting a complete revision of the constitution; d. popular initiatives asking that constitutional or law provisions be enacted, amended or revoked, once the Grand Council does not act upon or opposed them with counter-plans; e. orders of the Grand Council according to § 63 al. 1, let. b to d and f, of the present constitution, when they have not been accepted by the absolute majority of all the members of the Grand Council. If this quorum is present, a quarter of all members of the Grand Council may nevertheless submit the Decree of the Grand Council to the popular vote.

The decisions of the Municipal Assembly or Council of the inhabitants are subject to mandatory popular vote as provided by law and the municipal regulations.

Approved by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).
Approved by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).

§ 63 optional popular votes are submitted to the popular vote, at the request of 3000 active citizens: a. laws; b. public activities basic plans defined by law, where compulsory; c. intercantonaux and international treaties approved by the great Council d. orders of the Grand Council on new spending unique more than 5 million francs, or on new spending of more than 500,000 francs; e. the orders of the Grand Council about the use of outside capital, when they lead to additional debt of the canton; f. other orders of the Grand Council designated by law.

The popular vote on new spending on buildings or construction subsidies cannot be excluded and the final jurisdiction cannot be attributed to the authorities that if, as a result of a law or a decree of the Grand Council, itself subject to popular vote.

a. costs have been determined; b. for cantonal constructions, subject and location have been set; c. for subsidies for the construction, the objects are selected.

The Grand Council may be authorized to resort to external capital for a purpose determined, provided that the amount to be determined by a law or a decree of the Grand Council, which is subject to popular vote.
The decisions of the Municipal Assembly or Council of the inhabitants are subject to optional popular vote as provided by law and the municipal regulations.

Accepted by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).
Accepted by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).
Accepted by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).

§ 64 filing of popular initiatives 3000 active citizens can request a total revision of the constitution or of the specific provisions of the constitution or a law to be enacted, amended or revoked.
Popular initiatives are presented in general terms or, provided that they do not require a complete revision of the constitution, in the form of written projects. Those requesting a partial revision of the constitution should be limited to a uniform area of regulation.

§ 65 treatment of popular initiatives the Grand Council shall consider first if the initiative meets the requirements relating to the form, if it is not contrary to federal law and, insofar as it relates to the right to the level of the law, if it complies with the cantonal constitutional law. If it does not meet one of these requirements, it is declared a draw.
If it is a valid popular initiative presented in general terms, the Grand Council is a project that made. If the Council does not want to follow up the initiative, the people decide whether to comply with the request.
The Grand Council can oppose the initiative a counter-proposal. In this case, the people must decide at the same time in a main initiative vote and a possible vote on the counter-proposal.

§ 66 consultations during the preparation of projects, the Grand Council or the Council of State hears cantonal political parties and interested organizations.
When projects are submitted to the popular vote required or optional, it is not permissible to waive a consultation. Everyone can make proposals.

§ 67 political parties political parties are collaborating in the formation of opinion and the will of active citizens.
Subsidies may be granted by legislation to the cantonal parties whose goals and internal organization are based on democratic principles.

Chapter 5 authorities and their functions A. General § 68 the principles governing the effectiveness of the State and the separation of powers authorities ensure compliance to the law and the effectiveness of the activities of the State. They defend the public interest.
The Organization of the authorities is based on the principle of the separation of powers.

§ 69 eligibility, incompatibility and challenge people with the right to vote in the canton are eligible in the Grand Council, the Council of State, in the courts and charges imposed by this constitution. The law determines the exceptions applicable to the courts.
For loads requiring special knowledge, it can be expected from the additional eligibility conditions, no one can be at the same time member of the Grand Council and the Council of State or a member of one of these authorities and the District Court or the Court of the judiciary. The ' other incompatibilities are regulated by the law.
Cannot be a member of the Grand Council if it lies in a report of public service under cantonal law. Exceptions that are compatible with the principle of the separation of powers are determined by law.
The members of the authorities and officials must recuse themselves in cases that concern them directly.

Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

§ 70 administrative time and work reports the duration of the functions of the authorities is four years.
The law determines, taking into account the § 61, employees who are elected for a term of office, and those who are engaged on a contract basis.

Accepted by popular vote on Sept. 24. 2000, in force since July 1. 2002 SSA warranty. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 6 4659).
Accepted by popular vote on Sept. 24. 2000, in force since July 1. 2002 SSA warranty. fed. Dec 11. 2001 (FF 2001 6190 art. 1 ch. 6 4659).

§ 71 seat the seat of the Grand Council, the Council of State and the cantonal court is Aarau.

§ 71 has the official language is German. The authorities and official services can also use another national language or English, as long as it does no harm to other parties to the proceedings.

Accepted by referendum of June 13, 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 7 4149).

§ 72 public character any person's right of access to administrative records.
The deliberations of the Grand Council and the courts are public.
The law sets the exceptions imposed by public and private interests.

Adopted by popular vote on March 11, 2007, in force since July 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. March 6, 2008 (FF 2008 2273 art. 1 ch. 9, 2007 7197).
Adopted by popular vote on March 11, 2007, in force since July 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. March 6, 2008 (FF 2008 2273 art. 1 ch. 9, 2007 7197).

§ 73 information the public is constantly informed of the activities of the authorities.
The Council of State provides balanced information to voters for the cantonal votes.

§ 74 commitment to the constitution and the law before their assumption of office, the members of the authorities and officials are committed to the constitution and the law.

§ 75 responsibilities the canton and the communes are responsible for the injury without the right to third by their authorities or their officials or other employees in the exercise of their official activity. They meet also the damage done in a lawful way when individuals are seriously injured and we can't ask them to bear their own damage. The law may provide for exceptions and regulates the exercise of the right to reparation for the damage.
Organizations and persons to perform public tasks respond to the damage they have caused no right to their heritage; If this is not sufficient to repair the damage, which has delegated tasks is responsible for the remaining amount. The law may provide for exceptions and regulates the exercise of the right to reparation for the damage.
The law regulates the use of the canton and the Commons against the person who caused the damage in the sense of the al. 1 and 2.
The Grand Council members are not legally responsible for the statements made in the Grand Council or its committees. However, the Grand Council can lift impunity for a statement, when it is clear that he was actually a misuse.

Accepted by popular vote Sept. 27. 2009, in force since 1 March 2010. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 8. 2010 (FF 2011 255 art. 1 ch. 1, 2010 4463).
Accepted by popular vote Sept. 27. 2009, in force since 1 March 2010. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 8. 2010 (FF 2011 255 art. 1 ch. 1, 2010 4463).
Accepted by popular vote Sept. 27. 2009, in force since 1 March 2010. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Dec 8. 2010 (FF 2011 255 art. 1 ch. 1, 2010 4463).

B. General Council § 76 76 1 1. Position and composition the Grand Council is the legislative and the highest authority of the canton supervisory authority.
It consists of 140 members.

Accepted by referendum of May 18, 2003, in force since 1 sept. 2004. guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 10 March 2004 (FF 2004 1273 art. 1 ch. 5, 2003 7377).

§ 77 2 77 2. Election the people appointed by the Grand Board according to the proportional system.
The districts form the electoral circles. The seats among the political groups based on the electoral strength of the latter in the canton.
Mandates are distributed between the constituencies in proportion to the resident population.

Accepted by popular vote of the 24 Feb. 2008, in force since July 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. Dec 18. 2008 (FF 2009 465 article 1 ch. 4, 2008 5497).
Accepted by popular vote of the 24 Feb. 2008, in force since July 1. 2008 SSA warranty. fed. Dec 18. 2008 (FF 2009 465 article 1 ch. 4, 2008 5497).

§ 78 78 3 3. The powers of the Grand Council Legislation.


The Grand Council enacts into law all the important provisions, including those that define the rights and duties of citizens or the outline of the Organization of the canton and the communes. It regulates the execution of the law in the form of a law, unless otherwise provided by federal law, this constitution or a law.
It may issue decrees for enforcement provisions, insofar as the laws specifically allow it. The decrees are not subject to popular vote.
The laws must be the subject of a double discussion.
Laws whose implementation doesn't suffer any delay can be implemented immediately, if the absolute majority of all the members of the Grand Council decided the urgency. These laws will be submitted later to the popular vote according to § 62, al. 1, let. b, or 63, al. 1, let. a, of this constitution.
The law may provide for the applicability of private enforcement provisions. It regulates the conditions and limitations of this applicability.

Accepted by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).
Accepted by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).
Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).

§ 79 b. Planning the Grand Council approves the plans of State activities designated by the Act.
The law regulates the legal effects of these plans to the authorities, the involvement of the Grand Council and the procedure.

Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).

§ 80 c. high parliamentary oversight the Grand Council exercises supervision on all authorities and all bodies assuming cantonal tasks.

§ 81 d. budgeting and report the Grand Council adopts the budget and approves the annual report and the annual accounts.
He decides, subject to the skills of the people, the new spending and the use of external capital.

Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).
Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).

§ 82 e 82 e. other awards the Grand Council: a. approves treaties international and intercantonaux, unless the Council of State be declared competent by law to conclude definitively; b. may exercise the rights of participation in the federal State granted to the cantons by the federal constitution (art. 86, 89, 89 and 93); c. may take a position on the responses to the consultations that the Council of State for the federal authorities; d. slice conflicts of competence between the cantonal authorities; e. set the salaries, pensions, retirees and pensions to the disabled and survivors paid by the canton f. fixed fees to be charged by the canton and its establishments, unless that law otherwise; g. enacts plans cantonal allocation of territory General; h. elects: 1. the presidents and members of the courts at the cantonal level with the exception of the Court of the measures of coercion and authority of conciliation on equality, 2. the Vice President of the cantonal court, 3. the management of the judiciary with the right to vote;

i. entitles city cantonal foreigners; k. exercise of the right of grace l. regulates procurement by Decree.

The law may assign to the Grand Council more detailed skills, provided that they are not legislative in nature.
When intercantonaux or international treaties require constitutional changes, these must be undertaken before approval or the final conclusion.

RS 101 [1 3 RS; RO 1949 614, 1977 807 2228]. In the disp. mentioned are currently the art. 45, 136, 140, 141, 151, 159, 160 and 165 of the Cst. on 18 April 1999 (RS 101).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).

§ 83 4 83 4. Rules of procedure a. Constitution the President of the Grand Council consists of the president and two vice-presidents. The president and the two vice-presidents are each year a new election.

Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).

§ 84 (b) Commissions and groups to prepare its deliberations, the Grand Council may set up committees from among its own members.
The law may assign to these committees of decision-making powers determined part of the responsibilities of the General Council. It must, however, keep the possibility to load itself a case.
Members of the Grand Council can form groups, which are paid in subsidies.

§ 85. Right of presentation the right to submit to the Grand Council of new objects for he deliberates belongs to members, groups and committees of the Grand Council, the Council of State and the direction of the judiciary.

Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

§ 86 86 5 5. Right to organize if the constitution contains no provisions on this subject, the broad outlines of the Organization of the Grand Council and the latter relationship with the Council of State and the direction of the judiciary are regulated by the law.
The Grand Council takes the other provisions relating to the management in an internal regulation.

Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

C. the Council of State § 87 87 1 1. Position and composition the Council of State is the Executive authority and the supreme executive authority of the canton.
It consists of five members.

§ 88 88 2 2. Election the State Council is appointed by the people according to the majority system.
One member of the Council of State can be part of the Federal Assembly.

§ 89 89 3 3. The powers of the Council of State activities, the Council of State Government determines, subject to voters and skills of the Grand Council, the goals and main means of public activity. It plans and coordinates the activities of the State.
The onus is also on the Council of State: a. to safeguard public order and security; b. to represent the canton both inside and outside; c. to maintain relations with the authorities of the Confederation and of the other cantons; d. to conclude definitely intercantonaux provided and international treaties law him recognize the jurisdiction; e. the elections unless other bodies are responsible.

§ 90 (b) the Council of State administration management heads the cantonal administration. It monitors other bodies of public tasks.
It ensures compliance with the law and effectiveness of activity of administration and ensures, within the limits of the constitution and the law, the proper organization of the administration.
As part of the budget in the areas of management of the Grand Council, he adopted the budgets of the management areas that fall within its jurisdiction.
It shall act to the extent provided by the law on administrative appeals.
He refuses the application of normative acts contrary to federal law, cantonal constitutional law or cantonal laws.

Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).
Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).
Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4 2725).

§ 91 c. Legislation the Council of State before the Grand Council of draft constitutional amendments, laws and decrees.
It may issue legislative provisions in the form of the order. The purpose of the order and the principles for its content to be set in the Act or in the order.
The Council of State may enact necessary provisions for enforcement of federal law: a. when federal law determines the content of the right of performance within the meaning of para. 2; (b) in any other case, when there is an emergency; the provisions of the Ordinances lose their validity at the latest two years after their entry into force.

It issues the orders required by the intercantonaux, and international treaties unless the cantonal laws are necessary.

It may also issue orders to deal with present or imminent disruption of order and public security and prevention of social distress. Such orders shall lapse at the latest two years after their entry into force.
The legislative competence of the Council of State is not be delegated.

Accepted by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).

§ 92 4 92 4. College system the State Council takes its decisions as a collegial authority.
He appoints the Landammann and the Landstatthalter for the duration of a year. A re-election for the following year is excluded.
The Chancellor directs the Chancery, which functions as the headquarters of the State Council.

§ 93 93 5 5. Cantonal cantonal administration is subdivided into departments. Decentralized administrative units can be formed.
The departments are headed by members of the Council of State.
Cantonal administrative burdens can be delegated to independent institutions, municipalities, intercantonal or intermunicipal organizations or mixed economy companies. As an exception, even private organizations may be responsible for the performance of such tasks, provided that be assured legal protection of citizens and the right of supervision of the State Council.

§ 94 6 94 6. Law on the Organization and institutions as far that the constitution contains no provisions on the matter, the broad lines of the Organization of the Council of State, of the cantonal administration and law officials are regulated by the law.
No independent institutions may, in the conditions governing the right of the Council to make orders, issue provisions concerning their organisation and the use of their facilities.
The independent focus, within the limits of the law, their organization and the emoluments that are theirs.

D. the courts § 95 95 1 1. Judicial autonomy the courts are independent and are subject only to the law and to the right.
They are required to refuse enforcement of normative acts contrary to federal law, cantonal constitutional law or cantonal laws.

§ 96 2 96 2. Administration of justice in the administration of justice is a matter for the courts. Subject to the competence of other authorities, the management of the judiciary plans the activity of the courts, adopts their budget and supervises. She represents the courts in relation to other authorities.
Only two cantonal Tribunal members may be part of the Federal Assembly.

Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

§ 97 97 3 3. Procedure a. General courts and judiciary will be organized clearly and simply the law. The right must be said surely and quickly.
The canton provides for the creation of offices of free legal information.
Courts exist for the civil, criminal and administrative jurisdiction. A court may be established for several jurisdictions.
The Arbitration Court is recognized in property rights disputes. Arbitration judgments may be referred to state courts in accordance with the law.
The direction of the judiciary may adopt in the form of a regulation of the provisions on the Organization of the courts. A decree or law stop the purpose and the principles of material organization of the regulation.

Accepted by referendum of June 13, 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 7 4149).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

§ 98 b. civil court civil jurisdiction is exercised by: a. conciliation authorities; (b) the Chairmen of district courts; c. district courts; c. judges of the cantonal court; d. the cantonal court.

Disputes concerning the right to work, to the commercial law, the insurance law and the right to the lease can be attributed to special courts.

Approved by referendum of June 13, 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 7 4149).
Approved by referendum of June 13, 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 7, 4149).
Accepted by referendum of June 13, 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 7, 4149).

§ 99 c. criminal courts criminal jurisdiction is exercised by: a. the Court of measures of constraint; a. the presidents of district courts; b. district courts; c... .d. the cantonal court.

The law may allow cantonal administrative offices and local authorities to impose minimal fines.
The law may give the tax authorities and tribunals jurisdiction to impose the tax criminal law fines provided for by federal law for breach of procedure and of tax evasion.

Approved by referendum of June 13, 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 7, 4149).
In effect since Jan. 1. 2003 repealed by referendum of March 11, 2012, with effect from Jan 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote on April 18, 1999, in force since Jan. 1. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 5, 1048).

§ 100 d. Administrative tribunals the administrative jurisdiction is exercised by: a. the special tribunal, b. cantonal court, (c) the Court of the judiciary.

The administrative section of the cantonal court adjudicates conflicts of competence between the administrative authorities and tribunals.
It shall rule on disputes concerning the responsibility of the canton, Commons and the organizations and persons to perform public tasks. The law may provide for exceptions.

Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

E. § 101 Ombudsman Act Ombudsman can create cantonal ombudsman Board.

Chapter 6 the canton division a. District § 102Position and tasks the districts are territorial organizations decentralized in the canton, charged with duties of the cantonal administration and justice as well as elections. There are the district courts.

Accepted by referendum of June 13, 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 29. 2011 (FF 2011 7019 art. 1 ch. 7, 4149).

§ 103 Enumeration Township includes the districts of Aarau, Baden, Bremgarten, Brugg, Kulm, Laufen, Lenzburg, matured, Rheinfelden, Zofingen and Zurzach.
Grand Board shall by order the assignment of the Commons to the districts and changes of borders, after having heard the communes concerned. When a municipality opposes the allocation, the Decree of the Grand Council is subject to the referendum.

Accepted by popular vote on Feb 13. 2011, in effect since July 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. March 6, 2012 (FF 2012 3603 art. 1 ch. 4, 2011 7403).

B. the common § 104 Position and tasks the communes are autonomous corporations under public law. They aim to promote good and the development of their inhabitants.
Common policies the tasks of local importance, as long as they are not within the purview of other organizations.
The common bourgeois administer local bourgeoisiaux goods, support common policies, and encourage cultural life.

§ 105 workforce for the merger, the division or a new distribution of the common policies, the common interested parties agreement expressed by one vote and the approval of the Grand Council are needed.
There may be, in a common policy, only a single civic. The common bourgeois can merge with common policies, if the two communes decide.

§ 106 independence Commons are authorized, within the limits set by the constitution and the law, to organize themselves, to elect their authorities and their officials to do their jobs as they see fit and to administer their affairs independently.
Parliament leaves the biggest margin possible action in the Commons.

§ 107 organization required for each joint bodies are all the citizens speaking through the polls, the Municipal Assembly or Council residents, the Municipal Council and the Mayor.
Commons establish, within the limits set by the constitution and the law, their organization in a municipal regulation.

§ 108 collaboration of Commons; mergers the Township encourages and rule collaboration between municipalities. It can support the merger of Commons.

For certain tasks, several municipalities can join together in unions of municipalities. The Organization in fixed in statutes, which are subject to the approval of the State Council.
The law may require municipalities to form unions of municipalities or join a union of communes.
Common Associates voters in unions of municipalities, in accordance with the law, voting rights, complaint and decision.

Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4, 2725).
Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004. guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4, 2725).

Chapter 7 State and Church § 109 religious communities the reformed evangelical church, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Christian Catholic Church are recognised national churches, autonomy of public law with its own legal personality.
The Grand Board may recognize as being of public law from other churches and religious communities; in this case, the following requirements are applicable by analogy.
Other religious communities under private law. They have the possibility of registering the affiliation of their members in public records.

§ 110 autonomy of churches national national churches organize themselves independently according to democratic principles, within the limits set by the constitution.
They give an organization status, including the text and subsequent changes are subject to the approval of the Grand Council. It will be granted, if the status of organization is contrary to federal law or cantonal law.
The Synod is the supreme body of each national church. He appoints Executive and enacted body organization status.

§ 111 belonging to the national churches the inhabitants of the canton belong to the Church of their faith, if they meet the conditions required in the organization status.
The output can be done at any time by a written statement.
The right to vote is governed by the status of organization.

§ 112 parishes national churches consist of parishes, according to the provisions of their status as an organization.
The parishes are independent corporations under public law with its own legal personality. Each parish elects a Parish Council as the Executive Body, its delegates to the Synod and its pastors or priests.

§ 113 finance parishes can collect from members of taxes for the fulfillment of the ecclesiastical tasks listed in the status of organization.
The tax liability conforms to tax legislation and the system of taxation of the State. The status of organisation must provide for a right of referendum for decisions relating to the proportion of the tax and spending parishes.
The national churches have the right to ask their parishes of contributions according to uniform rules.
The national churches provide financial compensation between parishes.
National churches and parishes administer their wealth and their income independently, according to the principles applied by the State in the administration of property and public revenues.

§ 114 legal protection the national churches provide members of denominations and congregations sufficient legal protection.
Decisions of last instance of the authorities of the national churches may subject to recourse to public bodies, within the limits set by the legislation. It is for these bodies to monitor the compliance of the decisions in question with the constitution and the status of organization.

§ 115 reports with the bishopric of Basel bishopric of the Roman Catholic Church reports will be in line with the conventions signed by the Diocesan cantons among themselves and with the Curia. The representation of the canton to the Diocesan conference of the bishopric of Basel is provided by the delegates of the Roman Catholic Church.

Chapter 8 § 116 Budget and financial planning management of the budget financial system will be economic, adapted to the economic situation and, in the long run balanced. The observation of these principles shall be sufficient control.
The canton and the communes ensure comprehensive planning tasks and finances, which must be in line with the financial planning of the Confederation.
Will regularly examine tasks and expenditures as to their necessity and their opportunity and financial consequences, and their tolerability.

§ 117 legal bases the cantonal budget, the collection of cantonal taxes and the financial equalization are regulated by the law. The Grand Council is authorized to establish the proportion of the tax within the limits set by law.
Municipalities collect their taxes according to cantonal law. They set the amount of the tax.

§ 118 provenance funds the canton and the communes obtain the funds they need by: a. the collection of taxes, fees and contributions; (b) products of fortune; c. contributions and share to the revenues of corporations, companies and public institutions; d. by the use of loans and borrowings.

Unions of municipalities cover their expenses by benefits to their members as well as fees and contributions.

§ 119 development of taxes in tax management, there will be the principles of solidarity and the ability of taxpayers.
Taxes will be calculated so that the total load of taxpayers is socially bearable, that does not have too much of the productive capacity of the economy, the will to build an income and a fortune is not weakened and that personal retirement is encouraged in.
Tax evasion and resistance to the tax collection will be suppressed effectively.

§ 120 Township financial equalization ensures financial equalization.
Financial Equalization must create a situation of balance in the tax and benefits of Commons; It will allow a Commons development that meets the requirements of the time.
On the basis of the law, the payment of contributions to the financial equalization can be linked to conditions and loads.

Chapter 9 revision of the constitution § 121 121 1 1. Ability to review the constitution can be revised at any time, in whole or in part.

§ 122 122 2 2. Partial revisions the partial revisions of the constitution will be undertaken through legislation and must be submitted to popular vote.
May be subject to a partial review: a. a specific constitutional provision; forgotten the source. several constitutional provisions forming an area of uniform regulations.

§ 123 3 123 3. Revisions total a. Introduction of a total revision of the people decides, on the basis of a popular or a decree of the Grand Council, initiative whether to undertake a complete revision of the constitution.
The total revision should be undertaken by a constituent Assembly.

§ 124 (b) drafted by the constituent Assembly, the constituent Assembly was elected on the order of the State Council, among all voters, with the same number of members and in the same way as the Grand Council.
The constituent Assembly shall draw up internal regulations and determines how to proceed.

§ 125 c. Popular Vote the revised constitution is submitted to the vote of the people.

Chapter 10 plan transitional § 126 entry into force the present constitution comes into force on 1 January of the year following the granting of the guarantee by the Federal Assembly.
The same date will be repealed the Constitution of the canton of Aargau on April 23, 1885.

The granting of the guarantee was held Dec. 15. 1981 (FF 1981 III 1091).
[Collection of the laws of the Canton of Aargau, AGS 1 1] § 126adesignation of people and functions in the cantonal Constitution, the designation of individuals and functions is for both sexes.

Accepted by referendum of June 5, 2005, in force since August 1, 2005. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. June 12, 2006 (FF 2006 5853 art. 1 ch. 4, 2725).

§ 127 repeal of current law the provisions of current law that are inconsistent with this constitution are repealed. Remain reserved provisions of this transitional regime.

§ 128 limited maintenance of current law legislative acts enacted under a procedure which is more provided for in this constitution remains in force.
The modification of these normative acts will be according to the present constitution. The provisions which, according to the latter, must be taken in the form of laws cannot be modified by legislation.
Provisions for the performance of public tasks that do not have a constitutional basis in the sense of § 26, al. 1, of the present constitution remain in effect until their change.
The § 82, al. 3, of the present constitution applies to the change intercantonaux and international treaties currently in force.
The proposals made in the Grand Council to enact legal provisions or to adopt orders according to § 63 of this constitution are processed according to the old law if they are pending before the Council at the time of the entry into force of the constitutional amendment on December 18, 2001.


Accepted by referendum of 2 June 2002, in force since Jan. 1. 2003 guarantee of the SSA. fed. of 12 March 2003 (FF 2003 2572 art. 1 ch. 6, 2002 6213).

§ 129 skills granted to the authorities: possible transitional five years at the latest after the entry into force of this constitution, the skills granted to the Grand Council and the State Council to authorize spending, to raise loans or to legislate shall lapse if they are not in line with § 63, al. 1, 2 and 3, 78, al. 1 and 2 or 91, al. 2 of this constitution.
The Grand Council may, within a period of five years from the entry into force of this constitution, adapt these skills granted to the authorities with the provisions of § 63, al. 2 and 3, 78, al. 2 and 91, al. 2. insofar as these orders may not be issued in the form of decrees or orders in the sense of § 78, al. 2 and 91, al. 2, they are submitted to the popular vote according to § 63, al. 1 and 131 of this order.

§ 130 new law if new law must be enacted, the authorities will develop it actively.
The legislation relating to § 69, al. 3 and 4, shall be submitted to the vote of the people at the latest one year before the start of the Parliament 1985/89.
The national churches will submit their organization's bylaws to the Grand Council, for approval, within a period of three years from the entry into force of this constitution.

§ 131 application of optional popular votes until the enactment of legal provisions, will apply, with regard to the right to request optional popular votes in the sense of § 63, al. 1 of this constitution, the following provisions: a. the referendum period is 90 days of the official publication arrested and normative acts submitted to the referendum facultatif.b. Membership in the request for a referendum is expressed by the individual signature on lists of signatures.c. Each list of signatures must contain the description of the normative act or order submitted to the referendum with the date of its adoption by the Grand Council, the common policy of the signatory with the right to vote and the mention that who has falsified the number of signatures collected in support of a request for a referendum is punishable (art. 282 CP) .d. The voter must affix to his hand and legibly his name on the list of signatures and provide all information to verify identity, such as name, year of birth, and address. It may only sign once the same request for referendum.e. The lists of signatures should be addressed early enough before the expiry of the referendum period to the Chancery of the municipality where the signer has the right to vote. The municipal Secretary free attests that the signatories are voters in the town and then returns without delay the lists to the expediteurs.f. The certificate must indicate in letters or in figures the number of signatures certified; It must be dated, signed by his own hand by the municipal Secretary and with the stamp of the one who delivers the attestation.g. The certificate of qualified elector is refused when the conditions indicated in the letters c and d of this paragraph are not met. The reason for the refusal is indicated on the list of signatures. If the voter has signed several times demand, only one signatures is attestee.h. The request for a referendum must be filed to the State Chancellery before the expiry of the referendaire.i period. The State Chancellery may order to remedy defects affecting the attestation before and after the referendum period, if the result of the referendum in depend.k. Suck the signatures appearing on lists not meets the requirements mentioned or filed after the expiry of the referendum period, as well as the signatures given by people which qualified elector has not proven or for which the certificate is null or was given to tort.1. After the expiry of the referendum period, the notes if the referendum resulted validly, and publishes the decision is relative in the official journal of the canton of Aargau, indicating the number of valid signatures and signatures invalid.

RS 311.0 § 132 transitional provisions to...
The term of office of the members of the authorities referred to in § 61, al. 1, let. a, c, e and f, judges specialized courts of district and school counsellors, which starts in 2013, lasts until December 31, 2016. The next term of office lasts four years and begins on January 1, 2017.
The term of office of the authorities and people of the Township elected by the great Council, which starts in 2013, lasts until 31 December 2018. The next term of office lasts four years and begins on January 1, 2019.

Repealed by referendum from nov 27. with effect from Jan. 1, 2011. 2012 warranty of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2335 art. 1 ch. 3, 2012 7877).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).
Adopted by popular vote March 11, 2012, in force since Jan. 1. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. 11 March 2013 (FF 2013 2337 art. 1 c. 5 193).

Index of contents numbers refer to the articles and articles of incorporation agreements divisions v. treaties Administration - skills-100 compliance with law conflicts, efficiency and public interest activities of the 68 - branch 90-organization - 94 State administrative remedies 90-responsibility-100 subdivision - 93 tasks, delegation-93 courts administrative v. Tribunauxv. also Council of State Age as a condition for voting 59 Agriculture encouragement 51 Air, protection of purity v. Environmental Protection planning 45 fines - taxation-99 criminal court 99 animals, protection v. environmental arrest v. deprivation of liberty Federal Assembly - limitation seats for-Councillors of State 88 - members of the cantonal court 96 - v. also Confederation legal aid 22 welfare 39 insurance-fire insurance of buildings as law sovereign 55-56 hearings mandatory insurance v. Consultations authorities 68 ss.
-conciliation-98 authorities authorities school 31 - term of office-70 eligibility, incompatibility, and recusal-69 exercise of the power of the State 1 - disclosure principles responsibilities oath Kantonalbank goods 57 74-75-68-73 cultural 36 noise protection, fight against v. Environmental Protection Budget - approval by the Council of State 90 - approval by the Grand Council 81 - 96 goals of the State 25 Canton courts - administration v. directors-Bank cantonal 57-constitution v. Constitution-delegation of public tasks - 93 participation in joint or private economy 58 - reports and organization 3 - 5 - representation of the canton by the Council of State 89 censorship 13 Charges v. function sovereign right hunting 55 unemployment - protection and mitigation 25 b, 39v. also goals of the State Public Affairs 46 citizen - right city 6 - right to vote 59, 60-equality before the law 10-freedom of movement 16v. also rights fundamental Collaboration with other cantons 4 communities religious v. churches Commons - 59, 62, 63, 107 authorities-Municipal Assembly - authorization to impose minimal fines 99-popular elections 61 - common policies 104, 105-collaboration - 108 strength-105 enumeration and change borders 103-taxes of Commons 117-107 - 5, 106 autonomy organization - task 26, 27, 29, 104-unions and merger of Commons 108 , 118 accounts 81 Conciliation 98 Confederation-exercise of the rights of participation in the federal State 82 - task, accomplishment 3 Council of residents 62, 63, 107 Council of States, popular elections 61 State - powers 89-Chancery-92 authority 90 - Council term of office election 61-70, 88-eligibility, incompatibility, and recusal 69-legislation 91-Member Federal Assembly 88-organization-94 position and composition 87-college system 92 Constitution-constitutional basis for power accomplish tasks - 26 constituent 61, 124-initiative v. Initiative-constitutional review v. review-popular vote 62 buildings 47 Consultations in the preparation of projects 66 counter-proposal 62 Contributions v. tax Culture, monuments and maintaining 36 discharge the administrative burden 50 economic sector waste, disposal of waste 44 Delegation of tasks departments v. Administration spending 93 - award of the Grand Council 81 - controls 116-planning financial 116-popular vote , optional 63 - to parishes 113 Designation of people and functions 126 has custody rights and duties 40 9, 15 Districts respect human dignity - constituencies-77 tips school district, grant 31-enumeration - 103 position and tasks 102-district courts v. courts damage, responsibility of the canton and communes 75 data personal protection against abuse 15 law, rule of law 2 right to vote - in the national churches-111 to unions of Commons-108 general 59-exercise Law 60 - obligation to take part in the elections and voting 59 personnel 70 rights law


-rights constitutional v. fundamental rights - right to be heard 22, 23 - political - voting 59-elections popular 61-v. initiative Initiative - vote popular 62, 63 human rights 7-24 sovereign rights - exclusive economic activity-55 as the restriction on economic freedom 20-reservation of existing private rights 55 term of office 70 water - supply 53 - water waste, eliminating 44-protection of purity v. environmental schools 28-35 - base 28 , 35 school authorities 31-secondary schools 30-private schools-33 special schools 29-popular schools 29-principles governing intelligence-35 support costs-34 universities, high schools 30, economy - economic freedom 20 - 32 cantonal economic policy-50 prescriptions in economic matters 52 Education v. training and education, school, v. also goals of the State equality before the law 10 churches-belonging to the national churches 111-freedom of religious communities-12 organization 110 , 111 parishes 112-113 finance - legal protection-114 reports with the bishopric of Basel 115 - recognition - 109 exit 111-110 election Synod - authorization v. right of-vote to the national churches-111 constituencies 77-popular elections-61 by the Grand Council 82 - by the Council of State 89 - majority system 61-proportional system 61 eligibility conditions 69 loans - award of the Grand Council 81 - popular vote 63 energy 54 children who are disadvantaged - countervailing measures 34 teaching in the public schools - public training free 34-35 business principles-economy enterprises joint or private - delegation of public tasks 93-participation of township 58 - interests of small and medium-sized enterprises 50-responsibility in the exercise of their official 75, 100 environment v. Environmental Protection activity rest areas protection 43 institutions - fees - 82-94 State Organization activity in accordance with the law 2 - goals of the State 25 - Chancery-92 v. Constitution - constitution power of the State 1 bishopric of Basel 115 performance-cantonal laws 87 - some sentences and measures 40-federal law 78, 91 Expropriation 21 family protection 38-fauna and flora, protection v. environmental finance, financial Regime 116, 117 - 118 service eligibility, incompatibility and 69 officials challenge funds provenance - right officials, set by law 94-election by - Commons - 106 the Council of State 89 - the people 61 - commitment to the constitution and the law 74-challenge , incompatibilities 69-responsibilities 75 Fund of the canton and communes 118 forest exploitation 51 saving training and education 28-35 - adults 30-30 homes 29 vocational training, 39 borders, corrections, modifications 47, 103 merger of Commons 108 guarantees v. rights Grace 82 Grand Council-arrested 62, 63-public nature of the proceedings 72 - commissions-84 constitution 83-consultations - 66 right of presentation - 85 term features 70-election 77-popular elections 61-eligibility , incompatibility and recusal 69-groups - 84 surveillance impunity for a statement organization 86-the federal State 82-planning-79 position and composition distribution of mandates responsibilities 75-powers-77-76-75-80-financial 81-law 78-treatment initiatives popular 65 - other 82 hospitals v. health tax - legal bases 117-calculation-119 parishes 113-provenance of funds 118v. as equalization financial incompatibilities - Grand Council and officials-69 Grand Council, Council of State and District Court - 69 up to members to the Federal Assembly - judges of the cantonal court 96 - one Council of State 88 73 Initiative public Information - popular initiative - counter-proposal 62-popular initiative presented in general terms-64-64 amendment of an Act 64-vote constitutional amendment, vote popular 62-treatment of popular initiatives 65 pension funds and support v. Assistance social public interest 68 international and intercantonaux , treaties v. treaties youth-interests of the youth 38-protection of the youth 13, 15--juvenile court v. courts Justice of the peace - election judge of the mandates of repression 99 jurisdiction 61 - skills-100 in general conflicts v. courts-free 22-separation of powers Landammann election Landstatthalter election 92 language 71 92 68 has freedom of movement 16 freedom of conscience and belief-principle-11 restrictions 11 freedom of science 14 petition 19 freedom of press freedom 13 freedom of meeting 17 freedom of arts 14 freedom of association 18 freedom of information freedom of opinion economic freedom 20 personal liberty law 15 13 13-retroactive legislative acts prohibited 24-run 87-initiative popular 64, 65-initiative requesting the amendment of law 62, 64-law 78, 91-regime transitional 126 - 132 - emergency - 78 vote popular 62, 63 housing-encouragement of low-income housing construction moderated 47-inviolability of home 15-25 lotteries 55 majority offers , 61 82 materials procurement system old 44 media recovery, mass media of mass 13: 37 Medicine and personal medical v. health cadastral measurements 47 ethnic minorities 48 Monumentshistoriques v. Culture morality protection 27 Nature v. environmental Offices of free legal information 97 Ombudsman 101 order v. Security public organizations-responsibility in the exercise of their activity official 75, 100 peace 50 Parliament v. Grand Council Participation to some enterprises semi-public or private 58 political parties 67
Landscapes, protection v. Protection environmental sin, sovereign right 55 sentences and measures, running 40 financial equalization 117, 120 - 113 administrative period national churches 132, 132 v. freedom of petition people - sovereignty-1 initiative Petition popular v. Initiative financial and planning tasks 116 Plans, 63 powers, separation - principle 68 prisoners - rights referendum and 40 23 private detention duties / es - enforcement provisions private 78-private schools v. schools-responsibility in the exercise of their official activity 75 , 100 privacy protection 15 Procedure-General guarantees 22 - guaranteed special 23 Profession freely exercise a profession 20 proportionality, principle 2 proportional system 61 proposals from citizens 19, 66 property-50, 51 - diffusion guaranteed 21-restrictions 21 Protection, right to personal freedom and the safeguarding of privacy 15 Environmental Protection - General-42 waste 44-water sources mineral , spas and 43 Public/public rest areas - public affairs 46-deliberations in the Grand Council and the courts 72-public schools-29 information 73-public interest - 68 public procurement-82 principle of transparency 72-security and order v. Security-transport public transport management report v., the Grand Council 81 reports - award of the Council of State 89 - with the other cantons-4 with 3 research Confederation - contribution of township 32-32-freedom - 14 institutions medical 41 recovery old materials challenge v. incompatibilities rehabilitation v. unemployment Referendum (popular Vote) 44 - 122, 123 - constitution optional 63 - transitional law 131 - mandatory 62 - treated 63 Religion v. freedom of conscience and belief, churches Representation of the canton by the Council of State 89 requests and petitions v. freedom of petition alluvial protected 42 responsibility - authorities and officials-75 administrative court 100-member of the Grand Council 75 - organizations and those responsible for public duties 75 retroactivity of the normative acts 24 revision of the constitution-partial 122-principle total 121-123 - development by the resources of the subsoil use 55 124 constituent rocks, protection v. road transport health 41 secrecy of correspondence 15 Security v. Environmental Protection public order - award of the Council of State 89 - guaranteed 27 salt, sale as sovereign right 55 v. Culture seat 71 soil science, backup fertility v. Environmental Protection Sources of mineral water and spas 43 protection , v. also rights sovereign basement operation in depth as sovereign right 55 sovereignty of the people 1 Sport and gymnastics encouragement 41 Switzerland/Swiss v. citizen monitoring (surveillance) of the Grand Council 80 - the Council of State 90-93 of the State on - Commons-5 private schools 33 Synod v. churches tasks entrusted by the Confederation 3 - of Commons 26, 27, 104-various tasks 28. ss-Township 25 - 27 - intercantonal 4-responsibility of the organizations and persons to perform public tasks 75 , 100 tax rate - fixing - canton-117 in the Commons-117 to the parishes 113 intercantonaux - and international treaties approved by the - Grand Council 82 - 82 conditions - Council of State 89 - transitional law 128 - vote popular optional 63 transitional, 126-132 transport 49 courts transitional regime


-administration of justice-96 judicial autonomy 95-public deliberations - 72 character commissions remedy and estimate 100-96 Court management, 97-judge of the mandates of repression - 99 judge of peace v. Justice of peace-judicial organisation and procedure 97-tribunal cantonal 98, 99 - members of the Federal Assembly 96 - insurance 100-administrative tribunals-100 district 68 courts court 98, 99, 102-courts to the commercial law 98-courts in the labour law 98-courts to the lease law 98-civil courts-98 Court of measures of constraint-tribunals-99 99 universities v. schools emergency juvenile courts, orders of the Council of State 91 life-right to the life-15 safety and security public 27 popular Votes - optional - to Commons 63 - 63 later 78 - mandatory 62 - 62 Commons - law transitional 131 v. also Revision of the Constitution protected areas v. Protection of the environment State on September 23, 2013

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