455.110.1 order of the FSVO on the detention of animals and pets of August 27, 2008 (Status January 1, 2014) the federal Office of food safety and Veterinary Affairs (FSVO), view the art. 209, al. 1, of the Ordinance of 23 April 2008 on the protection of animals (OPAn), stop: Chapter 1 purpose and scope of application article 1. the present order rule, in terms of facilities, care, how to deal with the animals and documentation, the question of the detention of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, llamas and alpacas, horses and rabbits.
Chapter 2 General provisions governing detention of animals Section 1 perforated floor art. 2 principle in the event of use of perforated floors, the width of the slots and the diameter of the holes must be adapted to the size of the animals.
Perforated soil should not include protruding burrs. The edges must be polished and the width of the slots must be constant.
Art. 3 soil punctured for cattle table 1 of annex 1 sets, against soil punctured for cattle, the maximum width of the slots and the maximum diameter holes as well as the minimum width of the lot, depending on the weight of the cattle.
Grids perforated covering the evacuation channels, such grilles bars profiled in T or dimpled, may not be used on large areas, but only on the width of an element.
In the newly appointed barns, round bar grates are not allowed in free stall and exercise classes.
The detention of yaks on grids concrete slabs or on soils with holes is not permitted.
Art. 4 soil punctured for pigs table 2, c. 1 to 3 of Schedule 1 sets against soil punctured for pigs, the maximum width of the slots and the maximum diameter of the holes, depending on the weight of the pigs. If, in a newly converted barn, is used for the evacuation of the manure of the slots located along the walls of the box, these slots must present the dimensions set out in annex 1, table 2, ch. 4.
In the box of calving, the slots for the evacuation of the manure must be covered at least during parturition and the first two days following.
On rest areas intended for pigs, perforation of soil may not exceed the maximum proportion of: a. 5% for the existing mast barns on October 1, 2008; (b) 2% for the other barns.
If the ground of the rest area is punctured, the holes or slots must be distributed evenly among the constituent parts of the ground.
Art. 5 soil punctured for sheep and goats in the newly appointed stables, it is not permissible to detain on perforated floor young sheep and young goats of a weight less than or equal to 30 kg if the floor is not entirely covered with a litter with a sufficient thickness.
In the newly appointed stables, he is not allowed to hold on soils with holes the sheep and goats with a weight superior to 30 kg if the floor is not entirely covered with a litter with a sufficient thickness.
In case of detention of sheep and goats to a weight of more than 30 kg on grating, the maximum width of the slots should be 20 mm and, if it comes to grates concrete slabs, the minimum width of the beams should be 40 mm.
Section 2 Detention extended outdoor art. 6 requirements to shelter, land and forage used as shelter for protection against weather conditions should allow all the animals to find place at the same time. Appendix 2, tables 1-3, indicates the minimum area that the shelter should be able to provide to cattle, sheep and goats in the case where this shelter would serve only to protection against moisture and cold and no to the feeding of the animals.
In the Summering areas, if the surface required under the shelter cannot be reached and the weather conditions are extreme, appropriate measures must be taken to address the need for rest and protection of animals.
The ground of the locations where animals are held generally should not be muddy or highly contaminated by feces or urine.
Fodder made available to supplement the pasture must meet the standard requirements in terms of quality and hygiene. Necessary, to use appropriate feeding devices.
Art. 7 animal control, stabling for setting down the State of health and well-being of the animals must be checked every day, including their general condition and the possible presence of injuries, lameness, diarrhea and other signs of disease. Exceptionally, it may waive the control tour if animals for forage and water supply is guaranteed.
If a female is about to give birth or young people just born, pets must be checked at least twice a day.
In the Summering areas, the frequency of controls may be reduced depending on the circumstances.
In winter feeding period, sheep and goats must be returned to the barn before parturition; during the first two weeks following the birth of the young people, they must have access to a cottage.
Section 3Sorties art. feeding of winter 7aperiode the winter feeding period extends from 1 November to 30 April.
Introduced by section I of O of the FSVO from 23 oct. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3787 RO).
Art. 8 journal exits exits of cattle and goats held the home and the horses must be entered in the log output within three days at the latest.
If the animals go out in groups, the outputs can be listed by group.
If, during a certain period of time an animal or group of animals have the ability to go out permanently, the log output should mention the first and the last day of that time.
For horses, keeping a log output is not required when horses have the ability to access an output area which has the minimum dimensions set out in annex 1, table 7, ch. 31, OPAn permanently.
Exceptions to the obligation to leave the horses provided for in art. 61, al. 6, let. a to d, OPAn shall be entered in the log output indicating the grounds and, in the cases listed in the let. c and d, also the place of activity and the type of activity of the horses in question.
New content according to section I of the O of the FSVO from 23 oct. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3787 RO).
Chapter 3 Section 1 Detention of Art. calves cattle 9 attachment of short duration the calves can be set for drinking water for at least 30 minutes each time.
Art. 10 (igloos) shacks for the individual cabins for calves calves must be wide enough to allow the calf to shoot there without being embarrassed.
The rest area with litter planned to annex 1, table 1, ch. 31, OPAn must be available in the usable area to lie inside the hut.
Art. 11 feeding calves if calves are fed whole milk only, proper preparation of iron must be added to the milk of cow at a rate of less than 2 mg per kg of milk. When using a combined power system, the iron per kg of milk mixed content must match this value.
Roughage should not be presented on the floor, but in a suitable device, e.g. a rack.
If the straw using of roughage is available at all times, it is permitted to limit the daily ration for another forage suitable guaranteeing the supply of crude fibre.
Section 2 Detention to the clip art. 12 attached devices attached devices must meet the following requirements: a. sufficient game of the tie in the sense of the length, so that cattle can perform movements specific to his case, when he gets up, goes down or back to defecate and urinate; b. enough game of the tie in the vertical direction, so that the cattle stand can hold the head up and be as embarrassed as possible to lick.
The rigid collars as well as spring steel are allowed in the newly appointed stables. Defective collars of this type should be replaced by appropriate systems of attached.
Art. 13 out of the breeding bulls held tethered bulls for breeding may be removed in exercise or on a meadow Court. In place of these outputs, it can also lead them by hand in the open air.
The displacement of the Bull for the protrusion does not count as output.
Art. 14 installation of feeding in case of detention to the Attaché on short layer in the newly appointed stables, the wall of the crib side animal, including the wood edge and any massive devices mounted over this edge, must not exceed a height of 32 cm. The wall of the crib side animal may exceed 32 cm in case of use of flexible panels rubber attached to the border.
In the newly appointed stables, the thickness of the wall of the crib side animal must not exceed 15 cm.
In the newly appointed stables, the bottom of the crib must be at least 10 cm higher than the level of the layer.
In the newly appointed stables, there must be between the edge of the crib side animal and the wall of the crib side fourragère a free space of at least 60 cm, measured at 20 cm above the level of the layer.
In the newly appointed stables, the bottom of the crib should no place be lower than the level it was at a distance of 40 cm from the edge of the crib side animal.
Mounted above the crib and used as racks to feeding at discretion or at the fixing of animals should not be used to prevent access to the nursery.
Art. 15 grids extending layer elements perforated covering the evacuation channels, equipped with bars with rubber coating, can be installed only in addition to the length of the layer required to annex 1, table 1, ch. 12, OPAn.
Section 3 Detention in loose housing art. 16 cubicles in the newly appointed stables, the rest area must present, between the edge guard-litter and the retainer of shoulder, the minimum length set in annex 3 of this order in proportion to the required total length for the cubicles in Appendix 1, table 1, ch. 322 and 323, OPAn.
For cattle to a weight of more than 400 kg, the clear space between the layer and the according of the cubicles must be at least 40 cm.
The edge guard-litter and the retainer of shoulder must be rounded or bevelled on the animal side. The edge guard-litter and the retainer of shoulder, as the level of the ground of the head space, may not exceed by more than 10 cm layer.
When using a rigid neck bar, opposite cubicles must be separated by a front bar or a similar device. This separation must be located in the middle of the space separating the opposing cubicles.
The pillars in the area of the cubicles must not interfere with the animals when they are in bed or when they lie or stand up.
If cubicles are backed to the wall, the prior support of the according point must be at even the wall or at a distance of at least 45 cm of it.
Art. 17-traffic corridors the transverse corridors in free-stall barns must present the following width: a. as a passage without possibility of interbreeding of animals: between 80 and 120 cm; b. as a passage with animal crossing possibilities: at least 180 cm.
In the newly appointed stables, the length of 80 to 120 cm wide transverse corridors should not exceed 6 m maximum.
In the newly appointed stables, the transverse corridors must have a width of at least 240 cm when troughs, licking stones or brushes to scratch there are installed.
Art. 18 feeding area when the forage quality and uniform constitution is available at all times, it is allowed to hold more than 2.5 animals for a place at the feeder.
The hornless allowing animals cannot be used for this purpose only when each animal has at least a place in the Manger; the individual setting of animals under supervision is reserved.
Art. 19Abreuvoirs lollipop employment troughs to Lollipop or troughs to pipette for the drinking water is not allowed.
New content according to section I of the O of the FSVO from 23 oct. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3787 RO).
Art. 20 box of low setting the special compartment for calving (farrowing box) must be laid out in the form of a box of litter, in which animals can move freely. He must present a surface of at least 10 m and a width of 2.5 m at least. If calving in group, surface available per animal must be 10 m.
Section 4 special requirements applicable to the buffaloes and yaks art. 21 refreshment when the air temperature reaches 25 ° C or more, buffaloes and yaks must have access to shade and to water at all times and the opportunity to cool off in a bath or a bauge. To replace the bauge or bath, pets can be showered.
Art. 22 care buffaloes and yaks must have daily access to an object proper or a device allowing them to scratch.
Chapter 4 pigs art. 23 feeding sows not lactating, returns and boars fed by rations, must be able to absorb at least 200 g. of raw fibres per animal, per day. Raw whole food fiber content must be at least 8%, unless it is guaranteed that material to their occupation can provide this same amount.
In case of power at discretion, the number of places at the feeder must be: a. automatic distributors of dry food: 1 seat for 5 animals; b. ATMs of porridge with at most 3 places at the feeder: 1 seat for 12 animals; c. porridge with more than 3 places at the feeder ATMs and ATMs porridge by pipe : 1 seat for 10 animals; d. all other power systems: in accordance with the charges provided for by the authorisation of housing systems manufactured in series.
If water vending machines of porridge or mush by pipe ATMs is stopped, the number of animals per place at the feeder must be reduced to the number set for automatic distributors of dry food.
All borders for automatic distribution of food systems with which animals come into contact, such as brewing or dosing plate must be bent or blunt. Welds should not present sharp bumps. The galvanisation burrs must be sanded.
Distances between walls of subdivision of feeders to a food distribution system must be such that the animals have enough room to put the snout. We consider subdivision bulkheads feeders, the bars which are fixed in them and which do not exceed the edge of the feeder. The minimum distances are 15 cm for piglets up to 25 kg and 20 cm for pigs to fertilizer of 25 kg or more.
Art. 24 occupation are appropriate for the occupation of pigs, non toxic materials that can be chewed, chewed, eaten, as e.g. straw, reeds of China, litter, dusted wood chips and roughage such as hay, grass, the whole plant silage as well as cubes of straw or hay. Soft wood is allowed only if it is suspended in order to remain flexible, if it is renewed regularly and if the pigs receive at least three times per day an enriched with roughage ration or if forage is freely available to them.
The material used in the occupation of pigs can be made available in the appropriate devices such as the racks, buckets or special automata. These devices must contain material usable occupation permanently.
If the material used in the occupation of pigs is deposited on the ground, ensuring that it is always distributed in sufficient quantity so that the animals have something to do.
Art. 25 areas of rest if the rest area of the detention systems of weaned piglets and pigs to the fertilizer is reduced according to annex 1, table 3, annotation 8, OPAn, the dimensions of this rest area must be such that the animals of a box to all lie down at the same time one beside the other.
So, in detention systems with case of rest, the rest in the funds area fills not the minimum requirements of annex 1, table 3, c. 32 and 321 to 323, OPAn, there must be sufficient to meet these requirements area outside unions.
Art. 26 box of calving during calving, it is allowed, in some cases individuals, to fix the sow only between the time commences construction of the nest and, at the latest, which marks the end of the third day after farrowing. The holder must record what sow has been fixed and for what reasons.
For the construction of a nest, only material that the sow can hold and carry with his mouth is appropriate. Are not appropriate subjects such as woodchips, sawdust, tears of newspapers or the straw.
Material suitable for the construction of a nest should be made available every day from the 112 day of the pregnancy until the first day following parturition including. At the time of its distribution, the material must completely cover the ground.
As soon as the 2 day after the birth of the piglets to the end of their lactation, the area of rest of the sow and the piglets must have every day a litter of long, straw straw, reeds of dusted wood chips or China.
Art. 27 protection against the cold ground of the rest area must be insulated, covered of enough litter or fitted with a heater if temperatures drop below the following values: a. 24 ° C for piglets until weaning; b. 20 ° C for the piglets from their withdrawal until they reach 25 kg; c. 15 ° C for pigs with a weight between 25 and 60 kg; d. 9 ° C for swine from 60 kg.
During the first three days following the birth of the piglets, the temperature in the nest should be 30 ° C at least.
The piglets to the udder must at all times have access to their nest.
In the barns to outdoor climate, pigs must have a crate rest or similar device or have the ability to burrow into a deep litter.
Art. 28 protection against the hot in the barns newly arranged for groups of at least 25 kg pigs or of boars, animals need the opportunity to cool off if the temperature in the pigsty exceeds 25 ° C.
The temperature can be refreshed by the following means: by underground heat exchanger, by an air conditioner, by the refreshment of the ground, by water spray facilities or facilities of humidification directly affecting animals, such showers or the bauges.
For pigs detained in open air, there should be from a temperature of 25 ° C in the shade a baugé and in case of strong sunlight a broad shaded area outside the huts of rest.
Art. 29 sanding of the tip of the teeth grind the tip of the teeth of piglets at the breast is recognized devices planned for this purpose and with an abrasive stone intended for this use.
Chapter 5 sheep and goats art. 30. the hoofs of sheep and goats should be trimmed regularly - taking into account of their growth - and in the rules of the art.
A pest control treatment in accordance with the rules must be administered to sheep and goats.
When sheep are held permanently in open air, timing of mowing must be chosen so that the thickness of the fleece is adapted to the weather conditions.
Chapter 6 llamas and alpacas art. 31. the nails and teeth of llamas and alpacas must be shortened in the State of the art taking into account their growth.
A pest control treatment in accordance with the rules must be administered to llamas and alpacas.
Llamas and alpacas that are not regularly brushed and combed must be sheared into account growth and the State of their fleece.
Chapter 7 horses art. 32. the weather conditions or the State of the ground are considered extremely unfavourable to the exit horses within the meaning of art. 61, al. 3, OPAn in the following cases: a. muddy ground due to strong rainfall; b. strong or persistent rainfall accompanied by strong wind or cold; c. stormy winds; d. ice that may cause the fall of the horses on the exit ramp.
In an intense activity of insects, the release of horses should be postponed to the night or the early hours of the day.
Chapter 8 rabbits art. 33 darkened areas obfuscation of certain areas can be achieved in different ways - e.g. using elevated surfaces or other structure closed up, or partially covering the front grille. In the box feeding and watering, and at the center of the activities area, light intensity must be at least 15 lux.
Art. 34 air-conditioned premises without litter box enclosures are allowed that in the premises where the air temperature does not fall below 10 ° C and where there no air currents in areas where pets stay.
Chapter 9 entry into force art. 35. this order comes into force on October 1, 2008.
Annex 1 (art. 3, al. 1, and 4, al. 1) width slots and holes of perforated soil 1 cattle soil punctured maximum width weight category of slots or maximum diameter of holes, mm 1 grids concrete slabs pets up to 200 kg animals of more than 200 kg 30 35 and 2 floors to holes pets up to 200 kg animals of more than 200 kg 30 55 and 3 grids covering the evacuation channels such bars grates profiled t in free-stall barns and animals exercise classes up to 200 kg animals of more than 200 kg 30 35 and 4 enclosures grids in free-stall barns and in the course of exercise animals up to 400 kg animals of more than 400 kg 30 35 minimum width of full 5 mm dimpled grids in free-stall barns and in the course of exercise animals up to 400 kg animals of more than 400 kg 28 22 length of the alveoli must not exceed 90 mm.
2 pigs soil punctured weight category maximum width of the slots or diameter of the holes in mm 1 grids concrete slabs piglets to the udder weanling pigs up to 25 kg pigs from 15 kg from 25 kg sow/boar 9 11 14 18 22 2 cast grates / grids on matter synthetic piglets to the udder piglets weaned up to 25 kg any category of more than 25 kg 10 11 16 3 soils in holes piglets up to 25 kg whole category more than 25 kg 10 x 20 16 x 30 width of the slots admitted, in cm 4 slots for the evacuation of the manure in the barns newly appointed piglets up to 25 kg pigs between 25 and 110 kg sow/boar less than 2 or between 4 and 5 less than 4 or between 8 and 9 less than 6 or 10-11 width of the beam must be 8 cm at least.
40% maximum of the surface available to animals can be occupied by cast-iron grids and grids in synthetic material with the width of the slots of 10 mm. This limitation of the proportion of perforated surface is not applicable to the cast iron or plastic grids which slots have a width of 9 mm maximum.
RO 2009 5389 State on January 1, 2014, annex 2 (art. 6, para. 1) Surfaces minimum under shelters 1 cattle weight calves youth category animals cows and heifers in a State of advanced pregnancy height at the withers up to 3 weeks up to 4 months up to 200 kg to 300 kg to 400 kg more than 400 kg 125 ± 5 cm 135 ± 5 cm 145 ± 5 cm resting area with litter per animal , m 0.9-1, 0-1, 3 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.7 3.6 4.0 4.5 by State of advanced pregnancy, refers to the State of the cows and heifers in the last two months preceding calving.
Depending on the age and the size of the calves.
2 sheep weight lambs young animal category sheep Rams and sheep without lamb ewes with lambs up to 20 kg 20 to 50 kg 50-70 kg 70 to 90 kg more than 90 kg 70 to 90 kg more than 90 kg Surface of the box by animal, m 0.15 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.75 0.75 0.9 for the sheep, determining weight is that of the sheep not pregnant.
The dimensions are applicable to the sheep with lambs up to 20 kg.
3 goats Cabris weight up to 12 kg young goats and goats category dwarfs 12 to 22 kg young goats and goats dwarfs 23 to 40 kg goats and 40 to 70 kg goats goats and goats more than 70 kg Surface of the box by animal, m 0.15 0.3 0.7 0.8 1.2 for females, the key weight is that of the female not pregnant.
State on January 1, 2014 annex 3 (art. 16, al. 1) minimum length of the rest area in the cubicles for length of the Lockmaster cattle according to the annex 1, table 1, ch. 322 and 323 OPAn, cm length of the rest area, in cm stall against the wall opposite cubicles 1 stalls for cows and heifers in a State of advanced pregnancy 11 height at the withers 125 ± 5 cm 230 200 165 12 height at the withers 135 ± 5 cm 240
220 185 13 height at the withers 145 ± 5 cm 260 235 190 2 cubicles for young animals 21 weight up to 200 kg 160 150 120 22 weight between 200 and 300 kg 190 180 145 23 weight between 300 and 400 kg 210 200 160 24 weight greater than 400 kg 240 220 and 180 State on January 1, 2014