0.700.1 original text Convention on the protection of the Alps (alpine Convention), signed at Salzburg on 7 November 1991 approved by the Federal Assembly on 16 December 1998, Instrument of ratification deposited by the Switzerland on 28 January 1999 entry into force for the Switzerland on 28 April 1999 (status on August 31, 2004) preamble the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Austria, the Republic French , the Italian Republic, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Principality of Monaco, the Republic of Slovenia, the Swiss Confederation and the Community European economic, aware that the Alps are one of the largest natural areas a single source in Europe and a lifestyle, an area economic, cultural and recreation in the heart of Europe, distinguished by its nature, its culture and its specific and varied history which participate of many peoples and countries, grateful that the Alps are a lifestyle and an economic space for the people who live there, and they are also important for within regions, including support of essential communication channels, recognizing that the Alps are a habitat and shelter necessary for many plant and animal species at risk aware of the great heterogeneity of the various legal regulations, natural factors, human settlements, agriculture and forestry, the State of development of the economy, of the density of the traffic as well as the type and intensity of tourism, considering that the Alpine space and its ecological functions are increasingly threatened by actually growing as human exploitation and repair of damage When it is possible, can be done at the price of intense effort, high costs, and, as a general rule, over long periods of time, convinced that it is necessary to harmonise economic interests and ecological requirements, are agreed, following the results of the first alpine Conference of Ministers of the environment which was held from 9 to October 11, 1989 in Berchtesgaden , the following: art. 1 scope of application (1) the purpose of this Convention is the region of the Alps such as described and shown in annex.
(2) any Contracting Party may, at the time of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or at any time thereafter, extend the application of this Convention to other parts of its territory by a declaration addressed to the Republic of Austria as the depositary if such an extension is considered to be necessary to the execution of the provisions of this Convention.
(3) a declaration made in virtue of by. 2 may be removed, with respect to any territory designated by a notification addressed to the depositary. The withdrawal is effective the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of six months after the date of receipt of the notification by the depositary.
Art. 2 General obligations (1) the Contracting Parties, in respect of the principles of precaution, polluter-pays and cooperation, ensure a comprehensive preservation and protection of the Alps policy taking into account equally the interests of all the Alpine States, their Alpine as well as the Community regions using carefully European economic resources and using them in a sustainable way. Cross-border cooperation for the Alpine space is intensified and broadened in geographical and thematic terms.
(2) to achieve the objective in the by. 1, the Contracting Parties to take appropriate measures, particularly in the following areas: has) population and culture-to ensure the respect, the maintenance and the promotion of the cultural and social identity of population that lives there, and the guarantee of basic resources, including habitat and economic development respecting the environment and the promotion of mutual understanding and collaborative relationships between the population of the Alps and within regions (b) planning - to ensure an efficient and rational use of land and a healthy and harmonious development of the territory, with an identification complete and a needs assessment of the use of the Alpine space, forward-looking and integrated planning, harmonisation of the standards arising therefrom, taking into account such natural hazards, by preventing the over-concentration and the sous-densite ((, ensuring the preservation and the restoration of natural life management, c) air quality - to achieve a drastic reduction in emissions of pollutants and their nuisance in the Alpine space and external inputs of pollutants so as to arrive at a rate that is not harmful to humans, wildlife and flora, d) floor protection - in order to reduce quantitative and qualitative damage caused on the ground (, including using modes of agricultural and forestry production saving soil, by exploiting these in a measured way, slowing erosion and limiting the waterproofing of the soils, e) the water system - in order to maintain or restore quality natural waters and Hydrosystems, including preserving the quality of water, ensuring that water facilities are built respecting nature (, and hydraulic energy to be exploited in a holding frame as well the interests of the population which lives there only of interest for the preservation of the environment, f) nature conservation and maintenance of landscapes - to ensure the protection, management and, if necessary, the restoration of nature and landscapes in order to permanently ensure the functioning of ecosystems (, the preservation of fauna and flora as well as their habitats, the power of regeneration and long-term production of the natural heritage and the diversity, originality and the beauty of nature and the landscape in General, g) mountain farming - to ensure, in the public interest, conservation, management and the promotion of the traditional rural landscape and agriculture adapted to the site and is compatible with the environment (while taking into account the constraints in the Alpine space, h) mountain forests-to ensure the preservation, strengthening and restoring the forest functions, including the protective function, by improving the resistance of forest ecosystems in particular management respecting nature, avoiding any use detrimental to the forest and taking account of the constraints in the Alpine space ((, i) tourism and recreation - to achieve harmonisation of tourism and leisure with ecological and social requirements while limiting tourism activities and leisure that are detrimental to the environment, including the delimitation of areas declared no developable, j) transport - to reduce nuisances and hazards in the interalpin and transalpine transport sector so that they are bearable for men, wildlife and flora as well as for their living environment and their habitats, including by transfer on the track of a growing part of traffic, in particular freight traffic, including through the establishment of appropriate infrastructure and incentives in line with the market, without discrimination by reason of nationality ((, k) energy - to impose a production, distribution and use of energy saving nature and the landscape and compatible with the environment, and encourage energy-saving measures, l) waste - to ensure the systems of collection, recycling and waste customized topographic, geological and climatic treatment specific to the Alpine space while aiming to reduce the volume of waste.
(3) the Contracting Parties agree to protocols fixing measures of the present Convention.
Art. 3 research and systematic observations in the areas listed in art. 2, the Contracting Parties agree a) to perform research, scientific assessments and work collaboratively, b) to develop common programs or complementing each other to a systematic observation, c) to harmonise research and observations and data entry is associated.
Art. 4-working in legal, scientific, economic and technical (1) the Contracting Parties facilitate and encourage the exchange of legal, scientific, economic and technical information necessary for this Convention.
(2) the Contracting Parties inform each other, in order to take into account as much as possible of any legal or economic measures that may have particular effects on any part of the Alpine space, cross-border and regional needs.
(3) the Contracting Parties collaborate with international, governmental and non-governmental organisations insofar as it contributes to the effective application of the Convention and the protocols to which they are Contracting Parties.
(4) the Contracting Parties ensure regular information of the population and the public on the results of research and comments as well as measures taken appropriately.
(5) the obligations of the present Convention of the Parties contracting information apply subject to the respect of the national laws relating to confidentiality. Information designated as confidential must be regarded as such.
Art. 5 conference of the contracting parties (alpine Conference) (1) the conference of the Contracting Parties (alpine Conference) holds regular meetings to review issues of mutual interest to the contracting parties and their cooperation. The first meeting of the alpine Conference is convened by a Contracting Party to designate by mutual agreement at the latest one year after the entry into force of this Convention.
(2) thereafter, ordinary sessions of the alpine Conference held, as a general rule, every two years under the aegis of the Contracting Party holding the Presidency. The Presidency and the conference venue change after each regular meeting of the alpine Conference. The one and the other are determined by the alpine Conference.
(3) the Contracting Party holding the Presidency proposes the agenda of the meeting of the alpine Conference. Any Contracting Party has the right to put on the agenda of the points she wishes to see treat.
(4) the Contracting Parties shall forward to the alpine Conference information on the measures taken by them for the purpose of applying this Convention and the protocols to which they are Contracting Parties, subject to national laws on confidentiality.
(5) the United Nations, its specialized agencies, the Council of Europe and all European States may be represented at sessions of the Conference by observers. This provision also applies to cross-border associations of territorial authorities in the Alpine space. Furthermore, the alpine Conference can admit as observers of the international non-governmental organizations active in this field.
(6) special sessions of the alpine Conference take place when such a session is decided by the latter or when between two ordinary sessions of the alpine Conference, one third of the Contracting Parties requests in writing to the Contracting Party holding the Presidency.
Art. 6 powers of the alpine Conference as part of its sessions, the alpine Conference shall examine the application of the Convention and protocols as well as its annexes and shall exercise the following powers including: has) adopt amendments to this Convention, under the procedure referred to in art. 10; b) it shall adopt protocols and their annexes and amendments, under the procedure referred to in art. 11; c) it adopts its rules of procedure; d) to take financial decisions required; e) she decided the Constitution of working groups deemed necessary for the purposes of this Convention; f) she becomes aware of the evaluation of the data scientists; g) she adopts or recommend measures to achieve the objectives set out in art. 3 and 4; It sets the form, content and frequency of transmission of the information to be submitted in accordance with art. 5, by. 4, and takes note of this information as well as reports by the working groups; h) ensures the realization of the necessary work of secretariat.
Art. 7 proceedings of the alpine Conference (1) unless otherwise provided, the alpine Conference shall deliberate by consensus. If, however, with regard to the tasks referred to in the let. c, f and g, art. 6, the possibilities of reaching a consensus have been exhausted and if the president shows explicitly that the resolution is adopted by the majority of three quarters of the Contracting Parties present and taking part in the vote at the session.
(2) the alpine Conference, any Contracting Party A has a voice. In the areas within its competence, the European Economic Community exercises its right to vote with a number of votes equal to the number of its Member States which are Contracting Parties to this Convention; the European Economic Community does not exercise its right to vote in the case where the Member States concerned exercise theirs.
Art. 8 (1) Standing Committee shall be set up as an executive body a permanent Committee of the alpine Conference, composed of the delegations of the Contracting Parties.
(2) the signatory Parties had not yet ratified the Convention have observer status in the sessions of the Standing Committee. It may be granted on request in addition to any Alpine State which has not yet signed this Convention.
(3) the Standing Committee shall adopt its rules of procedure.
(4) the Standing Committee decides in addition to the terms of the participation in its sessions of representatives of governmental and non-governmental organizations.
(5) the Contracting Party holding the Presidency of the alpine Conference chairs the Standing Committee.
((6) the Standing Committee has the following responsibilities: has) it analyses the information transmitted by the Contracting Parties in accordance with art. 5, by. 4, and reports to the alpine Conference, b) he collects and evaluates documents relating to the application of the present Convention and of the protocols and their annexes, and submits these documents to the alpine Conference, in accordance with art. 6, c) it informs the alpine Conference of the implementation of its decisions, d) it prepares the sessions of the alpine Conference content and offers points of the agenda as well as other measures for the application of this Convention and its protocols, e) it sets up working groups established in accordance with art. 6, let. e, for the development of protocols and coordinates their activities, f) it reviews and aligns the contents of draft protocols from an overall perspective and submits them to the alpine Conference, g) he proposed measures and recommendations in order to achieve the objectives of the alpine Conference contained in the present Convention and protocols, (7) the adoption by the Standing Committee of the decisions and resolutions in accordance with the provisions of art. 7 art. 9 secretariat the alpine Conference may decide by consensus to the establishment of a permanent secretariat.
Art. 10 amendments to the Convention any Contracting Party may submit proposals for amendment of this Convention for the Contracting Party holding the Presidency of the alpine Conference. Such proposals are transmitted to the Contracting Parties and signatories by the Contracting Party holding the Presidency of the Conference alpine for at least six months before the opening of the alpine Conference, which deliberates in. The amendments to the Convention enter into force in accordance with the by. 2, 3 and 4 of art. 12 art. 11. the protocols and their amendments (1) the draft protocols within the meaning of art. 2, by. 3, are transmitted to the Contracting Parties and signatories by the Contracting Party holding the Presidency of the alpine Conference at least six months before the opening of the session of the alpine Conference, which deliberates in.
(2) the protocols adopted by the alpine Conference shall be signed at a meeting of the Conference or at any time thereafter with the depositary. They come into force for the Contracting Parties that ratified, accepted or approved. For a Protocol comes into force, three ratifications, acceptances or approvals at least are required. The deposit of the instruments concerned is with the Republic of Austria as the depositary.
(3) unless otherwise provided in a Protocol, the entry into force and denunciation of a Protocol are governed by arts. 10, 13 and 14.
(4) by. 1 to 3 apply equally to the amendments of protocols.
Art. 12 signature and ratification (1) this Convention is open for signature by the Republic of Austria, depositary, from November 7, 1991.
(2) the Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. The instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval are deposited with the depositary.
(3) the Convention enter into force three months after the date on which three States have expressed their consent to be bound by this convention in accordance with the provisions of the by. 2. (4) she comes into force in respect of any signatory which subsequently expresses its consent to be bound by it, three months after the date of the deposit of the instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval in accordance with the provisions of the by. 2 art. 13 denunciation (1) any Contracting Party may, at any time, denounce this agreement by notice to the depositary.
(2) the denunciation shall take effect on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of six months after the date of receipt of the notification by the depositary.
Art. 14 notifications the depositary shall notify all Contracting Parties and all the signatories:
(a) any signature, b) the deposit of any instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval,) c any date of entry into force of this Convention in accordance with art. 12, d) any statement made in virtue of by. 2 and 3 of art. 1, e) any notification made under the provisions of art. 13 and the date on which the denunciation takes effect.
In faith of what, the undersigned, duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Convention.
Made in Salzburg on 7 November 1991 in french, German, Italian, Slovenian, the four texts being equally authentic, in a single copy which shall be deposited in the archives of State of the Republic of Austria. The depository shall communicate certified copy to all the signatories.
Annex (art. 1, para. 1) list of administrative units of the Alpine space in Confederation Swiss Canton demarcation Appenzell Rh. - Ext.
the canton Appenzell Rh. - int..
canton Bern district: Frutigen Interlaken Niedersimmental Oberhasli Obersimmental-Saanen Schwarzenburg (only the municipalities of Guggisberg, Rüschegg) Signau (only the municipalities of Schangnau, Röthenbach) Thun Fribourg district: Gruyère Singine (only the commune of Plaffeien) Glarus the canton Grisons canton Lucerne district: Lucerne Entlebuch Nidwalden whole canton Obwalden all the canton Uri canton St.Gallen districts (: Unterrheintal Oberrheintal Werdenberg Sargans Gaster Obertoggenburg Schwyz of the canton Ticino canton Vaud District: Eagle Pays - d'Enhaut Vevey (only the municipalities of Montreux, Veytaux) Valais the canton field of application of the convention on 16 June 2004 States parties Ratification entry into force Germany 5 December 1994 6 March 1995 Austria February 8, 1994 6 March 1995 European Community (EC) / EU/EEC) 4 March 1996 April 14, 1998 France January 15, 1996 April 15, 1996 Italy December 27, 1999
March 27, 2000 Liechtenstein 28 July 1994 6 March 1995 Slovenia 22 May 1995 August 22, 1995 Switzerland 28 January 1999 28 April 1999 reservations and declarations, see below.
Reservations and declarations are not published to the RO. Texts in German, french and Italian will be available to management of public international law (FDFA), the international treaties Section, 3003 Bern.
The convention enter into force simultaneously with the Protocol of accession of the Principality of Monaco.
Currently: District electoral Rheintal, with common policy of Thal.
Currently: District electoral Rheintal, with common policy of Thal.
Currently: District electoral Werdenberg.
Currently: District electoral Sarganserland.
Currently: Common policies following the electoral district See Gaster: - Amden - Weesen - Schänis - Benken - Kaltbrunn - Rieden currently: common policies following the electoral Borough Toggenburg: - Wildhaus - Alt St. Johann - Stein - Nesslau - Krummenau - Ebnat - Kappel 11 State. July 2006