Rs 0.916.111.311 International Agreement On Cereals In 1995

Original Language Title: RS 0.916.111.311 Accord international sur les céréales de 1995

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0.916.111.311 text original international agreement on cereals in 1995 (status on 1 July 2015) preamble the signatories of this agreement, whereas the international wheat 1949 agreement were revised, renewed, updated or renewed on various occasions, leading to the conclusion of the international wheat 1986 agreement, considering that the provisions of the international agreement on wheat of 1986 consisting of the Convention on trade in wheat in 1986, on the one hand, and the Convention on food aid of 1986, on the other hand, such that they have been extended, will expire on 30 June 1995 and that it is desirable to conclude an agreement for a further period, agreed that the international agreement on wheat of 1986 will be updated and titled the international agreement on the 1995 grain (, which will include two separate legal instruments has) the 1995 grains trade Convention; ETB) the 1995 food aid Convention;

and that each of these two Conventions, or one of the two, as appropriate, will be submitted, in accordance with their constitutional or institutional procedures, the signature and ratification, acceptance or approval of the Governments concerned.

[RO 1949 1725, 1953 781, 1957 534], [RO 1959 666], [1963-66, 1965-520, 1966 1328, 1968 659 RO], [RO 1968 663], [RO 1972 495, 1975 640 1837, 1976-1991, 1981 210 1584, 1984 838] [RO 1987 1361] [RO 1987 1362, 1994 356] [RO 1986 2049] Convention on the trade in cereals in 1995 first part general art. 1 objectives this agreement is intended: a) to promote international cooperation in all aspects of the trade in cereals, particularly with regard to the situation of food grain; b) to foster the development of international trade in cereals and to ensure that this trade is carried out as freely as possible, among others by eliminating barriers to trade and unfair and discriminatory practices (, in the interest of all members, especially the developing members; c) to contribute, as much as possible, to the stability of the international grain markets in the interest of all members, global food security and contribute to the development of the country whose economy depends to an important measure of the commercial sale of cereals; ETD) to provide a framework for the exchange of information and for the consideration of the concerns of members about the grain trade.

Art. 2 definitions for the purposes of this Convention: 1) has) "Council" means the international grains Council constituted by the international agreement on wheat of 1949 and maintained in existence by art. 9; b) i) "Member" means a party to this agreement, ii) "exporting Member" means a member to which this status has been conferred under art. 12, iii) 'importing Member' means a member which this status has been conferred under art. 12;

(c) "Executive Committee" means the Committee established under art. 15; d) "The situation of the market Committee" means the Committee established under art. 16; e) "grain" or "grain" means oats, wheat, corn, millet, barley, rye, sorghum, triticale and derivatives as well as any other cereal and any other grain that the Council may decide; f) i) "purchase" means, depending on the context, the purchase of grain for the purpose of import or the quantity of grain purchased, ii) 'sales' means (according to the context, the sale of grain for the purpose of export, or the quantity of grain so sold, g) 'special vote' means a vote requiring at least two thirds of the (calculated in accordance with art. 12) votes cast by exporting members present and voting and at least two-thirds of the (calculated in accordance with art. 12) votes cast by importing members present and voting ((, counted separately; h) "agricultural year" or "fiscal year" means the period from July 1 to June 30; i) "business day" means a business day at the headquarters of the Council.

(2) any reference in this agreement, a "Government" or "Governments" or "Member" shall also apply to the European Community (hereinafter the EC). Accordingly, any reference, in this agreement, the "signature" or the "deposit of the instruments of ratification, of acceptance" or approval or "instrument of accession" or a "Declaration of provisional application" by a Government is, in the case of the EC, known also apply for the signature or the declaration of provisional application on behalf of the EC by their competent authority as well as for the deposit of the instrument required by the institutional procedure of CE for the conclusion of an international agreement.
(3) any reference in this agreement to a 'Government', 'Government' or a 'Member' will be considered, as necessary, include any customs territory restricted under the terms of the general agreement on tariffs and trade, or the agreement establishing the world Organization of trade.

Art. 3 information, reports and studies 1) for the purposes to facilitate the achievement of the objectives set out in article 1, make it possible to exchange views more complete in the sessions of the Council and ensure continuous information in the general interest of members, arrangements are made to ensure, on a regular basis, the preparation of reports and a sharing of information as well as When it is necessary, the preparation of special studies. These reports, exchanges of information and studies related to grain and focus mainly on: a) the situation of supply, demand and market; b) recent developments related to national policies and their impact on the international market; c) developments interesting improvement and expansion of trade, use, storage and transport, particularly in developing countries.

(2) for the purposes to increase the amount and improve the presentation of the data collected for the reports and studies mentioned in the by. 1 of the present article, to allow a greater number of members to participate directly in the work of the Council and to supplement the guidance already provided by the Board at its sessions, it is established a Committee on the status of the market which the meetings are open to all members of the Council. The Committee shall exercise the functions specified in art. 16 art. 4 consultations on events spoken on the market 1) if the Committee of the situation of the market, during the ongoing review of the market carried out in application of art. 16, is of the view that developments in the international grain market are likely to be prejudicial to the interests of the members, or if such events are reported to the attention of the Committee by the Executive Director, on his own initiative or at the request of any member of the Board, the Committee shall immediately report to the Executive Committee of the facts in question. The Committee on the status of the market, by informing the Executive Committee so, especially takes into account the circumstances that are likely to be prejudicial to the interests of the members.
(2) the Executive Committee shall meet within ten working days to analyze the events in question and, if it deems appropriate, request the President of the Council to convene a session of the Council to discuss the situation.

Art. 5 commercial purchases and special transactions 1) "Commercial purchase" means, for the purposes of this Convention, any purchase that meets the definition in art. 2 and in line with common business practices of international trade, excluding transactions referred to the by. 2 of the present article.
(2) ' special deal' means, for the purposes of this Convention, a transaction containing elements, introduced by the Government of a member concerned, which are not consistent with standard commercial practices. The special transactions include: a) credit sales in which, as a result of government intervention, the rate of interest, the payment deadline or other related conditions do not conform to rates, deadlines or conditions usually practised in trade on the global market; b) sales in which funds for the operation are obtained from the Government of the exporting Member in the form of a loan to purchase the grains; c) sales in currencies of the Member importing, not transferable or convertible foreign currency or goods to be used by the exporting Member; d) sales made under trade agreements with special payment arrangements which provide for compensation accounts used to bilaterally resolve the balances by means of exchange of goods, unless the exporting Member and the importing Member concerned agree that the sale be considered as having a commercial; e character) barter operations :


(i) as a result of the intervention of Governments and in which cereals are traded at prices other than those prevailing on the world market, yes) that are made as part of a government procurement program, unless the purchase of grain is the result of a barter operation in which the country of final destination of the grain is not designated in the original contract of barter;

((f) a gift of grain or a purchase of grain by means of financial aid granted specifically for this purpose by the exporting Member; g) all other categories of transactions the Council may specify and which contain elements, introduced by the Government of a member, are not consistent with standard commercial practices.

(3) any matter raised by the Executive Director or a member to determine whether a given transaction is a commercial purchase in the sense of the by. 1 or a special transaction within the meaning of the by. 2 of this article shall be decided by the Council.

Art. 6 guidelines for transactions to favor conditions 1) members undertake to perform all transactions to concessional on cereals in order to avoid any prejudice to the normal structure of production and international trade.
(2) to this end, members and recipient members will take the measures that are necessary to ensure that preferential transactions in addition to reasonably foreseeable commercial sales in the absence of such transactions, result in an increase in consumption or stock in the recipient country. Such measures should, regarding countries that are members of the Organization for food and agriculture (FAO), be in line with the principles and guidelines of the FAO in terms of flow of surplus as well as to the obligations of the members of the FAO in terms of consultations and will have, among other things, that a level determined of commercial cereal imports, agreed with the recipient country will be maintained on a global basis by this country. In formulating or adjusting this level, should take full account of the volume of commercial imports over a representative period, recent trends of use and imports, as well as the economic situation in the recipient country, including its balance of payments situation.
(3) members, conducting export at concessional operations, to enter in consultation with the exporting members whose commercial sales could be affected by such transactions, as much as possible before entering into the necessary arrangements with the recipient countries.
(4) the Secretariat shall periodically report to the Council on the new developments in the area of transactions to concessional on cereal.

Art. 7 notification and record 1) regularly provide reports and Council records for each agricultural year, making the distinction between commercial transactions and special transactions, all shipments of grain by members and all imports of cereals from non-members. The Council records also, to the extent possible, all shipments between non-members.
(2) members provide, to the extent possible, the information that the Council can ask about their offer and asks them to grain and report immediately any changes to their national policies on grain.
((3) for the purposes of this article: has) members addressed to the Executive Director all information related to quantities of grain having been commercial purchases and sales and special transactions, the Board, based on their skills, might need, including: i) regarding special transactions, the details of these transactions to classify them according to categories defined in art. 5, ii) the available details on the type, category, grade and the quality of the cereals in question;

((b) any Member, where it exports cereals, is required to send to the Executive Director all information relating to their export price which the Council could have need; c). the Commission regularly receives information on the freight charges in force for grain, and members are required to communicate to the Board all information he may need.

(4) if any amount of grain arrives to the country of final destination after resale, passage or transshipment port in one country other than that where the cereal is from, members provide to the extent possible of information to record the shipment as a shipment from the country of origin to the country of final destination. In the case of resale, the provisions of this paragraph are applicable only if the cereal is part of the country of origin during the agricultural year in question.
(5) the Board shall establish a regulation on notifications and the records referred to in this article. This regulation sets the frequency and modalities according to which such notifications must be made and defines the obligations of the members in this regard. The Council also stops the procedure modification of registers and records which he maintains, as well as the modes of settlement of any dispute that may arise in this regard. If a member any lack of repeatedly and without justification for the commitments of notification made under this section, the Executive Committee committed consultations with the Member concerned to remedy the situation.

Art. 8 disputes and complaints 1) any dispute relating to the interpretation or application of this Convention which cannot be settled by negotiation is, at the request of any Member which is a party to the dispute, be referred to the Council for decision.
(2) any Member who feels that its interests as a party to this Convention are seriously injured as a result of one or more members have taken measures likely to compromise the operation of the present Convention may refer to the Council. The Council immediately consults interested members to address the issue. If the issue is not resolved through these consultations, the Council consider further the question and may make recommendations to the members concerned.

Second part provisions administrative art. 9 constitution of Council) 1 the Council (formerly known as the international Wheat Council, as established under the international agreement on wheat from 1949 and wearing now international grains Council name) continues to exist for the purposes of the application of this Convention with the composition, powers and functions provided for by the Convention.
(2) members can be represented by delegates, alternates and advisers to meetings of the Council.
(3) the Council shall elect a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman who shall remain in office one agricultural year. The President does not have the right to vote and Vice President does not have the right to vote when he served as president.

Art. 10 powers and duties of the Council 1) the Council establishes its rules of procedure.
(2) the Council shall maintain the records required by the provisions of the present Convention and can hold all other records as it considers desirable.
(3) in order to carry out its functions under this agreement, the Council may request the statistics and the information he needs, and the members undertake to provide, subject to the provisions of the by. 2 of art. 7. 4) the Council may, by special vote, delegate to one any of its committees or the Executive Director the exercise of powers or functions other than the powers and functions following: has) resolution of the issues dealt with in art. 8; b) review, in accordance with art. 11, voices of the members named in appendix; c) determination of the exporting members and importing members and their voting in accordance with art. 12; d) choice of the seat of the Council according to the by. 1 of art. 13; e) appointment of the Executive Director in accordance with the by. 2 of art. 17; f) adoption of the budget and fixing of the membership fees in accordance with art. 21; g) suspension of the voting rights of a member in accordance with the by. 6 of art. 21; h) any request made to the Secretary-General of UNCTAD to convene a conference of negotiation in accordance with art. 22; i) exclusion of a member of the Council under art. 30; j) recommendation of amendment in accordance with art. 32; k) extension or end this agreement under art. 33. the Commission may at any time recall this delegation of powers to the majority of the votes cast.
(5) any determination made under all powers or functions delegated by the Council, in accordance with the provisions of the by. 4 of this section, is subject to review on the part of the Council, at the request of any Member, as quickly as the Commission prescribes. Any decision about which it is not presented request for reconsideration within the prescribed time binding on all members.

(6) in addition to the powers and duties specified in this Convention, the Council enjoys other powers and exercise the other functions necessary to ensure the application of this Convention.

Art. 11 votes for the entry into force and the budgetary procedures 1) for the purposes of the entry into force of the present Convention, the calculations under the terms of the by. 1 of art. 28 are based on votes counted in section A of the annex.
(2) for the purpose of the setting of fees in accordance with art. 21, the voices of members are based on those listed in the annex, subject to the provisions of this article and the associated rules of the rules of procedure.
(3) every time that this Convention is extended by virtue of the by. 2 of art. 33, the Council reviews and adjusts the number of votes of the members under the terms of this section. These adjustments are intended to ensure that the distribution of the votes more accurately reflects the structure of the trade of grain of the moment and they are carried out in accordance with the methods set out in the rules of procedure.
(4) if the Board decides that a profound change in the structure of world trade in cereals has occurred, it can review and the adjustment of the votes of the members. Such adjustments are assimilated to any amendments to this agreement and are subject to the provisions of art. 32, except that an adjustment in the number of voices can become effective at the beginning of exercise. If the number of votes of the members is amended under this paragraph, three years must elapse before another adjustment of this type can intervene.
(5) all redistribution of votes under the terms of this section must be made in accordance with the rules of procedure.
(6) for the purpose of the administration of this agreement, except with respect to its entry into force by virtue of the by. 1 of art. 28 and the setting of fees under art. 21, the voices of the members are distributed in accordance with the provisions of art. 12 art. 12 determination of the exporting members and importing members and the distribution of their voice 1) has the first session held under this Convention, the Council decides which members will be exporting members and which members will be importing members for the purposes of this Convention. The Board shall reach this decision taking into account the structure of trade in grain of these members as well as the views expressed by those members.
(2) as soon as the Council has decided which members are exporting members and which members are importing members of the present Convention, exporting members, on the basis of the votes assigned to them under art. 11, divide between them the votes of the exporting members, subject to the conditions set out in the by. 3 of this section, and the importing members divide their votes in the same way.
(3) for the purposes of the distribution of the votes according to the by. 2 of the present article, the exporting members holding together 1000 votes and the importing members holding together 1000 votes. No member holds more than 333 voice as an exporting Member and no member holds more than 333 voice as a member. There is no fraction of voice.
(4) after a period of three years from the entry into force of this Convention, the Council shall review the list of exporting members and the list of the importing members, taking into account developments in the structure of their trade of grain. It is also carried out such a review whenever this agreement is extended by virtue of the by. 2 of art. (33-5) if requested by a member, the Council may, at the beginning of any exercise, by a special vote to transfer this list member of the exporting members to the list of importing members or list of importing members to the list of exporting members, as the case may be.
(6) the Council shall review the distribution of the votes of the exporting members and the distribution of the votes of the importing members whenever the list of exporting members and the list of importing members are changed under the provisions of the by. 4 or by. 5 of this article. Any new distribution of votes pursuant to this subsection is subject to the conditions set out in the by. 3 of this article.
(7) whenever a Government becomes a party to the present Convention or ceases to be, the Council redistributes the voices of other exporters or importers, according to the case, proportionally the number of votes held by each Member, subject to the conditions set out in the by. 3 of this article.
(8) any exporting Member may authorize other exporting Member, and any importing Member may authorize another importing Member, to represent its interests and to exercise its right to vote at one or more meetings of the Council. Sufficient proof of this authority is presented to the Board.
(9) If, on the date of a meeting of the Council, a member is not represented by an accredited representative and has not authorized someone else to exercise his right to vote in accordance with the by. 8 of this article, or if, on the date of a meeting, a member loses his right to vote, has lost his right to vote or has recovered it under a provision of this agreement, the total number of votes that can express the exporting members is adjusted to a number equal to the total number of votes that can express , at this meeting, the importing members and is redistributed among the exporting members in proportion to the votes they hold.

Art. 13 seat, session and quorum 1) the headquarters of the Council is London, unless otherwise decided by the Council.
(2) the Council meets each year at least once per semester and all other times on decision of the President or as required by the provisions of this Convention.
((3) the President shall convene a session of the Board if the request is made: a) by five members, or b) by one or more members holding altogether at least ten percent of all the votes, or c) by the Executive Committee.
4) has any meeting of the Board, the presence of delegates with, before any adjustment to the number of votes by virtue of the by. 9 art. 12, a majority of the votes held by exporting members and a majority of the votes held by importing members is necessary to constitute a quorum.

Art. 14 decisions 1) unless otherwise provided in this Convention, decisions of the Board are taken to the majority of the votes cast by exporting members and a majority of the votes cast by importing members, counted separately.
(2) without prejudice to the full freedom of action enjoyed by any member in the development and application of its agriculture and price policy, any Member undertakes to consider as binding all decisions taken by the Council under the provisions of this Convention.

Art. 15 Executive Committee 1) the Council establishes an Executive Committee composed of six members elected, exporting more than annually by exporting members, and eight importing members, elected every year by importing members. The Council appoints the Chair of the Executive Committee and may appoint a Vice President.
(2) the Executive Committee is responsible to the Board and works under the general direction of the Council. He has the powers and duties that are specifically assigned to it by this Convention and such other powers and duties as the Council may delegate by virtue of the by. 4 of art. (10-3) the exporting members sitting on the Executive Committee have the same total number of votes as the importing members. The votes of the exporting members serving on the Executive Committee are divided between them in the way that they decide, provided that none of those exporting members holding more than forty percent of the total of the votes of the exporting members. The voices of importing members of the Executive Committee are divided between them in the way that they decide, provided that none of those importing members holding more than forty percent of the total votes of the importing members.
(4) the Council establishes the rules of procedure of the Executive Committee vote and adopt the other provisions it considers useful to insert in the rules of procedure of the Executive Committee. A decision of the Executive Committee must be taken at the same majority of votes than that this Convention provides for the Council when it takes a decision on a similar question.
(5) any member of the Board who is not a member of the Executive Committee may participate, without the right to vote, in the discussion of any matter that is before the Executive Committee whenever it considers that the interests of that Member are involved.

Art. 16 Committee of the situation of the market) 1 the Council establishes a Committee on the status of the market, which is a Committee of the whole. Unless the Council decides otherwise, it is the Executive Director who is appointed Chairman of the Committee on the status of the market.
(2) representatives of non-member Governments or international organizations may also be invited, as observers, to participate in the meetings of the Committee on the status of the market, if the Chairman's discretion.

(3) the Committee examines all factors affecting the global grain economy permanently and communicate its conclusions to the members. The Committee considers, in its review, relevant information provided by any member of the Council.
(4) the Committee completes the guidance provided by the Council in order to facilitate the implementation by the Secretariat tasks provided for in art. (3-5) the Committee issues opinions in accordance with the relevant articles of this Convention, as well as on any matter that the Board or the Executive Committee may be referred to.

Art. 17 secretariat 1) the Board has a Secretariat composed of an Executive Director, who is his Chief Administrative Officer, and the necessary staff in the work of the Council and its committees.
(2) the Council shall appoint the Executive Director, who is responsible for the fulfilment of the tasks for the Secretariat for administration of this agreement and such other tasks assigned by the Council and its committees.
(3) the staff is appointed by the Executive Director in accordance with the rules established by the Council.
(4) it is imposed as a condition of employment to the Executive Director and staff do not hold financial interests or to waive any financial interest in the grain trade, and don't solicit or receive a Government or an authority outside the Council of instructions for the functions they perform under the terms of this agreement.

Art. 18 admission of observers the Council may invite any non-member as well as any intergovernmental organization to attend one as an observer any of its meetings.

Art. 19 cooperation with other intergovernmental organizations 1) the Board shall take all steps appropriate to consult or collaborate with the Organization of the United Nations and its organs, as well as with, as appropriate, other specialized agencies and intergovernmental organizations, in particular the United Nations Conference on trade and development, United Nations Organization for food and agriculture the common fund for commodities and World Food Programme.
(2) the Council, in view of the special role played by the United Nations Conference on trade and development in international commodity trade, held, as appropriate, aware of its activities and its work programmes.
(3) if the Board finds that a provision any of this present agreement an incompatibility background with such obligations that the Organization of the United Nations, its organs or its specialized agencies may establish intergovernmental on commodity agreements, this incompatibility is deemed adversely affect the operation of this agreement and the procedure prescribed in art. 32 is applied.

Art. 20 privileges and immunities 1) the Council has legal personality. It can in particular conclude contracts, acquire and dispose of movable and immovable property and institute legal proceedings.
(2) the status, privileges and immunities of the Council in the territory of the United Kingdom still governed by the in the headquarters agreement concluded between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the international Wheat Council, signed in London on November 28, 1968.
(3) the agreement referred to in the by. 2 of the present article will be independent of this agreement. It will, however, end: a) If an agreement is reached between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Council; b) where the headquarters of the Council no longer located in the United Kingdom, ouc) where the Council ceases to exist.

(4) if the seat of the Council is no longer located in the United Kingdom, the Government of the Member where is located the headquarters of the Council concludes with the Council an international agreement relating to the status, privileges and immunities of the Council, of its Executive Director, its staff and the representatives of members participating in meetings convened by the Council.

Art. 21 financial provisions 1) the expenses of delegations to the Council and the representatives to its committees and working groups are the responsibility of the Governments represented. Other expenses that entails the application of the Convention are covered by way of the annual dues of all members. The contribution of each Member for each financial year is fixed in proportion to the number of votes that is assigned in the annex in relation to the total of the votes held by the appointed members in the annex, with the understanding that the number of votes attributed to each Member is adjusted in accordance with the provisions of art. 11, depending on the composition of the Council at the time of the fiscal budget is adopted.
(2) in the first session following the entry into force of this Convention, the Council votes on its budget for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1996, and fixed the contribution of each Member.
(3) the Council, in a session held in the second half of each financial year, votes its budget for the next fiscal year and fixed the contribution of each Member for the fiscal year.
(4) the initial assessment of any Member who adheres to this Convention in accordance with the provisions of the by. 2 of art. 27 is set based on the number of votes agreed with the Council as a condition of membership and according to the period of the fiscal year remaining at the time of accession; However, the premiums fixed for other members to the title that year are not changed.
(5) the contributions are due as soon as their setting.
(6) If a member does not fully settle its contribution within a period of six months from the date the contribution is payable by virtue of the by. 5 of this article, the Executive Director asked to make payment as soon as possible. If, on expiry of a period of six months from the date of this request to the Executive Director, that Member has still not paid its contribution, its voting rights in the Council and Executive Committee are suspended until the full payment of the membership fee.
(7) a member whose voting rights have been suspended in accordance with the by. 6 of this article is deprived of any of its other rights nor relieved of any of its obligations under this Convention, unless the Council so decides by special vote. He is required to pay its contribution and to deal with all of its other financial obligations arising from this Convention.
(8) the Council publishes, in each fiscal year, an audited revenues received and expenditures incurred in the previous year.
(9) the Council shall, before its dissolution, all provisions for the settlement of its liabilities and the assignment of its assets and its archives.

Art. 22 economic provisions the Council may consider timely to undertake the negotiation of a new international agreement or of a new international convention which would contain economic arrangements; It shall report to the members in making them any recommendation it considers appropriate. When it appears that the negotiation is likely to result, the Council may request the Secretary-General of the Conference to the United Nations on trade and development to convene a negotiating conference.

Part III provisions final art. 23 depositary 1) the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations is designated depositary of this Convention.
(2) the depositary shall notify all Governments signatories and members any signature, ratification, acceptance, approval, application on a provisional basis of this Convention and any membership, as well as any notification and any notice received in accordance with the provisions of art. 29 and art. 32 art. 24 signature this Convention will be opened at the headquarters of the Organization of United Nations, may 1, 1995, to June 30, 1995 included, the signature of the named Governments in the annex.

Art. 25 ratification, acceptance, approval 1) this Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval of each of the signatory Governments in accordance with its constitutional procedures.
(2) the instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the depositary on 30 June 1995 at the latest. The Council may, however, grant one or more extensions of time to signatory Governments that couldn't deposit its instrument on that date. The Commission will inform the depositary of all extensions of time in question.

Art. 26 provisional application any signatory Government and any other Government fulfilling the conditions necessary to enter into this agreement or whose membership application is approved by the Council may file a statement of application on an interim basis with the depositary. Any Government depositing such a declaration provisionally apply this agreement in accordance with its laws and regulations and is considered provisionally as is a party.

Art. 27 membership


(1) any Government named in the annex may, until 30 June 1995 included, adhere to this Convention, being understood that the Council may grant one or more extensions of time to any Government that has not filed his instrument at that time.
(2) after June 30, 1995, the Governments of all States may join the agreement to the conditions that the Board considers appropriate. Membership is by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the depositary. These instruments of accession shall state that the Government accepts all the conditions set by the Council.
(3) when referred to for the purposes of the application of the present Convention members appointed in the annex, any member whose Government has acceded to this Convention under the conditions prescribed by the Board pursuant to this section will be deemed appointed in this annex.

Art. 28 entry into force 1) this Convention shall come into force on 1 July 1995, on 30 June 1995 at the latest, Governments named in section A of the annex and holding at least 88% of the total votes counted in section A of annex deposited instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or provisional application statements.
(2) If this agreement is not in accordance with the provisions of the by. 1 of the present article, the Governments which have deposited instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or provisional application statements, may decide by mutual agreement that it will enter into force between themselves.

Art. 29 withdrawal any Member may withdraw from this agreement at the end of any fiscal year by notifying its withdrawal in writing to the depositary at least 90 days before the end of the fiscal year in question, but he was thereby relieved of any of the obligations resulting from the Convention and not executed before the end of that fiscal year. This member simultaneously notifies the Council of the decision he has taken.

Art. 30 exclusion if the Council finds that a member has breached the obligations under this Convention and further decides that this offence seriously hampers the functioning of the present Convention, it may, by special vote, exclude that Member from the Council. The Council shall immediately notify this decision to the depositary. Ninety days after the decision of the Council, the Member loses membership of the Council.

Art. 31 settlement of accounts) 1 the Board proceeds under the conditions it deems fair to the settlement of accounts of a member who has withdrawn from this agreement or which has been excluded from the Council or who has, in any other way, ceased to be a party to this Convention. The Council keeps sums already paid by the Member. The Member is required to pay what he owes to the Board.
(2) at the end of this agreement, a members finding themselves in the situation referred to the by. 1 of this section is entitled to any share of the proceeds of liquidation or the other assets of the Council; He can either have to cover any part of the deficit of the Council.

Art. 32 Amendment 1) Council may, by special vote, recommend an amendment to this agreement to the members. The amendment will take effect one hundred days after that the depositary has received notifications of acceptance from exporting members holding two-thirds of the votes of exporting members and importing members holding two-thirds of the votes of the importing members, or at a later date that the Council would be set by a special vote. The Board may assign to members a deadline to inform the depositary that they accept the amendment; If the amendment entered into force on the expiry of this period, it is deemed withdrawn. The Council gives the custodian the information necessary to determine if the number of notifications of acceptance received is enough for the amendment to take effect.
(2) any member on behalf of which he was did not notification of acceptance of an amendment to the date when it takes effect ceases, as of this date, to be a party to this Convention, unless such Member has proved to the Board that he was able to accept the amendment in time as a result of difficulties in completing its constitutional procedure and that the Council decides to extend for that Member the period of time. This member is not bound by the amendment as long as it has not notified its acceptance of the said amendment.

Art. 33 duration, extension and end of the Convention 1). this agreement will remain in effect until June 30, 1998, unless it is extended in application of the by. 2 of the present article or be made before end in application of the by. 3 of this article or that it be replaced before that date by a new agreement negotiated under art. 22 or a new convention negotiated under that article.
(2) the Council may, by special vote, extend this agreement beyond 30 June 1998 for successive periods not exceeding two years each. Members who do not accept an extension so decided to this Convention will make him informed the Council at least 30 days before the date of entry into force of the said extension. Such members will cease to be a party to this Convention from the beginning of the period of extension, but they won't get as much free from the obligations under the terms of the present Convention which they will be not paid before that date.
(3) the Council may at any time, by special vote, decide to terminate this agreement as of the date and the conditions of his choice.
(4) at the end of the present Convention, the Council continues to exist as long as it takes to proceed to its liquidation and he then has the powers and duties necessary for that purpose. 5) the Council shall notify the depositary any decision taken on the basis of the by. 2 or by. 3 of this article.

Extended by the D of the international Council of the cereals of 13/14 June 2005, until June 30, 2007 (RO 2005 2597), June 11, 2007, through June 30, 2009 (RO 2007 3349), June 8, 2009, through June 30, 2011 (RO 2009 5385), June 6, 2011 until 30 June 2013 (RO 2011 3313), 10/11 June 2013 (2013 2313 RO) and on 8 June 2015 , until June 30, 2017 (RO 2015 2577).

Art. 34 reports between the preamble and the Convention this Convention includes the preamble of the international agreement on the 1995 grain.
In faith of what, the undersigned, duly authorized for this purpose by their Governments, have signed this agreement on the date that appears next to their signature.
Based in London, the seventh day of December one thousand nine hundred ninety-four, the texts of the Convention in English, French, Russian and Spanish languages being equally authentic.
(Follow signatures)

Schedule of the members in accordance with art. 11 (from July 1, 1995 to June 30, 1998) Section A South Africa 16 Algeria 15 Saudi Arabia 17 Argentina 97 Australia 122 Austria 5 Barbados 5 Bolivia 5 Canada 243 EC 443 Korea (Republic of) 26 Ivory Coast 5 Cuba 6 Egypt (Arab Republic of) 55 Ecuador 5 United States of America 475 Federation of Russia 100 Finland 5 Hungary 13 India 32 Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq 9 Israel 8 Japan 187 Malta 5 Morocco 10 Maurice 9

5 Norway 11 Pakistan 14 Panama 5 Sweden 10 Switzerland 15 Tunisia 5 Turkey 7 Yemen (Republic of) 5 2000 Section B Bangladesh 9 Belarus 5 Brazil 32 Bulgaria 7 Chile 6 Cyprus 5 Colombia 5 El El Salvador 5 Estonia 5 Ethiopia 5 Ghana 5 Guatemala 5 Indonesia 9 Jamaica 5 Jordan 5 Kazakhstan 5 Kenya 5 Kuwait 5 Latvia 5 Lithuania 5 Malaysia 8 Mexico 28 Nigeria 6 New Zealand 5 Uzbekistan 14 Paraguay 5 Peru 9 Philippines 7 Poland

31 Arab Republic of Syria 7 Dominican Republic 5 77 Czech Republic People's Republic of China 6 Romania 14 Holy See 5 Senegal 5 Slovakia 6 Slovenia 5 Sri Lanka 5 Sudan 5 Taiwan 26 Tanzania 5 Thailand 17 Trinidad and Tobago 5 Ukraine 8 Uruguay 5 Venezuela 13 Viet Nam 5 Zaire 5 Zambia 5 Zimbabwe 5 State July 1, 2015, scope of application of the convention on 1 August 1996, a conference of Governments held in London on 6 July 1995, decided to implement the convention, from July 1, 1995, between Governments and intergovernmental organization, referred to below, which have deposited an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, accession or a notification of provisional application, in accordance with the by. 2 of art. 28 of the convention: South Africa Algeria Argentina Australia Canada Community European (South) Korea, Cuba Hungary India Japan Morocco Mauritius Norway Holy See Switzerland Tunisia Turkey Convention on food aid 1999 RO 1996 2643 RO 1996 2641 the scope detailed will be published at the time of the entry into force definitively the agreement.

[2002 4110 RO]. During the one hundred sixth session of the Committee on food aid, held in London, on June 11, 2012, the Committee and the States parties noted that the Conv. relating to food aid in 1999 expires 30 June 2012 and have agreed to terminate. Therefore the Conv. is repealed as of 30 June 2012 (see RO 2012 7485). The Conv. April 25, 2012 relative to food aid comes into force Jan. 1. 2013 (RS 0.916.111.312).

State on July 1, 2015

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