Rs 910.91 Order Of 7 December 1998 On The Agricultural Terminology And Recognition Of Forms Of Exploitation (Ordinance On Agricultural Terminology, Oterm)

Original Language Title: RS 910.91 Ordonnance du 7 décembre 1998 sur la terminologie agricole et la reconnaissance des formes d’exploitation (Ordonnance sur la terminologie agricole, OTerm)

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910.91 order on agricultural terminology and the recognition of forms of exploitation (agricultural terminology, OTerm Ordinance) of December 7, 1998 (Status January 1, 2016) the Swiss federal Council, view the art. 177, al. 1, of the law of 29 April 1998 on agriculture (LAgr), stop: Chapter 1 scope and object art. 1. the concepts defined in this order apply to the LAgr and orders arising therefrom.
The Ordinance also regulates the procedure to follow in: a. recognition of farms and various forms of inter-firm collaboration; b. verification and delineation of the surfaces.

New content according to section I of the O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).

Chapter 2 Definitions Section 1 people and labour standard art. 2 operator by operator, means a natural or legal person, or a partnership, that manages an operation on its behalf and at its own risk, and thus assumes the commercial risk.
When an operator runs several production units, these are considered as exploitation.
When non-separated spouse, non-separated domestic partners or persons related by a no separate registered partnership manages several production units, these form a single farm. Are excepted farms that form a property characteristic of one of the two members of the community and continue to be operated autonomously and independently of other operations according to art. 6. the foodstuffs referred to in title 2 of the LAgr, producer is deemed operator.

New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 28 O. 2015, in force since Jan. 1. 2016 (2015 4525 RO).

Art. 3unite of standard labour standard labor Unity (UMOS) is used to measure the size of an operation using standardized factors based on data of labor economics.
The following factors apply to the calculation of the number of UMOS per operation: a. surfaces 1. surface agricultural useful (SAU) without special crops (art. 15) 0.022 UMOS by ha 2. Special crops without the vineyards sloping and terraced 0,323 UMOS by ha 3. sloping vineyards and terraces (more than 30% of natural declivity) 1.077 UMOS by ha b. animals pension (art. 27) 1. dairy cows, dairy sheep and dairy goats 0.039 UMOS by LSU 2. pigs to the fertilizer, renewal of more than 25 kg pigs and weanling 0,008 UMOS by LSU 3. swine breeding 0.032 UMOS by BMU 4. other animals 0.027 UMOS by BMU c. supplements 1. sloping land in the region of mountain and hills (18 to 35% gradient) 0.015 UMOS by ha 2. sloping land high in the region of mountain and hills (more than 35% of grade) 0.03 UMOS by ha 3. culture let biological factors. has increased by 20% 4. trees fruit high 0.001 UMOS by tree calculation of the supplements referred to in para. 2, let. c, holds only surfaces giving right to the respective payments. The calculation of the supplement for the trees high fruit referred to in para. 2, let. c, ch. 4, only consider trees for which contributions to biodiversity for the level of quality I are paid.

New content according to section I of the October 28 O. 2015, in force since Jan. 1. 2016 (2015 4525 RO).

Art. 4 user of milk a milk user, means a natural or legal person, or a partnership, that buys milk producers, sells it to a third party or turns it into dairy products.
Are also well known milk users, the seller without intermediary and the user buying milk or milk components to other users to make dairy products.

Art. 5 seller unmediated by seller without any intermediary, we hear a producer who sells directly its products to the user in the operation.

Section 2 forms of farms and communities art. 6 operation by operation, means a farm which: a. is dedicated to plant production or care of animals or both activities at the same time; b. includes one or more units of production c. is autonomous on legal, economic, organizational and financial plans and is independent of other farms; d. has its own operating profit; summer. operates year-round.

Per unit of production, means a set of land, buildings and facilities: a. limits clearly designated as such and which is separate from other production units; b. in which are occupied by one or more persons; etc. that includes one or more units of livestock within the meaning of art. 11. in derogation to the al. 2, is considered to be production unit the local of stabling a recognized agricultural business operator takes to lease or rent from a third party: a. If the lessor or the lessor holds more animals in the category for which the local housing is used; (b) if the required environmental benefits referred to in art. 11 to 25 of the Ordinance of October 23, 2013, on direct payments in agriculture (OPD) is provided; etc. If the provisions of the Ordinance of October 23, 2013 on the maximum size of the OPD, of the order of 22 September 1997 on organic farming and other acts in the agricultural sector are met.

Considered as the center of operating a business with more than one production unit the place where the building principal or that are the main economic activities.
The condition stipulated in para. 1, let. c, including not met when: a. the operator cannot make decisions about the management of its operation, regardless of other agricultural operators within the meaning of para. 1; b. the operator of another agricultural company within the meaning of para. 1, or its partners, members, shareholders or representatives hold a share of 25% or more of the own capital or the total capital of exploitation; OUC. work to be performed in the operation are run largely by other farms without any community within the meaning of art. 10 or 12 is recognized.

New content according to section I of the O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).
See however art. 5 al. the O 2 Sept. 22. 1997 on organic farming, in content from 10 nov. 2004 (RS 910.18).
New content according to section I of the O on May 25, 2011, in effect since July 1. 2011 (2011 2381 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
RS 910.13 new content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
RS 916.344 RS 910.18 introduced by chapter I of O on June 9, 2006, in force since Jan 1, 2007 (RO 2006 2493).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
Introduced by section I of O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).

Art. 7 repealed by no I of O from 23 oct. with effect from Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Art. 8 operation of community pastures by exploitation of community pastures, we hear a farm which: a. is used to grazing of animals in common; b. includes community pasture (art. 25); c. includes buildings or facilities suitable for grazing; ETD. is managed by a community of public law, a community operator land of the commune or a partnership.

New content according to chapter I of O on June 25, 2008, in force since Jan. 1. 2009 (RO 2008 3813).

Art. 9 operation of Summering by operation of Summering, means a farm which: a. is used to the Summering of animals; b. is separated from the owners of the Summering livestock farms; c. includes pasture of Summering (art. 26); d. includes buildings or facilities to the Summering; e. is operated during the summer. ETF. doesn't depend on other farms of Summering.

An operation of Summering with several levels of operation is considered as a single unit.

New content according to chapter I of the O from 24 Apr. 2002, in force since June 1, 2002 (RO 2002 1378).

Art. 10 community of exploitation by community of exploitation, means any group of two or more farms meeting the following conditions:

a. farms or operating centers are distant by road, 15 km; b. farms were managed independently during the three years preceding the consolidation in community; c. before establishing the community, each operation reached the work load minimum of 0,20 UMOS; d. farms put at the disposal of the community lands (art. 14) and the necessary operating buildings; e. the community acquires ownership of the entire workforce pension and livestock animals death of operations; (f) there is a written contract covering the community of operation which shows that members manage the community from operations on their behalf and at their own risk, and are thus the commercial risk; (g) the members of the community work at least in the second in it and none of them work outside the community at the rate of over 75%. ETH. the community accounts indicating the operating result and its distribution among members.

Individuals or companies who carry on the business of a corporation, a corporate partnership or a limited liability company are admitted as a member of a community of operation if: a. they have a controlling interest in the Corporation; b. the business makes up the bulk of the assets of the company; the company, its shareholders or associates etc do not participate to another farm or another community of exploitation.

As an exception to the al. 1, let. b, the three-year period is not valid for the farms that have been leased by plots under an authorization given pursuant to art. 31, al. 2, let. e of the Federal law of October 4, 1985 on the lease to farm (LBFA) or who, prior to the amalgamation, were already part of a community of operation.
The community of operation is considered to be a single farm.

New content according to section I of the October 28 O. 2015, in force since Jan. 1. 2016 (2015 4525 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
SR 221.213.2 art. 11unite of livestock per unit of livestock means (without shelter in pasture) facilities for the regular guard animals on the unit of production as well as in the operation of Summering or community pasture and stables.
A breeding unit includes: a. for units of production, the center of a breeding unit, as well as stables and other facilities located at a distance of 3 km from the main building; b. for summering and community pasture farms, the stables and facilities operations, regardless of the distance separating them from the Center.

In some cases, the cantons may decide that stables and facilities are part of the breeding unit, when well even distance from the center of the livestock unit is higher than mentioned in para. 2, let. a. If, in a production unit, stables and facilities are located on the territory of several cantons, a breeding unit is located in each of the cantons, as an exception to the al. 2. the cantons concerned may decide that there is only one breeding unit.

New content according to section I of the O on May 25, 2011, in effect since July 1. 2011 (2011 2381 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Art. 11adetenteurs of animals by animal keepers, means: a. operators within the meaning of art. 2, who raise animals; b. operators of farms summering and community pastures, who raise animals.

Introduced by section I of O on May 25, 2011, in effect since July 1. 2011 (2011 2381 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Art. Partial 12communaute of exploitation by partial community of exploitation, we hear the collaboration between two or more farms meeting the following conditions: a. several farms keep together the animals or manage shared part of their operating branches; b. farms were managed independently during the three years preceding the consolidation in community; c. farms or operating centres are far away , by the road, 15 km; d. members of the community work in their operations and for the community; e. collaboration and distribution surfaces and/or animals are set in a fixed written contract; (f) a separate account is required for branches of operations managed in common; ETG. the community has designated a member responsible to represent.

As an exception to the al. 1, let. b, the three-year period is not valid for the farms that have been leased by plots under an authorization given pursuant to art. 31, al. 2, let. e, LBFA or who, prior to the collaboration, were already part of a community of exploitation.

New content according to section I of the O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).
RS 221.213.2 Section 2aPrestations for the agricultural production and activities close to agriculture art. 12a benefits for agricultural production are considered to be benefits for agricultural production agricultural activities provided by farms or communities against compensation to third parties, by means of their own areas, buildings, facilities, tools and labour.
Do not count as benefits for agricultural production economic activities unrelated to farming, including rental or loan to use surfaces, buildings, barns, or machines, other operators or third parties.

Art. 12b activities close to agriculture are considered activities close to agriculture, farms or communities economic activities that are not part of the actual production and are not the packaging, storage or sale of products of own agricultural production, provided that these activities are carried out by the operator, his family or employees of exploitation or of the community and whether they are related to the operation.

Section 3 Surfaces art. 13 exploitation exploitation surface surface (SE) includes: a. useful agricultural surface; b. (except pacageres of wooded pasture areas) forest and other wooded areas; c. the unproductive surface covered with vegetation; d. areas unproductive such as the areas around the buildings, the course, railways and unfarmable land; e. no farmland such as the pits and quarries as well as courses and water bodies.

New content according to section I of the October 28 O. 2015, in force since Jan. 1. 2016 (2015 4525 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 28 O. 2015, in force since Jan. 1. 2016 (2015 4525 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Art. Useful agricultural 14Surface by useful agricultural surface (SAU), refers to the area of operation which is assigned to plant production, excluding the Summering areas (art. 24), which the operator has all year and that is exclusively carried on from exploitation (art. 6). The useful agricultural surface includes: a. assolees lands; b. Permanent; c. grassland surfaces surfaces litter; d. areas of perennial crops; e. cultivated year-round under shelter (greenhouses, tunnels, chassis); f. the surfaces on which are hedges, groves and banks woodland which, under the law of 4 October 1991 on forests , are not part of it.

Are not part of the useful agricultural surface: a. litter which are located in the region of Summering or surfaces that are part of the Summering or community pastures farm farms; b. surfaces permanent grassland (art. 19), which are operated by a Summering or community pasture farms operation.

New content according to section I of the October 28 O. 2015, in force since Jan. 1. 2016 (2015 4525 RO).
RS 921.0 art. 15 special crops by special crops, we hear the vines, hops, fruit crops, berries, vegetables (except canned vegetables), tobacco, medicinal and aromatic plants and fungi.
Special crops are arranged on the surfaces referred to in art. 14, let. a, d and e.

New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Art. 16 exclusion of the agricultural land surfaces are not recognised as useful farmland:

a. surfaces whose main assignment is not farming; b. the surfaces or parts of surfaces heavily invaded by problematic plants such as the rumex, the thistle, wild oats, wheatgrass, Riojan groundsel or invasive neophytes; c. surfaces in an area building, legalized after 31 December 2013; d. equipped building land legalized before 31 December 2013; e. the surfaces within the golf courses and camping, airfields and military training grounds or demarcated surfaces of the sides of railway lines and public roads; f. surfaces with photovoltaic installations.

The main assignment of a surface is not the farm when: a. it is strongly hindered; (b) the performance of the agricultural use is lower than that of a non-agricultural use; OUC. the maintenance function is predominant.

The surfaces within the meaning of para. 1, let. d and e, are considered useful farmland if the operator proves: a. that the surfaces are located outside the perimeter for non-agricultural use and that their main assignment is farming; b. it comes to surfaces in the sense of art. 14, al. 1, let. a, b, d or e, it owns or for which it has concluded a lease to farm in writing; c. that the lease to farm for the surfaces referred to in para. 1, let. e, concluded in writing in accordance with the provisions there relating to the LBFA; ETD. that the surface used in one piece by the operator has an area of at least 25 decares.

New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
RS 221.213.2 new content according to section I of the O on October 27. 2010, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 (2010 5869 RO).

Art. 17Surfaces abroad exploited areas abroad are counted in the useful agricultural area of operation: a. If they are located in the foreign border area defined in art. 43 on March 18, 2005 on Customs Act; (b) if the conditions for the duty-free importation of food produced on these surfaces are met; etc. If the operations center is located in the Swiss border area.

Surfaces cultivated by tradition, are surfaces operated without interruption since at least May 1, 1984 by resident producers in the Swiss border area.
When a surface cultivated abroad by tradition is transferred, it can be replaced by a surface of equal scope, even though it is is not cultivated by tradition, provided that the first is not taken by a producer managing a farm in the Swiss border area.
The townships keep a record of the surfaces used by tradition abroad.

New content according to section 50 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).
RS 631.0 art. 18 land assolées by assolees land, means the land under crop rotation (rotation). They consist of open land and artificial prairies.
Open lands, refers to the surfaces affected annual field crops, vegetables and berries annual culture or that of medicinal and aromatic plants annual. Wildflower strips, rotating fallow and hem on assolees lands are part of the open lands.
Artificial grasslands, are seeded Prairie operated during a cycle of vegetation at least in the context of crop rotation.

New content according to chapter I of O on June 25, 2008, in force since Jan. 1. 2009 (RO 2008 3813).

Art. 19 permanent grassland by permanent grassland surfaces surfaces, we hear the grasses and herbaceous covered surfaces that are located outside of the Summering areas (art. 24). They exist in the form of grassland or pastures for more than six years.
Permanent meadows, are surfaces that are broke at least once a year for forage production.
Permanent pasture, refers to surfaces used only for cattle grazing. Embroussaillees or unproductive parts are not attributable to these surfaces. However, the surfaces of woodlands for grazing pastures are attributable if there are no surfaces of Summering.
Wooded pastures are surfaces on which alternate stands woodlots and pastures without cover in the sense of art. 2 of the order of 30 November 1992 on forests.
Located in the Summering area mowing prairies are part of permanent grassland, so surfaces: a. they broke each year and that this mode of use meets a long unbroken tradition; ETB. harvested roughage is used in the operation for winter feeding.

Surfaces that are not mowed every year, but who fulfil the conditions set out in para. 5 for mowing grassland located in the Summering area, are also part of permanent grassland, so surfaces that they are effectively used and if: a. they form a set of at least 20 ares; (b) their use is not dangerous; etc. they are held in ownership or lease.

New content according to chapter I of O on June 9, 2006, in force since Jan. 1. 2007 (RO 2006 2493).
RS 921.01 new content according to section I of the O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).

Art. 20 tillable by grassland surfaces surfaces, we hear the artificial prairies (art. 18, para. 3) and permanent grassland (art. 19) surfaces.

Art. 21 surfaces by surface litter box litter, we hear surfaces cultivated in an extensive way and located in wet and swampy, places that are broke once a year and every three years at least, and whose harvest is used exceptionally as fodder in the operation.

Art. 22 surfaces of perennials by perennial crops, means: a. vines; b. fruit crops; c. multi-year Berry cultures; (d) aromatic and medicinal plants multi-year; e. hops; f. multi-year crops, such as asparagus, rhubarb and mushrooms in the ground; g. the horticultural crops field, such as nurseries, horticultural and forest outside woodland; h. the maintained chestnut trees with up to 100 trees per hectare; i. the multiannual crops, such as Christmas trees and miscanthus (Miscanthus).

Fruit crops, including orchards in compact form means: a. 300 trees per hectare at least if it Apple, pear, Plum, quince, kiwis and elderberry; b. 200 trees per hectare at least if he is Apricot and peach; c. 100 trees per hectare at least case cherry and walnut trees.

New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Art. 23 hedges, groves field and river banks forested by hedges and wooded banks, means wooded strips bushy, broad of a few meters, which are composed mainly of shrubs, bushes and trees isolated, indigenous and adapted to local conditions.
Country groves, refers to groups of trees and shrubs of compact, indigenous and adapted to local conditions.
Hedges, the rural groves and wooded banks should not have been classified as forest by the canton or may exceed the three following values simultaneously: a. an area, including grassy Strip, 800 m; b. a width, including grassy Strip, 12 m; c. a stand of 20 years age.

The hedges, the rural groves and wooded banks are surrounded by a strip of grass.

Art. 24 surfaces of Summering (SEst) by Summering areas, means: a. community pastures; b. the Summering pastures; c. the meadows of mowing grass harvested is used to feeding during the summer.

The surfaces in the Summering area defined in art. 1, al. 2, of the Ordinance of 7 December 1998 on agricultural areas are also considered to be Summering areas even if they are used for other purposes.

RS 912.1 art. 25 community pastures by community pastures, we hear surfaces belonging to a community of public law or private law, traditionally operated in common as grazing by livestock holders, who are part of an operation of community pastures (art. 8).

Art. 26paturages of Summering by Summering pastures, we hear surfaces used exclusively for grazing which serve estiver animals and which are part of a Summering exploitation (art. 9).

New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Section 4 animals art. 27. the coefficients laid down in annex are used to convert livestock of various categories in cattle (BMU) units or units of cattle consuming some roughage (UGBFG).

Animals consuming the roughage, means cattle, equines, as well as sheep, goats, bison, deer, llamas and alpacas.
Other factors may, if necessary, be fixed by the federal Office of agriculture based on nitrogen and phosphorus from animal droppings.

New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Section 5 products art. 28 milk marketed by marketed milk means milk which: a. leave exploitation or exploitation of Summering to be consumed in the fresh State, transformed or used as food for animals; b. turned in exploitation or exploitation of Summering in products which are not intended for the producer's own consumption.

Art. 29 repealed through art. 14 nov 8 o. 2006 on designations 'mountain' and 'Alpine', with effect from Jan 1. 2007 (RO 2006 4833).

Chapter 3recognition of farms and communities, Art. surfaces verification forms 29aReconnaissance forms of farms (arts. 6-9), the communities of exploitation (art. 10) and partial of exploitation (art. 12) communities operations from a minimum load in work of 0.20 UMOS, of community pastures and farms of Summering, as well as the communities of exploitation and partial operating communities must be recognized by the competent cantonal authority.
In a farming within the meaning of the Federal Act of 4 October 1991 on rural land law (LDFR), only one operation can be recognized.
The rent or the rent of premises of housing within the meaning of art. 6, al. 2, requires the agreement of the competent authority under art. 32. introduced by section I of O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).
New content according to section I of the October 28 O. 2015, in force since Jan. 1. 2016 (2015 4525 RO).
RS 211.412.11 introduced by chapter I of O on June 9, 2006, in force since Jan. 1. 2007 (RO 2006 2493).

Art. 29bReconnaissance of shares of exploitation from the Division of an existing business operations can be recognized in the following conditions: a. the divided operation 1. so far included several companies within the meaning of the LDFR and sharing were made according to these companies, or 2. included a company that, with the agreement of the competent authority, was definitely shared by several companies. and (b) for five years at least, 1. operators are not the owners, co-owners or farmers in common land, buildings or facilities of the time-sharing, and2. each operator is the sole owner of its farm capital and manages the operation personally.

Introduced by section I of O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).
SR 211.412.11 art. 30 recognition procedure the operator must send the request of recognition, accompanied by all the required documents, to the competent canton. It then checks if the conditions set out in art. 6 to 12 are met.
The recognition decision shall take effect on the date of the filing of the application. When a later date has been agreed for the entry into force of the agreement establishing a community, the recognition decision takes effect on the date agreed.


New content according to section I of the O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).
New content according to chapter I of O on June 9, 2006, in force since Jan. 1. 2007 (RO 2006 2493).
Repealed by no I of O on June 9, 2006, with effect from Jan 1. 2007 (RO 2006 2493).

Art. 30averification of recognition the cantons check periodically if the farms and communities meet the required conditions. If this is not the case, they will revoke given recognition formally or tacitly. The canton shall fix the date on which the revocation takes effect.
The cantons check recognition of farm communities, especially in the case of change of the involved operators, for the production units, a change in reports of property occurred since the recognition or if existing at the time of recognition of agricultural lease contracts are modified. The recognition was revoked in particular: a. If one or more members of the community farms no longer fulfil the conditions set out in art. 6, al. 1, let. b; forgotten the source. If the production units are basically: 1. held in condominium by operators; OU2. taken on lease by them in common.

The assessment as to the conditions set out in para. 2, let. b, is based on reports of property, leasing and use of areas and buildings, as well as shares to the value of land and the production units, housing not included. Performance values of the buildings built, purchased or leased in common are divided between operators in proportion to their participation.

Introduced by chapter I of O on June 9, 2006, in force since Jan. 1. 2007 (RO 2006 2493).
Introduced by section I of O from 23 oct. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).

Art. 31 verification of data on surfaces and surfaces delimitation the canton control using the cadastral data declarations of surfaces and surfaces delimitation.
When the cadastral data are not updated, the canton delimits surfaces based on their actual use.
Without a cadastral data, the Township conducts surveys.

Art. 32 jurisdiction is competent for the recognition of the forms of exploitation and of community and for the control of surfaces the canton in which are located the exploitation, exploitation of community pastures or Summering, the community of operation or partial operation community or the target surface.
If there is a connection between farms located in different cantons, recognition and control are the responsibility of the canton from the largest operations in the Centre.
When farms of various cantons together to form a community of operation or a partial community of operation, recognition is the canton where the exploitation of the Member has been designated to represent the community.

New content according to section I of the October 23 O. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 3901 RO).
New content according to section I of the O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).

Chapter 4 provisions final art. 33 execution the cantons are responsible for the execution of this order.
The federal Office of agriculture monitors the application of this order.

Art. 34 repealed by no I of O from 26 nov. 2003, with effect from Jan 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).

Art. Transitional 34aDisposition on November 26, 2003 amending breeding communities recognized until December 31, 2003 are considered as partial communities of exploitation according to art. 12. introduced by section I of O from 26 nov. 2003, in force since Jan. 1. 2004 (RO 2003 4873).

Art. 35 entry into force this order comes into force on January 1, 1999.

Annex (art. 27, para. 1) conversion Coefficients of the animals into livestock units Coefficient by animal 1.

Cattle (Bos kind) and water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) 1.1 1.1.1 cows dairy cows 1.00 1.1.2 other cows 1.00 1.2 other cattle 1.2.1 over 730 days 0.60 1.2.2 more 365 days to 730 days 0.40 1.2.3 over 160 days to 365 days 0.33 1.2.4 up to 160 days 0.13 2.

Equine lactating mares and mares carrying 1.00 2.1 2.2 foals under the mother (understood in the coefficient of the mother) 0.00 2.3 other horses over 30 months 0,70 2.4 other foals up to 30 months 0.50 2.5 mules and hinnies of all ages 0.40 2.6 ponies, small horses and donkeys of all ages 0.25 3.

Sheep sheep 3.1 treat 0.25 3.2 other sheep over a year 0.17 3.3 lambs of less than one year (included in the coefficient of the sheep) 0,00 3.4 lambs pasture (fattening) less in six months, not due to mothers (fattening of lambs on pasture year-round) 0.03 4.

4.1 goats goats treat 0.20 4.2 other goats in addition to a year of 0.17 4.3 kids of less than one year (included in the coefficient of goats) 0.00 4.4 dwarf goats in addition to one year: keep animals (large numbers, for profit) 0.085 5.

Other animals consuming some roughage 5.1 bison over three years (for breeding adults) 1,00 5.2 bison less than three years (breeding and fattening) 0.40 5.3 deer of all ages 0.10 5.4 red deer of all ages 0.20 5.5 Lamas over two years 0.17 5.6 Lamas Alpacas over two years 0.11 0.11 5.7 of less than two years 5.8 Alpacas of less than two years 0.07 6.

Rabbits 6.1 breed rabbits (= lapines with 4 updates per year, at least) from 1 low setting, including young rabbits until the beginning of fattening or the moment where they are used for the renewal (age: 35 days, approximately) 0.034 6.2 young animals (mast or renewal), age: 35 to 100 days (5 rotations by place and year) 0.011 7.

Pigs 7.1


Lactating sows (duration of breastfeeding: 4 to 8 weeks; 5.7 to 10.4 rotations per place) 0.55 7.2 breastfed piglets (included in the coefficient of sows) 0.00 7.3 sows not lactating more of six months (approx. 3 rotations per place) 0.26 0.25 boars 7.4 7.5 weanling (out of the barn from 25 kg approx., 8 to 12 rotations by place or out of the barn from 35 kg approx. (, 6 to 8 rotations per place) 0.06 7.6 renewal pigs and pigs to fertilizer (approx. 3 rotations per place) 0.17 8.

8.1 pension poultry hens and cocks for breeding, hens 0.01 8.2 pullets, cockerels and chicks (without broilers) 0.004 8.3 broilers of any age (fattening duration approx. 40 days; 6.5 to 7.5 rotations per place) 0.004 8.4 turkeys of all ages (approx. 3 rotations per place) 0.015 8.5 turkeys (approx. 6 rotations per year) 0.005 pre-growth 8.6 fattening turkeys 0.028 8.7 ostriches up to thirteen months 0.14 8.8 ostriches of more than thirteen month 0.26 new content according to section II of the October 23 O. 2013 (2013 3901 RO). Update according to section I of the O of 20 may 2015, in force since Jan. 1. 2016 (2015 1753 RO).

Status January 1, 2016