Rs 741.51 Order Of October 27, 1976, Regulating The Admission Of Persons And Vehicles To The Road Traffic (Ordinance Regulating Admission To Road Traffic, Oac)

Original Language Title: RS 741.51 Ordonnance du 27 octobre 1976 réglant l’admission des personnes et des véhicules à la circulation routière (Ordonnance réglant l’admission à la circulation routière, OAC)

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741.51 order regulating the admission of persons and vehicles to the road traffic (Ordinance regulating admission to road traffic, OAC) October 27, 1976 (status 1 April 2016) the Swiss federal Council, view the art. 12, al. 1, 3 and 4, 13, al. 2 and 4, 15, al. 4 to 6, 15, art. 2, 15 c, al. 2 and 3, 22, al. 1, 25, 57, 103, al. 1 and 3, and 104 to 106 of the Federal Act of 19 December 1958 on road traffic (LCR), stop: Introduction art. 1subject this order regulates the admission of persons and vehicles to road traffic, the training and development of the drivers as well as the requirements of traffic experts.

New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Art. 2abreviations the following abbreviations are used to designate authorities and organizations: a. DETEC: federal Department of environment, transport, energy and communication; b. FEDRO: federal roads Office; c. FSP: Federation of Swiss psychologists; d. SSML: Swiss society of legal medicine; e. SPC: Swiss society of psychology of circulation.

The following abbreviations are used to describe legislative acts: a. LCR: Federal law of 19 December 1958 on road traffic; b. OCR: order of November 13, 1962, on the rules of the road; c. OAV: order of 20 November 1959 on insurance of vehicles; d. OETV: Ordinance of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road; e vehicles. Limpauto : Federal law of June 21, 1996 on the taxation of motor vehicles; f. OTR1: Ordinance of 19 June 1995 on the duration of the work and the rest of professional drivers of motor vehicles; g. OTR2: order of 6 May 1981 on the duration of the work and the rest of professional drivers of light vehicles used for the transport of people and heavy passenger cars.

The following abbreviations are used for automated data banks: a. ADMAS: register of administrative measures; b. FABER: registry permissions to drive.

New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).
Introduced by section I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).
Introduced by section I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).
Introduced by section I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).
RS RS RS RS RS RS 822.222 822.221 641.51 741.41 741.31 741.11 1 Admission of people 11Dispositions General art. 3 categories of licence the licence is established for the following categories: A: motorcycles; B: cars automobiles and motor tricycles whose total weight does not exceed 3500 kg and which the number of seating positions, in addition to the driver's seat, not more than eight; a vehicle of this category can tow a trailer whose total weight exceeds not 750 kg; combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle in category B and a trailer of more than 750 kg, provided that the overall weight exceeds not 3500 kg and the total weight of the trailer is not greater than the weight of the towing vehicle;
C: motor vehicles - with the exception of those of category D - whose total weight is greater than 3500 kg; a vehicle of this category can tow a trailer whose total weight does not exceed 750 kg; D: cars cars assigned to the transport of persons and having more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat; a vehicle of this category can tow a trailer whose total weight does not exceed 750 kg; BE: combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle in category B and a trailer but which as sets, are not in the category B; IT: sets of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle in category C and a trailer whose total weight exceeds 750 kg; of: combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle in category D and a trailer exceeding 750 kg in total weight.

The license is established for the following subcategories: A1: motorcycles an engine capacity not exceeding 125 cm and a maximum power of 11 kW; B1: motor quadricycles and tricycles motor weighing empty does not exceed 550 kg; C1: motor vehicles - with the exception of those of category D - whose total weight exceeds 3500 kg but not more than 7500 kg; a vehicle of this subcategory may tow a trailer whose total weight does not exceed 750 kg; D1: motor vehicles assigned to the transport of people and that the number of seats is higher than eight but not more than sixteen, in addition to the driver's seat; a vehicle of this subcategory may tow a trailer whose total weight does not exceed 750 kg; C1E: combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle subcategory C1 and a trailer with a total weight exceeding 750 kg, provided that the weight of the whole does not exceed 12000 kg and the total weight of the trailer is not greater than the weight of the towing vehicle; D1E: combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle subcategory D1 and a trailer with a total weight exceeding 750 kg provided that the total weight does not exceed 12 000 kg, that the total weight of the trailer does not exceed the unladen weight of the towing vehicle and the trailer is not used for the transport of persons.

The license is established for the following special categories: F: motor vehicles whose maximum speed does not exceed 45 km/h, with the exception of motorcycles. G: vehicles agricultural automobiles as well as work carts, tractors and motor trucks registered as industrial vehicles used for agricultural courses, whose maximum speed does not exceed 30 km/h, with the exception of special vehicles; M: mopeds.

New content according to chapter I of O on June 10, 2005, in force since October 1. 2005 (RO 2005 4191).
Erratum to August 19, 2014, concerns only the Italian text (RO 2014 2601).

Art. 4 permissions driver's license category: A authorize the conduct of vehicles and subcategories A1 and B1 special categories F, G and M; B authorize the driving of motor vehicles in subcategory B1 and special categories F, G, and M. C authorize the driving of motor vehicles of category B, B1 and C1 subcategories as well as special categories F, G and M; D allows the driving of vehicles in category B, B1, C1 and D1 subcategories as well as special categories F, G and M; BE authorized the conduct of groups of vehicles of the category and subcategories C1E and D1E If the driver is the owner of the licence required for the tractor vehicle; It allows the conduct of groups of vehicles of categories BE and subcategories C1E and D1E if the driver is the owner of the license required for towing vehicle; to allow the conduct of groups of vehicles of the category BE and subcategories C1E and D1E.

The license of the subcategory: A1 allows driving vehicles of special categories F, G and M; B1 authorizes the conduct of special F, G, and M categories and sledges to motor vehicles; C1 allows the driving of vehicles in category B and subcategory B1 special F, G, and M categories; D1 allows the driving of vehicles in category B, B1 and C1 subcategories as well as special F, G, and M categories; C1E authorizes the conduct of sets to BE categories and subcategory D1E vehicles, if the driver is the owner of the license required for vehicle; D1E allows conducting sets of vehicles to BE categories and subcategory C1E, if the driver is the owner of the licence required for the vehicle.

The licence of the special category: F allows the driving of special categories F, G and M; G authorize the conduct of special category M vehicles; the conduct of special agricultural vehicles and tractors whose maximum speed does not exceed 40 km/h as well as tractors registered as commercial vehicles whose maximum speed does not exceed 40 km/h used to farm races, if one has followed a course of conduct of tractors recognized by FEDRO.

The authorizations referred to in paras. 1 to 3 shall be entered in FABER.
In addition, in internal traffic, it is allowed:

a. with the driving licence of category D: to drive empty trolleybuses; b. with the driving licence of category C: to drive vehicles used for the carriage of police detachments and auto fire service cars with more than eight seats, empty the D category and subcategory D1 as well as empty trolleybus vehicles; c. with the license of the subcategory C1 : to drive empty subcategory D1; d. with the driving licence categories B and C as well as the sub-category C1: to tow agricultural or fire service trailers, trailers of police and civil protection; (e) with the licence categories special F, G and M: to drive these special categories of vehicles towing trailers; f. with the driving license of category B : driving motor cars small subcategory D1 for the purpose of troubleshooting and towing, racing of transfer and trials carried out in connection with the trade of vehicles, with repairs or transformations performed on the vehicle, runs tests vehicles by manufacturers and importers, reviews of vehicles by experts as well as official vehicles and racing expertise carried out until the scene of these same areas of expertise; g. with permit drive B and F: categories to drive electric bike taxis.

Insofar as the al. 5 allow empty other categories or subcategories and trolleybus vehicles, it is allowed to carry the people called the finding of defects or repairs review as well as the execution of official expertise vehicles.

New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
New content according to chapter I of O on June 10, 2005, in force since October 1. 2005 (RO 2005 4191).
New content according to section I of the October 12 O. 2011, in force since Jan. 1. 2012 (2011 4941 RO).
Introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
Introduced by section I of O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).
Introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. 5 exceptions to the obligation to have a licence are not required to have a student driver licence: a. holders of the C category or subcategory C1 licence who wish to obtain the permit subcategory D1; b. holders of the licence of category C who want to get the licence category D; c. the candidates to the licence of the special categories G and M.

Are not required to have a licence: a. persons leading to foot of the axle without trailer; b. drivers of cars with arms equipped with a motor; c. drivers of motor vehicles of work used on delimited sites where traffic is however not completely excluded; d. people driving a lightweight moped; e. people using an electric Segway; f. persons using a motorized wheelchair, whose maximum speed exceeds not 20 km. h. allowing traffic internal to a company according to art. 33 of the FVO, the cantonal authority may allow exceptions as to the category, subcategory or the special category of driver's license required (art. 3).

New content according to chapter I of O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).
Introduced by section I of O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).
RS 741.31 driving 12review 121 requirements for the issuance of a permit student driver or a driver's license art. 5A home Swiss student driver permit and license so that permissions to transport people in a professional capacity are issued that people residing in Switzerland, staying there or who wish to drive in a professional capacity of motor vehicles registered in Switzerland.
Is deemed to be home of the resident in the week from his family's home if he returns regularly twice a month on average.

Art. 6 minimum age is the minimum age to drive motor vehicles: a. 14 years for categories special G and M; b. in the special category F: 1 of 16 for work vehicles and tractors whose maximum speed exceeds not 45 mph, engine trucks and agricultural vehicles, 2 of 18 years for other vehicles;

c. in the sub-category A1: 1 to 16 years for vehicles fitted with an engine ignition ordered an engine up to 50 cm and for vehicles of another engine rated power or continuous power up to 4 kW, 2 of 18 years for other vehicles;

d. 18 in categories A, B, BE, C and it, and in the subcategories B1, C1 and C1E; e. 21 in categories D and and subcategories D1 and D1E; f. 16 years for motor vehicles for which a driving licence is not necessary.

Driver categories B, C student permit and it can be issued to new drivers of trucks who are 17 years of age. They can pass the driving test of these categories 6 months at most early before having reached the minimum age required and cannot get the license to 18 years of age.


The cantonal authority may: a. to benefit disabled people under the minimum age, which need a motor vehicle and who are able to drive with safety: 1. for the grant of a licence of category B, the subcategory B1 or special categories F or M, 2 authorisation to drive before they reach the minimum age vehicles not requiring a permit;

(b) issue a licence of the special M category to persons who have not reached the minimum age, when the use of other means of transport cannot be required.

Holders of the licence of the special categories G or M can, before reaching the age of 16, driving motor vehicles not requiring a permit (art. 5, al. 2).

New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
Introduced by chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
Repealed by no I of O on June 15, 2007, with effect from Sept. 1. 2009 (2007 3533 RO).
Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004 (RO 2004 5057). Repealed by no I of O on June 15, 2007, with effect from Sept. 1. 2009 (2007 3533 RO).

Art. 7 requirements medical minimum candidate the student driver, driving licence or an authorization to transport people in a professional capacity must meet the medical requirements of Schedule 1.
Anyone using a motor vehicle for which the licence is not necessary must submit a corrected Visual acuity of 0,2 for an eye at least and not have a limited field of vision.
The cantonal authority may derogate from the minimum medical requirements if the applicant has the ability to drive to the senses of the art. 14, al. 2, LCR and that proposed by a special examinations Institute.

New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

Art. 8 practice driving candidates to the category D licence must justify the regular conduct of motor vehicles of category C or trolleybuses during a year.
The obligation of driving motor cars according to the requirements of para. 1 does not have candidates who have successfully completed the minimum training described in para. 2 and leading: a. a motor vehicle of category C or a trolleybus for at least three months; forgotten the source. motor vehicles of category B regularly for at least two years.

Minimum training should allow the student driver learning to handle properly the vehicle and acquire the necessary automation. It is also intended to make it able to drive in a friendly way and to move independently without endangering other road users. It must be followed with an authorized instructor to teach driving of a motor vehicle or combination of vehicles of categories C, D, this and subcategories C1, D1, C1E and D1E and a category D licence holder.
Minimum training includes: a. 52 driving lessons of at least 45 minutes for candidates with a license of category B or subcategory C1 or D1; b. 24 driving lessons of at least 45 minutes for candidates with a category C licence; c. 12 driving lessons of at least 45 minutes for candidates with a category D licence limited to the traffic line.

Candidates for subcategory D1 licence must have driven:

a. a car in category C or a trolleybus for three months at least, forgotten the source. motor vehicles of category B for a year at least.

To perform the professional transport of people with motor vehicles of categories B or C, of the subcategories C1 or B1 or special category F, regularly driving a vehicle category or a higher category (except for the category has and subcategory A1) for at least a year.
Unless otherwise stated, the practice of conduct within the meaning of this article includes the regular conduct of motor vehicles, exercised during the two years preceding the student driver license or permit application. The races of learning are not considered to be practice driving.
During the probationary period (para. 1 to 5) prior to the application of the permit, but for a year at least, and up to the granting of the student driver permit or, if such a permit is not required, until the admission to the practical driving test, the candidate must, with a motor vehicle, having committed no breach of the right of the road leading to or resulting in a withdrawal of the license.

New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
New content according to chapter I of O of 15 June 2007, in effect since Sept. 1. 2009 (2007 3533 RO).
Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004 (RO 2004 5057). New content according to chapter I of O of 15 June 2007, in effect since Sept. 1. 2009 (2007 3533 RO).
Introduced by chapter I of O of 15 June 2007, in effect since Sept. 1. 2009 (2007 3533 RO).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. 9 the view control before filing an application to student driver permit, license or authorization to transport people in a professional capacity, the candidate must have completed a summary review of the Visual faculties from a doctor or optician recognised by the cantonal authority. This control is done according to annex 4. Its results will be presented at the same time as the licence application.
The control will focus on the following functions: a. for candidates licensed student driver or a driver's license of the categories A or B, the subcategories A1 or B1 and the special categories F, G, or m: - Visual acuity, - Visual field, - mobility of eyes (diplopia);

b. for candidates licensed student driver or a driver's license of categories C and D, subcategories C1 or D1 or an authorization to carry out professional people transport, will also examine the stereoscopic vision and pupillary motility.

The view control must not be older than 24 months.

New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. 10 course of first aid to the injured announcing to the basic theory test, the candidate to the license of the categories has subcategories A1 or B1 or B must present a certificate that he has followed a course of first aid to the injured.
The candidate proves that he has received such training by producing a certificate from an Institute recognized by FEDRO. This certificate will be issued to participants who have fully completed the course. It should not be more than six years.
The course of first aid to the injured covers: a. instructions for security measures to be taken at the scene of an accident and how to alert rescue services; b. knowledge about the measures to be taken until the intervention of the doctor in order to maintain the physiological functions necessary for survival; etc. knowledge including the correct position of the wounded, artificial respiration for the wounded who breathe more, the way to stop the severe bleeding and the basics of CPR.

The Organization and the program of the course of first aid to the wounded so that the requirements imposed on the instructors must be approved by FEDRO.
Are not required to follow a course of first aid to the injured: a. holders of a driver's license of one of the categories or subcategories referred to in para. 1; (b) physicians, dentists and veterinarians; c. personnel in possession of a diploma or a certificate of ability; d. instructors giving first aid courses; e. the persons referred to in the let. a to e which can provide proof that they received first aid training at an Institute recognized by FEDRO.

122 student driver or driver's license article permit application 11 filing any person wishing to obtain a student driver licence, a driving licence or an authorization to transport people in a professional capacity must send to the competent authority or any of the services designated by it: a. a form to request according to annex 4, completed completely and in accordance with the truth; b. two photographs passport in colors of format 35´45 mm; c. a participation certificate complete a first aid course at the the meaning of art. 10. the learner driver of trucks having not yet reached the age of 18 years of age or the mechanic apprentice in motorcycles must include with the application a certificate from the cantonal Office of vocational training, according to which a valid learning contract was concluded.
During the filing of the first application, the applicant must present themselves in person and produce a valid ID with photo. The person entitled to receive the application will check and confirm the identity of the applicant by affixing its stamp and signature on the application form, that she would transmit to the competent authority.
If the application is filed after the cancellation of the license to the trial, it must attach a notice of expertise of an officially recognized Institute, attesting the ability in traffic psychology. The notice of expertise must not be older than three months.

New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. 11a certificate of a medical officer or a specialized Institute a review by a medical officer or a specialized Institute appointed by the cantonal authority is required for: a. candidates in the licence categories C or D or subcategories C1 or D1; b. candidates for an authorization to transport people on a professional basis according to art. 25; c... .d. people aged over 65; e. candidates with disabilities physically.

The first examination by a medical officer examines the items listed in the certificate in annex 2. Its outcome will be communicated to the cantonal authority form according to annex 3.
Epileptics are authorized to drive a motor vehicle where a neurologist or a doctor who specializes in the treatment of epilepsy issues a certificate of fitness.

Repealed by no I of O on Sept. 28. 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Art. 11 review of the application, the competent authority b looks at if the conditions required to deliver a student driver permit, a driver's licence (art. 5A ss) or an authorization to transport people on a professional basis (art. 25 in connection with art. 11, para. 1, let. b) are met. She: a. address the applicant to a medical officer designated by itself or entrust it to a specialized Institute of their choice, if the ability to drive a motor vehicle arouses doubts; b. ordered a review of psychological or psychiatric by an Institute designated by itself, if the ability character or psychic of the applicant to drive a motor vehicle arouses doubts; c. address , according to art. 11, art. 1, the candidate for a medical officer designated by itself or the entrusted to a specialist of their choice Institute; d. hears an applicant minor or banned and his representative legal if the latter refuses to sign the request form; e. check if the applicant is registered in ADMAS; f. can receive an extract of the criminal and, if in doubt a certificate of good character.

In the cases referred to in para. 1, let. b and c, the cantonal authority puts at the disposal of the medical consultant or specialized Institute all documents related to the ability of the person to look at.

Art. 11(c) official secrecy, recognition of certificates of fitness


Members, officers and employees of the competent authorities for road traffic, as well as appeal authorities, are subject to secrecy concerning the findings and reports which have been communicated to them about the State of physical and mental health as well as Visual acuity of a student driver permit applicants and holders of a driver's license. This provision does not apply to the exchange of information between authorities or between them and the doctors and responsible institutions examinations.
Findings and reports on the State of physical and mental health must be kept so that they can be read by unauthorized persons.
The expertise of a doctor or psychologist of the traffic will be recognized by all cantons, if they were made by a physician, a psychologist or a designated officially Institute and if they are not prior to a year.

123 provisions common to theoretical and practical examinations art. 12 place of the exam of the canton of residence may permit a candidate to take the theoretical test of basic, theoretical examination complementary and the practical examination in another canton.
Authorization is not necessary for candidates who are trained and in the course of the army exam.

Art. 12a outcome of the review of the outcome of the review will be notified to the applicant. Failure, the reasons will be disclosed and, on request, given in writing to the person concerned.

124 basic theoretical examination and first data in FABER article entry 13 basic theoretical examination of basic knowledge test allows the competent authority if the candidate has the knowledge described in annex 11, c. II.1.
The candidates can take the theoretical review of base a month at the earliest before having reached the minimum age requirement.
The cantons are developing together with FEDRO examination questions.
Are not required to pass the basic theory test: a. candidates to a driving licence for categories A, B, C or D or the subcategories A1, B1, C1 or D1 who are holders of a driver's license of one of these categories or subcategories; b. candidates to a driving licence of category special F who hold a driving licence of the special category G; c. a license candidates categories BE, CE or or subcategories C1E or D1E who are holders of a licence for the vehicle.

Candidates to the licence of the special F, G, and M categories take a theoretical review of base adapted to the characteristics of the category of the vehicle.
The success of the basic theoretical examination remains valid for two years.

New content according to chapter I of the O on August 17, 2005, in force since March 1, 2006 (RO 2005 4519).
Introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. 14. first data entry in FABER to issue the student driver licence or a licence of the special G or M categories, registration authority seizes in FABER the personal data of the applicant together with the information necessary to this end.

125 student driver licence art. 15 issue the student driver permit is issued following a theoretical review of basic managed. If it is not necessary to spend such a review, the permit is granted when the conditions of obtaining are met.
Driver class A student permit is limited to motorcycles, including those with side-car, whose engine power does not exceed 35 kW and the relationship between the power of the engine and weight unladen shall not exceed 0,20 kW/kg. The restriction is not applied to the: a. persons under 25 years of age; b. mechanics apprentices by motorcycles which are formed by an instructor of category A; c. people who will be trained in the conduct of motorcycles in the course of the army or the police.

The student driver permit may be subject to the same conditions, restrictions and additional indications that the driver's license.
Holders are required to report within 14 days to the competent authority, by presenting their student driver permit, any circumstances requiring a modification or replacement of the licence.
The master is required to announce without delay to the authority for admission that issued the student driver permit that a termination of the contract of apprenticeship with the mechanic apprentice in motorcycles has occurred during the period of validity of the driver class A student permit. The competent authority invites the licensee to deposit his student driver permit and issue, for the remaining period of validity, a student driver in the class permit was limited to motorcycles whose engine power does not exceed 35 kW and the relationship between the power of the engine and weight unladen shall not exceed 0,20 kW/kg.

New content according to section I of the O of 18 Dec. 2015, in force since April 1. 2016 (2016 405 RO).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).
New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004 (RO 2004 5057). New content according to section I of the O of 18 Dec. 2015, in force since April 1. 2016 (2016 405 RO).

Art. 16 validity student driver permit is valid: a. 4 months for category A and subcategory A1; b. 12 months for subcategory B1 and the category special F; c. 24 months for all other categories.

The validity of the student driver A category and subcategory A1 permit is extended to 12 months when there is evidence that within the meaning of art basic practical training. 19 has been successfully accomplished.
The validity of the student driver permit expires when: a. the licensee failed three times on the driving test and that the competent authority denies, on the basis of a test, the ability to drive; (b) learning is interrupted until the learner driver of trucks has reached the age of 18.

Only may request a second student driver permit the person who, on the basis of a test carried out by the competent authority, is deemed fit to drive or, at the end of the period of validity of the first licence, has not exhausted all chances to attend the examination. The authority shall determine the possible requirements.

New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).

Art. 17 race of learning is well known race of learning any race made with a motor vehicle which the driver must be a student driver licence.
Subcategories A1 and B1, as well as the special category F gives the driver category student permit has the right to run errands of learning without being accompanied.
Subcategory D1 driver student license gives the right to perform errands of learning with vehicles of subcategory C1, one subcategory D1E races of learning with the sub category C1E vehicles sets.
The permit holder of student driver categories BE, CE or and subcategories C1E or D1E may, without being accompanied, make learning with road courses races if he is in possession of the license of the towing vehicle.
It is forbidden to transport people during the races of learning with the D category or subcategory D1 vehicles. Exceptions to this rule the person accompanying to the senses of the art. 15, al. 1, LCR, the driving instructor, the expert of traffic and other student drivers.
The permissions and conditions should be mentioned in the student driver permit: a. the driver of the C category or subcategory C1 student permit allows to perform errands of learning with a car of category B; b. the deaf and disabled people cannot perform errands of learning that if they are accompanied by a person officially authorised to train them; c. student drivers of trucks cannot perform learning courses only if they are accompanied by a monitor driving or a person authorized to train such apprentices. This support is needed until 18 years of age for the races of learning with a motor vehicle of category B; d. conducting student of subcategory C1 licence allows you to racing with a car of the service of the fire with a total of more than 7500 kg weight and learning with a truck driving school in category C.

All professional transport of persons is excluded in the races of learning.

Introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
Introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. 17aCourse of exercise is known exercise run entire race made in preparation for a road test with a motor vehicle which the driver does not need to be a student driver licence.

During the races of exercise carried out with vehicles of category D or subcategory D1 in which the student driver permit is not required, the companion to the senses of the art. 15, al. 1, LCR, the driving instructor, the expert from traffic and other drivers students can take place on board the vehicle; the driver must be provided with a certificate of admission to the driving of the D category or subcategory D1 test.
The certificate of registration in a course of conduct of tractors recognized within the meaning of art. 4, al. 3, allows the holder of the licence of the special G category to perform errands of exercise with tractors whose maximum speed does not exceed 40 km/h. The conduct of special vehicles is not allowed. Trailers can be pulled on the direct path to the place of the course and for the duration of it. Organizers of tractors driving courses can attest registration one month before the date of the course.

Introduced by chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

126 training to conduct art. 18 traffic theory course has anyone wishing to get the license of the categories or subcategories A1 or B1 or B must be able to prove that she has followed a course of theory of circulation. This course must not be more than two years.
Participation in the course requires that the candidate is in possession of the student driver permit.
Are exempt from the course who are already holders of a driver's license of one of the categories or subcategories referred to in para. 1. the course aims to develop the direction of traffic and the faculties to perceive the dangers, in order to make the student driver drive defensively, showing respect and sense of responsibility. The course lasts eight hours in total. It must be followed with a driving instructor.
The driving instructor is required to give the student driver a certificate confirming that the latter participated in theory of traffic.

Art. 19 students motorcyclists basic practical training any person who wishes to obtain the licence of the category or subcategory A1 must, within four months following the issuance of the student driver permit, follow a practical basic training from a person in possession of an authorization to teach driving of category a.
During this basic practical training, the student driver should acquire basic knowledge of the dynamics of the conduct and the observation technique required to drive in traffic, and learn to properly use his vehicle. Basic education has also aimed to raise awareness of an energy efficient, responsible, and defensive driving. Candidates for the category A licence have not the right to follow the practical basic training with the subcategory A1 vehicles.
Practical basic training lasts: a. for applicants to the driving license of category A: 12 hours; b. for candidates for the license of the subcategory A1: eight hours; (c) for the licence of category A candidates, who are holders of the license of the sub-category A1: six hours.

The driving instructor must attest in writing that the student rider followed basic practical training and achieved the objectives of the course.

New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).
Sentence introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. 19A run the FEDRO shall issue instructions on the structure and content of the course of theory of circulation and basic practical training.

Art. 20 statement of student drivers of trucks anyone wishing to teach student drivers of trucks must have a permission of training of such apprentices. This is granted by the cantonal authority apprenticeship masters or people working in the company, who have experience in the profession of driver, who drove trucks for at least three years without having compromised the road safety by violations of the traffic rules, which have a good reputation and offer the guarantee that they can be given the training of young adults.
Any person who wishes to obtain permission to train apprentices drivers of trucks must follow a course of instruction and prove that she has the knowledge required for road traffic (annex 11, ch. II). FEDRO establishes guidelines for courses of instruction.
The validity of the authorization of training apprentices is limited to six years. It may be extended for a further period of six years when the holder proves that, since the issue or the last extension of the authorization, he attended a refresher course, and that one at least of the apprentices he regularly accompanied has passed the exam for driving a truck.
If the student driver permit was issued to a learner driver of trucks not having 18 years of age, the master shall inform without delay the cantonal authority of admission which issued the student driver permit, that learning was interrupted prematurely.

127 additional theory test for drivers of trucks and buses art. 21. the complementary knowledge test allows the admission authority to see if the candidate to the licence categories C or D or subcategories C1 or D1 knows the requirements contained in annex 11, ch. II. 2. the cantons are developing together with FEDRO examination questions.

The success of the further theoretical review remains valid for two years.

Repealed by no I of O on Sept. 26. 2003, with effect from Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

128 review practical art. 22 practical exam by the practical test, the expert of the traffic checks if the candidate is able, even in a difficult traffic situation, to drive according to the road traffic rules, knowing anticipate and having regard to the other road users.
Admission conditions and the material of the exam are based on Annex 12.
Are not subject to the practical exam: a. holders of a driving licence of category B or subcategory B1 who wish to get a licence for subcategory A1 and who have successfully completed the basic practical training according to art. 19; b. those wishing to obtain a licence of the special G and Mr. art categories. 28, al. 2, is reserved; (c) holders of a driving licence of category C or subcategory C1 wishing to obtain a licence for subcategory D1.

If it turns out that during the practical exam candidate insufficiently know the traffic rules, the admission authority ordered a new review of the basic theory.

Introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. 23 repeat anyone fails twice to the practical examination cannot be admitted to a new practical exam if the driving instructor certifies that its driver training has been completed.
Anyone who fails three times to the practical examination may be admitted to a fourth review that following a positive test under art. 16, al. 3. 129 licence art. 24delivrance subject to art. 24A, the driving licence is issued for an unlimited period.
It is issued for all categories, subcategories and the special category F after the success of the review practice; for special G and M categories, it is issued after the success of the review on the theory of Basic. Art. 28, al. 2, is reserved.
The category A licence is only issued for motorcycles, including those with side-car, whose engine power does not exceed 35 kW and the relationship between the power of the engine and weight unladen shall not exceed 0,20 kW/kg.
The limitations of the power referred to in para. 3 do not apply: a. to individuals who have a permit driver student for motorcycles of unlimited power and who have passed the practical test on a two-seater motorcycle engine size is at least 600 cm and how power is of at least 40 kW; b. mechanics apprentices by motorcycles which have been trained by an instructor of category A; c. to people who have been trained in the conduct of motorcycles in the framework of the courses provided by the army or the police.

The limitation of the power for the category has is thrown, at the request of the holder of the licence, at the earliest two years after the issuance of the permits of this category if the competent authority finds that, during the two years preceding the filing of the application, the licensee committed no offense to the provisions of the road traffic law that caused or that may lead to the withdrawal of the licence.

New content according to section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).
New content according to section I of the O of 18 Dec. 2015, in force since April 1. 2016 (2016 405 RO).
New content according to section I of the O of 18 Dec. 2015, in force since April 1. 2016 (2016 405 RO).

New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Art. 24aPermis driving test driving of categories A and B is issued to the test. This provision does not apply to people who are already holders of a driving licence of unlimited duration of one of these categories.
The subcategories and special categories obtained prior to the issuance of the licence to the test and the other categories and subcategories obtained during the trial period are also limited up to the expiry date of the licence.

Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. 24bdelivrance of the driving licence of unlimited authority for admission delivers the licence of unlimited duration at the end of the probationary period if the applicant followed additional training according to the art. 27A to 27g. Participation in further education is evidenced through the certificate shown on the application form provided in Appendix 4A. The cantonal authority may exempt the applicant from the obligation to produce the certificate, if the course organizer confirms electronically that the applicant has followed two days of classes.
If the holder of the license to the trial did not follow complementary training during the probationary period and that he wants to drive motor vehicles of the categories and subcategories, it is required to make up the additional training within a further period of three months. As soon as the holder of the permit must submit to the competent authority the certificate of the organizer of the course that he is enrolled, the authority issue a permission to drive limited to two days of classes.
If the holder of the license to the trial did not follow complementary training during the delay and that he wants to drive motor vehicles of the categories and subcategories, it is required to apply for a student driver permit. Once the holder has completed the prescribed training course and passed driving tests, the competent authority issue a new licence to the test.
If the holder of the license to the trial which followed additional training or during the probationary period or during the additional period that lead the special categories of vehicles, the competent authority may issue to him, at his request, the licence of unlimited duration of special categories.

New content according to section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).
New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

Art. 24cInscription of rights the following rights shall be recorded in the licence: a. authorization to carry out professional transport of people according to art. 25, with reference to the category, subcategory, or special vehicle category with which transport can be made; (b) authorized to drive trolleybuses in accordance with art. 17, al. 3, of the Ordinance of 6 July 1951 on trolleybuses; (c) the right to use the distinctive sign ' Doctor/emergency', granted to physicians appointed to the emergency services on the proposal of the canton of the doctors company; d. authorization for holders of category C1 driving motor cars service of the fire with a total of more than 7500 kg weight regardless of the number of places provided that you pass the driving test with a car service from the fire of an effective more than 7500 kg weight or a truck driving school in category C; e. the certificate of capacity for the transport of persons or goods with reference to the category or subcategory with which transport can be made and the validity period , insofar as no card separated has been established (art. 9, para. 3, o on June 15, 2007, regulating the admission of drivers).

Formerly art. 24. RS 744.211 introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
Introduced by chapter I of the June 15, 2007 (RO 2007 3533) O. New content according to section I of the October 22 O. 2008, in force since 1 sept. 2009 (RO 2008 5569).
SR 741.521 art. 24dInscription of the conditions, restrictions and additional information at registration in the licence conditions, restrictions and other complementary indications, there are instead of using numeric codes or introductory texts. FEDRO enacts the corresponding instructions.

Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. 24eElimination conditions, restrictions and other additional information the competent authority raises the conditions and restrictions if the holder of the permit meets the conditions necessary to drive unrestricted category, subcategory or special category vehicles.
Other additional indications will be eliminated if the necessary conditions for their registration lapsed.

Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. 24fEtablissement of a new permit student driver or a new licence when driving permission is extended or restricted, or when the data appearing on the licence are changed, a new permit shall be issued. The old document loses its validity upon delivery of the new permit and must be returned to the authority.
If a permit is lost, a new student driver permit or a new licence can be issued only if the loss is confirmed in writing. If the permit that was replaced is found, it must be handed over to the authority within a period of fourteen days. Persons domiciled abroad are subject to the provisions of art. 24 h, al. 2 and 3.

Formerly art. 24. new content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

Art. 24gObligation to be the bearer of the permit in special cases conducting races between the farm and fields or forest, agricultural motor vehicles drivers are not required to carry licence or certificate of registration to a recognized course of conduct of tractors.


Formerly art. 24 d. new content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
Repealed by no I of O from 29 nov. with effect from Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

Art. 24hPermis driving for people resident abroad who obtain a licence on the basis of art. 42, al. 3, let. b, without be domiciled in Switzerland, will be issued a valid driver's license until the date of the next periodic review of traffic medicine (art. 27, para. 1, let. has).
People who have transferred their residence abroad and the Swiss driving licence has been lost receive a certificate of driving authorizations registered in Switzerland.
The admission authority shall issue, on request, a licence which the term of validity is limited to up to five years: a. in lieu of a misplaced Swiss licence, granted on the basis of art. 42, al. 3, let. b; (b) in lieu of a Swiss driving licence lost, if the new country of domicile does not recognize the certificate referred to in para. 2 as a proof of the driving authorizations obtained in Switzerland; OUC. in lieu of a Swiss driving license lost or expired, if the new country of domicile has recognized this as proof of permission to drive equivalent to those he has issued, without establishing a national driver's license; a driver's license in the expired trial cannot be replaced if its holder has followed the training prescribed in Swiss law.

Introduced by section I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

129a professional Transport of persons using vehicles used for the carriage of persons and passenger cars heavy art. Professionally, 25 authorization to transport people (art. 3, para. 1, RTO 2) with vehicles of categories B or C, the subcategories C1 or B1 or class F Special, an authorization to transport people in a professional capacity is necessary. Such an authorization is not necessary for electric bike taxis, even if the latter are driven with a driving licence of category B and F.
The permission to transport people in a professional capacity is not required for: a. professional transport of sick, injured or disabled in motor vehicles designed and equipped with special alarms (art. 82, para. 2, and 110, al. 3, let. a, OETV) when: 1. the sick, injured or disabled as part of the staff of a company, exclusively, are transported by means of vehicles belonging to the company 2. the driver makes this transportation as part of its activity with the police, military administration, civil protection or of the fire service, with the agreement of the authority;


b. professional transport of people when the fare is included in other benefits and that the route does not exceed 50 km.

Transport people to professional title is granted to the holder of a driving licence of category B, the subcategory B1 or special category F when the candidate can prove: a. in a complementary theoretical review, he knows the duration of work and the rest of professional drivers of light vehicles used for the carriage of people. the candidate who wishes only to races referred to in art. 4, al. 1, let. a, b or c, RTO 2 is not required to take the exam; ETB. during an additional practical exam, it is capable of transporting people in a motor vehicle of the category, subcategory, or special category without endangering even in difficult traffic situations.

Authorization to perform professional transport of persons will be granted without further examination to the holder of a driving licence category D or subcategory D1.
The holder of a driving licence of category C see, at his request, grant authorization to carry out professional transport of people without further review, if you don't have committed with a vehicle, at least one year before the filing of the application, any violation of the provisions of the road traffic law resulting or that may lead to the withdrawal of the licence. This rule also applies to the holder of the driving licence for subcategory C1 if it has passed the complementary theoretical examination referred to in annex 11, ch. 2.
The authorization is valid only with the driver's license.

RS 822.222 new content according to chapter I of O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).
RS 741.41 new content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
Introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

12A Obligations to announce and subsequent medical checks art. 26Obligations to announce the holder is obliged to announce in presenting his license or special authorization within 14 days to the authority any circumstances requiring permits of such replacement or authorisation.
Change of home, the permit holder must communicate his new address to the competent authority to the new place of residence within 14 days. If the new home is abroad, he must announce his departure to the competent authority until then.

New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).

Art. 26 introduced by section I of O of 17 October. 1979 (1979 1753 RO). Repealed by no I of O from 3 July. 2002, with effect from April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).

Art. 26B introduced by section I of O Apr 11. 2001 (RO 2001 1387). Repealed by no I of O from 3 July. 2002, with effect from April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).

Art. Subsequent medical 27controle made by a medical officer the duty to submit to a subsequent medical check performed by a medical officer applies to the: a. drivers following every five years until their 50 year and every three years: 1. holders of a driving licence for categories C and D, as well as subcategories C1 and D1, 2. holders of the authorization to transport people in a professional capacity within the meaning of art. 25.3.... b. holders of permits having more than 70 years, all two years; c. drivers who have been seriously injured in an accident or who was recovering from a serious illness.

The cantonal authority may: a. delegate to the doctors responsible for subsequent medical checks in the cases referred to in para. 1, let. b and c; (b) on a proposal from the doctor, shorten the deadlines established at the al. 1, let. a and b, or, in other cases, require periodic medical checks; c. order, in other cases, periodic medical checks.

Review done by a medical consultant extends to the points covered by Annex 2 (medical certificate). The results will be communicated to the cantonal authority on a form corresponding to annex 3.
In the present case, the cantonal authority may order a medical examination limited to certain points or extended to others; in such a case, the doctor is not required to use the forms reproduced in annexes 2 and 3.
On request, the cantonal authority makes available to the doctor all documents related to the ability of the person to look at to drive motor vehicles.

New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
Repealed by no I of O on Sept. 28. 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

additional 12bFormation for holders of the license to test art. 27a General further training lasts 16 hours. It is spread over two days.
The additional training is conducted in groups of six to twelve people. A group is made up either holders of a driver's license to class A test, holders of a driving licence in category B test. The content of the course focuses on one or the other of these two categories. Anyone who has license to test categories A and B can choose whether she intends to follow the training with a category A motorcycle or a motor vehicle of category B.
Each group is supported by the number of hosts required for safe and complementary training to the achievement of the objectives.
In principle, the candidate follows the training with his own vehicle. The organizer of the course can put vehicles available to participants who do not own their own vehicle.

Art. 27b objectives the first day of class is intended to improve the ability of participants to predict dangerous traffic situations and to avoid. The course should be completed within a period of six months after obtaining the license to the trial.
The second day of class is intended to refine consciousness participants of their own skills, to optimize their perception of traffic and promote driving courtesy and respect of the environment.

RO 2005 4633 art. 27 c the organizer of the course course content must organize to bring each participant: a. on the first day: 1. to analyze group of accidents, taking into particular account behaviors to risks specific to youth and the physical forces that influence conduct; 2. to make the experience of driving situations standardized, in conditions close to reality, to deepen its knowledge of the main factors of accidents, namely the deficiencies of the communication between the users of the road, the bad evaluation of the distance stop and the safety distance between vehicles and high cornering speed.

(b) during the second day: 1. to establish his driver profile by doing a self-assessment on the basis of a pre-established; 2 questionnaire. to perform a race along with the host and other participants in the course; the latter will report his driving behaviour as well as that of other users of the road, their feeling as passengers and express, if possible after the races, their opinion thereon to the driver; 3. to acquire, at a theoretical knowledge of driving economic and eco-friendly about especially to use the highest gear possible, pass in time to Upshift, know the rotation pushed, anticipate and ride on a regular basis and be aware of the effects practical in real traffic or close to reality conditions; 4. to discuss and deepen the lessons learned by participants at the end of the training, to develop effective strategies to avoid sources of accidents behaviors and develop a way of driving courtesy and respect of the environment group.

FEDRO shall issue instructions on the implementation of the complementary training courses.

Art. 27 d certificate of participation in the course after the first day of class, the organiser is required to deliver to the participant application form according to annex 4A and certify its participation to the course on the part of the form provided for this purpose. On the second day of class, the participant brings this document in order to receive also the second certificate.
Any organizer of courses, which attests the participation to the first or the second day of class must be able to provide the competent authority with information about the name and surname, address and number of the license of the person taking the course considered for five years.
The person taking the course in possession of the certificate for the two days of course affix his signature on the application form and forward it to the competent authority.

Art. 27th the course organizers


An authorization is required to organize additional training courses. The competent authority of the canton of the school grant it if it finds that the applicant: a. has teaching space, places instruction and materials as well as the necessary number of passenger cars fitted with a display device of consumption of petrol or driving simulators guaranteeing a course without danger of further training and the achievement of the objectives referred; b. can commit at least four animators; facilitators who provide complementary training to holders of the licence to the category test must be in addition to the benefit of a motorcycle-school training; c. has contracted a liability insurance with adequate coverage and full casco insurance for vehicles of the participants during the; d. offer public training courses complementary; excludes courses of further training in the army; e. obtained authorisation from FEDRO if he intends to make use of driving simulators; This permission is granted if the applicant can prove that driving simulators are suitable for teaching the subject of complementary training courses and objectives; f. has a quality assurance system according to art. 27F. new content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Art. 27F each organizer of courses quality assurance must manage a system guaranteeing the quality of the teaching of the subjects and the realization of the objectives of the training.

Art. 27g skills of the cantons cantons: a. monitor the realization of the training; b. conduct aptitude tests socialeducational for admission to the training of animators c. decide on taking into account previous training of facilitators knowledge; d. organize exams to obtain the certificate of capacity of host; e. monitor the bodies of training for facilitators.

They can delegate these tasks to other bodies.

13 measures 131Nouvel driving test, determination of the ability and skills needed to conduct, and withdrawal of the permit to preventively art. 28 decision to impose a new driving test if a driver has committed offences that raise doubts about his qualifications, the admission authority ordered a new theoretical or practical examination, or both.
It may order a test for applicants for a licence of the special categories G or M, as well as the drivers of motor vehicles for the conduct to which a permit is not necessary, when the ability of these drivers raises doubts.
If the new test is ordered in relation to a withdrawal of the license, it can take place no earlier than one month after the deadline of the withdrawal; in this case, the Authority issues a permit for student driver to the person concerned.
If the person fails the new examination, art. 23 applies.
The the new driving test date is not in the driver's license.

New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

Art. 28aExamen of the ability to drive if the ability to drive of a person raises doubts (art. 15, para. 1, LCR), the cantonal authority ordered: a. in the case of issues of traffic medicine: a review of the ability to drive by a doctor with the title of specialist in medicine of traffic SSML or a qualification recognized as equivalent by the SSML; (b) If you have questions related to traffic psychology : a review of the driving ability by a specialist psychologist FSP traffic psychology, option diagnosis, or by a psychologist of the traffic with a title recognized as equivalent by the SPC.

In case of issues both the traffic and the psychology of traffic medicine, a review must be performed by a doctor as defined in para. 1, let. a, and a psychologist of traffic as defined in para. 1, let. b. introduced by section I of O from 29 nov. in force since July 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

Art. 29 race to control a race of control may be ordered to determine the measures to be taken in case of doubts on the ability or skills needed to conduct.
If the person concerned does not have the race of control: a. the licence will be withdrawn or the foreign driving license will be banned him. The person concerned can apply for a student driver permit; (b) it is decided a driving ban, once race control is made with a motor vehicle for the conduct of which it is not necessary to have a licence control race cannot be repeated.
If the person concerned does not take place at the race control and does not excuse, the race is deemed as failed. When she orders the race control, the authority must inform the person concerned of the consequences of such negligence.

New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).
New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).

Art. 30Retrait of the permit as a preventive measure the student driver permit or licence can be removed as a preventive measure in case of serious doubts about the ability to drive of a person.

New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

Art. 30aCommunications of individuals on gaps about the ability to drive if an individual communicates doubts on the ability for the conduct of another person to the cantonal authority, the latter may request a report from the treating physician. It guarantees anonymity to the author of the communication on request. Identity of it may not be disclosed under administrative procedures.
If the reported person doesn't have a doctor dealing with or that it does not indicate who is the latter, the cantonal authority may, within the limits of his power of discretion, make an order in accordance with art. 28 a. introduced by section I of O from 29 nov. in force since July 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).

132 license art. 31duty to inform when the withdrawal of the student driver licence or permit is given for an indefinite period or permanently, the competent authority informs the person notifying him his decision, conditions that will allow him to get back a student driver permit or a driver's license.

New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).

Art. 32Restitution voluntary licence when a driver makes the license voluntarily to the authority, the effects are the same as for a withdrawal. The authority must provide an acknowledgement of receipt.

New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).

Art. 33portee to withdraw the licence of driver student or the licence of a category or a subcategory results in the withdrawal of the permit student driver and the driver's license of all categories and all subcategories of the special category F.
The withdrawal of the licence of student driver or the driver's license of a special category results in withdrawal of the student driver and the license of all the special permit.
The al. 1 and 2 do not apply when a withdrawal is made for medical reasons.
The authority competent to pronounce the withdrawal may: a. combine the withdrawal permit student driver or the licence of a category or a subcategory with the withdrawal of the licence of the special categories G and M; b. combine the withdrawal permit student driver or the driver's license of a special category with the withdrawal of the permit student driver or the driver's license of categories and subcategories.

In order to avoid the consequences of an excessive rigour, the withdrawal of the driving licence may be decided for a different time period according to the categories, subcategories or categories subject to observe the minimum established by law, if, for example, the holder of the licence: a. the offence justifying the withdrawal with a motor vehicle, which he did not need to practise etb. enjoys a good reputation as a driver of the vehicle of the category, subcategory, or special category for which it is to shorten the duration of the withdrawal.

New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

Art. 34 repealed by section I of O from 22 oct. 2008, with effect from Sept. 1. 2009 (RO 2008 5569).

132 measures against holders of license to test art. 35Prolongation of the probationary period


If the holder of the license to test an offence leading to the withdrawal of the driving licence categories and subcategories and this withdrawal comes during the probationary period, the Authority issues a new licence to the test. The new probationary period ends a year after the expiry date of the licence removed test.
If the licence expires after the probationary period, the Authority issues a new permit to the test. The new probationary period ends a year after the date of its issue.

New content according to section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. 35aAnnulation if the holder of the license to test commits a second offence causing the withdrawal of the driving licence categories and subcategories, the permit is cancelled. This also applies when the permit has been issued in the meantime for an unlimited period.
The cancellation applies to all categories and subcategories. It also applies to the special categories when the holder is no guarantee that in the future he will not with vehicles offences commit special categories.
If the cancellation concerns only the categories and subcategories, the competent authority issues a licence of the special categories.
The competent authority shall inform the driver concerned the conditions under which it can again obtain a student driver permit.

Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. 35bNouveau allowed student driver anyone wishing to drive motor vehicles after the cancellation of the license to the trial must apply for a student driver permit. Art. 35, art. 3, is reserved.

Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

132b driving ban and warning art. 36 driving ban and warning the authorities of the canton of residence is required to prohibit people to circulate with vehicles for which a driving licence is not necessary, when they have not the ability as a result of diseases or infirmities, physical or mental, for cause of alcoholism or other forms of addiction or who are unable for other reasons.
A ban may be ordered for a month at a minimum when the driver, by violating the traffic rules, put in danger in a way serious or repeated traffic or inconvenienced many times the other road users. The authority may give a warning when she waive the driving ban.
A driving one-month minimum ban should be imposed on anyone who drives a motor vehicle for which the licence is not necessary: a. with a level of alcohol in the blood of 0.80 per thousand or more; b. so that she couldn't because she was under the influence of drugs or pharmaceuticals; c. If it is intentionally opposed to blood to a control using a breathalyzer or other preliminary examination which had been ordered or who had expected that there would be a further medical examination, or if she did ensure that measures of this kind can achieve their goal; d. If she subtracted the vehicle in order to make use of; e. If she drove the vehicle despite a driving ban; f. If she took the leak after injured or killed a person.

The authority may impose a warning when the level of alcohol in the blood reach 0.50 per thousand and more, but less than 0.80.

New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
Introduced by section I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).

Art. 37portee of the ban the driving ban is valid for all types of vehicles indicated in the decision.

New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).

133...

Art. 38 and 39 repealed by section I of the O on March 28, 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

134 courses of road safety education as a complementary training art. 40 General the cantons organise courses of road safety education for drivers at fault under art. 25, al. 3, let. e, LCR.
People attending the courses must be made by appropriate additional training, to behave properly in traffic.
May be required to take a driver education course drivers of motor vehicles, the moped and cyclists who repeatedly, compromise road safety by violating the traffic rules. The invitation is sent by the competent authority to withdraw the licence.
In addition to attending a driver education course, other measures may be ordered (warning, withdrawal of the licence, driving ban).
The tuition fees are the responsibility of the participants.

New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
New content according to section I of the O on Feb 13. 1991, in force since June 1, 1991 (RO 1991 982).
New content according to section I of the Apr 11 O. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).
New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).

Art. 41 organization; procedure any person wishing to organize road safety education courses must be recognized by the cantonal authority.
The Act of recognition is issued if: a. the direction offers any guarantee as an impeccable education organization; b. the management committed of the qualified teaching staff; c. organizer has a local teaching courses and appropriate teaching materials; d. the program of courses and taught guarantee prescribed teaching.

The driver education course recognized are valid in the whole of the Switzerland.
The duration of the course depends on their nature as well as the distribution of lessons; It will, however, generally eight hours.
If, during the course, the ability to drive a participant raises doubts, the cantonal authority will be informed. It will take the steps that are necessary; She may order a repeat of the course, a driving school or a new examination (art. 28).
Notice of the course include as a reason the offence committed.
If, without excuse, there is no follow-up the convocation, the cantonal authority will fix a new date; the driver in question must take over the expenses resulting of the classes he missed. The appeal of new invitations based on a deal setting another date is excluded.


New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
Introduced by section I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
Introduced by section I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
New content according to section I of the O on Feb 13. 1991, in force since June 1, 1991 (RO 1991 982).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
Sentence introduced by section II 64 of the O from 8 nov. 2006 (adaptation of O of the CF to the total revision of the Federal procedure), in force since Jan. 1. 2007 (RO 2006 4705).
Repealed by no II 64 of the O of Nov. 8. 2006 (adaptation of O of the CF to the total revision of the Federal procedure), with effect from Jan 1. 2007 (RO 2006 4705).

14 drivers of motor vehicles from overseas art. 42 recognition of overseas drivers licences cannot drive vehicles in Switzerland if they hold: a. a national driving license valid, forgotten the source. either an international driving permit valid prescribed by the International Convention of 24 April 1926 relating to vehicular traffic, either by the Convention of September 19, 1949 or one of 8 November 1968 on road traffic, and is presented with the corresponding domestic permit.

The foreign national or international license gives its holder the right to drive in Switzerland the categories of vehicles mentioned expressly, clearly and in Latin characters on the permit.
Drivers of mopeds, light motorcycles, agricultural motor vehicles and automobiles work from another country need not a licence if that country does not. These drivers must always carry a form of identification with a photo and cannot drive the vehicle with which they came in Switzerland.
Are required to obtain a Swiss driving licence:

a. the drivers of motor vehicles from abroad who reside for more than twelve months in Switzerland without having stayed more than three consecutive months abroad; b. people who drive professionally motor vehicles registered in Switzerland, requiring a licence categories C or D or subcategories C1 or D1 or even an authorization within the meaning of art. 25 are not required to obtain a Swiss driving licence the beneficiaries of privileges, immunities and facilities referred to in art. 2, al. 2, of the Act of June 22, 2007, on the host State, to condition: a. they are holders of a national licence valid; b. that they do not have Swiss nationality or did not have their permanent residence in Switzerland before taking office; etc that they are holders of a legitimation card established by the federal Department of Foreign Affairs attesting that they enjoy immunity from jurisdiction.

Cannot be used in Switzerland the foreign driver's license that the driver got in eluding the provisions of this order on obtaining of the Swiss driving licence or valid jurisdiction rules in his country of domicile.

RS 0.741.11 not ratified by the Switzerland.
RS 0.741.10. See also the Ac. European 1 May 1971 supplementing the Conv. on road traffic (RS 0.741.101).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2013. 2014 (2013 4697 RO).
New content according to section I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
Introduced by section I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
RS 192.12 introduced by section 11 of the annex to the O of Dec. 7. 2007 on the host State, in effect since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 6657 RO).

Art. 43 minimum age foreign driving licenses can be used in Switzerland by persons who have reached the minimum age in this order for Swiss drivers.
When they reached the minimum age in their country of origin, the drivers of mopeds, light motorcycles and motorcycles to a displacement of 125 cm at most, from abroad, are allowed to circulate in Switzerland, as long as they are aged at least 16 years old and that no reason for exclusion objects.
In duly motivated cases, FEDRO may grant exemptions concerning the minimum age for drivers from abroad.

New term according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259). This mod has been taken throughout the text.

Art. 44Obtention of the foreign driving licence Switzerland the holder of a national permit valid will receive a driver of license Swiss for the same class of vehicles if it demonstrates, in a race to control, he knows the rules of the road and that it is able to drive in a safe way vehicles of the categories for which the permit should be valid. Drivers of motor vehicles must perform the race control with a vehicle of category allowing to drive all vehicles of the categories listed in the permit. If the holder of a licence is additionally entitled to drive motorcycles, no other race control will be required for this category. Regarding medical examinations, the art. 7, al. 1, 9, 11, art. 1 and 2, and 27 shall apply by analogy.
The Swiss driver's license giving the right to drive vehicles for business is issued to drivers of motor vehicles from abroad whether, apart from race control, they prove during an exam that they know the rules applicable in Switzerland to such drivers.
Drivers of mopeds, light motorcycles, agricultural motor vehicles and motor vehicles to work in from abroad who wish to obtain Swiss license must pass a driving test if they are not licensed foreign correspondent.
When they deliver a Swiss licence, the authorities require delivery of permits issued by EU or EFTA States and send them to the issuing authority. They are part of the permits issued by other States that they are not valid in Switzerland. The content of foreign licenses will be recorded.

New content according to section I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).

Art. 44aPermis driving test holders of a valid foreign license entitling them to drive motor vehicles in categories A or B get a Swiss driver's license test. The date of issue of the latter marks the beginning of the probationary period. It lasts three years, minus the time that elapses between the date of issuance of the foreign driving license and the deadline to Exchange on a regular basis, in accordance with art. 42, al. 3, let. a. it concerns all the categories of licenses already obtained and other categories and subcategories obtained during this period.
The Swiss driving licence is not issued testing to holders of a permit of category A or B: a. issued before December 1, 2005; forgotten the source. issued from 1 December 2005 and valid for a year at least to the time the elected domicile in Switzerland.

Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004 (RO 2004 5057). New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

Art. 45 ban to make use of the permit; removing the use of a foreign licence may be prohibited under the provisions that apply to the withdrawal of the Swiss driving licence. In addition, the use of the foreign driver's license must be prohibited for a period indeterminate if the licensee has licensed abroad eluding the Swiss rules or foreign jurisdiction. The ban to make use of a foreign licence will be communicated to the competent foreign authority, directly or through FEDRO.
By removing the Swiss driver's license, always, if necessary, prohibit the use of the foreign driver's license at the same time.
The ban to make use of an international driving permit will be entered in the space provided for this purpose. Registration will be provided with the official seal.
Driving license foreign whose use has been banned will be filed with the authority. It will be returned to its owner: a. at the end of the prohibition period or the lifting of the ban; b. on request, when he left the country and is not home. When the length of the ban is unlimited, it is possible to enter in the permit that is valid in Switzerland, if there is a risk of misuse.

If the ban to make use of the permit cannot be notified to the licensee in Switzerland, FEDRO will be responsible to proceed through mutual legal assistance.
The ban to make use of the permit, based on the fact that the rules Swiss or foreign jurisdiction have been evaded, shall cease to apply if the licensee proves that, since then, it a: a. been resident for at least three months in the State which has issued the permit which the use was forbidden; forgotten the source. a valid permit in the new State of residence.

Any withdrawal of foreign driving license, pronounced by foreign authorities, will run if FEDRO so provides.

New content according to section I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
New content according to section I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).

Art. 46 international driving permits international driver's licenses may be issued only to people domiciled in Switzerland and holders of a Swiss national licence or foreign. An issued international driver license on the light of a Swiss licence is not valid in Switzerland.
The period of validity is three years; She cannot be greater than the national driver's license.
The cantons may allow associations of road users to establish international driving permits for Swiss driver's license holders.
In case of withdrawal or prohibition to use of a national driving license, international license will be also withdrew for the duration of the measure.

New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

15...

Art. 47 to 64 repealed by section I of the O on Sept. 28. 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

further training courses 15aAnimateurs art. 64a requirement for authorisation facilitators of further training courses must authorization to this effect.
The authorization is issued by the canton of residence. It is valid on the whole Swiss territory.

Art. 64b Conditions


Authorization to have trained as a facilitator with a body recognized by FEDRO and have obtained the certificate of competence according to art. 64. any person seeking to be admitted to the training must apply to the competent authority of the canton of residence accompanied by a curriculum vitae, details of the earlier training and professional certificates.
Is admitted to the training any person who: a. has 25 years of age; b. justifies complete driving instructor training, traffic expert, instructor of conduct or equivalent training; c. justifies professional experience of three years in one of the areas of activity referred to the let. b; d. offer the guarantee, in view of his past behaviour, that he will exercise his profession in a perfect way; e. has successfully passed an entrance test to prove its socio-pedagogic ability.

Art. 64 c training training must be capable of: a. know the material of teaching and examination of the basic theory, theory classes of traffic, the practical basic training for motorcyclists students with the practical driving test; b. teaching subjects of the supplementary training referred to in art. 27 according to a method appropriate; c. know and to evaluate the different characters of the participants to the course as well as group dynamics and apply the proper teaching method; d. the main causes of road accidents, particularly taking into account the fact that new drivers are often the perpetrators; e. know the phases of development of young adults and their impact on behaviour in road traffic; f. influence the profound attitude of the participants and the motivate to adopt a conduct safe, courteous and respectful of the environment.

Prior knowledge are taken into account after consultation with the training body. Art. 27g applies skills.

Art. 64 certificate of competence for the certificate of qualification, the candidate must: a. demonstrate, on a written exam, it is capable of providing theoretical and practical teaching to groups of people variously; ETB. Animate a trial a further training courses including gate content on the two day course (art. 27).

The result of the review should be communicated to the applicant in writing, with an indication of the overall score. In case of failure, it should be noted remedies. The result of the examination must be communicated to the canton of residence of the candidate.
The candidate who has failed the examination of facilitator can iron, in an additional review, no successful items. In case of another failure, the candidate will need to redo the main module before being admitted to a third and final review.

New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Art. 64th period of validity of the authorization the authorization is limited to three years. Its period of validity is extended by three years each time if the licensee certifies that during the past three years it a: a. exempt for at least 30 days of training courses complementary to holders of a driver's license test. ETB. followed two refresher course for facilitators of a whole day.

The cantons set, in agreement with FEDRO, requirements for organizers and the content of the refresher course for animators.
Organizers of complementary training courses attest in writing to the hosts the courses provided by these and the organizers of training courses full day that animators said followed.

Art. 64f training bodies for animators bodies providing training for facilitators must be recognized by FEDRO. This recognition is granted under the following conditions: a. management guarantees an impeccable body of training management and competent teaching supervision; b. training body has qualified teaching staff; c. training body has a teaching, teaching material and adequate training; d. the teaching plan and proposed materials guarantee the prescribed training.

FEDRO may revoke the recognition granted if the requirements are no longer met or the training body shape more facilitators for two years.
Training bodies should ensure that their teachers will pass leaders the knowledge and capabilities. They are required to register candidates for the exam for obtaining the certificate of competence.

16 traffic experts responsible for driving tests and controls of vehicles art. 65 requirements the traffic experts responsible for the official exams of conduct and official controls of vehicles must meet the requirements prescribed by the al. 2-5.
The traffic expert reviews of conduct and controls of vehicles must: a. have 24 years of age; (b) have passed the final examination of mechanic on cars or in a technical profession equivalent learning and exercising his profession at least one year since the end of learning; c. have three years at least a Swiss licence for categories B or C without having compromised during this period, road safety by violating the traffic regulations; d. prove through a certificate issued by a medical officer, that it meets the medical requirements set out in annex 1; e. submit a notice of expertise attesting the ability in traffic psychology.

The traffic expert of driving tests is not required to meet the requirements of para. 2, let. b, but must have successfully passed the final examination of learning in a profession any or have equivalent training.
The requirement of para. 2, let. e, is not required of traffic experts controls of vehicles.
The driving instructors, who want to become experts, traffic must have exercised the profession to monitor for a year at least without having been the subject of complaints and be aged 24 or over. They must complete their training and exams in subjects that were not in the program monitor review.

New content according to chapter I of O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).

Art. 66 training training of the traffic expert reviews of conduct and/or controls of vehicles will focus on the branches listed in annex 7. The expert of traffic driving tests or controls of vehicles who wishes to combine these two functions must complete his training in the groups of industries for which it has not received training.
With respect to the theoretical knowledge, to teach must be adapted to the practical activity of traffic experts. During the practical training, the candidate will be introduced to the conduct of technical and administrative operations of the service cars and given alone in driving tests and/or inspections of vehicles.
Theoretical teaching subject of courses given by masters having technical and pedagogical training.
The practical training includes instructions and practical work. For traffic experts trained for controls of vehicles, this training is entrusted to the registration with the facilities and equipment services.

Art. 67 review after the completion of a course, but at the earliest after six months of activity within a registration authority, the future expert of traffic must pass an exam on the matters listed in annex 7. The expert of traffic driving tests or controls of vehicles who wishes to combine these two functions must pass an examination on subjects about which he has not yet been reviewed.
The review on the topics listed in Appendix 7, ch. 12, 22 and 32, may be divided into several partial reviews. Partial examinations may be passed before the completion of a course, but no earlier than after three months of activity within a registration authority.
The ratings given by the masters will be taken into account in the assessment review.
The outcome of the review will be notified to the applicant by service of automobiles which is the employee, with indication of the overall score and scores for each group of materials. The success of the review will be evidenced by a certificate.

New content according to chapter I of O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).
Introduced by section I of O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).

Art. 68 the review of expert of traffic may be suffered more than three times.
Those who failed the exam can take it again at the end of a period of at least six months.
The second review will be on the materials in which the result was insufficient, the third review on all the matters that were the subject of the second.

Art. 68aRecours to traffic experts


Traffic experts can conduct official driving examinations or official vehicle controls if they have completed the training provided for in art. 66 and successful examination referred to in art. 67. the success of a partial review within the meaning of art. 67, al. 1, gives them already the right, during the training, to proceed independently to conduct reviews or inspections of vehicles: a. If the skills attested during the partial review empower them there; ETB. If, in doing so, they are supervised adequately by a trainer.

Introduced by section I of O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).

Art. 69taches of the cantons and authorities the competent authority of the Federal Government enact a regulation training and review.
The cantons are responsible for the training of their experts in traffic. Commissions cantonal or intercantonal, in which delegation chiefs of the services of automobiles, experts of the Chief traffic and other specialists, are responsible for the review.
Cantons and the competent federal service are responsible for the development of their traffic experts. They have in particular the obligation to ensure the development of traffic experts reviews of vehicle driving as well as technical controls.

New content according to section II 4 of the appendix to the Feb 23 O. 2005 on motor vehicles of the Confederation and their drivers, in force since March 1, 2005 (RO 2005 1167).

17 rental of motor vehicles art. 70. one who rents professionally motor vehicles to people leading them themselves is required to establish a list of payees. On request, it will give the bodies responsible for control the ability to read.
The lists will be kept for two years.

2 vehicles 21 motor vehicles and their trailers 211 Admission art. 71 principles the circulation permit and the plates will be issued: a. If the prescribed public liability insurance was concluded or if the holder has been released from the obligation to ensure in accordance with art. 73, al. 1, LCR; b. If the vehicle meets the requirements on construction and equipment; (c) if the tax charged in accordance with the Limpauto was acquitted or if the vehicle is exempt in; d. If the vehicle produced abroad was taxed or exempted from the placement under Customs; e. If, where appropriate, all of the royalty or securities due to the vehicle within the meaning of the Federal law of 19 December 1997 on a charge on the traffic of heavy goods vehicles have been paid and if the vehicle is equipped with the prescribed input device that allows the collection of the levy.

Authorisation from the customs administration is not required to issue permits traffic in the short term and collective permits for movement as well as the corresponding plates (art. 20 to 26 FVO).
The temporary registration of vehicles is governed by arts. 16 to 19 FVO.
Drivers must always be bearers of the original of the travel permit, unless a duplicate has been issued. The drivers of agricultural motor vehicles are not required to carry the traffic permit conducting races between the farm, the fields or forest; It goes same drivers of trailers for fire and civil protection services that perform errands on the territory of the commune.

New content according to section II 4 of the appendix to the Feb 23 O. 2005 on motor vehicles of the Confederation and their drivers, in force since March 1, 2005 (RO 2005 1167).
RS 641.51 new content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).
Introduced by section II of O on March 7, 2008, in force since April 1. 2008 (RO 2008 769).
RS 641.81 new content according to section 5 of the annex to the O from 20 nov. 1996 on the taxation of motor vehicles, in force since Jan. 1. 1997 (RO 1996 3058).
RS 741.31 new content according to section III of the Apr 7 O. 1982, in force since May 1, 1982 (RO 1982 531).

Art. 72 exceptions not permit traffic or control plates are required for: a. the axle without trailer driven by a person on foot; b. arm cars fitted with an engine; c. the following trailers, with the exception of the special trailers: 1. agricultural trailers whose maximum speed is 30 km/h when they are pulled by tractors or motor vehicles whose maximum speed does not exceed 30 km/h due to their construction, 2. agricultural trailers whose maximum speed is 30 km/h and whose guaranteed weight does not exceed 1500 kg, coupled to motor vehicles whose maximum speed exceeds 30 km/h, due to their construction, and with all-wheel drive, 3. trailers coupled to motor and work trucks, 4 carts. trailers and carrier axles coupled to the axle.

d. work vehicles used on delimited sites, where traffic is however not completely excluded; e. motor vehicles and trailers used for traffic internal to a company but allowed to operate on public roads; f. troubleshooting carts; g. containers mounted on wheels; authorization to tow them to or from the station of transhipment is made for vehicle towing and limited to certain types of containers; h. towed motor vehicles; i. vehicles carried on a motor transport vehicle or trailer and you drive to load and unload them, if the holder of the vehicle of transport concluded insurance within the meaning of art. 27, al. 1, FVO; j. vehicles that companies of the automotive branch moving in the perimeter of the company, if so what is insurance within the meaning of art. 27, al. 1, FVO, concluded; k. light mopeds; l. wheelchairs electric whose maximum speed does not exceed 10 km/h.


If they have a valid insurance certificate, the cantons may, by sending a notice, authorize that a vehicle be brought expertise by the shortest path.

New content according to section 3 of Schedule 1 to the O 2 sept. 1998, in force since Oct. 1. 1998 (RO 1998 2352).
New content according to section II 4 O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 816 RO).
Introduced by section I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
Introduced by the I of O ch. 11 Apr. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).
RS 741.31 introduced by the I of O ch. 11 Apr. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).
Introduced by section I of O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
Introduced by section I of O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New expression according to section I of the O from 15 Apr. 2015, in force since June 1, 2015 (RO 2015 1333).
Repealed by no I of O from 12 oct. with effect from Jan. 1, 2011. 2012 (2011 4941 RO).
New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. 2006, in force since Feb. 1. 2007 (2007 93 RO).

212 permits for movement art. 73 kinds of permits the types of permits for movement are the following;
a. the travel permit for normal registration of motor vehicles or trailers; b. the permit traffic for provisional registration motor vehicles or trailers; c. permit short term for motor vehicles or trailers; d. permit collective traffic to motor vehicles or trailers of the companies of the automotive industry; (e) the permit for replacement cars.

Art. 74 licensing the canton of parking the vehicle delivers the allowed traffic holder when it presents the certificate of insurance is relative and the following documents: a. at the first registration of a vehicle of Swiss origin or when a foreign vehicle registration: 1. expert report (form 13.20 A), as appropriate with the seal of the customs or accompanied by a separate customs 2. ... b. for the new registration of vehicles that have changed in canton from parking or keeper: 1. the former traffic permit, 2. in the event of a change of the owner of a vehicle who did not object to a placement under customs procedure, authorisation of the Customs authorities in the name of the new holder.

The person applying for a permit in the short term doesn't have to be holder of the vehicle, and it is not necessary that is registered in the canton of parking.
The collective movement permit is issued by the canton in which the company has its seat; It is established on behalf of the company or its Manager.
The permit for replacement vehicles can be also issued by the canton in which the original vehicle became unusable and the replacement vehicle has been supported.

Licensees are required to advertise within 14 days to the authority, with their traffic permit, any circumstances requiring a modification or replacement of the licence. They will inform the authority that the vehicle is permanently withdrawn from circulation by making the traffic permit. If the holder does not register another vehicle within 14 days, it must also immediately make the control plates.

New content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).
Repealed by no I of O on March 28, 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).
New content according to section 5 of the annex to the O from 20 nov. 1996 on the taxation of motor vehicles, in force since Jan. 1. 1997 (RO 1996 3058).
New content according to section I of the Apr 11 O. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).

Art. 75 expert report the expert report (form 13.20 A) must be completed by the manufacturer or the importer or the supplier provided to present vehicles; It will be signed by the manufacturer or the importer.
The first paragraph is not applicable to individual importers who import directly a vehicle for personal use. In this case, the expert of traffic filled the expert report during the individual expertise of the vehicle.
A special report (form 13.20. B) is required to announce the technical modifications to a vehicle (art. 34, para. 2, OETV).
Expert reports or their content, as well as additional technical information must be kept by the authority for fifteen years from the date of the first put into circulation of vehicles.
In agreement with the cantons, the competent authority of the federal Department of defence, protection of the population and Sport (DDPS) and the General Directorate of customs, FEDRO sets the content of the expert report and published instructions on how to fill it.

RS 741.41 new content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to section I of the Sept. 3 O. 2003, in force since Oct. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3373).

Art. 76controle placement under Customs and taxation the expert report (form 13.20 A) with Customs seal serves as a certificate of placement under Customs and taxation in accordance with the Limpauto.
The right to use a vehicle did not object placement under customs or untaxed regime in Switzerland must be based on an authorization by the Customs authorities.
The General Directorate of customs indicates the registration authorities the types of vehicles for which the certificate of placement under customs or taxation within the meaning of para. 1 or the authorization within the meaning of para. 2 are not necessary.

New content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).
SR 641.51 art. 77 location by location, is generally the place where the vehicle is parked for the night.
The domicile of the holder is considered as parking place: a. for vehicles which are used during the week outside the canton of domicile of the holder and which there are reduced at the end of the week, averaged at least twice per month; (b) for vehicles which are used alternately for less than nine months in several cantons; (c) for vehicles that the duration of parking is the same outside than inside the Canton of domicile of the holder.

Art. 78 the quality of holder holder is determined according to the circumstances of the case. Is notably considered holder who has the power to dispose of the vehicle effectively and sustainably and who use it or does use at his expense or in its own interest.
When several people are holders of a vehicle, they are required to report to the registration authority the responsible person to be recorded in the permit circulation in quality of holder.
The cantonal authority examines the quality of holder in the event of doubt, especially when the insurance certificate is not established on behalf of who asks the traffic permit, when it is not holder of a licence, when interchangeable plates are requested or a commercial vehicle is made available to an employee.

Introduced by section I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).

Art. 79 validity permit traffic to normal registration of the vehicles and the collective travel permits have unlimited validity.
The duration of validity of the permit for replacement vehicles, of the travel permit for temporary registration of vehicles and the license in the short term is governed by the FVO. Regarding the validity of the special authorization, it is OCR which is authentic.
Within the limits of art. 17 OAV, the duration of validity of the travel permit for the temporary registration of vehicles no dividend may be fixed or extended beyond that of the customs permit when it expressly.

RS 741.31 RS 741.11 art. 80 entries are deemed special conditions to the senses of the art. 10, al. 3, and 96, ch. 1, al. 3, LCR: a. the decisions of the authority listed in the traffic permit or in the annex to permit traffic, for example what is maximum speed; b. registration fixing the maximum allowed for the weight and dimensions of vehicles; c. related applications number of places.

Must be registered in the traffic permit the assignment of a vehicle for the professional transport of passengers according to art. 3, RTO 2; make exception vehicles set out in art. 4, al. 1, let. d, RTO 2.
The license of special vehicles include the obligation to possess a special authorization. If it vehicles designed to pull heavy trailers, the weight of the derogating from the requirements of the LCR will be indicated in the traffic permit, under the heading "Decisions of the authority.
A holder who takes a leasing vehicle or who assigns often or constantly his vehicle to a third party may apply to the registration authority, through an official electronic form, that a change of owner requires his consent or that of another person or entity mentioned on the form. If a holder does not have access to electronic means, he can put his request in writing on paper to the registration authority. The authority of registration registered this restriction in the circulation permit and in the automated registry of vehicles and holders of vehicle (MOFIS), if it has knowledge of such a request at the time of registration.
Registration authority keeps the application in its original form or in a form electronically reproducible, as long as the registration remains and during the next ten years.

This al. is repealed.
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
RS 822.222 new content according to section I of the Apr 11 O. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).
Introduced by the I of O ch. 11 Apr. 2001 (RO 2001 1387). New content according to section I of the O from 30 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2012. 2013 (2012 7149 RO).
Introduced by the I of O ch. 11 Apr. 2001 (RO 2001 1387). New content according to section I of the O from 30 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2012. 2013 (2012 7149 RO).

Art. 81Annulation where a vehicle is withdrawn from circulation or replaced by another vehicle, the owner must cancel by authority the circulation permit and, where appropriate, his duplicate. If the holder fails to fulfil this obligation, the plates referred to in the permit only more assigned to him, unless he provides evidence that the vehicle has been demolished or registered to another holder.
When a travel permit containing a registration according to art. 80, al. 4, is presented to the registration authority, she refuses: a. establish the permits for movement on behalf of a new holder; b. to cancel the membership.

The refusal is null and void if the physical or legal person mentioned on the form gives its consent in writing on paper or in electronic form or that a court has ruled on reports of property by a judgment entered into force.


New content according to section I of the Apr 11 O. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).
New content according to section I of the O from 30 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2012. 2013 (2012 7149 RO).
New content according to section I of the O from 30 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2012. 2013 (2012 7149 RO).
Repealed by no I of O nov 30. with effect from Jan 1, 2012. 2013 (2012 7149 RO).

213 control plates art. 82 kinds of plates the authority delivers:

a. plates with letters and black numbers on a white background for motor cars, motorcycles, motor quadricycles and the motor tricycles, the axle and trailers; b. the plates with letters and black numerals on a light blue background for work vehicles; c. plates with letters and black figures on a light brown background for special vehicles; d. plates with letters and black figures on a light green background for agricultural vehicles; e. plates with letters and black numbers on yellow background for light motorcycle and light motor quadricycles; f. plates with letters and white numbers on black gray background for army vehicles. If these plates can be set appropriately, the coat of arms, the letters and numbers will be painted to even the body, on a dark grey field; g....

The following plates are fitted with a special sign: a. the plates for provisional registration under art. 18 FVO; b... .c. professional plates bear the letter 'U'; d. the plates of the vehicles enjoyed by holders of diplomatic or consular immunities and privileges carry the initials "CD", "CC", or "AT" on dark green or dark blue.

It will be made a change of plates if a vehicle is classified in a new category for which another kind of plates is necessary. There is no place to make a change of plates: a. motor vehicles with a maximum total weight of 3500 kg which are classified in a new category for six consecutive months; (b) for other motor vehicles which are classified in a new category for three consecutive months.

New content according to section 3 of Schedule 1 to the O 2 sept. 1998, in force since Oct. 1. 1998 (RO 1998 2352).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
Repealed by section II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, with effect from Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
RS 741.31 repealed by section I of O Apr 11. 2001, with effect from June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).
Introduced by the c. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to section I of the O from 30 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2012. 2013 (2012 7149 RO).

Art. 83 material, making the plates will be stainless metal; they can be equipped with a reflective coating. FEDRO may allow the use of other appropriate materials and set minimum requirements for reflective material.
The coats of arms, the letters and numbers will be stamped in such a way that their relief has 1.5 mm in height. The coats of arms should conform to the official model.
The plates, which corners should be rounded (RADIUS: 1 cm), will have the following dimensions: a. the plate before automobiles, as well as the axle plate, agricultural vehicles and trailers of work will have a length of 30 cm and a height of 8 cm; b. the back plate of motor vehicles, as well as the plate of trailer coupled to a motor vehicle transport , will have either 30 cm in length and 16 high (high format) or 50 cm long and 11 cm in height (long format); c. the plate of motorcycles, quadricycles and their trailers plate motor tricycles and motor will have a length of 18 cm and a height of 14 cm; d. the plate of light motorcycles and quadricycles light motor and their trailers plate will have a length of 10 cm and a height of 14 cm.

FEDRO may fix a format differ for plates for cars enjoyed by holders of diplomatic or consular immunities and privileges.
For military trailers, the format of the plaque with two lines of entries corresponds to the format of the plates of motorcycles; If there is only one line of registrations, it matches the format of the plate before motor cars.

New content according to chapter I of O from 15 Apr. 1987, in force since May 1, 1987 (RO 1987 628).
New content according to chapter I of O from 15 Apr. 1987, in force since May 1, 1987 (RO 1987 628).
New content according to section I of the O from 30 nov. in force since July 1, 2012. 2013 (2012 7149 RO).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).

Art. 84 system of numbering each canton is designated by two letters, which are as follows: Zurich ZH Schaffhausen SH Bern BE outdoor AR Lucerne LU Appenzell, Rhodes Rhodes, Appenzell Inner AI Uri UR St. Gallen SG Schwyz SZ Grisons GR Obwalden OW Aargau AG Nidwalden NW Thurgau TG Glarus GL Ticino TI Zug ZG Vaud VD Fribourg en Valais VS Solothurn SO Neuchâtel NE Basel BS Geneva GE Baselland BL Jura JU plates motor cars the axle and trailers on the one hand, and those motorcycles, quadricycles motor and on the other hand, motor tricycles, as well as each kind of plate, depending on its color and its special features, will be numbered separately, generally from the number 1.
The Confederation plates carry only the federal coat of arms and stand by the letter M for military plates.
Plates for cars enjoyed by holders of diplomatic or consular immunities and privileges are without coats, but wear in black letters of the canton. The acronym and the letters can be applied indelibly by a photographic process. Figures and the point can be applied according to the same procedure or consist of aluminum parts cut and riveted on the plate. The first two groups of figures separated by a dot uses serial number within each mission, post, delegation or organization, and the second designates the country itself or the organization. Smaller numbers of the sequence number are reserved for the head of the Organization, performance and its substitutes.

Canton introduced by section I of O from 15 nov. 1978, in force since Jan. 1. 1979 (1978 1805 RO).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to section II 4 of the appendix to the Feb 23 O. 2005 on motor vehicles of the Confederation and their drivers, in force since March 1, 2005 (RO 2005 1167).
New content of the sentence according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content of the sentence according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).

Art. 85 available, characters on the front plate of motor vehicles and on the plate to the axle, agricultural vehicles and trailers of work, must be left to right assigned letters, a point halfway up, then the number.
On the back plate format top of motor vehicles as well as on the plate of motorcycles, motorcycle light quadricycles light quadricycles motor and motor tricycles, motor transport trailers and special trailers must be at the top, from left to right the federal coat of arms, the abbreviation of the canton and the cantonal coat of arms then , in the lower, number. On the back plate format long motor vehicles and their trailers, must be left to right the federal coat of arms, the abbreviation of the canton, a point halfway up, the number and the cantonal coat of arms.
On the plaque with two lines of inscriptions, used for military trailers, the first two digits are registered at the top, next to the letter attributed; on the plate with a single line of registrations, we leave more space between the second and third digit. The coat of arms is deleted.
On the front plate and the back plate long format of vehicles used by the diplomatic or consular representations by permanent delegations or international organizations, must be provided on the left right field in which fits one of three abbreviations, letters of the canton and two groups of figures separated by a dot. On the back plate of high format is, in the upper part, the acronym part of the colorful field and the letters of the canton, in the lower part, two groups of figures.
FEDRO sets the appearance of the characters as well as the size of the letters and numbers.


New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to chapter I of O from 15 Apr. 1987, in force since May 1, 1987 (RO 1987 628).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to section 11 of the annex to the Dec. 6 O. 1999 on the Organization of the DETEC, in force since Jan. 1. 2000 (RO 2000-243).

Art. Acronyms 86, CD, CC, and AT the "CD" acronym is intended: a. service of diplomatic vehicles and motor vehicles of the members of the diplomatic staff of missions; b. service of permanent missions or other representations to IGOs vehicles and motor vehicles of the members of the diplomatic staff of missions; c. vehicles in service of the institutional beneficiaries of privileges immunities and facilities referred to in art. 2, al. 1, let. a, b, i, j, k, l and m, of the law of June 22, 2007, on the host State and motor vehicles of the highest officials placed of these institutional recipients who enjoy in Switzerland of diplomatic status.

The acronym 'CC' is intended to service vehicles of the consular posts headed by a career officer and motor vehicles to career consular officials.
The 'AT' symbol is intended for motor vehicles of the members of the administrative and technical staff of diplomatic missions.
The use of separate 'CD' or 'AT' symbol is prohibited. The separate 'CC' logo is allowed only on one of the vehicles whose holder is a honorary Chief of a consular post, to which the federal Council granted the exequatur. The driver of this vehicle will be marked "Authorized CC acronym".

New content according to section 11 of the annex to the Dec. 7 O. 2007 on the host State, in effect since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 6657 RO).
New content according to section 11 of the annex to the Dec. 7 O. 2007 on the host State, in effect since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 6657 RO).
RS 192.12 art. 87 issue of the plates once it has been awarded, plate number remains reserved to the holder. When the plates are deposited or withdrawn for more than a year, the allocation of other numbers is allowed; In addition, it is also based on art. 81 when he loses the plates, the holder must immediately inform the authority, which then issues him plates with another number; She could tell the number lost in the RIPOL.
Manufacturers do not have the right to issue the plates directly to holders.
The plates with the initials 'CD', 'CC' and 'AT' are issued in agreement with the federal Department of Foreign Affairs.
Except for temporary registration plates, the plates remain the property of the authority.

New content according to the c. I. O from 15 oct 17. 2008 on adaptations under the Federal Act on the information systems of the police of the Federal Government, in effect since Dec. 5. 2008 (RO 2008 4943).

Art. 87adelivrance of plates with a coating reflecting the cantons will be available to any holder of vehicle plates equipped with a reflective coating. They will decide if it is necessary to issue such plates or to exchange the old ones for all vehicles or only if the holder asks.

Introduced by section I of O from 15 Apr. 1987, in force since May 1, 1987 (RO 1987 628).

22 vehicles used for examinations art. 88vehicules used vehicles listed in annex 12, ch. V, exams will be used during examinations.
Vehicles used for exams should not be fitted with unusual accessories facilitating the conduct.

New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).

Art. Special 88avehicules for exams when the practical examination is passed on a car fitted with devices to facilitate changing gears or whose power is supplied by an electric battery, the candidate has the right to drive than the corresponding vehicles.
When the practical consideration of the subcategory A1 went on a motorcycle whose speed is limited to 45 km/h, the candidate has the right to drive than the corresponding motorcycle.
Restrictions are listed in the license (article 24 d).

Introduced by section I of O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. 89 repealed by section I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

23 mopeds art. 90Admission mopeds are allowed to operate if they are equipped with the travel permits for mopeds, the control plate mentioned in this one and a valid insurance sticker.

New content according to section I of the October 12 O. 2011, in force since Jan. 1. 2012 (2011 4941 RO).

Art. 91 traffic circulation permit is permit: a. when the type of the vehicle has been recognized as moped following approval; (b) when the present vehicle is conform to the recognized type; c. when the evidence has been provided that the moped built abroad was placed under customs or regime free of placement under customs.

The traffic permit is issued once a control group of mopeds were made at the manufacturer or importer pursuant to art. 92 or after individual expertise according to art. 93. its validity is unlimited.
In case of control group, it is the authority of the canton where the company which is responsible for the circulation permit registration. …
The mopedist must always drive the traffic permit.

New content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).
Sentence repealed by section I of O Apr 11. 2001, with effect from June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).

Art. 92 control group before the control by group of new mopeds at the manufacturer or importer, the company will provide the authority complete lists in two copies, which must indicate for each moped brand, the number, the number card approval as well as a sign of approval of the engine.
Placement under customs regime of mopeds built abroad must be proved by official customs seal affixed to the lists.
The cantons back to the manufacturers or importers the number of permits for movement of mopeds on lists. Manufacturers or importers fall within the circulation permit technical data on each moped and confirm that it conforms to the approved type.
The cantons hold records of circulation permits issued to manufacturers or importers, records that must be retained with the lists for five years. They send a copy of the lists to FEDRO. FEDRO and the General Directorate of customs are empowered to check at any time the records and lists.
Mopeds controlled group cannot be placed on the market only with the traffic permits allocated to them. In lieu of lost permits, the canton competent to do so (art. 91, para. 3, 1 sentence) issued new licences based on the lists.

New content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).

Art. 93 individual expertise mopeds imported individually must be assessed by an official traffic expert before being admitted to circulate. Placement under Customs will be proved by a customs intact lead, placed under customs exemption, by a customs permit.
Used mopeds which permit traffic and the plate were withdrawn by the authority or the driving license was lost will be individually examined by an expert of the movement before their readmission. Placement under customs control is irrelevant if the vehicle carries distinct traces of use or if the holder can prove that the vehicle was purchased in Switzerland or in the Principality of Liechtenstein.
If an auxiliary motor is mounted afterwards on a cycle, the cantonal authority issues the permit of traffic when she found, as a result of expertise, that the vehicle complies with the requirements for mopeds.
In the cases provided for in paragraphs 1 to 3, the registration authority carries all necessary entries in the circulation permit and certifies that the vehicle conforms to the approved type or the requirements.

A moped without license plate and traffic may have expertise with the consent of the authority, if it is proved that the moped is assured. The canton may, under the same conditions, allow a provider, exempt from the requirement to present vehicles, making the test runs with poor circulation and plate permits mopeds or leave such errands by potential buyers.

New content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).
New content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).

Art. 94Plaque of control when mopeds are controlled by group, the control plate is issued by the canton of parking place if the holder presents the circulation permit provided for in art. 92, al. 3 of this order and the certificate of insurance required in art. 35, al. 2, FVO.
When mopeds are controlled individually, the canton of parking delivers place plate and traffic so permit the holder presents the certificate of insurance required in art. 35, al. 2, FVO.
The authority the number of the control plate in the traffic permit. On request of the holder, it part the same number of permits for movement of other mopeds which he holds and parking place is located in the same canton. The insurance sticker is stuck in a single travel permit. The mopedist must drive this movement permit in addition to the used moped permit.
Unusable moped control plate and the vignette of insurance can be transferred without official permission (art. 9, para. 2, FVO) on a moped of replacement in perfect working order for thirty days at the most.
In the event of a change of vehicle, the removed moped traffic control plate and the vignette of insurance can be attributed to another moped belonging to the same holder.
The plates of control for mopeds have 14 cm high and 10 cm wide. They are yellow reflective material covered stainless metal. The letters attributed to the canton include black and embossed on their upper third, left; the number is represented in the same way on the bottom.
FEDRO sets the appearance of the characters as well as the size of the letters and numbers.

New content according to section I of the October 12 O. 2011, in force since Jan. 1. 2012 (2011 4941 RO).
SR 741.31 art. 95controles to control if the vehicle is allowed to circulate, the canton of parking place is based on control plates and decals sent insurance or on the notifications received distribution offices (art. 37, para. 3, FVO).
For the duration of the registration, it is the canton competent to deliver the control plate which is considered as the moped parking place. If the parking place is transferred to another canton, to provide a new plate in the latter at the expiration of the validity of the insurance sticker.
When the moped is delivered to another holder, must announce it to the authority within fourteen days. This last part of the new holder the traffic permit.
When a moped is replaced by another, under cover of the same plate (art. 94, para. 5), the holder must announce it to the authority within fourteen days. It registered the plate number in the traffic permit.
A lost plate can be replaced by a new plate with another number and a thumbnail of the current year insurance (art. 36, para. 1, FVO). The authority registered new plate number in the circulation permit and affix the sticker of insurance in the field provided for this purpose.

New content according to section I of the October 12 O. 2011, in force since Jan. 1. 2012 (2011 4941 RO).

Art. 96 mopeds of the Confederation and the cantons for the registration of mopeds of the Confederation, the following special rules are applicable: a. the control plates are issued by the competent Department under the order of 23 February 2005 on motor vehicles of the Confederation and their drivers (OVCC). Their validity is unlimited; must appear from left to right, on the upper third, a Federal cross and the letters in the OVCC; b. the insurance certificate is not necessary; c. traffic permits should not accompany the vehicle; they will be filed with the service that delivers.

Mopeds of the cantons, for which civil liability has not been concluded (art. 73, para. 2, LCR), will have ordinary cantonal plates with a number in a special series set by the canton.

New content according to section I of the October 12 O. 2011, in force since Jan. 1. 2012 (2011 4941 RO).
RS 514.31 art. 97Remorques coupled to trailers coupled to mopeds mopeds require or permit traffic or a control plate.

New content according to section I of the October 12 O. 2011, in force since Jan. 1. 2012 (2011 4941 RO).

24 vehicles 241 expertise...

Art. 98 to 104 repealed through art. 46 o of 19 June 1995 on the reception by type of road vehicles, with effect from Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 3997).

242 expertise individual art. 105 are considered individual expertise expertise which precedent the first registration, as well as subsequent reviews.
and...
Subject to the art. 29-31 OETV, individual expertise made by a registration authority will be recognized by others. Are also recognized controls of vehicles made by suppliers (art. 32 OETV), when the latter provide evidence that the canton of parking has empowered them to check the garage.

Repealed by section II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, with effect from Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
RS 741.41 new content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content of the sentence according to section I of the Apr 11 O. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).

25 administrative measures 251 withdrawal permits movement art. 106 reason for withdrawal permit traffic must be removed: a. when the conditions laid down by the CRL or the requirements of performance governing the issuance of the permit are not met; b. when, without sufficient reason, the holder does not follow the order to present his vehicle at the expertise;

The traffic permit can be withdrawn: a. when restrictions or special conditions, which was subject to the permit (art. 80), have not been observed; b. when improper use made of the permit or plates; c. when taxes or taxes due for vehicles of the same holder have not been paid; d. when, as appropriate the charge or securities due to the vehicle within the meaning of the law of 19 December 1997 on a levy on heavy goods traffic have not been paid and that holder has been remains without effect, or that the vehicle is not equipped with the prescribed input device that allows the collection of the levy.

The withdrawal of the travel permit always result in seizure of the plates. When it comes to interchangeable plates, they can be left to the owner for one of the vehicles. The seizure of vehicles is governed by art. 221, al. 3 and 4, OETV.

New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
Introduced by section II of O on March 7, 2008, in force since April 1. 2008 (RO 2008 769).
RS RS 741.41 641.81 new content of the sentence according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).

Art. 107 duration and performance permit traffic and the plates must be removed for an indeterminate period. The withdrawal due to improper use or failure to comply with the restrictions and special conditions may be imposed for a limited time.
If the reason for removal has become irrelevant, the driving license and plates must be returned on request.
Permits for movement and the plates from which the withdrawal was decided will be claimed their holders, which will set a short time. At the expiration of this period, circulation permits and the plates will be seized by the police.

Art. 108 procedure before to withdraw permit traffic and the plates, the competent authority must give the holder the opportunity to express themselves orally or in writing.
The decision to withdraw shall be notified in writing with indication of reasons and remedies.
The circulation permit may be removed immediately, as a preventive measure, for reasons of safety or for lack of insurance.

252 vehicles not requiring licence art. 109 prohibited use


If, during a expertise or a control it is found that vehicles, for which a travel permit is not necessary according to art. 72, are not guarantees of security or are not in compliant with the State, the authority may forbid to use until they have been rehabilitated. The seizure of the vehicles is governed by art. 221, al. 3 and 4, OETV.

RS 741.41 new content of the sentence according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).

Art. 110 repealed by no II 64 of the O from 8 nov. 2006 (adaptation of O of the CF to the total revision of the Federal procedure), with effect from Jan 1. 2007 (RO 2006 4705).

Art. 111 to 113 repealed by no I of O on March 28, 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

26 vehicles foreign art. 114 recognition of registration the motor vehicles and trailers registered abroad can circulate in Switzerland if they are allowed to circulate in the country of registration and they are equipped with: a. a national permit valid or valid international certificate for motor vehicles, traffic prescribed by the convention on April 24, 1926 to vehicular traffic, etb. plates valid, as they are mentioned in the permit for the let. a. mopeds, light motorcycles, motorcycles with an engine capacity of 125 cm maximum, agricultural vehicles, passenger cars to work and trailers that come from abroad and for which the country of origin requires neither plates nor allowed traffic, can circulate in Switzerland without plates. Instead of the traffic permit, a document containing the essential information on the vehicle and the owner will be required.
The back plate is enough for motor vehicles from States issuing front plate.
Foreign vehicles must be fitted with the distinguishing sign of the State of registration.

RS 0.741.11. See also the conv. from 8 nov. 1968 on road traffic (RS 0.741.10) and HQ. European may 1, 1971 (RS 0.741.101).
New content according to section I of the O from 13 nov. 1991, in effect since Jan. 1. 1992 (1991 2536 RO).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).

Art. 115 Swiss registration motor vehicles and trailers registered abroad need to be filled a licence of Swiss movement and Swiss control plates: a. If they have their parking place for more than a year in Switzerland without a break of more than three consecutive months; (b) if the holder has lived in Switzerland for more than a year without a break of more than three consecutive months and is using his vehicle for over a month; c. If holder who a legal domicile to Switzerland lives for less than 12 consecutive months abroad and uses his vehicle in Switzerland for more than a month; d. If they are used to transport cash people or goods which are supported in Switzerland to be deposited there then (inland transport); e. If they do not meet the conditions laid down in art. 114, al. 1 and 2.

If the period of validity of a foreign license is expired abroad, the Customs authorities may authorise the use of the vehicle in Switzerland for a period of thirty consecutive days maximum; When this time has passed, the vehicle must be registered in Switzerland.

Foreign mopeds must be registered as motorcycles or as light motorcycles as long as they do not conform in all respects to a type of moped recognized in Switzerland.
Before being registered in Switzerland, foreign vehicles will be subject to official expertise.
When the Authority issues permits for movement and the Swiss plates, she gets back the plates and the foreign license. The cantonal authority cancels permits and destroyed or makes obsolete the control plates. She sends the permit to the registration authority stating that the vehicle has been registered in Switzerland and that the control plates have been destroyed or rendered obsolete. The holder may require the return of the control plates become obsolete or proof of their destruction.
The al. 6 does not apply when foreign vehicles are admitted temporarily with a permit and Swiss plates or a double registration is needed because: a. the holder is domiciled in Switzerland but he works abroad; b. the foreign vehicle is also used for transport inside the Switzerland, ouc. Alternatively, for a roughly equal time, in Switzerland and abroad, the vehicle is parked.

New content according to section I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
New content according to art. 59 No 3 of the O of March 6, 2000 on a levy on heavy goods traffic, in effect since Jan. 1. 2001 (RO 2000-1170).
Repealed by no I of O of March 7, 1994, with effect from Apr 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
Introduced by section I of O from 29 nov. 2006, in force since Feb. 1. 2007 (2007 93 RO).

Art. 116 administrative measures ban to make use of the driving license and plates, or the seizure of the vehicle are eligible when it comes to foreign vehicles that offer obviously not any guarantee of security and which thus pose a danger to road safety.
The ban to make use of the permit of foreign circulation and foreign plates are also eligible if the permit or plates are misused. Art. 60, CH 4, 2 sentence, FVO is reserved.
The procedure is regulated in art. 108 of this order and the art. 221, al. 3 and 4, OETV.
When the withdrawal of foreign circulation and foreign plates permit has been decided by foreign authorities, enforcement in will be ordered by FEDRO, insofar as the decisions of withdrawal are not given directly to the cantons.

New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 2183 6619 RO).
RS 741.31 new content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 2183 6619 RO).
RS 741.41 new content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

Art. 117 tax foreign vehicles are taxable by the canton of parking from the day where they are provided with a licence of Swiss movement with Swiss plates, or should have to be provided according to this order.

3 reviews, statistics, controls the traffic of 31 reviews 311...

Art. 118 repealed through art. 22 o from 18 oct. 2000 on the register ADMAS, with effect from the 1 janv.2001 (RO 2000 2800).

Notice of issuance of new licenses Art. 312 119 repealed by no I of O from 3 July. 2002, with effect from April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).

Art. 120 change of parking place when a vehicle or trailer registered in another canton, the registration authority will return the cancelled permits for movement and control plates to the authority of the former Township of parking who issued.
On request, the former canton of parking must transmit to the new canton of parking or the report from the vehicle and, if any, of the tachograph, either a certified copy.

New content according to chapter I of O from 29 nov. 2006, in force since Feb. 1. 2007 (2007 93 RO).

Art. 121 repealed by section I of the Sept. 3 O. 2003, with effect from Oct. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3373).

Art. 122controle by the General Directorate of customs branch customs stop with the cantons the rules to be applied for the subsequent placement under Customs and control the collection of the tax in accordance with the Limpauto and controls in general management. She has the right to conduct audits are related.
In case of temporary registration of vehicles did not object placement under customs or not imposed regime, the cantons must hand over to federal control of the vehicles the exemption documents required by the General Directorate of customs. In agreement with the federal control of the vehicles, the Directorate-General of Customs may provide an electronic transmission of the information system.

New content according to section 35 of Schedule 4 to the O from 1 nov. 2006 on customs, in force since May 1, 2007 (RO 2007 1469).
RS 641.51 313 notice of violations and other facts art. 123Avis to the competent authority for road traffic authorities reported to the competent authority for road traffic of the canton of domicile of the offender the following acts:

a. complaints due to violation of traffic requirements; (b) on request and in any case, judgments for breach of road traffic requirements.

The road traffic authority destroyed advisories denunciations and condemnations within the meaning of para. 1, when it is established that they don't result in no action.
If a criminal authority is informed of facts, such as serious illness or addiction, that could lead to a refusal or withdrawal of the permit, it shall notify the competent authority for road traffic.

New content according to section I of the O from 13 nov. 1991, in effect since Jan. 1. 1992 (1991 2536 RO).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to chapter I of O from 28 Apr. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 2853).
New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

Art. 124 repealed by no I of O from 13 nov. 1991, with effect from Jan 1. 1992 (1991 2536 RO).

Information from registers Art. 314 125 General registers and controls that must take the cantons and Confederation services are not public.
Subject to art. 126, information from the registers or the controls may not be disclosed to the authorities who need to office to issue the permit, to establish the facts or to judge in criminal or administrative proceedings.
Everyone has the right, when it justified its identity, ask, on his person or his vehicle, information from registers or controls.
The provisions of the Swiss criminal code and the Ordinance of December 21, 1973 on criminal are applicable when it comes to giving information from sentences records held by the competent authorities for road traffic or criminal records.

RS 311.0 [RO 1974 57, 1983 34, 1991 2514, 1996 3111, 1998-1565. RO 1999 3509 art. [33]. see currently O Sept. 29. 2006 on criminal record (SR 331).

Art. 126 information on registrations of vehicles the name and address of the holder of a control plate can be shared with everyone.
The name of the holder and his insurer will be shown to persons involved in an accident, and the new holder in case of change of owner.
Information from the circulation permit may be disclosed on request written and motivated people who assert a sufficient interest for a procedure.
Federal control vehicles communicated on request to the national insurance Office (art. 74, para. 1, LCR), for the clarification of accidents abroad with Swiss participation, the name of the insurer to cover the repair of the damage a given day and for a control plate or a vehicle determined.

Introduced by no II 1 of O from 22 nov. 1995, in force since Jan. 1. 1996 (RO 1995 5465).

32 statistics art. 127 vehicles vehicles statistics statistics is established by the federal Office of statistics.
The statistics of vehicles includes: a. membership, to September 30, motor vehicle registered; (b) the number of motor vehicles per month provided under let. a, which have been registered for the first time; (c) membership, to September 30, transport and work trailers; d. the number of mopeds and cycles at the end of the year; (e) the number of mopeds and motor vehicles provided under let. a, imported each month.

Following the instructions of the federal statistical Office, documents for the statistics of motor vehicles under para. 2, let. has and b, will be provided by the federal control of vehicles, for the statistics of the trailers, mopeds and cycles (al. 2, let. c and d) by the cantons and imports statistics (al. 2, let. e) by the Directorate-General of customs.
The necessary forms for statistical surveys are issued by the federal Office of statistics. At his request, FEDRO can set the procedure for these communications differently.

New name according to art. the ACF from 23 Apr 1. 1980 concerning the adaptation of the provisions of the federal law to the new names of the departments and offices (unpublished). This mod has been taken throughout the text.
New content according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).
New content according to section II 1 of O from 22 nov. 1995, in force since Jan. 1. 1996 (RO 1995 5465).

Art. 128 repealed by no I of O from 14 Apr. 2010, with effect from Jan 1. 2011 (2010 1651 RO).

Art. 129 repealed through art. 22 o from 18 oct. 2000 on the register ADMAS, with effect from Jan 1. 2001 (RO 2000 2800).

Art. 130 to 142c repealed by no I of O on March 28, 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

4 provisions criminal art. 143 drivers of motor vehicles; control plates 1. One who will be led before they reached the required minimum age, a motor vehicle for which a license is not necessary will be punished of the fine.
2. one who has led a motor vehicle for which a license is not necessary despite the ban to use, will be punished of the fine.
3. those who, as a holder of a student driver, a driver's permit, a travel permit authorisation, has not announced in time all circumstances requiring a modification or replacement of these documents or has not announced in time to the competent authority its new address in Switzerland in case of change of residence, those who will have not returned on time to the authority the duplicate of a permit after to have found the original who, as the holder of a driver's license category was limited to 25 kW, driven a motorcycle engine power exceeding 25 kW but is not 35 kW and that the relationship between the power of the engine and weight unladen exceeding 0.16 kW/kg but not more than not 0.20 kW / kg, but did not register by the authority of admission permission in driving will be punished with a fine of 100 francs at most.
4. one who has affixed an acronym 'CD' or 'AT' separated on the vehicle or who will have made use of an acronym 'CC' separated without authorization, will be punished with a fine of 100 francs at the most.
5. manufacturers of plates which will have issued plates directly to holders of vehicles will be punished the fine.

New expression according to section I of the O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to section I of the O of 18 Dec. 2015, in force since April 1. 2016 (2016 405 RO).
New expression according to section I of the O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183). This mod has been taken throughout the text.

Art. The termination of apprenticeship contracts 144Annonce the master who is not the termination of the contract of apprenticeship concluded with the learner driver of trucks whereby the student driver permit was issued until it had reached 18 or termination of the apprenticeship contract concluded with the apprentice mechanic in motorcycles, occurred during the period of validity of the driver of the category student permit has is punished by the fine.

New content according to section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Feb. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. 145 drivers of mopeds 1. and 2. …
3. that will leads a moped without a traffic permit or the required plate, one that allowed a third party to use a moped without a plate or permit traffic, one who has use of a moped equipped with a travel permit illegally, will be punished by the fine.
4. those who will drive a moped not covered by the liability insurance prescribed, one that allows a third party to make use of a moped not covered by the liability insurance prescribed, will be punished in the fine. 
5. the holder of a moped that has not announced as a change of owner or replacement of the vehicle, the holder of a licence for moped that has not announced the authority circumstances requiring a modification or replacement of this document, will be punished by the fine.

Repealed by section I of O from 3 July. 2002, with effect from April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to section I of the Apr 11 O. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).
New content according to section I of the Apr 11 O. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).

Art. Teaching of the rules of the road that 146 who, without an excuse, has not acted on a summons obliging him to follow teaching the traffic rules will be punished by the fine.

Art. 147 drivers from abroad 1. Who will be driving a vehicle while a foreign driver licence or a vehicle used with licensed foreign traffic and foreign plates that he should have to get permits and Swiss plates.

those who will drive a moped, a light motorcycle, a motorcycle with up to 125 cm of displacement or a trailer from abroad, without traffic and without plates permit, whereas it should have to get permits and Swiss plates, will be punished one who has led a foreign vehicle not equipped with the distinguishing sign of the country of registration of the fine.
2....

New content of the last phrase by clause I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
Repealed by chapter II of the O Apr 7. 1982, with effect from June 1, 1982 (RO 1982 535).

Art. 148 repealed by section I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Art. 149 owners of motor vehicles who, as a professional, will have rented motor vehicles to people leading them themselves and who has not required the mandatory list of payees or who will be denied to the bodies responsible for control the ability to read will be punished by the fine.

5 provisions final art. 150 run the cantonal authorities are free to choose the layout that they intend to give to the formulas contained in annexes 2 to 4.
FEDRO shall issue instructions concerning the form, content, appearance, paper and printing of: a. student driver permit; (b) driving licence; c. permitted traffic, including traffic for mopeds permits; d. permissions to teach the driving; e. permissions to train truck drivers apprentices; f. special permissions entries in the permits and permissions can be made only by authorities or by individuals who are are authorized in writing. The subsequent inscriptions, which have the effect to justify, modify or delete rights or obligations without be based on a decision signed and notified separately to the owner, must have the seal and signature of the competent authority.
A duplicate of the traffic permit, the authority can mark it as such, will not be issued if the loss of the original has been confirmed in writing. The holder is required to make the duplicate within fourteen days after the original was found.
FEDRO can: a. modify the medical requirements after consultation with the Federation of Swiss; b. doctors publish for medical consultants of the instructions, for official use, on how to conduct the medical examination; c. establish uniform procedures for examinations in arts. 9, al. 1, 11A and 27; (d) fix the requirements that drivers of motor vehicles must satisfy in traffic psychology; e. change the deadlines for the recognition of the plates and foreign licenses and renounce the race control according to art. 44, al. 1, as well as the theoretical examination according to art. 44, al. 2, for drivers that the country of origin requirements equivalent to those of the Switzerland in terms of training and of the examen.f....

FEDRO can establish directions for the implementation of this order; in special cases, it may allow exceptions to certain provisions. Decisions of a general nature, in principle after consultation with the cantons and specialists in the field.
FEDRO recognizes as a course of conduct of tractor in the sense of art. 4, al. 3, refresher courses during which participants will gain control of the vehicle as well as the basic knowledge of the driving dynamics necessary for driving in traffic. FEDRO establishes instructions regarding the conduct of these courses.
In motivated cases, the Customs Administration may, by derogation from art. 115, al. 1, let. d, authorize inland transport by means of vehicles registered abroad provided that the collection of fees due is guaranteed.

New content according to chapter I of O on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).
New content according to section 3 of Schedule 1 to the O 2 sept. 1998, in force since Oct. 1. 1998 (RO 1998 2352).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
New content according to section I of O of March 7, 1994, in force since April 1. 1994 (1994 726 RO).
Repealed by section I of the O on Sept. 28. 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).
Introduced by no 3 of Schedule 1 to the O 2 sept. 1998 (RO 1998 2352). New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
Introduced by art. 59 No 3 of the O of March 6, 2000 on a levy on heavy goods traffic, in effect since Jan. 1. 2001 (RO 2000-1170).

Art. 151 transitional provisions the student driver permit and in accordance with annex 10 licences may be issued upon the entry into force of this order; they should be from 1 July 1977. Permits under the old prescriptions give the right to drive vehicles in the same limits that currently;
they will have to be exchanged in accordance with annex 10 permits when the Authority gives the order to holders; the cantons should ensure that all permits based on the old prescriptions are exchanged until 31 December 1995 at the latest. In issuing new licenses to former drivers, will be observed the following rules: a. the licence holders of student driver based on the old prescriptions will pass the driving test according to the rules in force so far. candidates who have passed their exam will get a licence in accordance with annex 10 and mentioning the news categories of vehicles; b. the former licence will be replaced by new licenses that mention the categories of vehicles and the permissions for the inscriptions of the old permit; c. former license holders will benefit from the rights established by this order; d. the category of driver's license prescribed by this order will be issued without test driving at those who drove so far of working machines with maximum speed greater than 40 km/h; This permit will be limited to working machines; e. the driver's license, made mandatory by the present order, will be issued without examination to agricultural motor vehicles drivers who are currently holding no licence of a category, provided they make the request within a period of five years from the entry into force of this order; Thereafter, the license will be more issued them only following a simplified theoretical review.

Drivers of mopeds with 14 years of age after 30 June 1977 and hold no license category any must have a licence for mopeds. Those who are 14 years of age prior to July 1, 1977 and hold no license category any is required, until January 1, 1980, a licence for mopeds which they will be issued without examination to the aforementioned date; After this period, the licence for mopeds will be issued to them in accordance with the provisions of this order.
Remain valid permits issued under the former law to driving schools monitors or monitors of the Confederation, to enable them to carry out their activities without a permit of a driving instructor.
Fitted with a special sign plates provided for in art. 82, al. 2, let. b and c, will be issued from July 1, 1977. Current plates for cars rental, professional plates and test will have to be exchanged for plates with a special sign within a period of three years from the entry into force of this order.
Former formats plates must be replaced when the competent authority gives the order to holders.
Mopeds imported or built in Switzerland after 1 January 1978 must have a permit from traffic and comply with this order plates. Mopeds imported prior to that date will be admitted according to the rules of the old law (label, transferable distinctive sign) until December 31, 1983, on the condition that the holder has the licence issued according to the old law or the moped fitted with the label; from January 1, 1984, these mopeds are also registered on the basis of a subsequent control consistent with this order. The cantons may apply this order before January 1, 1984 to mopeds who are admitted according to the old right and who have been denied during controls. When a moped was admitted under the rules of the old law, on the basis of a control certificate, its driver must always wear this certificate on him.

If compelling reasons so require, DETEC may extend the time limits set by these transitional provisions and, if necessary, to enact transitional rules for other cases.
Insofar as rules in force so far still apply under the transitional provisions, the measures and penalties in force previously still also apply.

New content of the sentence according to ch. III al. 3 Apr 15 o. 1987, in force since May 1, 1987 (RO 1987 628).
New content according to chapter III al. 3 Apr 15 o. 1987, in force since May 1, 1987 (RO 1987 628).
New content according to chapter I of the O of 17 October. 1979, in force since Jan. 1. 1980 (1979 1753 RO).
Last sentence introduced by section I of O of 17 October. 1979, in force since Jan. 1. 1980 (1979 1753 RO).

Art. Transitional 151aDispositions arising from the June 19, 1995 amendments holders of a license based on the current law enjoy the rights established by this amendment, even without registration in their permit.
Drivers who are holders of the licence of category F may ask the authority to pay a registration allowing them to drive vehicles whose maximum speed does not exceed 45 km/h.
The current requirements may continue to be applied to motor vehicles registered before 1 October 1995 which, according to the new law, are considered light motor quadricycles, motor quadricycles or motor tricycles.

Introduced by the c. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).

Art. Transitional 151bDispositions of 11 April 2001 changing holders of the class B licence, which is limited to small vehicles, may request cancellation of the code 05 for racing in international traffic. In internal traffic, the restriction lapses even without cancellation.
Control plates with the letter 'V' should be replaced by the regular series plates a year at the latest after the entry into force of art. 82, al. 2, changed. The holder can ask the cancellation of registration "rental car".

Introduced by the I of O ch. 11 Apr. 2001, in force since June 1, 2001 (RO 2001 1387).

Art. Transitional 151cDispositions of the amendment of June 15, 2001 the category D licence limited to a course determined under art. 11, al. 5, the former law, gives the holder the right to drive buses to the same extent that until then.
The restriction will be removed if the ability to drive unrestricted coach is found during a road test with a vehicle of category D for exams (Appendix 12, ch. V). Is admitted to this review any person who drives such a vehicle for a year in regional traffic in line or who can prove that she followed the minimum training described in annex 10, ch. 2.

Introduced by chapter I of the O on June 15, 2001, in force since 1 August 2001 (RO 2001 1821).
New content according to chapter I of the O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).

Art. Transitional 151dDispositions arising from the July 3, 2002 amendment to drive effective permissions are maintained in their current scope, except for the former category C licence holders, to perform non-professional transport of people by bus.
A new licence will be established: a. If changes of facts within the meaning of art. 26 are recognized; (b) at the end of the duration of the withdrawal if a license has been removed under the current law.

When allowed to drive motor vehicles of a category or a subcategory under the new law is withdrawn from the permit holder of student driver or a driver's license, established according to the current law, unless the driving of vehicles of special categories is prohibited at the same time, authorized to drive vehicles of category special F is maintained for vehicles referred to in art. 3, al. 3. the procedure provided for by the present law applies to the issuance of the licence to the licence holders of student driver according to the current law. Holders of a student driver of the current category A1 permit must follow under art basic practical training. 19. with a permission of the authority for admission, a driver of the current A1 category student permit holders can: a. perform errands of learning with motorcycles and category A the engine power exceeding 25 kW not including the relationship between the power of the engine and weight unladen shall exceed not 0.16 kW/kg; b. conduct racing with motorcycles of category learning has the engine power exceeding 25 kW or which the relationship between the power of the engine and weight more empty than 0.16 kW/kg, if they have 25 years of age.

Vehicles of categories C, D and this used for examinations, which are consistent with the requirements under the current law, will have to meet new requirements from 1 January 2006.

After the establishment of the new licence, the current C1 category will give authorized to drive the new subcategories C1 and C1E vehicles as well as motor cars serving housing and motor vehicles of the fire services exceeding 7500 kg in total weight.
After the establishment of the new licence, the current D1 category will give authorized to drive vehicles the new categories C1, C1E, D1 and D1E and effector of professional transport of passengers according to art. 25. the authorization issued for the driving of vehicles with a total of 3500 kg maximum and more weight of 16 seats in addition to the driver's seat is mentioned as an additional indication in the licence and is valid only in internal traffic.
After the establishment of the new licence, the current D2 category will give authorized to drive motor vehicles of the new subcategories D1 and D1E, limited to the conduct of minibuses up to 3500 kg allocated to non-professional transport of people. The limitation in minibuses not exceeding 3500 kg does not apply to holders of a licence the current C1 category. She will be thrown while getting the new subcategory C1. The obligation to submit to a medical examination according to art. 27, al. 1, let. a, point 1, emerged only for holders of a licence of the unlimited subcategory D1. The authorization issued for the driving of vehicles with a total of 3500 kg maximum and more weight of 16 seats in addition to the driver's seat is mentioned as an additional indication in the licence and is valid only in internal traffic.
After the establishment of a new permit to drive, the category current F will give authorized to drive for the new special category F motor vehicles, as well as new subcategory A1, limited to motorcycles whose maximum speed does not exceed 45 km/h.
The obligation to submit to a medical examination according to art. 27, al. 1, let. b, does not apply to people who already have a licence for mopeds.

After the establishment of the new licence, category C current without permission to tow trailers of category E through motor vehicle (status 09) gives permission to drive motor vehicles of the new categories BE and new subcategories C1E and D1E, if a licence has been issued for the corresponding vehicle.

Introduced by section I of O from 3 July. 2002, in force since April 1. 2003 (RO 2002 3259).
Repealed by no I of O of 18 Dec. 2015, with effect from April 1. 2016 (2016 405 RO).
Sentence introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
Sentence introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
Repealed by no I of O on Sept. 26. 2003, with effect from Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).
New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 26 O. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. Transitional 151eDispositions respecting the amendment of September 26, 2003 the driving instructors who have obtained the monitor of category I permit before April 1, 2003 are entitled to train candidates for driving licence for subcategory D1 in vehicles with a total weight of 3500 kg maximum.
The driving instructors who have granted permission to monitor of category IV before April 1, 2003 are entitled to provide the practical training base within the meaning of art. 19 after taking the course of development prescribed by FEDRO.

Introduced by section I of the O on Sept. 26. 2003, in force since Nov. 1. 2003 (RO 2003 3719).

Art. Transitional 151fDispositions of the change of October 27, 2004 the licence is not issued testing to individuals who have filed their application driver class A student or B before December 1, 2005 and who were born before December 1, 1987.

Competent authorities issue for companies wishing to organize additional training courses a temporary permit if they already operate in the field of training or development of drivers of motor vehicles and they can show in a plausible manner that they meet the conditions set out in art. 27th. the provisional authorization is valid until the ordinary admission as an organizer of courses, but for a period of up to two years. More no temporary permit will be issued after December 1, 2007.

Introduced by section I of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Art. Transitional 151gDispositions respecting the amendment of February 23, 2005 the Confederation monitors must register by June 30, 2005, with the authority of their canton of residence registration with the federal permit of a driving instructor.

Introduced by section II 4 of the appendix to the O on Feb 23. 2005 on motor vehicles of the Confederation and their drivers, in force since March 1, 2005 (RO 2005 1167 1587).

Art. 151hDispositions transitional modified March 28, 2007 the age of 18 who have applied for a permit of category special F driver student before January 1, 2008 or who are holders of a licence of the special category F this date may, in derogation from art. 6, al. 1, let. b, c. 2, drive all vehicles of this special category F before turning 18.
When they deliver the licence of category special F to a person who has acquired the licences to student driver according to para. 1, admission authorities confirm in writing that the holder is entitled to drive all vehicles in category special F before turning 18.

Introduced by chapter I of the March 28, 2007 (RO 2007 2183) O. New content according to chapter I of the Sept. 28 O. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Art. 151iDispositions transitional relating to the amendment of November 30, 2012 of the plates of control to the format expected by the old law (18 cm long and 14 cm height) may be issued for light motorcycles and light as well as motor quadricycles for their trailers until December 31, 2017. The existing plates will continue to be used indefinitely.

New content according to section I of the O from 30 nov. in force since Jan. 1, 2012. 2013 (2012 7149 RO).

Art. 151j in force since July 1. 2016 (2015 2599 RO).

Art. Transitional 151kDispositions respecting the amendment of December 18, 2015, after the establishment of a new licence, a licence issued before April 1, 2003, to the driving of motorcycles of category A1 gives the authorization to drive motorcycles of the new category A, the engine power is not 35 kW more than the relationship between the power of the engine and weight unladen shall exceed not 0.20 kW/kg. This restriction will be removed on request of the holder of the permit if he has passed the practical test on a motorcycle who meets the requirements applicable to the review of category A vehicle. The admission authority establishes an appropriate driver student permit.
Holders of a driver or a driver's license in the category student permit is limited to 25 kW are allowed to drive motorcycles exceeding 25 kW in the power of the engine but not 35 kW more than the relationship between the power of the engine and weight unladen exceeding 0.16 kW/kg but not more than not 0.20 kW/kg. Who wants to race with vehicles the engine power exceeding 25 kW but does not exceed 35 kW and which the relationship between the power of the engine and weight empty more than 0.16 kW/kg but does not exceed 0.20 kW/kg must register by the authority of admission permission in the license.
A driver of the category student permit holders was limited to 25 kW get the category was limited to motorcycles whose engine power exceeds not 35 kW and the relationship between the power of the engine and weight empty is not 0.20 kW/kg, once they have passed the examination of driver.
The length of detention of A category limited to 25 kW is fully taken into account for the lifting of the limitation of power within the meaning of art. 24, al. 5. holders of a permit of category A limited to 25 kW driver student must pass the practical test on a motorcycle in line with the old requirements for vehicles used in the exams.

Introduced by the I of O ch. 18 Dec. 2015, in force since April 1. 2016 (2016 405 RO).

Art. Modification of existing law 152...

Mod. can be found at the RO 1976 2423.

Art. 153 abrogation of the previous provisions contrary to this order are repealed on the date of its entry into force, including: a. order of the federal Council of May 10, 1957 concerning the international motor traffic; b. stopped the federal Council of 21 October 1960 concerning measures of control relating to road traffic; c. stopped the federal Council December 3, 1965, on the requirements to meet the vehicles used for driving tests or for driving schools; d. Decree of the federal Council of 28 January 1966, concerning motor vehicles and drivers from abroad; e. Decree of the federal Council of 10 January 1967 regarding permits to truck drivers students; f. stopped of the federal Council of 10 November 1967 on the form of permits for motor vehicles and their drivers; g. order of the federal Council of February 14, 1968, on the finding of intoxication of the users of the Road; h. stopped by the federal Council of January 22, 1969, on the plates of control for automobiles of the beneficiaries of privileges and immunities diplomatic or consular; i. stopped of the federal Council of 2 July 1969 concerning the instructors and driving schools; k. stopped federal Council August 27, 1969, grouping the administrative provisions taken in application of the law on road traffic; l. order of the federal Council of 28 April 1971 on the medical requirements required drivers to vehicles and medical review; Mr. art. 20 of the Ordinance of 6 July 1951 on trolleybuses.

[1957 416 RO]
[1960 1237 RO]
[RO 1965 1053]
[RO 1966 352]
[RO 1967 46 76, 1973 948 ch. II]
[RO 1967 1717]
[1968 261 RO]
[RO 1969 170]
[RO 1969 477 532]
[RO 1969 813 1116, 1971 479 art. 10 al.2 716, 1972 611 746 art. 7 par. 2, 1973 2155 ch. II, 1974 57 Article 25]
[RO 1971 479]
SR 744.211 art. 154 entry into force art. 19 does not apply to drivers who are registered for the driving test before March 1, 1977.
This order comes into force on January 1, 1977.

Final provision of the amendment of 15 April 1987 final provisions of the amendment of 15 April 1987 final provisions of the amendment of February 13, 1991 final provisions of the amendment of November 13, 1991 final provision of the amendment of March 7, 1994, for special permissions, the cantons are entitled to use again for two years the formulas established under current law.

Annex 1 (art. 7, 27 and 65) medical requirements 1 group 2 Group 3 Group licence category D a. driver's license category. Cb license subcategories C1 and D1c. authorization to transport people to title professionneld. ... e. Experts of traffic a. licence categories A and Bb. driving licence subcategories A1 and B1c. driver's license categories special F, G and MD....

1 size 160 cm letter a: 155 cm 2 nervous system not mental illness. No diseases of the nerves leading to permanent disabilities. No oligophrenia. No psychopathy. No disturbances or periodic blackouts. No balance disorders.

No mental illness. No diseases of the nerves leading to permanent disabilities. No oligophrenia. No psychopathy. No disturbances or periodic blackouts. No balance disorders.

No serious diseases of the nerves. No major mental illnesses. No oligophrenia. No psychopathy. No disturbances or periodic blackouts. No balance disorders.

3 view Visual acuity corrected or corrected: at least 1.0 for a look and at least for the other 0.8. Corrective lenses: 4 diopters at the most for 3 dioptres at most for convex lenses and concave lenses. Astigmatism: 2 diopters at the most. No reduction of the Visual field. No disturbance of vision at dusk. No diplopia. No significant reduction in stereoscopic vision. No squint (paralytic or concomitant). No aphakia, except in the event of correction through contacts all day and in case of binocular vision. No lagophthalmos. No serious PTOSIS. No fixity of the pupil, even on one side. Candidates whose visual acuity is sufficient only with glasses or contact lenses are required to wear them to drive. In the dark, fitted with tinted glasses can present a 35 percent maximum absorption rate


Visual acuity corrected eyes 2: minimum 0.8, or even a fixed eye 1.0 and the other corrected at least 0.6. No reduction of the Visual field. No disturbance of vision at dusk. No diplopia. No significant reduction in stereoscopic vision. No aphakia, except in the event of correction through contacts all day and in case of binocular vision. Candidates whose visual acuity is sufficient only with glasses or contact lenses are required to wear them to drive. In the dark glasses with tinted lenses may be an absorption rate of 35% to the maximum a minimum corrected eye 0.6, the other corrected at least 0.1. Minimum visual field 140 ° horizontally. No diplopia. Monocular vision: uncorrected or corrected minimum 0.8. No reduction of the Visual field. In addition, for one-eyed, waiting period of 4 months at least after the beginning of the infirmity, then review by an expert of the flow and presentation of the certificate of an oculist. After a cataract operation, there must be, for one-eyed, a waiting period of four months. Candidates whose visual acuity is sufficient only with glasses or contact lenses are required to wear them to drive. In the darkness, the glasses with tinted lenses may present a 35 percent maximum absorption rate. With one-eyed of deafness are not allowed to drive vehicles 4 hearing normal audible voice to 8 m by each ear (without hearing). No serious diseases of the inner or middle ear.

Normal voice audible to 3 m from each ear. In the case of deafness in one ear: 6 m (without hearing).

Deaf with a monocular vision are not allowed to drive vehicles.

5 rib cage and spine deformation no processuspathologiques impeding respiration and motility.

No deformation or pathological processes significantly impeding respiration and motility.

No deformation significantly impeding respiration and motility.

6 organs respiratory pulmonary tuberculosis no active. No chronic lung disease and asthma likely to restrict the means of the person concerned. No difficulty of breathing. No pneumothorax.

No active pulmonary tuberculosis. No chronic lung disease and asthma likely to restrict the means of the person concerned. No breathing difficulties.

7 heart and vessels not of cardiovascular disorders. No serious abnormality of blood pressure.

No serious cardiovascular disorders. No serious abnormality of blood pressure.

No serious circulatory problems.

8 abdomen and organs of assimilation no severe functional disorders of the gastrointestinal system and metabolism. No hernias. No prolapse.

No serious functional disorders of the gastrointestinal system and metabolism. No painful hernias. No prolapse.

No serious disorders of the metabolism.

9 members absolutely normal operation. No bends, shortening, mutilation, stiffness, or paralysis making driving difficult.

Functioning enough for safe driving.

No mutilations, stiffness or impossible to correct sufficiently serious paralysis by special devices.

Updated by clause II of the O on Feb 13. 1991 (RO 1991 982), section I of the O from 13 nov. 1991 (RO 1991 2536) and section II of the O from 3 July. 2002 (RO 2002 3259) and ch. II, al. the O 2 Sept. 28. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Status 1 April 2016 annex 2 (art. 7, 11A and 65) certificate medical I intended for the Swiss Confederation doctor Federal Act of 19 December 1958 on road traffic II certificate medical on the ability of A fill and stamping by the name authority: name: Date of birth: Profession: home town: (for foreigners: country of origin) Home: Street: a. as a driver of a motor vehicle of GroupB. as drivers of mopeds or vehicles for which a license is not necessary *. C as an expert in traffic * III. result of the medical examination important A.Indications of the anamnesis B. findings 1 General Constitution (constitution type) 11 size (without shoes): weight (without clothes): 12 the candidate gives the impression of being healthy * / sick * * highlight what suits.

2 system nervous Reflexes: Athetosis: sense of balance: psycho-mental Alterations: 3 view 31 acuity: right non corr.: corr.: left no corr.: corr.: 32 sense of colour: 33 Visual field: right: left: 34 abnormalities or diseases of the eye: 35 monocular Vision: birth: as a result of an accident: as a result of a disease: 4 41 normal audible voice hearing : right: left: 42 the inner or middle ear diseases: 5 Rib Cage and spinal column Deformations, stiffness, deformity: 6 61 Airways upper and lower respiratory organs: 62 lungs: 7 heart and vessels 71 limit of the heart (relative dullness, shock of the tip): 72 sounds heart, ev. Souffles: 73 heart Action at rest: after ten flexing of knees: recovery time: 74 blood pressure (systolic and diastolic): 8 Abdomen and organs of the assimilation organs of digestion 81: 82 Genitourinary organs, including urinalysis to detect albumin and diabetes: 83 endocrine system: 84 hernia, prolapse: 9 members 91 Anomalies, mutilation: 92 functional disorders: 01 the candidate should be sent to a specialist?

Yes * / no * place and date: Signature of doctor: * emphasize what suits.

New content according to chapter II, al. the O 2 Sept. 28. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Status 1 April 2016 annex 3 (art. 7, 11A, 27, 65) report medical I intended to the authority issuing the permit Confederation Swiss Federal Act of 19 December 1958 on road traffic II medical report regarding the ability of name: first name: Date of birth: home town: (for foreigners: country of origin) Home: Street: a. as a driver of a motor vehicle of GroupB. as drivers of mopeds or vehicles for which a license is not necessary * c. as an expert in traffic * key findings for the diagnosis by the physician: 1 the candidate is able to drive 11 of the vehicles of the 3 Group (cat.) A, B, sous-cat. A1, B1, cat. Special F, G and M): Yes * / No * 12 vehicles of the 2 Group (cat.) C, sous-cat. (C1, D1): Yes * / No * 13 vehicles of the 1 group (cat.) (D): Yes * / No * 14 vehicles for which a driving licence is not necessary: Yes * / No * 15 vehicles assigned to the professional transport of persons: Yes * / No * 2 the candidate is fit 21 as an expert in traffic: yes * / no * * highlight what suits.

3. the candidate is able if he submits to the following medical conditions: 4 repetition of examination all the... years by the medical consultant * / family doctor * 5 other remarks: place and date: Signature of doctor: * emphasize what suits.

New content according to chapter II, al. the O 2 Sept. 28. 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

State April 1, 2016 annex 4 (art. 11) application for driver or driving directions 1 student permit personal name: (name of birth also) first name: name (s) previous (potential (s): names of parents: Date of birth: (day/month/year) address: NPA/home: home town: (for foreigners: country of origin) previous home: until: recent passport (35´45 mm) Signature Photo: field reserved for the electronic signature capture application for issuance of a permit or permit driver student of drive of the (s) category (s): A B C D BE this of of the (a) subcategory (s): A1 B1 C1 D1, C1E, D1E of the (s) category (s) task (s): F G M or authorization to transport people in a professional capacity (Description of categories: see annex) the applicant declares: 2 license previous 2.1 are you or have you ever been a student driver licence a licence or a permit to transport people in a professional capacity?

Yes No 2.2 If Yes, for which (s) category (s) of vehicle?

2.3 by which canton or what condition was issued?

2.4 date of issue: 2.5 in case of exchange of foreign driving licence: in what State did you the driving test?

3 the category D driving practice, subcategory D1, authorization to transport people in a professional capacity do you have a practical experience of driving vehicles of categories or the following subcategories and, if yes, how long?

B years months B1 years months C years months C1 years months F years months Trolleybus years months 4 penalties/measures 4.1 criminal proceedings is pending against you?

Yes No 4.2 student driver permit or licence or authorization to transport people in a professional capacity you has already been withheld or withdrawn or driving a vehicle you already was forbidden?

Yes No 5 illnesses, disabilities and addictions 5.1


Do you suffer from diseases incompletely cured such as:-disease of the respiratory organs?

-cardiovascular disease?

-kidney disease?

-disease of the nervous system?

-disease of the abdominal organs?

-injury due to an accident?

5.2 have you or have you had:-fading?

-State of weakness?

-of addictions (alcohol, drugs, medication)?

-of mental disorders?

-of crises of epilepsy or similar crises?

-of deafness?

5.3 A your knowledge, your blood pressure is too high or too low?

5.4 you already was admitted to a hospital for alcoholics?

5.5 you already followed in rehab for drug use?

5.6 you already was admitted to a hospital because of mental illness or depression?

. Are 5.7 you receiving a pension of illness or accident?

5.8. do you have other diseases or infirmities that prevent you from driving a motor vehicle safely?

5.9 eye test (valid 24 months): what to consider?

For all the people: ch. 1-3 for the candidates to a driving licence categories C and D as well as subcategories C1 and D1 or authorization to transport people in a professional capacity: 1 to 5 1 ch. Visual acuity: corrected uncorrected distant Vision at Dr.: left: to Dr.: left: 2 horizontal Visual field without limit ³ 140 ° < 140 losses: No Yes: right to left 3. Mobility of the eyes 6 directions were discussed: right at the top, to the right, right at the bottom, left in the top left, left downstairs diplopia: No Yes, direction of gaze 4. View stereoscopic is there significant reductions?

Yes No 5. Is there an anisocoria pupillary motility?

Yes No Reaction to the speedy light (two eyes), delayed or missing result: the requirements for the group... are met.

without optical device with glasses or contacts only with medical clearance remarks Date: Signature and seal: 6 people under guardianship are you a minor or under guardianship?

Yes No name and address of the guardian or legal representative: anyone will be fraudulently obtained a permit by providing inaccurate information, concealing important facts or presenting false certificates will be punished to imprisonment or a fine (art. 97 LCR) and will withdraw the permit (art. 16 LCR).

The undersigned confirms completing the application in accordance with the truth form: place and date: Signature of the legal representative: (for minors and persons under guardianship) authorized service to receive this request must confirm the identity of people seeking their first permit student driver, their first driver's license or their first authorization to transport people on a professional basis (art. 11 al. 3 of the Ordinance regulating the admission of persons and vehicles on the movement): the identity of the applicant is confirmed: (stamp and signature) Documents attached: (please tick what fits) if applicable (art. 10 OAC), the certification that a recognized first aid course was followed successfully apprentice truck drivers who do not yet 18 years of age: certificate from the cantonal vocational training Office , whereby a valid learning contract was concluded (art. 11, al. 2, OAC) mechanics apprentices in motorcycles: certificate from the cantonal Office of vocational training, according to which a valid learning contract was concluded (art. 11, para. 2, OAC) foreign nationals: booklet for foreigners and foreign driving license new content according to chapter II of the O from 3 July. 2002 (RO 2002 3259). Updated by clause II of the O of Sept. 26. 2003 (RO 2003 3719) and ch. II al. 2 o on March 28, 2007, in force since Jan. 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

April 1, 2016 Appendix Description of categories, subcategories and special categories of licence A Motocycles.B cars car and tricycle motor whose total weight does not exceed 3500 kg and the number of seats, in addition to the driver's seat, shall not exceed eight; a vehicle of this category can tow a trailer whose total weight does not exceed 750 kg; combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle in category B and a trailer of more than 750 kg, provided that the total weight does not exceed 3500 kg and the total weight of the trailer is not greater than the weight of the towing vehicle. C cars - with the exception of those of category D - whose total weight is greater than 3500 kg; a vehicle of this category may tow a trailer whose total weight does not exceed 750 kg. D motor vehicles assigned to the transport of persons and having more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat; a vehicle of this category can tow a trailer whose total weight exceeds not 750 kg.BE combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor category B and a trailer vehicle but who, as sets, are not in the category B.CE combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle in category C and a trailer exceeding 750 kg.DE combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor category D and a trailer vehicle total weight the total weight exceeding 750 kg. A1 motorcycles an engine capacity not exceeding 125 cm and a maximum power of 11 kW.B1 Quadricycles engine and weight unladen motor tricycles does not exceed 550 kg. C1 cars - with the exception of those of category D - including weight total exceeds 3500 kg without exceeding 7500 kg; a vehicle of this subcategory may tow a trailer whose total weight does not exceed 750 kg. D1 motor vehicles assigned to the transport of people and whose number of sitting places is greater than eight but not more than sixteen, in addition to the driver's seat; a vehicle of this subcategory may tow a trailer whose total weight does not exceed 750 kg. C1E combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle subcategory C1 and a trailer with a total weight exceeding 750 kg, provided that the weight of the whole does not exceed 12 000 kg and the total weight of the trailer is not more than the weight unladen vehicle. D1E combinations of vehicles consisting of a tractor vehicle subcategory D1 and a trailer with a total weight exceeding 750 kg, provided that the total weight does not exceed 12 000 kg, that the total weight of the trailer does not exceed the unladen weight of the towing vehicle and the trailer is not used for the transport of persons. F vehicles whose maximum speed does not exceed 45 km/h, with the exception of motorcycles. G agricultural motor vehicles whose maximum speed does not exceed 30 km/h, with the exception of special vehicles. M mopeds.

Status as of April 1, 2016 annex 4A (art. 24b, para. 1) application for licence of unlimited duration (A given to competent cars based on the Home Service, a month at the earliest before the expiration date of the driver's license test.)

Street name first name Date of birth and postcode/location number of the license request to get a licence of unlimited duration.

Place and date: Signature of the applicant: one who, by giving incorrect information, concealing important facts or presenting false certificates, obtained fraudulently licensed shall be punished to imprisonment or a fine (art. 97 LCR) and should expect a withdrawal of permit (art. 16 LCR).

Participation in further training certificate expiration Date of the license to test: 1 day course 2 day course stamp and signature of the organizer of the course stamp and signature of the organizer of the course Date: Date: introduced by section II of the O on October 27. 2004, in force since Dec. 1. 2005 (RO 2004 5057).

Status as of April 1, 2016 Annexes 5 and 6 repealed by section II, al. O 1 from 28 sept. 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (2007 5013 RO).

Status as of April 1, 2016 annex 7 (arts. 66 and 67) materials for examinations of traffic 1 traffic Experts expert groups driving and controls of vehicles 11 theoretical knowledge exams 1 group of subjects: Law Elements of administrative law; rights and duties of the expert from traffic; the traffic rules and signs; liability and insurance; administrative law measures; fundamental principles of criminal law road and knowledge of offences which are planned.
2 group of subjects: Psychology General knowledge of men; appreciation of work and behavior; ability to drive; basic principles on how to conduct a conversation; determining factors in the course of the driving test; activity of the expert of the movement as a special task; relationship of the expert of the movement with the public.
3 Group of subjects: mathematics and automotive engineering basic mathematical Operations. systems of quantities and units; principle of levers; kinematics; energy; friction; work; power; mass; electrical installations; engines; brakes; carburetor; transmission; wheels and tyres; chassis and steering apparatus; knowledge of the test benches.

4 group of materials: Construction and equipment of vehicles according to the regulations on the construction and equipment of road vehicles.
5 group of materials: direction of travel way to observe the traffic. environment (with respect to road traffic); dynamic and tactical traffic; dangers and consequences of the absorption of alcohol, drugs and medicines.

12 practical work 6 Group of materials: make a practical exam a candidate for the licence for light motor cars and make a judgment on the student driver.

7 Group of subjects: technical review of a light car (car delivery or light articulated vehicle) and establish the control documents.

2 traffic experts responsible for driving tests 21 theoretical knowledge 1 group of subjects: law fundamentals of administrative law; rights and duties of the expert from traffic; the traffic rules and signs; liability and insurance; administrative law measures; fundamental principles of criminal law road and knowledge of offences which are planned.
2 group of subjects: Psychology General knowledge of men; appreciation of work and behavior; ability to drive; basic principles on how to conduct a conversation; determining factors in the course of the driving test; activity of the expert of the movement as a special task; relationship of the expert of the movement with the public.
3 Group of materials: direction of travel way to observe the traffic. environment (with respect to road traffic); dynamic and tactical traffic; dangers and consequences of the absorption of alcohol, drugs and medicines.

22 4 practical group of materials: make a practical exam a candidate for the licence for light motor cars and make a judgment on the student driver.

3 experts of traffic law enforcement vehicles 31 Experts from traffic controls law enforcement vehicles controls 1 group of subjects: law fundamentals of administrative law; rights and duties of the traffic expert.
2 group of subjects: Psychology fundamentals on how to conduct a conversation. activity of the expert of the movement as a special task; relationship of the expert of the movement with the public.
3 Group of subjects: mathematics and automotive engineering basic mathematical Operations. system of quantities and units; principle of levers; kinematics; energy; friction; work; power; mass; electrical installations; engines; brakes; carburetor; transmission; wheels and tyres; chassis and steering apparatus; knowledge of the test benches.
4 group of materials: Construction and equipment of vehicles according to the regulations on the construction and equipment of road vehicles.

32 Lab 5 group of materials: a technical review of a light car (car delivery or light articulated vehicle) and establish the control documents.

Update according to ch. II 10 of annex 1 to the O of 19 June 1995 concerning technical requirements for road vehicles, in effect since Oct. 1. 1995 (RO 1995 4425).

Status as of April 1, 2016 Annexes 8 and 9 repealed by section II, al. 1 o on March 28, 2007, with effect from Jan 1. 2008 (RO 2007 2183).

Status as of April 1, 2016 Schedule 10 repealed by section II al. 1 o on June 15, 2007, with effect from Sept. 1. 2009 (2007 3533 RO).

Status as of April 1, 2016 annex 11 (art. 13 and 21) evidence of the acquisition of theoretical knowledge I knowledge the drivers of motor vehicles must at any time possess the qualifications and present behaviors allowing them to:-identify the dangers of road traffic and to assess the importance; - identify major technical defects in their vehicles, including those which jeopardize road safety , and get them repaired as it should be; - take account of all factors affecting the ability to drive (alcohol, pharmaceuticals and drugs, overwork, view failed, etc), in order to fully retain the capacity to drive the vehicle safely.

II. minimum requirements proof of the knowledge set out in section I is provided by examining the following aspects: 1 knowledge base (art. 13) test 1.1Les requirements for road traffic: including signals, including road markings and light signals, the priority rules and regulations governing the maximum speeds.
1.2 the driver: 1.2.1 the importance of attention and rules of behavior to other users of the road; 1.2.2 the perception and assessment of traffic situations and decisions to be taken, including reaction time, the changes in the behaviour of the driver under the influence of alcohol, drugs and pharmaceuticals, as well as the effects of States of excitement and fatigue; 1.2.3 rules governing the ecological use of the vehicle (drive in environmentally and) Thrifty way, avoiding the noise), including: - use the highest gear possible; - commit a higher gear in time - stop the motor at every opportunity (particularly at the crossings closed and at red lights); - know the principle of rotation in push (by cutting the gas).

1.3 the road: 1.3.1 basic principles regarding the respect of the safe distance to other vehicles, the braking distance and the handling of the vehicle depending on weather conditions and the State of the roads; 1.3.2 the dangers inherent in the different States of the road depending on weather conditions and various moments of the day and night; 1.3.3 the peculiarities of the different kinds of roads and topical legal prescriptions.

1.4 other road users: 1.4.1 hazards specific related to the inexperience of the other road users and groups of highly vulnerable people, such as children, pedestrians, cyclists and people with reduced mobility; 1.4.2 the dangers inherent in the presence, on the road, of various kinds of vehicles that stand out by their driving characteristics and different vision than have the drivers.

1.5 the General requirements and different rules: 1.5.1 prescriptions governing official documents required to make use of a vehicle; 1.5.2 rules General on the behaviour of the driver in case of accident (take the appropriate security measures, alert the police, the rescue measures); 1.5.3 factors influencing the safety of loading and passengers.

1.6Les safety measures to take when leaving the vehicle: 1.6.1 components that play a role determining road safety: drivers must be able to detect the most frequent defects affecting particularly the steering systems, suspension and braking, tires, lights and road crossing, the operability of direction, reflectors , mirrors, lave-glaces systems and wipers, the exhaust, the seat belts and the Sounders; 1.6.2 safety equipment of the vehicles, including the use of safety belts, head restraints and child safety devices.

2 complementary theoretical review (art. 21) 2.1 the scope of the Ordinance on the duration of the work and the rest, including the use of the tachograph in transit for which the use is required; 2.2 the General requirements governing the transport of people and goods; 2.3 How to behave in case of accident; knowledge of measures to be taken after an accident or similar event, including operations such as the evacuation of the passengers and the occupants; 2.4 precautions to be taken when removing and the replacement of the wheels; 2.5 requirements concerning the weights and dimensions of vehicles; 2.6 the peculiarities of the reduced visibility inherent in the characteristics of the vehicle; 2.7 construction principles the proper use and maintenance of tyres; 2.8 current principles of various types of coupling devices of trailers, their main parts, connections, use and maintenance; 2.9 methods of locating causes of breakdowns; 2.10 the preventive maintenance of motor vehicles and the carrying out of repairs in good time; 2.11 principles of construction and operation of the following : engine, fluids (e.g. engine, cooling liquid oil, liquid lave-glaces, lubricants and freeze), fuel system, electrical system, ignition system, transmission system (clutch, gearbox, etc.); 2.12 the principles of various types of braking systems and speed limitation devices (including prescriptions), operation, main parts, connections, use, and maintenance current; 2.13 the traffic rules, signals, and markings for the use of vehicles of categories C and D and subcategories C1 and D1; 2.14 the basics a docking course loads.


Introduced by section II of the O from 3 July. 2002 (RO 2002 3259). Updated by section II of the Sept. 26 O. 2003 (RO 2003 3719) and ch. II al. 2 o of 15 June 2007, in effect since Sept. 1. 2009 (2007 3533 RO).

Status as of April 1, 2016 annex 12 (art. 22) review practice I admission requirements are admitted to the practical examination: candidates for a licence of category a. who: 1 are in possession of a valid driver category A student permit, 2 followed a course of theory of traffic (art. 18), et3. followed Basic for motorcyclists (art. 19) students practical training;

b. a license of category B candidates who: 1. are in possession of a valid driver category B et2 student permit. attended a course of theory of traffic (art. 18);

c. candidates for a category C licence that 1. are in possession of a valid driving license of category B, 2. a permit of category C valid driver student, et3. succeeded the further theoretical review (art. 21);

d. candidates for a category D licence who: 1. are in possession of a valid driving license of category C, or 2. of a valid driving license category B, a valid category D driver student permit, et3. succeeded the further theoretical review (art. 21);

e. candidates at a driving licence for categories BE, CE or and subcategories C1E or D1E which: 1. are in possession of a valid driver's license to the towing vehicle, and2. a student driver valid for all vehicles corresponding permit;

f. candidates for a category A1 licence who: 1 are in possession of a valid driver subcategory A1 student permit, 2 followed a course of theory of traffic (art. 18), et3. followed Basic for motorcyclists (art. 19) students practical training;

g. a sub-category B1 licence applicants who: 1. are in possession of a valid driver student of the sub-category B1 licence, and2. attended a course of theory of traffic (art. 18);

h. a subcategory C1 licence applicants who: 1 are in possession of a valid driving license of category B, and2. a valid subcategory C1 driver student permit, et3. managed the further theoretical review (art. 21);.

i. a subcategory D1 licence applicants who: 1. are in possession of a valid driving license of category B, a valid subcategory D1 driver student permit, and2. succeeded the further theoretical review (art. 21);

j. candidates to a driving licence of category special F who are in possession of a valid driver category special F student permit.

II capabilities and behaviors the drivers of motor vehicles must at all times possess the qualifications and present behaviors allowing them to: - control of their vehicle to do not create dangerous road situations and to react appropriately if such situations occur nonetheless; - observe the rules of road traffic, including those intended to prevent road accidents and to ensure the flow of traffic; - respects show upside down others in order to contribute to the security of all users of the road - and particularly of the most vulnerable; - drive eco-friendly and economical.

III minimum requirements proof of skills and behaviours cited in chapter II is made by consideration of the following aspects: A. all categories and subcategories 1 Preparation and technical control of the vehicle, taking into account the requirements of road safety: applicants must demonstrate their ability to prepare for safe driving: they must perform a random check of the condition of the tyres brakes, direction, lighting, reflectors, direction and the Sounders Flashers.
2 behaviour in traffic: applicants must do the following in normal traffic situations, in complete safety and with the required caution: 2.1 start: exit parking, back after a stop in traffic, leave the Highway; 2.2 borrow straight roads; Cross oncoming vehicles, including in narrow passages; 2.3 negotiate turns; 2.4 approaching intersections and opportunities and cross them; 2.5 change management: veer left and right or change of lane; 2.6 entries or exits of motorways and semi-motorways (as applicable): fit into circulation since the acceleration lane; out through deceleration; 2.7 overtake and bypass: pass other vehicles (if possible); around obstacles such as parked or stopped vehicles; being overtaken by other vehicles (if any); 2.8 special road features (if available): roundabout intersection. level crossings; stops of tram and bus; pedestrian crossings; extended to the ascent and the descent slopes; 2.9 take precautions when leaving the vehicle.

B. category A and subcategory A1 1 Preparation and inspection of the vehicle, taking into account the imperatives of safety: 1.1 take and adjust the protective gear, such as gloves, boots, clothing and helmet; 1.2 make a random check (if any), emergency stop switch on the chain and oil level; 1.3 controlling the risk factors related to various road conditions including attention to slippery parts of the roadway such as manhole, road markings and the tram rails.

2 control of specific maneuvers in relation to road safety: 2.1 identify the stand of the motorcycle and move it without the help of the engine, by walking alongside; 2.2 Park the motorcycle on its stand; 2.3 run at least two maneuvers low speed, including a slalom, to verify the ability to make use of the clutch in combination with the brake to maintain balance, to lead the eye and stand on a motorcycle, with feet to stay on the foot; 2.4 run at least two maneuvers at higher speed, of which one in 2 or 3, at least 30 km/h speed, and another of avoiding an obstacle at a speed of at least 50 km/h, to check the position on the motorcycle , the direction of the look, the maintaining balance, driving technique and the technique of changing gears; 2.5 braking: at least two braking exercises shall be executed, including an emergency brake at a speed of at least 50 km/h, to check the front brake and rear brake actuation, the direction of the gaze and the position on the motorcycle.

C. Categories B, BE, C, what, D as well as of and subcategories B1, C1, C1E, D1 and D1E Preparation and technical control of the vehicle, taking into account the requirements of road safety:-adjust the seat if necessary in order to obtain a correct seated position;
-adjust the mirrors, safety belt and, if applicable, the headrests.

D. Categories B and BE and subcategory B1 1 Preparation and technical control of the vehicle, taking into account the imperatives of safety: 1.1 check that the doors are closed; 1.2 make a random check of fluids (e.g. oil engine, coolant, liquid lave-glaces); 1.3 control elements of security related to the loading of the vehicle: bodywork, metal coating loading doors, cabin locking, way of loading, stowage of the load (for category BE only); 1.4 control the coupling mechanism and the connections of the braking system and of the electric circuit (for category BE only);

2 category B and subcategory B1: the following special manoeuvres must be subject to random in relation to road safety (at least two manoeuvres points 2.1 to 2.4, which one in reverse): 2.1 perform a reverse in a straight line and use the path right along the sidewalk by swerving to the right or to the left; 2.2 do turn forwards and backwards; 2.3 parking the vehicle and leaving a parking space (parallel PPE and perpendicular at the edge of the roadway, using forward and reverse, both landing side and in a declivity); 2.4 stop the vehicle with precision, with the understanding that the use of maximum braking force of the vehicle remains optional.

3 category BE: special manoeuvres to be considered in relation to road safety: 3.1 hitch the trailer to the towing vehicle and unhitch her; at the beginning of this maneuver, the vehicle and the trailer must be side by side (i.e. not in alignment); 3.2 perform a reverse by describing a curve; 3.3 parking safely for loading and unloading.

E. Categories C, D, this and and subcategories C1, D1, C1E and D1E 1 Preparation and technical control of the vehicle, taking into account the requirements of road safety:

1.1 control systems to assist in braking and management, the State of the wheels and wheel nuts, the fender, windshield, mirrors, wipers and fluids (e.g. engine oil, coolant, liquid for lave-glaces); control and use the dashboard, including the tachograph; 1.2 control air pressure, the air tanks and the suspension; 1.3 control elements of security related to the vehicle loading: body, sheet metal coatings, cargo doors, loading (if any), cabin locking mechanism, loading mode, load securing; 1.4 control the coupling mechanism and system of braking and electrical connections (only for the categories CE and so) only subcategories C1E and D1E); 1.5 be able to take specific measures for the safety of the vehicle: controlling the body, service doors, emergency exits, first aid equipment, fire extinguishers and other safety equipment (categories D and and subcategories D1 and D1E only); 1.6 read a map (optional).

2 maneuvers to perform in relation to road safety: 2.1 hitch the trailer to the towing vehicle or trailer and unhitch her (only for the categories CE and and subcategories C1E and D1E); at the beginning of this maneuver, the towing vehicle and the trailer or semi-trailer must be side by side (i.e. not in alignment); 2.2 perform a reverse by describing a curve; 2.3 parking safely for loading or unloading on a ramp or a loading dock or similar facility (only for categories C and it as well as subcategories C1 and C1E); 2.4 Park to let up or down in safety of passengers) for categories D and and subcategories D1 and D1E only);

F. class F special examination must take account of the specificities of this special category, including reduced maximum speed:-prepare the vehicle for its use (lighting, mirrors, protective devices, etc.); -general control: permit traffic, lighting, reflectors, flashers steering, tyres and rims, loading (kind, Center of gravity, stowage and additional equipment, e.g. crane), lateral Tailboard, tarp (ice, snow) /coup look under the vehicle/eliminate water accumulated condensation in the compressed air tanks;-operating control: adjustment of mirrors, flashers of direction, alarm system, flight instruments, (reserve pressure braking system control device (, light of the braking system double-circuit air leak), start-up assistance, tachograph; - ensure particularly respect the weight and dimensions of the vehicle used for examinations, as well as the maximum speeds, avoid hampering the movement and training of files; - ensure good visibility; - stop the vehicle to the ascent and descent (measures to be taken if the vehicle can not be assured by hiring a speed); - ensure especially to the peculiarities of the vehicle by engaging in traffic, to use the intervals between vehicles and cross the road (acceleration and maximum speed limited) - move wisely right; - know the behavior of the vehicle braking.

G. Professional Transport of persons using vehicles used for the carriage of persons it is required to drive smoothly, with skill and a good perception of the movement. For this purpose, the candidate widely exceed the minimum requirements for specific categories.

There must be sufficient to assess the skills and behaviours prescribed in this annex IV duration of the examination and route to travel the length of the examination and the route to go. The duration of the review should be in no case be less to:-30 minutes for the category and subcategory A1; - 60 minutes for categories B, BE, subcategories B1, C1, D1, C1E and D1E, category special F and for permission to transport people in a professional capacity within the meaning of art. 25. the race of examination for obtaining the certificate of capacity for the transport of persons or goods within the meaning of art. 14, al. 3, of the Ordinance of June 15, 2007, regulating the admission of drivers can be made directly to the suite; - 90 minutes for categories C and this; - 120 minutes for the D category.

V vehicles category A: unrestricted examinations a two-seater motorcycle without sidecar with engine size is at least 600 cm and the power of at least 40 kW;

Category A: limited to 35 kW a two-seater motorcycle without sidecar with engine size of at least 400 cm and power of at least 35 kW;

Category B: a motor vehicle of category B up to a speed of at least 120 km/h;

Category C: a motor vehicle of category C to an effective weight of at least 12 t, with a length of at least 8 m, a width of at least 2.30 m and reaching a speed of 80 km/h. Cargo space must consist of a closed box at least as wide and as high as the cab;

Category D: a bus of a length of at least 10 m and a width of at least 2.30 m, and reaching a speed of at least 80 km/h;

Category BE: a combination of vehicles consisting of a review of category B and a vehicle trailer a permitted total weight of at least 1000 kg, which can reach a speed of at least 80 km/h and can be entered in category B. The superstructure closed the trailer must be at least as high as the towing vehicle. It can be slightly less wide, provided that the visibility to the rear is provided by the side mirrors of the towing vehicle. The trailer must have an effective weight of at least 800 kg;

Category this: an articulated vehicle or a combination of vehicles composed of a vehicle review of category C and a trailer with a length of at least 7.5 as well Mr. the articulated vehicle that all vehicles must have a total weight of at least 21 t, at least 15 t actual weight, a length of at least 14 m, a width of at least 2.30 m and reach a speed of at least 80 km/h. Cargo space must consist of a closed box at least as wide and as high as the cab;

Category of: allowed a combination of vehicles composed of a vehicle review of category D and a trailer with a total weight of at least 1250 kg and can reach a speed of at least 80 km/h. Cargo space must consist of a closed box, a width and a minimum height of 2 m; the trailer must have an effective weight of at least 800 kg;

Subcategory A1: motorcycles in subcategory A1, without side-car, whose maximum speed exceeds 30 km/h;

Subcategory B1: a quadricycle to engine or a tricycle engine to a weight of 550 kg and can reach a speed of at least 60 km/h;

Subcategory C1: a car of subcategory C1 with an allowed total weight of at least 4 t, a length of at least 5 m and reaching a speed of 80 km/h. Cargo space must consist of a closed box as wide and as high as the cab;

Subcategory D1: a coach of subcategory D1 of a permitted total weight of at least 4 t, a length of at least 5 m and reaching a speed of 80 km/h; It is also possible to use a subcategory C1 test vehicle;

Sub category C1E: a combination of vehicles consisting of a vehicle review of the subcategory C1 and a trailer of a permitted total weight of at least 1250 kg, a length of at least 8 m and reaching a speed of 80 km/h. The loading of the trailer must be constituted a fund closed at least as wide and as high as the towing vehicle. The Fund closed the trailer may be slightly less wide, provided that the visibility to the rear is guaranteed by the only mirrors of the towing vehicle. The trailer must have an effective weight of at least 800 kg;

Sub category D1E: a set of vehicles, consisting of a review of subcategory D1 and a vehicle trailer a permitted total weight of at least 1250 kg, which can reach a speed of 80 km/h. Cargo space must consist of a closed box width and a minimum height of 2 m. the trailer must have an effective weight of at least 800 kg; It is also possible to use a vehicle for review of the C1E subcategory;

Special category F: a special category F motor vehicle that can reach a speed of at least 30 km/h;

Professional transport of persons using vehicles used for the carriage of people: a motor vehicle of the category corresponding to the license and can be used for professional transport of passengers.

VI. place of examination


The part of the test to assess the technical mastery of the vehicle may be conducted on a special testing ground. The part intended to assess behaviour in traffic will take place, if possible, on roads located outside built-up areas, on roads in open country and on motorways (or semi-motorways) as well as all categories of urban roads (limited to 30 km/h, residential areas, urban highways fast areas), and present the various kinds of difficulties that a driver is likely to encounter. It is desirable that the review can take place in various traffic conditions. The time of road must be used optimally in order to assess the abilities of the student driver in all traffic areas likely to be encountered, focusing particularly on the passage from one area to another.

VII assessment 1 in every traffic situation, evaluate the ease of the student driver to handle the various controls of the vehicle and the address and safety which will be evidence to fit into the traffic. Throughout the test, the expert of traffic (hereinafter the reviewer) must feel a sense of security. Driving errors or dangerous behaviour directly affecting the safety of the test vehicle, its passengers or other users of the road, requiring or not intervention by the examiner, will be punished by the immediate interruption of the review. However, the examiner will be free to decide whether to carry out the practical exam to his term.2 in its assessment, the examiner will lend special attention to the fact that the candidate demonstrated defensive, courteous behavior at the wheel and environmentally. This assessment takes into account the driving style as a whole, and the examiner should take into consideration the overall profile of the candidate; These criteria include a conduct adapted and determined (safe), taking into account the State of road and atmospheric conditions, other vehicles and the interests of other users of the road - especially the most vulnerable - and finally the ability to anticipation.3 the examiner will furthermore assess behaviors of the candidate: 3.1 use of the equipment of the vehicle: the correct use of safety belt , mirrors, of the headrest, seat, lights, clutch, gearbox, accelerator, braking systems (including third braking system, if necessary) and management; control of the vehicle in different circumstances and at different speeds; maintaining a regular driving, taking into account the characteristics, weight and dimensions of the vehicle as well as the weight and nature of the load (categories C, BE, this and and subcategories C1, C1E and D1E only); taking into account from the comfort of the passengers (no brutal acceleration, driving sweet and no sudden braking) (only for categories D, and subcategories D1 and D1E); 3.2 conduct economic and environmentally friendly, taking into account the engine, reports, braking and acceleration; 3.3 attention: panoramic observation, correct use of mirrors, remote, medium and close-up vision; 3.4 priority : priority at crossroads; yield in other situations (change of direction or path, special manoeuvres); 3.5 correct position on the road, on the lanes, in the roundabout intersection, depending on the type and the characteristics of the vehicle; anticipation of the position to occupy on the road; 3.6 safety distance: keeping adequate distance to the front, back and sides; maintaining an adequate distance to the other road users; 3.7 speed: respect for the maximum speeds allowed. adapting speed to weather and traffic; a speed to stop on the distance visible and free; adaptation of speed to the general speed of the users of the road in the same category; 3.8 traffic lights, signals, marking and other elements: correct behavior at traffic lights; respect of the indications of agents regulating traffic; correct behavior in the presence of signs and road markings; 3.9 signalling: give timely signals necessary and correct. correctly indicate changes of direction; respond appropriately to all the signals given by other users of the road; 3.10 braking: slow time, slow down according to the circumstances; anticipation; using the various braking systems (for categories C, D, this and only); using speed reduction systems (for categories C, D, this and only).

Introduced by section II of the O from 3 July. 2002 (RO 2002 3259). Updated by section II of the Sept. 26 O. 2003 (RO 2003 3719), c. II al. 2 Apr 28 o. 2004 (RO 2004 2853), June 15, 2007 (RO 2007 3533), section II of the O from 29 nov. 2013 (2013 4697 RO) and Dec. 18. 2015, in force since April 1. 2016 (2016 405 RO).
RS 741.521 State on April 1, 2016

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