Rs 814.501.261 Order Of 15 September 1998 On Training And Activities Allowed On Radiation Protection (Ordinance On Radiation Protection Training)

Original Language Title: RS 814.501.261 Ordonnance du 15 septembre 1998 sur les formations et les activités autorisées en matière de radioprotection (Ordonnance sur la formation en radioprotection)

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814.501.261 order on the formations and the permitted activities on radiation protection (Ordinance on radiation protection training) of September 15, 1998 (Status January 1, 2013) the federal Department of the Interior (DFI) and the federal Department of the environment, transport, energy and communications (DETEC), under art. 21 of the Ordinance of 22 June 1994 on radiation protection (ORaP), stop: Section 1 purpose art. 1. this order regulates the training in radiation protection referred to the art. 11 to 13, 15, 16 and 18 ORaP, and the conditions for their recognition.
It governs the activities in the field of radiation permitted for technically skilled people.
Is not subject to this order the training of personnel of the nuclear power plants within the meaning of the art. 2 to 4, 6 to 8, 14-17, 19 and 20 of the Ordinance of 9 June 2006 on the qualifications of the staff of nuclear facilities.

RS 732.143.1 introduced by the c. of o. the DFI and the DETEC on 7 nov. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).

Section 2 Formation and development of knowledge s. 2 personal protection the basic training in radiation protection according to the art. 10 ORaP must transmit the knowledge to protect themselves in the use of ionizing radiation.

S. 3 technical qualifications which apply ionizing radiation for medical purposes (art. 11 to 15 ORaP) or persons who assume tasks of radiation against other persons (art. 16 ORaP) must possess the technical skills enabling them to assume responsibility for the protection of third parties.
The technically qualified person shall justify: a. extensive knowledge on the principles of radiation protection, on the requirements and on the dangers and risks of ionizing radiation; b. knowledge specific to the radiation on the techniques and methods of work.

S. 4 as an expert who within a company are loaded by the holder of the authorisation to meet compliance requirements for radiation protection, in accordance with art. 16, al. 1, of the law of 22 March 1991 on radiation protection (LRaP) and art. 18 ORaP, must not only justify technical skills, but also have the quality of experts.
The person having an expert should demonstrate a thorough knowledge of the legislation on radiation protection and radiation protection tasks specific to the field of activity concerned.

RS 814.50 s. 5 knowledge development the authority of competent surveillance according to the art. 136 ORaP may require the attendance of courses on radiation protection. It then establishes the periodicity.
The content of the training courses must be submitted to the supervisory authority for approval.

Section 3 recognition of training art. 6 recognition training referred to in art. 11 to 13, 15, 16 and 18 ORaP must be recognized.
Must not be recognized: a. training according to the art. 2 of this order, b. training for members of organizations to respond to ur-gence.

S. 7 period of validity the recognition of training is valid for ten years at the most.

S. 8 jurisdiction supervisory authorities that recognize the training in radiation protection are as follows: a. the federal Office of public health (FOPH) for training in the fields of medicine, education and research; (b). the Federal Inspection of nuclear safety (Inspectorate ENSI) for training in the field of nuclear installations and to the Paul-Scherrer Institute; c. the Swiss National Fund for insurance in case of accidents (NAC) for training in the fields of industry and handicrafts.

If the situation is not clear with respect to jurisdiction, the FOPH, ENSI and the NAC shall consult.
The FOPH, ENSI and the NAC must be recognized by another supervisory authority training in radiation protection they offer themselves.
Training in radiation protection that a person has acquired abroad is recognized as equivalent by the competent supervisory authority if it meets the requirements of the Ordinance on radiation protection. The supervisory authority fixed in the case in point the way to bring this evidence.

New content according to ch. 24 of the annex to the O of 12 nov. 2008 Federal inspection of nuclear security, in force since 1 Jan. 2009 (2008 5747 RO).
New content according to ch. 24 of the annex to the O of 12 nov. 2008 Federal inspection of nuclear security, in force since 1 Jan. 2009 (2008 5747 RO).
New content according to ch. 24 of the annex to the O of 12 nov. 2008 Federal inspection of nuclear security, in force since 1 Jan. 2009 (2008 5747 RO).
New content according to ch. 24 of the annex to the O of 12 nov. 2008 Federal inspection of nuclear security, in force since 1 Jan. 2009 (2008 5747 RO).
New content according to chapter I to the O the DFI and DETEC of nov 7. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).

S. 9Conditions the conditions for the recognition of training are laid down: a. in annex 1: for the fields of medicine, medical education and medical research, with the exception of medical laboratory technicians; b. to annex 2: for the areas of nuclear facilities and the Paul Scherrer Institute; c. in annex 3: for the areas of industry, craft, education and research for people in the fields of medical physics and medical technology as well as for medical laboratory technicians.

New content according to chapter I to the O the DFI and DETEC of nov 7. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).

S. 10 procedure institutions wishing to provide radiation protection training must submit a request for recognition of training to the competent authority.
The competent authority recognizes the training and the period of validity of the recognition when the conditions laid down in annexes 1 to 3 are met.
The authority may recognize not defined in annexes 1 to 3 courses or courses adapted to new needs until the corresponding amendment of this order.

S. 11 certificate training institution shall issue a certificate, which must include at least the following at the end of training: a. the designation of training; b. the date of success in the examination; c. the activity permitted in annex 4; d. the name, first name, date of birth and place of origin (for foreigners: nationality) of the qualified person.

The establishment of training is required to keep the data referred to the al for 25 years. 1, let. a to c.
For professions covered by the Federal law of December 13, 2002 on vocational training (LFPr), the establishment of certificates and their contents are governed by corresponding training requirements.

Introduced by the c. of o. the DFI and the DETEC on 7 nov. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).
RS 412.10 new content according to chapter I to the O the DFI and DETEC of nov 7. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).

S. 12case specific training in radiation protection referred to in art. 15, al. 1, let. a to d, and art. 16 ORaP are deemed accepted if they are established by mutual agreement by the FOPH and: a. the Secretariat of State for training, research and innovation for training according to the LFPr; b. the Swiss Red Cross (src) for training according to the rules for the formation of the CRS.

The FOPH checks, in agreement with the competent authorities, the quality of the training.
For the rest, training and examinations are governed by the provisions of the LFPr and the rules relating to the formation of the CRS.

New content according to chapter I to the O the DFI and DETEC of nov 7. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).
The designation of the administrative unit has been adapted to 1 Jan. 2013 pursuant to art. 16 al. 3 o of 17 nov. 2004 on official publications (RS 170.512.1).
RS 412.10 s. 13 revocation and expiry of recognition the recognition is revoked if a condition is no longer fulfilled and if not remedied the shortcoming criminalised despite summons.
Recognition becomes null and void when: a. the holder renounces formally; b. the validity deadline for recognition comes to an end.

S. 14 repealed by ch. V 9 W of 22 August 2007 on the formal update of federal law, with effect from 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 4477 RO).

Section 4 authorized activities art. 15. Annex 4 regulates activities on radiation protection that are authorised to engage the technically skilled.

Section 5 supervision art. 16 tasks and powers of the supervisory authorities the competent supervisory authority verifies the quality of the training. Its representatives may participate in courses and examinations.
It may require the adaptation of training to the current state of knowledge and technology.
It sets the cumulative maximum radiation dose by the training course.

S. 17 reporting obligation on the part of the establishment of training training institution shall communicate to the competent supervisory authority: a. the beginning of the training cycle; b. consideration of graduation dates and where it takes place; c. results of review; d. changes to the fundamental elements on which is based the recognition.

Section 6 emergency arts organizations 18


Annex 5 regulates the formation and development of knowledge of persons pursuant to art. 17, al. 1, ORaP.
This training is approved by the general Secretariat of the federal Department of defence, protection of the population and sports. Approval covers the goals, content and the duration of the training and on the criteria of potential examinations. The Commission for Atomic and chemical protection lays down guidelines on this subject.
The Paul Scherrer Institute organizes needed appropriate radiation safety training courses.

Section 7 provisions finals s. 19 transitional training recognised according to the old law for occupational groups referred to in art. 15, let. a to d, ORaP and for the persons referred to in art. 16 ORaP can still be started within three years after the entry into force of this order.
Certificates for training in radiation protection which have been obtained according to the old law shall remain valid.
Members of organisations for intervention in emergency situations who have already completed training in radiation protection upon the entry into force of this order are exempt from the requirement to be trained under the new law. Are reserved for possible complementary courses that may be provided in accordance with table 5A of Schedule 5.

S. 20 entry into force this order comes into force on January 1, 1999.

Annex 1 (art. 9, let a, and 10, paras. 2 and 3) Conditions for the recognition of training in the fields of medicine, medical education and medical research, with the exception of medical Lab 1. Application for recognition of training by a training institution must demonstrate: a. education covers the contents of the training of tables 1 A, 1 B or 1 c; b. that the qualification of the Faculty is sufficient to transmit the didactic point of view adequately the content of the theoretical and practical instruction; c. that premises for courses are adapted to the requirements of the training and equipment to match the current state the technical; d. that the examination procedure is fixed and that it includes the requirements for admission to examination, the conduct of and the criteria for its success and its repetition. (a list of examples of exam questions must be submitted); e. that the members of the review panel are qualified.

2. the application for recognition shall designate a person responsible for training within the training institution.
3. the training and professional experience requirements which the course participants must satisfy before starting training are as follows: purpose training requirements minimum technical Qualifications physicians for therapeutic applications: Diploma doctor federal or a foreign diploma of doctor deemed equivalent technical Qualifications for diagnosis and therapy with unsealed radioactive sources : Diploma doctor federal or a foreign equivalent judged doctor's qualification as an expert for applications laid down in art. 11 ORaP: Diploma doctor federal or a foreign diploma judged equivalent chiropractors technical Qualifications and as an expert for diagnostic applications: Diploma of a training institution recognized by the federal Council in accordance with the Ordinance of 29 September 1995 on care (art. 40) wizards insurance benefits medical technical Qualifications for taking shadow extended conventional Radiology : training of assistant medical attested by diplomas. Proof of place student for clinical training in conventional radiological technique expanded other medical personnel (art. 15, let. e, ORaP) technical Qualifications for taking x-ray shadow of the thorax and extremities: vocational training attested by diplomas in the medical field, such as nurses, medical laboratory Assistants dental technical Qualifications for taking shadow extended conventional Radiology : complete vocational training of assistant dental attested by diplomas new content according to chapter II al. 2 o the DFI and DETEC of nov 7. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).
RS 832.112.31 State on January 1, 2013, table 1 A legend of the valid tables for occupations: 1 doctors 7 Medical Professions 1.1 conventional diagnostic Applications according to art. 11, al. 2, ORaP 7.1 1.2 therapeutic Applications 7.2 Veterinary Medical Assistants 1.3 Physician Assistants diagnosis and therapy with unsealed radioactive sources 7.3 7.4 other medical personnel (photofluorographic) other medical personnel 1.4 Applications assisted by fluoroscopy and Interventional type according to art. 11, al. 2, ORaP 8 8.1 occupations dental technology dental hygienists 4 chiropractors 8.2 Dental Assistants 6 technicians in medical radiology (TRM) ch. 1-3 indicate the extent of the training. Their meaning is as follows: 1: knowledge Summary 2: in-depth knowledge 3: acquired material comparison of the weights is possible only in the vertical direction.

* The training takes place in general in the context of medical specialization. Expertise, to additionally provide evidence of knowledge.

* This figure includes a share of practical training (technical positioning and adjustment, quality assurance, lab of Radiophysics) of at least 100 hours.

Contents of the training for obtaining of technical qualifications in accordance with the art. 11-13-15 ORaP Professions 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 4 6 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 8.1 8.2 recommendations concerning the total number of course hours, not to mention the practical training * 80 * 200 550 160 70 16 120 * 120 60 legal basis 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 Act and Ordinance on radiation protection x x x x x x x x x x x x technical orders specific x x x x

x x x x x x x x requirements of transport (SDR/ADR) x x authorization Procedure x x x x x Directives, regulations, recommendations, standards and mementos x x x x x x x x x international recommendations (ICRP, IAEA) x x x x x x radiation Interaction 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 Constitution of matter and map of x x x x x x x x x radioactive nuclides and types of radiation x Interaction of radiation with matter x x x x x x x x x x x x dosimetry and dose concepts x x x x x x x x x x x shield and attenuation of radiation x x x x x x x x x x x x Production of radioactive substances x x x Production of rays X x x x x x x x x x x x x

Effects of radiation on the body/radiobiology 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 biological Action of ionizing radiation x x x x x x x x x x x x Radiosensitivity of organs x x x x x x x x x x x deterministic and stochastic effects x x x x x x x x x x x x dose-effect relationship , concept of risk x x x x x x x x x x x x Irradiation of the individual x x x x x x x x x x x x radiation measurement 3 3 3 3 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 principles of radiation measurement x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x measurement measuring instruments knowledge of ambient radiation and flow dose x x x x x measure of pollution x x personal dosimetry of external radiation x x x x x x x x x x x x personal dosimetry of internal contamination and monitoring x x x x x x x practical work effective dose Determination: handling of instruments, measuring technique, operation control, possibilities for errors , contamination, etc.

x x x x x operational radiation protection 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 areas/work x x planning of work/methods of work x x x x optimization storage and methods non-radioactive x x x x x x means of personal protection / protection of patients x x x x x x x x x x x x safeguards personal x x x x x x x x x x

x x technological protection measures x x x x x x Decontamination of equipment and workstations x x Decontamination of persons x x waste management radioactive x x releases of radioactive in the environment x x Contingency Plan and behavior in the event of accident x x packaging and transportation of radioactive substances x x practical: equipment of work areas x works in the sector of type C x x hands-on : application of means of protection x x x x x x x x x x x x Medical Aspects 3 3 3 3 3 2 Considerations on the report risk-benefit x x x x x Indications (alternative modalities) x x x x x monitoring of tests x x x x x x Techniques and radiological examinations 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 knowledge professional facilities x-ray x x x x x

x x x x x x x current radiological Techniques, end x x x x x x x x p.a./lat. chest radiological Techniques

x x x x x x x x x other conventional techniques of diagnostic radiology x x x x specific radiological examinations and type Interventional x x facilities for radiotherapy x-ray x x medical accelerators and x x radiation irradiation units: control of irradiation with fluoroscopy x x


Sources radioactive non sealed x x x x technical nuclear medicine Imaging nuclear medicine radiological common in veterinary medicine x technical radiological intraoral common x x x Images radiological intraoral x x x extraoral x-ray Technique (OPG/teleradiography) x x principles of geometry projection x x x x x x x x means of positioning and restraining x x x x x x x x x x x the adjustment parameters control and correction

x x x x x x x x x x x quality of the image x x x x x x x x x x x quality control parameters, stability controls x x x x x x x x x x patient Protection x x x x x x x x x x x personnel Protection x x x x x x x x x x x x Estimation of doses administered to patients x x

x x x x x x x x x work in room black/development systems 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 equipment of the darkroom x x x x x x x x x x development Techniques x x x x x x x x x x archiving and storage of film x x x x x x x x x x Structure of film and packaging and cassettes x x x x x

x x x x x principles of photochemistry x x x x x x x x x x diagnosing errors x x x x x x x x x x quality control, control of stability x x x x x x x x x x State on January 1, 2013 table 1 B legend of the valid tables for occupations : 1 physician 2 veterinarians; veterinary applications 1.1 conventional diagnostic Applications according to art. 11 ORaP 4 chiropractors 1.2 therapeutic Applications 6 TRM: technique in diagnostic radiology 1.3 1.4 diagnosis and therapy using sources radioactive non sealed application assisted by fluoroscopy and Interventional type according to art. 11, al. 2, ORaP ch. 1-3 indicate the extent of the training. Their meaning is as follows: 1: knowledge Summary 2: in-depth knowledge 3: acquired material comparison of the weights is possible only in the vertical direction.

* Training occurs generally under the specialisation and is recognized for obtaining of technical qualifications. Expertise, requires more proof of knowledge in the field "tasks and responsibilities of the expert.

* The formation of expert in the technical field of radiation protection is valid for the diagnostic radiology. Expertise, requires more proof of knowledge in the field "tasks and responsibilities of the expert.

Contents of the training for obtaining an expert in accordance with art. 18 ORaP Professions 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2 4 6 recommendations concerning the total number of course hours, not to mention the practical training.

32 * 32 8 * * 3 3 3 legal bases Act and Ordinance on radiation protection x x x technical orders specific x x x authorization Procedure, x x x guidelines, recommendations, standards and mementos x x x international recommendations (ICRP, IAEA) x x x tasks and responsibilities of the expert 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 status legal x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Information and development in radiation x internal Directives

x x x x x x monitoring of people professionally exposed to ionizing x x x x x x x behaviour in the event of accident x x x registration, record keeping and modalities of declaration x x x x x x x Interaction of radiation 2 2 Constitution of matter and map of the nuclides x x radioactivity and types of radiation x x Interaction of radiation with matter x x dosimetry and dose x x shielding concepts and mitigation of radiation x x Production of substances radioactive x x Production of x-ray x x effects of radiation on the body/radiobiology 2 2 biological Action of ionizing x-radiation x Radiosensitivity of organs x x deterministic and stochastic effects x x dose-response relationship, concept of risk x x Irradiation of the individual x x 2 2 radiation measurement measuring principles of radiation x x knowledge of measuring x x measuring instruments of the contamination x

x Determination of the effective dose x x practical: handling of instruments, technical measurement, control operation, opportunities for errors, contamination, etc.

x x 3 3 3 operational radiation protection optimization and methods not radioactive x x x means of personal protection / protection of patients x x x personal x x x protection measures protection measures technical x x x work practices: application of means of protection x x x Medical Aspects 3 3 Considerations on the risk-benefit ratio x x Indications (alternative modalities) x x monitoring 3 3 3 radiological examinations and tests x x technical professional knowledge of facilities at rays X x x x x radiological Techniques of the p.a./lat. thorax ends current radiological Techniques

x other conventional techniques of diagnostic radiology x specific radiological examinations and Interventional radiological Techniques common in veterinary medicine Techniques x x type x-ray intraoral common intraoral x-ray Images, including digital extraoral x-ray Technique (OPG/teleradiography/skull semiaxial / temporo-maxillary articulation) principles of geometry projection means of positioning and restraining x x x x x control settings and correction x x x x x x image quality parameters

Quality controls, controls of stability x x patient Protection x x personnel Protection x x x Estimation of doses administered to patients x x work in room black/development systems 3 3 3 equipment of the darkroom x x x x x archiving and storage of film x x development Techniques Structure film and packaging and cassettes x x principles of photochemistry x x x x x quality control errors diagnosis , stability control x x x State on January 1, 2013, table 1 c legend of tables for valid for professions: 7 7.1 medico-Technical Professions Medical Assistants; skull, vertebral column 8 8.2 Dental Assistants dental Technical Professions; headgear radiological techniques and OPG ch. 1-3 indicate the extent of the training. Their meaning is as follows: 1: knowledge Summary 2: in-depth knowledge 3: acquired material comparison of the weights is possible only in the vertical direction.
Content must include the teaching of subjects which, for the considered domain, go beyond the basic radiation protection and radiological technical training.

Content of training for the enlarged conventional radiological technique (technical qualification) Professions 7.1 8.2 recommendations concerning the number total hours of lessons, not to mention the practical training 40 40 legal Bases 2 2 technical orders, specific x x guidelines, recommendations, standards and mementos x x Interaction of radiation 2 2 dosimetry (units) x x shield and attenuation of x x radiation scattered radiation on large volumes (in the specialized field) x effects of radiation on the body/Radiobiology (in the specialized field) 2 2 biological Action of ionizing radiation x x Radiosensitivity of organs x x Classification of the doses administered to patients x x deterministic and stochastic effects x x 3 3 Special Aspects of the protection of patients operational radiation protection x x practical: application of protection means (integrated in the technique for taking radiological shadow) x x Techniques and 3 3 specific knowledge of Anatomy x x skull x-rays : ap, lateral, semi-axial x x extraoral x-ray Technique (OPG/teleradiography) x backbone: vertebrae cervical, dorsal, lumbar (ap, lateral) x basin (ap/empty abdomen) x coxo-femoral articulation (ap) x means of positioning and restraining x x settings, image quality and corrections; diagnosis of errors Discussion of practical cases patient Protection x x x x x actions of Radiological Physics on phantom (lumbar spine, PN) x clinical training: number of examinations certified in 18 months in the area of the spine 50 State on January 1, 2013 Appendix 2 (art. 9, let. b, and 10, paras. 2 and 3) Conditions for the recognition of training in the areas of nuclear facilities and the Institute Paul Scherrer 1. The requirements to complete work experience by the participants before during the beginning of the training are the following: training requirements minimum radiation protection officer: learning sanctioned by a diploma in a technical profession.

Radiation protection technician: training attested by diplomas as agent of radiation and three years of experience in this capacity;

Expert in radiation protection: training attested by diplomas in a University, a technical college or a school of engineer (ETS), in a discipline such as chemistry, physics, mechanics, electrical engineering, and a year of professional experience in radio-protection supervisory authority may exceptionally authorize others to training if they have appropriate professional experience.

2. the application for recognition of the formation of a training institution shall demonstrate: a. that the teaching covers the contents of the training in table 2; b. that the qualification of body teacher is sufficient to convey adequately from the didactic point of view, the content of the theoretical and practical instruction; c. the premises where the courses take place please the requirements of training and equipment to match the current state of the art; d. that the examination procedure is fixed and that it includes the conditions of admission to examination, the conduct of and the criteria for its success and its repetition (a list of examples of exam questions must be presented), summer. that the members of the review panel are qualified.

3. the application for recognition shall designate a person responsible for training within the training institution.
4. the radiation protection routine tasks may be delegated to clerks in radiation protection. Their training is regulated in annex 3, Table 3B (field of work B/C) training according to Appendix 3, table 3A (technical skills) and Table 3B (as an expert) is required for transport within the area of responsibility of the ENSI.

Updated according to ch. 24 of annex w of Nov. 12. 2008 Federal inspection of nuclear security, in force since 1 Jan. 2009 (2008 5747 RO).
Former designation: controller in radiation protection earlier designation: Chief controller in radiation protection State on January 1, 2013, table 2 contents of technical training for the acquisition of the qualification in accordance with art. 16 ORaP or quality of experts in accordance with article 18 ORaP in the field of nuclear installations and the Institute Paul Scherrer 9 occupation of the areas of nuclear facilities and the Paul Scherrer Institute 9.1 RSO in the field of ENSI (technical Qualification under article 16 of the ORaP) 9.2 technician radiation protection in the field of ENSI (Qualification technical under article 16 of the ORaP) 9.3 Expert in radiation protection in the field of ENSI (Expertise under article 18 the ORaP) 1 to 3 numbers indicate the extent of the training. Their meaning is as follows: 1: knowledge Summary 2: in-depth knowledge 3: acquired material.

Comparison of the weights is possible only in the vertical direction.

Professions 9.1 9.2 9.3 recommendations concerning the total number of course hours, not to mention the practical training 550 350 150 legal Bases 1 2 3 law and order on atomic energy x x x law and order on radiation protection x x x requirements of transport (SDR/ADR) x x x Directives, regulations, recommendations, standards, reminders and international recommendations (ICRP, IAEA) x x x tasks and responsibilities of the expert 3 status legal x Directives internal x Information , training and development in radiation x Surveillance of people professionally exposed to ionizing x behaviour in the event of accident x registration, record keeping and modalities of ad x review x Interaction of radiation 1 2 3 Constitution of the material and map of nuclides x x x radioactivity and types of radiation x x x Interaction of radiation with matter x x x dosimetry and notions of dose x x x sizes , units, calculations x x x shield and attenuation of radiation x x x Production of substances radioactive x x x effects of radiation on the body/radiobiology 1 2 3 biological Action of ionizing x-radiation x x biological effectiveness (WR) x x x Radiosensitivity of organs (WT) x x x deterministic and stochastic effects x x x dose-response relationship, concept of risk x x x Irradiation of the population x x x 2 3 3 radiation measurement dosimetry individual external irradiation 2 3 3 personal dosimetry internal contamination and monitoring x x x Determination of the effective dose x x x environmental monitoring x x x x x x hands-on radionuclides Identification: handling of instruments, measurement technique, control operation, possibility of errors, determination of contaminations, search for sources x x x operational radiation protection 2 3 3 Sources of radiation x x x x x x x x activation products fission products

x methods of protection against external irradiation x x x against incorporation x x x x x x planning contamination of areas x x x planning of work and radiation protection x x x operation normal x x x Revision x x x safety x x x Quality Assurance x x x behavior of materials under irradiation x x x monitoring of premises and workstations x x x release of substances radioactive and values limits x x x the radioactive waste management x x x Decontamination of equipment and workstations x x x control the tightness of sealed sources x x x packaging and transport of radioactive substances x x x x x x work Emergency Plan practices: planning of areas, means of protection x x x technical 1 2 3 materials x x x fuel nuclear x x x x x x chemistry Corrosion , sewage treatment systems, ion exchangers x x x x x x x x x control systems and control components, operation x x x hazards due to radiation: corrosion products, fission, x x x direct radiation, scattered radiation, activation x x x knowledge of installation 1 2 3 nuclear parts of the installation x x x non-nuclear Parties x x x Production of beam installation activation , guide the beam x x x operation, trouble x x x criticality x x x knowledge 1 2 3 x x x processing system containment systems and effluent gas x x x exhaust system exhaust, ventilation installations x x x the wastewater treatment x x x treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste x x x device for decontamination x x x x x x faults 1 2 3 beam sensor

Accessibility of the facility following a disturbance x x x to behave during disturbances x x x operation in emergency situations x x x medical measures x x x security measures against sabotage x x x x x x alarm Organization conduct of staff and groups of work x x State on January 1, 2013 Appendix 3 (art. 9 Let's. c and 10, al. 2 and 3) Conditions for the recognition of training courses for persons working in industry and crafts, education and research, physics and medical technology and for the laboratins medical 1. The application for recognition of the formation of a training institution shall demonstrate: a. education covers the contents of the tables 3A or 3B etb formation. that qualification of the teaching body is sufficient to convey adequately the didactic point of view the contents of the theoretical and practical education etc. that the premises where the courses take place meet the requirements of the training and equipment to match the current state of the art etd. that the examination procedure is fixed and that it includes the conditions of admission to examination, the conduct of and the criteria for its success and for its repetition (a list of examples of exam questions must be submitted) summer. that the members of the review panel are qualified.

2. the application for recognition shall designate a person responsible for training within the training institution.
3. persons who have completed a training must demonstrate comprehensive professional training in the field concerned. The supervisory authority may, exceptionally, authorize other persons to training if they have appropriate professional experience.

Updated according to ch. II al. 1 o of the DFI and DETEC of nov 7. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).

State on January 1, 2013, table 3 has Conditions for the recognition of training for people working in the fields of industry and handicraft, teaching and research, and for medical laboratory technicians content of the training courses for the acquisition of technical skills according to the art. 16 ORaP valid for professions: 10 Laboratory Personnel 10.1 laboratory including medical laboratory technicians 10.2 staff head of laboratory; personal laboratory with training University, staff of laboratory 11 Transport 11.1 carrier 1 to 3 figures indicate the scope of the training. Their meaning is as follows: 1: knowledge Summary 2: in-depth knowledge 3: acquired material.

Comparison of the weights is possible only in the vertical direction.

Professions 10.1 10.2 11.1 recommendations concerning the number total of hours of courses, not to mention the practical training 40 24 16 legal Bases 1 1 2 Act and Ordinance on radiation protection x x x technical orders specific x x requirements of transport (SDR/ADR) x x x Procedure, authorization x x guidelines, recommendations, standards and mementos x x x international recommendations (ICRP (, IAEA) x x x Interaction of radiation 2 2 1 Constitution of the material and nuclide x x radioactivity map and types of radiation x x x Interaction of radiation with matter x x x


Dosimetry and notions of dose x x x shield and attenuation of radiation x x x effects of radiation on the body/radiobiology 2 2 1 biological Action of ionizing radiation x x x deterministic and stochastic effects x x x Irradiation of the population x x x radiation measurement 2 2 1 x x knowledge of instruments for measuring radiation measurement principles x x x measurement of the radiation room x x x extent of the contamination

x x personal dosimetry of individual x x x dosimetry external irradiation of internal contamination and monitoring x x practical: handling of instruments, technical measurement, control operation, possibility of errors, contamination, etc.

x x operational radiation protection 2 2 2 areas/work x x planning of work/methods of work/implementation of the means of protection x x storage x x safety devices; periodic controls x x optimization and methods not radioactive x x means and personal protective measures x x x technological protection measures x x Decontamination of equipment and workstations x x Decontamination of people x x waste management radioactive x x release of radioactive substances into the environment x x Contingency Plan and behavior accident x x x packing and transport of substances radioactive x x x hands-on : Work in areas of work B/C x x State on January 1, 2013 table 3 B Conditions for the recognition of training for people working in the fields of industry and handicraft, education and research, physics and medical technique and for medical laboratory technicians contents of training for obtaining an expert according to art. 18 ORaP valid for professions: 11 Transport 18 provision of external staff 11.2 Transport of radioactive substances 19 trade products radioactive (including storage) 12 13 sector of work B/C laboratory RIA 20 trade, installations and maintenance of medical facilities in RADIUS X 14 companies, laying luminescent colors 21 medical physics 15 of measuring and setting 22 medical technology 16 Transport 23 employment without manipulation of low-level radiation sources

17 use of analytical facilities to RADIUS X 1 to 3 digits indicate the extent of the training. Their meaning is as follows: 1: knowledge Summary 2: in-depth knowledge 3: acquired material.

Comparison of the weights is possible only in the vertical direction.

Professions 11.2 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 recommendations concerning the total number of course hours, not to mention the practical training 30 80 8 24 24 40 16 8 16 40 120 80 8 legal basis 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Act and Ordinance on radiation protection x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x specific technical orders

x x x x requirements of transport (SDR/ADR) x x x x x x x Procedure, authorization x x x x x x x x x x x x x guidelines, recommendations, standards and mementos x x x x x x x x x x international recommendations (ICRP, IAEA) x x x tasks and responsibilities of the expert 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 status legal x x x x x x

x x x x x x x internal guidelines x x x x x x x x x x x x x Information, training and development in radiation protection x x x x x x x x x monitoring of people professionally exposed to ionizing x x x x x x x x x x behaviour in case of accident x x x x x x x x x recording held records and implementing ad x x x x x x x x x x x x Revision control safety devices x x x x x x x x Interactions of radiation 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 1 Constitution of the material and map of nuclides x x x x x x x x x x radioactivity and types of radiation x x x x x x x x x

x x Interaction of radiation with matter x x x x x x x x x x x dosimetry and dose concepts x x x x x x x x x x x x x shield and attenuation of radiation x x x x x x x x x x x x effects of radiation on the body/radiobiology 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 1 biological Action of ionizing radiation x x

x x x x x x x x x x deterministic and stochastic effects x x x x x x x x x x x x x Irradiation of the population x x x x x x x x x x x x x radiation measurement 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 3 2 1 principles of radiation measurement x x x x x x x x x x x x knowledge of instruments from measuring x x x x x x x x x x x radiation measurement room x x x x x x x x x x measure of individual x x x x x x dosimetry contamination of individual x x x x x x x x x dosimetry external irradiation of internal contamination and monitoring x x x x x x x x x practical work effective dose Determination radionuclide Identification : handling of instruments, technical measurement, control operation, possibility of errors, contamination, etc.

x x x x x x x x x x x operational radiation protection 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 3 3 2 1 areas/work x x x x x x x x x x planning of work/methods of work/implementation of the means of protection x x x x x x x x x x x storage x x x x x x x x x safety devices; periodic controls x x x x x x x optimization and methods not radioactive x x x x means and personal protective measures x x x x x x x x technological protection measures x x x x x x x x x Decontamination of equipment and workstations x x x x x individual Decontamination x x x the radioactive waste management x x x x x x x x release of radioactive substances in environmental x x x x x x leak detection of sealed sources x x x x control Emergency Plan and conduct accident x x x x x x x x x x x packing and transport of substances radioactive x x x x x x x x practical work: work in areas of work B/C x x x x State on January 1, 2013 annex 4 (art. 11 al. 1, let. c and 15) activities that are permitted to carry persons qualified technical radiation protection technical skills activity recognition by the ENSI attendant in radiation protection in the field of the ENSI tasks routine radiation for a determined limited sector RSO in the field of ENSI operational radiation protection in situ technician radiation protection in the field of ENSI planning and conducting various tasks of radiation Reconnaissance by the FOPH doctors qualified to proceed examinations involving high doses or type Interventional use of facilities for the production of examinations involving high doses or Interventional type according to the art. 11 ORaP doctors who possess the technical qualifications for applications therapeutic use of facilities for therapeutic purposes under art. 12 ORaP physicians with the technical qualifications for the diagnostic and therapeutic applications of unsealed sources use of radioactive sources unsealed pursuant to art. 13 ORaP on humans chiropractors use installations to fine chiro-practices physicists medical responsibility for the radiation to the hospital for the fields of Radiology for diagnostic purposes, radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, and laboratory RIA technicians in medical radiology (TRM) independent use of facilities at x-ray for purposes of medical prescription of a physician diagnosis with technical qualifications. In diagnostic radiology, MRTS are considered according to the art. 18, al. 1, ORaP as experts in radiation protection for areas that are not implicationmedicale.
Realization of stability and quality assurance controls. Use of facilities x-ray therapeutic use of accelerators of particles with irradiation facilities under the responsibility of a physician as an expert and a medical physicist. Works with any sealed radioactive sources not in the B-type work sector under the responsibility of an expert.

Assistant medical facilities using x-ray for purposes of medical diagnosis under the responsibility of a physician as an expert. Is except the use of fluoroscopy and computed tomography installations. Radiographs of the thorax and the skeleton of the ends are allowed. Realization of stability controls.

medical assistant with the technical qualification for taking shadow in conventional Radiology expanded use of facilities to x-ray for purposes of medical diagnosis under the responsibility of a physician as an expert. Is except the use of fluoroscopy and computed tomography installations.

Assistant in medicine veterinary use of facilities to radiation for diagnostic purposes shown under the responsibility of an expert veterinarian.

other medical staff doing x-rays has.

Xray use of x-ray facilities under the responsibility of a physician as an expert.

b. medicine


use of x-ray for purposes of medical diagnosis under the responsibility of a physician as an expert. Radiographs of the thorax and the skeleton of the ends are allowed. Realization of stability controls.

hygienist dental use of x-ray medico-dentaire use under the responsibility of a dental doctor with an expert. Only radiographs of the facial bone massif are allowed.

Dental Assistant use installations x-ray medico-dentaire use under the responsibility of a dentist with an expert. Only intraoral radiographs are allowed.

Dental Assistant with the technical qualification for taking shadow in conventional Radiology expanded use of facilities to x-ray for medico-dentaire use under the responsibility of a dentist with an expert. Only radiographs of the facial bone massif are allowed.

Recognition by the FOPH or Suva carrier substances radioactive transport of radioactive substances according to ADR class 7.

laboratory staff with university training, head of laboratory and justifying laboratory of long-time experience personnel qualification to assume tasks of radiation protection for third parties and radioactive non sealed or sealed statement of others for the use of sources.
Are excepted: - use of radioactive sources unsealed corresponding to the sector of work; - application to human beings.

medical laboratory and laboratory technician justifying equivalent training and qualification laboratory personnel to assume tasks of radiation protection for third parties and radioactive non sealed or sealed statement of others for the use of sources.
Are excepted: - use of radioactive sources unsealed corresponding to the sector of work; - application to human beings.

New content according to chapter II al. 2 o the DFI and DETEC of nov 7. 2007, (RO 2007 5673). Updated according to ch. 24 of annex w of Nov. 12. 2008 Federal inspection of nuclear security, in force since 1 Jan. 2009 (2008 5747 RO).

State January 1, 2013 Appendix 5 (art. 18, para. 1, and 19, para. 3) trainings for members of organizations of emergency response 1. The responsible authority according to table 5A controls acquired training. It may delegate this control to organizational units that are subordinate to him.
The responsible authorities according to table 5A ensure periodic control of the level of the training. This can be done through joint exercises with the OIR or in tests and special exercises.

Updated according to ch. II al. 1 o of the DFI and DETEC of nov 7. 2007, in force since 1 Jan. 2008 (2007 5673 RO).

State on January 1, 2013, table 5 authorities responsible for the training in radiation protection of individuals, who must take on tasks of radiation protection in intervention areas emergency response organizations and origin of the persons fulfilling of radiation protection authorities/persons responsible for fire brigade cantonal Experts on radiation protection of the body of the fire Police command of the police force concerned hospitals , health services of organizing rescue and transport of patients organization measurement and sampling of the canton authority designated by the canton staffs civilians at the township levels, district, the joint civil protection organizations federal Office for civil protection concerning the training of national staff of the CF and the departments organizations Federal Secretary general DDPS staff Council federal/NEOC organization measurement and sampling NEOC Chief NEOC SBB and Swiss companies dealers transport branch of the SBB Swisscom branch business Swisscom business postal branch of the Postal Administration of customs / border guard Directorate-General of customs staffs and army troops for one-off interventions command of Land Forces periodic penalty payments others (command functions) staff involved 2. The training in radiation protection for the members of emergency response organizations is governed by table 5b.

State on January 1, 2013 table 5 B Categories of staff and training areas for obtaining technical skills in the field of radiation protection for organizations of emergency response Categories of staff areas of training sectors functions firefighters team of radiation Of the radio-protection Experts Team Member Cantonal Police police Service instructor sanitary doctor cantonal physician relief emergency hospital instructor of the Samaritans instructor first aid (including "REGA") - Legislation Protection civil Expert in radiation protection (technical skills in the field of radiation protection for emergency response organizations) - physical Bases of radiation staff conduct civil - fundamentals of radiobiology County/district/region Chief ABC - measurement Techniques cantonal chemist of the army radiation - radiation: applications practices spec lab AC ter GTA Chief TBS lab AC or ter Kata Hi GTA AC GTA - tasks and duties Kata Hi GTA mil Advisor technical A radiation customs Coordinator in radio - protection Regions of customs DG SBB staff crisis SBB/ITC Chief organization of inter-prevention of establishment position security officer DG Swisscom DG EM CF/NEOC frames and Oftechniques 3 security officer. A statement according to table 5 c is the condition required for intervention of organizations of emergency response forces and persons permanently bound according to art. 120 ORaP intervene in case of danger due to an increase of radioactivity. This statement is given prior to the performance of these tasks, usually immediately prior to the engagement of forces of intervention or periodic penalty payments persons, and must first take account of the situation / radiological hazard.

State on January 1, 2013, table 5 c Instruction on radiation protection for intervention forces of organizations of emergency response Categories of staff areas of training sectors functions firefighters team member of radiation Of the team of radio-protection first aid Police Constable Of police responsible for CTAP Service sanitaire rescuers, including REGA - radiation protection operational hospital; hospital emergency department Samaritan - Danger radiological Services municipal industrial municipal industrial service Civil Protection staff member of protection civil staff of civil conduct staff - behavior in the radiation field armed military of rgts for interventions Spec lab AC ter GTA - protective measures drivers det heli and ARM military GTA (Kata Hi) - Evaluation of the risk/control of the Customs staff dose SBB/KTU organization of business customs (gear extension and) rescue) - working methods and measuring staff for eng. ad hoc - Decontamination station staff for eng. ad hoc - Memento for radiation protection Swisscom staff for eng. ad hoc field of measurement and sampling teams civilian and military EM CF/NEOC other members of the staff persons periodic penalty payments all forces of inter-prevention education is provided according to the level and the situation, by people who assume tasks of radiation protection in (technically qualified persons) emergency response organizations. The statement is based on a memento for radiation protection (personal protection) which is delivered to intervention forces and periodic penalty payments people.

State on January 1, 2013 Appendix 6 repeal of the duty in force orders and following decisions are hereby repealed:

1 Verfügung of EDI vom 25. Februar 1974 über die Anerkennung der Strahlen - schutzkurse Typ A und B für Radiochemie-Laboranten der Schule für Strahlen-schutz des Institutes für Reaktorforschung Swiss in wurenlingen2. Order of the DFI on 15 July 1974, on the recognition of the formation of the aid in dentistry graduates SSO (Swiss society of stomatology) for protection against the radiations3. Order of DFI of 18 December 1975 on the recognition of the formation of dental hygienists graduates for protection against the radiations4. Order of DFI of 26 January 1976 on the recognition of the training of protection against the radiations5 University medical assistance DFMS. Decision of the DFI's October 2, 1978, concerning the recognition of the formation of the technical assistants in medical radiology protection against the radiations6. Decision of the DFI's August 10, 1979 on the recognition of the radiation on the handling of radioactive substances, course for experts in radioprotection7. The DFI's March 20, 1980 decision on recognition of the laborants8 course of radiation. The DFI's September 22, 1980 decision on recognition of the radiochemistry and radiation safety course taught by the Federal Polytechnic of Zurich (EPFZ) 9. The FOPH's June 26, 1981 decision on recognition of the training in radiation protection for handling analytical rays X 10 installations. Decision of the FOPH's June 26, 1981, on the recognition of the training in radiation protection for handling the probes of the sols11. The DFI's July 3, 1981 decision applied recognition of the radiation safety course for experts in radiation protection by the Institute of Radiophysics of the canton of Vaud12. The FOPH's March 14, 1984 decision on recognition of the training in radiation protection of personnel performing the radiophotographies13. Order of DFI of 3 February 1986 concerning the recognition of the training in radiation protection given to the assistants and technical assistants in medical radiology (ATRM) by the schools recognized by the Swiss Red Cross (src) 14. The DFI's May 12, 1987 decision on recognition of the training in radiation protection of laboratory and medical laboratory of the Red Cross suisse15. Decision of the FOPH of 8 July 1988 concerning the recognition of the training in radiation protection aid of veterinarian graduates of the society of Swiss veterinary (SVS) 16. Decision of the FOPH of 20 August 1991 concerning the recognition of the course of radiation protection for technical staff in Radiology by the Institute of Radiophysics applied of the canton of Vaud.

Not published in the RO [RO 1974 1427] [RO 1976 12] [RO 1976 181] FF 1978 II 1529 FF 1979 II 705 FF 1980 I 1307 FF 1980 III 457 FF 1981 II 927 FF 1981 II 929 FF 1981 II 931 FF 1984 I 774 FF 1986 I 658 FF 1987 II 837 FF 1988 III 18 not published in the RO State on January 1, 2013

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