Rs 0.814.327 Protocol Of November 30, 1999 To The Convention Of 1979 On Air Pollution Cross-Border Long-Distance, On Reduction Of Acidification, Eutrophication And Ground-Level Ozone (With Annexes)

Original Language Title: RS 0.814.327 Protocole du 30 novembre 1999 à la Convention de 1979 sur la pollution atmosphérique transfrontière à longue distance, relatif à la réduction de l’acidification, de l’eutrophisation et de l’ozone troposphérique (avec annexes)

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0.814.327 original text Protocol to the 1979 Convention on transboundary air pollution long-distance, on reduction of acidification, eutrophication and ground-level ozone signed in Gothenburg on November 30, 1999, approved by the Federal Assembly on 18 March 2005, Instrument of ratification deposited on 14 September 2005 by the Switzerland entered into force for the Switzerland December 13, 2005 (18 September 2014 State) the Parties determined to apply the Convention on pollution air transboundary long-range, knowing that nitrogen oxides, sulphur, volatile organic compounds and reduced nitrogen compounds have been associated with harmful health and environmental effects, noting with concern that critical acidification loads, nutrient nitrogen critical loads and critical levels of ozone for health and vegetation are still exceeded in many parts of the region of the Economic Commission for United Nations for Europe, noting with concern also that the oxides of nitrogen, sulphur and volatile organic compounds emitted, as well as pollutants secondary such as ozone and the reaction of ammonia products, are transported in the atmosphere over long distances and can have harmful transboundary effects, knowing that the emissions parts inside the region of the Economic Commission of the United Nations for Europe contribute to pollution across the hemisphere and of the world, and noting that these emissions are likely to be transported from one continent to the other and that there should be more detailed studies on this topic, knowing also that the Canada and the United States are negotiating bilateral reductions of emissions of oxides of nitrogen and volatile to make organic compounds to the transboundary ozone effects knowing also that the Canada will undertake further reductions of emissions of sulphur by 2010 in accordance with the pan-Canadian strategy to combat acid rain beyond the year 2000, and that the United States pledged to implement a program of reduction of emissions of nitrogen oxides in the East of their territory and to proceed with reduction in emissions necessary to meet their national standards of quality of the ambient air with regard particulate, resolved to apply a multi-effect approach and multipolluants to prevent or reduce to a minimum the cost overruns loads and critical levels, taking into account the emissions from certain activities and installations responsible for current levels of air pollution and the development of future activities and installations, knowing that techniques and management practices are available to reduce emissions of these substances resolved to take measures to anticipate, prevent or reduce to a minimum emissions of these substances, taking into account the application of the approach based on the precautionary principle as it is defined in principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on environment and development, reaffirming that States, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law has the sovereign right to exploit their own resources according to their own environmental and development policies and the duty to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or under their control do not cause damage to the environment in other States or in areas not covered by the national court, conscious of the need to adopt to fight against air pollution, an effective regional approach compared to its cost that takes account of the fact that the effects and the cost of the anti-pollution measures vary between countries, noting the important contribution of the private sector and the non-governmental sector to the knowledge effects associated with these substances and available abatement techniques, and the efforts that these sectors spread to help reduce emissions in the atmosphere , knowing that the measures taken to reduce emissions of sulfur to nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds cannot be a means of exercising arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination, or a sneaky way to restrict competition and international trade, taking into account the best knowledge and scientific and technical data available on emissions of these substances, their transformation in the atmosphere and their effects on health and the environment , as well as on the costs of measures emissions, and recognizing the need to improve this knowledge and to continue scientific and technical in order to achieve better cooperation understand these issues, noting that according to the Protocol on combating emissions of nitrogen oxides or their transboundary flows adopted at Sofia on 31 October 1988, and the Protocol on combating emissions of volatile organic compounds or their transboundary flows adopted at Geneva on 18 November 1991, provisions have already been taken to combat emissions of oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds, and that the technical annexes to both protocols already provide guidance as to techniques to be applied to reduce these emissions, noting also the basis of the Protocol on further reduction of sulphur emissions adopted at Oslo on 14 June 1994, provisions have already been taken to reduce sulphur emissions in order to contribute to the acid deposition reduction by decreasing the magnitude of exceedances of deposits that are critical of sulfur, which were calculated from the critical loads of acidity due to the contribution of the compounds of sulphur, oxidized to the total acid deposition in 1990 , also noting that this Protocol is the first agreement under the Convention that deals specifically with reduced nitrogen compounds, keeping in mind that the reduction of emissions of these substances can contribute in addition to master other pollutants, including, in particular, aerosols transboundary secondary particulate, which have their share of the health effects associated with exposure to particles suspended in the air , keeping in mind also the need to avoid, as much as possible, to take, for the purpose of the objectives of this Protocol, the measures having worsening other problems relating to health and the environment, noting that measures taken to reduce emissions of oxides of nitrogen and ammonia should take account of the full biogeochemical nitrogen cycle and, as much as possible does not cause an increase in emissions of reactive nitrogen including meant of nitrogen, which could aggravate other problems related to nitrogen, aware of that methane and co emitted by human activities contribute, in the presence of oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds, to the formation of tropospheric ozone, aware also of the commitments that Parties have the title of the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change , have agreed to the following: art. 1 definitions for the purposes of this Protocol,

1 means by 'Convention' the Convention on air pollution cross-border long-distance, adopted in Geneva on 13 November 1979; 2. means "EMEP" the concerted Programme of continuous monitoring and evaluation of transport long-range pollutants air in Europe; 3. means 'Executive body' means the executive body of the Convention, constituted in application of the by. 1 of art. 10 of the Convention; 4. "Commission" the Commission economic United Nations for Europe, 5 means. "Parties" means, unless the context is opposed to this interpretation, the Parties to this Protocol; 6. 'geographical area of activities of EMEP' means the area defined in the by. 4 of art. 1 of the Protocol to the Convention of 1979 on air pollution transboundary long-range distance, relative to the long-term funding of the concerted Programme of continuous monitoring and evaluation of the transport long distance of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP), adopted in Geneva on 28 September 1984; 7. Means 'emission' rejection of a substance in the atmosphere from a source point or diffuse; 8. "nitrogen oxides" means nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO2); 9. "reduced nitrogen compounds" means ammonia and the reaction of the substance; 10 products. means "sulfur" all of the compounds sulfur, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO2); 11. unless otherwise stated, refers to "volatile organic compounds", or "VOCs", all organic compounds of anthropogenic origin, other than methane, which can produce the oxidizers photochemical reaction with oxides of nitrogen in the presence of sunlight; 12. "critical load" means a quantitative estimate of the exposure to one or more pollutants below which, in the current state of knowledge, there is no significant harmful effects on specified sensitive elements of environmental; 13. means "critical levels" means concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere beyond which, in the current state of knowledge, there may be direct harmful effects on receptors such as humans beings, plants, ecosystems or materials; 14. means "pollutant emissions management area", or Pema, an area specified in annex III in accordance with the conditions set out in the by. 9 art. 3; 15. "stationary source" means any building, structure, system, installation, or equipment fixed which emits or may issue directly or indirectly into the atmosphere of sulphur, oxides of nitrogen, volatile organic compounds or ammonia; 16. "new stationary source" means any stationary source that is beginning to build, or that one undertakes to change substantially after the expiry of a period of one year which starts to run from the date of entry into force of the present Protocol. It is for the competent national authorities to determine if a modification is substantial or not, taking into account factors such as benefits of this change for the environment.

RS 0.814.32 RS 0.814.322 art. 2 objective the objective of the present Protocol is to control and reduce emissions of sulphur, oxides of nitrogen, ammonia and volatile organic compounds that are caused by anthropogenic activities and which are likely to have harmful effects on the health, natural ecosystems, materials and crops of the fact of acidification, eutrophication and the formation of tropospheric ozone resulting from transport atmospheric long-range transboundary ((, and to ensure, as far as possible, in the long term and in a stepwise, given the progress of scientific knowledge, the atmospheric original deposits and the concentrations in the atmosphere do not exceed: a) for Parties within the geographical scope of EMEP activities and the Canada, critical acidity loads as they are presented in annex I; b) for Parties within the geographical scope of EMEP activities ((((, critical loads of nutrient n such that they are presented in annex I; c) in the case of ozone: i) for Parties within the geographical area of activities of EMEP, critical ozone levels as they are listed in annex I; ii) for Canada, the Canada-wide standard for ozone; iii) for the United States of America, the national standard for ozone ambient air quality.

Art. 3 fundamental obligations 1. Each party having an emission ceiling in one any tables of annex II reduced its annual emissions, and maintains this reduction to this limit, in accordance with the schedule specified in this annex. At a minimum, each party control its annual emissions of polluting compounds in accordance with the obligations set out in annex II.
2. each party apply the limit values specified in annexes IV, V and VI to each new stationary source entering a stationary source category mentioned in these annexes, at the latest within the time limits specified in annex VII. Otherwise, a party may apply different strategies of reducing emissions that lead overall to equivalent emission levels for all source categories.
3. as far as this is technically and economically feasible and taking into account the costs and benefits, each party apply the limit values specified in annexes IV, V and VI to each existing stationary source within a category of stationary sources referred to in those annexes, no later than within the time limits specified in annex VII. Otherwise, a party may apply different strategies of reducing emissions globally leading to equivalent emission levels for all source categories or, for Parties outside the geographical scope of EMEP activities, which are necessary to achieve the national targets or regional reduction of acidification and meet national standards of quality of air.
4. the limit values for the boilers and industrial heaters, new or already in place, a power thermal rated greater than 50 MWth and new heavy-duty vehicles are evaluated by the Parties at a session of the executive body with a view to amending annexes IV, V and VIII no later than two years after the date of entry into force of the present Protocol.
5. each party applies the values limits for fuels and new mobile sources referred to in annex VIII, no later than within the time limits specified in annex VII.
6. each party should apply the best available techniques to mobile sources and to each new or existing stationary source, taking into account guidance documents I to V adopted by the Executive Body at its seventeenth session (decision 1999/1) and all amendments are related.
7. each Party shall take appropriate measures based on scientific and economic criteria to reduce emissions of volatile organic compounds associated with the use of products which are not in annex VI or VIII. No later than at the second session of the executive body after the entry into force of the present Protocol, the Parties are considering, with a view to adopting an annex on products, including criteria for the selection of these products, limit values for the content volatile organic compounds of products that do not appear in annex VI or VIII, as well as delays in application of these values.
8. each party, subject to the provisions of the by. 10: a) apply, as a minimum, measures to control ammonia specified in annex IX; ETB) apply, where it considers it indicated, the best available techniques for preventing and reducing ammonia emissions listed in guidance document V adopted by the Executive Body at its seventeenth session (decision 1999/1) and all amendments are related.

9. the by. 10 apply to any party: a) whose total area is greater than 2 million km2; b) whose annual emissions of sulphur, oxides of nitrogen, ammonia and/or volatile organic compounds contributing to acidification, eutrophication and the formation of ozone in areas under the jurisdiction of one or more Parties are essentially from an area under its jurisdiction designated as a Pema in annex III , and who has submitted to that effect a folder under para. c); c) who introduced, in signing, ratifying, accepting or approving the present Protocol or acceding to it, a description, reference documentation in support, of the geographical scope of one or more Pema, for one or more pollutants, for inclusion in annex III; ETD) which, in signing, ratifying, accepting or approving the present Protocol or acceding to it, expressly stated its intention to take advantage of this paragraph.

10. a party to which this paragraph applies:

((a) if it is located in the area of activities of EMEP, cannot be held to comply with the provisions of this article and of annex II that within the scope of the relevant PEMA for each pollutant for which a Pema within its jurisdiction is listed in annex III; b) if it is not located in the area of activities of EMEP , cannot be held to comply with the provisions of by. 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 and 7 and annex II only within the scope of the relevant PEMA for each pollutant (nitrogen oxides, sulphur and/or volatile organic compounds) for which a Pema within its jurisdiction is included in annex III, and is not required to comply with the provisions of the by. 8 in any place under its jurisdiction.

11. at the time of their ratification, acceptance or approval of this Protocol, or accession to this instrument, the Canada and the United States of America submitted to the Executive Body their respective commitments on reduction of emissions of sulphur, oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds, which will be automatically incorporated into Annex II.
12. the Parties, subject to the conclusions of the first review to the by. 2 of art. 10, and at the latest one year after the completion of this review, enter into negotiations on new emission reduction obligations.

Art. 4 Exchange of information and technology 1. Each party, acting in accordance with its laws, regulations and practices as well as its obligations under the present Protocol, creates conditions for the exchange of information, technologies and techniques, in order to reduce sulphur emissions, of nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds in endeavouring to promote including: has) the constitution and updating of databases on best available techniques ((, including those that increase energy efficiency, low-emission burners and good agricultural practices respectful of the environment; b) exchange of information and experiences concerning the development of less polluting transport systems; c) direct contacts and cooperation in the industrial sector, including joint ventures; ETD) the provision of technical assistance.

2. to promote the activities specified in the by. 1, each party creates conditions for contacts and cooperation between organizations and people, both in the private sector than in the public sector, are capable of providing technology, services and study engineering, material or financial resources.

Art. 5 1 public awareness. Each party, acting in accordance with its laws, regulations and practices, is dedicated to promoting the dissemination to the general public, including information on: a) national annual emissions of sulphur, nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds and progress to comply with national emission ceilings or other obligations referred to in art. 3; b) deposits and concentrations of the relevant pollutants and, if there is place, these deposits and concentrations compared to the loads and critical levels referred to in art. 2; c) tropospheric ozone concentrations. ETD) strategies and measures applied or to be applied to mitigate atmospheric pollution problems dealt with in this Protocol, which are exposed to the art. 6 2. In addition, to minimize emissions, each party may make the public largely has access to related information including on: a) fuels and less polluting fuels, renewable energy sources and energy efficiency, including their use in the transport sector; b) volatile organic compounds contained c) options with respect to the management of waste containing volatile organic compounds in products, including labelling; which are produced by consumers; d) good agricultural practices to reduce emissions of ammonia; e) on the health and environmental effects associated with the pollutants covered by the present Protocol; ETF) measures that individuals and businesses can take to help reduce emissions of the pollutants covered by the present Protocol.

Art. 6 strategies, policies, programmes, measures and information 1. Where appropriate and based on scientific and economic criteria solids, each party, in order to more easily fulfil the obligations it has entered into in respect of art. 3: a) adopt strategies, policies and support programmes, without undue delay after the entry into force of this Protocol for that party; b) apply measures to control and reduce its emissions of sulphur, of nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds; c) taking steps to promote greater energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources; d) is taking steps to reduce the use of fuels and fuels; e) develops and implements systems less polluting transport and seeks to promote traffic management systems to reduce overall emissions from road traffic; f) taking measures to promote the development and the introduction of processes and low-emission products, taking into account guidance documents I to V adopted by the Executive Body at its seventeenth session (decision 1999/1) and all amendments are related; g) encourages the application of programs (, including volunteers, management of the reduction of emissions, and the use of economic instruments, taking account of the guidance VI adopted by the Executive Body at its seventeenth session (decision 1999/1) and all amendments are related; h) applies and develops more before, in accordance with its national circumstances, policies, and measures such as the reduction or phasing out of market imperfections tax incentives, exemptions of taxes and rights and subsidies in all sectors that come from sulfur to nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds that run counter to the objective of the Protocol, and uses the instruments of the market. ETI) takes measures, if they are effective compared to their cost, to reduce emissions from waste products containing volatile organic compounds.

(2 each party gathers and maintains information on: has) the actual emissions of sulfur levels, nitrogen compounds and volatile organic compounds as well as ambient concentrations and deposition of these compounds and ozone, given, for parts located in the area of activities of EMEP, of the work plan of EMEP; ETB) the effects of ambient concentrations and deposits of sulphur, nitrogen compounds, volatile organic compounds and ozone on health, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and materials.

3 any party may take more stringent measures than those provided for in this Protocol.

Art. 7 information 1. Subject to its laws and regulations and in accordance with its obligations under the present Protocol: has) each party, through the Executive Secretary of the Commission, shall communicate to the Executive Body, at regular intervals set by the Parties at a session of the Executive Body, information on the measures it has taken to implement the present Protocol. In addition: i) when a party applies different emission reduction strategies to the title of by. 2 and 3 of art. 3, it will present documents in support of the policies applied and certifying its compliance with the obligations set out in these paragraphs; ii) where a party considers that certain limit values, as specified in accordance with the by. 3 of art. 3, are technically and economically impractical in terms of their costs and benefits, it report you and provide a proof;

(b) each party within the geographical scope of EMEP activities communicates to EMEP through the Executive Secretary of the Commission, at regular intervals determined by the steering body of EMEP and approved by the Parties at a session of the Executive Body, the following information: i) levels of emissions of sulphur, of nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds using ((at least, the methods and the temporal and spatial resolution specified by the steering body of EMEP; ii) levels of emissions of each substance in the reference year (1990) using the same methods and the same resolution time and space; iii) data on projected emissions and current reduction plans; etiv) if it thinks fit, any exceptional circumstances justifying emissions that are temporarily higher than the ceilings that have been set for one or more pollutants;

(c) the Parties outside the geographical scope of EMEP activities make available information similar to those referred to in para. (b), if the request to do so by the executive body.


2. the information pursuant to para. (a) by. 1 conform to the decision relating to the presentation and the content of the communications, the Parties will adopt at a session of the executive body. The terms of this decision will be reviewed, as appropriate, to determine any item to add concerning the presentation or content of the information to be provided.
3. in good time before each annual session of the Executive Body, EMEP provides information: has) on the ambient concentrations and deposits of compounds sulfur and nitrogen as well as, where these data are available on the ambient concentrations of volatile organic compounds and ozone; ETB) on the calculations of the balance sheets of sulphur and oxidized and reduced nitrogen and relevant information on the long-range of ozone and its precursors transport.

The Parties outside the geographical scope of EMEP activities make available similar information if the request to do so by the executive body.
4. the Executive Body, in accordance with para. (b) by. 2 of art. 10 of the Convention, take the necessary steps for the preparation of information on the effects of the deposits of sulfur and nitrogen compounds and concentrations of ozone.
5. in the sessions of the Executive Body, the Parties take steps to prepare, on a regular basis, information on the distribution of the emission reductions calculated and optimised at the international level for the States located in the geographical area of activities of EMEP, with integrated assessment models, including atmospheric, with a view to further reduce transport models , for the purposes of the by. 1 of art. 3, the difference between the deposits of sulfur and nitrogen compounds and the values of critical loads as well as the gap between the actual of ozone concentrations and critical levels of ozone specified in annex I, or other methods of evaluation approved by the Parties at a session of the executive body.

Art. 8 research, development and monitoring. the Parties encourage the research, development, monitoring and cooperation in the following areas: a) international harmonization of methods of calculation and evaluation of the harmful effects associated with the substances addressed by the present Protocol for the purposes of establishing critical loads and critical levels and, where appropriate, development of procedures to achieve this harmonization; b) improvement of databases on emissions (, in particular those on ammonia and organic volatile; c) improved techniques and surveillance systems and of the modelling of transport, concentrations and deposits of sulphur, nitrogen compounds and volatile organic compounds, ozone and particulate matter secondary; d training) improvement of the science for the future long-term emissions and their impact on to the hemispheric background concentrations of sulphur (, nitrogen, volatile organic compounds, ozone and particulates, emphasizing in particular the chemistry of the free troposphere and the risk of intercontinental flow of pollutants; e) continued development of a comprehensive strategy to reduce the harmful effects of acidification, eutrophication and photochemical pollution, including synergies and the combined; e effects) develop strategies to further reduce sulphur emissions nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds based on critical loads and critical levels as well as on technical progress, and improvement of the modelling of the integrated assessment to calculate the distribution optimized worldwide reductions in emissions in view of the need to avoid excessive costs for any party whatsoever. Special attention should be paid to emissions from agriculture and transport; g) determination of evolution at the time and the scientific understanding of the more general effects of sulphur, nitrogen compounds, volatile organic compounds and pollution photochemical on health, including their contribution to concentrations of particulate matter, on the environment, in particular acidification and eutrophication ((, and on materials, particularly on those of historical and cultural monuments in the light of the relationship between sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, ammonia, volatile organic compounds and tropospheric ozone; h) control technologies and technologies and techniques to enhance energy efficiency, renewable energy and the use of energy sources; i) effectiveness of techniques to control ammonia at farm level and impact of these techniques on deposits at local and regional levels; (j) transport demand management and development and promotion of less polluting transport systems; k) quantification and, where possible, economic evaluation of the benefits to the environment and the health of reduction of emissions of sulphur, nitrogen oxides, ammonia and volatile organic compounds; ETL) development of tools for making widely applicable and of the methods and results of this work widely.

Art. 9 compliance compliance with each part of the obligations that it has entered into by virtue of this Protocol is reviewed periodically. The Implementation Committee established by decision 1997/2 adopted by the Executive Body at its fifteenth session conducts these examinations and shall report to the Parties at a session of the Executive Body in accordance with the provisions of the annex to this decision and all amendments are related.

Art. 10 reviews by the Parties at sessions of the Executive Body 1. Sessions of the Executive Body, the Parties, in application of para. (a) by. 2 of art. 10 of the Convention, review the information supplied by the Parties, EMEP and subsidiary bodies of the Executive Body, the data on the effects of concentrations and deposition of sulphur and nitrogen compounds and of photochemical pollution as well as the reports of the Committee referred to in art. 9 above.

2. has) at sessions of the Executive Body, the Parties maintain under review the obligations set out in the present Protocol, including: i) their obligations in terms of the distribution of the reductions in emissions calculated and optimised at the international level, referred to the by. 5 of art. 7 above; II) adequacy of obligations and the progress made to achieve the objective of the present Protocol;

(b) for these exams, takes account of the best available scientific information on the effects of acidification, eutrophication and pollution of photochemical, including assessments of all the relevant effects on health, levels and critical loads, the development and the development of integrated, technological evaluation models, of the evolution of the economic situation (, improvement of databases on emissions and control techniques, including ammonia and volatile organic compounds, and the extent in which the obligations regarding the level of emissions are met; c) procedures, methods and timing of these reviews shall be adopted by the Parties at a session of the executive body. The first such review should start no later than one year after the entry into force of the present Protocol.

Art. 11 settlement of disputes 1. Any dispute between two or more Parties about the interpretation or application of this Protocol, the Parties strive to resolve through negotiation or any other peaceful means of their choice. The parties to the dispute shall inform the executive body of their dispute.
2. when it ratifies, accepts or approves the present Protocol or adhere, or at any time thereafter, a party which is not a regional economic integration organization may declare in a written instrument submitted to the depositary that, for any dispute related to the interpretation or application of the Protocol, it recognizes as compulsory (s) ipso facto and without special agreement one of the two means of settlement below or both with respect to any Party accepting the same obligation ((: a) submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice; b) arbitration in accordance with procedures that the Parties will adopt as soon as possible at a session of the Executive Body, in an annex on arbitration.

A party which is a regional economic integration organization may make a statement in the same direction with regard to arbitration in accordance with the procedures referred to in para. (b). 3. The declaration made in application of the by. 2 remains in force until what it expires according to its own terms or until the expiry of a period of three months from the date on which written notice of the revocation of this statement was filed with the custodian.

4. the filing of a new declaration, a notice of revocation of a declaration or the expiry of a declaration does not affect the proceedings before the International Court of Justice or the arbitral tribunal, unless the parties to the dispute agree otherwise.
5. except in the case where the parties to a dispute have accepted the same means of regulation provided in the by. 2, if, on the expiry of a period of twelve months from the date on which part has notified another part the existence of a dispute between them, the Parties concerned are failed to resolve their dispute by the means referred to in the by. 1, the dispute at the request of any party to the dispute, is subject to conciliation.
6. for the purposes of the by. 5, a conciliation commission is created. The commission is composed of members appointed in equal numbers, by each party concerned or, where the parties to the conciliation procedure are common cause, by all of these parties, and a Chairman chosen jointly by the members so appointed. The commission will issue a recommendation that the parties to the dispute review in good faith.

Art. 12 annexes the annexes to this Protocol are an integral part of the Protocol.

Art. 13 amendments and adjustments 1. Any party may propose amendments to this Protocol. Any party to the Convention may propose an adjustment to annex II to the present Protocol for the purposes of adding his name, as well as the levels of emissions, emission ceilings and percentage of emissions reduction on.
2. the amendments and proposed adjustments are submitted in writing to the Executive Secretary of the Commission, who shall communicate them to all Parties. The Parties consider the proposed amendment and adjustment to the next session of the Executive Body, provided that the Executive Secretary has passed them on to the Parties at least ninety days in advance.
3. the amendments to the present Protocol, including amendments to annexes II to IX shall be adopted by consensus by the Parties present at a session of the Executive Body and come into force for the Parties which have accepted the ninetieth day following the date on which two third Parties have deposited their instrument of acceptance of these amendments with the depositary. The amendments come into force for any other party the ninetieth day following the date on which the party has deposited its instrument of acceptance of the amendments.
4. the amendments to the annexes to this Protocol, with the exception of the amendments to the annexes referred to the by. 3, were adopted by consensus by the Parties present at a session of the executive body. After the expiry of a period of ninety days from the date on which the Executive Secretary of the Commission communicated it to all Parties, any amendment to either any of these annexes shall take effect for the Parties which have not submitted a notification to the depositary in accordance with the provisions of the by. 5, provided that at least sixteen Parties have not submitted this notification.
5. any party that is not in a position to approve an amendment to one annex other than those referred to the by. 3 gives notification to the depositary in writing within ninety days from the date of the communication of its adoption. The depositary shall inform without delay all Parties of the receipt of this notification. A party may at any time substitute an acceptance for its previous notification and, after the deposit of an instrument of acceptance with the depositary, the amendment to this appendix takes effect with respect to this part.
6. adjustments to annex II shall be adopted by consensus by the Parties present at a session of the Executive Body and take effect with respect to all Parties to this Protocol the ninetieth day following the date on which the Executive Secretary of the Commission gives to the Parties written notice of the adoption of the adjustment.

Art. 14 signature 1. The present Protocol is open for signature by States members of the Commission as well as States of consultative status with the Commission by virtue of the by. 8 of resolution 36 (IV) of the economic and social Council on 28 March 1947 and organizations of regional economic integration constituted by States sovereign members of the Commission, having competence to negotiate, conclude and apply international agreements in matters covered by the Protocol, provided that the States and organizations concerned are Parties to the Convention and appear on the list in annex II , in Gothenburg (Sweden) on 30 November and 1 December 1999, then at the headquarters of the Organization of the United Nations in New York until May 30, 2000.
2. in matters which fall within their competence, such regional economic integration organizations exercise their own rights and fulfil own responsibilities conferred by this Protocol to their Member States. In such cases, the Member States of these organizations are not entitled to exercise such rights individually.

Art. 15 ratification, acceptance, approval and accession 1. The present Protocol is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval of the signatories.
2. the present Protocol is open for accession of the States and organizations that meet the conditions set out in the by. 1 of art. 14 as of May 31, 2000.
3. the instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession are deposited with the depositary.

Art. 16 depositary the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations is the depositary.

Art. 17 entry into force 1. This Protocol comes into force on the ninetieth day following the date of the deposit of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the depositary.
2 with respect to each State or organization which fulfils the conditions set out in the by. 1 of art. 14, which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Protocol or adhere after the deposit of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Protocol comes into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit by that party of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

Art. 18A denunciation any time after the expiration of a period of five years starting from the date on which this Protocol entered into force with respect to a party, that party may denounce the Protocol by written notification to the depositary. The denunciation shall take effect on the ninetieth day following the date of receipt of the notification by the depositary, or at any later date specified in the notification of the denunciation.

Art. 19 pieces of authentic the original of this Protocol, of which the English, french and Russian texts are also authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
In faith whereof the undersigned, at the duly authorized, have signed this Protocol.
Made in Gothenburg (Sweden), 30 November 1999.
(Follow signatures)

Annex I loads and critical levels I. critical loads of acidity has. For Parties within the geographical scope of EMEP 1 activities. Critical loads (such as defined in article 1) of acidity for ecosystems are determined in accordance with the Manual on Methodologies and Criteria for Modelling and Mapping Critical Loads and Levels and Air Pollution Effects, Risks and Trends developed under the Convention. They represent the maximum amount of acidifying deposits an ecosystem can withstand long term without being damaged. Critical acidity loads based on nitrogen take account of mechanisms of elimination of nitrogen within the ecosystem (the absorption by the plants, for example). Critical loads of acidity based on sulfur are loads that - long term - will have no adverse effects on the structure and functions of an ecosystem. Combined sulphur and nitrogen for the determination of the critical load of acidity, the nitrogen not are taken into account when nitrogen deposition are higher than the amounts of nitrogen eliminated by the mechanisms of the ecosystem, such as the absorption by vegetation. All data on critical loads reported by Parties, and approved by the executive body of the Convention, are summarized for use in the integrated assessment modelling employed to help set the reduction commitments in annex II shows.

B. for the parts located in North America


2. in Canada, critical of acid deposition loads and geographical areas where they are exceeded are determined and mapped to the lakes and forest ecosystems Highlands through scientific methods and criteria similar to those described in the Manual on Methodologies and Criteria for Modelling and Mapping Critical Loads and Levels and Air Pollution Effects Risks and Trends developed under the Convention. The values of critical loads for the total deposits of sulphur and nitrogen and excess levels have been mapped for the Canada (to the South of 60 ° North latitude) and are expressed in acid equivalent per hectare and per year (eq/ha/yr) (scientific assessment acid deposition in the Canada 2004; Council of Canadian Ministers of the environment, 2008). The province of Alberta has also adapted for potential acidity, generic critical load classification systems used for soils in Europe, in order to define as soils are very sensitive, moderately sensitive or insensitive to acid deposition. Critical loads, target loads and loads of surveillance have been defined for each category of soil and management measures are prescribed if there is place under the framework of management of acid deposition in Alberta.
3. these loads and effects are taken into account in integrated assessment activities, including the communication of data as part of international efforts to assess the response of ecosystems to loads of acidifying components, and help set the Canada emissions reduction commitments indicated in annex II.
4. in the case of the United States of America, the effects of acidification are evaluated by the study of the sensitivity and response of ecosystems to the charge of acidifying compounds, methods and scientific criteria validated by peer and taking into account the uncertainties associated with the cycle of nitrogen in ecosystems. The adverse effects on vegetation and ecosystems are then taken into account in the development of the secondary national standards for NO2 and SO2 ambient air quality. Integrated assessment models and ambient air quality standards help set the reduction commitments of emissions of the United States of America in annex II.

II. critical loads of nutrient nitrogen was. For Parties within the geographical area of activities of EMEP 5. Critical loads (as defined in art. 1) of nutrient nitrogen (eutrophication) in ecosystems are determined in accordance with the Manual on Methodologies and Criteria for Modelling and Mapping Critical Loads and Levels and Air Pollution Effects, Risks and Trends developed under the Convention. They represent the maximum amount of eutrophisant nitrogen deposition which, in the long term, will have no negative effects on the structure and function of an ecosystem. All data on critical loads reported by Parties are summarized to be used in the integrated assessment modelling employed to help set emission reduction commitments in annex II.

B. for the parts located in 5 North America. For the United States of America, the effects of nutrient nitrogen (eutrophication) on ecosystems are assessed by determining the sensitivity and response of ecosystems to loads of nitrogen compounds, methods and scientific criteria validated by peers, and taking into account the uncertainties in the cycle of nitrogen in ecosystems. The adverse effects on vegetation and ecosystems are then taken into account in the development of the secondary national standards for NO2 and SO2 ambient air quality. Integrated assessment models and ambient air quality standards help set the reduction commitments of emissions of the United States of America in annex II.

III. critical levels of ozone has. For Parties within the geographical scope of the activities of the EMEP 6. (As defined in article 1) critical levels of ozone are determined to protect plants in accordance with the Manual on Methodologies and Criteria for Modelling and Mapping Critical Loads and Levels and Air Pollution Effects, Risks and Trends developed under the Convention. They are expressed as cumulative value, either guard flows, concentrations at the top of the canopy. Critical loads are based on guard flows, these being deemed biologically more relevant because they take into account the modifying effect of factors related to climate, soil and plants on the absorption of ozone by vegetation.
7. critical levels have been calculated for a number of cultured species, vegetation (semi) - natural and forest species. Selected critical levels are related to the most important environmental effects (insecurity of food supply, decrease of the carbon in the biomass storage living trees and other adverse effects in ecosystems foresters and (semi-) natural, for example).
8. the critical level of ozone for health is determined in accordance with the guidelines of the world Organization of the health (who) air quality in order to protect the health of a whole range of health effects, including increased risk of premature death and disease.

B. for the parts located in 9 North America. In the case of the Canada, it is understood that there is no threshold below which ozone produces no effects on health. In other words, harmful effects were observed at all concentrations of ozone found in the Canada. The Canadian standard which has been set for ozone is intended to facilitate their management efforts both at the national level by Governments to significantly reduce the effects on human health and the environment.
10. in the case of the United States of America, critical levels are expressed in the form of national standards primary and secondary ambient air quality in order to protect with a sufficient margin of safety public health and public welfare, including vegetation, of any known or expected harmful effect. Integrated assessment models and air quality standards help set the reduction commitments of emissions of the United States of America in annex II.

IV. critical levels of particles has. For Parties within the geographical scope of the activities of the EMEP 11. The critical level of particles for health is determined in accordance with the who guidelines for quality air, depending on the mass concentration of PM2, 5. The adoption of the level prescribed in the guidelines should actually reduce the health risks. Concentration long-term PM2, 5, expressed as an annual average, is proportional to the risk to health, including the reduction in life expectancy. This indicator is used in integrated assessment models to provide guidance on emissions reduction. In addition to the annual level indicated in the guidelines, a level in the short term (24-hour average) is defined to protect against pollution peaks which have a significant impact on morbidity or mortality.

B. for the parts located in 12 North America. In the case of the Canada, it is understood that there is no threshold below which particles produce no effects on health. In other words, harmful effects were noted at all concentrations of particles observed in the Canada. The Canadian national standard for particles has been set in order to contribute to management efforts made both at the national level by Governments to significantly reduce the effects on human health and the environment.
13. in the case of the United States of America, critical levels are expressed in the form of national primary and secondary ambient air for particles quality to protect public health with an adequate margin of safety and protect the public welfare (including visibility and man-made materials) of any known or expected harmful effect. Integrated assessment models and air quality standards help set the reduction commitments of emissions of the United States of America in annex II.

V. critical levels of ammonia 14. Critical levels (as defined in article 1) of ammonia are determined to protect plants in accordance with the Manual on Methodologies and Criteria for Modelling and Mapping Critical Loads and Levels and Air Pollution Effects, Risks and Trends.

VI. acceptable levels of air pollutants to determine to protect materials


15. levels of acidifying pollutants, ozone and particles are determined to protect the materials and heritage in accordance with the Manual on Methodologies and Criteria for Modelling and Mapping Critical Loads and Levels and Air Pollution Effects, Risks and Trends developed under the Convention. Acceptable levels of pollutants represent the maximum exposure that a material can withstand long term without damage higher corrosion rates specified as objectives. These damages, which can be calculated by means of the dose-response functions, are due to several pollutants that combine differently depending on the material: acidity (sulphur dioxide [SO2], nitric acid [HNO3]), ozone and particles.

According to the D 2012/1 update may 4, 2012, in force for Switzerland since June 5, 2013 (or 2014 3609).

On 18 September 2014 State annex II emission ceilings the emission ceilings listed in the tables below correspond to the provisions of by. 1 to 10 of art. 3 of this Protocol. 1980 and 1990 emissions levels and emission reduction percentages are given for information only.
Table 1 emission ceilings for sulphur (in thousands of tonnes of SO2 per year) part emissions levels emission ceilings for 2010 percentage reduction of emissions for 2010 (1990 base year) 1980-1990 Armenia 141 73 73 0% Austria 400 91 39-57% Belarus 740 637 480-25% Belgium 828 372 106-72% Bulgaria 2 050 2 008 856-57% Canada (national level) 4 643 3 236 Pema (ZGOS) 3 135 1 873 Croatia 150 180 70. - 61% Cyprus 28 46 39-15% 2 257 1 876 283-85% Denmark 450 Czech Republic 182 55-70% Finland 584 260 116-55% France 3 208 1 269 400-68% Germany 7 514 5 313 550-90% Greece 400 509 546 + 7% Hungary 1 633 1 010 550-46% Ireland 222 178 42 - 76% Italy 3 757 1 651 500-70% Latvia - 119 107 10%-Liechtenstein - 0.15 0.11-27% Lithuania 311 222 145-35% Luxembourg 24 15 4 - 73%

Netherlands 490 202 50-75% Norway 137 4 100 3 210 1397-56% 266 362 170 Portugal Poland 53 22-58%-53% Republic of Moldova 308 265 135-49% Romania 1 055 1 311 918-30% Federation of Russia 7 161 4 460 1 062 1 133 635-44% Slovakia 780 543 110 ZGEB-80% Slovenia 235 194 27-86% Spain 2 959 2 182 774-65% Sweden 491 119 67-44% Switzerland 116 43 26-40% Ukraine 3 849

2 782 1457-48% United Kingdom 4 863 3 731 625-83% United States of America Community European 26 456 16 436 4059-75% at the time of ratification, acceptance or approval of this Protocol or of accession to it, the Canada must submit a cap on emissions for sulphur applicable either nationally or in its Pema, and will endeavor to provide a cap on emissions for 2010. The PEMA for sulphur will correspond to the (ZGOS) sulphur oxides management area, designated ZGOS Southeast Canadian in application of annex III of the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on transboundary air pollution in long distance, relative to a further reduction of sulphur emissions, adopted at Oslo on 14 June 1994. This area covers an area of 1 million km encompassing the entire territory of the provinces of Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, all the territory of the province of Quebec south of a straight line between Havre-Saint-Pierre, on the northern coast of the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the point where the Quebec-Ontario border cuts the coast of James Bay , as well as the entire territory of the province of Ontario south of a straight line from the point where the Ontario-Quebec border cuts the coast of James Bay, the Nipigon River near the North of the Lake Superior shore.

The figures show the European part located in the geographical area of activities of EMEP.

At the ratification, acceptance or approval of this Protocol or of accession to it, the United States of America shall provide for inclusion in this Annex: has) specific measures for reduction of sulphur emissions from mobile and stationary sources applicable at the national level, either in a Pema if they have designated a PEMA for sulphur to for inclusion in annex III; (b) a value corresponding to the total estimated level of emissions of sulphur in 1990, either at national level or in the Pema; (c) an indication of the total level of emissions of sulphur for 2010, either at national level or in the Pema; (d) associated estimates of the percentage reduction in sulphur emissions. The value referred to in point b) will be incorporated into the table and the data referred to in points has), c) and d) will be the subject of a note.

Table 2 emission ceilings for nitrogen oxides (in thousands of tonnes of NO2 per year) part levels of emissions 1990 emission ceilings for 2010 percentage reduction of emissions for 2010 (base 1990) Armenia 46 46 0% Austria 194 107-45% Belarus 285 255-11% Belgium 339 181-47% Bulgaria 361 266-26% Canada 2 104 Croatia 87 87 0 Cyprus 18 23 + 28% Czech Republic 742 286%-61% Denmark 282 127-55% Finland 300 170-43%

France 1 882 860-54% 2 693 1081-60% Greece 343 344 Germany 0% Hungary 238 198-17% Ireland 115 65-43% Italy 1 938 1000-48% 93 84-10% 0.63 Liechtenstein Latvia 0.37-41% Lithuania 158 110-30% Luxembourg 23 11-52% Netherlands 580 266-54% Norway 218 156-28% Poland 1 280 879-31% Portugal 348 260-25% of 100 90-10% Romania 546 437 Moldova-20% Federation of Russia 3 600 Pema 360 265-26% Slovakia

225 130-42% Slovenia 62 45-27% Spain 1 113 847-24% Sweden 338 148-56% Switzerland 166 79-52% Ukraine 1 888 1222-35% United Kingdom 2 673 1181-56% United States of America Community European 13 161 6671-49% at the time of ratification, acceptance or approval of this Protocol or of accession to it, the Canada will communicate the level of emissions of nitrogen oxides in 1990 and for 2010, either national emission ceilings , either in its PEMA for nitrogen oxides, if he has designated one.

The figures show the European part located in the geographical area of activities of EMEP.

At the ratification, acceptance or approval of this Protocol or of accession to it, the United States of America shall provide for inclusion in this Annex: has) specific measures for reduction of emissions of nitrogen oxides from mobile sources and apply stationary sources either at national level or in a Pema if they have designated a PEMA for nitrogen oxides to for inclusion in annex III; (b) a value corresponding to the total estimated level of emissions of oxides of nitrogen in 1990, either at national level or in the Pema; (c) an indication of the total level of emissions of nitrogen oxides for 2010, either at national level or in the Pema; (d) associated estimates of the percentage reduction of emissions of nitrogen oxides. The target value of the point b) will be incorporated into the table and the data referred to in points has), c) and d) will be the subject of a note.

Table 3 emission ceilings for ammonia (thousands of tonnes of NH3 per year) part levels of emissions 1990 emission ceilings for 2010 percentage reduction of emissions for 2010 (base 1990) Armenia 25 25 0% Austria 81 66-19% Belarus 219 158-28% Belgium 107 74-31% Bulgaria 144 108-25 Croatia 37-19% 30% Cyprus 7 9 + 29% Czech Republic 156 101-35% Denmark 122 69-43% Finland 35 31-11% France 814 780-4% Germany

764 550-28% 80 73-9% 124 90-27% 126 116 Ireland Hungary Greece-8% Italy 466 419-10% 44 44 0% 0.15 Liechtenstein Latvia 0.15 0% 84 84 0% 7 7 0% Netherlands 226 128 Luxembourg Lithuania-43% Norway 23 23 0% Poland 508 468-8% Portugal 98 108 + 10% of 49 42-14% Romania 300 210 Moldova-30% Federation of Russia 1191 Pema 61 49-20% 39-37% 24 20-17% 351 353 Spain Slovenia Slovakia 62 +. 1% Sweden 61 57-7% Switzerland 72 63-13% Ukraine 729 592-19% United Kingdom 333 297-11% EC 3671 3129-15% figures relate to the part European located in the area of activities of EMEP.

Table 4 emission ceilings for VOCs (in thousands of tonnes of VOC per year) part levels of emissions 1990 emission ceilings for 2010 percentage reduction of emissions for 2010 (base 1990) Armenia 81 81 0% Austria 351 159-55% Belarus 533 309-42% Belgium 324 144-56% Bulgaria 217 185 Canada 2 880 Croatia 105 90 Cyprus 18-14-22%-14%-15% Czech Republic 435 220-49% Denmark 178 85-52% Finland 209 130. - 38% 2 957 1100-63% Germany 3 195 995 France-69% Greece 373 261-30%


Hungary 205 137-33% Ireland 197 55-72% 2 213 1159-48% Latvia 152 136 Italy-11% Liechtenstein 1.56 0.86-45% 103 92-11% Luxembourg 20 Lithuania 9-55% Netherlands 502 191-62% Norway 310 195-37% Poland 831 800-4% Portugal 640 202-68% Republic of Moldova 157 100-36% Romania 616 523-15% Federation of Russia 3 566 Pema 203 165-19% Slovakia 149 140-6% 42 40-5% Spain 1 094 669 Slovenia-39% Sweden 526 241 -. 54% Switzerland 292 144-51% Ukraine 1 369 797-42% United Kingdom 2 555 1200-53% United States of America European Community 15 353 6600-57% at the time of ratification, acceptance or approval of this Protocol or of accession to it, the Canada will communicate the level of emissions of VOCs in 1990 and for 2010 emission ceilings either at the national level , either in its PEMA for volatile organic compounds, if he has designated one.

The figures show the European part located in the geographical area of activities of EMEP.

At the ratification, acceptance or approval of this Protocol or of accession to it, the United States of America shall provide for inclusion in this Annex: has) measures for reducing emissions of volatile organic compounds from mobile sources and stationary sources applicable either nationally or in a Pema if they have designated a PEMA for the volatile organic compounds for the purpose of inclusion in annex III; (b) a value corresponding to the total estimated level of emissions of volatile organic compounds in 1990, either at national level or in the Pema; (c) an indication of the total level of emissions of volatile organic compounds for 2010, either at national level or in the Pema; (d) associated estimates of the percentage reduction of emissions of volatile organic compounds. The value referred to in point b) will be incorporated into the table and the data referred to in points has), c) and d) will be the subject of a note.

New content according to the adjustment entered into force Apr. 24. 2006 (RO 2006 1885).

State on 18 September 2014 annex III designated area emissions of pollutants (PEMA) the Pema management below is indicated for the purposes of this Protocol: the Federation of Russia the Pema Pema is the area comprising the oblast of Murmansk, Republic of Karelia, the Leningrad oblast (including St. Petersburg), Pskov, Novgorod and Kaliningrad oblast oblast oblast. The boundary of the Pema coincides with the borders of State and administrative boundaries of these subjects of the Russia Federation.

State on 18 September 2014 Appendix IV limits for emissions of sulphur from stationary sources 1. Section A applies to Parties other than the Canada and the United States of America, section B in the Canada and section C in the United States of America.

A. Parties other than the Canada and the United States of America 2. For the purpose of section A, except in the case of table 2 and by. 11 and 12, defined limit value, the quantity of a gaseous substance contained in the waste gases of a facility, that should not be exceeded. Unless otherwise stated, it is calculated mass of pollutant per volume of gas waste (and expressed in mg/m), assuming normal conditions of temperature and pressure for dry gas (volume at 273.15 K, 101.3 kPa). With respect to the oxygen content of the exhaust, remembered the values indicated in the tables below for each source category. The dilution carried out in order to decrease the concentrations of pollutants in waste gases is not permitted. Startup and shutdown phases and maintenance of equipment are excluded.
3. emissions shall be monitored in all cases. Compliance with the limit values should be checked. You can apply different methods of verification - continuous or intermittent measures, approval of type, or any other technically sound method.
4. the methods of sampling and analysis of samples of pollutants as well as methods of measurement reference for calibration of measurement systems must conform to the standards set by the European standardisation (CEN) or by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Awaiting the development of CEN or ISO standards, it is necessary to apply national standards.
5. measures of emissions should be carried out continuously when emissions of SO2 are greater than 75 kg/h. 6. In case measures continuously for new installations, emission standards are met if the calculated daily mean values do not exceed the limit value and if no hourly value does exceed 100% of the limit value.
7. in case measures continuously for existing installations, emission standards are met if has) none of the monthly mean values exceeds the values limits; and (b) 97% of all average values calculated on 48 hours do not exceed 110% of the limit values.
8. in the case of intermittent measurements, it takes at least that emission standards be respected, that the mean value based on an appropriate number of measurements under representative conditions does not exceed the value of the emission standard.
9. boilers and industrial heaters with a rated thermal power greater than 50 MWth: limit values for SOX emissions from boilers table 1 heat output (MWth) value limit (mg SO2/Nm) another possibility for the performance of purification of domestic solid fuels solid fuels 50-100 850 90% and liquid, 100-300 850-200 92% new installations (linear decrease) > 300 200 95% solid fuels 50-100 2000 existing 100-500 2000-400 (linear decrease) > 500 400 50-150 40% 150-500 40-90% (linear increase) > 500 90% fuel liquids, 50-300 1700 facilities 300-500 1700-400 (linear decrease) > 500 400 gaseous fuels in general, liquefied gas 35 new and existing facilities, new and existing facilities gas 5 low calorific value (from for example the gasification of refinery residues (, or the burning of e.g. coke oven gas) News 400 existing 800 new blast furnace gas 200 existing 800 facilities of new combustion in refineries (average of all new combustion plants) > 50 (total refining capacity) 600 existing combustion plant in refineries (average of all existing combustion plants) 1000 especially , the limits do not apply to the:-facilities, such as warming ovens and furnaces for heat treatment, in which the products of combustion are used directly for heating, drying or any other treatment of objects or materials; - post-combustion plants, i.e. any technical apparatus used to purify the waste gases by combustion that is not working as an independent combustion plant; - facilities used for the regeneration of catalytic cracking catalysts; - used facilities for the transformation of the sulphide sulphur; - reactors used in the chemical industry; - Batteries of coke ovens; - pickers Cowper - waste incinerators; - facilities equipped with diesel, gasoline engines, or gas or combustion turbines regardless of the fuel used.

The O2 reference content is 6% for solid fuels and 3% for other fuels.

400 with heavy fuel oil whose sulphur content is < 0,25%.

If an installation reaches 300 mg/Nm SO2, it may be exempt from the application of the purification performance.

10 diesel: Limit values for the sulphur content of gas oil table 2 content sulphur (% by weight) diesel < 0.2 after July 1, 2000 < 0,1 after January 1, 2008 is meant by 'diesel' any product oil falling within HS 2710, or any petroleum product which, because of its distillation limits, falls within the category of distillates intended for use as fuel , and of which at least 85% by volume, including distillation losses, distill at 350 ° C. Fuels used for road and other vehicles and agricultural tractors are excluded from this definition. Gas oil for marine use is included in this definition if it meets the description above or it has a viscosity or density that comes within the ranges of viscosity or density defined for marine distillates in table I of ISO 8217 (1996).

((11. Claus facilities: the facilities that produce more than 50 Mg of sulphur a day: a) desulphurization of 99.5% for new plants; b) desulphurization of 97% for existing facilities.

12. titanium dioxide production: in new and existing installations, discharges arising from digestion and calcination steps in the manufacturing process of titanium dioxide shall be reduced to a value not more than 10 kg of SO2 equivalent per Mg of produced titanium dioxide.

B. Canada


13. the values limits for the reduction of emissions of sulphur dioxide from new stationary sources entering the stationary source category below will be determined according to the available information on techniques and reduction levels, including values limits applied in other countries and the following document: the Canada Gazette, part I. Department of the environment. National guidelines on thermal power plants releases new. May 15, 1993, pp. 1633 in 1638.

C. United States of America 14. The limits for the reduction of dioxide emissions of sulphur from stationary sources new values in the following documents corresponding to the various categories of stationary sources considered: a) to the steam generators of electricity public companies - code of federal regulations (C.F.R.), title 40, part 60, sections D and Da; b) for the industrial sectors steam generators (((, commercial and institutional - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, sections Db and Dc; c) for sulfuric acid production plants - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section H; d) for oil refineries - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section J; e) for the first copper foundries casting - C.F.R., title 40, part 60 ((((, section P; f) for the first zinc smelters casting - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section Q; g) for the first lead smelters casting - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section R; h) for fixed gas - C.F.R. turbines, title 40, part 60, section GG; i) for continental natural gas - C.F.R. processing facilities ((, title 40, part 60, section LLL; j) for incinerators of municipal waste - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, Ea and Eb; k sections) for incinerators of hospital/medical/infectious waste - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, Ec section.

Monitoring should be designed as a whole, including the measurement of emissions, mass balance, etc. It can be done in continuous or intermittent.

On 18 September 2014 State annex V limits for emissions of NOx from stationary sources 1. Section A applies to Parties other than the Canada and the United States of America, section B in the Canada and section C in the United States of America.

A. Parties other than the Canada and the United States of America 2. For the purposes of section A, limit value means the quantity of a gaseous substance contained in the waste gases of a facility, that should not be exceeded. Unless otherwise stated, it is calculated mass of pollutant per volume of gas waste (and expressed in mg/m), assuming normal conditions of temperature and pressure for dry gas (volume at 273.15 K, 101.3 kPa). With respect to the oxygen content of the exhaust, remembered the values indicated in the tables below for each source category. The dilution carried out in order to decrease the concentrations of pollutants in waste gases is not permitted. The limit values apply in general to the sum of no. and NO2, commonly referred to as NOx, expressed as NO2. Startup and shutdown phases and maintenance of equipment are excluded.
3. emissions shall be monitored in all cases. Compliance with the limit values should be checked. You can apply different methods of verification - continuous or intermittent measures, approval of type, or any other technically sound method.
4. the methods of sampling and analysis of samples of pollutants as well as methods of measurement reference for calibration of measurement systems must conform to the standards set by the European standardisation (CEN) or by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Awaiting the development of CEN or ISO standards, it is necessary to apply national standards.
5. measures of emissions should be carried out continuously when emissions of NOx are greater than 75 kg/hour.
6. in the case of measures continuously, except for existing combustion plants covered in table 1, emission standards are met if the calculated daily mean values do not exceed the limit value and if no hourly value does exceed 100% of the limit value.
7. in case of measures continuously for existing combustion plants covered in table 1, emission standards are met if has) none of the monthly mean values exceeds the limit values and b) 95% of all average values calculated on 48 hours do not exceed 110% of the values emission limits.
8. in the case of intermittent measures, it must at a minimum, so that emission standards are met, that the mean value based on an appropriate number of measurements under representative conditions does not exceed the value of the emission standard.
9. boilers and heaters industrial rated thermal power greater than 50 MWth: limit values for NOx emissions from boilers table 1 value limit (mg/Nm) solid fuels, new installations:-boilers 50-100 MWth 400 - boilers 100-300 MWth 300 - boilers > 300 MWth 200 solid fuels, existing installations:-solid fuels in general 650 - solid fuels with less than 10% volatile compounds content 1300 liquid fuels , new installations:-boilers 50-100 MWth 400 - boilers 100-300 MWth 300 - boilers > 300 MWth 200 liquid fuels, existing installations: 450 gaseous fuels, new installations: fuel: natural gas - boilers 50-300 MWth 150 - boilers > 300 MWth 100 fuel: all other gas 200 gaseous fuels, existing installations: 350 in particular, the limit values do not apply to the:-facilities, such as warming ovens and furnaces for heat treatment , in which the products of combustion are used directly for heating, drying or any other treatment of objects or materials; - post-combustion plants, i.e. any technical apparatus used to purify the waste gases by combustion that is not working as an independent combustion plant; - facilities used for the regeneration of catalytic cracking catalysts; - facilities used for the transformation of the sulphide sulphur; - reactors used in the chemical industry; - Batteries of coke ovens; - pickers Cowper; Waste incinerators; - facilities equipped with diesel, gasoline engines, or gas or combustion turbines regardless of the fuel used.

These values do not apply to boilers running less than 500 hours a year. 02 reference content is 6% for solid fuels and 3% for other fuels.

10 turbines at continental combustion of a nominal thermal power greater than 50 MWth: limits for NOx emissions expressed in mg/Nm (with a 15% O2 content) are calculated for a single turbine. The limit values given in table 2 apply only to the turbines whose load is greater than 70%.
Limit values for emissions of NOx from turbines to continental combustion table 2 > 50 MWth (thermal under ISO conditions power) value limit (mg/Nm) - New Installations, natural gas 50 - facilities news, combustible liquid 120 - existing Installations, all fuels - natural gas 150 - 200 liquid fuels natural gas is methane gas existing naturally including the inert content and other components is not 20% (by volume).

75 mg/Nm in the case: - of combustion turbines used in combined production of heat and electricity facilities; - turbine combustion resulting in a compressor for public gas distribution network feeding. For combustion turbines which fall into any of the two categories above, but whose performance, determined for the ISO base load conditions, is greater than 35%, the limit value is equal to 50 * h/35, h representing the performance of the turbine combustion expressed as a percentage (and determined in ISO base load conditions).

This limit value applies only to turbines combustion burning light and medium distillates.

These values do not apply to combustion turbines running less than 150 hours per year.

11. cement production: limit values for NOx emissions from installations of cement production table 3 limit value (mg/Nm) Greenfield, (10% O2) - ovens dry 500 - other kilns 800 existing Installations (10% O2) 1200 Installations of clinker production of cement in the rotary kilns with a capacity > 500 Mg/day or in other furnaces with a capacity > 500 Mg/day.

12. stationary engines: limit values for emissions of NOx from new stationary engines table 4 power, technical, type of fuel value limit (mg/Nm) engines with controlled ignition (= Otto), four-stroke, > 1 MWth - engine to lean mixture 250 - all engines 500 to ignition by compression (= diesel) engines, > 5 MWth - fuel: gas (jet ignition) 500 - fuel : heavy fuel oil 600 - fuel diesel or gas oil 500


These values do not apply to engines running less than 500 hours a year. The O2 reference content is 5%.

13. production and processing of metals: limit values for emissions of NOx from the primary steel industry table 5 capacity, technical, type of fuel limit (mg/Nm) new and existing sinter value 400 Production and processing of metals: fence or facilities agglomeration of ores, foundries and steelworks (first or second fusion), including in continuous casting, with a capacity greater than 2,5 Mg/hour processing of ferrous metals (hot > 20 Mg/hour of crude steel mills).

14. nitric acid production: limit values for NOx emissions from facilities of nitric acid production with the exception of the concentration units of acid table 6 capacity, technical, type of fuel value limit (mg/Nm) - 350 new facilities - facilities existing 450 B Canada 15. Values limits for the reduction of emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) from new stationary facilities fall into the categories of stationary sources following will be determined on the basis of available information on techniques and reduction levels, including values limits applied in other countries and the following documents: has) Canadian Council of Ministers of the environment (CCME). National recommendation on emissions from stationary combustion turbines, December 1992.b) Gazette of Canada, part I. Department of the environment. National guidelines on thermal power plants releases new. May 15, 1993, pp. 1633 to 1638.c) CCME. National guideline for emissions from cement kilns, March 1998. PN1285.

C. United States of America 16. The limits for the reduction of emissions of NOx from new stationary sources fall into the categories of stationary sources following values in the following documents: a) facilities coal the utilities - code of federal regulations (C.F.R.), title 40, part 76; b) public electricity companies - C.F.R., title 40 steam generators ((((, part 60, sections D and Da; c) generators of steam from the industrial, commercial and institutional sectors - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, Db section; d) nitric acid production plants - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section G; e) fixed gas - C.F.R. Turbines, title 40, part 60, section GG; f) incinerators of municipal waste - C.F.R. (, title 40, part 60, sections Ea and Eb; g) incinerators of hospital/medical/infectious waste - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, Ec section.

Monitoring should be designed as a whole, including the measurement of emissions, mass balance, etc. It can be done in continuous or intermittent.

On 18 September 2014 State annex VI limits for emissions of volatile organic compounds from stationary sources 1. Section A applies to Parties other than the Canada and the United States of America, section B in the Canada and section C in the United States of America.

A. Parties other than the Canada and the United States of America 2. This section of the present annex is the stationary sources of non methaniques volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) emissions listed in the by. 8 to 21 below. It does not apply to installations or parts of installations used for research and development or testing of new processes or products. Threshold values are indicated in the tables by reproduced further sector. They are generally solvent consumption or emission mass flow. When an operator engages in several activities falling under the same subheading in the same facility and on the same site, the consumption of solvent or mass flow of emissions corresponding to these activities are added. If no threshold is set, the specified limit value applies to all the installations concerned.
((3. for the purposes of section A of the present annex: a) "storage and distribution of petrol" means the loading of trucks, tank cars, barges and sea vessels in deposits and the dispatch facilities of the refinery of mineral oil, with the exception of the filling of the tanks of vehicles at service stations covered by relevant documents on mobile sources; b) "Application of adhesive coating" means any process of application of an adhesive on a surface ((with the exception of the application of adhesives and lamination processes of printing and lamination of wood and plastics; c) "Wood and plastics lamination" means any process of pasting of wood and/or plastics to get produce laminates; d) "Coatings Application" means the application of metal or plastic surfaces on passenger cars ((, cabins of truck, trucks, buses or by any wooden surfaces during which one or more thin continuous coating layers is (are) applied (s) on: i) new vehicles defined (see below) as vehicles of category M1 and those of category N1 insofar as they are processed in the same facility that vehicles of category M1; ii) truck cabins, defined as the cockpit of the driver, and all integrated cockpit (for the technical equipment of vehicles of categories N2 and N3; iii) vans and trucks, defined as vehicles of categories N1, N2 and N3, with the exception of truck cabins; iv) buses defined as category M2 and M3 vehicles; ETV) other metallic and plastic surfaces including those airplanes, ships, trains, etc., wooden surfaces and textile, fabric, sheets and paper surfaces; this source category does not include the application of metallic coatings on substrates by electrophoresis or spraying of chemicals. If the process of coating to an article includes a phase during which the same article is printed, this phase of impression is considered part of the coating process. However, the printing operations performed as a separate activity are not included. In this definition:-M1 vehicles are those that are assigned to the transport of people and involving, in addition to the driver's seat, eight seats up; - M2 vehicles are those that are assigned to the transport of persons and that have more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat, and have a maximum weight exceeding 5 Mg not; - M3 vehicles are those that are assigned to the transport of persons and that have In addition to the seat of the driver, more than eight seats and have a maximum weight exceeding 5 Mg;-N1 vehicles are those that are assigned to the transport of goods and have a maximum weight exceeding 3.5 Mg not;-N2 vehicles are those that are assigned to the transport of goods and which have a maximum weight exceeding 3.5 Mg but not exceeding not 12 Mg - N3 vehicles are those that are assigned to the transport of goods and which have a maximum weight exceeding 12 Mg;

(e) ' strips continuous coating"means all processes covering continuous of blades of steel, stainless steel or coated steel or strips in copper alloys or aluminium forming a skin coating or laminate;

(f) "dry cleaning" means any industrial process and commercial using VOCs in an installation to clean garments, furnishing and similar consumer goods with the exception of the manual removal of stains or dirt in the textile and clothing industry; g) "Manufacturing of coatings, varnishes, inks and adhesives" means the manufacturing of coatings, varnishes, inks and adhesives, and of intermediates where these are obtained in the same installation by mixing pigments, resins and adhesive substances with organic solvents or other carriers. This category also includes dispersion, the predispersion, obtaining the viscosity or colour and packaging the goods finishes; h) "Printing" means any process of reproduction of text or illustrations in which ink is transposed on a surface using a printer shape. It applies to the following sub-processes:


((i) llexographie: printing process in which a form printer in photopolymers elastic or rubber, whose printing elements are highlighted with respect to the non-printing, the ink used is liquid and drying by evaporation is used; ii) offset by heat: printing on Rotary to coils using a printer shape in which the printing and non-printing elements are on the same plane , and where printing on Rotary to coils means that the machine is supplied with support to print through a coil and not as separate sheets. The part no printer is processed to be hydrophilic and thus to repel the ink. The printing elements are processed to receive and transfer the ink onto the surface to be printed. (Evaporation is done in an oven where the print is heated by hot air; iii) edition rotogravure: rotogravure used for printing, using toluene-based inks, paper for magazines, brochures, catalogues or similar; iv products) rotogravure: printing process using a cylindrical printer form which the printing elements are hollow compared to the non-printing elements used ink being liquid and drying by evaporation. The recesses are filled with ink and the surplus on non-printing items is removed before the print surface comes into contact with the cylinder and doesn't absorb ink of the hollow; v) printing on Rotary: printing on Rotary to reels in which ink is sent on the surface to be printed through a porous printer form, whose printing items are opened and the non-printing elements are clogged; liquid inks used dry only through evaporation. By printing on Rotary to coils means that the machine is supplied with support to print through a coil and not in the form of leaves separated; vi) is linked to a printing process: the bonding of two or more flexible materials to produce laminates; vii) opening: process where to apply a varnish or an adhesive coating on a soft material to ensure later the sealing of packing material;

(i) "Manufacturing of pharmaceutical products" means chemical synthesis, fermentation, extraction, formulation and finishing of products pharmaceuticals and, if it takes place on the same site, manufacturing products intermediaries; j) "Implementation of natural or synthetic rubber" means all operations of mixing, grinding, brewing, smoothing (, extrusion and vulcanisation of natural or synthetic rubber and additional operations that transform the natural or synthetic rubber into a finished product; k) "Surface cleaning" means, excluding the dry-cleaning, all processes, including degreasing, which use organic solvents to make net surface materials. Cleaning involving more than one phase before or after any other phase of treatment is regarded as a single operation. This operation is the cleaning of the surface of products, but not that of processing equipment;) "Extraction of vegetable oil and animal fat and refining of vegetable oil" means the extraction of vegetable oil from seeds and other vegetable matter, the processing of dry residues for the production of food animals and the purification of fats and vegetable oils from seeds and plant or animal; material m) "Finish of vehicles" means of any operation industrial or commercial coating of surfaces as well as related degreasing operations consisting of: i) apply a coating on a road vehicle or a part of such a vehicle as part of repair, conservation or decoration of the vehicle took place outside facilities construction, ouii) apply the coating of origin on a road vehicle or a part of such a vehicle (, using finishing materials, when this is not done in the manufacturing chain, or III) apply a coating on trailers (including semi-trailers);

((((n) "Impregnation of wooden surfaces" means all of the processes of impregnation of wood by a conservation officer; o) "Normal Conditions" means a temperature of 273.15 K and a pressure of 101.3 kPa; p) "NMVOCS" means all organic compounds other than methane with steam pressure of at least 0.01 kPa at 273.15 K or whose volatility is comparable in terms of application indicated; q) "Waste gas" means a gas containing the NMVOC or other pollutants, which are eventually released into the atmosphere from a fireplace or a control device. The volumetric flow rates are expressed in m/h for normal; r) 'Fleeting NMVOC Emission' means any release into the atmosphere, soil or water of NMVOC is not part of the waste gas, as well as, unless otherwise stated, solvents contained in the products. Fleeting emissions include emissions of NMVOC no captured escaping in the outside environment through windows, doors, vents and other similar openings. (The limit values which are indicated below for the fugitive are calculated by means of a management plan for the solvents (see the appendix to the present annex); s) "Total emission of NMVOCS" means the sum of fugitive emissions of NMVOCS in waste gases and NMVOC; t) 'Solvent used' means the quantity of organic solvents pure or content in preparations including the solvents recycled inside installation and outside, which is used to perform an operation and who is counted every time; u) "Limit value" means the maximum quantity of a gaseous substance contained in the waste gases of a facility, that should not be exceeded during normal operation. Unless otherwise stated, it is calculated based on the ratio of the mass of pollutants in the volume of waste (and gases expressed in mg C/Nm, unless otherwise stated), assuming normal conditions of temperature and pressure for dry gas. For installations using solvents, the limit values are given in mass unit per characteristic unit of the respective operations. During the determination of the concentration of the pollutant in the waste gas, it is not considered of gas volumes that are added to the waste gas to cool them or dilute them. The limit values are generally all the VOCs other than methane (no further distinction is made based on the reactivity or toxicity for example); v) "Normal operation" means all phases of the operation with the exception of operations of start and stop and the maintenance of the equipment; w) "Substances dangerous for health" category is divided into two ((: i) halogenated VOCs that have a potential risk of irreversible effects; ii) hazardous substances that are carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction or that may cause cancer, hereditary genetic damage or cancer by inhalation, reduce fertility or harm to the child in utero.

4. it is meets the requirements below:

(a) emissions of NMVOCS shall be monitored and the respect of the values limits checked. You can apply different methods of verification - continuous or intermittent measures, approval of type, or any other technically sound method; In addition, these methods must be viable economically; b) the concentrations of air pollutants in gas ducts must be measured in a representative way. Methods sampling and analysis of samples of all pollutants as well as methods of measurement reference for calibration of the measuring systems must conform to the standards set by the European standardisation (CEN) or by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Awaiting the development of CEN or ISO standards, it is necessary to apply the standards national; c) when measures of emissions of NMVOCS are required, they should be carried out continuously if emissions of NMVOCS exceed 10 kg of carbon organic total/h in the vent system downstream of the installation of emission reduction and if the operation exceed 200 hours a year. In other facilities, emissions must be at least intermittent measures. To comply with the standards, it is possible to use other methods, as long as they are as rigorous; d) in case measures continuously, it takes at least for emission standards is achieved if the average daily does not exceed the value limit during normal operation and that no hourly average is more than 150% the limit values. To comply with the standards, it is possible to use other methods, as long as they are too strict; e) in the case of intermittent measurements, it takes at least for emission standards are met, that the mean value of all readings does not exceed the limit value and that no hourly average exceeds 150% the value limit. To comply with the standards, it is possible to use other methods, as long as they are as rigorous; f) all necessary precautions must be taken to minimize emissions of NMVOCS at startup and shut down operations and in case of abnormal operation; g) steps are not required if installing a device at the end of process control is not required to meet the limit values given below and if we can show that limit values are not exceeded.

5. the following limit values should be applied for waste gases, unless stated otherwise given below: a) 20 mg substance/m for discharges of halogenated volatile organic compounds (answering the designation: potential risk of irreversible effects) whose total mass flow is greater or equal to 100 g/h; ETB) 2 mg/m (this value corresponds to the total mass of the various compounds) for discharges of volatile organic compounds (answering the following risk designations: may cause cancer / may cause hereditary genetic damage / may cause cancer by inhalation / can harm the child in utero / can decrease fertility) whose total mass flow is greater or equal to 10 g/h.

6. for the source categories listed in the by. 9 to 21 below, the following provisions: has) instead of the values apply limits to facilities described below, the operators of the facilities may be allowed to implement a reduction scheme (see Appendix II to this annex) whose objective is to obtain through other means, reductions in emissions that are equivalent to those which would be obtained by application values limits indicated; ETB) regarding fleeting emissions of NMVOCS, the values given below for these programs must be applied as a limit value. However, where it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the competent authority that, for a given installation, this value is not applicable in technical and economic terms, the competent authority may grant a derogation in favour of this facility provided that there is no reason to fear a significant risk to health or the environment. For each derogation, the operator must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the competent authority that the best available technique is used.

7. the limit values for emissions of VOCs from the defined source categories to the by. 3 are those stated in the by. 8 to 21 below.
8. storage and distribution of petrol: limit values for emissions of VOCs from storage and distribution of gas operations, with the exception of the bunkering of ships of sea table operations 1 technical ability, another value threshold value specification limit units of recovery of vapours serving the storage facilities and distribution in deposits from refineries or terminals 5000 m of flow of gas 10 g VOC/Nm including methane Note : Vapours displaced during the filling of petrol storage tanks must be recovered either in other tanks of storage devices control according to the limit values given in the table above.

9. application of adhesive coatings: limit values for emissions of NMVOC from the application of adhesive coatings table 2 technical ability, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) limit value limit value for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) manufacture of footwear; News and facilities facilities existing > 5 25 g solvent per pair other adhesive coatings applications, shoes excepted.

5-15 50 mg C/Nm 25 new installations and facilities existing > 15 50 mg C/Nm 20 when techniques allow reuse of recovered solvent, the limit value is increased to 150 mg C/Nm.

10 stratification of the wood and plastics: limit values for emissions of NMVOCS from stratification of the wood and plastics table 3 technical capacity, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) value limits for emissions of NMVOC laminating wood and plastics; News and facilities facilities existing > 5 30 g NMVOC/m 11. Application of coatings (metal and plastic surfaces: passenger cars, truck, trucks, buses; wooden surfaces cabins): limit values for emissions of NMVOC from the application of coatings in the automotive industry table 4 technical capacity, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) value limits for emissions of NMVOC New Installations, coating of vehicles (M1 (, M2) > 15 (and > 5,000 coated units / year) 45 g NMVOC/m or 1.3 kg/unit and existing 33 g NMVOC/m Installations, coating of vehicles (M1, M2) > 15 (and > 5,000 coated units / year) 60 g NMVOC/m or 1.9 kg/unit and new 41 g NMVOC/m Installations and existing installations, coating of vehicles (M1, M2) > 15 (monohull ≤5000 coated / year or > 3500 chassis clothed / year) 90 g NMVOC/m or 1.5 kg/unit and 70 g NMVOC/m facilities News, coating of new trucks (N1, N2, N3) cabins > 15 (≤5000 coated units / year) 65 g NMVOC/m facilities new, coating of new trucks (N1, N2, N3) cabins > 15 (> 5000 coated units / year) 55 g NMVOC/m facilities existing, coating of new trucks (N1, N2, N3) cabins > 15 (≤5000 coated units / year) 85 g NMVOC/m existing facilities , coating of new trucks (N1, N2, N3) > 15 cabins (> 5000 coated units / year) 75 g NMVOC/m facilities new, coating of trucks and vans new (without cabin) (N1, N2, N3) > 15 (≤ 2500 coated units / year) 90 g NMVOC/m facilities new, coating of trucks and vans new (without cabin) (N1, N2, N3) > 15 (> 2500 coated units / year) 70 g NMVOC/m existing facilities , coating of trucks and vans new (without cabin) (N1, N2, N3) > 15 (≤ 2500 coated units / year) 120 g NMVOC/m facilities existing, coating of trucks and vans new (without cabin) (N1, N2, N3) > 15 (> 2500 coated units / year) 90 g NMVOC/m facilities new, coating of new buses (M3) > 15 (≤2000 coated units / year) 210 g NMVOC/m greenfield , coating of new buses (M3) > 15 (> 2000 coated units / year) 150 g NMVOC/m facilities existing, coating of new buses (M3) > 15 (≤2000 coated units / year) 290 g NMVOC/m facilities existing, coating of new buses (M3) > 15 (> 2000 coated units / year) 225 g NMVOC/m for a consumption of solvent ≤15 Mg/year (coating of cars), the values given in table 14 (finishing of vehicles) that apply.


The total limit values are expressed according to the ratio of the mass of solvent (g) emitted in the surface area of product (m). Area of the product, means the area representing the sum of the total area of application of a coating by electrophoresis and size of all the elements that can be added during the successive phases of the operation, on which the same coatings are applied. The surface of the area of application of a coating by electrophoresis is calculated using the following formula: (2 x total weight of the envelope): (average thickness of the metal sheet x density of the plate).

Limit values for emissions of NMVOC from the application of coatings in various industry sectors table 5, technical ability, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) limit mg C/Nm value value limit for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) New Installations and existing installations: other coating of metal surfaces, plastic, textile, fabric , leaves and paper including (with the exception of printing screen printing press of textiles, see printing) 5-15 100 25 > 15 50/75 20 existing facilities and new facilities: 15-25 100 25 wooden surfaces coating > 25 50/75 20 limit value applies to the application of coating and drying operations under prescribed conditions of confinement.

When it is not possible to proceed in conditions of confinement (shipbuilding, aircraft coating, etc.), installations may be exempted from the application of these values. Reduction program referred to in para. (a) by. 6 should then be implemented unless it is shown to the satisfaction of the competent authority that this option is not applicable in technical and economic terms. In this case, the operator must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the competent authority that the best available technique is used.

The first value is drying operations, the second application of the coating.

When the coating of textiles, techniques allow reuse of recovered solvents, the limit value is increased to 150 mg C/Nm for drying and coating.

12 strips continuous coating: limit values for the NMVOC emissions from coating strips continuous table 6, technical ability, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) limit mg C/Nm value value limit for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) facilities new > 25 50 5 facilities existing > 25 50 10 when techniques allow to reuse the recovered solvent the value limit is increased to 150 mg C/Nm.

13. dry cleaning: limit values for emissions of NMVOCS from dry table 7 capacity, technical cleaning, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) value limits New Installations and facilities existing 0 20 g NMVOC/kg value limit for total emissions of NMVOCS expressed in mass of solvent emitted per mass of cleaned and dried product.

14. manufacturing of coatings, varnishes, inks and adhesives: limit values for emissions of NMVOCS from manufacturing of coatings, varnishes, inks and adhesives technical table 8 ability, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) value (mg C/Nm) value limit for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) new and 100-1000 facilities 150 5 existing facilities > 1000 150 3 can be applied a total of 5% of the used solvent limit value to the rather than the limit of concentration in the waste gas and the value limits for transient emissions of NMVOC.

You can apply a maximum of 3% of solvent used instead of in the waste gas concentration limit and the value limit value for fugitive of NMVOC.

The limit value for fugitive does not include solvents sold with the preparations in a sealed container.

15 printing (flexography, printing offset by heat, rotogravure of edition, etc.): limit values for emissions of NMVOCS from table 9 technical capacity printing processes, another specification threshold value for solvent consumption (Mg/year) limit value (mg C/Nm) limit value for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) New Installations and existing installations: printing offset by 15-25 100 30 heat > 25 20 30 new facilities : rotogravure of edition > 25 75 10 existing facilities: rotogravure of edition > 25 75 15 New Installations and existing installations: rotogravure intended for other purposes, flexography, printing on Rotary, lamination and 15-25 100 25 opening units > 25 100 20 new Installations and existing installations: printing on textiles press and cartons > 30 100 20 residues of solvent in the finished products are not considered as part of Fugitive NMVOC.

16. manufacturing of pharmaceutical products: limit values for emissions of NMVOC from the manufacturing of pharmaceutical products table 10 ability, technical, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) value (mg C/Nm) value limit for NMVOCs (% of solvent used) Installations fugitive new > 50 20 5 facilities existing > 50 20 15 when techniques allow reuse of recovered solvents the value limit is increased to 150 mg C/Nm.

You can apply a total limit of 5% of solvent used instead of in the waste gas concentration limit and the value limit value for fugitive of NMVOC.

You can apply a maximum of 15% of the solvent used instead of in the waste gas concentration limit and the value limit value for fugitive of NMVOC.

The limit value for fugitive does not include solvents sold with the preparations of sealed container coating.

17. implementation of natural or synthetic rubber: limit values for emissions of NMVOC from the implementation of natural or synthetic rubber table 11 capacity, technical, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) limit value (mg C/Nm) limit value for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) New Installations and existing installations : implementation of natural rubber or synthetic > 15 20 25 can apply a maximum of 25% of solvent used instead of in the waste gas concentration limit and the value limit value for fugitive of NMVOC.

When techniques allow reuse of recovered solvent, the limit value is increased to 150 mg C/Nm.

The limit value for fugitive does not include solvents sold with the preparations in a sealed container.

18. surface cleaning: limit values for emissions of NMVOC from the surface table 12 ability, technical cleaning, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) limit value limit value for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) New Installations and existing installations: surface cleaning using substances mentioned in para. (w) by. 3-1 - 5-20 mg of compound Nm 15 > 5 20 mg compound / Nm 10 new Installations and existing installations: other cleaning of surfaces 2-10 75 mg C/Nm 20 > 10 75 mg C/Nm 15 facilities that can demonstrate to the competent authority that the average content in organic solvent of all substances used for cleaning does not exceed 30% in weight are exempt from the application of these values.

19 extraction of vegetable oil and animal fat and refining of vegetable oils: limit values for emissions of NMVOC from the extraction of vegetable oil and animal fat and refining of vegetable oils table 13, technical ability, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) value limits total (kg/Mg) > 10 new 1.5 animal fats and seeds of Castor 3.0 facilities facilities rapeseed existing 1.0 1.0 (normal crushing) 0.8 soybean seeds sunflower seeds

Seeds of soybean (white flakes) 1.2 other seeds and plant material 3.0 all fractionation processes, with the exception of the stripping stripping 4.0 1.5 limit values for total emissions of NMVOCS from treatment of seeds and other plant simple batch material must be set case by case by the authorities according to the best available techniques.

Elimination of these compounds in the oil.

20 finish of vehicles: limit values for emissions of NMVOCS from finishing operations of vehicles table 14 ability, technical, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) value (mg C/Nm) value limit for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) news and facilities facilities existing > 0.5 50 25


Compliance with the limit values must be demonstrated by measures of average about 15 minutes.

21. impregnation of wooden surfaces: limit values for emissions of NMVOC from the impregnation of wooden surfaces table 15 technical capacity, another specification threshold value for the consumption of solvent (Mg/year) value (mg C/Nm) value limit for fugitive of NMVOCS (% of solvent used) news and facilities facilities existing > 25 100 45 does not apply to impregnation with creosote.

For treated wood, you can apply a total limit of 11 kg/m of solvent instead of the limit of concentration in the waste gas and the value limit value for fugitive of NMVOC.

B. Canada 22. Values limits for the reduction of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from new stationary sources in the following stationary source categories will be determined on the basis of available information on techniques and reduction levels, including values limits applied in other countries and the following documents: has) Canadian Council of Ministers of the environment (CCME). Recommendation code techniques for the environmental protection applicable to the reduction of emissions of solvents from dry cleaning facilities, December 1992; b) CCME. Environmental guidelines on the control of emissions from processes of volatile organic compounds from new facilities of organic chemicals, September 1993. PN1108; c) CCME. Code of environmental practice for measurement and reduction of fugitive emissions of VOCs resulting from leaks from equipment, October 1993. PN1106; d) CCME. Program to reduce by 40% the emissions of volatile organic compounds of adhesives and sealing agents, March 1994. PN1116; e) CCME. Plan to reduce 20% of volatile organic compounds emissions from surface coatings sold at retail, March 1994. PN1114; f) CCME. Environmental guidelines on the reduction of emissions of volatile organic compounds by aboveground storage tanks, June 1995. PN1180; g) CCME. Code of technical recommendations for the protection of the environment on the recovery of vapours during filling of the vehicles in service stations and other gasoline distribution facilities (Phase II); April 1995. PN1184; h) CCME. Code technical recommendations for the protection of the environment applicable to the emission reduction of solvent from commercial and industrial degreasing facilities, June 1995. PN1182; i) CCME. New performance standards and guidelines for the new sources of services for the reduction of emissions of volatile organic compounds from Canadian automakers coatings application facilities, August 1995. PN1234; j) CCME. Environmental guidelines to reduce emissions of volatile organic compounds from the plastics industry, July 1997. PN1276; k) CCME. National standards on commercial and industrial coatings VOC content Canadian. Finishing of automobiles, October 1998. PN1288.

C. United States of America 23. The values limits for the reduction of VOC emissions from new stationary sources in the categories of stationary sources below are specified in the following documents: a) speakers of storage of liquid hydrocarbons - code of federal regulations (C.F.R.), title 40, part 60, sections K and Ka; b) pregnant storage of volatile organic liquids - C.F.R. Title 40 (((((, part 60, section Kb; c) oil refineries - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section J; d) coating of metal furniture - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section EA; e) coating of cars and vans - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section MM; e) Rotogravure edition - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section QQ; g) pressure - C.F.R. labels and bands surface coating Operations ((((, title 40, part 60, section RR; h) surface coating of large machines, metal coil and beverage containers - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, sections SS, TT and WW; i) gasoline terminals in bulk - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section XX; j) manufacture of tyres - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section BBB; k) manufacture of polymers - C.F.R. (((, title 40, part 60, section DDD; l) coating and printing of vinyl and flexible urethane - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section FFF; m) oil refining equipment: systems related to leaks and wastewater - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, sections GGG and QQQ; n) Production of synthetic fibers - C.F.R., title 40, part 60 (((, section HHH; o) Drycleaning in hydrocarbons - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section ddd; p) continental natural gas - C.F.R. treatment facilities, title 40, part 60, section KKK; q) leaks on the material of organic synthetic chemicals (SOCMI) manufacturing industry; oxidation in air; distillation operations; and reactive processes - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, sections VV, III, NNN and RRR; r) coating of magnetic tapes - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section SSS; s) coating of industrial surfaces - C.F.R., title 40, part 60, section TTT; t) coatings polymers of devices related to support substrates - C.F.R., title 40, part 60 section VVV.

Monitoring should be designed as a whole, including the measurement of emissions, mass balance, etc. It can be done in continuous or intermittent.

State on 18 September 2014 Appendix I Introduction 1 solvent management Plan. This appendix to the annex on the values limits for emissions of volatile organic compounds not methaniques (NMVOCS) from stationary sources contains guidance for the implementation of a solvent management plan. It sets out the principles to be applied (para. 2), a framework for the mass balance (para. 3) and procedures for verification of compliance of the requirements (by. 4).

Principles 2. The solvent management plan is intended to allow: has) to check if the requirements are met, as provided for in the annex; ETB) to define future emissions reduction opportunities.

Definitions 3. The following definitions provide a framework for the mass balance.

(a) organic solvents used:-I1. The amount of pure organic solvents or content in preparations of the trade that is used to perform an operation during the period taken into account for the calculation of the mass balance.-I2. The quantity of organic solvents pure or content in preparations that is recovered and reused to perform an operation. (The recycled solvent is counted every time.)

(b) the use of organic solvents products:-O1. NMVOC emissions in gas waste. - O2. Organic solvents released into the water, taking into account, as appropriate, the treatment of wastewater in calculating O5. - O3. The quantity of organic solvents remaining in the form of impurities or residues in the products of the operation. - O4. Emissions not captured of organic solvents into the atmosphere. This item includes the general ventilation of the premises which gives rise to the rejection of air in the outside environment through windows, doors, vents and similar openings.-O5. Organic solvents and/or organic compounds released during chemical reactions or physical (including for example those which are destroyed, among other things, by incineration or treatment of waste or waste, or captured, waters gases including adsorption, insofar as they are not counted under O6, O7 or O8).-O6. Organic solvents in waste collected. - O7. Organic solvents pure or contained in preparations, which are sold or for sale as products having a value. commercial - O8. Organic solvents contained in preparations, which are recovered for reuse but not to perform an operation, insofar as they are not counted under O7. - O9. Organic solvents released in another way.

Guide for the use of the solvent management plan for verifying compliance with the requirements 4. The use of the solvent management plan will depend on the requirement that is the subject of the audit, as follows: has) audit of the application of the option of reduction referred to in para. (a) by. 6 of the annex, with a total limit expressed in solvent emissions per unit product, or otherwise stated in annex.
(i) for all operations following the reduction option mentioned in para. (a) by. 6 of the annex, the solvent management plan should be done annually to determine consumption. Calculated consumption using the equation follows: C = I1 - O8 On should do the same for solid products used in the application of coatings in order to know the value of reference of annual emissions and to set the emission level can be reached each year.

(ii) if he is to verify compliance with a total limit expressed in solvent emissions per unit product or otherwise stated in the annex, the solvent management plan should be implemented annually to determine emission of NMVOCS. Calculated emissions of NMVOC by the equation next: E = F + O1 where F represents the fleeting NMVOC emissions defined in the al. b) (i) below. The result is then divided by the parameter applicable to the product concerned.

(b) Determination of fugitive of NMVOCS for comparison with the values given in the annex to this type of emission: i) methodology: Fugitive NMVOC can be calculated using the equations following: F = I1 - O1 - O5 - O6 - O7 - O8 or F = O2 + O3 + O4 + O9 On can proceed by direct measure of each of the elements, or an equivalent calculation , for example from the performance of capture of the process.
The fugitive value is relative to the amount of solvent used, which can be calculated using the following equation: I = I1 + I2 ii) frequency of measurements: fleeting emissions of NMVOCS can be determined by means of a set of measures, few but nevertheless representative. It is not necessary to renew these measures as long as the equipment is not changed.

State on 18 September 2014 Appendix II principles 1 reduction program. Reduction program is designed to give the operator the possibility to achieve by other means a reduction in emissions equivalent to what he would get by applying the limit values. To this end, the operator may use any reduction program specially designed for his installation if you get an equivalent emissions reduction. Parties will report on the progress made towards a same emission reduction, including lessons learned from the application of the reduction program.

Implementation 2. The program below is usable for the application of coatings, varnishes, adhesives or inks. In cases where this arrangement is not appropriate, the competent authority may allow the operator to apply any other system which, in his view, is consistent with the principles above presentations. The design of the program takes account of the following facts: a) where substitutes containing little or no solvent are still under review, an extension of time should be given to the operator for the purposes of its emissions reduction program; b) the point of reference for the reduction of emissions should correspond as far as possible to the emissions that would be obtained if no reduction measures were taken.

3. reduction following program is applicable to facilities to assume a constant content of the product in solids, this content can be used to define the reference point for the reduction of emissions: has) the operator presents an emissions reduction program which provides in particular a reduction in the average content in solvent of the total quantity used and/or an increase in the efficiency of use of solids (, to bring the total emissions of the installation according to the following schedule, at a level, hereinafter emissions target, which corresponds to a given percentage of annual reference emissions: calendar annual Emissions total maximum authorized new facilities existing facilities by October 31, 2001, by October 31, 2005 show target × 1.5 by October 31, 2004, by October 31, 2007 show target b) the annual reference emissions are calculated as follows (: i) the total mass of solids in the quantity of coating and/or ink, varnish or adhesive consumed in a year is determined. Solids means all substances in coatings, inks, varnishes and adhesives that become solid when the water or the volatile organic compounds have evaporated; ii) the annual reference emissions is calculated by multiplying the mass determined in para. (i) by the factor appropriate to the table below. The competent authorities may adjust these factors for installations in which it is established that the solids are used more effectively.

Activity multiplication factor for use in the al. ((b) (ii) Rotogravure; flexography; lamination with a printing process; printing; opening with a printing process; coating of wooden surfaces; coating of textiles, fabric, sheets or paper surfaces; application of adhesives 4 coating strips continuously, finishing of vehicles 3 coatings for food products; coatings in aerospace industry other coatings and printing on Rotary 1.5 2.33 iii) the target emission is equal to the annual issuance of reference multiplied by a percentage equal to: - (the limit value + 15 fleeting emission) for installations in the following sectors:-vehicles (< 15 Mg/year solvent consumption) coating and finishing of vehicles; - coating of metal, plastic, textile surfaces fabric, sheets and paper (solvent consumption between 5 and 15 Mg/year); - coating of wooden surfaces (solvent consumption between 15 and 25 Mg/year). - (the limit value of fleeting show + 5) for all other installations.

(iv) the requirements are met when the actual solvent consumption determined from the solvent management plan is less than or equal to the target emission.

State on 18 September 2014 annex VII deadlines under art. 3-1. Time of application of the limit values which reference is made to the by. 2 and 3 of art. 3 are: a) for new stationary sources, one year after the date of entry into force of the present Protocol for the party in question; b) for existing stationary sources: i) in the case of Parties who are not the countries with economy in transition, one year after the date of entry into force of the present Protocol or 31 December 2007 the latest date is later; ii) in the case of the Parties which are countries with economy in transition, eight years after the entry into force of the present Protocol.

2. delays in application of the values limits for fuels and new mobile sources referred to is in the by. 5 of art. (3, and values for gas oil referred to in table 2 of annex IV are: i) in the case of Parties who are not in the country whose economy is in transition, the date of entry into force of the present Protocol or the dates associated with the measures specified in annex VIII and with the limit values specified in table 2 of annex IV the latest date is later; ii) in the case of the Parties which are countries with economies in transition, five years after the date of entry into force of the present Protocol or five years after the dates associated with the measures specified in annex VIII and the values limits specified in table 2 of annex IV, the latest date is later. These deadlines apply to the Parties to this Protocol insofar as they are subject to deadlines closer to gas oil under the Protocol on further reduction of sulphur emissions.

3. for the purposes of this annex, the term 'country whose economy is in transition' means parts which have made in their instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, a statement that they wish to be treated as a country with economy in transition for the purposes of by. 1 or 2 of this annex.

On 18 September 2014 state limit annex VIII values for fuels and new mobile sources Introduction 1. Section A applies to Parties other than the Canada and the United States of America, section B in the Canada and section C in the United States of America.
2. this annex contains the limit values for NOx, expressed in equivalents nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and hydrocarbons, most of which are volatile organic compounds, as well as environmental specifications applicable to fuels sold for vehicles.
3. the deadlines for the application of the limit values in this annex are laid down in annex VII.

A. Parties other than the Canada and United States of America passenger cars and light commercial vehicles 4. The values limits for motor vehicles having at least four wheels and used for the transport of persons (category M) and goods (category N) are given in table 1.

Heavy-duty vehicles 5. For heavy-duty vehicles, the limit values, which vary according to the test procedure selected, are listed in tables 2 and 3.

Motorcycles and mopeds 6. Limit values for motorcycles and mopeds are given in table 6 and table 7.

Vehicles and non-road machinery


7 the limit values for engines for agricultural and forestry tractors and other non-road vehicles/machinery are listed in tables 4 and 5. The values corresponding to the phase I (table 4) were established on the basis of Regulation No. 96 of the EEC, "Uniform provisions concerning the approval of compression ignition engines intended for agricultural and forestry tractors with regard to the emissions of pollutants from the engine".

8 fuel quality. The environmental quality for gasoline and diesel fuel specifications are given in tables 8 to 11.
Limit values for the passenger cars and light commercial vehicles table 1 category class Date of application reference (Pr) values (kg) mass limits of carbon monoxide L1 (g/km) hydrocarbons L2 (g/km) oxides of nitrogen L3 (g/km) hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides combined L2 + L3 (g/km) particles L4 (g/km) gasoline Diesel gasoline Diesel petrol Diesel petrol Diesel Diesel A M 1.1.2001 all 2.3 0.64 0.2 - 0.15 0.5 - 0.56 0.05 N1 I 1.1.2001 Pr £1305 2.3 0.64 0.2 -.

0.15 0.5 - 0.56 0.05 II 1.1.2002 1305 < Pr £1760 4.17 0.8 0.25 - 0.18 0.65 - 0.72 0.07 III 1.1.2002 1760 < Pr 5,22 0.95 0.29 - 0.21 0.78 - 0.86 B M 1.1.2006 all 1 0.5 0.1 0.1 - 0.08-0.25 - 0.30 0.025 N1 I 1.1.2006 Pr £ 1305 1 0.5 0.1 - 0.08-0.25 - 0.30 0.025 II 1.1.2007 1305 < Pr £1760 1.81 0.63 0.13 - 0.1-0.33 - 0.39 0.04 III 1.1.2007 1760 < Pr 2.27 0.74 0.16 - 0.11 0.39 - 0.46 0.06 for compression ignition engines.

Registration, sale or circulation of the new vehicles that do not meet the limit values given will be denied from dates reported in this column and type approval will no longer be given from 12 months prior to these dates.

Except vehicles whose maximum mass exceeds 2500 kg.

And the M category vehicles that are referred to in note c.

1.1.2002 for category M vehicles which are referred to in note c.

1.1.2007 for category M vehicles which are referred to in note c.

Until 1 January 2003, vehicles in this class engine ignition compression that are not road vehicles or vehicles of maximum mass greater than 2000 kg and which are designed to carry more than six persons, including the driver, will be considered as vehicles in category N1, class III, in the line has.

Limit values for vehicles utilities heavy - ESC test (test cycle European in conditions stabilized) and ELR (test European support) table 2 line Date of application carbon monoxide (g/kWh) hydrocarbons (g/kWh) NOx (g/kWh) particles (g/kWh) smoke (m) has 1.10.2001 2.1 0.66 5 0.10/0.13 0.8 B1 1.10.2006 1.5 0.46 3.5 0.02 B2 1.10.2009 0.5 1.5 0.46 2 0.02-0.5 A count of dates except for vehicles and engines intended for export to countries that are not parties to the present Protocol and for replacement of vehicles engines, Parties prohibit registration, sale, put into circulation or use of new compression ignition engine vehicles or gas and the sale and use of new engines ignition compression or gas-powered when emissions from these engines meet not at the respective limit values. Twelve months prior to these dates, the type approval may be refused in the event of failure to comply with the limit values.

For engines less than 0.75 dm of displacement per cylinder with plan rated power is higher than 3000 revolutions per minute.

Limit values for heavy-duty vehicles - ETC test (European test cycle in transient conditions) table 3 line Date of application carbon monoxide (g/kWh) no methaniques hydrocarbons (g/kWh) Methane (g/kWh) NOx (g/kWh) particles A (2000) 1.10.2001 5.45 0.78 1.6 5 0.16/0.21 B1 (2005) 1.10.2006 4 0.55-1.1 3.5 0.03 B2 (2008) 1.10.2009 4 0.55-1.1 2 0.03 the checking conditions of acceptability of the tests ETC to measure emissions of engines running at the gas from the planned limits on line A will be reviewed and, if necessary, modified in accordance with the procedure laid down in art. 13 of Directive 70/156 / EEC.

From the dates given, except for vehicles and engines intended for export to countries that are not parties to the present Protocol and for replacement of vehicles engines, Parties prohibit registration, sale, put into circulation or use of new compression ignition engine vehicles or gas and the sale and use of new engines or gas-powered when compression ignition emissions do not meet the respective limit values. Twelve months prior to these dates, the type approval may be refused in the event of failure to comply with the limit values.

For engines operating with natural gas only.

Does not apply to engines running gas phase has and stages B1 and B2.

For engines less than 0.75 dm of displacement per cylinder with plan rated power is higher than 3000 revolutions per minute.

Limit values (stage I) for the diesel engines of gear mobile not road (procedure of measurement ISO 8178) table 4 power NET (P) (kW) Date of application carbon monoxide (g/kWh) hydrocarbons (g/kWh) NOx (g/kWh) PM (g/kWh) £130 P < 560 31.12.1998 5.0 1.3 9.2 £0.54 75 P < 130 31.12.1998 5.0 1.3 9.2 0,70 £37 P < 75 31.03.1998 6.5 1.3 9.2 0.85 A count of the given date except for vehicles and engines intended for export to countries that are not parties to this Protocol, the Parties will allow registration, if any, and the market of new engines, whether or not mounted on machines, if they meet the values limits shown in the table. From June 30, 1998, the design approval for a type or family of engine will be refused in the event of failure to comply with the limit values.

Note: This is limit values which must be obtained at the exit of the engine before the possible intervention of a downstream of the exhaust gas purification device.

Limit values (stage II) for the diesel engines of gear mobile not road (procedure of measurement ISO 8178) table 5 power NET (P) (kW) Date of application carbon monoxide (g/kWh) hydrocarbons (g/kWh) NOx (g/kWh) PM (g/kWh) £130 P < 560 31.12.2001 3.5 1.0 6.0 £0.2 75 P < 130 31.12.2002 5.0 1.0 6.0 0.3 £37 P < 75 31.12.2003 5.0 1.3 7.0 0.4 £18 P < 37 31.12.2000 5.5 1.5 8.0 0.8 A count of dates , and with the exception of machinery and engines intended for export to countries that are not parties to this Protocol, the Parties will allow registration, if any, and the market of new engines, whether or not mounted on machines, if they meet the values limits shown in the table. Twelve months prior to these dates, the approval of type for a type or family of engine will be refused in the event of failure to comply with the limit values.

Limit values for motorcycles, three-wheel and the four-wheelers (> 50 cm; > 45 km/h) to be applied from 17 June 1999 table 6 values engine Type limits two time CO = 8 g/km HC = 4 g/km NOx = 0.1 g/km, four time CO = 13 g/km HC = 3 g/km NOx = 0.3 g/km the type approval shall be refused as from the given date if the vehicle's emissions do not meet the limit values.

Note: For three-wheel and the four-wheelers, limit values should be multiplied by 1.5.

Limits for mopeds (£ 50 cm; < 45 km/h) table 7 values limit values Phase Date of application CO (g/km) HC + NOx (g/km) I 17.06.1999 6.0 3.0 II 17.06.2002 1.0 1.2 the type approval shall be refused as the dates if the vehicle's emissions do not meet the limit values.

For the three-wheeled and the four-Wheeler, this value should be multiplied by 2.

For the three-wheeled and the four-wheelers, 3.5 g/km.

Environmental specifications for marketed fuels for vehicles with controlled ignition Type engine: gasoline table 8 parameter unit limits test Min Release Date.

Max.

Method octane rating research 95 - 25164 1993 motor octane number 85 - 25163 1993 Reid, summer vapour pressure kPa - 60 in 12 1993 Distillation: - evaporation at 100 ° C % v/v 46 - EN-ISO 3405 1988 - evaporation at 150 ° C % v/v 75 - analysis of hydrocarbons: - olefins % v/v - 18,0 ASTM D1319 1995 - aromatic - 42 ASTM D1319 1995 - benzene - 1 project in 12177 1995 oxygen % m/m - 2.7 in 1601 1996 composed oxygenated : - methanol, stabilizing agents must be added % v/v - 3 in 1601 1996 - ethanol, stabilising agents may be necessary % v/v - 5 in 1601 1996 - % v/v isopropyl alcohol - 10 in 1601 1996 - alcohol tertio-butyl % v/v - 7 in 1601 1996 - alcohol iso-butyl % v/v - 10 in 1601 1996 - ethers containing 5 atoms of carbon or more per molecule % v/v - 15


IN 1601 1996 other compounds oxygenated % v/v - 10 in 1601 1996 content sulphur mg/kg - 150 project EN-ISO / DIS 14596 1996 the values quoted in the specification are 'true values '. To establish limit values, it has applied the provisions of the standard ISO 4259, "petroleum products: determination and application of values of loyalty to the test methods; to set a minimum value, it took account of a minimum difference 2 r above 0 (R = reproducibility). The results of the various measures must be interpreted according to the criteria defined in the standard ISO 4259 (published in 1995).

IN: European standard; ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials; SAY: draft international standard.

The summer period shall begin no later than 1 May and end at the earliest on 30 September. For Member States experiencing polar-type climate conditions, the summer period shall begin no later than 1 June and end at the earliest on 31 August and the Reid vapour pressure is limited to 70 kPa.

Except for regular unleaded gasoline (octane rating engine (IOM) minimum octane number research (IOR) minimum of 91, for which the maximum content of olefins must be 21% v/v and 81.) These limits are no obstacle to the placing on the market of a Member State of another unleaded with octane indices are lower than those provided for in this annex.

Other mono-alcools whose final distillation point is not higher than that provided in national specifications or, in the absence of such specifications, in industrial specifications for motor fuels.

Note: Parts are sure to January 1, 2000, at the latest, cannot be marketed on their territory as an essence consistent with the environmental specifications set out in table 8. It is open to the Parties which establish that banning a fuel having a sulphur content is not consistent with the corresponding specifications of table 8, in not more than current levels, would put their industries at serious difficulties regarding the necessary changes to bring in their manufacturing facilities by 1 January 2000, to push time to market their territory by 1 January 2003 at the latest. In such a case, the party concerned indicated in a statement to drop at the same time as its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, that it intends to extend the deadline and present to the Executive Body, in writing, the reasons for its decision.

Environmental specifications for marketed fuels for vehicles with ignition engine by compression Type: fuel diesel table 9 parameter unit limits test Min Release Date.

Max.

Method index cetane number 51 - to - ISO 5165 1992 density at 15 ° C kg/m - 845 EN-ISO 3675 1995 distillation Point: 95% ° C - 360 EN-ISO 3405 1988 PAHs % m/m - 11 IP 391 1995 content sulphur mg/kg - 350 project-ISP / DIS 14596 1996 the values quoted in the specification are 'true values '. To establish limit values, it has applied the provisions of the standard ISO 4259, "petroleum products: determination and application of values of loyalty to the test methods; to set a minimum value, it took account a minimum difference of 2R above zero (R = reproducibility). The results of the various measures must be interpreted according to the criteria defined in the standard ISO 4259 (published in 1995).

IN: European standard; IP: The Institute of Petroleum; SAY: draft international standard.

Note: Parts are sure to January 1, 2000, at the latest, may be marketed in their territory as a diesel fuel consistent with the environmental specifications set out in table 9. It is open to the Parties which establish that banning a fuel diesel whose sulfur is not consistent with the corresponding specifications of table 9, while not exceeding the current levels, would expose their industries to serious difficulties regarding the necessary changes to bring their manufacturing facilities by 1 January 2000 pushing time to market on their territory by 1 January 2003 at the latest. In such a case, the party concerned indicated in a statement to drop at the same time as its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, that it intends to extend the deadline and present to the Executive Body, in writing, the reasons for its decision.

Environmental specifications for marketed fuels for vehicles with controlled ignition Type engine: gasoline table 10 parameter unit limits test Min Release Date.

Max.

Method octane number search 95 EN 25164 1993 motor octane index 85 EN 5163 1993 Reid, summer vapour pressure kPa - Distillation: - evaporation at 100 ° C % v/v - evaporation at 150 ° C % v/v - analysis of hydrocarbons:-olefins % v/v - aromatics % v/v 35 ASTM D1319 1995 - benzene % v/v % m/m oxygen content - content mg/kg sulphur - 50 project EN-ISO / DIS 14596 1996 the values quoted in the specification are 'true values '. To establish limit values, it has applied the provisions of the standard ISO 4259, "petroleum products: determination and application of values of loyalty to the test methods; to set a minimum value, it took account a minimum difference of 2R above zero (R = reproducibility). The results of the various measures must be interpreted according to the criteria defined in the standard ISO 4259 (published in 1995).

IN: European standard; ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials; SAY: project of international standard.

Note: Parts are sure to January 1, 2005, at the latest, cannot be marketed on their territory as an essence consistent with the environmental specifications set out in table 10. It is open to the Parties which establish that banning a fuel having a sulphur content is not consistent with the corresponding specifications of table 10, while complying with those of table 8, would put their industries at serious difficulties regarding the necessary changes to bring in their manufacturing facilities by 1 January 2005 pushing time to market on their territory on 1 January 2007 at the latest. In such a case, the party concerned indicated in a statement to drop at the same time as its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, that it intends to extend the deadline and present to the Executive Body, in writing, the reasons for its decision.

Environmental specifications for marketed fuels for vehicles with ignition engine by compression Type: table 11 parameter unit limits test Date of publication Min diesel fuel.

Max.

Method index - density at 15 ° C kg/m - cetane number distillation Point: 95% ° C - oil aromatic polycyclic % m/m - content mg/kg sulphur - 50 project EN-ISO / DIS 14596 1996 the values quoted in the specification are 'true values '. To establish limit values, it has applied the provisions of the standard ISO 4259, "petroleum products: determination and application of values of loyalty to the test methods; to set a minimum value, it took account a minimum difference of 2R above zero (R = reproducibility). The results of the various measures must be interpreted according to the criteria defined in the standard ISO 4259.

IN: European standard; SAY: draft international standard.

Note: Parts are sure to January 1, 2005, at the latest, may be marketed in their territory as a diesel fuel consistent with the table specifications shown in table 11. It is open to the Parties which establish that banning a fuel diesel whose sulfur is not consistent with the corresponding specifications of table 11, while being in line with those of table 9, would expose their industries to serious difficulties regarding the necessary changes to bring their manufacturing facilities by 1 January 2005 pushing time to market on their territory on 1 January 2007 at the latest. In such a case, the party concerned indicated in a statement to drop at the same time as its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, that it intends to extend the deadline and present to the Executive Body, in writing, the reasons for its decision.

B. Canada 9. New standards on emissions of vehicles for light-duty vehicles, light trucks, heavy-duty vehicles, heavy-duty engines and motorcycles: law on the safety of motor vehicles (and legislation making it more), annex V of the regulation on the safety of motor vehicles: Emissions (standard 1100), SOR/97-376 (28 July, 1997), with its successive amendments.

10 Canadian law on the protection of the environment, regulations on diesel fuel, SOR/97-110 (4 February 1997, sulphur in diesel fuel), with its successive amendments.
11. Canadian law on the protection of the environment, regulations on benzene in gasoline, SOR/97-493 (6 November 1997), with its successive amendments.
12. Canadian law on the protection of the environment, regulations on the sulphur in gasoline, the Canada Gazette, part II, June 4, 1999, with its successive amendments.

C. United States of America 13. Application of a program reduction of emissions from mobile sources for light commercial vehicles, vans, trucks and fuels to the extent required by the al. (a), (g) and h) art. 202 of the Clean Air Act (Act on combating air pollution) and in accordance with the corresponding regulations: a) code of federal regulations (C.F.R.), title 40, part 80, section D - Essence of new composition; b) C.F.R., title 40, part 86, section A - general provisions regulating emissions; c) C.F.R., title 40, part 80 art. 80.29 - regulatory measures and prohibitions on diesel fuel quality.

On 18 September 2014 State annex IX measures for controlling emissions of ammonia from agricultural sources 1. The Parties that are subject to the obligations set out in para. (a) by. 8 of art. 3 must take the measures set out in this annex.
2. each Party shall take due account of the need to reduce losses through the nitrogen cycle.

A. Code of good agricultural practice 3. Within a period of one year from the date that this Protocol will come into force with respect to them, Parties will establish, publish and disseminate a code of good agricultural practice to combat ammonia emissions. This code will take into account the specific conditions within the national territory and will include provisions on: - nitrogen management, taking into account of the whole nitrogen cycle; - livestock feeding strategies; - low-emission slurry and manure application techniques; - low-emission slurry and manure storage techniques; - low-emission animal housing systems; and - the possibilities for limiting ammonia emissions from the use of mineral fertilizers.

Parties should give a title to this code to avoid confusion with other codes of guidance.

B. urea and ammonium 4 carbonate-based fertilizer. Within a period of one year from the date that this Protocol will come into force with respect to them, the Parties will take the measures that are materially possible to limit ammonia emissions from the use of solid fertilizers urea.
5. within a period of one year from the date that this Protocol will come into force with respect to them, the Parties will prohibit the use of ammonium carbonate fertilizers.

C. Application of slurry and manure 6. Each Party shall ensure that low-emission slurry application techniques (listed in guidance document V adopted by the Executive Body at its seventeenth session [decision 1999/1] and the amendments are related), which it has been demonstrated that they could reduce emissions by at least 30% compared with the technique of reference specified in this document , are used as far as the party in question applicable judge, given the soil and geomorphological conditions local, the type of manure and the farm structure. The date of application of these measures deadline is 31 December 2009 for Parties in economic transition and 31 December 2007 for other Parties.
7. within a period of one year from the date on which this Protocol comes into force with respect to them, the Parties will ensure that the manure applied to land to be ploughed is buried at least within 24 hours following application because they believe this measure into account considering the soil and geomorphological conditions local and structure of farms.

D. 8 slurry storage. Within a period of one year from the date on which this Protocol comes into force with respect to them, the Parties will use, for speakers new storage of slurry installed in the major centres of breeding swine and poultry to 2000 feeder, 750 sows or 40 000 poultry, systems or low-emission storage techniques (listed in the guidance mentioned at para. 6) which it has been demonstrated that they could reduce emissions of 40% compared to systems or technical reference, or other systems or technical with a demonstrably equivalent efficiency.
9. for the existing speakers of storage of manure in the major centres of breeding swine and poultry of 2000 pigs for fattening, 750 sows or 40 000 birds, the Parties must achieve a reduction in emissions by 40% because they believe that the application of the techniques is technically and economically possible. The date of application of these measures deadline is 31 December 2009 for Parties in economic transition and 31 December 2007 for all other Parties.

E. housing of animals 10. Within a period of one year from the date on which this Protocol will come into force with respect to them, the Parties will use for new facilities used for housing of the animals in the major centres of breeding swine and poultry to 2000 feeder, 750 sows or 40 000 poultry, housing systems (listed in the guidance mentioned at para. 6) that it has been demonstrated that they could reduce emissions by 20% or more by report to the system of reference, or other systems or techniques with a demonstrably equivalent efficiency. The applicability of these systems may be limited for reasons to the well-being of animals, for example in systems paillés for swine and livestock systems in Aviary and free-range poultry.

For the purposes of this annex, "country in transition economically" means a part which, upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, has indicated that it wishes to be treated as a country in transition economically for the purposes of the by. 6 and/or the by. 9 of this annex.
When one party feels that in order to comply with the provisions of by. 8 and 10, she can use for manure storage and animal housing other systems or techniques with equivalent efficiency provable, or that the reduction of emissions from manure storage, scheduled to the by. 9, is not technically or economically feasible, it must communicate a record to that effect in accordance with para. (a) by. 1 of art. 7. when a party considers that, to comply with the provisions of by. 8 and 10, she can use for manure storage and animal housing other systems or techniques with equivalent efficiency provable, or that the reduction of emissions from manure storage, scheduled to the by. 9, is not technically or economically feasible, it must communicate a record to that effect in accordance with para. (a) by. 1 of art. 7. for the purposes of this annex, "country in transition economically" means a part which, upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, has indicated that it wishes to be treated as a country in transition economically for the purposes of the by. 6 and/or the by. 9 of this annex.
When one party feels that in order to comply with the provisions of by. 8 and 10, she can use for manure storage and animal housing other systems or techniques with equivalent efficiency provable, or that the reduction of emissions from manure storage, scheduled to the by. 9, is not technically or economically feasible, it must communicate a record to that effect in accordance with para. (a) by. 1 of art. 7 State on 18 September 2014 on 18 September 2014 States parties Ratification accession application scope (A) entered into force Germany October 21, 2004 17 May 2005 Belgium September 13, 2007 December 12, 2007 Bulgaria * 5 July 2005 October 3, 2005 Cyprus April 11, 2007, July 10, 2007 Croatia * October 7, 2008 5 January 2009 Denmark June 11, 2002 17 May 2005 Spain January 28, 2005 may 17, 2005 United States * November 22, 2004 May 17, 2005 Finland December 23

2003 May 17, 2005 France April 10, 2007 9 July 2007 Hungary November 13, 2006 February 11, 2007 Latvia may 25, 2004 May 17, 2005 Lithuania April 2, 2004 has 17 May 2005 Luxembourg 7 August 2001 17 May 2005 Macedonia 5 June 2014 has 3 September 2014 Norway 30 January 2002 May 17, 2005 Netherlands * February 5, 2004 May 17, 2005 Portugal February 16, 2005 may 17, 2005 Czech Republic 12 August 2004 17 May 2005 Romania * 5 September

2003 May 17, 2005 United Kingdom * 8 December 2005 March 8, 2005 Slovakia April 28, 2005 27 July 2005 Slovenia 4 May 2004 17 May 2005 Sweden March 28, 2002 17 May 2005 Switzerland 14 September 2005 December 13, 2005 European Union


June 23, 2003 A May 17, 2005 reservations and declarations.
Reservations and declarations are not published to the RO. Texts in french and English can be found at the United Nations Internet site address: http://treaties.un.org/ or obtained in the Direction of public international law (FDFA), the international treaties Section, 3003 Bern.

The Protocol does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

For the Kingdom in Europe.

2006 259 RO; FF 2004 2809 RO 2006 257 RS 0.120 RS 0.814.323 RS 0.814.328 RS 0.814.324 RS 0.814.01 RO 2006 259 1892, 2009 213, 2013 763, 2014-3221. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).

State on September 18, 2014

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