Rs 0.814.04 Convention Of 17 March 1992 On The Transboundary Effects Of Industrial Accidents (With Annexes)

Original Language Title: RS 0.814.04 Convention du 17 mars 1992 sur les effets transfrontières des accidents industriels (avec annexes)

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0.814.04 original text Convention on the transboundary effects of industrial accidents entered into at Helsinki, on 17 March 1992, approved by the federal Assembly on 10 March 1999 of Swiss ratification deposited on 21 May 1999 entry into force for the Switzerland on 19 April 2000 (State on February 5, 2016) preamble the Parties to this Convention, conscious that it is particularly important , in the interest of present and future generations, to protect the humans and the environment against the effects of industrial accidents, recognising that it is important and urgent to prevent serious harmful effects of industrial accidents on human beings humans and the environment and promote all measures likely to encourage the rational, economic and effective prevention, preparedness measures and control application to enable environmentally rational and sustainable economic development taking into account the fact that the effects of industrial accidents can be felt beyond the borders and require cooperation between States, affirming the need to promote active international cooperation between the States concerned before, during and after an accident, to enhance appropriate policies and to strengthen and coordinate action at all appropriate levels in order to more easily to prevent transboundary industrial accident effects prepare and fight them, noting the importance and usefulness of bilateral arrangements and multilateral to prevent the effects of industrial accidents, prepare and fight them conscious of the role played in this regard by the Economic Commission of the United Nations for Europe (ECE) and recalling notably the Code of conduct of ECE relating to accidental pollution of inland waters-border and the Convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary context , taking into account the relevant provisions of the final act of the Conference on security and cooperation in Europe (CSCE), the final Document of the Vienna meeting of the representatives of the participating States of the CSCE and the results of the meeting in Sofia on the protection of the environment of the CSCE, as well as the activities and relevant mechanisms of the United Nations program for the environment (UNEP) including the program call, of the international organization of work (ILO), in particular the code of practice on the prevention of major industrial accidents, and to other relevant international organizations, whereas the relevant provisions of the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the environment and in particular principle 21, that States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their environmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or under their control cause no damage to the environment in other States or in areas beyond national jurisdiction, taking into account the 'polluter pays' principle as a general principle of international law of environment Emphasizing the principles of international law and international custom, in particular the principles of good-neighbourliness, reciprocity, non-discrimination and good faith, agreed to the following: RS 0.120 art. 1 definitions for the purposes of this Convention: a) the term 'industrial accident' means an event resulting from an uncontrolled phenomenon in the course of any activity involving hazardous substances: i) in an installation, for example during manufacture, use, storage, handling or disposal; ouii) during transport, insofar as it is targeted to the by. 2, d, of art. 2;

(b) "hazardous activity" means any activity in which one or more hazardous substances are or may be present in quantities at or above the quantity limits listed in Appendix I, of the present Convention, and which is likely to have effects cross-border; c) 'effects' means any harmful consequence, direct or indirect, immediate or delayed, an industrial accident (((, in particular on: i) the beings humans, flora and fauna, ii) soil, water, air and landscape, iii) the interaction between the factors referred to in paras. i and ii, iv) material assets and cultural heritage, including historical monuments;

(d) the term 'transboundary effects' means serious effects occurring within the jurisdiction of a party as a result of an industrial accident occurring within the jurisdiction of another party; e) "operator" means any physical or legal person, including public authorities, who is in charge of an activity, for example an activity that she oversees, she proposes to carry out or exercised; f) "Party" means (((, except contrary indication in the text, a Contracting Party to this Convention; g) "Party of origin" means the (or the) part (s) under the jurisdiction of which (or which) an industrial accident occurs or is likely to occur; h) 'Affected Party' means the (or the) part (s) affected (s) or likely (s) to be affected (s) by transboundary effects of an industrial accident; i) "Parties" means any party of origin and any party affected; YSS) the term 'public' means one or more natural persons or legal.

The text of the annexes is published in the RO or the RS. Reprints may be obtained from the federal Office of environment, forests and landscape, 3003 Bern.

Art. 2 scope of application 1. This Convention applies to the prevention of industrial accidents likely to have transboundary effects, including the effects of accidents of this type caused by natural disasters, and the measures to be taken to prepare and to deal with, as well as to international cooperation concerning mutual assistance, research and development, exchange of information and the exchange of technology to prevent industrial accidents prepare and cope.
2. this Convention does not apply: a) nuclear accidents or radiological emergencies; b) accidents occurring in military facilities; c) to out-of-dam, with the exception of the effects of industrial accidents caused by ruptures; d) at accidents in land transport, with the exception: i) of emergency as a result of such accidents, ii) of transportation on the site of the hazardous activity;

(e) the accidental release of organisms with changed genetics; f) accidents caused by activities in the marine environment, including the exploration or exploitation of sailors; g funds) to oil spills or other harmful substances at sea.

Art. 3 General provisions 1. Parties, given the efforts already made at national and international levels, take appropriate measures and cooperate in this Convention, to protect human beings humans and the environment against industrial accidents by preventing such accidents to the extent possible, in reducing the frequency and severity and in mitigating the effects. To this end, preventive measures, measures of preparation and control measures, including restoration measures, are applied.
2. the Parties define and apply without undue delay, by means of exchanges of information, consultation and other cooperative measures, policies and strategies to reduce the risk of industrial accidents and improving preventive measures, preparedness and control measures, including restoration measures, taking into account, in order to avoid duplication of work efforts already made at national and international levels.
3. the Parties shall ensure that the operator is required to take all necessary measures so that the hazardous activity takes place safely and to prevent industrial accidents.
4. in application of the provisions of this Convention, the Parties take the legislative, regulatory, administrative and financial measures appropriate for preventing industrial accidents, prepare and cope.
5. the provisions of this Convention are without prejudice to the obligations of the Parties under international law with respect to industrial accidents and hazardous activities.

Art. 4 identification, consultation and advice 1. To take preventive measures and to develop preparedness measures, the party of origin takes appropriate steps to identify hazardous activities within its jurisdiction and to ensure that affected Parties are notified of any such proposed or existing activity.

2. at the request of one any of them, the Parties concerned engage discussions on the identification of dangerous activities which are reasonably likely to have transboundary effects. If the Parties concerned do not agree on whether if an activity is a dangerous activity of this type, one any of these Parties can submit this question for an opinion to a commission of inquiry within the meaning of annex II of the present Convention, unless the Parties concerned may agree on another method to resolve the issue.
3. with respect to proposed or existing hazardous activities, the Parties apply the procedures described in annex III to this Convention.
4 when a hazardous activity is subject to an assessment of the impact on the environment in accordance with the agreement on the assessment of the impact on the environment in a transboundary context, and when this assessment includes including an assessment of the transboundary effects of industrial accidents arising from the hazardous activity which is exercised in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, the final decision for the purposes of the agreement on the assessment of the impact on the environment in a transboundary context meets the relevant conditions required by the present Convention.

Art. 5 voluntary extension of the procedure the Parties concerned should, at the initiative of one any of them, engage in discussions on whether to treat it as dangerous activity an activity that is not referred to in annex I. They may agree, use a mechanism of their choice or a commission of inquiry within the meaning of annex II, to get advice. If the Parties concerned are in agreement, the agreement or a part thereof applies to the activity in question as if it were a hazardous activity.

Art. 6 prevention 1. The Parties to take appropriate measures to prevent industrial accidents, including measures to encourage operators to take action to reduce the risk of such accidents. The measures that can be taken include, among others, those mentioned in annex IV of the present Convention.
2. for any hazardous activity, the party of origin requires that the operator demonstrates that security is provided in the conduct of this activity by providing information, for example critical clarification on the process not limited to analysis and assessment described in detail in annex V of this agreement.

Art. 7 decision-making regarding the choice of the site as part of its legal system, the party of origin strives to establish policies concerning the choice of the site of new hazardous activities and significant changes to existing hazardous activities, in order to limit as much as possible the risk to the population and the environment of all affected Parties. As part of their legal system affected Parties strive to establish policies related to the significant development projects in the areas likely to be affected by the transboundary effects of an industrial accident resulting from a dangerous activity so as to limit as much as possible the risks. Developing and establishing these policies the Parties should take into account the elements listed in annex V, by. 2, al. 1 to 8, and annex VI of the Convention.

Art. 8 preparing for emergency situations 1. The Parties to take appropriate measures to organize emergency preparedness and maintain a State of preparation adequate in order to deal with industrial accidents. The Parties shall ensure that preparedness measures are taken to mitigate transboundary effects of such accidents, the action on the site is the responsibility of the operators. The measures that can be taken include, among others, those referred to in annex VII of the Convention. In particular, the Parties inform each other of their emergency plans.
2. the party of origin ensures, with regard to hazardous activities, the development and the application of contingency plans on the site, including appropriate control measures and other measures to prevent or minimise transboundary effects. The party of origin provides to the other Parties concerned the elements available to it for the development of emergency plans.
3. each party Eve, with regard to hazardous activities, the development and application of providing off-site emergency plans measures to take on its territory to prevent or minimize transboundary effects. In developing these plans, account shall be taken of the conclusions of the analysis and assessment, including items referred to in annex V, by. 2, al. 1 to 5. The Parties concerned are trying to make these compatible plans. If there is place, they establish in common off-site emergency plans in order to facilitate the adoption of adequate control measures.
4. contingency plans should be reviewed periodically or when the circumstances so require, taking into account the experience gained in dealing with actual emergencies.

Art. 9 information and participation of the public 1. The Parties shall ensure that appropriate information be given to the public in the areas likely to be affected by an industrial accident resulting from a dangerous activity. These information are disseminated through channels that the Parties deem appropriate, include the items referred to in annex VIII of the Convention and should take into account the elements referred to in annex V, al. 1 to 4 and 9.
2. pursuant to the provisions of this Convention and whenever possible and appropriate, the party of origin gives to the public in the areas likely to be affected, the opportunity to participate in relevant procedures in order to make known its views and concerns on prevention and preparedness measures, and ensure that the opportunity provided to the public of the affected Party is equivalent to that given to the public.
3. the Parties, in accordance with their legal systems and on the basis of reciprocity if they so wish, provide physical and legal persons who suffer or are likely to be affected transboundary industrial accident effects occurring on the territory of a party access, under equal conditions, to administrative procedures and relevant judicial that can implement the people under their own jurisdiction offering them including the ability to sue in court and to appeal against a decision affecting their rights, and provide equivalent treatment under these procedures.

Art. 10 1 industrial accident notification systems. The Parties provide for the establishment and operation of compatible and efficient at appropriate levels industrial accidents notification systems, in order to receive and communicate industrial accident notifications containing information needed to combat the cross-border effects.
2. in the case of industrial or threat of industrial accident accident having, or likely to have transboundary effects, the party of origin ensures that notification to be given without delay to the affected Parties, at appropriate levels, by means of the industrial accident notification systems. This notification includes the elements listed in annex IX of the Convention.
3. the Parties concerned shall ensure that, in the event of an industrial accident or imminent threat of industrial accident, emergency plans developed pursuant to art. 8 to be triggered as soon as possible and to the extent that the circumstances require.

Art. 11 fight 1. The Parties shall have, in case of an industrial accident or imminent threat of an industrial accident, adequate fight measures taken as soon as possible using the most effective means to contain and limit as much as possible effects.
2. in the case of an industrial accident or threat of imminent industrial accident having or likely to have, transboundary effects, the Parties concerned ensure that the effects are assessed - if there is place in common - to take adequate measures. The Parties concerned are trying to coordinating their action.

Art. 12 mutual assistance 1. If a party needs assistance in the event of an industrial accident, it may ask other Parties, indicating the scope and the nature of the assistance required. The party that receives a request for assistance makes a quick decision and reported promptly to the party who submitted the request if it is able to provide the necessary assistance, indicating the extent of the assistance it could provide and the conditions for the grant of such assistance.

2. the Parties concerned shall cooperate to facilitate the rapid provision of assistance agreed to in application of the by. 1 of this article, including, if it is necessary, measures to limit as much as possible the consequences and effects of the industrial accident, and to provide general assistance. If the arrangements between the Parties concerning the provision of mutual assistance are not governed by bilateral or multilateral agreements, assistance is provided in accordance with annex X of this agreement, unless otherwise agreed by the Parties.

Art. 13 liability the Parties support international initiatives appropriate to elaborate rules, criteria and procedures for accountability.

Art. 14 research and development the Parties, if there is place, undertake research and development work on methods and technologies to be applied to prevent industrial accidents, prepare and cope and cooperate in the execution of such work. For this purpose, the Parties encourage and actively promote scientific and technological cooperation including the search process less dangerous to limit the risk of accident and to prevent and limit the consequences of industrial accidents.

Art. 15 exchange of information the Parties exchange, bilateral, or multilateral level information that can reasonably be obtained, including the elements referred to in annex XI of the Convention.

Art. 16 exchange of technology 1. The Parties, in accordance with their legislation, regulations and practices, facilitate the exchange of technology to prevent the effects of industrial accidents, prepare and fight them, particularly focusing on the ways to promote: a) the exchange of available technology according to various financial terms; b) direct contacts and cooperation in the industrial sector; c) exchanging information and experience data; ETD) the provision of technical assistance.

2. to promote the activities specified in paras. a to d of the by. 1 of this article, the Parties create favourable conditions by facilitating contacts and cooperation between organizations and people, both in the private sector than in the public sector, are able to provide technology, studies and services engineering, material or financial resources.

Art. 17 competent authorities and contact points 1. Each Party designates or establish one or more competent authorities for the purposes of this Convention.
2. without prejudice to other arrangements at the bilateral or multilateral level, each party designated or established a point of contact for the purpose of industrial accident notification under art. 10 and a point of contact for the purposes of the mutual assistance provided for in art. 12. it would be preferable that the contact point designated is the same in both cases.
3. each party, within a period of three months from the date on which this Convention comes into force in its respect, shall inform the other Parties, through the secretariat referred to in art. 20, the body (or bodies) that it has appointed (s) to point function (s) of contact and authority (s) responsible (s).
4. each party, within a period of one month from the date of the decision, shall inform the other Parties, through the secretariat, of any changes in the (or the) designation (s) she made (s) in application of the by. 3 of this article.
5. each Party shall ensure that its point of contact and industrial accident notification systems provided for in art. 10 are operational at any time.
6 each party made sure that its point of contact and the authorities responsible to send and receiving requests for assistance and to accept offers of assistance in application of art. 12 are operational at any time.

Art. 18 conference of the Parties 1. The representatives of the Parties are the Conference of the Parties of this Convention and hold meetings on a regular basis. The first meeting of the Conference of the Parties is convened not later than one year after the date of entry into force of this Convention. Subsequently, the Conference of the Parties meets at least once a year or at the written request of any party, provided that this is supported by a third at least of the Parties within six months following its communication of such Parties by the secretariat.
2. the Conference of the Parties: a) following the application of the present Convention; b) perform advisory functions aimed at strengthening the ability of the Parties to prevent transboundary industrial accident effects, to prepare and to fight them and facilitate the provision of assistance and technical advice at the request of Parties faced with industrial accidents; c) creates ((, as necessary, working groups and other appropriate mechanisms to consider questions relating to the application and development of this Convention and, to this end, establish studies and other relevant documents and submit recommendations to the Conference of the Parties for review; d) performs other functions that may be required pursuant to the provisions of this Convention; e) at its first meeting consider the rules of procedure for its meetings and adopt by consensus.

3. in the exercise of its functions, the Conference of the Parties is also, cooperating when it deems it useful, with other relevant international organizations.
4. at its first meeting, the Conference of the Parties established a programme of work taking into account particularly the items mentioned in annex XII of this Convention. In addition, the Conference of the Parties decides the method of work and especially to pronounce on whether to appeal to the national centres and to cooperate with relevant international organizations, to set up a system to facilitate the application of this Convention including for the purpose of mutual assistance in the event of an industrial accident, and to rely on the activities carried out in this area in the relevant international organizations. As part of its programme of work, the Conference of the Parties will review national, regional and international centres existing as well as the other bodies and programs responsible for coordinating information and efforts related to the prevention of industrial accidents and the measures to be taken to prepare and to deal with, in order to determine which institutions or additional international centres may be necessary to carry out the tasks listed in annex XII. 5. At its first meeting, the Conference of the Parties begins to consider procedures to create more favourable to the exchange of technology to prevent the effects of industrial accidents, prepare and fight them.
6. the Conference of the Parties shall adopt guidelines and criteria to facilitate the identification of hazardous activities within the meaning of this Convention.

Art. 19 right to vote 1. Subject to the provisions of the by. 2 of this article, the Parties to this agreement each have one vote.
2. the regional economic integration organizations defined in art. 27, in the areas within their competence, have to exercise their right to vote, to a number of votes equal to the number of their Member States that are Parties to this Convention. These organizations do not exercise their right to vote if their Member States exercise theirs, and vice versa.

Art. 20 secretariat the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe has the following secretariat functions: a) he call and prepare the meetings of the Parties; b) it transmits to the Parties reports and other information received in application of the provisions of the present Convention; c) he fulfils other functions that the Parties may assign.

Art. 21 settlement of disputes 1. If amounts to a dispute between two or more Parties about the interpretation or application of this Convention, the Parties seek a solution by negotiation or by any other method of dispute settlement which they consider acceptable.
2 when she signs, ratifies, accepts, approves the present Convention or adheres, or at any time thereafter, a party may serve in writing to the depositary that, for disputes that have not been resolved in accordance with the by. 1 of the present article, she agrees to consider mandatory (s) in relation to any Party accepting the same obligation one of the two or both ways of regulation below: a) submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice; b) arbitration in accordance with the procedure set forth in annex XIII of this agreement.

3. If the parties to the dispute have accepted both ways of settlement of disputes referred to the by. 2 of this article, the dispute may be submitted only to the International Court of Justice, unless the parties to the dispute agree otherwise.

Art. 22 restrictions on disclosure of information


1. the provisions of this Convention are not affected the rights or obligations of the Parties to protect in accordance with the laws, regulations, administrative provisions or accepted legal practices which are in force at the national level, and applicable international regulations, information on personal data, industrial and commercial secrecy, including intellectual property, or national security.
2. If a Party decides nevertheless to provide information protection to another party, the party receiving such protected information respects their confidentiality and the conditions attached to their communication, and only use such information for the purposes for which they were provided.

Art. 23 application the Parties report periodically on the application of this Convention.

Art. 24 bilateral and multilateral agreements 1. To fulfil the obligations that their obligations under the present Convention, the Parties may continue to apply bilateral or multilateral agreements or other arrangements in force or to conclude new.
2. the provisions of this Convention do not affect the right of the Parties to take, under a bilateral or multilateral agreement if it is necessary, more stringent measures than those required by this Convention.

Art. 25 status of the Annexes the Annexes to this agreement are an integral part of the Convention.

Art. 26 amendments to the Convention 1. Any party may propose amendments to this Convention.
2. the text of any proposed amendment to this Convention is submitted in writing to the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe, which forwards it to all Parties. The Conference of the Parties reviews the proposed amendments at its next annual meeting, provided that the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe has sent proposals to the Parties at least ninety days in advance.
3. for amendments to this Convention - with the exception of the amendments to annex I, for which the procedure is described in the by. 4 of this article: a) the amendments are adopted by consensus by the Parties present at the meeting and are submitted by the depositary to all Parties for ratification, acceptance or approval; b) the instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval of the amendments are deposited with the depositary. The amendments adopted in accordance with this section enter into force for the Parties which have accepted the ninetieth day following the date of receipt by the depositary of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval; c) subsequently, the amendments come into force for any other party the ninetieth day following the deposit by that party of its instrument of ratification acceptance or approval of the amendments.

4. for amendments to annex I: has) the Parties make every effort to reach agreement by consensus. If all the efforts in this area have remained fruitless and no agreement, the amendments are adopted, as a last resort, by a majority vote of nine-tenths of the Parties present at the meeting and voting. The amendments, if they are adopted by the Conference of the Parties, are communicated to the Parties with a recommendation for approval; b) on the expiry of a period of twelve months from the date of their communication by the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe, the amendments to annex I enter into force for the Parties to this Convention which have not submitted a notification in accordance with the provisions of the by. 4, c, of this article, provided that at least sixteen Parties have not submitted this notification; c) any party who may approve an amendment to annex I of the Convention gives notification to the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe, in writing, within a period of 12 months from the date of the communication of the adoption. The Executive Secretary shall inform without delay all Parties of the receipt of such notification. A party may at any time substitute an acceptance for its previous notification and the amendment to annex I enters into force for that party; d) for the purposes of this paragraph, the phrase "Parties present and voting" means Parties who expressed an affirmative or negative vote.

Art. 27 signature this Convention is open for signature by the Member States of the Economic Commission for Europe as well as States of consultative status with the Economic Commission for Europe by the by. 8 of resolution 36 ((IV) IV) of the economic and social Council on 28 March 1947 and organizations of regional economic integration constituted by sovereign States, members of the Economic Commission for Europe, which have transferred competence for matters dealt with in this Convention, including the competence to enter into treaties on these matters, in Helsinki on 17-18 March 1992 included then at the headquarters of the UN in New York until September 18, 1992.

Art. 28 depositary the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations fulfills the functions of depositary of this Convention.

Art. 29 ratification, acceptance, approval and accession 1. This Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by States and economic integration organizations regional signatories referred to in art. 27 2. This Convention is open for accession by the States and organizations referred to in art. 27 3. Any organization referred to in art. 27 which becomes party to this Convention without that none of its Member States be party is bound by all the obligations arising from this Convention. When one or more members of such an organization are Parties to the present Convention, this organization and its Member States agree to their respective responsibilities in the performance of the obligations under this Convention. In such cases, the Organization and the Member States are not entitled to exercise the rights arising from this Convention concurrently.
4. in their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, regional economic integration organizations referred to in art. 27 indicate the extent of their competence with respect to the matters dealt with in this Convention. In addition, these organizations shall inform the depositary of any significant change in the extent of their competence.

Art. 30 entry into force 1. The present Convention comes into force on the ninetieth day following the date of the deposit of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
2. for the purposes of the by. 1 of the present article, the instrument deposited by an organization referred to in art. 27 is not added to those deposited by States members of this organization.
3 with respect to each State or organization referred to in art. 27, which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Convention or adhere after the deposit of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, this Convention comes into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit by that State or organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

Art. 31 denunciation 1. At any time after the expiration of a period of three years starting to run from the date on which this Convention is in force with respect to a party, that party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the depositary. The denunciation shall take effect on the ninetieth day following the date of receipt of the notification by the depositary.
2. this denunciation does not obstacle to the application of art. 4 to an activity that was the subject of a notification pursuant to art. 4, by. 1, or an application of discussions in application of art. 4, by. 2 art. 32 texts authentic to the original of this Convention, of which the English, french and Russian texts are also authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
In faith whereof, the undersigned, to this duly authorized, have signed this Convention.
Done at Helsinki, 17 March one thousand nine hundred and ninety-two.
(Follow signatures)

Scope February 5, 2016 States parties Ratification, accession (A) entry into force Albania 5 January 1994 19 April 2000 Germany September 9, 1998 April 19, 2000 Armenia 21 February 1997 was 19 April 2000 Austria * 4 August 1999 19 April 2000 Azerbaijan * June 16, 2004 14 September 2004 Belarus 25 June 2003 has 23 September 2003 Belgium April 6, 2006 5 July 2006 Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 February 2013 has 21 may 2013 Bulgaria 12 May 1995

April 19, 2000 Cyprus August 31, 2005 November 29, 2005 Croatia 20 January 2000 has 19 April 2000 Denmark March 28, 2001 June 26, 2001 Spain may 16, 1997 April 19, 2000 Estonia may 17, 2000 August 15, 2000 Finland September 13, 1999 19 April 2000 France * October 3, 2003 January 1, 2004 Greece February 24, 1998 19 April 2000 Hungary * June 2, 1994 April 19


2000 Italy July 2, 2002 September 30, 2002 Kazakhstan January 11, 2001 has 11 April 2001 Latvia June 29, 2004 September 27, 2004 Lithuania November 2, 2000 February 1, 2001 Luxembourg 8 August 1994 19 April 2000 Macedonia 2 March 2010 has 31 May 2010 Moldova January 4 1994 April 19, 2000 Monaco 28 August 2001 November 26, 2001 Montenegro 19 May 2009 has 17 August 2009 Norway 1 April 1993 April 19, 2000 Netherlands * November 6, 2006

February 4, 2007 Poland 8 September 2003 December 7, 2003 Portugal November 2, 2006 January 31, 2007 Czech Republic 12 June 2000 has 10 September 2000 22 May 2003 Romania has 20 August 2003 United Kingdom 5 August 2002 November 3, 2002 1 February 1994 Russia 19 April 2000 Slovakia 9 September 2003 8 December 2003 Slovenia 13 May 2002 has 11 August 2002 European Union * April 24, 1998 April 19, 2000 Serbia * July 31, 2009 October 29, 2009

Sweden September 22, 1999 April 19, 2000 Switzerland 21 May 1999 19 April 2000 * reservations and declarations. Reservations and declarations are not published to the RO. Texts in french and English can be found at the address of the Internet site of the United Nations: http://treaties.un.org or obtained in the Direction of public international law (FDFA), the international treaties Section, 3003 Bern.

The convention does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

For the Kingdom in Europe RO 2005 1079; FF 1998 4791 RO 2005 1077 RO 2005 1079, 2008 4495, 2012 1571, 2016-555. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).

Status as of February 5, 2016

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