Resolution Of December 15, 2011, The Direction General Of The Merchant Marine, That Amending Annexes I, Iii, V, Viii And Xii Of The Order Fom/3200/2007, Of 26 October, Which Regulates The Conditions For The Government Of Emb...

Original Language Title: Resolución de 15 de diciembre de 2011, de la Dirección General de la Marina Mercante, por la que se modifican los anexos I, III, V, VIII y XII de la Orden FOM/3200/2007, de 26 de octubre, por la que se regulan las condiciones para el gobierno de emb...

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The fifth additional provision of the order FOM/3200/2007, of 26 October, which regulates the conditions for the Government of pleasure craft, which empower the General Director of the Merchant Navy, to carry out modifications or updates necessary to the annexes I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII , IX, X, XI and XII of the above-mentioned order, it motivated many technical modifications or other duly justified circumstances. By virtue of resolve: partially updating annexes I, III, V, VIII and XII of the aforementioned order.

Madrid, 15 December 2011.-the Director General of the Merchant Navy, María Isabel Durántez Gil.

Annex I validation qualification or condition alleged degree of recreational recognition of courses, qualifications and complementary requirements Merchant Marine Captain, pilots of 1st and 2nd merchant, pattern of height, Captain of fishing, greater pattern of cabotage, fishing pattern of height, graduates nautical and maritime transport and Civil marine section Nautica, diplomas in maritime navigation or marine Civil Section navigation Technically Superior in sailing, fishing and shipping, ship Alférez body Gener (upper scale). Ocean-going vessels of the Civil Guard pattern.









Captain's yacht (sail enabled) in the case of the title of Bachelor and diploma holders, must submit certification of completion of a period of 3 days shipping or in its place, the certificate of basic safety and navigation and radiocommunication practices practices.










Cabotage pattern, pattern of 1st or 2nd of fishing shoreline, inshore fishing vessel skipper, pattern of coastline, lieutenants of frigate of the body General (upper scale), lieutenants of frigate of the body General (Officer scale), technical fishing and shipping, lieutenants of the Cuerpo marine (upper scale), lieutenants of the Intendencia Cuerpo (upper scale) with plan est udios's five years at the Escuela Naval Militar , Alferez de Fragata of the specialist body of the specialty of manoeuvring and navigation, Ensign of frigate of the body of specialists specializing in operations, specialist body frigate Alférez of specialty weapons, non-commissioned officers of the Navy of the specialty of manoeuvring and navigation, maritime service pattern d and the Civil Guard.









Pattern of yacht.









The staff of the quartermaster Corps must have conducted studies in the Escuela Naval Militar through the corresponding certificate. They are cleared to sail the following titles:-lieutenants of frigate of the body General (upper scale). -Lieutenants of frigate of the body (Officer scale). -Lieutenants in the Marine Corps body (upper scale).

-Lieutenants of the body of intendance (upper scale) with five years in the Naval military school curriculum. -Lieutenants of frigate of the specialist body of the specialties of manoeuvring and navigation, operations, and weapons. -Non-commissioned officers of the Navy of the specialty of manoeuvring and navigation.










Heads of machines of the merchant marine, officer of machines 1st or 2nd in the merchant marine, official radio-electronic first or second of the merchant marine, University graduates or graduates in machines naval or Civil marine, section machines, graduates or graduates in Naval Electronics or marine Civil Section radio electronics, technical Superior in Supervision and Control of machines and facilities of the vessel I , Port pattern, pattern of traffic inside, Local Patron of fishing, pattern of Local fishing, Naval more mechanical, more Naval mechanic, Naval mechanic, Naval mechanic 1st or 2nd, lieutenants of the Marine Corps Cuerpo (official scale), lieutenants of frigate (military complement of Navy) attached to the General body and the body of specialists of the is pecialidades of manoeuvring and navigation , Operations and weapons, 1st General bodies and Marine Corps Midshipmen (upper scale and officers), Navy's first ropes of the specialty of manoeuvring and navigation, marine service maritime of the Guardia Civil.









Pattern of recreational boats.







1. in the case of the title of Bachelor and diploma holders, they have to present certification of completion of a period of 3 days shipping or in its place, the certificate of basic safety and navigation and radiocommunication practices practices.

2 are cleared to sail the following titles:-lieutenants of the Cuerpo de Marina infantry. (Official scale).



-Frigate (military of complement of the Navy) lieutenants assigned to the General body and the body of specialists of the specialties of manoeuvring and navigation, operations, and weapons.

-1 of the General bodies and Marine Corps Midshipmen (upper scale and officers).



-Cabos first Navy of the specialty of manoeuvring and navigation.










Technical operation, Control and maintenance of machines and facilities of the ship, ship lieutenants from the body of engineers (upper scale) and lieutenants of frigate from the body of engineers (technical level), lieutenants of the Cuerpo de Intendencia (upper scale) with curriculum for one year in the military Naval school, lieutenants of frigate and lieutenants (military of complement of the Navy) except the attached to the General body and the body of specialists , specialties of manoeuvring and navigation, operations and weapons, aspirants of the General Corps and Marine Corps 2nd (upper scale and officers), Cabo de la Armada specialty of manoeuvring and navigation bridge sailor and sailors from the certificates of competency of sailor and fisherman sailor M.M. machines.









Pattern for basic navigation.







The staff of the quartermaster Corps must accredit having completed studies at the Escuela Naval Militar through the official certificate.

Enabled to sail the following title:-out of the Navy's maneuvering and navigation.



Fisherman seaman must have completed a period of embarkation not less than 6 months as a junior crewman on fishing or aquaculture auxiliary vessels.










Heads of machines of the merchant marine, officer of machines 1st or 2nd in the merchant marine. Graduates or graduates in machines naval or Civil marine, section machines.









Pattern of yacht.









-Should validate all subjects, except for navigation and radiocommunication.










Heads of machines of the merchant marine, officer of machines 1st or 2nd in the merchant marine. Graduates or graduates in machines naval or Civil marine, section machines.









Yacht captain.









-The subjects of theory of the ship and English are validated.








Radio-electronic first or second of the Merchant Marine officers.



Degree or diploma in Naval Electronics or Civil marine electronics section.









Pattern of yacht.









-Should validate all subjects, except navigation.








Radio-electronic first or second of the Merchant Marine officers.



Degree or diploma in Naval Electronics or Civil marine electronics section.









Yacht captain.









-Should validate the subjects of meteorology, English and radio communications.










Certificate of General operator of the global system of relief and maritime security.









Captain's yacht and yacht pattern.









-Validates the subject of radio communications.










Have approved at least two academic courses of superior Marina Civil studies.









Pattern of recreational boats.









You must submit certification from the high school of corresponding Civil marine, attesting to the overcoming of at least two academic courses of superior Marina Civil studies, as well as certification of completion of a period of 3 days shipping or in its place, the certificate of basic safety and navigation and radiocommunication practices practices.










Technician in Supervision and Control of machines and facilities of the ship.









Pattern of yacht.









-Should validate all subjects, except for navigation and radiocommunication.










Technician in Supervision and Control of machines and facilities of the ship.









Yacht captain.









-The subjects of theory of the ship and English are validated.











Naval engineer or Naval engineer.









Pattern of yacht.









-In the field of security: it validates the part 1.1 and 1.7 of the agenda.










Naval engineer or Naval engineer yacht captain.









-The subjects of theory of the ship and English are validated.










Commercial pilot of aircraft (PCA). Aircraft (PTLA) airline transport pilot. Mechanic on-Board (OTV). Commercial pilot helicopter (PCH). Helicopter (PTLAH) airline transport pilot.









Pattern of yacht.









-The subjects of meteorology and radio are validated.










The pattern of the autonomous body d´Esquadra and the body of Bombers of the Generalitat de Catalunya.









Pattern of yacht.









According to the framework laid down in the cooperation agreement between the General Directorate of the merchant marine and the Security Institute public in Catalonia, on May 6, 2010, for the formalization of nautical studies to be carried out the square body of waiters and the body of Fire Department of the Catalan Government of their boats at sea within its competence waters.







Annex III programme of theoretical knowledge of basic navigation and safety practices, and practices of radio communications for obtaining the qualifications regulated in this order pattern for basic navigation a. theoretical knowledge.

1 nautical nomenclature.

1.1 parts of the boat: bow, aft, port, starboard, helmet, waterline, obra viva and topsides, sides, starboard, fins, deck and bilge.

1.2 dimensions. Concepts: maximum length, maximum manga, draught and seat.

1.3 structure, accessories, and auxiliary elements: keel, handrails, rudder, propeller, scuppers, cleats and bollards.

1.4 elements of mooring and anchoring: Cape, chicote, sine, gaza, sign, and return. Noray, dead, buoys, fenders, boat hook. Plough, Danforth, rezon anchors.

2. safety.

2.1 precautions not to lose buoyancy: fund taps, Horn. Drains and scuppers. Means of bilge boat cruising at a maximum distance of five miles from the coast.

2.2 precautions to preserve stability: concept of heel, balance and bridles. Distribution of crew members aboard. Avoid traversing the sea. Scale Douglas and Beaufort. Local coastal breezes.

2.3 safety equipment for boats navigating on Zone 5 navigation, which is defined in the order FOM/1144/2003 of 28 April: pump out, fire-fighting, rescue, and first aid kits.

2.4 emergencies: Man overboard. Precautions: Maneuver to free the victim from the propellers. Pick up manoeuvre. Maneuver give or take trailer. Risk to make fuel. Spills. Explosive gases in confined spaces. Rule the sea in bad weather.

2.5 idea on the status of downloads, and discharges into the sea of pleasure, according to the order FOM 1144 boats / 2003, of April 28, and on the system of delivery of waste generated by ships of recreation, according to the Royal Decree 1381 / 2002 of 20 December.

2.6 idea about marine ecology: environmental impact: identification, magnitude, and causes that determine them. Fishing. Tourism. Protection of natural areas of the marine environment: 1. areas specially protected of importance for the Mediterranean (SPAMI); 2. Park booking Natural/Monument/protected landscape; 3. fishing interest marine reserve; 4. place of Community interest; 5. specific case in the Mediterranean: Prairies of oceanic Posidonia.

2.7 turn and charge the rig. Center sail. Decomposition of the force of the wind on the sail Center. Center of drift. Heeling pair and evolutionary pair. Proper orientation of the sails. The same interaction.

2.8 maneuvers sailing: give and load the rig. Order of hoisting and lowering. Give to sail while at anchor. Tacking: By avante and round; advantages and disadvantages of each. Government: blind, stick to a descuartelar, crosswise, to a long, by the flap and closed aft. Stop the jerk: aproar is, barracks, fachear and pairear. Reduce the sail area: take curls, change of candles, use of the storm jib and sail layer. Need to control the heel.

2.9 manoeuvres to sail the passage of a squall. Precautions to take before the passage of a front. You maneuvers to perform as you navigate to barloventeando or to a long. Maneuvers to candle search when it is not the victim. Troubleshooting: Govern sailing. Fortune rig.

3 navigation.

3.1 concept of navigation hazards: low, stones that are responsible. Concept of nautical mile and knot.

3.2 references of Earth, soundings.

3.3. navigation in shallow waters. Breakers. Precautions with swimmers and divers. Precautions when entering beaches not marked.

3.4 precautions to the anchor: Tenedero, circle of borneo. Gripping, references of Earth. Manoeuvre of anchoring with an anchor. Levar.

3.5 low visibility: precautions to take to avoid the defeat of large ships.

4 propulsion.

4.1 features of the motors outboard, inside out borda, interior and propulsion turbine, with regard to their installation.

4.2 instruments of control and operation of engine controls.

4.3 checks before start-up: fuel level, oil engine and transmitter. Level of coolant in closed circuits. Seacock for cooling and filter. Explosive gases. Filter water decanter. Deadlock.

4.4 electrical system. Brief description: Starter, switches and fuse box and service batteries. Care and maintenance of the batteries.

4.5. calculation of the autonomy of the boat, according to consumption, the speed, the tank capacity and weather conditions.

5 International Convention for preventing collisions at sea, in which affects these vessels.

• Rule 3: definitions.

• Rule 5: surveillance.

• Rule 6: Safe speed.

• 7 rule: Risk of approach.

• 8 rule: You maneuvers to avoid the approach.

• Rule 9: Narrow channels.

• 12 ruler: Right-of-way between boats sailing.

• Rule 13: Situation of scope.

• Rule 14: Found return situation.

• 15 rule: Crossing situation.

• 16 rule: Maneuver the vessel which gives the way.

• Rule 17: Maneuver of who's next course.

• Rule 18: Obligations between categories of vessels.

• Rule 19: Behavior with low visibility.

• Rule 20: Lights and markings. Scope of application.

• Rule 21: definitions.

• Rule 23: Mechanical propulsion in sailing ships.

• Rule 24: Vessels towing and pushing.

• Rule 25: Sailing in rowing boats and sailing vessels.

• Rule 26: Fishing vessels.

• Rule 27: Ships without Government or with restricted maneuverability.

• 30 rule: Anchored vessels and vessels stranded.

• Rule 32: Signals acoustic and luminous. Definitions.

• Rule 34: Manoeuvring and warning signals.

• Rule 35: Signals acoustic with low visibility.

• Rule 37: Danger signals.

6 beacons.

6.1. lateral marks of day, region A. meaning and identification.

6.2 marking of isolated danger: meaning, shape, bumper, color and light.

6.3 special marks: meaning, shape, bumper, color and light.

6.4 trademarks of navigable waters: meaning, shape, bumper, color and light.

6.5 cardinal marks: meaning, shape, bumper, color and light.

7. legislation.

7.1 functions of this title.

7.2 prohibited or limited to navigation areas: natural reserves. (Signalling) beaches, cliffs. Limitations to navigation ports.

7.3. the rescue: obligation of auxiliary persons.

7.4. State society for rescue and maritime safety, centers of regional and zonal local rescue. Location and coverage, forms of contact with them.

7.5 application of trailer in the sea and responsibilities which contract. Scope of the compulsory insurance of civil liability. Secure complementary of trailer.

8. radio.

8.1 expressions and basic definitions.

8.2. the global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS). Basic concept. Navigation area 5 and its relationship with the sea area A1 national, as defined in article 4 of the Royal Decree 1185 / 2006 of 16 October, which approves the regulation which regulates maritime radiocommunications of Spanish civilian vessels. Basic concept of the Digital selective call (LSD). Transmission and reception of messages of distress, urgency and safety in VHF. Used frequencies and channels. Portable VHF.

8.3 equipment for 5, 6 and 7 navigation areas recreational craft. Ship station licenses and equipment installations.

B. practice basic safety and navigation.

1. how to use the vest lifeboat, fire extinguishers, pyrotechnic signals and signal mirror.

2 management of ropes: Adujar, make firm, taking turns. Côté, half-knot, clove hitch and guide ACE. Clamp for breast.

3 preparation before starting the manoeuvre: check: absence of explosive gases, oil level in the engine and transmitter, fuel level, fuel filter with decanter of water in diesel engines, tap bottom of cooling. Develop dead and start the engine.

4 checks after starting: alarms and control instruments. Cooling.


5. application of the direction and government rules, speed, security, surveillance, and identification marks and beacons.

6. maneuvers in docks: precautions when there are ropes into the water. Maneuvering ahead and behind. Stop the start. Effect of the propeller in reverse gear. You evolve and ciaboga. Effect of the rudder in the evolutions (deliver the stern). Approximation to the side docking or tip, or you will find. Maneuvers of dockage and moorage. Anchoring of anchor manoeuvre. Attached to a buoy. Use of the hook. Effects of the wind on these maneuvers.

7 rule with a ground reference.

8. man overboard maneuver.

C. Basic radio communications practices.

Practical procedure for issuing and receiving a distress call in radiotelephony and LSD in VHF. Practical use of portable VHF.

Although it is not mandatory the availability of beacons satellite for the areas of the pattern for basic navigation navigation, in accordance with the provisions of the Royal Decree 1185 / 2006 of 16 October, which approves the regulation which regulates Spanish civil vessels maritime radio communications, it is recommended to elementary practical training on this equipment taking into account that its use is widespread among users of the boating industry, and in order to lower false alerts from distress that these machines can produce.

D. content of the theory test.

Maximum time, one hour and 15 minutes.

Test of 40 questions, of which 28 must respond correctly to overcome it. In any case, and for reasons of maritime safety and prevention of pollution of the marine environment, the conditions for passing the theoretical test are as follows: • the International Convention for preventing collisions at sea, 10 questions, of which at least must be responding correctly to 7;

• Beacon, 4 questions, of which at least must respond correctly 2, • radiocommunication, 4 questions, of which at least must correctly answer 2, in the autonomous communities that have not assumed responsibility in the field of nautical sports lessons, the number of questions will be: • four questions about nautical nomenclature.

• Six questions about security.

• Six questions about navigation.

• Four questions on propulsion.

• Ten questions about the regulation of approaches.

• Four questions about beacon.

• Two questions about law.

• Four questions about radiocommunication.

Pattern of pleasure boats.

A theoretical knowledge.

1. naval technology.

1.1. designation of the town. Concepts: fore, aft, port, starboard, waterline, work live and work life, sides, starboard, fins, cover, plan and bilge.

1.2 dimensions. Concepts: length, maximum, strut sleeve, FR Board, draught and seat. Maximum displacement and tonnage.

1.3. structure: Hull, keel, roda, Stern, formers, baos, borda, regala, bulkheads.

1.4. concept of sealing. Brief description and importance of the maintenance of the helmet and sealing Accessories: bath, scuppers, drains, vents and fund taps, exhaust motor, speaker, limera of rudder, portlights, hatches, ports and manguerotes of ventilation. Bilge pumps.

1.5 Accessories: Railings, cleats and bollards. Plow and Danforth anchors. Windlass: Clutch, clutch and brake. Rudder: Ordinary and offset. Propellers: Step, kick and diameter. Cavitation.

1.6 elements of mooring: Chicote, sine, gaza, boza, and firm. Noray, dead, buoys, fenders, boat hook. Artificial fiber ends: application of each type.

1.7 terminology: Escorar and cautious. Windward and Leeward. Charge, tuning, lascar, removal and long.

2. maneuvers.

2.1. moorings: Long, through, espring, brace. Use according to wind and current. Cabos management: turn, Côte, adujar, taking turns, make firm, tie by sine. Knots: Plain, as guide, clove hitch and return of rezon.

2.2 Government with cane or wheel, speed of Government, snatch, effect of the propeller in reverse gear. Turn with a Helix: effect of the mainstream of the propeller on the ship without jerk. Ciaboga with two propellers.

2.3 agents influencing the maneuver: wind, waves and current. Free to Leeward. Concepts of real and apparent wind.

2.4 maneuvers: tie-down points, abarloar to another boat, mooring to a jetty or pontoon, moor to a buoy, tapped from a dock or pier.

2.5 funding: Choice of the tenedero, set, length of the mooring circle of borneo, grip. Surveillance during the anchorage: brands, probe alarms. Anchor. Anchoring with one or two anchors. Levar.

3. safety at sea.

3.1 weather: wind and sea. Form of Government to the sea to prevent balance sheets, bridles, sea, and not to compromise the stability. Concept of stability. Concept of synchronism. Way to break the sync. Use of the baffles for trimming the boat.

3.2. measures to be taken aboard in bad weather: review of portlights, hatches, ports, manguerotes and other openings. Stowage and securing to sound of sea. Closure of bottom taps. Defeat to follow. Run the storm or weather. Risks of a Leeward coast. Layer anchor. Maneuvers through a shower: motor.

3.3 protection of electrical storms and influence on the needle.

3.4. low visibility: precautions in navigation with fog, radar reflector, prevent maritime traffic. Precautions for night navigation.

3.5. precautions in navigation in shallow waters.

3.6 material safety regulatory navigation 4 zone, which is defined in the order FOM/1144/2003 of 28 April. Brief description, use, stowage, and reviews recommendations.

3.7 emergency at sea: 3.7.1 personal accident. Emergency treatment of: wounds, bruises, bleeding, Burns, and dizziness or sea sickness: emergency treatment. Messages radio doctors: operational standards and drafting. First aid kit for 4 navigation area, which is defined in the order FOM/1144/2003 of 28 April.

3.7.2 man overboard: prevention to prevent this, safety harness, lighting RID propeller, signs of the Castaway, individual marking, launch of aid. Approach the victim. Maneuvers of search when it is not the victim. Use of the navigation system by satellite in the case of fall of man to the water. Collection. Hypothermia. Treatment and resuscitation of a castaway: breath mouth and cardiac massage.

3.7.3 failures: Failed Government. Wheel of fortune. Stay adrift.

3.7.4 trailer: Maneuver of approximation, give and take the trailer, way to navigate the tug and towing.

3.7.5 approach: assistance and recognition of faults.

3.7.6 stranding, steps to take to get out of the wrecked.

3.7.7 waterways and flood: points of higher risk: Horn, rudder limera, background, faucets, hoses, clamps and exhaust vents. Manual and electric bilge pump of engine cooling pumps. Fortune for his control and plugging measures: drain plugs and mats.

3.7.8. Prevention of fires and explosions. Risk places: kitchens, chambers of engines, fuel, batteries, electric installation, storeroom or hatch jacks with paintings. Factors which go to prevent fire. How to declare a fire, extinction procedures, general measures. Socairear fire, direction so that the apparent wind is zero.

3.7.9. measures to be taken before leaving the boat: risk of hasty abandonment, clothing, personal and material equipment to be carried, steps to take before leaving the boat: message to emit. Directions for use of the pyrotechnic signals.

3.7.10 State society for rescue and maritime safety Centres of regional and zonal local rescue. Location and coverage, forms of contact with them.

3.7.11. request for towing at sea and responsibilities which contract. Scope of the compulsory insurance of civil liability. Supplementary insurance of trailer.

3.8 idea about marine ecology: environmental impact: identification, magnitude, and causes that determine them. Fishing. Tourism. Protection of natural areas of the marine environment: 1. areas specially protected of importance for the Mediterranean (SPAMI); 2. Park booking Natural/Monument/protected landscape; 3. fishing interest marine reserve; 4. place of Community interest; 5. specific case in the Mediterranean: Prairies of oceanic Posidonia.

3.9 turn and charge the rig. Center sail. Decomposition of the force of the wind on the sail Center. Center of drift. Heeling pair and evolutionary pair. Proper orientation of the sails. The same interaction.

3.10 maneuvers sailing: give and load the rig. Order of hoisting and lowering. Give to sail while at anchor. Tacking: By avante and round; advantages and disadvantages of each. Government: blind, stick to a descuartelar, crosswise, to a long, by the flap and closed aft. Stop the jerk: aproar is, barracks, fachear and pairear. Reduce the sail area: take curls, change of candles, use of the storm jib and sail layer. Need to control the heel.

3.11 manoeuvres to sail the passage of a squall. Precautions to take before the passage of a front. You maneuvers to perform as you navigate to barloventeando or to a long. Maneuvers to candle search when it is not the victim. Troubleshooting: Govern sailing. Fortune rig.

4 navigation.

4.1 knowledge: 4.1.1 shaft, pole, ecuador, meridians and Parallels. Zero Meridian and Meridian of the place. Latitude and longitude.


4.1.2. letters of landfall, coastal navigation, port and cartridges. Information provided by the letters: accidents the coast, type, road field, reference points, lights, brands, marks, dangers, prohibited areas. Signs and most important abbreviations used in nautical charts: beacons, probes, nature of the Fund, veriles, magnetic declination.

4.1.3 nautical publications of interest: brief description of routes, guides nautical for yachting and books of lighthouses.

4.1.4 coastal charts: meridians, parallel, scales of latitudes and lengths, decline.

4.1.5. the nautical mile. Knot. How to measure distances on the Charter.

4.1.6. directions: circular and quadrantal.

4.1.7. elementary notion of terrestrial magnetism.

4.1.8. magnetic declination, how to update it.

4.1.9 description concise nautical needle. Installation, disturbances.

4.1.10. diversion of the needle. Deviation splint.

4.1.11 total correction. Calculation from the declination and the diversion.

4.1.12 kinds of course: true, magnetic, and needle. Relationship between them.

4.1.13. coefficient of sliding. Its application.

4.1.14 fourth. Wind, abatement, bearing surface. Currents and their influence.

4.1.15 lines of position: shoals, oppositions, delays, distances and veriles. Obtaining lines of position with needle and conversion in true to its layout in the letter. Use of the shoals, delays, and probes as lines of position of safety.

4.1.16. the concept of marking, way of finding them. Relationship between bearing, delay and dialing.

4.1.17 AIDS to navigation: brands. Lights and seamarks: lighthouses and beacons.

4.2 exercises on the nautical chart: 4.2.1 given a point in the letter, knowing its coordinates. Given the coordinates of a point, to put it in the letter.

4.2.2 measurement of distances. Way to draw and measure the direction.

4.2.3. elemental concept of navigation by graphical estimates in the letter.

4.2.4 course to pass to a certain distance from the coast or danger. Correct course when abatement or current.

4.2.5 layout and extent of delays and soundings with the conveyor.

4.2.6. the leading line and the opposition as real delays. Calculation of the total correction from a leading line or opposition.

4.2.7 get the situation by the intersection of two simultaneous lines of position: isobatica lines, delays, soundings, oppositions, and distances. Conditions that must be given so that the lines of position are reliable.

5. meteorology.

5.1 importance of weather in the safety of navigation. Concept of atmospheric pressure. Measurement of the atmospheric pressure with the aneroid barometer.

5.2 fillers lines. Storms and cyclone. General circulation and wind in the northern hemisphere in these formations. Path of storms.

5.3 real wind. Rolar, fall, cool, streak and calm.

5.4 coastal breezes: Terral and virazón.

5.5 scale Beaufort. Anemometer, weather vanes and doorknobs.

5.6 scale Douglas of the sea. Concepts: intensity, persistence and fecht.

5.7. the concept of temperature. Measurement of the temperature with a Mercury thermometer, scale centigrade.

5.8. weather forecast: how to get it. Storm warnings. Forecast with barometer and thermometer. Showers of rain or wind. Indications.

6. radio.

6.1 expressions and basic definitions.

6.2 concept of frequency and radio channel. Frequencies and used for distress, urgency and safety in VHF radiotelephone and Digital selective call (LSD) channels.

6.3. the global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS). Basic concept. Navigation zone 4 and its relationship with the sea area A1 national, as defined in article 4 of the Royal Decree 1185 / 2006 of 16 October, which approves the regulation which regulates maritime radiocommunications of Spanish civilian vessels. Basic concept of LSD. Transmission and reception of messages of distress, urgency and safety in VHF. Beacons 406 MHz and VHF portable.

6.4. National coastal VHF stations.

6.5. equipment for 4, 5, 6 and 7 navigation areas recreational craft. Ship station licenses and equipment installations.

7. mechanical propulsion.

7.1 peculiarities that distinguish the motors outboard, inside out borda and Interior as for its installation and use. Differences between the engines of two- and four-stroke and four-stroke diesel in terms of the type of fuel, lubrication and cooling.

7.2 checks before start-up: fuel level, oil engine and transmitter. Level of coolant in closed circuits. Seacock for cooling and filter. Explosive gases. Filter water decanter. Deadlock.

7.3 starter. Checks after booting: alarm, control and verification of cooling instruments. Ignition of the engines.

7.4 control of manoeuvre, power and motor control instruments.

7.5 electrical system. Brief description: Starter, switches and fuse box and service batteries. Care and maintenance of the batteries.

7.6 precautions to make fuel, fire and explosions.

7.7 calculation of the autonomy of the boat, depending on hour consumption, speed, the ability to deposit and weather conditions.

8. legislation.

8.1. international regulations for preventing collisions at sea. Rules 1 to 37 and annex IV. (Under the perspective of a pattern of a sailing ship or a vessel of mechanical propulsion of up to 12 meters).

8.2 marking. System side region, Cardinal, isolated danger, special and navigable water system.

8.3 standards that affect recreational craft concerning shipping and inland waterway ports.

8.4 limitations to surfing beaches, places near to the coast, marked beaches, access channels and marine reserves.

8.5 idea on the status of downloads, and discharges into the sea of pleasure, according to the order FOM 1144 boats / 2003, of April 28, and on the system of delivery of waste generated by ships of recreation, according to the Royal Decree 1381 / 2002 of 20 December. Responsibility of the employer. Conduct to a sighting.

8.6 registration of leisure craft, inspections and certificate of airworthiness for vessels of less than 24 metres. Responsibilities of the title. National flag. Rescue: Obligation to provide help to the people.

B. practice basic safety and navigation.

1. how to use the vest lifeboat, fire extinguishers, pyrotechnic signals, signal mirror.

3. preparation to exit to the sea. Checks, sealing, Government and propulsion. Weather forecast. Review of watertightness and security elements: portlights, hatches, bilge, bilge, taps limera, Horn, background and system of Government. Logistics: Water, fuel and food. Checks of your radio, navigation lights, etc.

4 preparation before starting the manoeuvre: check: absence of explosive gases, oil level in the engine and transmitter, decanter of water, cooling system fuel filter fuel level,. Develop dead and start the engine.

5 checks after starting: lubrication. Cooling and battery charging. Check that there is no oil or fuel leaks.

6. operation of cabos: Adujar, make firm, taking turns. Côté, half-knot, clove hitch and guide ACE. Clamp for breast.

7 maneuvers in docks: precautions when there are ropes into the water. Maneuvering ahead and behind. Stop the start. Effect of the propeller in reverse gear. You evolve and ciaboga. Effect of the rudder in the evolutions (deliver the stern). Approximation to the side docking or tip, or you will find. Maneuvers of dockage and moorage. Anchoring of anchor manoeuvre. Attached to a buoy. Use of the hook. Effects of wind and current on these maneuvers.

8. application of course and government rules, speed, security, surveillance, and identification marks and beacons.

9 to govern with a ground reference and a needle bearing. Reverse bearing. Get the total correction for a course with a leading line.

10 positioned simultaneous lines of position. Identification of the notable points of the coast. Safety navigation: delays of Ridge's security and safety.

11. man overboard maneuver. Use of the M.O.B. GPS.

12. electronic navigation: set alarm of the probe. Get the location with the GPS.

C. Basic radio communications practices.

Practical procedure for issuing and receiving a distress call in radiotelephony and LSD in VHF. Practical procedure for calling public correspondence. Practical use portable radar transponders and VHF. Although it is not mandatory the availability of beacons satellite for the navigation areas of recreational pattern of vessels, in accordance with the Royal Decree 1185 / 2006, of 16 October, which approves the regulation which regulates Spanish civil vessels maritime radio communications, it is recommended to practical training in the operation of this equipment taking into account that its use is widespread among users of the boating industry, and in order to lower false alerts from distress that these machines can produce.

D. content of the theory test.

Maximum time, two hours 30 minutes.


Test of 75 questions, of which 53 must respond correctly to overcome it. In any case, and for reasons of maritime safety and prevention of pollution of the marine environment, the conditions for passing the theoretical test are as follows: • the International Convention for preventing collisions at sea, 15 questions, of which at least must be responding correctly to 11;

• Exercises in the letter, 4 questions, of which at least must respond correctly 2;

• Beacon, 5 questions, of which at least must answer correctly 3;

• Radiocommunication, 5 questions, of which at least must respond correctly 3;

In the autonomous communities that have not assumed responsibility in the field of nautical sports lessons, the number of questions will be: • six on Naval technology.

• Eight of maneuvers to Motor.

• Once about security.

• Twelve on navigation (four of them, exercises on the nautical chart).

• Four of meteorology.

• Five of radiocommunication.

• Five of Propulsion.

• Fifteen of regulations of approaches, from the perspective of a boat to sail or mechanical propulsion.

• Five of buoyage.

• Four of legislation.

Pattern of yacht.

A theoretical knowledge.

1. Security.

1.1 stability and buoyancy: concept and definition of reserve buoyancy and franco Board. Concepts and definition of the initial stability, carena, volume and center of hull, push, maximum displacement yachts, and its point of application: the center of gravity. Idea of the influence of the metacentric height in transverse stability. Concept of the influence of the loading, unloading and movement of weights in stability, heel and trim, without calculations.

1.2 maneuver: Maneuver trailer on the high seas: give and take trailer, affirmed and length. Trailer with bad weather. Govern towing and towed.

1.3 safety equipment: safety equipment regulation for the zone of navigation 2, which is defined in the order FOM/1144/2003 of 28 April. Use of a life raft: stowage and zafa, launching, inflated righting, and boarding; use of the equipment being in its interior.

1.4 emergency at sea: failure of Government.

1.5 safety procedures: rescue. Search for a shipwrecked. Abandonment of ship. Survival: Behavior of castaways in the water, organization of life in a life raft: surveillance, guards, rationing, Anchor layer. Nearest coast. Evacuation by means of a helicopter. HRH Hombre water area: maneuvers to make. Approach the victim.

1.6 first aid: first aid kit for the zone of navigation 2, which is defined in the order FOM/1144/2003 of 28 April. Drafting of a radiomedico message. Bandages, immobilization and splinting of fractured members. Accidents on board and measures to be taken: poison, bites of animals, removal of hooks.

1.7 mechanical propulsion: 1.7.1 electrical system. Brief description: alternator, starter and service batteries, take power of Earth, box of switches, lighting, force and instruments.

1.7.2 installation troubleshooting: thermal short circuits, fuses and switches magneto. Under isolation. Care of the electrical system. Voltage and intensity of a charged battery. Link serial and parallel of the batteries. Care of batteries.

1.7.3. calculation of total consumption and autonomy knowing the specific consumption and power. Specific consumption of combustion engines of two- and four-stroke and four-stroke diesel.

1.7.4 anomalies in the operation: purge of a fuel system that has descebado on a diesel engine. Contamination of the lubricant through the oil cooler. Problems at startup. Brief description of open and closed cooling systems. Flaws in the cooling system: faucet bottom, thermostat, water pump filter.

2 navigation.

2.1. theoretical knowledge: 2.1.1 terrestrial sphere: axes, Poles, meridians, Prime Meridian, Equator and Parallels. Concept of latitude and longitude. Location of points in the letter. Differences in latitude and longitude.

2.1.2. terrestrial magnetism. Local variation. Magnetic needle: brief description of the needle of a yacht: properties. Deviation and deviation splint. Calculation of the total correction by shoals and the Polar.

2.1.3. causes of the tides. Spanish Yearbook of tides. Mode of use. Reference of the probes. Calculation of the probe at one time either. Direct and inverse problem.

2.1.4. measurement of time: civil time, Universal time, daylight-saving time, time zones or time zones, official time, clock time of log, step from one to another time and hours difference between places.

2.1.5 publications: Courses, books of lights and fog signals; Book of radio signals. Notices to Mariners, corrections of the letters.

2.1.6. basic principle of radar operation idea. Scope, factors that condition it. Presentation of echoes on screen, from the coast: bow top or North up. Errors and disturbances: areas of shadow, false echoes and interference. Checks and how to avoid them. Filters rain and sea and loss of image due to them. Markings, delays and distance radar. Fixed rings and variables. Racon.

2.1.7 navigation with satellite navigation systems: initialization, status, defeat point of landfall. Alarms, man in the water, errors and corrections to introduce. Plotters and electronic charts.

2.1.8 flows, calculation of the unknown current, true and dear situation. Calculate true course knowing the cash and the current.

2.1.9. principles of the system of automatic identification of ships. Its application in navigation.

2.2 skills and work on the nautical chart: 2.2.1 heading and distance between two points, mapping and measurement; heading to pass at a distance of a point.

2.2.2 effect of the wind on the course, bearing surface. Correct the course.

2.2.3 concept of direction and time intensity of course, current and effective speed. Graphic calculation of the effect of the current over the course from one real position to another true.

2.2.4 lines of position; situation by markings and delays; transfer delays. Situation by simultaneous and non-simultaneous delays to one or two points of the coast.

2.2.5 situation by soundings, isobaticas lines and horizontal angles and distances.

2.2.6 defeat rhumb: direct course and distance. Estimated graphics including current. Estimated and real situation. Analytical estimates. Resolution of the problem of direct and inverse, individual cases.

2.2.7. calculation of the probe at one time either. Direct and inverse problem.

3 meteorology and Oceanography.

3.1 air masses. Clouds: classes.

3.2 isobars, pressure gradient. Centers baricos, cyclone and storms and associated time.

3.3. wind: Gradient, Coriolis effect and friction.

3.4 fronts.

3.5. concept of absolute and relative humidity. Dew point. Psychrometer. Formation of mists, classes, forecast, propagation and dispersion.

3.6. weather forecasts. Newsletters, types. Elementary interpretation of weather charts.

3.7 waves, his education idea. Length, height and wave period. Intensity, Fetch and persistence.

3.8 ocean currents; Overview, kinds and causes that produce them. General trends in the Spanish coasts.

4 radiocommunication.

4.1 expressions and basic definitions.

4.2 radio frequencies. Concept of frequency and radio channel. Subdivision of the most significant part of the radio spectrum. Aerials VHF and MF and LSD frequencies used for distress, urgency and safety communications in the GMDSS and public correspondence.

4.3. naming of dates and times. Interference. Tests. Secret communications. Identification of stations. Formation of the distinctive call and the identification numbers of the maritime mobile service.

4.4 public correspondence on VHF and MF radiotelephone operating procedures.

4.5 the GMDSS: Basic concept and functions. Navigation zone 2 and its relationship with the sea areas A1 and A2 national, as defined in article 4 of the Royal Decree 1185 / 2006 of 16 October, which approves the regulation which regulates maritime radiocommunications of Spanish civilian vessels. Means of communication used. LSD: Basic concept. Operating procedures for distress, urgency and safety on VHF and MF communications: transmission and retransmission of alerts, messages, receipt acknowledgements and distress, urgency and safety traffic. Cancellation of involuntary alerts. Equipment used for distress and safety test.

4.6. the COSPAS-SARSAT system: basic concept of the system.

4.7. general knowledge of other equipment: portable 406 MHz, VHF beacons and Radar transponders.

4.8 communications centers Radiomaritimas (CCR completo). The service Radiomedico.

4.9. radio provisions for 2, 3, 4 and 5 navigation areas recreational craft. Ship station licenses and other documents of service. Equipment installations.

5. legislation.

5.1 definition, layout, measuring as well as the rights and duties of States according to the United Nations Convention on the law of the sea with respect to the lines of normal base and straight, internal waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and high seas.


5.2. peripheral maritime administration: Maritime Coastguard: their functions. Flag: Definition and legal effects. Navigation, role of patent and licensing of navigation. Registration of ships: procedure. Maritime registry: nature, organization and content. Register of movable property: nature, organization and content.

5.3 aid, rescue, trailers, findings, maritime extractions and approaches: legal differences, procedure and competent bodies to process records. Compulsory civil liability insurance: risk covering. Sea protest. Journal of navigation.

5.4 maritime pollution prevention: elementary Idea of annexes I, IV and V of the International Convention for the prevention of pollution from ships (MARPOL). Regime of discharges and discharges to sea of ships of recreation according to the order FOM/1144/2003 of 28 April. Basic idea of mode of delivery of waste generated by ships of recreation according to the Royal Decree 1381 / 2002 of 20 December. By stranding or approach to marine pollution emergency plan.

5.5 safety at sea: Regime of safety equipment, rescue, fire and navigation of ships of recreation according to the order FOM/1144/2003 of 28 April. Surveys and inspections of recreational craft: competition, kinds of inspections according to the Royal Decree 1434 / 1999 of 10 September. Certificate of airworthiness. Brief description of the international code of signals: a single flag signals and flares.

B. practice basic safety and navigation.

1. recognition of lights, lighthouses, beacons and lights for other vessels. Landfall.

2. practices of radar: situation by delay, bearing and distance: markings to other vessels. Recognition of the coast. Disturbances.

3. exercise of abandonment of ship. Use of a life raft. Stowing away, launch, inflated, righting, and boarding; use of the equipment being in its interior. Survival at sea. Behavior of castaways in the water, organization of life in a life raft: surveillance guards, rationing, Anchor layer. Nearest coast. Knowledge and management of the lifejacket. Knowledge and management of the liferaft and its equipment.

4 Organization of the defeat: handling letters, paths, lighthouses books, yearbooks of tides and Gazetteer of stations maritime radio. Mapping of a defeat. Calculation of fuel, water and food. Checklists.

5. practices of coastal navigation and navigation of esteem.

6 search and collection of man overboard.

7. navigation with GPS positioning: initialization, status reports, introduce a defeat and point of landfall, errors and corrections.

8. blind with radar and GPS navigation.

9. weather: choice of the most certain defeat.

C. Basic radio communications practices.

Practical procedure for issuing and receiving calls of distress in radiotelephony and LSD in VHF. Practical procedure for calling public correspondence. Practical use of beacons, radar responders and VHF portable.

D. content of the theory test.

In order to pass the theoretical exam pattern of yacht is necessary to overcome the exercises of the five subjects listed above in the present annex. These subjects may be overcome in various calls for examination. The maximum time for the realization of each of the exercises is as follows: 1. safety: thirty minutes.

2. Navigation: Theory and exercises of Charter, 2 hours.

3. Radio: forty-five minutes.

4 meteorology and Oceanography: thirty minutes.

5. legislation: Thirty minutes.

Yacht captain.

A theoretical knowledge.

1 astronomy and navigation.

1.1 celestial sphere: main lines that are considered. Vertical line or Zenith nadir. Horizon rational or real. Different kinds of horizons. Vertical semicircle. Almucantar. Axis of the world or lines of poles: high pole and pole depressed. Celestial Ecuador. Celestial Meridian. Meridians of the place. Top and bottom. Zero Meridian or Prime Meridian. Parallels. True N S and E W. Primary Vertical lines.

1.2 celestial coordinates of the stars: horizontal coordinate: altitude and azimuth. Different ways to tell the azimuth. Zenith distance. Amplitude. Time coordinates. Decline and schedule. Angle at the pole. Polar distance or codeclinacion. Ascensional difference. Study of the apparent motion of the Sun. Ecliptic. Equatorial coordinates uranograficas. Declination and right ascension. Sidereal angle. Orbit which describes the earth around the Sun. Areas. Climates. Stations.

1.3 triangle position: its elements.

1.4 apparent movement of the stars: an overview. Arcos day and night. Ortos and sunsets. Passage of the stars by the Meridian upper and lower of the place.

1.5. the Moon: Phases of the moon.

1.6 stars: Soundings to find major stars on the basis of the constellation of Ursa Major. Ditto for Orion. Ditto Scorpion. Ditto the square of Pegasus. Ditto the Cruz of the South. Catalogues and planispheres.

1.7 universal time. Time difference between two places. Reduced time. Time zones. Daylight-saving time. Official time. Relationship between Greenwich civil time, the place civil time, daylight-saving time. Hour timer in a 24-hour digital clock, adjusted to Greenwich mean time. Concept of absolute State and movement. Date of the meridian of 180 °. International date line.

1.8 Nautical Almanac: description of the calendar. Known time of you, calculate the Sun in Greenwich and its decline. Ditto planet and star. Spend time in Gw to schedule in place and vice versa. Calculation of the time of passage of the Sun through the meridian of the place. Ditto of planets and stars: special cases of these problems. Calculation of the times for sunrise and sunset with the Almanac. Twilight. Sextant: description. Reading of their graduation. Index correction: different ways to calculate it. Observation of the altitude of a star with the sextant: Sun, planet or star. Particular case of the Meridian height. Correction of observed heights.

1.9. recognition of stars. Particular case of the astro in the Meridian top or bottom or in its vicinity. Tables which facilitate the recognition of the stars. Identifiers of stars.

1.10 projections: Projections used in the Navy. Idea of mercatoriana projection. Scale of the charts. Classification according to the scale. Port. Letters in white.

1.11 straight height: their determinants. Particular cases of the height line. Latitude by Meridian height of a star. Latitude by height of the Polar Star. Usefulness of a single line in height. Transfer of a line's height.

1.12 situation by straight lines of height: situation for two simultaneous lines of height. Situation by two lines and three tall non-simultaneous. Calculate the range until the passage of a star by the meridian of the ship moving.

1.13 rhumb defeat: the rhumb equation. Calculation of the direct and inverse of esteem problem.

1.14 concept and calculation of the orthodromic defeat.

1.15 kinematics: an overview. Absolute and relative motion. Triangle of velocities. Pink maneuver. Study of the relative motion of another vessel. Find the course and speed of other vessel knowing their relative motion. Give scope to a ship in the shortest possible time. Ditto without changing our course. Ditto in a given time. Give direction to pass or put us at a given distance from another vessel. Cinematic radar.

1.16. Earth magnetism: terrestrial magnetic elements. Distribution.

1.17 deviation of magnetic needle: causes that produce it. Magnetic fields acting on needle on board. Estimates of the true azimuth of the Polar Star by the Nautical Almanac.

1.18. the radar: the radar basics. Description and operation. Interpretation of the display. Markings and delays. Measurement of distances. Areas of shadow. False echoes. True motion radar. Practical employment.

1.19 navigation with positioner: GPS. General information, description and operation.

1.20 nautical publications: current books. Organization of the defeat. Pilot charts.

2 meteorology and Oceanography.

2.1. the atmosphere: composition.

2.2 pressure: Designs, main and secondary formations. Variations of atmospheric pressure.

2.3 temperature: The temperature in the atmosphere. The air temperature. Variation with height.

2.4. humidity: Relative humidity. Hygrometer. Psychrometer. Changes of State of water. Condensation. Dew point.

2.5 clouds: Classification of clouds. Cloudiness. Visibility.

2.6. precipitation: Classification and forecast.

2.7 forms storm: showers. Waterspouts. Tornadoes. Electric, acoustic and optical phenomena.

2.8 winds: General systems of winds. Distribution of pressures and winds. General westerlies and trade winds. Calm Equatorial. Tropical calm. Polar winds. Monsoons.

2.9 air masses. Fronts: Air masses, classification. Life cycle of air masses. Cold and warm fronts: meteorological Variables.

2.10 storms and cyclone: Storm type. Life cycle of storms. Anticyclones, troughs and ridges. Associated time. Extratropical storms: training, development and disappearance.

2.11. tropical cyclones: training, career and life cycle. Semicircles dangerous and manageable. Form of maneuver to cyclones.


2.12 charts and weather reports, forecast: parties and international, General and local weather forecasts. Weather forecast areas. Elementary interpretation of a weather chart.

2.13 currents: causes of ocean currents. Training. Tidal currents. Classification of flows. Crosscurrents. Main currents of the world. The Gulf stream, its influence on the Spanish coasts.

2.14. waves: Formation of waves. Characteristics of the waves. Sea, wind and swell.

2.15 floating ice: floating ice. Origin, limits and types of them. Times and places where they are most frequent. Navigation in ice area.

3. theory of the ship.

3.1. the transverse static stability: 3.1.1 stability: definition and classification.

3.1.2. cases of balance.

3.1.3 initial stability: concept and calculation of the time of the couple's stability.

3.1.4 stability criteria: concept.

3.1.5. to large inclinations. Calculation and plotting of the righting arm curve.

3.1.6. effect on transverse stability by water shipped on deck.

3.1.7 period balance: its relationship with the initial stability, soft and hard ships.

3.1.8 synchronism cross: concept and how to avoid it.

3.1.9 synchronism longitudinal, its consequences and ways to avoid it.

3.2. transverse static stability curve.

3.2.1 calculation of the transverse static stability curve.

3.2.2. key elements of the curve.

3.2.3. importance of the angle limit of static stability, and the value of the maximum righting.

3.2.4. importance of the sleeve and the freeboard on stability.

3.2.5 concept and use of hydrostatic curves.

3.3 dynamic stability.

3.3.1 concept and calculation of dynamic stability and its importance.

3.3.2 action of the wind on the topsides.

3.3.3 par escorante because of the wind.

3.3.4. maximum angle, practical and theoretical of heel, produced by the wind.

3.4. longitudinal static stability. Change of seat by transfer, loading and/or unloading of weights. Time of seat unit.

3.5 free surfaces. Effects on transverse static stability. Calculation of the correction for the free surface.

3.6 input in dike and beached.

3.6.1 operations to perform to stay free of the stranding.

3.6.2 openwork and heel to dam.

3.7 resistance.

3.7.1 elements opposed to the movement.

3.7.2. effect of Appendices and the State of cleanliness of the town.

3.7.3 resistance due to the State of the sea.

3.7.4 resistance due to low funds and channels.

3.8 prevention of maritime pollution: annexes I, IV and V of the International Convention for the prevention of pollution from ships (MARPOL). Regime of discharges and discharges to sea of ships of recreation according to the order FOM/1144/2003 of 28 April. Scheme of delivery of waste generated by ships of recreation according to the Royal Decree 1381 / 2002 of 20 December. By stranding or approach to marine pollution emergency plan.

3.9. maritime safety: System of safety equipment, rescue, fire and navigation of ships of recreation according to the order FOM/1144/2003, 28 April.

4. English.

4.1. knowledge of English sufficient for direct translation of nautical publications in English.

4.2 receipt and transmission of messages using the IMO completo Standard Marine Communications Phrases: introduction, General information, part A, part b: B1 and B2.

5 radiocommunication.

5.1 expressions and definitions used in radio communications.

5.2 radio frequencies. Concept of frequency, radio channel and wavelength. Radio spectrum. Different types of propagation of the waves. Modulation types and classes of emission. Radiotelephony frequencies of LSD and Inmarsat used for distress, urgency and safety communications in the GMDSS and public correspondence. Batteries for radio equipment. Care and basic maintenance.

5.3. provisions relating to maritime services. Nomenclature of dates and times. Measures against interference. Tests. Secret communications. Order of priority of communications. Identification of stations. Formation of the distinctive call and the identification numbers of the maritime mobile service.

5.4. operating procedures of public correspondence.

5.5. the GMDSS: Basic concept and functions. Planning and introduction of the system. Navigation area 1 and its relationship with the sea areas A1, A2, A3 and A4, as defined in article 4 of the Royal Decree 1185 / 2006 of 16 October, which approves the regulation which regulates maritime radiocommunications of Spanish civilian vessels. Means of communication used. Short, medium and long range terrestrial services. Satellite services. LSD: Basic concept.

5.6. operating procedures for communications from distress, urgency and safety in the GMDSS VHF, MF, HF and Inmarsat. Transmission and retransmission of alerts, messages, receipt acknowledgements and distress traffic. Cancellation of a distress alert involuntary. Communications for the coordination of search and rescue operations. Communications in the place of the accident. Location signals. Broadcasting of maritime safety information. General communications. Bridge-to-bridge communications. Equipment used for distress and safety test. Use of the standard phrases of the IMO for maritime communications according to resolution A.918 (22), Spanish and English version.

5.7. the INMARSAT system: general concept of the system. The space segment. Types of ship earth stations. The call to groups (LIG) system.

5.8. the NAVTEX system: general concept and system configuration. Types of messages. Hours of broadcast. National Navtex stations.

5.9. the COSPAS-SARSAT system: general concept and system configuration. Coverage modes.

5.10 the GMDSS subsystems: portable beacons 406 MHz., VHF, Radar transponders and receivers Navtex.

5.11 communications centers Radiomaritimas (RCC's) and centers (CRCR completo) search and rescue coordinators. The service Radiomedico.

5.12 radio provisions for recreational craft. Inspections. Certificates. Ship station licenses and other documents of service. Equipment installations.

B. practice basic safety and navigation.

1. practices of cinematic radar. Give scope to a ship in the shortest possible time. Move to a certain distance from a vessel.

2. calculation of fuel, water, food, and checklists to take an ocean cruise.

3. preparation of an oceanic defeat: defeat organization, preparation of charts. Management of courses in English, list of stations radio maritime and publications Sailing Directions, Notice to Mariners, List of Lights and fog signals and Pilots Charts. Abbreviations and symbols.

4. use and handling of the sextant. Observation of the altitude of a star: particular case of the meridiana. Recognition of stars. Calculation of the situation by means of straight lines in height. Transfer of straight lines of height.

5. practical use of radar in navigation.

6 homing day and night exercises. Practice of recognition of lighthouses, beacons and lights for other vessels.

7. search and collection of man overboard exercises. Bad weather: weather or running a temporary. Choice of the most certain defeat. Exercise of abandonment of ship. Survival at sea. Knowledge and management of the lifejacket. Knowledge and management of the liferaft and its equipment.

8. compliance of the log.

C. Basic radio communications practices. Practical procedure for issuing and receiving distress calls in radiotelephony and LSD using VHF, MF/HF and Inmarsat type satellite terminals equipment C. practical procedure for calling public correspondence suitable systems. Practical use and care of emergency beacons, radar, portable VHF and the Navtex receivers responders.

D. content of the theory test.

To overcome the theoretical examination of the title of Captain of yacht will be necessary to overcome the exercises of the following subjects, previously regulated in the present annex. These subjects may be overcome in various calls for examination. The maximum time for the realization of each of the exercises is as follows: 1. navigation theory: an hour.

2. calculation of navigation: three hours.

3 meteorology and Oceanography: an hour.

4. theory of the vessel: one hour.

5. English: Written exercise half hour; oral exercise, 15 minutes.

6. Radio: One hour.

Annex V certificate of practice of safety and navigation in the autonomous communities that have assumed responsibilities in matter annex VIII certificate of practice of sailing in the autonomous communities that have assumed responsibilities in annex XII titles matter issued by other States will be admitted by the General Directorate of the merchant marine qualifications for the Government of pleasure craft issued by those Member States of the European Union or space European economic, in addition to those listed in the following table.


The person who is in possession of a title to the Government of pleasure craft issued by a Member State of the European Union, of the European economic area or by one of those listed in the following table, issuing the title must prove their residence in the State at the time of the expedition, if their nationality differs with that State issuing.




Germany titles powers observations titles Federation. German sailing A - water indoor navigation in inland waters.





Except in those cases where the card itself indicated otherwise, all the F.A.V. titles include the handling of MOTOR and sailing boats.






R local waters navigation in view of the BR - LITTORAL coast without straying more than 12 miles off the coast.






BK - Great CABOTAGE without restriction within the Mediterranean and up to 30 miles from the coast outside of these limits.






C maritime navigation without restrictions.






Titles Federal SPORTBOOTFUHRERSCHEIN BINNEN without straying more than 3 miles off the coast.





 






SPORTKUSTEN-SCHIFFERSCHEIN without straying more than 30 miles from the coast.






SPORTBOOT-FURERSCHEIN SEE SPORTBOOT-FURERSCHEIN navigation in view of the coast.






ARGENTINA titles powers observations pattern of yacht sailing and MOTOR without straying more than 12 miles from the coast (including Rio de la Plata without limitations).





 






HELMSMAN's yacht sailing and MOTOR navigation in inland waters, vessels up to 20 m in length.






PILOT yacht sailing and engine unrestricted AUSTRIA securities powers comments SCHIFFSFUHRERPATENT - 10 M navigation in inland waters, vessels of up to 10 m in length and 12 passengers.





 






BEFAHIGUNGSAUSWEIS (YACTH-MASTER LICENCE) sailing yachts without straying more than 20 miles from the coast.






Belgium titles powers observations BREVET VAN YACHTNAVIGATOR BREVET of browser DEYACHT pleasure craft from long-haul INTERNATIONAL VAARBEWIJS (Asoc. Flemish dep. nautical) navigation in inland waters KLEIN VAARBEWIJS II (Asoc. Flemish dep. nautical) navigation BULGARIA titles powers comments BERECHTIGUNGSZEUGNIS in inland waters interiors a small boat with a maximum power of 100 KW.





 






CHILE titles powers observations pattern sports Bay navigation in inland waters.





 






Captain sports coastal navigation to the view of the coast.






Captain sports high without limitations.






Croatia titles powers observations BOAT LEADER completo management of recreational craft without straying more than 12 miles of coast Finland titles powers observations KANSAINVALINEN HUVIVENEEN JULJETTAJANKIRJA the (International title of pleasure craft stitch) vessels of less than 24 metres length and power engine less than 500 kw. (In terms of geographical boundaries, in international waters, without limits)





 






France titles powers observations PERMIS MER CÔTIER to engine, without straying more than 5 miles from a shelter accessible Beach Brevet of pattern to the plaisance issued by Republic French (marine marchande) (pattern boats sailing up to 24 m in length to less than 200 miles from the coast (*) the restriction appearing on the PERMIS B cards, limiting permission to boats of up to 25 tons It was repealed by Decree of the French State's 21-10-92.






PERMIS MER (Hauturier) engine, without restrictions.






CARTE MER A motor of up to 37 Kw, less than 2 tons, in daytime navigation, without straying more than 5 millasde a coat or accessible beach.






PERMIS to A motor, without straying more than 5 miles of a beach accessible abrigoo.






PERMIS B A engine, without restrictions. (*)






PERMIS C to motor, without restrictions.






Great Britain titles powers observations RYA (Royal) Yachting Association) COASTAL SKIPPER vessels up to 24 m in length, without straying more than 20 miles from the coast.





 






YATCHMASTER OFFSHORE vessels up to 24 m in length, without straying more than 150 miles off the coast.





 






YATCHMASTER OFFSHORE with commercial endorsement vessels up to 200 tons gross, without straying more than 150 miles off the coast.





 






YACHTMASTER OCEAN vessels up to 24 m in length, without limitations.





 






YACHTMASTER OCEAN with commercial endorsement boats up to 200 gross tons, without limitations.





 






INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATE FOR OPERATOR OF PLEASURE CRAFT vessels up to 24 m in length.





 






Italy titles powers observations PATENTI PER IL command and the CONDOTTA DI UNITÀ DA DIPORTO Emb. up to 24 m in length, motor, candle, candle powered gliders aux.o (sltarjeta), without straying more within 12 miles of the coast. EMB. up to 24 m in length, motor, candle, candle powered gliders aux.o (s/card), no distance limitation.





 






PATENT PER I L COMANDONAVI DA DIPORTO without limitations.





 






PATENT DI ABILITAZIONE PER IMBARCAZIONI DA DIPORTO Emb. motor or sailing (sltarjeta), without straying more than 6 miles from the coast.

EMB. motor or sailing (sltarjeta), more than 6 miles from the coast.

If you are motor and sailing: with the limitations of his countries Netherlands titles powers observations KLEIN VAARBEWIJS title N ° II navigation in inland waters. Motor or sailing (see card).





 






Poland titles powers observations titles from the Association Polish navigation Patent Zeglarza Jachtowego Government of pleasure boats, motor or sailing on inland waters. Government of pleasure boats, motor or sailing, of up to 8.9 meters long for daytime navigation in the area between the coast and the parallel to the same line drawn at 2 miles.





Children under 18 years of age can make use of this authorization under the supervision of an adult.






Patent Sternika Jachtowego Gobierno recreational, motor or without it, in inland waters.

Government of pleasure boats to motor up to 12 metres in length for navigations in the coast area and the line parallel to loft it 20 miles Patent Jachtowego Sternika Morskiego Gobierno of pleasure boats, motor or sailing on inland waters. Government of recreational motor of up to 18 metres in length for maritime navigation.





 






Patent Kapitána Jachtowego Gobierno of pleasure boats, motor or sailing on inland waters. Government of pleasure boats, motor or sailing, for maritime navigation.





 






Titles of the Polish Association and the ski water Patent Sternika Motorowodnego Government of pleasure boats, motor up to 60 kW, in inland waters.


Government of pleasure boats, motor up to 60 kW, on day trips in the area between the coast and the parallel to the same line drawn at 2 miles.





Children under 18 years of age can make use of this authorization under the supervision of an adult.






Patent Starzego Motorowodnego Gobierno of recreational motor in inland waters.

Government of recreational motor of up to 12 metres in length for sailing in the area between the coast and the parallel to the same line drawn within 20 miles.





 






Patent Morskiego Sternika Motorowodnego Gobierno of recreational motor in inland waters.

Government of recreational motor of up to 18 meters long.





 






Patent Kapitána Motorowodnego Gobierno of recreational motor in inland waters.

Government of leisure motor boats.





 






Patent Motorzysty Motorowodnego exercise the functions of head of machines in pleasure boats to motor of up to 600 Kw of power.

Perform duties of Assistant Head of machines in pleasure boats to motor of up to 1000 Kw of power.





 






Patent Mechanika Motorowodnego exercise the functions of head of machines in pleasure boats.





 






PORTUGAL titles powers observations PATRAO LOCAL management of recreational craft without straying more than 10 miles from a shelter port and 5 miles from the coast.





 






Management PATRAO coast recreational without straying more 25 miles off the coast.





 






PATRAO of high sea handling boats without limitations.





 






Sweden titles powers observations FURARINTYG management of pleasure boats up to 12 meters inland waters KUSTSKEPPARINTYG management of recreational waters in coastal and Interior.





 






UTSJOSKEPPARINTYG management of recreational in high seas, coastal waters and Interior.





 






Swiss securities powers observations PERMIS B issued by (*) boats a: - motor - sail with or without motor aux.

-motor and sail with or without motor aux. (see card) up to 300 gross tons.





(*) - CRUISING CLUB of Switzerland (CCS) - RORSCHACH sailing school (SEGELSCHULE) - Institute for the navigation in high seas - navigation cantonal navigation Sports Office of DR. KONRAD BUTZ (SPORTNAVIGATION) - school AERONAUTICS and NAVAL A.AVI permissions of the headquarters.





Navigation in inland waters.






URUGUAY titles powers comments area A: navigation ocean without restrictions.





 






Zone B enabled to navigate in the Río de La Plata and an oceanic coastline of 15 miles across to the mouth of the Arroyo Chuy.

(WITHOUT STRAYING MORE THAN 15 MILES OF LAND)





 






ZONE C enabled to navigate within a 15 mile radius of the port of clearance in the lower Río de la Plata and the Atlantic Ocean. In the upper Río de la Plata and the Rio Uruguay this radio will be 20 ".

(WITHOUT STRAYING MORE THAN 15 MILES OF PORT BASIS)





 






Zone D enabled to navigate within a 5 mile radius of the port of clearance in the Río de la Plata and the Atlantic Ocean. In the Uruguay River, rivers and lagoons inside this RADIUS will be 10 '.

(WITHOUT STRAYING MORE THAN 5 MILES OF PORT BASIS)





 






VENEZUELA titles powers observations license of pattern DEPORTIVO's second boats less than 40 gross tons, without straying more than 12 miles off the coast.





 






Canada titles powers observations PLEASURE CRAFT OPERATOR CARD pleasure craft without limitations Ireland titles powers observations INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY, EMITDO by the IRISH SAILING ASSOCIATION vessels up to 80 recreation GT or 24 metres in length within this certificate there are several categories, but all of them are limited to coastal navigation OCEAN YACHTMASTER CERTIFICATE boats unlimited certificate endorsed by the Department of Marine , Communications and Natural Resources

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