Article 3.1. k) of law 54/1997, of 27 November, the Electricity Sector, establishes, among the competencies that correspond to the General Administration of the State, approved by resolution of the General Secretary of energy market rules and operation of instruments and technical procedures necessary for the economic and technical system management.
By its part the Real Decree 2019 / 1997, of 26 of December, by which is organizes and regulates the market of production of energy electric, established, in its article 31, that the operator of the system may propose for its approval by the Ministry of industry tourism and trade them procedures of operation of character technical e instrumental necessary for perform the proper management technical of the system , who will resolve prior report of the Commission national's energy.
The availability of sufficient power reserves in a system is a prerequisite to be able to guarantee at all times the demand and the safe operation of the same. For some time, are increasingly frequent situations in which reduced margins of power reserves are identified in the Spanish mainland electric system.
These situations have been resolved by the system operator by means of the procedure of resolution of technical restrictions and setting system services management, mechanisms which, on the other hand, are intended for technical restrictions, zoning or local solution.
This proposal for a PO develops a market for contracting mechanism and management of the additional power reserves to rise in the system which, on the one hand, to ensure the availability of the required power reserves and, on the other, allow to distinguish between energy settings required for the solution of technical restrictions zoning or local, and the associated to global different situation of insufficient power in the Spanish mainland electric system reserves.
View the Law 54/1997, of 27 November, the Electricity Sector, and article 31 of the Royal Decree 2019 / 1997, of 26th December, which organizes and regulates the electricity production market.
View the proposal made by the system operator of the 3.9 operation procedure. «procurement and management of additional up power reserves».
This Secretary of State, following a report of the National Energy Commission, resolves: first.
Approve the procedure for the operation of the system electric 3.9 'recruitment and management of additional up power reserves', which is then inserted.
The entry in force of this procedure of operation is will produce two months after its publication in the «Bulletin official of the State».
Sole transitional provision.
From the date of entry into force of the procedure of operation 3.9 'Recruitment and management of additional up power reserves', and until the adoption of the necessary modifications in the procedures of operation 3.1 "Programming of the generation", 3.2 "Solution of technical restrictions", 9, 'Information exchanged by the system operator' and 14.4 «Collection rights and obligations of payment for adjusting the system services» , is authorizes to the operator of the system to not set the boot and coupling of groups thermal to ensure the book of power additional to upload required in the process of solution of restrictions technical of the program Base of operation.
Madrid, February 24, 2012.-the Secretary of State for energy, Fernando Martí Scharfhausen.
P.O. 3.9: RECRUITMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF RESERVE OF EXTRA POWER UP 1. Object the object of this procedure is establish the process for the recruitment and management of the book of power additional to upload, that can be required with regard to it available in the program Viable Provisional (PVP) for ensure the security in the system electric peninsular Spanish.
2. field of application this procedure is applicable to the operator of the system (OS) and to subject market (SM) holders of thermal production facilities and ordinary regime special regime of manageable character.
In the content of this procedure, except mention express counter, all the references to them subject holders of the units of programming must be understood as applicable also to them representatives of subject holders of units of programming.
3. definitions power reserves up committed.
For the purposes of the provision of additional power reserves to rise, is defined the reserve committed as the value of the additional power reserves to get assigned to a programming unit as a result of the process of recruitment of additional power reserves to rise.
4 service providers will participate in this process, through the submission of the corresponding tenders, all subjects holders thermal units of ordinary regime and/or special diet of manageable character programming: • with the corresponding qualification of the system operator, who shall grant it to those units of programming whose installation or set of physical facilities prove their corresponding technical and operational capacity for the provision of the service in terms of start times and of programming required to comply with the book of power to upload committed, and • that meet an of them conditions following in the program Viable Provisional (PVP): • have a program null in all and each one of them periods that constitute the horizon daily of programming, or have only a program of sale of energy in one or more than them three first periods schedules of said horizon , by way of descending ramp load, associated with the disconnection of the unit process, or that having program in PVP, not contribute in any of the periods that constitute the everyday horizon of programming, reserve power onto the system as your program below the technical minimum on the unit, • have a program of energy sales higher than the minimum technical unit in a particular mode of operation , with capacity of provide book of power additional to upload running in other modes of operation, in the case of cycles combined multi-axis.
4.1. enabling units for the provision of the service: thermal production facilities must meet the following requirements for empowerment: • have the final registration in the corresponding section of the RAIPEE and, where appropriate, the corresponding resolution of the Directorate-General for energy and mines that authorizes the participation of the installation in the setting of the optional system services.
• Request sent to the system operator's participation in the service of additional power reserves to rise.
• Integration of the production in a control Center installation.
• Communication to the OS of the additional information required for the providers of this service in the operation procedure laying down exchanges of information with the OS, and update it when there is any variation.
• Satisfactory results from the analysis of the OS of the information specified in the procedure of operation by which establish exchanges of information with the OS, brought to the effect by the titular subject of the installation.
• Check that the programming unit provides a supply capacity for the provision of this service not less than 10 MW.
• Check that the programming unit has a boot and such programming that allow the OS to make use of reserve power up assigned to this unit of programming in all the horizon of programming.
And all of this regardless of the conditions with the rules of rank higher than the present procedure can be established as a requirement to participate in setting system services.
For acceptance of offers and consideration to all the effects of participation in the process of recruitment of additional to gain a production unit power reserves, responsible for the installation must have the express permission of the OS.
He may withdraw YOU any of the authorizations previously granted when it detects a lack of technical capacity for the provision of the service, the quality of the service provided does not repeatedly meet the requirements or do not receive the information changes or modifications in the production unit which may affect this system service.
5. process of recruitment of additional power reserves up 5.1 definition of the process: after the communication of the Provisional Viable program (PVP), the system operator will determine the additional power requirements up to each of the journal horizon of programming periods which are necessary, in accordance with the power to raise available in Provisional Viable program (PVP) reserves and , the power reserves up required in the Spanish mainland electric system pursuant to the procedure by which determine the frequency regulation reserve requirements.
5.2 submission of tenders: once reported by the system operator the requirements for additional power reserves to rise to periods of the everyday horizon of programming that requires the hiring of additional power reserves, the subjects of the market must submit, within a maximum of 30 minutes, bids for the provision of additional up to system power reserves.
Bids will be presented for each of the programming units that still enabled, fulfilled also the conditions for the provision of the service.
The tenders submitted shall contain, per unit of programming and programming horizon period, one or more blocks offer simple, in order of increasing price, the value of the reserve to raise offered MW additional power, and its price in €/ MW. You can set a condition of indivisibility, applicable to one of the blocks. The minimum value of additional rise offered by block power reserves will be 1 MW. The minimum value of reserve power up offered a programming period will be 10 MW.
These blocks may be accepted separately. However, the offer can define a single set of blocks offer in consecutive periods of programming that must be assigned jointly (block type all or nothing).
Them offers must respect them prices maximum that, in their case, can be established and published by the Administration competent in matter of energy electric, prior report of the Commission national of energy.
The subjects of the market holders or their representatives, may send OS offers additional power reserves up by default, in accordance with the procedure of operation by which establish exchanges of information with the OS.
He operator of the system will check that them subject of the market holders, or its representative, of units of programming enabled for the provision of the service comply with the requirement of mandatory of present offers by the value of all your book of power additional to upload available, whenever is convene this service.
5.3 allocation of offers: the system operator will analyze offers received, validated in accordance with the criteria set out in annex I of this procedure, and, in case of detecting any incompatibility with programmes established in previous processes, the assignment of the offer will be limited.
When the allocation of bidding would give place to a technical restriction for safety, the OS will establish program limitations that are necessary for reasons of safety, being taken into account in the process of allocation of offers.
He YOU assigned them offers valid received that, satisfying them requirements of power additional to upload represent in set a lower cost, in accordance with the algorithm that is specified in the annex II of this procedure.
When, as a result of the conditions of the tenders submitted, after having proceeded to carry out the maximum number of iterations of the application of the algorithm specified in annex II of this procedure, has not been possible to allocate the total of the additional power to raise required with a margin of +/-10%, can terminate the process of assigning a value of additional power up , in one or several periods, lower to the 90% of the requirement established and published.
The power reserves additional to raise assigned in each programming period, each programming unit can be as maximum, equal to the difference between the maximum power available from the unit, and the value of its program in the PVP.
5.4 communication of the results of the assignment: the OS shall communicate the findings of the mapping process of tenders for the procurement of additional power reserves up to the subjects of the market service providers, before 15:00 hours the day D-1 for D day programming, or before an hour has elapsed since the publication of the PVP , on those occasions in which this is carried out after at 14:00.
This recruitment of book of power additional to upload made by the YOU will be considered firm, immediately after be communicated to them subject of the market holders, or to their representatives, acquiring, the subject holder corresponding, or in its case its representative, the obligation of provide the book additional to upload assigned in them periods schedules in which the offer presented has result assigned.
The system operator shall make available to the subjects of the market the reservation value of additional assigned up power and the marginal price of the power reserves up assigned for each of the periods of the everyday horizon of programming, in accordance with the procedure of operation by which establish exchanges of information with the system operator.
5.5 solution of anomalies and claims relating to the process of allocation of offers: A time published the result of the process of assignment of offers for the recruitment of book of power additional to upload, them subject holders of them units of programming may present claims to this process, within the term of time set in the procedure of operation by which is sets the programming of the generation through the application of claims management put at your disposal to this effect by the OS, and can forward information concerning the existence of this claim, through telephone, fax or electronic mail, still necessary, in any case, the existence of a formal communication expresses through the software of management of claims, or a half written (fax or e-mail) , for final consideration as a formal claim.
It YOU manage, as soon as possible, these claims or any anomaly that has been able to be identified in the process of allocation of offers, proceeding to make a new allocation process, where the solution of the problem as well make it necessary, wherever possible, with due respect for the terms of permitted maximum time laid down and published by the OS , to ensure that not is see negatively affected the subsequent processes of programming of the operation.
6. requirements of the service depending on the time of start-up and programming of the corresponding units providing the service, the subjects of the market responsible for each programming unit shall participate in the various sessions of the intraday market to fulfill the assigned service and ensure the provision to the system's power reserves up assigned at different periods of programming. Programmes thus established in the various sessions of the intraday market will be considered as an effective provision of reserve power onto the system.
The subjects of the market holders of units that are assigned to them the provision of additional power reserves to rise, may apply to OS, in duly justified situations, that will be indicated in the own request, coping with another or others of their groups enabled the commitment of reserve power up acquired in all periods of programming futures from a period that also must be indicated in the request. It will evaluate YOU the request, proceeding in its case, to transfer to the unit or substitute programming units all of the commitments on the provision of reserve power to gain the programming unit replaced, in periods of programming in which the substitution has been requested and accepted by the OS.
The programming unit that is assigned to them the provision of additional power reserves rise to the system in a period of programming will be required, provided that the system operator convene deviations management market to climb for this programming period, to make an offer of power reserves up for that programming period by the difference between the value of the additional up assigned power reserves and the value of its production programme which has been established by participating in different markets and system management processes.
7. follow-up in time real of the provision of the service the operator of the system will analyze of form continuous them requirements of book of power to upload of the system, and in case of identify a reduction of them requirements of book of power additional to upload, concerning the volume already hired, may proceed, in your case, to the reduction of them assignments of book of power additional to upload , using in that case the order of precedence economic of the offers presented. This reduction of allocations shall be communicated to the subjects of the market, replacing new assignments reduced to the former for the purpose of providing the service control.
The system operator will check compliance with assigned additional power reserves requirement to upload using the active power tracking registered in its system of power control in real time and records of hourly energy meters, verifying the adequacy of the response of the programming unit.
The system operator shall verify, where appropriate, depending on the time of start-up and programming of the corresponding units, the modifications the sale of energy, the different sessions of the market intraday, from the generators that are assigned to them the provision of the service in order to ensure the provision of the additional power reserves to a subir upload contracted to them.
He operator of the system, also, will check the compliance of the requirement of compulsory of present offers of sale of energy in them sessions of management of detours generacion-consumo to climb, convened by the operator of the system in accordance with the corresponding procedure of operation, by a value equal to the difference between the value maximum of the book of power to upload assigned and its program of production.
8 settlement of service in this section are described in general the main aspects of the process of recruitment of additional power reserves to upload in the system which have direct impact on the liquidation of this service.
8.1. liquidation of the provision of the service: allocations of additional up power reserves will be evaluated at the marginal price of extra power reserve bids to raise assigned in each programming period.
It will verify YOU, for programming period, providing effective and real to the system of the additional power reserves up assigned.
In the event that the book of power to upload provided to the system is lower to the book assigned, the power unfulfilled will be valued to the price marginal of the book of power additional to upload multiplied by a coefficient equal to 1.2.
The calculation of the rights of collection and payment obligations is defined in the procedure of operation is establishing the collection rights and obligations of payment for adjusting the system services.
8.2 distribution of them costs derived of the provision of the service of book of power additional to upload: them costs derived of the provision of the service of hiring of book of power additional to upload in the system will be payable is fall to it energy consumed within the system electric Spanish and on them units of sale in proportion to their detours concerning program in accordance with the procedure of operation by which establish the rights of collection and payment obligations by setting system services.
9. exceptional allocation mechanism in the event that emergency or for reasons of urgency, either by absence of offers, by force or by other circumstances of a nature not planned or controllable, is not possible the hiring of additional power reserves to rise through the process provided for in this procedure, the OS may adopt decisions of programming deemed more appropriate to provide the extra power reserve system to upload required, justifying their actions ex post holders affected subjects and the CNE, notwithstanding the economic liquidation of the same that is applicable in each case.
The assignments of book of power additional to climb by application of the mechanism exceptional of allocation that has been necessary perform in each period of programming, will be valued to a price equal to the resulting of apply a coefficient of mayoracion KMAY equal to 1.15, on the corresponding price marginal schema of the market daily.
ANNEX I criteria for the acceptance and validation of them offers for the recruitment of book of power additional to upload them offers presented by them subject holders for the provision of book of power additional to climb will be subject to them criteria of validation collected in the present annex.
1 checks applied in the process of bids • only will accept an offer by programming unit for the recruitment of additional power reserves to rise. In this way, if there is more than one offer for the same programming unit, only take into account the last offer received.
• The offer must be submitted by the subject of the titular market, or his representative, of the programming unit which corresponds to the offer.
• The time period covered by the offer must be included in the daily programming horizon.
• In each of the periods for which it is submitted, the sum of the blocks that compose it must be equal to or greater than 10 MW.
• Only permit an indivisible sealed block, being necessarily block number 1 for each period of programming (block of lower price). If these conditions are not met, the offer will be rejected.
• Only permit a block type all or nothing to offer, being necessarily block number 1 for each programming period. If these conditions are not met, the offer will be rejected.
• The offers must respect them prices maximum that, in his case, can be established and published by the Administration, prior report of the Commission national of energy.
• Other additional checks in accordance with the operation procedure by which establish exchanges of information with the OS ANNEX II allocation algorithm of tenders for the procurement of additional power reserves up 1. Features fundamental of the algorithm of allocation them features main that presents this algorithm of allocation of offers are the following: • process of allocation iterative in which is made different applications of the algorithm to reach a solution valid.
• Allowed indivisible offer blocks of type all or nothing.
• Marginal market where liquidation by the provision of the service in each programming period is determined by the price of the latest offering assigned partially or fully to meet the requirements in that period.
• Is admits a margin in the assignment of offers (± 10% of them requirements) so that is considered the assignment valid when is cover them requirements published within the interval defined by this margin (90% 110% of them requirements published).
2. Description of the operation of the algorithm the procedure used in the process of allocation of offers is as follows: 1. for each programming period will be sorted in order of increasing prices offer blocks.
2. for the same price, the blocks are sorted according to the following criteria: • first blocks divisible, then the indivisible or type all or nothing.
• Equality of type (both divisible or indivisible or kind of all or nothing), the first block of lower power.
• Equality of all the above conditions first block with lower sequence number in the offer (which is received first).
3. for each period the horizon daily programming will be assigned the blocks in the order indicated in points 1 and 2. earlier, using partially them blocks divisible if outside necessary, to cover the requirements of power to climb of that period with a margin of +/-10%. If you do not meet the condition with a certain price blocks will continue with blocks the price following, to complete the assignment.
4. to allocate blocks per unit programming and period be taken into account: • maximum power limitations, associated with unavailability communicated by the corresponding subject of the market, or his representative, prior to the beginning of the allocation process.
Qt. program limitations established by the OS for reasons of system security.
• The condition that additional up offered power reserve does not exceed the difference between the maximum power available from the Group and its programme PVP.
In the event that any offer blocks violates any of the above limits be acted in the following way: • divisible block: the block will be truncated to the point that no longer violate the limit.
5 block indivisible or type all or nothing: the block will be unmapped during periods of programming in which the violation occurs. Once processed all the horizon of programming periods will be verified that blocks of type all or nothing had been allocated in all the periods of programming in which apply this condition. In case of breach of this condition is desasignarán all the blocks of type all or nothing that had result assigned. If a time leaked all these blocks is cover them requirements of power to climb in all the periods of programming affected with a margin of +/-10%, is will end the process of allocation. In case contrary is will continue with the blocks of the price following, to complete the assignment. This process is repeated until it reach a solution, or a number maximum of (4) iterations. In this last case it will end the process of assignment covering less than the 90% of the requirement of power.