Order Of 1 July 1986 That Approving The Technical Regulation Of Control And Certification Of Seeds Of Cereals.

Original Language Title: Orden de 1 de julio de 1986 por la que se aprueba el Reglamento Técnico de Control y Certificación de Semillas de Cereales.

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Dear Lord: the need to adapt the specific legislation in the field of control and certification of cereal seed of fertilization self-pollinated varieties to the directive of the Council of the community economic European 66/402, on the marketing of cereal seed, as well as the suitability of introducing new species, requires an amendment to the current regulations.

For this reason, this Ministry, on the proposal of the General direction of the agricultural production, has seen fit to have: first.

In order to the development of the directive of the Council of the community economic European 66/402, approves the technical regulation of Control and certification of cereal seeds contained as only annexed to this order.

Second.

Technical Control and certification fertilization of cereal seed regulations is repealed and self-pollinated varieties, approved by order of August 31, 1979.

Third party.

This order shall enter into force the day after its publication in the «Official Gazette».

What they communicate to V. I. for his knowledge and effects.

God bless to V. I. many years.

Madrid, 1 July 1986.

ROMERO HERRERA Hon. Mr. Director General of the agricultural production.

ANEJO single technical regulation of Control and certification of seeds of cereals i. species subject to the technical regulations are included in the scope of this technical regulation the following cereal seed, both if its purpose is the production of grain as if it is bound fodder: "Triticum aestivum l. emend.» «Fiori et Paol»: common wheat.

«Triticum durum Desf»: durum wheat.

«Triticum spelta l.»: spelt.

«Triticum turgidum l.»: wheat poulard.

«Hordeum vulgare l. ': barley.

"Avena sativa l.": oatmeal.

«Avena strigosa Schreb»: estrigosa oats.

«C. Koch Avena byzantina»: Red oats.

«Oryza sativa l. ': rice.

' Phalaris canariensis l. ": Birdseed.

' Secale cereale l. ': rye.

' X Triticosecale Wittm»: Triticale.

You can only be called «seed» mentioned cereals which comes from crops controlled by official control services and which has been obtained according to the provisions contained in this regulation, as well as in law 11/1971, of March 30, of seeds and nursery plants; 3767/1972 Decree, of 23 December, which approves the General Regulation on the production of seeds and nursery plants, and subsequent amendments, as well as in the order of 23 May 1986 which approves the General Regulation of Control and certification of seeds and nursery plants.

You can also get the name of 'seed' the imported complies with the relevant legal requirements.

II. categories of seeds to) for species common wheat, durum wheat, spelt, wheat poulard, barley, oat, oat estrigosa, red oat, rice and triticale are supported the following categories of seeds: parent Material.

Pre-basic seed.

Basic seed.

Certified seed of the first generation (R-1).

Certified seed of the second generation (R-2).

For species rye and millet are supported the following categories of seed: parent Material.

Pre-basic seed.

Basic seed.

Certified seed.

(b) the parent material constitutes the generation G-0: the successive generations of pre-basic seed shall be known as G-1, G-2 and G-3.

III. commercial varieties eligible for certification in the species for which the Ministry of agriculture, fisheries and food has established a list of commercial varieties, may occur only for certified seeds of cultivars included therein, except those exclusively intended for export.

IV. production of seed a) requirements of production processes: except as provided in paragraph IV, b), for the parent material and G-1 and G-2 of pre-basic seed, cereal seed production fields must meet requirements that are designated in the Annex number 1.

(b) special requirements for obtaining of parent material and G-1 and G-2 of pre-basic seed: 1 method for the conservation of a variety trade. - the method for the conservation of varieties of breeder will be described in the registration thereof in the register of commercial varieties of plants, according to conservative varietal selection standards generally admitted to the species.

The method to be followed for the conservation of a variety of breeder known not from all the species included in this regulation, with the exception of the Canary grass, rye and triticale, has based on the successive collection of spikes or panicles and multiplications in lines while retaining its affiliation in accordance with what is available in this section and in sections IV (, b), second, third and fourth.

Line means the set of plants coming from the spikes or panicles of a plant.

The set of plants that come from spikes or panicles of line means family.

2nd Material parental. - refers to parental material which should serve to begin the process of preservation of the variety. It has pursued collecting in areas of maximum guarantee spikes or panicles. For the continuation of the process will be collected the spikes or panicles in the fields of production of G-1, which are described in section IV, b), third, while retaining its affiliation and with a minimum of ten families.

The number of spikes or panicles will be sufficient so that, once studied in laboratory and discarded all showing some variation in relation to the description of the variety, is a remnant that allows to use no less than 300 at planting, regardless of the reservations referred to in the fifth paragraph.

Grains obtained from selected panicles or spikes are parental or G-0 material. The number of multiplications from this generation to produce the basic seed will be four.

3rd production of G-1-the production of G-1 will take place in isolated parcels not less than 30 metres from any sowing seed of the same species, except for the succeeding generation of the same variety multiplication plots. Sowings will be in rows by Spike or panicle, with not less than 20 cm gap between them.

These plots may not be in areas which have been planted during the previous campaign with seed of the same species, unless expressly authorized in the case of rice seed, nor nor those that lack of uniformity may hinder the determination of variations in type of the resulting plants. These conditions are also observed in the remaining generations of pre-basic seed sowings.

During the whole vegetative process, from the nascencia to the maturation, removed all the Groove they appear variations in regards to characters that has been used to describe the variety.

If the removal is made in post-bloom, the Groove in which are anomalies, but also adjoining not only will start.

Similarly removed the plants in which they appear attacks of carbon («Ustilago SP.»), blight («Tilletia SP.»), helmintosporiosis («Helminthosporium SP.»), by pulling out plants of the plot. If in a same Groove are several plants attacked, will cast off all Groove.

G-1 lines not eliminated seed mixture will be which is used for the production of G-2.

4th G-2-the production sown plots with G-1, intended for the production of G-2, must be isolated from all other field of the same species for a distance not less than 30 meters, either surrounded by a strip of width not less than 10 meters, sown with seed G-2 of the same variety.

Sowings will be carried out in bands of 3 metres in width, maximum, and corridors that allow easy access.

During the whole vegetative and, especially, in the espigazón, cleaning shall be carried out to eliminate all (no spikes or panicles) plants of other species, varieties, natural hybrid, mutations and, in general, any plant type doubtful or attacked by coal, blight or helmintosporiosis.

5 to perform inspections.-official inspections will be made in the fields of production of seed every time to be necessary and at least once during bolting.

The technical staff of the producer how many times are accurate to maintain at all times duly treated plots.

(c) specific requirements for the production of seed of the category of pre-basic of the generation immediately before the basic seed, and further categories: 1 varieties in a farm - in a same building of agricultor-colaborador only a limited number of varieties of each species, previously authorized can grown for seed production.

This number depends on the size of the farm and of the means available.

2nd perform inspections.-official inspections will be made in the fields of production of seeds every time to be necessary and at least once in the phase of spiky.

The staff of the producing entity shall be inspections necessary to maintain properly treated plots.

(d) requirements of the seeds: the seeds of different categories have meet the requirements contained in annex No. 2.

(e) communications of the producers: the crop declaration must appear absolutely: cultivated variety.

Origin, category and quantity of seed used. In the event that the seed sown has not been produced by the entity that makes the statement, you must indicate the entity that has occurred.

Category of seed to produce.


Number of the batch or.

Surface of the plot.

Name and address of the contributor.

Farm and its location (being able to demand situation sketch).

Municipality and province.

The crop declarations relating to autumn sowings will have to act in power of the official services of control before December 31, and the sowing of spring before April 30, except for rice, which will be June 30, except for reasons of force majeure that if such services see fit, set new deadlines. Any modification of the crop declaration shall be transmitted within a period of fifteen days have occurred.

3rd communications during the production cycle and preparation of the seed. - when by official control services deemed necessary, the entities must be communicated to them, in advance, the dates from which the collection can be started.

Additional advance: estimation of seed collected in each of the plots of production.

Situation in warehouses and seed collected in each of them.

Initiation of operations of selection and preparation of seed.

4th communications relating to marketing. - sales for varieties and remnants of seed from the campaign will be communicated to the National Institute of seeds and nursery plants, hereinafter Institute, before June 1 of each year, except for rice, which shall be communicated before 1 August.

V. requirements of the seed 1 lots of seed lots - the maximum sizes of the lots of seed will be indicated in annex No. 3.

2. containers. - containers that will commercialize the seed may have any capacity between 25 and 75 kilograms, there is no limitation as to the material of which they are made, always sufficient security conditions and is suitable for the conservation of the seed. He is excepted from the upper limitation of weight containers and other containers that will support internationally for the transport of seeds.

VI. testing pre-screening and poscontrol all producer has field of pre-screening planting a parcel with samples of each of the lots that certified seed base and those not intended for own use of pre-basic seed. It will also postcontrol tests, sowing, minimum, samples corresponding to a 10 per 100 of certified seed lots, chosen at random. In special cases in which the Institute is considered suitable, the above proportion may be increased to 20 per 100.

Corresponding to each sample plot size must not be less than 8 square meters, for the certified seeds, and 12 square meters, for pre-basic and base.

On the plots of pre-screening and poscontrol they will point, but will not boot, the plants of other varieties; plants with variations atypical of the variety and mutants, their number score books or cards.

VIII. seed producers to) categories of producers. Supported categories of: Productores-obtentores.

Productores-seleccionadores.

Productores-multiplicadores.

(b) capacity of facilities: the capacity of the facilities to be seleccionador or productor-multiplicador of one or all of the species referred to in this regulation must be such that, at a minimum, their selection capacity is 3 ton metric/hour, except for a single production of birdseed or rice, in which case it will be 1 ton metric/hour. These minimums in terms of capacity will be needed for each of the screening centres.

(c) kinds of facilities. Facilities have to understand, as a minimum: storage.

Reception.

Cleaning and mechanical selection.

Treatment.

Packaging.

Laboratory of analysis and testing of seeds.

The Institute shall decide if the characteristics of the previously listed facilities are appropriate in each case, and must have all the capacity related to the minimum selection of the preceding paragraph.

(c) direct crop fields: the productores-seleccionadores and the productores-obtentores that produce basic seed must have direct fields to obtain G-1 and G-2, as well as the seed of pre-basic of the generation immediately before basis, in cases in which the official control services not authorise its production in farms of agricultores-colaboradores. All producers must have surface suitable to the production plans of fields in direct crop for the establishment of the required fields of pre-screening and poscontrol.

VIII. marketing to) tags: official tags and the producer or printed equivalent, in his case, should include, as a minimum, the data required by the General Regulation of certification.

(b) subdivision into small containers: producers may not proceed to the fractionation of the original containers in other smaller if they are not sealed by official control services.

(c) seed of previous campaigns: to market seeds of past campaigns is prerequisite again analysis later than June 15, except for rice, which will be December 15, as well as the official control services is carrying a reprecintado with the corresponding taking of samples.

IX. seeds imported seeds which are imported from third countries shall correspond to species and categories for which the equivalence of the processes of production and of the requirements of the seeds at the level of the European economic community has been recognized.

Annex number 1 requirements of the processes of production kind of seeds to produce plots (minimum) size - hectare isolates (minimum) - metres plants of other varieties (max) plants of other cultivated species (maximum) infected plants (max) plants with tilletia (max) pre-basic seed (1) - 10 1/10,000 20 / has.





50 / has.





5 / has.






Basic seed 3 5 1/5,000 20 / has.





50 / has.





5 / has.






Certified seed 2 2 10 R-1/1000 2/10,000 500 / has.





50 / has.






Certified seed R-10 2 2-3/1000 4/10,000 1,000 / has.





50 / has (1) of the generation immediately before the basic seed.

Oat seed production plots will be rejected when the number of plants of oats or ballueca (' Avena fatua l., A. Sterilis L.» and «A. Ludoviciana Dur».) is higher than five per area.

Observations: first.

Minimum size of plots: there is no limitation on the plots of varieties of recent introduction or sale limited seed production, always that for each not be planted over two different plots in the same area. In the production of rice seed minimal surfaces can be reduced a: basic seed, 500 square meters; certified seed, 1 hectare.

The second.

Previous crop: can not engage for seed production of cereals, with the exception of rice, no plot that had been sown with grain of any kind, unless they were of the same variety and in the same category in the previous marketing year or earlier.

Sowing of plots for the production of seed of the generation immediately before the base pre-basic occur in bands of 3 metres in width, maximum, and corridors that allow easy access.

Third.

Insulation: Insulation refer to plantings of other cereal of the same species. Any insulation is not required if the field is surrounded by another of the same variety, planted with seed of the same category or the immediately inferior to that used in the plot aimed to seed production.

In the production of seed of Canary grass and rye, the minimum distance in metres will be 300 for base and previous generations, and 250 for the certified seeds.

For the production of triticale seed, the minimum distance in metres will be 50 for the basic seed, and 20 for the certified R-1 and R-2.

-Fourth.

Plants of other varieties: in the production of seeds of Canary grass and rye, the maximum number of plants of other varieties will be 1 per 30 square meters for base and earlier-generation seed, and 1 per 10 square meters for certified seed.

Typical variations of the commercial variety shall not be taken into account.

For the determination of the proportions of plants of other varieties and those corresponding to the following paragraphs shall be made counts at random, using methods suitable for this purpose.

Quinta.

Other species of cultivated plants: are considered only the cultivated species of difficult mechanical separation in handling of seeds and especially of other cereals.


The acceptance may be deferred or cancellation of a plot in the event that exceeded the maximum set, until it has been mechanical selection and analysis of the samples, when requested to do so by the producer and provided that it is guaranteed that the seed of the considered plot not have been intermingled with the of other plots.

6th.

Infected plants: are considered infected the attacked by coal plants («Ustilago sp.») in the fields of wheat, barley and oat seed production, and by helmintosporiosis («Helminthosporium sp.») in barley and rice, as well as by "blast oryzae» in the rice.

In the case of the rye ergot sclerotia number («Claviceps purpurea») shall not exceed one per square meter, in all categories.

It may be approved fields with higher percentages of those listed in the box at the request of the entity, provided that prior to the sealing of the seed they have been treated with proven products.

Annex number 2 requirements of the species seeds and germination percentage (minimum) category specific purity (minimum) varietal purity percentage (minimum) percentage of seeds of other species (max) seeds of other cereals (max) seeds of other species not cereals (maximum) Avena fatua Avena Avena sterilis ludoviciana Lolium temulentum (max) Raphanus raphanistrum Agrostemma githago (max) Panicum sp.

(max.)





Granos

rojos

de arroz

(máximo)





Semillas

atacadas

por carbón

(máximo)





Semillas

atacadas

por tizón

(máximo)





Humedad

(máximo)

Porcentaje






1





2





3





4





5





6





7





8





9





10





11





12





13






Trigo, cebada y avena:





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 






Semilla de prebase (*) y de base





85





99





99,9





4





1





3





0





1

















2





0





14






Semilla certificada R-1





85





98





99,7





10





5





7





0





3

















5





0





14






Semilla certificada R-2





85





98





99,5





10





7





7





0





3

















10





0





14






Arroz:





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 






Semilla de prebase (*) y de base





85





98





99,9





4





























1





2

















14






Semilla certificada R-1





85





98





99,7





10





























3





5

















14






Semilla certificada R-2





85





98





99,5





10





























3





5

















14






Centeno:





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 






Semilla de prebase (*) y de base





85





98











4





1





3





0





1





























14






Semilla certificada





85





98











10





7





7





0





3





























14






Alpiste:





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 






Semilla de prebase (*) y de base





75





98











4





1





3





0



































14






Semilla certificada





75





98











10





5





7





0



































14






Triticale:





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 





 






Semilla de prebase (*) y de base





85





98





99,7





4





1





3





0





1





























14






Semilla certificada R-1





85





98





99,0





10





7





7





0





3





























14 seed certified R-2 85 98 98,0 10 7 7 0 3 ----14 (*) of the generation immediately before the seed of base remarks: the presence of a seed of "Avena fatua l.", "Avena sterilis l.", «Avena ludoviciana Dur.» or «Lolium temulentum L.» (column 7) in a sample of 500 grammes shall not be considered impurity if a second sample of same weight taken, is totally devoid of these seeds.

The presence of a second grain of seed other cereals (column 5) in the categories of seed and pre-basic basis shall not be considered impurity if a second sample of same weight taken, is totally devoid of these seeds.

Total impurity content laid down in columns 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 must be equal to or less than the maximum contents of seeds laid down in column 4.

The presence of sclerotia or Fragments of these «Claviceps purpurea» will be less than one in 500 grams for seed of base and three at 500 grams for certified seed.

Annex number 3 weight of lots and samples species category of seed maximum weight of the batch (kg) minimum weight of the sample take a lot (grams) weight of the sample for the counts of the Annex number 2 (g) wheat, barley, oats, triticale and rye Prebase and 10,000 1000 500 1000 500 20,000 certified rice pre-basic and 10,000 500 500 base base






 






Certified 20,000 500 500 Birdseed Prebase and base 10,000 400 200 200 400 10,000 certified