The use of solvents in certain activities leads to emissions of organic compounds into the air which can be harmful to health and produce important damages to natural resources. Aware of the above, the Council of Ministers of the European Union adopted, on 11 March 1999, Directive 1999/13/EC, which aims to prevent or reduce the harmful effects that may arise from some activities that use organic solvents in significant quantities in their manufacturing or working procedures for people and the environment.
This directive imposes on holders of facilities in which such obligations, including certain activities occur the not overcome the various emission limit values specified or reduce their emissions by other means, such as the use of products with low content in solvent or exempt from them. Also, in accordance with the abovementioned Community legislation, the competent authorities should check compliance with obligations imposed, facilities owners being forced to provide those data and information necessary for the development of its work.
To ensure control of the aforementioned activities, the directive lays down that which are not subject to authorization, in accordance with the provisions of Directive 96/61/EC of the Council of 24 September 1996 on integrated pollution control and prevention, be notified for registration to the competent authority.
Accordingly, the incorporation into domestic law of Directive 1999/13/EC was subject to prior transposition of Directive 96/61/EC, which has been conducted through the recently approved law 16/2002, of July 1, integrated pollution prevention and control, provision that subjected to integrated environmental permit certain activities listed in its annex 1 , among others, installations for the surface treatment of materials, objects or products using organic solvents, with a consumption capacity of more than 150 kg. solvent hour or more than 200 tonnes per year.
The law imposes, also in article 7.2, the obligation to comply, as long as the Government does not set limit values for industrial activities included in their scope of application, the values stated in the provisions listed in its annex 2, which also includes a generic reference to the rules on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due to the use of solvents in certain activities and installations a policy that he is set by this Royal Decree.
Finally, the fifth law final provision empowers the Government to impose on the owners of facilities in which to develop certain categories of activities, not included in their scope of application, the obligation to notify them to the respective autonomous communities, for registration and subsequent control, and the rules governing that obligation determine, also , the requirements that will need to adjust the operation of the facilities. The breach of the obligation of notification or the indicated requirements will result in the imposition, respectively, mild or severe, sanctions that can become very serious when there is substantial harm to the environment or to the health and safety of persons.
Under the aegis of the foregoing, this Royal Decree incorporates into domestic law Directive 1999/13/EC and lays down the requirements that must comply with new installations that use certain amounts of solvents for the development of their activities, well so they can be authorized in accordance with the law 16/2002, if it is included in its scope of activities well recorded, if it's activities subject to prior notification to the competent authority in accordance with that established in the fifth additional provision of the Act. Also, for existing installations deadlines are set for its adaptation to the cited requirements.
Finally, this Royal Decree is issued in accordance with the exclusive powers which the State granted article 149.1.16. ªy 23.ª of the Constitution, on bases and general coordination of the health and basic legislation on protection of the environment.
By virtue, on the proposal of the Ministers of environment, health and Consumer Affairs and science and technology, according to the Council of State and after deliberation by the Council of Ministers at its meeting of January 31, 2003, have: article 1. Object and scope of application.
This Royal Decree is intended to prevent or, where that is not possible, reduce the direct and indirect effects of emissions of VOC on the environment and people's health.
They are included within its scope of facilities in which to develop some activities included in annex I, provided that made exceeding the solvent consumption thresholds set out in annex II.
Article 2. Definitions.
For purposes of the provisions of this Royal Decree, means: «Installation»: any stationary technical unit in which to develop one or more of the industrial activities listed in annex I of this Royal Decree, as well as any other directly associated activities which have a technical connection with the activities carried out on that site and which could have an effect on emissions and pollution.
('Existing installation': for installations included in the annex 1 of law 16/2002, those defined in paragraph d) of article 3. In other facilities, those that the entry into force of this Royal Decree are in operation and have the authorizations, licenses or permits required by the applicable sectoral legislation in each case or have requested them, whenever they commissioned more no later than one year after that date.
«Small installation»: all installation included in the area of minimum thresholds of paragraphs 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16 or 17 of annex II A, or to other activities of that annex with of solvent consumption of less than 10 tonnes per year.
('Substantial change': as defined in paragraph e) of article 3 of the law 16/2002, for the facilities included in its annex 1. For the remaining installations, those modifications which, in the opinion of the competent authority, may have significant negative effects on the safety, health or the environment. In any case, will have such consideration the modification of the rated capacity of the installation involving an increase of more than 25 per cent volatile organic compounds emissions, in the case of small installations, or more than 10 percent, in the remaining.
"Competent authority": the body designated by the autonomous community in which the installation is located. As long as there is a specific designation by the autonomous community, means competent organ of the Administration who has competences in the field of environment.
'Holder': any natural or legal person who operates or controls an installation.
'Notification': communication to the competent authority of the intention to exploit an installation.
«Emission»: any discharge of volatile organic compounds from an installation environment.
«Diffuse emissions»: any emission, not contained in waste gases, of VOC to air, soil or water, as well as, unless otherwise stated in the annex II, solvents contained in any product. Uncaptured emissions released to the outside environment for windows, doors, vents and similar openings are included.
«Gases»: all final gaseous discharge air containing volatile organic compounds or other pollutants from a stack or abatement equipment. The volume flow must be expressed in m3/h in normal conditions.
«Total emissions»: the sum of diffuse emissions and emissions in waste gases.
«Value emission limit»: the mass of volatile organic compounds, calculated in normal conditions and expressed in terms of certain specific parameters, concentration, percentage and the level of emission, which may not be exceeded during one or more periods of time.
«Substance»: any chemical element and its compounds, in natural state or produced by industry, whether in solid, liquid or gaseous form.
«Ready»: any mixture or solution composed of two or more substances.
'Organic compound': any compound containing carbon and one or more of the following elements: hydrogen, halogens, oxygen, sulphur, phosphorus, Silicon or nitrogen, except carbon oxides and carbonates and bicarbonates inorganic.
«Volatile organic compound (VOC)»: any organic compound having at 293,15 K a vapour pressure of 0,01 kPa or more, or having an equivalent volatility under the particular conditions of use. The fraction of creosote which exceeds this value of vapour pressure at 293,15 K indicated temperature is included in this definition.
Organic solvent»: any organic compound volatile to be used only or in combination with other agents, and without undergoing any chemical change, to dissolve raw materials, products or waste materials, or is used as a cleaning agent to dissolve dirt, or as a solvent, or as dispersion medium, or as a viscosity modifier, or as a surfactant, plasticiser or protective agent.
«Halogenated organic solvent shall: all organic solvent which contains at least one atom of bromine, chlorine, fluorine or iodine per molecule.
«Lining»: all prepared, including all the organic solvents or preparations containing organic solvents necessary for its proper application, which is used for a decorative, protective effect or otherwise on a surface.
«Adhesive»: any preparation, including all the organic solvents or preparations containing organic solvents necessary for its proper application, used for pasting separate parts of a product.
«Ink»: all prepared, including all the organic solvents or preparations containing organic solvents necessary for its proper application, which is used in a printing activity to print text or images on a surface.
«Varnish»: all transparent coating.
'Consumption': total amount of organic solvents used in an installation in a calendar year or in any period of twelve months, excluding volatile organic compounds recovered for later reuse.
«Entry»: amount of organic solvents, isolated or integrated into the preparations used in developing an activity, including the solvents recycled inside and outside the facility, which are recorded whenever they are used to carry out the activity.
"Reuse of organic solvents": any use of organic solvents recovered from an installation for any technical or commercial purpose, including its use as a fuel and excluded its final disposal as waste.
"Mass flow": the amount of VOCs released, expressed in unit of mass/hour.
«Rating»: average daily mass of organic solvents used in an installation, under normal operating conditions and with the expected performance.
«Normal»: all periods of operation of an installation or activity except start-up and stop operations and maintenance of the equipment.
"Confined conditions": conditions of operation of an installation in which volatile organic compounds released during the activity are collected and discharged in controlled way, either through a chimney or an abatement equipment, so are not completely fuzzy.
«Normal»: the temperature of 273,15 K and a pressure of 101,3 kPa.
«24-hour media»: the arithmetic average of all valid readings taken during a period of 24 hours of normal operation.
«Start and stop operations»: any operation carried out to put in service, out of service or slow installation, an equipment item or a tank. Start-up operations are not considered start-up and shutdown phases of oscillation occurring under normal operating circumstances.
("Best available techniques": as defined in paragraph n) of article 3 of the law 16/2002, of July 1, Integrated Pollution Control and prevention.
Article 3. Regime of administrative intervention.
1. facilities included in the scope of this Royal Decree and which in turn are included in the of the law 16/2002, of July 1, integrated pollution prevention and control, shall be subject to the integrated environmental authorisation regulated in the Act. The aforementioned authorization shall include emission limit values or emission reduction systems as well as the other requirements that are set in this Royal Decree.
2. the facilities included in the scope of this Royal Decree and that are not in the of the law 16/2002, of July 1, shall be subject to notification, prior to their commissioning, the competent authority for registration and control.
This obligation will not be payable to these activities when they are subject to authorization by the competent bodies of the autonomous communities, in accordance with legislation adopted by them in the exercise of its powers to issue additional rules of protection.
3. when installation is the subject of a substantial change, or is included in the scope of the present Royal Decree for the first time as a result of a substantial change, the part of the facility that is the subject of such modification shall be deemed to be a new installation and its holder should request permission or make the notice referred in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article as well as fulfill other obligations established in this Decree.
However the above, will be considered as existing installation if the total emissions of the installation modified do not exceed overall the level that would have reached if the substantially modified part had been treated as a new installation.
Article 4. General rules for limitation of emissions facilities.
(1. the facilities in which to develop some of the activities included in the scope of this Royal Decree shall be: to) meet the waste gases emission limit values and the diffuse emission values set out in annex II, or the total emission limit values, as well as the other provisions laid down in the said Annex II; or (b) establish a system of reduction of emissions, in accordance with the designated in annex III.
Facilities not used the system of reduction of emissions, any abatement equipment installed must allow compliance with the provisions of annex II.
2 plants that occur two or more activities that exceed each one of them the thresholds set out in annex II must: a) meet the requirements of paragraph 1 of this article with respect to each individual activity or b) to perform a total emissions not exceeding those that would result from the application of the preceding paragraph.
In these activities using any of the substances specified in article 5, must be met values emission limit and remaining requirements already laid down in that article for each activity.
3 the holder of an installation that can be demonstrated to the competent authority that is using the best available technique, may be dispensed of the fulfillment of the following limit values: to) the values of diffuse emission, in cases that can demonstrate to the competent authority that such securities are not feasible technically or economically for the installation , and not expected to give a significant risk to human health or the environment.
(b) the values that are determined in annex II for those activities that can not be confined place, provided that in that annex is explicitly mentioned this possibility. In such a case, set a reduction of emissions in accordance with the designated system in annex III, unless they can demonstrate to the competent authority that this possibility is feasible neither technical nor economically.
4. during the stages of start and stop of the facilities necessary precautions to minimise emissions must be taken.
Article 5. Special scheme for installations in which substances are used or prepared for risk.
1. where in an installation are used substances or preparations which, because of their content of VOCs classified as carcinogens, mutagens or toxic to reproduction, have assigned specific risk phrases, in accordance with what is established in Royal Decree 363/1995, of 10 March, which approves the regulation on the notification of new substances and classification (, Packaging and labelling of dangerous substances, the following emission limit values shall comply, in any case and whatever for the establishment of a system of emission reduction,: a) 2 mg/Nm3 in the case of emissions of volatile organic compounds which are assigned the phrases R45, R46, R49, R60 or R61 risk, where the mass flow of the sum of the compounds is greater than or equal to 10 g/h.
(b) 20 mg/Nm3 in the case of emissions of halogenated volatile organic compounds which are assigned the phrase of risk R40, where the mass flow of the sum of the compounds is greater than or equal to 100 g/h).
In both cases, the emission limit value refers to the sum of the masses of the different compounds.
2. the emissions of volatile organic compounds referred to in this article must be controlled as emissions from an installation in conditions confined, to the extent that this is technically or economically possible to protect human health and the environment.
3 facilities emitting volatile organic compounds is assigned to that, subsequent to the entry into force of this Royal Decree, one of the risk phrases mentioned in paragraph 1, shall comply with values emission limit set in the cited paragraph in the term shortest possible which, in any case, it may not be top of a year the date of the entry into force of the provision thus establishes it.
4. However regulated in the previous sections, the facilities that use substances or preparations that are assigned a risk phrase should replace, to the extent possible, substances and preparations less harmful. To these effects, when it has been shown that they there are alternative replacement, this will take place as soon as possible.
Article 6. Control measures.
1. the owner of any of the facilities included in the scope of this Royal Decree shall provide the necessary data to the competent organ so that it can see the fulfillment of the obligations in the. This information will be provided, at least once a year, and always that it is requested by the competent authority.
2. ducts that an abatement equipment in whose final discharge point is emitting more than 10 kg/h, on average, of total organic carbon is connected must be subject to continuous monitoring and control to ensure compliance with the provisions of this Royal Decree. For these purposes, to perform the calculations for the application of this article and of article 7, the competent authority should follow possible subdivisions of emissions.
Well continuous, well periodic measurements will be carried out in other cases. In the case of periodic measurements at least three readings will take place at each measurement exercise.
3. no measures in the case that a reduction at the end of process equipment is not needed to comply with the present Royal Decree will be required.
Article 7. Compliance with requirements and emission limit values.
1 the holder of all installation included in the scope of this Royal Decree shall demonstrate to the competent organ compliance with values and following requirements which, in each case, are of application: to) the values in waste gases emission limit, diffuse emission values and total emission limit values.
(b) the requirements of the emission reduction system provided for in annex III.
(c) the provisions of paragraph 3 of article 4.
For purposes of the provisions of this section, gas volumes may be added to the waste gas for cooling or dilution purposes when it is technically justified but shall not be taken into consideration in the calculation of the mass concentration of the pollutant in the waste gas.
2. the control of compliance with the values and requirements set out in the preceding paragraph will be implemented through management plans of solvents, for which contained guidance in annex IV.
3 after of a substantial change, the owner of the installation should demonstrate to the competent authority compliance with the values and requirements specified in paragraph 1.
4 in the case of continuous measurements, shall be deemed to comply emission limit values if: to) no stockings, obtained in normal conditions of 24 hours of normal operation exceeds the values emission limit; and (b) any time averages exceeds the values limit of emission by a factor greater than 1.5.
5 in the case of periodic measurements, shall be deemed to comply emission limit values if, in an exercise of supervision: to) the average of all the measurements does not exceed the values emission limit; and (b) none of the half an hour exceeds the values limit of emission by a factor greater than 1.5.
6. the compliance with the emission limits specified in paragraph 1 of article 5 shall be verified on the basis of the sum of the mass of each of the different volatile organic compounds concentrations. In all other cases, compliance shall be verified on the basis of the total mass of organic carbon emitted unless otherwise is specified in annex II.
Article 8. Public access to information.
In accordance with what is established in law 38/1995, of 12 December, on the right of access to information in environmental matters, the competent public administrations shall provide information on the activities and measures covered in this Royal Decree and, in particular, on the activities and facilities authorized or notified and the data concerning the control of emissions.
Article 9. Exchange of information.
1. the owners of facilities and bodies shall exchange the information available on the use of organic substances and their potential substitutes, with a view to providing guidance on the use of substances and techniques which have the minor possible effects on the atmosphere, water, soil, ecosystems and human health.
2. the autonomous communities shall send to the Ministry of environment, at three-year intervals, the information available on the implementation of provisions of this Royal Decree, including the mentioned in the preceding paragraph, and in any case required by Decision 2002/529/EC of 27 June 2002 Commission, or standards that replaced it , for the purposes of its communication to the European Commission, in accordance with article 10 of the law 30/1992, of November 30, legal regime of public administrations and common administrative procedure.
Article 10. Sanctioning regime.
Failure to comply with the obligations laid down in this Decree will be graded, in each case, as a minor, serious or very serious offense and shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of title IV of the law 16/2002, of July 1, Integrated Pollution Control and prevention.
Article 11. Failure to comply with requirements and emission limit values.
Where emission limit values are exceeded or you fail to comply with the requirements of this Royal Decree, the owner of the installation must: to) inform the competent authority and take measures to return to compliance in the shortest possible time.
(b) suspend the operation of the system when there is an imminent danger to the health, at the request of the competent authority in accordance with the provisions of article 26 of the law 14/1986 of 25 April, General health.
Sole transitional provision. Regime applicable to existing facilities.
1. holders of existing facilities must be adapted to the provisions of this Royal Decree and comply with the obligations and requirements that are established before October 31, 2007.
2 existing facilities that work with an abatement equipment and comply with the following emission limit values: a) 50 mg C/Nm3 in the case of incineration, and b) 150 mg C/Nm3 in the case of any other abatement equipment, are exempted from compliance with the emission of waste gases from Annex limit values II up to, a maximum April 2013, provided that the total emissions of the installation do not exceed those that occur when all the requirements of this annex are fulfilled.
3. existing facilities that apply the reduction scheme under annex III of this Royal Decree shall notify the competent authority before 31 October of the year 2005.
First final provision. Constitutional basis.
This Royal Decree is issued under cover of the exclusive powers which the State granted article 149.1.16. a and 23rd of the Constitution, on bases and general coordination of the health and basic legislation on protection of the environment.
Second final provision. Enabling development.
It authorizes the Minister of the environment to issue, in the scope of their powers, the provisions necessary for the development and implementation of this Royal Decree.
Third final provision. Entry into force.
This Royal Decree shall enter into force the day following its publication in the "Official Gazette".
Given in Madrid, 31 January 2003.
JUAN CARLOS R.
The first Vice-President of the Government and Minister of the Presidency, MARIANO RAJOY BREY annex I scope of application this annex includes the categories of activities referred to in article 1, provided that they are made exceeding the thresholds fixed in annex II. In each case, the activity includes the cleaning of the equipment but not the cleaning of the product, unless otherwise specified.
1 coated with adhesives all activity that is applied to a surface adhesive, with the exception of adhesive coating and lamination along with printing activities.
2 activities covering all activity that applies one or more times a continuous film of coating on: to) vehicles, as it is collected below: 1 new cars, defined in the Royal Decree 2028 / 1986, of June 6, concerning approval of types of vehicles, trailers, semitrailers and its parts or parts, as vehicles of category M1 and of category N1 , to the extent that are coated at the same installation as M1 vehicles.
2nd truck cabins, defined as the cockpit of the driver and all the integrated space for the technical equipment of category N2 and N3 vehicles in the Real Decree 2028 / 1986.
3 vans and trucks, defined as vehicles of categories N1, N2 and N3, but not including truck cabins, in the Real Decree 2028 / 1986.
4th buses, defined as vehicles of categories M2 and M3 in the Real Decree 2028 / 1986.
5 trailers, as they finen in categories O1, O2, O3 and O4 of the Royal Decree 2028 / 1986.
(b) metallic and plastic surfaces including surfaces of airplanes, ships, trains, etc.
(c) wood surfaces.
(d) fabrics, fabric, film and paper surfaces.
Coatings from substrates are not included with metals using chemical spraying and electrophoresis techniques. If the coating activity includes a phase in that the same article is printed, printing of such phase is considered part of the coating. However, printing activities that function as independent activities, are not included but may be included in this Royal Decree provided printing activity within its scope.
3. coil coating
All activity that is cover with a film or a laminate coating in a continuous process, steel, stainless steel, coated steel, copper alloys or aluminium coil-shaped strips.
4 dry cleaning any industrial or commercial activity, in which volatile organic compounds are used in an installation for removing dirt from the clothing, furnishings and similar consumer goods with the exception of the manual removal of stains in the textiles and garments industry.
5. manufacture of footwear any activity of production of complete footwear or parts thereof.
6. manufacture of coating, varnishes, inks and adhesives the manufacture of the above final products, and of its intermediate products when it is in the same installation by mixing pigments, resins and adhesive materials with organic solvents or other means, including dispersion and predispersion activities, viscosity and adjustments of the dye and operations for filling the final product into its container.
7. manufacturing of pharmaceutical chemical synthesis, fermentation, extraction, formulation and termination of pharmaceuticals and their intermediates when they carried out on the same site.
8 printing activity of reproduction of text or images in which, through the use of an image carrier, ink is transferred to any surface. Selected techniques of varnishing, coating and lamination are included. However, only the following sub-processes are subject to this Royal Decree: a) Flexography: activity of printing using an image carrier of rubber or elastic photopolymers in printing inks are above the areas of not printing, using liquid inks which dry through evaporation.
(b) offset of coils by heat-dried: activity of printing of coils that use an image carrier where areas of printing and printing are not at the same level, and understanding by «coil» the material that will be printed is introduced into the machine from a reel and not separate sheets of paper. The area of printing is not to attract water and thus reject ink. The print area is to receive and transmit ink to the surface that you want to print. Evaporation takes place in an oven where hot air is used to heat the printed material.
(c) laminating associated to a printing activity: the adhesion of two or more flexible materials to produce laminates.
(d) print publications: rotogravure used for printing paper for magazines, brochures, catalogues or similar products, die based on toluene.
(e) Rotogravure: activity of printing using a cylindrical image carrier where the printing area is below the area of non-print, using liquid inks which dry through evaporation. The recesses are filled with ink and the surplus is removed from the area of non-print until surface which will be printed contacts the cylinder and lift hollows ink.
(f) rotary screen printing: activity of printing of coils where the ink is reaching the surface that is to be printed by it through a porous image carrier, where the printable area is open, and the area of printing is not closed, using liquid inks which dry only through evaporation. «Reels» means arriving the material that will be printed to the machine from a reel and not separate sheets of paper.
(g) varnishing: activity by which is applied to a flexible material a varnish or an adhesive coating in order to later sealing the packaging material.
9. conversion of natural rubber or synthetic mixing, grinding, homogenization, calendering, extrusion and Vulcanized natural or synthetic rubber and ancillary operations for converting natural or synthetic rubber into a finished product.
10. cleaning of surfaces any activity except dry cleaning, with organic solvents to remove dirt from the surface of material including degreasing. An activity of cleaning that consist of more than one phase, before or after any other phase of treatment should be considered as a single surface cleaning activity. This activity refers to the cleaning of the surface of the product and not to the cleaning of equipment.
11 activities of extraction of vegetable oil and fat refining and vegetable oil all activity of extraction of vegetable oil from seeds and other vegetable matter, processing of dry debris to produce animal feed, the purification of fats and vegetable oils derived from seeds, vegetable or animal matter.
12 refinishing of vehicles any industrial or commercial coating activity and related activities of degreasing by which takes place: to) the lining of a road vehicle as defined in the Royal Decree 2028 / 1986, or part of one, carried out as part of the repair, conservation or decoration of the vehicle outside the manufacturing facilities ((, or b) the original coating of vehicle road, or part of one, with refinishing-type materials, when this is done out of the line of original manufacture, or c) the coating of trailers (including semi-trailers) (category or).
13. coating wire in coils all coating of metallic conductors used for winding transformers, motors, etc.
14. impregnation of wood fibres any activity which involves impregnating wood preservatives.
15. wood and plastic lamination all activity of pasting of wood and plastic to produce laminates.
Annex II to) threshold of consumption and emission limit (threshold of consumption of solvent at t/year) activity threshold (threshold of consumption of solvents in tons/year) in waste gases (mg C/Nm3) emission limit values diffuse emission values (percentage of solvents values input special provisions total emission limit speakers.)
1. Printing offset coils by heat (> 15).
15-25 > 25 100 20 30 (1) 30 (1) (1) the residue of solvent in the finished product is not considered as part of the diffuse emissions.
2 publications rotogravure (> 25).
75 10 15 3 other rotogravure, flexography, rotary screen, laminated or varnished printing units (> 15), rotary screen-printing on textile or in carton/cardboard (> 30).
15-25 > 25 > 30 (1) 100 100 100 25 20 20 (1) threshold for rotary screen-printing on textile and cardboard or cardboard.
4. surface cleaning using compounds specified in paragraph 1 of article 5 (> 1).
1-5 > 5 20 (1) 20 (1) 15 10 (1) the limit refers to the mass of compounds in mg/Nm3, and not to the total carbon.
5. other cleaning of surfaces (> 2).
2-10 > 10 75 (1) 75 (1) 20 (1) 15 (1) (1) installations which demonstrate to the competent authority that the average content of organic solvents of all cleaning material used does not exceed 30 per 100 by weight shall be exempt from the application of these values.
6 vehicle coating (0.5 50 (1) 25 (1) should demonstrate compliance with the provisions of paragraph 4 of article 7 on the basis of measurements of an average of 15 minutes.)
7. coil coating (> 25).
50 (1) 5 10 (1) in plants that use nitrogen-containing solvents with techniques that allow reuse of recovered solvent, the emission limit shall be 150.
8. other types of coating, including coating of metal, plastic, textile (5), textiles, films and paper (> 5).
5-15 > 15 100 (1) (4) 50/75 (2) (3) (4) 25 (4) 20 (4) (1) emission limit value applies to coating and drying carried out in confined conditions activities.
(2) the first emission limit value applies to drying and the second to the coating activities.
(3) in the textile coating facilities that use nitrogen-containing solvents with techniques which allow reuse of recovered solvents, the limit of emission applied to the activities of coating and drying altogether will be 150.
((4) the activities of coating that can be applied in conditions confined (as shipbuilding, aircraft painting) shall be exempt from these values, pursuant to the provisions of point (b)) of paragraph 3 of article 4.
(5) rotary screen printing on textile printing will be included in the activity no. 3.
9 wire coil coating (> 5).
10 g/kg (1) 5 g/kg (2) (1) applies to the facilities when the average wire diameter is ≤ 0.1 mm.
(2) applies to all other facilities.
10 wood coating (> 15).
15-25 > 25 100 (1) 50/75 (2) 25 20 (1) the emission limit applies to activities carried out in confined conditions coating and drying.
(2) the first value applies to drying and the second to the coating activities.
11 dry cleaning.
20 g/kg (1) (2) (1) expressed in mass of solvent emitted per kilogram of cleaned and dried product.
((2) the limit of issuance of the letter b) of paragraph 1 of article 5 does not apply in this sector.
12 impregnation of wood fibres (> 25).
100 (1) 45 11 kg/m3 (1) does not apply to impregnation with creosote.
13. leather coating (> 10).
10-25 > 25 > 10 (1) 85 g/m2 75 g/m2 150 g/m2 the emission limits are expressed in grams of solvent emitted per square metre of product produced.
(1) for the processes of coating of leather furniture and special leather goods used as small consumer products such as handbags, belts, wallets, etc.
14 manufacture of footwear (> 5).
25 g per pair total emission limit values are expressed in grams of solvent emitted by full pair of footwear produced.
15. wood and plastic lamination (> 5).
30 g/m2 16 adhesive coating (> 5).
5-15 > 15 50 (1) 50 (1) 25 20 (1) using techniques which allow reuse of recovered solvent, the emission limit shall be 150.
17. manufacturing of coatings, varnishes, inks and adhesives (> 100) preparations.
100-1000 > 1000 150 150 5 3 5 per 100 of solvent input.
3 per 100 of solvent input.
The diffuse emission limit does not include solvents sold as part of a preparation in a sealed container coating.
18. rubber conversion (> 15).
20 (1) 25 (2) 25 per 100 solvent input.
(1) If techniques which allow reuse of recovered solvent is used, the waste gases emission limit value shall be 150.
(2) the diffuse emission limit value does not include solvent sold as part of products or preparations in an airtight container.
19 extraction of vegetable oil and animal fat and refining of vegetable oil activities (> 10).
Animal fat: 1.5 kg/t.
Castor: 3.0 kg/t.
Rapeseed: 1.0 kg/t.
Sunflower: 1.0 kg/t.
Soybean (pressed normal): 0.8 kg/t.
Soybean (white sheets): 1.2 kg/t.
Other seeds and other vegetable matter: 3 kg/t (1).
1.5 kg/t (2).
4 kg/t (3).
(1) the values total emission limit for installations processing special series of seeds and other vegetable matter must be established by the competent authorities on the basis of individual cases, by applying best available techniques.
(2) applies to the entire process of fractionation, excluded the degummed (removal of gum from the oil).
(3) applies to the degummed 20 manufacture of pharmaceutical products (> 50).
20 (1) 5 (2) 15 (2) 5 per 100 of solvent input.
15 per 100 of solvent input.
(1) If techniques which allow reuse of recovered solvent is used, the waste gases emission limit value shall be 150.
(2) the diffuse emission limit value does not include solvent sold as part of products or preparations in an airtight container.
(B) consumption thresholds and values total emission limit for vehicles covering industries total emission limit values are expressed in grams of solvent emitted in relation to the area of product in square metres and in kilograms of solvent emitted in relation to the body of the vehicle.
The surface area of any product cited in the table appearing below is defined as follows: the surface area calculated from the total electrophoretic coating area, and the surface area of the parts that can be added in successive phases of the coating process which are coated with the same coating used for the corresponding product , or the total surface area of the product coated in the installation.
The surface of the electrophoretic coating area is calculated using the following formula: 2 × total weight of the object metallic medium blade thickness metal × density of the sheet metal this method shall also apply to other coated parts that are made of sheets.
The design must be used with the help of computer or another equivalent method to calculate the surface area of the other parts added, or the total surface area coated in the installation.
The value total emission limit of the table appearing below refers to all process stages carried out at the same installation from electrophoretic coating, or any other kind of coating process, until the tarpaulin and final polishing of top cover including, as well as solvent used in cleaning of process equipment including booths of pulverized and other stationary equipment both during and outside of production time. The total emission limit value is expressed as the sum of the mass of organic compounds per m2 of the total surface area of coated product and as the sum of the mass of organic compounds per car body.
Activity (threshold of t/year solvent consumption) production threshold (refers to annual production of coated articles) value limit of total emission new installations existing installations coating of new cars (> 15).
> 5000 45 g/m2 or 1,3 kg/body + 33 g/m2.
60 g/m2 or 1.9 kg/body + 41 g/m2.
≤ 5000 monocoque or > 3500 rack 90 g/m2 or 1,5 kg/body + 70 g/m2.
90 g/m2 or 1,5 kg/body + 70 g/m2.
Limit total emission (g/m2).
Coating of new truck cabins (> 15) ≤5000 > 5000 65 55 85 75 coating of new trucks and vans (> 15).
≤2500 > 2500 90 70 120 90 coating of new buses (> 15).
≤2000 > 2000 210 150 290 225
The coating facilities of vehicles that are below the threshold of consumption of solvents indicated in the table above shall meet the requirements of the sector of refinishing of vehicles referred to in the present annex II.
Annex III reduction system i. principles the purpose of the reduction scheme is give the holder the opportunity to achieve, using other means emission reductions equivalent to the achieved if the emission limit values apply. For this purpose, the holder may apply any reduction system, specifically designed for his installation, provided that in the end an equivalent emission reduction is achieved.
II. practical example 1. The system which is designated below may be used when applying coatings, varnishes, adhesives or inks. If the method shown below is not adequate, the competent body may permit the operator apply any alternative system of exemption of which think that it meets the principles collected. The system design shall take into account the following aspects: to) when you still are in development phase substitutes containing a low concentration of solvents or exempt from these, an overtime should be to the operator to implement his emission reduction plans.
(B) the reference point for emission reductions should correspond as faithfully as possible to the emissions that would have occurred if not adopted no mitigation measure.
2. the following system should apply to facilities where it can be accepted and used to define the reference point for emission reductions a constant content of the product in solids.
A) licensee will present a plan of reducing emissions in particular include a decrease in the average content of the total quantity used solvents and/or a greater efficiency in the use of solids to achieve a reduction of the total emissions of the installation in a given percentage of annual reference, known as objective emission emissions. It should be in accordance with the following timetable: period total annual emissions allowed maximum new installations existing installations to 31-10-2005.
Emissions target x 1.5.
31-10-2007 emissions target.
((B) the annual reference emission is calculated as follows: to) determines the total mass of solids in the quantity of coating, ink, varnish or adhesive consumed in a year. Solids means all materials in coatings, inks, varnishes and adhesives which are solidified to evaporate the water or the volatile organic compounds.
((b) the annual reference emissions are calculated by multiplying the mass determined in paragraph a) by the appropriate factor listed in the table below. The competent bodies may modify these factors according to different facilities to reflect greater efficiency stating them in the use of solids.
(Activity Factor of multiplication used in paragraph b) of subparagraph (B)) rotogravure printing; flexographic printing; lamination as part of a printing activity; varnishing as part of a printing activity; wood coating; coating of fabrics, fibers or paper film; coating with 4 coil coating adhesives; renewal of vehicles 3 food contact coating finish; (aerospace coating 2.33 other coatings and rotary screen printing 1.5 c) the target emission is equal to the annual emission multiplied by a percentage equal 1 a: reference (the diffuse emission value + 15) for installations included in paragraph 6 and the lower band of threshold of paragraphs 8 and 10 of annex II.
2nd (the diffuse emission value + 5) for all other installations.
(d) is considered reached compliance if the actual solvent emission determined according to the solvent management plan is less than or equal to the target emission.
Annex IV 1 solvent management Plan. Introduction this annex are given guidance on carrying out a solvent management plan. It contains the principles to be applied (point 2), reports on how do the balance of mass (point 3) and gives an indication of the requirements for verification of compliance (item 4).
2 principles of solvent management plan serves the following objectives: to) verify compliance as specified in paragraph 1 of article 7.
(b) identify future reduction options.
(c) enabling the availability of information to the public about safe use of solvents, solvent emissions and compliance of this Royal Decree.
3. definitions the following definitions are used to calculate the mass balance.
Input of organic solvents (I): I1. Quantity of organic solvents or their quantity in preparations purchased used as raw material in the process during the period over which the mass balance is calculated.
I2. Quantity of organic solvents or their quantity in preparations recovered and reused as solvent input into the process (was has recycled solvent once used to carry out the activity).
Output of organic solvents (O): O1. Emissions in waste gases.
O2. Organic solvents lost in water, if necessary to take account of the residual water treatment when calculating O5.
O3. Amount of organic solvents remaining as contamination or residue in products of the process.
O4. Uncaptured emissions of organic solvents to air. This includes the general room ventilation, release air to the outside environment via windows, doors, vents and similar openings.
O5. Organic compounds or organic solvents lost due to chemical or physical reactions (included, for example, which are destroyed by incineration or other waste gas or waste water treatment or are captan, as by adsorption, insofar as not accounted for in O6, O7 or O8).
O6. Organic solvents contained in collected waste.
O7. Organic solvents, or organic solvents contained in preparations, sold as commercial products.
O8. Organic solvents contained in preparations recovered for reuse in so far as they are not accounted for in O7.
O9. Organic solvents released in other ways.
4. guidance on the use of the solvent management plan to verify compliance with the use that is made of the solvent management plan will depend on the particular requirement that will be verified, as follows: 1 verification of compliance with the option of reduction referred to in annex III, with a total emission limit expressed in solvent emissions per unit product value , or in accordance with other provisions contained in annex II.
(a) for all activities that follow Annex III, should be annually solvent management plan to determine consumption (C). Consumption can be calculated according to the following equation: C = I1 - O8 you should proceed to an exercise in parallel to determine solids used in coating in order to obtain each year the annual reference emission and the target emission.
(b) for assessing compliance with a total emission limit expressed in solvent emissions per unit product or in accordance with other provisions contained in annex II should be annually solvent management plan to determine emissions (E). Emissions can be calculated according to the following equation: E = F + O1 where F is the diffuse emission as defined in paragraph a) of subsection 2 below. The emission figure should then divided by the relevant product parameter.
c) for assessing compliance with the requirements of paragraph b) of paragraph 2 of article 4, the solvent management plan should be done annually to determine total emissions from all activities concerned, and the figure should be compared with the total emissions that would have in the event that it had fulfilled the requirements referred to in annex II and III in each activity separately.
(2nd determination of diffuse emissions by comparison with values of diffuse emission of annex II: to) methodology: the diffuse emissions can be calculated according to the following equation: F = I1 - O1 - O5 - O6 - O7 - O8 either F = O2 + O3 + O4 + O9 this amount can be determined by direct measurement of the quantities. Alternatively, it can be an equivalent calculation by other means, for example, using the entrapment efficiency of the process.
The diffuse emission value is expressed as a proportion of the input, which can be calculated according to the following equation: I = I1 + I2 b) frequency: the determination of diffuse emissions can be done by a short but comprehensive set of measurements. It is not necessary to do so until the equipment is modified.