Law No. 2016-19 July 06, 2016

Original Language Title: Loi n° 2016-19 du 06 juillet 2016

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Law No. 2016-19 from 06 July 2016 law No. 2016-19 from 06 July 2016 authorizing the President of the Republic to ratify the Paris agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change, adopted on 12 December 2015 presentation of grounds open for signature by States, first, in Rio de Janeiro, during the Conference of the United Nations on environment and development from 4 to 14 June 1992, and then at headquarters of the Organization of the United Nations, in New York, from 20 June to 19 June 1993, the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change has been ratified by Senegal, on 17 October 1997.

The objectives of the convention and its related instruments which were mainly intended to reverse the persistent trends related to air pollution, extreme weather events, to the degradation of land, coastal erosion, the rising waters, the acidification of the oceans, have still not been met.

It is in this context that the States, meeting in Paris, adopted, on 12 December 2015, the agreement under the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change.

This agreement, ambitious, universal and legally binding is historical in nature and aims to provide a response in the long term up to the climate challenge and the goal of limiting the rise in temperatures below 2 ° C.

This agreement is an additional tool which has the international community to allow a balanced treatment of mitigation and adaptation that will allow the resilience of countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. It promotes the trajectories of sustainable development of the country, limited the increase in temperatures below 2 ° C bar and helps each country implementation and the strengthening of the national action plans on adaptation.
As such, the ratification by our country of this instrument would be once more, the continuous commitment of Senegal to contribute significantly to sustainable development in General and to fight against climate warming, singular way.

Even and consistent with its policy of struggle against climate change, Senegal has developed its Contribution provided determined level National (NDDN) or climate action plan.

This contribution is the effort the country is estimated to achieve emissions of carbon sequestration and greenhouse gas mitigation in the sectors of energy, transport, agriculture, waste, forestry and adaptation actions to undertake to reduce its vulnerability to climate change in the areas of agriculture, biodiversity coastal areas, water, fishing, health and management of floods from 2020.

By ratifying the Paris agreement, Senegal sets a realistic target to reduce its emissions, respectively under the unconditional and conditional option, 5% and 21% by 2030. It comes into force on the 30th day of the deposit of the instruments of ratification by 55 States parties to the framework Convention of the United nations on climate change.

Such is the economy of the present Bill.



The National Assembly adopted in its session of Friday, June 24, 2016;
The President of the Republic enacts the law whose content follows: sole Article. -The president of the Republic is authorized to ratify the Paris agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change, adopted on 12 December 2015.

This Act will be enforced as law of the State.

Made in Dakar, on 06 July 2016.



Macky SALL.

The President of the Republic: the Prime Minister, Mac Boun a. DIONNE Paris agreement, the Parties to this agreement, being parties to the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change, hereinafter referred to as "Convention", acting in accordance with the Durban platform for enhanced action adopted by decision 1/CP.17 of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention at its seventeenth session Anxious to achieve the objective of the Convention, and guided by its principles, including the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in view of the different national contexts, recognizing the need for a response that is effective and progressive to the threat of climate change based on the best available scientific knowledge, recognizing also the specific needs and the particular situation of developing countries parties especially those who are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, as required by the Convention, taking fully into account the specific needs and the particular situation of countries developed in what concerns financing and the transfer of technologies, recognizing that the Parties may be affected by climate change, but also by the effects of response measures on these changes Noting that there are intrinsic between action links and response to climate change and their effects and equitable access to sustainable development and the eradication of poverty, recognizing the fundamental priority to protect food security and to come out of hunger, and the special vulnerability of the food production systems to the adverse effects of climate change , Taking into account the imperatives of a transition just for the workforce and the creation of decent jobs and quality in accordance with the development priorities at the national level, aware that climate change is a matter of concern to all humanity and that, when they take action in the face of these changes, the Parties should respect, promote and take into account their respective obligations concerning human rights the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, of the local communities, migrants, children, people with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations, and the right to development, as well as gender equality, the empowerment of women and equity between the generations,


Recognizing the importance of the conservation and, where appropriate, the strengthening of sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases covered by the Convention, noting it is important to ensure the integrity of all ecosystems, including the oceans, and the protection of biodiversity, recognized by some cultures as mother earth, and noting the importance for some of the notion of 'climate justice '. , in action in the face of climate change, asserting the importance of education, training, awareness, participation of the public, the access of the population to information and cooperation at all levels on issues addressed in this agreement, recognizing the importance of the participation of Governments at all levels and various actors in accordance with the national laws of the Parties, in the fight against climate change, acknowledging also that patterns of sustainable living and sustainable consumption and production patterns, developed country parties showing the way, play an important role to deal with climate change, have agreed to the following: Article 1. -For the purposes of this agreement, the definitions set out in article 1 of the Convention are applicable. In addition: 1. means by 'Convention' the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change, adopted in New York on 9 May 1992.
2 means "Conference of Parties" the Conference of the Parties to the Convention;
3 means 'Part' a party to this agreement.


Section 2. -

1. This agreement, by contributing to the implementation of the Convention, including its objective, aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, in the context of sustainable development and the fight against poverty, notably by: has) containing the rise in the average temperature of the planet significantly below 2 ° C compared to pre-industrial levels and continuing efforts to limit the rise in temperatures to 1.5 ° C compared to the pre-industrial levels, it being understood that this would reduce substantially the risks and effects of climate change;

(b) strengthening the capacity of adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change and promoting the resilience to these changes and development to low greenhouse gas emissions, in a way that does not threaten food production;

(c) making financial flows compatible with a profile of evolution towards a low development of greenhouse gases and resilient to climate change.

2. this agreement will be applied in accordance with equity and the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in view of the different national contexts.

Article 3. -In the title of the contributions determined at the national level to the global response to climate change, it is the responsibility of all Parties to engage and communicate ambitious efforts within the meaning of articles 4, 7, 9, 10, 11 and 13 for the purpose of this agreement as set out in article 2. The efforts of all the Parties will represent, ultimately a progression, while recognizing the need to assist the developing country parties to ensure that this agreement is applied effectively.

Article 4. -

1. To achieve the goal of temperature long term set out in article 2, the Parties seek to reach Cap global gas emissions to greenhouse promptly, it being understood that the CAP will take more time for the developing country parties, and to make cuts quickly thereafter in accordance with the best available science to achieve a balance between emissions by sources and removals anthropogenic by gas wells in greenhouse during the second half of the century, on the basis of equity, and in the context of the development sustainable and the fight against poverty.

2. each party sets, communicates and refreshes defined contributions at the national level successive she intends to achieve. The Parties take internal measures for mitigation with the objectives of such contributions.

3. the determined contribution at the national level following of each party will represent a progression from the previous defined contribution at the national level and match his level of the higher ambition possible, taking into account common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in view of the different national contexts.

4. the developed country parties should continue to lead the way assuming targets of reducing emissions in absolute terms across the economy. The developing country parties should continue to increase their mitigation efforts, and are encouraged to gradually move to reduction or targets to limit emissions across the economy in view of the different national contexts.

5. support is provided to the developing country parties for the application of this article, in accordance with articles 9, 10 and 11, it being understood that a support in favour of the developing country parties will allow them to take more ambitious steps.

6. the least developed countries and small island developing States can establish and communicate strategies, plans and measures for developing low-emission gas of greenhouse corresponding to their particular situation.

7 spin-off benefits, in the area of mitigation, adaptation and economic diversification plans measures parts may contribute to outcomes of mitigation in application of this article.

8. in communicating their contributions determined at the national level, all the Parties present information for clarity, transparency and understanding in accordance with decision 1/CP.21 and all the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement.


9. each Party shall communicate a contribution determined at national level every five years in accordance with decision 1/CP.21 and all the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement and taking into account the results of the global assessment provided for in article 14.

10. the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the agreement in Paris examines common calendars for the contributions determined at the national level at its first session.


11. a party may at any time modify its contribution determined at the national level to highlight the level of ambition, in accordance with the guidelines adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement.

12. the contributions determined at national level provided by Parties are recorded in a public register kept by the secretariat.

13. the Parties reflect their contributions determined at the national level. In the accounting of emissions and anthropogenic removals corresponding to their contributions determined at the national level, the Parties promote environmental integrity, transparency, accuracy, completeness, comparability and consistency, and ensure that double counting is avoided in accordance with the guidelines adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement.

14. in the context of their contributions determined at the national level, they indicate and apply mitigation measures emissions and anthropogenic removals, Parties should take into account, where appropriate, methods and guidelines in accordance with the Convention, taking into account the provisions of paragraph 13 of this article.

15. the Parties take into account, in the implementation of this agreement, concerns of Parties whose economy is particularly affected by the impacts of response measures, in particular developing countries parties.

16. the Parties, including regional economic integration organizations and their Member States, which have agreed to act jointly in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, shall notify to the secretariat the terms of the relevant agreement, including the level of emissions attributed to each party during the period considered, when communicating their contributions determined at the national level. The secretariat informed in turn the Parties to the Convention and the signatories to the agreement.

17. each party to an agreement of this type is responsible for its level of emissions set out in the agreement referred to in paragraph 16 above in accordance with paragraphs 13 and 14 of this section and sections 13 and 15.

18. If the Parties acting jointly do so in the context of a regional economic integration, which is itself a party to this agreement, and in consultation with it, each Member State of that regional organization of economic integration, individually and jointly with the regional economic integration organization, is responsible for its level of emissions set out in the agreement communicated in accordance with paragraph 16 of this article in accordance with paragraphs 13 and 14 of this article and to articles 13 and 15.

19. all Parties seek to formulate and communicate strategies to long-term development to low greenhouse gas emissions, bearing in mind article 2 given their common but differentiated responsibilities and their respective capabilities, in view of the different national contexts.

Section 5. -

1. Parties should take measures to maintain and, if necessary, reinforce the wells and reservoirs as greenhouse gases regulated d) of paragraph 1 of article 4 of the Convention, including forests.

2. the Parties are invited to take measures to implement and support the existing framework in the guidelines and the relevant decisions already adopted under the Convention, including by payments related to results, for: the general approaches and the positive incentives of activities related to the reduction of emissions resulting from deforestation and forest degradation , and the role of conservation, sustainable forest management and the increase in forest carbon stocks in developing countries; and other general approaches, including approaches joint mitigation and adaptation for managing integral and sustainable forest management, while reaffirming that it is important to promote, as appropriate, non-carbon benefits associated with such steps.

Section 6. -

1. The Parties acknowledge that certain Parties decide to act voluntarily in consultation in the implementation of their contributions determined at the national level to raise the level of ambition of their mitigation and adaptation measures and to promote sustainable development and environmental integrity.

2. the Parties, when they lead to voluntary steps agreed through the use of results of mitigation transferred at the international level for the purpose of contributions determined at the national level, promote sustainable development and ensure environmental integrity and transparency, including governance, and apply a reliable accounting system, so to avoid double counting, in accordance with the guidelines adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement.

3. the use of results of mitigation transferred internationally to make the contributions determined at the national level under this agreement is voluntary in nature and is subject to the permission of the participating Parties.


4. There is established a mechanism to contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and promote sustainable development, placed under the authority of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement, which follows the guidelines for the Parties, who use it on a voluntary basis. It is supervised by the body designated by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement, and is intended to:


(a) promote the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions while promoting sustainable development;

(b) promote and facilitate participation in mitigation of gases greenhouse to public and private entities authorized by a party;

(c) contribute to the reduction of the emission levels in the host part, which will benefit from mitigation activities resulting in emission reductions which can also be used by another party to complete its contribution determined at the national level;

(d) allow a global mitigation of global emissions.

5. the emission reductions resulting from the mechanism referred to in paragraph 4 of this article are not used to determine the realization of the contribution determined national of the host Party, if they are used by any other party to establish the realization of his own contribution to be determined at the national level.

6. the Conference of the Parties acting as meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement shall ensure that a share of proceeds from the activities of the mechanism referred to in paragraph 4 of this article is used to cover administrative expenses as well as to help the parties developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the harmful effects of climate change to meet the costs of adaptation.

7. the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement adopts rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism referred to in paragraph 4 of this article at its first session.

8. the Parties recognize the importance of approaches not based on integrated, comprehensive and balanced market with the parties to assist them in implementing their contribution determined nationally, in a coordinated and effective manner, including by mitigation, adaptation, financing, technology transfer and capacity-building, as appropriate. These steps are intended to: has) promote ambitious mitigation and adaptation;

(b) enhance the participation of the public and private sectors in the implementation of the contributions determined at the national level;

(c) enable opportunities for coordination between the instruments and the relevant institutional arrangements.

9. it is defined a framework for procedures non market-based sustainable development in order to promote approaches not based on the market referred to in paragraph 8 of this article.

Section 7. -

1. The Parties establish the goal global adaptation capacity of adaptation, to increase resilience to climate change and to reduce vulnerability to these changes, in order to contribute to sustainable development and to guarantee an appropriate response for adaptation in the context of the temperature objective set out in article 2.

2. the Parties recognize that adaptation is a global problem which arises at all, with dimensions local, subnational, national, regional and international, and it is a key element in the global response to long-term climate change, to which she contributes to protect populations, livelihoods and ecosystems, taking into account the urgent and immediate needs of the developing country parties that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

3. adaptation of the developing country parties efforts are recognized in accordance with procedures to be adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement, at its first session.

4. the Parties recognize that adaptation, at the present time and to a large extent, is a necessity, that higher attenuation levels can make it less necessary efforts in the area of adaptation, and adaptation higher levels can assume adaptation costs more important.

5. the Parties acknowledge that action for adaptation should follow a driven approach by countries, sensitive to equality of the sexes, participatory and transparent, taking into account groups, communities and vulnerable ecosystems, and should take into account and draw on the best available scientific data and, where appropriate, traditional knowledge, indigenous peoples and knowledge systems knowledge space in order to integrate adaptation into policy and socio-economic and environmental measures relevant, if it is necessary.


6. the Parties acknowledge the importance of assistance and international cooperation on adaptation efforts and the need to take into account the needs of developing countries parties, especially of those who are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

(7 Parties should intensify their cooperation to improve the action for adaptation, especially in view of the scope of the adaptation of Cancun, so: has) to share information, best practices, experiences and teachings, including, where appropriate, in terms of scientific knowledge, planning, policies and implementation relating to the adaptation measures;

(b) to strengthen the institutional arrangements, including those under the Convention which contribute to the application of the present agreement, to facilitate the synthesis of information and relevant knowledge and the provision of support and technical advice to the Parties;

(c) to improve the scientific knowledge on climate, including research, systematic observation of the climate system and the early warning systems, in a way that supports climate services and supports the decision-making process;

(d) to assist developing country parties to identify effective practices and needs for adaptation, the priorities, the support and assistance received the measures and efforts to adapt, as well as problems and gaps in ways that promote good practices;

(e) to increase the effectiveness and sustainability of adaptation measures.


8. institutions and the specialized agencies of the United Nations are invited to support the efforts of the Parties to achieve the measures set out in paragraph 7 of this article, taking into account the provisions of paragraph 5 of this article.

(9 each party undertakes, as appropriate, processes of adaptation planning and implements the measures that are put in place or strengthen plans, political and/or useful contributions, including by involving: has) the implementation of measures, ads and/or initiatives in the field of adaptation;

(b) the process to formulate and realize national adaptation plans;

(c) the assessment of the effects of climate change and vulnerability to these changes to formulate priority measures identified at the national level, in view of the people, places and vulnerable ecosystems;

(d) monitoring and evaluation plans, policies, programs, and adaptation measures and lessons learned;

(e) strengthening of the resilience of the socio-economic and ecological systems, including economic diversification and sustainable management of natural resources.

10. each party should, as appropriate, submit and update periodically a communication on adaptation, where can be included its priorities, its needs in terms of implementation and support, its projects and its measures, without imposing additional burdens on the developing country parties.

11. the communication on adaptation referred to in paragraph 10 of the present article is, as appropriate, submitted and updated periodically, integrated to other communications or documents or presented at the same time, especially in a national adaptation, in a defined contribution at the national level in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 4, and/or in a national communication.

12. the communication on adaptation referred to in paragraph 10 of this section shall be entered in a public register kept by the secretariat.

13. a strengthened international support is provided continuously to the developing country parties for the purposes of the application of paragraphs 7, 9, 10 and 11 of this article, in accordance with the provisions of articles 9, 10 and 11.

14. the global balance sheet provided for in article 14 includes to: has) take into account adaptation efforts of the developing country parties;

(b) strengthen the implementation of adaptation measures taking into account the communication on adaptation referred to in paragraph 10 of this article.

(c) to review the adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation and support adaptation;

(d) review the progress of together has been made in the achievement of the global goal adaptation set out in paragraph 1 of this article.

Section 8. -

1. The Parties acknowledge the need to avoid loss and damage related to the harmful effects of climate change, including extreme weather events and phenomena that manifest slowly, to reduce to a minimum and to address them, as well as the role of sustainable development in the reduction of the risk of loss and damage.

2. the international mechanism Warsaw relative to loss and damage related to the impact of climate change is placed under the authority of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement, which follows guidelines, and can be improved and strengthened in accordance with the decisions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement.

3. Parties should improve understanding, action and support, including through the international mechanism of Warsaw, according to need, as part of the cooperation and facilitation, in view of the losses and damages related to the harmful effects of climate change.

4. Accordingly, the areas of cooperation and facilitation to improve understanding, action and support include the following: has) early warning systems;

(b) emergency preparedness;

(c) the phenomena that manifest slowly;

(d) the phenomena that can cause losses and harm irreversible and permanent;

(e) evaluation and management complete risks;

(f) damage, the sharing of climate risk insurance schemes and other insurance solutions;

(g) other economic losses;

(h) the resilience of the communities, the means of subsistence and ecosystems.

5. the Warsaw international mechanism works with the bodies and expert groups under the agreement, as well as with organizations and the competent expert bodies which are not.

Article 9. -

1. Developed country parties provide financial resources to help developing countries parties to the purposes both of mitigation and adaptation in the continuity of obligations under the Convention.

2. the other Parties are invited to provide or continue to provide this kind of support on a voluntary basis.

3. in the context of a global effort, developed country parties should continue to lead the way in mobilizing financing for climate action from a wide range of sources, instruments and sectors, given the important role that public funds, through various actions, including by supporting the country-driven strategies and taking into account the needs and priorities of developing countries parties. This mobilization of financing for climate action should represent progress compared to previous efforts.

4. the provision of increased financial resources should aim to achieve a balance between adaptation and mitigation, taking into account the strategies driven by the countries and the priorities and needs of developing countries parties, especially of those who are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change and whose ability are very inadequate as the least developed countries , and small island developing States, given the need to provide resources from public sources and grant for adaptation.


5. the developed country parties shall communicate every two years of quantitative and qualitative indicative information relating to paragraphs 1 and 3 of this article, as appropriate, including, if available, the amounts of public financial resources to be given to the developing country parties. The other Parties that provide resources are invited to communicate this information every two years on a voluntary basis.

6. the global assessment referred to in article 14 will take into account the relevant information provided by developed country parties and/or bodies set up under the agreement on efforts related to the financing of climate action.

7. the developed country parties shall communicate every two years of transparent and consistent information on the support provided to developing countries parties and mobilised by public intervention, in accordance with the modalities, procedures and guidelines that the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement will adopt at its first session, as provided for in paragraph 13 of article 13. Other Parties are invited to do the same.

8. the financial mechanism of the Convention, including its functional entities, serves as the financial mechanism of the present agreement.

9. the institutions directly involved in the application of this agreement, including the functional of the financing of the Convention entities, are intended to ensure the effective access to financial resources through procedures simplified approval and enhanced support to the preparation for the developing country parties, in particular of the least developed countries and small island developing States as part of their national strategies and their plans related to the climate.

Section 10. -

1. The Parties share a long-term vision of the importance that there is to give full effect to the development and transfer of technologies to increase resilience to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

2. the Parties, noting the importance of technology for the implementation of measures for mitigation and adaptation under this agreement and taking Act efforts to deploy and disseminate technology, strengthen the concerted action for the development and transfer of technologies.

3. the technology mechanism established under the Convention contributes to the application of this agreement.

4. There is created a technology framework responsible for providing general guidelines for the work of the technology mechanism to promote and facilitate action strengthened in development and transfer of technologies to support the implementation of this agreement, for the purposes of the long-term vision referred to in paragraph 1 of this article.

5. it is essential to speed up, to encourage and enable innovation for an effective global response to long-term climate change and at the service of economic growth and sustainable development. This effort will be supported, as appropriate, including by the technology mechanism and, in the form of financial resources, through the financial mechanism of the Convention, in order to implement measures agreed for research and development and to facilitate the access of developing countries to technology, particularly in the early stages of the technological cycle.

6 support, financial, is provided to the developing country parties for the purposes of the application of this article, including for the strengthening of concerted action in development and transfer of technologies at different stages of the technological cycle, to achieve a balance between support for mitigation and adaptation support. The global budget provided for in article 14 takes into account information available on support activities to the development and transfer of technology in favour of developing countries parties.

Article 11. -

1. The capacity building in respect of this agreement should contribute to improving the skills and capacities of developing countries parties, in particular those who have weaker capabilities, such as the least developed countries, and those who are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change and small island developing States, so that they can fight effectively against climate change , including implementing adaptation and mitigation measures, and should facilitate the development, dissemination and deployment of technologies, access to financing for climate action, relevant aspects of education, training and awareness of the population, and the communication transparent and accurate information at the time wanted.

2. the capacity-building should be country-driven, take into account and satisfy national needs and ownership by the Parties, in particular for developing countries parties, particularly at the national, sub-national and local. It should draw lessons from the experience, including activities of capacity-building carried out under the Convention, and represent a process effective, iterative, participatory, transverse and sensitive to gender equality.

3. all Parties should cooperate in order to increase the capacity of the developing country parties to implement this agreement. Developed country parties should increase support for capacity-building measures in the developing country parties.

4 all Parties working to enhance the capacity of the developing country parties to implement this agreement, including through regional, bilateral and multilateral, approaches regularly publicize these measures or capacity-building initiatives. the developing country parties should regularly informed of the progress achieved in the implementation of plans, policies, initiatives or measures of capacity building to implement this agreement.


5. the capacity-building activities are strengthened through institutional arrangements appropriate to support the implementation of this agreement, including the appropriate institutional arrangements created under the Convention, which contribute to the application of this agreement. At its first session, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement will review and adopt a decision on the initial institutional arrangements relating to the capacity-building.

Section 12. -The Parties cooperate in taking, as appropriate, measures to improve the education, training, awareness, public participation and access of the population to the information in the field of climate change, taking into account the importance of such measures to strengthen the action taken in respect of this agreement.

Section 13. -

1. In order to enhance mutual trust and promote effective implementation, it is created a framework of transparency, strengthened measures and support, with some flexibility, which takes into account the different capacities of the parties, and based on the collective experience.

2. the framework of transparency gives the developing country parties in need, in view of their capacity, a certain flexibility in implementing the implementation of the provisions of this article. The modalities, procedures and guidelines provided for in paragraph 13 of this article take into account this flexibility.

3. the framework of transparency builds on transparency-related devices provided for under the Convention strengthens taking into account the special situation of the least developed countries and the small island developing States, and must be implemented in a way that focuses on facilitation, which is neither intrusive nor punitive which respects the national sovereignty and that do not impose an excessive burden on the Parties.

4. the transparency-related devices provided under the Convention, including national communications, biennial reports and biennial reports, the assessment and review at the level international and international reviews, and consultations are part of experience harnessed to the development of the modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 13 of this article.

5. the framework of transparency measures is intended to provide a clear picture of the measures relating to climate change in the light of the objective set out in article 2 of the Convention, including by lighting and following the progress made by each party to fulfil its contribution determined at the national level to the title of article 4 and to implement its measures of adaptation to the title of article 7 including best practices, priorities, needs and gaps, in order to support the global balance sheet provided for in article 14.

6. the transparency of the support framework is intended to give a clear picture of the support provided and the support received by each party concerned in the context of the measures taken with respect to climate change in the title of articles 4, 7, 9, 10 and 11, and, to the extent possible, an overview of the overall financial support provided, to support the global balance sheet provided for in article 14.

(7 each Party shall regularly provide the following information: a) a national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and some removals of anthropogenic by sinks of greenhouse gases, report established according to the methods constituting good practices adopted by the Group of Intergovernmental Panel on climate change and agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement.

(b) the information necessary to track the progress made by each party in implementation and the realization of its contribution determined at the national level to the title of article 4.

8. each party should provide information on the effects of climate change and adaptation to these changes to the title of article 7, as appropriate.

9. the developed country parties and other Parties which support should communicate information on the support provided in the form of financial resources, transfer of technology and capacity-building, to developing countries parties to the title of the articles 9, 10 and 11.

10. the developing country parties should provide information on the support they need and they received, in the form of financial resources, transfer of technology and a capacity-building in respect of articles 9, 10 and 11.

11. the information communicated by each party in respect of paragraphs 7 and 9 of this article are subject to a technical review by experts, in accordance with decision 1/CP.21. For the developing country parties who need given their capabilities, the review process helps define their needs in terms of capacity-building.

In addition, each party participate in multilateral, focusing scrutiny on facilitation, progress made in accordance with article 9, as well as the implementation and the achievement of its defined contribution national level.

12. the technical examination by experts provided for in this paragraph covers the support provided by the party concerned, as appropriate, as well as on the implementation and the realization of its contribution determined at the national level. It highlights the areas for improvements at the party and verifies that the information provided is in line with the modalities, procedures and guidelines referred to in paragraph 13 of this article, taking into account the flexibility granted to the party concerned in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article. It pays particular attention to the capacities and respective national circumstances of developing countries parties.

13. at its first session, based on the experience from arrangements relating to transparency provided for under the Convention, and specifying the provisions of this article, the Conference of the Parties acting as meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement adopt modalities, procedures and common guidelines, as appropriate, for the purpose of transparency measures and support.


14. support is provided to developing countries for the purposes of the implementation of this article.


15. support is also provided to build the capacity of developing countries parties transparency permanently.

Section 14. -

1. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement periodically takes stock of the implementation of this agreement in order to assess the collective progress made in the achievement of the purpose of this agreement and its long-term goals (hereinafter referred to as "global assessment").

She is working in a way that is comprehensive, focused on facilitation, taking into account the mitigation, adaptation, the means of implementation and support, and taking into account equity and the best available scientific data.

2. the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement is its first global assessment in 2023 and every five years thereafter unless it adopts a decision to the contrary.

3. the results of the global assessment illuminate the Parties in the updating and strengthening their measures and their support according to modalities determined at the national level, in accordance with the relevant provisions of this agreement, as well as the intensification of international cooperation for climate action.

Section 15. -

1. A mechanism shall be established to facilitate the implementation and promote respect for the provisions of this agreement and promote respect.

2. the mechanism referred to in paragraph 1 is made up of a Committee of experts and focused on facilitation, and operated in a manner that is transparent, non-adversarial and not punitive. The Committee pays special attention to the situation and the respective national capacities of the Parties.

3. the Committee shall report annually operates according to the modalities and procedures adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement to its first session

Article 16. -

1. The Conference of the Parties, the supreme body of the Convention, acts as meeting of the Parties to this agreement.

2. the Parties to the Convention that are not parties to this agreement may participate as observers in the proceedings of any session of the Conference of the parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to this agreement. When the Conference of the Parties acts as meeting of the parties to this agreement, the decisions taken under the agreement are only by the Parties to the agreement.

3. when the Conference of the Parties acting as meeting of the Parties to this agreement, any member of the Bureau of the Conference of the parties representing a party to the convention but which, at that time, is not a party to the agreement is replaced by a new Member elected by the parties to the agreement among them.

4. the Conference of the parties acting as meeting of the parties to the Paris agreement done regularly point to the implementation of this agreement and take, within its mandate, the decisions necessary to promote the effective implementation. She exercises the functions conferred by this agreement and: has) it creates subsidiary bodies necessary for the implementation of this agreement;

(b) perform the other functions which may prove necessary for the purposes of the implementation of this agreement.

5. the rules of procedure of the conference of the parties and financial procedures applied under the Convention shall apply mutatis mutandis in respect of this agreement, unless the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement decides otherwise by consensus.

6. the secretariat shall convene the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the agreement in Paris on the occasion of the first session of the Conference of the Parties after the entry into force of this agreement. The regular sessions of the Conference of the Parties acting as meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement will coincide with the ordinary sessions of the conference of the Parties, unless the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement decides otherwise.

7. the Conference of the parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement holds special sessions to all other time when she deems it necessary or if a part therefor in writing, provided that this is supported by a third or more of the Parties within six months following its communication to the Parties by the secretariat.

8. the United Nations, its specialized agencies and the international agency of atomic energy, as well as any member of one of these organizations or with the status of observer to one of them who is not a party to the Convention, may be represented at sessions of the conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement as observers.

Any body or agency, national or international, governmental or non-governmental, which is competent in the fields covered by this agreement and who advised the secretariat that it wished to be represented as an observer at a session of the Conference of the parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement can be admitted as such unless one third of the Parties present at least make objection. The admission and participation of observers is governed by the rules of procedure referred to in paragraph 5 of this article.

Article 17. -

1. The secretariat established by article 8 of the Convention secretariat for this agreement.

2. paragraph 2 of article 8 of the Convention on the functions of secretariat and paragraph 3 of the same article concerning arrangements for its operation shall apply mutatis mutandis to this agreement. The secretariat shall also exercise the functions assigned to the title of this agreement and by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement.

Section 18. -


1. the subsidiary body for scientific and technological advice and the subsidiary body for implementation established by articles 9 and 10 of the Convention serve, respectively, as subsidiary body for scientific and technological advice and subsidiary body of implementation of this agreement. The provisions of the Convention relating to the functioning of these two bodies apply mutatis mutandis to this agreement. The subsidiary body for scientific and technological advice and the subsidiary body for implementation of this agreement hold their session at the same time as those of the subsidiary body for scientific and technological advice and the subsidiary body for implementation of the convention, respectively.

2. the Parties to the Convention that are not parties to this agreement may participate as observers in the proceedings of any session of the subsidiary bodies. When the subsidiary bodies act as subsidiary bodies of the present agreement, the decisions under the agreement are taken only by the Parties to the agreement.

3. when the subsidiary bodies established by articles 9 and 10 of the Convention exercise their functions in a field which is part of this agreement, any member of their offices representing a party to the Convention but which, at that time, is not party to the agreement is replaced by a new Member elected by the Parties to the agreement and among these.

Section 19. -

1. The subsidiary bodies or other institutional arrangements established by the Convention or which are, other those referred to in this agreement to contribute to the application of the present agreement by decision of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris agreement. The Act sets out the functions will have such bodies or devices.

2. the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the parties to the Paris agreement can give new guidance to these subsidiary bodies and institutional arrangements.

Article 20. -

1. This agreement is open for signature and subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by the States and regional economic integration organizations that are parties to the Convention. It will be open for signature at the headquarters of the Organization of the United nations in New York from April 22, 2016, to April 21, 2017 and will be open for accession from the day following the day when it ceases to be open for signature. The instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession are deposited with the depositary.

2. any organization of regional economic integration which becomes party to this agreement unless none of its Member States being a party is bound by all the obligations under this agreement. When one or more members of a regional economic integration organization are parties to the present agreement, this organization and its Member States agree on their respective responsibilities for the performance of their obligations under this agreement. In such cases, the Organization and its Member States are not entitled to exercise the rights arising from this agreement concurrently.

3. in their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, regional economic integration organizations indicate the extent of their competence with respect to the matters governed by this agreement.

In addition, these organizations shall inform the depositary, who shall inform in turn the Parties, of any significant changes to the scope of their jurisdiction.

Section 21. -

1. This agreement comes into force the thirtieth day following the date of the deposit of their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by 55 Parties to the Convention, which total at least a percentage estimated at 55% of the total global emissions of greenhouse gases.

2 only to the end of paragraph 1 of this article, means "total global emissions of greenhouse gases" the latest amount communicated the day of adoption of this agreement by the Parties to the Convention or before.

3 with respect to each State or regional economic integration organization which ratifies, accepts or approves the agreement or adhere once the conditions laid down in paragraph 1 of this article for entry into force are met, this agreement comes into force on the thirtieth day following the date of deposit by that State or organization of its instrument of ratification acceptance, approval or accession.

4. for the purposes of paragraph 1 of this article, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not count in addition to those filed by the Member States.

Section 22. -The provisions of article 15 of the convention on the adoption of amendments apply mutatis mutandis to this agreement.

Section 23. -

1. The provisions of article 16 of the Convention relating to adoption and amendment of annexes to the Convention apply mutatis mutandis to this agreement.

2. the annexes to this agreement are an integral part of it and, unless otherwise expressly provided, any reference to this agreement is at the same time a reference to its annexes. These are limited to lists, forms and other documents of scientific, technical, procedural or administrative character.

Section 24. -The provisions of article 14 of the Convention on the settlement of disputes apply mutatis mutandis to this agreement.

Section 25. -

1. Each Party shall have one vote, subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of this article.

2. in the areas of their competence, the regional economic integration organizations have to exercise their right to vote, to a number of votes equal to the number of their Member States which are party to this agreement. These organizations do not exercise their right to vote if any of their Member States exercised his, and vice versa.

Section 26. -The general Secretariat of the Organization of the United Nations is the depositary of this agreement.

Section 27. -Reservations may be made to this agreement.

Aritcle 28. -

1. At the expiration of a period of three years from the date of entry into force of this agreement with respect to a party, that party may, at any time, denounce it by written notification to the depositary.


2. the denunciation shall take effect on the expiry of a period of one year from the date on which the depositary receives notification or at any later date that can be specified in the notification.

3. any party which has denounced the Convention will be considered have also denounced this agreement.

Section 29. -The original of this agreement, of which the English, Arabic, Chinese, English, french and Russian texts are equally authentic, will be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

DONE at Paris on 12 December two thousand and fifteen in faith whereof the undersigned, duly authorized to that effect, have signed the present agreement.

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