LAW 19 April 1979, n. 13 (published in the albo of the Public Palace on April 23, 1979).
Law for the regulation of diplomatic missions and consular offices.
We the Captains Regent of the Most Serene Republic of San Marino
promulgate and publish the following law approved by the Great and General Council
its meeting of 19 April 1979.
The Republic of San Marino, in relations with other States, Entities and Organizations International
, makes use of its diplomatic missions, which are divided into embassies, legations
at United and Missions and Delegations permanent with bodies or international organizations
, which are referred to as diplomatic missions in this Act.
The Republic is also informed of their consular offices abroad, which are divided into
Consulates General, Consulates, Vice-consulates and consular agencies.
The diplomatic missions and consular offices are upright and operate on the basis of what established
by law, conventions, treaties, protocols and international custom.
The Great and General Council ratified agreements of establishment of official relations with other states,
acts of accession to organizations, conventions and international agreements, as well as acts of
removal or closure of diplomatic missions at the proposal of the Secretary of State
Foreign Affairs, after hearing the Commission Political Council Chamber Foreign Affairs.
The Congress of State, acting on the proposal of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and after consultation with the Commission
Political and Foreign Affairs Council Chamber, the appointment, the destination, the transfer and
status of diplomatic agents and consular.
Any such decisions will give immediate communication to the Great and General Council.
The diplomatic and consular agents are recruited:
a) between the staff of the Secretariat of State for Foreign Affairs from dall'apposito role diplomatic and consular
B) among the citizens of San Marino-dependent or independent from government;
C) among the citizens of San Marino, where it can not otherwise provide.
All diplomatic and consular agents recruited in accordance with art. 2 became subject to this
Sorting and are also expected to observe the rules of the Law of employees Organica.
The diplomatic and consular agents from government employees retain the right
retention of organic place, and ripen all other rights attached to the original report job
, as if they had worked in the service.
The relationship between the State and the diplomatic or consular agents do not belong to the diplomatic role is governed by special
periodically renewable Conventions, which are approved by
State Congress on the proposal of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and after consultation with the Commission
Political Council Chamber Foreign Affairs, before it was transmitted to the Great and General Council at its meeting
These Conventions, with an indication of the prerogatives and privileges associated with the functions of
diplomatic and consular agents, must provide for: the duration of the relationship, the assumption of obligations and charges
, the fees for diplomats and consular officers and to members of the administrative staff and technical
of the Mission and for the imp consular egati, as well as signs that
can determine the termination of the assignment.
In the framework of this staff it is still given publication according to the law.
As part of diplomatic missions and consular offices may be appointed by
State Congress on the proposal of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, consultants and experts, the
which are likewise required to correct compliance with the rules contained in this Act.
It 'faculties of the State Congress, proposed by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and
according to the provisions of this law and the international conventions on the subject, of:
a) to appoint of diplomatic agents and cons lari with dual or multiple accreditation;
B) appoint diplomatic and consular agents to carry out itinerant activities, with target, tasks and assignments provided
vase by accident;
C) decide on the participation in Congresses and Conferences, as well as whether to make
represent the Republic on special occasions, even by designating experts and technicians of various sectors
D) set up special diplomatic delegations or extraordinary ambassadors for temporary missions.
The Heads of Mission and holder of Consular Offices, whose title and rank shall be determined on the basis of
The provisions of Annex A, they are credited to the Captains Regent with their letter.
The accreditation of other diplomatic and consular agents of the same Annex A occurs with
notify the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
The State Congress on the proposal of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, may, if
Cape absence or incapacity of a diplomatic mission or a consular office and in special cases
urgency or need, to give, on an exceptional basis, the Cape
Mission or consular Office at the diplomatic or consular agent of a degree more 'high of the same
Mission or office functions, which assumes the qualification respectively charge d'Affaires to
interim or Regent.
The unique assignment can not last more 'than four months.
The granting of the approval of holders of diplomatic missions and consular offices of
foreign states accredited to the Republic is the responsibility of the State Congress.
The renewal of the Conventions referred to in Article. 3 must take place every two years.
The diplomatic missions and consular offices svolg no internationally
any form of activity that relates to the state and its subjects, in accordance with the provisions of this
law, by existing international conventions and on the basis of directives and instructions issued by the Secretary of State
In particular, the diplomatic mission is called to perform the following functions:
a) represent the State at the State of accreditation;
B) protect, in the State of accreditation, the interests of the Republic and its citizens under the
C) negotiation of agreements with the Government of the State of accreditation;
D) informed of the conditions and the course of events in the State of accreditation and
refer in this regard to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;
E) promoting friendly relations and develop the actions King commercial, economic, cultural and scientific
between the Republic and the State of accreditation;
F) protecting the political interest of the Community of San Marino;
G) to oversee the monitoring of the activities of consular offices established in the accreditation status.
In the absence of consular office in the State where the Missions reside, the same also took place
to pursue his onsolare Office functions.
The Delegations or Permanent Missions to International Organizations and Bodies are governed by
Heads of Mission with the title and rank of Ambassador or Minister Plenipotentiary and
carry out activities related to the aims and purposes of such bodies and organizations.
Consular Offices are required to:
a) protecting in the receiving State the interests of the Republic of accreditation, the citizens and the institutions
B) provide help and assistance to citizens and institutions of San Marino;
C) protect workers from San Marino emigrants;
D) keep a record for the annotation of San Marino citizens staying in their
constituency, as well as any recording of the functional activities of civil and administrative status;
E) organize regular meetings of Collettivià San Marino and meetings of these with
representatives of the Republic;
F) promote cultural, charitable and social activities of the community of San Marino;
G) to promote a better understanding of the Republic to foreign countries and to stimulate any activity
economic interests of the state and its citizens;
H) carrying out, in accordance with international law, intended functions Ordinamento
San Marino and the International Conventions, in particular as regards civil status, notary, administrativ
If the head of a diplomatic mission or a consular office must be absent from their
home for periods longer than 15 days, you must request prior authorization from the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
. In any case it is required to ensure the normal function of
Mission or the Office.
No initiative, except in cases of absolute necessity or urgency to protect the citizens of San Marino
and their interests and for the defense of the prestige and the political interests of
Republic, can be individually adopted by the missions and consular offices
without prior authorization or consent of the State Secretariat, which will issue the appropriate instructions
, where diplomats and consular officers must strictly follow.
Whatever step, contact, meeting, interview, ceremony or act that may be relevant,
made to and from the Mission and Consular Offices, must give timely information to
Secretariat of State, which will issue the appropriate instructions.
In any case, any act or act having tical and international pol effects
meets the Head of the Diplomatic Mission or Consular Office.
Mission Each and every consular office are you uti the compilation and transmission of
a periodic report, if the urgency does not impose an immediate information on the activities undertaken by them
, the relationships that and on any fact or event in general which could be of interest
of the Republic, international politics and for relations with the State of accreditation, as well
on concerns of San Marino the community residents in their
The Missions and Consular Offices must propose to the State Secretariat for the useful initiatives
wing politics and the interests of the Republic of San Marino residents and communities in their respective constituencies
Diplomatic and Board agents, in their capacity as State officials are required to:
a) pay into the hands of Their Excellencies the Captains Regent of the oath of allegiance to the Republic and its institutions to
before to assume the functions conferred on them;
B) reside permanently in the area where the diplomatic mission or the consular office is located.
The provision does not apply to travel agents or dual or multiple accreditation as well as the
agents for which the Convention in art. 3 provides otherwise;
C) shall not hold, during the performance of their tasks, duties incompatible with the duties performed
and especially elective positions for political or trade union nature, unless the Convention
in art. 3 provides otherwise;
D) limit its diplomatic and consular action llo State where they are accredited, except as otherwise specifically
E) does not in any way interfere in the internal politics of the State of accreditation and
refrain from any statement that might upset relations between the Republic and the State of accreditation and
between that and third States;
F) do not use the site for purposes incompatible oc any case unrelated to diplomatic and consular functions
The diplomatic and consular agents, to any official relationship with other State Authorities of the Republic
, are required to contact the Secretariat of State for Foreign Affairs, to which
liable for any conduct relating to their office .
The Heads of diplomatic missions and consular offices are required, so references on its activities,
to have regular meetings with the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, who may likewise
convene the diplomatic and consular agents when it sees fit.
each diplomatic mission and every consular office has a sign with the official emblem
of the Republic and the official name of the representative of San Marino.
The sign is exposed outside the building in which the representation is based.
Each diplomatic mission and each consular office bears the flag of
Republic, which will be exhibited in the days of festenazionali San Marino and in the days of national holidays
States accreditation, according to international practices.
Likewise, every diplomatic mission and every consular office is equipped with the collection of all
Laws and Decrees of the Republic and is required to take care of its constant updating.
The Secretariat of State for Foreign Affairs and, if appropriate, the Congress of State shall, in connection
of this Act and the laws in force, the technical and administrative measures more 'appropriate for
ensure better functioning of diplomatic missions and consular offices.
The Secretary of State shall issue guidelines and instructions in general and particularly to such
recipients are required to give precise execution.
The Regency is authorized to enact appropriate Regency Decree for the opening of each
Diplomatic Mission or Consular Office in the execution of agreements and international Conventions approved
by the Great and General Council.
This Decree shall in any case establish the workforce of individual missions and offices.
In the case of establishment of consular offices, the Decree also states also its jurisdiction.
The release of diplomatic passports will be governed by specific regulations issued by the Great and General Council
the rules of the Law on February 10 are repealed 1892in inconsistent with the present Law.
This Act shall enter into force from the day of legal publication.
Our Residence, this day of 23 April 1979 to 1678 dFR
THE CAPTAINS REGENT
Marino Bollini - Lino Celli
THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR INTERNAL AFFAIRS
ANNEX "A" CAREER DIPLOMATIC
AMBASCIATORECapo of Diplomatic Mission
ENVOY EXTRAORDINARY ECapo of Diplomatic Mission
MINISTER PLENIPOTENZIARIOMinistro at Diplomatic Mission
Minister Counsellor at Diplo-matic Mission
DIRECTOR OF AMBASCIATAI ° Advisor to Chief of Diplomatic Mission
Consulate General Consul General at the Consulate General Added
LEGAZIONEConsigliere OF DIRECTOR at Diplomatic Mission
Consul at the Consulate General of Consulate General Cape
FIRST SECRETARY OF AMBASCIATAPrimo Secretary at Mission
FIRST SECRETARY OF LEGATION Diplomatic
Chief Consulate Consul Added at General or Consul at Consulate General Consulate
SECOND SECRETARY OF AMBASCIATASecondo Secretary at Mission diplomatic
SECOND SECRETARY OF LEGAZIONEmatica
Chief Deputy Consulate Vice Consul at the Consulate General
CLERK OF LEGAZIONESecondo Secretary Diplo-matic Mission
Vice Consul at the Consulate General or Consulate