Penal Code

Original Language Title: Codice Penale

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PENAL CODE 15 September 1865 PART I. Of the law punishment, the crime and the sentence in genrale BOOK I. THE LAW PUNITIVE DAMAGES IN GENERAL TITLE I. Of the shares affected by the punitive law. 1.- The punitive law is not retroactive and affects only the rear shares to its enactment, as often characterized by crime action, that previously was not, or impose such a crime a more 'severe penalty than that imposed by a previous law. 2.- It has retroactive effect the new legislation, which clears an action from the ranks of the crimes, and it abolishes, as a general rule, the penalty; as well as the new law is retroactive punitive, which imposes a criminal offense a more 'lenient penalty than that imposed by a previous law. So that, if to count since the criminal action until the time of judgment, there are two or more 'of two different laws to each other, always applies the most' mild disposition. TITLE II. Of persons subject to the requirements of punitive law. 3. E 'subject to the requirements of this Code: 1) anyone, San Marino, both forastiero, commits a crime in the territory of the Republic; 2) anyone, San Marino, both forastiero, commits outside the territory of the Republic of wrongdoing against state security, or is guilty of wrongdoing for infringement of the seal of the Regency, or impression counterfeiting of any public authority, or of any state public office, or instruments that are intended to run those fingerprints, or is guilty of wrongdoing for falsity of an act of any public authority or any state public office, or smash crime; 3) anyone, San Marino, both forastiero, commits outside the territory of the Republic wrongdoing or crime to the detriment of a San Marino. 4.- It is the proceedings against forastiero p evenuto of one of the offenses specified in the No. 2 and 3 of the previous year, as long as he does not enter the territory of the Republic, or is not submitted by a foreign government. This suspension ceases: 1) how many times the regency to rule decrees that judgment, despite the absence of prevented from Italy; 2) how often the Judges of the Republic pronuncino judgment against the author, or one of the perpetrators, or an accomplice to the same offense of which he is accused f rastiero absent from the territory of the Republic. 5.- Pei crimes covered in the article cited above N.2 cease prosecution, provided it helps comulativamente the following three conditions: 1) that the San Marino, or forastiero has been convicted outside the Republic; 2 °) to have atoned for their guilt; 3rd) that the sentence to be served, even when it was a part of the sentence imposed glue penalty, you are equal to that imposed by this Code. If the sentence, or the sentence being served, you are less than that imposed by this Code, is liable to judgment in the Republic in accordance with the requirements of this Code, and if convicted, may be reckoned the amount of sentence being served out. 6. Pel wrongdoing or crime contemplated in No. 3 of Article cited above ceases prosecution if contributes one of three conditions: 1) that the San Marino, or forastiero been deemed absolute and outside the Republic; 2) that condemned outside the Republic has fully atoned for the sentence of imprisonment imposed glue even though less than that imposed by this Code; 3 °) that condemned outside the Republic has atoned for a part of the sentence imposed glue penalty, if such part of this Code dl imposed penalty. If you do not have atoned all worth it, or if it abbiaesp ta only part not equivalent to the full sentence imposed by this Code, it is liable to judgment in the Republic in accordance with the requirements of this Code, and if convicted, may be reckoned worth expiated out. 7. The provisions of the two preceding articles shall be established without prejudice to what was otherwise specified international conventions hill stipulated in public treaties between the Republic and the other States. 8. When, outside the areas referred to in article 3 # 2 and 3, a San Marino or forastiero commits a crime outside the territory of the Republic, and enter in the same territory, the measures to be taken depend entirely by international conventions based on the principle of reciprocity and stipulated in public treaties between the Republic and the other States. TITLE III. Limits marked the judges who apply the punitive law. 9.- The judges in criminal matters must be limited to the strict application of the law text.
And 'forbidden them to speak in via general or regulation in the exercise of their ministry. Their sentences have never binding force in the resolution of similar cases. 10. In criminal matters can not the judge in the event of silence, apply the law from case to case expressed not expressed, and in case of doubt or darkness of the Law, must adhere to the sense less rigorous. 11.- At only Sovereign Board is the interpretation of the dubious and obscure law, so for all mandatory. 12. The interpretative law of the Sovereign Council has no retroactive effect, however, and affects only the rear shares to its promulgation, how often confers a rigorous sense interpreted to dubious and obscure law. BOOK II. OFFENSE IN GENERAL TITLE I. Of the definition of the offense and its species. 13. Any violation of punitive law is called offense. 14. The offense is distinguished in crime, murder and contravention: Mischief is said that offense that is regarded by the law as a social damage for himself, and that manifests itself in the figure of arson; Crime is said that offense that is regarded by the law as social harm in itself, and that is manifested in the figure of manslaughter; Contravention is said that crime which, while not covered by the law as a social damage for himself, is regarded by it as dangerous, because it results in violation of those measures that aim more 'closely to the Preventive and social damage: as well that crime, which results in violation of those measures, which are considered by the law as directed to the promotion of social welfare and public utilities. 15. The crime is distinguished also in deed first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh or extreme category depending on the category of penalties, which is subject, right the petition set out below by this Code. TITLE II. the moral element of the offense. 16.- For the existence of the crime is asked for the simultaneous contest the action cognition, the agent of the will, and freedom in the will of the agent. 17. So by default the action cognition exists on eligibility: 1) if the agent does not have surpassed the age of ten years old; 2) if the agent is in a state of absolute insanity, or dominated by whatever cause onninamente capable of preventing the exercise of the intellectual power functions; 3) if the agent verses in fact in ignorance. 18.- In what age greater than ten years old, they observe the following rules: 1) when the agent is greater than ten years and made less than fourteen years old, and has acted without discernment, is not subject to Varuna penalty. The judge nevertheless may compel relatives, guardians, or people who take care of him, to be a close and strict vigilance on him condotta.- And in case acted with discernment, is punished with imprisonment from one day to one year; 2 °) when the agent is greater than fourteen years of age, and less than eighteen years of age, it shall be punished by the diminution of two or three degrees of the established penalty; 3) when the agent is greater than eighteen years completed and less than twenty-one years of age, he incurred the penalty is reduced by one degree; 4th) when the agent is greater than twenty-one years to be made subject to intiera penalty. 19. If the penalty payable to minors covered under No 1 and 2 of the previous article is that of public works, converts to expiable imprisonment penalty in a minor correction of their own home, in a foreign country. 20.- Around the special way of expiation of public works penalty, which is imposed to minors in the last stage of their age without switching, as well as physical to those who at the time of sentencing count sixty-five, or touching during this age the sentence has been served, will the settlement of prisons. 21. How many times insanity is not absolute, but imports only a debilitation of the mental faculties, and how many times it is acting under the dominance of any cause, which onninamente without impeding the exercise of the intellectual power functions, it only attenuates vigor, it decreases it, so however that the drop never exceeds half their worth. 22.- As the ignorance of fact, we observe the following requirements: 1) if the agent sees an action figure in eato, when in fact this action is not a crime, there can be no attribution; 2) if the agent sees an action figure in greater eato, when in fact this action is a misdemeanor, the taxation is the second action took place, not according to the intended action;
3) if the ignorance pours around a circumstance ccidentale, the apportionment does not change. 23. For lack of will in the agent, not esist eligibility, although sometimes the action is not the result of the determination of the spirit; as in the actions perpetrated for effect of an irresistible physical strength. 24.- For lack of freedom in the will of the agent, on eligibility exists, although sometimes the agent's will is enforced by a mor the irresistible force, as the legitimate and necessary defense of his own life or others, and in all Otherwise, it 'which is removed free election. 25.- When it is decided that the agent will but concurred, but not full, or that freedom in willing agent but concurred, but not full, the pen decreases, yet so that the reduction will never exceed the half their worth. Everything, except in cases where the law provides otherwise, with ispeciali requirements. TITLE III. Material element of the offense in relation to non-consumed tions. 26.- The action is due not consumed, if not here do not result in retching of wrongdoing to 'terms of the following Articles of this Title, or is hit by another special legislative sanction. 27.- The effort of wrongdoing differs in wrongdoing failure, crime and attempted just what is prescribed in subsequent articles. 28.- There wrongdoing missed, how many times the agent, with the determination to consume a given crime, it undertakes by appropriate means, and is received by those implementing acts that nothing remains for its part of what is necessary in the conduct; but this does not conseguisca for any eventuality, foreign to the agent determination. 29.- There wrongdoing attempted as many times as the agent, with the determination to consume a given crime, it undertakes by appropriate means is received in enforcement action insufficient to complete execution, and that for any eventuality, foreign to the agent's will. 30.- Where the making Siasi not achieved by virtue 'of agent repentance, there is no place to eligibility. However, if the enforcement activities undertaken by the agent constitute for themselves a special crime consummated, the agent incurs the penalty of his crime itself. 31.- The failure wrongdoing is punished own the crime worth glue itself decreased by one degree. 32.- The attempted crime shall be punished ordinary glue sentence reduced by two or three degrees right the greater or lesser proximity of the acts to the consummation of the crime. 33.- Ognorachè the action is at the same time an effort of wrongdoing in relation to the crime undertaken and not performed, and a special crime consummated considered in himself, apply to a single sentence, and specifically the one located more 'serious in comparing the action considered to retch of wrongdoing, and the action itself considered as a special offense consumed. 34.- If the acts undertaken by an agent does not know unequivocally referable to a particular crime, they remain unpunished, unless it constitutes a crime for themselves. TITLE IV. Aggravating and mitigating circumstances the offense. Cap.I. The aggravating circumstances. 35.- Regardless of the special aggravating circumstances contemplated in particularly crime, and regardless of recurrence and relapse without distinction scheduled in Ch. IV of this Title, the law considers as aggravating the offense in general: 1) abuse of authorities and officio; 2 °) the abuse of guardian quality, or trustee, or administrator, or invigilatore, or guardian; 3 °) the abuse of the quality of a professor, or teacher, or teacher, or teacher; 4 °) the abuse of the quality of family or household; 5 °) to be disputed and immoral conduct antecedent; 6 °) to have seduced the others and participate in the offense; 7 °) ugliness and turpitude of the cause to commit the offense; 8 °) the use of means more 'insidious or more' ruinous; 9 °) the refined deception and subtle astuteness, which contr back malagevole the guard; 10 °) the continuation of more 'long-continued in the event of continued criminal offense; 11 °) to have committed the offense on old vacillating or weak children, women or cowardly, or alienated mind, or out of ways people use for any transient cause, or over inept people to help themselves or to secure; 12 °) the acts studied torture or abuse, or brutal cruelty; 13 °) the most 'mournful findings of the offense and the most' extended number of people, over which are expanded; 14 °) the greatest scandal caused by the quality of the place where the offense is committed, or the weather, or the quality of the place and time joined together; 15 °) precautions, or evil arts put in place r thwart or to spend the proof of the crime
gender, or proof of the species. Cap.II. Of extenuating circumstances. 36.- Regardless of special mitigating circumstances referred to in this Code in particular crimes, the law considers as mitigating circumstances the offense in general: 1) idiocy and also the excessive rusticity of linquente, which approximates idiocy; 2 °) being stolen away to participate in the offense or others' cunning or awe; 3) the authorities have left imposing dall'altrui or distinct social position; 4 °) have the act of commission of the offense, the greater stenuto causing detriment, though him is the opportunity arise; 5 °) I have tried, in the act of commission of the offense, to prevent further harmful consequences; 6 °) to have fully or partially compensated for the damage, both by the same offender, either by joint sweat; 7 °) to have spontaneously presented to justice, while he could stay hidden, or escape from the State; 8 °) I have naively and circostanzialmente confessed the crime to justice. Chap.III. The calculation of the aggravating and mitigating circumstances. 37.- The aggravating circumstances and the mitigating covered in the previous two chapters are not to be put to the calculation, how many times are found ispeciale taken into account by the law in especially crimes. 38.- They also are not to be put in calculation, except that in the case of penalties apply with latitude, except in regard statuiti below for a judicial confession. 39.- If you do not contribute neither mitigating circumstances nor imposed, or if you have equivalence between the one and the other, it must be applied in its middle. 40.- If you have competition only aggravating circumstances, or if they preponderate on competitors mitigating circumstances, it increases the average of the sentence, and in the first case you can also go up to the maximum of it. 41.- If you contributed sunny extenuating circumstances or if these propenderanno on competing aggravating circumstances, the penalty applies under the average, and can also discendersi up to a minimum. 42.- As the spontaneous judicial confession, if it is issued before siansi gathered compelling evidence against confess, especially if this is difficult to achieve, it is decreased by one degree. And if an offender in order to exonerate an innocent condemned already, will come to justice and confess themselves to be the offender, through which others were unduly affected if this confession is sincere and recognized founded, the penavi and decreased by two or three degrees, except in the case that the innocent have already suffered all or most of it. 43.- In any case, where the decision to move away from the middle of the penalty is on the rise, both in decline, they will be specified in the judgment of the reasons for this increase or decrease. Chap. IV. Recurrence and relapse. Sec. I. Of recurrence. 44.- It is said reiteratore the culprit more 'separate and distinct offenses of the same or different species, none of which has yet been irrevocably condemned. 45.- So it's not reiteratore: 1) the perpetrator of a single share, though with it is violated at once more 'punitive provisions of law; 2) guilty of a single action, though by essaderivassero multiple events contrare the law punitive. 46.- So there is recurrence: 1) contests more 'actions, which taken as a whole constitute a criminal offense, which regarded in isolation does not make it up; 2) the competition of more 'actions, which although taken alone constitute as many crimes, well regarded in the complex constitute a single offense; 3 °) the competition of more 'crimes committed in the same context of action, and dependent on a single criminal resolution. 47.- In the competition of more 'sentences of public works of the sixth category, apply the more' serious increased by one degree. 48.- In the competition of more 'to life imprisonment penis pply worth of public jobs for life. 49.- In the assistance of one or more 'penis de' public works of the sixth category and one or more 'to life imprisonment sentences, the latter applies only, as other absorbent. 50.- In the competition of the sentence of public works of the sixth category with one or more 'penis fifth category, apply the first raised by one degree. 51.- In the competition of a lifetime prison sentence with one or more 'sentences of public works of the fifth, or fourth category applies to the life imprisonment sentence, but clause glue that the culprit before moving to the place of atonement such a penalty be subjected to public works there for the time taken by the corresponding sentence. 52.- In the competition of more 'sentences of public works of the fifth category, is applied only with the increase of one degree.
53.- In the competition of more 'prison sentences of the fifth category, it is applied only with the increase of one degree. 54.- In the assistance of one or more 'sentences of public works of the fifth category, or one or more' prison sentences of the fifth category, you apply it more 'serious increased by one degree. 55.- In the competition of the sentence of public works of qu nta category with one or more 'penis fourth category, the applicable penalty increased by one degree. 56.- In the competition of the sentence of imprisonment of fifth category with one or more 'sentences of public works of the fourth category, apply the first raised by one degree. 57.- In the competition of the sentence of imprisonment of fifth category with one or more 'prison sentences of the fourth category, apply the first raised by one degree. 58.- In the competition of more 'sentences of public works of the fourth category, is applied only increased by one degree. 59.- In the competition of more 'prison sentences of the fourth category, it is applied only increased by one degree. 60.- In the assistance of one or more 'penis de' public works of fourth category and one or more 'sentences of imprisonment in the same category, the first applies only increased by one degree. 61.- In the competition of a sentence of the fourth category cn one or more 'prison sentences of the third category, apply the first with the increase of one degree. 62.- In the competition of more 'penis third category, it pply the more' serious increased by one degree. 63.- In the competition of the sentence of the third category with one or more 'sentences of imprisonment for second or first category applies only to the first. 64.-In the competition of more 'penis second category, only pply the more' serious. 65.- The same takes place in the sentence of the second category with one or more 'penis first class. 66.- In the competition of more 'penis first class, the afflictive are all implemented, provided it does not exceed the duration of one year, the other receiving the LRO application without restriction. 67.- The competition for most 'penis in combination other than those anticipated in the previous articles, it is regarded as an aggravating circumstance for the purposes contemplated in its place by law. 68.- If a new offense after conviction, is always pronounced a new judgment on this, and if it is approved by a new sentence, taking place between it and the earlier the right interpenetration with the rules established in the previous one comes to discover the responsibility of the convicted articles. Section II, Part Of relapse. 69.- It 'recidivist anyone, having atoned for the penalty, to which she was sentenced by a court of the State for a crime, commits another of the same species. 70.- So there has recurrence: 1) if the previous conviction was handed down by a foreign court; 2) if the person sentenced to the new circumstances that emerged after his conviction by a court, has been proclaimed innocent of that fact that it was based on the first sentence; 3 °) if between the first and the second crime last tr is the time necessary to prescribe the first. 71.- The grace imparted by the Sovereign Council for d litto Previous does not remove the effects of recurrence. 72.- The first relapse is considered as an aggravating circumstance the offense. 73.- The additional recurrent subject the delinquent to one or more 'degrees of increase enacted it. 74.- If the condemned to public labor for life committing other offenses, shall be punished narrow housing glue from six months to two years. 75.- If the condemned to life imprisonment commits another offense struck penalty of public jobs for life, is subject to the penalty of public works in vit. 76.- If the condemned to life imprisonment commits another offense hit by penalty sixth or fifth category is subject to the penalty of public works in vit. 77.- If the condemned to life imprisonment commits another offense struck penalty jobs pubblicidi fourth category is subject to the penalty established pel new offense, increased by one degree, and atoned for this new penalty, returns to that of life imprisonment . 78.- If the condemned to life imprisonment commits any other offense other than those set out in the previous three articles, is subject to the close custody from one to six months. 79.- If sentenced to public works of the sixth category commits another offense struck penalty of public jobs for life, is subject to the condemnation of his second murder without further increase. 80.- If sentenced to public works of the sixth category commits another offense affected by the same penalty, it is punished with the increase of a degree of the penalty incurred. 81.- If sentenced to a term of fourth or fifth category commits another offense struck penalty of public jobs for life, is subject to the condemnation of his second offense. 82.- If sentenced to public works of fourth or fifth category commits another offense
hit of a life prison sentence, is subject to the condemnation of his second offense. 83.- If sentenced to imprisonment in the fourth or fifth category commits another offense hit of a lifetime prison sentence, is subject to its condemnation of the second offense. Sez.III. The copulative competition recurrence and relapse. 84.- The culprit, bringing together the dual qualities of repetition and recurrence, is subject simultaneously to the provisions of Section I and those of Section II of this Chapter. TITLE V. Della complicity and complicity. Chap. I. Of complicity. 85.- author of the crime is the one who commits it willfully by his own hand. If more 'Let them be those who willfully commit it by his own hand, diconsi all co-authors and accomplices of the crime. The more 'authors considered the same offense in relation to his accomplices, diconsi rei main, or main offenders. 86.- Each of the accomplices is subject to intiera worth of their offense. Chap. II. Complicity. 87.- 'accomplice in a crime: 1) the one who instigated the author to commit because of the mandate, or by means of threats or abuse of authority or power, or any reward given or promised only or any other means of pressure or seduction as if the instigation was the sole and absolute cause, which made determining the author to commit the offense, when if it has effectively contributed to the authorship as a contributory cause determinant; 2 °) the one who gave special instructions to the author and effective around the way of committing the offense; 3) the one who before crime author has promised to lend effective aid to make him achieve the result of the crime, or to let him conceal or dispose of things obtained because of the offense; as well as the one who, by virtue 'of antecedent promise made to the offender has given this work in order to remain hidden, or meant that the author evades the action of justice; 4th) the one who has shown or given the author the weapons, tools or other means that have served to prepare, facilitate or carry out the crime with science that were to serve; 5 °) with the personal intervention of one who has knowingly provided effective assistance or effective help to the author in the facts, which prepared or facilitated the crime. 88.- The accomplice Ranked # 1 designated in the preceding article, shall be punished worth glue of their offense, if the instigation was the sole and exclusive sue to determine the author to commit the crime itself. If then the instigation has effectively contributed to the authorship as a contributory cause determinant, it is punished their sentences paste crime decreased by one degree. 89.- The accomplices designated in No. 2, 3 and 4 of Article quoted are punished their sentences paste decreased crime, however, of two or three degrees. 90.- The accomplice designated in Ranked # 5 of the said article shall be punished worth glue their offense decreased by one degree, if the effective assistance and the effective help they have performed has been such that without it the offense would not committed, and in the case other than the own penalty of the offense is decreased to it of two or three degrees. 91.- It is not attributable to the instigator designated in # 1 of the aforementioned article, how many times he has withdrawn in due time the incitement. 92.- The same takes place in favor of the promising designated in Ranked # 3 of that article, how many times has withdrawn his promise before the execution of the crime. 93.- The instructor designated Ranked # 2 in article 1 of this chapter, and the indicator or leasing agency designated in Ranked # 4 of the article, if moved by repentance have reported to the public authorities in due time, the overlying danger, shall be punished by three to four degrees of reduction of the crime of their own worth, and are immune from ognipe to whether the offense himself was prevented by virtue of their complaint. Chap.III. The corresponding complicity. 94.- If more 'individuals are determined to perform in common a given crime, but in the act of running one's own hand commits the crime, while others contribute only effective glue coll'efficace assistance or help, if it can not clarify which of individuals having committed the crime with his own hand, they are reputed all complicit fees each other, and are subject to a degree of decreased ordinary penalty. Ch. IV Provisions common to the complicity and complicity. 95.- The circumstances and the qualities inherent in the person, which attenuate the crime in one of the perpetrators or accomplices, are not evaluated as the other co-conspirators of the crime. Personal circumstances that aggravate the offense main in the author of it, it even worse for other co-conspirators of the crime itself.
96.- The criminal liability of the various co-authors and accomplices of a crime is measured respectively by the acts, which each commits, and prejudice to the responsibility of the one or ones that influenced the action of the other, and subject to the provision set out in the chapter of complicity corresponding. 97.- All the perpetrators and accomplices in the same offense are solidly bound to rifazione of damages and interest and repayment of court and court costs. TITLE VI. Bonds, which affect the assets of the sentenced to. 98.- On the assets of the convicted has the pre-emption in the first place the injured for the compensation for the damages suffered, and after him the IRS for rifazione dlle procedural and legal costs. The need of the fine and the fine is in last place. TITLE VII. The various ways of extinguishing an obligation to be subjected to punishment. Chap. I. Of the way to extinguish the prosecution. 99.- The ways, by virtue 'of which barring further prosecution, are as follows: 1) the lack of lawsuit in the legal term, or dismissal of the lawsuit in the legal term, if ARE CONCERNED crimes, for whom, by virtue of an express provision of law, the Public Prosecutor may not proceed without the prior complaint of the parteoffesa or damaged; 2 °) the amnesty; 3 °) the statute of limitations; 4 °) the death of a biased prior to a final judgment; 5 °) the new legislation, that being general rule removes the action of the crimes of a group prior to a final judgment; 6 °) the acquittal of res judicata. Sec. I. Of the lack and withdrawing the lawsuit. 100. Whenever the law requires the private prosecution, if it is not produced in the space of six months from the day of committed reactor, or the day of the last criminal act in case of continued, the action crime criminal remains extinct. 101.- It is not an obstacle to prosecution is barred by the fact that the offender is unknown. If this occurs to prevent the prosecution is barred, it is necessary to proceed with the lawsuit against the unknown culprit, to object that is to be punished when you make clear to justice. 102.- In crimes that offend decency or order of the families, the lawsuit can be successfully withdrawn before the pronunciazione of the final judgment. In all other crimes can the private action to revoke the lawsuit after the delivery of s final ntenza, provided by this Siasi appealed. 103.- The withdrawal of the lawsuit does not produce lgale effect when the defendant refuses to accept it. Sez.II. Amnesty. 104.- The amnesty operates the extinction of the criminal proceedings. 105.- The amnesty law is a prerogative due exclusively to the Sovereign Council. Sec. III. The statute of limitations. 106.- The prosecution is prescribed: 1 °) in six months, if the penalty applicable to the prejudiced is first rate; 2 °) in a year, if the applicable penalty is the second category; 3 °) in two years, if the applicable penalty is the third category; 4 °) in a five-year period, if the applicable penalty is the fourth category; 5 °) in eight years, if the applicable penalty is the fifth category; 6 °) in a decade, if the applicable penalty is the sixth category; 7 °) in fifteen years, if the applicable penalty is indu but class. 107.- The time the prescription is counted from the day the offense was committed; and, if the offense continued and, by the days of the last criminal act. 108.- Any act of education or prosecution interrupts the prescription. 109.- When the act or process of education takes place against only one of the perpetrators or accomplices, the prescription is meant interrupted to the detriment of all the other perpetrators or accomplices in the same crime. 110.- Allorhè prosecution is subject to the resolution of a dispute by a preliminary civil, prescription is interrupted by attidel civil proceedings and does not resume its course from the day of the preliminary dispute resolution irretrattabile. 111.- In case of differences between the previous laws and this Code, or between this Code and subsequent laws with regard to the prosecution of limitation rules, apply those provisions, they can more 'profitable to prevented. 112.- The pronouncement of sentence in contradictory prevents the prescription of punishment, right to the following provisions statuite 113.- The conviction in absentia, like the one that becomes of no effect on the arrival of the offender into the hands of justice, it does not prevent the prescription of ' prosecution, but does it from the day on which the default judgment was pronounced. 114.- The Tribunal must take charge of the prosecution, even though they are not deducted by the accused.
115.- The Tribunal to determine the time required to prescribe criminal prosecution according to the amount of the offense, should have in view the punishment for justice he would have applied to the delinquent, and not those special qualities deducted in the lawsuit or complaint or accusation, they were not verified. 116.- The same occurs when, after conviction by default, you must calculate the statute of limitations. Sec. IV. The death of a ruling that prevented happened before the final ruling. 117.- The death prevented took place before the delivery of final judgment, even though suicide, barring further prosecution. Sez.V. The new legislation that excludes the action from the ranks of the offenses. 118.- The new legislative provision by way of a rule removes the action from the ranks of the offenses prior to a a final judgment, by the prosecution is barred, and it puts an end to all intents and purposes. Sec. YOU. The acquittal of res judicata. 119.- Anyone who has ever been a time in a final judicial ruling, can never be more 'molested pel same act under any pretext, even when you allegasse the occurrence of ineluttabli evidence of guilt. Cap.II. Way to prescribe it irretrattabilmente pronounced. 120.- The ways, by virtue 'of which extinguishes the obligation to serve his sentence pronounced irretrattabilmente are: 1) the remission of the plaintiff in cases in which the law attributes to operate even after conviction; 2) the grace of Prince Council; 3 °) the prescription; 4 °) the death of the condemned; 5 °) the new legislation, which removes the action from the ranks of the offenses; 6 °) the proclamation of innocence occurred pel giudiz or revision of the conviction by a court. Sez.I. The remission of the plaintiff. 121.- When the law expressly states that the remission of the complainant even after conviction irretrattabile be effective, the forgiveness made in favor of one, by the extinction of the obligation to expiate the effort in favor of any other complicity or participation in the same crime . Sez.II. Of grace. 122.- Grace can not fall on convictions that have become final. 123.- Colla grace or condone, or decrease, or switches it. 124.- The right of pardon is a prerogative exclusively for the Board Sovereign. Sez.III. The prescription of punishment. 125.- It prescribes: 1) in two years worth of first category; 2 °) over five years worth of second category; 3 °) in a decade's worth of third category; 4 °) in fifteen years worth of fourth category; 5 °) in twenty-five years worth of the fifth category; 6 °) in thirty years worth of sixth category; 126.- And 'inalienable worth seventh category. 127.- The time of prescription from punishment is counted from the day of the pronunciazione irretrattabile judgment. 128.- There is not act nor cause that is worth to stop prescribing the punishment, to the exception flow rate by the following article. 129.- Recidivism, provided that the new offense will lead to punishment of grade equal to or higher than that against which the offender has begun to prescribe, he causes limitation. In this case, the time necessary to prescribe not inc Mincera with effect from the day of the last offense, or from the date of the last criminal act if the last crime was continued. 130.- The Tribunal must take charge of the prescription of the sentence, even if not deducted from the condemned, and to calculate the term should apply the more 'lenient law between that which preceded the sentence and the rear promulgated. Sez.IV. The death of the condemned. 131.- After the final sentence, and dopoavvenuta the death of the condemned, the heirs are allowed to be able to justify the innocence of the deceased to the effect that they have been re-integrated memory. Sez.V. The new legislation. 132.- The new legislation, which removes the action from the list of offenses after conviction by a court, not only extinguishes the obligation to serve his sentence; but restores the citizen in that state of reputation, which enjoyed before the execution of the fact. Sez.VI. The proclamation of innocence. 133.- The proclamation of innocence following the audit opinion of a conviction by a court, not only operates the extinction of serve his sentence, but gives rise to the solemn promulgation of the innocence of the convicted. Chap.III. The effects deriving from the ways of extinguishing an obligation to serve his sentence. 134.- when the prosecution is discontinued by virtue of the prescription, or prevented the death occurred before the delivery of the condemnation of him, or of a new provision
legislative, which removes the action from the ranks of the offenses, or by virtue of acquittal, comes the legal presumption of innocence of biased with all its legal consequences. 135.- when it extinguishes the obligation to serve his sentence pronounced irretrattabilmente or the resistance of the plaintiff, or the grace of the Prince, or the prescription of punishment, or the death of biased occurred after sentencing him, remains into force the legal truth of his guilt and are not removed disqualifications incapacities and all other legal consequences of the sentence, however, so that you do not ever paths heirs or successors. 136.- is terminated when the obligation to undergo irretrattabilmente penalty is pronounced by virtue 'of a new legislative provision, which removes the action from the ranks of crime, for the proclamation of innocence is made following the audit opinion of a final sentence, ceases not only worth it, but are still removed disqualifications, incapacities and other legal effects of the sentence does not peranco consumed. Cap.IV. Rehabilitation. 137.- Rehabilitation ago cease incurred prohibitions and legal disabilities, and puts the citizen in the same moral status and civil, whose trovavasi before conviction. 138.- The right to rehabilitation is a property pertaining exclusively to the Sovereign Council. 139.- The decree of favor from the Sovereign Council does not induce the rehabilitation of the offender, except in cases of explicit mention. TITLE VIII. Way to settle civil obligations emergnti by the crime. 140.- The emerging civil obligations cease the offense in the manner designated by the civil law for all claims of this kind. BOOK III. THE PENALTY IN GENERAL TITLE I. Of the two species of penalties and rules relativ to each species. Chap Of the two species of penalties. 141.- The penalties adopted by law are of two kinds, namely main and ancillary. Chap. II. Punishments principal and their graduations. 142.- The main penalties adopted by law are as follows: 1) public jobs for life; 2) public works to time; 3) imprisonment for life; 4 °) to prison time; 5 °) disqualification from all, or one, or more 'certain political rights, or the exercise of all or one or more' certain uses, or public functions or the exercise of a particular profession, or an art determined, or a particular profession or the exercise of any right or prerogative, without prejudice to the disqualifications, loss or failure specified in the last title of this book; 6 °) fine. 143.- The condemned to the penalties mentioned in the previous ll'articolo N.1,2,3 and 4 d are translated for the expiation of them in a prison house or foreign state, if the condemnation, pronounced or remains to expiated in the act that utters the sentence, comes six months or exceed them. 144.- The penalty of Public Works has seven degrees namely: 1 °) from three to five years; 2 °) from five to seven years; 3 °) from seven to ten years; 4 °) for ten to fifteen years; 5 °) from fifteen to twenty years; 6 °) from twenty to twenty-five years 7 °) public jobs for life. 145.- You can not get in the way of rising from twenty-five years of public works to public labor for life without an express provision of law. 146.- The prison has the following degrees: 1 °) from one day to one month; 2 °) from one month to three; 3 °) from three months to six; 4 °) from six months to one year; 5 °) from one year to three; 6 °) from three years to five; 7 °) from five to seven years; 8 °) from seven to ten years; 9th) for ten to fifteen years; 10 °) from fifteen to twenty years; 11 °) from twenty to twenty-five years 12 °) imprisonment for life. 147.- To norm of expiation of afflictive just now exposed penis is held, that the day is worth twenty-four hours, the month of thirty days, and the year is computed according to the Gregorian calendar. 148.- You can not climb, in the process of increasing, by twenty-five years of imprisonment for life without an express provision of law. 149.- Whenever by express provision of law enacted the punishment in individual cases of this Code must decrease, or increase of one or more 'degrees, one descends, or salisce from grade to grade right criminal scale established by the preceding articles. And when the penalty dell'infimo capable of Public Works, that is three to five years, it must descend one or more 'degrees, switching to imprisonment from one year to three, and then to that of six months to a year, and so then it decreases the upper right penal scales established. The maximum of the lower degree is the minimum of the one immediately above, and vice versa, cossichè
if for example the latitude is from three to five years, the application of the three years the decrease of a degree. 150.- The fine has the following degrees: from L.5 10; by L. 10 to 20; by L. 20 to 50; from L.50 to 100; by L. 100 to 150; from L.150 to 200; by L.200 300; by L.300 500, except in cases where for recurrence reason the law requires a special increase in the latter figure. That ranking of the fine-scale serves as a rule to the judge to decrease or increase the fine established by the law of one or more 'degrees, just to particular provisions of the previous Code. 151.- If a criminal penalty of this Code embrace more 'degrees of punishment, and should in the specialty of this case is strengthened by the expressed position of the law, the judges will take place within the latitude of the greater degree, and if he has to shorten the sentence, will be held by the lower degree latitude, save the right to descend to the impressive grounds even below this. If the penalty carries imprisonment of a solomese, or less, the increase or decrease, which gave rise the specialty appropriate, it shall be effected by the increase or decrease of one or more 'days to the penalty. 152.- If sentenced to interdiction, after the final judgment contravenes the ban, is subject to imprisonment from one month to three months, the ban stays in place. 153.- If sentenced to interdiction, after the final judgment for infringement of the prohibition in terms of the previous article, falls into a second offense to the same prohibition, is subject to imprisonment from three months to six, remaining still the interdiction. 154.- The judge has the obligation to mention in its judgment, with which it imposed a temporary prohibition, which in case of infringements of the prohibition will incur the infrantore in the penalties prescribed in the preceding articles. 155.- The product of the fines goes to the benefit of the public treasury, except in cases where this Code or other Act Sovereign will attribute a share to the executor force. 156.- The convict, who for insolvency can not pay the fine, the atones by a prison term because of a day of captivity every five lire fine. Such replacement must be expressed by the court in its judgment. 157.- Begun the expiation of captivity replaced as punishment, the condemned it is allowed to get rid of paying a fine in an amount proportional to the residual penalty. 158.- If after began the atonement of Earr to replaced as punishment, the condemned to die during the Atonement, it remains extinguished. Chap.III. The accessory penalties. 159.- The additional penalties are: 1) the ban forever from the whole territory of the Republic; 2 °) the fine, namely the financial penalty that the law imposes jointly with other afflictive. 160.- The call is not pronounced than against foreigners. 161.- The judge must impose the accessory penalty of banishment against all foreigners, who are sentenced to a term of public works from three to five years, or any other heavier penalty, even though that is not imposed by a special legal provision. When the alien is sentenced to a penalty of miore suenunciate, the judge must make a report to the Council judged her Prince, prchè can resolve whether it is appropriate to prohibit the sentenced on the territory of the Republic when he atoned for it. 162.- The condemned to notice the act that is delivered to the strength of the Government, at which it is to atone for the main penalty, receives an order to a precept, which was ordered which is not careful to fall within the territory of the Republic under worth of the immediate shutdown only of imprisonment from three months to six, with a warning that after the expiation of such penalty remains firm the ban. 163.- If the condemned to tender after this expiation of the first offense penalty returns to violate it, is subject to imprisonment from six months to a or an, remaining always stop the ban. 164.- Foreigners sentenced to a penalty, which amounts the announcement by the State, right to the provisions of this chapter, if it receives the grace by the Council Prince or in whole or in part, does not remain exempt from the consequences of the announcement. 165.- Payment of profit always goes to the public treasury, and demands with tax liens. 166.- The judge can not impose the fine additional punishment except in the cases expressed by the law. 167.- The fine has the same degrees of the fine for the effect of the decrease or increase, which may lead to specific provisions of the law. 168.- In the case of insolvency of the offender, the fine can not substitute another penalty, always saves the action to recover the supervenes when the opportunity to satisfy it, provided it is not spent the time needed to re prescriv worth same. TITLE II.
The era in which the imposition of a penalty becomes executable, and the time in which begins serving the sentence. 169.- The sentence to a term it executable by the time we the sentence takes on the character of res judicata. 170.- It starts serving the sentence: 1) pei sentenced to penalties of public works or imprisonment, from the day they were subjected to preventive prison; 2 °) pei pay the same penalties, that they underwent preventive prison, the day on which were formed in prison to hear the disposition of cases; 3 °) pei sentenced temporary interdiction, from the day that this was a final judgment if it is inflicted isolation, or from the day he was fully atoned for the penalty of imprisonment or of public works, with which you are the joint interdiction. TITLE III. The competition of prison glue disqualification penalty. 171.- If the convict is sentenced to interdiction of the prison sentence for having violated the prohibition, which was subject, time, for whom this was spoken, does not begin during the expiation of the prison sentence, but resumed its course after the complete atonement of this last sentence. TITLE IV. Division of sentences into categories. 172.- The main penalties adopted by law are divided into seven categories. 173.- penalties are first class: 1 °) below the imprisonment of one year; 2) temporary prohibition; 3 °) the fine. 174.- And 'the second category worth not less than one year imprisonment, and below three years. 175.- It 'worth of third category imprisonment not me hours of three years and below seven years old. 176.- are penis fourth category: 1) public works for a shorter time than three years nor more than ten years; 2 °) the imprisonment of not less than seven years, nor more than fifteen years. 177.- are penis fifth category: 1) public works for a period of not less than ten years, it increased to twenty years; 2 °) the greatest imprisonment of twenty years. 178.- are penis sixth category: 1) public works for a longer period of twenty years; 2) imprisonment for life. 179.- It 'worth seventh category or extreme category that of public jobs for life. TITLE V. Of special rules relating to more 'joint pains of atonement. 180.- When an offender is sentenced to more 'sentences, whose simultaneous satisfaction succeed incompatible, and the penalties are of various kinds, it has to undergo before it more' onerous and expiated this, goes to serve the sentence less burdensome. 181.- Similarly, where an offender while atones a penalty, is struck by a new sentence of a different nature and more 'burdensome, must immediately move to serve the new sentence, and, granted this, go to expiate the remainder of the first pen. 182.- By no case the time of the suspension of the atonement of a penalty because of the Atonement of another joint pain, can be held in the calculation for the prescription of that sentence, whose Atonement remained suspended. TITLE VI. Some special effects penalties. 183.- The judge is compelled to pronounce the judgment the effects of penis meanings in the following articles. 184.- An irrevocable sentence to the punishment of public works for life or imprisonment for life, when it is pronounced for a misdemeanor of his infamous nature, brings with him: 1) the ban forever from the right of disposal, whether by will, both by deed of gift inter vivos, the propre goods, not excluding those that are acquired after the ruling by will, or deed of gift inter vivos; 2 °) the interdiction by the administration of the propre goods when actually serving the sentence, so that, if the effect of the grace of the Sovereign Council it was condoned or condemned or reduced and the regained freedom, these fall within the administration de 'propre goods, stop remaining the mentovata interdiction in Ranked # 1 of this article; 3 °) the ban forever from the exercise of any political right and any function or public employment; 4 °) the loss of all badges of honor, civil or military, and the inability to ensue; 5 °) the forfeiture of all titles of nobility, and the inability to ensue, however, in such a way that the loss of titles of nobility can never hit the children and the family of the condemned. 185.- An irrevocable sentence to the punishment of Public Works of the sixth category, or to one of the penalties of the fifth category, where it is pronounced for a misdemeanor of his infamous nature, brings with it: 1) the prohibition, when actually serving the sentence , the right to dispose, either by will, both in deed of gift inter vivos, the propre goods, not excluding those that are acquired after conviction by will or deed of gift inter vivos;
2 °) the interdiction by the administration of the propre goods when actually serving the sentence; 3 °) the disqualification, loss and failure and decay and disabilities mentioned in Ranked # 3, 4 and 5 of the previous article. 186.- An irrevocable sentence for one of the sentences of the fourth category, where it is pronounced for a misdemeanor of his infamous nature, brings with it: 1) the interdiction by the administration of the propre goods when actually serving the sentence; 2 °) the interdiction by the exercise of any political right, and any function or public employment, not only for as long as the effective sentence has been served, but still for a time equal to that of the fine or glue judgment sentence, as from perfect time of the extinction of the atonement; 3) the prohibition to make use of the distinctive civilian and military honor, and the inability to result from this, not that the ban of use of titles of nobility, and the inability to result from this, not only for as long as the effective imprisonment of but still eg a time equal to that of the fine or glue judgment sentence, after the extinction of the obligation perfect atonement. 187.- The irrevocable sentence to the punishment of imprisonment third category, where it is pronounced for a misdemeanor of his infamous nature, brings with it: 1) the interdiction by the administration of the propre goods when actually serving the sentence; 2) the prohibition on the exercise of any political right, and any function or public employment, when actually serving the sentence; 3) the prohibition to make use of the distinctive civilian and military honor, and titles of nobility during the actual sentence has been served. 188.- Persons convicted and banned right the provisions of clauses it is at the request of any interested party a receiver appointed to the administration of property. 189.- The condemnation irrevvocabile to any sentence brings with it the classification of the body of the crime, not that of the instruments which were used or intended to commit genocide, as well as the money, or anything that is measurable in money, given or promised to a public official to object to bribe him, to an expert or witness to object subornarlo, or a representative price of the mandate to commit a crime. 190.- The special effects of the convictions in absentia in the pains of fourth, fifth, sixth and extreme category are determined by the Criminal Procedure Code. PART II. The punitive law of crime and punishment in particular. BOOK I. OF MISDEEDS First Class misdeeds Of the crimes against state security (1) TITLE I. Of the crimes against the external security of the state. Chap. I. Of the conspiracy against the external security of the state. 191.- The conspiracy intended to destroy the sovereignty, or independence of the state, or to incorporate to another State the territory of the Republic or any part thereof, shall be punished glue imprisonment from ten to fifteen years, and coll'ammenda of L.300 192.- to 500. There is conspiracy when three or more 'people have been concerted or conchiusa the resolution to act for the destruction of sovereignty or independence of the state. 193.- When the conspirators have also prepared the means effective materials to the proposed order, are punished glue imprisonment of fifteen to twenty years, and coll'ammenda of L.500. 194.- There are attributable conspirators, even if no hast prepared the material means to the proposed order, how many times, wineskin have dissolved by mutual commitment, destroy or disperse or disfacciano any way the material resources prepared. 195. Nor is it due that conspirator, who proves that, both before and after the preparation of effective means for the proposed purpose, has expressed the intention of the conspiratorial society volervi no longer 'belong and showing that in fact withdrew from it. 196.- The impunity contemplated in the two preceding articles takes place only when the resistance, of which they speak, occurred before any act iniziativo of the process and before the fact has come to the notice of the public authorities. Cap.II. The attack on state security. 197.- The attempt to destroy the sovereignty and independence of the State, or to incorporate a another state throughout the territory of the Republic, or any part thereof, shall be punished by public works from twenty to twenty-five, and coworkers' fine from 300 to 50 pounds. 198.- There has always Siasi attack an act undertaken any execution. Chap.III. The other species of crimes against state security. 199.- The San Marino, which is associated to the Armata invditrice and talk up arms against their country, he shall be punished by public works for life, and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds.
200.- help or aid, or even the act of accession to the invader, is punished according to the requirement of the cases, glue imprisonment from ten to fifteen years, or by public works for seven to ten years with the addition in However the fine from 300 to 500 pounds. 201.- Any concert or intelligence taken with extreme power or with its agents in order to determine it or encourage it to ivadere the State, or to exercise any other hostility, shall be punished by public works for ten to fifteen years, and coll 'fine from 300 to 500 pounds, where they have followed the invasion or other hostilities, and if not, is punished with imprisonment from three to five years and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds. 202.- If a regent the Republic, or of the Sovereign Council member, or a person in charge of negotiations, a public official or any person knows, by virtue of his Office, a secret that affects the conservation policy of the Republic, and communicate to a foreign power or 'its agents, shall be punished by three to five years of interdiction from the exercise of all political rights, and all public functions or public employments, and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds. 203.- The conscription of citizens of San Marino performed without authorization of the Government pel a foreign power service, shall be punished nell'arroltore glue imprisonment from three to five years and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, and the enlisted by coll'interdizione 'exercise of all political rights and of all public engagements for a period of ten to fifteen years; what the punishment will be restricted at the end of one to three years in favor of those who had been induced by means of seduction to enlist. 204.- The San Marino, which, out of the case provided in the preceding article, takes military service of a foreign power without the consent of Gov. rno, is punished coll'interdizione from the exercise of all political rights and all gl ' public service for a period from five to ten years, subject to the greater punishment, if it leads up arms against their country or form part of the enemy army. 205.- Any hostile act against a foreign power is not approved by the Government, which expose the Republic in danger of suffering an invasion or any other hostilities, or who has suffered retaliation to a citizen of San Marino, is punished with imprisonment from one to three years and coll'ammenda 20 to 50 pounds. If the invasion or retaliation has taken effect, he is punished with imprisonment from five to seven years and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds. The whole, except that a greater penalty, to which the hostile act go per se the same topic. TITLE II. Of crimes against the internal security of the state. Chap. I. Of the conspiracy against the internal security of the state. 206.- The conspiracy designed to overthrow or change the 'ttuale form of government, or to dissolve the Sovereign Council, or to detach a part of the territory from the integrity of the state, is punishable glue imprisonment from five to seven years and from coll'ammenda 300 to 500 pounds. 207. When the conspirators have also prepared the means effective materials to the proposed order, are punished glue imprisonment from seven to ten ani and coll'ammenda 300a by 500 pounds. 208.- The concern established by Law in favor of the repentance of the conspirators in the previous title shall also apply to offenses covered in this title. Cap.II. The attack against the internal security of the state. 209.- The attempt to overthrow or change the attu the form of government, or dissolve the Sovereign Council, or subtracting a part of the territory of the Republic Government, is punished by public works for fifteen to twenty years and coll 'fine from 300 to 500 pounds. 210.- There is bombing, if any iniziativo Siasi undertook an act of execution of the crime. TITLE III. The uprising with the aim of undermining the external security of the State or internal. 211.- In the case of direct uprising against State security, all those, who took you a part of the main, are punished by public works for fifteen to twenty years and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, save more accountability of offenders if their offense rise to a more 'serious species. 212.- All other participants (*) uprising are punished by public works from seven to ten years and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, saves the pen higher if the work present the wrongdoing characters more 'serious. 213.- The participants in the uprising mentioned in previous point are not responsible, or if proper motion, or behind intimations civil or military authority, or advice of any individual fall from gangs or from attruppamenti. 214.- When raised, after undertaking an act marking the bombing, which in previous
articles, withdraw from gangs or from attruppamenti the first intimation of the civil or military, punishment is incurred by them decreased by two or three degrees. 215.- The concern established by law in previous articles in favor of those who by the work recedes criminal not remove the criminal liability of their other crimes committed during the uprising or during it. TITLE IV. Provocation of the attack against the external or internal security of the state. (2) 216.- Anyone with speeches or speeches uttered in public places or at public gatherings or iscritture or posted figurative representations to the public or put into circulation among the people, or by any other body public demonstration seditious, directly causes the perpetration of the attack against the external or internal security of the State, shall be punished by the mere fact of provocation: 1st) worth glue their main dell'autor of the crime, where the attack took place; 2 °) glue imprisonment from seven to ten years, and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, if the provocation had the effect the uprising only; 3) Glue imprisonment of one to three years and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds, if the provocation has remained entirely without effect. 217.- The penalty established in No. 2 of the previous article is still applicable to the provocateur, even if the insurgents with their timely withdrawal have deserved impunity. Second class of misdeeds Of misdeeds immediately affecting the whole society TITLE I. Of the crimes that tend to upset the state through the Civil War, or the massacre, or depredation, or devastation. Chap. I. Of the conspiracy intended to such purposes. 218.- The conspiracy intended to provoke civil war among the people, or between the various fractions of the same population, or to make slaughter of a given class of people, or to plunder or devastate the state-owned, or owned of a given class of persons shall be punished: 1st) glue imprisonment from seven to ten years, and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, if he aims to civil war or the massacre; 2 °) glue imprisonment from three to five years and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds, if he aims to plunder or destruction. 219.- When the conspirators have prepared the means effective materials to the proposed order, are punished: 1) glue imprisonment from ten to fifteen years, and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, if the conspiracy aims to civil war or the massacre; 3) Glue imprisonment from five to seven years, and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds, if the conspiracy aims to plunder or destruction. 220.- The concern established in favor of those who r give the political misdeeds covered in previous articles, are also applicable to the conspiracy contemplated in this chapter. Chap. II. Attack to provoke civil war or the massacre, or depredation, or devastation. 221.- The attempt to stir up civil war between the population and the population, or between the various fractions of the same population, or to make slaughter of a given class of people, or to plunder, or wreak havoc on state property, or properties of a given municipality, or the properties of a given class of persons, shall be punished: 1 °) with public works from twenty to twenty-five and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, if he aims to civil war or the massacre; 2 °) with public works from ten to fifteen years, and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, if he aims to plunder or destruction. Chap. III. Of the uprising in order to excite the civil war or the massacre, or depredation, or devastation. 222.- The direct uprising to excite civil war, or the massacre, or depredation, or the devastation is punished those who took the main part: 1st) by public works for fifteen to twenty years, and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, though he had as its aim the civil war or the massacre, even one citiz not, but it is not followed; 2 °) with public works from seven to ten years and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, he was directed to plunder or destruction. 223.- All other participants in the uprising, as long as their crime does not degenerate into greater crime are punished: 1 °) with public works from seven to ten years and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, if the uprising was directed to the war civil or even killing of a single person, but has not followed; 2 °) glue imprisonment from seven to ten ani and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds, if the uprising was directed to plunder or destruction. 224.- The concern statuiti in previous articles of this title in favor of withdrawing from the offense are also applicable to the crime mentioned in this chapter. Chap. IV.
The civil war, the massacre, of pillage and devastation brought to effect. 225.- The civil war consumed or even consumed the massacre of one citizen is punished by public works for life and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds. 226.- The depredation consumed or consumed devastation is punished by public works from twenty to twenty-five and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds. 227.- The rules of corretià and complicity designated by law shall be applicable to all offenses specified in this title, in all those cases where the law provides otherwise. Chap. V. Della provocation to civil war or the massacre, or depredation, or the devastation. 228.- Anyone with effective means to provoke civil war or the massacre, by the mere fact of provocation is punished: 1) as the main author, if the crime has taken place or has taken place the attack; 2 °) glue imprisonment from seven to ten ani and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, if the provocation had the effect the uprising only; 3) Glue imprisonment of one to three years and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds, if the provocation has remained entirely without effect. 229.- Anyone with effective means to cause depredation or the devastation, by the mere fact of provocation is punished: 1) as the main perpetrator of the crime, if the crime buckle taken place or has taken place the attack; 2 °) glue imprisonment from three to five years and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds if the provocation had the effect the uprising only; 3) Glue imprisonment from six months to one year and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds, if the provocation has remained entirely without effect. 230.- The penalty established in number 2 of the previous articles is always applicable to the provocateur, even if the insurgents with their timely withdrawal have deserved impunity. TITLE II. Of misdeeds against the proper administration of the Republic in general. Chap. I. Of intrusion into public functions not delegated. 231.- An unauthorized person legitimately would arrogate to himself the quality of public servant and it hosts some act, shall be punished according to the importance of quality and usurped by the nature of the act exercised, glue or imprisonment from six months to one year, or glue fine from 100 to 150 pounds. 232.- If, however, the quality sense usurped the previous article is that of a commanding general of the citizen militias or any other weapon of the state, and if the usurpation of this quality has taken place, in time of rebellion or any riot , the punishment of imprisonment from ten to fifteen years and disqualification from all political rights and all public or public use for the duration functions from twelve to twenty years, subject to the penalties more 'that were due when They exercised the acts constituted a special offense under the law. 233.- The civil servant, who stopped after the time of its exercise is to revocation of the appointment is to be expired the term of the term of office, continued exercise of his duties, is deemed intruder in public functions not delegated and must be subject to the penalties imposed in the first article of this chapter. Chap. II. Corruption and fraud in the appointment of a public fzionario. 234.- Any corruption used to obtain in favor of himself or anyone else one or more 'votes in the appointment to public office, or why a given individual does not obtain one or more' votes in such appointment shall be punished in the voting, that traffic their suffrage, with twelve to twenty years of interdiction from the exercise of all political rights and of all public employments or public functions, and with fine from 300 to 500 pounds. 230 (*) .- The proposal for a price made to induce a voter to fiddle their suffrage in the sense of Article antecedent, if not accepted, shall be punished according to the importance of the cases, glue or fine from 150 to 200 pounds, glue or fine from 50 to 100 pounds. If for the purpose designated in article 1 of this chapter makes use of threats or other means of intimidation, the threatening is punished with imprisonment from one to three years and coll'ammenda 150a from 200 lire. 236.- Any fraud used in the draw lots the names of candidates and the counting of the votes, which determine the contribution of a public office, is punished glue imprisonment from six months to one year, with the interdiction of ten to fifteen years from the exercise of all public office and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds. Chap.III. The refusal of the delegated public functions, and the untimely resignation. 237.- Anyone elected Regent of the Republic you refuse the office or desist from his duties is punished
Glue 500 lire fine, and in case of recurrence the fine is twice that sum, which triples in the case of subsequent relapse. 238.- Any person appointed to any public office, the acceptance of which is declared compulsory by law, you refuse the load demandatogli, or desist from his duties, shall be punished fine paste from 150 to 200 pounds. In case of recurrence the fine is doubled, and in case of subsequent relapse is brought to three times. 239.- Cease any criminal responsibility from the fact contemplated in the previous article when you contribute copulativamente the following conditions: 1) that the delegating authority are just the reasons for refusal and state dissolved the government official refused the obligation to exercise the office ; 2) that the public official exercises the office until the time of dissolution stated obligation to exercise it. 240.- The operator public office or employment any, the acceptance of which is not declared mandatory by law, who desist from sufunzioni without having notified at least two months prior to the delegating authority, or the Regents of the Republic and the determination to resign from office, shall be punished fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds, the qu according to the importance of the cases may also be raised from 300 to 500 pounds. Chap. IV. The misdeeds of public officials for abuse of office or abuse of office. 241.- Occurs abuse of office whenever a public official addressed the authority, the power, the means, confidence, conferred on him from office, for a purpose contrary to the purposes, for whom the charge is established same. 242.- When the abuse of office is raised to wrongdoing by virtue 'of a special legislative provision, the applicable pana therein enacted. When using a common crime is committed abuse of office, it applies its punishment of the offense, and the abuse of office is considered as an aggravating circumstance for all legal purposes. When the common crime committed by the official with abuse of office is of the category of those, that the official himself is keeping an impedir, the penalty is increased by one degree. Sez.I. The violation of professional secrecy. 243.- The public official who violates a professional secrecy, showing a fact or a document or writing whatsoever, as to the duties of the office should be held concealed, shall be punished according to the importance of the case or glue ban from the office for a term of one year to three, or fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds, save the greater punishment in the case that the interests secret preservation of the Republic, and saves their sentences corruption if v'intervenne. Sec. II. Of late, omission and the refusal of an act, which enters the series of their official duties. 244.- Any public official who delays, fails or refuses to do an act, which is included in the category of 'his duties, shall be punished fine glue 20 to 50 pounds, which will also be raised from 50 to 100 lire due to the importance of the damage that ensued. 245.-The General Commander of the citizen militias or any altr'arma of the Republic, which so by law of the Regency or any other lawful authority refuses to act by the force placed under his orders, is punished with disqualification from ' year of office from six to ten months and with fine from 150 to 200 pounds. If the waste to occur in times of upheaval or any riot, the punishment of three to five years imprisonment, disqualification from all political rights and of all public employments for a term of six to ten years and a fine from 300 to 500 pounds. 246.- The doctor or the surgeon conducted, which at the request delays or refuses to pay the rescue of the art and all due care to those in the appropriate to be punished fine paste from 50 to 200 pounds, saves increased criminal responsibility as when the delay or denial of aid to the sick apportasse death or other serious harm, and so the 'mission here contemplated degenerate into another offense. Sec. III. Of embezzlement committed by public officials. 247.- Any tax collector, administrator or custodian of public money or other movable effects of public reason, which distract or subtract money or effects that are in his hand for reason of his office, shall be punished in proportion to the distraction or subtraction in the following way: 1 °) if the same does not exceed the value of 250 pounds, glue imprisonment from one to three years and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds; 2 °) over 250 pounds to 750, with the imprisonment from three to five years and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds; 3 °) above 750 up to 1250 pounds, glue imprisonment from five to seven years;
4 °) over 1250 pounds to 5000 pounds, with the imprisonment from seven to ten years and coll'ammenda from 200 to 300 pounds, 5 °) over 5000 pounds up to any sum, with imprisonment from ten to fifteen years, and coll ' fine from 300 to 500 pounds. 248.- At the same penalties imposed in Article Prev nte ranging subjects those public officials, which distract or subtract money or other movable effects, which have been entrusted to them by nature of their office or by virtue of legislative provision, even if the money or other effects are private reason. 249.- If the crime referred to in the previous articles in this section is committed by a public official who has provided security in cases where the distracted or subtracted sum does not exceed the limits of the deposit paid, the offender is punished with disqualification from the office d one three years and with fine of from 100 to 150 pounds. If distracted or subtracted sum exceeds the limits of the deposit paid, the offender shall be punished in accordance with article 1 of this section; but in determining the amount of the value for proporzionarvi worth, consideration shall be given only to that which exceeds the limits given bail. Sec. IV. Of the crimes that are committed on documents, or other cards of any officio, or on seals, or things seized, or on letters, or fold, relying on mail. 250.- The dispersion, or theft, or destruction, mutilation of documents, papers, records, protocols, acts or documents of a civil trial, acts or documents of an already exhausted criminal trial, the scrolls, maps , memories, books, or any object which is not susceptible of monetary evaluation deposited in public ar HiVi, or registries, or in the library, or in any other public office or entrusted to public officials by reason of his office, when is committed by those same officials, who are obliged to keep them, is punished glue imprisonment from six months to one year and with fine from 200 to 300 pounds, which penalties may be decreased by one, or two, or even three degrees because of the minor importance of the object of dispersed, or stolen, or destroyed, or mutilated. 251.- The dispersion, or theft, or destruction, mutilation of acts or documents of a criminal process does not as yet exhausted, when it is committed by public officials, who are responsible for the preparation and custody of it, is punished by a prison coll year three and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds, which penalties may be reduced by one to four degrees because of minor act or missing document or ttratto, or destroyed, or mutilated. 252.- The infringement seal affixed by a public authority for storage or for insurance of an object's identity, as well as the infringement of the seal affixed to a secret will, when it is committed by public officials, who have custody It shall be punished glue imprisonment from six months to one year, and coll'ammenda from 50-100 pounds. 253.- If the seal had been affixed by a public authority over cards, tools, or documents relating to the case of an accused of a crime victim penalty seventh, sixth or fifth category, the breach thereof shall be punished by imprisonment glue three to five years and coll'ammenda from 300 to 500 pounds. 254.- The dispersion, or theft, or destruction, mutilation of objects under lawful seizure, where it committed by public officials, who have custody, is punished hill penalties established in the first article of this Section. 255.- In all cases of the preceding Articles of this Section, the employee also incurs criminal interdiction from public office for one to three years. 256.- To effect of art. 254 riguard the law as civil servants also the guardians of the insured and the court sequestrators objects, even when they were guardians and court sequestrators the masters themselves objects. 257.- The opening of a letter or a bend, bearing seal and entrusted to the post office, or the dispersion, or theft, or destruction or mutilation of a letter, or a bend in such a way entrusted, are accompanied or not seal, when it is committed by a clerk at the post office, or the coachman, or any individual who takes the place, shall be punished coll'interdizione exercise the use of three to six months and with fine from 50 100 lire. 258.- In the case of letter or bend officially entrusted by a public authority of a State, which is officially sent by a public authority of a State, the punishment of imprisonment from six months to one year and a fine of 100 150 lire. Sec. V. Della interference by public officials in negotiating incompatible office glue.
259.- If the public official in charge of presiding over the award of a contract or a supply or other SIMILAR negotiation, we assume all or part of the interest, either directly or through a third party incurs a fine from 300 to 500 lire . Sec. YOU. Of bribery and extortion. 260.- Any public employee who knowingly under any title requires or does claim to the detriment of private undue payment or a larger sum than that established by law, is guilty of extortion, and will be subject to imprisonment from six months to one year joint to a fine equal to four times the duplo or unduly percetta sum, which penalties shall also apply to the man, who was knowingly percettor immediate. 261.- If the crime referred to in the preceding ar icle you commit to a private, pretending to have any public representation, the pen which is established applies in its fullest. 262.- Where bribery assume the characters of extortion for having made use of threats or any means for inferring fear, is punished glue imprisonment from five to seven years combined the fine of 100 to 150 pounds. Chap. V. Of the misdeeds of individuals against the proper administration of the Republic. Sez.I. Of supplication and armed petition, or upsets. 263.- Whoever, by presenting vocally or in writing a petition or a petition to a public authority, if present in the aims of imposing, fitted with apparent weapon, shall be punished by imprisonment of one month to three. 264.- If the crime referred to in the previous article is committed by more 'people to a greater number of three joined in order to impose the penalty of imprisonment from three months to step up latitude to six joint the fine from 50 to 100 pounds, even if only one of the persons acting together was equipped with a weapon. 265.- If more 'people gathered dimandino also from public streets with clamorous voices, or any tumultuously a measure by a p bblica authorities, incur a penalty of three to six months of imprisonment, which applies in its highest against the principal instigator the offense. Sec. II. Threats against public authorities. 266.- Whoever by means of threat or violence forces or attempts to force a public official to do or not do an act in their mnistero, shall be punished with the second, third, or with, or with the fourth degree of captivity, just the importance the act that you wanted to extort or extorted, and the right to a greater or lesser dignity of the official, who became outrage with threats or violence. (3) 267.- If the crime, of which the preceding Article, is committed by a major meeting of three individuals, each shall be punished with the third or with the fourth degree of captivity to the tenor of the circumstances described in the preceding. Sec. III. Impediment to the execution of a law or decree, or a judgment, or a ruling. 268.- Any resistance by threats or violence, or by the fact in order to prevent the execution of a law or decree of the Sovereign Council, or a judgment, order, or any other act of operating the judiciary or other lawful authority, is punished glue imprisonment from one year to three. 269.- If the crime of which the article before, is committed by more 'people gathered in more than two, and if among the people gathered there shall be provided with any weapon, applies the sixth, or the seventh degree of captivity , the right concrso of one or both of these aggravating circumstances. Sec. IV. Some sayings or actions contrary to the respect due to the principle of authority. 270.- And 'punished, just the importance of the case, or glue imprisonment from one to three months or fine paste from 20 to 50 pounds to anyone who published a law or decree of the ofa Sovereign Council or decree of the Regency or of a judgment or order of the shopkeepers the judiciary, or any constituted authority, break forth publicly in invetti, or injuries, or other act susceptible to diminish the reverence due to the sovereignty, or public Authority. Sec. V. Della shewn reason for his authority. 271.- Whoever intention to exercise its own right, whether or not it is well founded and legitimate, on their own authority compels another party to pay a debt, or the satisfaction of any obligation or from taking arbitrarily the true cosdel or debtor supposed to put into insuring his credit, or break or demolish an artifact, or rimova, or alter the terms or boundaries of the property, or divert the course of water, or lands, or trees failures, hedges, screens or the like, or disturb in any other way other people's possession is punished with imprisonment from one to three months and
coll'ammenda 20 to 50 pounds, except for the greater punishment, if the circumstances of the fact they did degenerate into another offense (see art. 32 and 174Cod. proc. pen.) TITLE III. Of misdeeds that oppose the correct administration of justice. Chap. I. Of the crimes that tend to thwart the work of justice. Sec. I. Of the removal of a piece of evidence to the repressive justice. 272.- Who escapes the repressive justice a test elemnto, concealing, or dispersing, or doing any other way disparire the subject material of the offense, or the traces left by this, or gl'istrumenti that have served to commit, or paper, or a document, or any other object capable of administering evidence both of the genre, to the species, shall be punished: 1st) glue imprisonment from one month to three, and in less serious cases, with the fine ranging from 10 to 20 lire, if the evidence taken from the repressive justice refers to an offense struck first class penalty; 2 °) glue imprisonment from three to six months, if the evidence taken from the repressive justice refers to an offense of second-hit penalty, or third category; 3) Glue prison from six months to one year, if the elem test nto removed from the repressive justice refers to an offense struck penalty fourth, or fifth category; 4 °) glue imprisonment of one to three years, if the evidence taken from the repressive justice refers to an offense struck penalty sixth, or seventh category. 273.- If the crime referred to in the preceding article is committed by a clerk at the office of repressive justice, statuite penis in the same Article shall be increased by one degree. 274.- If the crime contemplated in this Section redounds to the detriment of the accused, either by making more 'hard evidence of his innocence, both f Cendo missing a piece of evidence, which demonstrates a mitigating circumstance or excuse, the p it indicated above are applied to their maximum. Sec. II. The lack of an official report or complaint of a crime. 275.- Anyone in terms of the Criminal Procedure Code is required to submit official report or formal complaint of a criminal offense occurred, and within the space of twenty-four hours dall'avutane cognition does not carry out this duty, it shall be punished, according to the importance of the case , glue imprisonment from three to six months, or fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds. 276.- At the same penalties underlies the doctor, the surgeon, the phlebotomist, the midwife and in general every officer of health, who called to give relief art to a person injured, beaten troubled by disease, whose origin can presumed derived from a criminal offense, it gives non-participation to the competent authority within the space of twenty-four hours to count from the first visit. Sec. III. In absentia, and the reticence of the experts, the witnesses and the parties. 277.- Whoever formally summoned to appear before a judicial authority or any other authority established either as a party in criminal proceedings, both as an expert and as a witness in any sort of judgment, it fails to appear, besides being translated by public force in the presence of the Authority applicant VRTU 'of an accompanying warrant issued by the Authority, shall be punished according to the importance of the case, or glue imprisonment of five days to a month, or fine paste for 5 to 10 pounds. 278.- If an expert, or a witness, having pre ented, or after being brought before a judicial authority, or other constituted authority, refuse to swear in cases where the law authorizes to refer the oath or refuses to answer questions, it shall be punished according to the importance of the case or glue imprisonment from six months to a year joint the fine from 50 to 100 pounds, or glue imprisonment from one month to three joint to 'mmenda 20 to 50 pounds. (See Article. 174 Cod. Proc. Pen.) 279.- The perpetrators set out in the two preceding articles are also to be subject to rifazione of those legal costs and compensation of those damages, which were derived from the default or the Surveyor's reticence, the witness or the party. Sec. IV. Impediment to the execution of a warrant of cattur, the esimizione and escape from custody home or penalty. 280.- Anyone with threats, violence or de facto prevents the execution of an arrest warrant, or ith itself or from other manidella stopping force, or commit violent break-in of the custodial home or penalty, it is punished with imprisonment from three to five years. 281.- If the crime referred to in the previous article is committed by the spouse of the person to be fished, or captured, or detained, or by the descendants, the ascendants, siblings, or by
sisters, or other kin in the same degree of that person, the penalty established there fell of one or two degrees. 282.- Anyone without attack or resistance or other de facto prevents the execution of a warrant of arrest delivered against an individual for whatever reason, is punished with imprisonment from one month to three. 283.- Anyone without attack or resistance or violent break-th face or evade an individual lawfully arrested for civil debt, or for prevention policy, is punished with imprisonment from one month to three. 284.- Whoever senz'attacco or resistance nor violent break-th, or causes to escape an individual lawfully captured, or detained for the title crime, it shall be punished with penalty equivalent to the sixth of that, which would have been subject the person esimita or evaded. If the crimes covered by this Section have been accompanied by attack, resistance or violent break-in, and the person esimita or evaded is captured or detained for civil debt or to prevention policy, the offender shall be liable to imprisonment sentence of one to three years. And if the person esimita or escaped was captured or detained for criminal way, the offender shall be liable to punishment in the equivalent quarter of the own of the crime, of which he was accused person esimita or evaded. 285.-The jailers, the agents of the public force and any other person responsible for capturing, accompany, carry or store the captured or detained for any criminal charges titles, if they give rise to their flight, or by connivance facilitate its esimizione, They incur a penalty equivalent to half of that, which would be the subject captured, or detained esimito. 286.- To measure the punishment due to esimitori for the effects of the two preceding articles, in the case of a convicted calculating the residual pain that should suffer; and, in the case of a defendant for a criminal way we calculate their sentences of the crime of which he is accused, without waiting for the judgment, which was later to proferirsi against the same, nor much less the chance that he may be absolute. If the person escaped or esimita was condemned to perpetual punishment, the proportion of the penalty established by the two previous articles can be deduced from the estimated lifespan of the person right above the legal age enacted by the civil law. Chap. II. Misdeeds tending to mislead justice. Sec. I. Of slander. 287.- E 'guilty of slander anyone quereli or denounce some as guilty of a crime in science that the person sued, or denounced it both innoce you, even if it's official complaint, or official report. 288.- It 'also the one guilty of slander, which in aiming to bring up a person guilty of an offense riponga or at home, or on the person of him, or another suitable place in order, any item whose retention constitutes a crime, or from which it can derivar a hint of guilt. 289.- the slanderer is punished: 1) glue imprisonment from one to three months if the offense which is the subject of the report or accusation amounts a sentence of first or second category; 2 °) glue prison from six months to one year, if the offense which is the subject of the complaint or lawsuit amounts from a sentence of the third, or fourth category; 3) Glue imprisonment from three years to five if the offense which is the subject of the report or accusation, amounts worth a fifth, or sixth, or extreme category. 290.- If the slanderer also becomes guilty of subordination of witnesses or followed, or attempted, or any evidence of false to sustain slander, applies its major crime punishment increased by one degree. 291.- If by virtue of the crimes covered by segu nte Section, there was the conviction of an innocent, which has been fully or partially executed, the offender is subject to the same sentence uttered against the innocent, provided this is greater than the punishment respectively enacted in the articles of this Section. II. Of false testimony in civil or criminal proceedings. 02; 442; 17 2 Art. 292. E 'guilty of perjury in civil or criminal proceedings that a witness or the expert, who in his deposition made vocally or in writing, give false or hiding around, or partly true, as long as the false deposition has access judicial dispute glue, and might adversely affect in any way in the resolution of issues. 293.- A false witness in civil matters is punished because of the importance of the cause glue imprisonment from six months to three years. 294.- Perjury committed in responding to the oath referred by the ex officio judge is punished with prison sentence from six months to three years. 295.- The same punishment is subject perjury committed in responding to the decisive oath or
referred or reported. 296.- A false witness in criminal matters shall be punished: 1st) glue imprisonment from one to three years, if the deposizi will intervene in a judgment for an offense that worth before amounts, or the second category; 2 °) glue imprisonment from three to five years, if the deposition is taken within a judgment that amounts to a crime worth third or fourth category; 3 °) with public works from five to seven years, if the deposition intervene in a case, which amounts worth a fifth, or sixth, or extreme category. 297.- But when the false testimony given in the defendant's burden has brought him condemned to a greater punishment than that enacted pel f lso witnessed in the previous article, and this has been fully or partially executed, the witness flso is subject to the same sentence pronounced against the accused. 298.- When false testimony in a cr nal judgment tends to remove, or reduce the defendant's sentence, the penalty established against false witness decreased by one degree. 299.- And 'punished as false witnesses in civil or criminal law anyone who has suborned, or educated a false witness, or the produce in court, in science that will lay false. 300. If false testimony in civil or criminal matters land appear made to avoid a criminal trial, that might have arisen against the same t helm, or against him ascending or descending, or against his spouse, or him brother, or sister, or a cognate in the lying position it is decreased by one or two degrees. Sec. III. Provisions relating to the retraction that is output to the slanderer or false witness. 301.- The slanderer and false testimony in civil or criminal materi are not responsible if you recant before retiring from the Authority before, in front of which they laid. 302.- If the slanderer is portrayed after retiring from the Authority before, back when he deposed, but during the process of education, is decreased worth two or three degrees; and, if you retracted after the instruction of the process but in time so that his retraction can take to calculate the judgment to be issued, the worth of two degrees is decreased. 303.- If the witness in a criminal trial, after issuing a false testimony in the information process, portrayed in the respective or confrontational, occurring as the recantation he conforms to the truth, the penalty which would be incurred for the prior falsehood is reduced imprisonment from five days to one month. Sez.IV. The abuses of the jailers and officers of the public force in opposition to the smooth running of the process. 304.- Every individual of the public force, who with threats, flattery, promises of impunity or other sneaky way, induce a detainee to testify in a certain way, is punished with imprisonment from three to six months. If the said offense is committed by the jailer or any other person charged with the custody of prisoners, the same can be punished or glue removal from handling or glue fine from 50 to 100 pounds. 305.- The jailer and any other charge of the custody of the detainees, who expressed no higher order allows an individual subjected to pongasi process in conversation with another inmate or any person, the ultimate sanction of the previous article is punished right. Chap. III. Abuse of lawyers and solicitors. 306.- The lawyer or solicitor, who bragging credit, or adhesion, or influence with a judicial authority do believe depend on him fold it in favor of one side, and at the same time receives an award for exercise millantat influence, is punished with imprisonment from one month to three, or fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds. 307.- And if you also do believe falsely that the prize was snatched intended to gain the judicial authority, he is punished with imprisonment from one to three years and coll'ammenda from 200 to 300 pounds. 308.- The lawyer or solicitor, who shall negotiate in reward of his duties a part of something controversial or there being any transferee of quarrels, or litigious rights, including through third parties, is punished with disqualification from the exercise of his ministry one to three years or fine paste from 100 to 150 pounds. 309.- The lawyer or solicitor, to hinder the delivery of a cause with obvious cavillazioni or deception, shall be punished with disqualification from the exercise of his ministry from three months to six, glue or fine from 50 to 100 pounds. 310.- The lawyer or solicitor, who in a civil or criminal case is appointed defender of office and rejects the mandate without good reason, is punished with disqualification from the exercise of his ministry from one to three months or fine of glue 50 to 10 pounds.
311.- The lawyer or solicitor, who, after having begun to support the defense of a portion passes to the defense of the other side, is punished with disqualification from the exercise of his ministry from three to six months, or a fine ranging from 100 to glue 150 lire. 312.- The penalties set forth in the preceding article shall apply increased by one degree against the attorney or solicitor, who defends both the contending parties in a civil action or through nominees. 313.- The lawyer or solicitor, that promotes in any way the interests of the other side, shall be punished by coll'interdizione exercise of his ministry from six months to one year and with fine from 150 to 200 pounds. 314.- The lawyer or solicitor, who cor ck, out of love or hate betray his client, so that as a result of his betrayal these loses the case, or decay from a legitimate right, is punished with disqualification from the exercise of all public employments, or public functions for five to ten years and with fine of from 300 to 500 pounds. Chap. IV. The lawyer or tax attorney abuses. 315.- The lawyer or tax attorney who neglect the acts of his ministry protraendone fulfillment beyond the terms established by the Criminal Procedure Rules, is subject to from 100 to 150 lire fine. Chap. V. Of the abuse of judges and judicial and administrative employees. Sec. I. Of the denial of justice. 316.- The judges, who under any pretext, even the silence, darkness, or the failure of the law, you ricusino to exercise an act of their own ministry, or bring justice to the applicants, are punished by coll'interdizione exercise c rica of one to three months or fine paste from 200 to 300 pounds. Sec. II. The prevarication of the judges, magistrates and judicial and administrative clerical workers. 317.- The judge, whose price, gift or other unseemly pronounce the condemnation of an innocent person is punished with imprisonment from five to seven years. That if the sentence pronounced against the innocent sup ri, the penalty imposed in the previous article, the judge is subject to abusive stes on pain that has unjustly ruled against the accused. 318.- The judge price, gift or other cause t rpe, acquits the accused unjustly, is punished with imprisonment from five to seven years. 319.- In the cases provided by the two previous articles you add more and abusive against the judge condemns the perpetual incapacitation public agl'impieghi. 320.- Any other malfeasance committed, either by the court or from any magistrate, or employee of the judiciary, or the exercise of its administrative functions, committed for money or other causes ugly, glue is punished imprisonment from three to five years , glue and perpetual incapacitation public agl'impieghi. 321.- The corrupters in any way the judges, magistrates, judicial or employees, or administration are considered as accomplices of deltti set forth in this section and as such are subject to the same penalties set out above. Sez.III. Disturbers of the hearings, and those who lack the respect due to the judicial authorities. 322.- Whoever during the hearing of a judge or a judicial college break forth into words or acts of disapproval, or in any way disturb the hearing, wineskin be immediately expelled from the hearing by order of the judge or chairman of the board and through public force can anch'essere hereinafter sentenced to prison from three to fifteen days. The foregoing provisions shall take place without prejudice elle bigger penis, in which the acts or words, above, give rise to constitute another special offense. TITLE IV. Of crimes against religion, and violation of due subordination to the Government of the ministers of religion. Chap. I. Of the crimes against religion. (4) Sec. I. obstacle to the free exercise of worship, and the disturbance of religious ceremonies. 323.- Anyone using threats or violence or by f tto prevent an individual to practice the acts of religion, or to attend a religious ceremony, or to observe the holidays or those days of rest that are established by the Catholic worship, is punished with imprisonment from one month to three or glue fine from 50 to 100 pounds, save the greater punishment, if the exercise means constitutes for itself a more 'serious crime. 324.- Whoever prevents, disrupts, or disturb a ceremony of the Roman Catholic religion by means of threat, violence or other de facto, is glue point imprisonment from three to six months, or fine paste from 100 to 150 pounds, save the greater punishment, It exercised if the means is itself a more 'serious crime. Sec. II
Every other insult to a religious ceremony, and the vilification of religious objects. 325.- Whoever by words or by actions put in derision, or vilify in any way a ceremony of the Roman Catholic religion, is punished with imprisonment from one to three months or fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds, save the greater punishment if insult degenerate into perturbation contemplated in the preceding article, or in other more 'serious crime. 326.- Whoever breaks, or dispersed, or smite, or trampling or contaminating the objects of worship of the Roman Catholic religion exposed, or intended for public veneration, is punished, according to the importance of the case, or glue imprisonment from six months to one year , glue or imprisonment from three to six months joint coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds, save the greater punishment, if the fact degenerating into another more 'serious offense for the specialty of the thing vilified. Sec. III. The violation of the tombs and graves. 327.- Anyone who becomes guilty of violation of a grave, or a burial, and whoever bears insult to a dead body, shall be punished, according to the importance of the case, or glue imprisonment from six months to one year or fine of glue 50 to 100 lire, save the greater punishment, if the fact degenerating into another more 'serious crime. Sec. IV. Of misdeeds in the person of ministers in the 'performance of their duties. 328.- Every deed against a minister of the Roman Catholic religion committed the act in which he exercises his functions, he shall be punished with the increase of one degree by the penalty prescribed by law. Sec. V. Of some special crimes against the respect due to the state religion. 329.- Blasphemy, or any other insult uttered in the presence of two or more 'people against the Holy Name of God or the Virgin, or the Holy Founder of the Republic, or another saint, is punished imprisonment from one to glue three months to consider the nature of blasphemy, or dell'ingiuria, their interior deliberation of one who speaks, the place and time in which it is pronounced, and the THEREBY CAUSED scandal. 330.- The innkeeper, the innkeeper, the winemaker, the coffee, the seller of liquor per minute, the container of Giuca of billiards, or any other game, who keeps his shop open to the public during the celebration of the sacred functions on Sundays or holy days of obligation, shall be punished fine glue 20 to 50 pounds. In case of recurrence the fine rises from 50 to 100 pounds. In the case of second and subsequent relapse applies a fine of from 50 to 100 pounds, joint glue ban from the profession from one to qu ttro months. Chap. II. The violation of due subordination to the Government for part of ministers of religion. 331.- The Minister of the Roman Catholic religion, which in the exercise of its functions giving the public reading, or publish a circular letter, or a proclamation, or a statement, or notice any, from un'estera Authority of any order, or rank without the permission in writing of the Regent of the Republic, shall be punished fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds. In the same penalty he incurs the minister of religion, who refuse to publish a decree, or a notification or order of the Government. 332.- The Minister of the Roman Catholic religion, who in a sermon, or speech, or any publicly in a speech delivered in Ex ye ar of his censure or reproach functions the Sovereign Council, or the Supreme Regency, or some authority on which judiciary, or political or administrative, or censuring acts emanating from surriferiti powers, shall be punished by three to six months of imprisonment or a fine paste from 200 to 300 pounds, save the greater punishment, if the fact degenerating into more 'serious crime. TITLE V. Of the crimes against public morality. (5) 333.- Whoever offends the public costume, either with public outrage bear another's shame, both coll'affiggere, display, or distribute in any g isa in obscene public works handwritten, or printed, or laidate figures, both coll'apporre, or write in place of public passage obscene words or figures, both with the passage publicly in any act of scandalous incontinence, is punished with imprisonment from one to six months, or fine paste from 20 to 100 pounds. 334.- Colla penalty enacted in the previous article shall be punished any obscene speech or indecent gesture publicly done and susceptible to produce scandal, as well as any obscene song receptive of the same effect. TITLE IV. Of crimes against public health. Chap. I. of the poisoning of edible, beverages or other goods. 335.- Whoever edible poison or beverages or other goods of public use, or poison a public source or a public tank or a public well, is punished for that fact alone with
public works from seven to ten years, subject to the greatest criminal responsibility for derivatene consequences. 336.- Whoever outlets edible or drinks poisoned ol other goods, of which the preceding Article shall be punished by that fact alone by public works from seven to ten years, subject to the greatest criminal responsibility for derivatene consequences. 337.- The same punishment is subject to the chemist, who mismatched medicines outlets in quality, quantity or medical orders, how many times to this defect of medicines matching buy the letiferi properties. Chap. II. The apprestamento for public use and canteen edible or beverages or other goods containing mixtures serious health. 338.- Whoever appresti for public use edible or drinks medicines or other goods containing mixtures, that without being absolutely poisonous or are their character, or from the fact of the mixture more 'or less important to human health, shall be punished for that fact alone glue imprisonment from six months to one year and coll'ammenda from 100 to 150 pounds. 339.- The same punishment is subject contaminate anyone, for so as to make it more 'or less serious health or unhealthy, or unclean, the water of a public source, or a public tank or a public well. 340.- Whoever outlets edible, or drinks, or medicines, or other mentovati goods in the first article of this chapter, shall be punished for that fact alone glue imprisonment from six months to one year and coll'ammenda from 200 to 300 lire . 341.- The druggist, which no medicines outlets crrispondenti as medical orders, is punished with imprisonment from three months to six and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds. It is subject to the same penalties whoever compose poisonous substances without lawful authorization, subject to the greater punishment, if those chips Fri substances have been passed off. Chap. III. Canteen unhealthy drinks, meat or other edible failure, or corrupted, or not intended for the human food. 342.- And 'punished with imprisonment from one to six months or fine of glue 100 to 150 pounds: 1) smuggling of meat from animals not intended for the human food; 2 °) smuggling of meat from animals but the human food, but either unhealthy or dead by itself, or put to death, because infected; 3 °) smuggling of lower quality meat for more 'excellent quality dogs; 4 °) the trafficking of any edible, or Bevand failures, corrupt, or with significant mixtures. Chap. V. Provisions relating to the matters, which handed down harmful or fetid exhalations. 343.- Anyone in the streets, or in the streets of the city or other inhabited places, and in backyards, or fences, or any other premises located in the city, or other inhabited places, or public country roads, clusters, or gitti, or give evidence or slide materials, which harmful hand down or fetid exhalation, is punished fined glue 10 to 20 pounds, more than the obligation to remove the incontinent make mention materials. Chap. V. Special provisions relating to human cadavers. 344.- Upon expiry of the time period, during which the laws or regulations forbid burying human corpses, each major delay of three hours in burying the dead body is punished fined glue 50 to 100 lire, unless the professor health ordered a major delay. 345.- The same penalty imposed in the article is subject Prev nte anyone bury a human body in a different place, or by a method other than that determined by the laws, or regulations, subject to the greater punishment, if the act constituted a serious criminal offense . Chap. VI. Special provisions relating to the carcasses. 346.- Every owner of a dead animal for the disease is obliged to carry out or make carry out the burial at a depth of one meter, and at least at least two hundred yards away from inhabited places under penalty of a fine from 20 to 150 pounds. 347.- If the dead animal belongs to a species on which domains in actuality a contagious disease, the owner is required to carry out or make carry out combustion within three hours more 'later by the death, and the distance of at least two hundred paces from inhabited places, under penalty of from 150 to 200 lire fine. TITLE VII. Of crimes against public Annona. 348.- Anyone who after accepting the government the co icar to command or to the hoarding of supplies for public Annona, the trasandi, or delays, if by its omission, or neglect to have derived any damage to the public, He is punished with imprisonment from one to three years and coll'ammenda from 100 to 150 pounds. 349.- The sale of edible and all other types of Annona, or grascia at higher price than what is determined by the public authority is punished fined glue 20 to 50 pounds.
350.- The shopkeeper and every other seller, who on market days and the public act of the same buy in order to resell them, of any edible species in the hours in which it is exposed the vane, Interdict clue, shall be punished glue fine of from 10 to 20 pounds, which in the most 'severe cases could be increased from 20 to 50 pounds. And if the buying up of genres is done in order to sell them abroad, it is applied to a fine ranging from 50 to 100 pounds, plus the loss of the genre. 351.- The shopkeeper and every other retailer, which in the public market days you meet guests traveling to the same place to sell edible kinds, and out of the market public place buy any of these genres in order to resell them, shall be punished glue fine from 20 to 50 pounds. And if the buying up of genres covered in this article do yourself in order to sell them abroad, apply a fine ranging from 50 to 100 pounds, plus the loss and incettati genres. 352.- Whoever, after the prohibition that was made public by the Authority, pop the Annona State objects, or grascia, or extracts the fuel in contravention of the export ban, is subject to a fine ranging from 50 to 100 pounds, subject to the application the sentence brought by the edict of prohibition, whether it has increased the suespressa. 353.- Whoever, obtained the permit to remove grain or other commodities from one foreign country to introduce them in the Republic, will face hoarding and litrasporti elsewhere, he is punished with imprisonment from three months to one year and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds. TITLE VIII. Of crimes against the public trade and the freedom of public auctions. Chap. I. Of the crimes against the public's business. 354.- Anyone in buying or selling makes use of weights, or other measures than those established and agreed by the public authority, shall be punished for that fact alone fine glue 10 to 20 pounds, except for the greater punishment, if coll'uso these weights or illegitimate measures have caused damaged to the buyer or seller. 355.- Whoever, despite the use of weights or tabiliti measures and approved by the public authorities, work towards in buying or selling half or fraudulent ploy to reap illegal profits, shall be punished fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds. 356.- Any fellowship among the principal owners of the same commodity or merchandise, tending not to sell it, or to only sell it at a specific price, is punished or glue imprisonment from three months to six or glue fine from 50 to 100 pounds. 357.- Any fraud committed by goldsmiths or by ar entieri, or other workers or batters of materials, stones or other precious objects, through substitution or falsification, or alteration whatsoever, whether such a substitution or falsification, or alteration takes place over items incurred by them for sale, whether it takes place over ggetti entrusted to them in their job right, is punishable glue imprisonment from six months to a year and coll'ammenda from 100 to 300 pounds. 358.- The debtor, upon whose goods has been opened the contest, if there is evidence that the inability to satisfy his creditors is entirely derived from dilapidation made to feed the vices, is punished with imprisonment from three months to one year, save the largest penalty in his case of fraudulent bankruptcy. Chap. II. Of crimes against freedom of public auctions. 359.- Any person who, either before or in the act of a public auction, prevents or impairs the freedom of the same, or oblation, or the oblatori away with whatever violent or fraudulent means, is punished with imprisonment from one to three months and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds, which in most 'serious cases may be increased over 100 pounds to 300, the Slavic greater punishment, if the means used to constitute itself a greater offense. (See Article. 174 Cod. Proc. Pen.) TITLE IX. Of crimes against the public trust. Chap. I. Of the smash. Sec. I. Of counterfeiting. 360.- The manufacture, or sale of cones or forms, or cars, or other tools exclusively intended for counterfeit money is punishable glue imprisonment from six months to one year and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds, saves the increased penalty in the case of complicity in counterfeiting of the currency. 361.- Whoever knowingly deems any of the instruments set out in the previous article, is punished with imprisonment from three months to six and coll'ammenda 20 to 50 pounds, save more punishment in the case of complicity in counterfeiting of the currency. 362.- Whoever contraffaccia legal tender in the State shall be punished by public works for three to five years and coll'ammenda from 100 to 300 pounds. 363.- Whoever introduces into counterfeit coins State elsewhere, shall be punished for that fact alone glue imprisonment of one to three years and coll'ammenda 50 200 lire.
364.- Whoever spends the counterfeit coins State is punished with imprisonment from three to five years and coll'ammenda from 100 to 300 pounds, regardless whether the infringement has taken place in the country or abroad. 365.- Whoever, having received a counterfeit money for genuine or adulterated and having discovered the defect, the spend for genuine, shall be punished fine glue from 5 to 10 pounds. 366.- For industry as provided in this Section the counterfeit coin does not cease to be so for the fact that its intrinsic value is equal to or even higher than that of the genuine coin. Sec. II. Alteration. 367.- Anyone who alters the legal tender in the State, scemandone in any way the value and giving it the membership of a more 'high-value, is punished with imprisonment from six months to one year and 20 to coll'ammenda 150 lire. 368.- Whoever introduces into the altered state money elsewhere, shall be punished for that fact alone glue imprisonment from three to six months and from 20th coll'ammenda 50 pounds. 369.- Whoever spends the money in the altered state I know of this Section, is punished with imprisonment from six months to three years and coll'ammenda from 20 100 pounds, without distinction whether the alteration has taken place in the country or abroad . Sec. III. Values ​​equated to money. (6) 369a - I arranged the two previous Sections will be applicable to the cards, representatives metal values ​​and issued by governments or institutions which they authorize the issue and the status of legal tender in Italy or commercial, or constituents marketable securities. Chap. II. Contraffacimento of the seal of the Regency or other public authority. 370.- Whoever contraffaccia the seal of the Regency, and anyone who uses this counterfeit instrument, shall be punished by public works for five to seven years. 371.- Anyone who considers him knowingly forged instrument, of which the preceding article, shall be punished only for the retention glue imprisonment of one to three years. 372.- Whoever, having fraudulently procured the true seal of the Regency, who use it, is punished with imprisonment from three to five years. 373.- Whoever contraffaccia the seal of any other public authority of the State or public office, and anyone who uses this counterfeit instrument, glue point imprisonment from five to seven years. 374.- Anyone who considers him knowingly forged instrument, of which the preceding article, shall be punished only for the retention glue imprisonment from six meters is one year. 375.- Whoever, having been improperly procured the true seal of any public authority or office, who use it, is punished with imprisonment of one to three years. 376.- Whoever contraffaccia the instrument intended to make the stamped paper, which is the tool intended to control the weights or measures, or any product to be put on the market, and anyone who uses this counterfeit instrument, shall be punished by public works three to five years and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds. 377.- Anyone who considers him knowingly forged instrument, of which the preceding article, shall be punished only for the retention glue imprisonment from six meters is to one year and coll'ammenda 20 to 50 pounds. 378.- Whoever, having fraudulently procured the real instrument to mark the official stamped paper, or weights, or measures, or any other foodstuff, who use it, is punished with imprisonment from one to three years and coll'ammenda 50 100 lire. 379.- The shop of stamped paper made surreptitiously, is punished with imprisonment from three to five years and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds, even when the formation of it has taken place through the use of real instrument intended by the Government to mark stamped paper. 380.- If by the crimes covered in the first six articles of this chapter is to commit a false scriptural punished with more 'serious penalty, this one is applied. Chap. III. False in the scriptures. Sec. I. Del false in public records. 381.- The notary and every public official, who in an act of his own ministry commits an untruth, from which it can derive any harm to a citizen, shall be punished by public works for five to seven years. 382.- If the falsity contemplated in the previous article you commit an act of the Sovereign Council, or of the Regency, the punishment of public works from seven to ten years. 383.- If the crime referred to in the preceding articles is committed by a private individual who does not have the public trust or authority, the punishment shall be imprisonment from five to seven years. 384.- Anyone who knowingly use of fls acts set in the three previous articles, he is punished with imprisonment from five to seven years. Sec. II. False in private deeds. 385.- Any fraudulent immutazione the real job in a private document, which contains
obligation, or liberation, if by that immutazione likely to cause a damage to others, is punished glue imprisonment from three to five years. 386.- If the consequences of the crimes referred to in this and the previous section are of very little importance, the judge or the court may reduce the penalties laid down, however, so as not to descend below the third of them. 387.- When the crimes covered in the two sections of this chapter have served half to a more 'serious offense, applies only proper to this penalty. 388.- Whoever commits forgery of a passport, or by counterfeiting, both by falsification, or alteration of a real passport, is lying with the name, last name, or qualities, is punished with imprisonment from one to three years. 389.- At the same penalty as in the previous article is subject to: 1) each witness, on the assertion of which is issued a passport under a false name, or last name, or lie quality; 2) anyone who knowingly use a passport altered in the sense of the preceding article. 390.- And 'punished with imprisonment from six months to one or an: 1) anyone who sells other people their passports, or that of a third, though in all its parts sincere and unaffected; 2) anyone who uses a third party's passport, quant nque in all its sincere and unaffected parts, in whatever way it has become possessor. 391.- The provisions of the three preceding articles shall also apply to the false: 1) in the sheets on, 2nd) in the military permission of absence; 3 °) in the hunting licenses; 4 °) in the denunciation licenses and weapon retention. 392.- The doctor, the surgeon and any other health officer, who issues a false certificate of illness or other ailment to exempt an individual from a public service or as an obligation any, shall be punished fine paste from 20 to 100 pounds . 393.- Whoever contraffaccia or falsify a medical certificate, or surgical, is punished with imprisonment from six months to one year, and is subject to the same penalty anyone who knowingly use the fake certificate. 394.- Every individual, who in his ministry collects the public trust, if releases a false certificate of good conduct or moral aptitude, or destitute, or suffered misfortunes, or else did, serving to draw charity of the government, or private on the person named in the certificate itself, or to procacciarle employment or other benefit, shall be punished fine paste from 20 to 100 pounds. 395.- Whoever contraffaccia or falsifies a certificate of the kind of those listed in the previous article, is punished with imprisonment from six meters is one year. 396.- At the same penalty as in the previous article is subject to: 1) each witness, the foundation of whose statement is issued a false certificate of the species prior to those covered; 2 °) any person who knowingly use. TITLE X. Of the crimes against public finance. 397.- The entry into the territory of the Republic of any kind of fraud in Sovereign deprivation of rights of the public tax authorities, or contractors of the State, is punishable by three months to one year imprisonment glue, glue or fine from 50 to 200 lire the ove confiscation of the genre. 398.- The retention of a kind of deprivation procured in fraud of the rights of the Public Revenue, or of the State contractors, glue is punishable by imprisonment of one to three months or fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds, plus confiscation of the genre, prejudice to the possibility for the court or tribunal to decrease such a penalty in the case of small quantities. 399.- Disposal of a kind of deprivation procured in fraud of the rights of the public tax authorities, or of the State contractors, is punished with imprisonment from three to six months, or fine paste from 10 to 2000 pounds, plus confiscation of the genre, prejudice to the right of in the preceding article, in the case of small quantities. TITLE XI. The abuse of another's credulity. 400.- Whoever, to extort a reward or a prize or payment whatsoever, claims to be connoisseur of art to guess, or predict, or explain the dreams, and anyone looking to fool with any other sham credulity the vulgar, is punished with imprisonment from ten days to a month, saves the greater punishment, if the fact degenerating into scam. (V. art. 174 Cod. proc. pen.). TITLE XII. Suscettivi of acts to disturb the public peace or calm. 401.- Whoever, by spreading false rumors of public disaster, or peril, or sounding the tocsin as a signal fire or other calamity, that does not exist, or making noises, or noises, or in any other way, engineers fright the inhabitants, or disturb the peace of the same, is punished with imprisonment of fifteen days to three months, or fine paste from 20 to 50 pounds.
402.- If the crime referred to in the preceding Article takes place in night time, the penalty established therein Article is increased by one degree. TITLE XIII. Direct abuse to usurp public esteem. 403.- Whoever falsely attributing a title of honor, or dignity, civil or military, which is not its responsibility, both distinctive portandone, both titled that which is not, and anyone without the permission of the Sovereign Council are wearing a badge of honor civil or military, conferred by a foreign government, shall be punished fine glue 20 to 1 0 pounds. TITLE XIV. Misdeeds affecting the social bond loan s ccorso and mutual assistance. 404.- Anyone in case of riot, or destruction, or depredation, or flood, or fire, or destruction, or personal danger of an individual, or other disasters, following a request made to him, delays or refuses to render aid, or aid, or assistance while could without any danger, is punished with imprisonment from ten days to a month and a fine of glue 20a 50 pounds. 405.- Anyone without such failure delays or refuses to lease his work, and to provide a service requested of a public authority, or by the heads of the police for a public need, is punished fined glue 10 to 50 pounds , subject to greater pains, which were imposed by other special provisions. Third class of misdeeds. Misdeeds of which immediately affect the family TITLE I. Of misdeeds affecting the legality of the marriage contract. 406.- The spouse, the other spouse who has concealed an impediment to the marriage of the subtle problem of the group, is punished with imprisonment from six months to one year. 407.- Marriage for surprise is punished with imprisonment from one to three months time to each spouse as in each of the witnesses, who were present to spontaneous expression of consent. TITLE II. Misdeeds affecting the good order of marriage. Chap. I. Of polygamy. 408.- Subsistent a wedding, anyone of the spouses it can conclude a second, is punished with imprisonment from three to five years. The same punishment is appl ca those who are aware of the existence of the first marriage, contribute as witnesses in the act chesi contracts the second. He is subject to the same penalty that unmarried person who knowingly binds marriage with a married person. Chap. II. Adultery and concubinage. 409.- The wife who commits adultery is punished glue imprisonment of one to three years. The same punishment is subject accomplice of the adulterous wife, who does not ignore that the same is married. (See Article. 32 Cod. Proc. Pen.) 410.- The husband, who keeps a concubine in the marital home, is punished with imprisonment from one to three years. It has for the matrimonial home, which is habitual residence of the spouses, even if the wife will be temporarily absent. The concubine is punished glue imprisonment from six months to a year, but when they know that the man in whose house comes maintained, is married. 411.- The husband can not complain about adultery committed by the wife: 1) when they Find yourself in the case provided by the Prev nte Article; 2 °) when he abandoned his wife, and this for Siasi abandonment effect found in istringente poverty. 412.- When the crimes covered by this Chapter occur by connivance or consent of those who would gain by querelarsene, and when the adultery of his wife can not be denounced by her husband by virtue 'of the previous article, as the representative of the Public Prosecutor , as the leader of the political force have the right to promote the accusation in court to suppress the scandal, and to punish the offenders. Chap. III. Prostitution and corrutela excited, or favored, or facilitated in the bosom of the family. 413.- Parents and other ascendants, guardians, the service people, and in general every individual in charge of education, or education, or the direction or supervision of young people under twenty-one years, so of one like sex, if they excite, or they encourage, or facilitate their prostitution, or corrutela, are punished glue imprisonment of one to three years, and with disqualification from all gl 'public mpieghi, or public functions for a period from five to twenty years. 414.- At the same penalties underlies the husband who excite or encourage, or facilitate prostitution of his wife. 419. (*) - In addition to the penalties mentioned in the first article of this chapter, parents and all other ascendant incur pel crime envisaged therein in the loss of all rights, which they attribute parental authority on the person and property of the children , or other descendants, the protection of which will provide the public authorities. TITLE III. Of the crimes that damage the honor of the family. Chap. I.
Of simple rape, or accompanied by m SHAREHOLDERS promise. 416.- The simple rape is punished with imprisonment from one to three years, when the offender is not the gifts or not isposi raped. (V.art. 32 Cod.proc.pen.) 417.- The qualified rape for wedding vows, that land appear by writing, or by legal evidence, if the promisor does not want, or can not fulfill it, is punished with imprisonment from one to three years and also the culprit is sentenced to pay the dowry. (V.art. 32 Cod. Proc.pen.) Chap. II. The violent rape and any other violent act of lust. 418.- The violent rape is punished: 1) glue imprisonment from five to seven years, if it takes place in free female; 2 °) with public works from five to seven years, if unnatural in any person of one sex or the other. 419.- The violent adultery committed by a married woman, known to be guilty for this, shall be punished by public works for five to seven years. What if the offender was unaware marital status of the woman, he is punished with imprisonment from five to seven years. 420.- Any violent indecent exposure, if it is not subject to more 'serious penalty as retching violent rape, or violent adultery is punished with imprisonment from six months to one year. 421.-If the violent rape is committed in the person of a public prostitute, he is punished with imprisonment from one to three years, if you commit against nature, is punished with imprisonment from three years to five. 422.- Rape and any other act of lust is always considered and punished by law as violent: 1) when the patient is not yet over twelve; 2 °) when the agent knows that the patient is found out of the use of the senses, or unconscious of what he does, for artifice is employed by the same agent, and for any other cause; 3 °) when it is committed by the person robber apit in cases of rat covered in the following chapter. 423.- How many times the violent rape or adultery will slow even just attempted, violent or indecent exposure is accompanied by blow, wound, or other crime against the person who suffers the action, or against anyone who is found in the company of this, or against those who rush to the aid of the same, the punishment is increased by one or more 'degrees, however, stop the application of the greater punishment, that it was proper to the more' serious wrongdoing competitor. 424.- In the case of murder, the penalty of public jobs for life. Chap. III. Rat. 425.- The rat order to lust shall be punished: 1st) glue imprisonment from three to five years, if in free female, married or in female, the agent is not known for that; 2 °) glue imprisonment from five to seven years, if married female agent known for this; 3) Glue imprisonment from seven to ten years if male. 426.- The rat to the end of marriage is punished with imprisonment from one to three years. 427.- The consent of the person abducted to follow the kidnapper does not lessen the pains prior statuite: 1) When the kidnapped person is married or subject to parental authority or guardianship; 2) When the agent has put in place some means of seduction or fraud. In other cases, such consent does in a reduction of a degree of the established penalty. 428.- When in crimes covered by this Chapter shall contribute beaten, or injured, or any other crime against the person passive action, or against anyone who is found in the company of this, or against those who rush to the aid of the same, the penalty is increased to one or two degrees, always subject to the application of greater punishment, if the competitor crime the amounts for himself. In the case of murder, the penalty of public jobs for life. 429.- When the kidnapper, without abusing p rsona kidnapped and without having committed any other offense, he puts it back spontaneously freely and in a safe place, the established prior penalties may be decreased by two or three degrees. TITLE IV. The person kidnapped endless lust. 430.- Whoever, endless lust, or kidnap marriage, or in any way subtract the lower a person's family of twenty-one years, even if consensual, is glue point imprisonment from six months to one year. Should also considers guarded or covered for longer than fifteen days, he ascends to the imprisonment of one to three years. If the person abducted, or covered is less than twelve years, the penalty, in the first case of this article, ascends to imprisonment from one to three years, and in the second case covers the latitude of three to five years. If the person abducted, or are concealed beatings dates, or injured, or used torture, their punishment of these crimes are added to earlier. In the case of murder the penalty is public jobs for life. TITLE V. Of the crimes against the civilian status of the offspring.
431.- The occultation of offspring, the substitution of an offspring to another and are subject to the assumption of offspring prison sentence of three to five years. TITLE VI. Of misdeeds that destroy or endanger the existence of the offspring. Chap. I. Of the procured abortion. 432.- E 'guilty of procured abortion as one who with food, or drink, or with medicines, or other means any man take life to the fetus in the uterus without distinction of periods of pregnancy, as the one who do run the sgravamento of an immature birth, which is to die as a result dell'abortivo means used. 433.- The woman, who has herself had to follow in his person the abortion, or has agreed to make use of the medium that produced the abortion is punished glue imprisonment from five to seven years. If the woman has committed the crime in order to preserve the good name, concealing the illegitimate pregnancy is punished glue imprisonment from three to five years. 434.- Any other person guilty of procured abortion, or guilty of having knowingly suggested the means, which produced abortion is punished with imprisonment from five to seven years, regardless if the woman you did or did not consent to it. But when the means used, whether or not followed abortion, is derived to the serious woman life threatening, or permanent and serious damage to the spirit or the body, the offender, above, is punished with imprisonment from seven to ten years. And when the medium used is a derivative of the woman's death, having or not abortion, to have taken place is punished with imprisonment from ten to fifteen years. 435.- When the crimes covered in this chapter are committed by a physician, or a surgeon, or a phlebotomist, or a grocer, or a midwife, the penalties there statuite are increased by one degree. Chap. II. The murder of a newly born infant. 436.- Infanticide, namely the murder of a newly born infant, made by the father or mother, or other ascendant, both with positive means, both with negative means, is punished glue prison for life. 437.- The killing of a newly born infant fat in by persons other than those covered in the previous article, assume the characteristic of premeditated murder, and is punished as such. 438.- The killing of the children as vital by anyone committed is punishable glue imprisonment of one to three years. Any other injury is not viable offspring is punished glue imprisonment from one to three months. 439.- If infanticide of viable offspring is committed by the mother pel order to preserve the good name, the penalty is reduced to imprisonment from ten to fifteen years. Chap. III. The exposure of an infant, and abandonment of a minor child of five years, or any other individual powerless to help themselves. 440.- Whoever exposes a newborn in remote place is punished with imprisonment from three to five years. If the infant exposed dies, antecedentement established punishment is increased by two degrees. 441.- If the exposure may be in place, where pel de 'passengers competition may be assumed that the infant is collected and saved, and have been used appropriate precautions to protect it from injury, the penalty is imprisonment from Exhibitor one to three nni, regardless if the infant is expert or not. 442.- The penalty of the infant exposure decreased one degree, if the author of the same is the mother, and land appear have done to preserve the good name, concealing the illegitimate conception. 443.- Whoever, being obliged to take care of a child of one sex or the other less than five years of age, or a person of any age powerless to help themselves, abandon him or expose him, is punished with imprisonment from six months to one year; and if the person abandoned or exposed perishes, it ascends to imprisonment from three to five years. 444.- If as a result of the offense contemplated in this chapter, the exposed person remains bruised or wounded or crippled or mutilated, it adds to the exposure worth one's personal risultatene offense, considered peròcome merely negligent. 445.- Whoever, having found a newly born child of either sex, fail to pick it up and present it to the public authority, is punished with imprisonment of fifteen days to a month. (7) Fourth class of misdeeds. Misdeeds of which immediately affect the individual TITLE I. Of misdeeds against life. 446.- The premeditated murder is punished by public works for life. If you do not incur the premeditation, he is punished with imprisonment from twenty to twenty-five. 447.- The patricide is punished by public works for life, even if you do not incur the premeditation. Appealing patricide murder committed in the person of the father or mother or any
legitimate ascendant, or in the person of his natural father, who had already legally recognized the child killer, or the natural mother, who had already legally recognized the child killer. 448.- And 'punished by public works for life premeditated murder committed in the person of his son, or any legitimate descendant, or in the person of legally recognized natural child, or in the person of his brother or sister Germans, or uterine kin, or in the person of the spouse. If you do not contribute the premeditation, the penalty is of public works from twenty to twenty-five. 449.- And 'punished by public works for life: 1) murder for others also sent free of charge; 2 °) the poisoning. 450.- And 'punished by public works for life: 1) the murder, which has for its object the dispersion of proof of a crime, or facilitation of another offense, even when Siasi reached the goal; 2 °) the murder, which has no other motive except the impulse of a brutal wickedness; 3 °) the murder accompanied by severe beatings, torture, or cruel, or by other acts of savage barbarity; 4th) murder committed for cross-revenge, or killing a citizen of that which you hate, revenge for the latter. TITLE II. Of crimes against the integrity or inviolability of the person. 451.- When the beatings or wounds do not offer characterized the failure or attempted murder, are governed by the following provisions. 452.- The law distinguishes: 1) the blow without a trace; 2 °) the blow or slight injury; 3 °) the shock, or serious injury to the accidents; 4 °) the shock, or serious injury of his nature. 453.- And 'no vestige that struck that leaves neither bruised nor perforation, neither tear nor any other external trace, nor alteration or internal commotion. 454.- And 'beaten or slight injury that judged of no danger. 455.- And 'beaten or serious injury to the accidents that considered dangerous to life or mutilation, or lame, or scarring to the face, or permanent debilitation of a sense or organ, or mental faculty. 456.- And 'beaten or serious injury of his nature that actually brought upon the patient in immediate danger of life, as well as the one from which derived the patient mutilation or the lame, or a slash to the face, or a permanent weakening of a sense, or organ, or mental faculty. 457.- The beaten no trace is punished fined glue 10 to 20 pounds. If there was premeditation, the penalty shall be imprisonment from one month to three. (See Article. 32 and 174 Cod. Proc. Pen.). 458.- The beaten or mild injury is punished glue imprisonment from one month to three. If there was premeditation, the penalty shall be imprisonment from three to six months. 459.- The beaten or serious injury for the accidents, is punished glue imprisonment from six months to one year. If there was premeditation, the penalty shall be imprisonment from one year to three. 460.- The beaten or serious injury of her nature, an adhesive punished imprisonment from one to three years. If there was premeditation, the penalty ascends to the imprisonment of three to five years. 461.- The penalties laid down against the beatings and wounds in the preceding articles are increased by one degree when the misdeeds therein expected: 1) are committed against persons nomiate joint title in the antecedent; 2 °) have no other motive than the impulse to a brutal wickedness; 3 °) is committed to a spirit of revenge trasveral offending a person relevant to the person against whom it seeks to take revenge; 4 °) Let them be committed to people's mandate, also free; 5 °) are accompanied by torture. 462.- Except for the blow without trace, all other personal offenses referred to in this title taking the effort character of murder, murder or failure, when they are committed with premeditation and by accident weapon, or sharp, or by means of weapon explosion fire, except in the case, which obviously excludes the will to kill. 463.- When administration of edible glue or drink or drugs or other harmful substances is causing harm to the person, the offender is subject to its own worth of beaten, wounded or premeditated, just the distinctions set out in articles prcedenti, ie depending on whether the damage suffered was dall'offeso or mild, or severe pei accidents or serious nature. 464.- When, after the blow or injury happens the death of the injured person, apply their sentences murder in one case, in which art experts have judged that greet the shock, or injury was the only and real cause of death of the injured person. 465.- The explosion of a firearm without offense, or even the simple scattamento it against an individual no offense, are punished glue prison for ten days to a month,
ie glue fine from 20 to 50 pounds, saves the greater punishment, when presentassero circumstances in the fact all the details of the effort of murder. TITLE III. Excuses and mitigating causes the misdeeds covered in the previous two titles. 466.- Save the ineligibility of the crimes covered in the two previous games, when they are missing in the constituent extreme the moral culpability, and except as provided in Article penultimate Tit. II, Book II, Part I of this Code, murder, beatings and injuries are unpunished if they are committed: 1) in the current needs of the legitimate defense of their modesty or of others; 2 °) in night time, both for rejecting the climbing, both to prevent the breaking of fences, or walls, or doors, or windows which give rise in a residential home, or in an inhabited apartment, or in their addictions; 3 °) to defend themselves at any time against the kidnappers of people, or against thieves who attack any village street outside, or that are introduced in an isolated house. 467.- The beatings, injuries and murder are punished with three degrees less than worthwhile, if committed with serious provocation suffered by the murderer, by the firing pin, or wounder; with two degrees less, if for serious provocation; with a degree less, if for simple provocation. The degree of provocation are determined by the greater or lesser offense physical or moral entities suffered from criminal, and you have to very serious provocation surprise in flagrant dishonest act, which praise the family honor. 468.- The beatings, injuries and murder are punished with three degrees of reduction of the established penalty, when Sieno committed: 1) excess in the defense of his own life or someone else, or down in the defense of their modesty or of others; 2 °) to repel the day climbing, or to prevent the breaking of fences, or walls, or doors, or windows that give rise to an inhabited house, or in an inhabited apartment, or in their dependencies; 3 °) for excess in defending themselves against robbers of people, or things, or against the thieves, that attack on roads outside the inhabited places, or that are introduced in an isolated house. 469.- When, ARE CONCERNED murder, wound, or beaten committed by a descendant, the only serious challenge will be evaluated for the reduction of a degree of the fixed penalty. TITLE IV. Of crimes against individual freedom. 470.- Anyone without the mandate of a competent authority, and except for the cases, where laws authorize or control the capture of a person, arrest an individual for any purpose that does not make the action fall under the title of a another crime, shall be punished for the sole fact of the arrest illegal glue imprisonment from three to six months. 471.- Any person who, without lawful authority, takes an individual seized or detained for any purpose that does not make the action fall under the title of another crime, shall be punished: 1st) glue imprisonment of one to three years if the time of detention or the illegal seizure is not greater than three days; 2 °) glue prison from three to five years if the time of detention or the illegal seizure is greater than three days. 472.- Whenever the crimes covered in the previous two articles are accompanied by stroke or injury or other crime against the person detained or seized, their punishment of these crimes is added to that of the detention, arrest illegal. 473.- If the detention or illegal arrest is accompanied by another crime, the penalties laid down in Art. 1 and 2 of this Title may be by the court decreased by one degree, if before any complaint or lawsuit, or an act of any of the process, the misfattore recovers spontaneously freely and in a safe place a person detained or seized, as long as in the meantime the misfattore has not achieved the aim, through which held the individual seized or detained. 474.- Anyone who fall into slaves of 'a citizen of San Marino, is punished by public works for five to seven years. 475.- The private, who do fall into the hands of the government of a foreign state a citizen of San Marino, wanted by the same foreign state authorities charged against or for criminal conviction, is punished with imprisonment from one to three years; it will benefit the misfattore the fact that by virtue 'of the laws or international conventions, the San Marino did fall into the hands of a foreign state government could or should be delivered by the competent authority. 476.- The constituted authority, which except in cases where the laws or international agreements permit, or control the delivery, give in manidel government of a foreign country an individual any inhabitant of the Republic shall be punished by imprisonment glue 100 300 lire.
In the same penalty incurred by the officers of the police, who commit the crime mentioned in this and the previous article. TITLE V. Of the crimes against asylum home inviolability. 477.- Outside of cases allowed home visit, or commanded by the laws, anyone, or against the express will of those who have the right to exclude, or stealth, or violence, or the threat one enters in another's house, or shop, or warehouse, or in their establishments or would you retain one of these places against the express will of those who have the right to exclude, is punished with imprisonment from one to three months, and more 'lightweight cases glue fine of 20 50 lire, save the greater punishment, it stepped place, or pel means used, or for some offense. (See Art. 174 Cod. Proc. Pen.) TITLE VI. Of crimes against the free exercise of political or civil rights. 478.- Whoever by means of threat or violence, or by effectively prevents an individual the free exercise of political or civil rights, or compel him to do, or to omit or to suffer something, shall be punished, according to ' nature of the fact, glue imprisonment from three months to three years, and, in the most 'mild cases, fine glue 50 to 100 lire, save the greater punishment, if the fact degenerating into another more' serious crime. 479.- The mere threat expressed in any way to cause serious harm other people in person or over the assets, or to violate any of its rights, when it is made with order to fulfill some condition, is punished glue imprisonment from three months to one year; and in cases more 'lightweight glue fine from 20 to 50 pounds, while always preserving the greater punishment, if the threat from degenerating into crime more' serious. TITLE VII. Of misdeeds against the reputation and personal dignity. (8) Cap. I. Of the famous defamation and libel. 480.- E 'accused of defamation anyone with speech in a public place, or at a public meeting or communicating with more' people, believes that an individual present or absent, any defect or flaw determined disgraceful or immoral act to expose it to criminal proceedings, or to contempt or public hatred. The defamation crime is punished with imprisonment of fifteen days to three months. 481.- Defamation acquires the name of the famous pamphlet whenever the attribution of the fault or defect determined defined in the preceding article takes place by means of dissemination to the public of handwritten, or printed, or other signals, or figures, representative of the thought. The famous pamphlet is punished with imprisonment from three months to one year and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds. (See Art. 32 Cod. Proc. Pen.). 482.- When the Constituent awarding the famous pamphlet is disseminated abroad by means of books or periodicals sheets, or because of other signs or figures, representative of the thought, the stability in the preceding sentence shall apply also to those who they have posted, or did bring the item, or who have contributed to the introduction or dissemination of the same in the State, without prejudice to the action, which the offended can exercise against those of law at foreign courts. Chap. II. Of injury. (9) 483.- E 'guilty of insult anyone in a public place, or in a public meeting or communicating with more' people believes that an individual present or absent a contumelioso title, which does not offer the details designated in Art. 1 of the previous chapter, VVER uses against others pungent expressions, or indecent, or words of scorn. 484.- The simple defined in the preceding insult insult becomes qualified pel means, every time Siasi disclosed in any of the ways provided for in Art. 2 of this chapter. 485.- The simple insult is punishable glue captivity of six days to one month; and more 'lightweight cases glue fine from 5 to 20 pounds. The injury qualified pel means is punished glue imprisonment from one to six months; and more 'lightweight cases glue fine from 20 to 50 pounds. (V. Art.174 Cod. Proc. Pen.) 486.- If the injury qualified pel means being disclosed abroad by means of books or periodicals sheets, or because of other signals, or figures, representative of the thinking, penalty established in the preceding article shall also apply to persons referred to in the article last of the previous chapter. (See Art. 174 Cod. Proc. Pen.). Chap. III. Provisions common to the crimes covered in the two preceding chapters. 487.- When, the crimes covered in the previous two chapters being committed against a deceased, may make an application for the enforcement of the sentence the father or mother, son or daughter, or any other ascendant or descendant of the deceased injured, as well as the spouse and his brothers, or sisters, and also the testamentary heirs and legatees, including foreigners.
488.- When the insult or defamation allegation is contained in the written or printed relating to litigation, and the same allegations have been circulated only to the official or officials, which must decide the case, they will have the right, or to reject the those allegations, or to order that the injuries are deleted; and in this case it will cease all criminal proceedings, subject to the application of the penalty, if those allegations were distributed by other people outside the court. 489.- The guilty of insult, defamation or libel famous is allowed for its justification to prove the attributed facts, only in the following two cases: 1) when the same person affected by the injury, defamation or the famous pamphlet, an express request for the process to be educated or trained against the accused also extends to clarify the truth or falsity of the powers; 2 °) when, chased the attributions, the Revenue pr back down against the person affected by the injury, defamation or the famous pamphlet. In the cases covered in this article, if the truth of the attribution remains proven, vanishes each eligibility. 490.- In all cases of conviction, either for railing qualified pel means, for defamation or libel famous, the judge will order that the judgment be published at the expense of the convicted in the columns of an official newspaper of the neighboring state, which will designate in the judgment. Chap. IV. The discovery of the secrets. 491.- The doctor, the surgeon, the phlebotomist, pharmacist, midwife, and in general any health officer, as well as any other person custodian of some confidatogli secret by reason of their status or profession, which apart from the cases, where laws force him to drne part in the public authorities, will face to reveal it, it shall be punished fine paste from 50 to 100 pounds, and more 'lightweight cases glue fine from 10 to 20 pounds. TITLE VIII. Of crimes against the property for profit. Chap. I. Of theft. Sec. The Del theft without violence. 492.- The theft without violence, if it is not accompanied by any of the circumstances that make it qualified, is called simple, and is punished with imprisonment: 1 °) from one to three months, if the value of the removed does not exceed 25 pounds ; 2 °) from three months to one year, if they exceed 25 pounds but does not exceed 250 pounds; 3 °) from one to three years, if exceed 250 pounds. 493.- Anyone in other people's funds are simply foods fruit, or other products of the earth, without bearing away, is punished with imprisonment from three to ten days, or glue fine ranging from 3 to 20 pounds. 494.- The theft without violence is called Qualified: § I.- For the quality of the person, that is, when it is committed: 1 °) from a home at the expense of the owner, or other person eg, living side by side even temporarily with the master. - It 'domestic reputed every individual involved in continuous service and rewarded, or not cohabit with his master; 2 °) by the hotel or one of its employees, to the detriment of the person seated to the detriment of chichessia in the hotel where he was staying; 3 °) from the host, receiving hospitality, to the detriment of the one who pays, or any individual to his family or the guest, granting hospitality, to the detriment of the person who receives it; 4 °) by a boarder in the house of the boarding school, or by an employee, or worker by trade partner in the place, where has free access for respect of his employment or of his employment, or of his trade; § II.- pel number of misfattori, when it is committed by more 'people, each very helpless, but in more than two met in order to steal; § III.-pel time, when it is committed in time of calamity, that fire, from falling, the inundation, shipwreck, earthquake, the popular uprising, invasion of enemies, provided that the calamity has served facilitation to the crime; § IV.- pel place, that is, when it is committed in a place destined for divine worship, except that which will be given below in respect of the theft of sacred things; § V.-pel pel time and place together, when it is committed by a person who does not live together with the robbed, in night time, in an inhabited house, or in a house not currently inhabited, but attendant to room, except when the thieves sape sero that the house was not currently inhabited; And 'reputed night all the time period, which runs from one hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise on the same; § VI.- pel means when it is committed: 1) by an armed person, but did not transcend the threat or violence; 2 °) by means of robbery. And 'reputed robbery theft, which is committed coll'uso but the material force against the person, but so that the violence exerted by misfattore, far from being directed to
offend or scare the person, aiming only to kidnap what hand or body; 3) by a person, who face mask use, or in the face tincture, or any other deterioration of countenance, or figure, or should lie the title, or the uniform of a public official, or to simulate an order public authorities, albeit that such contrivances have not actually helped to facilitate the theft or hide the author; 4 °) by means of climbing. He did climb each time surpassing height of four meters at least, will rise or descend into a place both with the help of artificial means, as a ladder, rope and the like, both with the help of mechanical another person, either even for inerpicamento taking advantage of their personal mobility; 5 °) by means of false key. And 'reputed false key qu lsivoglia crowbar, hook or common key to many species of lock, as well as any altered or counterfeit key, and also the real key procured by theft or deception fraude; 6 °) by means of forced entry. And 'reputed break every demolition, breakage or failure by any means, hedges, walls of lime or dry, of roofs, floors, doors, windows, the railings, the shafts, the bolts and any lock solid matter, as well as chests, cabinets, boxes or the like containing closed solidly; § VII.- for the quality of things whenever it is committed: 1 °) above trees or stumps still attached to his or; 2 °) on screws or other fruit trees still att ccati to the ground; 3 °) above woods, which form part of closed, or palizz you, or gates, or other shelters intended to ensure, or benefit the rural products, or to prevent access in gardens or parks or other confined spaces. 495.- When the theft without violence is accompanied of one of the qualifications designated in §§ I, II, III, IV, VI, VII of the previous article is punished with imprisonment: 1) from six months to one year, if the value of removed does not exceed 25 pounds; 2 °) from one to three years, if exceed 25 pounds but does not exceed 250; 2 °) from three to five years, if you exceed the 250 lire. If the qualifications, accompanying the theft without violence Sieno two or more ', for penalties prescribed in this article are increased by one degree. 496.- Where the qualification, which accompanies the theft without violence, is the one designated in § V of the preceding article, the punishment of imprisonment: 1) one to three years if the value of the removed does not exceed 25 pounds; 2 °) from three to five years, if it exceeds 25 pounds, but does not exceed 250; 3 °) from five to seven years, if exceed 250 pounds. And if this qualifies aggiungansi one or more 'other, the penalties set out in this article are increased by one degree. 497.- The theft of the sacred holy place is punished hill penalties laid down in the previous article, but if you add the desecration of the Host or the consecrated Hosts, applies to the violator's worth of public jobs for life. If the theft of a sacred thing is committed in non-sacred place, the provisions in the previous article statuite penalties reduced by one degree. Sec. II. Violent theft. 498.- The theft is called violent when it is accompanied: 1) as a threat to the person, or slight injury, or beaten without a trace, or other ill-treatment; 2 °) to be beaten or serious injury of his nature, or for serious accidents; 3) Failure to murder, or attempted, or serious sevices, or torture, or other acts of savage barbarity; 4 °) consumed by murder. 499.- The violent theft is punished: in the first case of the preceding article with public works from five to ten years; in the second case, with public works from ten to fifteen years; in the third case, with public works from twenty to ventici-five years; in the fourth case, with public jobs for life. 500. But when death is not derived solely from the wound, but also by a supervening cause, independently of the misfattore, worth of public works for life will be diminished by one degree. 501.- If the violent theft contributes one or more 'of those circumstances, which make qualified non-violent theft, the same will be calculated dl judge for an increase in the latitude of the sentence. 502.- It considers that acts of violence have accompanied the theft even when the misfattore have committed them immediately before or immediately after the theft, to object to facilitate its consummation, or to facilitate escape, or ensure impunity for himself, or any of the perpetrators or accomplices, and also when the acts of violence not on robbed or assaulted were committed, but on any other person present or rushed in the moment of the crime. 503.- The sentences in the articles of this Section are always applicable when the acts of violence are carried out, albeit that the theft remained simply failed or attempted. Chap. II.
Of usurpation. 504.- Whoever, in order to usurp the others, remove or alter the terms or boundaries of the property, or divert the course of water, or break, or demolish, or tterri or failures walls, or hedges, or shelters or whatever or disturb in any other way other people's possession is punished with imprisonment from six months to one year and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds. (See Art. 32 Cod. Proc. Pen.) 505.- Whoever, in committing the crime provided for in the preceding article, transcends to an act of violence, which constitute the violent theft is punished penis with his own violent theft , and is subject to all the provisions contained in Section reativa. Chap. III. Extortion. 506.- Whoever, by an act of violence, cheostituiscono violent theft, carpisca money or other stuff, or forces another to destroy, or to write or to sign an act containing any obligation or liberation, is punished hill penalties imposed against violent theft and subject to the provisions contained in Section related to this crime. Chap. IV. Scam and any other fraudulent and embezzlement. 508.- And 'anyone guilty of cheating, for, through any deception or artifice liable to deceive or abuse of another's good faith, has come to take delivery or provide money, or funds, or movable property, or rules, or obligations or liberation, they do not competed, or have with any of the means made an undue profit. (V: Art. 32 Cod. Proc. Pen.) 509.- The fraud is punishable as a simple theft, and: 1) coll'ammenda lire from 20 to 50, if the amount does not exceed the value of the cheated 25 pounds; 2 °) coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds, if it exceeds the value of 25 pounds, but does not exceed that of 250; 3 °) coll'ammenda from 150 pounds to 300, if it exceeds 250 pounds 510.- E 'subject to the provisions relating to the false scriptures in one, which over a white sheet provided with the subscription of others write or do write, and for the end profit and to the detriment of others, provisions or obligations, or releases, as well as the one, for-profit or detriment of others, let us add, or add some obligation, condition or clausol over a non-white sheet, with no distinction in both cases if the sheet it is delegated or assigned. 511.- Anyone who has consumed or destroyed, or alien to, or in any way converted to their own profit, or a third party, to the detriment of the owner, or of the holder, or the holder, money, goods and effects, or a script containing available, producing or obligation, or liberation, he was entrusted, or delivered, or to keep them, or to restore them, or to transport them or to any other title, which induces an obligation to present them, or return them, or make a use, is punished with imprisonment from one to six meters are, and in the most 'mild cases only a fine paste from 20 to 50 pounds, unless the increase of a degree of punishment, if the offense pei relationship between the offender and the injured party contained special abuse of authority or trust. 512.- At the same penalties enshrined in Article precednte is subject to the carrier and any other person responsible for transport, which has altered wine, or liquor, or other entrusted goods, subject to the provisions statuite his place for alterations n tevoli human health. 513.- Anyone who has found something the others lost, or lost and did not make a complaint, or delivery to local public authorities within the space of forty-eight hours, has against him the legal presumption of volersela appropriated, and is punished with fine from 20 to 150 pounds; and more 'lightweight cases glue fine from 5 to 20 pounds. If it were cash or object which exceed the value of 150 pounds, it will be applied the fine equivalent to the value of money or object appropriated. 514.- The inventor of a treasure, which by virtue 'of the provisions of the civil law is required to reveal such and to sell it at all, or in part, how many times does not make proper disclosure and within the space of forty-eight hours, he against himself the legal presumption of volerselo entirely appropriated, and is punished with imprisonment from three to six months and coll'ammenda from 150 to 200 pounds. Chap. V. concealment, sale or purchase of things obtained through wrongdoing. 515.- Whoever, without the concurrence of acts, who do contract the complicity in the crime, has knowingly concealed ricettato or anything whatsoever to others received by means of wrongdoing, or Siasi knowingly interfered to make it sell or dispose of, or has knowingly bought or received by way of exchange, is punished with imprisonment from one month to three years, just the size of the concurrent circumstances in the main offense. Chap. VI. Provisions common to the previous chapters of this Title.
516.- In all crimes against property for-profit, with the exception of violent theft, of usurpation accompanied by violence and extortion, do not rise to criminal proceedings, but solely to civil action pel remake of the damage: 1 ° ) between legitimate ascendants or descendants and related online ascendentale and discendentale; 2 °) from the father or the mother to the legally recognized natural son, and vice versa; 3 °) from the father or the mother to the adopted child and vice versa; 4 °) between brothers and sisters and in-laws in medsimo degree; 5 °) between the one and the other spouse, and even among ered by a spouse against the surviving widow or widower, as to things already belonging to the deceased spouse. 517.- When in crimes against property, for-profit, the value of the removed influence on the application of the penalty, this value is not me ura profit for portrait from misfattore, but rather the real price and the actual time taken in the misdeed. That if the removed belongs in part to any of the p ople make mention in the previous article and in part to an outsider, the value is measured by the real price and effective at the time of the crime the part due the stranger. 518.- In all crimes against property for-profit organization with the exception of violent theft, of usurpation accompanied by acts of violence and extortion, punishments prescribed by law are decreased by two or three degrees, or how many times the misfattore others in his place has fully compensated the injured before ognde uncia, or lawsuit, or any act of the process. TITLE IX. Of crimes against property not for profit. Chap. I. Fire and the mine and any other explosion. 519.- The fire of a building or an object such as that may be, from which is derived a murder, or a slight injury, or severe injury for the accidents or serious nature shall be punished: 1st) by public works life how many times they have derived a murder, that misfattore could easily predict; 2 °) worth glue their joint fire to the wound or mild or severe for the accidents or serious nature, that it was found, if the misfattore could have easily predict that this causes personal injury to an individual. And if he has not been able to easily foresee these consequences, the misfattore is punished own fire penalty glue committed, without assessing the consequences derivatene. It is assumed that the misfattore was able to easily predict the above harmful consequences if the fire is committed over a building ab drawn, or any settlement admission. 520.- If the fire is not derived any of the deadly consequences especially contemplated in the preceding article, shall be punished by public works for fifteen to twenty years: 1) the fire of a residential building, or a qualnque inhabited admission; 2 °) the burning of any object in the city, or in the municipalities of the state, from which is derived the obvious danger that the fire is communicated to an inhabited building, or to any inhabited shelter, communication when not even had place; 3) the burning of a temple for the worship of the Roman Catholic religion; 4 °) the burning of the palace for the meetings of the Sovereign Council, or the palace for the meetings of the Congress and to the public hearings of the Regency, or the building for the public administration of justice, or of the premises intended to serve as military quarters, or intended to serve as a fortification or penal institution; 5 °) the burning building contains the public library, or one containing archives or public records; 6 °) the fire of public theater. 521.- And 'punished with public works from seven to ten years: 1) the burning of any other building not covered by Article antecedent, even though it was a building or a shelter for housing, provided they do not currently inhabited; 2 °) the burning of a hut or a haystack ofa or any other building or shelter for the housing of cattle; 3) the burning of a forest, or a forest, or a vineyard or olive grove, or any other planted trees or shrubs; 4 °) the burning of harvest, or in linen, or hemp, or other rural products, Let them be still attached to the ground, they are collected and piled in the fields or aje; 5 °) the burning of a stack of timber, or wood, or of a straw storage, or hay, or with foodstuffs, or of coal, so that the vegetable mineral, or of other easily ignitable material. 522.- Any other fire failed in the three previous articles subject to the provisions contained in the following chapter, which is any damage caused.
523.- The fire means committed over a given building or an object, so in the event that the fire is hanged directly to this building or object as if to be hanged for his addiction, or another subject any, from which then communicates this building or object determined, however, provided the misfattore have easily have predicted the communication took place. 524.- The provisions of this Chapter hill distinctions contained in it are applicable to any person by means of a mine, or any another explosion destroy in whole or in part any of the listed items covered in this chapter. Chap. II. The flood. 525.- Whoever diverting waters, destroying, or breaking, or traforando, or in some other way damaging levees, or other shelters, or brakes m desime, or using any other means to produce a flood, shall be punished for this only works with fatt public from five to seven years. 526.- If the flood produces one of the consequences make mention in the first article of the previous chapter, is punished hill sanctioned penalties there, according to the distinctions set out in that Article, ie produce the destruction in whole or in part of any of the covered items in ' preceding chapter, is punishable by the same penalties imposed on the hill, according to istinzioni contained therein, provided that the destruction could have easily be foreseen by the misfattore; otherwise it applies the only punishment enacted in this chapter. Chap. III. Any other damage caused. Sec. I. Of the damage caused without violence. 527.- And 'damage caused offender without violence anyone other than for profit, nor for an order that breaks down the offense under another title, by any means bears another's prejudice, without transcending in any of the acts of violence covered in the subsequent Section : 1 °) and with land, or break, or deteriorate in any way a building, or a hut or a haystack or a shelter, or a building whatsoever, or a road, or a bridge or a dam, or a wall with lime, or dry, or other thing; 2 °) with both remove, or land of the terms, or boundaries of the property; 3 °) with either disperse or divert the course with water, or with the spoils, or in any other way impair an aqueduct, or a well, or a source of a holding tank; 4 °) is svellare neck or break down, or break, or affect, or marring or otherwise damaging trees or vines or plants, or planted, or green vegetables, or gathered, or agriculture tools, or hedges or closures of any kind, or similar things; 5 °) is by doing illegally graze animals in other people's funds against the express or presumed will of the owner, or of the holder, or the holder; 6 °) is coll'appianare, or by filling a canal or a ditch; 7 °) with either by killing or maiming, or by wounding an animal unnecessarily or without lawful authorization, or even on another's neck just shoot doves or pigeons; 8 °) either by destroying or with spending, or with clear or maim with matches, or registers or memories, or diplomas, or similar documents, or an act containing provisions or producing bonds or liberation; 9 °) is short by destroying, or spoil, or deteriorate in any way another's property, movable or immovable property. 528.- The damage caused without violence, when there concurs any of those circumstances that the wording of the subsequent provisions make it qualified, is called simple, and is punished: 1) glue prison for twenty days to a month, or it ' cases more 'lightweight glue fine from 5 to 10 pounds, if the value of the damage does not exceed 25 pounds; 2 °) glue imprisonment from three to six months and coll'ammenda 10 to 20 pounds, if the value of the damage exceeds 25 pounds, but not the 250; 3) Glue imprisonment from six months to one year and coll'ammenda from 50 to 100 pounds, if the value of the damage exceeds 250 pounds. 529.- The penalty of imprisonment from ten days to a month and a fine of 5 to 10 pounds, which is the only afflictive, or only a pecuniary penalty in isolation, when the damage is caused: 1) the launch simply stones, or other bodies of garbage in the gardens, or in other people's yards, or against the windows, or doors, or walls of houses, or shelters, or against the doors, or walls of the City, municipalities or models; saves the greatest pain, Qualor by flaking of said objects were derived personal offense to anyone; 2 °) in just deface, or defacing walls, or doors, or windows, or roads in the City, municipalities or panels, or along the public passages; 3 °) in clutter, or occupy public land, or a public area, without the permission of the Regency; 4 °) in the sneak, against the expressed will of the owner ot quotes, or of the holder, or
holder, in that of another closed-end fund, or preparation, or make you pass beasts. It is said closed bottom wall defended also dry, or hedges, or ditch, or other similar shelter; He is said to have prepared a background where they are made sown, or planting, or contains hanging fruit. (See Art. 174 Cod. Proc. Pen.). 530.- The damage caused without violence is called Qualified: I. pel number of misfattori every hour that is committed by more 'people even all unarmed, but in greater number than two, met in order to cause damage of others; II. pel means every hour that it is committed: 1 °) coll'uso but the material force, but so that the violence is not directed in any way to offend or scare the person; 2 °) by scaling or false key or theft within the meaning given to these words in this Code; III. pel the quality of every hour things that it is committed: 1 °) over a building or other object intended for the performance of the worship of the Roman Catholic religion; 2 °) over sepulchral monuments or public; 3 °) above the public library books or objects or components contained in public records: 4 °) above minute or registers or other original acts of the public authorities; 5 °) over any original deed, also private, existing in any public office; 6 °) above protocols of a notary public or on any document or original deed, which a notary public has the right to delivery of his ministry; 7 °) over wires, machines or telegraph equipment, as above poles or other supports of telegraph wires. (10) 531.- When the damage caused without violence is accompanied by one or more 'of qualifications defined in the preceding article, the penalties respectively set out in this section are increased by one degree. Sec. II. The damage caused by violence. 532. The damage caused is said went violently qu ndo is accompanied by one of the acts mentioned in Art. 1 of Sez.II., Cap.I. Tit.VIII of this book. 533.- Whenever the damage caused, it is simple, it is accompanied by some qualification, is gone with violence, it will compare the worth of the damage caused and the punishment of the act of violence, which is accompanied, and will apply the most 'grave. Chap. IV. Provisions common to the previous chapters of this Title. 534.- The crimes covered in this title shall be punished hill penalties established therein even when falling on their agent's things: 1) when by the destruction of the thing's you put in an obvious danger of others inhabited building, or any settlement shelter people's right; 2 °) when you destroy the thing's as a means to destroy property of another. 535.- Outside of the cases mentioned in the previous article, the destruction of their belongings is not affected by the provisions of this Title. 536.- But anyone who destroys or damages the own thing in aiming to procure a wrongful gain, or to escape from a legitimate obligation, is guilty of cheating, and as such is punished. And anyone who destroys or damages the own thing in aiming to harm the rights of others, when you really this harm is derived, is guilty of damage caused, and as such is punished. 537.- In all scheduled offenses under this title, except those from which is derived a murder, or a serious injury, or other personal harm to the individual, and except those accompanied by acts of violence, the penalty established by law are decreased by one or two degrees, how many times the misfattore, or others on his behalf, he has fully compensated the damage before each hearing, or lawsuit, or any act of the process. 538.- No damage offender who gave, startling pigeons or other birds in the act that harm their own fund, also banish with firearm explosion, except for the right to the pet owner to claim, at his choice, or the bird or birds, which were remained killed, or their price. In any other case, anyone overtake others in their beasts fund may not cause them harm in the analogous without incurring penalty. But it has the right to confiscate, with the obligation to participate in the fact the Regency within twenty-four hours and to conduct seized beasts in the storage place designated by the Government within the space of twenty-four kings; otherwise incurs the penalty of those who usurps the authority arbitrarily by practice of his accounts. If the owner does not reclaim the beasts in eight days counting from that of inclusively seizure, the injured will promote giudiz alimente the sale to be compensated for the damage with the price that will be obtained. BOOK II. OFFENCES TITLE I. Of the offenses considered in isolation.
539.- When the actions that make up the misdeeds, instead of presenting with willful disposition, be in the appearance of guilt, they shall be referred to the crimes. 540.- And therefore they do not offer the nature of crimes all those actions, which for their nature can not exist otherwise than under the figure of arson, and ch this Code does not punish you for the disposition of their own misdeeds. Of this nature are: the conspiracy, the attack, slander, robbery, theft and many other facts of the same nature. 541.- even offer delict all those facts, that having regard to their character, with ispeciali provisions of this Code shall be punished under the figure of misdeeds, even when fosserro that simply negligent. Of this nature are: communication or divulgation of the Republic secrets, taking possession of a charge before the oath taking of the functions before the time designated, the abusive continuation Ex ye ar of functions, office refrained from Regent or resistance from it before the time established, the violation of professional secrecy, the delay of the enjoined complaints to doctors and surgeons and other health officials, the delay of the witness or expert to appear in court in , and they refuse to swear, the delay in execution of an arrest warrant, the neglect of the terms for the lawyer tax, the rejects of the courts of justice, premature externalization of the vote, the opening of taverns and so on. in hours of sacred functions, the delay in burying the bodies beyond the limit set by law, the delay in burying the carcasses, the maceration of hemp or linen in prohibited places, the establishment of a factory, which will hand fetid exhalations, the delay nell'incetta de 'genres food rationing for the public, and many other SIMILAR nature. 542.- The crimes are punished by the diminution of the sentence handed down to their misdeeds by three up to seven degrees in proportion to the greater or lesser degree of guilt, which concurred in the action. Whatever then the sentence handed down to the crime, the crime will always be captive, and shall not exceed the five-year term. TITLE II. Competitors crimes with misdeeds. 543.- If be committed a misdeed remains surpassed the excess of misfattore occurring design, which could not be foreseen, the excess is not attributable point, deeming purely coincidental. 544.- If then an excess occurs, which could easily be foreseen, the excess is due under the figure of arson, and the entire goodwill is a misdeed. 545.- What if in addition to the crime, which was in the design of misfattore, and in addition to the predictable consequences, there is an excess not easily predictable, this excess is due as culpable, and the entire event is to constitute a crime and a crime with competitors. 546.- The penalty dell'intiero contemplated in the preceding event is to own the joint wrongdoing penalty for the rival crime with crime. 547.- If the two sentences to join in terms of Article antecedent, one was that of public works, the other of his own captivity of the crime, the latter will be reduced to the penalty of public works, decreasing their length by one third. 548.- The established prior norms must be observed even if, in addition propose to achieve the crime by the offender and beyond the predictable excess, is derived another fact that the law punishes under different look. In the application of additional punishment proper to this fact they observe the rules laid down in his place about the penetration of the penis. BOOK III. VIOLATIONS OF TITLE ONE. Of offenses and their penalties. (11) 549.- Without special sanctions already yielded by this Code against some contraventions of major political importance, and still well all Edicts and special regulations on matters not covered in this third book, and saves the Regency may effect with ispeciali Regulations to any subject that concerns the good regime of the Republic, the following facts are declared offenses of the first class: 1) the introduction, or manufacture, or sell, or believe weapons, or ammunition without lawful authorization ; 2 °) the introduction, or manufacture, or sell rmi own without lawful authorization; Generally diconsi weapons all fire machines, all the tools, all accidents tools, perforating or blunt. But its weapons are those, whose main destination is routine and their own defense or that of others injured. The others are not considered as weapons, except quado actually turn to defense or
the offense, and in this case they are denominated improper weapons. 3 °) the introduction, or manufacture, or sell rmi own insidious without lawful authorization; Among their weapons diconsi insidious those who can easily hide, as the most 'short guns between barrel and crate the size of two palms of the Roman merchant cane, as well as short muskets or trombones called Breakneck by foot or cut, and finally styles hidden within the rod or stick, not that the latch knives they have a sharp point and frond olive, and generally all the daggers, stilettos and the like. 4 °) the hustling or sharpen their weapon or weapon insidious; 5 °) the denunciation of their weapon is or is not tricky; And 'reputed informer of his weapon, and also the insidious operator an art or craft, and out of the exercise leads attendant wearing a weapon but to his art, or his job, but his deadly and easy nature hide. 6 °) retention in the home of an insidious weapon; Contraventions indicated in No. 1,2,3,4 and 5 of this Article shall be punished pr glue imprisonment from six months to one year, and coll'ammenda lire from 20 to 50. The offense indicated in the previous article Ranked # 6 It shall be punished by imprisonment from one month to three and coll'ammenda lire 5 to 10. 7 °) the buy, or received as trade-in, or receive in payment, or in pledge weapons, clothes, horses, or other items military of those who deserted the flags of foreign states; Those guilty of this offense incurs a fine of one hundred pounds, when the quality of the received effects in any other way be shown that it was known to them the origin of the effects themselves. 8 °) harboring, or hospitalization in at night time to a foreigner without prior complaint to the Regency within twenty-four hours from the moment the stranger in the hotel, or in the house, or hut any; Those guilty of this offense incurs a fine of ITL 20 to 50. 9 °) the fence a draft dodger or a deserter from the army of a foreign government; Those guilty of this offense incurs a penalty of imprisonment for a joint month coll'ammenda lire 25. 10 °) misrepresentation of the name, or last name, or a quality made by a foreigner to the person, from which it receives accommodation, or hospitalization, or the public authorities, as well as the refusal to disclose his name and quality; Those guilty of this offense incurs a fine of LIT 20 to 50, and also the judge will add the accessory penalty of banishment. 11 °) the daunting idleness; And 'idleness daunting to him, that being healthy and robust and not having sufficient means of subsistence, living without customarily practice a profession or an art or a craft; Those guilty of this offense will incur in prison for fifteen days to a month. 12 °) the unlikely begging; It is unlikely the begging when you exercise habit by him, that being healthy and strong is capable of working. Those guilty of this offense incur the same penalty sanctioned by the daunting idleness. 13 °) The insolent begging; And 'insolent begging, when you exercise from person capable or incapable of working, in threatening attitude, or to claim thunder, or insistent petulance. Those guilty of this offense will incur in prison from one to three months. 14 °) negligence in educating their children, or wards; Those guilty of this offense incurs a fine of LIT 20 to 50, it is required to provide for education without delay. 15 °) the leave in destitution his wife, or ifigli minors, both irregolatezza, either by inertia; This offense is punishable glue imprisonment of fifteen days to three months. 16 °) the denunciation of a false key, that is in the sense already defined in its proper place by the law; This offense is punishable glue imprisonment of fifteen days to a month. 17 °) the gambling game much in private as in public places; This offense is punishable in each de 'players fine of LIT glue 5 to 50. Those then, that lends the place for such a game, besides the said fine, also incurs the penalty of imprisonment from five days to one month. 550.- are misdemeanors punishable second order adhesive fine from 5 to 50 pounds; 1) the failure to specify the acts everything he a public official receives, either as a reward of his duties, either by way of dirtto tax or contribution for the benefit of the public purse; 2 °) the exercise without lawful authorization of medical functions, or surgeon, or phlebotomist, or apothecary, or midwife; 3 °) to give the shipment of people recipes or orders that no official health Let them be authorized to do so;
4 °) the show regularly in public in a drunken state to offer such a degrading spectacle of himself; 5 °) killing large animals, or pimps to sell meat without having them previously submitted to the Building Authority's visit and having received the license; 6 °) believe the weights, or different measures, than those established and approved by the public authorities, in storehouses, or in the shops, or workshops, or squares, or in the markets, or in exhibitions, or in any other place, which exerts a branch of any trade; 7 °) the exercise unlicensed craft butcher, or host, or innkeeper, or cellar, or coffee, or seller of liquor per minute, and any other craft without license or authorization, as well as hold no license or other billiards game for public use, as often as this richieggasi expressly by laws or regulations; 8 °) the keeping open, over the hours in regulations, cafes, pubs, taverns, wine cellars, workshops, where vendonsi liquor per minute, or the billiard houses, or any game, except for what it is arranged prior to this Code about the opening of such places it 'public holidays and hours of offici divine; 9 °) the hunt against the rules laid down in the Regulation on hunting, even if the offender has a license to carry arms; 10 °) cut the top of the mountain, or dizzoccare its cliffs; 11th) the launch or dislodge the stones from the mountain, or the hurling stones, or other serious in the streets of the town or models municipalities, or other places of passage, or even the pay in the same places materials that can harm or stain the people ; 12 °) the devastate the walls of the town or de 'Castles; 13 °) it climb the walls of the City of day or night; 14 °) to keep the restraints without proportionate and cost-effective safeguards, above the windows, or loggias, or balconies or terraces, or along the front of corresponding walls on the roads of cities, towns or models or on other people's places of passage, vases for statement, or other serious, which can endanger glue their fall; 15 °) to undertake the excavation of stones, or land, or mineral without lawful authorization and without following all the precautions and conditions imposed in the authorization; 16 °) on forgetting to put out the light and the necessary shelter overnight in materials or similar dimensions, which are left, or to the excavations that fo sero made in public streets, or in public squares; 17 °) the not hold to render harmless animals, which have a habit of biting, or butting, or kicking; 18 °) the leave without housing in public beasts streets, or soma, or beast, or the escort them, or bring them to not to be able to brake at will; 19 °) the incontinent not kill a dog, or any hydrophobic beast, of which he is the holder, at the first sign of rabies; 20 °) the incontinent does not denounce the fact to the Regency, every time an animal of which he is the holder, was bitten by a hydrophobic beast, unless you freferisca to immediately kill the animal, that has been bitten; 21 °) the complaint does not immediately have a contagious malatti, who has caught one or more 'of cattle, of which he is holder; 22 °) the firing or enter with an open lumen or any other burning material into a room with a pile of straw, or hay or other ignitable material; 23 °) to the fires in Propre in nearby fields of the houses, barns, huts, fences, warehouses, or any cluster of ignitable material; 24 °) neglecting the clarity of the ovens, or fireplaces or any artifact, in which use is made of fire; 25 °) to the bonfire, or similar in the squares or in the streets of the town or towns models without a license; 26 °) ignite the fires of artifice without lawful authorization; 27 °) the detonating a mine without the lawful permission; 28 °) the explosion of a firearm in the interior of the city, or common, so in the daytime, and at night, or in the same explosion made at night time along the public roads of the countryside, or in the same direction ; 29 °) the explosion of mortaletti, or similar machines, even during public holidays, made without lawful authority; 30 °) the raising aerostatic globes without lawful authorization; 31 °) the burial of a human corpse before it runs the length of time during which the laws or regulations forbid the burial; 32 °) the tobacco plantation, and the introduction into the territory of the Republic of any kind of dramatized; 33 °) the killing or publicly flayed beasts; 34 °) the insevire brutally and publicly against their beasts;
35 °) to the wandering animal by nature, evil or vicious, or angry; 36 °) it incite a dog, or other dangerous animal against a person; 37 °) the not hold your own dog, or other dangerous animal, they pursue or assail a person; 38 °) not to obey the injunction of the Government to repair or demolish a building or even a drywall, or other artifact that threatens ruin; 39 °) on violating the ban, the law orders the f BBRI-blacksmiths, to manufacture picks, adulterous or keys, or the prohibition on the same, not that junk dealers and scrap iron, to sell these instruments to the children of the family, the service people and any other unknown individual, or dubious; 40 °) to open the locks of others required of any species before to make sure that the applicant has a legitimate right to do this; 41 °) take the goats without special permit authority; 42 °) take the pigs, or sheep within the City or municipalities them, without lawful permission; 43 °) not to cut the trees or hedges propre by the overhanging branches on public roads; 44 °) to violate the duty of maintenance of local roads or ripaazione country; 45 °) to transgress the duty to maintain net ditches and other public drains along country roads through the extension corresponding to the propre funds; 46 °) to deposit the debris, or stones or other similar aterie in the streets, squares, or other places of public passage yes inside and outside the village; 47 °) the pull, or tear, deface or edicts, or notifications, or decrees of any kind, which is used to post on the orders of the Sovereign Council, is the Regency, is of any authority or magistrate. (12) 551.- The penalties laid down in the previous articles of this title shall apply even if the offender does not feel the direct determination and the courage to break the law. (1) See the Press Act May 28, 1881, Cap. IV. (2) See the Press Act May 28, 1881, ch. II. (3) See Law 13 January 1897. (4) See Press Act May 28, 1881, ch. II. (5) See Press Act May 28, 1881, Cap. III. (6) Added by decree of 1 March 1895. (7) See Law 13 January 1897. (8) Law of 13 January 1897. (9) See Press Act 28 May 1881. (10) Decree 19-28 May 1881 . (11) See Art. 174 Cod. proc. pen. (12) V. Decrees on dogs and meat June 6 and November 14, 1889.