Nature And Duration Of The Contract

Original Language Title: Natura E Durata Del Contratto

Read the untranslated law here:

Law 24 November 1923 Ranked # 31 approving the new colonial pact. Nature and duration of the Contract. Art. 1. - The sharecropping in the Republic of San Marino agreement is governed by these Specifications, the Statute Agrario (1) and by custom, since the provisions of that and this does not contradict the rules of the Tender same hill, but complement, . Art. 2. - For the lessor shall be those being owner or leaseholder ffittuario allows the fund to sharecropping. To host or settler, may be a whole family of workers of the fund, depending on the ruler is the only leader who, as a direct contractor and as a tacit, irrevocable representative, both in court and outside, in all matters regarding the farm and relations with the landlord and his agents. The landlord or whoever it is the business of the colony with the only ruler. The agreements made by the lessor with the ruler undertake the entire farm family, which has to contribute jointly to carry out the work necessary for the cultivation of the soil. The landlord or whoever it has towards the farmhouse, a spirit of cooperation between the parties. The lessor has the right to carry out, at the tenant expense, the work relating to the colony, when the settler definitely refuses to perform them and still does not carry them in due time, or consistent with good agricultural standards. Art. 3. - The settlement agreement is to last one year and puòdecorrere by May 15, or from 30 September: in the first case the escomio will be no more 'later than January 30, and in the second case no longer' later than May 31 . The cancellation applies to the ruler for the whole family farmhouse. Art. 4. - In case of death of the ruler of the colony ceases and appoint family within one month which of its members should take their place and the ruler functions. fund culture. Art. 5. - The number of members of the farm family must be proportionate to the bottom. The granting of the farmhouse is absolutely free. The premises will be proportionate to the number of members of the farm family and conserved and put in a state of good maintenance. Likewise, they shall be placed, if not they were, in good maintenance condition all rustic buildings in order to preserve the normal production efficiency of the fund. Art. 6. - No need for special agreements, the following rules are established for agricultural operations: a) the digging of the rows must be finished before the harvest; b) maize, the pomidori and other crops must be renovation zap at least twice; c) the first stubble tillage, otherwise known as surface cracking, must be accomplished by the end of July; d) this must follow, not later than the following August, the deep work of renewal; e) topping the maize it should not be made before August 15; f) peeling the elms should not begin before August 15; g) the hedges around the threshing floor and along the roads and in ge ages all those who are to serve in defense of the fund should not be held in coppice and therefore Neither can they be subject to the periodic cutting; They are pricked out twice a year: in winter and pr principle of summer. Art. 7. - Any obligations of special works free of the conductor to the lessor's advantage is suppressed. Art. 8. - The tenant has to: a) cultivate the men's cross honest and rational technique; b) to guard, defend him, immediately report to the landlord any action taken, or likely to occur, to the detriment or harassment of the fund; c) prevent you alter the boundaries, open pass oday, settling servants'; d) take care not to alter the arrangement of the terrain, and to maintain effective runoff, with the annual cleaning of the ditches; e) lend his work to straordinaie all'arginatura and repairs of rivers or streams, administering the large bundles of branches or branches that are necessary, after reimbursement by the lessor, the current price of the market. Art. 9. - E 'it is forbidden to no special conductor Account Authority one of the lessor: a) to make carriages and in any case to use the cattle for work unrelated to the fund; b) to submit to any work the cattle during the warranty period for the purchase, worth damages from the infringement; c) to pay works out of the ground to him consegato in the colony and grower third land; d) to remove from the bottom of the slightest quantity of the products, unless such marks after the assessment and final division; e) to give an address, even temporarily, to strangers t the farm family and to others' cattle; f) to split their family, making the removal of a branch, or even a single male component in the work place. Art. 10.
- E 'it is forbidden to settler to make graze cattle of any kind without the lessor's consent. Will lead him to the pasture, always with due custody, in forest trees, coppice woods, not before the fifth year of the cut in the chestnut, the bushy grounds, natural meadows after the last mowing. Grazing the flock it will not be granted to the shepherds who by mutual agreement. Art. 11. - The settler will have to abstain in the hill and mountain funds, by scalvo to thinning of forest trees, whatever their age, by varying the duty cut, and thin out the plants in the copses, to capitozzi, without having taken agreements with the ator, who will have to give in a workmanlike manner provisions. Art. 12. - The plants are landing and replace with new, must be transported by the settler with the fund livestock without compensation, from the place of the threshing knockdown of the fund and the fund subsequently threshing and subsequently as art .20. Art. 13. - For new plantations, carried out on the bottom of the replacement of other torn down, so that is not diminished arable land, the tenant is not entitled to any compensation: as well as you do not have the right even when, in the case Instead there is a subtraction of surface no more than one fortieth (1/40) of the total surfaces of the bottom. In the case that the surface subtracted is greater than 1/40, the settler will be offset in the estimates of the excess surface. Art. 14. - When in the holder's family there are people able to perform rational pruning of the fruit, olive and mulberry trees, is reserved right to the landlord to hire skilled workers for these operations, and the costs shall be borne entirely by the settler . Art. 15. - The holder may not sell common interessanza commodities, nor sell, buy, exchange beasts; nor go with these fairs and markets without permission of the lessor. Apportionment of costs, products and annuities. Special Patti - (Expenses) Art. 16. - The owner pays taxes into force and is esonrato of any encumbrances pel of the breach transport except in the case where the bottom is devoid of laboring cattle, in what circumstances the expenditure is broken down by half of the settler and half to locat King (2). Sacramental tithes are paid somewhere between lessor and settler. Art. 17. - The division of all expenses and half, except qu lle mentioned below: a) Natural Fertilizer 2/3 to the lessor; 1/3 to settler; b) Costs of processing and cultivation of the land of the products as well as the collections of those who are charged to the settler; c) Fungicides and insecticides borne by the owner. But if instead of wine will deliver to the lessor the grapes, the settler will pay a third of the ant cryptogamic; d) Medicines for animals borne by the lessor; e) fire insurance for buildings charged to the lessor; f) The costs for new plants, until the time of their first performance at the expense of the lessor, as well as for the support wire and wire to support the vines. Spending on rods is supported in half. Art. 18. - Each party shall insure against hail on their own independently of the other, his share of each harvest; except when the farmer is in debt, in which case the lessor shall be entitled to ensure when you want, even the colonial part of the wheat. Art. 19. - The rental of working animals is halfway between the parties; missing work animals transporting foodstuffs employers and half by the parties. Art. 20. - The farmer is obliged to carry hay, straw, fatliquors, seeds and all that may be needed for the cultivation of the soil and for the government of b stiame; as well as the material needed for routine maintenance of the buildings and artifacts of the colony, with no right to remuneration and the latter within the territory of the Republic. Equal obligation, is made for the transport of the products due to the lessor or directly to the place of delivery outlets in the Republic. For transport outside of the settler Republic territory you will be entitled to a fee to be determined between the parties. The costs of undivided carriage of products when they are entrusted to a third party shall be borne somewhere between the parties. Art. 21. - The tools and tools for good cultivation and transport of fund products, will be released by the settler, and renewed and maintained at his expense. The settler conductor therefore must possess: a) hand tools for the routine work of the fund; b) the tools for government and the livestock housing; c) the tools for the various rural operations, including plows and grubbers; d) vehicles for the transport of products and drrate. Art. 22.
- The small machines, such as sprayers, and solforatrici, ordinarily kept in delivery by the settler, will provvedute and maintained in the middle between the p rti. Agricultural machines, if the lessor intends Procu arle, driven by strength inanimate (as seeders, harvesters, fertilizer spreaders) will be maintained and repaired at the expense of the lessor, except failures caused pel malo use, which will be borne by hi procured them. For agricultural machinery moved by force inanimate hired from outside the company, the rental charges will be incurred in the middle between the parties. Art. 23. - The size of the fund Livestock must be proportionate to the work and the extension of the fund's needs, determining that proportion in the private written, otherwise in accordance with Article 19. Art. 24. - To what is not introduced the mutual insurance system, in the case of loss caused by bovine animals died, the farmer will pay 25% of the injured animal's value, evaluated as healthy at the time of death. In the case of emergency slaughter, of the veterinary advice, proved by certificate to the settler it will pay 25 percent on the value above, decreased by the sale made price. In case of death, followed by widespread epidemic, the extent of participation of the settler in the loss will be agreed between the respective organizations of the owners and settlers. When death is caused by negligence or willful misconduct of the conductor, the loss will be totally dependent on them. Art. 25. - A premium certificate for the production of wheat abolishing any rebate for weeding, harvesting or other; the owner will pay the farmer on the totality of wheat produced, minus the seeds, the prize machines and peaks, 2 percent. Art. 26. - For the wheat threshing the lessor will pay half the team (on the average of the rates in effect in the border countries). Products and annuities. Art. 27. - All indiscriminately products matured soil, and the products and income derived from industries and from farms exercised joint account on the bottom, are divided in half between the contracting parties. They may be divided in perfect half the seeds of any species produced in the fund, less any amount to be spread to the fund itself. So if that seed is produced in fodo, as if they are purchased, the lessor shall be entitled to withdraw also from the part of himself pr rustic in order to better preserve them, select them and prepare them according to good agricultural rules. Art. 28. - The wood resulting from scapezzatura of new planting trees, before their delivery to the tenant, and so that the coppice plantation, will be for the exclusive benefit of the lessor. The wood obtained from pruning (which must be rationally eguita) of the elms, mulberries, vines, maple trees, olive trees, fruit trees, already delivered to the tenant for the care, will split a perfect match. It is for the whole conductor: a) the wood obtained by cutting, shearing and rejuvenation of the hedges; b) shives, the stems, cobs, husks and bracts intern of maize. Art. 29. - Only the partial subrogation of plants and landed screws, or unforeseeable circumstances or drying, is carried out by the settler. Small industries and special terms. Art. 30. - Silkworm. The leaf of mulberry trees is wholly attributable to the lessor. The breeding of silkworms must be proporzinato to the amount of the mulberry leaf, the availability of the rooms of the farmhouse and lla of the holder's family. In case of deficient production of the leaf, the landlord must provide you at its expense. Art. 31. - If the farmer and the owner intended to sercitare the poultry industry, rabbit and bee, establish appropriate arrangements in writing. In writing, the Parties shall also report the number of poultry that the farmer will have to keep for family use, and any related condition, in accordance with current practices. E 'in the lessor's right to forbid even to keep agriculture infected animals such as geese, ducks, turkeys, and the like. Art. 32. - The swine industry is done in the public interest by sharing all the expenses and revenues in half including semolina date of settler. Art. 33. - will be granted to the settler a plot to grow a vegetable garden for family use the extent of which will never be higher than the 0.50 per centod lla acreage fund. The bill farmhouse. Art. 34. - As of December 31 of each year shall be closed to the domestic accounts prior estimate of cattle in relation to current prices. They should be read, approved and signed by the parties within the first three months of each year. Both the owners and the tenant farmers will have to keep to the domestic booklets where each year will be
noted the various lots of give and take. The owner must provide advances to settler who requests them on their own farmhouse. No later than March are due to settle all accounts except farmhouses unsold goods. Art. 35. - The wheat that the landlord may receive the account, will be valued at the current average price. Art. 36. - Each of the parties has the right to receive from the balance of its credit respectively. The possible balance of the loan, the parties mutually match the legal interest. Art. 37. - At the exit of the fund, the conductor will collect his share of the profit of the barn, only after the lapse of eight days of livestock guarantee hands locat king or the new conductor. Works laborers. Art. 38. - All work on the colony belong to duty and of law to the settlers, all other works belong by right and duty to laborers. The work on the settlers are covered in the pact colonial force. The work on the laborers are all tri glia and more 'specifically: a) reclamation of land and accommodation as well as plantations; b) processing of all cultivated land in econmia except pei work to be done with animal traction; c) if the employer wants to use the work of a single settler (since it is not acceptable that there is more 'of a probation officer for a job) for supervision and direction, must pay, albeit accompanied by work manual, the farmer no less of the fare pel laborers and what a tribute to local customs; d) knockdown of the woods and related settlement of land; e) for the works to be rendered to the oil mill half of these will be administered by the laborers and the settler will have full right to work surveillance. Referees Committee. Art. 39. - And 'established a Referees Committee chaired by the Law Commissioner for the resolution of disputes arising from the application of the pact farmhouse (3). It is not the subject of the Commission's responsibility is to escomio, nor the renunciation of the Fund against which the opposition is not allowed. The Commission's training is to be combined among stakeholders. (4) TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS Art. 40. - The following are repealed all decrees on contract extensions, on the preferences to be given in the selection of settlers, on the teams for threshing etc., And in general all vincolativi measures of the right to dispose of property and in particular the Laws and Decrees of 27 March 1917 No. 6: 15 February 1921 No. 5: May 24, 1921 No. 14: May 24, 1921 Ranked # 15: July 24 1921 Ranked # 25: May 2, 1922 Ranked # 12: 31 August 1922 29: 30 May 1922 Ranked # 16: June 28, 1922 Ranked # 20. (1) A. p. 197 (2) Council Decree No. 16, May 4, 1922: Art. 1.- The conveniently prepared breaches, will be transported free of charge on the street line, in the proportion determined by all'estimo current of the rustic funds by settlers leading farms in the State the Republic. Art. 2 - The owner of the property will pay the farmer an allowance of L. 4 per meter of transported breccia cube. Art. 3. - When the bottom is not suitable for cattle run the transport of the breach, the resulting expenditure will be supported by a third party by the settler and two third parties by the owner, who will make the payment at the Governmental Fund, and It will credit the account of the amount due from the colonial settler. Art. 4 - This Decree shall take effect as from 1 January 1922. (3) For the Commission remained in force May 24, 1921 Decrees No. 16 and check August 27, 1921 N. 30 reported in a note to the Law before. (4) See: Council Decree 1 March 1924 Ranked # 6 in Bo Official sunbed 1924 No. 2.